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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Online) ; 43(1): 31-40, jan.-abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361656

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A Doença Periodontal tem caráter multifatorial, já que depende de condições microbiológicas, imunogenéticas e sistêmicas do hospedeiro. Representa inflamação crônica das estruturas de suporte e proteção dental. Desencadeia uma complexa estimulação imunológica, bem como a produção de citocinas inflamatórias, que mediam a destruição óssea e de tecido conjuntivo, provocando perda dental e complicações à distância. A compreensão da etiopatogênese, permitiu os conceitos de modulação, que referem-se às modificações dos aspectos danosos da resposta inflamatória. Objetivo: O presente artigo tem como objetivo realizar uma revisão dos estudos sobre as principais terapêuticas adjuvantes na modulação da resposta imune frente à doença periodontal. Revisão de Literatura: Foi realizada uma revisão da literatura, onde foram selecionados artigos científicos em inglês, publicados entre os anos 2005 a 2020, por meio das bases de dados PubMed e ScienceDirect. No decorrer das buscas, foram utilizadas as palavraschaves "Inflamation", "Periodontal Disease", "Subantimicrobial Dose of Doxycycline", "Periodontal Disease", "Host Response Modulation". Resultados e Conclusão: A literatura é bem promissora em relação à terapia de controle complementar da doença periodontal. Dessa forma, novas pesquisas nessa área podem trazer inúmeros beneficos aos pacientes, sendo, assim, um novo caminho para o contorno da resistência bacteriana(AU)


Introduction: Periodontal disease has a multifactorial character, depending on the host's microbiological, immunogenetic and systemic conditions. It represents chronic inflammation of dental support and protection structures. It triggers a complex immune stimulation, as well as the production of inflammatory cytokines, which mediate bone and connective tissue destruction, causing tooth loss and complications at a distance. The understanding of etiopathogenesis allowed the concepts of modulation, which refers to the modifications of the harmful aspects of the inflammatory response. This article has the escape of conducting a review of studies on the main mechanisms of modulation against periodontal disease. Objective: This article aims to rev iew the studies on the main modulation mechanisms in the face of periodontal disease. Literature Review: A literature review was carried out in which scientific articles were selected in English, published between 2005 and 2020, through the PubMed and ScienceDirect databases. During the searches, the keywords "Inflammation", "Periodontal Disease", "Subantimicrobial Dose of Doxycycline", "Periodontal Disease", "Host Response Modulation". Results and Conclusion: The literature is very promising with complementary control therapy for periodontal disease. Thus, new research in this area can bring countless benefits to patients, thus being a new way to bypass bacterial resistance(AU)


Subject(s)
Periodontal Diseases/therapy , Doxycycline , Periodontal Diseases , Periodontitis , Prostaglandins E , Dinoprostone , Fatty Acids, Omega-3 , Aspirin , Probiotics , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors
2.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2022. 107 p. ilus, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361879

ABSTRACT

O estresse agrava a doença periodontal por vários mecanismos, sendo a estimulação do sistema nervoso simpático (SNS) um deles. A literatura mostra que a estimulação de receptores ß-adrenérgicos (ß-AR) aumenta a angiogênese em ossos longos, e a expansão microvascular agrava a periodontite. Ainda, catecolaminas aumentam a virulência de periodontopatógenos e agem na resposta imune. Assim, o objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar: (1) a inervação simpática no periodonto e a influência da ativação do SNS na vascularização periodontal em camundongos e (2) a influência do sistema adrenérgico nos fatores de virulência de Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) e na resposta imunológica a este patógeno in vivo (Galleria mellonella). Na primeira parte, camundongos receberam injeção intraperitoneal de solução salina (PBS) ou isoproterenol (ISO; agonista não seletivo ß adrenérgico) por 1 mês, para detecção in situ de tirosina hidroxilase, neuropeptídeo Y, transportador de norepinefrina (NET) e endomucina em mandíbulas. Expressão de mRNA de Vegf-a, Il-1ß, Il-6, Adrb2 e Rankl foi quantificada 2 h após administração de ISO/PBS em mandíbula e tíbias, que serviram como controle positivo. Diferentemente das tíbias, não houve alteração na expressão dos genes analisados em mandíbula. Por outro lado, NET foi mais expresso no osso alveolar do que na tíbia, sendo detectado nos osteoblastos, osteócitos e células do ligamento. Embora o padrão de inervação e a expressão de Adrb2 sejam semelhantes entre mandíbula e tíbia, o tratamento com ISO não influenciou no número e área de vasos positivos para endomucina. Na segunda parte, investigamos a influência adrenérgica na resposta imune de G. mellonella durante infecção por Pg utilizando norepinefrina (NE; agonista α e ß adrenérgico) e ISO. Pg também foi cultivada na presença de ISO (PgISO) ou NE para avaliação da ação direta dos compostos na bactéria. ISO sistêmico protegeu as larvas da infecção por Pg, aumentando o número de hemócitos e reduzindo a contagem de células de Pg na hemolinfa, exclusivamente pelo ß-AR. Diferentemente, NE aumentou mortalidade, diminuiu o número de hemócitos. Apenas PgISO aumentou a morte das larvas, apesar de ambos, NE e ISO, terem aumentado a expressão de fatores de virulência na bactéria in vitro. ISO circulante, concomitante com PgISO, reduziu parcialmente a mortalidade das larvas. A influência do estresse na doença periodontal envolve diversas vias que alteram os dois pilares da periodontite (microbiota e sistema imune). No entanto, a ação na resposta do hospedeiro parece ser superior, uma vez que a estimulação ß-AR em osso alveolar saudável não alterou a produção de citocinas pró-inflamatórias ou microvascularização e a modulação da resposta imune em G. mellonella por compostos adrenérgicos foi mais importante para o desfecho da infecção que sua ação direta sobre a bactéria.


Stress aggravates periodontitis, and one possible mechanism is the activation of sympathetic nervous system (SNS). The literature shows that stimulation of ß-adrenergic receptors (ß-AR) induces angiogenesis in long bones, and microvasculature amplification was linked to periodontitis severity. Moreover, catecholamines increase the virulence of some periodontopathogenic bacteria in vitro and influences the innate immunity. Thus, the aim of this study was (1) evaluate the presence and influence of the SNS in the stimulation of periodontal vasculature, and (2) the influence of the adrenergic system on Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) virulence and on the immunological response to this pathogen in vivo (Galleria mellonella larvae). For the first part, mice received isoproterenol (ISO, a non-selective ß-AR agonist) or saline (PBS) for 1 month, for in situ analysis of tyrosine hydroxylase, neuropeptide Y, norepinephrine transporter (NET) and endomucin in the mandibles. Vegfa, Il-1ß, Il-6, Adrb2 and Rankl mRNA expression was assessed 2 hours after PBS/ISO treatment for mandibles and tibia, that served as positive control. We observed that, differently from the tibia, the expression of these genes did not alter on the mandible. However, NET expression was detected in osteoblasts, osteocytes, and periodontal ligament fibroblasts, and were higher expressed when compared to the tibias from the same animals. Although the pattern of sympathetic innervation and Adrb2 expression were similar between tissues, ISO treatment did not increase the area or number of endomucin+ vessels. For the second part, we addressed the adrenergic signaling influence on G. mellonella immune system during Pg infection using norepinephrine (NE, α- and ß-AR agonist), ISO and octopamine (insect's endogenous hormone). Pg was also cultivated in the presence of ISO (PgISO) or NE to investigate the direct action of the ligands on bacterial virulence. Systemic administration of ISO protected the larvae from Pg infection by increasing hemocyte density accompanied by reduction of Pg load in hemolymph, in a ß-AR manner. In contrast, NE increased mortality, with decreased hemocyte count and no influence on the other parameters. Only PgISO increased larvae death, despite of ISO and NE increased virulence in vitro. The concomitant injection of systemic ISO partially reversed the toxicity of the PgISO. The influence of stress on periodontitis involves different pathways, that alter the two pillars of disease's pathogenesis (microbiota and immune system). However, the influence on the host's inflammatory response seems to overcome the other players, since ß-AR activation on healthy alveolar bone didn't alter cytokines production or microvasculature. Besides, the modulation of innate immunity by adrenergic signaling in G. mellonella was more important for the disease's outcome than it's direct action on the bacteria.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Periodontitis , Stress, Psychological , Sympathetic Nervous System , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Virulence Factors
3.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18655, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364423

ABSTRACT

Abstract Periodontitis is an oral disease associated with inflammation and pain with swollen and bleeding gums. In the present study, dental pastes containing NSAIDs, namely, diclofenac sodium and nimesulide (1 % w/w) were prepared to treat periodontitis. Dental pastes of diclofenac sodium and nimesulide (1 % w/w) were prepared with/without mucoadhesive hydrocolloid polymers such as sodium carboxy methyl cellulose (NaCMC), hydroxyl ethyl cellulose (HEC) and methyl cellulose (MC) by conventional trituration method. The pH, drug content, viscosity, tube spreadability and tube extrudability of these prepared dental pastes were measured. These dental pastes of diclofenac sodium and nimesulide (1 % w/w) were characterized by FTIR analyses for drug-excipient compatibility. The in vitro drug releases from these dental pastes in 6.4 pH phosphate buffer solution displayed sustained release over longer period and the drug release rate was found to be decreased when the concentration of mucoadhesive polymer was increased. These dental pastes displayed good adhesion to the oral mucosa revealing more retention time in mouth when tested for ex vivo mucoadhesion using bovine cheek pouch. The stability study results reveal that the DC3 and NC3 dental paste formulations were found stable enough over a longer period in different storage conditions. The present study revealed that the prepared mucoadhesive dental pastes of diclofenac sodium and nimesulide (1 % w/w) had good adhesion with the oral mucosa to maintain consistent release of drugs over prolonged time.


Subject(s)
Toothpastes/analysis , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/analysis , Mouth , Mouth Mucosa/abnormalities , Periodontitis , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Diclofenac/adverse effects , Disease/classification , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Drug Liberation , Gingiva/abnormalities , Inflammation/complications
4.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(3): 375-386, dez 20, 2021. tab, fig
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354189

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o sistema RANKL (receptor-ativador do fator nuclear-ligante κB)/RANK (receptor ativador do NF-kB)/OPG (osteoprotegrina) Introdução: o sistema OPG (osteoprotegrina)/RANK (receptor ativador do NF-kB)/RANKL (receptor-ativador do fator nuclear-ligante κB) regula os processos fisiológicos e patológicos da remodelação óssea. Polimorfismos genéticos nos genes OPG, RANK e RANKL têm sido associados a doenças, em diferentes populações. Objetivo: Descrever a frequência e o potencial regulatório dos polimorfismos do sistema OPG, RANK e RANKL em uma população brasileira; avaliar o seu potencial como marcadores genéticos informativos de ancestralidade; comparar com patologias associadas em outras populações. Metodologia: neste estudo, 506 indivíduos adultos, participantes de uma coorte acometidos de asma e periodontite, tiveram o DNA genômico extraído e genotipado, utilizando-se a plataforma Illumina. As plataformas NCBI, RegulomeDB, Haploview 4.2 e rSNPBase foram consultadas e utilizadas para análises. Resultados e Discussão: os polimorfismos mais frequentes na população estudada foram o rs3102724 no gene OPG, com frequência de menor alelo (MAF) de 46%; o rs4941129 em RANK, MAF 50%; e o rs9525641 em RANKL, MAF 46%. Os rs3134063 (1f) em OPG, rs17069898 (1f) em RANK e rs2200287 (1d) em RANKL apresentaram maior impacto funcional. Em OPG e RANK, nove polimorfismos se caracterizaram como marcadores genéticos informativos de ancestralidade, com predomínio nas populações YRI (africanos) e CEU (europeus). Os nove polimorfismos, com função intrônica, apresentaram MAF entre 2 a 46% na população-alvo e foram associados a patologias do metabolismo ósseo em outras populações. Conclusão: polimorfismos dos genes estudados se mostraram frequentes na população estudada e tiveram seus alelos mais frequentes associados a doenças em populações ancestrais. Sugere-se que sejam realizados mais estudos.


Introduction: The OPG (osteoprotegerin)/ RANK (NF-kB activating receptor)/ RANKL (nuclear-binding factor κB receptor-activating system regulates the physiological and pathological processes of bone remodeling. Genetic polymorphisms (SNPs) in OPG, RANK and RANKL genes have been associated with diseases in different populations. Objective: Describe the regulatory frequency and potential of SNPs in OPG, RANK and RANKL in a Brazilian population; assess their potential as informative genetic markers of ancestry; compare with pathologies associated with these polymorphisms in other populations. Methods: in this study, 506 adult individuals, participating in a cohort involving asthma and periodontitis, had genomic DNA extracted and genotyped using the Illumina platform. The NCBI, RegulomeDB, Haploview 4.2 and rSNPBase platforms were consulted and used for analysis. Results and discussion: the most frequent polymorphisms in the studied population were the rs3102724 in the OPG gene, with the lowest allele frequency (MAF) of 46%; rs4941129 in RANK, MAF 50% and rs9525641 in RANKL, MAF 46%. The rs3134063 (1f) in OPG, rs17069898 (1f) in RANK and rs2200287 (1d) in RANKL, had greater functional impact. In OPG and RANK, 9 SNPs were characterized as informative genetic markers of ancestry, predominantly in YRI (African) and CEU (European) populations. These 9 SNPs, with intronic function, presented MAF between 2 and 46% in our population, and were associated with pathologies in bone metabolism in other populations. Conclusion: SNPs of the studied genes were found to be frequent in the studied population and had their most frequent alleles associated with diseases in ancestral populations. It is suggested that further studies be carried out


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Polymorphism, Genetic , RANK Ligand , Genes , Periodontitis , Asthma , Computer Simulation
5.
Medisan ; 25(6)2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1356467

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En numerosos estudios realizados en las últimas 3 décadas, se ha tratado de atribuir una relación causal a la enfermedad periodontal en la fisiopatología de la cardiopatía isquémica. Objetivo: Caracterizar el estado periodontal de pacientes con cardiopatía isquémica y algunos factores de riesgo cardiovascular. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal de 50 pacientes, atendidos en la sala de cuidados coronarios del Hospital Provincial Vladimir Ilich Lenin de Holguín, desde septiembre de 2019 hasta enero de 2020. Se evaluó el estado periodontal mediante el Índice Periodontal de Russell simplificado. Se exploraron algunos factores de riesgo de la cardiopatía isquémica y se emplearon métodos teóricos, empíricos, así como la estadística descriptiva. Resultados: En la serie predominó el grupo de 60-69 años de edad (23 para 46,0 %); 56,0 % de los pacientes presentó infarto agudo de miocardio y 62,0 % periodontitis avanzada. Entre los factores de riesgo cardiovascular más frecuentes figuraron: hipertensión arterial (74,0 %) y tabaquismo (70,0 %). Conclusiones: En este estudio se halló, en gran medida, la periodontitis crónica en pacientes con cardiopatía isquémica, lo cual sirve de pauta para la toma de decisiones de médicos y estomatólogos.


Introduction: In numerous studies carried out in the last 3 decades, it has been tried to attribute a causal relationship to the periodontal disease in the pathophysiology of the ischemic heart disease. Objective: To characterize the periodontal state of patients with ischemic heart disease and some cardiovascular risk factors. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 50 patients, assisted in the Coronary Cares Service of Vladimir Ilich Lenin Provincial Hospital in Holguín, was carried out from September, 2019 to January, 2020. The periodontal state was evaluated by means of the Russell Periodontal Index simplified. Some risk factors of the ischemic heart disease were explored and theoretical, empiric methods were used, as well as the descriptive statistic. Results: In the series there was a prevalence of the 60-69 age group (23 for 46 %); 56.0 % of the patients presented acute myocardial infarction and 62.0 % presented advanced periodontitis. Among the most frequent cardiovascular risk factors we can mention: hypertension (74.0 %) and nicotine addiction (70.0 %). Conclusions: In this study it was found, in great measure, the chronic periodontitis in patients with ischemic heart disease, which serves as rule for the decisions making of doctors and dentists.


Subject(s)
Periodontal Diseases , Myocardial Ischemia , Periodontitis , Risk Factors , Angina, Unstable , Myocardial Infarction
6.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e210219, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253954

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study evaluated the chemical composition of Lippia thymoides (Lt) essential oil and its antimicrobial activity against fungal strains of Candida albicans (Ca) and Gram-negative bacteria Prevotella intermedia (Pi) and Fusobacterium nucleatum (Fn). Methods: Lt essential oil was obtained by hydrodistillation apparatus with a modified Clevenger extension. The chemical analysis was analyzed by gas phase chromatography and mass spectrometry on Shimadzu QP 2010 plus. Sample sensitivity evaluation was performed by ABHb-inoculum and culture plates were developed with triphenyltetrazolium chloride, also Fn and Pi samples analysis were in anaerobic environment and Ca sample analysis was performed in aerobic environment. The minimum inhibitory concentration (CIM) was determinated by microdilution in eppendorfs tubes. Results: The chemical analysis showed that Thymol (59,91%) is the main compound found in Lt essential oil, also other antifungal and antimicrobial agents were present γ-terpinene (8.16%), p-cymene (7.29%) and ß-caryophyllene (4.49%), Thymol is a central ingredient of many medicinal plants and has a potent fungicidal, bactericidal and antioxidant activity, it has been previously shown to have anti-inflammatory activity against Periodontal Disease (PD) cause can reduces prostanoids, interleukins, leukotrienes levels in periodontium. CIM result Pi was 6.5 µg/mL, Fn was 1.5 µg/mL and Ca was 0.19 µg/mL. Conclusion: The antimicrobial activity of L. thymoides, through the compound Thymol, has been shown promising potential against gram-negative periodontopathogenic bacteria and fungi whose therapeutic arsenal is still very restricted


Subject(s)
Periodontitis , Oils, Volatile , Plant Extracts , Lippia , Microbiota , Antifungal Agents
7.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(3): 50-55, set.-dez. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1291673

ABSTRACT

A pandemia gerada pelo SARS-CoV-2 gerou uma série de estudos sobre essa nova doença. Este cenário proporcionou mudanças na odontologia, modificando a forma de atendimento e a rotina do consultório. O conhecimento sobre as implicações desse vírus no sistema estomatognático pode fornecer informações valiosas no conhecimento sobre o mecanismo dessa doença na cavidade oral. Dessa forma, foi realizada uma revisão de literatura, a fim de discutir os efeitos do COVID-19 na cavidade oral. No entanto, há poucas evidências na literatura sobre a correlação da COVID-19 e manifestações orais. Pode-se concluir que o vírus possui reflexo na cavidade oral, apresentando diferentes alterações, tais como: úlceras, periodontite, alterações do paladar, infecções oportunistas, dentre outras. Ainda se faz necessária a realização de mais estudos, para compreensão dos mecanismos fisiopatológicos da doença. Além disso, o trabalho ressalta a importância do cirurgião-dentista no ambiente hospitalar, para diagnóstico e conduta no tratamento dessas manifestações na cavidade oral(AU)


The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has spawned several studies on this new disease. This scenario provided changes in Dentistry by modifying the form of care and the routine of the office. The knowledge about the implications of this virus in the stomatognathic system can provide valuable information in the knowledge about the mechanism of this disease in the oral cavity. Thus, a literature review was carried out to discuss the effects of COVID-19 on the oral cavity. However, there is little evidence in the literature about the correlation between COVID-19 and oral manifestations. It can be concluded that the virus is reflected in the oral cavity, such as ulcers, periodontitis, changes in taste, opportunistic infections, among others. Further studies are still needed to understand the pathophysiological mechanisms of the disease. Besides, the work highlights the importance of the Dental Surgeon in the hospital environment for diagnosis and management in the treatment of these manifestations in the oral cavity(AU)


Subject(s)
Oral Manifestations , Dental Care , COVID-19 , Periodontitis , Ulcer , Opportunistic Infections , Stomatognathic System , Dentists , Mouth
8.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(supl.3): 5383-5392, Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345733

ABSTRACT

Resumo Evidências recentes apontam para a influência de processos inflamatórios periodontais na ocorrência de baixo peso ao nascer. Embora muitos estudos empregaram métodos robustos de investigação, ainda não existe consenso sobre o tópico. Analisar sistematicamente a relação entre a periodontite materna e o baixo peso ao nascer. A busca por estudos foi realizada até abril de 2019. Os delineamentos de estudos incluídos foram coorte e caso-controle que estimaram a associação entre a periodontite e o baixo peso ao nascer, sem limite quanto ao idioma ou data da publicação. Análise de heterogeneidade dos estudos, análises de subgrupo e metanálises com modelo de efeitos randômicos foram realizadas. Foram estimadas as medidas de associação sumária por meio da Odds Ratio bruta e ajustada, com respectivos intervalos de confiança a 95%. A inspeção visual de gráficos foi empregada para avaliar viés de publicação. Um total de 21 artigos foram identificados e todos foram selecionados para a metanálise. O modelo final aponta que a periodontite em gestantes se associou ao baixo peso ao nascer (ORbruta=2,13; IC95%=1,60-2,83; I2=80,0% e ORajustada=2,64; IC95%=2,04-3,42; I2=17,4%). Gestantes com periodontite podem ter mais que o dobro de probabilidade de terem filhos com baixo peso ao nascer.


Abstract Recent evidence points to the influence of periodontal inflammatory processes on the occurrence of low birth weight. Although many studies employed robust investigation methods, there is still no general agreement on the relationship between maternal periodontitis and low birth weight. The search for studies was conducted until April 2019. The studies included cohort and case-control studies that estimated the association between periodontitis and low birth weight, with no restriction on language or date of publication. Analysis of the heterogeneity of studies, subgroup analyses and meta-analyses with a random effects model were performed. Summary association measurements were estimated using the crude and adjusted Odds Ratio, with respective 95% confidence intervals. Visual inspection of graphs was used to assess publication bias. A total of 21 articles were identified, all of which were selected for the meta-analysis. The final model indicates that periodontitis in pregnant women was associated with low birth weight (ORgross=2.13; CI95%=1.60-2.83; I2=80.0% and ORadjusted=2.64; CI95%=2.04-3.42; I2=17.4%). Pregnant women with periodontitis may be more than twice as likely to have low birth weight babies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Periodontitis/epidemiology , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Case-Control Studies , Cohort Studies , Pregnant Women
9.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(3): e3052, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347436

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad periodontal es un padecimiento inflamatorio, infeccioso y multifactorial crónico, caracterizado por la inflamación de los tejidos blandos periodontales. En estadios avanzados (periodontitis), produce la destrucción progresiva de los tejidos duros periodontales, lo que conduce a la posterior pérdida de dientes, si esta no es tratada. Objetivo: Determinar la efectividad clínica y radiográfica de las estatinas en el tratamiento de la periodontitis. Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda de la literatura hasta abril del 2019, en las bases de datos biomé dicas: PubMed, Embase, SciELO, Science Direct, Scopus, Sistema de información sobre literatura gris en Europa, Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud, Google Académico y el Registro Central de Ensayos Clínicos Cochrane. Se definieron como criterios de selección de los estudios que fueran ensayos clínicos aleatorizados, con una antigüedad máxima de cinco años y que reportaran los efectos clínicos y radiográficos (profundidad al sondaje, nivel de inserción clínica, índice de placa, índice de sangrado, índice gingival, defecto intraóseo y profundidad del defecto) de las estatinas en el tratamiento de la periodontitis. Se analizó el riesgo de sesgo de los estudios por el Manual Cochrane de revisiones sistemáticas de intervenciones. Resultados: La estrategia de búsqueda arrojó 19 artículos, de los cuales el 100 por ciento reportó que había diferencia en la profundidad al sondaje, nivel de inserción clínica, índice de placa, índice de sangrado, índice gingival, defecto intraóseo y profundidad del defecto de las estatinas en el tratamiento de la periodontitis. Conclusiones: La literatura revisada sugiere que el uso de estatinas es efectivo, clínica y radiográficamente, en el tratamiento de la periodontitis(AU)


Introduction: Periodontal disease is a chronic multifactorial infectious inflammatory condition characterized by inflammation of soft periodontal tissue. In advanced stages (periodontitis) it causes progressive destruction of hard periodontal tissue, leading to eventual tooth loss if not treated. Objective: Determine the clinical and radiographic effectiveness of statins in the treatment of periodontitis. Methods: A search was carried out in the literature published until April 2019 in the biomedical databases PubMed, Embase, SciELO, Science Direct, Scopus, System for Information on Gray Literature in Europe, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Central Register of Clinical Trials. The following selection criteria were defined for the studies: randomized clinical trials published in the last five years and reporting on clinical and radiographic effects (probing depth, clinical insertion level, plaque index, bleeding index, gingival index, intraosseous defect and defect depth) of statins in the treatment of periodontitis. Bias risk analysis was based on the Cochrane manual of systematic reviews of interventions. Results: A total 19 papers were retrieved, of which 100 percent reported differences in the probing depth, clinical insertion level, plaque index, bleeding index, gingival index, intraosseous defect and defect depth of statins in the treatment of periodontitis. Conclusions: The literature review conducted suggests that the use of statins is clinically and radiographically effective in the treatment of periodontitis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontal Diseases/etiology , Periodontitis/diagnostic imaging , Information Systems , Treatment Outcome , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic
10.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(2): 221-228, set 29, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354388

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: comparar três critérios de definição da periodontite na associação da doença periodontal com o baixo peso ao nascer (BPN) em uma população de puérperas jovens de Salvador, BA. Metodologia: aplicaram-se três diferentes critérios de definição da periodontite a uma amostra de 202 mães de bebês com peso ≥ 2.500g (controles) e de 97 mães de bebês com BPN (casos) pertencentes a uma base de dados de um estudo caso-controle prévio. Para a análise da associação entre periodontite e BPN, construíram-se modelos para os três critérios. A regressão logística não-condicional foi realizada para estimar a Odds Ratio (OR) baseada em Intervalos de Confiança a 95%. Resultados: a idade média das mães foi de 26,29 anos. A maioria declarou-se negra/ parda (92.64%), não fumante (94,65%) e possuir renda de até um salário-mínimo (61,20%). A ocorrência da periodontite variou de 22,41% a 94,31%, segundo o critério usado. Estimando-se a OR ajustada, a periodontite definida pelo critério 1 [ORajust. = 0,94, IC (95%)= 0,56­1,56], critério 2 [ORajust=1,18, IC(95%)= 0,65-2,13] e critério 3 [ORajust= 0,87, IC(95%)=0,37-3,22] não esteve associada com o BPN. Conclusão: flexibilizar o critério de definição interferiu na magnitude das medidas de ocorrência, mas não influenciou a análise de associação entre a periodontite e o BPN.


Objective: to compare three criteria for periodontitis definition and its association with Low Birth Weight (LBW) in a population of young mothers, in the city of Salvador ­ BA. Methods: Three different definitions for periodontitis were applied to sample of 202 mothers of newborns (NB) weighing ≥2.500g (controls) and 97 mothers of NB with LBW (cases) belonging to database from a previous case-control study. For the analysis of the association between periodontitis and LBW, were created models for three criteria. An unconditional logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval. Results: the average age of mothers was 26,29 years. Most respondents identified themselves as black or brown (92.64%), 94,65% nonsmokers (94,65%) and have income up to 1 minimum wage (61.20%). The occurrence of periodontitis varied between 22,41% to 94,31% according to the criteria. When estimating adjusted OR, the periodontitis defined by criterion 1 [ORajus=0,94, IC(95%)=0,56­1,56], criterion 2 [ORajus=1,18, IC(95%)= 0,65-2,13] and criterion 3 [ORajus=0,87, IC(95%)=0,37-3,22] did not demonstrate association with LBW. Conclusion: to flex periodontitis' criteria modified the magnitude of measures of occurrence but did not influence the association analysis between periodontitis and the BPN.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Periodontitis , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Young Adult , Poverty , Case-Control Studies , Retrospective Studies , Observational Study , Non-Smokers , Gender Identity
11.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 40(2): e1104, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347458

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las plantas medicinales han demostrado poseer propiedades antibacterianas para el control de la periodontitis. Objetivo: Determinar la actividad antibacteriana frente a Porphyromonas gingivalis ATCC 33277 de un gel experimental compuesto por aceite esencial de Eucalyptus globulus Labill. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio experimental in vitro. Se empleó el programa EPi InfoTM para el cálculo de las repeticiones. El aceite esencial se obtuvo por el método de arrastre de vapor; se identificó su composición química por cromatografía de gases acoplada a espectrometría de masas. Se evaluó la concentración mínima inhibitoria (CMI) y concentración mínima bactericida (CMB). Se realizó un ensayo de difusión en Agar para medir los halos de inhibición del gel experimental al 4,46 por ciento frente a P. gingivalis, la comparación con clorhexidina al 0,12 por ciento se evaluó con la prueba U de Mann-Whitney. Se adoptó un nivel de significancia del 5 por ciento . Resultados: Se identificaron 11 constituyentes en el aceite esencial, los principales componentes químicos fueron 3-heptadecene, (Z)- (36,13 por ciento ), 1-tridecene (14,7 por ciento ) y 1,8-cineole (9,72 por ciento ). La CMI del aceite esencial fue 36,195 mg/mL y la CMB fue 39,114 mg/mL. Los halos de inhibición del gel experimental de P. gingivalis fueron 25,533 mm ± 0,960. mm. Se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas frente a clorhexidina al 0,12 por ciento (23,282 ± 0,345) (p < 0,05). Conclusiones: El gel experimental al 4,46 por ciento compuesto por aceite esencial de Eucalyptus globulus Labill presentó una actividad antibacteriana importante frente a Porphyromonas gingivalis ATCC 33277(AU)


Introduction: Medicinal plants have proved to have antibacterial properties for the control of periodontitis. Objective: Determine the antibacterial activity against Porphyromonas gingivalis ATCC 33277 of an experimental gel composed of essential Eucalyptus globulus Labill oil. Methods: An in vitro experimental study was conducted. The software EPi InfoTM was used to estimate the repetitions. The essential oil was obtained by steam entrainment, and its chemical composition was determined by gas chromatography / mass spectrometry. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) were also evaluated. An agar diffusion test was performed to measure the inhibition haloes of the 4.46 percent experimental gel against P. gingivalis. Comparison with 0.12 percent chlorhexidine was evaluated with the Mann-Whitney U test. A 5 percent significance level was adopted. Results: A total 11 constituents were identified in the essential oil. The main chemical components were 3-Heptadecene, (Z)- (36.13 percent), 1-Tridecene (14.7 percentand 1,8-cineole (9.72 percent). MIC of the essential oil was 36.195 mg/ml, whereas MBC was 39.114 mg/ml. The inhibition haloes of the experimental P. gingivalis gel were 25.533 mm ± 0.960 mm. Statistically significant differences were observed versus 0.12 percent chlorhexidine (23.282 ± 0.345) (p < 0.05). Conclusions: The 4.46 percent experimental gel composed of Eucalyptus globulus Labill essential oil displayed considerable antibacterial activity against Porphyromonas gingivalis ATCC 33277(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Periodontitis , Oils, Volatile , Chlorhexidine , Mass Spectrometry/methods , In Vitro Techniques , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Chromatography, Gas/methods , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
12.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(1): 1-2, ene.-abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1255149

ABSTRACT

En esta ocasión, se convocó al Prof. Mariano Sanz, coau- tor del artículo recientemente publicado acerca de la relación entre periodontitis y el mayor riesgo de padecer complicacio- nes de COVID-19, a fin de que comparta su mirada sobre este relevante hallazgo (AU)


On this occasion, Prof. Mariano Sanz, co-author of the recently published article on the relationship between peri- odontitis and the increased risk of suffering complications from COVID-19, was invited to share his views on this rel- evant finding (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontitis , COVID-19/complications , Periodontal Diseases , Risk Factors , Dental Care/standards
13.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(2): 27-36, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1339329

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this 9-month clinical study is to assess the impact of one-stage full-mouth disinfection (FMD) on salivary nitrite levels and systemic biomarkers and its correlation with total subgingival bacterial load in obese and non-obese patients with periodontitis. In total, 94 patients (55 obese and 39 non-obese) were initially evaluated, seven were lost during follow-up, resulting in 87 individuals at the end of the study. Outcomes were assessed at baseline, 3, 6, and 9 months post periodontal treatment by FMD. Salivary nitrite levels were determined using Griess reagent. Blood samples were collected to determine C-Reactive Protein (CRP), alkaline phosphatase and fasting blood glucose. Real-time PCR was used to determine the total subgingival bacterial load. FMD protocol resulted in increased salivary nitrite levels at 6- and 9-months post-treatment in the non-obese group (p<0.05). In obese individuals, FMD treatment led to an increase in salivary nitrite levels at 6 months (p<0.05); however, at 9 months, the nitrite levels returned to baseline levels. For both groups, the highest nitrite values were observed at 6 months. In addition, in both groups, FMD was associated with a decrease in biomarkers related to systemic inflammation and cardiovascular diseases, such as CRP (p<0.05) and alkaline phosphatase (p<0.05), and had no impact on the fasting blood glucose. This study demonstrates that obese patients with periodontitis present similar salivary nitrite levels when compared with non-obese individuals. FMD protocol resulted in increases in salivary nitrite levels and was associated with a positive impact on systemic biomarkers, regardless of obesity status.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo clínico, é avaliar o impacto da desinfecção bucal completa (DBC) nos níveis de nitrito salivar e biomarcadores sistêmicos e sua correlação com a carga bacteriana subgengival total em pacientes obesos e não obesos com periodontite. No total, 94 pacientes (55 obesos e 39 não obesos) foram avaliados inicialmente, sete foram perdidos durante o estudo, resultando em 87 indivíduos ao final. Os resultados foram avaliados no início do estudo, 3, 6 e 9 meses após o tratamento periodontal por DBC. Os níveis de nitrito salivar foram determinados usando o reagente de Griess. Amostras de sangue foram coletadas para determinação da Proteína C Reativa (PCR), fosfatase alcalina e glicemia de jejum. A PCR em tempo real foi usada para determinar a carga bacteriana subgengival total. O protocolo de DBC resultou em níveis aumentados de nitrito salivar em 6 e 9 meses após o tratamento no grupo de não obesos (p <0,05). Em indivíduos obesos, o tratamento da DBC levou a um aumento nos níveis de nitrito salivar em 6 meses (p <0,05); no entanto, aos 9 meses, os níveis de nitrito voltaram aos níveis basais. Para ambos os grupos, os maiores valores de nitrito foram observados aos 6 meses. Além disso, em ambos os grupos, a DBC foi associada à diminuição dos biomarcadores relacionados à inflamação sistêmica e doenças cardiovasculares, como PCR (p <0,05) e fosfatase alcalina (p <0,05), e não teve impacto na glicemia de jejum. Este estudo demonstra que pacientes obesos com periodontite apresentam níveis de nitrito salivar semelhantes quando comparados a indivíduos não obesos. O protocolo de DBC resultou em aumentos nos níveis de nitrito salivar e foi associado a um impacto positivo nos biomarcadores sistêmicos, independentemente do status de obesidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontitis , Nitrites , Biomarkers , Disinfection , Obesity/complications
14.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(1): 19-23, jan.-abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1148162

ABSTRACT

O tratamento periodontal consiste na remoção do biofilme patogênico, através da raspagem e alisamento radicular. O desbridamento ultrassônico de boca toda promove uma instrumentação mais conservadora, porém eficiente da superfície radicular, em sessão única. Evitando a translocação bacteriana de uma região tratada para outra que já foi. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi realizar uma comparação entre a eficácia da raspagem manual e a ultrassônica dentro do protocolo da FMD, através de um relato de caso clínico. Houve uma melhora nos parâmetros clínicos periodontais em todos os quadrantes, porém resultados superiores foram observados com o desbridamento com ultrassom e irrigação com clorexidina. A instrumentação com ultrassom associada a clorexidina no tratamento da periodontite estágio III grau C generalizada, reduz com eficácia o tempo de tratamento, otimizando o tempo do paciente e profissional(AU)


Periodontal treatment consists of removing the pathogenic biofilm, by scaling and root planing. Ultrasonic debridement of the entire mouth promotes more conservative, yet efficient instrumentation of the root surface, in a single session. Avoiding bacterial translocation from one treated region to another that has already been. The objective of the present study was to make a comparison between the effectiveness of manual and ultrasonic scraping within the FMD protocol, through a clinical case report. There was an improvement in periodontal clinical parameters in all quadrants, but superior results were observed with debridement with ultrasound and irrigation with chlorhexidine. Instrumentation with ultrasound associated with chlorhexidine in the treatment of generalized stage III grade C periodontitis, effectively reduces treatment time, optimizing patient and professional time(AU)


Subject(s)
Periodontitis , Dental Scaling , Periodontal Debridement , Ultrasonic Therapy , Chlorhexidine , Dental Plaque
15.
Rev. ADM ; 78(2): 106-114, mar.-abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247959

ABSTRACT

Las estrategias para el éxito en la rehabilitación bucal requieren de la interrelación de varias disciplinas que en conjunto logren resultados predecibles y duraderos. La visión individualizada de cada área de especialidad puede conllevar a no ofrecer la mejor alternativa de tratamiento, es por ello que la valoración, el diagnóstico y la planificación del caso clínico debe ser realizada por un equipo interdisciplinario para evitar esta situación y crear una sinergia en donde el «todo sea mayor que la suma de sus partes¼. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar un caso clínico en el cual intervinieron varias áreas de especialidad: periodoncia, prostodoncia, cirugía oral y patología bucal, logrando devolver la función y la estética a través del manejo interdisciplinario (AU)


The strategies for success in oral rehabilitation require the interrelation of several disciplines, which together, achieve predictable and lasting results. The individualized view of each specialty area may lead to not offering the best treatment alternative, which is why the assessment, diagnosis, and planning of the clinical case must be carried out by an interdisciplinary team to avoid this situation and create a synergy in where the «whole is greater than the sum of its parts¼. The objective of this work is to present a clinical case where several areas of specialty intervened: periodontics, prosthodontics, oral surgery, and oral pathology, thus achieving the return of function and aesthetics through interdisciplinary management (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Patient Care Team , Oral Surgical Procedures, Preprosthetic/methods , Mouth Rehabilitation , Periodontitis/therapy , Schools, Dental , Patient Satisfaction , Photography, Dental , Advance Care Planning , Denture, Complete, Immediate , Esthetics, Dental , Alveolar Ridge Augmentation/methods , Labial Frenum/surgery , Mexico
16.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(2): 163-170, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248745

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Psoriasis and periodontitis are immunologically mediated chronic inflammatory diseases. Epidemiologic evidence has linked both; however, the change of markers in gingival crevicular fluid has been poorly evaluated. Objective: To evaluate the levels of IL-17A, IL-22, IL-23, S100A7, S100A8, and S100A9 in gingival crevicular fluid of psoriatic and healthy subjects with and without periodontitis and their relations to psoriasis severity. Methods: Cross-sectional study. Sample comprised the following groups: healthy controls without periodontitis or with mild periodontitis (n = 21), healthy controls with moderate or severe periodontitis (n = 18), individuals with psoriasis without or mild periodontitis (n = 11), and individuals with psoriasis and moderate or severe periodontitis (n = 32). Levels of IL-17A, IL-22, IL-23, S100A8, and S100A9 were determined by multiplex assay and S100A7 was measured by ELISA. Results: No inter-group differences in the levels of IL-17A, IL-22, IL-23, and S100A7 were found. S100A8 levels were higher in psoriatic patients than controls (p < 0.05). S100A8 was positively correlated with psoriasis severity in the group with psoriasis (p < 0.05). S100A9 exceeded the detection limits. Study limitations: This pilot study presents a small sample size. Conclusions: The concentrations of S100A8 were highest in psoriatic patients regardless of periodontal health/status. S100A8 was associated with the severity of psoriasis. The concentrations of interleukins and S100A7 were similar in psoriatic patients with or without periodontitis vs. healthy controls.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontitis , Gingival Crevicular Fluid , S100 Proteins , Pilot Projects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Interleukins , Interleukin-17 , Calgranulin A , Interleukin-23 Subunit p19
17.
Vitae (Medellín) ; 28(1): 1-8, 2021-01-28. Ilustraciones
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1362127

ABSTRACT

Background: Periodontal disease is the infection and inflammation of the gums, bones, and tissues involved in teeth support, and it is one of the most common diseases affecting pet dogs. Essential oils have shown antimicrobial activity against bacteria causing periodontal disease; therefore, they are considered potential therapeutic agents. Objectives: The main objective was to formulate and evaluate the antimicrobial activity of a 0.2% chlorhexidine canine mouthwash with essential oils. Methods: Three microemulsion formulations were obtained by constructing a pseudo-ternary phase diagram using the phase titration method. Different surfactant agents were evaluated, and hydrogenated castor oil was selected as the emulsifier agent. The antimicrobial activity of oregano essential oil (Origanum vulgare), thyme essential oil (Thymus vulgaris), and the three formulations were evaluated against Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus salivarius, and Escherichia coli. Results: Pure thyme and oregano essential oils showed higher antimicrobial activity than a 0,2% chlorhexidine solution. The formulations with essential oils plus chlorhexidine and chlorhexidine alone showed antimicrobial activity. The formulation containing only essential oils did not show antimicrobial activity. Conclusions: A canine mouthwash was formulated with chlorhexidine and thyme, and oregano essential oil. Based on the evaluation of antimicrobial activity, two of the proposed formulations could be a therapeutic option to reduce the risk and prevent periodontal disease in canines


Antecedentes: La enfermedad periodontal es la infección e inflamación de las encías, huesos y tejidos que brindan soporte a los dientes, es una de las enfermedades más comunes que afectan a los perros de compañía. Los aceites esenciales han mostrado actividad antimicrobiana contra las bacterias que causan la enfermedad periodontal; por lo tanto, son considerados como potenciales agentes terapéuticos. Objetivos: El objetivo principal de este trabajo fue formular y evaluar la actividad antimicrobiana de un colutorio canino de clorhexidina al 0,2% con aceites esenciales. Métodos: Se obtuvo tres formulaciones en microemulsión mediante la construcción de un diagrama de fase pseudoternario por el método de titulación de fase. Se evaluaron diferentes tensioactivos y se seleccionó el aceite de ricino hidrogenado como agente emulsificante de la formulación. La actividad antimicrobiana del aceite esencial de orégano (Origanum vulgare), el aceite esencial de tomillo (Thymus vulgaris) y las tres formulaciones fue evaluada contra Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus salivarius y Escherichia coli. Resultados: Los aceites esenciales puros de tomillo y orégano mostraron una mayor actividad antimicrobiana que una solución de clorhexidina al 0,2%. Las formulaciones con aceites esenciales más clorhexidina y únicamente clorhexidina mostraron actividad antimicrobiana. Mientras que la formulación que contiene solo aceites esenciales no mostró actividad antimicrobiana. Conclusión: Se formuló un enjuague bucal canino con clorhexidina y aceite esencial de tomillo y orégano. Según la evaluación de la actividad antimicrobiana, dos de las formulaciones propuestas podrían ser una opción terapéutica para disminuir el riesgo y prevenir la enfermedad periodontal en caninos


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontitis , Oils, Volatile , Chlorhexidine , Thymus Plant
18.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(83): 57-66, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343658

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este reporte de caso clínico es presentar una rehabilitación integral adhesiva resuelta por alumnos de grado de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires (FOUBA), bajo un protocolo de abordaje terapéutico que simplifica su realización. Esta sistematización hace foco en un abordaje completamente aditivo con la finalidad de devolver la salud, la función y la estética de manera predecible. Un paciente de 55 años concurrió a la consulta por motivos estéticos. En el diagnóstico se evidenciaron desgastes severos producto de la parafunción. Se realizó una rehabilitación oral adhesiva seleccionando a la cerámica vítrea como material restaurador. El diagnóstico y la comprensión de su etiología son fundamentales para realizar un tratamiento conservador con restauraciones adheridas y con alto grado de predictibilidad, que se prolongará en el tiempo, gracias a la utilización de una placa orgánica y a los controles de mantenimiento correspondientes (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bruxism/rehabilitation , Ceramics , Dental Bonding , Esthetics, Dental , Patient Care Planning , Periodontitis/therapy , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Dental Cavity Preparation , Conservative Treatment , Inlays , Mouth Rehabilitation
19.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(4, suppl 1): 1-8, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352634

ABSTRACT

Objective: Investigating osteopontin (OPN) level in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of patients affected by periodontitis with or without Type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aim of this study is to explore the possibility of OPN to differentiate between periodontal health and disease. Material and Methods: A total number of 36 participants seeking periodontal treatment were recruited in this pilot study and divided into three study groups. Periodontitis [systemically healthy participants with periodontitis (probing pocket depth) PPD (probing pocket depth) ≥ 4mm], periodontitis and poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (), and control (systemically and periodontally healthy periodontium) groups. Plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI) and PPD were examined. OPN level was measured in the GCF and analysed, using Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent assay. Results: PI and GI were significantly higher in T2DM with periodontitis compared to periodontitis and control groups. Both periodontitis and P-T2DM groups showed significant increase in the OPN levels compared to control group (p<0.001). PPD showed the only significant positive association with OPN (p<0.001) compared to other clinical parameters. The receiver operating characteristics curve analysis demonstrated that OPN had higher area under the curve value (AUC: 0.95) in periodontitis compared to P-T2DM patients (AUC: 0.86). Conclusion: In periodontitis groups, clinical parameters were equally deteriorated together with significant increase in the expression of OPN compared to control. Furthermore, GCF levels of OPN were sensitive and specific enough to discriminate between health and periodontitis even with T2DM. This could introduce OPN to be as a candidate diagnostic biomarker of periodontal disease. (AU)


Objetivo: Investigar o nível de osteopontina (OPN) no fluido gengival crevicular (GCF) de pacientes com periodontite com ou sem diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (T2DM). O objetivo deste estudo foi explorar a possibilidade da OPN diferenciar entre saúde e doença periodontal. Material e Métodos: No total, para este estudo piloto foram recrutados 36 participantes que estavam em busca de tratamento periodontal e divididos em três grupos de estudo: grupos periodontite [participantes sistemicamente saudáveis com periodontite (profundidade de sondagem) PPD ≥ 4 mm], grupo periodontite e Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 mal controlada (P-T2DM) e grupo controle (saudáveis sistemicamente e periodontalmente). Índice de placa (PI), índice gengival (GI) e PPD foram examinados. O nível de OPN foi medido no GCF e analisado usando o ensaio ELISA (Enzyme-Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay). Resultados: PI e GI foram significativamente maiores no T2DM com periodontite em comparação aos grupos com periodontite e controle. Os grupos com periodontite e P-T2DM apresentaram aumento significativo nos níveis de OPN em comparação ao grupo controle (p <0,001). PPD mostrou a única associação positiva significativa com OPN (p <0,001) em comparação com outros parâmetros clínicos. A análise da curva de características operacionais do receptor demonstrou que OPN teve maior área sob o valor da curva (AUC: 0,95) na periodontite em comparação com pacientes com P-T2DM (AUC: 0,86). Conclusão: Nos grupos com periodontite, os parâmetros clínicos foram igualmente deteriorados juntamente com aumento significativo na expressão de OPN em comparação com o grupo controle. Além disso, os níveis de OPN no GCF foram sensíveis e específicos o suficiente para discernir entre saúde e periodontite, mesmo com T2DM. Isso poderia apresentar a OPN como um candidato a biomarcador diagnóstico de doença periodontal.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontitis , Bone Resorption , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Osteopontin
20.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20210160, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340107

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study aims to evaluate the effect of ellagic acid (EA) by measuring the levels of alveolar bone resorption and inflammatory and oxidative stress markers in the periodontal tissues and serum on the periodontal repair process related to experimental periodontitis in rats. Methodology Forty Wistar rats were divided into four study groups as follows: Group 1=healthy control (n=10); Group 2=EA control (15 mg/kg)(n=10); Group 3=periodontitis (n=10); Group 4=periodontitis+EA (15 mg/kg) (n=10). The periodontitis model was established by ligating bilateral mandibular first molars for 14 days. Then, rats were given normal saline or EA for another 14 days by gavage administration. Serum and gingiva myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine(8-OHdG), and glutathione (GSH) levels were analyzed by ELISA. İmmunohistochemical analysis was used to detect Interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) immunoreactivities in the periodontal tissues. Alveolar bone loss (ABL) and attachment loss (AL) was evaluated by histomorphometry analysis. Results ABL and AL were statistically higher in group 3 than in groups 1, 2 and 4 and in group 4 than in groups 1 and 2 (p<0.05). MPO activities in gingival tissue and serum were significantly increased in group 3 compared to groups 1 and 2 (p<0.05). Significantly higher serum GSH levels, lower gingiva, and serum 8-OHdG levels, and MPO activity were observed in group 4 compared to group 3 (p<0.05). Rats with periodontitis (group 3) expressed significantly higher immunoreactivities of IL-6 and TNF-α and lower IL-10 immunoreactivity compared to those other groups (p<0.05). IL-6 and TNF-α immunoreactivities significantly decreased and IL-10 immunoreactivity increased in group 4 after the use of EA compared to group 3 (p<0.001). Conclusions Our findings showed that EA provides significant improvements on gingival oxidative stress and inflammatory markers and alveolar bone resorption in the repair process associated with experimental periodontitis. Therefore, EA may have a therapeutic potential on periodontitis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Periodontitis/drug therapy , Alveolar Bone Loss , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Rats, Wistar , Ellagic Acid/pharmacology , Interleukin-1beta
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