Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 108
Filter
1.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(2): 224-228, jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1365477

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: los avances en cuidados perioperatorios e inmunosupresión permitieron que la su pervivencia de los pacientes trasplantados aumente significativamente, así observamos que la litiasis vesicular es más frecuente en este grupo de pacientes. Objetivo: el objetivo de este trabajo es analizar y describir los resultados obtenidos en colecistecto mías en pacientes trasplantados cardíacos. Material y métodos: seleccionamos los pacientes mediante una búsqueda cruzada entre las bases de datos de Trasplante Cardíaco y Cirugía Biliar. Recopilamos información sobre sus antecedentes médi cos, parámetros clínicos y de laboratorio, entre otros. Resultados: entre enero 1994-diciembre 2017 se realizaron 154 trasplantes cardíacos con una edad media de 40 años; 16 pacientes fueron incluidos en este estudio y en los cuales fue realizada la cole cistectomía laparoscópica posterior al trasplante. No se registraron morbilidad, readmisiones ni mor talidad. Conclusión: la colecistectomía laparoscópica es segura y es el método de elección en pacientes tras plantados cardíacos. Se debe realizar colangiografía intraoperatoria, ya que los predictores de litiasis coledociana suelen estar alterados.


ABSTRACT Background: The advances in perioperative care and immunosuppressive treatment resulted in a significant increase in survival of transplant patients; as a result, cholelithiasis is more common in transplant patients. Objective: The aim of this study is to analyze and describe the results obtained in cholecystectomies in heart transplant patients. Material and methods: We selected patients by cross-referencing the databases of heart transplantation and scheduled biliary surgeries, and collected information on their medical history, clinical parameters and laboratory tests, among other data. Results: Between January 1994 and December 2017, 154 heart transplant procedures were performed; mean age was 40 years; 16 underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy after heart transplantation and were included in this study. There were no complications, readmissions or deaths. Conclusion: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is safe and is the method of choice for heart transplant patients with cholelithiasis. Intraoperative cholangiography should be performed as the predictors of choledocholithiasis are usually abnormal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Heart Transplantation , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Perioperative Care/methods , Cystectomy , Immunosuppression , Transplants , Choledocholithiasis , Alkalies , Heart
2.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 1161-1166, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1255129

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Investigar o jejum prolongado em pacientes que submeteram-se a procedimentos cirúrgicos abdominais e do trato gastrointestinal com uso de anestesia geral, e as possíveis complicações no pré, intra e pós-operatório. Método: um estudo exploratório-descritivo, com recorte transversal retrospectivo-documental e abordagem quali-quantitativa, realizado num Hospital Federal do Rio de Janeiro, com análise documental referente ao período de janeiro de 2013 a abril de 2018. Resultado: houve uma grande variação no tempo de jejum pré-operatório, 0,3% dos pacientes fizeram jejum até 8 horas e 11,3% até 12 horas, alguns casos chegaram a fazer mais de 24 horas de jejum. Conclusão: foi perceptível que dentre prontuários analisados, os pacientes permaneceram em jejum perioperatório muito superiores fora dos padrões de segurança estipulados, gerando intercorrências que causam desconforto ao paciente, prejudicam a reabilitação, aumentam o tempo de internação e oneram o sistema


Objective:To investigate prolonged fasting in patients who underwent abdominal and gastrointestinal surgical procedures with general anesthesia, and possible complications in the pre, intra and postoperative periods. Method: an exploratory-descriptive study, with retrospective-documental cross-section and qualitative-quantitative approach, performed at a Federal Hospital of Rio de Janeiro, with documentary analysis from January 2013 to April 2018. Result: there was a great variation in time of preoperative fasting, with 0.3% of patients fasted for up to 8 hours and 11.3% for up to 12 hours, some cases reaching more than 24 hours fasting. Conclusion: Patients were found to be in perioperative fasting far beyond the stipulated safety standards, generating complications that cause discomfort to the patient, impair rehabilitation, increase length of hospital stay, and burden the system


Objetivo: Investigar el ayuno prolongado en pacientes que se sometieron a procedimientos quirúrgicos abdominales y del tracto gastrointestinal con uso de anestesia general, y las posibles complicaciones en el pre, intra y postoperatorio. Metodo: un estudio exploratório y descriptivo, con recorte transversal retrospectivo y documental con el abordaje cuali y cuantitativo, realizado en un Hospital Federal de Rio de Janeiro, con análisis documental referente al período de enero de 2013 a abril de 2018. Resultado:ocorrió una gran variación en el tiempo de ayuno preoperatorio, 0,3% de los pacientes hicieron ayuno hasta 8 horas y 11,3% hasta 12 horas, algunos casos llegaron a hacer más de 24 horas de ayuno. Conclusión: fue notable que entre los prontuarios analizados, los pacientes permanecieron en ayuno perioperatorio muy superiores fuera de los estándares de seguridad estipulados, generando intercurrencias que causan incomodidad al paciente, perjudican la rehabilitación, aumentan el tiempo de internación y el sistema


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Middle Aged , Aged , Fasting , Perioperative Care/methods , Gastrointestinal Tract/surgery , Abdomen/surgery , Time Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies
3.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 19(3): e631, sept.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138884

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El aumento de la expectativa de vida determina un incremento en la incidencia de enfermedades con indicación quirúrgica. El avance en las técnicas quirúrgicas, los cuidados intensivos y el conocimiento más profundo del proceso de envejecimiento tiende a favorecer la disminución de la morbimortalidad perioperatoria del paciente geriátrico. Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia de complicaciones intra y posoperatorias en pacientes geriátricos durante la cirugía abdominal mayor electiva. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo, de corte transversal a 373 pacientes geriátricos programados para intervención quirúrgica abdominal mayor desde enero de 2017 hasta diciembre de 2019 en el Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico Dr. Miguel Enríquez. Se registró la incidencia de complicaciones perioperatorias relacionándolas con las variables de estudio. Resultados: Las complicaciones más frecuentes fueron las cardiovasculares. La mortalidad fue escasa. Conclusiones: Las complicaciones perioperatorias detectadas en los pacientes geriátricos estudiados, se relacionan con las enfermedades previas, el tipo y la envergadura de la cirugía y con el tiempo quirúrgico(AU)


Introduction: The increase in life expectancy determines an increase in the incidence of diseases with surgical indication. Advances in surgical techniques, intensive care and deeper understanding of the aging process tend to favor the reduction of perioperative morbidity and mortality among geriatric patients. Objective: To determine the incidence of intraoperative and postoperative complications among geriatric patients during elective major abdominal surgery. Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional and observational study was carried out with 373 geriatric patients scheduled for major abdominal surgery from January 2017 to December 2019 at Dr. Miguel Enríquez Clinical-Surgical Hospital. The incidence of perioperative complications was recorded, relating them to the study variables. Results: The most frequent complications were the cardiovascular ones. Mortality was low. Conclusions: The perioperative complications identified among the geriatric patients studied are related with previous diseases, with the type and extent of surgery, and with the surgical time(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Perioperative Care/methods , Abdomen/surgery , Intraoperative Care/methods , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Aging , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
4.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(3): 321-327, Jul.-Sep. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131050

ABSTRACT

Resumen La tromboembolia pulmonar aguda representa una causa frecuente de morbimortalidad cardiovascular, sólo rebasada por los síndromes coronarios agudos y la enfermedad cerebrovascular. El inicio y la intervención de un equipo multidisciplinario de respuesta rápida en la tromboembolia pulmonar son imperantes para mejorar el pronóstico y reducir al mínimo las posibles secuelas en el subgrupo de pacientes más graves. En este artículo de revisión se describe y revisa de manera general el papel actual y potencial que tienen dichos equipos de respuesta rápida, con un enfoque particular en el perioperatorio.


Abstract Acute pulmonary embolism represents a frequent cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, only exceeded by acute coronary syndromes and cerebrovascular disease. The start-up and implementation of a designated pulmonary embolism response team is necessary to improve prognosis and minimize long-term sequelae in the subgroup of patients with significant pulmonary embolism. Herein, we describe and discuss an overview of the current and potential role of pulmonary embolism response teams, with a focus on the perioperative period.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Care Team/organization & administration , Pulmonary Embolism/therapy , Perioperative Care/methods , Prognosis , Acute Disease , Hospital Rapid Response Team/organization & administration
5.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 19(2): e654, mayo.-ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126366

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En diciembre del año 2019, una serie de casos de neumonía surgieron en Wuhan, Hubei, China; el 11 de marzo de 2020 se identifica el primer caso en Cuba. El SARS-CoV-2 se transmite rápidamente con consecuencias nefastas para la población y constituye actualmente una pandemia. Las técnicas avanzadas para manejo de vía aérea son propias de anestesiólogos e intensivistas, estas complejas y requieren de elementos y dispositivos que no se encuentran generalmente fuera del ámbito de quirófano. Objetivo: Describir la conducta anestesiológica ante pacientes anunciados para procedimientos quirúrgicos de urgencias o emergencia, con sospecha o confirmación de estar infectado por la COVID-19, durante el perioperatorio. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión de artículos referentes a conductas y estrategias a seguir en pacientes con sospecha/confirmación de la enfermedad COVID-19, tales como: preparación y limpieza del quirófano, consideraciones anestésicas, manejo de la vía aérea y las medidas y equipos de protección necesarias para el personal anestésico-quirúrgico. Desarrollo: La Organización Mundial de la Salud y organizaciones sanitarias recomiendan adoptar en todos estos enfermos de forma rutinaria, una serie de indicaciones descritas en el presente artículo. Conclusiones: Se requiere de entrenamiento y actualización continua por parte del personal médico y paramédico. Los especialistas involucrados en el manejo de la vía área deben disponer de algoritmos locales y del material necesario para garantizar una atención perioperatoria de calidad(AU)


Introduction: In December 2019, a series of pneumonia cases appeared in Wuhan, Hubei, China. On March 11, 2020, the first case in Cuba was identified. SARS-CoV-2 spreads rapidly, with fatal consequences for the population, and is currently a pandemic. The advanced techniques for the management of the airways are typical of anesthesiologists and intensivists. These are complex and require elements and devices not generally found outside the operating room. Objective: To describe the anesthesiological behavior in patients announced for emergency surgical procedures and with suspicion or confirmation of being affected by COVID-19, during the perioperative period. Methods: A review of articles referring to behaviors and strategies to follow in patients with suspicion/confirmation of COVID-19 disease was carried out; for example, preparation and cleaning of the operating room, anesthetic considerations, management of the airway, as well as the safety measures and the equipment necessary for the anesthetic-surgical personnel. Development: The World Health Organization and other health organizations recommend that a series of indications described in this article be adopted routinely in all these patients. Conclusions: Continuous training and updating is required by medical and paramedical personnel. The specialists involved in the management of the airways must have local algorithms and the materials necessary to guarantee quality perioperative care(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronavirus Infections/surgery , Perioperative Care/education , Perioperative Care/methods , Airway Management/methods , Anesthesiologists , Anesthesia Department, Hospital/ethics , Algorithms , Coronavirus Infections/transmission
6.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 19(2): e566, mayo.-ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126362

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La anestesia para el angiofibroma juvenil es una de las intervenciones más complejas dentro de la otorrinolaringología, pues el sangramiento incoercible causa hipovolemia aguda la cual se produce en un breve período y lleva al shock hipovolémico y a la muerte de no tratarse adecuadamente. Objetivo: Realizar una actualización sobre el perioperatorio de la anestesia en el angiofibroma juvenil. Desarrollo: Se debe minimizar las pérdidas sanguíneas a toda costa. La mejor asociación fue la hipotensión inducida, la hemodilución hipovolémica y el predepósito de sangre autóloga, con la angiografia y embolización arterial selectiva del tumor. Conclusiones: La exéresis quirúrgica del angiofibroma juvenil es una intervención de alto riesgo. El equipo de trabajo constituye un elemento primordial. La asociación de hipotensión inducida, hemodilución hipovolémica y predepósito de sangre autóloga son los pilares fundamentales para la mejor evolución de estos pacientes(AU)


Introduction: Anesthesia for juvenile angiofibroma is one of the most complex interventions within otolaryngology, since incoercible bleeding causes acute hypovolemia, which occurs in a short period and leads to hypovolemic shock and death if not treated properly. Objective: To carry out an update about the perioperative period of anesthesia in juvenile angiofibroma. Development: Blood losses must be minimized at all costs. The best association was induced hypotension, hypovolemic hemodilution, and autologous blood predeposit, with angiography and selective arterial embolization of the tumor. Conclusions: Surgical removal of juvenile angiofibroma is a high-risk intervention. The work team is an essential element. The association of induced hypotension, hypovolemic hemodilution, and autologous blood predeposit are the fundamental pillars for the best evolution of these patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Transfusion, Autologous/standards , Angiofibroma/surgery , Perioperative Care/methods , Anesthesia/methods , Equipment and Supplies
7.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 19(2): e594, mayo.-ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126354

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La evidencia demuestra que un inadecuado alivio del dolor preoperatorio tiene consecuencias fisiológicas y psicológicas nocivas en los pacientes, aumenta la morbilidad y la mortalidad. Objetivo: Evaluar la eficacia del bloqueo femoral modificado en los pacientes con el diagnóstico de fractura de cadera. Método: Se realizó un estudio cuasiexperimental en el Hospital Universitario Manuel Ascunce Domenech de la provincia Camagüey, en el periodo correspondiente de enero 2016 hasta enero 2018. Se constituyó el universo con 639 pacientes programados de urgencia y electivo con el diagnóstico de fractura de cadera, a través de un muestreo aleatorio simple de manera automática con el Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) Versión 21 para Windows, error aceptable y nivel de confianza del 95 por ciento. Se conformó la muestra por 295 pacientes. Resultados: La mayor parte de los pacientes intervenidos por fractura de cadera están por encima de la quinta década de la vida. Se diagnosticó la fractura extracapsular en 174 pacientes, en la evaluación del dolor a través del Cuestionario de dolor de McGill se constata dolor terrible de 4 con intervalo de confianza (2,00912-6,23110) antes del bloqueo y analgesia después del bloqueo de 1 con intervalo de confianza (0,73102 - 1,48209). Conclusiones: El bloqueo femoral modificado proporcionó analgesia en la totalidad de los casos(AU)


Introduction: Evidence shows that inadequate control of preoperative pain has harmful physiological and psychological consequences in patients, and increases morbidity and mortality. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of modified femoral block in patients with a diagnosis of hip fracture. Method: A quasi-experimental study was carried out at Manuel Ascunce Domenech University Hospital in Camagüey Province, from January 2016 to January 2018. The study population was made up of 639 emergency and elective surgical patients with the diagnosis of hip fracture of hip, through simple random sampling automatically with the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 21 for Windows, acceptable error and 95% confidence level. The sample was made up of 295 patients. Results: Most of the patients operated on for hip fracture are above their fifth decade of life. Extracapsular fracture was diagnosed in 174 patients. Regarding pain evaluation through McGill's Pain Questionnaire, terrible pain of 4 was perceived, with confidence interval (2.00912-6.23110) before block; and also analgesia of 1 after blockage, with confidence interval (0.73102-1.48209). Conclusions: The modified femoral block provided analgesia in all cases(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pain Measurement/drug effects , Hip Fractures/diagnosis , Hip Fractures/therapy , Nerve Block/methods , Perioperative Care/methods , Preoperative Period , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
8.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(4): 364-387, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137197

ABSTRACT

Abstract The development of protocols to prevent perioperative Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) and the introduction of increasingly potent antithrombotic drugs have resulted in concerns of increased risk of neuraxial bleeding. Since the Brazilian Society of Anesthesiology 2014 guideline, new oral anticoagulant drugs were approved by international regulating agencies, and by ANVISA. Societies and organizations that try to approach concerns through guidelines have presented conflicting perioperative management recommendations. As a response to these issues and to the need for a more rational approach, managements were updated in the present narrative review, and guideline statements made. They were projected to encourage safe and quality patient care, but cannot assure specific results. Like any clinical guide recommendation, they are subject to review as knowledge grows, on specific complications, for example. The objective was to assess safety aspects of regional analgesia and anesthesia in patients using antithrombotic drugs, such as: possible technique-associated complications; spinal hematoma-associated risk factors, prevention strategies, diagnosis and treatment; safe interval for discontinuing and reinitiating medication after regional blockade.


Resumo Os padrões evolutivos para a prevenção do tromboembolismo venoso perioperatório e a introdução de medicações antitrombóticas cada vez mais potentes resultaram em preocupações com o aumento do risco de sangramento neuroaxial. Após o consenso da Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia em 2014, novos medicamentos anticoagulantes orais foram aprovados pelas instituições reguladoras internacionais, assim como pela ANVISA. As sociedades que buscam abordar o manejo perioperatório desses fármacos apresentam recomendações conflitantes. Em resposta a essas questões e à necessidade de uma abordagem mais racional, as condutas foram atualizadas nesta revisão narrativa e feitas declarações de consenso. Elas foram projetadas para encorajar a assistência ao paciente de forma segura e de qualidade, mas não podem garantir um resultado específico. Tal como acontece com qualquer recomendação de orientação clínica, estas estão sujeitas a revisão com o conhecimento de avanços específicos de complicações. O objetivo foi avaliar aspectos da segurança em anestesia e analgesia regional em pacientes em uso de medicações antitrombóticas, tais como: possíveis complicações decorrentes da técnica; fatores de risco associados ao hematoma espinhal, estratégias de prevenção, diagnóstico e tratamento; intervalo seguro para suspensão e reinício da medicação após o bloqueio regional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Anesthesia, Conduction/methods , Anticoagulants/administration & dosage , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Brazil , Risk Factors , Perioperative Care/methods , Venous Thromboembolism/prevention & control , Hemorrhage/chemically induced , Anticoagulants/adverse effects
9.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(1): 30-35, feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092887

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción Los Programas de Recuperación Mejorada (PRM) en cirugía colorrectal disminuyen las complicaciones y acortan la estadía hospitalaria. La implementación de un PRM representa un desafío en nuestro sistema de salud público, dado la alta demanda y recursos limitados. Objetivo Evaluar el efecto en la estadía hospitalaria (EH) posterior a la implementación de un PRM en cirugía colorrectal electiva en un hospital público. Materiales y Método Estudio retrospectivo, que incluyó pacientes entre 15 y 85 años operados electivamente de resecciones colorrectales en un hospital público entre 1 de enero de 2015 y 31 de diciembre de 2016. Se compararon dos grupos: 1) total de pacientes operados electivamente 1 año posterior a la implementación del PRM (post-PRM) y 2) total de pacientes operados electivamente un año previo a la implementación de PRM (pre-PRM), en términos de EH, reingresos, complicaciones y mortalidad a 30 días. Se realizó análisis de tiempo a evento para comparar la EH entre ambos grupos. Resultados Un total de 144 pacientes fueron incluidos: 92 en el grupo post-PRM y 52 en el grupo pre-PRM. No hubo diferencias clínicas entre ambos grupos. La mediana de EH en el grupo post-PRM fue 2 días menor que en el grupo control (5 vs 7 días, test de log-rank, p = 0,03). No hubo diferencia en complicaciones, reingresos ni mortalidad. Conclusión La implementación de un PRM en cirugía colorrectal electiva en un hospital público se asocia a una disminución de la EH sin aumento de morbimortalidad.


Background Enhanced Recovery Programs (ERP) in colorectal surgery has proved to decrease complications and shorten hospital stay. The implementation of an ERP could be a difficult task in a high-demanding public health system with limited resources. Aim Evaluate the effect on length of stay (LOS) after the implantation of an ERP for colorectal surgery in a resource-limited public hospital. Materials and Method This retrospective study included patients aged 15-85 years who underwent elective colorectal surgery at a resource-limited public hospital in Chile between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2016. We compared two groups: (1) total number of patients operated electively after 1-year of ERP implementation (post-ERP group) and (2) total number of patients electively operated 1-year previous ERP (pre-ERP group) in terms of LOS, readmissions, complications, and 30-day mortality. A time to event analysis was performed to evaluate differences in LOS. Results A total of 144 patients were included in this study: 92 in the post-ERP group and 52 in the pre-ERP group. There were no clinical differences between groups. The median LOS in the post-ERP group was 2 days lower than that in the control group (5 vs 7 days, log-rank test p = 0.03). There were no differences in complications, readmissions, and 30-day mortality. Conclusions The implementation of an ERP for colorectal surgery in a resource-limited hospital was associated with decreased LOS without increasing morbidity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Program Evaluation , Colonoscopy/rehabilitation , Length of Stay , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colonoscopy/methods , Perioperative Care/methods , Recovery of Function
10.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(6): 569-579, nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057481

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: Perioperative management of femoral fractures in elderly patients has been studied to determine modifiable causes of complications and death. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mortality rate and its causes in the elderly population with FF. We also evaluated perioperative complications and their association with postoperative mortality. Method: In this prospective and observational study, we evaluated 182 patients, by questionnaire and electronic medical record, from the moment of hospitalization to one year after surgery. Statistical analyzes using the multivariate Cox proportional hazards model and Kaplan-Meier curves were performed to detect independent mortality factors. Results: Fifty-six patients (30.8%) died within one year after surgery, and the main cause of death was infection followed by septic shock. The main complication, both preoperatively and postoperatively, was hydroelectrolytic disorder. For every one-unit (one-year) increase in age, the odds ratio for death increased by 4%. With each new preoperative complication, the odds ratio for death increased by 28%. Patients ASA III or IV had a 95% higher odds ratio for death than patients ASA I or II. Conclusions: Increasing age and number of preoperative complications, in addition to ASA classification III or IV, were independent factors of increased risk of death in the population studied. The mortality rate was 30.8%, and infection followed by septic shock was the leading cause of death.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: O manejo perioperatório das fraturas de fêmur em pacientes idosos tem sido estudado com o intuito de determinar causas modificáveis de complicações e óbito. Este estudo tem por objetivo avaliar taxa de mortalidade e suas causas na população idosa com fraturas de fêmur. Avaliamos também complicações perioperatórias e sua associação com mortalidade pós-operatória. Método: Neste estudo prospectivo e observacional, avaliamos 182 pacientes, por questionário e prontuário eletrônico, desde o momento da internação até um ano após a cirurgia. Análises estatísticas pelo modelo multivariado de riscos proporcionais de Cox e curvas de Kaplan-Meier foram feitas para detectar fatores independentes de mortalidade. Resultados: Cinquenta e seis pacientes (30,8%) obituaram em até um ano de pós-operatório, sendo que a principal causa determinada de óbito foi infecção seguida de choque séptico. A principal complicação, tanto pré quanto pós-operatória, foi distúrbio hidroeletrolítico. Para cada aumento de uma unidade (em ano) na idade, a razão de chance de vir a óbito aumentou em 4%. A cada nova complicação pré-operatória apresentada, a razão de chance de óbito aumentou em 28%. Os pacientes ASA III ou IV apresentaram razão de chance de óbito, em um ano, 95% maior do que aqueles ASA I ou II. Conclusões: O aumento da idade e do número de complicações pré-operatórias, além da classificação de ASA III ou IV, foram fatores independentes de risco aumentado de óbito na população estudada. A taxa de mortalidade foi de 30,8%, sendo que a infecção seguida de choque séptico foi a principal causa determinada de óbito.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Perioperative Care/methods , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Postoperative Complications/mortality , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Hospital Mortality
11.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 18(3): e503, sept.-dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093116

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Una serie de breves periodos de isquemias a distancia pueden limitar el daño miocárdico producido por la isquemia/reperfusión. Objetivo: Analizar las diferencias entre los dos grupos (control y estudio) teniendo en cuanta el consumo de inotrópicos y/o vasopresores durante los períodos intra y posoperatorio, así como, incidencia de eventos adversos cardiacos mayores y mortalidad en el postoperatorio. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio cuasiexperimental, explicativo, comparativo con control histórico, en dos grupos de 247 pacientes, propuestos para revascularización coronaria. Se colocó un torniquete en el brazo derecho, en el grupo estudio, alternando 3 insuflaciones con 3 desinsuflaciones con una presión de 200 mmHg, manteniéndola 5 min cada una. Este proceder se realizó previo, durante y después del evento isquémico mayor, provocado por el pinzamiento de la arteria coronaria. Resultados: Se logró una disminución significativa del consumo de drogas inotrópicas y vasoactivas. Se comprobó además, la disminución en la incidencia de bajo gasto cardiaco reversible, fibrilación ventricular, nuevo infarto agudo de miocardio. Conclusiones: El condicionamiento isquémico a distancia es una importante herramienta a tener en cuenta para la protección cardiaca perioperatoria en la revascularización coronaria(AU)


Introduction: A series of brief distant ischemia periods can limit myocardial damage produced by ischemia or reperfusion. Objective: To analyze the differences between the two groups (control and study) taking into account the consumption of inotropics and/or vasopressors during the intraoperative and postoperative periods, as well as the incidence of major cardiac adverse events and mortality in the postoperative period. Methods: A quasiexperimental, explanatory and comparative study with historical control was conducted on two groups of 247 patients proposed for coronary revascularization. A tourniquet was placed to the right arm, in the study group, alternating three insufflations with three dessufflations with a pressure of 200 mmHg, keeping each for five minutes. This procedure was performed before, during and after the major ischemic event, caused by pinching of the coronary artery. Results: A significant decrease in the consumption of inotropic and vasoactive drugs was achieved. The decrease in the incidence of low reversible cardiac output, ventricular fibrillation, and new acute myocardial infarction was also proven. Conclusions: Distant ischemic conditioning is an important tool to be taken into account for perioperative cardiac protection in coronary revascularization(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Myocardial Reperfusion , Ischemic Postconditioning/methods , Ischemia/prevention & control , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Perioperative Care/methods , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
12.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(4): 516-519, Oct.-Dec. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041365

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To discuss aspects of pre and post-operative otorhinolaryngology surgery in patients with glycogen storage disease type 1b. Case description: Description of three clinical cases with probable glycogen storage disease type 1b who underwent otorhinolaryngology surgery, showing the importance of multidisciplinary interaction to avoid episodes of hypoglycemia. Comments: Patients with glycogen storage disease type 1b present recurrent infections, including the otorhinolaryngology affections. When there is an indication for surgical treatment, the caloric intake should be carefully followed in order to prevent hypoglycemia. The way to ensure this is to perform the pre and postoperative period in the hospital ward. In the postoperative period, it is important to make a slow transition between the intravenous and oral routes and not suspend the infusion of glucose during the surgical procedure. The cases illustrate the need for the interaction of the otorhinolaryngologic surgeon with the anesthesiologist, the pediatrician and the gastro-pediatrician in the management of these patients, avoiding hypoglycemic episodes.


RESUMO Objetivo: Discutir aspectos de pré e pós-operatório de cirurgia otorrinolaringológica em pacientes com glicogenose tipo 1b. Descrição do caso: Descrição de três casos clínicos com provável glicogenose tipo 1b, que se submeteram à cirurgia otorrinolaringológica, mostrando a importância da interação multidisciplinar para evitar os episódios de hipoglicemia. Comentários: Pacientes com glicogenose tipo 1b apresentam infecções de repetição, incluindo as otorrinolaringológicas. Quando há indicação de tratamento cirúrgico, deve-se observar a garantia de aporte calórico para evitar hipoglicemia. A maneira de fazer isso é efetuar o pré e pós-operatório em enfermaria, tomando-se o cuidado, no pós-operatório, de realizar uma transição lenta entre a via endovenosa e a via oral e de não suspender a infusão de glicose durante o procedimento cirúrgico. Os casos ilustram a necessidade da interação do otorrinolaringologista com o anestesista, o pediatra e o gastropediatra na condução desses pacientes para que não desenvolvam hipoglicemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Tonsillectomy , Middle Ear Ventilation , Adenoidectomy , Glycogen Storage Disease Type I/surgery , Perioperative Care/methods
13.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(6): 1196-1203, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056345

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Aims: Radical prostatectomy (RP) can result in urinary incontinence (UI) and erectile dysfunction (ED), which negatively impact quality of life (QoL). This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a perioperative pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) program versus usual care on early recovery of urinary continence and erectile function after RP. Materials and Methods: Of 59 eligible men, 31 were randomly allocated into 2 groups: Group 1 (Control, N=15) received usual post-RP care; and Group 2 (Physical therapy, N=16) received two pre-RP physical therapist-guided PFMT sessions, including exercises and electromyographic biofeedback, and verbal and written instructions to continue PFMT until RP, which was then resumed after urethral catheter removal. The International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Short Form (ICIQ-SF) and the 5-item version of the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) questionnaire were used to evaluate UI and ED, respectively. Results: Demographic characteristics were similar in both groups. Three months after RP, the UI rate was 72.7% and 70.0% in Groups 1 and 2, respectively (P >0.05). The severity and frequency of UI and its impact on QoL were evaluated by the ICIQ-Short Form, with scores of 6.9±6.26 in Group 1 and 7.0±5.12 in Group 2 (P >0.05). The IIEF-5 scores were similar in Groups 1 and 2 (5.73±7.43 vs. 6.70±6.68, respectively) (P >0.05). Conclusion: Our pre-RP protocol of two physical therapist-assisted sessions of PFMT plus instructions did not significantly improve urinary continence or erectile function at 3 months after RP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Prostatectomy/rehabilitation , Urinary Incontinence/rehabilitation , Pelvic Floor/physiopathology , Perioperative Care/methods , Muscle Stretching Exercises/methods , Erectile Dysfunction/rehabilitation , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Prostatectomy/methods , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Quality of Life , Urinary Incontinence/etiology , Urinary Incontinence/physiopathology , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome , Neurofeedback , Neoplasm Grading , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology , Erectile Dysfunction/physiopathology , Middle Aged , Muscle Contraction/physiology , Neoplasm Staging
15.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 18(2): e496, mayo.-ago. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093108

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los protocolos de recuperación mejorada o precoz, hoy en día, constituyen un eslabón fundamental cuando se habla de mejorar la calidad de la atención perioperatoria que se brinda a los enfermos en aras de disminuir la incidencia de complicaciones. Un acápite fundamental en ellos está en relación con la evaluación, optimización y el apoyo nutricional oportuno. Objetivo: Demostrar la importancia de una adecuada valoración y un oportuno apoyo nutricional perioperatorio en los enfermos programados para procedimientos quirúrgicos cardiacos, así como exponer los aspectos esenciales a considerar en relación a esta temática. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión de la literatura relacionada con el tema. Desarrollo: La desnutrición es uno de los problemas más importantes, así se evidencia en una serie de publicaciones que datan desde 1976 hasta la actualidad. La evaluación del estado nutricional se debe realizar durante todo el período perioperatorio. En sus diferentes fases se describen una serie de factores de riesgos que, cuando están presentes, obligan a instaurar un apoyo nutricional precoz e intensivo por vía parenteral y/o enteral. Conclusiones: La evaluación y la optimización preoperatoria del estado nutricional es vital para una adecuada evolución perioperatoria de los enfermos, por lo que debe constituir parte indispensable de la consulta anestesiológica. El apoyo nutricional debe de ser instaurado de forma precoz una vez identificados los indicadores de riesgo en aras de disminuir la incidencia de complicaciones perioperatorias(AU)


Introduction: Enhanced or fast-track recovery protocols, nowadays, constitute a fundamental link when it comes to improving the quality of perioperative care provided to patients for reducing the incidence of complications. A fundamental section in them is related to the evaluation, optimization and timely nutritional support. Objective: To demonstrate the importance of adequate evaluation and timely perioperative nutritional support in patients scheduled for cardiac surgical procedures. Methods: We carried out a review of the literature related to the subject. Development: Malnutrition is one of the most important problems, as evidenced by a series of publications dating from 1976 to date. The evaluation of nutritional status must be carried out throughout the perioperative period. In its different phases, a series of risk factors are described and, when present, require the introduction of early and intensive parenteral and/or enteral nutritional support. Conclusions: The evaluation and preoperative optimization of the nutritional status is vital for an adequate perioperative evolution of patients, so it must be an indispensable part of the anesthesiological consultation. Nutritional support should be established early once the risk indicators have been identified, in order to reduce the incidence of perioperative complications(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Thoracic Surgery/methods , Nutrition Assessment , Perioperative Care/education , Perioperative Care/methods , Review , Guidelines as Topic/methods
16.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(4): 366-372, ago. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058286

ABSTRACT

Resumen El concepto de Recuperación Mejorada Después de Cirugía, Enhanced recovery after Surgery (ERAS), engloba una serie de protocolos para el manejo perioperatorio optimizado en diversas patologías quirúrgicas. Los objetivos de estos protocolos son: mejorar los resultados quirúrgicos, disminuir las complicaciones, reducir los días de hospitalización, disminuir los costos asociados a la intervención y, finalmente, favorecer una rehabilitación más rápida. Para una correcta aplicación de estos protocolos, se requiere la interacción y el trabajo de un equipo multidisciplinario. En este artículo, se realizará una puesta al día de las intervenciones más importantes de los procesos perioperatorios de la cirugía torácica.


The concept of ERAS includes a series of optimized perioperative management protocols in various surgical pathologies. The objectives of these protocols are: improve surgical results, reduce complications, reduce length of in-hospital stay, reduce the associated health care costs and finally, favor a more rapid rehabilitation. For the correct application of these protocols, the interaction and work of a multidisciplinary team is required. In this article, an update will be made of the most important interventions in the perioperative processes of thoracic surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Protocols , Perioperative Care/methods , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Perioperative Care/standards , Perioperative Period
17.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(2): 214-217, Mar.-Apr. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003400

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: Conjoined twins are monozygotic twins physically joined at some part of the body. This is a rare phenomenon, estimated between 1:50,000 and 1:200,000 births. The objective of this report is to present the anesthetic management and the perioperative challenges for a separation surgery. Case report: Thoraco-omphalopagus twins were diagnosed by ultrasound and were followed by the fetal medicine team of the service. After 11 h of cesarean surgery, the pediatric surgical team chose to separate the twins. They were monitored with cardioscopy, oximetry, capnography, nasopharyngeal thermometer, urinary output, and non-invasive blood pressure. We chose inhaled induction with oxygen and 4% Sevoflurane. T1 patient was intubated with a 3.5 uncuffed endotracheal tube, and, after three unsuccessful intubation attempts of patient T2, a number 1 laryngeal mask was used. After securing the twins' airway, the induction was supplemented with fentanyl, propofol, and rocuronium. Mechanical ventilation in controlled pressure mode (6 mL.kg−1) and lumbar epidural (L1-L2) with 0.2% ropivacaine (2.5 mg.kg−1) were used. The pediatric surgical team initiated the separation of the twins via sternotomy, ligation of hepatic vessels. After 2 hours of procedure, the separation was completed, continuing the surgical treatment of T1 and the support of T2 until his death. Conclusions: Conjoined twin separation surgery is a challenge, which requires planning and coordination of a multidisciplinary team during all stages.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: Gêmeos conjugados são gêmeos monozigóticos conectados por alguma parte do corpo. Esse é um fenômeno raro, estimado entre 1:50.000 a 1:200.000 nascimentos. O objetivo deste relato é apresentar o manejo anestésico e os desafios perioperatórios para cirurgia de separação. Relato de caso: Gêmeos toraco-onfalópagos foram diagnosticados por ultrassonografia e acompanhados pela equipe de medicina fetal do serviço. Após 11 horas da cesárea, a equipe cirúrgica pediátrica optou pela separação dos gêmeos. Foram monitorados com cardioscopia, oximetria, capnografia, termômetro nasofaríngeo, débito urinário e pressão arterial não invasiva. Optou-se por indução inalatória com oxigênio e sevoflurano a 4%. O G1 foi intubado com tubo orotraqueal 3,5 sem cuff e após três tentativas de intubação do G2 sem sucesso usou-se máscara laríngea número 1. Após obtenção da via aérea nos gêmeos, complementou-se indução com fentanil, propofol e rocurônio. Ventilação mecânica no modo pressão controlada 6 ml.kg-1 e peridural lombar L1-L2 com ropivacaína 0,2% (2,5 mg.kg-1). A equipe cirúrgica pediátrica iniciou a separação dos gêmeos através de esternotomia, ligadura de vasos hepáticos. Após duas horas de procedimento, a separação foi concluída, prosseguiram-se o tratamento cirúrgico de G1 e os cuidados de G2 até o óbito. Conclusões: A cirurgia de separação de gêmeos conjugados é um desafio, requer planejamento e coordenação de uma equipe multidisciplinar durante todos os estágios.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Twins, Conjoined/surgery , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Perioperative Care/methods , Anesthesia/methods , Respiration, Artificial , Cesarean Section , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods
18.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(2): 211-213, Mar.-Apr. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003395

ABSTRACT

Abstract We presented a 39-year-old female patient with life-threatening hypoxemia after tricuspid valve replacement because of Ebstein's anomaly. And the severe cyanosis is due to bioprosthetic valve stenosis and atrial septal defect. Anesthetic management of a patient with severe obstructive prosthetic valve dysfunction can be challenging. Similar considerations should be given to patients with Ebstein's anomaly to maintain the pressure equalized between the right and left atrial. Transesophageal echocardiography and cerebral oxygen saturation provided real time information in perioperative care.


Resumo Apresentamos o caso de uma paciente de 39 anos, com hipoxemia em risco de vida após a substituição da valva tricúspide devido à anomalia de Ebstein e cianose grave devido à estenose de valva bioprotética e comunicação interatrial. O manejo anestésico de um paciente com disfunção obstrutiva grave de prótese valvar pode ser um desafio. Os pacientes com anomalia de Ebstein também precisam de atenção especial para manter a pressão equalizada entre o átrio direito e o esquerdo. A ecocardiografia transesofágica e a saturação cerebral de oxigênio forneceram informações em tempo real nos cuidados perioperatórios.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Tricuspid Valve Stenosis/surgery , Cyanosis/etiology , Ebstein Anomaly/surgery , Anesthetics/administration & dosage , Bioprosthesis/adverse effects , Severity of Illness Index , Heart Valve Prosthesis/adverse effects , Echocardiography, Transesophageal/methods , Perioperative Care/methods , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial/surgery , Hypoxia/etiology
19.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(4): e1477, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054599

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Perioperative care multimodal protocol significantly improve outcome in surgery. Aim: To investigate risk factors to various endpoints in patients submitted to elective colorectal operations under the ACERTO protocol. Methods: Cohort study analyzing through a logistic regression model able to assess independent risk factors for morbidity and mortality, patients submitted to elective open colon and/or rectum resection and primary anastomosis who were either exposed or non-exposed to demographic, clinical, and ACERTO interventions. Results: Two hundred thirty four patients were analyzed and submitted to 156 (66.7%) rectal and 78 (33.3%) colonic procedures. The length of hospital postoperative stay (LOS) ≥ 7 days was related to rectal surgery and high NNIS risk index; preoperative fasting ≤4 h (OR=0.250; CI95=0.114-0.551) and intravenous volume of crystalloid infused > 30ml/kg/day (OR=0.290; CI95=0.119-0.706). The risk of postoperative site infection (SSI) was approximately four times greater in malnourished; eight in rectal surgery and four in high NNIS index. The duration of preoperative fasting ≤4 h was a protective factor by reducing by 81.3% the risk of surgical site infection (SSI). An increased risk for anastomotic fistula was found in malnutrition, rectal surgery and high NNIS index. Conversely, preoperative fasting ≤4 h (OR=0.11; CI95=0.05-0.25; p<0.0001) decreased the risk of fistula. Factors associated with pneumonia-atelectasis were cancer and rectal surgery, while preoperative fasting ≤ 4 h (OR=0.10; CI95=0.04-0.24; p<0.0001) and intravenous crystalloid ≤ 30 ml/kg/day (OR=0.36; CI95=0.13-0.97, p=0.044) shown to decrease the risk. Mortality was lower with preoperative fasting ≤4 h and intravenous crystalloids infused ≤30 ml/kg/day. Conclusion: This study allows to conclude that rectal procedures, high NNIS index, preoperative fasting higher than 4 h and intravenous fluids greater than 30 ml/kg/day during the first 48 h after surgery are independent risk factors for: 1) prolonged LOS; 2) surgical site infection and anastomotic fistula associated with malnutrition; 3) postoperative pneumonia-atelectasis; and 4) postoperative mortality.


RESUMO Racional: Protocolos multimodais de cuidados perioperatórios melhoram significativamente resultados na cirurgia. Objetivo: Investigar fatores de risco para vários desfechos clínicos em pacientes submetidos às operações colorretais eletivas com o emprego do protocolo ACERTO. Métodos: Coorte analisando indivíduos expostos ou não expostos às variáveis de risco demográficas, clínicas e intervenções ACERTO, através de um modelo de regressão logística, determinando fatores independentes de risco para morbidade e mortalidade. Resultados: Duzentos e trinta e quatro pacientes foram submetidos a 156 (66,7%) operações retais e 78 (33,3%) colônicas. Mantiveram relação com tempo de internação ≥7 dias operação retal e escore NNIS alto; jejum pré-operatório > 4h e volume de cristalóides >30 ml/kg/dia. O risco de infecção de sítio cirúrgico foi aproximadamente quatro vezes maior em desnutridos; oito em operações retais; e quatro com NNIS alto. Tempo de jejum pré-operatório ≤4 h reduziu em 81,3% o risco de infecção de sitio cirúrgico. Risco aumentado para fístula ocorreu em desnutridos, operação retal e escore NNIS elevado. Tempo de jejum pré-operatório ≤4 h constituiu fator de proteção para ocorrência de fístulas. Os fatores associados à pneumonia/atelectasia foram câncer e operação retal, enquanto que tempo de jejum pré-operatório ≤4 h e volume de cristalóides intravenoso ≤30 ml/kg/dia foram fatores de proteção. Mortalidade foi menor com jejum ≤4 h e fluidos endovenosos ≤30 ml/kg/dia. Conclusão: Este estudo permite concluir que operações retais, presença de fator de risco NNIS, tempo de jejum pré-operatório superior a 4 h e fluidoterapia com cristaloides endovenosos superior a 30 ml/kg/dia nas primeiras 48 h de pós-operatório constituem-se em fatores de risco independentes e aplicáveis para: 1) tempo de internação pós-operatória prolongada; 2) para infecção do sítio cirúrgico e fístula anastomótica associadas à desnutrição; 3) para pneumonia/atelectasia no pós-operatório; e 4) para mortalidade pós-operatória.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Perioperative Care/methods , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Colorectal Surgery/adverse effects , Length of Stay
20.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 40(spe): e20180218, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1004110

ABSTRACT

Resumo OBJETIVO Descrever a implantação do protocolo de termorregulação para procedimentos cirúrgicos em recém-nascido (RN). MÉTODOS Relato de experiência, realizado em uma unidade neonatal em Salvador-BA, no período de janeiro de 2016 a janeiro 2017. O ciclo Plan, Do, Check, Action norteou a construção, a implantação e a aplicabilidade do protocolo. RESULTADOS Implantação do protocolo que possibilitou a redução de eventos adversos por instabilidade térmica durante procedimentos cirúrgicos e introdução de novas tecnologias. CONCLUSÃO O protocolo possibilitou a melhoria e o fortalecimento das práticas assistenciais relacionadas com a cirurgia segura em RN.


Resumen OBJETIVO Describir la implementación del protocolo de termorregulación para procedimientos quirúrgicos en recién nacido (RN). MÉTODOS Relato de experiencia, realizado en una unidad neonatal en Salvador-BA, en el período de enero de 2016 a enero de 2017. El ciclo Plan, Do, Check, Action orientó la construcción, la implementación y la aplicabilidad del protocolo. RESULTADOS Se pudo implementar el protocolo que permitió reducir eventos adversos por inestabilidad térmica durante procedimientos quirúrgicos y se introdujo nuevas tecnologías. CONCLUSIÓN El protocolo permitió una mejora y un fortalecimiento de las prácticas asistenciales, relacionadas con la cirugía segura en RN.


Abstract OBJECTIVE To describe the thermoregulation protocol implementation for newborns (NB). METHODS An experimental report, conducted at a neonatal unit in Salvador, Bahia, from January 2016 to January 2017. The Plan, Do, Check, Action cycle guided the construction, implementation and applicability of the protocol. RESULTS Implementation of the protocol that allowed the reduction of adverse events due to thermal instability during surgical procedures and introduction of new technologies. CONCLUSION The protocol could improve and strengthen the care practices related to safe surgery in newborns.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Clinical Protocols , Perioperative Care/methods , Fever/prevention & control , Hypothermia/prevention & control , Intraoperative Complications/prevention & control , Practice Guidelines as Topic
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL