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2.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(1): e682, ene.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156372

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Múltiples son los artículos publicados que abordan el tema de la ciencia abierta y su importancia para la sociedad, especialmente para la comunidad de investigadores. Esta constituye, ineludiblemente, el presente y futuro de las revistas científicas como método de expandir las investigaciones con alta calidad y credibilidad. La ciencia abierta como movimiento, tiene varios componentes y dentro de ellos, la gestión de citas y referencias de datos, códigos y materiales, que fundamentan la necesidad de que los autores tengan disponibles los contenidos subyacentes a los artículos que se publican y que constituyen la base de los resultados obtenidos en cada investigación. Objetivo: Evaluación de la eficacia de los protocolos de recuperación mejorada en cirugía cardiaca. Métodos: El protocolo que se propone fue elaborado por la investigadora principal (registro público cubano de ensayos clínicos RPCEC00000304) y se describe acorde a las recomendaciones de la lista internacional de chequeo para ensayos clínicos (SPIRIT). Conclusiones: Estarían en relación a si se puede demostrar, después de terminada la investigación, si el protocolo motivo de la Intervención, es mejor, igual o peor que el protocolo de control(AU)


Introduction: There are multiple articles published that address the subject of open science and its importance for society, especially for the research community. This constitutes, inevitably, the present and future of scientific journals as a method of expanding research with high quality and credibility. Open science, as a movement, has several components including the management of citations and references of data, codes and materials, which support the need for authors to have available the underlying content of the articles published and constituting the base for the results obtained in each investigation. Objective: Assessment of the efficacy of improved recovery protocols in cardiac surgery. Methods: The proposed protocol was prepared by the main researcher (Cuban public registry of clinical trials: RPCEC00000304) and is described according to the recommendations of the international checklist for clinical trials (SPIRIT). Conclusions: They would be related to whether it can be demonstrated, after the end of the investigation, if the protocol reason for the intervention is better, equal to, or worse than the control protocol(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Myocardial Ischemia/epidemiology , Guidelines as Topic , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery/standards , Perioperative Care/standards , Perioperative Medicine/methods
3.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 179-191, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878277

ABSTRACT

Pediatric liver transplantation (PLT) is an effective strategy of treating various acute or chronic end-stage liver diseases and inherited metabolic diseases in children.PLT has been applied in many transplant centers nationwide and has achieved satisfactory results.However,the development of transplant centers is uneven,and there is a lack of consensus and standards within the industry.In order to reduce post-operative complications,accelerate post-operative recovery,and improve the short-and long-term quality of life of children,the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Committee of Chinese Research Hospital Association organized multidisciplinary experts to summarize the progress of domestic and international research,and formulated a perioperative consensus on PLT based on the principles of evidence-based medicine.The consensus provides recommendations for perioperative PLT from three aspects:preoperative assessment and preparation,intraoperative management and postoperative management,in order to provide reference guidelines for centers that are conducting or preparing to conduct PLT.


Subject(s)
Child , Consensus , End Stage Liver Disease/therapy , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery/standards , Humans , Liver Transplantation/standards , Metabolism, Inborn Errors/therapy , Perioperative Care/standards , Practice Guidelines as Topic
4.
São Luís; s.n; 2021. 30 p. ilus.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-MA | ID: biblio-1358138

ABSTRACT

Preparamos este manual para que você fique por dentro de tudo que vai acontecer durante seu tratamento. Aqui você encontrará as rotinas e os cuidados necessários antes, durante e após a sua cirurgia, com todas as informações para passar por esse momento com tranquilidade. Fique atento aos documentos e exames necessários. Caso tenha alguma dúvida, entre em contato com o hospital!


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Discharge/standards , Thoracic Surgery/standards , Perioperative Care/standards , Intensive Care Units
5.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 31(2): 42-50, jun. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117006

ABSTRACT

Se trató de redactar una guía para la práctica segura de la especialidad en tiempos de COVID-19. Se realizó una búsqueda de las publicaciones recientes disponibles en Pub-Med y en otros buscadores, se utilizó la experiencia de expertos a través de diferentes conferencias o comunicados de sociedades científicas. Esta pandemia nos ha obligado a aprender de una manera vertiginosa el manejo de una nueva enfermedad, donde especialistas en cirugía comenzamos a hablar de terminología clínica, virológica, entre otras completamente nueva y desconocida para la mayoría de nosotros. Tuvimos que adaptar nuestra práctica habitual a nuevos estándares, cometiendo diferentes errores en el manejo inicial, provocados por la falta de información previa. La guía trata de abarcar los tópicos considerados más relevantes en este momento, como son el manejo del consultorio, recomendaciones de que patologías se recomienda operar y cuáles no. Recomendaciones de tratamientos alternativos al quirúrgico mientras dura la pandemia. Métodos de diagnósticos utilizados para evaluar infección en pacientes que se someterán a una cirugía, etc. Se agregaron links y apéndices para aquellos que deseen ampliar algún tema en particular, esto evita que la guía sea más extensa y pierda su practicidad con la que fue pensada. Esperamos esta guía sirva para facilitar la compresión de esta nueva enfermedad y su manejo para cualquier cirujano que necesite asistir a pacientes con patología colorrectal. Seguramente al finalizar estas líneas habrá nueva evidencia que deberá ser adaptada e incorporada a la presentada actualmente.


An attempt was made to write a guide for the safe practice of the specialty in times of COVID-19. A search of recent publication available in Pub-Med and other platforms was performed. Experts' opinions and experiences were taken into account from various conferences or communications of scientific societies. This pandemic has forced us to learn the management of a new disease in a sudden way. Surgical specialists began to learn clinical and virologic terminology, among other new concepts previously ignored by most of us. We were forced to adapt our usual practice to new standards, making different mistakes in the initial handling, caused by the lack of prior information.The present guide tries to cover the topics considered most relevant at this time, such as outpatients ́ management, recommendations of which patients we should operate on and which procedures should be postponed. Recommendations for alternative treatments to surgery while the pandemic lasts. Diagnostic methods used to assess infection in patients who will undergo surgery, etc. Links and appendices have been added for those who wish to expand on a particular topic, this prevents the guide from being too extensive and losing the practicality with which it was intended. We hope this guide will facilitate the understanding of this new disease and its management for any surgeon who needs to assist patients with colorectal pathology. By the time we would have finished these lines there will be new evidence that must be adapted and incorporated into those currently presented.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral , Safety/standards , Colorectal Surgery/standards , Coronavirus Infections , Colonoscopy/methods , Colonoscopy/standards , Perioperative Care/standards , Endoscopy/standards , Pandemics , Ambulatory Care/standards , Personal Protective Equipment/standards , Intestinal Diseases/surgery
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879922

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the experience of perioperative prevention during double-lung transplantation for elderly patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 2 elderly patients with COVID-19 who underwent double-lung transplantation in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine in March 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. Perioperative protective measures were introduced in terms of medical staffing, respiratory tract, pressure injuries, air in operating room, instruments and equipment, pathological specimens, and information management.@*RESULTS@#Two cases of double-lung transplantation were successfully completed, and the patients had no operation-related complications. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenator was successfully removed 2 to 4 days after surgery and the patients recovered well. There was no infection among medical staff.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Adequate preoperative preparation, complete patient transfer procedures, proper placement of instruments and equipment, strengthening of intraoperative care management, and attention to prevention of pressure injury complications can maximize the safety of COVID-19 patients and medical staff.


Subject(s)
Aged , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections , Humans , Lung Transplantation/standards , Pandemics , Perioperative Care/standards , Pneumonia, Viral , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Transplant Recipients
7.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(4): 366-372, ago. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058286

ABSTRACT

Resumen El concepto de Recuperación Mejorada Después de Cirugía, Enhanced recovery after Surgery (ERAS), engloba una serie de protocolos para el manejo perioperatorio optimizado en diversas patologías quirúrgicas. Los objetivos de estos protocolos son: mejorar los resultados quirúrgicos, disminuir las complicaciones, reducir los días de hospitalización, disminuir los costos asociados a la intervención y, finalmente, favorecer una rehabilitación más rápida. Para una correcta aplicación de estos protocolos, se requiere la interacción y el trabajo de un equipo multidisciplinario. En este artículo, se realizará una puesta al día de las intervenciones más importantes de los procesos perioperatorios de la cirugía torácica.


The concept of ERAS includes a series of optimized perioperative management protocols in various surgical pathologies. The objectives of these protocols are: improve surgical results, reduce complications, reduce length of in-hospital stay, reduce the associated health care costs and finally, favor a more rapid rehabilitation. For the correct application of these protocols, the interaction and work of a multidisciplinary team is required. In this article, an update will be made of the most important interventions in the perioperative processes of thoracic surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Protocols , Perioperative Care/methods , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Perioperative Care/standards , Perioperative Period
9.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(5): e20192311, 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057170

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: identificar a adesão ao checklist de cirurgia segura, a partir do seu preenchimento, em um hospital geral de referência do interior do Estado de Minas Gerais, bem como, verificar os fatores associados à sua utilização. Métodos: trata-se de estudo transversal, documental, retrospectivo de abordagem quantitativa. A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio da revisão retrospectiva de prontuários de uma amostra de pacientes operados no período de um ano. Foram incluídos os atendimentos de pacientes cirúrgicos de todas as especialidades, com idade de 18 anos ou mais, e período de internação igual ou maior do que 24 horas. A amostra probabilística foi de 423 casos. Resultados: o checklist estava presente em 95% dos prontuários. Porém, apenas 67,4% deles estavam com preenchimento completo. A presença do checklist no prontuário apresentou associação significativa com o risco anestésico do paciente. Não houve diferença no percentual de preenchimento entre os três momentos do checklist: antes da indução anestésica (sign in), antes da incisão cirúrgica (time out ou parada cirúrgica) e antes do paciente deixar a sala de cirurgia (sign out). Também não foram encontradas diferenças significativas em relação ao percentual de preenchimento dos itens de responsabilidade do cirurgião. Considerando o procedimento cirúrgico realizado, foram encontradas incoerências no item lateralidade. Conclusão: apesar do elevado percentual de prontuários com checklist, a presença de incompletude e incoerência pode comprometer os resultados esperados na segurança do paciente cirúrgico.


ABSTRACT Objective: to identify adherence to the safe surgery checklist from its filling out in a general referral hospital in the interior of Minas Gerais state, as well as to verify factors associated with its use. Methods: this is a retrospective, documentary, cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. Data collection was performed through a retrospective review of medical records of patients undergoing surgery within one year. Patients of all specialties, aged 18 years or older, and with hospitalization period equal to or greater than 24 hours were included. The probabilistic sample was composed of 423 cases. Results: the checklist was present in 95% of the medical records. However, only 67.4% of them were completely filled out. The presence of the checklist in the medical record was significantly associated with the anesthetic risk of the patient. There was no difference in the filling out percentage among the three checklist moments: before anesthetic induction (sign in), before surgical incision (time out or surgical pause), and before the patient leaves the operating room (sign out). There were also no significant differences regarding the filling out percentage of the surgeon's responsibility items. Considering the surgical procedure performed, inconsistencies were found in the laterality item. Conclusion: despite the high percentage of medical records with checklist, the presence of incompleteness and inconsistency may compromise the expected results in the safety of the surgical patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Operating Rooms/standards , Surgical Procedures, Operative/standards , Safety Management/methods , Perioperative Care/standards , Checklist/standards , Retrospective Studies , Guideline Adherence , Checklist/statistics & numerical data , Patient Safety , Hospitals, General , Middle Aged
11.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 71(supl.6): 2824-2832, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-977680

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify the Nursing interventions, described in literature, in the ERAS® program. Method: We defined a scoping review based on the recommendations of The Institute Joanna Brigs (JBI) and on research in electronic databases. We chose the studies through flow diagrams "Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)" and presented them in a chart. Results: We found 306 articles published between 2010 and 2018 and included 14 of them. The main results were: the crucial role nurses play throughout the surgical process, which begins at the preoperative nursing consultation; goes to post-operative care, such as early giving food to patients, effective management of pain or early mobilization; and ends in telephone follow-up. Conclusion: The introduction of the surgical program ERAS® may be an opportunity for nurses to play a more influential role in the surgical path, directly involving with their clients' results.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Identificar las intervenciones de Enfermería en el programa ERAS® descriptas en la literatura. Método: Se elaboró una Scoping Review basada en las recomendaciones del Institute Joanna Brigs (JBI) y con investigación en bases de datos electrónicas. Los estudios fueron seleccionados a través de los diagramas de flujo de los Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) y presentados en un marco. Resultados: Se han encontrado 306 artículos publicados entre 2010 y 2018, habiéndose incluido 14 de ellos. Los principales resultados son: el papel crucial que el enfermero desempeña a lo largo de todo el proceso quirúrgico, empezando en la consulta de enfermería preoperatoria, pasando por los cuidados post-operativos como la introducción temprana de la alimentación, la gestión eficaz del dolor o la movilización precoz y, terminando con el seguimiento telefónico. Conclusión: La implementación del programa quirúrgico ERAS® puede ser una oportunidad para que los enfermeros desempeñen un papel más influyente en el recorrido quirúrgico, involucrándose directamente en los resultados del cliente.


RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar as intervenções de Enfermagem no programa ERAS® descritas na literatura. Método: Foi elaborada uma scoping review com base nas recomendações do The Institute Joanna Brigs (JBI) e na pesquisa em bases de dados eletrônicas. Os estudos foram selecionados através de diagramas de fluxo Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) e apresentados em um quadro. Resultados: Foram encontrados 306 artigos publicados entre 2010 e 2018, tendo-se incluído 14 deles. Os principais resultados são: o papel crucial que o enfermeiro desempenha ao longo de todo o processo cirúrgico, começando na consulta de Enfermagem pré-operatória, passando pelos cuidados pós-operatórios como a introdução precoce da alimentação, gestão eficaz da dor ou mobilização precoce e terminando com o follow-up telefônico. Conclusão: A implementação do programa cirúrgico ERAS® pode ser uma oportunidade para o enfermeiro desempenhar um papel mais influente no percurso cirúrgico, envolvendo-se diretamente nos resultados do cliente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Perioperative Care/standards , Nursing Care/methods , Perioperative Care/methods , Nursing Care/standards , Nursing Care/trends
12.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 26: e3083, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-978621

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: to evaluate the interface pressure (IP) of support surfaces (SSs) on bony prominences. Method: a quasi-experimental study with repeated measures on each SS. Twenty healthy adult volunteers participated in the study. The participants were placed in the supine position on a standard operating table for evaluation of IP on the bony prominences of the occipital, subscapular, sacral, and calcaneal regions using sensors. Seven evaluations were performed for each bony prominence: one on a standard operating table, and the others on tables containing SSs made of viscoelastic polymer, soft foam, or sealed foam. Descriptive statistics and analysis of variance were used to analyze the data. Results: the mean IP was higher on the viscoelastic polymer-based SS compared to the other SSs (p<0.001). The mean IP was relatively lower on the density-33 sealed foam and density-18 soft foam. In addition, this variable was comparatively higher in the sacral region (42.90 mmHg) and the calcaneal region (15.35 mmHg). Conclusion: IP was relatively lower on foam-based SSs, especially on density-18 soft foam and density-33 sealed foam. Nonetheless, IP was not reduced on the viscoelastic polymer SS compared to the control SS.


RESUMO Objetivo: valiar a pressão de interface (PI) das superfícies de apoio (SAs) em proeminências ósseas. Método: um estudo quase experimental com medidas repetidas em diferentes SAs. Vinte voluntários adultos saudáveis participaram do estudo. Os participantes foram colocados em decúbito dorsal em uma mesa cirúrgica para avaliação da PI nas proeminências ósseas das regiões occipital, subescapular, sacral e calcânea utilizando sensores. Sete avaliações foram realizadas para cada proeminência óssea: uma avaliação em uma mesa de operação padrão e as outras avaliações em mesas contendo SAs à base de polímero viscoelástico, espuma macia, ou espuma selada. Estatística descritiva e análise de variância foram utilizadas para analisar os dados. Resultados: a PI média foi maior na SA feita de polímero viscoelástico em comparação com as outras SAs (p<0,001). A PI média foi relativamente menor na espuma selada de densidade 33 e na espuma macia de densidade 18. Além disso, essa variável foi comparativamente maior na região sacral (42,90 mmHg) e na região calcânea (15,35 mmHg). Conclusão: a PI foi menor em SAs à base de espuma, especialmente espuma macia de densidade 18 e espuma selada de densidade 33. No entanto, a PI não foi reduzida na SA à base de polímero viscoelástico comparado com a SA controle.


RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar la presión de interfaz (PI) de las superficies de apoyo (SAs) en prominencias óseas. Método: un estudio casi experimental con medidas repetidas en diferentes SAs. Veinte voluntarios adultos saludables participaron del estudio. Los participantes fueron colocados en decúbito dorsal en una mesa quirúrgica para evaluación de la PI en las prominencias óseas de las regiones occipital, subescapular, sacra y calcánea utilizando sensores. Siete evaluaciones fueron realizadas para cada prominencia ósea: una evaluación en una mesa de operación estándar y otras evaluaciones en mesas que contenían SAs a base de polímero viscoelástico, espuma blanda, o espuma sellada. Fueron utilizadas la estadística descriptiva y el análisis de la varianza para analizar los datos. Resultados: la PI media fue mayor en la SA hecha de polímero viscoelástico en comparación con las otras SAs (p<0,001). La PI media fue relativamente menor en la espuma sellada de densidad 33 y en la espuma blanda de densidad 18. Además, esa variable fue comparativamente mayor en la región sacra (42,90 mmHg) y en la región calcánea (15,35 mmHg). Conclusión: la PI fue menor en SAs a base de espuma, especialmente espuma blanda de densidad 18 y espuma sellada de densidad 33. Sin embargo, la PI no fue reducida en la SA a base de polímero viscoelástico comparado con la SA control.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Perioperative Care/standards , Pressure Ulcer/prevention & control , Patient Positioning/instrumentation , Operating Tables/standards
13.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(3,supl.1): 1-104, Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887936
14.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(4): 276-282, July-Aug. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897928

ABSTRACT

Objective: The objective of our study was to determine the feasibility of early extubation and to identify the risk factors for delayed extubation in pediatric patients operated for ventricular septal defect closure. Methods: A prospective, observational study was carried out at our Institute. This study involved consecutive 135 patients undergoing ventricular septal defect closure. Patients were extubated if feasible within six hours after surgery. Based on duration of extubation, patients were divided two groups: Group 1= extubation time ≤ 6 hours, Group 2= extubation time >6 hours. Results: A total of 99 patients were in Group 1 and 36 patients in Group 2. Duration of ventilation was 4.4±0.9 hours in Group 1 and 25.9±24.9 hours in Group 2 (P<0.001). Univariate analysis showed that young age, low weight, low partial pressure of oxygen, trisomy 21, multiple ventricular septal defect, high vasoactive inotropic score, transient heart block and low cardiac output syndrome were associated with delayed extubation. However, regression analysis revealed that only trisomy 21 (OR: 0.248; 95%CI: 0.176-0.701; P=0.001), low cardiac output syndrome (OR: 0.291; 95%CI: 0.267-0.979; P=0.001), multiple ventricular septal defect (OR: 0.243; 95%CI: 0.147-0.606; P=0.002) and vasoactive inotropic score (OR: 0.174 95%CI: 0.002-0.062; P=0.039) are strongest predictors for delayed extubation. Conclusion: Trisomy 21, low cardiac output syndrome, multiple ventricular septal defect and high vasoactive inotropic score are significant risk factors for delay in extubation. Age, weight, pulmonary artery hypertension, size of ventricular septal defect, aortic cross-clamp and cardiopulmonary bypass time did not affect early extubation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Perioperative Care/standards , Airway Extubation/standards , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular/surgery , Time Factors , Cardiac Output, Low/complications , Feasibility Studies , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Down Syndrome/complications , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular/complications , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular/rehabilitation , Myocardial Contraction/physiology
15.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 28(4): 250-254, Nov.-Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-770264

ABSTRACT

Background: Prolonged preoperative fasting may impair nutritional status of the patient and their recovery. In contrast, some studies show that fasting abbreviation can improve the response to trauma and decrease the length of hospital stay. Aim: Investigate whether the prescribed perioperative fasting time and practiced by patients is in compliance with current multimodal protocols and identify the main factors associated. Methods: Cross-sectional study with 65 patients undergoing elective surgery of the digestive tract or abdominal wall. We investigated the fasting time in the perioperative period, hunger and thirst reports, physical status, diabetes diagnosis, type of surgery and anesthesia. Results: The patients were between 19 and 87 years, mostly female (73.8%). The most performed procedure was cholecystectomy (47.69%) and general anesthesia the most used (89.23%). The most common approach was to start fasting from midnight for liquids and solids, and most of the patients received grade II (64.6%) to the physical state. The real fasting average time was 16 h (9.5-41.58) was higher than prescribed (11 h, 6.58 -26.75). The patients submitted to surgery in the afternoon were in more fasting time than those who did in the morning (p<0.001). The intensity of hunger and thirst increased in postoperative fasting period (p=0.010 and 0.027). The average period of postoperative fasting was 18.25 h (3.33-91.83) and only 23.07% restarted feeding on the same day. Conclusion: Patients were fasted for prolonged time, higher even than the prescribed time and intensity of the signs of discomfort such as hunger and thirst increased over time. To better recovery and the patient's well-being, it is necessary to establish a preoperative fasting abbreviation protocol.


Racional: O jejum perioperatório prolongado pode prejudicar estado nutricional do paciente e sua recuperação. Em contrapartida, estudos mostram que abreviação do jejum pode melhorar a resposta ao trauma e diminuir o tempo de internação. Objetivo: Investigar se o tempo de jejum perioperatório prescrito e praticado pelos pacientes se encontra em conformidade com os protocolos multimodais atuais e identificar os principais fatores associados. Métodos: Estudo transversal com 65 pacientes, submetidos às operações eletivas do aparelho digestivo ou parede abdominal. Foi investigado o tempo de jejum no período perioperatório, relatos de fome e sede, classificação do estado físico, diagnóstico de diabete, tipo de operação e de anestesia. Resultados: Os pacientes tinham entre 19 e 87 anos, sendo a maioria do sexo feminino (73,8%). O procedimento mais realizado foi colecistectomia (47,69%) e a anestesia geral a mais usada (89,23%). A orientação mais frequente foi jejum a partir de meia noite para líquidos e sólidos e a maior parte dos pacientes recebeu classificação II (64,6%) para o estado físico. O tempo médio de jejum real foi 16 h (9,5-41,58) sendo maior que o prescrito (11 h; 6,58-26,75) com p<0,001. Aqueles que realizaram a operação no período da tarde ficaram mais tempo de jejum do que aqueles do período matutino (p<0,001). A intensidade de fome e sede aumentou no período de jejum pós-operatório (p=0,010 e 0,027). O período de jejum médio pós-operatório foi 18,25 h (3,33-91,83) e apenas 23,07% reiniciou a alimentação no mesmo dia. Conclusão: Os pacientes permaneceram em jejum por tempo prolongando, ainda maior que o tempo prescrito e a intensidade dos sinais de desconforto como fome e sede aumentaram ao longo do tempo. Para melhor recuperação e bem-estar do paciente, faz-se necessário instituir um protocolo de abreviação do jejum perioperatório.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Clinical Protocols , Elective Surgical Procedures , Fasting , Perioperative Care/standards , Cross-Sectional Studies , Time Factors
18.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 58(4): 505-512, July-Aug. 2012. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-646896

ABSTRACT

When dealing with surgical patients, a perioperative evaluation is essential to anticipate complications and institute measures to reduce the risks. Several algorithms and exams have been used to identify postoperative cardiovascular events, which account for more than 50% of perioperative mortality. However, they are far from ideal. Some of these algorithms and exams were proposed before important advances in cardiology, at a time when pharmacological risk reduction strategies for surgical patients were not available. New biomarkers and exams, such as C-reactive protein, brain natriuretic peptide, and multislice computed tomography have been used in cardiology and have provided important prognostic information. The ankle-brachial index is another significant marker of atherosclerosis. However, specific information regarding the perioperative context of all these methods is still needed. The objective of this article is to evaluate cardiovascular risk prediction models after noncardiac surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Perioperative Care/standards , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Algorithms , Ankle Brachial Index , Biomarkers/analysis , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain/analysis , Risk Assessment
20.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 96(3,supl.1): 1-68, 2011. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-588887
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