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2.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 31: 31119, 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372680

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Os fatores associados ao comprometimento da qualidade de vida em pacientes com isquemia crônica ameaçadora ao membro não estão bem estabelecidos. Objetivo: Verificar se existe associação entre a qualidade de vida e os índices de rigidez arterial, velocidade de onda de pulso (VOP) e o índice de aumentação normalizado para a frequência cardíaca de 75 bpm (AIx@75). Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal, observacional, com a participação de 17 pacientes (65,65 ±11,79 anos) com isquemia crônica ameaçadora ao membro definida pela classificação de Rutherford 4, 5 e 6, e com o índice tornozelo-braço (ITB) < 0,80. A avaliação dos parâmetros vasculares e os índices de rigidez arterial foram realizadas com o aparelho Mobil-O-Graph ® que gera a onda de pulso aórtica a partir da oscilometria da artéria braquial. A qualidade de vida foi avaliada pelo questionário Vascular quality of life questionaire (VascuQoL-6), versão curta, desenvolvido especificamente para avaliar pacientes com comprometimento circulatório, arterial ou venoso. Resultados: Os valores do ITB e do escore de qualidade de vida foram 0,48 ± 0,14 e 15,88 ± 1,03; respectivamente. Dos 17 pacientes, 12 apresentavam hipertensão arterial sistólica e dezesseis apresentaram a VOP maior que 10 m/s. Não foram observadas correlações entre o escore de qualidade de vida com o AIx@75 (p=0,54 e r=0,16), a VOP (p=0,332 e r=0,248) e o ITB (p=0,707 e r=0,098). Conclusão: O presente estudo demonstrou que pacientes com isquemia crônica ameaçadora ao membro apresentam comprometimento importante da qualidade de vida sem associação com os índices de rigidez arterial e ITB.


Introduction: The factors associated with impaired quality of life in patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia are not well established. Objective: Check whether there is an association between quality of life and arterial stiffness indexes, pulse wave velocity (PWV) and the augmentation index corrected to 75 beats per minute heart rate (AIx@75). Methods: This is a cross-sectional, observational study, with the participation of 17 patients (65.65 ± 11.79 years) with chronic limb-threatening ischemia defined by the Rutherford classification 4, 5 and 6, and with the ankle-arm index (ABI) < 0.80. The evaluation of vascular parameters and arterial stiffness indeces was performed with the MobilO-Graph ® device that generates the aortic pulse wave from the brachial artery oscillometry. Quality of life was assessed using the questionnaire Vascular quality of life questionaire (VascuQoL-6), short version, developed specifically to evaluate patients with circulatory, arterial or venous involvement. Results: The values of the ITB and the quality of life score were 0.48 ± 0.14 and 15.88 ± 1.03; respectively. Of the 17 patients, 12 had systolic arterial hypertension and sixteen had PWV greater than 10 m / s. No correlations were observed between the quality of life score with AIx @ 75 (p = 0.54 and r = 0.16), PWV (p = 0.332 and r = 0.248) and ABI (p = 0.707 and r = 0.098). Conclusion: The present study demonstrated that patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia present significant impairment of quality of life without association with arterial stiffness and ABI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Vascular Stiffness , Quality of Life , Pulse Wave Analysis
3.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(6): 675-684, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352292

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is characterized by progressive narrowing of the arterial lumen, resulting from atherosclerotic plaques. Treatment for PAD aims to control atherosclerosis and improve blood flow. Use of antiplatelet agents and anticoagulants has played important roles in helping to prevent occlusions and stenosis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evidence from Cochrane systematic reviews regarding the accuracy, effectiveness and safety of use of anticoagulants and antiplatelets in lower-limb revascularization, in patients with peripheral arterial disease. METHODS: Systematic reviews found through searches in the Cochrane Library were included. Two authors evaluated whether the reviews found were in line with the inclusion criteria for this investigation. A qualitative synthesis of their findings was presented. RESULTS: Three systematic Cochrane reviews were included. Patients who underwent prosthetic bypass surgery probably presented greater benefit from use of antiplatelets, and patients who underwent vein revascularization probably presented greater benefit from use of anticoagulants. Patients who received endovascular treatment benefited from both antiplatelet and anticoagulant treatment. However, the reliability of the results found was impaired because at the time when these reviews were published, there was no mandatory assessment using the GRADE criteria. CONCLUSION: Despite the evidence found, it is necessary for these reviews to be updated in order to evaluate the degree of certainty of the results found.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Peripheral Arterial Disease/drug therapy , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Reproducibility of Results , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use
4.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(9): 1246-1250, Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351481

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the interventions of percutaneous transluminal drug-coated balloon angioplasty (DCB PTA) and standard PTA in the treatment of patients with the below-the-knee peripheral artery disease (BTK PAD). METHODS: Overall, 196 patients (113 males and 83 females; mean age: 63.56±11.94 years; 45-83 years) were treated with PTA for BTK PAD between June 2014 and March 2019. RESULT: Standard PTA (group 1; 96 patients) and DCB PTA (group 2; 100 patients) results were analyzed and compared retrospectively. No statistically significant difference was found between the mean ages of group 1 and 2 patients (p=0.371, p>0.05). Demographic and clinical data were compared and no any statistically significant differences was found between the two groups. Comparing in terms of the iliac lesion, there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups. However, a statistically significant difference was found between the two groups in terms of frequency of popliteal lesions (p=0.001; p<0.05). There was not a statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of other lesions. In addition, limb salvage rates were 82.0% (18 amputations) and 65.6% (33 amputations) in the drug-release balloon group and the naked balloon group, at the end of 1 year, respectively. No distal embolism, limb-threatening ischemia, and mortality were observed in any patients. CONCLUSIONS: Based on this study, patients in the DCB group had significantly higher rates of primary patency as compared with the other patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon/methods , Peripheral Arterial Disease/therapy , Popliteal Artery , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Coated Materials, Biocompatible , Femoral Artery , Middle Aged
5.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(2): 309-316, ago. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339166

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: Embora a caminhada máxima e submáxima sejam recomendadas para pacientes com doença arterial periférica (DAP), a realização desses exercícios pode induzir diferentes respostas fisiológicas. Objetivos: Comparar os efeitos agudos de caminhada máxima e submáxima na função cardiovascular, a regulação e os processos fisiopatológicos associados pós-exercício em pacientes com DAP sintomática. Métodos: Trinta pacientes do sexo masculino foram submetidos a 2 sessões: caminhada máxima (protocolo de Gardner) e caminhada submáxima (15 períodos de 2 minutos de caminhada separados por 2 minutos de repouso ereto). Em cada sessão, foram medidos a pressão arterial (PA), a frequência cardíaca (FC), a modulação autonômica cardíaca (variabilidade da FC), os fluxos sanguíneos (FS) do antebraço e da panturrilha, a capacidade vasodilatadora (hiperemia reativa), o óxido nítrico (ON), o estresse oxidativo (a peroxidação lipídica) e a inflamação (quatro marcadores), pré e pós-caminhada. ANOVAs foram empregadas e p < 0,05 foi considerado significativo. Resultados: A PA sistólica e a PA média diminuíram após a sessão submáxima, mas aumentaram após a sessão máxima (interações, p < 0,001 para ambas). A PA diastólica não foi alterada após a sessão submáxima (p > 0,05), mas aumentou após a caminhada máxima (interação, p < 0,001). A FC, o equilíbrio simpatovagal e os FS aumentaram de forma semelhante após as duas sessões (momento, p < 0,001, p = 0,04 e p < 0,001, respectivamente), enquanto a capacidade vasodilatadora, o ON e o estresse oxidativo permaneceram inalterados (p > 0,05). As moléculas de adesão vascular e intercelular aumentaram de forma semelhante após as sessões de caminhada máxima e submáxima (momento, p = 0,001). Conclusões: Nos pacientes com a DAP sintomática, a caminhada submáxima, mas não a máxima, reduziu a PA pós-exercício, enquanto a caminhada máxima manteve a sobrecarga cardíaca elevada durante o período de recuperação. Por outro lado, as sessões de caminhada máxima e submáxima aumentaram a FC, o equilíbrio simpatovagal cardíaco e a inflamação pós-exercício de forma semelhante, enquanto não alteraram a biodisponibilidade de ON e o estresse oxidativo pós-exercício.


Abstract Background: Although maximal and submaximal walking are recommended for patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD), performing these exercises may induce different physiological responses. Objectives: To compare the acute effects of maximal and submaximal walking on post-exercise cardiovascular function, regulation, and associated pathophysiological processes in patients with symptomatic PAD. Methods: Thirty male patients underwent 2 sessions: maximal walking (Gardner's protocol) and submaximal walking (15 bouts of 2 minutes of walking separated by 2 minutes of upright rest). In each session, blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), cardiac autonomic modulation (HR variability), forearm and calf blood flows (BF), vasodilatory capacity (reactive hyperemia), nitric oxide (NO), oxidative stress (lipid peroxidation), and inflammation (four markers) were measured pre- and post-walking. ANOVAs were employed, and p < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Systolic and mean BP decreased after the submaximal session, but they increased after the maximal session (interactions, p < 0.001 for both). Diastolic BP did not change after the submaximal session (p > 0.05), and it increased after maximal walking (interaction, p < 0.001). HR, sympathovagal balance, and BF increased similarly after both sessions (moment, p < 0.001, p = 0.04, and p < 0.001, respectively), while vasodilatory capacity, NO, and oxidative stress remained unchanged (p > 0.05). Vascular and intercellular adhesion molecules increased similarly after both maximal and submaximal walking sessions (moment, p = 0.001). Conclusions: In patients with symptomatic PAD, submaximal, but not maximal walking reduced post-exercise BP, while maximal walking maintained elevated cardiac overload during the recovery period. On the other hand, maximal and submaximal walking sessions similarly increased post-exercise HR, cardiac sympathovagal balance, and inflammation, while they did not change post-exercise NO bioavailability and oxidative stress.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Walking , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Blood Pressure , Exercise Test , Heart Rate , Intermittent Claudication
7.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 22(2): e313, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289367

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La arteria femoral común y sus ramas suministran la mayor parte del flujo sanguíneo al muslo, así como a la totalidad de la pierna y el pie, lo que da lugar a la mayor rama del triángulo femoral: la arteria femoral profunda. Objetivo: Exponer la efectividad de la profundaplastia femoral en la "era endovascular". Reporte del caso: Se presenta un caso de enfermedad arterial periférica de múltiples sectores, sin criterio de cirugía revascularizadora (derivación protésica aorto bifemoral). El paciente manifestaba claudicación intermitente a menos de 30 metros, localizada en pantorrilla derecha. En el estudio hemodinámico se apreciaron los índices de presiones tobillo/brazo disminuidos en arteria tibial posterior (0,46) y pedia derecha (0,33). La ecografía doppler del sector femoral derecho evidenció una estenosis de la arteria femoral profunda en su origen, que producía aumento de las velocidades picos sistólicos (479 cm/s), con flujo desorganizado, dilatación posestenótica y oclusión de la arteria femoral superficial en su origen. Se realizó endarterectomía femoral común y profunda con colocación de parche de politetrafloroetileno. El paciente evolucionó sin complicaciones posoperatorias. En el seguimiento se observó mejoría clínica en relación con la distancia de claudicación y un aumento de los índices de presiones tobillo/brazo en arteria tibial posterior y pedia derecha (0,50), respectivamente. Conclusiones: La profundaplastia femoral, aún en la "era endovascular", permanece como un proceder eficaz que resulta alternativa de tratamiento revascularizador en la enfermedad arterial periférica de localización infrainguinal(AU)


Introduction: The normal femoral artery and its branches supply most of the blood flow to the thigh, as well as to the whole leg and foot, which forms the largest branch of the femoral triangle: the deep femoral artery. Objective: Show the effectiveness of femoral deep plasty in the "endovascular era". Case report: It is presented a case of peripheral artery disease in multiple sectors, without surgical criteria of revascularization (derivación protésica aortobifemoral). The patient presented intermittent claudication in less than 30 meters, and it was located in the right calf. In the hemodynamic study, the ankle-arm pressure indexes were dicreased in the posterior tibial artery (0,46) and right dorsalis pedis artery (0,33). The doppler echocardiography of the right femoral sector confirmed a stenosis in the deep femoral artery in its origin, which produced an increase in the peak systolic velocity (479 cm/s), unorganized flows, poststenotic dilatation and occlusion of the superficial femoral artery in its origin. It was performed a common and deep femoral endarterectomy with colocation of polytetrafluoroethylene patch. The patient evolved without post-surgical complications. In the follow-up, it was observed a clinical improvement in relation with the claudication distance and the increase of the ankle-arm pressure indexes in the posterior tibial artery and right dorsalis pedis artery (0,50), respectively. Conclusions: The femoral deep plasty, still in the ´´endovascular era´´, is an efficient procedure that is an alternative to the revascularization treatment in the peripheral artery disease with infrainguinal location(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Endarterectomy/methods , Femoral Artery/surgery , Peripheral Arterial Disease/etiology , Research Report
9.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(1): 89-94, maio 5, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354840

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a Doença Arterial Periférica (DAP) decorre do estreitamento ou oclusão arterial, que interfere no aporte sanguíneo das extremidades inferiores. A DAP pode levar a um repouso prolongado, causando prejuízos à qualidade de vida e do sono dos pacientes, devido à dor e receio de lesão. Objetivo: descrever o nível de atividade física, a qualidade de vida e do sono em pacientes com DAP. Metodologia: trata-se de um estudo observacional, epidemiológico e transversal, realizado no Hospital Geral de Camaçari-BA. Foram incluídos pacientes com diagnóstico de DAP, ambos os sexos, com idade superior a 18 anos, internados no referido hospital. Foram excluídos os pacientes com distúrbios psiquiátricos e dificuldade de compreensão dos questionários. Para a avaliação do nível de atividade física foi utilizado o Questionário Internacional de Atividade física, para Qualidade de Vida o questionário Short Form Health Survey 36, para qualidade do sono Índice de Qualidade do Sono de Pittsburgh e para Claudicação Intermitente o Questionário de Edimburgo. Resultados: dos 27 pacientes analisados, 55,6% (15/27) eram do sexo feminino e 44,4% (12/27) masculino, 37% (10/27) de cor/raça preta. A média de idade foi de 62,6±8,3 anos, peso 71,8±16,2kg, altura 164,8±8,3cm e IMC 26,3±5. A maioria relatou ser ativo, 33,3% (9/27). Segundo a SF-36 o domínio mais limitante foi "dor" (28,6), o escore global do PSQI foi de 10,4 e a maioria (81,5%) não apresentava claudicação intermitente. Conclusão: a presença de DAP foi mais frequente nos idosos e foram identificados a presença de distúrbios do sono e diminuição da qualidade de vida.


Introduction: peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) is due to narrowing or arterial occlusion, which interferes with the blood supply of the lower extremities. PAD can lead to prolonged rest, causing damage to the quality of life and sleep of patients, due to pain and fear of injury. Objective: to describe the level of physical activity, quality of life and sleep in patients with PAD. Methodology: this is an observational, epidemiological and cross-sectional study, carried out at the Hospital Geral de Camaçari-BA. Patients diagnosed with PAD, both sexes, aged over 18 years, admitted to the hospital were included. Patients with psychiatric disorders and difficulty in understanding the questionnaires were excluded. To assess the level of physical activity, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire was used, for Quality of Life the Short Form Health Survey 36 questionnaire, for sleep quality Sleep Quality Index of Pittsburgh and for Intermittent Claudication the Edinburgh Questionnaire. Results: of the 27 patients analyzed, 55.6% (15/27) were female and 44,4% (12/27) were male, 37% (10/27) were black / colored. The mean age was 62.6 ± 8.3 years, weight 71.8 ± 16.2 kg, height 164.8 ± 8.3 cm and BMI 26.3 ± 5. The majority reported being active, 33.3% (9/27). According to SF-36, the most limiting domain was "pain" (28.6), the global PSQI score was 10.4 and the majority (81.5%) did not have intermittent claudication. Conclusion: the presence of PAD was more frequent in the elderly and the presence of sleep disorders and decreased quality of life was identified.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Arterial Occlusive Diseases , Sleep Deprivation , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Intermittent Claudication , Motor Activity , Epidemiologic Studies , Demography , Observational Study
10.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 22(1): e194, ene.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251676

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad arterial periférica en la actualidad se considera una verdadera epidemia. Se estima que puede afectar al 10 por ciento de los individuos mayores de 55 años. El principal problema de la enfermedad radica en su infravaloración diagnóstica y terapéutica, debido a la modificación de los factores de riesgo, el uso de fármacos antiplaquetarios y el tratamiento de los síntomas. Objetivo: Identificar los factores de riesgo cardiovasculares en pacientes ambulatorios con enfermedad arterial periférica de los miembros inferiores en sus estadios iniciales. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo-retrospectivo de corte transversal en una muestra de 57 pacientes con diagnóstico de enfermedad arterial periférica de miembros inferiores en sus estadios iniciales, atendidos en consulta externa de Arteriología durante dos años. Las variables estudiadas fueron: clínicas y de laboratorio, y algunos de los factores de riesgo cardiovasculares como: edad, sexo, diabetes mellitus, hábito de fumar, hiperlipemia y micro albuminuria. Resultados: Se encontró un predominio del sexo masculino (57,8 por ciento). El 100 por ciento de los pacientes fumaban. Se evidenció la presencia de variables de laboratorio elevadas, lo que justificó la presencia de factores de riesgo cardiovasculares desde etapas tempranas de la enfermedad. Conclusiones: Se logró identificar a los pacientes ambulatorios en sus estadios iniciales y la presencia de algunos factores de riesgo cardiovasculares en etapas tempranas de la enfermedad(AU)


Introduction: Peripheral arterial disease is currently considered a true epidemic. Estimates indicate that it can affect 10 percent of individuals over 55 years of age. The main problem of the disease is its diagnostic and therapeutic underestimation, due to the modification of risk factors, the use of antiplatelet drugs, and the treatment of symptoms. Objective: To identify the cardiovascular risk factors in ambulatory patients with peripheral arterial disease of lower limbs in its initial stages. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive-retrospective study was carried out in a sample of 57 patients with diagnosis of peripheral arterial disease of lower limbs in its initial stages and who attended an outpatient department of arteriology for two years. The variables studied included clinical ones and of laboratory, as well as some cardiovascular risk factors, such as age, sex, diabetes mellitus, smoking, hyperlipidemia, and microalbuminuria. Results: A predominance of the male sex was found (57.8 percent). 100 percent of the patients smoked. The presence of elevated laboratory variables was evidenced, a fact consistent with the presence of cardiovascular risk factors from the early stages of the disease. Conclusions: In the initial stages of the disease, ambulatory patients were identified, as well as some cardiovascular risk factors in early stages of the disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Risk Factors , Diagnosis , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Diabetes Mellitus
11.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 22(1): e296, ene.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251679

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad arterial periférica de miembros inferiores se considera un problema de salud por presentar elevadas tasas de morbi-mortalidad y de amputaciones no traumáticas. En ocasiones se desconoce su presencia en los adultos de la población general. Objetivo: Evaluar mediante pesquiza la presencia de la enfermedad arterial periférica de miembros inferiores en personas mayores de 50 años de la población. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo y analítico en 235 personas mayores de 50 años de diferentes municipios de la capital. El diagnóstico de la enfermedad arterial se realizó por examen físico y estudio hemodinámico. Se analizaron variables sociodemográficas y algunos factores de riego cardiovasculares. Se trabajó con un nivel de confiabilidad del 95 por ciento. Resultados: Predominaron el sexo femenino (68,1 por ciento), la piel blanca (53,2 por ciento) y el grupo etáreo entre 50 y 69 años (68,1 por ciento). Hubo mayor frecuencia de la enfermedad en el sexo masculino (70,5 por ciento). El 55,7 por ciento presentó macroangiopatía diabética. Las prevalencias encontradas para la enfermedad arterial periférica y para los factores de riesgo fueron de 51,9 por ciento y de 91,5 por ciento, respectivamente. El 64,7 por ciento de las personas presentaban tres o más factores. La hipertensión (χ 2 = 23,66; p = 0,0000; OR: 3,88) y la obesidad (χ 2 = 8,74; p < 0,001; OR: 1,38) estuvieron asociadas con la enfermedad arterial periférica. Conclusiones: Las personas mayores de 50 años de edad, del sexo masculino y con más de tres factores de riesgo tienen un riesgo elevado de presentar una enfermedad arterial periférica de miembros inferiores(AU)


Introduction: Lower limb peripheral artery disease is considered a health problem because it has high rates of morbidity-mortality and non-traumatic amputations. Its presence in adults in the general population is sometimes unknown. Objective: Assess by investigation the presence of peripheral artery disease of lower limbs in people of the population over 50 years. Methods: Descriptive and analytical study in 235 people over 50 years from different municipalities of the capital. The diagnosis of arterial disease was made by physical examination and hemodynamic study. Sociodemographic variables and some cardiovascular risk factors were analyzed. The reliability level was of 95 percent. Results: Female sex (68.1 percent), white skin (53.2 percent) and the age group between 50 and 69 years (68.1 percent) predominated. There was a higher frequency of the disease in the male sex (70.5 percent). 55.7 percent had diabetic macroangiopathy. The prevalences found for peripheral artery disease and risk factors were 51.9 percent and 91.5 percent, respectively. 64.7 percent of people had three or more factors. Hypertension (χ 2 = 23.66; p = 0.0000; OR: 3.88) and obesity (χ 2 = 8,74; p < 0,001; OR: 1,38) were associated with peripheral artery disease. Conclusions: People over 50 years of age, males and with more than three risk factors have a high risk of developing peripheral lower limb artery disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Lower Extremity , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Amputation, Traumatic
12.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(1): 61-66, 20210000.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178623

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Identificar factores de riesgo para pérdida de la sensibilidad protectora es fundamental para prevenir el Pie Diabético. Objetivos: Analizar los factores de riesgo asociados a la pérdida de la sensibilidad protectora en pacientes con diabetes mellitus y sus complicaciones. Materiales y métodos: diseño observacional, de casos y controles. Se incluyó pacientes de ambos sexos, con diabetes mellitus; ≥ 18 años, a quienes se realizó el Test de monofilamento en la Unidad Multidisciplinaria Hospital de Clínicas, de enero 2014 a julio 2019. Factores de riesgo considerados: edad, años de diabetes mellitus, Hba1c, HTA, dislipidemia; se tuvo en cuenta las complicaciones: retinopatía, enfermedad arterial periférica = ITB <0,9 derecho e izquierdo, enfermedad renal= ClCr <60 ml/min/m2 (MDRD), amputaciones (mayores y menores). Resultados: De 100 pacientes; 33% con pérdida de la sensibilidad protectora; edad 59±9,7 años; 55% masculino. Factores de riesgo: edad: 57,7±1,0 años sin pérdida de la sensibilidad protectora y 61,2±9 años con pérdida de la sensibilidad protectora, p=0.08; años de diabetes mellitus 9,4±8,4 vs 11,5± 8,7 p=0,20; HbA1C 8,8± 2,7% vs 9,1±2% p=0,50; HTA 63,5% vs 75,6% p=0,20; dislipidemias 75,9% vs 57,69%, p=0,09; complicaciones con pérdida de la sensibilidad protectora: retinopatía 88% vs 57,5% OR=1,67, p=0,02. ClCr 84±40,3 ml/min vs 90,9±30,4, p=0,40. Enfermedad arterial periférica derecha 27,78% vs 11,1% OR=0,1, p=0,10; enfermedad arterial periférica izquierda 20% vs 7 15,5% OR=1 p=0,60; amputación 17,5% vs 7,9% OR=2,01, p=0,06. Conclusión: con pérdida de la sensibilidad protectora: la edad, años de diabetes mellitus fueron mayores. HTA fue más frecuente y Hba1c más elevada; nefropatía, enfermedad arterial periférica y amputación con mayor frecuencia, todas no significativas. La retinopatía fue más frecuente en forma significativa.


Introduction: Identifying risk factors for loss of protective sensitivity is essential to prevent Diabetic Foot. Objectives: To analyze the risk factors associated with the loss of protective sensitivity in patients with diabetes mellitus and its complications. Materials and methods: observational, case-control design. Patients of both sexes were included, with diabetes mellitus; ≥ 18 years, who underwent the Monofilament Test in the Multidisciplinary Unit Hospital de Clínicas, from January 2014 to July 2019. Risk factors considered: age, years of diabetes mellitus, Hba1c, HT, dyslipidemia; Complications were taken into account: retinopathy, peripheral arterial disease = ABI <0.9 right and left, kidney disease = CrCl <60 ml / min / m2 (MDRD), amputations (major and minor). Results: Of 100 patients; 33% with loss of protective sensitivity; age 59 ± 9.7 years; 55% male. Risk factors: age: 57.7 ± 1.0 years without loss of protective sensitivity and 61.2 ± 9 years with loss of protective sensitivity, p = 0.08; years of diabetes mellitus 9.4 ± 8.4 vs 11.5 ± 8.7 p = 0.20; HbA1C 8.8 ± 2.7% vs 9.1 ± 2% p = 0.50; HTN 63.5% vs 75.6% p = 0.20; dyslipidemias 75.9% vs 57.69%, p = 0.09; complications with loss of protective sensitivity: retinopathy 88% vs 57.5% OR = 1.67, p = 0.02. CrCl 84 ± 40.3 ml / min vs 90.9 ± 30.4, p = 0.40. Right peripheral arterial disease 27.78% vs 11.1% OR = 0.1, p = 0.10; left peripheral arterial disease 20% vs 7 15.5% OR = 1 p = 0.60; 17.5% amputation vs 7.9% OR = 2.01, p = 0.06. Conclusion: with loss of protective sensitivity: age, years of diabetes mellitus were older. HBP was more frequent and Hba1c higher; nephropathy, peripheral arterial disease and amputation with greater frequency, all not significant. Retinopathy was significantly more frequent.


Subject(s)
Diabetic Foot , Diabetes Mellitus , Dyslipidemias , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Amputation , Risk Factors , Kidney Diseases
13.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 32(1): e220, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289388

ABSTRACT

La creciente epidemia de diabetes impone la necesidad de implementar estrategias para la detección de complicaciones diabéticas en etapas tempranas cuando aún están en estadio preclínico. La enfermedad arterial periférica es una de ellas, con consecuencias devastadoras para el paciente, la familia y la sociedad. Su frecuencia aumenta con la edad y el tiempo de evolución de la diabetes. La mayoría de los pacientes son asintomáticos lo que dificulta el diagnóstico, además, las limitaciones del examen físico exigen complementarlo con estudios no invasivos. El índice de presiones tobillo-brazo es el principal método para su detección pero es necesario conocer sus limitaciones en las personas con diabetes para interpretar correctamente los resultados. Los pacientes con enfermedad arterial periférica asintomática tienen más rápida declinación funcional con probabilidad de progresar a formas mas graves de la enfermedad como la isquemia crítica y la amputación, así como, mayor riesgo de eventos cardiovasculares isquémicos en otros territorios arteriales y de mortalidad. La detección sistemática de enfermedad arterial periférica asintomática en las personas con diabetes identificaría los pacientes que se beneficiarían con intervenciones más intensivas por lo que constituye una fuerte recomendación en la actualidad. Con este trabajo nos proponemos debatir sobre la importancia de la búsqueda de esta complicación en las personas con diabetes, así como, los retos actuales para su detección y diagnóstico(AU)


The growing diabetes epidemic demands the need to implement strategies for the identification of diabetic complications in early stages, when they are still in the preclinical stage. Peripheral arterial disease is one of them, with devastating consequences for the patient, the family, and society. Its frequency of occurrence increases with age and with the time of evolution of diabetes. Most of the patients are asymptomatic, which makes diagnosis difficult. In addition, due to the limitations of physical examination, complementary tests are required, always with noninvasive studies. The ankle-brachial pressure index is the main method for detecting it, but it is necessary to know its limitations in people with diabetes, in order to interpret the results correctly. Patients with asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease have a faster functional decline with the probability of progressing to more serious forms of the disease, such as critical ischemia and amputation, as well as a higher risk of ischemic cardiovascular events in other arterial territories and of mortality. Screening for asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease in people with diabetes would permit identifying patients who would benefit from more intensive interventions; therefore, it is strongly recommended nowadays. With this work, we intend to discuss the importance of screening for this complication in people with diabetes, as well as the current challenges for its detection and diagnosis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Complications/etiology , Peripheral Arterial Disease/diagnosis , Amputation/methods , Health Strategies
14.
Rev. cuba. med ; 60(1): e1509, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156555

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad arterial periférica es bien conocida como predictor de morbilidad y mortalidad cardiovascular y cerebrovascular, de ahí la importancia de reconocer sus factores de riesgo. Objetivo: Determinar los factores de riesgo asociados a la enfermedad arterial periférica en pacientes diagnosticados por el índice tobillo brazo. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional analítico transversal, entre el 1ro de septiembre y 30 de noviembre de 2019. El universo fue de 290 pacientes, se trabajó con una muestra de 120, determinada por un muestreo aleatorio simple. Se emplearon estadígrafos descriptivos e inferenciales: prueba t de Student, el odds ratio de prevalencia y la regresión logística binomial. Resultados: Fueron categorizados con índice tobillo brazo < 0,9 un total de 43 pacientes (35,8 por ciento). La media de edad de la población fue de 58,43 ± 16,69. El sexo femenino predominó con 61 pacientes (50,8 por ciento). El índice de masa corporal promedio fue de 24,29 ± 3,29 kg/m2. La hipertensión arterial fue el factor de riesgo más frecuente presentándose en 67,5 por ciento de los pacientes. Se identificaron como factores de riesgo de índice tobillo brazo < 0,9 a la edad ≥ 60 años (OR: 6,41; IC 95 por ciento: 2,04-20,1; p=0,001); la hipertensión arterial (OR: 2,99; IC 95 por ciento: 1,02-8,73; p=0,045); la diabetes mellitus (OR: 3,89; IC 95 por ciento: 1,34-11,3; p=0,012) y la dislipidemia (OR: 4,35; IC 95 por ciento: 1,27-14,8; p=0,019). Conclusiones: La edad avanzada, la hipertensión arterial, la diabetes mellitus y la dislipidemia constituyeron factores de riesgo asociados a la enfermedad arterial periférica(AU)


Introduction: Peripheral arterial disease is well known as a predictor of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular morbidity and mortality, hence the importance of recognizing its risk factors. Objective: To determine the risk factors associated with peripheral arterial disease in patients diagnosed by the ankle brachial index. Methods: A cross-sectional analytical observational study was carried out from September 1 to November 30, 2019. The universe consisted of 290 patients, a sample of 120 was used, determined by simple random sampling. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used: Student's t test, prevalence odds ratio, and binomial logistic regression. Results: A total of 43 patients (35.8%) were categorized with ankle brachial index <0.9. The mean age of the population was 58.43 ± 16.69. The female sex predominated with 61 patients (50.8 percent). The average body mass index was 24.29 ± 3.29 kg / m2. Hypertension was the most frequent risk factor in 67.5 percent of the patients. Risk factors were identified in ankle brachial index <0.9 at age ≥60 years (OR: 6.41; 95 percent CI: 2.04-20.1; p = 0.001); arterial hypertension (OR: 2.99; 95 percent CI: 1.02-8.73; p = 0.045); diabetes mellitus (OR: 3.89; 95 percent CI: 1.34-11.3; p = 0.012) and dyslipidemia (OR: 4.35; 95 percent CI: 1.27-14.8; p = 0.019). Conclusions: Advanced age, arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia were risk factors associated with peripheral arterial disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Risk Factors , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Ankle Brachial Index/methods , Peripheral Arterial Disease/diagnosis , Arterial Pressure , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
15.
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1353568

ABSTRACT

Introduction. L'index de pression systolique (IPS) est considéré comme un outil indispensable, pour la prise en charge de l'artériopathie oblitérante des membres inférieurs (AOMI), cependant un complément d'exploration par les autres testes physiologiques, IPS au gros orteil et IPS effort s'impose afin de réduire le nombre des faux négatifs. Objectif. Démontrer le faible apport de l'IPS cheville de repos par rapport à l'échodoppler artériel des membres inférieurs dans le diagnostic de l'AOMI. Matériels et méthodes. Sur une série de 300 malades coronariens consécutifs durant l'année 2016 hospitalisés dans le service de cardiologie de l'hôpital universitaire de Constantine, un dépistage de l'AOMI a été réalisé par les investigations suivantes : Mesure de l'IPS à la cheville, compléter par la mesure de l'IPS a l'orteil si incompressibilité artérielle et par la mesure de l'IPS d'effort si l'IPS de repos est limite. Un échodoppler artériel des membres inférieurs a été réalisée par un échographe vividE9 General Electric pour l'ensemble de nos malades, en utilisant une sonde à balayage linéaire 12L, destinée à l'exploration vasculaire périphérique permettant d'obtenir un dépistage ciblé, Le traitement et l'exploitation des données ont fait appel au logiciel SPSS22. Résultats. Une sensibilité modérée de l'ordre de 50%, face à une spécificité élevée avoisinant 100% de l'IPS cheville de repos par rapport à l'échodoppler artériel des membres inférieurs. Sensibilité nettement améliorer après complément par les autres testes physiologiques qui sont la prise de l'IPS cheville effort et la mesure de l'index de pression systolique au gros orteil. Conclusion. L'examen vasculaire des membres inférieurs associe à la mesure de l'IPS cheville couplée aux autres testes physiologique (IPS au gros orteil et IPS effort) assurent une bonne sensibilité et spécificité diagnostiques de l'AOMI


Subject(s)
Ultrasonography, Doppler , Lower Extremity , Ankle Brachial Index , Peripheral Arterial Disease
16.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 19: eA06100, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350698

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To examine the impact of hypertension on cardiovascular health in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease and to identify factors associated with uncontrolled hypertension. Methods: A cross-sectional study including 251 patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (63.9% males, mean age 67±10 years). Following hypertension diagnosis, blood pressure was measured to determine control of hypertension. Arterial stiffness (carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity) and cardiac autonomic modulation (sympathovagal balance) were assessed. Results: Hypertension was associated with higher carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity, regardless of sex, age, ankle-brachial index, body mass index, walking capacity, heart rate, or comorbidities (ß=2.59±0.76m/s, b=0.318, p=0.003). Patients with systolic blood pressure ≥120mmHg had higher carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity values than normotensive individuals, and hypertensive patients with systolic blood pressure of ≤119mmHg (normotensive: 7.6±2.4m/s=≤119mmHg: 8.1±2.2m/s 120-129mmHg:9.8±2.6m/s=≥130mmHg: 9.9±2.9m/s, p<0.005). Sympathovagal balance was not associated with hypertension (p>0.05). Conclusion: Hypertensive patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease have increased arterial stiffness. Arterial stiffness is even greater in patients with uncontrolled high blood pressure.


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar a influência da hipertensão na saúde cardiovascular em pacientes com doença arterial periférica sintomática, e identificar fatores associados à hipertensão arterial não controlada. Métodos: Neste estudo transversal foram incluídos 251 pacientes com doença arterial periférica (63,9% homens e média de idade 67±10 anos). Hipertensão foi diagnosticada e pressão arterial foi avaliada para determinar o controle da hipertensão. Foram avaliadas rigidez arterial (velocidade da onda de pulso carótida-femoral) e modulação autonômica cardíaca (balanço simpatovagal). Resultados: Hipertensão foi associada com maior velocidade da onda de pulso carótida-femoral, independentemente do sexo, idade, índice tornozelo-braço, índice de massa corpórea, capacidade de deambulação, frequência cardíaca, ou comorbidades (ß=2,59±0,76m/s, b=0,318, p=0,003). Pacientes com pressão arterial sistólica ≥120mmHg tiveram maior velocidadeda onda de pulso carótida-femoral do que normotensos, e pacientes hipertensos com pressão arterial sistólica ≤119mmHg (normotensos: 7,6±2,4m/s=≤119mmHg: 8,1±2,2m/s 120-129mmHg: 9,8±2,6m/s=≥130mmHg: 9,9±2,9m/s, p<0,005). Balanço simpatovagal não foi associado à hipertensão. Conclusão: Pacientes hipertensos com doença arterial periférica sintomática apresentam maior rigidez arterial. Em pacientes com pressão arterial não controlada, a rigidez arterial é ainda mais elevada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Peripheral Arterial Disease/complications , Vascular Stiffness , Hypertension/complications , Blood Pressure , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pulse Wave Analysis , Middle Aged
17.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 21(3): e115, sept.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156376

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad arterial periférica es una complicación frecuente y devastadora en personas con diabetes. Esta puede evidenciarse desde los estadios de prediabetes; sin embargo, no está establecido cuándo realizar la pesquisa de los pacientes adultos jóvenes asintomáticos y con poco tiempo de evolución de la enfermedad. Objetivo: Caracterizar la enfermedad arterial periférica asintomática en pacientes con diabetes de tipo 2 con menos de 10 años de evolución. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio analítico-transversal en 190 pacientes con diabetes de tipo 2 entre 40 y 60 años y menos de 10 años de evolución de la diabetes. La selección tuvo en cuenta, a partir de septiembre de 2017, a los pacientes ingresados en el Centro de Atención al Diabético del Instituto de Endocrinología sin diagnóstico previo de enfermedad arterial periférica; y este se realizó a partir del índice de presiones tobillo-brazo. Resultados: El 6,3 por ciento (n = 12) presentaba una enfermedad arterial periférica asintomática. No hubo diferencias significativas entre las variables estudiadas (edad, sexo, color de la piel y tiempo de evolución de la diabetes; también aquellas a partir de los resultados del ITB) y la presencia de la enfermedad arterial periférica asintomática, que se relacionó de forma significativa con la presencia de cardiopatía isquémica. La afectación arterial fue ligera en todos los pacientes identificados y se asoció con la cardiopatía isquémica; no sucedió así con otras variables clínicas en estudio. Tampoco la combinación de estas últimas aumentó el riesgo de aparición de la enfermedad. Conclusiones: La enfermedad arterial periférica asintomática constituye una complicación poco frecuente en las personas menores de 60 años y con menos de 10 años de evolución de la diabetes(AU)


Introduction: Peripheral arterial disease is a frequent and devastating complication in people with diabetes. This condition can appear from prediabetes stages; however, it is not established when to carry out the screening of asymptomatic young adult patients with short time of evolution of the disease. Objective: To characterize asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study was carried out with 190 diabetic patients with type 2 diabetes aged 40-60 years and with less than ten years of evolution of the disease. The selection included, as of September 2017, the patients admitted to the Diabetic Care Center of the Institute of Endocrinology without prior diagnosis of peripheral arterial disease. The diagnosis was done based on the ankle/arm pressure index. Results: 6.3 percent (n=12) had asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease. There were no significant differences between the variables studied and the occurrence of asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease, which was significantly related to the presence of ischemic heart disease. Arterial involvement was slight in all the patients identified and was associated with ischemic heart disease; this was not the case with other clinical variables under study. Neither did the combination of these variables increase the risk for the onset of the disease. Conclusions: Asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease is a rare complication in diabetic people under 60 years of age and with less than ten years of evolution of the disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Myocardial Ischemia , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Peripheral Arterial Disease/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , Peripheral Arterial Disease/diagnosis
18.
Rev. cuba. med ; 59(4): e1366, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144500

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad arterial de miembros inferiores es un marcador de riesgo coronario, causa de invalidez y muerte en quienes la padecen, su identificación temprana puede atenuar estos efectos. Objetivo: Identificar la enfermedad arterial de miembros inferiores no diagnosticada a través de Eco-Doppler en pacientes con factores de riesgo aterogénicos. Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de tipo transversal que incluyó a 100 pacientes de 40 años o más, fumadores, diabéticos y/o hipertensos, sin diagnóstico de enfermedad arterial de miembros inferiores, a quienes se le realizó Eco-Doppler de miembro inferior. Resultados: Se identificaron lesiones compatibles con EAMI en 69 por ciento de los estudiados, cuya edad media fue de 64,81 ± 10,12 años, y discreto predominio del sexo masculino. Las arterias más afectadas fueron la tibial posterior y la pedia con 43 por ciento y 39 por ciento respectivamente, las medidas de asociación mostraron OR (IC 95 por ciento) de 4,15 para la diabetes mellitus, 1,63 para el tabaquismo seguido de la hipertensión arterial con 0,27. Conclusiones: Seis de cada diez pacientes presentaron lesiones ateroscleróticas identificables por Eco-Doppler, predominaron las del sector tibial posterior y pedio en fumadores y diabéticos, estos últimos tuvieron cuatro veces más riesgo de padecer la enfermedad(AU)


Introduction: Arterial disease of the lower limbs is a marker of coronary risk, causing disability and death in those who suffer from it. Early detection can mitigate these effects. Objective: To identify undiagnosed lower limb arterial disease through Echo-Doppler in patients with atherogenic risk factors. Method: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out in 100 patients aged 40 years or older, smoking habits history, and diabetic and / or hypertensive patients, with no diagnosis of arterial disease in the lower limbs, who underwent Eco-Doppler of the lower limb. Results: EAMI compatible lesions were identified in 69 percent of those studied, whose mean age was 64.81 ± 10.12 years, and a discrete male predominance. The most affected arteries were the posterior tibial and pediatric arteries in 43 percent and 39 percent respectively, the association measures showed OR (95 percent CI) of 4.15 for diabetes mellitus, 1.63 for smoking followed by arterial hypertension with 0.27. Conclusions: Six out of ten patients showed atherosclerotic lesions identifiable by Echo-Doppler, those of the posterior tibial sector and pedium predominated in smokers and diabetics, the latter had four times the risk of suffering from the disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Risk Factors , Peripheral Arterial Disease/diagnostic imaging , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
19.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 21(3): e158, sept.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156377

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad carotídea es una de las formas de presentación de la enfermedad cerebrovascular, que se encuentra entre las principales causas de morbi-mortalidad y de invalidez en el mundo. La endarterectomía carotídea resulta el tratamiento quirúrgico por excelencia. Objetivo: Caracterizar las complicaciones posoperatorias en la fase temprana de la endarterctomia carotídea en un período de cinco años. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo de corte transversal en 35 pacientes ingresados en el Instituto de Angiología, que fueron operados mediante endarterectomía carotídea por presentar enfermedad carotídea. Se analizaron las variables sociodemográficas, clínicas y quirúrgicas. Se utilizó la estadística descriptiva e inferencial. Resultados: Hubo un predominio del sexo masculino (72,2 por ciento) y de los mayores de 60 años. Las comorbilidades más frecuentes fueron la hipertensión arterial (94,4 por ciento), el tabaquismo (77,8 por ciento) y la enfermedad arterial periférica (61,1 por ciento). El 50 por ciento de todos los pacientes presentó complicaciones en la fase temprana de la cirugía sin mortalidad; la más frecuente resultó el hematoma de la herida (44,4 por ciento), que estuvo presente en el 50 por ciento de las endarterectomías convencionales. Los operados con anestesia general presentaron mayor número de complicaciones, excepto el hematoma, que se observó más en el empleo de anestesia loco-regional. El ictus posoperatorio ocurrió en pacientes con anestesia general. Conclusiones: Las características de las complicaciones posoperatorias en la fase temprana de la endarterectomía carotídea identificadas se asociaron con los tipos de endarterectomía y anestesia, y las comorbilidades(AU)


Introduction: Carotid disease is one of the onset manifestations of cerebrovascular disease, which is among the main causes of morbidity, mortality and disability worldwide. Carotid endarterectomy is the gold standard surgical treatment. Objective: To characterize postoperative complications in the early phase of carotid endarterectomy. Methods: A descriptive and retrospective cross-sectional study was carried out with 35 patients admitted to the Institute of Angiology and who underwent carotid endarterectomy due to carotid disease. Sociodemographic, clinical and surgical variables were analyzed. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used. Results: There was a predominance of males (72.2 perecnt) and of patients aged more than 60 years. The most frequent comorbidities were arterial hypertension (94.4 percent), smoking (77.8 percent), and peripheral arterial disease (61.1 percent). 50 percent of all patients presented complications in the early phase of surgery and without mortality; the most frequent was wound hematoma (44.4 percent), accounting for 50 percent of conventional endarterectomies. Those operated on with general anesthesia presented a greater number of complications, except for hematoma, observed more in the use of local-regional anesthesia. Postoperative stroke occurred in patients under general anesthesia. Conclusions: The characteristics of postoperative complications identified in the early phase of carotid endarterectomy were associated with the types of endarterectomy, anesthesia, and comorbidities(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , Endarterectomy, Carotid , Stroke , Peripheral Arterial Disease
20.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 21(3): e191, sept.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156382

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad isquémica del corazón y la enfermedad arterial periférica de miembros inferiores mantienen su vigencia como problemas de salud por presentar elevadas tasas de prevalencias y ser causas principales de morbi-mortalidad. Objetivo: Identificar la presencia de la enfermedad arterial periférica de miembros inferiores. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, ambispectivo y analítico en 167 pacientes con cardiopatía isquémica, dispensarizados en un área de salud del municipio San Miguel del Padrón, de la provincia La Habana. La edad promedio del grupo fue de 64 ± 8 años (rango: 39-81). El período de investigación abarcó tres años y finalizó en 2017. Las variables de estudio fueron: edad, sexo, factores de riesgo (tabaquismo, obesidad, dislipidemia, hipertensión arterial), índice de presiones tobillo brazo, presencia de la enfermedad arterial periférica de miembros inferiores y su severidad. Resultados: Se encontraron 43 pacientes cardiópatas con enfermedad arterial periférica de miembros inferiores para una prevalencia porcentual de 26 por ciento. El 60,5 por ciento (n = 26) del total era sintomáticos, con igual frecuencia para el estadio y la severidad moderada de la enfermedad (51,2 por ciento). Los factores de riesgo más frecuentes fueron la hipertensión arterial (83,7 por ciento) y el tabaquismo (81,4 por ciento), los cuales resultaron asociados significativamente (p < 0,05) con la presencia de la enfermedad arterial periférica de miembros inferiores. Conclusiones: La enfermedad arterial periférica es común en los pacientes con cardiopatía isquémica, asociada fuertemente con la hipertensión arterial y el tabaquismo(AU)


Introduction: Ischemic heart disease and lower limb´s peripheral artery disease are still health problems because they have high prevalence rates and are major causes of morbidity and mortality. Objective: Identify the presence of lower limb´s peripheral artery disease in patients with ischemic heart disease. Methods: A descriptive, ambispective and analytical study was carried out in 167 patients with ischemic heart disease who were classified in a health area of San Miguel del Padrón municipality, Havana province. The average age of the group was 64 ± 8 years (range: 39-81). The research period spanned three years and ended in 2017. The study variables were: age, sex, risk factors (smoking, obesity, dyslipidemia, high blood pressure), ankle arm pressure index, presence of lower limb´s peripheral artery disease and its severity. Results: 43 patients suffering a cardiopathy with lower limb´s peripheral artery disease were found for a percentage prevalence of 26 percent. 60.5 percent (n = 26) of the total were symptomatic, with equal frequency for the stage and moderate severity of the disease (51.2 percent). The most common risk factors were high blood pressure (83.7 percent) and smoking habit (81.4 percent), which were significantly associated (p< 0.05) with the presence of lower limb´s peripheral artery disease. Conclusions: Peripheral artery disease is common in patients with ischemic heart disease, and it is strongly associated with high blood pressure and smoking habit(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Risk Factors , Lower Extremity , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Prevalence
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