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2.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359777

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: A atrofia óptica autossômica dominante (ADOA) é uma das formas mais comuns de atrofias ópticas hereditárias, e causada por mutações no gene OPA1. Os pacientes afetados por essa doença geralmente apresentam perda visual na primeira década de vida, podendo apresentar manifestações extraoftalmológicas no decorrer dos anos, configurando uma síndrome chamada OPA1 plus ou ADOA-plus. Objetivos: Relatar caso de paciente portadora da síndrome ADOA-plus, estabelecendo correlações com casos descritos na literatura. Relato de caso: Paciente feminino, 30 anos, foi encaminhada para avaliação de quadro de atrofia óptica progressiva associada a sintomas de neuropatia periférica. Aos dois anos, foi diagnosticada com perda visual parcial em consulta de puericultura. Não relatou outros sintomas associados durante a infância e a adolescência. Aos 20 anos, apresentou dificuldades de deambular, fraqueza em membros inferiores e falta de equilíbrio. Aos 25 anos, após extensa investigação, foi identificada, através de sequenciamento de exoma, mutação patológica no gene OPA1 confirmando o diagnóstico ADOA-plus e iniciado tratamento com Coenzima Q10. Atualmente a paciente relata ataxia sensitiva, diminuição da acuidade visual progressiva, fasciculações e câimbras em MMII, disfagia e dispneia. Discussão: Muitos pacientes com ADOA-plus apresentam surdez neurossensorial como sintoma extraoftalmológico mais comum, além de quadros de parkinsonismo e demência, ataxia e ptose. Paciente relatada constitui um caso de atrofia óptica associado à neuropatia periférica, ataxia e miopatia. Devido à ampla variabilidade clínica dessa doença, deve-se investigar mutações no OPA1 em casos de paraparesia espástica progressiva associada à atrofia óptica, visto que possibilidade de tratamento com Coenzima Q10. (AU)


ABSTRACT: Introduction: Autosomal dominant optic atrophy (ADOA) is one of the most common forms of inherited optic atrophies and is caused by mutations in the OPA1 gene. Patients affected by this disease usually present visual loss in the first decade of life, and may present extra-ophthalmologic manifestations over the years, configuring a syndrome called OPA1 plus or ADOA-plus. Objectives: to report the case of a patient with ADOA-plus syndrome, establishing correlations with cases described in the literature, Case report: a 30-year-old female patient was referred for evaluation of progressive optic atrophy associated with symptoms of peripheral neuropathy. At two years of age, she was diagnosed with partial visual loss during a childcare visit. She reported no other associated symptoms during childhood and adolescence. At the age of 20, she presented with difficulty walking, lower limb weakness, and poor balance. At 25, after extensive investigation, a pathological mutation in the OPA1 gene was identified through exome sequencing, confirming the diagnosis of ADOA-plus, and treatment with Coenzyme Q10 was initiated. Currently the patient reports sensory ataxia, progressive decrease in visual acuity, fasciculations and cramps in the lower limbs, dysphagia and dyspnea. Discussion: Many patients with ADOA-plus present sensorineural deafness as the most common extra-ophthalmologic symptom, in addition to parkinsonism and dementia, ataxia and ptosis. The patient reported is a case of optic atrophy associated with peripheral neuropathy, ataxia and myopathy. Due to the wide clinical variability of this disease, OPA1 mutations should be investigated in cases of progressive spastic paraparesis associated with optic atrophy, since the possibility of treatment with Coenzyme Q10. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Ataxia , Deglutition Disorders , Visual Acuity , Coenzymes , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Parkinsonian Disorders , Paraparesis, Spastic , Optic Atrophy, Autosomal Dominant , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Muscle Cramp
3.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(11): e10263, 2020. graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132488

ABSTRACT

Sensory neuropathy is a dose-limiting side effect of oxaliplatin-based cancer treatment. This study investigated the antinociceptive effect of amifostine and its potential neuroprotective mechanisms on the oxaliplatin-related peripheral sensory neuropathy in mice. Oxaliplatin (1 mg/kg) was injected intravenously in Swiss albino male mice twice a week (total of nine injections), while amifostine (1, 5, 25, 50, and 100 mg/kg) was administered subcutaneously 30 min before oxaliplatin. Mechanical and thermal nociceptive tests were performed once a week for 49 days. Additionally, c-Fos, nitrotyrosine, and activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) immunoexpressions were assessed in the dorsal root ganglia. In all doses, amifostine prevented the development of mechanical hyperalgesia and thermal allodynia induced by oxaliplatin (P<0.05). Amifostine at the dose of 25 mg/kg provided the best protection (P<0.05). Moreover, amifostine protected against neuronal hyperactivation, nitrosative stress, and neuronal damage in the dorsal root ganglia, detected by the reduced expression of c-Fos, nitrotyrosine, and ATF3 (P<0.05 vs the oxaliplatin-treated group). In conclusion, amifostine reduced the nociception induced by oxaliplatin in mice, suggesting the possible use of amifostine for the management of oxaliplatin-induced peripheral sensory neuropathy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/chemically induced , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/prevention & control , Amifostine/therapeutic use , Oxaliplatin , Hyperalgesia/chemically induced , Hyperalgesia/prevention & control , Hyperalgesia/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/toxicity
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811217

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the combination of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin with carboplatin (CD) compared with those of carboplatin and paclitaxel (CP) for platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian, fallopian, or primary peritoneal cancer in a real-world setting in Korea.METHODS: We enrolled relevant patients from 9 institutions. All patients received CD or CP as the second- or third-line chemotherapy in routine clinical practice during 2013–2018. The primary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS) and toxicity. The secondary endpoint included the objective response rate (ORR).RESULTS: Overall, 432 patients (224 and 208 in the CD and CP groups, respectively) were included. With a median follow-up of 18.9 months, the median PFS was not different between the groups (12.7 vs. 13.6 months; hazard ratio, 1.161; 95% confidence interval, 0.923–1.460; p=0.202). The ORR was 74.6% and 80.1% in the CD and CP group, respectively (p=0.556). Age and surgery at relapse were independent prognostic factors. More patients in the CD group significantly experienced a grade 3 to 4 hematologic toxicity and hand-foot syndrome (13.8% vs. 6.3%), whereas grade 2 or more alopecia (6.2% vs. 36.1%), peripheral neuropathy (4.4% vs. 11.4%), and allergic/hypersensitivity reaction (0.4% vs. 8.5%) developed more often in the CP group.CONCLUSIONS: The safety and effectiveness of chemotherapy with CD in a real-world setting were consistent with the results from a randomized controlled study. The different toxicity profiles between the 2 chemotherapy (CD and CP) regimens should be considered in the clinical practice.TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03562533


Subject(s)
Alopecia , Carboplatin , Cohort Studies , Disease-Free Survival , Doxorubicin , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Hand-Foot Syndrome , Humans , Korea , Ovarian Neoplasms , Paclitaxel , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Platinum , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785548

ABSTRACT

Robots are being used to assist the recovery of walking ability for patients with neurologic disorders. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and functional improvement of training with robot-assisted gait training (RAGT) using the Morning Walk®, an end-effector type robot using footplates and saddle seat support. A total of 189 individuals (65.1% men, 34.9% women; mean age, 53.2 years; age range: 5–87 years) with brain lesions, spinal cord injuries, Parkinson's disease, peripheral neuropathies, and pediatric patients were involved in this retrospectively registered clinical trial. Each participant performed 30 minutes of RAGT, five times a week, for a total of 24 sessions. Failure was defined as an inability to complete all 24 sessions, and the reasons for discontinuation were analyzed. Parameters of Medical Research Council scales and Functional Ambulation Categories were analyzed before and after RAGT training. Among the 189 patients, 22 (11.6%) failed to complete the RAGT. The reasons included decreased cooperation, musculoskeletal pain, saddle seat discomfort, excessive body-weight support, joint spasticity or restricted joint motion, urinary incontinence from an indwelling urinary catheter, and fatigue. Comparison between the pre- and post-training motor and ambulatory functions showed significant improvement. The result of the study indicates that the Morning Walk® is feasible and safe and useful for functional improvement in patients with various neurologic disordersTRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Research Information Service Identifier: KCT0003627


Subject(s)
Brain , Fatigue , Female , Gait , Humans , Information Services , Joints , Male , Muscle Spasticity , Musculoskeletal Pain , Nervous System Diseases , Parkinson Disease , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Cord Injuries , Urinary Catheters , Urinary Incontinence , Walking , Weights and Measures
8.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 26(3): 247-257, jul.-set. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039888

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of using customized insoles and leg and foot exercises on the feet of patients with neuropathy caused by leprosy. Thirty volunteers diagnosed with leprosy were assigned to one of three groups: (1) Exercise group (n=10): performed exercises for the intrinsic muscles of the foot; (2) Insole group (n=10): used insoles to correct foot positioning; (3) Insole and Exercise group (n=10): used insoles and performed an exercise routine. The results of the treatments were analyzed with photogrammetry using the Alcimagem® and AutoCAD® programs. Left hindfoot posture changed after treatment in the Exercise and Insole groups (hindfoot, pre versus post <0.001). We also found that combining exercise and insoles did not alter the alignment of the feet during the study's evaluation period (customized insoles and exercises, pre versus post <0.05), which suggests that follow-up for more than four months may be needed. The left hindfoot's alignment can be changed with supervised exercises and the use of insoles.


RESUMO O objetivo deste estudo é analisar a influência do uso de palmilhas personalizadas e exercícios para perna e pés nos ângulos do antepé, retropé e arco plantar de pacientes com neuropatia causada por hanseníase. Trinta voluntários diagnosticados com hanseníase foram designados para um dos três grupos: (1) grupo exercício (n=10): realização de exercícios para pernas e pés; (2) grupo palmilha (n=10): utilização de palmilhas para corrigir o posicionamento do pé; (3) grupo palmilha e exercícios (n=10): uso de palmilhas associado a uma rotina de exercícios. O resultado dos tratamentos foi analisado por meio de fotogrametria, com os softwares Alcimagem e AutoCAD. A postura do retropé esquerdo foi modificada após o tratamento no "grupo exercício" e "grupo palmilha" (retropé, pré versus pós<0,001). Também foi observado que a combinação entre exercícios e palmilhas não alterou o alinhamento dos pés durante o período de avaliação do estudo (palmilha e exercícios, pré versus pós>0,05), o que sugere que o acompanhamento por mais de quatro meses pode ser necessário. Assim, o uso isolado de exercícios supervisionados ou de palmilhas altera o alinhamento do retropé, como aferido por fotogrametria.


RESUMEN El presente estudio tiene como objetivo analizar la influencia del uso de plantillas personalizadas y la práctica ejercicios de piernas y pies en los ángulos del antepié, del retropié y del arco plantar de pacientes con neuropatía debido a lepra. Treinta voluntarios diagnosticados con lepra fueron asignados a uno de estos tres grupos: (1) grupo de ejercicios (n=10): hacer ejercicios de piernas y pies; (2) grupo de plantillas (n=10): utilizar plantillas para corregir la posición del pie; (3) grupo de plantillas y ejercicios (n=10): utilizar plantillas asociadas con una rutina de ejercicios. Los resultados de los tratamientos se analizaron mediante fotogrametría, con los softwares Alcimagem y AutoCAD. La postura del retropié izquierdo se modificó tras el tratamiento en el "grupo de ejercicios" y en el "grupo de plantillas" (retropié, pre versus pos <0,001). También se observó que la combinación de ejercicios y plantillas no alteró la alineación del pie durante el período de evaluación del estudio (plantilla y ejercicios, pre versus pos >0,05), lo que sugiere que puede requerirse seguimiento durante más de cuatro meses. Por lo tanto, la práctica aislada de ejercicios supervisados o el uso de plantillas altera la alineación del retropié, medido por fotogrametría.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Orthotic Devices , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/rehabilitation , Exercise Therapy , Photogrammetry , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/etiology , Foot Diseases/etiology , Foot Diseases/rehabilitation , Leprosy/complications
9.
Acta fisiátrica ; 26(3): 139-143, set. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1122756

ABSTRACT

Neuropatia periférica induzida por quimioterapia (NIPQ) é uma condição incapacitante resultante de tratamento quimioterápico para câncer. Dentre os fatores de risco destaca-se a presença de neuropatia prévia e baixo clearance de creatinina. Objetivo: Avaliar a ocorrência de NPIQ entre os pacientes portadores de câncer de mama submetidos ao uso do Paclitaxel (taxol) adjuvante e sua relação com obesidade. Métodos: Estudo observacional, retrospectivo, que avaliou os prontuários médicos de portadores de câncer de mama em tratamento adjuvante com uso do Paclitaxel no primeiro semestre de 2019, coletando dados referentes a CIPN, peso, altura e índice de massa corpórea (IMC). Resultados: Dentre os 70 pacientes avaliados, 44,3% apresentaram IMC entre 25,0 e 29,9 kg/m2, 15,7% entre 30,0 e 34,9 Kg/m2,, 8,6% entre 35,0 e 39,9 kg/m2, e 1,4% maior do que 40,0 kg/m2. A presença de neuropatia periférica foi documentada em 57,14 % dos pacientes. A média do IMC encontrado nos pacientes sem neuropatia foi de 25,05 e nos pacientes com neuropatia foi de 29,10 (p = 0,0005). A correlação de Spearman entre a presença de neuropatia e valores do IMC mostrou correlação positiva com r=0,40 e p=0,0006. O Risco Relativo RR para o surgimento de neuropatia em relação aos valores de IMC foi de 1.833 para o IMC acima de 25 (IC 95%). Conclusões: Há correlação positiva entre valores de IMC e o surgimento da NPIQ nesta amostra de pacientes, o que sugere que a obesidade pode ser um fator de risco para o surgimento da NPIQ.


Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a disabling condition resulting from chemotherapy for cancer. Among the risk factors, the presence of previous neuropathy and low creatinine clearance stands out. Objective: To assess the occurrence of CIPN among breast cancer patients submitted to the use of adjuvant Paclitaxel (TAXOL) and its relationship with obesity. Methods: An observational, retrospective study that evaluated the medical records of breast cancer patients undergoing adjuvant treatment with the use of Paclitaxel in the first half of 2019, collecting data related to CIPN, weight, height and BMI. Results: Among the 70 patients evaluated, 44.3% had a BMI between 25.0 and 29.9 kg / m2, 15.7% between 30.0 and 34.9 kg / m2, 8.6% between 35, 0 and 39.9 Kg / m2, and 1.4% greater than 40.0 Kg / m2. The presence of peripheral neuropathy was documented in 57.14% of the patients. The mean BMI found in patients without neuropathy was 25.05 and in patients with neuropathy it was 29.10 (p = 0.0005). Spearman's correlation between the presence of neuropathy and BMI values ​​showed a positive correlation with r = 0.40 and p = 0.0006. The Relative Risk RR for the occurrence of neuropathy in relation to BMI values ​​was 1,833 for BMI above 25 (95% CI). Conclusion: There is a positive correlation between BMI values ​​and the ocurrence of CIPN in this sample of patients, which suggests that obesity may be a risk factor for the emergence of CIPN.


Subject(s)
Rehabilitation , Risk Factors , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Drug Therapy , Obesity
10.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 155(4): 428-435, jul.-ago. 2019. graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286529

ABSTRACT

Resumen El dolor neuropático es una entidad que provoca discapacidad al paciente y su diagnóstico y tratamiento es un reto para los médicos. En un porcentaje importante de pacientes afectados, el dolor neuropático se presenta circunscrito a un dermatoma o a una región concreta del cuerpo, denominándose en ese caso dolor neuropático localizado. No existen guías clínicas mexicanas que postulen recomendaciones para el diagnóstico y tratamiento del dolor neuropático localizado en nuestra población. En este artículo se exponen las recomendaciones de un consenso multidisciplinario realizado con especialistas de distintas áreas implicadas en el diagnóstico y tratamiento de este tipo de pacientes.


Abstract Neuropathic pain is an entity that causes patient disability and its diagnosis and treatment is a challenge for physicians. In a significant percentage of patients with neuropathic pain, it is restricted to one dermatome or to a particular region of the body; in this case, it is referred to as localized neuropathic pain. There are no Mexican clinical guidelines proposing recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of localized neuropathic pain in our population. This article presents the recommendations of a multidisciplinary consensus of specialists from different areas involved in the diagnosis and treatment of this type of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/diagnosis , Neuralgia/diagnosis , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/therapy , Mexico , Neuralgia/therapy
12.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(7): 451-455, July 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011367

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Sensory neuronopathies (SN) are a group of peripheral nerve disorders characterized by multifocal non-length-dependent sensory deficits and sensory ataxia. Its recognition is essential not only for proper management but also to guide the etiological investigation. The uncommon SN clinical picture and its rarity set the conditions for the misdiagnosis and the diagnostic delay, especially in non-paraneoplastic SN. Therefore, our objectives were to characterize the diagnostic odyssey for non-paraneoplastic SN patients, as well as to identify possible associated factors. Methods We consecutively enrolled 48 non-paraneoplastic SN patients followed in a tertiary neuromuscular clinic at the University of Campinas (Brazil). All patients were instructed to retrieve their previous medical records, and we collected the data regarding demographics, disease onset, previous incorrect diagnoses made and the recommended treatments. Results There were 34 women, with a mean age at the diagnosis of 45.9 ± 12.2 years, and 28/48 (58%) of the patients were idiopathic. Negative sensory symptoms were the heralding symptoms in 25/48 (52%); these were asymmetric in 36/48 (75%) and followed a chronic course in 35/48 (73%). On average, it took 5.4 ± 5.3 years for SN to be diagnosed; patients had an average of 3.4 ± 1.5 incorrect diagnoses. A disease onset before the age of 40 was associated to shorter diagnosis delay (3.7 ± 3.4 vs. 7.8 ± 6.7 years, p = 0.01). Conclusions These results suggest that diagnostic delay and misdiagnosis are frequent in non-paraneoplastic SN patients. As in other rare conditions, increased awareness in all the healthcare system levels is paramount to ensure accurate diagnosis and to improve care of these patients.


RESUMO As neuronopatias sensitivas (NS) representam um grupo de doenças caracterizadas por ataxia sensitiva e déficits sensitivos multifocais e não-comprimento dependentes. O seu reconhecimento é fundamental para o tratamento apropriado e para a investigação de doenças associadas. O quadro clínico pouco frequente aliado à baixa prevalência, especialmente das formas não-paraneoplásicas (NSnp), colaboram para o atraso e erro no diagnóstico. Os objetivos desse trabalho são descrever a odisseia diagnóstica dos pacientes com NSnp e tentar identificar possíveis fatores associados. Métodos Foram incluídos consecutivamente 48 pacientes com NSnp acompanhados no ambulatório de doenças neuromusculares da Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Brasil). Dados demográficos e sobre o início da NS (incluindo diagnósticos que lhes foram dados e tratamentos prescritos) foram coletados. Resultados Na coorte descrita havia 34 mulheres e a idade ao diagnóstico era de 45,9 ± 12,2 anos. Os sintomas inaugurais eram sensitivos deficitários em 25/48 (52%) dos pacientes, sendo assimétricos em 36/48 (75%) e de evolução crônica em 35/48 (73%). Para 28/48 (58%) dos pacientes a NS era idiopática. Em média, os pacientes com NSnp tiveram um atraso diagnóstico de 5,4 ± 5,3 anos com uma média de 3,4 ± 1,5 diagnósticos incorretos. Pacientes com início antes dos 40 anos tiveram diagnóstico mais precoce que aqueles com início tardio (3,7 ± 3,4 vs. 7,8 ± 6,7 anos, p = 0,01). Conclusão Os dados ora apresentados sugerem que o erro e o atraso diagnóstico são frequentes e impactam os pacientes com NS. A importância do diagnóstico das NS deve ser constante em todos os níveis do sistema de saúde para o diagnóstico correto e a consequente melhora no cuidado a esses pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/diagnosis , Brazil , Ganglia, Sensory/physiopathology , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/complications , Gait Ataxia/etiology , Diagnostic Errors/classification , Delayed Diagnosis
14.
Autops. Case Rep ; 9(1): e2018053, Jan.-Mar. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-987077

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Metastatic spread of cancer via the thoracic duct may lead to an enlargement of the left supraclavicular node, known as the Virchow node (VN), leading to an appreciable mass that can be recognized clinically ­ a Troisier sign. The VN is of profound clinical importance; however, there have been few studies of its regional anatomical relationships. Our report presents a case of a Troisier sign/VN discovered during cadaveric dissection in an individual whose cause of death was, reportedly, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The VN was found to arise from an antecedent pulmonary adenocarcinoma. Our report includes a regional study of the anatomy as well as relevant gross pathology and histopathology. Our anatomical findings suggest that the VN may contribute to vascular thoracic outlet syndrome as well as the brachial plexopathy of neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome. Further, the VN has the potential to cause compression of the phrenic nerve, contributing to unilateral phrenic neuropathy and subsequent dyspnea. Recognition of the Troisier sign/VN is of great clinical importance. Similarly, an appreciation of the anatomy surrounding the VN, and the potential for the enlarged node to encroach on neurovascular structures, is also important in the study of a patient. The presence of a Troisier sign/VN should be assessed when thoracic outlet syndrome and phrenic neuropathy are suspected. Conversely, when a VN is identified, the possibility of concomitant or subsequent thoracic outlet syndrome and phrenic neuropathy should be considered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Phrenic Nerve , Thoracic Outlet Syndrome/etiology , Adenocarcinoma , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/etiology , Lung Neoplasms , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Autopsy , Thoracic Outlet Syndrome/pathology , Fatal Outcome , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/pathology
15.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(2): 281-286, Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990318

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY INTRODUCTION: Peripheral neuropathy is a disorder that affects the cell body, axon or myelin of motor or peripheral sensory neurons and occurs in 60-100% of patients who are submitted to dialysis due to chronic kidney disease. Uremic neuropathy is attributed to the accumulation of organic waste, evident in patients with reduced glomerular filtration rate. Objectives: This review aims to make clinical characteristics of uremic neuropathy evident enabling early diagnosis and treatment. Methods: This is a literature review of articles published on PubMed over the last 10 years using "Uremic Neuropathy" as "Title/Abstract". Results: A total of nine articles that met the inclusion criteria were included. UN is a distal symmetric sensorimotor polyneuropathy that occurs due to the accumulation of uremic toxins associated with an oxidative stress-related free radical activity. Hyperkalemia is thought to play an important role in its pathophysiology. Diagnosis depends on nerve conduction studies, and treatment includes dialysis or renal transplant. Conclusion: Clinical presentations of UN are broad and non-specific; nonetheless, it is important to detect early changes in order to avoid its progression. The earlier UN is diagnosed and treated, the more successful are the clinical outcomes.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO: A neuropatia periférica (NU) é um distúrbio que afeta o corpo celular, o axônio ou a mielina do motor ou neurônios sensoriais periféricos e ocorre em 60%-100% dos pacientes que são submetidos à diálise por doença renal crônica. A neuropatia urêmica é atribuída à acumulação de resíduos orgânicos, evidente em pacientes com taxa de filtração glomerular reduzida. Objetivo: O objetivo desta revisão é fazer com que as características clínicas da neuropatia urêmica sejam evidenciadas, permitindo o diagnóstico e tratamento precoce. Método: Esta é uma revisão da literatura de artigos publicados no PubMed nos últimos dez anos usando "Neuropatia Urêmica" como "Título/Resumo". Resultados: No total, foram incluídos nove artigos que atendem aos critérios de inclusão. A NU é uma polineuropatia sensório-motora simétrica distal que ocorre devido ao acúmulo de toxinas urêmicas associadas à atividade de radicais livres relacionados ao estresse oxidativo. A hipercalemia tem um papel importante na sua fisiopatologia. O diagnóstico depende de estudos de condução nervosa e o tratamento inclui diálise ou transplante renal. Conclusão: As apresentações clínicas das NU são amplas e não específicas; no entanto, é importante detectar mudanças iniciais para evitar sua progressão. Quanto mais precoce for a detecção e tratamento da NU, melhor será o resultado clínico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Uremia/diagnosis , Uremia/physiopathology , Uremia/therapy , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/diagnosis , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/physiopathology , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/therapy , Renal Dialysis , Kidney Transplantation
16.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 27: e3126, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | MTYCI, LILACS, BDENF, MTYCI | ID: biblio-991316

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze and synthesize knowledge about the effect of acupuncture on chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy symptoms in adults with cancer. Method: the method used was a Systematic Review. Potential articles were identified by searching in the PubMed of National Library of Medicine, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Embase, Cochrane Central and Scopus. Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses strategy, 607 articles were identified. After removing the duplicates, all titles and abstracts were reviewed, and seven articles were selected for full review. After the full review, five studies were selected for inclusion. Results: of the five articles included, four were cohort studies and one was a quasi-experimental study. All articles showed that acupuncture was associated with an improvement in the peripheral neuropathy, but the type of protocol, use of medications, time of treatment, and different outcome measures made it difficult to compare the studies. Conclusion: the use of acupuncture appears to be associated with an improvement in the symptoms of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy and has no side effects. In order to improve the evidence about benefits associated with acupuncture, more experimental studies using both subjective and objective measures are needed.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar e sintetizar o conhecimento sobre o efeito da acupuntura nos sintomas da neuropatia periférica induzida por quimioterapia em adultos com câncer. Método: o método utilizado foi uma Revisão Sistemática. Artigos potenciais foram identificados através de pesquisa na PubMed of National Library of Medicine, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Embase, Cochrane Central e Scopus. Seguindo a estratégia Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis foram identificados 607 artigos. Depois de eliminar artigos duplicados, todos os títulos e resumos foram revisados, deixando sete artigos para revisão na íntegra, e após tal revisão, cinco artigos foram selecionados para inclusão no presente estudo. Resultados: dos cinco artigos incluídos, quatro eram estudos de coorte e um era um estudo quase experimental. Todos os artigos mostraram que a acupuntura estava associada a uma melhora na neuropatia periférica, mas o tipo de protocolo, o uso de medicamentos, o tempo de tratamento e as diferenças entre as medidas de desfecho dificultaram a comparação entre os estudos. Conclusão: o uso da acupuntura parece estar associado à melhora dos sintomas da neuropatia periférica induzida por quimioterapia e não tem efeitos colaterais. São necessários mais estudos experimentais usando tanto medidas subjetivas como objetivas para melhorar as evidências sobre os benefícios associados à acupuntura.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar y sintetizar el conocimiento sobre el efecto de la acupuntura en los síntomas de neuropatía periférica inducida por quimioterapia en los adultos con cáncer. Método: el método utilizado fue una Revisión Sistemática. Artículos potenciales se identificaron mediante la búsqueda en PubMed of National Library of Medicine, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Embase, Cochrane Central y Scopus. Siguiendo los elementos de informes Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses, se identificaron 607 artículos. Después de eliminar los duplicados, se revisaron todos los títulos y resúmenes, quedando siete artículos para una revisión completa y después de la revisión completa, se seleccionaron cinco estudios para su inclusión. Resultados: de los cinco artículos incluidos, cuatro fueron estudios de cohortes y uno fue un estudio cuasi experimental. Todos los artículos mostraron que la acupuntura se asoció con una mejoría en la neuropatía periférica, pero el tipo de protocolo, el uso de medicamentos, el tiempo de tratamiento y las diferencias entre las medidas de resultado dificultaron la comparación de los estudios. Conclusión: el uso de la acupuntura parece estar asociado con una mejoría en los síntomas de la neuropatía periférica inducida por quimioterapia y sin efectos secundarios. Para mejorar la evidencia sobre los beneficios asociados con la acupuntura, se necesitan más estudios experimentales que utilicen medidas subjetivas y objetivas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/physiopathology , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Acupuncture Points
17.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047557

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Drogas antineoplásicas neurotóxicas estão frequentemente associadas à neuropatia periférica induzida por quimioterapia (NPIQ). Objetivo: Avaliar a evolução clínica dos pacientes expostos a tratamento antineoplásico potencialmente neurotóxico e identificar possíveis preditores clínicos e sociodemográficos para o desenvolvimento da NPIQ. Método: Estudo de coorte prospectiva com pacientes com diagnóstico de câncer de mama, ovário ou intestino em tratamento quimioterápico com paclitaxel, docetaxel ou oxaliplatina. Foram avaliados antes da quimioterapia (T1), no terceiro mês (T2) e 30-60 dias após interrupção do tratamento (T3). Todos responderam ao questionário de perfis sociodemográfico e clínico, foram avaliados por meio de exame clínico neurológico, pela escala de performance ECOG, escala hospitalar de ansiedade e depressão (HAD), escala de dor Short-cGuill, autorrelato de sintomas de NPIQ e avaliação com o questionário de neurotoxicidade induzida por antineoplásicos (CINQ). Resultados: Por meio de autorrelato, 75% da dos pacientes informaram apresentar sintomas de NPIQ. O CINQ evidenciou que 90% apresentaram algum grau de NPIQ em T2, enquanto 82,5% ainda persistiam em T3. Dor neuropática acometeu 42% da população (RR=1,429; IC95%=1,130-1,806). Os escores de ansiedade e depressão reduziram significativamente quando comparados ao início de tratamento (redução de 2,5 pontos na escala HAD, p<0,05). A capacidade funcional da população não mostrou alterações significativas. No T2, a escolaridade foi considerada preditora para autorrelato de sintomas de NPIQ (OR=1,314, IC95%=1,002-1,723, p=0,048). Conclusão:A baixa escolaridade pode comprometer a capacidade do paciente em relatar os sintomas da NPIQ. Este estudo chama a atenção para a necessidade de utilização de instrumentos específicos para detecção precoce da NPIQ.


Introduction: Neurotoxic antineoplastic drugs are frequently associated to chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). Objective: To evaluate the clinical evolution of patients exposed to potentially neurotoxic antineoplastic treatment and to identify possible clinical and sociodemographic predictors for the development of CIPN. Method: Cohort prospective study with patients with breast, ovary or intestine diagnosis of cancer in chemotherapy treatment with paclitaxel, docetaxel or oxaliplatin. They were assessed before the chemotherapy (T1), in the third month (T2) and 30-60 days after the interruption of the treatment (T3). All the patients responded to the questionnaire of clinical and sociodemographic profiles, were evaluated through neurologic clinical exam, by the performance scale ECOG, by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale - HAD, pain scale of Short-cGuill, self-report of symptoms of CIPN and evaluation with the questionnaire of antineoplastic-induced neurotoxicity (QAIN). Results: Through self-report, 75% of the patients presented symptoms of CIPN. The QAIN showed that 90% presented a certain degree of CIPN in T2, while 82.5% still persisted in T3. Neuropathic pain affected 42% of the population (RR = 1.429, CI95% = 1.130-1.806). Anxiety and depression scores significantly reduced when compared with the beginning of the treatment (reduction of 2.5 points in the scale HAD, p < 0.05). The functional capacity of the population did not show any significant change. The school level was considered a predictor of self-report of CIPN symptoms in T2 (OR = 1.314, CI95% = 1.002-1.723, p = 0.048). Conclusion: The low school level may taint the patient capacity to report CIPN symptoms. This study draws attention for the necessity to use specific instruments for early detection of CIPN.


Introducción: Los fármacos antineoplásicos neurotóxicos a menudo se asocian con neuropatía periférica inducida por quimioterapia (CIPN). Objetivo: Evaluar la evolución clínica de pacientes expuestos a tratamientos antineoplásicos potencialmente neurotóxicos e identificar posibles predictores clínicos y sociodemográficos para el desarrollo de CIPN. Método: Estudio de cohorte prospectivo con pacientes diagnosticadas con cáncer de mama, ovario o intestino sometidos a quimioterapia con paclitaxel, docetaxel u oxaliplatino. Se evaluaron antes de la quimioterapia (T1), en el tercer mes (T2) y 30-60 días después de la interrupción del tratamiento (T3). Todos respondieron el cuestionario de perfil sociodemográfico y clínico, se evaluaron mediante un examen neurológico clínico, la escala de rendimiento ECOG, la escala de ansiedad y depresión hospitalaria (HAD), la escala de dolor Short-cGuill, el autoinforme de los síntomas de CIPN y la evaluación con el cuestionario de neurotoxicidad inducida por antineoplásicos (CINQ). Resultados: Por autoinforme, el 75% de la población informó presentar síntomas de CIPN. El CINQ mostró que el 90% tenía algún grado de NPIQ en T2, mientras que el 82.5% aún persistía en T3. El dolor neuropático afectó al 42% de la población (RR = 1.429; IC del 95% = 1.130-1.806). Las puntuaciones de ansiedad y depresión disminuyeron significativamente en comparación con el valor inicial (reducción de 2.5 puntos HAD, p <0.05). La capacidad funcional de la población no mostró cambios significativos. En T2, la educación se consideró un predictor de síntomas CIPN autoinformados (OR=1.314, IC 95%=1.002-1.723, p=0,048). Conclusión: La baja educación puede comprometer la capacidad del paciente para informar los síntomas de CIPN. Este estudio llama la atención sobre la necesidad de utilizar instrumentos específicos para la detección temprana de CIPN.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Ovarian Neoplasms/drug therapy , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Paclitaxel/therapeutic use , Neurotoxicity Syndromes , Docetaxel/therapeutic use , Oxaliplatin/therapeutic use , Intestinal Neoplasms/drug therapy
18.
Clinical Pain ; (2): 70-75, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811492

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of infrared thermography in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome by comparing with electrodiagnostic and ultrasonographic findings.METHOD: From January 2014 to October 2017, electrodiagnosis, ultrasound, and digital infrared thermal image (DITI) of unilateral carpal tunnel syndrome diagnosed in a single hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The subjects with bilateral symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome, peripheral vascular disease, diabetes, thyroid disease, fibromyalgia, rheumatic disease, systemic infection, inflammation, malignant tumor, and other musculoskeletal disorders such as finger osteoarthritis, peripheral neuropathy, cervical radiculopathy, and the previous history of surgery were excluded.RESULTS: Of 53 patients diagnosed with carpal tunnel syndrome, 11 were male and 42 were female. The visual analogue scale was 4.9 ± 1.9, and the duration of symptom was 11.8 ± 12.5 months. There was no statistically significant difference in the body surface temperature between the unaffected and affected sides. The severity of symptoms, electrodiagnostic findings, and cross-sectional area of the median nerve significantly correlates to each other. The temperature difference between the second fingers of the affected and unaffected sides showed a weak correlation with the amplitude of sensory nerve action potential and onset latency of compound muscle action potential, when there was no significant correlation with the other parameters.CONCLUSION: The difference in temperature on the surface of the body, which can be confirmed by DITI, is little diagnostic value when DITI is performed in unilateral carpal tunnel syndrome patients, especially when compared with ultrasonography.


Subject(s)
Action Potentials , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Electrodiagnosis , Female , Fibromyalgia , Fingers , Humans , Inflammation , Male , Median Nerve , Methods , Osteoarthritis , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Radiculopathy , Retrospective Studies , Rheumatic Diseases , Thermography , Thyroid Diseases , Ultrasonography
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777617

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#More than 140 million people drink arsenic-contaminated groundwater. It is unknown how much arsenic exposure is necessary to cause neurological impairment. Here, we evaluate the relationship between neurological impairments and the arsenic concentration in drinking water (ACDW).@*PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS@#A cross-sectional study design was employed. We performed medical examinations of 1867 residents in seven villages in the Thabaung township in Myanmar. Medical examinations consisted of interviews regarding subjective neurological symptoms and objective neurological examinations of sensory disturbances. For subjective neurological symptoms, we ascertained the presence or absence of defects in smell, vision, taste, and hearing; the feeling of weakness; and chronic numbness or pain. For objective sensory disturbances, we examined defects in pain sensation, vibration sensation, and two-point discrimination. We analyzed the relationship between the subjective symptoms, objective sensory disturbances, and ACDW.@*RESULTS@#Residents with ACDW ≥ 10 parts per billion (ppb) had experienced a "feeling of weakness" and "chronic numbness or pain" significantly more often than those with ACDW  50 ppb). These data suggest a threshold for the occurrence of peripheral neuropathy due to arsenic exposure, and indicate that the arsenic concentration in drinking water should be less than 10 ppb to ensure human health.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Arsenic , Toxicity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dietary Exposure , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drinking Water , Chemistry , Female , Groundwater , Chemistry , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myanmar , Epidemiology , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Epidemiology , Sensation Disorders , Epidemiology , Water Pollutants, Chemical , Toxicity , Young Adult
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762654

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare balance performance and lower limb muscle strength between older adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), with and without sensory impairments and non-DM groups. Influence of a number of sensory impairments, and muscle strength on balance performance were explored. METHODS: Ninety-two older adults with and without type 2 DM, were examined relative to visual function with the Snellen chart, Melbourne Edge test, and Howard-Dolman test, vestibular function with the modified Romberg test, proprioception of the big toe, and diabetic peripheral neuropathy with the Michigan Neuropathy Screening Instrument. Balance performances were evaluated with the Romberg test, Functional Reach Test (FRT), and Timed Up and Go test (TUG). Strength of knee and ankle muscles was measured. RESULTS: FRT of type 2 DM groups with at least two sensory impairments, was lower than the non-DM group (p<0.05). TUG of all DM groups, was worse than the non-DM group (p<0.01). Lower limb muscle strength of type 2 DM groups with two and three sensory impairments, was weaker than non-DM group (p<0.05). Regression analysis showed that type 2 DM with three sensory impairments, ankle dorsiflexors strength, and age were influential predictors of TUG. CONCLUSION: There were significant differences, of muscle strength and balance performance among groups. Poorer balance and reduced lower limb strength were marked in older adults with type 2 DM, even ones without sensory impairment. Muscle weakness seemed to progress, from the distal part of lower limbs. A greater number of sensory impairments, weaker dorsiflexors, and advanced age influenced balance performance.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Ankle , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Hallux , Humans , Knee , Lower Extremity , Mass Screening , Michigan , Muscle Strength , Muscle Weakness , Muscles , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Proprioception , Vestibular Function Tests
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