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1.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 22(2): e205, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289361

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La amputación provoca discapacidad física e invalidez como consecuencia de la enfermedad vascular periférica. Objetivo: Caracterizar a los pacientes amputados de miembros inferiores por causas vasculares en el municipio Cerro. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo en los 114 amputados de miembros inferiores que estaban registrados, entre 2016 y 2018, en la Dirección Municipal de Salud del municipio Cerro. La muestra quedó constituida por los 64 amputados de causa vascular. Las variables de estudio fueron: edad, sexo, factores de riesgo, tipo de amputación y su nivel, miembro más afectado y causa vascular de amputación. Se estimaron las frecuencias absolutas y relativas, y la prueba de chi cuadrado, para identificar la asociación entre las variables. Resultados: Hubo predominio de los amputados de causa vascular (56,1 por ciento), el sexo femenino (54,7 por ciento), el grupo etáreo de 60 años y más (84,4 por ciento), y la HTA y el tabaquismo (ambos con 60,9 por ciento). La amputación supracondílea fue la más realizada (64,1 por ciento). El pie diabético isquémico y la aterosclerosis obliterante resultaron las causas vasculares que provocaron los mayores porcentajes de amputación. Se halló asociación altamente significativa entre el sexo masculino y la ateroesclerosis obliterante (X2 = 5,4; p = 0,113, OR = 2,68 y RR = 1,81), lo que señaló a este como un factor de riesgo de amputación. Conclusiones: Las amputaciones aparecieron con mayor frecuencia en las mujeres mayores de 60 años, del tipo supracondílea y por pie diabético como causa vascular. La ateroesclerosis obliterante en los hombres constituyó un factor de riesgo de amputación(AU)


Introduction: Amputation as a result of peripheral vascular disease causes physical disability and impairment. Objective: Characterize amputee patients of lower limbs due to vascular causes in Cerro municipality. Methods: A descriptive study was carried out in the 114 lower limbs amputee patients that were registered, between 2016 and 2018, in the Municipal Health Division of Cerro municipality. The sample consisted of the 64 vascular-cause amputees. The study variables were: age, sex, risk factors, type of amputation and its level, most affected limb and vascular cause of amputation. Absolute and relative frequencies were estimated, and the chi square test was used to identify the association between variables. Results: There was predominance of vascular-cause amputees (56.1 percent), the female sex (54.7 percent), the 60-year-old and older age group (84.4 percent), and HTA and smoking having (both 60.9 percent). Supracondylar amputation was the most performed one (64.1 percent). Ischemic diabetic foot and obliterating atherosclerosis resulted in the vascular causes that produce the highest percentages of amputation. A highly significant association was found between the male sex and obliterating atherosclerosis (X2 = 5.4; p = 0.113; OR = 2.68 and RR = 1.81), which pointed to this as an amputation risk factor. Conclusions: Amputations most often appeared in women over the age of 60, as supracondyle type and diabetic foot as a vascular cause. Obliterating atherosclerosis in men was a risk factor for amputation(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Peripheral Vascular Diseases/epidemiology , Diabetic Foot/etiology , Lower Extremity/surgery , Amputation/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Risk Factors
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921817

ABSTRACT

Tongsaimai Tablets/Capsules are composed of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix, Codonopsis Radix, Dendrobii Caulis, Astragali Radix, Scrophulariae Radix, and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, and are effective in promoting blood circulation, removing blood stasis, supplementing Qi, and nourishing Yin. It is widely used in the treatment of peripheral vascular diseases. With 40 years of clinical application, it has accumulated substantial research data and application experience. Its good clinical efficacy and pharmacoeconomic benefits in improving the clinical symptoms of peripheral vascular diseases have been confirmed by relevant research. Meanwhile, this drug has also been recommended by many expert consensus, guidelines, and teaching materials, serving as one of the most commonly used Chinese patent medicines in clinical practice. To further improve the understanding of the drug among clinicians and properly guide its clinical medication, the China Association of Chinese Medicine took the lead and organized experts to jointly formulate this expert consensus. Based on the questionnaire survey of clinicians and the systematic review of research literature on Tongsaimai Tablets/Capsules with clinical problems in the PICO framework, the consensus, combined with expert experience, concludes recommendations or consensus suggestions by GRADE system with the optimal evidence available through the nominal group technique. This consensus defines the indications, usage, dosage, course of treatment, medication time, combined medication, and precautions of Tongsaimai Tablets/Capsules in the treatment of peripheral vascular diseases, and explains the safety of its clinical application. It is recommended for clinicians and pharmacists in the peripheral vascular department(vascular surgery), traditional Chinese medicine surgery(general surgery), and endocrinology department of hospitals at all levels in China.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Consensus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Tablets
3.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 21(3): e97, sept.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156378

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El índice de riesgo nutricional geriátrico es un instrumento simple y exacto que permite identificar a pacientes hospitalizados con este riesgo. Objetivo: Valorar la prevalencia de riesgo nutricional en pacientes ingresados por presentar una enfermedad vascular. Métodos: Se evaluaron de forma transversal 102 pacientes mayores de 18 años (65 % hombres) ingresados de forma consecutiva entre octubre y diciembre de 2018 en el Instituto Nacional de Angiología y Cirugía Vascular en La Habana Cuba, independientemente de la enfermedad de base y que estuvieran de acuerdo en participar en el estudio. La variable principal de salida fue la proporción de pacientes con riesgo nutricional: riesgo alto (< 82), moderado (82-92), bajo (93-98) y sin riesgo (> 98); las variables secundarias resultaron la edad, el sexo, el índice de masa corporal y la concentración de albúmina. Resultados: El 12,9 por ciento (intervalo de confianza 95 por ciento: 6,2-19,6); el 16,8 por ciento (9,4-24,2) y el 22,8 por ciento (14,5-31,3) de los pacientes presentaron un riesgo nutricional alto, moderado y ligero, respectivamente. Solo el 47,5 por ciento (37,6-57,4), de los pacientes no presentó riesgo nutricional. La edad y el sexo no mostraron correlación con el riesgo nutricional; la concentración de albúmina y el índice de masa corporal y el índice de riesgo nutricional sí se asociaron de forma importante (R2: 0,98 y 0,59, respectivamente). Conclusiones: La prevalencia de pacientes con riesgo nutricional es elevada en el ámbito hospitalario y puede evaluarse por intermedio del índice de riesgo nutricional geriátrico(AU)


Introduction: The Geriatric nutritional risk index is a simple and accurate instrument that allows identifying hospitalized patients with this risk. Objective: To assess the prevalence of nutritional risk in patients admitted for presenting a vascular disease. Methods: There were evaluated in cross-sectional way 102 patients older than 18 years (65% male) admitted consecutively from October to December, 2018 at the National Institute of Angiology and Vascular Surgery in Havana, Cuba, regardless of the underlying disease and who agreed to participate in the study. The main variable was the proportion of patients with nutritional risk: high risk (<82), moderate (82-92), low (93-98) and without risk (>98); secondary variables were age, sex, body mass index and the concentration of albumin. Results: The 12.9 percent (95 percent confidence interval: 6,2-19,6); the 16.8 percent (9,4-24,2) and the 22.8 percent (14,5-31,3) of the patients had high, moderate, and light nutritional risks, respectively. Only 47.5 percent (37,6-57,4) of the patients did not present nutritional risk. The age and sex showed no correlation with the nutritional risk; the concentration of albumin and body mass index and the index of nutritional risk were significantly associated (R2: 0.98 and 0.59, respectively). Conclusions: The prevalence of patients with nutritional risk is high in the hospital scope and it can be evaluated through the geriatric nutritional risk index(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Vascular Diseases , Risk , Prevalence , Peripheral Vascular Diseases
4.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 21(3): e189, sept.-dic. 2020. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156375

ABSTRACT

En otro editorial ya se enunciaba la importancia de hacer el diagnóstico oportuno y el tratamiento adecuado de las enfermedades vasculares periféricas para apoyar su prevención en los pacientes que lo requirieran. También se alertaba sobre la necesidad, para el médico y la enfermera de la familia, de ejecutar acciones como las actividades docentes y el aporte de conocimientos adecuados acerca de estas enfermedades(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Diagnosis
5.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(5): 607-613, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137336

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To describe our experience of nine patients with extra-anatomical bypass for clinically ischemic distal limb during repair of acute Type A aortic dissection (ATAAD). Methods: We retrospectively examined a series of nine patients who underwent surgery for ATAAD. We identified a subset of the patients who presented with concomitant radiographic and clinical signs of lower limb ischemia. All but one patient (axillobifemoral bypass) underwent femorofemoral crossover grafting by the cardiac surgeon during cooling. Results: One hundred eighty-one cases of ATAAD underwent surgery during the study period with a mortality of 19.3%. Nine patients had persistent clinical evidence of lower limb ischemia (4.9%) and underwent extra-anatomical bypass during cooling. Two patients underwent additional fasciotomies. Mean delay from symptoms to surgery in these nine patients was 9.5 hours. Two patients had bilateral amputations despite revascularisation and, of note, had long delays in presentation for surgery (> 12 hours). There were no mortalities during these inpatient episodes. Outpatient radiographic follow-up at the first opportunity demonstrated 100% patency. Conclusion: Our experience suggests that, during complicated aortic dissection, limb ischemia may have a devastating outcome including amputation when diagnosis and referral are delayed. Early diagnosis and surgery are crucial in preventing this potentially devastating complication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnostic imaging , Stroke Volume , Vascular Patency , Retrospective Studies , Ventricular Function, Left , Treatment Outcome , Ischemia/surgery , Ischemia/etiology , Ischemia/diagnostic imaging
6.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202481, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136536

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Endovascular treatment for femoropopliteal arterial disease has made revascularization procedures less invasive, but the self-expanding stents used can suffer great wear in arteries with extreme mobility. Objective: to evaluate the prevalence of fractures in stents implanted in the femoropopliteal segment, to identify predisposing factors and consequences on arterial patency. Method: between March and June 2019, thirty patients previously operated for femoropopliteal obstruction underwent stent X-rays in anteroposterior and lateral views to detect fractures and Doppler to analyze arterial patency. Results: we observed 12 cases with fractures (33.3%): 1 type I (2.8%), 3 type II (8.3%), 5 type III (13.9%), 3 type IV (8.3%) and no type V. According to the TASC II we had 1 in group B (8.3%), 6 in group C (50%) and 5 in group D (41.6%) p <0.004. The number of stents per limb was 3.1 (± 1.3) in cases of fracture versus 2.3 (± 1.3) in cases without fracture (p = 0.08). The extension was 274.17mm (± 100.94) in cases of fracture and 230.83mm (± 135.44) in cases without fracture (p = 0.29). On Doppler we had: 17 patients (47.2%) without stenosis, 9 patients (25%) with stenosis> 50% and 10 patients (27.8%) with occlusion (p = 0.37). There was no correlation between fracture and arterial obstruction (p = 0.33). Conclusion: stent fractures are a frequent finding in the femoropopliteal area (33.3%), being more prevalent in cases of more advanced disease (C and D). There was no association between the finding of fracture and arterial obstruction.


RESUMO Os tratamentos endovasculares para a doença arterial obstrutiva fêmoro-poplítea tornaram os procedimentos de revascularização menos invasivos, porém os stents metálicos autoexpansíveis utilizados podem sofrer grande desgaste em artérias com extrema mobilidade. Objetivo: avaliar a prevalência de fraturas em stents implantados no segmento fêmoro-poplíteo, identificar fatores predisponentes e possíveis consequências sobre a patência arterial. Métodos: entre março a junho de 2019, trinta pacientes previamente operados por obstrução fêmoro-poplítea realizaram RX dos stents em incidências ântero-posterior e perfil para detectar fraturas e eco Doppler para analisar a patência arterial. Resultados: observamos 12 casos com fraturas (33,3%): 1 do tipo I (2,8%), 3 do tipo II (8,3%), 5 do tipo III (13,9%), 3 do tipo IV (8,3%) e nenhuma tipo V. Segundo a classificação TASC II, tivemos 1 no grupo B (8,3%), 6 no grupo C (50%) e 5 no grupo D (41,6%) p<0,004. O número de stents por membro foi de 3,1 (±1,3) nos casos de fratura contra 2,3 (±1,3) nos casos sem fratura (p = 0,08). A extensão tratada foi 274,17mm (±100,94) nos casos de fratura e 230,83mm (±135,44) nos casos sem fratura (p=0,29). No Doppler tivemos: 17 pacientes (47,2%) sem estenose, 9 pacientes (25%) com estenose>50% e 10 pacientes (27,8%) com oclusão (p=0,37). Não houve correlação entre fratura e obstrução arterial (p=0,33). Conclusão: as fraturas de stents são um achado frequente no setor fêmoro-poplíteo (33,3%) sendo mais prevalentes nos casos de doença mais avançada TASC II C e D. Não houve associação entre o achado de fratura e obstrução arterial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Popliteal Artery , Prosthesis Failure , Stents , Peripheral Vascular Diseases/therapy , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/methods , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Prosthesis Design , Vascular Patency , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Peripheral Vascular Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Leg/blood supply
7.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 20(3): e56, jul.-dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093136

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El perfil lipídico mínimo está relacionado con la enfermedad vascular de tipo aterosclerótica, pero se desconoce cuál es el tipo de perfil más frecuente en los adultos y el tipo de riesgo que representan para la enfermedad vascular periférica de los miembros inferiores. Objetivo: Determinar si el perfil lipídico mínimo sirve para diagnosticar el riesgo de enfermedad vascular periférica de los miembros inferiores. Métodos: Se trabajó con 533 muestra sanguíneas de personas adultas de diferentes municipios de la provincia La Habana. Se cuantificaron las concentraciones de colesterol total y de triglicéridos. Se calculó la media y la desviación estándar. Se diagnosticó y clasificó la hiperlipemia, se identificó el riesgo de enfermedad vascular periférica de los miembros inferiores y su asociación con la hiperlipemia. Se trabajó con un nivel de confiabilidad del 95 por ciento (a=0,05). Resultados: Los perfiles lipídicos mínimos más frecuentes fueron: el hipercolesterolemia leve (46,0 por ciento) y la hipertrigliceridemia (22,6 por ciento). El 53,8 por ciento presentó riesgo de enfermedad vascular periférica de los miembros inferiores entre potencial (24,8 por ciento) y alto (29,0 por ciento). Existió una asociación entre la hiperlipemia y la presencia de enfermedades vasculares periféricas de los miembros inferiores (chi cuadrada= 120,4; p= 0,00000). Se detectó que el 50 por ciento de las personas requería de un tratamiento hipolipemiante. Conclusión: El perfil lipídico mínimo sirve para diagnosticar el tipo de riesgo de enfermedad vascular periférica de los miembros inferiores. Se observó una fuerte asociación de dicha enfermedad con la presencia de hiperlipemia(AU)


Introduction: The minimum lipid profile is related to atherosclerotic vascular disease, but it is not known what is the most common type in adults and the kind of risk it represent for peripheral vascular disease of the lower limbs. Objective: To determine if the minimum lipid profile is used to diagnose the risk of peripheral vascular disease of the lower limbs. Methods: It was carried out a study with 533 blood sample of adults from different municipalities in Havana province. Concentrations of total cholesterol and triglycerides were quantified. Average and standard deviation were calculated. Hyperlipidemia was diagnosed and classified, the risk of peripheral vascular disease of the lower limbs and the association of the latter with hyperlipidemia were identified. The level of reliability used was of 95 percent (a= 0.05). Results: The most common minimum lipid profiles were: mild hypercholesterolemia (46 percent) and hypertriglyceridemia (22.6 percent). 53.8 percent presented a risk of peripheral vascular disease of the lower limbs between potential (24.8 percent) and high (29 percent). There was a relation between the hyperlipidemia and the presence of peripheral vascular diseases of the lower limbs (chi-cudrada= 120.4, p= 0.00000). It was detected that 50 percent of the people required a hypolipidemic treatment. Conclusion: The minimum lipid profile is used to diagnose the risk's type of peripheral vascular disease of the lower limbs, observing a strong relation of the latter with the presence of hyperlipidemia(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Vascular Diseases , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Lower Extremity , Hypercholesterolemia , Triglycerides , Hypertriglyceridemia , Hyperlipidemias
8.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 20(2): e390, jul.-dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003860

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las enfermedades vasculares periféricas comprenden un variado número de entidades nosológicas que afectan a los sistema arterial (excluidos los vasos del corazón, e intracraneales) y venolinfáticos del organismo. Objetivo: Describir las características de los pacientes que necesitaron ser atendidos por un cirujano vascular por presentar algún tipo de enfermedad vascular periférica. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo realizado en el total de pacientes atendidos por consulta externa y hospitalizados en el Servicio de Cirugía Vascular del Instituto Ecuatoriano de Seguridad Social; Hospital Manuel Ignacio Montero Valdivieso. El período de estudio fue de dos años (septiembre de 2014 a octubre de 2016). Se tuvieron en cuenta las siguientes enfermedades vasculares periféricas: enfermedades vasculares periféricas, insuficiencia venosa crónica, pie diabético, trombosis venosa profunda y trombosis arterial aguda Los resultados se expresaron en trabajo con las frecuencias absolutas y relativas. Resultados: La insuficiencia venosa crónica fue la causa más frecuente de hospitalización y consulta externa. Se encontró un predominio del sexo femenino. La úlcera del pie diabético se ubicó en orden decreciente de frecuencia entre las enfermedades consideradas. El desbridamiento quirúrgico o limpieza quirúrgica fue el procedimiento más empleado. La amputación mayor se realizó en todos los pacientes que tuvieron una trombosis arterial aguda de extremidades inferiores. Conclusiones: Se describen las características de los pacientes atendidos por el cirujano vascular en Ecuador, así como las enfermedades vasculares periféricas más frecuentes atendidas que son motivo de consulta externa y de hospitalización(AU)


Introduction: Peripheral vascular diseases include a varied number of nosologic entities that affect the arterial (excluding heart and intracranial vessels) and venolymphatic systems of the organism. Objective: To characterize patients who needed to be treated by a vascular surgeon after presenting some type of peripheral vascular disease. Method: A descriptive and prospective study was carried out in all the patients treated by external consultation and to the patients hospitalized in the service of Vascular surgery of the Ecuadorian Institute of Social Security and Manuel Ignacio Montero Valdivieso Hospital. The study lasted two years ( from September 2014 to October 2016). The following peripheral vascular diseases were taken into account: peripheral vascular diseases, chronic venous insufficiency, diabetic foot, deep-vein thrombosis and acute arterial thrombosis. The results were expressed in this paper with absolute and relative frequencies. Results: Chronic venous failure was the most frequent cause of hospitalization and outpatient consultation. A prevalence of female sex was found. The diabetic foot ulcer was observed in a decreasing order of frequency. Surgical debridement and/or surgical cleaning were the most used procedures. Major amputations were performed in all patients who had an acute arterial thrombosis of the lower limbs. Conclusions: It was possible to characterize the patients treated by the vascular surgeon in Ecuador, as well as the most frequent peripheral vascular diseases attended that needed outpatient consultation and hospitalization(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Venous Insufficiency , Peripheral Vascular Diseases/epidemiology , Diabetic Foot , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Ecuador
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765655

ABSTRACT

Atherosclerosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular diseases, such as coronary artery disease, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease, that are associated with thrombosis-induced organ infarction. In Westernized countries, the high prevalence of obesity-induced insulin resistance is predicted to be a major factor leading to atherosclerotic vascular disease. Both genetic and environmental factors interfere with immune responses in atherosclerosis development with chronic and non-resolving states. The most known autoimmune disease therapy is cytokine-targeted therapy, which targets tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin (IL)-17 antagonists. Recently, a clinical trial with the anti-IL-1β antibody (canakinumab) had shown that the anti-inflammatory effects in canakinumab-treated subjects play a critical role in reducing cardiovascular disease prevalence. Recent emerging data have suggested effective therapeutics involving anti-obesity and anti-diabetic agents, as well as statin and anti-platelet drugs, for atherothrombosis prevention. It is well-known that specialized immune differentiation and activation completely depends on metabolic reprogramming mediated by mitochondrial dynamics in distinct immune cells. Therefore, there is a strong mechanistic link between metabolism and immune function mediated by mitochondrial function. In this review, we describe that cellular metabolism in immune cells is strongly interconnected with systemic metabolism in terms of diverse phenotypes and activation.


Subject(s)
Atherosclerosis , Autoimmune Diseases , Autoimmunity , Cardiovascular Diseases , Coronary Artery Disease , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Hypercholesterolemia , Infarction , Insulin Resistance , Interleukins , Metabolism , Mitochondrial Dynamics , Mortality , Necrosis , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Phenotype , Prevalence , Stroke , Vascular Diseases
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763135

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) with cognitive dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using the National Health Insurance Service database of the entire Korean adult prostate cancer population (n=236,391), data on ADT and cognitive dysfunction between 2008 and 2015 were analyzed. We excluded patients previously diagnosed with cognitive dysfunction, dementia, or a cerebral event history. We tested the effect of ADT on the risk of cognitive dysfunction using propensity score–matched Cox proportional hazards regression models and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Our final cohort comprised of 35,401 individuals with prostate cancer, including 24,567 men (70.6%) who underwent ADT. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up period of 4.1 years, 4,741 patients were newly diagnosed with cognitive dysfunction. A statistically significant association was found between ADT and the risk of cognitive dysfunction (hazard ratio, 1.169; p=0.002). Meanwhile, age (≥ 70 years), diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular history, and peripheral vascular disease were identified as factors that contribute to the increased risk of cognitive dysfunction. In contrast, the use of statins and aspirin was associated with a lower risk of cognitive dysfunction. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that patients aged 70 years or older who underwent ADT had the lowest cumulative probability of remaining cognitive dysfunction-free (log-rank p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Our results revealed an association between the use of ADT for the treatment of prostate cancer and an increased risk of cognitive dysfunction in a nationwide population-based study. This finding should be further evaluated in prospective studies.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aspirin , Cohort Studies , Dementia , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Hypertension , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Male , National Health Programs , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Prospective Studies , Prostate , Prostatic Neoplasms
11.
Clinical Pain ; (2): 70-75, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811492

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of infrared thermography in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome by comparing with electrodiagnostic and ultrasonographic findings.METHOD: From January 2014 to October 2017, electrodiagnosis, ultrasound, and digital infrared thermal image (DITI) of unilateral carpal tunnel syndrome diagnosed in a single hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The subjects with bilateral symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome, peripheral vascular disease, diabetes, thyroid disease, fibromyalgia, rheumatic disease, systemic infection, inflammation, malignant tumor, and other musculoskeletal disorders such as finger osteoarthritis, peripheral neuropathy, cervical radiculopathy, and the previous history of surgery were excluded.RESULTS: Of 53 patients diagnosed with carpal tunnel syndrome, 11 were male and 42 were female. The visual analogue scale was 4.9 ± 1.9, and the duration of symptom was 11.8 ± 12.5 months. There was no statistically significant difference in the body surface temperature between the unaffected and affected sides. The severity of symptoms, electrodiagnostic findings, and cross-sectional area of the median nerve significantly correlates to each other. The temperature difference between the second fingers of the affected and unaffected sides showed a weak correlation with the amplitude of sensory nerve action potential and onset latency of compound muscle action potential, when there was no significant correlation with the other parameters.CONCLUSION: The difference in temperature on the surface of the body, which can be confirmed by DITI, is little diagnostic value when DITI is performed in unilateral carpal tunnel syndrome patients, especially when compared with ultrasonography.


Subject(s)
Action Potentials , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Electrodiagnosis , Female , Fibromyalgia , Fingers , Humans , Inflammation , Male , Median Nerve , Methods , Osteoarthritis , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Radiculopathy , Retrospective Studies , Rheumatic Diseases , Thermography , Thyroid Diseases , Ultrasonography
12.
Rev. chil. reumatol ; 35(1): 15-23, 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281792

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: describir la frecuencia de estenosis arterial (cubital y radial) en pa-cientes con esclerosis sistémica (ES); analizar la relación entre estenosis macro-vascular y úlceras digitales. Método: se incluyeron 57 pacientes con ES, según la clasificación del Colegio Americano de Reumatología de 1980 y 21 pacientes sin ES. Se realizó ecografía doppler arterial de miembros superiores. Resultados: la estenosis en al menos una arteria cubital se objetivó en 31% de pacientes con ES (18/57) (p=0.003). Se objetivó estenosis radial en 9 de 57 pacientes con ES (15%) y en uno de los 21 controles (p=0.19). En el modelo multivariado, los predicto-res de úlceras digitales fueron inicio de Raynaud antes de los 40 años (OR 5.3 IC95% 1.54-18.22, p=0.008) y patrón tardío en la capilaroscopia (OR 4.4 IC95% 1.29-15.63, p=0.018). Conclusiones: un tercio de los pacientes ES presentó este-nosis cubital. El compromiso de los grandes vasos no se asoció a úlceras digitales.


Objectives: to describe the frequency of ulnar and radial stenosis in SSc patients. Analyze the correlation between arterial stenosis and digital ulcers. Methods: we included 57 SSc consecutive patients who fulfilled ACR 1980 classification criteria, and 21 healthy controls. An arterial ecodoppler was performed to all participants. Results: the presence of stenosis in at least one ulnar artery was observed in 18 of 57 patients with SSc (31%) and in none of the 21 controls (p=0.003). Stenosis was present in at least one radial artery in 9 of 57 SSc patients (15%) (p=0.19). In multivariate model, the best predictors of digital ulcers were age at onset of Ray-naud phenomenon before 40 years (OR 5.3 95%CI 1.54-18.22, p=0.008) and late SD pattern (OR 4.4 95%CI 1.29-15.63, p=0.018). Conclusion: in the present series, ulnar stenosis was observed frequently in SSc patients. Stenosis of large vessels was not associated with digital ulcers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Scleroderma, Systemic/complications , Ulcer/etiology , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Ulnar Artery , Radial Artery , Ultrasonography, Doppler
13.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 19(2): 104-118, jul.-dic. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-960334

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de las enfermedades vasculares periféricas y los niveles de calidad de vida en los adultos mayores. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo y analítico en una muestra aleatorizada (n= 200) de los residentes del municipio Boyeros. Se analizaron solo los adultos mayores (n= 58). Las enfermedades vasculares periféricas se diagnosticaron por examen físico-vascular, estudio hemodinámico y ultrasonográficos. Se aplicó el cuestionario genérico de calidad de vida SF-36. Resultados: La tasa de enfermedades vasculares periféricas fue de 12 por 10 000; donde las más prevalentes fueron: las flebopatías (9,3), la enfermedad arterial periférica de los miembros inferiores (5,7) y la enfermedad carotidea (4,4). El porcentaje se incrementó en el grupo entre 70 y 79 años. El 31,8 por ciento presentaron dos o más enfermedades. En más del 80 por ciento el diagnóstico fue precoz. La hipertensión arterial (85,2 por ciento) fue el factor de riesgo más frecuente. No se halló diferencias (p < 0,05) en ninguna de las escalas de calidad de vida al comparar los adultos mayores con y sin enfermedad vascular. En los enfermos las medidas sumarias salud mental y salud física oscilaron entre moderada y baja. Los enfermos fueron remitidos a sus áreas de salud para recibir el tratamiento oportuno. Conclusiones: El municipio Boyeros presentó elevadas tasas de prevalencia de enfermedades vasculares periféricas en los adultos mayores con una afectación importante en las medidas sumarias de niveles de calidad Salud mental y Salud física(AU)


Objective: To determine the prevalence of peripheral vascular diseases and the life quality levels in elderly. Methods: A prospective and analytical study was conducted in a randomized sample (n = 200) of the residents of Boyeros municipality in Havana, analyzing only the elderly (n = 58). Peripheral vascular diseases were diagnosed by physical-vascular examination, hemodynamic and ultrasonographic studies. The SF-36 generic life quality questionnaire was applied. Results: The rate of peripheral vascular diseases was of 12 by 10 000, where the most prevalent were: flebopathy (9.3), peripheral arterial disease of the lower limbs (5.7) and carotid disease (4.4). The percentage increased in the group from 70 to 79 years old. 31.8 percent showed two or more diseases. In more than the 80 percent, the diagnosis was precocious. Arterial hypertension (85.2 percent), obesity (59.3 percent) and hyperlipidemia (42.6 percent) were the most common risk factors. No differences (p< 0.05) were found in any of the quality of life scales when comparing elderly with and without vascular disease. In ill patients, the summary measures mental health and physical health oscillated between moderate and low. The ill patients were referred to their health areas to receive timely treatment. Conclusions: Boyeros municipality presented high rates of prevalence of peripheral vascular diseases in elderly with an important impact on the summary measures of quality levels called mental health and physical health(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life , Risk Factors , Ultrasonography/methods , Peripheral Vascular Diseases/epidemiology , Prospective Studies
14.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(2): 117-121, abr.jun.2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-910650

ABSTRACT

As doenças vasculares influenciam a qualidade de vida (QV) e afetam de forma direta o aspecto biopsicossocial dos indivíduos. Sendo assim, a QV é uma importante forma de avaliação das intervenções vasculares. Objetivo: Avaliar a QV em pacientes com doença arterial periférica internados no serviço de cirurgia vascular em um hospital terciário beneficente. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo exploratório, com desenho transversal, em um serviço de cirurgia vascular em um hospital terciário beneficente, no qual pacientes com doença arterial periférica foram avaliados através de dois questionários, sendo um a respeito de qualidade de vida (versão abreviada WHOQOL-Bref) e outro sobre as condições sociodemográficas. Resultados: Foi observado que os domínios físico, meio ambiente e QV total obtiveram os menores escores entre os 127 entrevistados. Além disso, uma análise intragrupo demonstrou que os homens obtiveram pontuação maior em todos os domínios quando comparados às mulheres, com exceção do domínio de relações sociais. Conclusão: As mulheres com doença arterial periférica apresentaram uma menor pontuação em todos os domínios do questionário de QV, exceto no de relações sociais, quando comparadas aos homens.


Vascular diseases have a direct influence on quality of life (QoL) and directly affect patients' biopsychosocial aspects. Quality of life is therefore an important element for evaluation of vascular interventions. Objective: To assess QoL in inpatients with peripheral arterial disease at a vascular surgery service in a charitable tertiary hospital. Methods: This is an exploratory study, with a cross-sectional design, conducted at a vascular surgery service in a charitable tertiary hospital, assessing patients with peripheral arterial disease using two questionnaires, one on quality of life (the WHOQOL-Bref short form) and the other on sociodemographic conditions. Results: It was observed that the physical domain, environment domain and total QoL scores were the lowest for the whole sample of 127 interviewees. Additionally, an intragroup analysis showed that men scored higher in all domains when compared with women, with the exception of the social relationships domain. Conclusions: Women with peripheral arterial disease exhibited lower scores than men in all domains of the QoL questionnaire, except for social relationships.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Peripheral Arterial Disease/diagnostic imaging , Peripheral Vascular Diseases/pathology , Quality of Life , Chronic Disease , Comorbidity , Cross-Sectional Studies
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766054

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study investigated the validity of the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) as a predictor of periodontal disease (PD) over a 12-year period. METHODS: Nationwide representative samples of 149,785 adults aged ≥60 years with PD (International Classification of Disease, 10th revision [ICD-10], K052–K056) were derived from the National Health Insurance Service-Elderly Cohort during 2002–2013. The degree of comorbidity was measured using the CCI (grade 0–6), including 17 diseases weighted on the basis of their association with mortality, and data were analyzed using multivariate Cox proportional-hazards regression in order to investigate the associations of comorbid diseases (CDs) with PD. RESULTS: The multivariate Cox regression analysis with adjustment for sociodemographic factors (sex, age, household income, insurance status, residence area, and health status) and CDs (acute myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, cerebral vascular accident, dementia, pulmonary disease, connective tissue disorders, peptic ulcer, liver disease, diabetes, diabetes complications, paraplegia, renal disease, cancer, metastatic cancer, severe liver disease, and human immunodeficiency virus [HIV]) showed that the CCI in elderly comorbid participants was significantly and positively correlated with the presence of PD (grade 1: hazard ratio [HR], 1.11; P < 0.001; grade ≥2: HR, 1.12, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated that a higher CCI was a significant predictor of greater risk for PD in the South Korean elderly population.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Classification , Cohort Studies , Comorbidity , Connective Tissue , Dementia , Diabetes Complications , Family Characteristics , Heart Failure , HIV , Humans , Insurance Coverage , Liver Diseases , Lung Diseases , Mortality , Myocardial Infarction , National Health Programs , Paraplegia , Peptic Ulcer , Periodontal Diseases , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Risk Factors
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717211

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The objevctive of the present study was to explore the potential influence of blood markers and patient factors such as risk factors, kidney function profile, coagulation profile, lipid profile, body mass index, blood pressure, and vein diameter on the maturation of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) in patients with end-stage renal disease. METHODS: Retrospective data from 300 patients who had undergone AVF creation at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh were examined. A predictive logistic regression model was developed using a backward stepwise procedure. Model performance, discrimination, and calibration were assessed using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and Hosmer–Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test. The final model was externally validated by 100 prospective patients who received a new fistula at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh. RESULTS: A total of 400 (300 retrospective and 100 prospective) patients were recruited for this study, with a mean age of 60.14 ± 15.9 years (development set) and 58 ± 15 years (validation set), respectively (P = 0.208). Study results showed that males were twice as likely to undergo fistula maturation as females, while patients with no evidence of peripheral vascular disease (PVD) were three times more likely to mature their fistula and a preoperative vein diameter > 2.5 mm resulted in a fivefold increase in fistula maturation as compared with a vein size of less than 2.5 mm. The model for fistula maturation had fair discrimination, as indicated by the area under the ROC curve (0.68), but good calibration as indicated by the Hosmer–Lemeshow test (P = 0.79). The area under the receiver operating curve for the validation model in the validation set was 0.59. Similarly, in the validation set, the Hosmer–Lemeshow statistic indicated an agreement between the observed and predicted probabilities of maturation (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Gender, PVD, and vein size are independent predictors of AVF maturation. The clinical utility of these risk categories in the maturation of AVF requires further evaluation in longer follow-up.


Subject(s)
Arteriovenous Fistula , Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , Calibration , Discrimination, Psychological , Female , Fistula , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Kidney , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Logistic Models , Male , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Prospective Studies , Renal Dialysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Veins
17.
Journal of Korean Diabetes ; : 168-174, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-726698

ABSTRACT

Diabetic foot is one of the most significant and serious complications of diabetes, and is defined as the foot of diabetic patients with ulceration, infection and/or destruction of the deep tissues, associated with neurological abnormalities and various degrees of peripheral vascular disease in the lower limb. The most significant risk factors for foot ulceration are diabetic neuropathy, peripheral arterial disease, and consequent traumas of the foot. Most diabetic ulcers can be prevented with good foot care and screening for risk factors for a foot at risk of complications. Active foot examination and foot care education are methods to prevent diabetic foot at a minimum cost. I will focus on the recommendations for diagnosis and treatment of diabetic foot.


Subject(s)
Diabetic Foot , Diabetic Neuropathies , Diagnosis , Education , Foot , Foot Ulcer , Humans , Lower Extremity , Mass Screening , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Risk Factors , Ulcer
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713430

ABSTRACT

Xanthomas are localized lipid deposits within organs that may manifest as papules, plaques, or nodules in skin. They are commonly associated with all types of hyperlipidemia. Xanthoma striatum palmare characterized by xanthomas of the palmar creases is a rare but important diagnostic physical sign of dysbetalipoproteinemia, also known as type III hyperlipoproteinemia. Type III hyperlipoproteinemia is characterized by the early onset of cardiovascular disease and peripheral vascular disease. We describe herein the case of a 51-year-old female patient affected by xanthoma striatum palmare associated with elevated plasma levels of triglycerides and cholesterol and a lipoprotein electrophoresis pattern consistent with type III hyperlipoproteinemia.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Cholesterol , Electrophoresis , Female , Humans , Hyperlipidemias , Hyperlipoproteinemia Type III , Lipoproteins , Middle Aged , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Plasma , Skin , Triglycerides , Xanthomatosis
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739449

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Amputation is commonly performed for toe necrosis secondary to peripheral vascular diseases, such as diabetes mellitus. When amputating a necrotic toe, preservation of the bony structure is important for preventing the collapse of adjacent digits into the amputated space. However, in the popular terminal Syme's amputation technique, partial amputation of the distal phalanx could cause increased tension on the wound margin. Herein, we introduce a new way to resect sufficient bony structure while maintaining the normal length, based on a morphological analysis of the toes. METHODS: Unlike the pulp of the finger in the distal phalanx, the toe has abundant teardrop-shaped pulp tissue. The ratio of the vertical length to the longitudinal length in the distal phalanx was compared between the toes and fingers. Amputation was performed at the proximal interphalangeal joint level. Then, a mobilizable pulp flap was rotated 90° cephalad to replace the distal soft tissue defect. This modified toe fillet flap was performed in 5 patients. RESULTS: The toe pulp was found to have a vertically oriented morphology compared to that of the fingers, enabling length preservation through cephalad rotation. All defects were successfully covered without marginal ischemia. CONCLUSIONS: While conventional toe fillet flap coverage focuses on the principle of length preservation as the first priority, our modified method takes both wound healing and length into account. The fattiest part of the pulp is advanced to the toe tip, providing a cushioning effect and enough length to substitute for phalangeal bone loss. Our modified method led to satisfactory functional and aesthetic outcomes.


Subject(s)
Amputation , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Foot , Fingers , Humans , Ischemia , Joints , Methods , Necrosis , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Surgical Flaps , Toes , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries
20.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 26: e3084, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-978615

ABSTRACT

Objective to compare two compression times of the radial artery after coronary angiography with customized compressive dressing regarding the occurrence of hemostasis and vascular complications. Method a randomized clinical study was carried out in patients undergoing elective transradial coronary angiography in two study groups: (G30), whose compressive dressing was maintained for 30 minutes, and (G60), whose compressive dressing was maintained for 60 minutes, both until the first evaluation of hemostasis. Variables related to patients, procedure, occurrence of hemostasis, and vascular complications were analyzed. Patency of the radial artery was assessed with Doppler vascular ultrasonography, immediately after removing the compressive dressing and 30 days after the procedure. Results the sample consisted of 152 patients in G30 and 151 in G60. Hemostasis was evidenced in the first evaluation in 76.3% of G30 patients and 84.2% of G60 patients (p = 0.063). There were 91 immediate complications, being 53 hematomas and 38 occlusions of the radial artery. We identified 18 late occlusions, 7 (5.5%) in G30 and 11 (8.2%) in G60. Conclusion the different compression times of the radial artery after coronary angiography did not significantly influence the occurrence of hemostasis and vascular complications. Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials (Rebec): RBR-7VJYMJ.


Objetivo comparar dois tempos de compressão da artéria radial pós-cinecoronariografia com curativo compressivo customizado, quanto à ocorrência de hemostasia e de complicações vasculares. Método estudo clínico randomizado realizado em pacientes submetidos a cinecoronariografia eletiva pelo acesso transradial, alocados em dois grupos de estudo: G30, cujo curativo compressivo foi mantido por 30 minutos, e G60, no qual o curativo foi mantido por 60 minutos, ambos até a primeira avaliação de hemostasia. Foram avaliadas variáveis relativas aos pacientes, procedimento, ocorrência de hemostasia e complicações vasculares. A patência da artéria radial foi avaliada com ultrassonografia vascular com Doppler, imediatamente após a retirada da compressão e após 30 dias do procedimento. Resultados a amostra foi composta de 152 pacientes no G30 e 151 no G60. A hemostasia foi evidenciada na primeira avaliação em 76,3% dos pacientes do G30 e em 84,2% do G60 (p=0,063). Ocorreram 91 complicações imediatas, sendo 53 hematomas e 38 oclusões da artéria radial. Foram identificadas 18 oclusões tardias, sendo 7 (5,5%) no G30 e 11 (8,2%) no G60. Conclusão os diferentes tempos de compressão da artéria radial, após cinecoronariografia, não influenciaram significativamente a ocorrência de hemostasia e complicações vasculares. Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos (Rebec): RBR-7VJYMJ.


Objetivo comparar dos tiempos de compresión de la arteria radial, después de cinecoronariografía con curativo compresivo personalizado, referido a la ocurrencia de hemostasia y de complicaciones vasculares. Método estudio clínico aleatorizado realizado en pacientes sometidos a cinecoronariografía electiva por acceso transradial, asignados en dos grupos de estudio: (G30) cuyo curativo compresivo fue mantenido por 30 minutos y (G60) en el cual el curativo fue mantenido por 60 minutos; ambos hasta la primera evaluación de hemostasia. Fueron evaluadas variables relativas a: pacientes, procedimiento, ocurrencia de hemostasia y complicaciones vasculares. La capacidad de mantener desobstruida la arteria radial fue evaluada con ultrasonografia vascular con Doppler, inmediatamente después de la retirada de la compresión y después de 30 días del procedimiento. Resultados la muestra estuvo compuesta por 152 pacientes en el G30 y 151 en el G60. La hemostasia fue evidenciada en la primera evaluación en 76,3% de los pacientes del G30 y en 84,2% del G60 (p=0,063). Ocurrieron 91 complicaciones inmediatas, siendo 53 hematomas y 38 oclusiones de la arteria radial. Fueron identificadas 18 oclusiones tardías, siendo 7(5,5%%) en el G30 y 11(8,2%) en el G60. Conclusión los diferentes tiempos de compresión de la arteria radial después de cinecoronariografía no influenciaron significativamente la ocurrencia de hemostasia y complicaciones vasculares. Registro Brasileño de Ensayos Clínicos (Rebec): RBR-7VJYMJ.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Vascular Diseases/physiopathology , Radial Artery/physiopathology , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Regional Blood Flow/physiology , Peripheral Vascular Diseases
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