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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 90-95, 20211217. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355314

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La fístula enteroatmosférica es una patología compleja que puede ser el resultado de múltiples intervenciones quirúrgicas de la cavidad abdominal. Describimos una nueva técnica para el control de la contaminación en pacientes con fístulas enteroatmosféricas en abdomen abierto Björck 4.Métodos. Se realizó un análisis retrospectivo de cuatro pacientes con fístulas enteroatmosféricas desarrolladas como complicación de procedimientos quirúrgicos abdominales. Se trataron integralmente por un grupo multidisciplinario de Cuidados Intensivos, Cirugía general, Soporte nutricional y Cuidado de heridas y ostomías. Se utilizó una novedosa técnica quirúrgica basada en el principio de capilaridad para mantener limpios los tejidos periostomales. Resultados. Con esta técnica se logró el control de la contaminación abdominal en todos los pacientes y una evo-lución clínica satisfactoria. Posteriormente se programaron para cierre quirúrgico definitivo con éxito. Conclusiones. El manejo de la fístula enteroatmosférica representa un reto para el cirujano y el grupo multidisciplinario que trata al paciente. Esta nueva técnica utilizada en pacientes con fístula enteroatmosférica con abdomen abierto Björck 4 se basa en el principio de capilaridad, y es eficaz en el control de la contaminación, infección y de la sepsis asociada.


Introduction. Enterocutaneous fistula is a complex pathology that can be the result of multiple surgical interventions of the abdominal cavity. We describe a new technique for the control of contamination in patients with enterocutaneous fistulas in the open abdomen Björck 4. Methods. A retrospective analysis of four patients with enterocutaneous fistulas developed as a complication of abdominal surgical procedures was performed. They were treated by a multidisciplinary team of Intensive Care, General Surgery, Nutritional support and Wound and ostomy care. A novel surgical technique based on the capillarity principle was used to keep the periostomies tissues clean. Results. With this technique, control of abdominal contamination was achieved in all patients and a satisfactory clinical evolution. Later they were scheduled for definitive surgical closure with total success. Conclusions. The management of an enterocutaneous fistula represents a challenge for the surgeon and the multidisciplinary group that treats these patients. This new technique used in patients with an enterocutaneous fistula with open abdomen Björck 4 is based on the principle of capillarity action, and is effective in controlling contamination, infection, and associated sepsis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intestinal Fistula , Sepsis , Peritonitis , General Surgery , Capillaries
2.
Infectio ; 25(4): 212-240, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1286716

ABSTRACT

Abstract Intra-abdominal infections are frequent at all levels of health care, therefore, it is necessary to maintain a high level of clinical suspicion, performing the fastest and most cost-effective measures to confirm the diagnosis and offer a precise and targeted multidisciplinary therapy, this being the only way to have an impact on the morbidity of this infection, reducing mortality and minimizing the complications and costs of health care. Intra-abdominal infections are linked to the appearance and selection of resistant mutants in both bacteria and fungi, becoming currently a major public health problem. Increasing bacterial resistance when associated with a greater possibility of difficulties in antimicrobial treatment increases mortality. This evidence-based consensus brings together the recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of intra-abdominal infections in the pediatric and adult population. With strict monitoring of bacterial resistance and stimulating the control of the risk factors that have the greatest impact on the appearance of this phenomenon, this consensus is intended to be a practical guide that is easy to implement, and with periodic updates it will favor and facilitate multidisciplinary and the adequacy of the therapeutic management of intra-abdominal infections.


Resumen Las infecciones intrabdominales son frecuentes en todos los niveles de atención en salud, por ende, es necesario mantener un alto nivel de sospecha clínica, realizando las medidas más rápidas y costoefectivas para confirmar el diagnóstico y así ofrecer de una forma precisa y dirigida la terapéutica multidisciplinaria, siendo esta la única manera de tener impacto en la morbilidad de esta infección, disminuyendo la mortalidad y minimizando las complicaciones y los costos de la atención en salud. Las infecciones intrabdominales se encuentran ligadas a la aparición y selección de las mutantes resistentes tanto en las bacterias como en los hongos, convirtiéndose en la actualidad en una gran problemática en la salud pública. La creciente resistencia bacteriana al asociarse a mayor posibilidad de dificultades en el tratamiento antimicrobiano incrementa la mortalidad. Este consenso basado en la evidencia, reúne las recomendaciones en el diagnóstico y en el tratamiento de las infecciones intrabdominales en la población pediátrica y de adultos. Con un estricto seguimiento de la resistencia bacteriana y estimulando el control de los factores de riesgo que tienen mas impacto en la aparición de este fenómeno, este consenso pretende ser una practica guía de fácil implementación, y con periódicas actualizaciones favorecerá y facilitará el manejo multidisciplinario y la adecuación del manejo terapéutico de las infecciones intrabdominales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adult , Intraabdominal Infections , Peritonitis , Bacteria , Risk Factors , Mortality , Colombia , Sepsis , Delivery of Health Care , Infections , Anti-Bacterial Agents
3.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(3): 344-352, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345307

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a decompensation of cirrhosis with an in-hospital mortality ranging from 20% to 40%. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to analyze if EASL-CLIF definition of acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is able to predict mortality in cirrhotic patients with SBP. METHODS: Historical cohort study conducted in a public tertiary care teaching hospital. Data from medical records from January 2009 to July 2016 were obtained by searching the hospital electronic database for samples of ascites collected in the period. Electronic and physical medical records were analyzed and patients were included if they were over 18-years old, with cirrhosis and an ascites fluid compatible with SBP: 69 patients were included. Liver-specific scores were calculated and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used for univariate analysis and a stepwise approach to the Cox regression for multivariate analysis. RESULTS: All cause mortality was 44%, 56.5% and 74% for 28-, 90- and 365-day, respectively. The prevalence of ACLF was 58%. Of these, 65% grade 1, 17.5% grade 2 and 17.5% grade 3. In multivariate analysis, the use of proton-pump inhi­bitors, alanine transaminase lower than 40 U/L, hemoglobin higher than 9 g/dL, absence of ACLF and lower CLIF-SOFA and MELD scores were independently associated with higher survival for both 28- and 90-day interval. CONCLUSION: The presence of ACLF and higher CLIF-SOFA scores were independently associated with higher 28- and 90-day mortality in cirrhotic patients admitted due to SBP.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A peritonite bacteriana espontânea (PBE) é uma descompensação da cirrose com uma mortalidade intra-hospitalar de 20% a 40%. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo é analisar se a definição de insuficiência hepática crônica agudizada (IHCA) como definido pelo consórcio EASL-CLIF é capaz de predizer mortalidade em pacientes cirróticos com PBE. MÉTODOS: Coorte histórica conduzida em um hospital de ensino público terciário. Foram obtidos dados de prontuários médicos de janeiro de 2009 até julho de 2016, buscando no banco de dados eletrônico do hospital por todas as amostras de ascite coletadas no período. Prontuários eletrônicos e físicos foram analisados e os pacientes com mais de 18 anos com cirrose e líquido de ascite compatível com PBE foram incluídos. Foram incluídos 69 pacientes. Escores específicos para o fígado foram calculados e a análise de sobrevida de Kaplan-Meier foi utilizada para a análise univariada, e uma abordagem progressiva para a regressão logística de Cox foi usada para a análise multivariada. RESULTADOS: A mortalidade por todas as causas foi 44%, 56,5% e 74% para 28-, 90- e 365-dias, respectivamente. A prevalência de IHCA foi de 58%. Desses, 65% grau 1, 17,5% grau 2 e 17,5% grau 3. Na análise multivariada, o uso de inibidores da bomba de prótons, alanina transaminase menor que 40 U/L, hemoglobina acima de 9 g/dL, ausência de IHCA e menores valores dos escores CLIF-SOFA e MELD foram independentemente associados com maior sobrevida para ambos intervalos de 28- e 90-dias. CONCLUSÃO: A presença de IHCA e maiores valores de CLIF-SOFA foram independentemente associados em maior mortalidade para pacientes cirróticos admitidos por PBE no intervalo de 28- e 90-dias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peritonitis , Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure/complications , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Liver Cirrhosis/complications
4.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(3): e1160, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347543

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La ascariasis es una enteroparasitosis con alta prevalencia en la población pediátrica tercermundista, la cual puede asociarse a otras enfermedades intestinales y tener graves complicaciones que requieren tratamiento quirúrgico. Objetivo: Informar el caso de un infante operado por coinfección de ascariasis intestinal y fiebre tifoidea complicadas. Presentación del caso: Paciente masculino de 9 años de edad asistido y operado en el hospital provincial N´gola Kimbanda de la provincia Namibe, Angola, por presentar evidencia clínica de peritonitis aguda generalizada por perforación intestinal de causa tifoidea y por cuyo orificio salían además áscaris lumbricoides vivos. Su evolución no fue satisfactoria y falleció 24 horas después de la operación. Conclusiones: El diagnóstico y tratamiento quirúrgico oportuno de la coinfección letal de ascariasis y fiebre tifoidea complicadas permitirá disminuir la morbilidad y mortalidad por esta prevalente asociación(AU)


Introduction: Ascariasis is an enteroparasitosis with high prevalence in the third-world pediatric population, which can be associated with other bowel diseases and have serious complications that require surgical treatment. Objective: Report the case of an infant operated by the co-infection of complicated intestinal ascariasis and typhoid fever. Case presentation: 9-year-old male patient attended and operated at N'gola Kimbanda Provincial Hospital in Namibe Province, Angola, after presenting clinical evidence of generalized acute peritonitis due to intestinal perforation of typhoid-causing and through which live ascaris lumbricoide also came out. His evolution was unsatisfactory and he died 24 hours after the operation. Conclusions: The timely diagnosis and surgical treatment of lethal co-infection of complicated ascariasis and typhoid fever will reduce morbidity and mortality from this prevalent association(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Peritonitis/etiology , Ascariasis/epidemiology , Ascaris lumbricoides/parasitology , Intestinal Diseases/complications , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Research Report , Coinfection/mortality
5.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(supl.1): 47-51, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251546

ABSTRACT

Resumen La neumatosis quística intestinal se refiere a la presencia de gas dentro de la pared del intestino delgado o grueso, puede ser asintomática y potencialmente mortal cuando se presentan complicaciones. Las causas de esta entidad incluyen enfermedades pulmonares, sistémicas, intestinales, medicamentosas, causas iatrogénicas y traumáticas. Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 35 años de edad sin antecedentes de importancia que consultó por dolor en el hemiabdomen inferior, con un diagnóstico imagenológico de neumatosis quística intestinal, neumoperitoneo y peritonitis, complicación secundaria a esta patología, por lo que se realizó el manejo quirúrgico, laparotomía y resección de segmento colónico, que se analizó histopatológicamente y se confirmó el diagnostico; finalmente, fue dado de alta después de finalizar el tratamiento antibiótico.


Abstract Cystic intestinal pneumatosis refers to the presence of gas within the wall of the small or large intestine. It can be asymptomatic and life-threatening when complications occur. The causes of this entity include pulmonary, systemic, intestinal, drug, iatrogenic and traumatic factors. The following is the case of a 35-year-old man who presented with pain in his lower hemiabdomen and had no previous medical history. Imaging scans showed intestinal cystic pneumatosis and secondary pneumoperitoneum and peritonitis. The patient was taken to laparotomy, and a colonic segment was resected and sent to pathology. The diagnosis was confirmed by a biopsy. The patient was discharged after completing antibiotic treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Peritonitis , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis , Gases , Intestine, Large , Intestine, Small
6.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 487-492, 20210000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254326

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Debido a la pandemia por COVID-19, se decretó el aislamiento social, preventivo y obligatorio. El miedo de asistir al hospital, generado por la pandemia, pudo provocar una demora en la consulta y el retraso en el diagnóstico de pacientes con apendicitis, llevando a complicaciones como perforación, absceso, peritonitis, sepsis y muerte. Métodos. Se realizó un análisis comparativo de los hallazgos quirúrgicos y su desenlace, en los pacientes con diagnóstico de apendicitis, previo a la pandemia y durante ella. Resultados. No se encontró diferencia en el tiempo de la consulta, pero durante la pandemia se observó una diferencia estadísticamente significativa en las características del apéndice. Discusión. Los hallazgos durante la pandemia muestran cuadros de apendicitis aguda más avanzados que antes de la misma, sin impactar en las complicaciones quirúrgicas y postoperatorias


Introduction. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and as social and preventive isolation was mandatory, the fear of going to the hospital generated by the pandemic, could cause a delay in the consultation and delay in the diagnosis of appendicitis, leading to complications such as perforation, abscess, peritonitis, sepsis and death. Method. A comparative analysis of the surgical findings and their outcome was performed in patients with a diagnosis of appendicitis prior to and during the pandemic. Results. No difference was found at the time of consultation, but during the pandemic a statistically significant difference was observed in the characteristics of the appendix. Discussion. The findings during the pandemic show more advanced acute appendicitis than before, without impacting on surgical and postoperative complications


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendicitis , COVID-19 , Peritonitis , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Abdomen, Acute
7.
Medisan ; 25(2)mar.-abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1250357

ABSTRACT

Cuba vive un envejecimiento acelerado y el incremento de intervenciones quirúrgicas en los ancianos es una realidad irrefutable. La peritonitis aguda constituye una infección intrabdominal grave, con morbilidad y mortalidad altas, más aún si el paciente es de edad avanzada. Teniendo en cuenta lo anterior se realizó la presente investigación con el objetivo de diseñar los cuidados especializados de enfermería al anciano con peritonitis aguda, que requieren una operación abdominal de urgencia por esta causa. Dichos cuidados deberán cumplirse durante los períodos preoperatorio, intraoperatorio y posoperatorio. Los tópicos señalados garantizan la calidad asistencial de este grupo poblacional y la necesaria superación del personal de enfermería.


Cuba is living a quick aging and the increment of surgical interventions in the elderly is an irrefutable reality. Acute peritonitis constitutes a serious intrabdominal infection, with high morbidity and mortality, even more if the patient is advanced in years. Taking into account the above-mentioned the present investigation was carried out aimed at designing the nursing specialized cares to the elderly with acute peritonitis that require an abdominal emergency operation due to this cause. This cares will be completed during the preoperative, peroperative and postoperative periods. The topics we have showed guarantee the assistance quality of this population group and the nursing staff necessary training.


Subject(s)
Peritonitis , Aged , Nursing Care , Postoperative Period , Quality of Health Care , Emergencies
8.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(1): e1034, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289372

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La historia de la cirugía del hígado abarca 28 siglos, lo que ha permitido su evolución desde considerar al hígado como un órgano intocable hasta realizar hepatectomías complejas y trasplante hepático. Esta investigación representa el balance de 10 años en la actividad de un grupo de cirugía hepatobiliar. Objetivo: Caracterizar el tratamiento quirúrgico de los tumores hepáticos sólidos en el Centro de Investigaciones Médico-Quirúrgicas entre los años 2009 y 2019. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de tipo observacional, descriptivo, longitudinal y retrospectivo en el que se analizaron 129 pacientes que fueron tributarios de tratamiento quirúrgico. Resultados: Los tumores malignos representaron el 73 por ciento del total, dentro de este grupo se destacan los metastásicos con 50 casos. La morbilidad de esta cirugía fue del 13 por ciento y la mortalidad operatoria del 2 por ciento. La causa de muerte identificada fue el shock séptico por peritonitis generalizada. Conclusiones: Los tumores malignos fueron los más frecuentes. Se presentó una baja morbilidad encontrándose el derrame pleural como la complicación más usual. Existe una mortalidad acorde a los valores reportados para este tipo de cirugía(AU)


Introduction: The history of liver surgery covers twenty-eight centuries, which has allowed its evolution from considering the liver as an untouchable organ to performing complex hepatectomies and hepatic transplantation. This research describes the ten years' balance in the activity developed by a hepatobiliary surgery team. Objective: To characterize the surgical management of solid hepatic tumors in the Center for Medical-Surgical Research between 2009 and 2019. Methods: An observational, descriptive, longitudinal and retrospective study was carried out, for which 129 patients who underwent surgical treatment were analyzed. Results: Malignant tumors accounted for 73 percent of the total; within this group, metastatic tumors stand out, accounting for fifty cases. Morbidity of this surgery type was 13 percent, while operative mortality was 2 percent. The cause of death identified was septic shock due to generalized peritonitis. Conclusions: Malignant tumors were the most frequent. There was low morbidity, with pleural effusion as the most common complication. Mortality is consistent with the values reported for this type of surgery(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Peritonitis/mortality , Shock, Septic/mortality , Liver Transplantation/methods , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver Neoplasms/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
9.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(1): e968, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289370

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las reintervenciones en la cirugía abdominal, son causa de una alta mortalidad en los servicios de cirugía general. Objetivo: Caracterizar morbimortalidad de las reintervenciones de la cirugía abdominal urgente y electiva en el servicio de cirugía general del Hospital Universitario "Manuel Ascunce Domenech". Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo transversal, de los pacientes que requirieron de reintervención quirúrgica abdominal. El universo estuvo conformado por 236 pacientes que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Se utilizaron métodos estadísticos descriptivos y cálculos con valores porcentuales. Resultados: Predominó el grupo de edades de 40-49 años, así como el sexo masculino, con un 25 por ciento y 64,8 por ciento, respectivamente. En cuanto al tiempo en que se realizó la reintervención 72,5 por ciento se realizó luego de las 48 horas. El 88,6 por ciento de los pacientes resolvió la causa que lo originó en la primera reintervención. Las causas más frecuentes fueron la peritonitis generalizada seguida de los abscesos intrabdominales con un 19,5 por ciento y 17,4 por ciento respectivamente. La mortalidad fue de 30,1 por ciento y el tromboembolismo pulmonar la causa directa de muerte en 12,3 por ciento de los casos. Conclusiones: Casi la totalidad de los casos fueron reintervenidos luego de las 48 horas y las dos terceras partes resolvieron en la primera intervención. La peritonitis generalizada y los abscesos intrabdominales fueron la causa de la reintervención en un número importante(AU)


Introduction: Abdominal surgery re-interventions cause high mortality in general surgery services. Objective: To characterize morbidity and mortality of urgent and elective abdominal surgery re-interventions in the general surgery service of Manuel Ascunce Domenech University Hospital. Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive, observational study was carried out with patients who required abdominal surgical re-intervention. The universe consisted of 236 patients who met the inclusion criteria. Descriptive statistical methods and calculations with percentage values were used. Results: There was a predominance of the age group 40-49 years and the male sex, accounting for 25 percent and 64.8 percent, respectively. Regarding time of performance of re-intervention, 72.5 percent was carried out after 48 hours. 88.6 percent of the patients had, in the first re-intervention, a solution for the cause that originated it. The most frequent causes were generalized peritonitis, followed by intraabdominal abscesses, accounting for 19.5 percent and 17.4 percent, respectively. Mortality was 30.1 percent and pulmonary embolism was the direct cause of death in 12.3 percent of cases. Conclusions: Almost all the cases were re-intervened after 48 hours and two thirds had a solution the first re-intervention. Generalized peritonitis and intraabdominal abscesses were the cause of re-intervention, in a significant number(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Peritonitis/etiology , Pulmonary Embolism/mortality , Reoperation/methods , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Abdominal Cavity/surgery , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
10.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(2): 358-365, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247573

ABSTRACT

El adenocarcinoma colorrectal es la tercera causa de muerte por cáncer en mujeres y la cuarta en hombres a nivel mundial. Se diagnostica en su mayoría en pacientes mayores a los 50 años, siendo la edad media al momento del diagnóstico los 72 años. A pesar eso, se estima que en los próximos años aumentará la incidencia en personas jóvenes y de mediana edad. Debido a esta proyección y considerando que la ausencia de signos y síntomas específicos no permite un diagnóstico oportuno, se hacen necesarias la sensibilización clínica y un alto índice de sospecha en las presentaciones atípicas. Se presenta el caso de una paciente joven que consulta por un cuadro de un mes de síntomas respiratorios quien, después de tratamiento antibiótico, antiviral e inmunomodulador sistémico, presenta sepsis de origen abdominal por peritonitis de cuatro cuadrantes secundaria a perforación de colon sigmoide debida a adenocarcinoma bien diferenciado, metastásico a pulmón, que la llevó a la muerte


Colorectal adenocarcinoma is the third leading cause of cancer death in women and the fourth in men worldwide. It is diagnosed mostly in patients older than 50 years, being 72 years the mean age at diagnosis. Despite this, it is estimated that the incidence in young and middle-aged people will increase in the coming years. Due to this projection and considering that the absence of specific signs and symptoms does not allow a timely diagnosis, clinical sensitization and a high index of suspicion are necessary in atypical presentations. We present the case of a young female patient who consulted for a one-month history of respiratory symptoms who, after treatment with antibio-tic, antiviral and systemic immunomodulatory agents, presented sepsis of abdominal origin due to four-quadrant peritonitis secondary to perforation of the sigmoid colon due to adenocarcinoma well differentiated, metastatic to the lung, which led to her death


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms , Neoplasm Metastasis , Peritonitis , Colonic Neoplasms , Young Adult , Intestinal Perforation
11.
Rev. cuba. med ; 59(4): e1346, oct.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144509

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La peritonitis fúngica es una complicación infrecuente pero grave para un paciente en diálisis peritoneal domiciliaria. Objetivo: Describir un caso de peritonitis fúngica en un paciente en diálisis peritoneal continua ambulatoria (DPCA). Métodos: Se presenta un paciente masculino de 53 años de edad, con antecedentes de hipertensión arterial, 9 años en diálisis peritoneal continua ambulatoria, con una desnutrición proteico energética moderada. Durante su tratamiento presentó varios episodios de peritonitis bacterianas, infecciones del orificio de salida y una recolocación de catéter peritoneal con cuff extruido. Se trabajó con sus antecedentes, cuadro clínico, agente etiológico y tratamiento. El diagnóstico se estableció por la presencia de líquido peritoneal turbio, conteo celular con más de 100 leucocitos/ul y cultivo con la presencia del hongo filamentoso. Resultados: En diciembre de 2017 se le diagnostica una peritonitis por fusarium, sin leucocitosis ni anemia, sí presentaba una hipoalbuminemia, se cultiva además pared de la habitación donde el paciente se realizaba los intercambios y se encuentra hongo filamentoso. En principio se comienza tratamiento con vancomicina y ceftacidima, posteriormente se cambia la ceftazidima por amikacina y finalmente, al tener resultado de cultivo y se muestra el patógeno, se inicia tratamiento con itraconazol, lamentablemente el paciente fallece a los 20 días. Conclusiones: Con esta investigación se analizan aspectos clínicos y microbiológicos de la peritonitis por fusarium, los cuales son poco conocidos en diálisis peritoneal domiciliaria(AU)


Introduction: Fungal peritonitis is an infrequent but serious complication for a patient on home peritoneal dialysis. Objective: To describe a case of fungal peritonitis in a patient on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Methods: A 53-year-old male patient is reported, with a history of arterial hypertension, 9 years on continuous outpatient peritoneal dialysis, moderate protein-energy malnutrition. During his treatment, he had several episodes of bacterial peritonitis, exit-site infections, and repositioning of a peritoneal catheter with an extruded cuff. We worked with his antecedents, clinical status, etiological agent and treatment. The diagnosis was established by the presence of cloudy peritoneal fluid, cell count higher than 100 leukocytes / ul, and culture with the presence of the filamentous fungus. Results: In December 2017, he was diagnosed with fusarium peritonitis, with no leukocytosis or anemia, he did present hypoalbuminemia. A culture was performed on the wall of the room where the patient had his exchanges and filamentous fungus was found. Initially, treatment started with vancomycin and ceftazidime, followed by amikacin. Finally, after having a culture showed the pathogen, treatment with itraconazole started. Unfortunately the patient died 20 days later. Conclusions: This research analyzes clinical and microbiological aspects of fusarium peritonitis, which are poorly understood in home peritoneal dialysis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Peritonitis/mortality , Peritoneal Dialysis/adverse effects , Fusariosis/mortality
12.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(4): 450-458, dic. 2020. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288157

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: la pandemia por COVID-19 generó cambios en el manejo de pacientes con todo tipo de patologías. Mostramos la experiencia respecto de los pacientes con apendicitis aguda (AA) operados en un hospital universitario de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires durante los meses de confina miento y su comparación con el mismo período del año 2019 a fin de evaluar las diferencias. Material y métodos: se analizó en forma retrospectiva una base confeccionada de forma prospectiva. Se compararon pacientes operados de AA, consignando los datos respecto del período preoperatorio, comparando datos inherentes a la cirugía y sus resultados en los períodos marzo-julio de 2019 y 2020. Resultados: fueron incluidos 127 pacientes, 46 de ellos operados durante la pandemia. Los pacientes operados durante la pandemia presentaron mayor incidencia de peritonitis (61,7% vs. 76,1%; p: 0,09) y mayor requerimiento de drenaje abdominal (9,9% vs. 23,9%; p: 0,03). También tuvieron mayor in cidencia de complicaciones (10,9 vs. 4,9%; p: 0,21), reoperaciones (8,7 vs. 1,23%, p: 0,03), reinterna ciones (6,5 vs. 0%, p: 0,02) y requerimiento de antibioticoterapia endovenosa prolongada (6,5 vs. 0%; p: 0,02). La estadía hospitalaria fue mayor para la cohorte operada durante la pandemia: 3,24 días (Desvío estándar [D.E.]: 7,31) vs. 1,89 días (D.E: 2,04). Conclusiones: durante la pandemia por COVID-19, el número de pacientes operados por AA disminuyó con respecto al año 2019; se observaron estadios más avanzados de la enfermedad, mayores compli caciones en el posoperatorio y mayor estadía hospitalaria.


ABSTRACT Background: COVID-19 pandemic has generated changes regarding the management of patients with all kind of pathologies. Here we show the experience concerning the surgical treatment of acute appendicitis (AA) in a teaching hospital in the city of Buenos Aires during the lockdown, and its comparison with the same period of 2019 in order to assess the differences between the timing for consultation, intraoperative findings and the treatment outcome. Material and methods: A prospective database was retrospectively analyzed. We compared patients undergoing surgical treatment for AA in March-July of 2019 v. March-July 2020, taking into account the preoperative period and comparing the outcome regarding the surgical intervention and the impact in the postoperative period between the two groups. Results: 127 patients were included, 46 treated during the pandemic. Patients undergoing surgical treatment during the pandemic had a higher incidence of peritonitis (61.7% vs. 76.1%; p = 0.09) and higher requirement of abdominal drainage (9.9% vs. 23.9%; p = 0.03). There was an increase in the incidence of complications (10.9 vs. 4.9%; p: 0.21), reoperations (8.7 vs. 1.23%, p: 0.03), readmissions (6.5 vs. 0%, p: 0.02) and need for out-patient intravenous antibiotics (6.5 vs. 0%; p: 0.02). The average hospital length was of 1.89 (SD 2.04) and 3.24 (SD 7.31) for the groups operated before and during pandemic, respectively. Conclusions: During the COVID-19 pandemic, the number of patients undergoing surgical intervention because of AA decreased compared to the previous year, with increased complications in the postoperative period, higher compromise of the appendix, and longer hospital stay.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Appendectomy/statistics & numerical data , Appendicitis/surgery , COVID-19 , Appendicitis/complications , Peritonitis , Emergency Medical Services/statistics & numerical data , Pandemics
13.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(4): e923, oct.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1149843

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El abdomen agudo es causa frecuente de ingreso hospitalario en pacientes geriátricos. Objetivo: Caracterizar el comportamiento del abdomen agudo quirúrgico en el paciente geriátrico en un servicio de cirugía general. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo longitudinal de corte transversal en 169 pacientes. Los datos procedieron de las historias clínicas del Hospital Universitario "Manuel Ascunce Domenech" de Camagüey, desde enero de 2014 a diciembre de 2016 y se procesaron mediante estadística descriptiva, relacionándose algunas variables de manera no inferencial. Resultados: El 52,2 por ciento de los pacientes eran hombres. El 42,6 por ciento tenía edades entre 60 y 69 años. El 28,9 por ciento presentaron la oclusión intestinal como etiología. Hubo un 39,5 por ciento de complicaciones, el 54,5 por ciento de ellas fueron infecciosas. La mortalidad fue de un 22,5 por ciento. El 26,6 por ciento de los fallecidos presentaba oclusión intestinal. Conclusiones: Casi una décima parte de los pacientes fallecieron, la peritonitis fibropurulenta y el choque séptico fueron las causas más frecuentes de los decesos. La oclusión intestinal como causa de abdomen agudo pareció influir en la mortalidad de la muestra estudiada(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Acute abdomen is a frequent cause of hospital admission in geriatric patients. Objective: To characterize the occurrence of acute surgical abdomen in the geriatric patient in a general surgery service. Methods: An observational, descriptive, longitudinal and cross-sectional study was carried out with 169 patients. The data were obtained from the medical records of Manuel Ascunce Domenech University Hospital in Camagüey, from January 2014 to December 2016, and were processed using descriptive statistics, relating some variables in a noninferential way. Results: 52.2 percent of the patients were men. 42.6 percent were aged between 60 and 69 years. 28.9 percent presented intestinal occlusion as an etiology. There were 39.5 percent of complications, 54.5 percent of which were infectious. Mortality was 22.5 percent. 26.6 percent of the deceased had intestinal obstruction. Conclusions: Almost one tenth of the patients died, with fibrinopurulent peritonitis and septic shock being the most frequent causes of death. Intestinal occlusion as a cause of acute abdomen appeared to influence mortality in the sample studied(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Shock, Septic/mortality , Abdomen, Acute/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Peritonitis/mortality , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Observational Studies as Topic , Intestinal Obstruction/complications
16.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 31(3): 97-103, sept. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128567

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La sigmoidectomía por diverticulitis perforada es una cirugía de urgencia comúnmente realizada por cirujanos generales. Está descripta la correlación positiva entre el volumen del cirujano y los mejores resultados postoperatorios. Sin embargo, existe escasa evidencia de la influencia de la especialización en cirugía colorrectal sobre los resultados de la sigmoidectomía laparoscópica por diverticulitis perforada. Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto de la especialización en cirugía colorrectal en los resultados postoperatorios de la sigmoidectomía laparoscópica por diverticulitis Hinchey III. Diseño: Estudio retrospectivo sobre una base de datos cargada de forma prospectiva. Material y métodos: Se incluyeron pacientes sometidos a sigmoidectomía laparoscópica por diverticulitis perforada Hinchey III. La muestra fue dividida en dos grupos: pacientes operados por un cirujano colorrectal (CC) y aquellos operados por un cirujano general (CG). Las variables demográficas, operatorias y postoperatorias fueron comparadas entre los grupos. El objetivo primario fue determinar si existían diferencias en la proporción de anastomosis primaria, morbilidad y mortalidad a 30 días entre los grupos. Resultados: Se incluyeron 101 pacientes en el análisis; 58 operados por CC y 43 por CG. Los pacientes operados por CC presentaron una mayor proporción de anastomosis primaria (CC: 98,3% vs. CG: 67,4%, p<0,001). Los CG realizaron más estomas (CC: 13,8% vs. CG: 46,5%, p<0,001), presentaron un mayor índice de conversión (CC: 20,6% vs. CG: 39,5%, p=0,03) y una mayor estadía hospitalaria (CC: 6,2 vs. CG: 10,8 días, p<0,001). La morbilidad global (CC: 34,4% vs. CG: 46,5%, p=0.22), dehiscencia anastomótica (CC: 3,5% vs. CG: 6,8%, p=0.48) y la mortalidad (CC: 1,7% vs. CG: 9,3 %, p=0,08) fueron similares entre ambos grupos. Conclusión: La sigmoidectomía laparoscópica de urgencia realizada por CG presenta similar morbilidad y mortalidad postoperatoria que la realizada por CC. Sin embargo, la participación del especialista se asoció a una mayor frecuencia de anastomosis primarias, menos estomas y una estadía hospitalaria más corta.


Background: Sigmoid resection for perforated diverticulitis is one of the most common emergency surgeries and often performed by general surgeons. Relationship between high-volume surgeons and improved postoperative outcomes is well established. However, the influence of colorectal specialization on outcomes after emergency laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for perforated diverticulitis is not well described. Aim: Evaluate the impact of colorectal surgery training on the outcomes after emergency laparoscopic sigmoid resection for Hinchey III diverticulitis. Design: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected database.Method: Patients undergoing emergent laparoscopic sigmoid resection for perforated (Hinchey III) diverticulitis were identified and stratified by involvement of colorectal or general surgeon. This study was conducted from 2000 to 2018 at a teaching hospital. Primary outcome measures were primary anastomosis, postoperative morbidity and mortality.Results: A total of 101 patients were identified; 58 by colorectal and 43 by general surgeons. Patients in the colorectal surgeon group had higher rates of primary anastomosis (CS: 98, 2% vs. GS: 67, 4%, p<0.001). General surgeons performed more ostomies (CS: 13, 8% vs. GS: 46, 5%, p<0.001), had a higher conversion rate (CS: 20, 6% vs. GS: 39, 5%, p=0.03) and longer mean length of hospital stay (CS: 6, 2 vs. GS: 10, 8 days, p<0.001). Overall morbidity (CS: 34, 4% vs. GS: 46, 5%, p=0.22), anastomotic leak rate (CC: 3,5% vs. CG: 6,8%, p=0.48) and mortality (CS: 1, 7% vs. GS: 9,3 %, p=0.08) were similar between groups. Conclusion: Emergency laparoscopic sigmoid resection by general surgeons wasn ́t associated with higher rates of postoperative morbidity, anastomotic leakage or mortality. However, patients operated by colorectal surgeons had higher rates of primary anastomosis, lower rates of ostomy, conversion and shorter length of hospital stay.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Laparoscopy/methods , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Diverticulitis, Colonic/surgery , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Peritonitis/surgery , Peritonitis/complications , Postoperative Complications , Colon, Sigmoid/surgery , Preoperative Care , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods
17.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 31(3): 104-109, sept. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128571

ABSTRACT

Contexto y Antecedentes: LADIES TRIAL es uno de los ensayos más importantes referidos a peritonitis diverticular. A pesar de este y otros ensayos publicados, aún se debate cuáles son los procedimientos adecuados para cada escenario de peritonitis diverticular, haciendo necesaria una revisión profunda de la metodología empleada en los ensayos para validar u objetar sus conclusiones. Objetivos: Analizar la metodología empleada en el diseño, aplicación, análisis de resultados y conclusiones de sus publicaciones. Secundariamente, colaborar en el mejoramiento de la investigación de la peritonitis diverticular y facilitar el análisis del tema por parte de los lectores. Métodos: Se analizaron las partes centrales de toda investigación, desde la pregunta de investigación, elaboración de hipótesis, operacionalización de variables y diseño del ensayo, análisis estadístico de resultados y conclusiones. Se buscaron errores, sesgos y debilidades que pudiesen objetar los hallazgos del estudio. Resultados: LADIES se trató de un estudio randomizado, abierto con análisis de superioridad según intención de tratar modificada en aquellos casos de incumplimiento de los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Su diseño fue en general correcto, aunque en su aplicación se detectaron errores, debilidades y sesgos. En cuanto a resultados LOLA mostró que en Hinchey III el lavado laparoscópico tiene mayor morbimortalidad temprana que la sigmoidectomía, con un tiempo operatorio menor. Por su parte, DIVA mostró que en Hinchey III y IV la anastomosis primaria tiene mayor sobrevida libre de ostomía con menor morbilidad, combinando la cirugía inicial y cierre ostomía, respecto de la operación de Hartmann. Conclusiones: El no haber llegado al tamaño de muestra calculado hizo que solo grandes diferencias consiguieran significancia estadística. Las bajas frecuencias de eventos adversos acentuaron este problema metodológico. La especialización de los centros y cirujanos intervinientes, como la exclusión de pacientes hemodinámicamente inestables o bajo corticoterapia comprometieron su validación externa.


Background: LADIES TRIAL is considered one of the most important trials related to diverticular peritonitis. Its protocol and results were published in 2010, 2015, 2017, and 2019. Despite this one and other published trials, the proper procedures for each diverticular peritonitis scenario are still being debated, a thorough review of the methodology used in this trial is necessary to validate or reject their conclusions. Aim: To analyze the methodology used in the design, application, analysis of results, and conclusions of all LADIES TRIAL publications. Secondly, to collaborate in the improvement of the research about diverticular peritonitis and to facilitate its analysis by the readers. Methods: The central parts of a research trial were analyzed, from the research question, hypothesis development, operationalization of variables and trial design, statistical analysis of results, to conclusions. Errors, biases and weaknesses were searched for to try and challenge the trial's findings. Results: LADIES was a randomized, open-label, superiority trial analyzed according to intention to treat modified in cases of non-compliance with the inclusion-exclusion criteria. Its design was generally correct, although errors, weaknesses, and biases were detected in its application. Regarding results, LOLA showed that, in Hinchey 3, laparoscopic lavage has a higher rate in early morbidity and mortality than sigmoidectomy, but with a shorter operative time. For its part, DIVA showed that, in Hinchey 3 and 4, the primary anastomosis has higher ostomy-free survival with less morbidity, combining the initial surgery and ostomy closure, compared to the Hartmann procedure. Conclusions: Not having reached the sample size calculated in its design implies that only large effect differences achieved statistical significance. The low frequencies of adverse events accentuated this methodological problem. The specialization of the intervening centers and surgeons, the exclusion of hemodynamically unstable patients or patients undergoing steroid therapy, compromised the external validation of their findings.


Subject(s)
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic/methods , Multicenter Studies as Topic/methods , Evaluation of Research Programs and Tools , Peritonitis , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic/statistics & numerical data , Multicenter Studies as Topic/statistics & numerical data , Diverticulitis, Colonic , Intestinal Perforation
18.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(3): 300-308, July-Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134997

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The management of Hinchey III diverticulitis has been subject to investigation over the years. Hartmann's procedure is widely referred as the standard treatment. However, this option is associated with relevant morbidity and mortality which motivated the arise of alternative interventions such as the laparoscopic peritoneal lavage. Aim: The aim of this review is to synthesize the evidence on the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic peritoneal lavage in the management of diverticulitis with generalized purulent peritonitis in comparison to resection procedures. Materials and methods: The bibliographic research was conducted using the electronic database Medline from Pubmed. Of the 358 articles identified, our criterious selection resulted in a total of 27 articles for review. Results: Overall, laparoscopic lavage revealed low mortality rates with no remarkable differences between procedures. The non-randomized studies tended to show lower recurrence and morbidity rates comparatively to the latest RCTs, in the lavage groups, however, no significant differences have been found. Discussion and conclusion: In this review, laparoscopic peritoneal lavage proved to be safe and comparatively effective, although not superior to resection, reaching mixed results. We believe it can be applied as a damage control operation to treat or as a bridge to elective resection. Still, more studies are needed to determine indications and factors for the success of laparoscopic lavage.


Resumo Introdução: O tratamento da diverticulite por Hinchey III tem sido objeto de investigação ao longo dos anos. A operação tipo Hartmann é amplamente referida como o tratamento padrão. No entanto, esta opção está associada à morbilidade e mortalidade relevante, o que motivou o surgimento de intervenções alternativas, como a lavagem peritoneal laparoscópica. Objetivo: O objetivo desta revisão é sintetizar a evidência sobre a segurança e a eficácia da lavagem peritoneal laparoscópica no tratamento da diverticulite com peritonite generalizada purulenta em comparação com os procedimentos de ressecção. Materiais e métodos: A pesquisa bibliográfica foi realizada na base de dados eletrónica Medline da Pubmed. Dos 358 artigos identificados, a nossa seleção criteriosa resultou num total de 27 artigos para revisão. Resultados: No geral, a lavagem laparoscópica revelou baixas taxas de mortalidade sem diferenças significativas entre os procedimentos. Os estudos não randomizados tenderam a mostrar menores taxas de recorrência e morbilidade comparativamente aos últimos ensaios clínicos randomizados, nos grupos submetidos à lavagem, no entanto, nenhuma diferença significativa foi encontrada. Discussão e conclusão: Nesta revisão, a lavagem peritoneal laparoscópica mostrou-se segura e comparativamente eficaz, embora não superior à ressecção, não alcançando resultados constantes. Nós acreditamos que pode ser aplicada como um procedimento de controlo de danos para tratamento ou como ponte para cirurgia eletiva. Ainda assim, são necessários mais estudos para determinar indicações e fatores para o sucesso da lavagem laparoscópica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peritoneal Lavage , Laparoscopy/methods , Diverticulitis/therapy , Peritonitis , Treatment Outcome
19.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(9): 669-676, Sept. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1143419

ABSTRACT

Ingestion of metallic and/or sharp foreign bodies triggers cases of traumatic reticuloperitonitis and its sequelae in cattle. Among these sequelae, we can highlight traumatic reticulosplenitis, that has high mortality, although its frequency in the ruminant medicine is low. Therefore, based on the scarcity of information on this disease, the current study aimed to evaluate the clinical, laboratory, ultrasonographic, and pathological findings of 30 adult cattle diagnosed with traumatic reticulosplenitis. Clinical, ultrasound, and anatomopathological findings were analyzed using descriptive statistics and laboratory data were evaluated using measures of central tendency. Clinically the animals presented dehydration and alterations in behavior, appetite, and ruminal motility. Hematological findings revealed neutrophilic leukocytosis (37077.17±25004.59cell/µL) with regenerative left shift and hyperfibrinogenemia (1130±364.98mg/dL). The ultrasound examination enabled visualization of mobile and echogenic filaments that corresponded to the presence of fibrin adhesions. Displacement of the reticulum and irregularity in its contour, as well as alterations in the quantity, pattern, and amplitude of reticular contractions were also observed. Splenic alterations such as abscesses were found, characterized as circular structures of varying sizes delimited by capsules containing variable echogenicity. Splenic vein thrombosis and spleen folding were also observed. The results obtained in the current study indicated that traumatic reticulosplenitis causes nonspecific clinical signs, severe laboratory alterations and, mainly, that ultrasound is an efficient method for the diagnosis of this disease, since the anatomopathological lesions confirmed the ultrasound findings.(AU)


A ingestão de corpos estranho de origem metálica e/ou pontiagudos desencadeia em bovinos, quadros de Reticuloperitonite Traumática e suas sequelas. Dentre as quais podemos destacar a retículo esplenite traumática cuja letalidade é elevada, embora a mesma apresente uma baixa frequência na clínica de ruminantes. Portanto, baseado na escassez de informações sobre esta enfermidade, este trabalho teve por objetivo avaliar os achados clínicos, laboratoriais, ultrassonográficos e anatomopatológicos de 30 bovinos adultos diagnosticados com retículo esplenite traumática. Os achados clínicos, ultrassonográfico e anatomopatológico foram analisados por meio de estatística descritiva, e os dados laboratoriais foram avaliados utilizando-se as medidas de tendência central. Clinicamente os animais apresentaram desidratação e alterações no comportamento, apetite e na motilidade ruminal. Os achados hematológicos revelaram leucocitose (37077.17±25004.59cell/µL) por neutrofilia com desvio à esquerda regenerativo e hiperfibrinogenemia (1130±364.98mg/dL). O exame ultrassonográfico possibilitou a visualização de filamentos móveis e ecogênicos que corresponderam à presença de aderências fibrinosas, observou-se também, deslocamento do retículo e irregularidade no seu contorno além das alterações na quantidade, padrão e amplitude das contrações reticulares. Permitiu ainda, a constatação de alterações esplênicas como abscessos que foram caracterizados como estruturas circulares de variados tamanhos delimitada por capsula contendo no seu interior conteúdo de ecogenicidade variável. Trombose da veia esplênica e dobramento do baço. Os resultados obtidos nesse trabalho, indicaram que a retículo esplenite traumática causa sinais clínicos inespecíficos, severas alterações laboratoriais e principalmente que a ultrassonografia é um método eficiente para o diagnóstico dessa enfermidade uma vez que as lesões anatomopatológicas confirmaram os achados ultrassonográficos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Peritonitis/veterinary , Peritonitis/diagnostic imaging , Reticulum/injuries , Reticulum/diagnostic imaging , Spleen/diagnostic imaging , Stomach Diseases/veterinary , Stomach Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Foreign-Body Reaction/veterinary , Ultrasonography/veterinary
20.
Medisan ; 24(4): 627-640, jul.-ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1125137

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La albúmina sérica constituye uno de los parámetros utilizados para predecir el riesgo de complicaciones en pacientes intervenidos quirúrgicamente. Objetivo: Evaluar la utilidad de la albúmina sérica como factor pronóstico de fallo múltiple de órganos en pacientes con peritonitis difusa secundaria. Método: Se realizó un estudio observacional, analítico, de cohortes de 54 pacientes con peritonitis difusa secundaria atendidos en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos del Hospital General Universitario Carlos Manuel de Céspedes de Bayamo, de la provincia de Granma, durante el 2016. La variable marcadora del pronóstico fue el fallo múltiple de órganos, que se evaluó con la escala Secuencial Organ Failure Assessment. Resultados: En 37,7 % de los pacientes se desarrolló fallo múltiple de órganos; asimismo, el valor promedio de la albúmina sérica al ingreso (desviación estándar) fue 30,3 g/L (+ 3,4) en pacientes con dicha afectación y 33,2 g/L (+ 4,1) sin esta (p=0,012). El riesgo relativo de fallo múltiple de órganos resultó ser de 1,9 (IC: 95 % 1,1-3,2) con albúmina de 30 g/L o menos. En el análisis multivariado la albúmina sérica constituyó un factor independiente de fallo múltiple de órganos junto al índice de APACHE II; mientras que el área bajo la curva receptor operador presentó un valor de 0,7 cuando se estimó la capacidad discriminativa de la albúmina para predecir la no aparición de fallo múltiple de órganos y de 0,2 para predecir su desarrollo. Conclusiones: La albúmina sérica es útil como factor pronóstico de fallo múltiple de órganos en pacientes con peritonitis difusa secundaria.


Introduction: Seric albumin constitutes one of the parameters used to predict the risk of complications in patients surgically intervened. Objective: To evaluate the utility of seric albumin as prediction factor of multiple failure of organs in patients with secondary diffuse peritonitis. Method: An observational, cohorts analytic study of 54 patients with secondary diffuse peritonitis was carried out, they were assisted in the Intensive Cares Unit of Carlos Manuel de Céspedes University General Hospital in Bayamo, Granma, during 2016. The marker variable of prediction was the multiple failures of organs that was evaluated with the Sequential scale Organ Failure Assessment. Results: In the 37.7 % of patients multiple failure of organs was developed; also, the average value of seric albumin at admission (standard deviation) was 30.3 g/L (+ 3.4) in patients with this disorder and 33.2 g/L (+ 4.1) without this disorder (p=0.012). The relative risk of multiple failure of organs was 1.9 (CI: 95 % 1.1-3.2) with albumin of 30 g/L or less. In the multivariate analysis seric albumin constituted an independent factor of multiple failure of organs along with APACHE II index; while the area under the curve receiving operator presented a value of 0.7 when the discriminative capacity of the albumin was considered to predict if the multiple failure of organs was not present and 0.2 to predict its development. Conclusions: Seric albumin is useful as prediction factor of multiple failure of organs in patients with secondary diffuse peritonitis.


Subject(s)
Peritonitis , Serum Albumin , Multiple Organ Failure , Risk Factors
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