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1.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 31(3): 97-103, sept. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128567

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La sigmoidectomía por diverticulitis perforada es una cirugía de urgencia comúnmente realizada por cirujanos generales. Está descripta la correlación positiva entre el volumen del cirujano y los mejores resultados postoperatorios. Sin embargo, existe escasa evidencia de la influencia de la especialización en cirugía colorrectal sobre los resultados de la sigmoidectomía laparoscópica por diverticulitis perforada. Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto de la especialización en cirugía colorrectal en los resultados postoperatorios de la sigmoidectomía laparoscópica por diverticulitis Hinchey III. Diseño: Estudio retrospectivo sobre una base de datos cargada de forma prospectiva. Material y métodos: Se incluyeron pacientes sometidos a sigmoidectomía laparoscópica por diverticulitis perforada Hinchey III. La muestra fue dividida en dos grupos: pacientes operados por un cirujano colorrectal (CC) y aquellos operados por un cirujano general (CG). Las variables demográficas, operatorias y postoperatorias fueron comparadas entre los grupos. El objetivo primario fue determinar si existían diferencias en la proporción de anastomosis primaria, morbilidad y mortalidad a 30 días entre los grupos. Resultados: Se incluyeron 101 pacientes en el análisis; 58 operados por CC y 43 por CG. Los pacientes operados por CC presentaron una mayor proporción de anastomosis primaria (CC: 98,3% vs. CG: 67,4%, p<0,001). Los CG realizaron más estomas (CC: 13,8% vs. CG: 46,5%, p<0,001), presentaron un mayor índice de conversión (CC: 20,6% vs. CG: 39,5%, p=0,03) y una mayor estadía hospitalaria (CC: 6,2 vs. CG: 10,8 días, p<0,001). La morbilidad global (CC: 34,4% vs. CG: 46,5%, p=0.22), dehiscencia anastomótica (CC: 3,5% vs. CG: 6,8%, p=0.48) y la mortalidad (CC: 1,7% vs. CG: 9,3 %, p=0,08) fueron similares entre ambos grupos. Conclusión: La sigmoidectomía laparoscópica de urgencia realizada por CG presenta similar morbilidad y mortalidad postoperatoria que la realizada por CC. Sin embargo, la participación del especialista se asoció a una mayor frecuencia de anastomosis primarias, menos estomas y una estadía hospitalaria más corta.


Background: Sigmoid resection for perforated diverticulitis is one of the most common emergency surgeries and often performed by general surgeons. Relationship between high-volume surgeons and improved postoperative outcomes is well established. However, the influence of colorectal specialization on outcomes after emergency laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for perforated diverticulitis is not well described. Aim: Evaluate the impact of colorectal surgery training on the outcomes after emergency laparoscopic sigmoid resection for Hinchey III diverticulitis. Design: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected database.Method: Patients undergoing emergent laparoscopic sigmoid resection for perforated (Hinchey III) diverticulitis were identified and stratified by involvement of colorectal or general surgeon. This study was conducted from 2000 to 2018 at a teaching hospital. Primary outcome measures were primary anastomosis, postoperative morbidity and mortality.Results: A total of 101 patients were identified; 58 by colorectal and 43 by general surgeons. Patients in the colorectal surgeon group had higher rates of primary anastomosis (CS: 98, 2% vs. GS: 67, 4%, p<0.001). General surgeons performed more ostomies (CS: 13, 8% vs. GS: 46, 5%, p<0.001), had a higher conversion rate (CS: 20, 6% vs. GS: 39, 5%, p=0.03) and longer mean length of hospital stay (CS: 6, 2 vs. GS: 10, 8 days, p<0.001). Overall morbidity (CS: 34, 4% vs. GS: 46, 5%, p=0.22), anastomotic leak rate (CC: 3,5% vs. CG: 6,8%, p=0.48) and mortality (CS: 1, 7% vs. GS: 9,3 %, p=0.08) were similar between groups. Conclusion: Emergency laparoscopic sigmoid resection by general surgeons wasn ́t associated with higher rates of postoperative morbidity, anastomotic leakage or mortality. However, patients operated by colorectal surgeons had higher rates of primary anastomosis, lower rates of ostomy, conversion and shorter length of hospital stay.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Laparoscopy/methods , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Diverticulitis, Colonic/surgery , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Peritonitis/surgery , Peritonitis/complications , Postoperative Complications , Colon, Sigmoid/surgery , Preoperative Care , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods
2.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(1): 1622-1631, ene.-feb. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1127019

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La peritonitis secundaria es el proceso inflamatorio en la cavidad peritoneal generado por perforación, inflamación o gangrena de una estructura intraabdominal o retroperitoneal Objetivo: determinar las características clínicas y epidemiológicas de los fallecidos por peritonitis secundaria en la unidad de cuidados intensivos del Hospital Provincial Docente Clínico Quirurgico Doctor León Cuervo Rubio desde enero del 2017 a diciembre del 2018. Métodos: se realizó una investigación observacional, descriptiva, transversal para determinar las características clínicas y epidemiológicas de los fallecidos por peritonitis secundaria en la unidad de cuidados intensivos del hospital provincial docente clínico quirúrgico Doctor León Cuervo Rubio desde enero del 2017 hasta diciembre del 2018, universo el total de pacientes quirúrgicos y la muestra los 34 fallecidos por peritonitis secundaria, la fuente utilizada las historias clínicas de cada paciente, los datos se agruparon según variables, las variables cualitativas, la distribución de frecuencias fue en absolutas(numero) y relativas (porcientos). Resultados: los fallecidos son del sexo femenino, de 60 a 79 años, con estadía de 16 a 23 dias, el germen aislado en los cultivos fue la Escherichia coli, el índice de Mannhein fue mayor de 29, la principal complicación quirúrgica el absceso residual y sistémica la respiratoria. Conclusiones: la mortalidad por peritonitis secundaria continúa siendo un problema de salud en las unidades de cuidados intensivos a pesar de contar con todos los medios para su tratamiento y el índice de Mannhein continúa siendo un buen predictor de mortalidad (AU).


SUMMARY Introduction: Secondary peritonitis is the inflammatory process in the peritoneal cavity generated by perforation, inflammation or gangrene of an intra-abdominal or retroperitoneal structure Objective: to determine the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of those killed by secondary peritonitis in the intensive care unit of the Doctor Leon Cuervo Rubio Surgical Clinical Teaching Provincial Hospital from January 2017 to December 2018. Methods: an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional investigation was carried out to determine the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of those killed by secondary peritonitis in the intensive care unit of the provincial surgical clinical teaching hospital Doctor León Cuervo Rubio from January 2017 to December 2018, universe the total of surgical patients and the sample of 34 deaths due to secondary peritonitis, the source used the medical records of each patient, the data were grouped according to variables, qualitative variables, frequency distribution was absolute (number) and relative (percent) ). Results: the deceased are of the female sex, from 60 to 79 years, with a stay of 16 to 23 days, the germ isolated in the cultures was Escherichia coli, the Mannhein index was greater than 29, the main surgical complication the residual abscess and systemic respiratory. Conclusions: Mortality from secondary peritonitis continues to be a health problem in intensive care units despite having all the means to treat it and the Mannhein index continues to be a good predictor of mortality (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Peritonitis/mortality , Intensive Care Units , Patients , Peritonitis/surgery , Peritonitis/complications , Surgical Procedures, Operative/mortality , Medical Records
3.
Med. leg. Costa Rica ; 36(2): 108-114, sep.-dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040451

ABSTRACT

Resumen La diálisis peritoneal es uno de los métodos de reemplazo renal para pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica avanzada. Las infecciones representan la segunda causa de muerte y corresponden a gran morbilidad en este grupo de pacientes. La peritonitis asociada a diálisis peritoneal es una patología prevenible y es la principal complicación de este procedimiento. En la mayoría de ocasiones, la etiología es secundaria a bacterias Gram positivas colonizadoras de la piel, aunque no se puede subestimar la importancia de las bacterias Gram negativas. El diagnóstico se basa tanto en el criterio clínico como microbiológico. El tratamiento corresponde en antibióticos por un periodo de por lo menos dos semanas. Esta revisión de tema permite informar al personal de salud, pacientes y cuidadores sobre esta frecuente complicación con el fin de prevenirla, y en su defecto, un diagnóstico y tratamiento temprano con el fin de reducir la morbimortalidad y las complicaciones de dicho cuadro clínico.


Abstract Peritoneal dialysis is one of the main renal replacement therapies for end-stage renal disease. Infections represent the second leading cause of death and correspond to great morbidity in this group of patients. Peritonitis associated with peritoneal dialysis is a preventable disease, and it is also the main complication of this procedure. Most cases are secondary to Gram-positive bacteria skin colonizers; although the importance of Gram-negative bacteria cannot be underestimated. Diagnosis is based both on clinical and microbiological criteria. Treatment consists on at least a two-week period antibiotic scheme. This topic review allows health care providers, patients and caregivers to be informed about this usual complication in order to prevent it, diagnose it and initiate early treatment with the intention to minimize its morbidity, mortality and complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peritoneal Cavity , Peritonitis/complications , Peritoneal Dialysis , Renal Replacement Therapy , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
4.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(3): e750, jul.-set. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1098977

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La apendicitis aguda es la causa más común de abdomen agudo, que precisa de tratamiento quirúrgico mediante apendicectomía abierta o laparoscópica. La apendicitis del muñón o recurrente, en la que ocurre la inflamación del remanente apendicular, es una complicación tardía infrecuente de la apendicectomía. Objetivo: Identificar las posibles causas de la apendicitis recurrente, así como las medidas relacionadas con su prevención. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión de la literatura actualizada sobre el tema en formato digital, en publicaciones en idioma inglés y español. Conclusiones: La prevención de la apendicitis del muñón se basa en resecar el apéndice a menos de 0,5 cm de su base; los pacientes, con frecuencia, presentan síntomas análogos a los de antes de la primera cirugía, sin embargo, existe un incremento del riesgo de peritonitis y de graves complicaciones debido al retraso diagnóstico y terapéutico; es una causa poco frecuente de dolor abdominal en pacientes apendicectomizados, por lo que se debe guardar una alta sospecha para su diagnóstico precoz y tratamiento oportuno(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Acute appendicitis is the most common cause of acute abdomen, which requires surgical treatment by open or laparoscopic appendectomy. Recurrent appendicitis of the stump, in which inflammation of the appendicular remnant occurs, is an infrequent late complication of appendectomy. Objective: To identify the possible causes of recurrent appendicitis, as well as the measures related to its prevention. Methods: A review of the updated literature on the subject was carried out in digital format, in publications in English and Spanish. Conclusions: Prevention of appendicitis of the stump is based on resecting the appendix less than 0.5 cm from its base; Patients frequently present symptoms similar to those before the first surgery, however, there is an increased risk of peritonitis and serious complications due to delayed diagnosis and therapy; It is a rare cause of abdominal pain in appendectomized patients, so high suspicion should be kept for its early diagnosis and prompt treatment(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendectomy/methods , Appendicitis/diagnosis , Peritonitis/complications , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Review Literature as Topic
5.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(4): 1114-1118, Jul.-Aug. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1020515

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to report the experience of conducting directed temperature control of a post-cardiopulmonary resuscitation patient, with reduced and basic inputs available at the institution. Method: an experience report of directed temperature control in patient (age 15 years), after four hours of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in an Intensive Care Unit of a hospital in São Paulo State countryside in 2016, according to the protocol suggested by the American Heart Association, in 2015. There were applications of cold compresses, plastic bags with crushed ice and rectal temperature control. Results: after eight hours, temperature had reached 93.2 ºF. Body cooling was maintained for 24 hours. However, bags with crushed ice were used in the first 6 hours. Conclusion: conduct of nurses to obtain the body cooling with reduced and basic inputs was effective during the stay at the Intensive Care Unit.


RESUMEN Objetivo: relatar la experiencia de la conducción de control dirigido de la temperatura de una paciente después de la resucitación cardiopulmonar, con insumos reducidos y básicos disponibles en la institución. Método: el informe de experiencia de control direccionado de la temperatura en paciente (edad 15 años), después de cuatro horas de resucitación cardiopulmonar en una Unidad de Terapia Intensiva de un hospital del interior del estado de São Paulo, en el año 2016, conforme protocolo sugerido por la American Heart Association en 2015. Se utilizaron aplicaciones de compresas embebidas en agua helada, bolsas plásticas con hielo triturado y control de la temperatura rectal. Resultados: en ocho horas, la temperatura alcanzó los 34 ºC. El enfriamiento corporal se mantuvo durante 24 horas, sin embargo, las bolsas con hielo triturado se utilizaron en las primeras 6 horas. Conclusión: la conducta de los enfermeros para obtener el enfriamiento corporal con insumos reducidos y básicos, se mostró efectiva durante la permanencia en la Unidad de Terapia Intensiva.


RESUMO Objetivo: relatar a experiência da condução de controle direcionado da temperatura de uma paciente pós ressuscitação cardiopulmonar, com insumos reduzidos e básicos disponíveis na instituição. Método: relato de experiência de controle direcionado da temperatura em paciente (idade 15 anos) após quatro horas de ressuscitação cardiopulmonar em uma unidade de terapia intensiva de um hospital do interior do Estado de São Paulo, no ano de 2016, conforme protocolo sugerido pela American Heart Association 2015. Utilizou-se aplicações de compressas embebidas em água gelada, sacos plásticos com gelo triturado e controle da temperatura retal. Resultados: em oito horas a temperatura atingiu 34ºC. O resfriamento corporal foi mantido por 24 horas, todavia os sacos com gelo triturado foram utilizados nas primeiras 6 horas. Conclusão: a conduta dos enfermeiros para obter o resfriamento corporal com insumos reduzidos e básicos, mostrou-se efetiva durante a permanência na unidade de terapia intensiva.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Peritonitis/complications , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/adverse effects , Hypothermia, Induced/methods , Appendicitis/surgery , Appendicitis/complications , Peritonitis/surgery , Vomiting/etiology , Body Temperature Regulation/physiology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/methods , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/standards , Fever/etiology
6.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(9): 744-752, Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973504

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate cardiac changes in young rats, whose mothers underwent autogenic fecal peritonitis, during organogenesis phase and to evaluate the role of intravenous administration of moxifloxacin and dexamethasone in preventing infection-related cardiac changes. Methods: A prospective histomorphometric study was performed on 29 hearts of Wistar four-month old rats. Animals were divided into three groups: Negative Control Group (NCG) included 9 subjects from healthy mothers; Positive Control Group (PCG) included 10 subjects from mothers with fecal peritonitis (intra-abdominal injection of 10% autogenic fecal suspension in the gestational period) and did not receive any treatment; and Intervention Group (IG), with 10 animals whose infected mothers received moxifloxacin and dexamethasone treatment 24 hours after induction of fecal peritonitis. Results: Nuclear count was higher in the IG group as compared to PCG (p = 0.0016) and in NCG as compared to PCG (p = 0.0380). There was no significant difference in nuclear counts between NCG and IG. Conclusion: Induced autogenic fecal peritonitis in pregnant Wistar rats determined myocardial changes in young rats that could be avoided by the early administration of intravenous moxifloxacin and dexamethasone.


Subject(s)
Animals , Pregnancy , Rats , Peritonitis/drug therapy , Dexamethasone/administration & dosage , Fluoroquinolones/administration & dosage , Myocardium/pathology , Peritonitis/complications , Peritonitis/pathology , Pregnancy Complications , Prospective Studies , Rats, Wistar , Organogenesis , Disease Models, Animal , Moxifloxacin , Heart/drug effects , Animals, Newborn
7.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 38(1): 65-69, Jan.-Mar. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-894015

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Acute appendicitis is the most common surgical disease of the abdomen in clinical practice, affecting mainly young adults. It has a wide variety of clinical presentations, due to the anatomical variation of the cecal appendix. Its presentation as acute scrotum and scrotal abscess is quite rare and atypical, occurring mainly in young male patients with patent processus vaginalis. Case presentation: An 18-years-old male patient attended the emergency unit complaining of diffuse abdominal pain, fever and hyporexia for four days followed by inflammatory signs in the scrotum. He was taken to the operation room after diagnosis of scrotal and abdominal sepsis. During scrotum exploration, pus was found inside the right hemiscrotum coming down from the groin and communicating with the abdominal cavity. The laparotomy found perforated appendicitis and peritonitis leading to the scrotal abscess. The abscess was drained, appendectomy was performed and the scrotal and abdominal cavity were washed with saline solution. Despite postoperative complications such as pneumonia and intra-abdominal abscess, the reported patient recovered and was discharged in the 44th postoperative day. Conclusion: Acute appendicitis can mimic acute scrotum and surgeons must have a high index of suspicion of this complication for diagnosing. This unusual clinical presentation may be challenging and can delay the diagnosis leading to perforated peritonitis.


RESUMO Introdução: A apendicite aguda é a doença cirúrgica mais comum do abdome na prática clínica, afetando principalmente adultos jovens. Tem uma grande variedade de apresentações clínicas, devido à variação anatômica do apêndice cecal. Sua apresentação como escroto agudo e abscesso escrotal é bastante rara e atípica, ocorrendo principalmente em pacientes jovens do sexo masculino com túnica vaginalis patente. Apresentação do caso: um paciente do sexo masculino de 18 anos de idade compareceu à unidade de emergência queixando dor abdominal difusa, febre e hiporexia por quatro dias que se seguiram de sinais inflamatórios no escroto. Ele foi levado para centro cirúrgico após o diagnóstico de sepse de origem escrotal e abdominal. Durante a exploração da bolsa escrotal, secreção purulenta foi encontrada do lado direito oriunda do canal inguinal e comunicando-se com a cavidade abdominal. Durante a laparotomia observou-se sinais de apendicite aguda perfurada e peritonite levando ao abscesso escrotal. O abscesso foi drenado, a apendicectomia foi realizada e as cavidades escrotal e abdominal foram lavadas com solução salina. Apesar de complicações pós-operatórias como pneumonia e abscesso intra-abdominal, o paciente recuperou-se bem, recebendo alta hospitalar no 44° dia pós-operatório. Conclusão: A apendicite aguda pode simular o escroto agudo e os cirurgiões devem ter um alto grau de suspeição dessa complicação para o diagnóstico. Esta apresentação clínica incomum pode ser desafiadora e retardar o diagnóstico levando à peritonite por perfuração.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Appendicitis/diagnosis , Peritonitis/complications , Scrotum/physiopathology , Abdominal Abscess , Appendectomy , Appendicitis/physiopathology , Spermatic Cord Torsion/physiopathology
8.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 83(1): 104-110, feb. 2018. graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-899978

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La peritonitis meconial (PM) corresponde a una inflamación del peritoneo por una reacción química estéril producida por la presencia de meconio, secundaria a una perforación intestinal in útero. Se expone un caso real de PM cuya relevancia está dada por la baja incidencia de esta enfermedad, siendo de aproximadamente 1 caso por cada 30.000 nacidos vivos. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo dar a conocer la presentación clásica de la PM mediante una revisión actualizada de la literatura. Caso clínico: Paciente de 21 años, primigesta, cursando embarazo de 33 + 5 semanas, con antecedentes de hipotiroidismo gestacional, es derivada al servicio de urgencia maternal por hallazgo en ecografía realizada ese mismo día: Ascitis fetal, intestino hiperecogénico, sin alteraciones en eco-Doppler fetal, hospitalizándose a paciente para estudio. Los exámenes de laboratorio, incluidos VIH y VDRL, resultaron negativos y no esclarecían una etiología. Dado hallazgos ecográficos posteriores se logra orientar el diagnóstico hacia una PM, la cual se objetivó una vez interrumpido el embarazo a la semana 38+5. Discusión: La PM representa un desafío para el médico tanto en su diagnóstico como tratamiento, lo cual está dado en parte por su baja incidencia. El caso expone la presentación más clásica de la PM, en la cual se logró establecer la importancia del diagnóstico prenatal y como este influye en el pronóstico y manejo posterior. Existe acuerdo en adoptar una conducta expectante frente a la PM e incluso esperar el inicio del parto espontaneo, si no existen otras contraindicaciones.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Meconial peritonitis (MP) corresponds to an inflammation of the peritoneum due to a sterile chemical reaction produced by the presence of meconium, secondary to a intestinal perforation in utero. We present a real case of MP whose relevance is given by the low incidence of this disease, being approximately 1 case per 30,000 live births. The present work has as objective to present the classic presentation of the MP through an updated literature review. Clinical case: A 21-year-old woman, primigravous, with a pregnancy of 33 + 5 weeks, and a history of gestational hypothyroidism, is referred to the maternal emergency service due to the following finding on ultrasound performed that same day: Fetal ascites, hyperechogenic bowel, without alterations in fetal echo-Doppler. Patient is hospitalized for study. Laboratory tests, including HIV and VDRL, were negative and did not clarify an etiology. Given later sonographic findings, the diagnosis is oriented towards MP, which was observed once the pregnancy was interrupted at week 38 + 5. Discussion: MP represents a challenge for the physician both in diagnosis and treatment, which is partly due to its low incidence. The case presents the most classic presentation of the MP, in which it was possible to establish the importance of prenatal diagnosis and how it influences the prognosis and subsequent management. There is agreement to adopt an expectant behavior towards MP and even wait for the start of spontaneous birth, if there are no other contraindications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Peritonitis/complications , Peritonitis/diagnostic imaging , Prenatal Diagnosis , Ascites/etiology , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Meconium , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color , Abdominal Wall/abnormalities
9.
Acta méd. costarric ; 59(1): 35-37, ene.-mar. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-837720

ABSTRACT

ResumenLa Candida famata es una levadura halotolerante, sobreproductora de vitamina B2, asociada infrecuentemente a infecciones en seres humanos, cuyo uso es común en procesos industriales. En nuestro servicio, se había detectado un único caso en el contexto de mediastinitis con un desenlace mortal. Se carecía de experiencia en cuanto al manejo de la infección por este agente. Posterior a una exhaustiva revisión bibliográfica, se demuestra la ausencia de reportes de infecciones por este agente en el contexto de la peritonitis terciaria. Se reporta el caso de un paciente de 37 años de edad que sufrió una herida de arma blanca en abdomen, y que después de múltiples complicaciones asociadas a este evento, desarrolló una peritonitis terciaria por C. famata; fue tratado satisfactoriamente con caspofungina y un abdomen abierto con terapia de presión negativa e instilación. Se espera que esta experiencia sirva de referente al detectar algún paciente con esta condición en el futuro.


AbstractCandida famata is a halotoleran, vitamin B2 overproducing yeast that is rarely associated with infections in humans, but is commonly utilized in industrial processes. In our service, it had been detected only once before in a patient with mediastinitis. The outcome of that infection was fatal. Not only were we unfamiliar with the management of infection by this agent, but after performing a thorough literary review, we were unable to find published reports of infections by this pathogen as the cause of tertiary peritonitis. We report the case of a 37 year old male who after suffering a stab wound to his abdomen and having multiple complications associated with this event, developed tertiary peritonitis by C. famata, that was treated with casponfungin and an open abdomen utilizing negative pressure wound therapy with instillation which yielded a satisfactory response to the therapy. This report may be of use in the event that clinicians are confronted with this condition in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Candida , Peritonitis/complications , Yeasts
10.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2017. 111 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023270

ABSTRACT

Dentre tantas complicações do diabetes mellitus (DM), a infecção por bactérias comuns da microbiota superficial da pele como, por exemplo, a bactéria Gram-positiva Staphylococcus aureus, causadora de infecções como a peritonite, com altos índices de hospitalização e morte. A hipótese deste trabalho é a que o efeito da insulina na ativação das vias de sinalização MAPK, PKC e PI3K em peritonite induzida por S. aureus em animais diabéticos e não diabéticos possa regular a produção de citocinas. Foram utilizadas amostras de fígado, rim, linfonodos peritoniais e baço de animais oriundos de estudo anterior (Projeto FCF/USP-375), no qual animais diabéticos (aloxana, 42 mg/kg, i.v., 10 dias) e não-diabéticos com peritonite decorrente da infecção por S. aureus receberam uma dose de 4 UI e 1 UI de insulina NPH, respectivamente, por via subcutânea, 2 horas antes da infecção com S. aureus, e outras 3 doses de 2 UI e 0,5 UI às 17h00', respectivamente. A glicemia foi determinada no dia anterior, 10 dias após a injeção de aloxana e após os tratamentos com insulina. Em amostras de fígado, rim, linfonodo e baço dos animais supra citados foram avaliados a dosagem de citocinas (IL-1ß, IL-4, IL-10, TNF-α, CINC-1, CINC-2 e CINC-3) por ensaios de enzima-imunoensaio (ELISA); em homogenato de fígado foram avaliadas a expressão das moléculas das vias MAPK (fosfo P-38, fosfo ERK p42/44), PKC (fosfo PKC-α, fosfo PKC-δ) e PI3K (fosfo-AKT) pelo método de Western Blotting. Na avaliação do fígado, a insulina foi capaz de aumentar a concentração das citocinas IL-4 e TNF-α que apresentavam-se diminuídas em animais não diabéticos, em relação aos animais não diabéticos e não infectados, mas nos animais diabéticos, na infecção pela cepa N315, a insulina diminuiu a concentração de IL-4, que não estava alterada pela infecção, e não foi capaz de aumentar a concentração de IL-1ß que estava diminuída na infecção, em relação aos animais diabéticos e não infectados. Em linfonodos peritoniais de animais não diabéticos infectados pela cepa N315, a insulina diminuiu a produção de IL-1ß e IL-10, que não estavam alteradas na infecção, e diminuiu a concentração de IL-4, que estava aumentada na infecção, em relação aos animais não diabéticos e não infectados; em animais diabéticos, a insulina diminuiu a produção das citocinas IL-1ß e CINC-1, que estavam aumentadas, e aumentou a concentração de IL-10, que estava diminuída na infecção com a cepa N315, mas baixou a concentração de IL-4, em relação aos animais infectados, e na infecção pela cepa ATCC, a insulina aumentou a produção de IL-1ß, CINC-1 e CINC-3 dos animais tratados, em relação aos infectados e não tratados. Em baço, a insulina diminuiu a produção de IL-10 na infecção pela cepa ATCC tanto em animais não diabéticos quanto em animais diabéticos e, nesse último grupo, também aumentou a produção de CINC-3 em relação aos animais diabéticos não infectados; na infecção com a cepa N315, a insulina não aumentou a concentração de IL-1ß e TNF-α, que estavam diminuídas na infecção. Em rim, não houveram alterações significativas na produção de citocinas na infecção com nenhuma das cepas estudadas, nem para os grupos diabéticos, nem para os não diabéticos. Verificou-se que os animais diabéticos apresentam maior alteração tanto nas vias de sinalização estudadas quando na produção de citocinas pró-inflamatórias, quando comparados aos animais não diabéticos, na infecção por ambas as cepas de S. aureus estudadas. Assim, os resultados obtidos sugerem que o tratamento com insulina possa modular parcialmente a produção das citocinas IL-1ß, TNF-α e IL-10 no fígado e nos linfonodos peritoniais dos animais infectados principalmente pela cepa N315 de S.aureus, modulando parcialmente a expressão das moléculas da via de sinalização (MAPK e PKC), envolvidas na produção dessas citocinas


Among so many complications of diabetes mellitus (DM), infection by common bacteria of the superficial microbiota of the skin, for example, a gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus, causing infections like peritonitis, with high rates of hospitalization and death. The hypothesis of this study is that the effect of insulin on the activation of MAPK, PKC and PI3K signaling pathways in peritonitis induced by S. aureus in diabetic and non-diabetic animals may regulate the production of proinflammatory cytokines. Liver, kidney, peritonial lymph nodes and spleen samples of animals from the previous study (FCF / USP-375 Project) were used in this project; diabetic animals (alloxan, 42 mg / kg, iv, 10 days) and non-diabetic animals with peritonitis due to S. aureus infection received one dose of 4 IU and 1 IU of NPH insulin, respectively, subcutaneously, 2 hours before infection with S. aureus, and another 3 doses of 2 IU and 0.5 IU at 5:00 p.m., respectively. Blood glucose was determined the day before, 10 days after alloxan injection and after insulin treatments. In the liver, kidney, lymph node and spleen samples of the above-mentioned animals the cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-4, IL-10, TNF-α, CINC- 2 and CINC-3) by enzyme-immunoassay (ELISA) assays; we avaliated, by Western Blotting, the signaling pathways MAPK (phospho-P-38, phospho ERK p42 / 44), PKC (phospho PKC-α and phospho PKC-δ) and PI3K (phospho AKT) in liver, insulin was able to increase the concentration of cytokines IL-4 and TNF-α that were decreased in non-diabetic animals, in relation to non-diabetic and non-infected animals, but in diabetic animals, in strain N315, insulin decreased the concentration of IL-4, which was not altered by the infection, and was not able to increase the concentration of IL-1ß that was decreased in infection, relative to diabetic and uninfected animals. In peritonial lymph nodes from non-diabetic animals infected with the N315 strain, insulin decreased the production of IL-1ß and IL-10, which were not altered in the infection, and decreased the concentration of IL-4, which was increased in infection, in relation to non-diabetic and non-infected animals; in diabetic animals, insulin decreased IL-1ß and CINC-1 which were increased, and increased the concentration of IL-10, which was decreased in infection with strain N315, but decreased the concentration of IL-4 in Infected animals, and in infection by the ATCC strain, insulin increased the production of IL-1ß, CINC-1 and CINC-3 of treated animals over infected and untreated animals. In spleen, insulin decreased IL-10 production on infection by the ATCC strain in both non-diabetic and diabetic animals and, in this last group, also increased the production of CINC-3 in relation to uninfected diabetic animals; in infection with the N315 strain, insulin did not increased the concentration of IL-1ß and TNF-α, which were decreased in infection. In kidney, there were no significant changes in cytokine production in infection with any of the strains studied, neither for diabetic groups nor for non-diabetics. It was verified that diabetic animals present a greater alteration both in the signaling pathways studied and in the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, when compared to non-diabetic animals, in the infection by both strains of S. aureus studied. Thus, the results suggest that insulin treatment may partially modulate the production of IL-1ß, TNF-α and IL-10 cytokines in the liver and in the peritonial lymph nodes of animals infected mainly with S. aureus strain N315, since they partially modulating the expression of signaling pathway molecules (MAPK and PKC), involved in the production of these cytokines


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Peritonitis/complications , Staphylococcus aureus/immunology , Diabetes Mellitus , Insulin/analysis , Signal Transduction/physiology , Cytokines/pharmacology , Inflammation , Liver/abnormalities
12.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(5): 314-319, May 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-783800

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT PURPOSE : To evaluate the effects of platelet rich plasma (PRP) on the healing of fascia wherein peritonitis has been created. METHODS: Twenty eight Wistar Albino rats were divided into four groups. Only a primary fascial repair following laparotomy was performed on Group 1, a primary fascial repair performed and PRP treatment applied following laparotomy on Group 2, and a fecal peritonitis created following laparotomy and a primary fascial repair carried out on Group 3. A fecal peritonitis was created following laparotomy and primary fascial repair and PRP treatment on the fascia was carried out on Group 4. RESULTS: TNF-α was found to be significantly lower in the control group (Group 1). It was detected at the highest level in the group in which fecal peritonitis was created and PRP applied (Group 4). TGF-β was determined as being significantly higher only in Group 4. Histopathologically, the differences between the groups in terms of cell infiltration and collagen deposition were not found to be significant. CONCLUSION: When platelet rich plasma was given histologically and biochemicaly as wound healing parameters cellular infiltration, collagen accumulation, and tissue hydroxyiproline levels were not increased but neovascularization, fibroblast activation and TNF Alfa levels were increased and PRP accelerated wound healing.


Subject(s)
Animals , Peritonitis/complications , Wound Healing , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Fascia/physiology , Peritonitis/metabolism , Serine Endopeptidases/metabolism , Random Allocation , Transforming Growth Factor beta/analysis , Transforming Growth Factor beta/metabolism , Collagen/drug effects , Collagen/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Gelatinases/metabolism , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Models, Animal , Fascia/blood supply , Hydroxyproline/analysis , Hydroxyproline/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/metabolism
13.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; set. 2015. 161 p. tab, graf, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-834103

ABSTRACT

A nefropatia diabética é uma doença crônica caracterizada por falência renal, que torna necessária a hemodiálise. A diálise peritoneal é uma alternativa para a hemodiálise, porém causa peritonite e morte, principalmente devido à infecção com Staphylococcus aureus, especialmente em pacientes imunodeprimidos, como pacientes diabéticos. Nossa hipótese é que a insulina possa modular a peritonite causada por S. aureus. Para tanto, investigamos sua intervenção, após a indução de diabetes mellitus, na infecção peritoneal por cepas diferentes de S. aureus, analisando os mecanismos moleculares (produção/liberação de citocinas, expressão de moléculas de adesão) e a atividade microbicida dos macrófagos peritoneais envolvidos. Ratos Wistar, machos, diabéticos (aloxana, 42 mg/kg, i.v., 10 dias) e respectivos controles (salina, i.v.) foram submetidos à injeção intraperitoneal de uma suspensão de S. aureus (5x109 CFU/mL) ou volume equivalente de PBS estéril. Os animais foram submetidos a dois tratamentos com insulina NPH: 1) dose única (1UI e 4UI respectivamente, controle e diabético), administrada por via subcutânea; ou, 2) com 4 doses sendo a primeira administrada 2 horas antes da infecção, seguida de metade desta dose às 17 horas e no mesmo horário pelos próximos 2 dias (dose inicial 4UI e 1UI, grupo diabético e grupo controle, respectivamente), passadas 16 horas da última dose de insulina, a glicemia foi determinada e, em seguida, foi realizada eutanásia e coleta de amostras. Avaliamos: a) número de células no lavado peritoneal (LPe), leucograma e glicemia (monitor de glicose); b) níveis séricos de corticosterona e insulina (ELISA); c) concentrações de citocinas (IL-1ß, TNF-α, IL-6, IFN-γ, IL-4, IL-10, IL-12) e quimiocinas (CINC-1, CINC-2, CINC-3) no sobrenadante do LPe (ELISA); d) expressão de moléculas de adesão (P-selectina, PECAM-1, ICAM-1) no endotélio vascular (imunoistoquímica); e) atividade microbicida. Após a infecção com a cepa ATCC 25923, comparados aos não infectados, ratos diabéticos apresentaram aumento no número de leucócitos (350%) e nas concentrações de CINC-1 (1900%), IL-1ß (1300%), IFN-γ (280%), IL-4 (800%). O tratamento destes animais com dose única de insulina diminuiu as concentrações de CINC-1 (17%) e IFN-γ (30%) e o leucócitos (55%); e aumentou a concentração de IL-4 (260%); enquanto o tratamento com 4 doses diminuiu o número de leucócitos (82%) e as concentrações de CINC-1 (96%) e CINC-2 (45%); e, aumentou as concentrações de TNF-α (270%), IFN-γ (220%), IL-1ß (42%), IL-6 (760%) e a expressão de ICAM-1 (1360%); enquanto as concentrações de CINC-3, IL-10 e IL-12 não foram alteradas pelos tratamentos com insulina. Após a infecção com a cepa N315 HLA+, comparados aos não infectados, ratos diabéticos apresentaram aumento do número de leucócitos (200%), nas concentrações de CINC-1 (1000%), IL-4 (860%), IFN-γ (200%) e na expressão de PECAM-1 (800%) e diminuição de CINC-2 (92%). O tratamento destes animais com dose única de insulina diminuiu a concentração de CINC-1 (85%); e aumentou a concentração de CINC-2 (2030%), IL-1ß (370%) e IL-4 (250%); enquanto o tratamento com 4 doses diminuiu a concentração de CINC-1 (92%); e, aumentou número de leucócitos (66%), as concentrações de CINC-2 (100%), IL-1ß (490%), IL-6 (1870%) e IFN-γ (330%), e os outros parâmetros não foram modificados pelos diferentes tratamentos com insulina. Estes dados sugerem que a insulina possa modular a peritonite induzida por cepas diferentes de S. aureus, controlando pelo menos em parte, o infiltrado inflamatório, a produção das citocinas CINC-1, CINC-2, IL-4, IL-6, IFN-γ, TNF-α e IL-1ß; e, consequentemente a expressão P-selectina e PECAM-1 no endotélio vascular do mesentério


Diabetic nephropathy is a chronic disease characterized by kidney failure, so hemodialysis is necessary. Peritoneal dialysis is an alternative to hemodialysis, but causes peritonitis and death primarily due to infection by Staphylococcus aureus, especially in immunocompromised patients, such as diabetics. Our hypothesis is that insulin can modulate peritonitis caused by S. aureus, therefore, we investigated its action, after diabetes induction, in peritoneal infection with different S. aureus strains, analyzing the molecular mechanisms (cytokines production/release, adhesion molecules expression) and the microbicidal activity of peritoneal macrophages involved. Wistar male diabetic (alloxan, 42 mg/kg, iv, 10 days) and their respective controls (saline,iv) were subjected to intraperitoneal injection of S. aureus suspension (5x109CFU/mL) or an equivalent volume of PBS sterile. Animals were submitted to two treatments with NPH insulin administered subcutaneously : single dose (1IU and 4IU respectively , control and diabetic) 8 hours prior to euthanasia ; or 4 doses : first dose 2 hours before infection (4IU and 1IU , diabetic and control group, respectively), then half this dose of 17 pm and in the same time for the next 2 days, after 16 hours of the last dose, blood glucose was determined, and then it was carried out euthanasia and sampling. We evaluated: a) number of cells in peritoneal wash (PW), white blood cell count and blood sugar (glucose monitor) ; b) serum insulin and corticosterone (ELISA); c) concentrations of cytokines (IL-1ß, TNF-α, IL-6, IFN-γ, IL-4, IL-10, IL-12) and chemokines (CINC -1, CINC-2, CINC-3 ) in supernatant of the SBA assay (ELISA); d) expression of adhesion molecules (P- selectin, ICAM-1, PECAM-1) in vascular endothelium ( immunohistochemistry); e) microbicidal activity. After infection with ATCC 25923 strain, compared to uninfected, diabetic rats showed an increase in leukocytes number (350%) and in concentrations of CINC-1 (1900%), IL-1ß (1300%), IFN-γ (280%), IL-4 (800%). Treatment of these animals with a single dose of insulin decreased concentrations of CINC-1 (17%) and IFN-γ (30%) and leukocytes number (55%); and increased IL-4 concentrations (260%); while treatment with 4 doses decreased leukocytes number (82%) and concentrations of CINC-1 (96%) and CINC-2 (45%); and increased concentrations of TNF-α (270%), IFN-γ (220%), IL-1ß (42%), IL-6 (760%) and expression of ICAM-1 (1360%); while the concentrations of CINC-3, IL-10 and IL-12 were not affected by treatments with insulin. After infection with N315 HLA+ strain, compared to uninfected, diabetic rats showed an increase in leukocytes (200%), concentrations of CINC-1 (1000%), IL-4 (860%), IFN-γ (200%) and in the expression of PECAM-1 (800%); and CINC-2 decrease (92%). Treatment of these animals with a single dose of insulin decreased the concentration of CINC-1 (85%); and increased concentrations of CINC-2 (2030%), IL-1ß (370%) and IL-4 (250%); while treatment with 4 doses decreased the concentration of CINC-1 (92%); and increased leukocytes number (66%), concentrations of CINC-2 (100%), IL-1ß (490%), IL-6 (1870%) and IFN-γ (330%), and other parameters were not modified by treatments with insulin. These results suggest that both S. aureus strains activate differently the innate response during peritonitis, and insulin was not always able to modulate this response


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Animals , Diabetes Mellitus/congenital , Infections/complications , Insulin/analysis , Peritonitis/complications , Staphylococcus aureus/cytology , Chemokines/pharmacology , Cytokines/pharmacology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
14.
Acta cir. bras ; 29(10): 681-687, 10/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-725289

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the morphological aspects of brain and eyes in newborn rats whose mother underwent autogenously fecal peritonitis. METHODS: Four pregnant rats that underwent fecal peritonitis, with a 10% fecal suspension in dose of 4 ml per kilogram received two antimicrobial treatments: 1. intraperitoneal moxifloxacin and dexamethazone; and 2. Intravenous meropenem. After head inspection, the brain consistencies and the eyes belonging to all offspring were analyzed. RESULTS: The brains of newborn from rats that received 4 ml/kg of 10% suspension of feces showed, significantly smaller and less than the firm consistency of those in the control group. Congenital cataract was observed in 9 (34.6%). No cataract was observed in the 20 newborn rats from the mothers that received the combination of moxifloxacin and dexamethasone. Cataract could be observed in three (13.6%) offspring from mothers that received meropenem. CONCLUSIONS: Peritonitis can produce brain damage and congenital cataract in rats. The translation to humans is that intra abdominal infection in pregnant women may be associated with damage in brain and eye structures of their concepts. This can be averting using the adequate early therapeutically approach. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Brain Injuries/etiology , Cataract/congenital , Disease Models, Animal , Pregnancy Complications , Peritonitis/complications , Brain Injuries/pathology , Brain/drug effects , Brain/pathology , Cataract/pathology , Prospective Studies , Rats, Wistar , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors
15.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 85(4): 448-454, oct.-dic. 2013.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-697507

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la diálisis peritoneal es la mejor alternativa terapéutica para los niños con enfermedad renal crónica terminal, y en las modalidades de diálisis peritoneal ambulatoria ha permitido el tratamiento fuera del hospital, lo que proporciona un mejor estilo y calidad de vida. No es un método exento de riesgos. Las complicaciones infecciosas relacionadas a la diálisis peritoneal son la causa más importante de morbilidad y es la peritonitis su principal complicación. Objetivo: determinar retrospectivamente la frecuencia y las características de complicaciones infecciosas relacionadas al proceder dialítico. Métodos: nuestro hospital es referente como unidad de diálisis pediátrica del país, así que recibe la mayoría de los niños con enfermedad renal crónica terminal de Cuba. Se revisaron los expedientes clínicos de niños con enfermedad renal crónica terminal en programa de diálisis peritoneal ambulatoria en el Hospital Pediátrico de Centro Habana durante el período 2008-2011. Resultados: se estudiaron 12 pacientes con un promedio de edad de 11 años, 58 por ciento del sexo femenino. Se documentaron 24 episodios infecciosos. Las complicaciones encontradas fueron infección del sitio de salida del catéter, con 62,5 por ciento, peritonitis 33,3 por ciento e infección del túnel submucoso 4,2 por ciento. Predominaron cultivos positivos a bacterias grampositivas (66,7 por ciento). Las bacterias más comunes fueron: Staphylococcus coagulasa positivo (48 por ciento) y Staphylococcus coagulasa negativo (22 por ciento). Otros gérmenes identificados fueron E. coli, Enterobacter spp. y Candida spp., con 8,3 por ciento respectivamente. Conclusiones: la infección del sitio de salida del catéter fue la complicación infecciosa más frecuente en nuestra serie. Las bacterias grampositivas son los gérmenes más comunes que causan infección del sitio de salida y peritonitis en pacientes en diálisis peritoneal ambulatoria


Introduction: peritoneal analysis is the best therapeutic alternative for children suffering terminal chronic renal disease and it has allowed, in the ambulatory peritoneal dialysis variant, providing out of hospital treatment to improve life style and quality. It is not risk-free method since the peritoneal dialysis-related infectious complications are the most important cause of morbidity, being peritonitis the main one. Objective: to retrospectively determine the frequency and the characteristics of dialysis-related infectious complications. Methods: our hospital is a point of reference in the country as pediatric dialysis unit where most of children with terminal chronic renal disease in Cuba are referred to. The medical histories of children with this type of disease, who were included in the ambulatory peritoneal dialysis program of Centro Habana pediatric hospital for the 2008-2011 period, were checked over. Results: twelve patients aged 11 years as average were studied. Fifty eight percent were girls. Twenty four infectious events were documented. The most frequent complications were infection at the outlet site of the catheter (62.5 percent), peritonitis (33.3 percent) and submucous tunnel infection (4.2 percent). Positive cultures to Grampositive bacteria (66.7 percent) were predominant. The most common bacteria were positive Staphylococcus coagulase (48 percent) and negative Staphylococcus coagulase (22 percent). Other germs were E E. coli, Enterobacter spp. and Candida spp, with 8.3 percent, respectively. Conclusions: the most frequent complication was infection at the outlet site of the catheter in our sample. The most common germs were Grampositive bacteria that cause this type of infection and peritonitis in patients under ambulatory peritoneal dialysis treatment


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory/adverse effects , Catheter-Related Infections/prevention & control , Catheter-Related Infections/transmission , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/drug therapy , Peritonitis/complications , Peritonitis/prevention & control , Case Reports
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-118362

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), and white blood cells (WBCs) are inflammatory markers used to diagnose severe bacterial infections. We evaluated the diagnostic role of these markers and compared their accuracy for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) associated with chronic severe hepatitis B (CSHB). METHODS: PCT and CRP concentrations, WBC count, and other hematological parameters were measured in serum from 84 well-characterized patients with CSHB, of whom 42 had SBP. Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis was performed to assess the diagnostic accuracy. RESULTS: PCT and CRP concentrations were significantly higher in the CSHB patients with SBP (n=42) than CSHB patients without SBP (n=42). PCT and CRP concentrations were more accurate than WBC count for the diagnosis of CSHB-associated SBP. The optimal cutoff value of PCT was 0.48 ng/mL. The PCT concentration was significantly correlated with the CRP concentration and WBC count. CONCLUSIONS: Serum PCT and CRP seems to be better markers than WBC for the diagnosis of CSHB patients with SBP.


Subject(s)
Age Factors , Area Under Curve , Bacterial Infections/complications , Biomarkers/blood , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Calcitonin/blood , Female , Hepatitis B, Chronic/complications , Humans , Leukocyte Count , Leukocytes/cytology , Male , Middle Aged , Peritonitis/complications , Protein Precursors/blood , ROC Curve , Sex Factors , Temperature
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25408

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) has been known to greatly influence the survival rate of patients with liver cirrhosis. However, the factors that affect the survival rate in patients with SBP need to be clarified. METHODS: This study enrolled 95 liver cirrhosis patients diagnosed with SBP. The laboratory findings of their serum and ascitic fluid were examined and the characteristics of the isolated microorganisms in their peritoneal fluid were analyzed. RESULTS: The proportion of patients with culture-positive SBP was 41.1%, and 47 microorganisms were isolated from the ascitic fluid. The proportions of cultured bacteria that were Gram negative and Gram positive were 57.4% and 40.4%, respectively. The proportions of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella species, and Streptococcus species were 25.5%, 19.1%, and 19.1%, respectively. Enterococcus species represented 12.8% of the microorganisms cultured. The overall survival rates at 6, 12, and 24 months were 44.5%, 37.4%, and 32.2%, respectively. There was no relationship between the bacterial factors and the survival rate in SBP. Multivariate analysis revealed that the presence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC; P=0.001), higher serum bilirubin levels (> or =3 mg/dL, P=0.002), a prolonged serum prothrombin time (i.e., international normalized ratio >2.3, P1.3 mg/dL, P<0.001), and lower glucose levels in the ascitic fluid (<50 mg/dL, P<0.001) were independent predictive factors of overall survival rate. CONCLUSIONS: HCC, higher serum bilirubin levels, a prolonged serum prothrombin time, renal dysfunction, and lower ascitic glucose levels are associated with higher mortality rates in cirrhotic patients with SBP.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Ascitic Fluid/metabolism , Bilirubin/blood , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/complications , Creatinine/blood , Female , Glucose/analysis , Gram-Negative Bacteria/isolation & purification , Gram-Positive Bacteria/isolation & purification , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Liver Neoplasms/complications , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Odds Ratio , Peritonitis/complications , Prognosis , Prothrombin Time , Survival Rate
19.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2012 Jul-Sept 55(3): 379-380
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-142274

ABSTRACT

Abdominal cocoon or sclerosing encapsulated peritonitis is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction often seen in adolescent girls. We present a case of an abdominal cocoon in a 14-year-old female presenting as a surgical emergency. The patient underwent excision of the involved segment of small bowel along with a part of ascending colon. Gross morphology revealed intestinal coils wrapped within a thick fibrous membrane. Diagnosis of this condition is seldom possible on radiological imaging. Characteristic gross appearance is showcased in our case, to create more awareness of this finding.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Histocytochemistry , Humans , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnosis , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Microscopy , Peritonitis/complications , Peritonitis/diagnosis , Peritonitis/pathology , Peritonitis/surgery , Sclerosis/pathology , Sclerosis/surgery
20.
Acta cir. bras ; 26(6): 433-437, Nov.-Dec. 2011. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-604190

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Evaluate the effects of bromopride on abdominal wall healing of rats with induced peritoneal sepsis after segmental colectomy and colonic anastomosis. METHODS: Forty rats underwent sectioning of the left colon and end-to-end anastomosis and were divided into two groups of 20 animals for the administration of bromopride (bromopride group - B) or saline solution (control group - C). Each group was divided into subgroups of 10 animals each to be killed on the third (GB3 and GC3) or seventh postoperative day (GB7 and GC7). It was analyzed the following characteristics: breaking strength of the abdominal wall's wound; surgical and histopathological features of the abdominal wall; and clinical features of the rats. RESULTS: There was no difference between the groups in relation to the weight of the rats and the breaking strength of the abdominal wall's wound. The GB7 group presented less edema and less quantity of fibrin during histopathological evaluation compared to the GC7 group. CONCLUSION: Bromopride did not have harmful effects on the healing of abdominal wall in rats.


OBJETIVO: Avaliar o efeito da bromoprida, na cicatrização da ferida operatória da parede abdominal de ratos com sepse peritoneal experimentalmente induzida e submetidos a ressecção segmentar e anastomose de cólon esquerdo. MÉTODOS: 40 ratos distribuídos em dois grupos contendo 20 animais, para administração de bromoprida (grupo bromoprida- B) ou solução de NaCl 0,9 por cento (grupo controle - C). Cada grupo foi dividido em subgrupos contendo 10 animais, para eutanásia no terceiro (GB3 e GC3) ou sétimo dia (GB7 e GE7) de pós-operatório. Os ratos foram submetidos à secção do cólon esquerdo e anastomose término-terminal. No dia da eutanásia foram avaliadas as características cirúrgicas da cavidade abdominal e clínicas dos ratos. Foram coletados segmentos da parede para a avaliação histopatológica e de resistência tênsil da ferida operatória. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferenças entre os pesos dos ratos e resistência tênsil da ferida operatória nos dois grupos. Em relação a análise histopatológica, o grupo GB7 apresentou menos edema e menos fibrina que o grupo GC7. Não houve outras diferenças. CONCLUSÃO: A utilização de bromoprida não resultou em distúrbios ou retardo da cicatrização no grupo de ratos submetidos à laparotomia e anastomose término-terminal em condições de sepse peritoneal.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Antiemetics/pharmacology , Metoclopramide/analogs & derivatives , Peritonitis/complications , Sepsis/complications , Wound Healing/drug effects , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Colectomy , Metoclopramide/pharmacology , Peritonitis/physiopathology , Rats, Wistar , Sepsis/physiopathology
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