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1.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(1): e1122, ene.-mar. 2021. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251755

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La incontinencia pigmentaria es un trastorno neuroectodérmico sistémico que en el recién nacido se diagnostica por la presencia de lesiones cutáneas de tipo eritemato-vesiculosas o vesículo-pustulosas, con distribución según las líneas de Blaschko, asociadas a eosinofilia en muestra de sangre. Objetivo: Mostrar que es factible diagnosticar la incontinencia pigmentaria en el período neonatal, aún en casos esporádicos, mediante un adecuado ejercicio del método clínico. Presentación de los casos: Se trata de dos recién nacidas femeninas, nacidas a término, con peso adecuado para la edad gestacional y sin antecedentes pre- y perinatales de interés; la primera de las cuales se presenta al tercer día de nacida con lesiones en piel, de aspecto vesículo-pustuloso, que seguían el recorrido del nervio ciático poplíteo externo. El segundo caso se presenta al 11no día de nacida con lesiones de tipo vesículo-ampulosas, en región externa de los cuatro miembros, con mejoría a los 26 días de vida. En ambos casos se plantea el diagnóstico de incontinencia pigmentaria esporádica. Conclusiones: El diagnóstico de la incontinencia pigmentaria en el período neonatal constituye un reto, el cual es posible asumir si se lleva a cabo un adecuado uso del método clínico, con un minucioso diagnóstico diferencial. Para el diagnóstico, resulta útil establecer consenso a partir de un enfoque multidisciplinario(AU)


Introduction: Pigment incontinence is a systemic neuroectodermal disorder that in the newborn is diagnosed by the presence of skin lesions of erythematous-vesiculosus or vesicle-pustulous type, with distribution according to the Blaschko lines, associated with eosinophilia in the blood sample. Objective: Show that it is feasible to diagnose pigment incontinence in the neonatal period, even in sporadic cases, through proper performance of the clinical method. Presentation of cases: These are two female newborns, born full-term, with a suitable weight for gestational age and without a pre- and perinatal history of interest; the first case occurs on the third day of life, presenting skin lesions, vesicle-pustulous in appearance, which followed the path of the external popliteal sciatic nerve. The second case occurs on the 11th day of life with vesicle-ampulose lesions in the outer region of the four limbs, with improvement at 26 days of life. Diagnosis of sporadic pigment incontinence is stated in both cases. Conclusions: Diagnosing pigment incontinence in the neonatal period is a challenge, which can be assumed if proper use of the clinical method is carried out, with a thorough differential diagnosis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Peroneal Nerve , Sciatic Nerve , Incontinentia Pigmenti , Clinical Diagnosis , Gestational Age
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879355

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the incidence and characteristics of fabella in the Chinese population and its correlation with pain in the posterolateral region of the knee joint and common peroneal nerve palsy.@*METHODS@#Total 732 patients including 405 males(450 knees) and 327 females(383 knees) who underwent unilateral or bilateral knee MR imaging from September 2015 to July 2019 were retrospectively evaluated. The basic information of all patients was extracted from the hospital's his system. The patient's medical records were checked by telephone follow-up or his system, and the number of patients with posterolateral knee pain and common peroneal nerve paralysis were recorded.@*RESULTS@#The overall prevalence of fabella was 48.38%, 23.53% in men and 24.85% in women, there was no significant difference between them (@*CONCLUSION@#The prevalence of fabella us in Chinese population is 48.38%. There is no relationship between the incidence of gastrocnemius and gender, but the incidence of fabella is positively correlated with age, pain in the posterolateral region of the knee joint and the occurrence of common peroneal nerve symptoms.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Knee Joint , Male , Middle Aged , Pain , Peroneal Nerve , Peroneal Neuropathies/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
3.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 26(3): 220-226, jul.-set. 2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039896

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Lesões de nervos periféricos levam a perda funcional elevada no tecido muscular. Assim, muitas pesquisas têm investigado técnicas cirúrgicas, como neurorrafias, e recursos terapêuticos, como eletroestimulação, para melhorar a funcionalidade de um músculo reinervado após lesão periférica. Este estudo tem como objetivo investigar os efeitos da eletroestimulação com corrente russa (2.500Hz, 4ms, 10 seg. de contração por 20 seg. de relaxamento, modulação de 10Hz e 100 Hz) na recuperação funcional após secção e neurorrafia término-lateral do coto distal do nervo fibular comum à face lateral do nervo tibial em ratos. Foram utilizados 25 ratos Wistar, machos, com 80 dias de vida, fornecidos pelo Biotério Central da Universidade Sagrado Coração (Bauru, SP, Brasil). Os animais foram divididos aleatoriamente em cinco grupos: grupo-controle Inicial (GCI), grupo-controle final (GCF), grupo experimental não tratado (GENT), grupo neurorrafia término-lateral com estimulação russa (GNTLER) e grupo-controle desnervado (GCD). A corrente russa foi iniciada cinco dias após neurorrafia e aplicada no músculo tibial cranial do GNTLER, 3 vezes por semana, totalizando 36 sessões. A estimulação elétrica foi eficaz para aumentar a amplitude e diminuir a latência do músculo reinervado, além de aumentar a força muscular em comparação ao GCD. Diante disso, conclui-se que a eletroestimulação de média frequência (corrente russa) foi eficiente na recuperação funcional do músculo tibial cranial após neurorrafia término-lateral do nervo fibular comum.


RESUMEN Las lesiones de los nervios periféricos ocasionan una elevada pérdida funcional en el tejido muscular. De esta manera, en muchos estudios se han investigado técnicas quirúrgicas, como neurorrafias, y recursos terapéuticos, como la electroestimulación, para mejorar la funcionalidad del músculo reinervado tras una lesión periférica. El presente estudio tiene como objetivo investigar los efectos de la electroestimulación con corrente rusa (2.500Hz, 4ms, 10 seg. de contracción por 20 seg. de relajación, modulación de 10Hz y 100Hz) en la recuperación funcional tras la sección y neurorrafia término-lateral del muñón distal del nervio fibular común en la parte lateral del nervio tibial en ratas. Se utilizaron 25 ratas Wistar, machos, con 80 días de vida, proporcionadas por el Biotério Central de la Universidade do Sagrado Coração (Bauru, SP, Brasil). Se dividieron aleatoriamente los animales en cinco grupos: grupo de control inicial (GCI), grupo de control final (GCF), grupo experimental no tratado (GENT), grupo de neurorrafia término-lateral con estimulación rusa (GNTLER) y grupo de control denervado (GCD). La corriente rusa se inició cinco días tras la neurorrafia, siendo que la aplicó al músculo tibial craneal del GNTLER 3 veces a la semana, con un total de 36 sesiones. La estimulación eléctrica se mostró efectiva para aumentar la amplitud y disminuir la latencia del músculo reinervado, además de aumentar la fuerza muscular en comparación con el GCD. Por lo tanto, se concluye que la estimulación eléctrica de frecuencia media (corriente rusa) fue eficaz en la recuperación funcional del músculo tibial craneal tras la neurorrafia término-lateral del nervio fibular común.


ABSTRACT Peripheral nerve injury leads to a high functional loss of muscle tissue. Thus, many studies have investigated surgical techniques, such as neurorraphies, and therapeutic resources, such as electrical stimulation, to improve the functionality of reinnervated muscle after peripheral injury. This study aims to investigate the effects of electrical stimulation with Russian Current (2,500Hz, 4ms, 10:20 sec contraction/relaxation, modulated at 10Hz and 100Hz) in the functional recovery after section and end-to-side neurorrhaphy of the peroneal nerve distal stump common to the lateral face of the tibial nerve in rats. In this study, 25 male Wistar rats with 80 days of life were used, provided by the Universidade Sagrado Coração (USC), Bauru, SP, Brazil. The animals were randomly divided into five groups: Initial Control Group (ICG), Final Control Group (FCG), Untreated Experimental Group (UEG), End-to-Side Neurorrhaphy with Russian Stimulation Group (ENRSG), and Denervated Control Group (DCG). The Russian Current was started 5 days after neurorrhaphy and applied to the cranial tibial muscle of the ENRSG, 3 times a week, totaling 36 sessions. We observed that the electrical stimulation with Russian Current (ENRSG) was effective to increase amplitude (mV) and to decrease the latency (ms) of the reinnervated muscle, besides increasing the muscle strength when compared with the denervated control group. Therefore, we concluded that the average frequency electrical stimulation (Russian current) was efficient in the functional recovery of the cranial tibial muscle after the end-lateral neurorrhaphy of the common fibular nerve.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Peroneal Nerve/physiology , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation/methods , Nerve Regeneration , Rats, Wistar , Electromyography , Muscle Strength , Peripheral Nerve Injuries/surgery
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785415

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To present the branching patterns and anatomical course of the common fibular nerve (CFN) and its relationship with fibular head (FH).METHODS: A total of 21 limbs from 12 fresh cadavers were dissected. The FH width (FH_width), distance between the FH and CFN (FH_CFN), and thickness of the nerve were measured. The ratio of the FH_CFN to FH_width was calculated as follows: < 1, cross type and ≥1, posterior type. Angle between the CFN and vertical line of the lower limb 5 cm proximal to the tip of the FH was measured. Branching patterns of the lateral cutaneous nerve of the calf (LCNC) were classified into four types according to its origin and direction as follows: type 1a, lateral margin of the CFN; type 1b, medial margin of the CFN; type 2, lateral sural cutaneous nerve (LSCN); and type 3, CFN and LSCN.RESULTS: In the cross type (15 cases, 71.4%), the ratio of FH_CFN/FH_width was 0.83 and the angle was 13.0°. In the posterior type (6 cases, 28.6%), the ratio was 1.04 and the angle was 11.0°. In the branching patterns of LCNC, type 2 was the most common (10 cases), followed by types 1a and 1b (both, 5 cases).CONCLUSION: Location of the CFN around the FH might be related to the development of its neuropathy, especially in the cross type of CFN. The LCNC showed various branching patterns and direction, which could be associated with difficulties of electrophysiologic testing.


Subject(s)
Cadaver , Extremities , Fibula , Head , Lower Extremity , Peroneal Nerve
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759563

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the optimal location of local anesthetic injection in the interspace between the popliteal artery and posterior capsule of the knee (iPACK), using the anatomical pattern of the articular branch of tibial nerve (ABTN). We hypothesized that injection at the level of ABTN forming a popliteal plexus would mainly spread throughout the popliteal fossa without contacting the tibial or peroneal nerves. METHODS: The anatomical study included 30 soft cadavers. Ultrasound-guided dye injection was performed in legs of 10 cadavers after identifying the position of the ABTN and surrounding structures, followed by dissection to assess its spread. Clinical study was conducted in 15 patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with ultrasound-guided injection in the iPACK. All patients also received continuous adductor canal block. Sensorimotor function of the tibial and common peroneal nerves was determined. RESULTS: In the distal portion of the popliteal fossa, the tibial nerve and popliteal vessels ran superficially and closely together. The trajectory of ABTN ran lateral to the popliteal vasculature, forming a plexus towards the posterior capsule of the knee below the medial side of the upper edge of lateral femoral condyle. In cadavers, the ABTN and surrounding area of the popliteal plexus were stained with dye after injection. In the clinical study, no patients experienced complete motor or sensory blocks. CONCLUSIONS: We described a modified iPACK technique injection at the level of the ABTN forming the popliteal plexus, and it may constitute an optional anesthetic regimen to promote early ambulation following TKA.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Cadaver , Clinical Study , Early Ambulation , Humans , Knee , Leg , Pain, Postoperative , Peroneal Nerve , Popliteal Artery , Tibial Nerve
6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764837

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This retrospective study reports the intermediate-term clinical outcomes including the practical function in daily and sports activities after total ankle arthroplasty for end-stage rheumatoid arthritis, as well as the effects of modification of perioperative anti-rheumatic medications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve patients were followed for a minimum of 2 years after total ankle replacement for end-stage rheumatoid arthritis. Perioperative anti-rheumatic medications in all patients were modified based on a specific guideline. Clinical evaluations consisted of American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) scores, Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS), and Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) scores. Periodic radiographic evaluation was conducted to detect changes in ankle alignment and postoperative complications. RESULTS: Mean AOFAS, FAOS, and FAAM scores improved significantly from 37.5 to 81.2, 39.1 to 72.4, and 33.8 to 64.0 points at final follow-up, respectively (p<0.001). Functional outcomes in daily and sports activities at final follow-up were found to be 76.5 and 55.8 points for the FAOS and 70.5 and 57.5 points for the FAAM, respectively. As early postoperative complications, there was one case of local wound necrosis, one case of medial malleolar fracture, and one case of deep peroneal nerve injury. Radiological evaluation revealed two cases of asymptomatic heterotopic ossification and one case of progressive arthritis in the talonavicular joint. Reoperation was performed in only one patient (8.3%) with a medial soft tissue impingement at a mean of 35.6 months follow-up. CONCLUSION: Total ankle arthroplasty appears to be an effective surgical option for end-stage rheumatoid arthritis. Practical functions in daily and sports activities were significantly improved at intermediate-term follow-up. Modification of perioperative anti-rheumatic medications can be one of the solutions to reduce the postoperative complication rate.


Subject(s)
Ankle , Arthritis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Arthroplasty , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Ankle , Follow-Up Studies , Foot , Humans , Joints , Necrosis , Ossification, Heterotopic , Peroneal Nerve , Postoperative Complications , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Sports , Wounds and Injuries
7.
Anatomy & Cell Biology ; : 90-92, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738808

ABSTRACT

Tensor fasciae suralis, also known as ischioaponeuroticus is a clinically relevant muscle variant located in the popliteal fossa. Though rare, when present the muscle may arise from any of the hamstrings and gets inserted to the crural fascia of leg or tendocalcaneus and is innervated by the tibial component of sciatic nerve. Here we report a variant of tensor fasciae suralis originated from the lowermost part of linea aspera along with the fibers of short head of biceps femoris in the left lower limb of a male cadaver aged approximately 58 years. The muscle was 16 cm in length and 1 cm breadth in its widest part. It was found inserted to the crural fascia over the lateral head of gastrocnemius and was found innervated by common peroneal nerve. To the best of our knowledge, the tensor fascia suralis muscle originated from linea aspera along with short head of biceps femoris and innervated by common peroneal nerve has not been reported in either cadaveric or imaging studies.


Subject(s)
Cadaver , Fascia , Head , Humans , Leg , Lower Extremity , Male , Peroneal Nerve , Sciatic Nerve
8.
Int. j. morphol ; 36(4): 1447-1452, Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-975721

ABSTRACT

El propósito del presente estudio fue conocer la distribución de los ramos motores del nervio fibular superficial (NFS) y de sus respectivas penetraciones en los músculos fibulares en relación al ápice de la cabeza de la fíbula, dividiendo el compartimiento lateral de la pierna en tres regiones a fin de hacer posible una visión más segura de sus correlaciones clínicas y quirúrgicas. A través de disección, se estudiaron 60 piernas pareadas de 30 cadáveres adultos, de ambos sexos, Brasileños, con edad promedio de 44,9 años, siendo 8 de sexo femenino y 22 del masculino. Después de la disección se registraron las distancias de los puntos de penetración de los ramos del NFS en los músculos fibular largo (mFL) y corto (mFC), localizándolos en los tercios proximal, medio o distal, según fuere el caso. Se observó que el mayor número de ramos penetraron en el mFL a nivel de la parte distal del tercio proximal de la pierna, mientras que en el mFC lo hicieron en las partes proximal y distal del tercio medio de la pierna. Los ramos motores para el mFL penetraban en el vientre muscular entre 48,06 y 141,56 mm, y los ramos para el mFC lo hicieron entre 163,34 y 209,67 mm del origen del nervio. No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas ni entre los lados derecho e izquierdo ni entre genéros. Independiente de las diferencias metodológicas entre los estudios disponibles, el detalle de la distribución nerviosa en este compartimiento, permitirá una mayor precisión en el momento de elegirse un área para colgajo de injerto autólogo y una menor chance de lesiones iatrogénicas durante cirugías de la región.


The purpose of the present study was to know the distribution of the motor branches of the superficial fibular nerve (SFN) and their respective motor points in the fibular muscles in relation to the apex of the head of the fibula, dividing the lateral compartment of the leg in three regions in order to make possible a safer view of your clinical and surgical correlations. Through dissection, 60 paired legs of 30 adult cadavers, of both sexes, Brazilians, with an average age of 44.9 years, 8 being female and 22 male, were studied. After the dissection, the distances of the motor points of the NFS branches in the fibularis longus (FLm) and brevis (FBm) muscles were recorded, locating them in the proximal, middle or distal thirds. It was observed that the largest number of branches penetrated the FLm at the level of the distal part of the proximal third of the leg, while in the FBm they did so in the proximal and distal parts of the middle third of the leg. The motor branches for the FLm penetrated into the muscular belly between 48.06 and 141.56 mm, and the branches for the FBm did between 163.34 and 209.67 mm of the origin of the nerve. There were no statistically significant differences between the right and left sides or between genres. Regardless of the methodological differences between the available studies, the detail of the nervous distribution in this compartment will allow a greater precision at the time of choosing an area for autologous graft flap and a lower chance of iatrogenic injuries during surgeries of the region.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Peroneal Nerve/anatomy & histology , Muscle, Skeletal/innervation , Fibula/innervation , Anatomic Variation , Cadaver , Leg/innervation
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788698

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: In Asians, kneeling and squatting are the postures that are most often induce common peroneal neuropathy. However, we could not identify a compatible compression site of the common peroneal nerve (CPN) during hyper-flexion of knees. To evaluate the course of the CPN at the popliteal area related with compressive neuropathy using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of healthy Koreans.METHODS: 1.5-Tesla knee MRI scans were obtained from enrolled patients and were retrospectively reviewed. The normal populations were divided into two groups according to the anatomical course of the CPN. Type I included subjects with the CPN situated superficial to the lateral gastocnemius muscle (LGCM). Type II included subjects with the CPN between the short head of biceps femoris muscle (SHBFM) and the LGCM. We calculated the thickness of the SHBFM and posterior elongation of this muscle, and the LGCM at the level of femoral condyles. In type II, the length of popliteal tunnel where the CPN passes was measured.RESULTS: The 93 normal subjects were included in this study. The CPN passed through the “popliteal tunnel” formed between the SHBFM and the LGCM in 36 subjects (38.7% type II). The thicknesses of SHBFM and posterior portions of this muscle were statistically significantly increased in type II subjects. The LGCM thickness was comparable in both groups. In 78.8% of the “popliteal tunnel”, a length of 21 mm to < 40 mm was measured.CONCLUSION: In Korean population, the course of the CPN through the “popliteal tunnel” was about 40%, which is higher than the Western results. This anatomical characteristic may be helpful for understanding the mechanism of the CPNe by posture.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Head , Humans , Knee , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Nerve Compression Syndromes , Peroneal Nerve , Peroneal Neuropathies , Posture , Retrospective Studies
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765268

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: In Asians, kneeling and squatting are the postures that are most often induce common peroneal neuropathy. However, we could not identify a compatible compression site of the common peroneal nerve (CPN) during hyper-flexion of knees. To evaluate the course of the CPN at the popliteal area related with compressive neuropathy using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of healthy Koreans. METHODS: 1.5-Tesla knee MRI scans were obtained from enrolled patients and were retrospectively reviewed. The normal populations were divided into two groups according to the anatomical course of the CPN. Type I included subjects with the CPN situated superficial to the lateral gastocnemius muscle (LGCM). Type II included subjects with the CPN between the short head of biceps femoris muscle (SHBFM) and the LGCM. We calculated the thickness of the SHBFM and posterior elongation of this muscle, and the LGCM at the level of femoral condyles. In type II, the length of popliteal tunnel where the CPN passes was measured. RESULTS: The 93 normal subjects were included in this study. The CPN passed through the “popliteal tunnel” formed between the SHBFM and the LGCM in 36 subjects (38.7% type II). The thicknesses of SHBFM and posterior portions of this muscle were statistically significantly increased in type II subjects. The LGCM thickness was comparable in both groups. In 78.8% of the “popliteal tunnel”, a length of 21 mm to < 40 mm was measured. CONCLUSION: In Korean population, the course of the CPN through the “popliteal tunnel” was about 40%, which is higher than the Western results. This anatomical characteristic may be helpful for understanding the mechanism of the CPNe by posture.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Head , Humans , Knee , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Nerve Compression Syndromes , Peroneal Nerve , Peroneal Neuropathies , Posture , Retrospective Studies
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713464

ABSTRACT

Common peroneal nerve (CPN) injury associated with multiple-ligament knee injury is relatively rare. A 38-year-old male presented with left knee pain occurred during ssireum (Korean wrestling). The patient exhibited positive Lachman, grade 3 varus stress, and also positive dial testing at 30°. Sensory loss of some area of left foot and foot drop were observed. Magnetic resonance imaging showed complete anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture and posterolateral corner (PLC) injury. Motor nerve conduction velocity indicated left CPN palsy. ACL and PLC reconstructions were performed 10 days after injury and nerve exploration was done simultaneously. Neurolysis and primary repair were also performed. At 26 months after injury, muscle power of the tibialis anterior and extensor hallucis longus improved to grade 3, and sensation in CPN area recovered to about 60%. There was good stability in injured knee. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report describing CPN palsy with multiple-ligament knee injury during ssireum.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anterior Cruciate Ligament , Foot , Humans , Knee Injuries , Knee , Ligaments , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Neural Conduction , Paralysis , Peroneal Nerve , Rupture , Sensation
12.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 720-725, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739272

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study (level of evidence=3). PURPOSE: We examine the relationship between residual symptoms after discectomy for lumbar disc herniation and peripheral nerve (PN) neuropathy. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Patients may report persistent or recurrent symptoms after lumbar disc herniation surgery; others fail to respond to a variety of treatments. Some PN neuropathies elicit symptoms similar to those of lumbar spine disease. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data for 13 patients treated for persistent (n=2) or recurrent (n=11) low back pain (LBP) and/or leg pain after primary lumbar discectomy. RESULTS: Lumbar re-operation was required for four patients (three with recurrent lumbar disc herniation and one with lumbar canal stenosis). Superior cluneal nerve (SCN) entrapment neuropathy (EN) was noted in 12 patients; SCN block improved the symptoms for eight of these patients. In total, nine patients underwent PN surgery (SCN-EN, n=4; peroneal nerve EN, n=3; tarsal tunnel syndrome, n=1). Their symptoms improved significantly. CONCLUSIONS: Concomitant PN disease should be considered for patients with failed back surgery syndrome manifesting as persistent or recurrent LBP.


Subject(s)
Diskectomy , Failed Back Surgery Syndrome , Humans , Leg , Low Back Pain , Lumbosacral Region , Nerve Compression Syndromes , Peripheral Nerves , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Peroneal Nerve , Retrospective Studies , Spine , Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713559

ABSTRACT

During routine dissection, additional muscular head of extensor digitorum brevis muscle attaching to the third toe and accessory muscle perforated by the branch of the deep peroneal nerve were observed in the right foot of a 71-year-old male cadaver. The additional muscular head originated from the dorsal surface of cuboid bone, and ran parallel with the third tendon of the extensor digitorum brevis muscle. It was conjoined with the third tendon of extensor digitorum brevis at the middle of its course. The accessory muscle was a small muscle which was covered with the muscle belly of the extensor hallucis brevis muscle. It originated from the dorsal surface of the calcaneus, and inserted to the lateral one-third of transverse retinacular band. These two variants were innervated by the branches of deep peroneal nerve. The branches of deep peroneal nerve were compressed under the tendon of extensor hallucis brevis and around the site where the nerve branch perforated the small muscle. The clinical significances of these variations and tendon of extensor hallucis brevis muscle were discussed.


Subject(s)
Aged , Cadaver , Calcaneus , Foot , Head , Humans , Male , Peroneal Nerve , Tarsal Bones , Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome , Tendons , Toes
14.
Acta cir. bras ; 32(9): 697-705, Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886238

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate three different kinds of neurorrhaphy of the peroneal nerve. Methods: Eigthy rats were divided into 5 groups. Control: nerve had no intervention. End-to-end (EE): nerve was cut and elongated with a nerve graft with two end-to-end neurorrhaphies. End-to-side (ES): nerve was cut and sutured to the graft with at the lateral side of the nerve. Side-to-end (SE): the nerve was cut and sutured to the graft with end-to-end neurorrhaphy. Denervated: nerve was cut and both endings were buried into the muscle. The evaluation was done by walking track analysis, electrophysiology, body mass, cranial tibial muscle mass, nerve and muscle fibers morphometry. Results: The EE, ES and SE have the same potential of reinnervation. Conclusion: There is no functional or histological difference between these different types of neurorrhaphy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Peroneal Nerve/surgery , Nerve Regeneration/physiology , Peroneal Nerve/physiology , Rats, Wistar , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-43212

ABSTRACT

There are few reports on the surgical treatment of secondary malignancy arising from an osteochondroma on the lateral side of the proximal tibia. From March 2008 to December 2011, 3 patients were treated for a secondary chondrosarcoma from an osteochondroma of the proximal tibia involving the fibula. The operative procedure can be summed up as follows: (1) resection of the tumor including the fibula; (2) preservation of the peroneal nerve and the fibular head; and (3) arthrodesis of the proximal tibiofibular joint. Serial radiological studies showed successful fusion in the proximal tibiofibular joint in all patients. The Musculoskeletal Tumor Society functional scores were excellent in all 3 patients. No patients showed instability of the ipsilateral knee joint in any direction. All 3 patients could return to sports activities. Until the last follow-up, there was no evidence of disease recurrence. We suggest that the operative procedure described in this article would provide satisfactory oncological and functional outcomes.


Subject(s)
Arthrodesis , Chondrosarcoma , Fibula , Follow-Up Studies , Head , Humans , Joints , Knee Joint , Osteochondroma , Peroneal Nerve , Recurrence , Return to Sport , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Tibia
16.
Anatomy & Cell Biology ; : 171-174, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-50236

ABSTRACT

Retinacula are thickenings of deep fascia in the region of joints that hold down the tendons preventing them from bowing out of position. In the region of ankle, number of such retinacula have been described. Retinacula like superior and inferior extensor retinacula have been described which hold down the tendons of leg muscles passing to the foot beneath them. As the extensor tendons of the leg have more distal attachment to the toes, the present study was conducted to ascertain the presence of any additional retinaculum in the mid-foot region, which would tie down the tendons for their effective action at the distal joints. The aim was also to determine the attachments of the retinaculum, if present as well as the structures passing beneath them. Fifty cadaveric feet were dissected carefully for this purpose. Presence of an additional extensor retinaculum distal to the inferior band of inferior extensor retinaculum in the mid-foot region was found in 22 feet. Besides the extensor tendons, medial terminal branch of deep peroneal nerve and dorsalis pedis artery was found to pass beneath the retinaculum. A partial or complete mid-foot retinaculum existed in the mid-foot region covering the tarsometatarsal joints in about half of study population. Functionally, this retinaculum may prevent bowstringing of the extensor tendons, clinically it may predispose to entrapment of deep peroneal nerve mimicking anterior tarsal tunnel syndrome.


Subject(s)
Ankle , Arteries , Cadaver , Fascia , Foot , Joints , Leg , Muscles , Peroneal Nerve , Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome , Tendons , Toes
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-52114

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Most of the people associated with tailoring occupation in Nepal are still using mechanical sewing machine as an alternative of new technology for tailoring. Common peroneal nerves of both right and left legs are exposed to strenuous and chronic stress exerted by vibration and paddling of mechanical sewing machine. METHODS: The study included 30 healthy male tailors and 30 healthy male individuals. Anthropometric variables as well as cardio respiratory variables were determined for each subject. Standard Nerve Conduction Techniques using constant measured distances were applied to evaluate common peroneal nerve (motor) in both legs of each individual. Data were analyzed and compared between study and control groups using Man Whitney U test setting the significance level p ≤ 0.05. RESULTS: Anthropometric and cardio respiratory variables were not significantly altered between the study and control groups. The Compound muscle action potential (CMAP) latency of common peroneal nerves of both right [(11.29 ± 1.25 vs. 10.03 ± 1.37), P < 0.001] and left [(11.28 ± 1.38 vs. 10.05 ± 1.37), P < 0.01] legs was found to be significantly prolonged in study group as compared to control group. The Amp-CMAP of common peroneal nerves of both right [(4.57 ± 1.21 vs. 6.22 ± 1.72), P < 0.001] and left [(4.31 ± 1.55 vs. 6.25 ± 1.70), P < 0.001] legs was found significantly reduced in study group as compared to control group. Similarly, the motor nerve conduction velocity (MNCV) of common peroneal nerves of both right [(43.72 ± 3.25 vs. 47.49 ± 4.17), P < 0.001] and left [(42.51 ± 3.82 vs. 46.76 ± 4.51), P < 0.001] legs was also found to be significantly reduced in study group in comparison to control group. CONCLUSION: Operating mechanical sewing machine by paddling chronically and arduously could have attributed to abnormal nerve conduction study parameters due to vibration effect of the machine on right and left common peroneal nerves. The results of present study follow the trend towards presymptomatic or asymptomatic neuropathy similar to subclinical neuropathy.


Subject(s)
Action Potentials , Humans , Leg , Male , Nepal , Neural Conduction , Occupations , Peroneal Nerve , Vibration
18.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 99-104, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-170770

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PURPOSE: This study was to investigate interside asymmetries of three lower extremity somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) in anesthetized patients with unilateral lumbosacral radiculopathy. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Although interside asymmetry is an established criterion of abnormal SSEP, little is known which of the lower SSEPs is more sensitive in detecting interside asymmetry in anesthetized patients. METHODS: Superficial peroneal nerve SSEP (SPN-SSEP), posterior tibial nerve SSEP (PTN-SSEP), and sural nerve SSEP were obtained in 31 lumbosacral surgery patients with unilateral lumbosacral radiculopathy, and compared with a group of 22 control subjects. RESULTS: The lumbosacral group showed significant larger interside asymmetry ratios of P37 latencies in SPN-SSEP and PTN-SSEP, and significant larger interside asymmetry ratio of P37-N45 amplitude in SPN-SSEP, when comparing with the control group. Within the lumbosacral group but not the control group, SPN-SSEP displayed significant larger interside asymmetry ratio in P37 latency. When referencing to the control group, more patients in the lumbosacral group displayed abnormal interside SPN-SSEP latency asymmetries which corroborated the symptom laterality. CONCLUSIONS: The data suggested that SPN-SSEP was more sensitive in detecting interside latency asymmetry in anesthetized patients.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Evoked Potentials, Somatosensory , Humans , Lower Extremity , Peroneal Nerve , Prospective Studies , Radiculopathy , Sural Nerve , Tibial Nerve
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788612

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Vincristine is an antimitotic agent used for treatment of leukemia, lymphomas, and cancers. Its main side effect is a dose-related, length-dependent axonal neuropathy.METHODS: We performed electrodiagnostic examinations in 18 children who had been treated with vincristine and who presented with the clinical picture of a peripheral neuropathy.RESULTS: The mean cumulative dose of vincristine was 37.7±26.5 mg/m². Electrodiagnostic examination showed an axonal neuropathy with a length-dependent pattern. All patients showed motor nerve abnormalities and sensory nerve abnormalities were observed in 13 patients (72.2%). The number of affected nerves was 2.67±1.1 (mean±SD) of four motor nerves and 1.5±1.4 of four sensory nerves. The mean reduction of the compound muscle action potential amplitude was 70.9±42.2% in the median nerve and 23.7±20.8% in the peroneal nerve compared to normal value. However, the mean change in the sensory nerve action potential amplitude was 139.9±78.5% in the median nerve and 246.9±169.7% in the superficial peroneal nerve. There was statistically significant difference between amplitude reduction of the compound muscle action potential and sensory nerve action potential.CONCLUSION: The quantitative analysis of electrophysiological motor predominance described differs from the mainly sensory neuropathy reported in adults. Incomplete myelination in motor nerve due to young age may have resulted in greater sensitivity of some nerves to neurotoxic agents.


Subject(s)
Action Potentials , Adult , Axons , Child , Drug Therapy , Humans , Leukemia , Lymphoma , Median Nerve , Myelin Sheath , Pediatrics , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Peroneal Nerve , Polyneuropathies , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Reference Values , Vincristine
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-646766

ABSTRACT

Macrodystrophia lipomatosa is a congenital disease characterized by gradual proliferation in the mesenchymal cell, such as fibroadipose tissue. Pathologically, fatty tissue is deposited in the nerve sheath, periosteum, bone marrow, and subcutaneous tissue, contributing to the macrodactyly of the foot. To date, there has not been any report on macrodystrophia lipomatosa of the superficial peroneal nerve in the Korean orthopedic literature. Conservative approach, such as decompression or debulking surgery, is recommended due to neurogenic dysfunction. However, we report a 43-year-old male with macrodystrophia lipomatosa involving the superficial peroneal nerve of the right foot and ankle, who underwent a second toe ray amputation as well as soft tissue and nerve resection.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Adult , Amputation , Ankle , Bone Marrow , Decompression , Foot , Humans , Male , Orthopedics , Periosteum , Peroneal Nerve , Subcutaneous Tissue , Toes
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