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1.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 43: 1-7, Jan. 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087520

ABSTRACT

Background: Textile industry not only plays a vital role in our daily life but also a prominent factor in improving global economy. One of the environmental concern is it releases huge quantities of toxic dyes in the water leading to severe environmental pollution. Bacterial laccase and azoreductase successfully oxidize complex chemical structure of nitrogen group-containing azo dyes. Additionally, the presence of textile dye infuriates bacterial peroxidase to act as a dye degrading enzyme. Our present study deals with three textile dye degrading enzymes laccase, azoreductase, and peroxidase through analyzing their structural and functional properties using standard computational tools. Result: According to the comparative analysis of physicochemical characteristics, it was clear that laccase was mostly made up of basic amino acids whereas azoreductase and peroxidase both comprised of acidic amino acids. Higher aliphatic index ascertained the thermostability of all these three enzymes. Negative GRAVY value of the enzymes confirmed better water interaction of the enzymes. Instability index depicted that compared to laccase and preoxidase, azoreductase was more stable in nature. It was also observed that the three model proteins had more than 90% of total amino acids in the favored region of Ramachandran plot. Functional analysis revealed laccase as multicopper oxidase type enzyme and azoreductase as FMN dependent enzyme, while peroxidase consisted of α-ß barrel with additional haem group. Conclusion: Present study aims to provide knowledge on industrial dye degrading enzymes, choosing the suitable enzyme for industrial set up and to help in understanding the experimental laboratory requirements as well.


Subject(s)
Azo Compounds/metabolism , Peroxidase/chemistry , Laccase/chemistry , NADH, NADPH Oxidoreductases/chemistry , Temperature , Azo Compounds/chemistry , Textile Industry , Biodegradation, Environmental , Computer Simulation , Enzyme Stability , Peroxidase/metabolism , Lactase/metabolism , Coloring Agents/metabolism , NADH, NADPH Oxidoreductases/metabolism
2.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180453, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1012522

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study was designed for the chemical activation of a 35% hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) bleaching gel to increase its whitening effectiveness and reduce its toxicity. Methodology First, the bleaching gel - associated or not with ferrous sulfate (FS), manganese chloride (MC), peroxidase (PR), or catalase (CT) - was applied (3x 15 min) to enamel/dentin discs adapted to artificial pulp chambers. Then, odontoblast-like MDPC-23 cells were exposed for 1 h to the extracts (culture medium + components released from the product), for the assessment of viability (MTT assay) and oxidative stress (H2DCFDA). Residual H2O2 and bleaching effectiveness (DE) were also evaluated. Data were analyzed with one-way ANOVA complemented with Tukey's test (n=8. p<0.05). Results All chemically activated groups minimized MDPC-23 oxidative stress generation; however, significantly higher cell viability was detected for MC, PR, and CT than for plain 35% H2O2 gel. Nevertheless, FS, MC, PR, and CT reduced the amount of residual H2O2 and increased bleaching effectiveness. Conclusion Chemical activation of 35% H2O2 gel with MC, PR, and CT minimized residual H2O2 and pulp cell toxicity; but PR duplicated the whitening potential of the bleaching gel after a single 45-minute session.


Subject(s)
Tooth Bleaching/methods , Tooth Bleaching Agents/toxicity , Tooth Bleaching Agents/chemistry , Hydrogen Peroxide/toxicity , Hydrogen Peroxide/chemistry , Reference Values , Time Factors , Ferrous Compounds/chemistry , Catalase/chemistry , Cell Survival , Cells, Cultured , Chlorides/chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Manganese Compounds/chemistry , Color , Peroxidase/chemistry , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Pulp/chemistry , Dental Pulp/diagnostic imaging , Dentin/drug effects , Dentin/chemistry , Odontoblasts/drug effects
3.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2010 Aug; 47(4): 219-226
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-135269

ABSTRACT

The inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an idiopathic, immune-mediated and chronic intestinal condition. In the present study, the effect of Serarud (IMOD®), a novel natural drug with known immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties was investigated in experimental colitis in rats and compared with the dexamethasone and infliximab. Immunologic colitis was induced by intracolonic administration of a mixture of trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) and absolute ethanol in male Wistar rats. Animals were divided into 6 groups of sham (normal group), control (vehicle-treated), positive control (dexamethasone 1 mg/kg/day given orally and infliximab 5 mg/kg/day given subcutaneously) and 3 Setarud-treated groups (13.3, 20, 30 mg/kg/day given intraperitoneally). The treatment continued for 14 consecutive days and then animals were decapitated on the day 15 and distal colons were removed for macroscopic, microscopic, and biochemical assays. Biochemical markers, including TNF-, IL-1, ferric reducing/antioxidant power (FRAP), myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and thiobarbitoric acid-reactive substance (TBARS) were measured in the homogenate of colonic tissue. A remarkable reduction in macroscopic and histological damage scores was observed in the animals treated with Setarud. These findings were confirmed by decreased levels of TNF-, interleukin-1, MPO activity and TBARS, and raised levels of FRAP in the colon tissue. These observations confirmed the immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of Setarud in experimental colitis, which was comparable to those of dexamethasone and infliximab.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Antibodies, Monoclonal/pharmacology , Antioxidants/chemistry , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Dexamethasone/pharmacology , Humans , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Male , Oxidative Stress , Peroxidase/chemistry , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/chemistry , Time Factors , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
4.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-24630

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Data on comparative distribution of the islet cell types in the Indian bonnet monkeys and rats are not available. The aim of the present study was to compare the arrangement of the three islet cell types in the native and in isolated rat and Indian bonnet monkey islets by immunocytochemistry. METHODS: Rat islets isolated by chopped tissue collagenase digestion method and islets of monkey isolated by intraductal collagenase digestion method were immunostained by streptavidin-biotin peroxidase method. RESULTS: Immunocytochemical staining of the isolated islets in both the species revealed the presence of three different cell types: insulin secreting B cells, glucagon secreting A cells and somatostatin secreting D cells. The arrangement of islet cell types in the rats and monkeys was similar to that of the intact islets of the native pancreas but were arranged in a definite pattern. In rats the A and D cells were peripherally arranged around the centrally located B cells. In monkeys the B cells occupied the majority of the periphery while the A and D cells were found mostly in the centre. INTERPRETATION & CONCLUSION: The findings of the present study showed that the arrangement of cell types in the islets was not affected by the isolation procedure. The difference in the arrangement of islet cell types in the two species may reflect special functional adaptations.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biotin/chemistry , Collagenases/metabolism , Female , Haplorhini , Immunohistochemistry , Islets of Langerhans/cytology , Islets of Langerhans Transplantation , Macaca radiata , Male , Peroxidase/chemistry , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Species Specificity , Streptavidin/chemistry , Time Factors
6.
Alexandria Journal of Pediatrics. 1994; 8 (1): 31-7
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-31579
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