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1.
J. appl. oral sci ; 24(5): 509-517, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-797983

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Tooth bleaching is a technique of choice to obtain a harmonious smile, but bleaching agents may damage the dental pulp. Objective: This study evaluated the inflammatory responses of human dental pulp after the use of two bleaching techniques. Material and Methods: Pulp samples were collected from human third molars extracted for orthodontic reasons and divided into three groups: control - no tooth bleaching (CG) (n=7); at-home bleaching with 15% carbamide peroxide (AH) (n = 10), and in-office bleaching with 38% hydrogen peroxide (IO) (n=12). Pulps were removed and stained with hematoxylin-eosin for microscopic analysis of inflammation intensity, collagen degradation, and pulp tissue organization. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect mast cells (tryptase+), blood vessels (CD31+), and macrophages (CD68+). Chi-square, Kruskal-Wallis, and Mann Whitney tests were used for statistical analysis. The level of significance was set at p<.05. Results: The inflammation intensity and the number of macrophages were significantly greater in IO than in AH and CG (p<0.05). The results of CD31+ (blood vessels per mm2) were similar in CG (61.39±20.03), AH (52.29±27.62), and IO (57.43±8.69) groups (p>0.05). No mast cells were found in the pulp samples analyzed. Conclusion: In-office bleaching with 38% hydrogen peroxide resulted in more intense inflammation, higher macrophages migration, and greater pulp damage then at-home bleaching with 15% carbamide peroxide, however, these bleaching techniques did not induce migration of mast cells and increased the number of blood vessels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulpitis/chemically induced , Tooth Bleaching/adverse effects , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Tooth Bleaching Agents/toxicity , Peroxides/toxicity , Pulpitis/pathology , Time Factors , Tooth Bleaching/methods , Urea/analogs & derivatives , Urea/toxicity , Blood Vessels/drug effects , Blood Vessels/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic , Random Allocation , Antigens, CD , Cell Count , Collagen/drug effects , Statistics, Nonparametric , Platelet Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Dental Pulp/pathology , Hydrogen Peroxide/toxicity
2.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; s.n; 2016. 50 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-963918

ABSTRACT

O clareamento dental é um dos tratamentos mais realizados nos consultórios odontológicos a fim de melhorar a aparência do sorriso. O procedimento consiste na aplicação de um gel clareador, a base de peróxido de carbamida ou de hidrogênio, sobre os dentes a serem clareados. A sensibilidade dentária é o efeito adverso mais frequentemente relatado no clareamento dentário e é a principal causa de desmotivação dos pacientes. O mecanismo pelo qual se produz a sensibilidade após clareamento dentário ainda não foi completamente elucidado; no entanto, parece estar associado à rápida difusão dos agentes clareadores através do esmalte e dentina que, devido ao seu grau de citotoxicidade, podem agir agredindo as células pulpares, causando sensibilidade. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a biocompatibilidade de nanopartícula de hidroxiapatita adicionada ao gel clareador peróxido de carbamida 16% com flúor e sem flúor e, para tanto, foram realizados testes de citotoxidade empregando MTT. Como resultados verificou-se que as nanopartículas de hidroxiapatita, quando comparadas aos géis de peróxido de carbamida a 16% com e sem flúor, foram as menos citotóxicas (p< 0.05). As diluições citotóxicas convertidas para 70% das amostras testadas também foram comparadas através do teste de Anova com tukey. Foi possível observar que as partículas de nanoHap quando adicionadas nos géis de clareamento com e sem flúor reduziu significativamento a citotoxidade. Concluímos que o novo material proposto nesta investigação apresenta melhor biocompatibilidade do que o gel sem hidroxiapatita, acompanhado da redução da citotoxidade, tais aspectos sugerem que as nanopartículas de hidroxiapatita podem ter aplicações clínicas futuras em tecidos mineralizados em procedimentos de clareamento dental, contribuindo para a redução da sensibilidade dentária.


The dental bleaching is one of the most procedures performed at dental offices to improve the appearance of the smile. The procedure consists of the application of a bleching gel, based on carbamide peroxide or hydrogen over the teeth to be whitened. Tooth sensibility is the frequently reported adverse effect on tooth whitening and is the leading cause of demotivation by the patients. The mechanism that provides the sensibility after tooth whitening has not already been fully elucidated; however, it appears to be associated with the rapid diffusion of bleaching agents through the enamel and dentin that, because of their degree of cytotoxicity, may act attacking pulp cells, causing the sensibility. The aim of this study was to evaluate the biocompatibility of hydroxyapatite nanoparticles added to whitening gel of 16% carbamide peroxide with and without fluoride and, therefore, cytotoxicity tests were performed using MTT. As a result, it was found that the hydroxyapatite nanoparticles, compared to the gels of 16 % carbamide peroxide with and without fluoride, were less cytotoxic (p <0.05). Cytotoxic dilutions converted to 70 % of the tested samples were compared using ANOVA test with Tukey. We concluded that the new material proposed in this research has a better biocompatibility in comparison with the gel without hydroxyapatite, followed by a reduction of cytotoxicity. These aspects suggest that the hydroxyapatite nanoparticles may have clinical future applications in mineralized tissues when dental bleaching procedures are performed, contributing to the reduction of tooth sensitivity. We conclude that the new material proposed in this research has a better biocompatibility of the gel without hydroxyapatite, accompanied by a reduction of cytotoxicity, these aspects suggest that the hydroxyapatite nanoparticles may have future clinical applications in mineralized tissues in dental bleaching procedures, contributing to a reduction tooth sensitivity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Peroxides/toxicity , Tooth Bleaching/adverse effects , Urea/toxicity , Durapatite/toxicity , Dentin Sensitivity/prevention & control , Nanoparticles/toxicity , In Vitro Techniques , Materials Testing , Cell Culture Techniques , Dentin Desensitizing Agents/toxicity , Tooth Bleaching Agents/toxicity , Tooth Bleaching Agents/pharmacology , Antioxidants/toxicity
3.
Braz. dent. j ; 24(2): 121-127, Mar-Apr/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-675665

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the possibility of fluoride solutions applied to enamel to protect pulp cells against the trans-enamel and transdentinal cytotoxicity of a 16% carbamide peroxide (CP) bleaching gel. The CP gel was applied to enamel/dentin discs adapted to aicial pulp chambers (8 h/day) during 1, 7 or 14 days, followed by fluoride (0.05% or 0.2%) application for 1 min. The extracts (culture medium in contact with dentin) were applied to MDPC-23 cells for 1 h, and cell metabolism (MTT assay), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and cell membrane damage (flow cytometry) were analyzed. Knoop microhardness of enamel was also evaluated. Data were analyzed statistically by ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis tests (α=0.05). For the MTT assay and ALP activity, significant reductions between the control and the bleached groups were observed (p<0.05). No statistically significant difference occurred among bleached groups (p>0.05), regardless of fluoride application or treatment days. Flow cytometry analysis demonstrated 30% of cell membrane damage in all bleached groups. After 14 days of treatment, the fluoride-treated enamel presented significantly higher microhardness values than the bleached-only group (p<0.05). It was concluded that, regardless of the increase in enamel hardness due to the application of fluoride solutions, the treated enamel surface did not prevent the toxic effects caused by the 16% CP gel to odontoblast-like cells.


Resumo O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o possível efeito protetor de soluções fluoretadas aplicadas sobre o esmalte dentário frente à citotoxicidade trans-amelodentinária de um gel clareador com 16% de peróxido de carbamida (PC). O gel de PC foi aplicado sobre discos de esmalte/dentina adaptados a câmaras pulpares aiciais (8 h/dia) durante períodos de 1, 7 ou 14 dias, seguido de aplicação de soluções fluoretadas (0,05% ou 0,2%) durante 1 min. Os extratos (meio de cultura em contato com a dentina) foram aplicados sobre células MDPC-23 durante 1 h, seguido de análise do metabolismo celular (teste do MTT), atividade de fosfatase alcalina (ALP) e danos à membrana celular (citometria de fluxo). A microdureza Knoop do esmalte dental foi avaliada. Os dados foram analisados pelos testes de ANOVA e Kruskal-Wallis. Para o teste do MTT e atividade de ALP, redução significante entre os grupos controle e clareados foram observados (p<0,05). Nenhuma diferença entre os grupos clareados foi observada (p>0,05), independente da aplicação das soluções fluoretadas ou tempo de tratamento. A análise por citometria de fluxo demonstrou lesão à membrana celular em torno de 30% para todos os grupos clareados. Após 14 dias de tratamento, os espécimes clareados e fluoretados apresentaram aumento significante na microdureza do esmalte (p<0,05). Pôde-se concluir que apesar do aumento na dureza do esmalte decorrente da aplicação das soluções fluoretadas, este tratamento não preveniu os efeitos tóxicos causados pelo gel com 16% de PC sobre as células odontoblastóides. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Fluorides/pharmacology , Peroxides/toxicity , Protective Agents/pharmacology , Tooth Bleaching Agents/toxicity , Urea/analogs & derivatives , Alkaline Phosphatase/drug effects , Cell Line , Cell Membrane/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Coloring Agents , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dentin/drug effects , Hardness , Odontoblasts/drug effects , Odontoblasts/metabolism , Propidium , Succinate Dehydrogenase/drug effects , Time Factors , Urea/toxicity
4.
Camaragibe; s.n; abr. 2009. 97 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-605454

ABSTRACT

Esse trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito dos clareadores dentais a base de Peróxido de carbamida a 10% (Whiteness Standart a 10% - FGM) e a 16% (Whiteness Standart a 16% - FGM), em macrófagos alveolares de ratos albinos Wistar, pela produção de óxido nítrico e superóxido...


This study proposes to evaluate the effect of the dental bleaching carbamide peroxide at 10% (Whiteness a 10% - FGM) and at 16% (Whiteness a 16% - FGM), in alveolar macrophages from Wistar albine rats, by the production of nitric oxide and superoxide...


Subject(s)
Esthetics, Dental , Macrophages, Alveolar , Nitric Oxide , Peroxides/toxicity , Superoxides , Tooth Bleaching
5.
Camaragibe; s.n; abr. 2009. 97 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-605825

ABSTRACT

Esse trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito dos clareadores dentais a base de Peróxido de carbamida a 10% (Whiteness Standart a 10% - FGM) e a 16% (Whiteness Standart a 16% - FGM), em macrófagos alveolares de ratos albinos Wistar, pela produção de óxido nítrico e superóxido...


This study proposes to evaluate the effect of the dental bleaching carbamide peroxide at 10% (Whiteness a 10% - FGM) and at 16% (Whiteness a 16% - FGM), in alveolar macrophages from Wistar albine rats, by the production of nitric oxide and superoxide...


Subject(s)
Esthetics, Dental , Macrophages, Alveolar , Nitric Oxide , Peroxides/toxicity , Superoxides , Tooth Bleaching
6.
Braz. dent. j ; 13(3): 162-165, 2002. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-338535

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the influence of short course topical application of carbamide peroxide on proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) immunohistochemical expression in the oral tongue mucosa of rats. Twelve male Wistar rats were submitted to topical application of 10 percent carbamide peroxide on one side of the dorsal tongue once a week for three consecutive weeks. Only distilled water was applied on the control side. The animals were killed on days 0, 10, and 20 after the last application. The tongue was fixed in buffered formalin for 24 h and embedded in paraffin. Tissue blocks (3 æm) were subjected to the biotin-streptavidin amplified system for identification of PCNA. The percentage of epithelial-positive basal cells in each side of the tongue mucosa was calculated. The results demonstrated that topical application of 10 percent carbamide peroxide increases PCNA immunohistochemical expression on the basal layer of the oral mucosa epithelium of rats on day 0 after treatment. In conclusion, short-course use of carbamide peroxide induces transient epithelial cell proliferation of the oral mucosa of rats


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/biosynthesis , Epithelial Cells , Mouth Mucosa , Peroxides/toxicity , Tooth Bleaching , Cell Division , Tongue/cytology , Rats, Wistar
7.
Rev. odontol. Univ. St. Amaro ; 3(2): 90-4, jul.-dez. 1998. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-247311

ABSTRACT

A técnica do clareamento caseiro nos dentes vitais vem sendo utilizada por diversos profissionais com sucesso, todavia, a busca incessante de técnicas mais rápidas e efetivas, como também o uso discriminado das substâncias clareadoras sem a devida supervisäo do dentista, fez surgir um clima de descrença e medo na sua utilizaçäo, devido principalmente ao surgimento de reaçöes indesejáveis. Neste trabalho os autores, através de uma revisäo de literatura, se propöem a desvendar alguns aspectos duvidosos relacionados com as principais técnicas de clareamento em dentes vitais


Subject(s)
Tooth Bleaching , Tooth Bleaching/adverse effects , Color , Peroxides/toxicity
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