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1.
San Salvador; MINSAL; 4 ed; abr.07, 2022. 33 p. ilus, tab.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1368059

ABSTRACT

Los presentes lineamientos técnicos establecen las disposiciones relacionadas con el uso apropiado del equipo de protección personal que debe ser utilizado por el personal del Sistema Nacional Integrado de Salud, para protegerse y proteger al paciente y familia, el presente documento se constituye en una actualización e incluye consideraciones prácticas basadas en datos científicos concernientes al uso de equipos de protección personal destinados a reducir la propagación del SARS-CoV-2


These technical guidelines establish the provisions related to the appropriate use of personal protection equipment that must be used by the personnel of the National Integrated Health System, to protect themselves and the patient and family, this document is an update and includes practical considerations based on scientific data concerning the use of personal protective equipment intended to reduce the spread of SARS-CoV-2


Subject(s)
Pandemics , Personal Protective Equipment , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Patients , Personal Protection
2.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 25(287): 7606-7617, abr.2022. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1372529

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar o desenvolvimento de lesão por pressão em profissionais de saúde desencadeadas pelas máscaras de proteção individual N95, assim como avaliar o uso de barreiras de proteção usadas como interface para prevenção desse tipo de lesão. Método: Trata-se de um estudo transversal desenvolvido de julho de 2020 a julho de 2021. Para a coleta de dados, foi aplicado questionário para avaliar as particularidades da pele, desenvolvimento de lesão, classificação e os fatores de risco para seu desenvolvimento. Para análise estatística foi considerada a significância de p <0,1 e regressão logística múltipla. Resultados: Foram avaliados 85 profissionais, sendo que 91,8% destes apresentaram algum tipo de lesão. Conclusão: Conclui-se que a lesão por pressão relacionada ao uso de máscaras de proteção individual N95 apresentou alta ocorrência nessa população. E embora importantes, barreiras protetoras foram pouco utilizadas devido a questões financeiras da instituição(AU)


Objective: to evaluate the development of pressure injuries triggered by N95 personal protective masks in health professionals, as well as to evaluate the use of protective barriers used as an interface to prevent this type of injury. Method: This is a cross-sectional study developed from July 2020 to July 2021. For data collection, a questionnaire was applied to assess the particularities of the skin, lesion development, classification and risk factors for its development. For statistical analysis, significance of p <0.1 and multiple logistic regression were considered. Results: Eighty-five professionals were evaluated, and 91.8% of them developed some type of injury. Conclusion: Pressure injuries related to the use of N95 personal protective masks were highly prevalent in this population. And although important, protective barriers were under-used due to financial issues in the institution(AU)


Objetivo: evaluar el desarrollo de lesiones por presión en profesionales de la salud provocadas por máscaras de protección personal N95, así como evaluar el uso de barreras protectoras utilizadas como interfaz para prevenir este tipo de lesión. Método: Se trata de un estudio transversal desarrollado de julio de 2020 a julio de 2021. Para la recolección de datos se aplicó un cuestionario para evaluar las particularidades de la piel, desarrollo de la lesión, clasificación y factores de riesgo para su desarrollo. Para el análisis estadístico se consideró la significación de p < 0,1 y la regresión logística múltiple. Resultados: Se evaluaron 85 profesionales, de los cuales el 91,8% presentaba algún tipo de lesión. Conclusión: Se concluye que las lesiones por presión relacionadas con el uso de máscaras de protección personal N95 fueron altamente prevalentes en esta población. Y aunque importantes, las barreras de protección fueron poco utilizadas por cuestiones financieras de la institución.


Subject(s)
Pressure Ulcer , Personal Protective Equipment , COVID-19
3.
Actual. SIDA. infectol ; 30(108): 28-41, 20220000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1363367

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este estudio fue indagar sobre experiencias y percepciones del personal de salud (PDS) de la Argentina en la implementación de protocolos para su protección durante la pandemia por COVID-19. Se realizó una encuesta al PDS a nivel nacional, relevando datos sociodemográficos, de protocolos, recursos y aspectos psicosociales. Se analizaron 2010 encuestas. El 76,4% fueron mujeres, 43 años de edad media, 35% médicos/as y 72,7% del subsistema público. El 37,2% aumentó su carga horaria y el 22,5% presentaba algún factor de riesgo, de quienes 20,4% tuvo licencia o reasignación de tareas. Se establecieron protocolos sobre uso de equipos de protección personal (EPP) en 91% de las instituciones y otras temáticas en menor medida. La claridad de los mismos fue bien valorada y hubo entrenamiento en el 60,8% de los casos. La conformidad con la disponibilidad y calidad del EPP fue variable, con mejor valoración en el subsector privado. El 60,4% tuvo necesidad de obtener EPP por medios propios. El 48,4% de los encuestados siguió los protocolos de uso de EPP, variando según grupos de riesgo. El indicador global de valoración institucional fue 6,45/10 (IC 95% 6,38-6,53). El 87,2% del PDS dijo haber sentido angustia y esto se relacionó con peor comunicación con superiores y peor valoración institucional. De este estudio surgen dificultades en la implementación de los nuevos cuidados, y la necesidad de intensificar esfuerzos en recursos y organización institucional para mejorar las condiciones de trabajo.


During the COVID-19 pandemic, health personnel (HP) faced changes in their working conditions due to exposure to the virus and increased demand for attention. This study inquires on the experiences and perceptions of HP in Argentina about the implementation of protocols for their protection. A survey including information on sociodemographic characteristics, protocols, resources and psychological aspects was performed for HP all over the country. Two thousand and ten surveys were analyzed: 76.4% female, mean age 43 years old, 35% physician, 72.7% public institutions. Hours of work increased for 37.2%, 22.5% had at least one risk factor, of which 20.4% had leave or re-assigned tasks. Protocols about use of personal protective equipment (PPE) were established by 91% of institutions and less frequently about other topics. Clarity of protocols was well evaluated, and in 60.8% of cases trainament was performed. Approval about access and quality of PPE was variable, with better performance on private institutions. 60.4% of the HP had to obtain PPE by their own means. 48.4% of the participants followed protocols on PPE, being this variable according to groups of risk. The global index for institutional valuation was 6.45/10 (CI 95%, 6.38-6.53). HCP expressed fear or anxiety in 87.2% of the cases, and this was related to worse communication with superiors and worse institutional valuation. This study raises difficulties on the implementation of new protocols and the need to reinforce efforts on resources and institutional organization, to improve working conditions for HP


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Working Conditions , Attitude of Health Personnel , Surveys and Questionnaires , Protocols/prevention & control , Personal Protective Equipment , COVID-19/prevention & control , Life Change Events
4.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(2): 206-211, Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365345

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: A multicentric, cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the prevalence and risk factors for Coronavirus disease 2019 in medical students and residents from four universities and affiliated hospitals in Brazil. METHODS: A survey about contamination risk and symptoms was sent to all participants through email and WhatsApp. Prevalence was measured by the self-report of positive polymerase chain reaction or serological test. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed, and odds ratio and 95% confidence interval were calculated. RESULTS: Prevalence of infection by Sars-CoV-2 was 14.9% (151/1011). The disease was more prevalent in residents and interns than in undergraduate students. Contact with an infected relative outside the hospital or with colleagues without using personal protective equipment was associated with higher contamination. Contact with patients without wearing goggles and higher weekly frequency of contact were the two factors independently associated with the infection by Coronavirus disease 2019 in the multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Medical students, interns, and residents have a higher prevalence of Coronavirus disease 2019 than the general population, in which the last two groups are significantly at higher risk. Contacting patients at a higher weekly frequency increases the risk for infection. The use of goggles should be reinforced when contacting patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Medical/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/etiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/epidemiology , Internship and Residency/statistics & numerical data , Schools, Medical/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Academic Medical Centers/statistics & numerical data , Personal Protective Equipment , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26(spe): e20210447, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1367844

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: identificar as estratégias adotadas para a continuidade da formação de enfermeiros durante a pandemia de COVID-19. Métodos: estudo transversal, realizado com coordenadores de curso de graduação em Enfermagem do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, e coleta de dados on-line, entre novembro de 2020 e março de 2021. Resultados: participaram 48 coordenadores; as Instituições de Ensino Superior adotaram o Ensino Remoto Emergencial no tempo médio de 26,9 dias após a determinação do distanciamento social e a mediana 45 dias em relação aos Estágios Obrigatórios, sendo que em 2020/1 81,3% das instituições mantiveram alunos nesta atividade e em 2020/2 o número passou para 85,4%. A supervisão direta, nos estágios, foi realizada em 50% das instituições. Como auxílio aos estudantes, destacaram-se o acesso a plataformas e biblioteca digital, e acesso assíncrono ao conteúdo. Conclusão e implicações para a prática: as estratégias para a continuidade do ensino incluíram a adoção de estratégia on-line, a retomada de estágios curriculares, a redução do número de alunos por grupo nas aulas práticas e a disponibilização de auxílio aos estudantes. O presente estudo identificou iniciativas que garantiram o ensino de Enfermagem no contexto pandêmico; há necessidade de novas investigações que avaliem o impacto de tais medidas na qualidade do ensino


Objectives: To identify the strategies adopted to proceed to education nursing during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out with coordinators of undergraduate nursing programs in the Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Data collection was carried out online between November 2020 and March 2021. Results: A total of 48 coordinators participated. Higher Education Institutions adopted Emergency Remote Education in an average time of 26.9 days after determining social distance and the median of 45 days concerning mandatory internships. In 2020/1, 81.3% of institutions kept students in this activity, and in 2020/2, the number increased to 85.4%. Direct supervision was carried out in 50% of institutions in internships. Access to platforms and digital libraries and asynchronous access to content stood out as an aid to students. Conclusion and implications for practice: Strategies for continuity of teaching included adopting an online strategy, resumption of curricular internships, reducing the number of students per class in practical classes, and student aid. The present study involved the identification of initiatives that ensured nursing education in the context of the pandemic, encouraging the need for new investigations that focus on assessing the impact of such measures on education quality


Objetivos: identificar las estrategias adoptadas para continuar la formación de enfermeras durante la pandemia de COVID-19. Métodos: estudio transversal, realizado con coordinadores de cursos de pregrado en Enfermería en Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, y recolección de datos en línea, entre noviembre de 2020 y marzo de 2021. Resultados: de un total de 48 coordinadores participantes, se identificó que las Instituciones de Educación Superior adoptaron Educación Remota de Emergencia en un tiempo promedio de 26,9 días después de la determinación del distanciamiento social y la mediana de 45 días en relación a las Pasantías Obligatorias. En 2020/1, el 81,3% de las instituciones tenían alumnos en esta actividad y, en 2020/2, el 85,4%. La supervisión directa, en pasantías, se realizó en el 50% de las instituiciones. Como ayuda a los estudiantes se destacó el acceso a plataformas y biblioteca digital, y el acceso asincrónico a contenidos. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica: Las estrategias para la continuidad de la docencia incluyeron la adopción del formato enlínea, la reanudación de las prácticas curriculares, la reducción del número de alumnos por clase en las clases prácticas y la asistencia al alumno. El presente estudio implicó la identificación de iniciativas que garantizaron la formación en Enfermería en el contexto de la pandemia, incentivando la necesidad de nuevas investigaciones que se centren en evaluar el impacto de tales medidas en la calidad de la educación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Education, Nursing/methods , COVID-19 , Students, Nursing , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Competency-Based Education , Education, Distance/trends , Higher Education Institutions , Information Technology , Personal Protective Equipment
6.
Niger. J. Dent. Res. (Online) ; 7(1): 35-44, 2022.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1354437

ABSTRACT

Objective: There was a lot of panic when the COVID-19 pandemic started because a lot was not known about it. However, as the disease unfolded, proven scientific universal precautions are recommended to curb its spread. Methods: This was a cross-sectional online survey of people living in Nigeria. Questionnaires were distributed to consenting participants using the SurveyMonkey and data was collected on sociodemographic knowledge of the aetiology and prevention of COVID-19. Analysis was done with the SPSS version 25. Results: Eighty-five participants with age ranging from 18 to 60 years took part in the study. The mean age was 37.35 ± 11.7years. Forty-seven (47%) had knowledge that COVID-19 infection is from a virus. 29.4% thought it is caused by biological weapons, 1.2% from 5G internet, 7.1% as government's ploy to embezzle money and 9.4% conspiracy theory from the world leaders to reduce world's population. All participants knew that hand washing is a preventive measure against the spread of COVID-19 and majority agreed to the use of sanitizers, social distancing and disinfection of surfaces. Only 30.6% agreed that wearing of facemasks will serve as a preventive measure. Over 90% of the participants agreed that dissemination of appropriate information, use of universal precautions, isolation and intensive treatment of those infected can help prevent the spread of COVID-19. 11.8% of participants knew that additional precautions are needed for aerosol generating procedures. Conclusion: The knowledge of COVID-19 aetiology is poor among the populace and the need to wear face masks as a preventive measure in curtailing the spread of COVID-19 needs to be emphasized.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Public Opinion , Knowledge , Personal Protective Equipment , COVID-19 , Public Health , Disease Management
7.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1362841

ABSTRACT

Background:Healthcare workers have a higher risk of SARS CoV2 infection with implications for transmission of infection and the safety of workers and patients. Objective: To assess knowledge on COVID-19 and the safety practices among selected healthcare workers in southwest Nigeria. Methods:A cross-sectional study of 210 workers providing direct care to patients during the COVID-19 pandemic was conducted. Respondents wererecruited through simple random sampling of members of online platforms of healthcare workers in Osun, Ondo and Ekiti States. Information on sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge of PPE and safety practices was obtained through a close-ended questionnaire. Results: The mean age of the respondents was 36.5±7.5 years. About 29% and 30% of respondents were from the State and Federal Government-owned Teaching Hospitals, respectively. A little above half (58.1%) had good knowledge of COVID-19, while 62.1%used PPE always when attending to suspected COVID19 cases. More than half (53.8%) had been trained on infection prevention and control (IPC), but only 34.3% adhered to good safety practices. Healthcare workers in State government-owned teaching hospitals had lower odds of good safety practices than those in Federal Teaching Hospitals (OR = 0.42, 95% CI = 0.19-0.93, p = 0.031).Conclusion: The knowledge of appropriate PPE and practice of safety precautions among healthcare workers is sub-optimal. This may predispose to increased COVID-19 transmission among healthcare workers, patients, and their families. Training and retraining healthcare workers, especially those from hospitals identified by the study as having poor safety practices, should be encouraged.


Subject(s)
Knowledge , Disease Prevention , Personal Protective Equipment , COVID-19 , Equipment Safety
8.
Afr. j. disabil. (Online) ; 11(NA): 1-9, 2022.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1367591

ABSTRACT

Background: When the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic manifested in South Africa, rehabilitation services were seriously affected. The consequences of these were wide-ranging: affecting service users, their families and caregivers, rehabilitation practices and practitioners as well as the integrity and sustainability of rehabilitation systems. Objectives: This study aimed to explore the nature and consequences of disruption caused by the pandemic, based on the experience of rehabilitation clinicians who were working in public healthcare facilities in Gauteng. Methods: This was a phenomenology study that used critical reflection method. Trained and experienced in reflecting on barriers and enablers that affect their practices, a multidisciplinary group of rehabilitation clinicians captured their experience of working during the time of COVID-19. Data construction extended over 6 months during 2020. An inductive thematic analysis was performed using Taguette: an open-source qualitative data analysis tool. Results: The main themes captured the disorder and confusion with its resultant impact on rehabilitation services and those offering these services that came about at the beginning of the pandemic. The importance of teamwork and leadership in rehabilitation also emerged as themes. Other themes related to having to approach work differently, working beyond professional scopes of practice and pandemic fatigue. Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted the way rehabilitation was being performed, creating an opportunity to reconceptualise, strengthen and improve rehabilitation services offered at public healthcare. The presence of effective leadership with clear communication, dependable multidisciplinary teams and clinicians with robust personal resources were strategies that supported rehabilitation clinicians whilst working during COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Disabled Persons , Pandemics , Occupational Therapists , COVID-19 , Health Personnel , Personal Protective Equipment
9.
Research Journal of Heath Sciences ; 10(2): 162-167, 2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1370656

ABSTRACT

Objective: The COVID-19 pandemic has had tremendous effect on the medical and scientific community. Measures instituted to curb the spread of the disease such as physical distancing and ban on large gatherings have significantly altered conferencing activities of medical professional associations. With no end in sight to the pandemic, it is certain that medical professional associations may have to make do with purely virtual or hybrid conferencing for some time to come. The objective of this paper is to highlight the benefits, disadvantages and challenges of virtual conferencing Methods: We searched Pubmed, Embase, Scopus, and AJOL databases from January 1, 2021 to December 31, 2021 for publications describing the benefits, disadvantages and challenges of virtual conferencing during the pandemic. This, together with authors' experience formed the resource base for this work. Conclusion: We propose ways the scientific community in Nigeria can maximize the virtual conferencing while the pandemic lasts. We also advocate increased discussion about how to improve the virtual conferencing culture and the development of guidelines for purely virtual or hybrid scientific conferences


Objectif de l'étude: La pandémie de COVID-19 a eu un effet considérable sur la communauté médicale et scientifique. Les mesures instituées pour freiner la propagation de la maladie, telles que l'éloignement physique et l'interdiction des grands rassemblements, ont considérablement modifié les activités de conférence des associations professionnelles médicales. Sans fin en vue de la pandémie, il est certain que les associations professionnelles médicales devront se contenter de conférences purement virtuelles ou hybrides pendant un certain temps encore. L'objectif de cet article est de mettre en évidence les avantages, les inconvénients et les défis de la conférence virtuelle. Méthodes de l'étude : Nous avons effectué des recherches dans les bases de données Pubmed, Embase, Scopus et AJOL du 1er janvier 2021 au 31 décembre 2021 pour trouver des publications décrivant les avantages, les inconvénients et les défis des conférences virtuelles pendant la pandémie. Ceci, combiné à l'expérience des auteurs, a constitué la base de ressources pour ce travail. Conclusion : Nous proposons des moyens pour que la communauté scientifique du Nigéria puisse maximiser les conférences virtuelles pendant la durée de la pandémie. Nous préconisons également une discussion accrue sur la manière d'améliorer la culture des conférences virtuelles et l'élaboration de lignes directrices pour les conférences scientifiques purement virtuelles ou hybrides


Subject(s)
Disease Transmission, Infectious , Pandemics , Social Media , Personal Protective Equipment , Physical Distancing , COVID-19 , Congresses as Topic
11.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210111, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1346037

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo promover o autocuidado de catadores de material reciclável a partir da aplicação da Teoria dos Déficits de Autocuidado. Método Pesquisa Convergente-Assistencial realizada com catadores de material reciclável de duas associações de reciclagem do Sul do Brasil. Os dados foram produzidos por meio de observação participante, entrevistas semiestruturadas e grupos de convergência. Os dados foram analisados segundo os passos propostos pelo método: apreensão, síntese, teorização e transferência. Resultados os participantes possuíam ações deliberadamente empreendidas e motivações para o autocuidado. No entanto, apresentaram déficits relacionados, principalmente, a hábitos que os expunham aos riscos ocupacionais. Nas ações grupais de apoio-educação, os participantes discutiram seus déficits de autocuidado e estratégias para mitigá-los. A pesquisa possibilitou mudanças no cenário laboral, no entanto, alguns déficits de autocuidado persistiram. Conclusões e implicações para a prática pondera-se que mudanças profundas exigem ações permanentes para transformações das iniquidades sociais. No entanto, o Sistema de Enfermagem apoio-educação possibilitou mudanças positivas no autocuidado dos catadores, o que corrobora a contribuição teórico-prática da teoria para o cuidado de Enfermagem.


Resumen Objetivo promover el autocuidado de los recolectores de materiales reciclables basado en la aplicación de la Teoría de los Déficits en el Autocuidado. Método Investigación de Asistencia Convergente realizada con recolectores de material reciclable de dos asociaciones de reciclaje en el sur de Brasil. Los datos fueron producidos mediante observación participante, entrevistas semiestructuradas y grupos de convergencia. Los datos fueron analizados según los pasos propuestos por el método: aprehensión, síntesis, teorización y transferencia. Resultados los participantes habían realizado deliberadamente acciones y motivaciones de autocuidado. Sin embargo, mostraron déficits relacionados principalmente con hábitos que los expusieron a riesgos laborales. En las acciones grupales de apoyo-educación, los participantes discutieron sus déficits de autocuidado y estrategias para mitigarlos. La investigación permitió cambios en el escenario laboral, sin embargo, persistieron algunos déficits de autocuidado. Conclusiones e implicaciones para la práctica se considera que los cambios profundos requieren acciones permanentes para transformar las desigualdades sociales. Sin embargo, el sistema de apoyo-educación de enfermería permitió cambios positivos en el autocuidado de los recolectores, lo que corrobora el aporte teórico-práctico de la Teoría al cuidado de Enfermería.


Abstract Objective to promote the self-care of recyclable material collectors through the application of the Theory of Self-Care Deficits. Method Convergent-Assistance Research conducted with recyclable materials collectorsfrom two recycling associations in Southern Brazil. The data was produced through participant observation, semi-structured interviews and convergence groups. The data was analyzed according to the steps proposed by the method: apprehension, synthesis, theorization, and transfer. Results the participants had deliberate actions undertaken and motivations for self-care. However, they presented deficits related mainly to habits that exposed them to occupational risks. In the supportive-educational group actions, participants discussed their self-care deficits and strategies to mitigate them. The research enabled changes in the work scenario; however, some self-care deficits persisted. Conclusions and implications for the practice it is pondered that profound changes require permanent actions for transformations in social inequities. However, the supportive-education nursing system enabled positive changes in the recyclable materials collectors' self-care, which corroborates the theoretical-practical contribution of the theory to nursing care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Self Care , Nursing Theory , Solid Waste Segregators , Occupational Health , Self Medication , Occupational Risks , Spirituality , Qualitative Research , Health Vulnerability , Feeding Behavior , Personal Protective Equipment , Leisure Activities
12.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365228

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate knowledge and attitudes towards biosafety recommendations during the COVID-19 pandemic at a Brazilian dental school. Material and Methods A cross-sectional study was performed in 2020 with the clinical staff of a Brazilian dental school. The whole clinical staff was sent pre-tested self-administered online questionnaires about knowledge and attitudes towards the recommendations for biosafety in dental settings in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Descriptive statistical analyses were carried out for proportion calculation. Results Disposable head covering caps, isolation gowns, and gloves were the most frequently reported personal protective equipment (PPE). The rates ranged from 52.9% to 88.5% for N95 respirators, from 68.6% to 92.6% for face shields, from 47.4% to 67.5% for conventional eye protection shields, and 45.1% to 77.4% for eye protection with solid side shields. Chlorhexidine gluconate was the most frequent mouthwash indicated before clinical dental care. The percentage of agreement to provide clinical care to patients with suspected COVID-19 varied from 23.5% to 50.0%. The percentage of respondents who agreed that bioaerosol-generating procedures should be avoided was higher than 74.5%. Less than 50% knew the correct sequence for doffing of PPE. Conclusion This study revealed important gaps in knowledge and attitudes towards prevention and control measures against infection in dental environments in the context of COVID-19, indicating the need for improvements.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brazil , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Containment of Biohazards/instrumentation , Education, Dental , Personal Protective Equipment , COVID-19 , Schools, Dental , Epidemiologic Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Infection Control
13.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(4): 383-392, Out.-Dec. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356429

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The present study aimed to develop an application to guide healthcare professionals on using personal protective equipment (PPE) during the COVID-19 pandemic and prevent and treat skin lesions caused by these devices. Methods: This is a study on technological production. The framework for application development consisted in the following phases: Phase 1-"Design: identification of application development requirements;" Phase 2-"Application prototype development": including an integrative literature review in major databases; Phase 3-"Application construction": elaboration of the decision tree, algorithm, database structuring, and software development; Phase 4-"Transition": application functionality test. Result: Our application Simplifica EPI is an innovative technology; this software is a tool to assist healthcare professionals in using PPE. In addition, it describes how to prevent and care for skin lesions caused by PPE. Simplifica EPI has 25 screens and 32 images. It will be available on the Google Play Store after its registration with the Brazilian National Institute of Industrial Property. Conclusions: After an integrative literature review, the application Simplifica EPI was developed as an innovative technology with great potential for use by healthcare professionals. (AU)


Subject(s)
Mobile Applications , Personal Protective Equipment , COVID-19/prevention & control , Skin/injuries , Wounds and Injuries/prevention & control
14.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(4): 367-374, Out.-Dec. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356445

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The prolonged or incorrect use of facial masks, respirators and glasses or visors results in friction, pressure and shear forces that constantly act on the facial skin, leading to lesions and dermatitis. Objective: To develop and validate algorithms to guide health professionals in the correct use of personal protective equipment (PPE) and indicate preventive measures against skin injuries caused by inappropriate use during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: For the develoment of the algorithms, an integrative literature review was performed using the following databases: PubMed, SciELO, and LILACS. The algorithms were evaluated by 59 health professionals (nurses, doctors, and physiotherapists), using the Delphi technique. A content validity index (CVI) was used for the statistical analysis. Results: The experts classified the items of the algorithms from fully inadequate to fully adequate in the first round of consultations, and from partially adequate to fully adequate in the second round. The overall CVI values were of 0.83 and 1.0 in the first and second rounds respectively. Conclusion: The algorithms validated by the expert panel can be used by health professionals when donning and doffing PPE, and to prevent the facial-skin lesions caused by their use. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Algorithms , Personal Protective Equipment/adverse effects , COVID-19/prevention & control , Skin/injuries
15.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 24(280): 6191-6198, set.-2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1343833

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Refletir sobre os aspectos relacionados ao trabalho da equipe de Enfermagem, durante a pandemia da COVID-19 no Brasil. Métodos: Trata-se de uma reflexão sobre alguns aspectos das condições de trabalho e a exposição aos riscos à saúde dos profissionais de Enfermagem no Brasil, fundamentada nas informações do Observatório de Enfermagem e dos relatórios de fiscalização do Conselho Federal de Enfermagem (COFEN), e da Pesquisa Perfil da Enfermagem no Brasil. Resultados: Os profissionais de Enfermagem brasileiros tem enfrentado duras condições de trabalho, a exemplo da insuficiência e a inadequação dos Equipamentos de Proteção Individual (EPI) e o subdimensionamento das equipes, com isso aumentando os riscos à saúde dos trabalhadores. Conclusões: A pandemia exacerbou problemas enfrentados pelos profissionais de Enfermagem, e o déficit de EPI com o subdimensionamento das equipes e a sobrecarga de trabalho podem estar associados ao elevado número de óbitos de profissionais durante o período analisado.(AU)


Objective: To reflect on aspects related to the work of the Nursing team, during the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. Methods: This is a reflection on some aspects of working conditions and the exposure to health risks of nursing professionals in Brazil, based on information from the Nursing Observatory and inspection reports from the Federal Nursing Council (COFEN), and the Nursing Profile Survey in Brazil. Results: Brazilian Nursing professionals have faced harsh working conditions, such as the insufficiency and inadequacy of the Equipment of Individual Protection (EIP) and the undersizing of teams, thereby increasing the risks to workers' health. Conclusions: The pandemic has exacerbated problems faced by nursing professionals, and the deficit in EIP with the undersizing of teams and work overload may be associated with the high number of deaths of professionals during the analyzed period.(AU)


Objetivo: Reflexionar sobre los aspectos relacionados al trabajo del equipo de Enfermería, durante la pandemia de COVID-19 en Brasil. Métodos: Se trata de una reflexión sobre algunos aspectos de las condiciones de trabajo y la exposición a los riesgos a la salud de los profesionales de Enfermería en Brasil, basada en las informaciones del Observatorio de Enfermería, los informes de fiscalización del Consejo Federal de Enfermería (COFEN), y de la Investigación Perfil de la Enfermería en Brasil. Resultados: Los profesionales de Enfermería brasileños han enfrentado duras condiciones de trabajo, como la insuficiencia y la inadecuación de los Equipos de Protección Individual (EPI) y el tamaño insuficiente de los equipos de Enfermería, aumentando con esto los riesgos a la salud de los trabajadores. Conclusiones: La pandemia exacerbó problemas enfrentados por los profesionales de Enfermería, y el déficit de EPI con el tamaño insuficiente de los equipos de Enfermería y la sobrecarga de trabajo pueden estar asociados al elevado número de óbitos de profesionales durante el período analizado.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Working Conditions , Occupational Risks , COVID-19/nursing , Nurse Practitioners , Equipment and Supplies/supply & distribution , Sanitary Supervision , Pandemics , Personal Protective Equipment
16.
Rio de Janeiro; rBLH; 2 rev; set. 2021. [7] p. ilus.(Normas técnicas BLH-IFF/NT, 1, 11). (BLH-IFF/NT 11.21).
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370901

ABSTRACT

Esta Norma Técnica fixa as condições exigíveis para higiene de funcionários em Bancos de Leite Humano e em Postos de Coleta de Leite Humano, visando a garantia da qualidade nestes serviços e sua certificação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality Control , Occupational Health/standards , Milk Banks/standards , Containment of Biohazards/standards , Personal Protective Equipment/standards , Brazil , Technical Standards
17.
Coluna/Columna ; 20(3): 181-184, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339752

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To estimate the amount of radiation received and accumulated in the bodies of two surgeons, one being the responsible surgeon and the other the assistant, performing spine surgery procedures over a period of 25 years. Methods Seventy-two spinal surgeries were performed during a seven-month period and the radiation loads were measured in both surgeons. The measurement of radiation was captured in fluoroscopy in anteroposterior and lateral incidences. The surgeon and the assistant used two dosimeters, one in the cervical region protecting the thyroid and the other on the lead apron in the genital region. The radioactive loads were measured in millisieverts and the accumulated charges were recorded monthly in both regions of the body in the two surgeons for seven months and the means for the work periods (1, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 years) were estimated. Results It was observed that in the surgeon the average accumulated radiation loads were 131.9% and 176.92% higher than those of the assistant in the cervical and genital regions, respectively. Conclusion While the use of X-rays is indispensable in routine orthopedic surgery, we have to consider the development of techniques of protection, rigor and discipline in the use of safety materials for surgeons. Preventive exposure reduction measures such as using thyroid protection equipment and turning the head away from the patient during fluoroscopy, among others, should be mandatory to promote less radiation exposure. Level of evidence II; Comparative prospective study.


RESUMO Objetivo Estimar a quantidade de radiação recebida e acumulada no corpo de dois cirurgiões, durante período de 25 anos de trabalho, sendo um o cirurgião responsável e outro, assistente, nos procedimentos de cirurgia da coluna vertebral. Métodos Foram realizadas 72 cirurgias de coluna vertebral em um período de sete meses, e as cargas de radiação foram medidas nos dois cirurgiões. A medição da radiação foi captada em fluoroscópio nas incidências anteroposterior e de perfil. O cirurgião e o auxiliar utilizaram dois dosímetros, sendo um na região cervical protegendo a tireoide e outro sobre o avental de chumbo, na região genital. As cargas radioativas foram medidas em milisievert e as cargas acumuladas foram registradas mensalmente em ambas as regiões do corpo nos dois cirurgiões, durante sete meses, foram estimadas as médias no período (1, 5, 10, 15, 20 e 25 anos) de trabalho. Resultados Observou-se que no cirurgião as médias das cargas de radiação acumulada foram 131,9% e 176,92% superiores às do assistente nas regiões cervical e genital, respectivamente. Conclusão Enquanto o uso dos raios X for indispensável na rotina da cirurgia ortopédica, há de se considerar o desenvolvimento de técnicas de proteção, rigor e disciplina no uso materiais de segurança para os cirurgiões. Medidas preventivas de redução da exposição, como uso de equipamento para proteção da tireoide e girar a cabeça para se afastar do paciente durante a fluoroscopia, entre outras, devem ser obrigatórias para promover menor exposição à radiação. Nível de evidência II; Estudo prospectivo comparativo.


RESUMEN Objetivo Estimar la cantidad de radiación recibida y acumulada en el cuerpo de dos cirujanos, durante 25 años de trabajo, siendo uno el cirujano responsable y el otro, asistente, en los procedimientos de cirugía de columna vertebral. Métodos Se realizaron 72 cirugías de columna vertebral en un período de siete meses, y las cargas de radiación fueron medidas en los dos cirujanos. La medición de la radiación fue captada en fluoroscopio en las incidencias anteroposterior y de perfil. El cirujano y el auxiliar usaron dos dosímetros, siendo uno en la región cervical protegiendo la tiroides y otro sobre el delantal de plomo, en la región genital. Las cargas radiactivas se midieron en milisievert, y las cargas acumuladas se registraron mensualmente en ambas regiones del cuerpo, en los dos cirujanos, durante siete meses, y se estimaron los promedios durante el período (1, 5, 10, 15, 20 y 25 años) de trabajo. Resultados Se observó que en el cirujano los promedios de las cargas de radiación acumulada fueron de 131,9% y 176,92% superiores a las del asistente en las regiones cervical y genital, respectivamente. Conclusión Mientras el uso de rayos X sea indispensable en la rutina de la cirugía ortopédica, hay que considerar el desarrollo de técnicas de protección, rigor y disciplina en el uso de materiales de seguridad para los cirujanos. Las medidas preventivas de reducción de la exposición, como uso de equipamiento para protección de la tiroides y girar la cabeza para alejarse del paciente durante la fluoroscopia, entre otras, deben ser obligatorias para promover menor exposición a la radiación. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudio prospectivo comparativo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spine/surgery , Radiation Exposure/statistics & numerical data , Personal Protective Equipment , Orthopedic Surgeons/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors
18.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(2): 73-75, ago. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348346

ABSTRACT

La pandemia de COVID-19 obligó a la odontología a in- corporar nuevos protocolos de atención clínica para evitar la contaminación y la transmisión viral en la cotidianeidad de la práctica profesional. De entre ellos, resulta de particular interés considerar la utilización de equipos de protección per sonal, sobre todo, en prácticas que requieren de tiempos de trabajo prolongados y extrema precisión (AU))


The COVID-19 pandemic forced dentistry to incorpo- rate new clinical care protocols to avoid contamination and viral transmission in daily professional practice. In par- ticular the use of personal protective equipment, especially in practices that require long working times and extreme precision (AU)


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Ergonomics , Argentina , Societies, Dental/standards , Clinical Protocols , Public Health Dentistry , Dentistry/standards , Personal Protective Equipment
20.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(3): 327-331, may.-jun. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346115

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Ante la pandemia de COVID-19, el apego a las medidas de higiene es un objetivo para disminuir la morbimortalidad. Objetivo: Evaluar el apego a la higiene de manos y medidas de protección durante la pandemia de COVID-19 en un hospital de tercer nivel. Métodos: Estudio transversal acerca del lavado de manos del personal de salud en los cinco tiempos recomendados por la Organización Mundial de la Salud, así como sobre el uso del equipo de protección personal específico. Resultados: Fueron observadas 117 oportunidades de higiene de manos en personal de salud: 40 (34 %) respecto al lavado de manos y 76 (65 %) respecto a su omisión; sobre el apego al uso de careta en cinco (4 %) y sobre la falta de apego en 112 (96 %). Se identificó apego al uso de mascarilla en 65 profesionales de enfermería (87 %), uso adecuado de mascarilla en 56 de ellos (60 %) y uso de careta en uno (1 %.) Conclusión: El personal mostró baja proporción de apego a la higiene de manos y al uso de equipo para la protección específica durante la pandemia de COVID-19.


Abstract Introduction: During the COVID-19 pandemic, adherence to hygiene measures is an objective aimed at reducing morbidity and mortality. Objective: To evaluate adherence to hand hygiene and protection measures during the COVID-19 pandemic in a tertiary care hospital. Methods: Cross-sectional study on health personnel handwashing at the five moments recommended by the World Health Organization, as well as on the use of specific personal protective equipment. Results: One hundred and seventeen hand hygiene opportunities were observed in health personnel. Hand washing was observed in 40 (34 %) and omission in 76 (65 %). Adherence to the use of face shield was observed in five (4 %), and lack of adherence in 112 (96%). Adherence to the use of face mask was observed in 65 nursing professionals (87 %), with appropriate use of the mask in 56 of them (60 %) and use of face shield in one (1 %). Conclusion: Health personnel showed low proportions of adherence to hand hygiene and use of equipment for specific protection during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Personnel, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Hand Hygiene/statistics & numerical data , Personal Protective Equipment/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19/prevention & control , Personnel, Hospital/standards , Time Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers , Hand Hygiene/standards
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