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1.
Psico USF ; 26(3): 451-465, Jul.-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1351343

ABSTRACT

We aimed to investigate relationships between Facebook problematic use (Facebook PU) and pathological traits of personality, by a systematic review. The literature search was proceeded based on a search strategy including the keywords "Facebook", "problematic use" and "personality". We found a total of 236 publications and selected 21 papers for full verification. All of them were excluded, characterizing an empty review. As an attempt to increase the probability of finding eligible publications, first, we have broadened the search of the systematic review from "Facebook" to "social network sites" (and variations); and then from "social network sites" to "internet". Regarding this last change, the final set of publications after full reading based on the eligibility criteria was composed by 15 papers. We emphasize that there was no empirical evidence on the relationship between Facebook PU and pathological traits of personality. Given the proximity between Facebook PU and internet addiction, it is possible to hypothesize that there is a relationship between pathological traits (i.e., Neuroticism, Impulsivity, and Psychoticism) and Facebook PU. (AU)


Resumo O objetivo desse estudo foi investigar as relações entre o uso problemático do Facebook (Facebook PU) e traços patológicos, por meio de uma revisão sistemática. Os descritores foram "Facebook", "uso problemático" e "personalidade", e variações foram incluídas. Foi encontrado um total de 236 publicações. Entre elas, 21 foram selecionadas para leitura completa e todas foram excluídas, o que caracterizou o trabalho como uma empty review. Como uma tentativa de aumentar a probabilidade de encontrar publicações elegíveis, foi ampliado a busca para "internet". O conjunto final de publicações após a leitura completa com base nos critérios de elegibilidade foi composto por 15 artigos. Ressalta-se que não há evidência empírica sobre a relação entre o Facebook PU e traços patológicos. Dada a proximidade entre o Facebook PU e a dependência da internet, é possível supor que existe uma relação entre traços patológicos (isto é, neuroticismo, impulsividade e psicoticismo) e o Facebook PU. (AU)


Resumen El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar las relaciones entre el uso problemático de Facebook (Facebook PU) y los rasgos patológicos de la personalidad, a través de una revisión sistemática. La búsqueda bibliográfica incluyó los descriptores "Facebook", "uso problemático", "personalidad" y variaciones. Se encontró un total de 236 publicaciones, de las cuales, 21 fueron seleccionadas para la verificación completa, a pesar de que todos fueron excluidos, lo que caracterizó el trabajo como una revisión vacía. En un intento de aumentar la probabilidad de encontrar publicaciones elegibles, se amplió las palabras claves a "sitios de redes sociales" (y variaciones); y luego a "internet". El conjunto final de publicaciones después de la lectura completa basada en los criterios de elegibilidad consistió en 15 artículos. Cabe enfatizar que no hubo evidencias empíricas sobre la relación entre el Facebook PU y los rasgos patológicos. Dada la proximidad entre Facebook PU y la adicción a Internet, es posible suponer que existe una relación entre los rasgos patológicos (i.e., neuroticismo, impulsividad y psicoticismo) y Facebook PU. (AU)


Subject(s)
Personality Disorders/psychology , Social Networking , Internet Addiction Disorder/psychology , Database , Aggression/psychology , Neuroticism , Impulsive Behavior
2.
Aval. psicol ; 20(3): 369-378, jul.-set. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1345372

ABSTRACT

Despite the prevalence of personality disorders (PD) and their association with several harmful health outcomes, previous reports found a low number of studies on PDs conducted in Brazil. We conducted a narrative review to investigate the current state of research in Brazil focusing on PDs. The search was performed in BVS-Psi, PePSIC, and Google Scholar databases. We focused on papers published in Brazilian journals as a criterion to select studies conducted in Brazil and/or coordinated by Brazilian researchers. A total of 177 papers were included. Approximately 60% of papers were empirical studies, although only 47.17% of them had clinical samples. Borderline and Antisocial were the most recurrently investigated PDs. Two scales were usually administered, IDCP and PID-5. SCID-II was administered in less than 5% of empirical studies. We proposed an agenda for research on PDs in Brazil, including guidelines and directions eminently urgent to the studies to be conducted in Brazil. (AU)


Apesar da prevalência dos transtornos da personalidade (TP) e a associação com diversas consequências prejudiciais, estudos prévios encontraram um número escasso de pesquisas conduzidas no Brasil. Nós conduzimos uma revisão narrativa para investigar o estado atual de pesquisas no Brasil com foco em TP. A busca foi realizada nas bases BVS-Psi, PePSIC e Google Acadêmico. Nós focamos em artigos publicados em periódicos brasileiros como critério para seleção de estudos conduzidos no Brasil e/ou coordenados por pesquisadores brasileiros. No total, 177 artigos foram selecionados. Aproximadamente 60% eram estudos empíricos, embora apenas 47.17% destes, incluíram amostras clínicas. Os TPs mais investigados foram Borderline e Antissocial. As duas escalas mais aplicadas foram o IDCP e o PID-5. A SCID-II foi aplicada em menos de 5% dos estudos empíricos. Nós propomos uma agenda para pesquisas sobre TP no Brasil, incluindo diretrizes e direções urgentes para estudos a serem conduzidos no Brasil. (AU)


A pesar de la prevalencia de los trastornos de la personalidad (TP) y su asociación con varias consecuencias nocivas, estudios previos han encontrado un escaso número de estudios realizados en Brasil. Se realizó una revisión narrativa para pesquisar el estado actual de la investigación en Brasil con un enfoque en el TP. La búsqueda se realizó en las bases de datos BVS-Psi, PePSIC, y Google Scholar. Priorizando artículos publicados en revistas brasileñas como criterio de selección de los estudios realizados en Brasil y/o coordinados por investigadores brasileños. En total, 177 artículos fueron seleccionados. Aproximadamente el 60% fueron estudios empíricos, aunque solo el 47.17% de estos incluyeron muestras clínicas. Los TP más investigados fueron Borderline y Antisocial. Las dos escalas más aplicadas fueron el IDCP y el PID-5. La SCID-I se aplicó en menos del 5% de los estudios empíricos. Se propuso una agenda para la investigación sobre TP en Brasil, incluyendo las directrices y orientaciones eminentemente urgentes a los estudios que se llevarán a cabo. (AU)


Subject(s)
Personality Disorders/psychology , Periodicals as Topic , Borderline Personality Disorder/psychology , Brazil , Databases, Bibliographic , Antisocial Personality Disorder/psychology
3.
Rev. psicanal ; 28(1): 77-91, Abril 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254380

ABSTRACT

Reflete-se acerca de certas características do sujeito contemporâneo e de sua grave deficiência de ser. Compreendido como entidade que habita no entroncamento de dois mundos, o interno e o externo, ele é, neste espaço, um terceiro hoje fragmentado pela lógica pós-moderna. Discute-se algumas questões relativas à condição de um sujeito narcisista atravessado pelos ditames da cultura atual (AU)


This article brings a reflection about the contemporary subject and its severe deficiency of being. Thought as an entity that inhabits the crossroad of two worlds, internal and external, it is in this third space a third one fragmented by post-modern logic. Some aspects are discussed regarding the condition of a narcissistic subject crossed by the dictates of current culture (AU)


Se reflexiona acerca de ciertas características del sujeto contemporáneo y su grave deficiencia de ser. Comprendido como entidad que habita en el cruce de dos mundos, el interno y el externo, él es un tercero en este espacio hoy fragmentado por la lógica posmoderna. Se discute algunas cuestiones relacionadas a la condición de un sujeto narcisista cruzado por dictámenes de la cultura actual (AU)


Subject(s)
Personality Disorders/psychology , Sociological Factors , Postmodernism , Narcissism
4.
Aval. psicol ; 19(1): 29-37, jan.-abr. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1089020

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to develop a specific version of the Dimensional Clinical Personality Inventory 2 (IDCP-2), focused on the assessment of avoidant personality disorder (AvPD) according to the Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP). First, we developed the IDCP-Av, composed of one new factor and four factors from the IDCP-2. A total of 436 adults completed this, and two external measures (PID-5 and FFAvA). The IDCP-Av factors and its total score presented high reliability. Correlations and group comparisons were coherent, corroborating expectations. Favorable evidence was observed for the use of the IDCP-Av for the measurement of AvPD, although future studies should replicate the findings in samples composed of patients.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi desenvolver uma versão específica do Inventário Dimensional Clínico da Personalidade 2 (IDCP-2), focada na avaliação do transtorno da personalidade evitativo (TPE) de acordo com o Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP). Primeiro foi desenvolvido o IDCP-Av, composto por um novo fator e quatro fatores do IDCP-2. 436 adultos responderam-no, além de medidas externas (PID-5 e FFAvA). Os fatores do IDCP-Av e o escore total apresentaram alta precisão. Correlações e comparações entre grupos foram coerentes e corroboraram as expectativas. Evidências favoráveis foram observadas para o uso do IDCP-Av para avaliação do TPE, embora futuros estudos devem tentar replicar os achados em amostras compostas por pacientes.(AU)


El objetivo de este estudio fue desarrollar una versión específica del Inventario Dimensional Clínico de la Personalidad 2 (IDCP-2), centrado en la evaluación del trastorno de la personalidad evitativa (TPE) de acuerdo con el Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP). Primeramente se desarrolló el IDCP-Av, compuesto por un nuevo factor y por cuatro factores del IDCP-2. 436 adultos lo contestaron juntamente con medidas externas (PID-5 y FFAvA). Los factores IDCP-Av y su puntuación total presentaron una alta fiabilidad. Las correlaciones y las comparaciones de los grupos fueron coherentes, corroborando con las expectativas. Se observaron evidencias favorables para el uso del AvPD-Av para evaluar el TPE. Sin embargo, estudios posteriores deberían replicar los hallazgos presentes en muestras compuestas por pacientes.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Personality Disorders/psychology , Personality Inventory , Psychometrics , Reproducibility of Results
6.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 42(1): 14-21, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055366

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to determine if personality disorder (PD) predicted functional outcomes in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Methods: Data (n=71) from a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled 12-week trial assessing the efficacy of 200 mg/day adjunctive minocycline for MDD were examined. PD was measured using the Standardized Assessment of Personality Abbreviated Scale. Outcome measures included Clinical Global Impression - Improvement (CGI-I), Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (Q-LES-Q), Social and Occupational Functioning Scale (SOFAS), and Range of Impaired Functioning (RIFT). Analysis of covariance was used to examine the impact of PD (dichotomized factor [≥ 3] or continuous measure) on the outcome measures-treatment group correlation. Results: PD was identified in 69% of the sample. After adjusting for age, sex, and baseline scores for each of the outcome measures, there was no significant difference between participants with and without PD on week 12 scores for any of the outcome measures (all p > 0.14). Conclusion: In this secondary analysis of a primary efficacy study, PD was a common comorbidity among those with MDD, but was not a significant predictor of functional outcomes. This study adds to the limited literature on PD in randomized controlled trials for MDD. Clinical trial registration: ACTRN12612000283875.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Personality Disorders/psychology , Depressive Disorder, Major/psychology , Depressive Disorder, Major/drug therapy , Minocycline/administration & dosage , Antidepressive Agents/administration & dosage , Personal Satisfaction , Personality Tests , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Quality of Life , Comorbidity , Placebo Effect , Double-Blind Method , Treatment Outcome , Self Report , Middle Aged
7.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 41(6): 530-534, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055330

ABSTRACT

Objective: The current study aimed to examine the latent structure of a web-based, Brazilian Portuguese version of the Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form (YSQ-SF). Method: The sample consisted of 15,557 adult participants - 4,702 men and 10,855 women - with age ranging from 18 to 60 years. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to test the a priori conceptual 15-factor model presumed to underlie the YSQ-SF item set. Results: Most items displayed high levels of reliability (factor loadings greater than 0.7) and low liability to random measurement error (residual variances below 0.02), indicating that the a priori YSQ-SF factor structure is adequate. Discussion: These findings offer empirical evidence supporting YSQ-SF construct validity and, consequently, its application in adults.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Personality Disorders/psychology , Adaptation, Psychological , Adjustment Disorders/psychology , Self Report/standards , Psychometrics , Brazil , Reproducibility of Results , Middle Aged
8.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 41(3): 301-313, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1043525

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The present paper aims to identify and characterize studies that assess the repercussions of parental rearing styles on development of psychopathological symptoms and to examine the possible relations between parental rearing behaviors and development of early maladaptive schemas (EMS). Methods: A systematic search was conducted on the PsychNet, BVS, Scopus, Web of Science and PubMed databases for empirical studies published up to 2018 in Portuguese, English, or Spanish that investigated and characterized the effects of parental rearing styles. Results: The electronic search identified 321 articles on the various different databases, only 22 of which met the criteria for inclusion and were read in full. Correlations were found between EMS and maternal rejection, parental rearing styles and depression in the studies. EMS were also found to act as mediators in the relationship between parental rearing styles and/or education and dysfunctional symptoms during personality development. Conclusions: In the studies selected, parental rearing styles stood out from other variables that influence personality development and activation of schematic patterns. It is therefore important to highlight the importance of conducting studies in this area to provide information that can promote care and prevention strategies in early childhood.


Resumo Introdução: O objetivo do presente artigo é identificar e caracterizar estudos que avaliem a repercussão dos estilos parentais na formação de sintomas psicopatológicos e verificar uma possível relação dos padrões parentais com o desenvolvimento dos esquemas iniciais desadaptativos (EIDs). Método: Uma busca sistemática foi realizada nas seguintes bases de dados: PsychNet, BVS, Scopus, Web of Science e PubMed. Foram buscados estudos empíricos publicados até 2018, escritos em português, inglês ou espanhol, que investigassem e caracterizassem os efeitos dos estilos parentais. Resultados: A busca eletrônica identificou 321 artigos nas diferentes bases de dados, dentre os quais apenas 22 preencheram os critérios de seleção e foram lidos na íntegra. Os estudos demonstraram que há correlação entre EIDs, rejeição materna, estilos parentais e depressão. Também foi encontrada a participação dos EIDs como mediadores na relação entre estilos parentais e/ou educação e sintomas disfuncionais na formação da personalidade. Conclusão: Nos estudos selecionados, estilos parentais se destacaram entre as variáveis envolvidas na formação da personalidade e ativação dos padrões esquemáticos. Portanto, frisa-se a importância de estudos na área, a fim de aprofundar conhecimentos para promover saúde e melhores estratégias de prevenção em crianças.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Parents/psychology , Personality , Personality Disorders/psychology , Child Rearing/psychology , Parent-Child Relations , Parenting/psychology , Middle Aged
9.
Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (Impr.) ; 46(3): 61-65, May.-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011153

ABSTRACT

Objective The purpose of this study is to determine the relation between smart phone addiction and personality beliefs of university students. Methods A total of 1007 students, 637 females (63.3%) and 370 males (36.7%) participated in the study. "Smart phone addiction scale short form" was used to measure smart phone addiction and "personality beliefs scale" was used to identify personality beliefs. Results According to the performed multiple regression analysis, it was found out that dependent, antisocial, narcissist, histrionic, borderline, paranoid personality, schizoid personality, obsessive compulsive personality, passive-aggressive personality and avoidant personality beliefs predicted smart phone addiction at significant level (R = 0.38, R2 = 0.15, p < 0.001). The mentioned variables explain 15% of the variance. An examination of the t-test shows that dependent personality (t = 5.585, p < 0.001), passive-aggressive personality (t = -4.485, p < .001) and paranoid personality (t = 2.901, p < .01) belief among the mentioned variables are a significant predictor of smart phone addiction. Discussion The obtained results show that dependent, passive-aggressive and paranoid personality beliefs are a significant predictor of smart phone addiction. Research findings are discussed in the light of relevant literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Personality Disorders/psychology , Behavior, Addictive/psychology , Smartphone , Students/psychology , Universities , Surveys and Questionnaires , Regression Analysis , Compulsive Behavior/psychology , Cyprus
10.
Summa psicol. UST ; 16(1): 51-59, 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1127605

ABSTRACT

La psicopatía ha sido frecuentemente relacionada con los trastornos de la personalidad, sobre todo con el subtipo antisocial, debido a las características delictivas que, en ocasiones, este implica. A pesar de esta asociación, y sin obviar los matices diferenciales, es importante recordar que los trastornos de la personalidad son diagnósticos clínicos, que vienen amparados por las nosologías psiquiátricas y recogidos en los manuales de trastornos mentales. En este sentido, no se debe entender la psicopatía como un trastorno mental, ni de la personalidad ni de cualquier otra índole psicopatológica. Si bien la psicopatía incorpora algunos rasgos aislados, también característicos de varios trastornos de la personalidad, es necesario establecer con exactitud los perfiles diferenciales entre estos y la psicopatía, ya que hay múltiples matices que podrán ayudar a establecer el diagnóstico diferencial pertinente y a evitar equiparar psicopatía con psicopatologías de la personalidad


Psychopathy has been frequently associated with personality disorders, particularly with the antisocial subtype due to the criminal features that it sometimes entails. Despite this link, and without ignoring the differential nuances, it is important to remember that personality disorders are clinical diagnoses, which are supported by psychiatric nosology and included in manuals of mental disorders. Therefore, psychopathy should not be understood as a mental disorder, neither of personality nor of any other psychopathological nature. Even though psychopathy incorporates some isolated features, also characteristic of several personality disorders, it is necessary to accurately establish the differential profiles between them and psychopathy, since there are multiple nuances that may help to establish the necessary differential diagnosis and to avoid equating psychopathy with personality psychopathologie


Subject(s)
Humans , Personality Disorders/psychology , Psychopathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Antisocial Personality Disorder/psychology
12.
Psiquiatr. salud ment ; 35(1/2): 49-55, ene.-jun. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-998637

ABSTRACT

En este artículo describiremos brevemente ciertos pacientes que consultan por cuadros psiquiátricos agudos y que además sufren de difusión de identidad. Estos pacientes ofrecen dificultades importantes a su propio tratamiento porque tienden a no persistir en una tarea, no cuidar de sí mismos, no confiar en las personas y a no recuperarse de las fallas de mentalización que puedan tener en sus relaciones interpersonales, produciendo graves complicaciones en el proceso terapéutico. Describiremos el Programa de Intervención Psicoeducativa y Control Farmacológico en Grupo que hemos implementado en el Instituto Psiquiátrico José Horwitz Barak para manejar de mejor forma las dificultades terapéuticas que estos pacientes ofrecen.


In this article we will briefly describe certain patients who consult for acute psychiatric symptoms and who also suffer from identity diffusion. These patients offer significant difficulties to their own treatment because they tend not to persist in a task, do not take care of themselves, do not trust people and do not recover from the mentalization failures they may have in their interpersonal relationships, producing serious complications in the therapeutic process. We will describe the Program of Psychoeducative Intervention and Pharmacological Control in Group that we have implemented in the José Horwitz Barak Psychiatric Institute to better manage the therapeutic difficulties that these patients offer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Personality Disorders/psychology , Personality Disorders/therapy , Personality Disorders/drug therapy , Psychotherapy, Group , Patient Education as Topic , Treatment Refusal , Patient Compliance
13.
Univ. psychol ; 17(1): 58-68, ene.-mar. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-979473

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present study aimed to review the Impulsiveness dimension from Dimensional Clinical Personality Inventory (IDCP) as well as to verify its psychometric properties in a non-clinical sample. The procedures were performed in 2-stages. Step 1 was directed at the development of new items and Step 2 intended for testing the psychometric properties of the revised version. As a result of the first step, we selected a set of 38 items. In the second step, the items were tested in a sample of 225 subjects (70.1% females), aged 18 to 66 years (M = 26.2, SD = 8.1), mostly undergraduate students (58.9%). All subjects answered the IDCP, and the Brazilian versions of both, the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) and the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5). As result, we obtained a set of 18 items in three interpretable factors, Inconsequence, Risk Taking, and Deceitfulness, with internal consistency coefficients (Cronbach's α) of .89 for the total score. The correlations of the Impulsiveness factors with NEO-PI-R and PID-5 revealed consistent and expected relations. The data reveal the adequacy of the revised dimension of IDCP.


Resumen El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo revisar la dimensión Impulsividad del Inventario Dimensional Clínico de la Personalidad (IDCP), así como para comprobar las propiedades psicométricas en una muestra no clínica. El procedimiento se realizó en dos etapas: paso 1, dirigido al desarrollo de nuevos productos y el paso 2 destinado a probar las propiedades psicométricas de la versión revisada. Como resultado de la primera etapa, se seleccionó un conjunto de 38 artículos. En el segundo paso, los elementos fueron probados en una muestra de 225 sujetos (70.1 % mujeres), con edades comprendidas entre 18 y 66 años (M = 26.2, DE = 8.1), en su mayoría estudiantes universitarios (58.9 %). Todos los sujetos respondieron el IDCP y las versiones brasileñas de ambos: el Inventario Revisado NEO Personality (NEO-PI-R) y el Inventario de Personalidad para el DSM-5 (PID-5). Como resultado, se obtuvo un conjunto de 18 artículos en tres factores interpretables, Inconsecuencia, Asunción de riesgos y Falsedad, con coeficientes de consistencia interna (α de Cronbach) de 0.89 para la puntuación total. Las correlaciones de los factores de Impulsividad con NEO-PI-R y PID-5 revelaron relaciones consistentes y esperadas. Los datos ponen de manifiesto la idoneidad de la nueva dimensión Impulsividad del IDCP.


Subject(s)
Personality Disorders/diagnosis , Personality Disorders/psychology , Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
14.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 38(1): 19-24, mar. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1046029

ABSTRACT

Durante el proceso de envejecimiento se producen una serie de cambios que a veces pueden sorprender desfavorablemente a aquellos individuos más frágiles. La pérdida de la continuidad identitaria constituye uno de los retos más significativos de los muchos que se presentan en la vejez y puede ocasionar imprevisibles consecuencias, entre las cuales la tentativa de suicidio aparecería como una manera última y desesperada de recuperar el control perdido. La vejez trae aparejados diversos cambios, que no son vividos de igual manera por todos; la característica de cada pérdida o de cada alteración determinará la repercusión en cada uno; por eso, poder comprenderlos en esta vivencia nos permite abrirnos hacia un nuevo entendimiento de esta etapa de la vida. A través de ella analizaremos tres historias de personas que perdieron en el camino aquello que las definía como seres humanos. (AU)


During the aging process several changes occur that may surprise unfavorably those who are more fragile. One of the most significant challenges that occur in the elderly is related with the lost of the previous identity which can lead to unforeseeable consequences, where the suicide attempt may seem to be the last and the most desperate way to regain control. Old age involves various changes and losses which will be experienced differently by every person according to their one personality and life story. To be able to fully comprehend this process will allow us to understand this stage of life in each singularity. In this article we will analyze three life stories illustrating people who lost the meaning of what defined them as human beings. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Personality Disorders/complications , Self Concept , Suicide, Attempted/psychology , Frail Elderly/psychology , Depression/complications , Identity Crisis , Parkinson Disease/psychology , Personality Disorders/psychology , Suicide/psychology , Bereavement , Health of the Elderly , Depression/psychology , /psychology
15.
Poiésis (En línea) ; (35): 94-107, 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-981516

ABSTRACT

El siguiente artículo se presenta como resultado del estudio de la posesión demoníaca, primero adentrándose en los aspectos histórico-culturales registrados desde distintas concepciones humanas; en segunda instancia se hará un estudio en torno a la fenomenología del poseso, sus posibles orígenes y consecuencias por medio de los criterios diagnósticos que más se frecuentan en los casos registrados, lo cual se contrastará con modelos biológicos y psicopatológicos que se dirigen a explicar la naturaleza de fenómeno; en tercer lugar, se hará una aproximación a como la posesión es percibida en la actualidad, y cuáles son las posibles soluciones que se ofrecen como tratamiento desde diferentes disciplinas. Finalmente, el artículo ofrece unas minuciosas conclusiones que se dirigen a ofrecer un espacio de reflexión sobre la posesión demoníaca, incentivando a los lectores a comprender el fenómeno desde una mirada científica que exija valorar distintos enfoques de conocimiento.


The following article is presented as a result of the study of demonic possession, first into the historical and cultural aspects reported from various human conceptions, in the second instance a study on the phenomenology of the possessed, their possible origins and consequences through the diagnostic criteria that are more frequent in the cases reported, will be which contrast with biological and psychopathological models heading to explain the nature of the phenomenon; Thirdly, an approach will be to as possession is perceived today, and what are the possible solutions offered as treatment from different disciplines. Finally, the article provides detailed conclusions aiming to offer a space for reflection on the demonic possession, encouraging readers to understand the phenomenon from a scientific point of view requiring different approaches of knowledge value.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spirit Possession , Personality Disorders/psychology , Psychopathology , Mental Health , Mind-Body Relations, Metaphysical
16.
Aval. psicol ; 16(4): 444-451, 2017. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-963659

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste trabalho foi investigar as diferenças entre os sexos na Escala Fatorial de Neuroticismo (EFN) e em suas facetas em 40 pacientes com Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline internados em uma clínica psiquiátrica bem como a ocorrência de TEPT nesses pacientes. Também foi aplicada a Borderline Symptoms List (BSL-23) para avaliar a sintomatologia do Transtorno Borderline. Os resultados mostraram uma pontuação elevada dessa amostra na EFN com relação a amostra de normatização da escala (122,39 ± 12,00). Não houve diferença significativa entre os sexos. Muitos pacientes apresentaram como comorbidade o Transtorno Depressivo Maior (40%) e tanto homens quanto mulheres obtiveram as pontuações mais elevadas na faceta depressão. Os resultados indicaram a ocorrência de experiências traumáticas na infância e a probabilidade cinco vezes maior de pessoas com TPB com histórico de abuso de desenvolverem TEPT. Sugere-se um estudo com populações clínicas maiores, na tentativa de encontrar um ponto de corte ou um padrão de pontuação nos instrumentos de Neuroticismo que possa indicar TPB e outros estudos que aprofundem as relações entre TEPT, abuso e a ocorrência de depressão nesses pacientes. (AU)


The objective of this study was to investigate the differences between the sexes in the Factorial Neuroticism Scale (FNS) and its facets in 40 patients with borderline personality disorder hospitalized in a psychiatric clinic, as well as the occurrence of PTSD in these patients. The Borderline Symptoms List (BSL-23) was also applied to evaluate the symptomatology of borderline personality disorder. The results showed a high FNS score in this sample in relation to the scale's normalization sample (122.39 ± 12.00). There was no significant difference between the sexes. Many patients presented Major Depressive Disorder (40%) as comorbidity, and both men and women had the higher scores in the depression facet. The results indicated the occurrence of traumatic experiences in childhood and a five-fold higher probability of people with BPD and a history of abuse of developing PTSD. We suggest a study with larger clinical populations in an attempt to find a cutoff point or a scoring standard in the Neuroticism instrument that could indicate BPD, and other studies that deepen the relations between PTSD, abuse and the occurrence of Depression in these patients. (AU)


El objetivo de este trabajo fue investigar las diferencias entre los sexos en la Escala Factorial de Inestabilidad Emocional EFN y en sus facetas, en 40 pacientes con trastorno de personalidad bordeline internados en una clínica psiquiátrica así como la ocurrencia de TEPT en los mismos. También se aplicó la Borderline Symptoms List (BSL-23) para evaluar la sintomatología del trastorno bordeline. Los resultados mostraron alta puntuación en esta muestra en la EFN con relación a la muestra de normatización de la escala (122,39 ± 12,00). No se dieron diferencias significativas entre los sexos. Muchos pacientes presentaron como comorbidad el Trastorno Depresivo Mayor (40%) y tanto hombres como mujeres obtuvieron las puntuaciones más elevadas en la faceta depresión. Los resultados indicaron la ocurrencia de experiencias traumáticas en la infancia y la probabilidad cinco veces mayor de personas con TPB con histórico de abuso, de desarrollar TEPT. Se sugiere un estudio con poblaciones clínicas mayores, tratando de encontrar un punto de corte o un patrón de puntuación en los instrumentos de Inestabilidad Emocional que puedan indicar TPB y otros estudios para investigar más a fondo la relación entre el trastorno de estrés postraumático TEPT, abuso y la ocurrencia de depresión en esos pacientes. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Borderline Personality Disorder/psychology , Neuroticism , Hospitalization , Personality Disorders/psychology , Sex Distribution , Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
17.
Estud. psicol. (Natal) ; 21(4): 359-368, out.-dez. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-840545

ABSTRACT

Abstract We aimed to review of the Eccentricity dimension of the Dimensional Clinical Personality Inventory (IDCP), through two steps. The first one focused on developing new items and the second on testing the psychometric properties in a sample of 225 subjects (70.1% females), aging between 18 and 66 years, mostly undergraduate students (58.9%). The subjects answered the IDCP, and the Brazilian versions of the NEO-PI-R, PID-5 and MIS. The first step resulted in 42 items, which 22 were new. The second step resulted in a composite of 18 items, pooled in six interpretable factors, as Interpersonal detachment, Eccentric style, Paranormality, Persecutory style, Depersonalization and Emotional inexpressiveness, with internal consistency coefficients of .85 for the total score, and between .60 and .82 for the factors. The correlations between instruments revealed consistent and expected relations. The data suggested adequacy of the new Eccentricity dimension of IDCP.


Resumo O objetivo do estudo foi revisar a dimensão Excentricidade do Inventário Dimensional Clínico da Personalidade (IDCP), em duas etapas. A primeira etapa focada no desenvolvimento de novos itens e a segunda na verificação das propriedades psicométricas em uma amostra de 225 indivíduos (70,1% do sexo feminino), com idades entre 18 e 66 anos, em sua maioria estudantes de graduação (58,9%). Os participantes responderam ao IDCP, e às versões brasileiras do NEO-PI-R, PID-5 e MIS. A primeira etapa resultou em 42 itens, sendo 22 novos. A segunda etapa resultou em um conjunto de 18 itens, agrupados em seis fatores interpretáveis, Distanciamento Interpessoal, Estilo Excêntrico, Paranormalidade, Estilo Persecutório, Despersonalização e Inexpressividade Emocional, com coeficientes de consistência interna de 0,85 para o escore total e entre 0,60 e 0,82 para os fatores. As correlações entre os instrumentos revelaram-se consistentes e esperadas. Os dados demonstraram adequação da nova dimensão Excentricidade do IDCP.


Resumen El estudio tuvo como objetivo revisar la dimensión Excentricidad del Inventario Dimensional Clínico de la Personalidad (IDCP), en dos pasos. Uno para el desarrollo de nuevos ítems y otro para probar las propiedades psicométricas en una muestra de 225 sujetos (70,1% mujeres), con edades entre 18 y 66 años, estudiantes universitarios en su mayoría (58,9%). Los sujetos respondieron el IDCP, y las versiones brasileñas del NEO-PI-R, PID-5 y MIS. El primer paso resultó en 42 ítems, los cuales 22 eran nuevos. El segundo, dio lugar a una mezcla compuesta de 18 ítems, agrupados en seis factores interpretables, Desapego interpersonal, Estilo excéntrico, Paranormalidad, Estilo persecutorio, Despersonalización y Inexpresividad emocional, con coeficientes de consistencia interna de 0,85 para el total, y entre 0,60 y 0,82 para los factores. Las correlaciones entre los instrumentos revelaron relaciones consistentes y esperadas. Los datos demuestran la idoneidad de la nueva dimensión Excentricidad del IDCP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Personality , Personality Disorders/psychology , Psychological Tests , Behavior , Personality Tests , Psychometrics
18.
Aval. psicol ; 15(2): 141-150, ago. 2016. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: lil-797787

ABSTRACT

Este estudo objetivou obter evidências de validade do Questionário de Esquemas e Crenças da Personalidade (QECP) e estimar a fidedignidade dos escores. Trata-se de um instrumento de autorrelato desenvolvido para avaliar perfis cognitivos de transtornos de personalidade de acordo com a teoria da terapia cognitiva. Participaram do estudo 437 pessoas com média de idade de 28,1 anos (DP=8,57), 75,7% do sexo feminino, e 88,3% universitários. Utilizou-se análise paralela como critério para o número de fatores a extrair-se na análise fatorial exploratória (AFE). A AFE com fatoração dos eixos principais e rotação Promax indicou uma solução com cinco fatores. Os índices de fidedignidade (Lambda 2 de Guttman) variaram entre 0,64 e 0,89. As correlações entre os fatores, corrigidas para atenuação, variaram entre 0,05 e 0,64. A AFE dos escores fatoriais apontou dois fatores de segunda ordem. Os resultados indicaram evidências satisfatórias de validade de construto e fidedignidade dos escores.


This study aimed to obtain validity evidence of the Personality Schemas and Beliefs Questionnaire (QECP) and to estimate the reliability of its scores. The QECP is a self-reported instrument developed to assess the cognitive profiles of personality disorders according to cognitive therapy theory. The sample of respondents was composed of 437 Brazilians with a mean age of 28.1 years (SD=8.57), 75.7% female and 88.3% university students. Parallel analysis was used as a criterion for the number of factors to extract in exploratory factor analysis (EFA). EFA with Principal Axis Factoring and Promax rotation indicated a five factor solution. Reliability coefficients (Guttman’s Lambda 2) of the five factors varied between .64 and .89. The correlations between the factors, corrected for attenuation, varied from .05 to .64. EFA of the factor scores indicated two second-order factors. The results indicated satisfactory evidence of construct validity and reliability of the QECP scores.


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo obtener evidencia de validez del Cuestionario de Esquemas y Creencias de Personalidad (QECP) y estimar la confiabilidad de sus puntuaciones. El QECP es un instrumento de autoinforme desarrollado para evaluar los perfiles cognitivos de trastornos de personalidad, según la teoría de terapia cognitiva. Participaron 437 personas brasileñas con edad promedio de 28,1 años (DS=8,57), 75,7% de sexo femenino y 88,3% estudiantes universitarios. Se utilizó análisis paralelo como criterio para el número de factores a extraer en análisis factorial exploratorio (AFE). La AFE de ejes principales con rotación Promax indicó una solución de cinco factores. Los índices de confiabilidad (Lambda 2 de Guttman) oscilaron entre 0,64 y 0,89. Las correlaciones entre factores, corregidas por atenuación, variaron entre 0,05 y 0,64. La AFE de las puntuaciones factoriales indicó dos factores de segundo orden. Los resultados indicaron evidencia satisfactoria de validez de constructo y confiabilidad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Personality Disorders/psychology , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Reproducibility of Results , Factor Analysis, Statistical
19.
Rev. Subj. (Impr.) ; 16(1): 52-63, abril - 2016.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-833903

ABSTRACT

Tendo em vista que o setor de ensino pode ser considerado propício para o surgimento de práticas que, de forma insidiosa e sistemática, podem atingir a integridade psíquica de alunos e professores, o presente ensaio busca refletir, a partir da perspectiva psicanalítica, sobre o assédio moral no contexto educacional. Para tanto, discute-se a natureza perversa conhecida corriqueiramente como autoritarismo, baseando-se principalmente na teoria psicanalítica freudiana, nos conceitos pós-freudianos de Lacan e Melanie Klein, e em autores contemporâneos como Hirigoyen e Racamier. A partir dessa reflexão, é possível supor que o quadro de perversão narcísica, observado em alguns traços de professores, pode se delinear como forma de defesa do sujeito frente a uma situação ameaçadora. É importante considerar as características e vivências individuais dos professores, já que não se propõe aqui nenhum tipo de generalização, e que essas manifestações podem ser também fruto de uma cultura educacional em que a autoridade é historicamente institucionalizada.


Considering that the education sector can be considered propitious for the emergence of insidious and systematic practices that can reach the psychic integrity of students and teachers, the present essay seeks to reflect, from a psychoanalytic perspective, on harassment moral in the educational context. For that, the perverse nature commonly known as authoritarianism, based mainly on Freudian psychoanalytic theory, and the post-Freudian concepts of Lacan and Melanie Klein and on contemporary authors such as Hirigoyen and Racamier were discussed. From this reflection, it is possible to suppose that the narcissistic perversion picture, observed in some traits of teachers, can be delineated as a form of defense of the subject facing a threatening situation. It is important to consider the individual characteristics and experiences of teachers, since no generalization is proposed here and these manifestations may also be the result of an educational culture in which authority is historically institutionalized.


En vista que el sector de enseñanza puede ser considerado propicio para el surgimiento de prácticas que, de forma insidiosa y sistemática, pueden afectar la integridad psíquica de alumnos y profesores, el presente ensayo busca reflexionar, a partir de la perspectiva psicoanalítica, sobre el asedio moral en el contexto educacional. Por lo tanto, se discute la naturaleza perversa conocida comúnmente como autoritarismo, basándose principalmente en la teoría psicoanalítica freudiana, y en los conceptos post-freudianos de Lacan y Melanie Klein y en autores contemporáneos como Hirigoyen y Racamier. A partir de esa reflexión, es posible suponer que el cuadro de perversión narcisista, observado en algunos trazos de profesores, se puede delinear como una forma de defensa del sujeto frente a una situación amenazadora. Es importante considerar las características y vivencias individuales de los profesores, ya que no se propone aquí ningún tipo de generalización y que esas manifestaciones pueden ser también fruto de una cultura educativa en que la autoridad es históricamente institucionalizada.


Dès lors que le secteur de l'éducation peut être considéré comme propice à l'émergence de pratiques qui, de façon systématique et insidieuse, peuvent atteindre l'intégrité psychique des élèves et des enseignants, ce travail veut refléter, à partir de la perspective psychanalytique, sur le harcèlement moral dans le contexte éducatif. À cette fin, il examine la nature perverse, appelée couramment d'autoritarisme, dont est basé principalement à la théorie psychanalytique freudienne et aux concepts de systèmes post-freudien de Lacan et Melanie Klein et aux auteurs contemporains comme Hirigoyen et Racamier. À partir de cette réflexion, il est possible de supposer que le cadre de la perversion narcissique, observée chez quelques traces des enseignants peut être assimilé comme une défense du sujet face à une situation menaçante. Il est important d'examiner les caractéristiques et les expériences individuelles des enseignants, car il n'est pas proposé aucune généralisation ici. Il faut aussi comprendre que ces manifestations peuvent être le résultat d'une culture scolaire dans laquelle l'autorité est historiquement institutionnalisée.


Subject(s)
Humans , Personality Disorders/psychology , Harassment, Non-Sexual/psychology , Authoritarianism
20.
Psicol. reflex. crit ; 29: 6, 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: lil-785102

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present study aimed to review the Self-sacrifice scale from the Dimensional Clinical Personality Inventory (IDCP), and investigate its psychometric properties. To this end, the study comprised 199 participants, aging between 18 and 54 years (M= 26.37; SD= 8.13), and 142 were women (71.4 %). All subjects answered the IDCP and the Brazilian versions of the NEO Personality Inventory - Revised and the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5). Based on the exploratory factor analysis with confirmatory indices (E-SEM), four interpretable factors were found, besides the total score for the scale reviewed. The factors showed adequate internal consistency coefficient ranging between .78 and .87. Furthermore, the correlations between the factors and the total score and the dimensions of the other instruments used were consistent, especially regarding to the PID-5. Accordingly, we conclude that the revised version size is more suitable adequate from the psychometric perspective compared to the original version, besides being more related to the pathological personality functioning. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Personality Disorders/psychology , Psychometrics , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires
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