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1.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(2): 431-437, Mar.-Apr. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1248922

ABSTRACT

Tracheal fungal infections in horses are rare. This case report describes surgical and clinical management of a filly with a Curvularia sp. infection within the trachea and skin that caused severe intraluminal granulomas and cutaneous nodules, respectively. The patient was successfully treated with itraconazole and surgical excision.(AU)


Infecções fúngicas traqueais em equinos são raras. Este relato de caso descreve condutas clínicas e cirúrgicas em uma égua com infecção por Curvularia sp. na traqueia e na pele, causando granulomas intraluminais severos e nódulos cutâneos, respectivamente. O animal foi tratado com sucesso com itraconazol e exérese cirúrgica.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Tracheitis/veterinary , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Phaeohyphomycosis/veterinary , Curvularia , Granuloma/veterinary , Horses/surgery
2.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 37(5): 604-609, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144258

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los hongos dematiáceos son un grupo heterogéneo de microorganismos capaces de sintetizar melanina. Las infecciones de este grupo que producen hifas en tejidos se denominan feohifomicosis y generalmente afectan la piel y tejidos vecinos. Presentamos el caso de un varón de 86 años con un tumor quístico blando progresivo en su mano y muñeca derecha, no asociado a dolor o signos inflamatorios. Se demostró una tenosinovitis de los flexores con pseudocapsula y sinovitis adherida a los tendones. El cultivo demostró un hongo dematiáceo compatible con Pleurostomophora richardsiae que se confirmó por secuenciación de la región ITS. La biopsia mostró una inflamación crónica granulomatosa e hifas. Después del drenaje quirúrgico, el paciente fue dado de alta sin terapia antifúngica, pero falleció por causas no relacionadas, tres meses después. Esta es la primera descripción de P. richardsiae como causa de feohifomicosis en Chile. Esta patología se puede sospechar cuando una lesión quística cutánea crónica involucra extremidades sin signos inflamatorios. Puede afectar a pacientes inmunocompetentes o inmunocomprometidos. El tratamiento contempla la escisión quirúrgica con o sin terapia antifúngica.


Abstract Dematiaceous fungi are a heterogeneous group of microorganisms able to synthesize melanin. Infections by this group that provoke tissular hyphae are called phaeohyphomycosis and usually involve skin and neighbor tissues. We present the case of a 86 years old men with a progressive soft cystic tumor in his right hand and wrist not associated to pain or inflammatory signs. A surgical intervention demonstrated flexor tenosynovitis with serous secretion, pseudocapsule and synovitis. Fungal culture demonstrated a dematiaceous fungi compatible with Pleurostomophora richardsiae that was confirmed by sequencing of the ITS region. Biopsy showed chronic inflammation with granuloma and hyphae. After surgical drainage, the patient was discharged without antifungal therapy but died of unrelated causes three month later. This is the first description of P. richardsiae as a cause of phaeohyphomycosis in Chile, a country with a template climate. Phaeohyphomycosis can be suspected when a chronic skin cystic lesion involves extremities without inflammatory signs, sometimes with an associated fistula. It may affect immunocompetent or immunosuppressed patients. Treatment involves surgical excision with or without antifungal therapy and prognosis is favorable.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Abscess , Phaeohyphomycosis/diagnosis , Phaeohyphomycosis/drug therapy , Ascomycota , Chile , Hand , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
3.
Rev. colomb. nefrol. (En línea) ; 6(1): 63-68, ene.-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1093027

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las micosis por Exophiala xenobiotica comprenden un amplio espectro clínico en pacientes inmunosuprimidos, desde infecciones localizadas, hasta diseminadas. Son incluidas como etiología de las feohifomicosis, actualmente consideradas como infecciones fúngicas emergentes en pacientes trasplantados de órgano sólido. Presentamos 2 casos de micosis por Eexophiala xenobiotica en paciente trasplantado renal, una micosis cutánea localizada y una infección sistémica con afectación del sistema nervioso central.


Abstract Mycosis by exophiala xenobiotica comprise a broad clinical spectrum in immunosuppressed patients, from localized to disseminated infections. They are a recognized etiology of phaeohyphomycosis, currently considered as emerging fungal infections in transplanted solid organ recipients. We present 2 cases of mycosis by exophiala xenobiotica in kidney transplant recipients, a localized cutaneous mycosis and a systemic infection with central nervous system involvement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Exophiala , Kidney Transplantation , Mycoses , Spain , Amphotericin B , Itraconazole , Phaeohyphomycosis
4.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180480, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013305

ABSTRACT

Abstract We report a rare case of subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis caused by Cladophialophora bantiana in an immunocompetent patient in Amazonas, Brazil. This dematiaceous fungus has been mainly associated with life-threatening infections affecting the central nervous systems of immunosuppressed patients. We present the clinical, laboratory, and therapeutic aspects, and in vitro susceptibility test results for different antifungal drugs. A brief review of the cases reported in the literature over the past 20 years has also been discussed. According to the literature review, the present case is the first report of subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis due to C. bantiana in an immunocompetent patient in Latin America.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Ascomycota/isolation & purification , Phaeohyphomycosis , Phaeohyphomycosis/diagnosis , Biopsy , Brazil , Immunocompromised Host , Dermatomycoses/drug therapy , Mitosporic Fungi/isolation & purification , Phaeohyphomycosis/immunology , Phaeohyphomycosis/drug therapy , Middle Aged , Antifungal Agents/classification , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
5.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 563-566, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762371

ABSTRACT

The Alternaria species are dematiaceous fungi. Human infection due to dematiaceous fungi is uncommon. Most reported cases of alternariosis have occurred in patients with immunodeficiency. The majority of cases were solid-organ transplantation recipients. Cutaneous alternariosis lesions are usually asymptomatic solitary nodules, plaques of ulcers or subcutaneous cysts. Here we report a case of a 77-year-old female who presented with hemorrhagic skin necrosis in right arm that had developed from hemorrhagic bullae. Her prior medical history included iatrogenic Cushing's syndrome, hypertension, interstitial lung disease and congestive heart failure. Following administration of itraconazole, her lesions improved.


Subject(s)
Aged , Alternaria , Alternariosis , Arm , Cushing Syndrome , Female , Fungi , Heart Failure , Humans , Hypertension , Itraconazole , Lung Diseases, Interstitial , Necrosis , Phaeohyphomycosis , Skin , Ulcer
6.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 571-575, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762369

ABSTRACT

Microsphaeropsis arundinis is a dematiaceous fungus capable of causing soft tissue infections known as phaeohyphomycosis, mostly in immunocompromised individuals. These infections arise from the traumatic inoculation of fungal materials into the subcutis, and can spread to adjacent subcutaneous tissues or via the lymphatics in a sporotrichoid manner. A 76-year-old man presented with diffuse erythematous plaques and swelling on both forearms and dorsal hands, and rhinalgia. He had been undergoing treatment for hypertension, angina pectoris, and diabetes. Histopathologic examinations of the skin, painful nasal septum, and molecular identification using internal transcribed spacer regions confirmed a diagnosis of subcutaneous and intranasal phaeohyphomycosis caused by M. arundinis. The patient was treated with oral itraconazole for over 5 months, and no recurrence was observed until the time of writing this manuscript. We report a rare case of subcutaneous and intranasal phaeohyphomycosis caused by M. arundinis and propose that confirmation of the causative strains is necessary, as it could affect the prognosis and treatment of the disease.


Subject(s)
Aged , Angina Pectoris , Diagnosis , Forearm , Fungi , Hand , Humans , Hypertension , Immunocompromised Host , Itraconazole , Mucormycosis , Nasal Septum , Phaeohyphomycosis , Prognosis , Recurrence , Skin , Soft Tissue Infections , Subcutaneous Tissue , Writing
7.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 89(4): 506-510, ago. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959553

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: La tiña negra es una micosis superficial causada por Hortaea werneckii. Su caracte rística clínica es la aparición de una mácula café negruzca de rápido crecimiento, producto del pig mento sintetizado por el mismo hongo. Sus características pigmentarias y de rápido crecimiento, de localización preferentemente acral, genera preocupación en los pacientes y en sus médicos tratantes por la sospecha de una lesion névica en evolución. Objetivos: Presentar 3 casos clínicos de pacientes pediátricos con esta patología y dar a conocer las herramientas para su diagnóstico diferencial. Casos clínicos: Tres pacientes, edades 3 y 5 años, con lesión macular pigmentada en palmas o plantas, cuyos padres referían habían crecido en forma rápida en poco tiempo. Dos de los casos tenían antecedentes de viajes previos al Caribe. Ante la sospecha clínica y dermatoscópica de una tiña negra, se realizó exámen micológico que confirmó el diagnóstico. En todos los casos, el tratamiento con antimicóticos tópicos llevó a la resolución completa de las lesiones. Conclusión: Aunque la tiña negra es rara en un clima seco, los viajes cada vez más frecuentes de los pacientes a países tropicales, probablemente aumentarán el número de casos. La dermatoscopía y el examen micológico son las herramientas que permiten realizar un correcto diagnóstico, evitando biopsias y/o cirugías innecesarias.


Abstract: Introduction: Tinea nigra is a superficial mycosis caused by Hortaea werneckii. Its clinical characte ristic is the appearance of a blackish brown macula of rapid growth, caused by the pigment produced by the fungus itself. The presence of a dark, fast growing, acral pigmentary lesion causes concern among patients and their treating physician about the possibility of a malignant pigmentary lesion. Objective: To present a series of three clinical cases in pediatric patients with this pathology and to show the tools that help to make a differential diagnosis. Clinical cases: Three patients between three and five years of age, which present a macular pigmented lesion on palms or soles, whose parents reported a rapid growth over a short period of time. Two of the patients reported previous trips to the Caribbean. Clinical and dermatoscopy suspicion of tinea nigra lead to a direct mycological exa mination, which confirmed the diagnosis. In all three cases, treatment with topical antifungals led to complete healing of the lesions. Conclusions: Although tinea nigra is rare in a dry climate, increasing travel of patients to tropical countries will increase the number of cases. Dermatoscopy and direct mycological examination are the tools that allow performing a correct diagnosis and avoiding unne cessary biopsies and/or surgeries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Tinea/diagnosis , Exophiala/isolation & purification , Phaeohyphomycosis/diagnosis , Tinea/microbiology , Diagnosis, Differential , Phaeohyphomycosis/microbiology
9.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(11): 1313-1321, Nov. 2017. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895376

ABSTRACT

As enfermidades fúngicas são diagnósticos diferenciais de diversas morbidades de caráter infeccioso, degenerativo ou proliferativo neoplásico, principalmente em gatos, que é a espécie mais suscetível a estas. Este trabalho descreve os achados anatomopatológicos de doenças fúngicas em gatos no período de janeiro de 2005 a dezembro de 2015 pelo SPV-UFRGS. Foram revisados 1.274 protocolos de necropsia e encontrou-se 17 casos de micoses, correspondendo a 1,33% dos diagnósticos. Quanto às amostras provenientes de biopsias, foram verificados 2.615 protocolos e detectou-se 59 casos de doenças fúngicas, totalizando 2,25% dos diagnósticos, sendo revisados seus achados macroscópicos, microscópicos, colorações especiais e cultivo micológico. O principal diagnóstico encontrado foi esporotricose com 34 casos de biópsia e cinco de necropsia. Criptococose obteve seis diagnósticos na necropsia e 13 na biópsia. O pseudomicetoma dermatofítico possui cinco casos de biópsia e dois de necropsia. Histoplasmose obteve um diagnóstico na necropsia e dois na biópsia. Aspergilose teve dois casos diagnosticados na necropsia. Candidíase e feo-hifomicose obtiveram um caso cada. Em quatro ocasiões, não se pode identificar o agente envolvido na lesão e foram classificados conforme a alteração morfológica em: dermatite fúngica, enterite fúngica, rinite micótica e dermatite e osteomielite fúngica. Através deste trabalho, pode-se identificar que a esporotricose foi o diagnóstico de doença fúngica mais frequente em felinos, seguido da criptococose e pseudomicetoma dermatofítico.(AU)


Fungal disease is included in the differential diagnosis of a wide range of disorders in cats. At the Department of Veterinary Pathology of Federal University Federal of Rio Grande do Sul (SPV-UFRGS), evaluation of records data of cats from January 2005 to December 2015 were examined. A total of 1,274 necropsy have been reviewed from which 17 cases of fungal infection was revealed accounting for 1.33%, and a total of 2,615 biopsies have been reviewed from which 59 cases of fungal infection was revealed, accounting for 2.25%. We retrospectively analyzed the gross and microscopic findings and the yield of additional diagnostic approaches employed. Sporotrichosis was the most common diagnosis with 34 cases found in biopsy and five necropsies. Cryptococcosis obtained six diagnoses through necropsy and 13 through biopsy. Dermatophytic pseudomycetoma was found in five cases in biopsy and two necropsies. Histoplasmosis diagnosis was obtained in one necropsy and two biopsies. Aspergillosis had two cases diagnosed in necropsy. Candidiase and phaeo-hyphomycosis accounted for one case each. In four occasions, it was not possible to identify the agent involved and the diagnosis was made regarding the morphological changes: fungal dermatitis, fungal enteritis, mycotic rhinitis, and fungal dermatitis and osteomyelitis. In this study, sporotrichosis could be identified as the most frequent diagnosis of fungal disease in cats, followed by cryptococcosis and dermatophytic pseudomycetoma.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Cryptococcosis/veterinary , Mycoses/microbiology , Mycoses/pathology , Mycoses/veterinary , Sporotrichosis/veterinary , Aspergillosis/veterinary , Candidiasis/veterinary , Histoplasmosis/veterinary , Phaeohyphomycosis/veterinary
10.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 34(3): 280-286, jun. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-899713

ABSTRACT

There are very few reports of pediatric patients with infections by dematiaceous filamentous fungi. In this publication we report a case of invasive fungal infection of the nasal septum by Curvularia spicifera in a pediatric patient with acute myeloid leukemia. The patient presented with a painful scabby wound in the nasal vestibule. Culture and universal PCR were consistent with Curvularia spicifera. Early management with surgical debridement and bi-associated antifungal therapy achieved complete resolution of the lesions, with no evidence of dissemination and relapses. Clinical management of these fungal infections represents a challenge as the antifungal selection and duration of therapy is not yet well stablished.


Existen pocos reportes de infecciones por hongos dematiáceos en pediatría. Comunicamos el caso de una infección fúngica invasora del tabique nasal en un niño con una leucemia mieloide aguda, que se presentó como una lesión costrosa dolorosa en el vestíbulo nasal. Se realizó desbridamiento quirúrgico precoz y recibió tratamiento antifúngico biasociado, lográndose resolución completa de las lesiones, sin diseminación ni recaídas. El cultivo y la RPC universal fueron compatibles con Curvularia spicifera. El manejo de estas infecciones fúngicas representa un desafío, considerando que la elección del agente antifúngico y la duración de la terapia no están completamente establecidas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Ascomycota/isolation & purification , Opportunistic Infections/complications , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/complications , Nose Diseases/complications , Phaeohyphomycosis/complications , Neutropenia/complications , Opportunistic Infections/microbiology , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/microbiology , Nose Diseases/microbiology , Phaeohyphomycosis/microbiology , Neutropenia/microbiology
11.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 48(2): 208-210, April.-June 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839387

ABSTRACT

Abstract This communication reports the second known case of oral phaeohyphomycosis in a patient with squamocellular carcinoma of the lip. The patient, an 82-year-old black woman, a former smoker (for more than 30 years), suffering from an ulcerous vegetative lesion in the middle third of the lower lip for approximately 12 months. The result of the histopathological analysis indicated carcinoma, with well-differentiated keratinized squamous cells and the presence of septate mycelial filaments. In the direct mycological examination, thick and dematiaceous septate mycelial filaments were observed. After the resection surgery, the patient did not need to use an antifungal drug to treat the phaeohyphomycosis, and no follow-up radiotherapy was needed to treat the squamocellular carcinoma. We stress that the presence of the squamocellular lesion of the lip was a possible contributing factor to the infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Lip Neoplasms/complications , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/complications , Phaeohyphomycosis/diagnosis , Phaeohyphomycosis/pathology , Lip/pathology , Brazil , Lip Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Microbiological Techniques , Treatment Outcome , Phaeohyphomycosis/surgery , Histocytochemistry , Lip/surgery , Microscopy
12.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 69(2): 377-380, mar.-abr. 2017.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-833834

ABSTRACT

Este relato descreve o caso do Cladosporium cladosporioides isolado de uma lesão periocular de um felino atendido no Hospital Veterinário da Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, em Cuiabá. A principal queixa do proprietário era uma lesão periocular, com piora no decorrer do tempo, havia aproximadamente quatro meses. Foi descrita a tentativa de tratamento da lesão com anti-inflamatórios e antibióticos, sem sucesso. Na anamnese foi relatado que o animal tinha acesso à rua e a hábitos de caça e que não havia outros animais da casa com lesão semelhante. O animal foi submetido à biópsia e citologia para um diagnóstico mais preciso do caso. Um fragmento foi encaminhado para o Laboratório de Patologia Veterinária e outro para o de Microbiologia Veterinária. Nas análises histopatológicas, houve compatibilidade com carcinoma de células escamosas e, nas lâminas de citologia, foi evidenciado um processo inflamatório agudo. Nas características macroscópicas e microscópicas da colônia, houve compatibilidade com Cladosporium sp. Posteriormente, o DNA foi extraído e sequenciado, confirmando a espécie Cladosporium cladosporioides. O objetivo deste relato foi descrever o isolamento dessa espécie em um felino com carcinoma de células escamosas.(AU)


This report describes a case of Cladosporium cladosporioides isolated from a cat with a periocular lesion at the Veterinary Hospital, Cuiaba- Brazil. Owner described his animal as having a periocular lesion treated unsuccessfully with anti-inflamatories and antibiotics. During anamnesis, it was reported that the animal has access to the street, hunting habits and none of the other animals of the house had a similar injury. The animal underwent biopsy and cytology for more accurate diagnosis of the case. A fragment was referred to the Veterinary Pathology Laboratory and another for Veterinary Microbiology. In the histopathological analysis of biopsy, it was compatible with squamous cell carcinoma and the cytology slides showed an acute inflammatory process. Microbiogical analysis isolated fungus with Cladosporium sp. Subsequently, DNA was extracted and sequenced confirming Cladosporium cladosporioides species. This paper reports the isolation of this species in a feline with squamous cell carcinoma.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/veterinary , Cladosporium/isolation & purification , Phaeohyphomycosis/veterinary
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-203537

ABSTRACT

Exophiala species are dark pigmented fungi associated with phaeohyphomycosis that exhibit yeast-like or hyphal forms of the fungus in superficial subcutaneous locations or systemic disease. The incidence of subcutaneous tissue infection of Exophiala species has recently increased, particularly in immunocompromised hosts. In Korea, E. jeanselmei, E. dermatitidis, and E. salmonis were isolated from patients with phaeohyphomycosis. However, there have been no case reports of phaeohyphomycosis caused by E. oligosperma. Here we report the first case of phaeohyphomycosis caused by E. oligosperma in Korea. An 82-year-old female with competent immune function presented with multiple subcutaneous masses on the dorsum of the left hand and wrist. A histopathological examination of the skin specimen revealed granulomatous inflammation with fungal hyphae and yeast. Molecular identification was performed using internal transcribed spacer sequences analysis. The sequence showed 100% identity with the E. oligosperma strains. She was treated with oral itraconazole and showed improvement.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Exophiala , Female , Fungi , Hand , Humans , Hyphae , Immunocompromised Host , Incidence , Inflammation , Itraconazole , Korea , Phaeohyphomycosis , Skin , Subcutaneous Tissue , Wrist , Yeasts
14.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(1): 89-92, Jan.-Feb. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-776416

ABSTRACT

Abstract Phaeohyphomycosis is an infection caused by a filamentous fungus that contains pigment melanin in its cell wall. We report two cases caused by Exophiala sp. emphasizing the clinical variability of the disease, as well as diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties of this opportunistic infection in immunosuppressed patients (kidney transplant).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Exophiala/isolation & purification , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Phaeohyphomycosis/pathology , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Immunocompromised Host , Immunosuppressive Agents/adverse effects , Opportunistic Infections/immunology , Opportunistic Infections/pathology , Opportunistic Infections/therapy , Phaeohyphomycosis/immunology , Phaeohyphomycosis/therapy , Skin/pathology
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-76122

ABSTRACT

A case of cutaneous lesions on the left lower leg caused by Curvularia species in an 80-year-old immunocompetent woman is described in this report. The etiological agent was identified as Curvularia species based on its colonial and microscopic morphology in pure tissue culture. The lesions healed after a 9-week regimen of oral itraconazole and topical lanoconazole.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Itraconazole , Leg , Phaeohyphomycosis
17.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 47(1): 54-6, Mar. 2015.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1171806

ABSTRACT

We here report a clinical case of a female patient presenting with a three-month history of a white onychodystrophic lesion of both hallux. The infection was due to a mold, identified as Curvularia lunata var aeria. The Curvularia gender is related to the production of phaeohyphomycosis, Curvularia lunata cause onychomycosis occasionally. The patient was treated with itraconazole 200mg/day, during six month with complete remission of the lesions. In conclusion, it is important to consider these fungi as causative agent of nail mycosis since the initial site of infection may be a pathway for systemic dissemination in inmunocompromised patients


Se presenta el caso clínico de una paciente que consultó por una lesión onicodistrófica blanquecina en ambos hallux, de 3 meses de evolución. El examen micológico determinó que el agente causal de la infección era un moho, Curvularia lunata var. aeria. El género Curvularia se asocia a la producción de feohifomicosis. Curvularia lunata es una especie que ocasionalmente puede producir onicomicosis. Se administró tratamiento por pulsos con itraconazol 200mg/día durante 6 meses, con remisión completa de las lesiones. Es importante tener en cuenta a estos hongos como agentes oportunistas causales de micosis ungueales, ya que el lugar inicial de infección puede significar una vía para la diseminación sistémica en pacientes inmunodeprimidos


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Onychomycosis/drug therapy , Phaeohyphomycosis/diagnosis , Onychomycosis/diagnosis , Culture Techniques/methods , Phaeohyphomycosis/complications
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-160768

ABSTRACT

Phaeohyphomycosis is an infection of humans and other animals caused by a number of phaeoid fungi. It is characterized by the development of dark-colored hyphae and other types of fungal elements in invaded tissues. Phaeohyphomycosis caused by Exophiala species is an unusual infection, but it has been reported with increasing frequency as laboratory methods for diagnosis have improved. A 68-year-old woman presented with yellowish round crusted plaque which is similar to actinic keratosis or keratoacanthoma on her right cheek. Histopathologic examination showed mononuclear cell infiltrate and dark-brown hyphae. The nucleotide sequence of internal transcribed spacer-2 was identical to that of Exophiala species. We report a case of phaeohyphomycosis mimicking skin cancer.


Subject(s)
Aged , Animals , Base Sequence , Cheek , Diagnosis , Exophiala , Female , Fungi , Humans , Hyphae , Keratoacanthoma , Keratosis, Actinic , Phaeohyphomycosis , Skin Neoplasms
20.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 31(4): 468-472, ago. 2014. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-724817

ABSTRACT

Several species of black fungi have been reported as agents of subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis. Although most of these fungi are considered opportunistic pathogens, they play an important role in phaeohyphomycosis, a disease considered an emergent mycosis among solid organ recipients. We report a case of phaeohyphomycosis caused by Alternaria infectoria of the left hand and the 4th finger of the right hand of a 68-year-old male who underwent a renal transplant 35 months before. The lesion was treated with surgical excision. One year later, the patient presented a new lesion on the 5th finger of the right hand, but this time caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides that was also removed surgically. Both lesions did not relapse after being removed. Antifungal susceptibility testing was performed against five antifungal drugs (amphotericin B, itraconazole, flucytosine, fluconazole and voriconazole). Alternaria infectoria was resistant to all five drugs and C. gloeosporioides was sensitive only to amphotericin B and voriconazole. We emphasize the need of histopathologic and microbiologic studies of new lesions of phaeohyphomycosis, since in this case the same patient was infected twice by two different fungi.


Diversas especies de hongos negros han sido descritos como agentes de feohifomicosis subcutáneas. A pesar que la gran mayoría de estos se consideran como oportunistas, juegan un papel importante en la feohifomicosis, enfermedad considerada una micosis emergente en pacientes trasplantados de órganos sólidos. Reportamos un caso de feohifomicosis subcutánea causada por Alternaria infectoria en el dorso de la mano izquierda y 4° falange de la mano derecha de un paciente de sexo masculino de 68 años de edad, que había sido sometido a un trasplante de riñón 35 meses antes. Se realizó escisión quirúrgica de la lesión. Después de un año, el paciente presentó una nueva lesión, esta vez en la 5° falange de la mano derecha causada por Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, lesión que también fue removida quirúrgicamente. El paciente no presentó nuevas lesiones después de las cirugías. Las pruebas de susceptibilidad antifúngica fueron realizados utilizando cinco antifúngicos (anfotericina B, itraconazol, 5-fluorcitosina, fluconazol y voriconazol). Alternaria infectoria presentó resistencia a los cinco antifíngicos y C. gloeosporioides fue susceptible solamente a anfotericina B y voriconazol. Enfatizamos la necesidad de realizar estudios histopatológicas y microbiológicos de nuevas lesiones de feohifomicosis, ya que el mismo paciente fue infectado por dos hongos diferentes.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Alternaria/isolation & purification , Colletotrichum/isolation & purification , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Phaeohyphomycosis/diagnosis , Alternaria/drug effects , Antifungal Agents/pharmacology , Colletotrichum/drug effects , Immunocompromised Host , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Phaeohyphomycosis/surgery
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