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1.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180480, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013305

ABSTRACT

Abstract We report a rare case of subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis caused by Cladophialophora bantiana in an immunocompetent patient in Amazonas, Brazil. This dematiaceous fungus has been mainly associated with life-threatening infections affecting the central nervous systems of immunosuppressed patients. We present the clinical, laboratory, and therapeutic aspects, and in vitro susceptibility test results for different antifungal drugs. A brief review of the cases reported in the literature over the past 20 years has also been discussed. According to the literature review, the present case is the first report of subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis due to C. bantiana in an immunocompetent patient in Latin America.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Ascomycota/isolation & purification , Phaeohyphomycosis , Phaeohyphomycosis/diagnosis , Biopsy , Brazil , Immunocompromised Host , Dermatomycoses/drug therapy , Mitosporic Fungi/isolation & purification , Phaeohyphomycosis/immunology , Phaeohyphomycosis/drug therapy , Middle Aged , Antifungal Agents/classification , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
2.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(1): 89-92, Jan.-Feb. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-776416

ABSTRACT

Abstract Phaeohyphomycosis is an infection caused by a filamentous fungus that contains pigment melanin in its cell wall. We report two cases caused by Exophiala sp. emphasizing the clinical variability of the disease, as well as diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties of this opportunistic infection in immunosuppressed patients (kidney transplant).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Exophiala/isolation & purification , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Phaeohyphomycosis/pathology , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Immunocompromised Host , Immunosuppressive Agents/adverse effects , Opportunistic Infections/immunology , Opportunistic Infections/pathology , Opportunistic Infections/therapy , Phaeohyphomycosis/immunology , Phaeohyphomycosis/therapy , Skin/pathology
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