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1.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(2): e887, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280371

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome de fiebre periódica, estomatitis aftosa, faringitis y adenitis es un cuadro relativamente frecuente de curso autolimitado y buen pronóstico. Es la más común de las enfermedades autoinflamatorias que presentan fiebre recurrente y su etiología y fisiopatogenia permanecen inciertas. Objetivo: Describir el caso clínico de un niño que consultó por fiebre recurrente y faringitis y se arribó al diagnóstico de síndrome de fiebre periódica, estomatitis aftosa, faringitis y adenitis. Presentación del caso: Se trata de un paciente de 5 años que consultó por un episodio febril acompañado de faringitis y adenitis, con antecedente de múltiples episodios previos. Conclusiones: El síndrome fiebre periódica, estomatitis aftosa, faringitis y adenitis, es una entidad de curso benigno y autolimitado que constituye la causa más común de fiebre recurrente con un gran impacto en la vida de los pacientes. La fisiopatogenia permanece incierta. Es destacable la sospecha clínica para arribar al diagnóstico ya que no existen en la actualidad exámenes complementarios específicos(AU)


Introduction: Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and adenitis syndrome is a relatively common picture of self-limiting course and good prognosis. It is the most common of self-inflammatory diseases with recurrent fever and its etiology and physiopathology remain uncertain. Objective: Describe the clinical case of a boy who was checked due recurrent fever and pharyngitis and being diagnosed with Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and adenitis syndrome. Case presentation: This is a 5-year-old patient who was consulted due to a febrile episode accompanied by pharyngitis and adenitis, with a history of multiple previous episodes. Conclusions: Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and adenitis syndrome is a benign, self-limiting course entity that is the most common cause of recurrent fever with a large impact on patients' lives. Its physiopathology remains uncertain. Clinical suspicion for diagnosis is noteworthy as there are currently no specific complementary test for it(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Relapsing Fever , Stomatitis, Aphthous , Pharyngitis , Fever , Lymphadenitis
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879824

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of children with periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome, a polygenic and multifactorial autoinflammatory disease with unknown pathogenesis.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 13 children with PFAPA syndrome.@*RESULTS@#All 13 children had disease onset within the age of 3 years, with a mean age of onset of (14±10) months. They all had periodic fever, with 8-18 attacks each year. The mean interictal period of fever was (30±5) days. Pharyngitis, cervical adenitis, and aphthous stomatitis were the three cardinal symptoms, with incidence rates of 100% (13/13), 85% (11/13), and 38% (5/13) respectively. There were increases in white blood cells, C-reactive protein, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate during fever. Of all the 13 children, 6 underwent whole exome sequencing and 7 underwent panel gene detection for autoinflammatory disease, and the results showed single heterozygous mutations in the @*CONCLUSIONS@#For children with unexplained periodic fever with early onset accompanied by pharyngitis, cervical adenitis, aphthous stomatitis, elevated inflammatory indices, and good response to glucocorticoids, PFAPA syndrome should be considered. This disorder has good prognosis, and early diagnosis can avoid the long-term repeated use of antibiotics.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Fever/etiology , Humans , Infant , Lymphadenitis/diagnosis , Pharyngitis/drug therapy , Pyrin , Retrospective Studies , Stomatitis, Aphthous/genetics
3.
Acta méd. colomb ; 45(4): 56-58, Oct.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1278142

ABSTRACT

Abstract Pharyngeal tuberculosis is an extrapulmonary form of this disease which makes up less than 1% of cases, most of which are secondary. In Peru, there are no case reports of this form of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis. We present the case of a 42-year-old man who consulted due to a two-month history of sore throat and a pharyngeal lump, with no epidemiological or medical history. A biopsy of the lesion and Ziehl-Neelsen staining yielded results compatible with pharyngeal tuberculosis. A chest x-ray showed bilateral miliary lesions, confirming a secondary form of disseminated tuberculosis. This highlights the importance of ruling out tuberculosis in all cases of chronic pharyngitis which are unresponsive to conventional treatment.


Resumen La tuberculosis faríngea es una forma extrapulmonar de esta enfermedad que corresponde a menos de 1% de casos, mayormente de carácter secundario. En Perú, no hay datos de reportes de casos en esta forma de tuberculosis extrapulmonar. Presentamos el caso de un varón de cuarenta y dos años que consultó por dolor de garganta y tumoración en faringe de dos meses de evolución, sin antecedentes epidemiológico o patológico. Se realiza biopsia de la lesión y coloración Ziehl Neelsen dando compatible a tuberculosis faríngea. En la radiografía de tórax se encontró lesiones pulmonares diseminadas bilaterales de tipo miliar, confirmando forma secundaria a tuberculosis diseminada. Por ello, se resalta la importancia de descartar tuberculosis ante toda faringitis crónica sin respuesta al tratamiento convencional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Tuberculosis , Pharyngeal Diseases , Peru , Pharynx , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary , Pharyngitis
4.
Cienc. tecnol. salud ; 7(3): 381-395, 26 de noviembre 2020. ^c27 cmilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA, DIGIUSAC | ID: biblio-1130181

ABSTRACT

La Enfermedad por Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) supone un reto sin precedentes para la salud pública. Los médicos deben fortalecer sus habilidades clínicas para combatir esta nueva enfermedad. El objetivo de esta revisión fue describir los signos, síntomas y complicaciones de pacientes con COVID-19. Se realizó una búsqueda en la literatura en la base de datos PubMed incluyendo publicaciones entre 1 de diciembre 2019 y 15 de agosto 2020, sin restricciones de lenguaje, utilizando las palabras clave 'COVID-19' cruzada con 'manifestaciones clínicas', 'signos y síntomas' y 'complicaciones'. Se incluyeron revisiones sistemáticas y meta-análisis, estudios epidemiológicos y series de casos. Se identificaron 1,066 artículos, de los cuales se seleccionaron 71 de acuerdo a los contenidos previamente definidos por los autores. La COVID-19 presenta un curso de leve a moderado y severo-crítico, específicamente en mayores de 65 años con o sin comorbilidades. Los signos y síntomas no son específicos y usualmente se superponen de acuerdo a la edad y a la fase de la enfermedad. Los síntomas más comunes son fiebre, tos y fatiga. Síntomas menos comunes incluyen escalofríos, dolor de garganta, cefalea, mialgias/artralgias, pérdida del gusto y del olfato, diarrea, nausea, vómitos, congestión nasal, palpitaciones, opresión precordial y dolor pleurítico. La sintomatología en niños difiere de la de los adultos y el curso es usualmente benigno y de baja mortalidad. La evaluación clínica de COVID-19 supone un reto hoy en día. Sin embargo, el conocimiento de la historia natural de la enfermedad permite situar los síntomas comunes e inespecíficos en el contexto clínico correcto.


Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) presents an unprecedented challenge to public health. Physicians must strengthen clinical skills for this new disease. This review aimed to describe the signs, symptoms and complications of patients with COVID-19. A literature search was conducted in the PubMed database, including publications between December 1, 2019, to August 15, 2020, without language restrictions, using the keywords 'COVID-19' crossed with 'clinical manifestations', 'signs and symptoms', and 'complications'. Systematic reviews, meta-analysis, epidemiological studies, and case report series were included. A total of 1,066 articles were identi¬fied, among 71 were selected according to the contents previously defined by the authors. COVID-19 has a mild to moderate or severe-critical course, specifically in over 65 years of age, with or without comorbidities. Signs and symptoms are not specific and usually overlap according to the age and stage of the disease. The most common symptoms are fever, cough, and fatigue. Less common symptoms include chills, sore throat, headache, myalgia/ arthralgia, loss of taste and smell, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, nasal congestion, palpitations, chest tightness, and pleuritic pain. The symptomatology in children differs from that of adults, and the course is usually benign and low mortality. Clinical evaluation of COVID-19 is challenging today. However, knowledge of the disease's natural history allows placing common and nonspecific symptoms in the correct clinical context.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Signs and Symptoms , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Pharyngitis , Cough , Ageusia , Diarrhea , Fever , Myalgia , Headache , Literature , Olfaction Disorders , Nausea
5.
Rev. cub. inf. cienc. salud ; 31(3): e1631, fig
Article in English | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138865

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 has put the world in a health emergency. Searching for information on the Internet largely reflects people's interest in this pandemic. Objective: Conduct an exploratory analysis of Internet search trends during the 2019 coronavirus disease outbreak. Methods: Google Trends was used to provide data on the relative volume of Google searches for terms related to 2019 coronavirus disease. The evaluation period was from January 01 to May 17, 2020. Results: The search term used to know this pandemic was "coronavirus", the most searched symptom was "fever", followed by "sore throat" and "cough", in addition, the interest of users to know the transmission routes of the acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. As for preventive measures, the most searched term was "stay home", followed by "facial masks", "social distancing" and "washing hands". Conclusions: The results confirmed interest in COVID-19 via Internet. Using information from people's Internet search interest could help formulate health policies to better control the 2019 coronavirus disease outbreak(AU)


La enfermedad del coronavirus 2019 ha puesto al mundo en una emergencia sanitaria. La búsqueda de información en Internet refleja en gran medida el interés de la gente por esta pandemia. Objetivo: Realizar un análisis exploratorio de las tendencias de búsqueda en Internet durante el brote de la enfermedad por coronavirus de 2019. Métodos: Google Trends se utilizó para proporcionar datos sobre el volumen relativo de búsquedas en Google de términos relacionados con la enfermedad del coronavirus del año 2019. El período de evaluación fue del 1ro. de enero al 17 de mayo de 2020. Resultados: El término de búsqueda utilizado para conocer esta pandemia fue "coronavirus", el síntoma más buscado fue "fiebre", seguido de "dolor de garganta" y "tos"; además, el interés de los usuarios por conocer las vías de transmisión del síndrome respiratorio agudo del coronavirus 2. En cuanto a las medidas preventivas, el término más buscado fue "quedarse en casa", seguido de "máscaras faciales", "distanciamiento social" y "lavarse las manos". Conclusiones: Los resultados confirmaron el interés en el COVID-19 a través de Internet. El uso de información del interés de búsqueda de las personas en Internet podría ayudar a formular políticas de salud para controlar mejor el brote de la enfermedad del coronavirus del año 2019(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pharyngitis , Disease , Coronavirus , Internet , Information
6.
S. Afr. j. child health (Online) ; 14(2): 99-103, 2020.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1270379

ABSTRACT

Background. Group A beta-haemolytic streptococci (GABHS)-associated pharyngitis can complicate into rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease (RHD).Objectives. To determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of GABHS isolates in children presenting with acute pharyngitis and assess the utility of Zambian Treatment Guideline (ZTG) criteria as a local clinical scoring system.Methods. This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at the paediatric outpatient department of the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka, Zambia. The study cohort, comprising children aged 3 - 15 years (n=146), were recruited as presenting with symptoms of pharyngitis. The children underwent a clinical assessment that included a detailed case history, presenting symptoms and a throat swab that was subsequently cultured. Microbial isolates were typed and the antibiotic sensitivity of cultured GABHS to penicillin and erythromycin determined.Results. GABHS were cultured from 22 (15.1%) children within this study. All the GABHS isolates (n=22) were susceptible to penicillin G; however, 19% of isolates displayed reduced susceptibility to erythromycin. None of the ZTG criteria, when used individually, was sufficiently sensitive to detect GABHS pharyngitis among this cohort.Conclusion. The prevalence of GABHS pharyngitis is similar that been described elsewhere. While GABHS remains highly susceptible to penicillin, which is used in the local RHD control programmes, concern remains for children treated with erythromycin owing to the resistance noted in some of the isolates. The ZTG clinical criteria displayed poor sensitivity in identifying GABHS pharyngitis. This has significant implications for effective diagnosis and treatment of pharyngitis and associated complications within this high RHD endemic area


Subject(s)
Erythromycin , Hospitals, Teaching , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Penicillins , Pharyngitis/diagnosis , Pharyngitis/therapy , Streptococcus milleri Group , Zambia
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827961

ABSTRACT

To systematically review the effectiveness and safety of Pudilan Xiaoyan Oral Liquid on child upper respiratory infection and conduct Meta-analysis. We electronically retrieved databases, including PubMed, Web of Science, VIP, WanFang and CNKI, for published articles of randomized controlled trials(RCTs) of Pudilan Xiaoyan Oral Liquid on child upper respiratory infection from inception to April 2019. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, two reviewers independently screened out literatures, extracted data and assessed the risk of bias in included studies. Then, Meta-analysis were conducted by Stata 15.0 software. A total of 16 RCTs involving 1 924 patients with upper respiratory infection were included. The results of Meta-analysis showed that the improvement of clinical symptoms, such as fever subsided time(WMD=-3.66, 95%CI[-4.61,-2.72], P<0.001), cough time(WMD=-1.89, 95%CI[-2.51,-1.27], P<0.001), time of runny noses(WMD=-4.60, 95%CI[-5.85,-3.34], P<0.001) and time of sore throat(WMD=-2.62, 95%CI[-3.54,-1.70], P<0.001). Meanwhile, the results of Meta-analysis showed the improvement of laboratory indications, including TNF-α(WMD=-2.68, 95%CI[-2.98,-1.58], P<0.001) and IL-6(WMD=-2.26, 95%CI[-3.36,-2.36], P<0.01). The current evidence shows that Pudilan Xiaoyan Oral Liquid may significantly improve the effectiveness and safety. According to the limited quality of included studies, the above conclusion needs be to verified with more high-quality studies.


Subject(s)
Child , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Pharyngitis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
8.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 243-250, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811471

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We aimed to analyze the surveillance reports of adverse events (AEs) due to different types of pneumococcal vaccines, in addition to detecting and validating signals of pneumococcal vaccines by comparing AEs with labels.MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the percentages of AEs according to vaccine type [pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccines (PPSVs) and pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs)] in children and adults using data from the Korea Adverse Event Reporting System (KAERS) database from 2005 to 2016. A signal was defined as an AE that met all three indices of data mining: proportional reporting ratio (PRR), reporting odds ratio (ROR), and information component (IC). We validated the detected signals by calculating sensitivity, specificity, as well as positive and negative predictive values of the signals against label information.RESULTS: Of the 39933 AE reports on vaccination, 5718 (7.0%) were related to pneumococcal vaccine. The most frequent AE after vaccination with PPSV was fever (23.9%) in children and injection-site reaction in adults. The most frequent AE after vaccination with PCV in children was pharyngitis (26.2%). In total, 13 AEs met all three indices for signal detection. Among these, hypotension, apathy, sepsis, and increased serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase level were not listed on vaccine labels. In validation analysis, PRR and ROR performed slightly better than IC for adults who were vaccinated with PPSVs.CONCLUSION: Overall, 13 new signals of PPSVs, including four signals not listed on the labels, were detected. Further research based on additional AE reports is required to confirm the validity of these signals for children.


Subject(s)
Adult , Apathy , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Child , Data Mining , Fever , Humans , Hypotension , Korea , Odds Ratio , Pharyngitis , Pneumococcal Vaccines , Sensitivity and Specificity , Sepsis , Vaccination , Vaccines , Vaccines, Conjugate
9.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20200494, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136860

ABSTRACT

Abstract Diagnosing cases of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) with only non-respiratory symptoms has been challenging. We reported the diagnosis of a child who tested positive for COVID-19 with abdominal pain/diarrhea and tracked his family cluster. One member of the family tested positive for COVID-19 on real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction assay and three other family members had anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus/isolation & purification , Diarrhea/diagnosis , Pandemics , Pharyngitis/etiology , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Cluster Analysis , Contact Tracing , Coronavirus Infections , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Diarrhea/etiology , Fever/etiology , Betacoronavirus
10.
Med. lab ; 24(2): 141-151, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1097268

ABSTRACT

El síndrome PFAPA es la entidad más frecuente dentro de los síndromes de fiebres periódicas que pueden manifestarse desde la infancia. Es un síndrome autoinflamatorio caracterizado por una disfunción en las citoquinas, de carácter autolimitado y de etiología desconocida, aunque se han reportado casos de presentación familiar; lo que sugiere la existencia de una base genética de la enfermedad. Se presenta con episodios febriles que suelen acompañarse de aftas orales, adenopatías cervicales, faringoamigdalitis y síntomas constitucionales. En los exámenes de laboratorio es frecuente encontrar elevación marcada de la proteína C reactiva, leucocitosis y aumento de IgG, IgA e IgM. El diagnóstico se realiza utilizando los criterios modificados de Thomas, que incluyen parámetros clínicos, antecedentes y diagnósticos de exclusión. Se presenta el caso de un paciente de 4 años de edad que consultó a un hospital por un cuadro febril, movimientos tónico-clónicos generalizados, desviación de la mirada, sialorrea y relajación de esfínteres. También presentó cefalea de localización frontal y odinofagia. En la cavidad oral se observaron lesiones tipo aftas, y se evidenciaron adenopatías cervicales. El paciente no respondió al manejo con antibióticos, y se observó que cumplía con los criterios de diagnóstico para síndrome PFAPA, luego de descartarse un proceso infeccioso. Se inició terapia con corticoides con respuesta favorable y se concluyó que el paciente tenía un cuadro compatible con síndrome PFAPA.


PFAPA syndrome is the most frequent illness within the syndromes of periodic fevers manifesting during childhood. It is an auto-inflammatory syndrome characterized by cytokine dysfunction, a self-limiting nature, and unknown etiology; family cases have been reported, suggesting the existence of a genetic basis for the disease. PFAPA syndrome is manifested with febrile episodes that are usually accompanied by oral aphthae, cervical adenopathy, pharyngotonsillitis and constitutional symptoms. In laboratory tests, it is common to find marked elevation of C reactive protein, leukocytosis and increased IgG, IgA and IgM levels. Diagnosis is reached by means of the modified Thomas criteria that include clinical parameters, personal and family history, and exclusion diagnoses. The case of a 4-year-old patient who visited the hospital with fever, generalized tonic-clonic seizures and sphincter relaxation is presented. The patient reported frontal headache and odynophagia. Aphthous stomatitis was observed, and cervical adenopathies were evident. The patient did not respond to antibiotic therapy, and met the diagnostic criteria for PFAPA syndrome after an infectious process was ruled out. Corticosteroid therapy was initiated with a favorable response. It was concluded that the patient had a diagnosis compatible with PFAPA syndrome


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Stomatitis, Aphthous , Pharyngitis , Lymphadenopathy , Foot-and-Mouth Disease , Lymphadenitis
11.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 39(4): 149-152, dic. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099849

ABSTRACT

La presencia de tejido tiroideo ectópico en la base de la lengua es muy infrecuente, y la mayoría de los pacientes tienen hipotiroidismo. La indicación de tratamiento depende de la presencia o no de síntomas; la cirugía es la primera elección. Diversas técnicas quirúrgicas han sido descriptas, pero para nosotros el abordaje transoral con endoscopios constituye la mejor opción, por la buena exposición y la mínima morbilidad que produce. Se describe el caso clínico de una mujer que consultó por odinofagia, con diagnóstico de tiroides lingual y que fue tratada con éxito mediante un abordaje transoral con asistencia de endoscopios. (AU)


The presence of ectopic thyroid tissue at the base of the tongue is very rare, and most patients have hypothyroidism. The indication of treatment depends on the presence or not of symptoms, surgery being the first choice. Various surgical techniques have been described, being for us the transoral approach with endoscopes the best option, due to the good exposure, and minimum morbidity that it produces. The clinical case of a woman who consulted for odynophagia, with a diagnosis of lingual thyroid and who was successfully treated by a transoral approach with endoscopic assistance is described. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery , Lingual Thyroid/surgery , Signs and Symptoms , Surgical Procedures, Operative/classification , Thyroxine/administration & dosage , Tongue Neoplasms/pathology , Tongue Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Enalapril/therapeutic use , Pharyngitis , Lingual Thyroid/physiopathology , Lingual Thyroid/therapy , Lingual Thyroid/epidemiology , Lingual Thyroid/diagnostic imaging , Dyspnea , Endoscopy/methods , Hemorrhage , Hypertension/drug therapy , Hypothyroidism/complications
12.
Rev. bras. med. fam. comunidade ; 14(41): 2025-2025, fev. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1049864

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir el uso irracional de antibióticos en base a criterios de McIsaac (criterios de Centor modificados por McIsaac), en una unidad de salud de primer nivel de atención. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal con los registros de pacientes de 3 a 19 años atendidos en el servicio de emergencia (246), con los diagnósticos de faringitis aguda, amigdalitis aguda, e infecciones respiratorias superiores agudas de múltiples sitios y sin especificar. Se estableció como prescripción inadecuada si el facultativo indicó antibióticos con un puntaje menor o igual a 1 sobre 5 puntos o si no prescribió antibióticos con puntaje mayor o 4 sobre 5 puntos. Resultados: Se estimó 24,29% de uso inadecuado de antibióticos de los registros de emergencia. Se prescribió antibióticos en 160 pacientes, de los cuales se encontró que, amoxicilina fue el más utilizado (61,87%); seguido de benzilpenicilina benzatina (28,12%) y en tercer lugar macrólidos (8,12%). Conclusión: En la unidad de primer nivel analizada se encontró que el uso inadecuado de antibióticos es superior a la prevalecía estimada de faringoamigdalitis estreptocócica para el grupo de edad estudiado. Por esto, es imperativo que se tomen las medidas necesarias a nivel institucional y comunitario para lograr su reducción y evitar las complicaciones que se derivan de esta.


Objetivo: Descrever o uso irracional de antibióticos com base nos critérios de McIsaac (critérios de Centor modificados por McIsaac), em uma unidade de saúde de primeiro nível de atenção. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo descritivo transversal com os prontuários de pacientes de 3 a 19 anos atendidos no serviço de emergência (246), com diagnóstico de faringite aguda, amigdalite aguda, e infecções respiratórias superiores agudas de múltiplos locais e sem especificação. Estabeleceu-se como uma prescrição inadequada se o médico indicou antibióticos com um escore menor ou igual a 1 de 5 pontos ou se ele não prescreveu antibióticos com um escore maior ou igual a 4 de 5 pontos. Resultados: O uso inadequado de antibióticos foi estimado em 24,29% dos prontuários de emergência. Antibióticos foram prescritos em 160 pacientes, dos quais constatou-se que a amoxicilina foi a mais utilizada (61,87%); em segundo, a penicilina benzatina (28,12%); e, em terceiro lugar, os macrolídeos (8,12%). Conclusão: Na unidade de primeiro nível analisada foi encontrado que o uso de antibióticos é superior à prevalência de faringite estreptocócica estimada para a faixa etária estudada. Então, é imperativo que a nível institucional e comunitário sejam tomadas as medidas necessárias para sua redução e evitar as complicações resultantes.


Objective: To describe the irrational use of antibiotics based on McIsaac criteria (Centor criteria modified by McIsaac), in a primary care facility. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted with the medical record of patients from 3 to 19 years old, treated in the emergency department (246), with the diagnoses of acute pharyngitis, acute tonsillitis, and acute upper respiratory infections from multiple sites and not specified. It was established as an inappropriate prescription if the physician indicated antibiotics with a score less than or equal to 1 out of 5 points or if he did not prescribe antibiotics with a score greater than or equal to 4 out of 5 points. Results: Inadequate use of antibiotics was found in 24.29% of emergency records. Antibiotics were prescribed in 160 patients, of which, amoxicillin was the most used (61.87%); followed by benzathine penicillin (28.12%) and in third place macrolides (8.12%). Conclusion: In the first level unit analyzed, it was found that the inappropriate use of antibiotics is superior to the estimated prevalence of streptococcal pharyngitis for the age group studied. Therefore, it is imperative that the necessary measures are taken at the institutional and community level to achieve its reduction and avoid the complications that result from it.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Streptococcal Infections , Pharyngeal Diseases , Pharyngitis , Tonsillitis , Drug Utilization , Inappropriate Prescribing
13.
Rev. bras. med. fam. comunidade ; 14(41): 2146-2146, fev. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1026518

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Apresentar informações sobre o diagnóstico e tratamento da síndrome PFAPA na Atenção Primária à Saúde. Métodos: Revisão sistemática de literatura baseada na recomendação PRISMA e realizada nas bases de dados Scielo, Lilacs, Medline, IBECS e PubMed, incluindo estudos publicados no período de 2004 a 2018, além da consulta a outros documentos específicos da síndrome PFAPA. Resultados: Após busca e seleção, foram incluídos 31 artigos. Avaliação e Diagnóstico: A síndrome PFAPA acomete principalmente crianças, sendo caracterizada por febre periódica acompanhada por faringite, estomatite aftosa e/ou adenite cervical. Seu diagnóstico é clínico e por exclusão, baseado em critérios estabelecidos. Recomendações: Os episódios costumam responder a prednisona e, em graus variáveis, a cimetidina e colchicina. Casos refratários e acompanhados de hipertrofia tonsilar são candidatos a tonsilectomia, devendo ser encaminhados à avaliação otorrinolaringológica.


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care , Relapsing Fever , Stomatitis, Aphthous , Pharyngitis , Lymphadenitis
14.
Rev. bras. med. fam. comunidade ; 14(41): e1815, fev. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-986445

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Apresentar informações sobre o diagnóstico e tratamento da síndrome PFAPA na Atenção Primária à Saúde. Métodos: Revisão sistemática de literatura baseada na recomendação PRISMA e realizada nas bases de dados Scielo, Lilacs, Medline, IBECS e PubMed, incluindo estudos publicados no período de 2004 a 2018, além da consulta a outros documentos específicos da síndrome PFAPA. Resultados: Após busca e seleção, foram incluídos 31 artigos. Avaliação e Diagnóstico: A síndrome PFAPA acomete principalmente crianças, sendo caracterizada por febre periódica acompanhada por faringite, estomatite aftosa e/ou adenite cervical. Seu diagnóstico é clínico e por exclusão, baseado em critérios estabelecidos. Recomendações: Os episódios costumam responder a prednisona e, em graus variáveis, a cimetidina e colchicina. Casos refratários e acompanhados de hipertrofia tonsilar são candidatos a tonsilectomia, devendo ser encaminhados à avaliação otorrinolaringológica.


Objective: To present information about the diagnosis and treatment of PFAPA syndrome in Primary Health Care. Methods: Systematic review of literature based on the PRISMA recommendation and carried out in the Scielo, Lilacs, Medline, IBECS and PubMed databases, including studies published from 2004 to 2018, in addition to consulting other PFAPA syndrome specific documents. Results: After search and selection, 31 articles were included. Assessment and Diagnosis: PFAPA syndrome affects mainly children and is characterized by periodic fever accompanied by pharyngitis, aphthous stomatitis and/or cervical adenitis. Its diagnosis is clinical and by exclusion, based on established criteria. Recommendations: The episodes usually respond to prednisone and, in varying levels, cimetidine and colchicine. Refractory cases and accompanied by tonsillar hypertrophy are candidates for tonsillectomy, and should be referred to otorhinolaryngological evaluation.


Objetivo: Presentar informaciones sobre el diagnóstico y tratamiento del síndrome PFAPA en la Atención Primaria a la Salud. Métodos: Revisión sistemática de literatura basada en la recomendación PRISMA y realizada en las bases de datos Scielo, Lilacs, Medline, IBECS y PubMed, incluyendo estudios publicados en el período 2004 a 2018, además de la consulta a otros documentos específicos del síndrome PFAPA. Resultados: Después de la búsqueda y selección, se incluyeron 31 artículos. Evaluación y Diagnóstico: El síndrome PFAPA acomete principalmente niños, siendo caracterizada por fiebre periódica acompañada por faringitis, estomatitis aftosa y/o adenitis cervical. Su diagnóstico es clínico y por exclusión, basado en criterios establecidos. Recomendaciones: Los episodios suelen responder a la prednisona y, en grados variables, a la cimetidina y colchicina. Los casos refractarios y acompañados de hipertrofia tonsilar son candidatos a tonsilectomía, debiendo ser encaminados a la evaluación otorrinolaringológica.


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care , Relapsing Fever , Stomatitis, Aphthous , Pharyngitis , Lymphadenitis
15.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(1): 78-82, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-984056

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The role of tonsillectomy in the periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and adenitis syndrome, is controversial. Although some studies reported high success rates with tonsillectomy, further investigations are needed with larger numbers of patients. Objective: To seek the long-term outcomes of tonsillectomy in periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and adenitis syndrome. Methods: Case series; multi-center study. The study comprised 23 patients with periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and adenitis syndrome who underwent surgery (tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy) between January 2009 and November 2014. Results: 21 (91%) of 23 patients had complete resolution immediately after surgery. One patient had an attack 24 h after surgery, but has had no further attacks. One patient had three attacks with various intervals, and complete remission was observed after 3 months. Conclusions: Tonsillectomy is a good option for the treatment of periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and adenitis syndrome.


Resumo Introdução: O papel da tonsilectomia na síndrome da febre periódica, estomatite aftosa, faringite e adenite é controverso. Embora alguns estudos tenham relatado altas taxas de sucesso com a tonsilectomia, são necessárias mais pesquisas com um número maior de pacientes. Objetivo: Avaliar os resultados em longo prazo da tonsilectomia na síndrome de febre periódica, estomatite aftosa, faringite e adenite. Método: Série de casos; estudo multicêntrico. O estudo avaliou 23 pacientes com síndrome de febre periódica, estomatite aftosa, faringite e adenite submetidos a cirurgia (tonsilectomia com ou sem adenoidectomia) entre janeiro de 2009 e novembro de 2014. Resultados: Dos 23 pacientes, 21 (91%) apresentaram resolução completa imediatamente após a cirurgia. Um paciente apresentou um episódio 24 horas após a cirurgia, mas sem recorrência posterior. Um paciente teve três episódios com vários intervalos e a remissão completa foi observada após 3 meses. Conclusões: A tonsilectomia é uma boa opção para o tratamento da síndrome de febre periódica, estomatite aftosa, faringite e adenite.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Stomatitis, Aphthous/surgery , Tonsillectomy/methods , Pharyngitis/surgery , Fever/surgery , Lymphadenitis/surgery , Syndrome , Adenoidectomy/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome
16.
S. Afr. fam. pract. (2004, Online) ; 61(4): 19-21, 2019. tab
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1270102

ABSTRACT

Acute sore throat is a common complaint encountered by medical practitioners and health care workers routinely. The disease is mostly caused by viral infections of the upper respiratory tract and is usually self limiting. Symptoms rarely exceed two weeks, irrespective of the cause. Group A beta-haemolytic streptococci accounts for the majority of bacterial instances of tonsillopharyngitis. Clinical examination is not always adequate to diagnose bacterial infections, resulting in the irrational and over-prescribing of antibiotics, especially in upper respiratory tract infections, contributing to communal antimicrobial bacterial resistance. A few scoring systems are available to assist physicians in deciding on the aetiology without resorting to unnecessary laboratory investigations. This article briefly reviews the scoring systems and antimicrobial management of streptococcal throat infections


Subject(s)
Fever , Pharyngitis , South Africa , Tonsillitis
17.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 358-361, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759947

ABSTRACT

Pharyngitis is a prevalent disease of the upper respiratory tract that requires treatment with an antibiotic. Group A streptococci (GAS) are the most frequent etiologic agents of bacterial pharyngitis. Because GAS are susceptible to penicillin, routine antibiotic susceptibility testing is not needed. Generally, patients with bacterial pharyngitis have high fever, cervical lymphadenopathy and tenderness, and tonsillar exudative discharge without symptoms of the common cold (e.g., cough, rhinorrhea, and sneezing). However, differentiating bacterial pharyngitis from viral pharyngitis based only on their clinical manifestations is problematic. Therefore, a bacterial culture or a rapid antigen detection test (RADT) is required for the diagnosis of bacterial pharyngitis. Although bacterial culture is the gold standard for diagnosis of bacterial pharyngitis, its accuracy is affected by the technical expertise of the technician, and there is a delay of 1–2 days before the results become available. In contrast, the sensitivity of RADT has increased to over 90%, making them suitable for screening purposes. The result of a RADT is available within 5–10 minutes, obviating the need for a second visit to obtain the results of culture. Use of a RADT would enable the optimal antibiotic to be administered earlier, reducing the overuse of antibiotics.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Common Cold , Cough , Diagnosis , Drug Resistance , Fever , Humans , Immunologic Tests , Lymphatic Diseases , Mass Screening , Penicillins , Pharyngitis , Professional Competence , Respiratory System
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761723

ABSTRACT

A 46-year old man visited our outpatient clinic with complaint of foreign body sensation in throat after consuming raw freshwater fish 5 days ago. Laryngoscopic examination revealed a motile worm attached on posterior pharyngeal wall. The worm was removed using biopsy forceps under transnasal endoscopy and evidently identified as Clinostomum complanatum after microscopic examination. Patient’s subjective foreign body sensation of throat and hyperemia of laryngeal mucosa remained for approximately 2 weeks post-removal, which were eventually resolved after administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug and anti-refluxant drug for 2 weeks. Treatment was ended at three weeks since the first visit. C. complanatum infections in humans are rare, and only four cases have been reported in Korea. Symptoms resembling pharyngitis or laryngitis occurs by consumption of raw, infected freshwater fish and treatment is done by mechanically removing the parasite.


Subject(s)
Ambulatory Care Facilities , Biopsy , Endoscopy , Foreign Bodies , Fresh Water , Humans , Hyperemia , Korea , Laryngeal Mucosa , Laryngitis , Parasites , Pharyngitis , Pharynx , Sensation , Surgical Instruments
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719651

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The SD Bioline Strep A Ultra (SD, Yongin, Korea) is a recently developed rapid antigen detection test (RADT) for diagnosing bacterial pharyngitis caused by Group A Streptococcus, We evaluated the performance of SD Bioline Strep A Ultra, using the number of colony forming units and color intensity. METHODS: Three throat swabs each were taken from 343 children with pharyngitis who visited pediatric clinics. We evaluated the performance of SD Bioline Strep A Ultra and compared its positive rate with the number of colony forming units, using the Fisher exact test. RESULTS: The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value (95% confidence interval) were 97.4% (94.0–99.1%), 90.8% (85.0–94.9%), 93.0% (88.5–96.1%), and 96.5% (92.0–98.9%), respectively. Positive rate significantly differed by number of colony forming units (P=0.021). ROC plot for color intensity showed 0.938 of AUC (area under curve). CONCLUSIONS: SD Bioline Strep A Ultra showed excellent performance, and its positive rate differed by the number of colony counts. This RADT could be used as a sensitive and semi-quantitative method detecting bacterial pharyngitis.


Subject(s)
Area Under Curve , Child , Humans , Methods , Pharyngitis , Pharynx , Sensitivity and Specificity , Stem Cells , Streptococcus
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776566

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the therapeutic effects and mechanisms of Bianyanning on acute pharyngitis in rats, and to provide evidence and experimental data for its clinical application.@*METHODS@#The acute pharyngitis of rats was induced by spraying ammonia directly to their throat. The model rats were randomly divided into model control group, the high-, medium- and low-dose group of Bianyanning, while normal rats were used as control group, 10 in each group. After the corresponding drug treatment, the symptoms and manifestations of each group were observed and recorded; 24 hours after last gavaging, blood samples of each group were collected from the abdominal aorta. The serum contents of interleukin 1-beta (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) were detected by ELISA. HE method was used to observe the characteristic of the lung tissues and the transmission electron microscopy method was used to observe the trachea cilia.@*RESULTS@#After the treatment, compared with the model control group, the high-, medium- and low-dose group of Bianyanning, the symptoms of acute pharyngitis such as inflamed and congestive throat were relieved obviously. The morphological changes of lung and bronchus tissues were apparently improved. The contents of IL-1β and TNF-α in serum were decreased significantly.@*CONCLUSION@#Compound Bianyanning can promote the recovering process of acute pharyngitis, improve the morphology of lungs and bronchus, which may be related to inhibiting the releasing of the IL-1β and TNF-α in serum.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Interleukin-1beta , Metabolism , Pharyngitis , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
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