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2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1869-1874, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922215

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the overview of thrombosis in myeloproliferative neoplasms(MPN) patients, and to explore the risk factors of thrombosis at diagnosis and during follow-up.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 388 MPN patients treated in our hospital were collected. The patients were followed up by outpatient and phone. The risk factors of thrombosis were analyzed by statistical methods.@*RESULTS@#Among 388 MPN patients, 161 patients (41.49%) showed thromboses at diagnosis or during follow-up. Among them, 92.55% were arterial thromboses, 146 cases (96.27%) were complicated with thromboses at diagnosis, and 36 cases (11.46%) showed newly thromboses or progression of previous thromboses among the 314 received full follow-up patients. Age (P<0.001, HR:1.033, 95%CI:1.016-1.051), JAK2V617F mutation (P=0.037, HR:1.72, 95%CI: 1.033-2.862), hypertension (P<0.001, HR:2.639, 95%CI:1.659-4.197) and hyperlipidemia (P<0.001, HR:2.659, 95%CI:1.626-4.347) were the independent risk factors affecting thrombosis at diagnosis of the patients. During the follow-up, age (P=0.016, HR:1.032, 95%CI: 1.006-1.059) and previous thrombosis history (P=0.019, HR:2.194, 95%CI: 1.135-4.242) were the independent risk factors affecting the progression of thrombosis at different sites or on the basis of the previous thrombosis in the patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with advanced age, JAK2V617F mutation or complicated with hypertension and hyperlipidemia shows a higher risk of thrombosis at diagnosis, while the patients with advanced age or previous thrombosis history shows a higher risk of progression of thrombosis during the follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Myeloproliferative Disorders/genetics , Neoplasms , Philadelphia Chromosome , Risk Factors , Thrombosis
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880028

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the outcomes of the children suffered from philadelphia chromosome positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph@*METHODS@#21 cases of firstly diagnosed Ph@*RESULTS@#Among 21 patients, 17 were male and 4 were female with a median age of 8 years old (range, 4-12 years), the median follow-up time was 30 moths (range, 10-133 months). All the patients were treated with chemotherapy induced by the high-risk project of CCLG-ALL 2008. Among 14 patients treated with TKI plus chemotherapy, nine patients achieved complete remission. During 3 months after treatment, patients without complete molecular response or with the second complete remission and intensity desire of transplantation were treated with allo-HSCT, among 9 patients with allo-HSCT, six patients achieved long term survival.@*CONCLUSION@#At TKI era, TKI combined with strong chemotherapy can make Ph


Subject(s)
Aged , Child , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Infant , Male , Philadelphia Chromosome , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Retrospective Studies
4.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 689-700, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880960

ABSTRACT

The cure rate of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has exceeded 90% in some contemporary clinical trials. However, the dose intensity of conventional chemotherapy has been pushed to its limit. Further improvement in outcome will need to rely more heavily on molecular therapeutic as well as immuno-and cellular-therapy approaches together with precise risk stratification. Children with ETV6-RUNX1 or hyperdiploid > 50 ALL who achieve negative minimal residual disease during early remission induction are suitable candidates for reduction in treatment. Patients with Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive or Ph-like ALL with ABL-class fusion should be treated with dasatinib. BH3 profiling and other preclinical methods have identified several high-risk subtypes, such as hypodiplod, early T-cell precursor, immature T-cell, KMT2A-rearranged, Ph-positive and TCF-HLF-positive ALL, that may respond to BCL-2 inhibitor venetoclax. There are other fusions or mutations that may serve as putative targets, but effective targeted therapy has yet to be established. For other high-risk patients or poor early treatment responders who do not have targetable genetic lesions, current approaches that offer hope include blinatumomab, inotuzumab and CAR-T cell therapy for B-ALL, and daratumumab and nelarabine for T-ALL. With the expanding therapeutic armamentarium, we should start focus on rational combinations of targeted therapy with non-overlapping toxicities.


Subject(s)
Child , Dasatinib , Humans , Neoplasm, Residual , Philadelphia Chromosome , Precision Medicine , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879508

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To trace a rare case of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) with a four-way Philadelphia chromosome variant by cytogenetic analysis in order to provide a basis for the selection of treatment.@*METHODS@#Bone marrow morphology, chromosomal karyotyping, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and real-time quantitative PCR (RQ-PCR) were used for the diagnosis and staging of the disease. Point mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain of ABL1 gene were detected by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The patient was initially diagnosed as CML in chronic phase (CML-CP) with a chromosomal karyotype of 46,XX,t(5;9;22;6)(q13;q34;q11;q25), while FISH revealed presence of a variant Philadelphia chromosome translocation. Clonal evolution has occurred after 38 months of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment, when cytogenetic analysis revealed coexisting t(5;9;22;6)(q13;q34;q11;q25) and t(5;9;22;6;17)(q13;q34;q11;q25;q11). After 57 months of TKIs treatment, only the t(5;9;22;6;17) clone was detected. Three months later, hyperdiploidy with additional abnormalities were detected in addition to t(5;9;22;6;17). Three mutations, including p.Tyr253Phe, p.Thr315Ile and p.Gly250Glu, were identified in the tyrosine kinase domain of the ABL1 gene during the course of disease. The patient did not attain cytogenetic and molecular response to TKIs.@*CONCLUSION@#The four-way variant translocation may be genetically unstable. Clonal evolution and genetic mutations are likely to occur during TKIs treatment, resulting in poor response to drug therapy. This observation, however, needs to be confirmed by large-scale studies.


Subject(s)
Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Evolution, Molecular , Female , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/genetics , Mutation/genetics , Philadelphia Chromosome , Translocation, Genetic
6.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 35(1): e960, ene.-mar. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003890

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El cromosoma Filadelfia (Ph por su abreviatura del inglés "Philadelphia") se presenta en más del 90 % de los pacientes con leucemia mieloide crónica. Un cromosoma Ph extra es una de las alteraciones secundarias comúnmente observada como evolución clonal de la enfermedad y se puede presentar como un derivativo adicional o un isocromosoma del 22 derivativo. Es una alteración adquirida durante la progresión de la enfermedad con implicación pronóstica. Se presentan dos casos con diagnóstico de leucemia mieloide crónica, resistentes al tratamiento con mesilato de imatinib. En el estudio cromosómico con técnica de banda G se observaron en ambos pacientes líneas celulares con dos isocromosomas del derivativo del 22, 2ider (22) t (9; 22). El primer caso falleció en crisis blástica y el segundo luego de no responder al tratamiento de primera línea, se le indicó nilotinib pero su evolución fue no satisfactoria. Las alteraciones cromosómicas secundarias están asociadas con un impacto negativo en la supervivencia y progresión a fase acelerada y crisis blástica de la enfermedad.


ABSTRACT The Philadelphia chromosome (Ph) is present in more than 90% of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia. An extra Ph chromosome is one of the secondary alterations commonly observed in clonal evolution and it could be as na additional derivative or anisochromosome of the derivative. It is na alteration acquired during the progression of the disease with prognostic implications. We present two cases with a diagnosis of chronic myeloid leukemia, Who showed resistance to treatment with imatinib mesylate. In both patients,the chromosomal study with G-band technique, show cell lines with two isochromosomes from the derivative of 22, 2ider(22)t(9; 22). The first case died in blast crisis and to the second after not responding to the first line treatment, was precribed nilotinib but the evolution was unsatisfactory. Secondary chromosomal alterations are associated with a negative impact on survival and the progression to accelerated phase and blast crisis of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Philadelphia Chromosome , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/complications , Case Reports , Imatinib Mesylate/therapeutic use
7.
Blood Research ; : 45-51, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739435

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL) is a subset of ALL with poor prognosis. Here, we analyzed the outcomes and prognostic factors of children with Ph+ ALL who received imatinib and chemotherapy followed by allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) in first complete remission (CR). METHODS: Thirty-one Ph+ ALL patients (female 10) diagnosed from January 2005 to December 2016 were included in the study. All patients were treated with imatinib and chemotherapy before HCT. Bone marrow (BM) evaluations included real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) study of the BCR-ABL1 fusion transcript. All patients received HCT with total body irradiation (TBI)-based conditioning at a median of 6.4 (range, 4.2–47.1) months from diagnosis. RESULTS: Compared to values at diagnosis, the median decrement of RQ-PCR value post-consolidation, and prior to HCT was −3.7 Log and −4.8 Log, respectively. The 5-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival of the patients were 64.5±9.4% (20/31) and 75.0±8.3% (23/31) respectively. Events included relapse (N=5) and death in CR post-HCT (N=6). The 5-year incidence of molecular relapse was 30.9±9.1% (9/31). An RQ-PCR decrement of at least −4 Log post-consolidation significantly predicted lower incidence of molecular relapse: 7.7±7.7% for ≥−4 Log decrement, 50.0±13.8% for <−4 Log decrement (P=0.027). CONCLUSION: Decrement in RQ-PCR for the BCR-ABL1 transcript that was determined after consolidation was the only significant prognostic factor for incidence of molecular relapse. In the post-induction TKI initiation setting, steadfast imatinib treatment during consolidation may allow for optimum post-HCT outcomes.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Cell Transplantation , Child , Diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Humans , Imatinib Mesylate , Incidence , Philadelphia Chromosome , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis , Recurrence , Transplants , Whole-Body Irradiation
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1325-1329, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775720

ABSTRACT

Abstract  The curative efficacy of adult patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph ALL) has been improved substantially with the introduction of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). However, there is no consensus so far on the following issues, which TKIs should be chosen in combination with chemotherapeutic regimens; which regimen of intensive chemotherapy incorporated into TKIs would be more beneficial to patients. The prognosis of the patients with Ph ALL has been so significantly improved by the combinatorial treatment of TKIs and chemotherapy, thus it is necessary to reevaluate the role of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in the management of Ph ALL. In addition, immunotherapy has achieved an initial success in the treatment of Ph ALL. In this review, the treatment paradigms for the disease are summrized briefly.


Subject(s)
Chromosomes , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Philadelphia Chromosome , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis , Protein Kinase Inhibitors
9.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 171-176, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717393

ABSTRACT

Bone marrow necrosis (BMN) is a pathologic state which is derived from various disease entities. Most commonly, it is accompanied by hematologic malignancies such as acute leukemia. The patients with marrow necrosis are generally known to have dismal prognoses but variations exist according to early diagnosis. Here we report a case of BMN in an acute lymphoblastic leukemia patient with Philadelphia chromosome at presentation.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Early Diagnosis , Hematologic Neoplasms , Humans , Leukemia , Necrosis , Philadelphia Chromosome , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis
10.
Blood Research ; : 138-144, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714930

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Targeted therapy has revolutionized the management of Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL); however, relapse still occurs because of the presence of quiescent stem cells, termed leukemia propagating cells (LPCs). This study aimed to assess the phenotypic diversity of LPCs in adult patients with Ph+ B-Acute ALL (B-ALL) and to assess its prognostic impact. METHODS: Seventy adults with newly diagnosed Ph+ B-ALL were recruited at the Mansoura Oncology Center. Multiparameter flow cytometry studies of mononuclear blast cells for cluster of differentiation (CD)34, CD38, and CD58 were performed. RESULTS: Seventeen patients had blasts with the pattern of LPCs (CD34+CD38−CD58−), while 53 cases had other diverse phenotypic patterns. The rate of complete response was significantly lower in patients with the LPC phenotype (47% vs. 81%, P=0.006). The median time to achieve a complete response was prolonged in patients with the CD34+CD38−CD58− phenotype (48 vs. 32 days, P=0.016). The three-year overall survival was significantly lower in patients with the CD34+CD38−CD58− phenotype (37% vs. 55% respectively, P=0.028). Multivariate analysis showed that the CD34+CD38− CD58− phenotype was an independent risk factor for overall survival. CONCLUSION: The presence of CD34+CD38−CD58− LPCs at diagnosis allows rapid identification of higher risk patients. Risk stratification of these patients is needed to further guide therapy and develop effective LPCs-targeted therapy to improve treatment outcome.


Subject(s)
Adult , Diagnosis , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Leukemia , Multipotent Stem Cells , Multivariate Analysis , Phenotype , Philadelphia Chromosome , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis , Recurrence , Risk Factors , Stem Cells , Treatment Outcome
11.
Blood Research ; : 49-52, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713629

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Additional cytogenetic aberrations are associated with disease progression in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). This study was conducted to determine the type and frequency of these aberrations and their relationship with hematologic and molecular findings in the Middle East. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 134 well-established cases of CML were selected from 2010 to 2016. Their hematologic phase and type of fusion gene were determined. Finally, their karyotypes were analyzed and reported according to ISCN 2013. RESULTS: Patients had a mean age of 44 years. Twenty-two patients (16.4%) showed additional cytogenetic aberrations. Nine patients (6.7%) harbored a variant Philadelphia chromosome, and most were in the chronic phase. Seventeen patients (12.7%) had major and minor route abnormalities. There was a significant relationship between additional cytogenetic aberrations and major molecular response (P=0.032). Patient survival in the group with additional cytogenetic aberrations was significantly lower (49.7±11.1 mo) than that in the group without additional cytogenetic aberrations (77.3±3.1 mo) (P=0.031). CONCLUSION: This study revealed the same frequency of additional cytogenetic aberrations in CML as found in previous studies. Additional chromosomal aberrations led to shorter survival and lower rates of achievement of a major molecular response.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Aberrations , Cytogenetics , Disease Progression , Humans , Karyotype , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Middle East , Philadelphia Chromosome , Retrospective Studies
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690986

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate a modified protocol of establishing mouse Ph ALL model so as to provide a more convenient and more powerful tool for Ph ALL studies.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Immature B cells from BALB/c mice were transfected with the Mig190 retrovirus and infused into irradiated syngeneic mice. The immunophenotype was identified by flow cytometry, the BCR-ABL was identified by RT-PCR and Western blot. Leukemia cells isolated from sick mice were re-infused into syngeneic mice without irradiation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The acute lymphoblastic leukemia was established in mice after Mig190 retroviral transfection, the lymphoblasts were observed by blood smears, the immunophenotype of these leukemic cells was CD19, and the BCR-ABL was detected by RT-PCR and Western blot, the immunophenotype was conformed as Ph ALL, the isolated leukemia cells infused into mice rapidly developed B-ALL.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A new protocol is established to generate mice with Ph ALL. This mouse model can provide a more simple and effective tool in comparison with the conversional protocols.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Immunophenotyping , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Philadelphia Chromosome , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1011-1015, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689537

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the factors influencing total complete remission (CR), recurrence, disease-free survival (DFS) rate and overall survival (OS) rate in adults with Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and the effect of subsequent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) on prognosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 87 adult patients with Ph negative ALL were retrospectively analyzed, the CHOP regimen plus L-asparaginase (L-Asp) was used for the induction therapy, and the CHOP+ modified Hyper-CVAD or methotrexate was set up as the consolidation chemotherapy regimen. After consolidation chemotherapy for 3-6 courses, 45 patients (51.72%) received allo-HSCT , and 42 patients (48.28%) continually received the maintained consolidation chemotherapy. The average follow up time of the surviving patients was 40.13 (3-60 months).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Out of 87 patients with PhALL one patient died (1.15%). In 86 patients who could be evaluated, 68 cases (79.67%) reached CR at the end of 1 course, 80 cases obtained CR (93.02%). Multivariate regression analysis showed that the enlargement of lever, spleen and lymphomode, WBC count≥ 100×10/L were affecting factors for total CR (P<0.05). Among 80 cases with CR, 27 cases (33.75%) relapsed, 5 years' overall survival (OS) rate and disease-free survival (DFS) rate were 47.50% and 45.00% respectively. Multivariate regression analysis yet showed that the induction chemotherapy without L-Asp, presence of CNS leukemia at diagnosis, absence of allo-HSCT and no CR after indution chemotherapy for 4 weeks were affecting factors for relapse and poor prognosis of patients (P<0.05). According to 4 prognostic factors such as presence of CNS leukemia or no, WBC count≥100×10/L or no, induction chemotherapy with L-Asp or no and CR after induction chemotherapy for 4 weeks or no, 86 patients were divided into low-risk group (without poor prognostic factor), middle-risk group (with 1 poor prognostic factor), high-risk group (with 2-4 poor prognostic factors). Statistical results showed that allo-HSCT treatment in low-risk group had no significant effect on OS and DFS (P>0.05). The rate of OS and DFS in middle and high-risk group were significantly higher than those of patients without allo-HSCT treatment (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Patients with central nervous system leukemia, high white blood cell count (≥100×10/L), induction chemotherapy without L-Asp, no CR after 4 weeks of chemotherapy and absence of allo-HSCT treatment are the factors influencing the prognosis of adult patients with Ph negative ALL, so the patients with those poor prognostic factors should take active treatment of allo-HSCT.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Disease-Free Survival , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Philadelphia Chromosome , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1056-1061, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689529

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with variant Ph chromosome-positive leukemia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The defection of morphology, cytogenetics, immunology and molecular biology was performed in 4 cares of variant Ph chromosome-positive leukemia, and the therepeuitics outcome of 4 patients was evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 4 cases of variant Ph+ leukemia, 3 cases were patients with CML, including 1 case in chronic phase and 2 cases in accelerated phase; and 1 cases was patient with adult B acute lymphoblasric leukemia(B-ALL).The defecfion of cytogenetics in 4 cases showed that 2 cases of CML displayed t(9; 22; 14) abnormality, 1 case of CML displayed t(5; 9; 22) abnormality, moreover, the BCR/ABL fution gane in 3 cases of CML all was e14a2 type, 1 cases of adult B-ALL disylayed t(9; 22; 17) abnormatlity, BCR/ABL fution gene of this case was e13a3 type, 4 patients all received treatment wire chemotherapeptic regimen contaiming methanesulfanate imatinib. As a result, 1 cases of adult B-ALL with e13a3 type BCR/ABL fusion gene positive relapsed after molecular biology remission for 4 months and died in the 10th month; and yet 3 cases of CML are still in molecular biology remission, the disease-free survival time of these 3 cases was 10, 19 and 27 months respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The patients with variant Ph chromosome-positive leukemia will response to the first generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors, but the prognosis of patients with e13a3 type of BCR/ABL fusion gene remains to be further explored.</p>


Subject(s)
Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Humans , Imatinib Mesylate , Leukemia , Philadelphia Chromosome , Prognosis
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345318

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the genetic and clinical characteristics of isodicentric Ph chromosomes [idic(Ph)] in lymphoid blast crisis of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML-BLC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Bone marrow aspirates of 2 patients with CML-BLC were analyzed by R banding after 24 hours of culturing. Genomic copy number variations (CNV) were analyzed by single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array) in case 1. The results were confirmed with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Variations of acute lymphoblastic leukemia-related genes including CDKN2A/AB and PAX5 were detected by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplication (MLPA).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Deletions and duplications on derivative chromosome 9 detected by FISH were confirmed by SNP array analysis. The distances between the BCR/ABL fusion signals on the idic(Ph) chromosomes in the two patients have differed greatly. The idic(Ph) in the second patient was supposed to be formed by two Ph chromosomes joined at their q terminals, where as the idic(Ph) in the first patient have been shown to be fused at the satellite regions of their p arms.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The idic(Ph) chromosomes presented in CML-BLC may predict resistance to Imatinib and response to Dasatinib.</p>


Subject(s)
Blast Crisis , Diagnosis , Genetics , Therapeutics , Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosome Banding , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosome Duplication , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9 , Genetics , DNA Copy Number Variations , Fatal Outcome , Female , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Diagnosis , Genetics , Therapeutics , Male , Middle Aged , Philadelphia Chromosome
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-173854

ABSTRACT

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a hematological stem cell cancer driven by BCR-ABL1 fusion protein. We review the previous and recent evidence on the significance of CML in diagnostic and clinic management. The technical monitoring of BCR-ABL1 with quantitative real time-PCR has been used in assessing patient outcome. The cytogenetic mark of CML is Philadelphia chromosome, that is formed by reciprocal chromosomal translocations between human chromosome 9 and 22, t(9:22) (q³⁴:q¹¹). It makes a BCR-ABL1 fusion protein with an anomaly tyrosine kinase activity that promotes the characteristic proliferation of progenitor cells in CML and acute lymphoblastic lymphoma. The targeting of BCR-ABL1 fusion kinase is the first novel paradigm of molecularly targeted curing.


Subject(s)
Chromosomes, Human , Cytogenetics , Humans , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Methods , Philadelphia Chromosome , Phosphotransferases , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Stem Cells , Translocation, Genetic
18.
Blood Research ; : 112-118, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-62219

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Philadelphia chromosome, a hallmark of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), plays a key role in disease pathogenesis. It reflects a balanced reciprocal translocation between long arms of chromosomes 9 and 22 involving BCR and ABL1 genes, respectively. An accurate and reliable detection of BCR-ABL fusion gene is necessary for the diagnosis and monitoring of CML. Previously, many technologies, most of which are laborious and time consuming, have been developed to detect BCR-ABL chimeric gene or chromosome. METHODS: A new flow cytometric immunobead assay was used for detection of BCR-ABL fusion proteins and applicability, sensitivity, reliability, efficacy and rapidity of this method was evaluated. RESULTS: From February 2009 to January 2014, a total 648 CML patients were investigated for the status of BCR-ABL1 protein. Among them, 83 patients were enrolled for comparative study of BCR-ABL1 positivity by three routinely used procedures like karyotyping, and quantitative real time PCR (RT-PCR) as well as immunobead flow cytometry assay. BCR-ABL protein analysis was found consistent, more sensitive (17% greater sensitivity) and reliable than the conventional cytogenetics, as flow cytometry showed 95% concordance rate to RT-PCR. CONCLUSION: BCR-ABL fusion protein assay using a new flow cytometric immunobead might be useful in the diagnosis and monitoring CML patients.


Subject(s)
Arm , Cytogenetics , Diagnosis , Flow Cytometry , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Humans , Karyotyping , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Methods , Philadelphia Chromosome , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-149387

ABSTRACT

Chronic neutrophilic leukemia (CNL) is a rare myeloproliferative neoplasm characterized by sustained neutrophilia, splenomegaly, and hypercellular bone marrow without Philadelphia chromosome. Diagnosis of CNL requires exclusion of identifiable causes of reactive neutrophilia, such as infection and tumors. Our patient presented with general weakness and weight loss. Computed tomography (CT) showed a mass in the distal rectum, which was confirmed to be an adenocarcinoma by colonoscopic biopsy. Positron emission tomography-CT showed multiple liver, bone, and lymph node metastases. Liver and lymph node biopsies revealed neutrophilic infiltration with no evidence of adenocarcinoma. The pathological findings of the bone marrow were compatible with CNL. Cytogenetic analysis revealed a normal karyotype, and molecular analysis was negative for BCR/ABL. Here, we present a 73 year-old man diagnosed with concurrent CNL and rectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Biopsy , Bone Marrow , Cytogenetic Analysis , Diagnosis , Electrons , Humans , Karyotype , Leukemia , Leukemia, Neutrophilic, Chronic , Leukemoid Reaction , Leukocytosis , Liver , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neutrophils , Philadelphia Chromosome , Rectal Neoplasms , Rectum , Splenomegaly , Weight Loss
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