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1.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 48: 95-100, nov. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254838

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: An efficient regeneration protocol is a priority for the successful application of plant biotechnology. Grape nodal explants were used to develop a micropropagation protocol for Thompson Seedless and Taify cvs. Explants were cultured on MS medium supplemented with Kinetin or benzylaminopurine (BA) and indolebutyric acid (IBA). RESULTS: For both cultivars, axillary buds were grown, only, on a medium enriched with kinetin, moreover, shoot tip necrosis and callus formation were observed on Thompson Seedless cv. cultures grown on a medium with BA. Supplementing the growth medium with 100 mM (boron) B and 2.5 mM (calcium) Ca successfully help overcome these phenomena. The highest regenerated shoot numbers (14 and 6.2 explant 1 ) for Taify and Thompson Seedless cvs., respectively, were on media supplemented with 13.2 mM BA + 4.9 mM IBA and BA 13.2 mM + 5.8 mM IBA, respectively. Moreover, these media supported the developing shoots to have the heaviest dry weights (1.46 and 0.72 mg explant 1 ) for Taify and Thompson Seedless cvs., respectively. Thompson Seedless cv. regenerated shoot numbers and their dry weights were significantly increased by increasing the MS medium PO4 concentration. However, these two parameters were significantly decreased for Taify cv. Developing shoots were elongated and rooted on MS medium enriched with 4.9 mM, IBA 100 mM B and 2.5 mM Ca. Plantlets were acclimatized and successfully transferred to the greenhouse conditions. CONCLUSIONS: A novel promising protocol for Thomson Seedless and Taify cvs. micropropagation using single nodes has been developed.


Subject(s)
Phosphates/chemistry , Boron/chemistry , Calcium/chemistry , Vitis/growth & development , Regeneration , Biotechnology , Plant Shoots , Necrosis/prevention & control
2.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170589, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-954496

ABSTRACT

Abstract High concentrations of hydrogen peroxide can cause adverse effects on composition and structure of teeth. However, the addition of calcium and fluoride in bleaching agents may reduce enamel demineralization. Objective: To evaluate chemical changes of sound and demineralized enamels submitted to high concentrations of hydrogen peroxide containing fluoride (F) or calcium (Ca). Material and Methods: Enamel blocks of bovine incisors with standard dimensions were obtained and half of them were submitted to pH-cycling to promote initial enamel caries lesions. Sound and demineralized enamel samples were divided into (n=10): (C) Control (no whitening treatment); (HP) 35% hydrogen peroxide; and two experimental groups: (HPF) 35% HP+0.2% F and (HPC) 35% HP+0.2% Ca. Experimental groups were submitted to two in-office bleaching sessions and agents were applied 3 times for 15 min to each session. The control group was kept in remineralizing solution at 37°C during the bleaching treatment. The surface mineral content of sound and demineralized enamels was determined through Fourier Transform Raman spectroscopy (FT-Raman), Energy dispersive Micro X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (μ-EDXRF); and the subsurface, through cross-sectional microhardness (CSMH). In addition, polarized light microscopy (PLM) images of enamel subsurface were observed. Results: According to three-way (FT-Raman and μ-EDXRF analyses) or two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) (CSMH) and Tukey test (α=5%), the calcium or fluoride added to high-concentrated bleaching agents increased phosphate and carbonate concentrations on sound and demineralized enamels (p<0.05). However, HPC and HPF were unable to completely reverse the subsurface mineral loss promoted by bleaching on sound and demineralized enamels. The calcium/ phosphate (Ca/P) ratio of sound enamel decreased after HP treatment (p<0.001). Conclusion: Even though experimental bleaching agents with Ca or F reduced mineral loss for both sound and demineralized enamel surfaces, these agents were unable to reverse the enamel subsurface demineralization.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Calcium/chemistry , Tooth Demineralization/chemically induced , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Tooth Bleaching Agents/chemistry , Fluorides/chemistry , Hydrogen Peroxide/chemistry , Phosphates/chemistry , Reference Values , Spectrometry, X-Ray Emission , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Surface Properties/drug effects , Time Factors , Tooth Bleaching/adverse effects , Tooth Bleaching/methods , Materials Testing , Carbonates/chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Dental Enamel/chemistry , Tooth Bleaching Agents/adverse effects , Hardness Tests , Microscopy, Polarization
3.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(6): 705-711, Nov.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828071

ABSTRACT

Abstract To evaluate the effect of incorporating niobium phosphate bioactive glass (NbG) into commercial etch-and-rinse adhesive systems, with and without silane, on their degree of conversion (DC) (%) and microtensile bond strength (μTBS). The NbG micro-filler was added to two etch-and-rinse adhesive systems: One Step (OS) and Prime & Bond (PB) at 40% concentration. The following groups were formed: control without glass addition OS; addition of unsilanized NbG (OSNbG); addition of silanized NbG (OSNbGS); control without glass PB; addition of unsilanized NbG (PBNbG); addition of silanized NbG (PBNbGS). The DC was determined using total Fourier spectroscopy reflection (FTIR/ATR). For μTBS testing, 48 human third molars (n=8) were restored and sliced to obtain specimens (0.8 mm2) and they were tested at two different time intervals: immediately and after 6 months. The fracture mode was evaluated with a stereoscopic loupe (40×) and by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The data were subjected to ANOVA and Tukey tests (a=0.05). NbG addition did not compromise the adhesive system DC values (p>0.05). Furthermore, the NbG added to the adhesive systems did not affect μTBS values (p>0.05). Fracture occurred predominantly at the dentin-adhesive interface. NbG bioactive glass did not affect the DC or microtensile bond strength results.


Resumo Avaliar o efeito da incorporação de vidro niobofosfato bioativo (NbG, 40% em peso) em dois sistemas adesivos simplificados convencionais (One Step [OS] e Prime & Bond {PB}) com e sem silano, no grau de conversão (%) e resistência de união (RU) após 6 meses. Os seguintes grupos foram testados: Controle OS: sem adição de partículas; OS e adição de NbG sem silano (OSNbG); OS e adição de partículas silanizadas NbG (OSNbGS); Controle PB: sem adição de partículas; PB e adição de partículas de NbG sem silano (PBNbG); PB e adição de partículas silanizadas NbG (PBNbGS). O grau de conversão (GC) foi determinado utilizando espectroscopia de Fourier (FTIR/ATR). Para RU, 48 terceiros molares humanos (n=8) foram restaurados e cortados para obter corpos-de-prova (0,8 mm2) e, em seguida, testados em dois momentos: imediato e após seis meses. O padrão de fratura foi avaliado com lupa estereoscópica (40×) e microscópio eletrônico de varredura (MEV). Os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância e Tukey (a=0,05). NbG não comprometeu valores de GC dos sistemas adesivos (p>0,05). Além disso, a adição de NbG aos sistemas adesivos não afetou os valores de RU (p>0,05). O padrão de fratura ocorreu predominantemente na interface dentina-adesivo. NbG não afetou os resultados de GC e RU.


Subject(s)
Dental Bonding , Niobium/chemistry , Phosphates/chemistry , Tensile Strength , Dental Cements , Dental Stress Analysis , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
4.
Acta odontol. latinoam ; 28(2): 144-148, 2015. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-768618

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo avaliou a influência da exposição do agregado de trióxido mineral (MTA) – com e sem cloreto decálcio (CaCl2) – ao tampão fosfato-salino (PBS) sobre a microinfiltração apical. Sessenta segmentos radiculares foram divididos em 4 grupos experimentais (n=15). As cavidades apicais foram preenchidas com MTA, com ou sem CaCl2, e os canais radiculares receberam uma bolinha de algodão umedecida ou PBS, como medicação intracanal: 1) MTA/bolinha de algodão umedecida; 2) MTA/PBS; 3) MTA+10%CaCl2/ bolinha de algodão umedecida; 4) MTA+10% CaCl2/PBS. Após 2 meses, a penetração de E. faecalis ao longo dos plugs apicais foi avaliada. As amostras foram observadas semanal -mente durante 70 dias e a infiltração detectada através da turbidez do meio em contato com os segmentos radiculares. Dentes pertencentes aos grupos controle (n=2) foram mantidos completamente impermeáveis ou sem plug apical. A análise de sobrevivência e a comparação das curvas foram realizadas por meio dos testes Kaplan-Meier e Log-rank (p<0.05), respectiva -mente. Todas as amostras do grupo controle positivo apresentaram evidência de infiltração dentro de 24h, enquanto nenhuma amostra do grupo controle negativo apresentou infiltração aolongo dos 70 dias. Não houve diferença significativa entre os grupos experimentais (p=0.102). O uso do PBS como medicação intracanal pode melhorar a capacidade de selamento do MTA,mas não é capaz de impedir a infiltração bacteriana. A adição de CaCl2 ao MTA não melhora sua capacidade de selamento.


This study evaluated the influence of the exposure of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) - with and without calcium chloride(CaCl2) -to phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) on apical microleakage. Sixty root segments were divided into 4 experimental groups (n=15). Apical cavities were filled with MTA with or without CaCl2, and the root canals dressed with a moistened cotton pellet or PBS: 1) MTA/cotton pellet; 2) MTA/PBS; 3) MTA+10%CaCl2/cotton pellet; 4) MTA+10%CaCl2/PBS. After 2months, E. faecalis penetration was analyzed a long the apical plugs. Samples were observed weekly for 70 days, and leakage was detected by turbidity of the medium in contact with the root segment. Teeth in the control groups (n=2) were either made completely impermeable or kept without an apical plug. The Kaplan–Meier method was used to analyze survival and the Log-rank test was used to compare the survival curves (p<0.05). All specimens in the positive control group showed evidence of leakage within 24h, while none in the negative control group showed leakage up to 70 days. There was no statisticall y significant difference among the experimental groups (p=0.102).The use of PBS as intracanal dressing may improve MTA sealing ability, but cannot prevent bacterial leakage. The addition of CaCl2 to the MTA did not improve MTA sealing ability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Apex , Tooth Apex/physiology , Dental Leakage/diagnosis , Phosphates/chemistry , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Survival Analysis/methods , Clinical Protocols , Culture Media , Enterococcus faecalis/growth & development , Dental Leakage/prevention & control , Laboratories, Dental , Data Interpretation, Statistical
5.
Salud colect ; 10(3): 313-323, sep.-dic. 2014.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-733292

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este trabajo es estudiar, desde una perspectiva feminista, la diversidad y homogeneidad en las trayectorias profesionales de las médicas de familia que ejercían en Andalucía a comienzos del siglo XXI, a través del análisis de los significados que ellas mismas confieren a su desarrollo profesional y de la influencia de los factores personales, familiares y laborales. Realizamos un estudio cualitativo con seis grupos de discusión. Participaron 32 médicas de familia que se encontraban trabajando en los centros de salud urbanos de la red sanitaria pública de Andalucía. El análisis del discurso revela que la mayoría de las médicas no planifican sus metas profesionales y que, cuando lo hacen, las van entrelazando con las necesidades familiares. Esto se traduce en que sus trayectorias profesionales sean discontinuas. Por el contrario, las trayectorias orientadas al desarrollo profesional y a la planificación consciente de metas son más frecuentes entre las médicas que ocupan cargos de dirección en centros de salud.


The purpose of this article was to study, from a feminist perspective, the diversity and homogeneity in the career paths of female primary care physicians from Andalusia, Spain in the early 21st century, by analyzing the meanings they give to their careers and the influence of personal, family and professional factors. We conducted a qualitative study with six discussion groups. Thirty-two female primary care physicians working in urban health centers of the public health system of Andalusia participated in the study. The discourse analysis revealed that most of the female physicians did not plan for professional goals and, when they did plan for them, the goals were intertwined with family needs. Consequently, their career paths were discontinuous. In contrast, career paths oriented towards professional development and the conscious planning of goals were more common among the female doctors acting as directors of health care centers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ferric Compounds/chemistry , Ferrous Compounds/chemistry , Iron/chemistry , Sarcosine/analogs & derivatives , tau Proteins/chemistry , Aluminum/chemistry , Brain Chemistry , Chlorides , Immunoblotting , Macromolecular Substances , Phosphorylation , Phosphates/chemistry , Protein Binding/physiology , Reducing Agents/chemistry , Sarcosine/chemistry
6.
J. appl. oral sci ; 21(4): 341-345, Jul-Aug/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-684574

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of exposure of the mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) - with and without calcium chloride (CaCl2) - to phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) on the apical microleakage using a glucose leakage system. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty root segments were randomly divided into 4 experimental groups (n=15). After resecting the apical segments and enlarging the canals with Gates-Glidden drills, the apical cavities were filled with MTA with or without CaCl2 and the root canals were dressed with a moistened cotton pellet or PBS, as follows: 1) MTA/cotton pellet; 2) MTA/PBS; 3) MTA+10%CaCl2/cotton pellet; 4) MTA+10%CaCl2/PBS. All root segments were introduced in floral foams moistened with PBS. After 2 months, all root segments were prepared to evaluate the glucose leakage along the apical plugs. The amount of glucose leakage was measured following an enzymatic reaction and quantified by a spectrophotometer. Four roots were used as controls. The data were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (p<0.05). RESULTS: There were no differences between groups 1 and 2 (p>0.05), and 3 and 4 (p>0.05). The addition of CaCl2 to the MTA significantly decreased its sealing ability (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The interaction with PBS did not improve the MTA sealing ability. The addition of CaCl2 to the MTA negatively influenced the apical seal. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Calcium Chloride/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Dental Leakage , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Oxides/chemistry , Phosphates/chemistry , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Silicates/chemistry , Drug Combinations , Glucose/analysis , Materials Testing , Random Allocation , Root Canal Preparation/methods , Spectrophotometry , Statistics, Nonparametric , Surface Properties , Time Factors
7.
Rev. colomb. psiquiatr ; 41(supl.1): 69-78, oct. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-669228

ABSTRACT

Para lograr una comunicación efectiva durante una conferencia o presentación, es necesario seguir reglas simples, que incluyen la preparación de la conferencia con el auditorio en mente y con la definición de un mensaje específico para dejar a la audiencia. Debe capturarse pronto la atención del público y todas las acciones posteriores deben ir encaminadas a mantenerla. Los textos deben ser precisos y con tamaños fácilmente visibles, las diapositivas deben ofrecer buen contraste, con fondos sólidos y simples y deben evitarse las animaciones excesivas. Al cierre de la conferencia, las conclusiones y la sesión de preguntas ofrecen la oportunidad invaluable de reforzar el mensaje que se quería dejar.


To communicate effectively during a lecture or presentation it is necessary to follow simple rules, including the preparation of the conference with the audience in mind and with the definition of a specific message to leave the audience. The public's attention should be quickly captured and all subsequent actions should aim to keep it. The text must be accurate and sizes easily visible, the slides should provide good contrast with solid and simple backgrounds and should avoid excessive animations. At the close of the conference, the conclusions and question session offers the invaluable opportunity to reinforce the desired message.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Magnesium Compounds/chemistry , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous/adverse effects , Phosphates/chemistry , Urinary Tract Infections/microbiology , Urolithiasis/microbiology , Urolithiasis/surgery , Cohort Studies , Calcium Oxalate/chemistry , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Incidence , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous/methods , Postoperative Care , Preoperative Care , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Urinalysis , Uric Acid/chemistry , Urinary Tract Infections/epidemiology , Urinary Tract Infections/etiology , Urinary Tract Infections/physiopathology , Urolithiasis/complications , Urolithiasis/diagnosis
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-80827

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Studies that evaluate the effect of age on stone composition are scarce. The aim of this study was to highlight the changes in epidemiological characteristics (stone composition and location) of urolithiasis according to patients' age. METHODS: We studied 1,301 urolithiasis patients with age ranging from 6 months to 92 yr (781 males and 520 females). Stone analysis was performed using a stereomicroscope and infrared spectroscopy to determine the morphological type and molecular composition of each stone. RESULTS: The annual average incidence of new stone formation was 31.7 per 100,000 persons. In 71.8% of cases, calculi were located in the upper urinary tract. Compared to other age groups, children and old men were more affected by bladder stones. Calcium oxalate monohydrate was the most frequent stone component, even though its frequency decreased with age (59.5% in young adults and 43.7% in the elderly, P<0.05) in favor of an increase in uric acid stones (11.5% in young adults and 36.4% in the elderly, P<0.05). Struvite stones were rare (3.8%) and more frequent in children than in adults. CONCLUSIONS: The analysis of these data showed that urinary stones in Tunisian patients are tending to evolve in the same direction as the stones in patients from industrialized countries.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Age Factors , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Calcium Oxalate/chemistry , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Kidney Calculi/chemistry , Magnesium Compounds/chemistry , Male , Middle Aged , Phosphates/chemistry , Retrospective Studies , Spectrophotometry, Infrared , Tunisia/epidemiology , Uric Acid/chemistry , Urinary Bladder Calculi/chemistry , Urinary Calculi/chemistry , Young Adult
9.
Braz. oral res ; 25(4): 288-294, July-Aug. 2011. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-595859

ABSTRACT

This in vitro study evaluated the physical-chemical characteristics of whitening toothpastes and their effect on bovine enamel after application of a bleaching agent (16 percent carbamide peroxide). Physical-chemical analysis was made considering mass loss by desiccation, ash content and pH of the toothpastes. Thirty bovine dental enamel fragments were prepared for roughness measurements. The samples were subjected to bleaching treatments and simulated brushing: G1. Sorriso Dentes Brancos (Conventional toothpaste), G2. Close-UP Whitening (Whitening toothpaste), and G3. Sensodyne Branqueador (Whitening toothpaste). The average roughness (Ra) was evaluated prior to the bleaching treatment and after brushing. The results revealed differences in the physical-chemical characteristics of the toothpastes (p < 0.0001). The final Ra had higher values (p < 0.05) following the procedures. The mean of the Ra did not show significant differences, considering toothpaste groups and bleaching treatment. Interaction (toothpaste and bleaching treatment) showed significant difference (p < 0.0001). The whitening toothpastes showed differences in their physical-chemical properties. All toothpastes promoted changes to the enamel surface, probably by the use of a bleaching agent.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Peroxides/chemistry , Tooth Bleaching Agents/chemistry , Tooth Bleaching/methods , Toothpastes/chemistry , Urea/analogs & derivatives , Analysis of Variance , Drug Combinations , Fluorides/chemistry , Fluorides/pharmacology , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Nitrates/chemistry , Nitrates/pharmacology , Peroxides/pharmacology , Phosphates/chemistry , Phosphates/pharmacology , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Tooth Bleaching Agents/pharmacology , Toothpastes/pharmacology , Urea/chemistry , Urea/pharmacology
10.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2011 June; 48(3): 202-207
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-135321

ABSTRACT

Formation of urinary stone is a serious and debilitating problem throughout the world. In the present study, the inhibitory effect of aqueous extract of root of Rotula aquatica was investigated against struvite crystals (one of the components of urinary stone) grown in vitro using single diffusion gel growth technique. For setting the gel, sodium metasilicate solution (specific gravity 1.05) and 0.5 M aqueous solution of ammonium dihydrogen phosphate were mixed, so that the pH of the mixture could be set at 7.0. Equal amounts of supernatant solution of magnesium acetate (1.0 M) prepared with 0.0%, 0.5% and 1% concentrations of the extract were gently poured on the set gels. It was observed that the number, dimension, total mass, total volume, growth rate and depth of growth of struvite crystals decreased with the increasing extract concentrations in the supernatant solutions. The enhancement of dissolution rate and fragmentation of struvite crystals suggested potential application of the extract for inhibition of struvite type urinary stone.


Subject(s)
Crystallization , Humans , Magnesium Compounds/analysis , Magnesium Compounds/chemistry , Particle Size , Phosphates/analysis , Phosphates/chemistry , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Plant Roots , Solubility/drug effects , Urinary Calculi/chemistry , Urinary Calculi/prevention & control
11.
Braz. oral res ; 24(2): 147-152, Apr.-June 2010. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-553900

ABSTRACT

This study analyzed the reaction layer and measured the marginal crown fit of cast titanium applied to different phosphate-bonded investments, prepared under the following conditions (liquid concentration/casting temperature): Rema Exakt (RE) - 100 percent/237°C, 75 percent/287°C, Castorit Super C (CS)-100 percent/70°C, 75 percent/141°C and Rematitan Plus (RP)- 100 percent/430°C (special to titanium cast, as the control group). The reaction layer was studied using the Vickers hardness test, and analyzed by two way ANOVA and Tukey's HSD tests (á = 0.05). Digital photographs were taken of the crowns seated on the die, the misfit was measured using an image analysis system and One-way ANOVA, and Tukey's test was applied (á = 0.05). The hardness decreased from the surface (601.17 VHN) to 150 ìm (204.03 VHN). The group CS 75 percent/141°C presented higher hardness than the other groups, revealing higher surface contamination, but there were no differences among the groups at measurements deeper than 150 ìm. The castings made with CS - 100 percent/70°C presented the lowest levels of marginal misfit, followed by RE -100 percent/237°C. The conventional investments CS (100 percent) and RE (100 percent) showed better marginal fit than RP, but the CS (75 percent) had higher surface contamination.


Subject(s)
Crowns , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Dental Casting Investment/chemistry , Phosphates/chemistry , Titanium/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Dental Casting Technique , Dental Materials , Hardness Tests , Hot Temperature , Materials Testing , Surface Properties
13.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 877-882, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-33816

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We determined the impact of prostate volume on the efficacy of the high-power (80 W) potassium-titanyl-phosphate (KTP) photoselective laser vaporization of the prostate in men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were stratified into 3 groups according to prostate volume: ' or = 60 g' (n = 22). Median follow-up was 9 months (range 6 to 21). RESULTS: No differences in age and follow-up duration were observed in the three groups. At baseline, no significant differences were noted in the three groups in terms of the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) (21.4, 19.4 and 19.1; p = 0.412) as well as the maximum flow rate (Qmax) (10.2, 9.2, and 8.6 mL/s; p = 0.291) and post-void residual (PVR) (66.2, 80.4, and 71.5 mL; p = 0.856). The mean operative times were 30.9, 46.9, and 58.6 minutes (p < 0.001) and total median energy deliveries for each group were 62.3, 97.6, and 135.9 kJ, respectively (p < 0.001). No severe intraoperative complication was observed. At the last follow-up, these parameters improved significantly regardless of prostate volume, and the IPSS (11.1, 9.4, and 12.3; p = 0.286) as well as Qmax (15.9, 15.9, and 14.2 mL/s; p = 0.690) and PVR (33.7, 28.4, and 14.2 mL; p = 0.395) were not significantly different among the groups. CONCLUSION: Although a larger prostate requires more time and energy delivery, photoselective laser vaporization of the prostate is safe and efficacious for patients with LUTS regardless of prostate volume.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Feasibility Studies , Humans , Laser Therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Phosphates/chemistry , Prostate/physiology , Prostate-Specific Antigen/blood , Prostatic Hyperplasia/complications , Retrospective Studies , Titanium/chemistry , Treatment Outcome , Urinary Tract/pathology , Volatilization
14.
Egyptian Journal of Chemistry. 2009; 52 (2): 179-191
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-135667

ABSTRACT

Good adsorbing carbon was obitained, for the first time in a pilot scale, from cotton stalks in a locally-designed rotary pyrolyzer. Activation was performed in absence of any purging gases by imprgnation with 50% H3P04 followed by heat treatment at 420°C. Mechanically cut short sticks were soaked in diluted H3PO4 for a short duration [Batch 1] and an extended period [Batch 2] prior to thermal treatment. The derived carbons contained both coarse and fine grains with acidic effect. Porosity was characterized by N2 adsorption at 77 [o]K and the isotherms analyzed by the alpha-method to estimate total and microporous surface areas in addition to total and microporous volumes. The produced carbons exhibited well-developed porosity that was essentially microporous in composition. Several key performance parameters were altered considerably as a result of impregnation with H3PO4 and the extended chemical activation period [Batch 2]. Most of the internal porosity of both carbons was accessible to adsorption of iodine, whereas the uptake of methylene blue dye was proportional to the average size of micropores which were larger for the batch with a longer acid soaking time. SEM and FTIR investigations revealed the presence of a developed honeycomb structure and different oxygen functionalities on surfaces of the activated products which are advantageous in liquid-phase applications. Preliminary laboratory-scale experiments with Pb[II] indicate that adsorption capacity of target heavy metals compares favorably with commercially-available activated carbons. The raw material, pre-processing, and activation process prove feasible for the production of activated carbon on a large scale, thereby providing a sustainable strategy for treatment of toxic waste streams


Subject(s)
Cotton Fiber/methods , Feasibility Studies , Phosphates/chemistry , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/methods
15.
Egyptian Journal of Chemistry. 2009; 52 (5): 699-709
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-135681

ABSTRACT

Phosphate coatings have a wide field of applications in industry. The applications of coatings are classified according to the film thickness and the type of solution employed. In this study the phosphating process in the zinc-phosphating-nitrate accelerator on steel gave a phosphating layer of suitable morphology which was investigated by different instruments like SEM/EDS and XRD. The crystal size and the thickness of phosphating layer were found to be iron content dependent. Therefore, adjusting of phosphate, zinc and iron concentrations is very important to get a suitable phosphating effective process. The aim of the present work is to control the iron concentration in the phosphating bath in order to improve the quality and adhesive properties of zinc phosphating coating on steel sheets that always used for military purposes in Helwan Engineering Company in Egypt


Subject(s)
Phosphates/chemistry , X-Ray Diffraction/methods , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/methods
16.
Braz. oral res ; 23(supl.1): 31-38, 2009. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-528427

ABSTRACT

This paper discusses the role of dental biofilm and adjunctive therapies in the management of dental caries. Dental biofilm is a site of bacterial proliferation and growth, in addition to being a location of acid production. It also serves as a reservoir for calcium exchange between the tooth and saliva. The salivary pellicle, a protein-rich biofilm layer, regulates the reaction between tooth surface, saliva and erosive acids. The protective effects of this pellicle on enamel are well established. However, understanding the effects of the pellicle/biofilm interaction in protecting dentin from erosive conditions requires further research. Saliva interacts with the biofilm, and is important in reducing the cariogenic effects of dental plaque as acidogenic bacteria consume fermentable carbohydrates producing acids that may result in tooth demineralization. Adequate supplies of healthy saliva can provide ingredients for successful remineralization. Strategies for managing the cariogenic biofilm are discussed with emphasis on the effectiveness of over-the-counter (OTC) products. However, since many toothpaste components have been altered recently, new clinical trials may be required for true validation of product effectiveness. A new generation of calcium-based remineralizing technologies may offer the ability to reverse the effects of demineralization. Nevertheless, remineralization is a microscopic subsurface phenomenon, and it will not macroscopically replace tooth structure lost in a cavitated lesion. Optimal management of cavitations requires early detection. This, coupled with advances in adhesive restorative materials and microsurgical technique, will allow the tooth to be restored with minimal destruction to nearby healthy tissue.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Biofilms , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Pellicle/physiology , Dental Plaque/prevention & control , Saliva/physiology , Anti-Infective Agents/therapeutic use , Biofilms/growth & development , Calcium/chemistry , Dental Caries/microbiology , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Phosphates/chemistry , Saliva/chemistry , Saliva/microbiology , Tooth Remineralization , Tooth/chemistry , Tooth/microbiology
17.
J Environ Biol ; 2008 Sep; 29(5): 743-6
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-113542

ABSTRACT

Aspergillus sp PS 104, a soil isolate had excellent potential to solubilize rock phosphate in vitro. The process was influenced by the presence of various concentrations of local loess (red soil). The simultaneous occurrence, in our experiment, of high levels of solubilized phosphate and synthesized citric acid, together with the lowest reached pH values, confirmed the role of citric acid in the phosphate solubilization mechanism. When the soil was present, phosphate release was better correlated than citrate synthesis with H+ concentration. Changes in soluble phosphate concentration did not follow a sigmoid pattern. The ability of organism to release phosphatase was also studied. An interesting relationship was observed between the two processes of phosphate mobilization: citric acid synthesis and phosphatase production.


Subject(s)
Aspergillus/metabolism , Citric Acid/chemistry , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Phosphates/chemistry , Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases/metabolism , Soil Microbiology , Solubility
18.
J Environ Biol ; 2008 Jan; 29(1): 127-34
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-113652

ABSTRACT

The total heterotrophic bacteria, actinomycetes and fungus were enumerated from the rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soil of 50 selected locally available medicinal plants in and around Bharathiar University. In all the plants, population of microorganism were higher in the rhizosphere soil than in the non rhizosphere soil. Among the microorganisms, bacterial population was higher in number followed by fungus and actinomycetes. Of the medicinal plants, the maximum rhizosphere effect was observed in Annona squamosa and the minimum effect was seen in Eclipta alba and Cassia auriculata. Among the bacteria the dominant species was Bacillus followed by Pseudomonas, Enterobacter, Corynebacterium, Micrococcus and Serratia. The Streptomyces species was found to be dominant followed by Deuteromycetes and Frankia among the actinomycetes. Among the fungal isolates Rhizopus was found to be higher in number followed by Aspergillus, Penicillium, Mucor and Fusarium. About 70.96% of the bacterial isolates were found to be nitrate reducers and 90.60% of the bacteria solubilised phosphate. The rhizosphere bacterial isolates were also capable of hydrolyzing starch, cellulose, casein, urea and gelatin. The isolates of bacteria, actinomycetes and fungus were also able to produce phytohormone Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA). The maximum IAA production was recorded by Fusarium sp (5.8 mg/l). The rhizosphere bacterial isolates showed resistance to 14 commercially used antibiotics. In an attempt to check the influence of these plant growth promoting microorganisms on the antimicrobial property of Coriandrum sativum against Escherichia coli MTCC-443 and Aeromonas hydrophila MTCC-646, the results observed was not encouraging since the inoculants did not influence the antibacterial property. However extensive and in depth study is required to find out the influence of rhizomicroorganisms on the antibacterial property of medicinal plants. The other results clearly indicated that the rhizosphere microorganisms could be exploited for its innumerable properties and active metabolites.


Subject(s)
Anti-Infective Agents/pharmacology , Bacteria/classification , Coriandrum/chemistry , Drug Resistance, Microbial , Indoleacetic Acids/metabolism , Mitosporic Fungi , Mucorales , Nitrates/chemistry , Phosphates/chemistry , Plant Growth Regulators/pharmacology , Plant Roots/microbiology , Plants, Medicinal/chemistry , Soil Microbiology , Solubility
19.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-114148

ABSTRACT

Most Probable Number (MPN) of Total Coliforms (TC) and Faecal Coliforms (FC), and the physicochemical variables - temperature, Dissolved Oxygen (D.O.), Biochemical Oxygen Demand (B.O.D.), Chemical Oxygen Demand (C.O.D.), nitrates, phosphates and chlorides of municipal raw sewage and that of aeration tank and secondary clarifier of the Sewage Treatment Plant (STP), in relation to water at the treated sewage out-fall point, down-stream and up-stream of the Buckingham Canal at Kalpakkam were analyzed. Total Coliform and Faecal Coliform MPN counts were higher, 170 and 70/100 mL respectively in the raw sewage. However, the counts of the former in the aeration tank though remained similar, that of FC decreased to 50/100 mL; both of the counts further decreased to 30 and 44/100 mL respectively, in the secondary clarifier and were 110 and 23/100 mL, respectively at the treated sewage out-fall point in the canal. Total coliforms MPN was more than 18 times less in the water at the up-stream than that of the treated sewage out-fall point in the canal. Interestingly MPN of the FC in the up-stream water was nil while it was 8/100 mL in the canal's down-stream point. It is concluded that the FC, B.O.D., C.O.D., nitrates, phosphates and chlorides decreased and the D.O. increased in the treated-sewage due to the treatment of raw sewage through the STP.


Subject(s)
Chlorides/chemistry , Enterobacteriaceae/metabolism , Environmental Monitoring/methods , Geography , India , Nitrates/chemistry , Oxygen/chemistry , Phosphates/chemistry , Rivers , Sewage , Temperature , Waste Disposal, Fluid , Water , Water Microbiology , Water Purification/methods
20.
Braz. dent. j ; 18(2): 113-118, 2007. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-466502

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to compare two self-etching and a total-etch adhesive systems by assessing their shear bond strength to bovine enamel and the microleakage on class V composite restorations prepared on bovine enamel. Bovine teeth selected and allocated in three groups: Group 1: Scothbond Multi-Purpose; Group 2: Clearfil Liner Bond 2V; Group 3: Etch & Prime 3.0. For the microleakage test, each group was composed of ten class V restorations on the buccal surface. Two examiners attributed scores ranging from 0 (without leakage) to 3 (maximum leakage) to determine silver nitrate penetration at enamel-composite interface. Microleakage data were analyzed statistically by Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests at 5 percent significance level. For the bond strength test, ten teeth of each group were included, had their buccal surfaces flattened in order to obtain a 3-mm-diameter area to which a resin cylinder was bonded. After one week, the specimens were tested in shear strength at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. Bond strength data were treated by ANOVA and LSD tests at 5 percent significance level. The debonded interfaces were examined under scanning electron microscopy. No leakage was observed along enamel margins. Means (± SD) in MPa were: 18.75 (±5.83), 22.17 (±4.95) and 14.93 (±6.7) for Groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. According to the results of this study, the self-etching primer systems presented statistically similar behavior (p>0.05) to that of the total-etch adhesive system (used as a control), not only regarding marginal leakage at bovine enamel-composite resin interface, but also regarding the shear bond strength of the bovine enamel. However, the self-etching primer systems differed significantly (p>0.05) to each other, with better results for Clearfil Liner Bond 2V. In conclusion, the self-etching primer systems had a performance comparable to that of the total-etch adhesive system.


O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar um sistema adesivo que utiliza condicionamento ácido total com outros contendo primers autocondicionantes em sua composição, quando aplicados ao esmalte bovino. Para isto, foram realizados testes de microinfiltração com corante e testes de resistência de união ao cisalhamento. Os dentes bovinos foram divididos em três grupos, de acordo com o sistema adesivo empregado: Grupo 1 (controle) - Scotchbond Multi-Uso Plus (3M); Grupo 2- Clearfil Liner Bond 2V (Kuraray); e Grupo 3- Etch & Prime 3.0 (Degussa). Para microinfiltração, cada grupo foi composto de dez restaurações classe V na superfície vestibular dos dentes e restauradas com o compósito TPH (Dentisply). A avaliação foi realizada por dois avaliadores previamente calibrados, usando um sistema de escore crescente de 0 (sem infiltração) até 3 (infiltração além da parede axial), dependendo do grau de penetração de um corante a base de nitrato de prata. Para o teste de resistência ao cisalhamento, 10 dentes de cada grupo foram incluídos em um tubo de metal, usando uma resina autopolimerizável. Suas superfícies vestibulares foram desgastadas até a obtenção de uma área de adesão com diâmetro de 3 mm. Sobre estas superfícies foram construídos cilindros de resina composta TPH. Após uma semana, foram submetidos ao ensaio de cisalhamento, a uma velocidade de 0,5 mm/min. Após a ruptura, as superfícies dos cilindros de resina composta foram recolhidas para observação em microscópio eletrônico de varredura. Para os testes de microinfiltração, os resultados foram tratados estatisticamente por Kruskal-Wallis e Mann-Whitney (p>0,05). O teste de microinfiltração não revelou diferença entre os grupos. Os resultados do teste de cisalhamento foram tratados por ANOVA e teste LSD (p<0,05). As médias e desvios padrão em MPa foram: G1: 18,75 ± 5,83; G2: 22,17 ± 4,95; G3: 14,93 ± 6,7. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre o grupo controle e os autocondicionantes...


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Acid Etching, Dental/methods , Dental Bonding , Dental Enamel/ultrastructure , Resin Cements/chemistry , Composite Resins/chemistry , Dental Leakage/classification , Dental Materials/chemistry , Dental Restoration, Permanent/classification , Ethanol/chemistry , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Methacrylates/chemistry , Phosphates/chemistry , Random Allocation , Shear Strength , Silver Staining , Stress, Mechanical , Surface Properties , Temperature , Time Factors , Water/chemistry
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