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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878786

ABSTRACT

Orthogonal experiments were used to optimize the process parameters of curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles; the particle size, electric potential and morphology under the electron microscope were systematically detected for the curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles; and the stability and in vitro release of the curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles were investigated. With DID fluorescent dye as the fluorescent probe, flow cytometry was used to study the uptake of nanomicelles by breast cancer cells, and laser confocal microscopy was used to study the mitochondrial targeting and lysosomal escape functions of nanomicelles. Under the same dosage conditions, the effect of curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles on promoting the apoptosis of breast cancer cells was evaluated. The optimal particle size of curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelle was(17.3±0.3) nm, and the Zeta potential was(14.6±2.6) mV in orthogonal test. Under such conditions, the micelle appeared as regular spheres under the transmission electron microscope. Fluorescence test results showed that TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles can promote drug uptake by tumor cells, escape from lysosomal phagocytosis, and target the mitochondria. The cell survival rate and Hoechst staining positive test results showed that curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles had a good effect on promoting apoptosis of breast cancer cells. The curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL micelles can significantly reduce the mitochondrial membrane potential of breast cancer cells, increase the release of cytochrome C, significantly increase the expression of pro-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 and reduce the expression of anti-apoptotic Bax protein. These test results were significantly better than those of curcumin PEG-PCL nanomicelles and curcumin, with statistically significant differences. The results revealed that curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles can well target breast cancer cell mitochondria and escape from the lysosomal capture, thereby enhancing the drug's role in promoting tumor cell apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cell Line, Tumor , Curcumin/pharmacology , Humans , Lysosomes , Micelles , Mitochondria , Phosphatidylethanolamines , Polyethylene Glycols
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1272-1279, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320090

ABSTRACT

A lactoferrin-containing PEGylated liposome system (Lf-PLS) was developed and tested in vitro as a hepatoma-targeting drug delivery system. PEGylated liposomes (PLS) were successfully prepared using the thin film hydration method with peglipid post insertion. Lf was covalently conjugated onto the carboxyl terminal of DSPE-PEG2000-COOH on liposomes. Coumarin-6 was used to trace Lf-PLS with fluorescence. The cellular uptake of this system was carried out in asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR) positive HepG2 cells via confocal microscopy and flow cytometry. The Lf-PLS liposome was observed as spherical or oval vesicles with the particle size around 130 nm, zeta potential about -30 mV and encapsulation efficiency more than 80%. The confocal microscopy images and flow cytometry data demonstrated that Lf-PLS resulted in significantly higher cell association by ASGPR positive HepG2 cells compared to PLS. The association between Lf-PLS and cells were dependent on the concentration, time and temperature, which was inhibited by pre-incubation with excessive free Lf. The results suggest that Lf-PLS has a good targeting effect on HepG2 cells in vitro. The targeting mechanism may be related to the specific binding of Lf and ASGPR on HepG2 cells, which guides Lf-PLS to the cell surface to induce an active endocytosis process. All these results demonstrated that Lf-PLS might be a potential drug delivery system in targeting hepatocellular carcinoma, which deserves more research on its targeting ability, antitumor efficiency, and metabolism in vivo for treatment of hepatomacellular carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Asialoglycoprotein Receptor , Metabolism , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Pathology , Coumarins , Drug Delivery Systems , Endocytosis , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Lactoferrin , Pharmacology , Liposomes , Liver Neoplasms , Pathology , Particle Size , Phosphatidylethanolamines , Polyethylene Glycols , Thiazoles
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 104-110, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251809

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to prepare T7 and TAT dual modified liposomes (T7-TAT-LIP) to penetrate through blood brain barrier and target to brain tumor cells. The liposomes were prepared with CFPE, T7 modified PEG-DSPE, TAT modified PEG-DSPE, soybean phospholipid, PEG-DSPE and cholesterol. The CFPE was used to track the cellular uptake efficiency. The density of T7 and TAT and the length of PEG were optimized, and then the liposomes were characterized by particle size, zeta potential, morphology and stability. Afterwards, the cellular uptake by bEnd.3 and C6 cells were evaluated. The results showed that the optimized parameters were 6% of T7, 0.5% of TAT, the molecular weight of PEG for T7 was 2000 and the molecular weight of PEG for TAT was 1000. After optimization, the particle size of T7-TAT-LIP was 118 nm, the zeta potential was -6.32 mV and the particles were spherical. The turbidity and particle size of liposomes were not obviously changed after 24 h incubation in PBS at 37 °C. The particle size and polydispersity index were also stable during 1 month incubation at 4-8 °C. The cellular uptake by both bEnd.3 and C6 cells of T7-TAT-LIP was higher than that of T7 or TAT modified liposomes, suggesting dual modified liposomes possessed better blood brain barrier targeting ability and brain tumor targeting ability than the single ligand modified liposomes.


Subject(s)
Biological Transport , Blood-Brain Barrier , Brain Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Cell-Penetrating Peptides , Pharmacology , Cholesterol , Liposomes , Particle Size , Phosphatidylethanolamines , Polyethylene Glycols
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1174-1179, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257010

ABSTRACT

In this study, the buffering capacity of amphiphilic pH-sensitivity copolymer poly(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline)-cholesteryl methyl carbonate (PEOZ-CHMC) was evaluated. The ammonium sulfate gradient method was used to prepare doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX x HCl)-loaded liposomes (DOX-L), and then the post-insertion method was used to prepare PEOZ-CHMC and polyethylene glycol-distearoyl phosphatidyl ethanolamine (PEG-DSPE) modified DOX x HCl-loaded liposomes (PEOZ-DOX-L and PEG-DOX-L). The physico-chemical properties, in vitro drugs release behavior, cellular toxicity and intracellular delivery of liposomes were evaluated, separately. The results showed that PEOZ-CHMC has a satisfactory buffering capacity. The sephadex G-50 column centrifugation method and dynamic light scattering were used to determine the encapsulation efficiency (EE) and particle size of liposomes. The EE and particle size of DOX-L were (97.3 ± 1.4) % and 120 nm, respectively, and the addition of PEOZ-CHMC or PEG-DSPE had no influence on EE and particle size. The zeta potentials of three kinds of liposomes were negative. The release behavior of various DOX liposomes in vitro was investigated by dialysis method. In phosphate buffer solution (PBS) at pH 7.4, DOX x HCl was released from PEOZ-DOX-L in a sustained manner. While in PBS at pH 5.0, the release rate of DOX x HCl from PEOZ-DOX-L increased significantly, which suggested DOX x HCl was released from PEOZ-DOX-L in a pH-dependent manner. The intracellular delivery of liposomes was investigated by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). The CLSM images indicated that PEOZ-DOX-L showed efficient intracellular trafficking including endosomal escape and release DOX x HCl into nucleus, as well as the DOX-L and PEG-DOX-L had no this effect. The cytotoxicity of liposomes against MCF-7 cells was detected by using MTT assay. The results showed that antiproliferative effects of PEOZ-DOX-L enhanced with pH value decreased, whereas DOX-L and PEG-DOX-L did not have any significant difference in inhibitions at different pH conditions. Therefore, the problems of the inhibition of cellular uptake of liposomes and the failed endosomal escape of pH-sensitive liposomes by PEG chain can be overcome by the pH-sensitive liposomes constructed by PEOZ-CHMC.


Subject(s)
Cell Nucleus , Doxorubicin , Chemistry , Endosomes , Formates , Chemistry , Humans , Liposomes , Chemistry , MCF-7 Cells , Microscopy, Confocal , Particle Size , Phosphatidylethanolamines , Polyamines , Chemistry , Polyethylene Glycols , Chemistry
5.
Braz. dent. j ; 25(6): 489-493, Nov-Dec/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-732253

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this ex vivo study was to determine, in "open" and "closed" systems, whether the design has an influence on the penetration length of sodium hypochlorite mixed with a radiopaque contrast medium, measured in millimeters, when delivered using positive pressure (PP) and using sonic (SI) or passive ultrasonic (PUI) activation. Sixty single-rooted teeth were divided into two groups: open and closed systems (n=30). Root canal shaping was performed to a working length of 17 mm. The samples were divided into three sub-groups (n=10) according to irrigant delivery and activation: PP, and SI or PUI activation. By using radiographs, penetration length was measured, and vapor lock was assessed. For the closed group, the penetration distance means were: PP 15.715 (±0.898) mm, SI 16.299 (±0.738) mm and PUI 16.813 (±0.465) mm, with vapor lock occurring in 53.3% of the specimens. In the open group, penetration to 17 mm occurred in 97.6% of the samples, and no vapor lock occurred. Irrigant penetration and distribution evaluation using open and closed systems provide significantly different results. For closed systems, PUI is the most effective in delivering the irrigant to working length, followed by SI.


O objetivo deste estudo in vivo foi determinar, para os sistemas "abertos" e "fechados", se o design tem influência na penetração, em milímetros, do hipoclorito de sódio misturado com um meio radiopaco quando empregado na ativação com pressão positiva (PP) e ativação sônica (SI) ou ultrassônica passiva (PUI). Sessenta dentes unirradiculares foram divididos em dois grupos: sistema aberto e sistema fechado (n=30). Os canais radiculares foram trabalhados até um comprimento de trabalho de 17 mm. Os grupos foram subdivididos em três subgrupos (n=10) de acordo com a solução irrigadora e a ativação: PP, e ativação SI ou PUI. Usando radiografias, a distância de penetração foi medida e avaliado o vapor contido. Para o grupo fechado, as distâncias médias de penetração foram PP 15,715 (±0,898) mm, SI 16,299 (±0,738) mm e PUI 16,813 (±0,465) mm e houve vapor contido em 53,3% das amostras. No grupo aberto, houve penetração de 17 mm em 97.6% das amostras, sem contenção de vapor. A penetração do irrigante e avaliação da distribuição usando sistemas aberto e fechado produziram resultados significativamente diferentes. Para os sistemas fechados, PUI é mais eficaz para levar o irrigante até preencher o comprimento de trabalho, seguido por SI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Ubiquinone/metabolism , /analogs & derivatives , /chemical synthesis , Diffusion , Electron Transport , Fluorescent Dyes , Liposomes , Mice, Inbred ICR , Mitochondria, Liver/metabolism , Phosphatidylethanolamines , Ubiquinone/analogs & derivatives , Ubiquinone/biosynthesis , Ubiquinone/chemical synthesis
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 711-717, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245023

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to prepare hyaluronic acid (HA) modified core-shell liponanoparticles (pHA-LCS-NPs) as gene delivery system and investigate its gene transfection efficiency in human retinal pigment epithelium (ARPE-19) cells in vitro. The pHA-LCS-NPs was prepared by firstly hydrating dry lipid film with CS-NPs suspension to get LCS-NPs, then modifying the lipid bilayer with HA by amidation reaction between HA and dioleoyl phosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE). Its morphology, particle size and zeta potential were investigated. XTT assay was used to evaluate the cell safety of different vectors in vitro. The gene transfection efficiency of pHA-LCS-NPs modified with different contents of HA was investigated in ARPE-19 cells with green fluorescent protein (pEGFP) as the reporter gene. The results showed that the obtained pHA-LCS-NPs exhibited a clear core-shell structure with the average particles size of (214.9 +/- 7.2) nm and zeta potential of (-35 +/- 3.7) mV. The 24 h cumulative release of gene from pHA-LCS-NPs was less than 30%. After 48 h incubation, gene transfection efficiency of pHA-LCS-NPs/pEGFP was 1.81 times and 3.75 times higher than that of CS-NPs/pEGFP and naked pEGFP, respectively. Also no obvious cytotoxicity was observed on pHA-LCS-NPs. It suggested that the pHA-LCS-NPs might be promising non-viral gene delivery systems with high efficiency and low cytotoxicity.


Subject(s)
Cell Survival , Gene Transfer Techniques , Genes, Reporter , Genetic Vectors , Green Fluorescent Proteins , Metabolism , Humans , Hyaluronic Acid , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Lipids , Nanoparticles , Particle Size , Phosphatidylethanolamines , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Retinal Pigment Epithelium , Transfection
7.
Nanomedicine Journal. 2014; 1 (5): 292-297
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-171644

ABSTRACT

Although several chemical and physical methods for gene delivery have been introduced, their cytotoxicity, non-specific immune responses and the lack of biodegradability remain the main issues. In this study, hydroxyapatite nanoparticles [NPs] and 1, 2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine [DOPE]-modified hydroxyapatite NPs was coated with antisense oligonucleotide of E6 mRNA, and their uptakes into the cervical cancer cell line were evaluated. Calcium nitrate and diammonium phosphate were used for the synthesis of the hydroxyapatite nanoparticle. Thus, they were coated with polyethylene glycol [PEG], DOPE and antisense oligonucleotide of E6 mRNA using a cross-linker. Then, hydroxyapatite NPs and DOPE-modified hydroxyapatite NPs were incubated 48 hours with cervical cancer cells and their uptakes were evaluated by fluorescent microscopy. The hydroxyapatite NPs had different shapes and some agglomeration with average size of 100 nm. The results showed DOPE-modified hydroxyapatite NPs had higher uptake than hydroxyapatite NPs [P<0.05]. Hydroxyapatite NPs conjugated with DOPE are a good choice for gene delivery and silencing of viral genes in cervical cancer cells, but their efficacy should be addressed more in future studies


Subject(s)
RNA, Messenger , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Phosphatidylethanolamines , Durapatite , Nanoparticles
8.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 274-279, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-159124

ABSTRACT

With the increasing interest in endoscopy and the rising number of endoscopic examinations in hospitals, the importance of endoscopic reprocessing is also increasing. Cure facilities that are understaffed and ill-equipped are trying to cope with the problems of insufficient cleaning and high infection risks. To prevent endoscopy-associated infection, the endoscope cleaning, and disinfection guidelines prepared by the Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy must be followed. In this review, the steps of endoscopic reprocessing and the equipments required in each step are discussed.


Subject(s)
Disinfection , Endoscopes , Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Phosphatidylethanolamines
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-165474

ABSTRACT

Since mid-20th century, many environmental changes in medicine have challenged the traditional role of doctors and the movement to outcome-based education (OBE) has progressed gradually but significantly. Over decades bilateral progression of defining the global doctor's role and developing OBE with implementation to medical schools has been spread world-widely. In this paper, we explored the history and contents of the doctor's role and OBE at various levels-international, national, institutional and medical schools. We conclude that the global doctor's role is composed of patient care, communication and professionals added by others related to their peculiar situation and should be linked to the outcomes of undergraduate, postgraduate and continuous medical education which are developed and implemented to the curriculum and program at any country in order to cope with the global challenges of the future.


Subject(s)
Competency-Based Education , Curriculum , Education, Medical , Patient Care , Phosphatidylethanolamines , Physician's Role , Schools, Medical
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-108246

ABSTRACT

Status and emerging issues in the use of praziquantel for treatment of human trematode and cestode infections are briefly reviewed. Since praziquantel was first introduced as a broadspectrum anthelmintic in 1975, innumerable articles describing its successful use in the treatment of the majority of human-infecting trematodes and cestodes have been published. The target trematode and cestode diseases include schistosomiasis, clonorchiasis and opisthorchiasis, paragonimiasis, heterophyidiasis, echinostomiasis, fasciolopsiasis, neodiplostomiasis, gymnophalloidiasis, taeniases, diphyllobothriasis, hymenolepiasis, and cysticercosis. However, Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica infections are refractory to praziquantel, for which triclabendazole, an alternative drug, is necessary. In addition, larval cestode infections, particularly hydatid disease and sparganosis, are not successfully treated by praziquantel. The precise mechanism of action of praziquantel is still poorly understood. There are also emerging problems with praziquantel treatment, which include the appearance of drug resistance in the treatment of Schistosoma mansoni and possibly Schistosoma japonicum, along with allergic or hypersensitivity reactions against praziquantel treatment. To cope with and overcome these problems, combined use of drugs, i.e., praziquantel and other newly introduced compounds such as triclabendazole, artemisinins, and tribendimidine, is being tried.


Subject(s)
Artemisinins , Benzimidazoles , Cestoda , Cestode Infections , Clonorchiasis , Cysticercosis , Diphyllobothriasis , Drug Resistance , Echinostomiasis , Fasciola , Fasciola hepatica , Humans , Hymenolepiasis , Hypersensitivity , Opisthorchiasis , Paragonimiasis , Phenylenediamines , Phosphatidylethanolamines , Praziquantel , Schistosoma japonicum , Schistosoma mansoni , Schistosomiasis , Sparganosis , Taenia , Taeniasis , Trematode Infections
11.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 186-195, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-83143

ABSTRACT

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) has a chronicity and its symptoms wax and wane by proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy. Chronic consumption of PPI in the patients with GERD is common, and we can cope with a PPI failure or refractory GERD. Therefore, we review various alternative modalities for chronic PPI treatment and an approach for refractory GERD. PPI has a potential for side effects. Many studies have been published the side effects of long-term PPI using. Mostly clinical level of evidence is weak and the absolute risk is low, however we may discuss the patients who need long-term PPI therapy about the controversial side effects, and manage those appropriately.


Subject(s)
Gastroesophageal Reflux , Humans , Phosphatidylethanolamines , Prescriptions , Proton Pump Inhibitors , Proton Pumps , Protons , Safety Management
12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 417-422, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235649

ABSTRACT

iRGD-modified sterically stabilized liposomes loaded doxorubicin (iRGD-SSL-DOX) were prepared and their cellular toxicity and anti-tumor efficacy were evaluated, comparing to doxorubixin loaded sterically stabilized liposomes (SSL-DOX) and RGD modified doxorubixin loaded sterically stabilized liposomes (RGD-SSL-DOX). The iRGD peptide, with both tumor targeting and cell penetrating functions, was conjugated to DSPE-PEG-NHS and DSPE-PEG-iRGD was obtained. DSPE-PEG-RGD was gained in the same way. iRGD-SSL-DOX, RGD-SSL-DOX and SSL-DOX were prepared by ammonium sulfate gradient method. The size and zeta potential of the liposomes were characterized by dynamic laser light scattering. The cellular toxicity study was done on B16 melanoma cell line and the anti-tumor efficacy study was carried on B16 cell line bearing C57BL/6 mice. The results showed that the particle sizes of liposomes were all around 90-100 nm. DOX entrapment efficiency was above 95%. The formulations were with good preparation reproducibility. iRGD-SSL-DOX showed no significant difference in B16 cellular toxicity with SSL-DOX and RGD-SSL-DOX, but the anti-tumor efficacy on B16 melanoma bearing C57BL/6 mice was significantly better than that of SSL-DOX, similar as that of RGD-SSL-DOX. Therefore, iRGD modified liposomes loaded DOX would be a promising drug delivery system for tumor therapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Doxorubicin , Pharmacology , Drug Carriers , Drug Delivery Systems , Liposomes , Male , Melanoma, Experimental , Pathology , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Molecular Weight , Neoplasm Transplantation , Oligopeptides , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Particle Size , Phosphatidylethanolamines , Chemistry , Polyethylene Glycols , Chemistry , Tumor Burden
13.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2013; 26 (4): 779-786
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-126974

ABSTRACT

Site-specific delivery of anticancer based therapy of human cancers has led to several remarkable outcomes, particularly in the therapy of breast cancer and lymphoma. Camptothecin, a plant secondary metabolite is widely used in the treatment of metastatic breast cancer and lymphoma. However its side effect profile often results in cessation of therapy. In this study the principle of both active as well as passive targeting using camptothecin loaded stealth liposomes as per the magic gun approach was followed. Stealth liposomes of camtothecin were prepared by thin film hydration method using a PEGylated phospholipid like DSPE-MPEG 2000. Similarly conventional liposomes were prepared using phospholipids like DPPC, DSPC. Conventional liposomes were coated with a hydrophilic biocompatible polymer like chitosan. It was found that chitosan coating of the conventional liposomes increased the physical stability of the liposomal suspension. Further, chitosan coated conventional liposomes and the PEGylated liposomes released the drug for a prolonged period of time, compared to the uncoated conventional liposomes. In vivo screening of the formulations for their antitumor efficacy was carried out in rats. Breast cancer was induced in female Sprague-Dawley rats using an indirectly acting chemical carcinogen DMBA [7, 12 dimethyl benz[a]anthracene]. It was found that there was significant decrease [P<0.01] in tumor volume in the rat group treated with test 2 formulation and test 1 formulation compared to standard free CPT. However the chitosan coated liposomal formulation showed a better antitumor efficacy than that of the PEGylated liposomal formulation


Subject(s)
Animals, Laboratory , Drug Delivery Systems , Chitosan , Liposomes , Phosphatidylethanolamines , Polyethylene Glycols , 1,2-Dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Antineoplastic Agents
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-33783

ABSTRACT

Medical specialty systems were launched in 1951 by the National Medical Services Law. The following year, the specialty certifying examination had implemented in the form of portfolio evaluation. A paper-and-pencil type examination was implemented in 1960, and the 55th examination was carried out in January 2012. Currently, 26 specialties are represented, and the overall pass rate is over 90%. The examination consists of a step 1 paper-and-pencil test and step 2 skills test. In the step 1 test, the test items are multiple choice questions and short answer questions. Clinical performance examination is partially applied to the step 2 test. To cope with changes in the social situation and the growth of medical services, developmental changes are needed in the specialty certifying examinations. Performance assessment is an alternative worth considering. CPX should be a major part of the skill test. A computer-based test should be introduced as soon as possible, and it could eventually be developed into an adaptive test.


Subject(s)
Educational Measurement , Jurisprudence , Phosphatidylethanolamines
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-175967

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Childhood is a critical period involving various developmental tasks that need to be accomplished. Childhood depression has overall negative implications for certain areas of development, including cognition, emotion, social skills, academic achievement, and ability to cope with stress. Yet, because depression can be "masked" by accompanying behavioral problems, early detection and diagnosis of childhood depression is somewhat challenging. In this study, using the Korean version of the Child Behavior Checklist (K-CBCL), we evaluated the association between children's self reports on depression and parents' assessment of children's behaviors. METHODS: Subjects were recruited from the S city, a cohort comprising a non-random convenience sample of 226, 10-year-old ethnic Koreans in their fourth year of elementary school and their parents. All participants underwent several tests, including Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) and K-CBCL. RESULTS: A total of 226 children, including 166 boys (73.5%) and 60 girls (26.5%), participated in the study. The average CDI for the participants was 14.57 (SD=7.54). Two items on the K-CBCL, total scale of adjustment scale and social withdrawal problems, showed a close association with the CDI. CONCLUSION: Although much remains to be elucidated, after controlling for covariates, the results of this study suggested that behavioral problems observed in children may be closely associated with depression.


Subject(s)
Achievement , Checklist , Child , Child Behavior , Cognition , Cohort Studies , Critical Period, Psychological , Depression , Humans , Parents , Phosphatidylethanolamines , Self Report
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-169893

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Living donor liver transplantation is a surgical treatment which could impose a heavy burden on both the recipient and the potential donor. Preoperative psychological evaluation of the potential donor is essential in protecting one's psychosocial well-being, as well as one's autonomy. In this research, we examined the correlation between the preoperative psychological profile of the potential donor and one's postoperative pain and opioid analgesic usage. METHODS: Retrospective review of the medical records of all living donors who had completed preoperative psychological evaluation in our transplantation center from January, 2010 to December, 2011 was done. Preoperative psychological evaluation included Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2), Sentence Complete Test and an interview with a psychiatrist. Mean postoperative pain within 7 days after the surgery was evaluated. Dosages of all opioid analgesics were converted to equivalent dosage of morphine. RESULTS: Depression T-score showed a significant correlation with the duration of opioid analgesics usage (R2=0.306, F=12.363). Also, F score and dosage of opioid analgesics (R2=0.360, F=15.766), as well as Psychasthenia T- score and postoperative mean pain score (R2=0.137, F=4.448) showed significant correlation. CONCLUSION: Depression T-score, F score and Psychastenia T-score from MMPI-2 are well known to reflect one's depression, discontent, psychological instability and chronic anxiety. Such personalized and specified psychiatric intervention could help the donor to cope with post-surgical pain better.


Subject(s)
Analgesics, Opioid , Anxiety , Depression , Humans , Liver , Liver Transplantation , Living Donors , Medical Records , Minnesota , MMPI , Pain, Postoperative , Phosphatidylethanolamines , Psychiatry , Retrospective Studies , Tissue Donors , Transplants
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-145345

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the experiences of the use of external breast prostheses among breast cancer survivors in Korea. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study was conducted, using focus groups. Data were collected from breast cancer survivors who were patients of C women's hospital in Seoul, Korea. Data were analyzed using content analysis in order to identify significant themes. RESULTS: Participants included forty breast cancer survivors who had mastectomy as a surgical treatment. Four themes emerged from the collected data were: 1) concern over the high price of external breast prosthesis, 2) irregular use of external breast prosthesis, 3) unsatisfied with mastectomy bra, and 4) wanting to hide or not to talk about using breast prosthesis openly. CONCLUSION: Since most participants reported irregular use and negative experiences related to external breast prosthesis or mastectomy bra use, healthcare workers should allow more time for proper fitting and counseling and consulting with breast cancer survivors. In addition, health care providers as well as family and friends should keep in mind that cancer survivors need support that can help them cope by using positive reframing. Furthermore, improvements in the coverage of costs and services are needed for these women. This would be helpful for breast prosthesis users.


Subject(s)
Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Counseling , Delivery of Health Care , Female , Focus Groups , Friends , Health Personnel , Humans , Korea , Mastectomy , Phosphatidylethanolamines , Prostheses and Implants , Survivors
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-70981

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a mentoring program designed to help middle school girls from low income families cope with stress and improve self-esteem. METHODS: A non-equivalent control group, pretest-posttest design was used. The independent variable was the mentoring program, in which the mentors were nursing students and the mentees were middle school girls. The dependent variables were stress and self-esteem scores. The program was conducted using group activities and personal approaches through the mentor-mentee relationship. The program was conducted from September 1 to December 11, 2010 in a middle school in A city, South Korea. RESULTS: At follow-up, the stress and mental health scores had improved significantly in the intervention group compared to the control group. The self-esteem scores in the intervention group were significantly higher after the intervention than scores before the intervention. However there was no significant difference between the two groups. CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that mentoring programs have the potential to be developmentally appropriate interventions for stress management and self-esteem improvement in adolescents from vulnerable families and also enable nursing students as mentors to gain confidence in their professional capability.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Mental Health , Mentors , Phosphatidylethanolamines , Poverty , Students, Nursing
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-213376

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate agitation in home-dwelling persons with dementia and coping behaviors of primary family care-givers to agitation. METHODS: The research was designed as a descriptive study. A total of two hundred and five subjects had participated in this study. To measure agitation in persons with dementia, Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory was used. To measure coping behaviors of primary family care-givers to the agitation, a questionnaire was used. Descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test were used to answer the research objectives. RESULTS: 'Repetitive mannerisms' and 'repeating sentences' were the most commonly occurred agitation in home-dwelling persons with dementia. 'Leaving the situation', 'allowing certain time', and 'soothing by talking' were the most common coping behaviors occurred in primary care-givers. CONCLUSION: The findings of the current study would provide meaningful data to develop nursing programs to control agitation for home-dwelling persons with dementia and education programs for primary care-givers to cope with persons' agitation.


Subject(s)
Adaptation, Psychological , Caregivers , Dementia , Dihydroergotamine , Humans , Phosphatidylethanolamines , Psychomotor Agitation , Surveys and Questionnaires
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-171211

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to investigate problem drinking and analyze factors associated with alcohol use among female firefighters, as well as to provide useful data for management of alcohol use by female firefighters. METHODS: The study includeed 1,587 female firefighters from throught Koea. Data were collected from June to July in 2008 using self-administered questionnaires including a general questionnaire, work related questionnaire, the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), the Korean Occupational Stress Scale Short Form (KOSS-26), and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD). Among 1,263 female firefighters (75.6%) surveyed, the results of 1,084 qualified questionnaires (70.5%) were analyzed using the chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, and multiple logistic regression. RESULTS: The prevalence of problem drinking (AUDIT score > or =8) in female firefighters was 12.5%. Multiple logistic analysis showed that being single, smoking and depression were correlated with problem drinking. Single female firefighter, present smokers and individuals positive for symptoms of depression had OR values of 2.11, 17.58 and 1.76, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Three factors were found to influnce the occurrence of problem drinking. Accordingly, smoking related education, counseling to cope effectively with depression and health promotion programs that consider psychological effects of job stress are needed to reduce work related factors that lead to problem drinking by female firefighters.


Subject(s)
Counseling , Depression , Drinking , Drinking Behavior , Epidemiologic Studies , Female , Firefighters , Health Promotion , Humans , Phosphatidylethanolamines , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Smoke , Smoking
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