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1.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190023, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056577

ABSTRACT

Abstract When exposure of the pulp to external environment occurs, reparative dentinogenesis can be induced by direct pulp capping to maintain pulp tissue vitality and function. These clinical situations require the use of materials that induce dentin repair and, subsequently, formation of a mineralized tissue. Objective: This work aims to assess the effect of tricalcium silicate cements and mineral trioxide aggregate cements, including repairing dentin formation and inflammatory reactions over time after pulp exposure in Wistar rats. Methodology: These two biomaterials were compared with positive control groups (open cavity with pulp tissue exposure) and negative control groups (no intervention). The evaluations were performed in three stages; three, seven and twenty-one days, and consisted of an imaging (nuclear medicine) and histological evaluation (H&E staining, immunohistochemistry and Alizarin Red S). Results: The therapeutic effect of these biomaterials was confirmed. Nuclear medicine evaluation demonstrated that the uptake of 99mTc-Hydroxymethylene diphosphonate (HMDP) showed no significant differences between the different experimental groups and the control, revealing the non-occurrence of differences in the phosphocalcium metabolism. The histological study demonstrated that in mineral trioxide aggregate therapies, the presence of moderate inflammatory infiltration was found after three days, decreasing during follow-ups. The formation of mineralized tissue was only verified at 21 days of follow-up. The tricalcium silicate therapies demonstrated the presence of a slight inflammatory infiltration on the third day, increasing throughout the follow-up. The formation of mineralized tissue was observed in the seventh follow-up day, increasing over time. Conclusions: The mineral trioxide aggregate (WhiteProRoot®MTA) and tricalcium silicate (Biodentine™) present slight and reversible inflammatory signs in the pulp tissue, with the formation of mineralized tissue. However, the exacerbated induction of mineralized tissue formation with the tricalcium silicate biomaterial may lead to the formation of pulp calcifications


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Oxides/pharmacology , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Aluminum Compounds/pharmacology , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Dentin/drug effects , Dentinogenesis/drug effects , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Pulpitis/pathology , Pulpitis/drug therapy , Sialoglycoproteins/analysis , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/analysis , Dental Pulp Exposure/pathology , Dental Pulp Exposure/drug therapy , Rats, Wistar , Dental Pulp/pathology , Dental Pulp Capping/methods , Drug Combinations , Molecular Imaging/methods , Pulp Capping and Pulpectomy Agents/pharmacology , Odontoblasts/drug effects
2.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e058, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019608

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cementum is the mineralized tissue covering the tooth root that functions in tooth attachment and post-eruptive adjustment of tooth position. It has been reported to be highly similar to bone in several respects but remains poorly understood in terms of development and regeneration. Here, we investigate whether cementocytes, the residing cells in cellular cementum, have the potential to be protagonist in cementum homeostasis, responding to endocrine signals and directing local cementum metabolism. Cells from healthy erupted human teeth were isolated using sequential collagenase/EDTA digestions, and maintained in standard cell culture conditions. A cementocyte-like cell line was cloned (HCY-23, for human cementocyte clone 23), which presented a cementocyte compatible gene expression signature, including the expression of dentin matrix protein 1 ( DMP1 ), sclerostin ( SOST ), and E11/gp38/podoplanin ( E11 ). In contrast, these cells did not express the odontoblast/dentin marker dentin sialoprotein ( DSPP ). HCY-23 cells produced mineral-like nodules in vitro under differentiation conditions, and were highly responsive to inorganic phosphate (Pi). Within the limits of the present study, it can be concluded that cementocytes are phosphate-responsive cells, and have the potential do play a key role in periodontal homeostasis and regeneration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Genetic Markers/genetics , Cell Culture Techniques/methods , Dental Cementum/cytology , Phosphates/pharmacology , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Phosphoproteins/genetics , Sialoglycoproteins/analysis , Sialoglycoproteins/genetics , Time Factors , Membrane Glycoproteins/analysis , Membrane Glycoproteins/genetics , Gene Expression , Cell Line , Analysis of Variance , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/analysis , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/genetics , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins/analysis , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins/genetics , Dental Cementum/metabolism , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Molar/cytology
3.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20160629, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893696

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of the capping materials mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), calcium hydroxide (CH) and BiodentineTM (BD) on stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) in vitro. Material and Methods: SHED were cultured for 1 - 7 days in medium conditioned by incubation with MTA, BD or CH (1 mg/mL), and tested for viability (MTT assay) and proliferation (SRB assay). Also, the migration of serum-starved SHED towards conditioned media was assayed in companion plates, with 8 μm-pore-sized membranes, for 24 h. Gene expression of dentin matrix protein-1 (DMP-1) was evaluated by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. Regular culture medium with 10% FBS (without conditioning) and culture medium supplemented with 20% FBS were used as controls. Results: MTA, CH and BD conditioned media maintained cell viability and allowed continuous SHED proliferation, with CH conditioned medium causing the highest positive effect on proliferation at the end of the treatment period (compared with BD and MTA) (p<0.05). In contrast, we observed increased SHED migration towards BD and MTA conditioned media (compared with CH) (p<0.05). A greater amount of DMP-1 gene was expressed in MTA group compared with the other groups from day 7 up to day 21. Conclusion: Our results show that the three capping materials are biocompatible, maintain viability and stimulate proliferation, migration and differentiation in a key dental stem cell population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oxides/pharmacology , Stem Cells/drug effects , Tooth, Deciduous/cytology , Calcium Hydroxide/pharmacology , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Aluminum Compounds/pharmacology , Pulp Capping and Pulpectomy Agents/pharmacology , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Stem Cells/physiology , Time Factors , Tooth, Deciduous/drug effects , Materials Testing , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cell Movement/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/analysis , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Dental Pulp Capping/methods , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Drug Combinations , Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases/drug effects
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 35(4): 1322-1327, Dec. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893135

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Spermatogenesis is a major process in testis occurring from puberty through life span of males. The tyrosine phosphorylation is assumed to play roles in spermatogenesis because this process is important for cell proliferations, divisions, and differentiations. However, the localizations and identifications of phosphorylated proteins in testicular tissue of adult male rats are still unclear. Therefore, this study attempted to immuno-localize and identify such proteins in testicular tissues of Sprague-Dawley rats. The monoclonal anti-phosphotyrosine (clone 4G10) was used to probe tyrosine phosphorylated proteins and also to examine the expression of such proteins using immuno-Western blotting in rat testis. The result showed that positive reactivity of tyrosine phosphorylated proteins was clearly observed in interstitial endocrine cells (Leydig cells), sustentocytes (Sertoli cells), spermatogonia, spermatocytes, and spermatids (round and elongated), respectively. The expressions of testicular tyrosine phosphorylated proteins were 200, 131, 93, 70, 60, and 48 kDas, respectively. In conclusion, testicular tyrosine phosphorylated proteins were localized in both germinal epithelium and interstitial endocrine cells of adult Sprague-Dawley rats.


RESUMEN: La espermatogénesis es un proceso importante en los testículos que ocurre desde la pubertad a lo largo de la vida de los machos. Se supone que la fosforilación de la tirosina desempeña papeles en la espermatogénesis, debido a que este proceso es importante para las proliferaciones, divisiones y diferenciaciones celulares. Sin embargo, las localizaciones e identificaciones de proteínas fosforiladas en el tejido testicular de ratas macho adultas todavía no están claras. Por lo tanto, este estudio intentó inmuno-localizar e identificar dichas proteínas en tejidos testiculares de ratas Sprague-Dawley. La anti-fosfotirosina monoclonal (clon 4G10) se usó para sondar proteínas tirosina fosforiladas y también para examinar la expresión de tales proteínas usando inmunotransferencia Western en testículo de rata. El resultado mostró que la actividad positiva de las proteínas tirosina fosforiladas se observó claramente en endocrinocitos intersticiales (células de Leydig), sustentocitos (células de Sertoli), espermatogonias, espermatocitos y espermátidas (redondas y alargadas), respectivamente. Las expresiones de las proteínas tirosina fosforiladas testiculares fueron de 200, 131, 93, 70, 60 y 48 kDas, respectivamente. En conclusión, las proteínas tirosina fosforiladas fueron localizadas en ambos epitelios germinales y endocrinocitos intersticiales de ratas adultas Sprague-Dawley.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Phosphoproteins/metabolism , Testis/chemistry , Tyrosine/analysis , Tyrosine/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Blotting, Western , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
5.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e6, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839533

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to determine expression, not previously described, of PLUNC (palate, lung, and nasal epithelium clone) (BPI-fold containing) proteins in major and minor salivary glands from very early fetal tissue to the end of the second trimester and thus gain further insight into the function of these proteins. Early fetal heads, and major and minor salivary glands were collected retrospectively and glands were classified according to morphodifferentiation stage. Expression of BPI-fold containing proteins was localized through immunohistochemistry. BPIFA2, the major BPI-fold containing protein in adult salivary glands, was detected only in the laryngeal pharynx; the lack of staining in salivary glands suggested salivary expression is either very late in development or is only in adult tissues. Early expression of BPIFA1 was seen in the trachea and nasal cavity with salivary gland expression only seen in late morphodifferentiation stages. BPIFB1 was seen in early neural tissue and at later stages in submandibular and sublingual glands. BPIFA1 is significantly expressed in early fetal oral tissue but BPIFB1 has extremely limited expression and the major salivary BPIF protein (BPIFA2) is not produced in fetal development. Further studies, with more sensitive techniques, will confirm the expression pattern and enable a better understanding of embryonic BPIF protein function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Salivary Glands/chemistry , Salivary Proteins and Peptides/analysis , Autoantigens/analysis , Glycoproteins/analysis , Proteins/analysis , Fetus/chemistry , Palate/embryology , Palate/chemistry , Salivary Glands/embryology , Time Factors , Tongue/embryology , Tongue/chemistry , Immunohistochemistry , Retrospective Studies , Gestational Age , Fetal Development , Epithelium/chemistry , Head/embryology , Neck/embryology
6.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e20, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951968

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate whether medium modification improves the odontogenic differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (DPSC) in vitro and in vivo. DPSC isolated from human impacted third molar teeth were analysed for clusters of differentiation with flow cytometry. Odontogenic differentiation was stimulated by medium modification with the addition of bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2). The expression of dentin sialophosphoprotein, dentin matrix protein 1, enamelysin/matrix metalloproteinase 20 and the phosphate-regulating gene with homologies to endopeptidases on the X chromosome of the cells were analysed with RT-PCR at 7, 14 and 21 days. Then, DPSC were transplanted on the back of immunocompromised mice via a hydroxyapatite tricalcium phosphate scaffold, and the structure of the formed tissue was investigated. The cells were identified as mesenchymal stem cells with a 98.3% CD73 and CD90 double-positive cell rate. The increase in mineralization capacity and expression of human enamel-dentin specific transcripts proportional to the culture period were determined after differentiation. Six weeks after transplantation, an osteo-dentin matrix was formed in the group in which odontogenic differentiation was stimulated, and the odontogenic characteristics of the matrix were confirmed by histological examination and RT-PCR analysis. Odontogenic differentiation of the isolated and characterized human DPSC was improved with medium modification by the addition of BMP2 in vitro and in vivo. The defined medium and applied technique have a potential use for forming reparative dentin in the future, but the effects of the method should be investigated in long-term studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Adult , Mice , Young Adult , Stem Cells/cytology , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Culture Media/chemistry , Dental Pulp/cytology , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/pharmacology , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Sialoglycoproteins/analysis , Time Factors , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/analysis , Actins/analysis , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 20/analysis , PHEX Phosphate Regulating Neutral Endopeptidase/analysis , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/chemistry , Flow Cytometry , Odontogenesis/drug effects , Odontogenesis/physiology
7.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e120, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951977

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study was designed to determine the in vivo performance of three different materials as scaffolds for dental pulp stem cells (DPSC) undergoing induced odontogenic differentiation. An odontogenic medium modified by the addition of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 was used in the experimental groups to induce differentiation. Mesenchymal stem cell medium was used in the control groups. DPSC were transplanted onto the backs of mice via three scaffolds: copolymer of L-lactide and DL-lactide (PLDL), copolymer of DL-lactide (PDL) and hydroxyapatite tricalcium phosphate (HA/TCP). The expression levels of dentin sialo-phosphoprotein (DSPP), dentin matrix protein-1 (DMP1), enamelysin/matrix metalloproteinase 20 (MMP20) and phosphate-regulating gene with homologies to endopeptidases on X chromosome (PHEX) were analysed using RT-PCR. The expressions in the experimental groups were compared to those in the control groups. The transcript expressions at 6 and 12 weeks were significantly different for all scaffolds (p < 0.05), except for the expression of DSPP in the PLDL group with regard to the time variable. Although there was a decrease in the expression of enamelysin/MMP20 in PLDL and HA/TCP at 12 weeks, all other expressions increased and reached their highest level at 12 weeks. The highest DSPP expression was in the PDL group (p < 0.05). The highest expression of DMP1 was detected in the HA/TCP group (p < 0.05). The highest expression of PHEX was in the PLDL group (p < 0.05). Consequently, PLDL and PDL seemed to be promising scaffold candidates for odontogenic regeneration at least as HA-TCP, when they were applied with the DPSC induced for odontogenic differentiation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Polymers/chemistry , Stem Cells/physiology , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Dental Pulp/cytology , Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Sialoglycoproteins/analysis , Time Factors , Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Gene Expression , Reproducibility of Results , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/analysis , Durapatite/chemistry , Cell Culture Techniques , Dental Enamel/chemistry , Dentin/chemistry , Dioxanes/chemistry , Matrix Metalloproteinase 20/analysis , PHEX Phosphate Regulating Neutral Endopeptidase/analysis
8.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 48(12): 1087-1094, Dec. 2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-762914

ABSTRACT

During gonad and adrenal development, the POD-1/capsulin/TCF21transcription factor negatively regulates SF-1/NR5A1expression, with higher SF-1 levels being associated with increased adrenal cell proliferation and tumorigenesis. In adrenocortical tumor cells, POD-1 binds to the SF-1 E-box promoter region, decreasing SF-1 expression. However, the modulation of SF-1 expression by POD-1 has not previously been described in normal adrenal cells. Here, we analyzed the basal expression of Pod-1 and Sf-1 in primary cultures of glomerulosa (G) and fasciculata/reticularis (F/R) cells isolated from male Sprague-Dawley rats, and investigated whether POD-1 overexpression modulates the expression of endogenous Sf-1 and its target genes in these cells. POD-1 overexpression, following the transfection of pCMVMycPod-1, significantly decreased the endogenous levels of Sf-1 mRNA and protein in F/R cells, but not in G cells, and also decreased the expression of the SF-1 target StAR in F/R cells. In G cells overexpressing POD-1, no modulation of the expression of SF-1 targets, StAR and CYP11B2, was observed. Our data showing that G and F/R cells respond differently to ectopic POD-1 expression emphasize the functional differences between the outer and inner zones of the adrenal cortex, and support the hypothesis that SF-1 is regulated by POD-1/Tcf21 in normal adrenocortical cells lacking the alterations in cellular physiology found in tumor cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Adrenal Cortex/metabolism , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/metabolism , Phosphoproteins/metabolism , Steroidogenic Factor 1/metabolism , Adrenal Cortex/cytology , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Gene Expression , Immunoblotting , Primary Cell Culture , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger/analysis , Steroidogenic Factor 1/analysis , Zona Fasciculata/cytology , Zona Fasciculata/metabolism , Zona Glomerulosa/cytology , Zona Glomerulosa/metabolism , Zona Reticularis/cytology , Zona Reticularis/metabolism
9.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 19(6): 62-69, Nov-Dec/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-732434

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine a protocol of gingival crevicular fluid protein extraction used for the first dimension of 2-DE gels. It also aims at conducting a review on the current candidates for protein markers of this pathology, all of which may be used to prevent the disease. METHODS: Gingival crevicular fluid was collected from two groups of 60 patients each, with and without external root resorption. Samples were extracted by means of various methods of protein extraction. SDS-PAGE gels were used to assess the quality of the method which was subsequently tested during isoelectric focusing of 2-DE gels taken from samples of patients with and without the disease. RESULTS: Milli-Q ultrapure ice cold water, without precipitation for gingival crevicular fluid protein extraction, proved the method with greatest sharpness to detect protein bands. Additionally, it allowed two-dimensional electrophoresis to be performed. CONCLUSION: The new protein extraction protocol does not interfere in isoeletric focusing of 2-DE gels. Furthermore, it provides the greatest sharpness in detecting protein bands of SDS-PAGE gels. This will allow mapping and searching of new external root resorption markers, particularly due to the difficulty in carrying out molecular tests with the current candidates for protein markers. .


OBJETIVO: o objetivo desse trabalho foi determinar o protocolo de extração proteica do fluido crevicular gengival, que pudesse ser utilizado para a realização da primeira dimensão dos géis 2-DE, bem como fazer uma revisão dos atuais candidatos a marcadores proteicos dessa patologia que podem ser utilizados na prevenção dessa doença. MÉTODOS: foi coletado o fluido crevicular gengival de dois grupos de 60 pacientes, com e sem a reabsorção radicular externa. As amostras foram extraídas por diversos métodos de extração proteica e utilizados géis SDS-PAGE para aferir a qualidade do método, que posteriormente foi testado durante a realização da focalização isoelétrica dos géis 2-DE, de amostras de pacientes com e sem a patologia. RESULTADOS: a utilização de água Milli-Q gelada ultrapura, sem nenhuma precipitação para a extração proteica do fluido crevicular gengival, foi o método com maior nitidez das bandas proteicas, além de permitir a realização da eletroforese bidimensional. CONCLUSÕES: o novo protocolo de extração proteica não interfere na focalização durante a realização dos géis 2-DE, além de maior nitidez na resolução das bandas proteicas dos géis SDS-PAGE. Isso permitirá o mapeamento e busca de novos marcadores da reabsorção radicular externa, tendo em vista a dificuldade de realização de testes moleculares com os atuais candidatos a marcadores proteicos. .


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/analysis , Gingival Crevicular Fluid/chemistry , Root Resorption/metabolism , Biomarkers/analysis , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional/methods , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel/methods , Isoelectric Focusing/methods , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Sialoglycoproteins/analysis , Water/chemistry
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-70753

ABSTRACT

Direct tissue imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization and time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry has become increasingly important in biology and medicine, because this technology can detect the relative abundance and spatial distribution of interesting proteins in tissues. Five thyroid cancer samples, along with normal tissue, were sliced and transferred onto conductive glass slides. After laser scanning by MALDI-TOF equipped with a smart beam laser, images were created for individual masses and proteins were classified at 200-microm spatial resolution. Based on the spatial distribution, region-specific proteins on a tumor lesion could be identified by protein extraction from tumor tissue and analysis using liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Using all the spectral data at each spot, various intensities of a specific peak were detected in the tumor and normal regions of the thyroid. Differences in the molecular weights of expressed proteins between tumor and normal regions were analyzed using unsupervised and supervised clustering. To verify the presence of discovered proteins through IMS, we identified ribosomal protein P2, which is specific for cancer. We have demonstrated the feasibility of IMS as a useful tool for the analysis of tissue sections, and identified the tumor-specific protein ribosomal protein P2.


Subject(s)
Aged , Amino Acid Sequence , Biomarkers/analysis , Carcinoma/diagnosis , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Cluster Analysis , Female , Humans , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Male , Middle Aged , Molecular Sequence Data , Molecular Weight , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Proteome/analysis , Proteomics , Reproducibility of Results , Ribosomal Proteins/analysis , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Thyroid Gland/metabolism , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnosis
11.
An. bras. dermatol ; 88(2): 243-246, abr. 2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-674164

ABSTRACT

Kaposi's sarcoma is the most common neoplasia diagnosed in AIDS patients and the expression of the human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) latent nuclear antigen-1 has been useful for its histological diagnosis. The aim of this study is to confirm that immunohistochemistry is a valuable tool for differentiating KS from its simulators in skin biopsies of HIV patients. Immunohistochemical and histological analyses were performed in 49 Kaposi's sarcoma skin biopsies and 60 of its histological simulators. Positivity was present in the 49 Kaposi's sarcoma skin biopsies and no staining was observed in the 60 simulators analyzed, resulting in sensibility and specificity of 100%. HHV-8 immunohistochemical detection is an effective tool for diagnosing Kaposi's sarcoma, especially in early lesions in which neoplastic features are not evident. It also contributes to its histological differential diagnosis.


O sarcoma de Kaposi é a neoplasia mais diagnosticada em pacientes com SIDA e a expressão do antígeno nuclear latente-1 do herpesvírus humano tipo-8 (HHV-8) tem se mostrado útil no seu diagnóstico histológico. O objetivo deste estudo é confirmar que o método imuno-histoquímico é uma ferramenta útil para diferenciar o sarcoma de Kaposi cutâneo de seus simuladores histológicos em pacientes HIV positivos. Análise histológica e imuno-histoquímica foram realizadas em 49 casos de sarcoma de Kaposi cutâneo e 60 casos de seus simuladores histológicos. Positividade à imuno-histoquímica para o antígeno nuclear latente 1 do HHV-8 foi observada nos 49 casos de sarcoma de Kaposi e nenhuma reação foi detectada nos 60 simuladores analisados, resultando em 100% de sensibilidade e especificidade. A detecção do HHV-8 por imuno-histoquímica é uma ferramenta útil para o diagnóstico de sarcoma de Kaposi, especialmente na lesão inicial cujo caráter neoplásico não é evidente, e contribui para seu diagnóstico diferencial histológico.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/pathology , /immunology , Nuclear Proteins/analysis , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Sarcoma, Kaposi/pathology , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/immunology , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/complications , Biopsy , Diagnosis, Differential , Immunohistochemistry , Sarcoma, Kaposi/immunology , Skin Neoplasms/immunology , Time Factors
12.
Braz. dent. j ; 23(4): 328-336, 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-658006

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the odontogenic potential of undifferentiated pulp cells (OD-21 cell line) through chemical stimuli in vitro. Cells were divided into uninduced cells (OD-21), induced cells (OD-21 cultured in supplemented medium/OD-21+OM) and odontoblast-like cells (MDPC-23 cell line). After 3, 7, 10 and 14 days of culture, it was evaluated: proliferation and cell viability, alkaline phosphatase activity, total protein content, mineralization, immunolocalization of dentin matrix acidic phosphoprotein 1 (DMP1), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and osteopontin (OPN) and quantification of genes ALP, OSTERIX (Osx), DMP1 and runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) through real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Data were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests (p<0.05). There was a decrease in cell proliferation in OD-21 + OM, whereas cell viability was similar in all groups, except at 7 days. The amount of total protein was higher in group OD-21 + OM in all periods; the same occurred with ALP activity after 10 days when compared with OD-21, with no significant differences from the MDPC-23 group. Mineralization was higher in OD-21+OM when compared with the negative control. Immunolocalization demonstrated that DMP1 and ALP were highly expressed in MDPC-23 cells and OD-21 + OM cells, whereas OPN was high in all groups. Real-time PCR revealed that DMP1 and ALP expression was higher in MDPC-23 cell cultures, whereas RUNX2 was lower for these cells and higher for OD-21 negative control. Osx expression was lower for OD-21 + OM. These results suggest that OD-21 undifferentiated pulp cells have odontogenic potential and could be used in dental tissue engineering.


O objetivo foi avaliar o potencial odontogênico de células indiferenciadas da polpa (OD-21) por meio de indução química in vitro. As células foram divididas em grupos: controle (OD-21), induzido (OD-21 em meio suplementado/OD-21 + OM), e células odontoblastóides (MDPC-23). Após 3, 7, 10 e 14 dias, avaliou-se proliferação e viabilidade celular, proteína total e fosfatase alcalina (ALP), mineralização, imunolocalização da proteína da matriz dentinária 1 (DMP1), ALP e osteopontina (OPN), assim como a expressão dos genes ALP, OSTERIX (Osx), DMP1 e fator de transcrição RUNX2 por PCR em tempo real. Os dados foram avaliados pelo teste de Kruskal-Wallis seguido pelo teste de Mann-Whitney U (p<0.05). Houve diminuição na proliferação celular em OD-21 + OM, com viabilidade celular similar em todos os grupos, exceto aos sete dias. O conteúdo de proteína total foi maior no grupo OD-21 + OM em todos os períodos; o mesmo ocorreu com a atividade de ALP quando comparada com o grupo OD-21, além de apresentar resultados similares ao grupo MDPC-23. A mineralização foi maior em OD-21 + OM quando comparada com o controle negativo. A imunolocalização demonstrou expressão de DMP1 e ALP em MDPC-23 e OD-21 + OM, enquanto que todos os grupos foram positivos para OPN. A expressão gênica de DMP1 e ALP foi maior nas culturas de MDPC-23, enquanto que a de RUNX2 foi menor para estas células e maior no controle negativo. A expressão de OSTERIX foi menor em OD-21 + OM quando comparada aos outros grupos. Sugere-se que as células indiferenciadas da polpa da linhagem OD-21 apresentam potencial odontogênico e poderiam ser usadas para a engenharia tecidual.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Dental Pulp/cytology , Odontogenesis/physiology , Alkaline Phosphatase/analysis , Cell Count , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Line , Culture Media , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit/analysis , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/analysis , Odontoblasts/drug effects , Osteopontin/analysis , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Proteins/analysis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Time Factors , Tooth Calcification/drug effects , Transcription Factors/analysis
13.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 13(2): 142-146, Apr. 2009. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-538221

ABSTRACT

We compared the pp65 antigen detection by an in house method (immunoperoxidase assay) and by a commercial kit (immunofluorescence assay) available for cytomegalovirus infection diagnosis in immunocompromised patients. Sixty-four blood samples were analyzed in duplicate for both techniques. Eight-six percent of the samples had concordant qualitative results. The discordant results occurred more frequently in samples with low quantity of positive cells. There were no significant differences with qualitative and quantitative results of the methods.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Cytomegalovirus Infections/diagnosis , Cytomegalovirus/immunology , Immunocompromised Host/immunology , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Viral Matrix Proteins/analysis , Cytomegalovirus/physiology , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Immunoenzyme Techniques , Sensitivity and Specificity , Virus Replication
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-185539

ABSTRACT

Successful preemptive therapy for cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in transplant patients depends on the availability of sensitive, specific, and timely diagnostic tests for CMV infection. Although the pp65 antigenemia assay has been widely used for this purpose, real-time quantification of CMV DNA has recently been recognized as an alternative diagnostic approach. However, the guidelines for antiviral therapy based on real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) have yet to be established. From November 2004 to March 2005, a total of 555 whole blood samples from 131 hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients were prospectively collected. RQ-PCR was conducted using an Artus(R) CMV LC PCR kit (QIAGEN). Both qualitative and quantitative correlations were drawn between the two methods. Exposure to the antiviral agent influenced the results of the two assays. Additionally, the discrepancy was observed at low levels of antigenemia and CMV DNA load. Via ROC curve analysis, the tentative cutoff value for preemptive therapy was determined to be approximately 2x10(4) copies/mL (sensitivity, 80.0%; specificity, 50.0%) in the high risk patients, and approximately 3x10(4) copies/mL (sensitivity, 90.0%; specificity, 70.0%) in the patients at low risk for CMV disease. Further study to validate the optimal cutoff value for the initiation of preemptive therapy is currently underway.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Cytomegalovirus/genetics , Cytomegalovirus Infections/diagnosis , DNA, Viral/blood , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , ROC Curve , Reagent Kits, Diagnostic , Sensitivity and Specificity , Viral Matrix Proteins/analysis
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-144492

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Rapid and accurate laboratory tests are essential to detect cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections in solid organs and haematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients. We assessed the realtime quantitative PCR (RQ-PCR) technology for its usefulness in detecting CMV DNA. METHODS: We evaluated the analytical performance of CMV RQ-PCR using Real-Q Cytomegalovirus Quantification kit (BioSewoom Inc., Korea). To evaluate its clinical utility, we also compared it to pp65 antigenemia test, an immunostaining method, on 343 samples of total 84 patients, including 63 transplant recipients. RESULTS: The detection limit of RQ-PCR was 63 copies/mL and none of hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, or human immunodeficiency virus showed a cross-reactivity with CMV. Total coefficient of variation (CV) was 10.4-19.5%. It detected CMV DNA in a linear range from 1 x 10(2) to 5 x 10(11) copies/mL (P<10(-13), R2=0.9994). The qualitative positive rates of pp65 antigenemia test and RQ-PCR were 4.7%, 16.3%, respectively and concordance rate between the two tests was 84.8% (K=0.221, P<10(-6)). In comparison of quantitative results, the correlation between two tests was significant (r=0.45, P<10(-17)). In comparison among three groups by pp65 antigen level, CMV DNA level obtained with RQ-PCR increased significantly (P<10(-3) and P<10(-7), respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The RQ-PCR is easier to perform than the immunostaining method, has good analytical performance and reflects the blood level of viral DNA well. It may be a new method substituting the pp65 antigenemia test. Further studies determining RQ-PCR value starting pre-emptive therapy will be required.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Cytomegalovirus/genetics , Cytomegalovirus Infections/diagnosis , DNA, Viral/blood , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Reagent Kits, Diagnostic , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Viral Load/methods , Viral Matrix Proteins/analysis
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-144485

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Rapid and accurate laboratory tests are essential to detect cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections in solid organs and haematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients. We assessed the realtime quantitative PCR (RQ-PCR) technology for its usefulness in detecting CMV DNA. METHODS: We evaluated the analytical performance of CMV RQ-PCR using Real-Q Cytomegalovirus Quantification kit (BioSewoom Inc., Korea). To evaluate its clinical utility, we also compared it to pp65 antigenemia test, an immunostaining method, on 343 samples of total 84 patients, including 63 transplant recipients. RESULTS: The detection limit of RQ-PCR was 63 copies/mL and none of hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, or human immunodeficiency virus showed a cross-reactivity with CMV. Total coefficient of variation (CV) was 10.4-19.5%. It detected CMV DNA in a linear range from 1 x 10(2) to 5 x 10(11) copies/mL (P<10(-13), R2=0.9994). The qualitative positive rates of pp65 antigenemia test and RQ-PCR were 4.7%, 16.3%, respectively and concordance rate between the two tests was 84.8% (K=0.221, P<10(-6)). In comparison of quantitative results, the correlation between two tests was significant (r=0.45, P<10(-17)). In comparison among three groups by pp65 antigen level, CMV DNA level obtained with RQ-PCR increased significantly (P<10(-3) and P<10(-7), respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The RQ-PCR is easier to perform than the immunostaining method, has good analytical performance and reflects the blood level of viral DNA well. It may be a new method substituting the pp65 antigenemia test. Further studies determining RQ-PCR value starting pre-emptive therapy will be required.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Cytomegalovirus/genetics , Cytomegalovirus Infections/diagnosis , DNA, Viral/blood , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Reagent Kits, Diagnostic , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Viral Load/methods , Viral Matrix Proteins/analysis
17.
Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull ; 2006 Apr; 32(1): 22-8
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-92

ABSTRACT

Detection of early antigen PP65 in blood leucocytes is a new method of diagnosing active cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. Using a mixture of two monoclonal antibodies, CMV pp65 antigen was detected in blood leucocytes by a quantitative indirect immunofluorescence test within 3-5 hours after sampling. The pp65 antigen was detected in 20(29.8%) of the 67 immunocompromised patients included in this study. The level of CMV antigenemia appears to be related to the severity of CMV infection. Thus, this method may provide a rapid and sensitive approach to early diagnosis of active CMV infection in immunocompromised patients and a promising marker for initiating therapy and monitoring disease activity and its response to therapy.


Subject(s)
Bangladesh , Cytomegalovirus Infections/diagnosis , Early Diagnosis , Humans , Immunologic Tests/methods , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Viral Matrix Proteins/analysis
18.
Acta cient. venez ; 57(1): 1-7, 2006. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-537154

ABSTRACT

Los cambios en los estados de fosforilación de proteínas han sido asociados a numerosas patologías de diferentes orígenes y severidad, y estas alteraciones, pueden estar vinculadas a estrés oxidativo y modificaciones en proteínas quinasas y fosfatasas. En este sentido, la terapia con adriamicina ha sido vinculada con estrés oxidativo cardiaco y hepático con subsecuente disfunción de tales órganos. Adicionalmente, al estrés cardiaco por adriamicina, el hígado podría representar otro blanco tóxico de la droga. Sin embargo, las alteraciones hepáticas han sido pobremente estudiadas. En este trabajo se estudio el patrón de fosforilación de proteínas de tejido hepático, ante la administración de adriamicina. Ratas Sprague Dawley se distribuyeron en cuatro grupos al azar: control, adriamicina, carnitina y adriamicina carnitina. Los tratamientos administrados por via intravenosa (VI) cada tres días/3 dosis fueron: 5 mg/Kg de peso de ADR y 20mg/Kg de peso de carnitina y combinando ambos agentes. Los animales se sacrificaron, tomándose el lóbulo hepático medio para ensayos de: fosforilación con [ã 32 -P] ATP, inmunodetección de fosfoproteínas en serina y tirosina, proteína JNK y C-jun. Los patrones de fosforilación de proteínas entre los grupos fueron diferentes observándose mayor expresión de proteínas fosforiladas en los grupos adriamicina. La carnitina revierte el efecto sobre la fosforilación comportándose como hepatoprotector ante la droga.


The changes in the pattern of protein phosphorylation have been associated to numerous pathologies of differentorigins and severity; these alterations can be linked to oxidative stress and subsequent modifications in the protein kinases and phosphatases. In this regard, adriamycin therapy have been related to the heart and liver oxidative stress and organ disfunction. Therefore, in addition to the heart, the liver might be another adriamycin toxic target. However, adriamycin liver alterations have been poorly studied. The aim of this work was to determined liver protein phosphorylation before and after adriamycin administration. Female Sprague-Dawley rats (n=3), 40-60g body weight, were randomized into four groups: control, adriamycin, carnitine and adriamycin-carnitine. Saline adriamycin (15mg/Kg body weight) and carnitine (20 mg before adriamycin) were given intravenously (0,1 ml). Samples from the medium liver lobe were taken for biochemical experiments including phosphorylation with [ã 32 -P] ATP, inmunodetection of phosphoproteins in serine and tirosine, JNK and C-jun proteins. The protein phosphorylation was different between the groups studied. The greater expression of protein phosphorylates was determined in the adriamycin group. We suggest that there is a relationship between carnitine administration and decreased expression of protein phosphorylates. Carnitine may be a hepatoprotector.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Carnitine/analysis , Doxorubicin/analysis , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Phosphorylation , Liver/chemistry , JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Biochemistry
19.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 1995 Oct; 32(5): 240-4
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-28571

ABSTRACT

A major effort of our work has been devoted to the identification, using two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2-D PAGE), of lymphoid polypeptides that are involved in lymphoid proliferation or differentiation. We have encountered problems during this effort pertaining to the exact localization of a polypeptide(s) in the silver stained gels that is recognized by western immunoblotting or proteins detected by autoradiography. In this paper, we present a method, using India ink stained/immuno-staining replica of 2-D gel nitrocellulose membrane (NCM) or India ink stained coupled with autoradiography in the case of phosphoproteins, which allows us to exactly localize the polypeptide spots detected by these methods in the silver stained 2-D PAGE. This method is expected to popularize and widen the use of 2-D PAGE technology in the investigation of cellular polypeptides.


Subject(s)
Autoradiography , Blotting, Western , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Humans , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Tumor Cells, Cultured
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