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1.
Femina ; 51(8): 454-461, 20230830. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512456

ABSTRACT

O sangramento uterino anormal é diagnóstico sindrômico comum no consultório do ginecologista e pode comprometer substancialmente a qualidade de vida. O objetivo no diagnóstico de sangramento uterino anormal é distinguir pacientes com causas estruturais (anatômicas), como pólipo, adenomiose, leiomioma, malignidade e hiperplasia, de pacientes que apresentam anatomia normal, nas quais o sangramento pode ser devido a alteração dos mecanismos de coagulação, distúrbios ovulatórios, distúrbios primários do endométrio, iatrogenia, ou ter outra causa não classificada. O diagnóstico se inicia a partir de anamnese detalhada e exame físico geral e ginecológico completos, seguidos da solicitação de exames complementares (laboratoriais e de imagem), conforme indicado. O exame de imagem de primeira linha para identificação das causas estruturais inclui a ultrassonografia pélvica. Histerossonografia, histeroscopia, ressonância magnética e amostragem endometrial para exame de anatomia patológica são opções que podem ser incluídas no diagnóstico a depender da necessidade. O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar a relevância dos exames de imagem na investigação das causas de sangramento uterino anormal.


Abnormal uterine bleeding is one of the commonest presenting complaints encountered in a gynecologist's office and may substantially affect quality of life. The aim in the diagnosis of abnormal uterine bleeding is to distinguish women with anatomic causes such as polyp, adenomyosis, leiomyoma, malignancy and hyperplasia from women with normal anatomy where the cause may be coagulopathy, ovulatory disorders, endometrial, iatrogenic and not otherwise classified. Diagnosis begins with a thorough history and physical examination followed by appropriate laboratory and imaging tests as indicated. The primary imaging test for the identification of anatomic causes include ultrasonography. Saline infusion sonohysterography, magnetic resonance, hysteroscopy, endometrial sampling are options that can be included in the diagnosis depending on the need. The aim of this article is to present the relevance of imaging exams in the investigation of the causes of abnormal uterine bleeding.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Uterine Hemorrhage/diagnostic imaging , Physical Examination/methods , Polyps/diagnostic imaging , Uterus/pathology , Cervix Uteri/pathology , Endometrium/physiopathology , Adenomyosis/complications , Gynecology/methods , Hyperplasia/complications , Leiomyoma/complications , Medical History Taking/methods
2.
Univ. salud ; 25(2): E19-E25, mayo-ago. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1510653

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La evaluación de los pacientes con tuberculosis pulmonar permite establecer metas de intervención en salud; el test de caminata de los 6 minutos, es ideal para observar la respuesta de todos los sistemas incluidos durante el ejercicio. Objetivo: Describir la respuesta fisiológica de algunas variables ventilatorias y cardiovasculares durante el test de caminata de los 6minutos en pacientes con secuelas de tuberculosis pulmonar, y sus posibles correlaciones de las variables fisiológicas con la distancia recorrida. Materiales y métodos: Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en 21 pacientes con diagnóstico de secuelas de tuberculosis pulmonar, quienes asistieron a un programa de rehabilitación pulmonar, y realizaron test de caminata de los 6 minutos. Resultados: La edad media fue 49,33±18,82 años, en su mayoría hombres, la media de la distancia fue 348,35±127,833m. Hubo diferencia significativa durante los cuatro momentos analizados con un valor p<0,0001 en frecuencia cardiaca, frecuencia respiratoria y saturación de oxígeno. Hubo correlación fuerte para la edad, consumo de Oxígeno (VO2), número de detenciones, disnea modified Medical Research Council (mMRC), capacidad funcional medida en equivalentes Metabólicos (METS) y Saturación de Oxígeno (SpO2).Conclusión: Pacientes con secuelas de tuberculosis pulmonar en su mayoría hombres, evidencian cambios estadísticamente significativos durante la prueba.


Introduction:The assessment of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis is useful to establish health intervention goals. The 6-minute walk test is key to observing the response of all of the body systems involved in the exercise. Objective:To describe the physiological response of some ventilatory and cardiovascular variables during the 6-minute walk test in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis sequelae and possible correlations between physiological variables and the covered distance. Materials and methods:Descriptive cross-sectional study on 21 patients diagnosed with sequelae caused by pulmonary tuberculosis, who attended a pulmonary rehabilitation program and performed a 6-minute walk test. Results: The mean age of patients was 49.33±18.82 years, mostly men, and the mean distance was 348.35±127833 m. There was a significant difference in heart rate, respiratory rate andoxygen saturation during the four analyzed moments, with a pvalue < 0.0001. There was a strong correlation for age, oxygen consumption (VO2), number of stops, dyspnea modified Medical Research Council (mMRC), functional capacity measured as metabolic equivalents (METS) and oxygen saturation (SpO2). Conclusion:Most male patients with pulmonary tuberculosis sequelae show statistically significant changes during the test.


Introdução:A avaliação de pacientes com tuberculose pulmonar permite estabelecer metas de intervenção em saúde; O teste de caminhada de 6 minutos é ideal para observar a resposta de todos os sistemas incluídos durante o exercício. Objetivo: Descrever a resposta fisiológica de algumas variáveis ventilatórias e cardiovasculares durante o teste de caminhada de 6 minutos em pacientes com sequela de tuberculose pulmonar e suas possíveis correlações das variáveis fisiológicas com a distância percorrida. Materiais e métodos:Estudo transversal descritivo em 21 pacientes diagnosticados com sequelas de tuberculose pulmonar, que frequentavam um programa de reabilitação pulmonar, e realizaram o teste de caminhada de 6 minutos. Resultados:A média de idade foi de 49,33±18,82 anos, a maioria homens, a distância média foi de 348,35±127,833m. Houve diferença significativa nos quatro momentos analisados com valor de p< 0,0001 na frequência cardíaca, frequência respiratória e saturação de oxigênio. Houve uma forte correlação paraidade, consumo de oxigênio (VO2), número de paradas, dispneia modificada do Medical Research Council (mMRC), capacidade funcional medida em equivalentes metabólicos (METS) e saturação de oxigênio (SpO2). Conclusão:Pacientes com sequelas de tuberculose pulmonar, em sua maioria homens, apresentam alterações estatisticamente significativas durante o exame.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Medical Examination , Lung Diseases , Physical Examination , Anthropometry
3.
FEMINA ; 51(5): 309-320, 20230530. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512414

ABSTRACT

O exame físico na prática ginecológica diuturna é o sustentáculo de uma perspectiva diagnóstica com vistas a uma abordagem individualizada, oportuna e humanizada da paciente. Lança mão de técnica semiótica clássica, inicialmente, após avaliação de sinais vitais, minuciosa inspeção ectoscópica, seguida de exame físico especial. E deverá ser realizado em ambiente adequadíssimo, sem nenhuma improvisação e ou adaptações não compatíveis, com a importância e a segurança garantidas por um exame físico de boa qualidade. O exame físico de mamas tem como objetivo primordial a identificação de nódulos mamários e, eventualmente, de tumores localmente avançados; e relativa tranquilidade é assegurada às pacientes quando ele é considerado normal. O exame físico vulvar permite a identificação de prolapso de órgãos pélvicos, neoplasia intraepitelial e/ou invasiva vulvar e distúrbios de desenvolvimento sexual, além de oferecer subsídios para a propedêutica da vulvodínea, sendo, principalmente, uma oportunidade para o diagnóstico em dermatologia vulvar, mesmo a vulva correspondendo a apenas 1% da pele feminina. O exame especular, um clássico da ginecologia, é indispensável para a triagem do câncer de colo uterino. Por fim, o toque genital, a despeito de sua subjetividade, permite a avaliação dos órgãos genitais internos.


Physical examination in daytime gynecological practice is the mainstay of a diagnostic perspective with a view to an individualized, timely and humanized approach to the patient; resorting to the classical semiotic technique, initially, after assessing vital signs, a thorough ectoscopic inspection, followed by a special physical examination; which should be carried out in a very suitable environment, without any improvisation or adaptations that are not compatible with the importance and safety guaranteed by a good quality physical examination. The primary objective of the physical examination of the breasts is to identify breast nodules and possibly locally advanced tumors; in addition to relative tranquility, assured to patients, when the respective exam is considered normal. Vulvar physical examination allows the identification of pelvic organ prolapse; vulvar intraepithelial and/or invasive neoplasia; sexual development disorders; in addition to offering subsidies for the propaedeutics of vulvodynia; and, above all, it is an opportunity for diagnosis in vulvar dermatology, even though the vulva accounts for only 1% of female skin. Specular examination, a classic in gynecology, is essential for screening for cervical cancer. Finally, the genital touch which, despite its subjectivity, allows the evaluation of the internal genital organs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Physical Examination/methods , Women's Health , Gynecology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/diagnosis , Abdomen , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/diagnosis , Medical History Taking/methods
4.
Med. leg. Costa Rica ; 40(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1430760

ABSTRACT

La valoración médico legal en los casos de Síndrome de niño agredido debe ser minuciosa, y abarcar todos los aspectos que indican los artículos y guías nacionales e internacionales, para tener una certeza diagnóstica, debe incluir una historia médico legal completa, examen físico detallado y estudios complementarios, así como diagnóstico diferencial. El presente artículo abarca algunos de los aspectos principales a tomar en cuenta ante la sospecha de abuso infantil, mediante la presentación y abordaje de un caso clínico.


The medical legal assessment in the cases of Attacked Child Syndrome must be thorough and cover all the aspects indicated in the articles and national and international guides, to have a diagnostic certainty, it must include a complete legal medical history, detailed physical examination and complementary studies, as well as differential diagnosis. This article covers some of the main aspects to consider when suspected of child abuse, through the presentation and approach of a clinical case.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Physical Examination , Battered Child Syndrome/diagnosis , Forensic Medicine , Costa Rica
5.
Afr. j. health prof. educ ; 14(4): 186-191, 2023. tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1425584

ABSTRACT

Teaching clinical skills is core content of the medical and allied health curricula of the Faculty of Health Sciences (FoHS) at the University of the Free State (UFS) in South Africa. A major pedagogical tool used for this purpose across the faculty is peer physical examination (PPE). Objective. To investigate the lived experience and perceptions of students and educators on the use of PPE in undergraduate health professions education at a multicultural and multiracial institution. Suggestions on guidelines for a PPE policy for the FoHS at the UFS were also obtained from the participants.Methods. This research was designed as a qualitative study that used focus group interviews involving 26 participants (19 students and 7 educators) to obtain verbal statements that described their experience and perceptions of the use of PPE in undergraduate health professions education. Results. Participants reported that PPE was useful to create a safe learning environment and to prepare students for the clinical aspects of their training. Enhancing students' empathy, competency and clinical confidence were among the advantages attributed to using PPE; it also encouraged peer-assisted learning. Some of the disadvantages ascribed to PPE were that it made it difficult to maintain classroom discipline, and that it could promote memorisation over understanding. Finally, participants suggested that a guideline for PPE policy should address matters of consent, confidentiality, participation and gender, cultural, religious and racial considerations.Conclusions. The findings of this study reveal that PPE is an acceptable and useful learning strategy for the majority of students and educators. Issues relating to consent, confidentiality and cultural, religious and racial considerations are some of the potential problems associated with the use of PPE at the UFS. We believe that the suggestions given by the participants of this study will inform the establishment of a PPE policy for the FoHS of the UFS


Subject(s)
Physical Examination , Education, Medical, Undergraduate , Health Occupations , Students , Delivery of Health Care
6.
Ghana Med. J. (Online) ; 57(2): 148-155, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1436230

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To determine the usefulness of cardiovascular physical examination (CPE) as a screening tool in a lowresource setting for detecting congenital heart disease (CHD) in newborns delivered at the Maternity Unit of Korle Bu Teaching Hospital (KBTH), Accra, Ghana. Design: A hospital-based cross-sectional study with a comparison group component. Setting: Maternity Unit of the KBTH, Accra, Ghana. Participants: Over eight months, newborns aged 1-14 days delivered at ≥ 34 weeks' gestation at the Maternity Unit, KBTH, were recruited into the study. Intervention: Each newborn was examined using a set of CPE parameters for the presence of congenital heart disease. Those with suggestive features of CHD had a confirmatory echocardiogram test. Main Outcome Measure: Abnormal CPE features and their corresponding echocardiogram findings. Results: A total of 1607 were screened, with 52 newborns showing signs of CHD on CPE, of which 20 newborns were proven on echocardiogram to have congenital heart disease. Abnormal CPE parameter that was associated with CHD was murmur (P=0.001), dysmorphism (p=0.01), newborns with chest recessions (p=0.01) and lethargy (p=0.02). CPE's sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values were 95%, 60.7%, 36.5% and 98,1%, respectively. The most common acyanotic CHD found was isolated atrial septal defect (ASD), followed by patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). The only cyanotic CHD found was a case of tricuspid atresia. Conclusion: Cardiovascular physical examination at birth is an effective and inexpensive screening tool for detecting CHD in newborns, which can easily be utilised in low-resource settings.


Subject(s)
Physical Examination , Mass Screening , Diagnosis , Heart Defects, Congenital , Infant, Newborn , Cardiovascular Diseases , Hospitals, Teaching
7.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 614-619, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985918

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the efficacy and safety of endoscopic diaphragm incision in pediatric congenital duodenal diaphragm. Methods: Eight children with duodenal diaphragm treated by endoscopic diaphragm incision in the Department of Gastroenterology of Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center from October 2019 to May 2022 were enrolled in this study. Their clinical data including general conditions, clinical manifestations, laboratory and imaging examinations, endoscopic procedures and outcomes were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Among the 8 children, 4 were males and 4 females. The diagnosis was confirmed at the age of 6-20 months; the age of onset was 0-12 months and the course of disease was 6-18 months. The main clinical manifestations were recurrent non-biliary vomiting, abdominal distension and malnutrition. One case complicated with refractory hyponatremia was first diagnosed with atypical congenital adrenal hyperplasia in the endocrinology department. After treatment with hydrocortisone, the blood sodium returned to normal, but vomiting was recurrent. One patient underwent laparoscopic rhomboid duodenal anastomosis in another hospital but had recurred vomiting after the operation, who was diagnosed with double duodenal diaphragm under endoscope. No other malformations were found in all the 8 cases. The duodenal diaphragm was located in the descending part of the duodenum, and the duodenal papilla was located below the diaphragm in all the 8 cases. Three cases had the diaphragm dilated by balloon to explore the diaphragm opening range before diaphragm incision; the other 5 had diaphragm incision performed after probing the diaphragm opening with guide wire. All the 8 cases were successfully treated by endoscopic incision of duodenal diaphragm, with the operation time of 12-30 minutes. There were no complications such as intestinal perforation, active bleeding or duodenal papilla injury. At one month of follow-up, their weight increased by 0.4-1.5 kg, with an increase of 5%-20%. Within the postoperative follow-up period of 2-20 months, all the 8 children had duodenal obstruction relieved, without vomiting or abdominal distension, and all resumed normal feeding. Gastroscopy reviewed at 2-3 months after the operation in 3 cases found no deformation of the duodenal bulbar cavity, and the mucosa of the incision was smooth, with a duodenal diameter of 6-7 mm. Conclusion: Endoscopic diaphragm incision is safe, effective and less invasive in pediatric congenital duodenal diaphragm, with favorable clinical applicability.


Subject(s)
Male , Child , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Retrospective Studies , Thorax , Endoscopy , Physical Examination , Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital
8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 772-777, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985560

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effect of health management service on hypertension patients (HMSFHP) under the framework of the Basic Public Health Service Project by using regression discontinuity design. Methods: The participants were enrolled from an observational cohort survey in 2015 and followed up was conducted in 2019. The participants with SBP 130-150 mmHg and/or DBP 80-100 mmHg in the baseline survey of the cohort in 2015 were included in the present study. Additionally, we obtained the dates of participants receiving HMSFHP and their blood pressure data from follow-up records, physical examination records and telephone interview. The participants were divided into intervention group and control group based on the cutoff points, i.e. SBP ≥140 mmHg and/or DBP ≥90 mmHg. The local linear regression model were used to estimate the effect of HMSFHP on reducing blood pressure of the participants. Results: After adjusting for age, sex and time length of receiving HMSFHP, the results of the model including participants with 80-100 mmHg for DBP in 2015 indicated that, for the participants who received HMSFHP, the DBP decreased by 6.66 mmHg from 2015 to 2019. For the participants with SBP 130-150 mmHg in 2015, the reduction estimate of the model was -6.17 mmHg, the difference was not significant (P=0.178), suggesting that receiving HMSFHP did not cause change in SBP for the participants who received HMSFHP. Conclusion: Receiving HMSFHP had effect to reduce DBP, and HMSFHP had a positive effect on the control of blood pressure in patients with hypertension.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure , Health Services , Hypertension , Linear Models , Physical Examination
9.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 493-498, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980750

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of bamboo-based medicinal moxibustion for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), and to preliminarily explore its action mechanism.@*METHODS@#Sixty-four patients with CFS were randomly divided into a moxibustion group (32 cases, 1 case dropped off, 1 case excluded) and an acupuncture group (32 cases, 2 cases dropped off). The patients in the moxibustion group were treated with bamboo-based medicinal moxibustion, while the patients in the acupuncture group were treated with routine acupuncture. Both groups were treated once a day, 6 days as a course of treatment with 1 day interval, for a total of 2 courses of treatment. Before treatment, 1 and 2 courses into treatment and in the follow-up of 14 days after treatment, the fatigue scale-14 (FS-14) and somatic and psychological health report (SPHERE) scores were observed in the two groups. Before and after treatment, the contents of CD+3, CD+4, CD+8 of peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets were measured and CD+4/CD+8 ratio was calculated; the clinical efficacy of the two groups was compared.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the FS-14 and SPHERE scores in the two groups were decreased 1 and 2 courses into treatment and in the follow-up (P<0.01), and the FS-14 and SPHERE scores in the moxibustion group were lower than those in the acupuncture group (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared before treatment, the contents of CD+3, CD+4 and CD+4/CD+8 ratio in the moxibustion group were increased after treatment (P<0.01). There was no significant difference of CD+3, CD+4, CD+8 and CD+4/CD+8 ratio between before and after treatment in the acupuncture group (P>0.05). After treatment, the contents of CD+3 and CD+4 in the moxibustion group were higher than those in the acupuncture group (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 93.3% (28/30) in the moxibustion group, which was higher than 73.3% (22/30) in the acupuncture group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Bamboo-based medicinal moxibustion could improve the physical and mental fatigue symptoms and psychological status in patients with CFS. Its effect may be related to regulating the contents of CD+3, CD+4 of peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets and CD+4/CD+8 ratio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Moxibustion , Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic/therapy , Acupuncture Therapy , Physical Examination
10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 405-408, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980736

ABSTRACT

Professor HAN Wei 's clinical experience of acupuncture and moxibustion with Tongyang Xingshen (promoting yang and regaining consciousness) for adolescent depressive disorder is introduced. It is believed that the internal causes of adolescent depressive disorder are mostly emotional and physical factors, while the external causes are mainly social factors, and yang-qi stagnation and emotional disorder are the key pathogenesis. The key of acupuncture and moxibustion with Tongyang Xingshen is warming and regulating the governor vessel. The governor vessel acupoints at head, neck and back are selected. At head, Baihui (GV 20) and Yintang (GV 24+) are selected; at neck, Fengfu (GV 16) and Dazhui (GV 14) are selected; at back, Taodao (GV 13), Shenzhu (GV 12), Shendao (GV 11), Zhiyang (GV 9) and Jinsuo (GV 8) are selected. The combination of disease differentiation and syndrome differentiation should be highly valued, and the moxibustion with Tongyang and acupuncture with Xingshen should be used simultaneously, and the strong stimulation is suggested.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Moxibustion , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture Points , Physical Examination , Depressive Disorder
11.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 887-894, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982360

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Patients with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) confront multiple difficulties during the disease adaptation process. Based on the comprehensive task-based adaptation model, this study aims to explore the process and experience of adapting to living with HIV among HIV/AIDS patients and to provide evidence for promoting the adaptation of this population.@*METHODS@#With the design of the phenomenon study, we purposefully recruited 43 HIV/AIDS patients and conducted semi-structural interviews. The qualitative data was analyzed by Van Manen method.@*RESULTS@#There were 1 307 significant quotes and 6 themes with 14 sub-themes. "The shadow comes along with the sunshine" was proposed to describe the process of adapting to life with HIV. Another 5 themes emerged to represent the tasks as follows: the direction of the mental anchor, the management of physical tasks, social network and support, the occupational dilemma and benefits, and the consideration of the future.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The adapting process possesses both common and personalized characteristics. Future intervention development should address the integrality and interaction of the adaptation tasks, contributing to the positive adaptation outcomes of HIV/AIDS patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , HIV , Patients , Physical Examination
12.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 30(2): 64-70, 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1451222

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la maniobra de Lachman es ampliamente empleada como recurso diagnóstico para detectar lesiones en el ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) y, por su simplicidad, se tiende a pensar que no existe una variabilidad significativa en su ejecución. El presente estudio comparativo está centrado en utilizar los sensores integrados en un dispositivo móvil para encontrar, a través del índice de correlación intraclase, si las variaciones tanto intraobservador como interobservador son significativas. Materiales y métodos: se efectuaron dos ensayos llamados "Lachmatón", con doce residentes de ortopedia a modo de evaluadores y sujetos de prueba; el primer ensayo ayudó a identificar y describir las diferencias de los gestos de ejecución entre los evaluadores, mientras que el segundo permitió medir el incremento de la similitud de ejecución entre estos al ser instruidos, en contraste con el primer ensayo, donde no habían recibido ninguna instrucción; esto fue posible al medir la similitud características estadísticas y morfológicas de las señales adquiridas a través del índice de correlación intraclase. Resultados: se identificaron dos gestos importantes y que emiten señales con distinta forma al aplicarse, o no, a la ejecución de la maniobra: 1) fijar el pie y, 2) fijar el fémur. Se encontró una diferencia significativa entre ambos ensayos, así como entre los dos estilos más usados por los evaluadores. Conclusión: el uso de los sensores integrados en un dispositivo móvil para medir diferencias en la ejecución de la maniobra de Lachman ayudó a determinar los gestos que permiten una mayor reproducibilidad de esta maniobra. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Introduction: the Lachman maneuver was amplified as a diagnostic resource to detect injuries in the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and it tends to be thought, due to its simplicity, that there is no significant accumulation in its execution. This comparative study focuses on using the sensors integrated into a mobile device to find out whether the intraobserver or interobserver variations are significant, through the intraclass correlation coefficient. Materials and methods: two trials called "Lachmatón" will be carried out with twelve orthopedic residents as evaluators and test subjects; the first trial helped to identify and describe the differences in performance gestures between raters, while the second allowed measuring the increase in performance similarity between raters as instructors, in contrast to the first trial, where neither could instruction; This was possible by measuring the similarity of the statistical and morphological characteristics of the signals obtained through the intraclass achievement index.Results: two important gestures were identified, which emit signals in different ways when applied or not to the execution of the maneuver: 1) fix the foot and, 2) fix the femur. You will find that there is a significant difference between you and the evaluators. Conclusion: the use of sensors integrated into a mobile device to measure differences in the execution of the Lachman maneuver helped to determine the gestures that allow a greater reproducibility of this maneuver. Level of Evidence: III


Subject(s)
Physical Examination , Reference Standards , Reproducibility of Results , Anterior Cruciate Ligament , Mobile Applications , Knee Joint
13.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 126-129, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970724

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the correlation between ceramic and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and explore its related risk factors. Methods: In January 2021, five representative ceramic enterprises were selected from Chancheng District, Nanhai District, Gaoming District and Sanshui District of Foshan City. The ceramic workers who came to Chancheng Hospital of Foshan First People's Hospital for physical examination from January to October 2021 were selected as the research objects, and 525 people were included. Conduct questionnaire survey and pulmonary function test. Logistic regresion was performed to analyze the influencing facters of COPD among ceramic workers. Results: The subjects were (38.51±1.25) years old, 328 males and 197 females, and the detection rate of COPD was 9.52% (50/525). The incidence of respiratory symptoms such as dyspnea, chronic cough, wheezing and chest tightness, the detection rates of abnormal lung age, abnormal lung function and COPD in males were higher than those in females (P<0.05). The logistic regression analysis showed that male, age, working years, smoking status and family history of COPD were the risk factors for COPD among ceramic workers (P<0.05) . Conclusion: The ceramic workers are the high risk population of COPD. We should do a good job in health education, and do a regular physical examination to find the changes of lung function in time, and prevent the occurrence of COPD as soon as possible.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adult , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/epidemiology , Ceramics , Health Education , Hospitals , Physical Examination
14.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 118-123, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970722

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the health status of workers exposed to occupational mercury, and to provide the theoretical basis for formulating reasonable health monitoring and targeted protection measures. Methods: In November 2021, 1353 mercury-exposed workers who underwent occupational health examination in a hospital in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from 2018 to 2021 were collected as research subjects. By analyzing their blood pressure, electrocardiogram, blood routine, liver function and urine β2-microglobulin and urinary mercury in different gender, age, length of service, industry and enterprise scale, and the health status. And the influencing factors of urinary mercury were evaluated. Results: Among 1353 workers exposed to mercury, there were 1002 males (74.1%), the average age was (37.2±9.8) years old, and the length of service was 3.1 (2.0, 8.0) years. The abnormal rates of physical examination, blood pressure, electrocardiogram, blood routine, liver function, urinary β2-microglobulin and urinary mercury were 73.9% (1000/1353), 12.3% (166/1353), 30.2% (408/1353), 59.9% (810/1353), 32.5% (440/1353), 15.2% (205/1353) and 2.2% (30/1353), respectively. The abnormal rates of blood pressure, blood routine, liver function, urinary β2-microglobulin and urinary mercury in male workers were higher than those in female workers (P<0.05). The abnormal rates of workers' blood pressure and physical examination results increased with the increase of age and length of service, while the abnormal rate of electrocardiogram results were opposite (P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences in the abnormal rates of blood pressure, blood routine, urinary β2-microglobulin and physical examination results among workers of different enterprises and different industries (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the workers with age ≥30 years old, microminiature enterprises, abnormal physical examination results and urinary β2-microglobulin were the susceptible population with abnormal urinary mercury (P<0.05) . Conclusion: The occupational health status of mercury workers in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region is not optimistic, and the health monitoring of microminiature enterprises and older workers should be improved to effectively protect the physical and mental health of workers.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Blood Pressure , Health Status , Mental Health , Mercury , Physical Examination , Occupational Exposure
15.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 11(3): 348, dic. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1416665

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La fístula salival es la comunicaciónde la glándula salival o el conducto parotídeo hacia la piel,debido a una lesión traumática del parénquima o del conducto deexcreción; no suele ser una complicación frecuente en parotiditisaguda. El objetivo de este trabajo es destacar la presentaciónatípica de un caso de parotiditis bacteriana asociado a fistulasalival hacia el conducto auditivo externo y cavidad oral, y aparálisis facial periférica. Caso clínico: Paciente masculino de15 años de edad, quien consulta por otalgia y otorrea derechaasociado a aumento de volumen en región parotídea ipsilateralde 5 días de evolución. Al examen físico se evidencia, caraasimétrica con desviación de comisura labial hacia la izquierda ycierre palpebral completo sin esfuerzo, con aumento de volumende parótida derecha con signos de flogosis, otorrea purulentaderecha . solución de continuidad en tercio medio de pisode conducto auditivo externo. Ecosonograma de piel y partesblandas, reveló cambios inflamatorios en glándula parótida concolección de 112 cc., Los hallazgos tomográficos de oído medioy mastoides corroboraron hallazgos del ecosonograma. se realizódrenaje quirúrgico del absceso y se trató con Clindamicina600 mg vía endovenosa cada 6 horas y Penicilina Cristalina200 mg/kg/ peso cada 6 horas y su evolución fue satisfactoria.Conclusión:Los abscesos parotídeos pueden presentarse demanera atípica o en raras ocasiones con drenaje a través delconducto auditivo externo(AU)


Introduction: Salivary fistula is the communicationof the salivary glands or the parotid duct to the skin, due toa traumatic injury to the parenchyma or the excretion duct; Itis not usually a frequent complication in acute parotitis. the eobjective of this work is to highlight the atypical presentation of acase of bacterial parotitis associated with salivary fistula towardsthe external auditory canal and oral cavity, and peripheralfacial paralysis. Clinical case: A 15-year-old male patient, whoconsulted due to otalgia and right otorrhea associated with anincrease in volume in the ipsilateral parotid region of 5 days ofevolution. On physical examination, an asymmetrical face withdeviation of the lip corner to the leth and complete palpebralclosure without effort, with increased volume of the rightparotid gland with signs of phlogosis, right purulent otorrhea and continuity solution in the middle third of the external auditory canal are evident. Ultrasound of the skin and so the tissues revealed inflammatory changes in the parotid glands with a collection of 112 cc. yhe tomographic findings of the middle ear and mastoids corroborated the findings of the echosonogram; Surgical drainage of the abscess was performed and he was treated with clindamycin 600 mg intravenously every 6 hours and crystalline penicillin 200 mg/kg/weight every 6 hours, and his evolution was satisfactory. Conclusion: Parotid abscesses can present atypically or rarely with drainage through the external auditory canal(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Parotitis , Salivary Gland Fistula , Ear Canal , Parotid Gland , Physical Examination , Clindamycin , Abscess , Ear , Parenchymal Tissue
16.
Curitiba; s.n; 20221219. 62 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1419217

ABSTRACT

Resumo: A pesquisa trata da criação de e-book para subsidiar a avaliação clínica realizada por enfermeiros a pacientes hospitalizados. A tecnologia desenvolvida contempla estrutura teórica, pautada em evidências científicas e no conteúdo, já validado, da série de aplicativos móveis, AVALIA TIS. Como método, seguiram-se os moldes da pesquisa metodológica, desenvolvida em duas fases: (I) exploratória que constituiu três etapas: revisão de literatura, desenvolvimento e aplicação de questionário a enfermeiros da prática assistencial; (II): criação do e-book, com seis etapas: definição do conteúdo; definição do editor de texto; seleção de imagens e produção vídeos; editoração do e-book; revisão do e-book; e edição final e-book. Como resultado, obteve-se e-book intitulado AVALIA TIS: avaliação clínica por enfermeiros, que aborda os principais conceitos da primeira etapa do processo de enfermagem e contém orientações para a prática destes profissionais. Esta tecnologia serve como ferramenta para educação em serviço de média complexidade, desenvolvida com apoio de outras áreas do conhecimento para o design, produção de vídeo e editoração de texto. A característica inovatória se pauta no conteúdo estruturado com informações e conhecimentos da avaliação clínica específica do enfermeiro centrada em subsídios para o cuidado e processo de enfermagem, com a inclusão de vídeos educativos, imagens referentes às manobras propedêuticas, instrumentos e escalas utilizados na avaliação. De abrangência nacional, tem impacto científico, social e na educação, com contribuição de novos conhecimentos para a área de enfermagem, assistência baseada em evidências, educação em serviço e formação de profissionais de enfermagem.


Abstract: The study focuses on the development of an e-book to assist nurses in their clinical assessments of hospitalized patients. The technologies developed includes a theoretical framework based on empirical data and the already verified content of the AVALIA TIS series of mobile applications. The methodological research was used as a method, and it was developed in two stages: (I) exploratory in three stages: literature review, development, and application of a questionnaire to nurses in care practice; II) development of the e-book, with six stages: content definition; text editor definition; images selection and video production; editing of the e-book; e-book review; and final e-book edition. As a result, an e-book entitled "AVALIA TIS: Avaliação clínica por enfermeiros" was obtained, which addresses the main concepts of the first stage of the nursing process and includes guidelines for these professionals' practice. This technology is a medium-complexity in-service education resource developed with the assistance of other areas of knowledge for design, video production, and text publishing. The innovative characteristic is that the content is organized with information and knowledge of the specific clinical evaluation of nurses centered on subsidies for nursing care and process, with the inclusion of educational videos, and images referring to propaedeutic maneuvers, instruments, and scales used in the evaluation. It has a national impact and affects science, society, and education through the inclusion of new knowledge to the nursing field, evidence-based care, in-service training, and nursing professional development.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Physical Examination , Education, Nursing, Continuing , Digital Technology/education , Medical History Taking , Nurses , Nursing Care
19.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 36(3)sept. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441784

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El tumor de células gigantes continúa siendo uno de los tumores óseos con muchas controversias en su diagnóstico y manejo, por ortopédicos, radiólogos y patólogos. Objetivo: Enriquecer el diagnóstico de esta enfermedad desde el aporte de las técnicas de imagen. Presentación de caso: Paciente masculino de 33 años de edad, remitido a la consulta de Ortopedia por presentar un aumento de volumen en la rodilla de meses de evolución, que empeoró progresivamente hasta llegar a la impotencia funcional. Al examen físico se constata un marcado aumento del volumen por lo que se indican estudios de imagen. Conclusiones: El diagnóstico temprano ayuda a mejorar el estilo de vida de estos pacientes. El tratamiento quirúrgico es el más indicado en tumores de células gigantes, ya que logra buenos resultados tanto en el tratamiento del tumor primario como de las recidivas (AU)


Introduction: The giant cell tumor continues to be one of the bone tumors with many controversies in diagnosis and management, by orthopedists, radiologists and pathologists. Objective: To enrich the diagnosis of this disease from the contribution of imaging techniques. Casereport: We report the case of a 33-year-old male patient, referred to the Orthopedics consultation for presenting an increase in volume in his knee, with months of evolution, which progressively worsened until functional impotence. Physical examination showed a marked increase in volume, so imaging studies are indicated. Conclusions: Early diagnosis helps to improve the lifestyle of these patients. Surgical treatment is the most indicated in giant cell tumors, since it achieves good results both in the treatment of the primary tumor and recurrences(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Physical Examination/methods , Giant Cell Tumors/diagnostic imaging , Knee/diagnostic imaging , Knee Joint/surgery , Recurrence , Secondary Prevention , Life Style
20.
Medicina (Ribeirao Preto, Online) ; 55(3)set. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1402014

ABSTRACT

A semiologia é uma das técnicas mais utilizadas na prática médica há séculos. Ensinada por meio de roteiros sistematizados, estudantes de inúmeras escolas da área de saúde por todo o mundo aprendem as manobras semiológicas como fundamento na avaliação dos pacientes. No entanto, apesar de extremamente difundida, discute-se pouco sobre sua acurácia como manobra diagnóstica. Tendo este ponto em vista, este artigo aborda a precisão das diversas manobras semiológicas do exame físico do aparelho respiratório e a descrição comparativa do seu ensino em diferentes escolas médicas no mundo. Como resultados, tem-se valores de acurácia discordantes, o que pode ser justificado pela qualidade dos estudos ou pelas variáveis analisadas que diferem entre os estudos e propostas de padronização. Em conclusão, a semiologia é a base da avaliação médica, independentemente dos avanços e disponibilidade dos exames de imagens, e cada manobra deve ser ensinada com seu devido valor científico. Conhecer a aplicabilidade e individualizar a prática das etapas do exame respiratório pode ser um caminho possível de adequação aos tempos atuais, sem impor perdas de informações relevantes para o desenvolvimento do raciocínio clínico (AU)


Medical semiology has been one of the most common techniques used in medical practice for centuries. Health science students around the globe learn these techniques through a systematized model as a fundamental skill for patient evaluation. However, though being widespread, little is known about semiology's true accuracy as a diagnostic maneuver. Knowing that, through a literature review, this paper evaluated the precision of the preconized procedures that are used as part of the exam of the respiratory system and the comparative description of its teaching in different medical schools around the world. As a result, disagreement between several papers was found, which can be justified by the poor quality of the studies and the different variables that were studied in each one. However, one thing is still clear: respiratory physical examination continues to be essential in medical practice, independently of the recent advances and availability of imaging exams. Teaching each step should consider available scientific evidence. The knowledge of the applicability and practical individualization of the respiratory examination can be a possible way for the current times without missing relevant information for developing clinical reasoning (AU)


Subject(s)
Physical Examination , Respiratory System , Education, Medical , Medicine/standards
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