Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 494
Filter
1.
Rev. ADM ; 80(2): 82-88, mar.-abr. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1513211

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las fosas y fisuras son áreas formadas por delgadas irregularidades de la capa del esmalte de la superficie oclusal. La compleja morfología en dientes posteriores es un determinante biológico asociado al desarrollo de caries. Objetivo: evaluar el efecto de diversas formas de tratar la morfología oclusal en la adaptación y penetración de materiales utilizados en restauraciones preventivas. Material y métodos: diseño experimental e in vitro. Sesenta terceros molares fueron distribuidos aleatoriamente en dos grupos: surco sin ameloplastia y con ameloplastia; además, contaban con acondicionamiento del esmalte que se subdividió en tres subgrupos: 1) sellador de fosas y fisuras, 2) adhesivo/sellador de fosas y fisuras y 3) adhesivo/ resina Flow. Resultados: los subgrupos adhesivo/sellador y adhesivo/ Flow alcanzaron mayores valores de adaptación íntima a las paredes del surco. Las diferencias fueron significativas entre los materiales (p = 0.0009). Las mayores zonas de desadaptación resultaron para el sellador sin y con ameloplastia. La penetración de los materiales fue mayor en los surcos con ameloplastia. En los surcos tratados con ameloplastia, el adhesivo/Flow reveló el mayor porcentaje de penetración y la mejor adaptación a las paredes del surco. Conclusiones: la penetración del material está positivamente correlacionada con la profundidad del surco. El sellador con y sin ameloplastia mostró pobre adaptación a las paredes del surco (AU)


Introduction: pits and fissures are areas formed by fine irregularities in the enamel layer of the occlusal surface. The complex morphology in posterior teeth are biological determinants associated with the development of caries. Objective: to evaluate the effect of various ways of treating occlusal morphology on the adaptation and penetration of materials used in preventive restorations. Material and methods: experimental design, in vitro. Sixty third molars were randomly distributed into two groups: groove without ameloplasty and with ameloplasty, with enamel conditioning with three subgroups: 1) pit and fissure sealer, 2) adhesive/pit and fissure sealer, 3) adhesive/resin flow. Results: the adhesive/sealant and adhesive/flow subgroups reached higher values of intimate adaptation to the furrow walls. The differences were significant between the materials (p = 0.0009). The largest areas of maladjustment were found for the sealant without and with ameloplasty. The penetration of the materials was greater in the grooves with ameloplasty. In the grooves treated with ameloplasty, the adhesive/flow revealed the highest percentage of penetration and the best adaptation to the walls of the groove. Conclusions: the penetration of the material is positively correlated with the depth of the furrow. The sealant with and without ameloplasty showed poor adaptation to the sulcus walls (AU)


Subject(s)
Pit and Fissure Sealants/therapeutic use , Preventive Dentistry/methods , Composite Resins/therapeutic use , Acid Etching, Dental/methods , In Vitro Techniques , Dental Bonding/instrumentation , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Molar, Third/anatomy & histology
2.
Odovtos (En linea) ; 25(1)abr. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1422195

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to compare the adhesion and proliferation of human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (hPDL) in transverse sections of the teeth sealed with two different obturation techniques, BioRoot RCS/hydraulic obturation (HO) and AH-Plus/continuous-wave condensation (CWC). The techniques were tested using an in vitro model to simulate the interaction between periodontal tissues and the materials. The root canals were instrumented and sterilized. A total of 15 samples were obturated with BioRoot RCS/HO and 15 samples with AH-Plus/CWC. Then, roots were sectioned to obtain obturated teeth slices, and hPDL cells were seeded onto the root slices. The results were obtained at intervals of 4 and 24h for cell adhesion; and at 3,7,14, and 21 days for cell proliferation. Empty cell culture plates were use as controls. The cell adhesion was increased at 4 and 24h for both groups, with an increased response observed in the BioRoot RCS/HO group (p<0.05). The difference in cell proliferation was also found between experimental groups. After 14 days of culture, BioRoot RCS/HO group showed an increase response than control and AH-Plus/CWC groups (p<0.05), and after 21 days both groups behaved better than control group, with an increased response observed in the BioRoot RCS/HO group. This study demonstrated that both root canal sealers allow the attach and growth of periodontal ligament fibroblasts, with an increased biological response in the BioRoot RCS/HO group.


El presente estudio se enfocó en comparar la adhesión y proliferación de fibroblastos de ligamento periodontal humano (hPDL) en secciones transversales de raíces previamente obturadas con dos técnicas de obturación diferentes: obturación hidráulica empleando cono único de gutapercha y BioRoot RCS como sellador (HO), y obturación de condensación de onda continua y AH-Plus como sellador (CWC). Los selladores se usaron en un modelo in vitro que simula la interacción entre los tejidos periodontales y los materiales de obturación. Los conductos radiculares fueron instrumentados, esterilizados y obturados. La muestra se compuso de un total de 15 raíces con la técnica BioRoot RCS/HO y 15 raíces con la técnica AH-Plus/CWC. Las células de hPDL fueron sembradas en condiciones estándar de cultivo sobre las raíces seccionadas. Los resultados fueron obtenidos a intervalos de 4 y 24h para adhesión celular, y a los 3,5,7,14 y 21 días de cultivo para proliferación celular. La adhesión celular a las 4 y 24 horas mostró ser diferente para ambas técnicas en comparación con el grupo control, siendo más importante en el grupo BioRoot RCS/HO. La diferencia en la proliferación entre grupos se observó a los 14 días de cultivo, únicamente para el grupo BioRoot RCS/HO; Sin embargo para el día 21 ambas técnicas mostraron mayor proliferación celular que el grupo control, con mejor respuesta para el grupo BioRoot RCS/HO. Este estudio ha demostrado que ambos selladores de conductos permiten la adhesión y crecimiento de fibroblastos de ligamento periodontal, siendo el grupo BioRoot RCS/HO el que mostró mayor biocompatibilidad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pit and Fissure Sealants/analysis , Materials Testing , Periodontal Ligament , Receptors, Aryl Hydrocarbon
3.
Natal; s.n; 27 jan. 2023. 55 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1532244

ABSTRACT

Introdução: os selantes resinosos possuem atividade preventiva e terapêutica da cárie dentária oclusal através da criação de uma barreira física que impede a adesão de biofilme. Não existem relatos destes materiais com propriedades antimicrobianas e, neste ensejo, a adição de princípios ativos obtidos de fitoterápicos configura como uma opção possível para resolver esta limitação. Objetivos: avaliar o potencial antimicrobiano do selante Fluroshield® enriquecido com o extrato do caule de Schinopsis brasiliensis (Braúna), bem como, a liberação do princípio ativo, grau de conversão, resistência de união imediata ao esmalte e padrão de falha dos materiais experimentais. Metodologia: trata-se de um estudo experimental in vitro. As cascas da Braúna foram secas a 40 ± 1 °C e o extrato etanólico foi obtido por percolação do pó da casca da Schinopsis brasiliensis. O selante comercial Fluroshield® (Dentsply) foi enriquecido com as proporções em massa (g) [0% (Controle), 20%, 10%, 5%, 2,5% e 1,25%]. Foi realizada a avaliação da Atividade antimicrobiana, a liberação do princípio ativo foi aferida através de Ultra Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Performance (UHPLC), o grau de conversão (GC) através do Micro-Raman, a resistência de união (RU) imediata ao esmalte foi avaliada através do microcisalhamento e padrão de fratura através de análise em estereomicroscópio. Os valores finais foram submetidos aos testes de normalidade Shapiro-Wilky (p > 0,05) e Levene. Os dados paramétricos foram submetidos a análise de variância (ANOVA one-way) com pós-teste de Tukey (p <0,05) e os não paramétricos através do teste de Kruskal-Wallis com pós-teste de Dunn's através do software GraphPad Prism 8 e Microsoft Excel 2018. Resultados: materiais com maior % de extrato apresentaram menor GC, não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa para RU entre os diferentes grupos, o padrão de fratura predominante foi adesiva, houve liberação do princípio ativo em meio aquoso em todos os materiais e os grupos com 20% e 10% de extrato em massa foram capazes de inibir a formação de biofilme de maneira semelhante ao controle positivo (clorexidina 0,12%). Conclusão: a adição do extrato de Schinopsis brasiliensis em concentrações entre 10% e 20% apresenta-se como uma alternativa promissora para a obtenção de propriedades antimicrobianas em selantes resinosos (AU).


Introduction: dental sealants have a preventive and therapeutic activity in the prevention and treatment of dental caries. However, there are no reports of these materials with antimicrobial properties and the addition of phytotherapy molecules would be an option to solve this limitation. Objectives: to evaluate the antimicrobial properties of the Fluroshield™ sealant with the addition of the stem extract of Schinopsis brasiliensis (Braúna), as well as the potential for releasing the active ingredient, degree of conversion and immediate enamel bond strength. Methodology: this is an experimental in vitro study. Braúna barks were dried at 40 ± 1 °C and the ethanolic extract was obtained by percolation of Schinopsis brasiliensis bark powder. The commercial sealant Fluroshield™ was enriched with the proportions by mass (g) [0% (Control), 20%, 10%, 5%, 2.5% and 1.25%]. The evaluation of the Inhibition of Biofilm Formation was carried out, the release of the active principle was measured with Ultra High Performance Liquid Chromatography (UHPLC), the immediate bond strength (BS) to the dental tissue was evaluated with microshear and the degree of conversion (DC) with Micro-Raman. Final values were submitted to Shapiro-Wilky (p > 0.05) and Levene normality tests. Parametric data were submitted to analysis of variance (one-way ANOVA) with Tukey's post-test (p <0.05) and nonparametric data through the Kruskal-Wallis test with Dunn's post-test using the GraphPad Prism software 8 and Microsoft Excel 2018. Results: materials with a higher % of extract had a lower DC, there was no statistically significant difference for BS between the different groups, there was release of the active principle in all materials and groups with 20% and 10 % of extract by mass were able to inhibit biofilm formation similarly to the positive control (0.12% chlorhexidine). Conclusion: the addition of Schinopsis brasiliensis extract in concentrations between 10% and 20% is a promising alternative for obtaining antimicrobial properties in resin sealants (AU).


Subject(s)
Pit and Fissure Sealants/therapeutic use , Dental Caries/therapy , Phytotherapeutic Drugs , Anti-Infective Agents/therapeutic use , Analysis of Variance , Dental Caries/prevention & control
4.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226202, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1393187

ABSTRACT

Aim: Resin modified glass ionomer (RMGI) is class of material that can be used as sealant for preventing and arresting the progression of caries in pits and fissures. As these are hybrid materials, their properties can be affected by factors related to the polymerization process. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the influence of different generations of LED curing units (Elipar DeepCure-L and VALO Grand) on Knoop microhardness values (KHN) of RMGI sealants (Clinpro XT and Vitremer). Methods: Forty cylindrical specimens (6mm ø x 1 mm high) were prepared according to the manufacturer's instructions and divided into four groups (n=10) according to the type of RMGI and LED used. The KHN of the top surface of each sample was calculated 7 days after light-curing. Data were submitted to two-way ANOVA (α = 0.05). Results: Vitremer had higher KHN values than Clinpro XT after using both LEDs (p<0.0001), but especially when light-cured with the use of VALO Grand (p<0.0001). Whereas the KHN value of Clinpro was not influenced by the LED device (p>0.05). Conclusions: Top surface microhardness values of RGMI sealants were affected by both material composition and generations of LED curing units used. Third generation LED curing units seemed to be more efficient for the polymerization of RMGI-based sealants


Subject(s)
Pit and Fissure Sealants , Curing Lights, Dental , Polymerization , Hardness
5.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 7(3): 52-57, Sept. - Dec. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1437880

ABSTRACT

Objective: this in vitro study compared the adhesive strengths of the resin sealant with the Giomer technology sealant under salivary contamination. Materials and Methods: fifty-two bovine incisors were randomly divided into four groups (n=13): GI, a resin sealant (Fluroshield®) without salivary contamination (control of GII); GII, Fluroshield sealant + salivary contamination; GIII, a Giomer technology sealant (BeautiSealant®) without salivary contamination (control of GIV); and GIV, BeautiSealant® sealant + salivary contamination. In the salivary contamination groups, artificial saliva was used through a pipette, and after 20 s, it was air-dried and the sealant was applied. Shear strength tests were performed using a universal testing machine. One-way ANOVA variance and Tukey's test were used for multiple comparisons. The fracture types were analyzed using a stereomicroscope with 40X magnification. Results: the means and standard deviations (SD) of adhesion for Fluroshield® and BeautiSealant® in the group without salivary contamination were 15.27 (±0.96) and 11.90 (±0.94), and for the group with salivary contamination, 13.14 (±1.03) and 8.95 (±1.33), respectively, indicating a statistically significant difference between GI and GII p=0.020, GIII and GIV p=0.041. Mixed failures were detected in GI (38%), GII (44%), GIII (38%), and GIV (62%). Conclusion: there was a statistically significant decrease in the adhesive strength values in the groups with salivary contamination for both the sealants studied. However, no significant difference was observed between the two sealants when the materials used were compared.


Objetivo: este estudo in vitro comparou as forças adesivas do selante resinoso com o selante da tecnologia Giomer sob contaminação salivar. Materiais e Métodos: cinquenta e dois incisivos bovinos foram divididos aleatoriamente em quatro grupos (n=13): GI, um selante resinoso (Fluroshield®) sem contaminação salivar (controle do GII); GII, selante Fluroshield + contaminação salivar; GIII, um selante com tecnologia Giomer (BeautiSealant®) sem contaminação salivar (controle do GIV); e GIV, selante BeautiSealant® + contaminação salivar. Nos grupos de contaminação salivar, a saliva artificial foi utilizada por meio de uma pipeta e, após 20 s, foi seca ao ar e aplicado o selante. Os testes de resistência ao cisalhamento foram realizados usando uma máquina de teste universal. A variância ANOVA de uma via e o teste de Tukey foram usados para comparações múltiplas. Os tipos de fratura foram analisados em estereomicroscópio com aumento de 40X. Resultados: as médias e desvios padrão (DP) de adesão para Fluroshield® e BeautiSealant® no grupo sem contaminação salivar foram 15,27 (±0,96) e 11,90 (±0,94), e após contaminação salivar foram 13,14 (±1,03) e 8,95 (±1,33), respectivamente, indicando haver diferença estatisticamente significante entre GI e GII p=0.020, GIII e GIV p=0.041. Falhas mistas foram detectadas em GI (38%), GII (44%), GIII (38%) e GIV (62%). Conclusão: houve diminuição estatisticamente significativa dos valores de resistência adesiva nos grupos com contaminação salivar para ambos os selantes estudados. No entanto, não foi observada diferença significativa entre os dois selantes quando comparados os materiais utilizados.


Subject(s)
Pit and Fissure Sealants , Saliva, Artificial , Shear Strength
6.
J. res. dent ; 10(1): 14-19, jan.-mar2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378183

ABSTRACT

Introduction: This study aimed to evaluate the dentinal tubule penetration of an endodontic bioceramic sealer, Sealer Plus BC, after three final irrigation protocols. Methods: Thirty distobuccal roots of maxillary molars were selected. Root canal preparation was performed up to an #40.06 instrument (X1 Blue) under 2.5% sodium hypochlorite irrigation. Specimens were randomly divided into three groups (n=10), according to the final irrigation protocol: G-NaOCl (2.5% sodium hypochlorite + PUI), G-SS (0.9% saline solution + PUI) and G-H20 (Deionized water + PUI). After final irrigation protocols, all specimens were irrigated with phosphate buffer solution. Root canal obturation was performed using the single cone technique and Sealer Plus BC, stained with a specific fluorophore. Specimens were transversely sectioned and each root third was evaluated in a confocal scanning laser microscopy. Images obtained were analyzed for sealer penetration in the dentinal tubules. Results: Dentinal tubule penetration of Sealer Plus BC was not observed in any root third, regardless of the final irrigation protocol investigated. Conclusions: Sealer Plus BC dentinal tubule penetration was not observed after none of the protocols tested. Dentinal tubule penetrability of Sealer Plus BC may be related to other factors rather than the final irrigation protocol.


Subject(s)
Pit and Fissure Sealants , Pit and Fissure Sealants/therapeutic use , Dental Cements/therapeutic use , Sodium Hypochlorite/therapeutic use , Buffers , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/analysis
7.
Rev. odontopediatr. latinoam ; 12(1): 420168, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1419013

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este estudio fue informar un caso clínico de sellado de lesiones activas de caries, puntuación 5 del Sistema Internacional de Detección y Evaluación de Caries - ICDAS, en los primeros molares permanentes de un chico de 9 años. En el examen clínico, se identificaron lesiones activas, código 5 y 3 en los dientes 16 y 26, respectivamente. Sin embargo, en el examen radiográfico se observó que la lesión del diente 26 también se encontraba en la mitad externa de la dentina. Por lo tanto, ambas lesiones fueron consideradas como código 5. Así, para el sellado de las lesiones, se realizó un tratamiento de intervención mínima, usando sellante resinoso con capa intermedia de adhesivo. Después de 6 meses de acompañamiento, se observó la pérdida de la integridad del sellado del diente 16 realizándose la reparación del mismo; después de un año ambas lesiones estaban inactivas. Por lo tanto, el sellado de las lesiones de caries parece ser adecuado para las lesiones del esmalte que alcanzan la mitad exterior de la dentina


O objetivo deste estudo foi relatar um caso clínico de selamento de lesões de cárie ativas, escore 5 do International Caries Detection and Assessment System- ICDAS, em primeiros molares permanentes de um menino de 9 anos. Ao exame clínico, foram identificadas lesões ativas, escore 5 e 3 nos elementos 16 e 26, respectivamente. Entretanto, no exame radiográfico observou-se que a lesão do dente 26 também estava em metade externa de dentina. Dessa forma, ambas as lesões eram escore 5. O tratamento de mínima intervenção com o selamento das lesões de cárie foi realizado, usando selante resinoso com camada intermediária de adesivo. Em 6 meses de acompanhamento, observou-se perda de integridade do selante no dente 16, sendo realizado o reparo; após um ano, as lesões estavam paralisadas. Portanto, o selamento de lesão de cárie parece ser adequado para lesões em esmalte atingindo metade externa de dentina


The aim of this study was to report a clinical case of sealing active caries lesions, score 5 of the International Caries Detection and Assessment System- ICDAS, in the first permanent molars of a 9-year-old boy. On clinical examination, active lesions were identified, score 5 and 3 in molars 16 and 26, respectively. However, radiographic examination determined that the lesion of tooth 26 was also in the external half of dentin. Thus, both lesions were score 5. The minimal intervention treatment with the sealing of the carious lesions was performed, using resinous sealant with an intermediate layer of adhesive. In 6 months of follow-up, loss of integrity of the sealant was observed on tooth 16, and the repair was carried out; after one year, the lesions were paralyzed. Therefore, the sealing of caries lesions seems to be suitable for enamel lesions reaching the external half of dentin


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Pit and Fissure Sealants , Dental Enamel , Dental Restoration Repair , Adhesives , Dental Caries , Molar
8.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 23(2)ago. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386527

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: This study aimed to evaluate the fracture resistance of teeth restored with conventional, bulk-fill, and fiber-reinforced composite materials regarding intact teeth. Standard cavities were prepared on 70 sound third molar teeth. The teeth were randomly divided into six groups: intact teeth, conventional Bis-GMA based composite, fiber-reinforced composite, Bis-GMA based bulk-fill composite, ormocer based bulk-fill composite, glass containing resin-based bulk-fill composite. The data was obtained by a Universal Testing Machine and analyzed statistically. Fracture resistance of the teeth restored with conventional composite was significantly lower than the other groups (p0.05). The obtained data showed that restoring teeth with bulk-fill and fiber-reinforced composites could be recommended in Class II cavities.


RESUMEN: El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar la resistencia a la fractura de los dientes restaurados con materiales compuestos convencionales, de relleno y reforzados con fibras, en relación con los dientes intactos. Se prepararon cavidades estándar en 70 dientes de terceros molares sanos. Los dientes se dividieron al azar en seis grupos: dientes intactos, compuesto convencional basado en Bis-GMA, compuesto reforzado con fibra, compuesto de relleno a base de Bis-GMA, compuesto de relleno a base de ormocer, compuesto de relleno a base de vidrio que contiene resina. Los resultados fueron obtenidos utilizando una máquina universal de pruebas y analizados estadísticamente. La resistencia a la fractura de los dientes restaurados con el composite convencional fue significativamente menor que la de los otros grupos (p0,05). Los datos obtenidos mostraron que la restauración de dientes con composites de relleno y reforzados con fibra podría ser recomendada en cavidades de Clase II.


Subject(s)
Pit and Fissure Sealants , Tooth Mobility , Composite Resins
9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e058, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1285725

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of non-invasive and micro-invasive treatments on the arrest of occlusal enamel carious lesions in erupting permanent molars. This two-arm randomized clinical trial included 27 subjects, aged 5-11 years, with 64 erupting permanent molars presenting active occlusal enamel carious lesions (as assessed by the International Caries Detection and Assessment System [ICDAS]; scores 1-3). The sample was randomly assigned into two treatment groups: 1) resin-modified glass ionomer cement sealant (Clinpro XT Varnish; 3M ESPE) and 2) 4-week topical fluoride varnish application (Duraphat; Colgate). All children and parents received oral hygiene and dietary instructions. Teeth were evaluated at baseline and 3, 6, 9, and 12 months regarding the eruption stage, biofilm accumulation, as well as severity and activity of the carious lesions. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to evaluate the survival estimates for inactivation of the carious lesions for both treatment groups. Multivariate Cox regression models with shared frailty were performed to identify factors associated with the outcome (p < 0.05). After 12 months, 22% and 3% of the lesions treated with topical fluoride varnish and sealant, respectively remained active. The adjusted model demonstrated that younger children had a higher probability of active enamel carious lesions arresting (hazard ratio [HR] 0.42, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.22-0.78; p=0.01). However, the probability of active enamel carious lesions arresting after sealant application was 8.85 times higher compared with fluoride varnish applications (p=0.01). Sealing is a more effective approach than fluoride varnish for arresting occlusal enamel carious lesions in erupting permanent molars.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Pit and Fissure Sealants , Dental Caries/therapy , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Fluorides , Glass Ionomer Cements , Molar
10.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(2): 1-8, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1178045

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O estudo foi realizado para comparar a eficácia da retenção hidrofóbica e hidrofílica de selante de fóssulas e fissuras entre crianças de 7 a 10 anos de idade escolar. Material e métodos: O presente estudo randomizado de boca dividida foi realizado nas superfícies oclusais dos primeiros molares inferiores permanentes para comparação e avaliação da retenção junto com outras variáveis de resultado, como a cor, descoloração marginal, adaptação marginal, forma anatômica, sensibilidade pós-operatória, formação de cárie e rugosidade de superfícia de selantes hidrofóbicos e hidrofílicos de fóssulas e fissuras no 3º e 6º mês de aplicação. Os dados foram analisados usando o software SPSS e os resultados foram obtidos. Resultados: No presente estudo, entre as 50 restaurações com selantes hidrofóbico de fóssulas e fissuras (Grupo I), 48 (96%) das restaurações ficaram retidas no final do terceiro mês e 45 (90%) ficaram retidas no final do sexto mês. Entre as 50 restaurações nos selantes de fóssulas e fissuras hidrofílicas (Grupo II), 49 (98%) restaurações ficaram retidas no final do terceiro mês e 46 (92%) no final do sexto mês ficaram retidas. Não houve diferença significativa no número de restaurações totalmente retidas ao final de seis meses (p = 1,00) entre os dois grupos. A avaliação de todas as outras variáveis entre as duas intervenções mostrou que a diferença não foi estatisticamente significativa. Conclusão: O estudo concluiu que o selante de fóssulas e fissuras hidrofílico era semelhante ao selante de fóssulas e fissuras hidrofóbicas em termos de retenção, combinação de cor, descoloração marginal, adaptação marginal, forma anatômica e rugosidade de superfície. (AU)


Introduction: The study was done to compare the effectiveness of hydrophobic and hydrophilic pit and fissure sealant retention among 7-10 year old school children. Material and Methods: The present split mouth randomized trial was conducted on the occlusal surfaces of permanent first mandibular molars to compare and assess the retention along with other outcome variables like colour match, marginal discolouration, marginal adaptation, anatomic form, post-operative sensitivity, caries formation and surface roughness properties of Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic pit and fissure sealants at 3rdand 6th month. The data was compiled and analyzed using SPSS software and results were generated. Results: In the present study among the 50 restorations in the hydrophobic pit and fissure sealants (Group I), 48 (96%) restorations were retained at the end of third month and 45(90%) were retained at the end of sixth month. Among the 50 restorations in the hydrophilic pit and fissure sealants (Group II), 49(98%) restorations were retained at the end of third month, and 46(92%) at the end of sixth month were retained. There was no significant difference in the number of completely retained restorations at the end of six months (p = 1.00) among both the groups. The assessment of all the other outcome variables between both the interventions showed that the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusion: The study concluded that the hydrophilic pit and fissure sealant was similar to the hydrophobic pit and fissure sealant in terms of retention, colour match, marginal discolouration, marginal adaptation, anatomic form and surface roughness properties with (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Pit and Fissure Sealants , Tooth , Dental Marginal Adaptation
11.
Rev. ADM ; 77(6): 301-305, nov.-dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151065

ABSTRACT

A finales de 2019 se identificó el virus SARS-CoV-2 (por su significado en inglés Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2) como agente etiológico de la COVID-19 (por su significado en inglés coronavirus disease 2019) en la ciudad de Wuhan, China. Debido a su rápida propagación al resto del mundo durante el primer trimestre del año 2020, la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) la declaró pandemia mundial en marzo del mismo año. Por el potencial de contagio de COVID-19 se ha considerado que el entorno clínico en el que se desenvuelve la odontología puede ser de alto riesgo para el paciente, el odontólogo y sus asistentes si no se tienen las medidas de bioseguridad adecuadas. En un principio se vieron suspendidas las consultas regulares; sin embargo, al volver a la actividad laboral se han adaptado protocolos para el control de infecciones como reforzar el uso de barreras de protección y minimizar tratamientos que involucren aerosoles. La caries es uno de los principales motivos de consulta en la odontología pediátrica, por lo que en este escrito se sugieren algunos protocolos basados en la mínima invasión que prescinden de instrumental rotatorio para salvaguardar al paciente en riesgo de contagio, reduciendo el número de visitas y tiempo en consulta e incluso controlando algunos aspectos de salud bucal fuera de consulta clínica por medio de estrategias preventivas que pueden llevarse a cabo desde casa. Esto significa también mantener la tranquilidad por parte de los tutores del paciente ante la pandemia que se vive actualmente (AU)


At the end of 2019, the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was identified as the etiological agent of COVID-19 in the city of Wuhan China. Due to its rapid spread to the rest of the world during the first trimester of 2020, the WHO declared a global pandemic in March of the same year. Due to the contagion potential of COVID-19, it has been considered that the clinical environment in which dentistry operates may be in high risk for the patient if the appropriate biosafety measures are not taken, initially clinical practices were suspended. However, when returning to work, protocols have been adapted to the infection control procedures, reinforced the use of protective barriers, and minimize treatments that involve aerosols. Caries is one of the main reasons for consultation in Pediatric Dentistry, this article suggests some protocols based on minimal invasion that dispense with rotating instruments to safeguard the patient from the risk of contagion, reducing the number of visits and time in consultation and even controlling some aspects of the oral health outside the dental visit through preventive strategies that can be carried out from home. Modifications to Dental Home. This should include maintaining tranquility and calm on the part of the patient's tutors in the face of the pandemic that we are currently experiencing (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Coronavirus Infections , Dental Care for Children/methods , Aerosols , Pit and Fissure Sealants , Tooth Remineralization , Clinical Protocols , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Risk Factors , Composite Resins , Infection Control, Dental/methods , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Plaque/prevention & control , Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment
12.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(6): 589-597, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132356

ABSTRACT

Abstract The progression of caries in permanent molar teeth of young patients, frequently result in endodontic treatment. This randomized blinded clinical trial assessed the effect of two endodontic sealers (Sealer 26 and AH Plus) on the incidence of pain and apical repair after endodontic treatment of young molar teeth, and secondly identify factors associated with the outcomes. Endodontic treatment was performed by undergraduate students in molar teeth (n=69) of young patients (n=54) at the Endodontic and Restorative Public Extension Clinic Service. Protaper Next was used and the endodontic sealers were allocated which were restored with direct composite resin. Two primary clinical outcomes - apical repair and postoperative pain, were assessed after 12 and 24 months for blinded operators. Description of incidence rates and mixed-model regression using Generalized Estimation Equations (GEE). After 2 years 69 molar teeth of 54 patients were evaluated. No effect of the endodontic sealer was observed irrespective of period of evaluation. Apical repair incidences and asymptomatic teeth were, respectively, 90.5 and 89.3, 96.8 and 90.0% during 1 and 2 years of follow-up. Failed apical repair was associated with unsatisfactory pulpectomy (p=0.003) and periapical conditions (p=0.007) as well as their interaction (p=0.016). None of these independent variables was able to predict the occurrence of pain in both periods. Prognosis of apical repair is dependent on the initial conditions. Endodontic treatment of young molars associated with composite resin restorations performed by undergraduate students have satisfactory results after 2 years and was effective to prevent the risk of permanent teeth loss.


Resumo A rápida progressão das lesões de cárie nos dentes molares permanentes de pacientes jovens, frequentemente resulta no tratamento endodôntico. Este ensaio clinico randomizado cego avaliou o efeito de dois cimentos endodônticos (Sealer 26 e AH Plus) na incidência de dor e reparo apical após tratamento endodôntico de dentes molares jovens e identificar fatores associados aos desfechos do tratamento. O tratamento endodôntico foi realizado por estudantes de graduação em dentes molares permanentes (n=69) de pacientes jovens (n=54) na Clínica de Extensão Endodôntica e Restauradora da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Brasil. Protaper Next foi usado e os dois cimentos foram distribuídos aleatoriamente nas amostras, as quais foram restauradas com resina composta direta. Dois desfechos clínicos primários - reparo apical e dor pós-operatória foram avaliados após 12 e 24 meses por operadores de forma cega. Análise longitudinal dos dados incluiu a descrição das taxas de incidência e modelo de regressão misto usando Equações de Estimativa Generalizadas (GEE). As incidências (%) do reparo apical e dos dentes assintomáticos foram respectivamente 90,5/89,3 e 96,8/90,0 nos períodos de 1 e 2 anos de acompanhamento. Ausência de reparo apical foi associada com pulpectomia insatisfatória (p=0,003) e condições periapicais (p=0,007), bem como sua interação (p=0,016). Nenhuma dessas variáveis independentes foi capaz de prever a ocorrência de dor nos períodos de acompanhamento. O tratamento endodôntico mostrou resultados satisfatórios após 2 anos. O prognóstico do reparo apical depende das condições iniciais. Nenhum efeito do cimento endodôntico foi observado. O tratamento endodôntico de molares jovens associado com restaurações em resina composta realizado por estudantes de graduação tem um papel relevante na redução do risco de perda do dente permanente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pit and Fissure Sealants , Dental Caries , Molar , Students , Composite Resins
13.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(5): 430-436, oct. 31, 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179035

ABSTRACT

Bulk-fill resin composites represent an excellent alternative to the conventional incremental layering technique for the reduction of polymerization stress on the adhesive interface. Marginal seal can be further improved by the incorporation of bioactive fillers, such as those encountered in Giomers. However, the high translucency required for the adequate polymerization of bulk-fill materials can seriously jeopardize the final aesthetic outcome of the restorations, especially in the presence of inhomogeneous or stained dentin substrates. The aim of this case report was to present the combined use of two bulk-fill Giomer materials (Beautifil Bulk Flowable and Beautifil II LS, Shofu) for the restoration of three posterior maxillary teeth displaying a black stained dentin substrate due to amalgam corrosion products. This technique allowed completion of the restorations with a satisfactory aesthetic and biomimetic outcome. The adequate preservation of the anatomy and function of the three restorations after 24-months follow-up, provides evidence of the enhanced marginal sealing capacity of these bioactive materials and the success of bulk-fill techniques over time.


Las resinas compuestas de tipo bulk-fill representan una excelente alternativa a la técnica incremental para la reducción de la tensión de polimerización sobre la interfaz adhesiva. La incorporación de rellenos bioactivos, como los que se encuentran en los materiales con tecnología giomer, refuerzan aún más el sellado marginal de estas restauraciones. Sin embargo, la alta translucidez, necesaria para la adecuada polimerización de los materiales tipo bulk-fill, puede comprometer seriamente el resultado estético final de las restauraciones, especialmente en presencia de sustratos dentarios no homogéneos u oscurecidos. El objetivo de este reporte de caso fue presentar el uso combinado de dos materiales giomer tipo bulk-fill (Beautifil Bulk Flowable y Beautifil II LS, Shofu) para la restauración de tres dientes maxilares posteriores con un sustrato dentinario ennegrecido debido a productos de corrosión de amalgama. Esta técnica permitió completar las restauraciones con un resultado estético y biomimético satisfactorio. La adecuada conservación de la anatomía y la función de las tres restauraciones tras un período de 24 meses, aporta evidencia sobre la adecuada capacidad de sellado marginal de estos materiales bioactivos y el éxito de las técnicas de restauración tipo bulk-fill en el tiempo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Tooth Discoloration , Composite Resins , Pit and Fissure Sealants , Dental Amalgam , Esthetics, Dental
14.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(3): e2945, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126522

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Los selladores endodónticos desempeñan un papel crucial en la obturación, dado que dichos materiales, no solo actúan en el momento de su aplicación, sino que continúan haciéndolo con posterioridad, protegiendo al periodonto apical contra los organismos microbianos presentes. Precisamente, una de las propiedades deseadas en los selladores endodónticos es que posean acción antimicrobiana, para eliminar las bacterias remanentes después de la irrigación e instrumentación. Objetivo: Realizar una revisión sistemática del efecto antibacteriano de diferentes selladores endodónticos más utilizados en odontología contra Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis). Métodos: Esta revisión sistemática se llevó a cabo siguiendo los lineamientos PRISMA. La búsqueda se realizó en las bases de datos PubMed y Science Direct. Se revisaron los artículos de estudios antimicrobianos in vitro de selladores endodónticos y se excluyeron aquellos de fuente secundaria, como los de revisión de la literatura, así como artículos sobre cementos para otros usos. Desarrollo: Los cementos a base de hidróxido de calcio, resina o biocerámicos son biocompatibles y presentan algún porcentaje de actividad antimicrobiana; sin embargo, se puede apreciar que existe variabilidad en los resultados obtenidos en los estudios incluidos en la revisión, debido al uso de condiciones diferentes para la evaluación antibacteriana, excepto en los selladores endodónticos a base de silicona, los cuales tuvieron, de forma consistente, un efecto antibacterial nulo contra E. faecalis. Conclusión: De acuerdo a la bibliografía revisada, los selladores AH Plus, AH 26, TotalFill, BC Sealer y MTA Fillapex exhibieron efecto antimicrobiano, sin embargo, algunos de ellos mostraron escasa actividad contra E. faecalis(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Endodontic sealers play a crucial role in sealing, for they not only act at the moment of their application, but continue to do so later, protecting the apical periodontium against microbial organisms. One of the properties desired in endodontic sealers is precisely their antimicrobial action against bacteria remaining after irrigation and instrumentation. Objective: Carry out a systematic review about the antibacterial effect of the endodontic sealers most commonly used in dental practice against Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis). Methods: The systematic review was based on PRISMA guidelines. The search was conducted in the databases PubMed and Science Direct. Papers were reviewed which dealt with in vitro antimicrobial studies about endodontic sealers, excluding secondary sources such as literature reviews and papers about cements used for other purposes. Discussion: Cements based on calcium hydroxide, resin or bioceramic are biocompatible and display some percentage of antimicrobial activity. However, variability was observed in the results obtained by the studies in the review, due to the use of different conditions for antibacterial evaluation, except for silicone-based endodontic sealers, which consistently displayed no antibacterial activity against E. faecalis. Conclusion: According to the bibliography reviewed, the sealers AH Plus, AH 26, TotalFill, BC Sealer and MTA Fillapex had an antimicrobial effect. However, some of them displayed scant activity against E. faecalis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pit and Fissure Sealants/therapeutic use , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Dental Cements/therapeutic use , Anti-Bacterial Agents/adverse effects , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic
15.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 8(2): e015, mayo-ago. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1118804

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar la resistencia de unión a la dentina del cemento sellador tipo Grossman (Grossdent) y Apexit Plus (Ivoclar Vivadent) después de la medicación intraconducto de hidróxido de calcio Ca(OH)2 con vehículos de paramonoclorofenol alcanforado (PMCFA) y de clorhexidina al 2% (CHX). Metodología: Estudio experimental in vitro. Se seleccionó una muestra de 44 dientes humanos monorradiculares y fueron divididos en 4 grupos con medicación intraconducto (n = 9) y 2 grupos control. Los dientes fueron desinfectados y los conductos radiculares instrumentados usando una técnica híbrida. Se medicaron dos grupos con hidróxido de calcio más PMCFA y dos grupos con hidróxido de calcio más CHX 2% durante dos semanas. De cada grupo con medicación uno fue obturado con cemento sellador endodóntico Grossman y el otro con Apexit Plus, mediante la técnica de compactación lateral. Los grupos control fueron obturados solo con los dos cementos anteriormente mencionados. Se cortaron las muestras en discos de 2 mm de espesor y fueron sometidas a prueba de empuje con una máquina de ensayo universal. Resultados: El valor de la media más alta lo obtuvo el grupo medicado con Ca(OH)2 más PMCFA y obturado con Apexit Plus (m 3,742 y DE 0,808), mientras que el valor más bajo lo presentó el grupo de Ca(OH)2 más PMCFA obturado con cemento Grossman (m 1,371 y DE 0,699), presentaron diferencias significativas (p < 0,001). Conclusión: La resistencia de unión a la dentina radicular se ve influenciada por la medicación intraconducto previa a la obturación endodóntica. (AU)


Objective: Compare the dentin bond strength of Grossman ́s sealer (Grossdent) and Apexit Plus sealer (IvoclarVivadent) after intra-canal medication of calcium hydroxide Ca(OH)2 associated with vehicles of camphorated parachlorophenol (CMPC) and chlorhexidine 2% (CHX). Methodology: This was an in vitro experimental study. A sample of 44 monoradicular human teeth were disinfected and divided into 4 groups of intra-canal medication (N= 9) and 2 control groups. The teeth were disinfected and root canals were instrumented using a hybrid technique. Two groups were medicated with Ca(OH)2 and CMPC and two groups with Ca(OH)2 and CHX 2% for two weeks. One group of each medication was filled with Grossman ́s sealer and the others with Apexit Plus sealer using the lateral compaction technique. The control groups were filled only with the two sealers mentioned previously. Samples were cut into 2 mm thick discs and placed on a push test with a universal testing machine. Results: The highest value of the means was obtained by the group medicated with Ca(OH)2 in association with CMPC and filled with Apexit Plus (m 3.742; SD 0.808), while the lowest value was presented by the group of Ca(OH)2 associated with CMPC, filled with Grossman ́s sealer (m 1,371; SD 0.699). Statistical differences were considered with p<0.001. Conclusion: Root dentin bond strength is influenced by intra-canal medication prior to endodontic filling. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pit and Fissure Sealants , Root Canal Therapy , Calcium Hydroxide/therapeutic use , Endodontics
16.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 8(2): e020, mayo-ago. 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1119298

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar la capacidad de sellado de dos materiales para obturación retrógrada en dientes permanentes unirradiculares: el agregado de trióxido mineral (MTA®) y el silicato tricálcico (Biodentine®). Materiales y métodos: Se seleccionaron 38 dientes permanentes unirradiculares con cierre apical completo, los cuales fueron divididos aleatoriamente en dos grupos experimentales (n = 15): Grupo 1: MTA®, Grupo 2: Biodentine®. Además, se usaron controles positivos y negativos. El tratamiento radicular se realizó con el sistema rotatorio Mtwo y la obturación mediante el sistema termoplástico de onda continua (Beefill), y se usó como sellador el cemento tipo Grossman. Se realizó la apicectomía del extremo apical, luego la preparación de cavidades retroapicales estandarizadas y las respectivas obturaciones con MTA® y Biodentine®, según grupo. Posteriormente, los especímenes se sometieron a un proceso de filtración apical de tinta china y de transparentación, mientras que la filtración apical fue evaluada por medio de un microscopio estereoscópico. Los datos fueron analizados con la prueba U de Mann-Whitney. Resultados: El análisis inferencial mostró que Biodentine® tuvo una menor microfiltración que el MTA®, con una diferencia estadísticamente significativa al 95% (p < 0,034). Conclusión: El cemento Biodentine® mostró una mayor capacidad de sellado a nivel apical que el cemento MTA® en obturaciones retrógradas de dientes unirradiculares ex vivo. (AU)


Aim: To compare the sealing capacity of mineral trioxide (MTA®) and tricalcium silicate (Biodentine®) for retrograde filling in single-root permanent teeth. Materials and methods: Thirty-eight permanent single-root teeth with complete apical closure were selected and randomly divided into two experimental groups (n = 15): Group 1: MTA®, and Group 2: Biodentine®, in addition to positive and negative controls. Root treatment was performed with the MTWO rotary system, and obturation was carried out by means of the continuous wave thermoplastic system (Beefill) using Grossman-type cement as a sealant. Apical end apicoectomy was performed followed by the preparation of standardized retro-apical cavities and the respective fillings with MTA ® and Biodentine® according to the study group. Subsequently, the specimens were subjected to an apical filtration process of Chinese ink and transparency, while the apical filtration was evaluated with a stereoscopic microscope. The data were analyzed with the Mann-Whitney U test. Results: Inferential analysis showed that Biodentine® had less microleakage than MTA® with a statistically significant difference of 95% (p <0.034). Conclusion: Biodentine® cement showed greater apical sealing capacity than MTA® cement in retrograde fillings of single-root teeth ex vivo. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pit and Fissure Sealants , Retrograde Obturation , Silicate Cement , Calcarea Silicata
17.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(2): 16-35, May-Aug. 2020.
Article in English | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1253963

ABSTRACT

Objective: This systematic review was performed to evaluate the efficacy of glass carbomer when compared with other sealant materials in preventing carious lesions in children and retention in pit and fissures. Sources of data: The paper included only randomized clinical trials that compared pit and fissure sealants with glass carbomer and other sealant materials in children's permanent molars with at least six-monthfollow-up. A systematic search was performed in PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, BBO, Cochrane Library and Grey literature (December 2020/January 2021). The risk of bias tool from the Cochrane Collaboration was used for quality assessment of the studies and GRADE approach for the quality of the evidence. Meta-analysis was performed on studies from which data could be achieved. Synthesis of data: A total of 1685 papers were identified, 54 were selected for review. From these, 40 articles were excluded after the reading of the abstract and 14 articles were put aside for assessment. Eight papers were included in qualitative and quantitative synthesis. The prevalence of caries-free pit and fissures did not show differences after six (p=0.77; I2= 0%) or 12 months (p=0.60; I2= 0%) and the quality of the evidence was judged as low; after 24 months, other sealant materials performed better (p=0.30; I2=7%) and the quality as moderate. There were no differences in the retention rates of the different materials after six-month (p<0.0001; I2= 96%), 12-month follow-up (p<0.0001; I2= 99%) and 24 months (p<0.00001; I2= 100%); the quality of the evidence was considered very low. Conclusion: Glass carbomer sealants have a similar performance to other sealant materials when retention is considered. For the development of new carious lesions, other sealant materials performed better over time. However, new clinical trials are needed to corroborate these findings since it still lacks quality to the evidence raised.


Objetivo: Esta revisão sistemática foi realizada para avaliar a eficácia de selantes de fóssulas e fissuras em carbômero de vidro comparados a outros materiais seladores na prevenção de lesões cariosas em crianças e retenção em fóssulas e fissuras. Fontes dos dados: Este estudo incluiu apenas estudos clínicos randomizados que compararam selantes em carbômero de vidro com selantes em outros materiais em molares permanentes em crianças com um acompanhamento mínimo de 6 meses. Uma busca sistemática foi realizada nas bases de dados PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, BBO, Cochrane Library e literatura cinzenta. Resumos de IADR, registros de triagens clínicas não publicadas, bases de dissertações e teses também foram pesquisados. O risco de viés dos estudos foi avaliado por meio da ferramenta Cochrane e a qualidade da evidência com o GRADE. Metanálises foram realizadas com os estudos que permitiram a coleta de dados. Síntese dos dados: Um total de 1685 artigos foram identificados e 54 selecionados para revisão. Destes, 40 artigos foram excluídos depois da leitura do resumo e 8 foram incluídos na análise qualitativa e quantitativa. A prevalência de fóssulas e fissuras livres de cárie foi similar após 6 (p=0,77; I2= 0%) e 12 meses (p=0,60; I2= 0%) e qualidade da evidência foi considerada baixa; após 24 meses, os outros materiais tiveram melhor desempenho (p=0,30; I2=7%) com evidência moderada. Não houve diferença nas taxas de retenção dos diferentes materiais após 6 (p<0,0001; I2= 96%), 12 meses (p<0,0001; I2= 99%), ou 24 meses (p<0,0001; I2= 100%) de acompanhamento; a qualidade foi considerada muito baixa. Conclusão: Selantes de carbômero de vidro tem retenção similar aos outros materiais seladores utilizados. Em relação ao desenvolvimento de novas lesões de cárie, os outros materiais apresentaram melhor desempenho ao longo do tempo. Todavia, novos estudos clínicos devem ser desenvolvidos para corroborar estes achados, uma vez que há falta de qualidade na evidência obtida.


Subject(s)
Oral Health , Pit and Fissure Sealants , Dental Caries , Systematic Review , Molar
18.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(1): e2872, ene.-mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126486

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La microfiltración es uno de los problemas principales de todas las obturaciones a base de resina. Muchos estudios buscan optimizar un buen sellado marginal utilizando diversos acondicionadores, como el hipoclorito de sodio, que permite que el adhesivo penetre bien, al generar desproteinización, y el ácido fosfórico que permite remover el barro dentinario, y así de esta manera formar una capa híbrida al colocar el adhesivo. Objetivo: Evaluar el grado de sellado marginal de la resina Bulk Fill aplicando gel de hipoclorito de sodio 10 por ciento comparado con el gel de ácido fosfórico al 37 por ciento en el acondicionamiento dental in vitro. Métodos: El universo fue de 72 dientes con cavidades clase I; se separaron en 4 grupos por muestra de 18 dientes cada uno; después de obturar se realizó el termociclaje a 500 ciclos entre 5 °C a 55 °C; luego se sumergieron en azul de metileno 2 por ciento, durante 12 h y 24 h a temperatura de 37 °C. Finalmente se evaluó el sellado marginal en el estereomicroscopio, según el ISO / TS 11405: 2015, con los criterios siguientes: grado 0 (sin microfiltración), grado 1 (microfiltración hasta esmalte), grado 2 (microfiltración hasta dentina) y grado 3 (microfiltración hasta piso pulpar). Resultados: El acondicionamiento con ácido fosfórico 37 por ciento a las 12 h presentó grado 0 (55,6 por ciento) y grado 1 (33,3 por ciento), y a las 24 h, grado 1 (55,6 por ciento). Con respecto al hipoclorito de sodio 10 por ciento a las 12 h, grado 0 (44.4 por ciento) y a las 24 h predominó grado 1 (55,6 por ciento). Para la contrastación de hipótesis en muestras relacionadas se obtuvo en ácido fosfórico 37 por ciento e hipoclorito de sodio al 10 por ciento a las 12 h y 24 h un p= 0,052 y p= 0,584, respectivamente. Para comparaciones entre muestras independientes a las 12 h y 24 h se obtuvo p= 0,462 y p= 0,406, respectivamente. Conclusiones: El gel de hipoclorito de sodio al 10 por ciento presenta similar eficacia en el sellado marginal respecto al gel de ácido fosfórico al 37 por ciento, al utilizarlo como acondicionador dental(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Microfiltration is one of the main problems of all resin sealings. Many studies aim to optimize marginal sealing using a variety of conditioners, such as sodium hypochlorite, which allows good penetration of the adhesive by generating deproteinization, and phosphoric acid, which allows removal of the dental smear layer, thus creating a hybrid layer when the adhesive is placed. Objective: Evaluate the marginal sealing degree of Bulk Fill resin applying 10 percent sodium hypochlorite gel versus 37 percent phosphoric acid gel in in vitro dental conditioning. Methods: The study universe was 72 teeth with class I cavities, divided into four groups of 18 teeth. Upon sealing, thermal cycling was performed at 500 cycles from 5 ºC to 55 ºC. Next the teeth were submerged in 2 percent methylene blue for 12 h and 24 h at a temperature of 37 ºC. Finally marginal sealing was evaluated in the stereo microscope according to ISO / TS 11405: 2015, using the following scale: grade 0 (no microfiltration), grade 1 (microfiltration as far as the enamel), grade 2 (microfiltration as far as the dentin), and grade 3 (microfiltration as far as the pulp floor). Results: Conditioning with 37 percent phosphoric acid was grade 0 (55.6 percent) and grade 1 (33.3 percent) at 12 h, and grade 1 (55.6 percent) at 24 h, whereas conditioning with 10 percent sodium hypochlorite was grade 0 (44.4%) at 12 h, and predominantly grade 1 (55.6 percent) at 24 h. Hypothesis contrast in related samples yielded 37 percent phosphoric acid and 10 percent sodium hypochlorite at 12 h and 24 h, p= 0.052 and p= 0.584, respectively. Comparison between independent samples at 12 h and 24 h yielded p= 0.462 and p= 0.406, respectively. Conclusions: The 10 percent sodium hypochlorite gel has similar marginal sealing effectiveness as the 37 percent phosphoric acid gel when used as dental conditioners(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Phosphoric Acids/adverse effects , Pit and Fissure Sealants/therapeutic use , Sodium Hypochlorite/therapeutic use , Microstraining/methods , Smear Layer/etiology
19.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 20: e5114, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1135522

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the immediate microleakage of carious fissures sealed with a caries infiltrant covered by a flowable composite or solely with a flowable composite. Material and Methods: Extracted carious molars (n=20) were selected and paired among the experimental groups according to caries progression scores. Experimental groups (n=10) were divided according to the following sealing techniques: 1) caries infiltrant (Icon) + flowable composite (Z350 flow); 2) flowable composite (Z350 flow). Specimens were immersed in 3% methylene blue and evaluated in a stereomicroscope. Microleakage scores were attributed independently by two calibrated evaluators and the mode value was considered as the mean for the specimen. Binomial tests were used to test differences between two independent sample proportions at 5% significance level. Results: In the flowable composite group, a higher prevalence of dye penetration along the full depth of the fissure was observed, compared with caries infiltrant + flowable composite (p<0.05). For specimens showing dye penetration up to half of the fissure, in caries infiltrant + flowable composite group, all specimens showed dye penetration into the sealant, but not over the infiltrant. Conclusion: Using caries infiltrant as sealing material under a flowable composite cover is effective to improve the immediate sealing ability in carious fissures compared to sealing with flowable composite.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pit and Fissure Sealants/chemistry , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Leakage/diagnostic imaging , Dental Materials/chemistry , Molar , Brazil , Methylene Blue
20.
Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health ; : 20-25, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820821

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to estimate the financial budget of fluoride application in the National Health Insurance.METHODS: The amount of fluoride application was calculated by using the sealant rate (utilization rate 1), dental examination rate (utilization rate 2), and the average rate of these two (utilization rate 3) in children and adolescents. For the next five years, 100% of the existing fees were applied to estimate the financial budget.RESULTS: The total budget for children and adolescents was estimated to be 22.0 billion won minimum and 83.5 billion won maximum in the first year, and 104.8 billion won minimum and 398.5 billion won maximum up to the next five years. Moreover, in high risk groups, the total budget was estimated to be 4.2 billion won minimum and 16.1 billion won maximum in the first year, and 18.6 billion won minimum and 70.8 billion won maximum up to the next five years.CONCLUSIONS: The financial budget of fluoride application coverage for children and adolescents was similar or lower than that of the current dental sealants. It needs to implement promptly with the reason of financial saving over the long-term point of view. Based on this evidence, it is affordable and necessary to begin to promote oral health for children and adolescents.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Humans , Budgets , Fees and Charges , Fluorides , Insurance, Health , National Health Programs , Oral Health , Pit and Fissure Sealants
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL