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1.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 42: e06819, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1356555

ABSTRACT

Pasteurella pneumotropica is a bacterium that has so far not been described as a cause of placentitis in animals. Two cases of aborted equine fetuses were sent to the Department of Veterinary Pathology of the "Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul" (SPV-UFRGS) for anatomopathological examination. Both cases presented suppurative placentitis associated with multiple basophilic bacterial cells. After bacterial isolation and biochemical analysis, P. pneumotropica was identified.(AU)


Pasteurella pneumotropica é uma bactéria que até o momento não foi descrita como causa de placentite em animais. Dois casos de fetos equinos abortados foram enviados ao Setor de Patologia Veterinária da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (SPV-UFRGS) para exame anatomopatológico. Em ambos os casos se observou placentite supurativa associada a múltiplas colônias bacterianas basofílicas. Após o isolamento bacteriano e análise bioquímica, indentificou-se P. pneumotropica.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Pasteurella Infections/veterinary , Placenta/pathology , Abortion, Veterinary/etiology , Abortion, Veterinary/microbiology , Abortion, Veterinary/pathology , Pasteurella pneumotropica , Horses , Placenta Diseases/veterinary
2.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 69(1): 48-56, jan.-fev. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-834087

ABSTRACT

A placentite é a principal causa de partos prematuros, aborto e nascimento de potros comprometidos, podendo causar hipóxia e septicemia. A hematologia e a gasometria venosa fornecem informações importantes para o monitoramento da saúde de potros nascidos de éguas com placentite. O objetivo deste trabalho foi descrever os valores hematológicos e hemogasométricos durante as primeiras 24h de vida em potros nascidos de éguas mestiças Crioulas submetidas à indução experimental de placentite, com diferentes graus de maturidade. Foram utilizados 16 potros nascidos de éguas submetidas à indução experimental de placentite, divididos em três grupos de acordo com o grau de maturidade: prematuro (n=8), dismaturo (n=4) e a termo (n=4). Foram realizadas coletas sanguíneas nos momentos 0h, 12h e 24h para realização de hemograma completo e gasometria venosa. No eritrograma, foi observada anemia normocítica normocrômica no grupo prematuro em relação ao grupo dismaturo nas 12h e 24h. O grupo prematuro apresentou menor contagem de leucócitos totais nas 24h em relação ao grupo a termo (P=0,01). Os valores de pH, cHCO3 e SO2 não diferiram entre os grupos, porém os animais prematuros apresentaram acidose respiratória (pH=7,28). A PCO2 nos prematuros foi maior na 0h (P=0,02). Nos três grupos, a PCO2 apresentou uma curva adaptativa com redução dos valores durante as 12h e 24h. Os potros prematuros mostraram menores valores de excesso de base (BE) no nascimento (P=0,02), confirmando o quadro de acidose respiratória. Concluiu-se que as respostas hematológicas e hemogasométricas diferem entre potros com diferentes graus de maturidade. A acidose observada no grupo prematuro ao nascimento, com estabilização e resposta compensatória durante as 12h e 24h, demonstra a necessidade de avaliação hemogasométrica sequencial em potros de risco, o que permite a identificação da resposta clínica ao processo e, assim, auxilia no estabelecimento do tratamento e prognóstico para esses potros.(AU)


The placentitis is a major cause of premature birth, abortion and compromised foal delivery, and may result in hypoxia and sepsis. The blood gas analysis and hematology can provide important information for monitoring the foals born from mares with placentitis, with different degrees of maturity. The aim of this study was to describe the hematological and blood gas values during the first 24 hours of life in foals born from crossbreed mares with experimentally induced placentitis, presenting different degrees of maturity. Sixteen foals, born from mares with experimentally induced ascending placentitis were assigned to three groups according to degree of maturity: premature (n=8), dysmature (n=4), and full-term foals (n=4). Blood samples were collected at birth (0), at 12h and 24h, and hematological evaluation and blood gas variables were measured. In the premature group normocytic normochromic anemia was observed compared to dysmature group at 12h and 24h. The premature group showed lower count of white blood cells at 24h relative to the full-term group (p=0.01). The pH, cHCO3 and SO2 values do not differ among the groups; however the premature group showed respiratory acidosis (pH=7,28). The PCO2 was higher at 0h in the premature foals (p=0.02). In all groups, the PCO2 presented an adaptive curve with reduction between 12h and 24h. The premature foals showed lower base excess (BE) values at birth (p=0.02), confirming the respiratory acidosis in this group. We conclude that the hematological and blood gas response differs between foals with different degrees of maturity. Acidosis in the premature foals at birth, with stabilization and compensation of pH value during the first 12-24h demonstrate the necessity of sequential blood gas analysis in risk foals. This may help identify the clinical response to the process and assist in the establishment of adequate treatment and prognosis for these foals.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Animals, Newborn/blood , Blood Gas Analysis/veterinary , Horses , Placenta Diseases/veterinary , Acidosis, Respiratory/veterinary , Erythrocyte Count/veterinary
3.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 68(6): 1465-1469, nov.-dez. 2016. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-827932

ABSTRACT

Este estudo teve por objetivo estabelecer o proteinograma sérico em éguas com placentite induzida e em seus respectivos neonatos. Foram coletadas amostras de sangue das éguas em oito momentos diferentes e dos potros em quatro momentos. Para obtenção da concentração das frações proteicas, utilizou-se eletroforese em gel de acrilaminada contendo dodecil sulfato de sódio (SDS-PAGE). No método utilizado, foram observadas 23 bandas proteicas, cujos pesos moleculares variaram de 16KDa a 245KDa, sendo possível a identificação das seguintes frações: 175KDa, 102KDa, 83KDa, 63KDa, 50KDa, 41KDa, 39KDa e 28KDa. De todas as bandas proteicas encontradas, somente as de 39KDa e 41KDa apresentaram alteração na cinética nos momentos avaliados. De acordo com a solução marcadora, pode-se sugerir que essas proteínas seriam alfa1-glicoproteína ácida (39KDa) e haptoglobina (41KDa). A concentração de imunoglobulinas nos potros apresentou aumento significativo a partir das 12 horas de nascimento. Não está elucidado se estes níveis refletem a persistência do processo inflamatório placentário ou se são alterações fisiológicas do periparto. Não foram observadas alterações na cinética das proteínas nos potros nas primeiras 48 horas.(AU)


The aim of this paper was to identify the serum acute phase protein concentration in mares with induced placentitis and their neonates. Blood samples were collected from the mares in 8 different moments, and from the foals, in 4 moments. To obtain the concentration of protein fractions acrilaminada gel electrophoresis in sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS-PAGE) was used. In the used method 23 protein bands whose molecular weights ranged from 16kDa to 245kDa were observed, it is possible to identify the following fractions: 175kDa, 102kDa, 83kDa, 63kDa, 50kDa, 41kDa, 39kDa and 28kDa. Of all the protein bands found only the 39KDa and 41KDa have changes in the kinetics in the evaluated times. According to the marker solution, we would suggest that these proteins are alfa1-acid glycoprotein (39kDa) and haptoglobin (41kDa). The concentration of immunoglobulins in foals increased significantly from 12 hours of birth.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Acute-Phase Proteins/analysis , Animals, Newborn/blood , Horses/blood , Placenta Diseases/veterinary , Haptoglobins , Orosomucoid
4.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 35(11): 882-888, nov. 2015. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-767753

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar a presença de Brucella abortus e as lesões causadas por esse agente nos anexos fetais e nos fetos de búfalas. Para isso, 20 búfalas em diversos meses de gestação, sorologicamente positivas para brucelose, foram submetidas ao abate sanitário. A idade fetal foi determinada através de exames ultrassonográficos associados à mensuração dos fetos durante a necropsia. Do útero fechado desses animais foram coletadas amostras para histopatologia e qPCR. A partir do segundo mês de gestação foi possível detectar a presença de DNA de B. abortus em líquido amniótico, líquido alantoide e em útero e, a partir do quinto mês, na placenta, coração, baço, rim, pulmão, intestino, fígado e linfonodos dos fetos. Os principais achados anatomopatológicos foram placentite fibrinopurulenta necrótica e endometrite supurativa crônica...


The objective of this study was to detect Brucella abortus and injuries caused by the bacteria in fetal membranes and fetuses. Twenty buffaloes serologically positive for brucellosis were used and subjected to stamping for collection of material from the closed uterus of several months gestation. Fetal age was determined by ultrasound examination and the size of fetuses was measured at necropsy. The samples were subjected to histopathology and qPCR. From the second month of pregnancy on it was possible to detect the presence of B. abortus DNA in amniotic fluid, allantoic liquid and uterus, and from the fifth month on in placenta, heart, spleen, kidney, lung, intestine, liver and lymph nodes of the fetuses. The main pathological findings were fibrinous suppurative necrotic placentitis, and chronic endometritis...


Subject(s)
Animals , Brucella abortus/isolation & purification , Buffaloes/injuries , Prenatal Injuries/diagnosis , Prenatal Injuries/veterinary , Brucellosis/veterinary , Placenta Diseases/veterinary , Endometritis/veterinary , Pregnancy, Animal , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary
5.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 66(6): 1662-1670, 12/2014. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-735754

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se descrever a maturidade neonatal através da resposta clínica, comportamental e hematológica de potros nascidos de éguas com placentite. Participaram do estudo seis potros nascidos de éguas submetidas à indução experimental de placentite ascendente através da infusão intracervical de Streptococcus equi subespécie zooepidemicus e tratadas com Sulfa-trimetoprim e Flunixin meglumine. A formação dos grupos neonatais foi realizada de acordo com o grau de viabilidade e sobrevivência até 60 horas: Grupo Não Sobreviventes (n=2); Grupo Debilitados (n=2); Grupo Saudáveis (n=2). Foi considerado o tempo de gestação, período de intervalo inoculação-parto, avaliação comportamental, clínica e hematológica. O Grupo dos potros Saudáveis apresentou maior tempo de gestação (320±2 dias) e maior intervalo inoculação-parto (20,5±2,5 dias). Os Grupos Não Sobreviventes e Debilitados apresentaram atraso para decúbito esternal e reflexo de sucção. Foi observada bradicardia e hipotermia com 48h de vida no Grupo Não Sobreviventes. Os potros do Grupo Não Sobreviventes e Saudáveis apresentaram leucopenia no nascimento com discretas variações até as 48h. Os potros nascidos de éguas com placentite ascendente e tratadas demonstraram evolução clínica e respostas neonatais distintas. Conclui-se que, quanto maior o tempo de manutenção da gestação após a injúria placentária, melhor será a maturação fetal, o que refletirá em viabilidade e melhor capacidade de resposta neonatal...


The aim of this study was to describe the neonatal maturity through clinical, behavioral and hematologic response of foals born from mares with placentitis. Were used six foals born from mares subjected to experimentally induced ascending placentitis through intracervical infusion of Streptococcus equi subspecies zooepidemicus and treated with trimethoprim sulfametoxazole and flunixin meglumine. The neonatal groups were performed according to the viability and survival rate up to 60 hours: No Survivors group (n = 2); Debilitated group (n = 2); Healthy group (n = 2). Gestational length, the period between inoculation and delivery, and behavioral, clinical and hematologic evaluations were considered. The Healthy group showed longer gestation length (320±2 days) and longer inoculation-delivery interval (20.5±2.5 days). No Survivors and Debilitated groups showed delay in sternal recumbency and sucking reflex. Bradycardia and hypothermia was observed at 48 hours of life in No Survivors Group. Foals from No Survivors and Healthy groups showed leukopenia at birth with slight variations until 48h. Foals born from mares with ascending placentitis and treated showed distinct clinical and neonatal responses. It is concluded that the longer the maintenance of gestation after placental injury, better is the fetal maturation, which reflects in better viability and ability to neonatal response...


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Equidae , Streptococcus equi , Placenta Diseases/veterinary , Gestational Age , Hematology , Pregnancy, Animal
6.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 45(1): 13-20, mar. 2013. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-672049

ABSTRACT

La brucelosis ovina por Brucella ovis es una enfermedad de prevalencia alta en Argentina. Para evaluar la patogenicidad de B. ovis y la respuesta serológica durante el último mes de gestación, 6 ovejas se distribuyeron en dos grupos: G1, ovejas preñadas, n = 4 y G2, ovejas no preñadas, n = 2. Tres ovejas del G1 (15 días preparto) y una del G2 fueron inoculadas con B. ovis. Se analizaron muestras de suero mediante diferentes pruebas serológicas. Se realizó aislamiento y PCR a partir de mucus cérvico-vaginal (mcv), placenta y leche. En las muestras de placenta se realizó histopatología. Las hembras del G1 parieron corderos vivos; se detectaron anticuerpos en las ovejas desafiadas del G1 a partir de los 5 días posinoculación. El mcv de las ovejas desafiadas resultó negativo al aislamiento en ambos grupos. Las muestras de leche del G1 fueron positivas por cultivo y PCR a B. ovis. La técnica de PCR resultó positiva en las placentas de las ovejas desafiadas del G1. La histopatología reveló una placentitis necrótica supurativa en una de las ovejas desafiadas. El desafío con B. ovis preparto resultó en la invasión de la placenta y de la glándula mamaria, con la consecuente excreción de la bacteria por leche. La infección con B. ovis indujo una respuesta humoral temprana en las ovejas. La colonización de la placenta por B. ovis y la excreción de la bacteria por la leche sugieren un potencial riesgo de infección activa para los corderos y la posibilidad de que estos se comporten como portadores latentes de la infección.


Ovine brucellosis by Brucella ovis is a highly prevalent disease in Argentina. This study aimed to evaluate the pathogenicity of B. ovis and the serological response in ewes during late pregnancy and in their offspring. Six adult ewes were distributed in two groupsGI (pregnant females, n = 4) and G2 (nonpregnant females, n = 2). Three pregnant ewes at 15 days prepartum and one nonpregnant eve were inoculated with B. ovis. Sera of sheep and their offspring were analyzed by different serological tests. Samples of cervicovaginal mucus, placenta and milk were studied by bacteriology. A Brucella genus-specific PCR assay was carried out in placenta and milk samples. Placenta samples were hystopathologically processed. G1 females gave birth to live lambs, but one died hours postpartum. Serological techniques employed detected antibodies in serum of inoculated pregnant animal 5 days postchallenge. Sera of female controls G1 and G2 remained negative throughout the study. Cervicovaginal mucus of infected ewes in G1 and G2 yielded negative results to bacteriology, but B. ovis was isolated from milk. The PCR assay was positive for the placenta and milk from inoculated pregnant ewes. Histopathology revealed necrotic suppurative placentitis in one placenta. However, although results demonstrated that B. ovis can invade the placenta and mammary gland, this bacterium did not cause abortion when it was inoculated intravenously at 15 days prepartum. B. ovis infection induced an early humoral response in pregnant ewes, but their lambs remained seronegative, indicating that there was no transfer of antibodies in infancy. Placenta colonization and milk excretion of B. ovis involves a potential source of infection for lambs, which could play a role as latent carriers of infection.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Brucella ovis/pathogenicity , Brucellosis/veterinary , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/veterinary , Sheep Diseases/microbiology , Abortion, Veterinary , Animals, Newborn/immunology , Antibodies, Bacterial/blood , Brucella ovis/immunology , Brucellosis/complications , Brucellosis/immunology , Brucellosis/microbiology , Brucellosis/transmission , Cervix Mucus/microbiology , DNA, Bacterial/analysis , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical/veterinary , Mammary Glands, Animal/microbiology , Milk/microbiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Placenta Diseases/immunology , Placenta Diseases/microbiology , Placenta Diseases/veterinary , Placenta/microbiology , Placenta/pathology , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/immunology , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/microbiology , Sheep Diseases/immunology , Sheep Diseases/transmission , Sheep/immunology , Sheep/microbiology
7.
Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences [AJVS]. 1987; 3 (2): 311-7
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-8380

ABSTRACT

This investigation was done to show the effect of beta 2-adrenoceptor blocker on the expulsion of the placenta in dairy cows. Twenty-eight cows were injected with beta 2-blocker carazolol [Suacron] immediately following parturition. Sixteen cows were injected with saline and served as control. Carazolol significantly reduced incidence of retained placenta [X 2 = 4.62]. Meanwhile, the placenta was dropped in a significantly shorter time [4.67 vis 7.04 hours] in treated and control cows, respectively. Carazolol was useful to reduce the incidence of retained placenta when prophylactically administered after parturition


Subject(s)
Cattle , Placenta Diseases/veterinary
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