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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888006

ABSTRACT

Viscum plants,the evergreen perennial parasitic shrubs or subshrubs,are mainly distributed in tropical and subtropical regions. There are about 70 Viscum species around the world,including 11 species and one variety in China. Mistletoe lectins are typeⅡ ribosome-inactivating proteins( RIPs) extracted from Viscum plants with anticancer and immunoregulatory activities. Many studies have focused on the mistletoe lectins isolated from V. album in Europe and V. album var. coloratum distributed in South Korea,respectively,and several preparations,such as Iscucin Ⓡ,were developed and clinically applied for cancer treatment. Although Viscum plants are widely distributed in China,only a few studies of mistletoe lectins have been reported. The recent progress of mistletoe lectins was reviewed from extraction,purification,quantitative/qualitative detection,molecular structure,pharmacological activities,toxicities,and clinical application,aiming at providing a reference for in-depth research and utilization of mistletoe lectins produced in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lectins , Plant Extracts , Plant Lectins , Plant Proteins/genetics , Toxins, Biological , Viscum
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1155-1167, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878621

ABSTRACT

With the constant change of global climate, plants are often affected by multiple abiotic stresses such as heat stress, drought stress, cold stress and saline-alkali stress. Heat shock transcription factors (HSFs) are a class of transcription factors widely existing in plants to respond to a variety of abiotic stresses. In this article, we review and summarize the structure, signal regulation mechanism of HSFs and some research in plants like Arabidopsis thaliana, tomato, rice and soybean, to provide reference for further elucidating the role of HSFs in the stress regulation network.


Subject(s)
Arabidopsis/metabolism , Droughts , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Heat Shock Transcription Factors/genetics , Plant Proteins/genetics , Stress, Physiological , Transcription Factors/metabolism
3.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 45: 10-18, May 15, 2020. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177381

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: APETALA3 (AP3) has significant roles in petal and stamen development in accordance with the classical ABC model. RESULTS: The AP3 homolog, CDM19, from Chrysanthemum morifolium cv. Jinba was cloned and sequenced. Sequence and phylogenetic analyses revealed that CDM19 is of DEF/AP3 lineage possessing the characteristic MIKC-type II structure. Expression analysis showed that CDM19 was transcribed in petals and stamens of ray and disc florets with weak expression in the carpels. Ectopic expression of CDM19 in Arabidopsis wild-type background altered carpel development resulting in multi-carpel siliques. CDM19 could only partially rescue the Arabidopsis ap3­­3 mutant. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that CDM19 may partially be involved in petal and stamen development in addition to having novel function in carpel development.


Subject(s)
Plant Proteins/physiology , Plant Proteins/genetics , Arabidopsis/growth & development , Chrysanthemum , Flowers/growth & development , Ectopic Gene Expression
4.
Biol. Res ; 52: 14, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011416

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Drought is a major abiotic stress affecting global wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production. Exploration of drought-tolerant genes is essential for the genetic improvement of drought tolerance in wheat. Previous studies have shown that some histone encoding genes are involved in plant drought tolerance. However, whether the H2B family genes are involved in drought stress response remains unclear. METHODS: Here, we identified a wheat histone H2B family gene, TaH2B-7D, which was significantly up-regulated under drought stress conditions. Virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) technology was used to further verify the function of TaH2B-7D in wheat drought tolerance. The phenotypic and physiological changes were examined in the TaH2B-7D knock-down plants. RESULTS: In the TaH2B-7D knock-down plants, relative electrolyte leakage rate and malonaldehyde (MDA) content significantly increased, while relative water content (RWC) and proline content significantly decreased compared with those in the non-knocked-down plants under drought stress conditions. TaH2B-7D knock-down plants exhibited severe sagging, wilting and dwarf phenotypes under drought stress conditions, but not in the non-knocked-down plants, suggesting that the former were more sensitive to drought stress. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that TaH2B-7D potentially plays a vital role in conferring drought tolerance in wheat.


Subject(s)
Plant Proteins/genetics , Stress, Physiological/genetics , Triticum/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant/genetics , Gene Silencing , Droughts , Phenotype , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Stress, Physiological/physiology , Triticum/metabolism , Plants, Genetically Modified/genetics , Plant Physiological Phenomena/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
5.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 36: 34-46, nov. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048187

ABSTRACT

Background: Somatic embryogenesis receptor-like kinase 1 (SERK1) is a cell membrane receptor active in different plant tissues and involved in cell differentiation activities including somatic embryogenesis. The identification of promoter elements responsible for SERK1 expression during the onset of somatic embryogenesis can be useful to understand the molecular regulation of the cell-to embryo transition, and these promoter elements represent biotechnological tools in plant organ tissue culture. Results: A −1,620 bp DNA sequence located upstream of the Coffea canephora SERK1 gene homologue (CcSERK1) was isolated, and then, different segments containing key response elements (REs) for somatic embryogenesis onset and development were fused to the uidA (encoding a ß-glucuronidase, GUS) reporter gene to evaluate its expression in transgenic leaf explants. DNA segments of −1,620 and −1048 bp in length directed uidA expression with patterns in leaf explants similar to those occurring during somatic embryogenesis. When a −792-bp fragment was used, uidA expression disappeared only in leaf explants and pro-embryogenic mass but persisted in developing embryos. No uidA expression was detected in any embryogenic stage when a −618-bp fragment was used. Conclusion: DNA deletions showed that a −1048-bp sequence located upstream of the CcSERK1 gene is sufficient to direct gene expression during the onset and the development of C. canephora somatic embryogenesis. The DNA segment located between −1048 and −792 bp (containing BBM and WUS REs) is needed for gene expression before embryogenesis onset but not during embryo development. The promoter segment between −792 and −618 bp (including GATA, ARR1AT, and ANT REs) regulates gene expression in developing embryos.


Subject(s)
Plant Proteins/genetics , Protein Kinases/genetics , Coffea/genetics , Biotechnology , Gene Expression , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Plants, Genetically Modified , Cloning, Molecular , Genes, Reporter , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Embryonic Development
6.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 31: 75-83, Jan. 2018. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1022130

ABSTRACT

Background: Phalaenopsis is an important ornamental flowering plant that belongs to the Orchidaceae family and is cultivated worldwide. Phalaenopsis has a long juvenile phase; therefore, it is important to understand the genetic elements regulating the transition from vegetative phase to reproductive phase. In this study, FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) homologs in Phalaenopsis were cloned, and their effects on flowering were analyzed. Results: A total of five FT-like genes were identified in Phalaenopsis. Phylogenetic and expression analyses of these five FT-like genes indicated that some of these genes might participate in the regulation of flowering. A novel FT-like gene, PhFT-1, distantly related to previously reported FT genes in Arabidopsis and other dicot crops, was also found to be a positive regulator of flowering as heterologous expression of PhFT-1 in Arabidopsis causes an early flowering phenotype. Conclusions: Five FT homologous genes from Phalaenopsis orchid were identified, and PhFT-1 positively regulates flowering.


Subject(s)
Plant Proteins/genetics , Arabidopsis , Orchidaceae/genetics , Flowers/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Cloning, Molecular , Genes, Plant/genetics , Computational Biology , Orchidaceae/growth & development , Flowers/growth & development
7.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 48(3): 537-543, July-Sept. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889126

ABSTRACT

Abstract Metallothioneins are a superfamily of low-molecular-weight, cysteine (Cys)-rich proteins that are believed to play important roles in protection against metal toxicity and oxidative stress. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of heterologous expression of a rice metallothionein isoform (OsMTI-1b) on the tolerance of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to Cd2+, H2O2 and ethanol stress. The gene encoding OsMTI-1b was cloned into p426GPD as a yeast expression vector. The new construct was transformed to competent cells of S. cerevisiae. After verification of heterologous expression of OsMTI-1b, the new strain and control were grown under stress conditions. In comparison to control strain, the transformed S. cerevisiae cells expressing OsMTI-1b showed more tolerance to Cd2+ and accumulated more Cd2+ ions when they were grown in the medium containing CdCl2. In addition, the heterologous expression of GST-OsMTI-1b conferred H2O2 and ethanol tolerance to S. cerevisiae cells. The results indicate that heterologous expression of plant MT isoforms can enhance the tolerance of S. cerevisiae to multiple stresses.


Subject(s)
Plant Proteins/genetics , Oryza/genetics , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolism , Cadmium/metabolism , Gene Expression , Ethanol/metabolism , Hydrogen Peroxide/metabolism , Metallothionein/genetics , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genetics , Oxidative Stress , Protein Isoforms/genetics , Protein Isoforms/metabolism , Metallothionein/metabolism
8.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 113(5): 425-432, oct. 2015. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-757064

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La residencia de terapia intensiva pediátrica (TIP) tiene pocos años de desarrollo en nuestro país. Conocer su situación brinda la posibilidad de establecer estrategias para contribuir al desarrollo y capacitación de profesionales. Objetivos. 1) Describir las características de las residencias de TIP del país. 2) Evaluar si existen características que se relacionen con una mayor ocupación de las vacantes. 3) Explorar la inserción laboral en el hospital formador de los residentes. Diseño. Descriptivo, observacional. Encuesta nacional. Criterios de inclusión. Residencias de TIP funcionales entre el 1/4/2014 y el 31/5/2014. Resultados. Se analizaron 31 residencias. Solo 11/31 tenían volumen de internación anual >400 pacientes. No había normas y/o criterios de atención en 9/31. En 17/31, el programa estuvo adecuado al marco de referencia nacional. Hubo 13/31 que no contaban con jefe ni instructor de residentes. Fueron acreditadas por el Ministerio de Salud 5/31. Hubo 65 vacantes; el número aumentó en los últimos 4 años; la ocupación disminuyó de 59% en 2009 a 30% en 2013. El 60% de los residentes tuvo inserción laboral en la TIP formadora. El análisis de regresión logística multivariado identificó la variable ingresos anuales > 400 pacientes como predictora independiente de ocupación de vacantes > 60%. Conclusiones. 1) Hay un déficit en la ocupación de cargos. 2) El número de residencias acreditadas es escaso. 3) Las unidades de cuidados intensivos pediátricos con mayor número de ingresos se asociaron a una mayor cobertura de vacantes. 4) Más de la mitad de los residentes se insertaron laboralmente en la TIP formadora.


Introduction. Pediatric intensive care residency programs have been in place in Argentina for just a few years. Knowing their status offers the possibility to establish strategies to help with professional development and training. Objectives. 1) To describe the characteristics of pediatric intensive care residency programs across Argentina. 2) To assess whether certain characteristics are related to a higher vacancy filling rate. 3) To assess job placement in the hospital where residents are trained. Design. Descriptive, observational study. National survey. Inclusion criteria. Pediatric intensive care residency programs in place between April 1st, 2014 and May 31st, 2014. Results. Thirty-one residency programs were analyzed. Only 11/31 had an annual hospitalization volume >400patients. There were no guidelines and/or criteria for care in 9/31. The program suited the national reference frameworkin17/31. There was no head ofresidents or resident trainer in 13/31. Only 5/31 had been certified by the Ministry of Health. There were 65 vacancies; this number increased in the past four years; vacancy filling rate decreased from 59% in 2009 to 30% in 2013. Sixty percent of residents got a job in the pediatric intensive care unit where they were trained. A multivariate logistic regression analysis identified the outcome measure annual hospitalization volume >400 patients as an independent predictor of vacancy filling rate >60%. Conclusions. 1) Vacancy filling is deficient. 2) The number of certified residency programs is scarce. 3) Pediatric intensive care units with a higher number of hospitalizations were associated with a higher vacancy filling rate. 4) More than half of residents got a job in the pediatric intensive care unit where they were trained.


Subject(s)
Cloning, Molecular , Dioxygenases/genetics , Fruit/genetics , Gene Expression , Malus/genetics , Plant Proteins/genetics , Stress, Physiological/genetics , Amino Acid Sequence , Chromosome Mapping , Dioxygenases/chemistry , Fruit/growth & development , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Introns , Molecular Sequence Data , Malus/classification , Malus/growth & development , Phylogeny , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Plant Proteins/chemistry , Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid , Sequence Alignment , Sequence Analysis, DNA
9.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2015 Feb; 52 (1): 95-100
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-157960

ABSTRACT

Salt stress is one of the major abiotic stresses limiting grain yield in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Wheat early salt-stress response gene (WESR3) is one of the major salt stress genes, which is affected in the first phase of salt stress. In this study, sequence and structural analysis of protein coded by WESR3 gene was carried out using various bioinformatics tools. Sequence analysis of WESR3 protein revealed the presence of highly conserved regions of Mlo gene family. Three-dimensional modeling was carried out to elucidate its structure and its active site. The sequence analysis revealed that WESR3 protein might be involved in fungal pathogen attack pathway. Thus, in addition to its involvement in abiotic stresses, it also seemed to play an important part in biotic stress pathways. Out of the three modeled protein structures obtained from I-TASSER, HHPred and QUARK, the I-TASSER protein model was the best model based on high confidence score and lesser number of bad contacts. The Ramchandran plot analysis also showed that all amino acid residues of I-TASSER model lie in the allowed region and thus indicating towards the overall good quality of the predicted model. Seventeen active sites were predicted in the protein bearing resemblance to the Mlo family conserved regions. In conclusion, a detailed analysis of WESR3 protein suggested an important role of WESR3 in biotic and abiotic stress. These results aid to the experimental data and help to build up a complete view of WESR3 proteins and their role in plant stress response.


Subject(s)
Computer Simulation/methods , /genetics , Plant Proteins/analysis , Plant Proteins/genetics , Sodium Chloride/physiology , Stress, Physiological , /genetics , /physiology
10.
Ciênc. saúde coletiva ; 20(2): 449-460, 02/2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-742218

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar os motivos das faltas às consultas odontológicas em Unidades de Saúde da Família (USF) e implementar estratégias para sua redução por meio da pesquisa-ação. O estudo foi realizado em 12 USF de Piracicaba/SP, de 01 de janeiro a 31 de dezembro de 2010. A amostra se consistiu de 385 usuários, entrevistados por telefone, sobre os motivos das faltas, além de 12 cirurgiões-dentistas e 12 enfermeiras. Realizaram-se duas oficinas com os profissionais: uma para problematização dos dados coletados nas entrevistas e elaboração de estratégias; e outra após 4 meses, para avaliação. O maior motivo de faltas foi a coincidência do horário de funcionamento das unidades com o de trabalho dos usuários. Dentre as estratégias ressaltou-se a realização de palestras sobre saúde bucal, educação permanente nas reuniões de equipe, capacitação dos Agentes Comunitários de Saúde, participação em grupos terapêuticos e parcerias entre Equipe de Saúde Bucal e equipamentos sociais da comunidade. A adoção de prontuário único foi a estratégia desafiadora encontrada pelos profissionais. Concluiu-se que as estratégias implementadas levaram à diminuição das faltas em 66,6% e o caráter motivador das oficinas possibilitou a reflexão crítica para o redirecionamento da prática em saúde.


The aim of this study was to analyze the reasons for missed appointments in dental Family Health Units (FHU) and implement strategies to reduce same through action research. This is a study conducted in 12 FHUs in Piracicaba in the State of São Paulo from January, 1 to December, 31 2010. The sample was composed of 385 users of these health units who were interviewed over the phone and asked about the reasons for missing dental appointments, as well as 12 dentists and 12 nurses. Two workshops were staged with professionals: the first to assess the data collected in interviews and develop strategy, and the second for evaluation after 4 months. The primary cause for missed appointments was the opening hours of the units coinciding with the work schedule of the users. Among the strategies suggested were lectures on oral health, ongoing education in team meetings, training of Community Health Agents, participation in therapeutic groups and partnerships between Oral Health Teams and the social infrastructure of the community. The adoption of the single medical record was the strategy proposed by professionals. The strategies implemented led to a 66.6% reduction in missed appointments by the units and the motivating nature of the workshops elicited critical reflection to redirect health practices.


Subject(s)
Cysteine Endopeptidases/metabolism , Enzyme Precursors/metabolism , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Amino Acid Sequence , Biocatalysis , Computer Simulation , Cysteine Endopeptidases/chemistry , Cysteine Endopeptidases/genetics , Cysteine Proteinase Inhibitors/chemistry , Cysteine Proteinase Inhibitors/metabolism , Cysteine Proteinase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Enzyme Activation , Enzyme Precursors/antagonists & inhibitors , Enzyme Precursors/chemistry , Enzyme Precursors/genetics , Hot Temperature , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Hydrolysis , Isoenzymes/antagonists & inhibitors , Isoenzymes/chemistry , Isoenzymes/genetics , Isoenzymes/metabolism , Kinetics , Leucine/analogs & derivatives , Leucine/chemistry , Leucine/metabolism , Leucine/pharmacology , Models, Molecular , Molecular Sequence Data , Protein Conformation , Protein Folding , Protein Stability , Plant Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors , Plant Proteins/chemistry , Plant Proteins/genetics , Recombinant Proteins/chemistry , Recombinant Proteins/metabolism
12.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2013 Dec; 51(12): 1130-1136
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-150302

ABSTRACT

The genomic and cDNA sequences of BnSUT1C were isolated from B. napus. Combination of cDNA and genomic DNA sequences revealed that the BnSUT1C gene contained three exons and two introns. The cDNA encodes a protein of 513 amino acids with a calculated molecular mass of 54.7 kDa and an isoelectric point of 9.12. It exhibits typical features of sucrose transporter with 12 trans-membranes spanning domains. BnSUT1C showed highly homologous with AtSUC1 and AtSUC5. A histidine residue, which is conserved across all functional sucrose transporter proteins in higher plants, is located at position 66 of the BnSUT1C. Two putative pollen-specific cis-elements, AGAAA and GTGA motifs, are located in 5′-upstream of BnSUT1C. The spatial and temporal expression patterns carried out by semi-quantitative RT-PCR and Real-Time PCR, which indicated that BnSUT1C predominantly expressed in later developmental stages of anther, as tapetal cells began to shrink and collapse. BnSUT1C could mediate the uptake of sucrose in the pollen and retrieval of tapetal degenerated products during pollen maturation.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Arabidopsis/genetics , Base Sequence , Brassica napus/genetics , Cloning, Molecular , DNA/genetics , DNA, Complementary/genetics , Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Membrane Transport Proteins/isolation & purification , Plant Proteins/genetics , Plant Proteins/isolation & purification , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Transcriptome
13.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-144080

ABSTRACT

WRKY transcription factor proteins play important roles in diverse stress responses. In this study, we first cloned a novel WRKY from our constructed bacteriophage full-length cDNA library for cotton (Gossypium barbadense). The plants were stressed by exposure to a defoliating strain of Verticillium dahliae. The capacity of primary cDNA library was 1.28 × 106 PFU and the titer of the amplified cDNA library was >1010 PFU mL–1. The recombination rate of the library was 94% and average insert size was about 1.1 kb. This novel gene, named GbWRKY1 was 1971 bp long and encodes a protein of 489 amino acids. It contains two characteristic WRKY domains and two zinc finger motifs. The sub-cellular assay indicated that GbWRKY1–GFP fusion protein was localized in the nucleus. Furthermore, Northern blot analysis showed that expression pattern of GbWRKY1 was similar among tissue types (roots, stems and leaves), but differed between pathogen-infiltrated and Czapek medium-infiltrated (untreated control) plants. Quantitative real-time PCR showed that GbWRKY1 could also be induced by salicylic acid (SA), methyl jasmonate (MeJA) and 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC). These findings clearly suggest that as a pathogen-inducible transcription factor GbWRKY1 plays an important role in plant defense responses.


Subject(s)
DNA/chemistry , Genes/analysis , Gossypium/genetics , Plant Proteins/genetics , Plant Proteins/isolation & purification , Verticillium/isolation & purification , Genes, Plant , DNA, Plant/genetics
14.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2012 Jun; 49(3): 143-154
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-140230

ABSTRACT

Chemical genomics is a newly emerged and rapidly progressing field in biology, where small chemical molecules bind specifically and reversibly to protein(s) to modulate their function(s), leading to the delineation and subsequent unravelling of biological processes. This approach overcomes problems like lethality and redundancy of classical genetics. Armed with the powerful techniques of combinatorial synthesis, high-throughput screening and target discovery chemical genomics expands its scope to diverse areas in biology. The well-established genetic system of Arabidopsis model allows chemical genomics to enter into the realm of plant biology exploring signaling pathways of growth regulators, endomembrane signaling cascades, plant defense mechanisms and many more events.


Subject(s)
Arabidopsis/chemistry , Arabidopsis/genetics , Arabidopsis/metabolism , Genomics/methods , Molecular Biology , Plant Proteins/chemistry , Plant Proteins/genetics , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Plants/chemistry , Plants/genetics , Plants/metabolism , Small Molecule Libraries
15.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2012 Feb; 49(1): 36-41
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-140216

ABSTRACT

A gene OsZnI encoding Cys3/His1-type zinc finger protein was isolated from the water stress-induced cDNA library of rice (Oryza sativa) cv. N-22, an early maturing, deep-rooted, drought-tolerant genotype adapted to upland conditions. The in-silico analysis revealed an insert of 800 bp with an ORF of 663 nucleotides, encoding 221 amino acids. OsZnI had three distinct features — nuclear localization signal (NLS) present in Arg152-Arg168, Zn finger domain between 185-193 amino acids and 12 amino acids conserved domain in 71-82 amino acids homologous to LEA motif, and belonged to C-type family of Zn finger protein. OsZnI showed induced expression under water deficit stress.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence/genetics , Base Sequence/genetics , Cloning, Molecular/methods , Conserved Sequence/genetics , Dehydration/genetics , Droughts , Genes, Plant/genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Oryza/genetics , Plant Extracts/genetics , Plant Extracts/metabolism , Plant Leaves/genetics , Plant Leaves/metabolism , Plant Proteins/genetics , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Transcription Factors/genetics , Zinc Fingers/genetics
16.
Rev. salud pública ; 16(3): 361-370, 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-729647

ABSTRACT

Objetivo Visando conhecer o impacto das demandas judiciais sobre a organização dos serviços públicos de saúde, realizou-se uma revisáo sistemática com enfoque na "judicialização da saúde" para fornecimento de medicamentos. Métodos Foram analisados artigos originais publicados no período de 2007 a 2011, na literatura nacional e internacional, resultando no total de 49239 artigos disponíveis nas bases de dados Science Direct e BIREME. Resultados A pesquisa indicou predominância da bibliografia proveniente do Brasil, principalmente do sudeste, bem como de estudo realizado na Colômbia. Discursáo Dentre os pleitos, configuraram-se como principais agravos relatados as doenças crônicas, podendo-se citar: diabetes, hipertensáo, cânceres e artrite reumatóide. Por serem afecções parte de programas específicos do Sistema Único de Saúde, a dificuldade de acesso a esses fármacos e consequente judicialização da saúde demonstrou a fragilidade das políticas públicas existentes. Conclusão Por fim, conclui-se que a via judicial, apesar de ser uma estratégia para garantir o acesso ao medicamento, apresenta inabilidade para lidar com o julgamento das ações e gera, dessa forma, distorções no fluxo dos sistemas públicos.


Objective A systematic review, focusing on the judicialisation of health regarding gaining access to medicines, was aimed at understanding the impact of lawsuits on the organisation of public health services. Method Original articles published between 2007 and 2011 in the pertinent national and international literature were analysed, resulting in 49,239 articles being found in Science Direct and BIREME databases. Results The survey indicated a predominance of literature from Brazil, mainly the southeast, as well as a study from Colombia. Discussion The aforementioned chronic disease-related claims involved diabetes, high blood pressure, cancer and rheumatoid arthritis. Forming part of specific Unified Healthcare System programmes highlighted the difficulty in gaining access to the appropriate medicine and consequent health judicialisation demonstrated the fragility of existing public policy. Conclusion It was concluded that the courts (despite being a strategy for ensuring access to medicine) were unable to deal with the current spate of lawsuits, thereby leading to disruption regarding the flow of public systems.


Objetivo El estudio tiene como objetivo evaluar el impacto de las demandas judiciales sobre la organización de los servicios públicos de salud, mediante la realización de una revisión sistemática centrada en el uso de los tribunales para el suministro de medicamentos. Método Fueron identificados 49239 artículos en las bases de datos Science Direct e BIREME. Resultado El estudio indicó que la mayor parte de la bibliografía es de Brasil, con uno estudio en Colombia. Discusión Aparecen como los principales trastornos de salud relatados a las enfermedades crónicas, se pueden citar: la diabetes, la hipertensión, el cáncer y la artritis reumatoide. Debido a que son parte de los programas específicos de lo sistema de salud, la dificultad de acceso a estos fármacos y la consiguiente judicialización de la salud de manifiesto la fragilidad de las políticas públicas existentes. Conclusiones Por último, está la conclusión de que los tribunales, a pesar de ser una estrategia para garantizar el acceso a la medicina, presenta incapacidad para hacer frente al juicio de las acciones y por lo tanto genera distorsiones en el flujo de los sistemas públicos.


Subject(s)
Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases/genetics , Cacao/enzymology , Leucine/analogs & derivatives , Seeds/enzymology , Amino Acid Sequence , Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases/drug effects , Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases/metabolism , Cloning, Molecular , Cacao/genetics , Coumarins/pharmacology , DNA, Complementary/chemistry , DNA, Complementary/genetics , DNA, Complementary/isolation & purification , Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Isoenzymes/drug effects , Isoenzymes/genetics , Isoenzymes/metabolism , Leucine/pharmacology , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Pepstatins/pharmacology , Plant Proteins/genetics , Plant Proteins/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Seeds/genetics , Yarrowia/genetics , Yarrowia/metabolism
17.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2011 June; 48(3): 170-174
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-135316

ABSTRACT

A 1312 bp 5' flanking region of Salicornia europaea choline monooxygenase (SeCMO) gene was isolated using the anchored PCR. To investigate the mechanism of regulation for this stress-induced gene, the SeCMO promoter--glucuronidase (GUS) chimeric gene constructs containing five deletions F1, F2, F3, F4 and F5 were introduced into tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. The functional properties of each promoter fragment were examined by assaying GUS activity in the leaves of transgenic tobacco treated with abiotic stresses (NaCl, PEG6000 and low temperature). The GUS activity in transgenic tobacco with F2 (-1056 to +8) construct showed highest increase under all the three abiotic stresses. Thus, the study provided a potential promoter induced by the salt, dehydration and cold for the plant genetic manipulation.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Chenopodiaceae/genetics , Chenopodiaceae/metabolism , Cold Temperature , Glucuronidase/biosynthesis , Glucuronidase/genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Oxygenases/genetics , Plant Proteins/genetics , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Plants, Genetically Modified/enzymology , Plants, Genetically Modified/genetics , Polyethylene Glycols , Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics , Sodium Chloride , Tobacco/enzymology , Tobacco/genetics
18.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 13(6): 10-11, Nov. 2010. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-591914

ABSTRACT

The Calotropis procera seed fibers provide an excellent model system to study the genes involved in fiber elongation, fineness and strength. Expansins constitute one of the important gene families involved in plant cell expansion and other cell wall modification processes. Four homologs of Expansin A gene i.e. CpEXPA1, CpEXPA2, CpEXPA3 and CpEXPA4 were isolated from the cDNA library obtained from fast growing Calotropis procera fibers. These homologs represented typical Expansin A family. Each of them had two conserved domains including GH45 like domain and the putative polysaccharide binding domain. The deduced amino acid sequences of the homologs indicated three conserved motifs: i) eight cysteine residues at N-terminus, ii) four tryptophan residues at C-terminus and iii) a Histidine-Phenylalanine-Aspartate motif in the center of the sequence. The presence of N-terminal signal peptide consisting of hydrophobic amino acids and a transmembrane region in all these expansin isoforms suggests their cotranslational insertion into the endoplasmic reticulum and then transportation to the cell wall by secretory pathway. The relative quantification of the four expansins in root, stem, fiber and leave tissues indicated that the transcripts of CpEXPA1, CpEXPA2, CpEXPA3 and CpEXPA4 are variably transcribed in these tissues. The lowest transcription of all the four Expansin A isoforms was observed in elongating roots indicating that root tissue might be having specific expansins other than those confined to air grown organs.


Subject(s)
Cotton Fiber , Calotropis/genetics , Calotropis/chemistry , Plant Proteins/genetics , DNA, Complementary , Gene Expression Profiling , Genes, Plant , Phylogeny , Protein Sorting Signals , Plant Proteins/chemistry , RNA, Messenger , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Sequence Analysis
19.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 12(2): 2-3, Apr. 2009. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-551363

ABSTRACT

In this study, phylogenetic relationships among 39 Phlomis taxa were investigated based on seed protein profiles produced by sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). A total of 21 polypeptide bands were scored, of which, 19 were polymorphic among the taxa of the genus Phlomis. A distance matrix was generated from the similarity matrix which was computed by using Jaccard’s similarity coefficients, based on polymorphic bands and then an UPGMA tree was established through cluster analysis performed on the distance matrix. Genetic distances ranged from 0.00 to 0.50 within subsection Dendrophlomis; from 0.00 to 0.625 within subsection Gymnophlomis and from 0.00 to 0.769 within subsection Oxyphlomis. The UPGMA tree formed four groups. The topology of the tree is in agreement with the taxonomic view regarding the section Phlomis as it is divided into three subsections as Dendrophlomis, Gymnophlomis and Oxyphlomis based on morphological characters. The grouping pattern of the tree also indicated that subsection Dendrophlomis is more closely related to subsection Gymnophlomis than subsection Oxyphlomis.


Subject(s)
Polymorphism, Genetic , Phlomis/genetics , Phlomis/chemistry , Seeds/genetics , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Plant Proteins/genetics , Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate , Turkey
20.
Biocell ; 32(3): 229-235, Dec. 2008. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-541104

ABSTRACT

A new cation exchangers (CAXs) gene was cloned and characterized from Capsella bursa-pastoris by rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). The full-length cDNA sequence of cax from C. bursa-pastoris (designated as Cbcax51) was 1754 bp containing a 1398 bp open reading frame encoding a polypeptide of 466 amino-acid residues with a calculated molecular mass of 50.5 kDa and an isoelectric point of 5.69. The predicted CbCAX51 contained an IMP dehydrogenase/GMP reductase domain, two Na+/Ca2+ exchanger protein domains. Comparative and bioinformatics analyses revealed that CbCAX51 showed extensive homology with CAX from other plant species. The expression analysis by different treatments indicated that Cbcax51 could be activated by cold triggering and was related to the cold acclimation process, but its expression is regulated negatively by drought and not affected by ABA or salt.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Antiporters/genetics , Antiporters/metabolism , Capsella/genetics , Capsella/metabolism , Genes, Plant , Open Reading Frames , Plant Proteins/genetics , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Base Sequence , Computational Biology , Molecular Sequence Data , Sequence Alignment
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