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1.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e200458, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135229

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Calotropis procera latex protein fraction (LP) was previously shown to protect animals from septic shock. Further investigations showed that LP modulate nitric oxide and cytokines levels. OBJECTIVES To evaluate whether the protective effects of LP, against lethal bacterial infection, is observed in its subfractions (LPPII and LPPIII). METHODS Subfractions (5 and 10 mg/kg) were tested by i.p. administration, 24 h before challenging with lethal injection (i.p.) of Salmonella Typhimurium. LPPIII (5 mg/kg) which showed higher survival rate was assayed to evaluate bacterial clearance, histopathology, leukocyte recruitment, plasma coagulation time, cytokines and NO levels. FINDINGS LPPIII protected 70% of animals of death. The animals given LPPIII exhibited reduced bacterial load in blood and peritoneal fluid after 24 h compared to the control. LPPIII promoted macrophage infiltration in spleen and liver. LPPIII restored the coagulation time of infected animals, increased IL-10 and reduced NO in blood. MAIN CONCLUSIONS LPPIII recruited macrophages to the target organs of bacterial infection. This addressed inflammatory stimulus seems to reduce bacterial colonisation in spleen and liver, down regulate bacterial spread and contribute to avoid septic shock.


Subject(s)
Animals , Plant Proteins/therapeutic use , Salmonella Infections/drug therapy , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Calotropis/chemistry , Homeostasis/drug effects , Inflammation/drug therapy , Latex/chemistry , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Plant Proteins/isolation & purification , Plant Proteins/pharmacology , Salmonella Infections/immunology , Salmonella Infections/microbiology , Down-Regulation , Anti-Bacterial Agents/isolation & purification , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
2.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 30(2): 93-97, Apr.-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-885710

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Sepsis is a potentially life-threatening complication of an infection that occurs when chemicals released into the bloodstream to fight the infection trigger inflammatory responses throughout the body, especially in the acute phase of the disease, producing excessive pro-inflammatory cytokines, leading to multiple organ injury and death. The Hev b 13 fraction has demonstrated biological activity capable of inducing IL-10 production and shrinking inflammatory disease lesions. Aim: To investigate the immunomodulating effects of the Hev b 13 fraction on septic rats. Methods: Acinetobacter baumannii was injected into the peritoneal cavity of the animals after sustaining a lesion in the pancreas, with the stomach as an entry point. After 10 h of infection, they were euthanized for blood and lung collection, followed by total and differential leukocyte count, determination of cytokine level and histopathological analysis. Results: Administering a single dose of the Hev b 13 fraction 2 h after sepsis induction significantly decreased total leukocyte count. Higher IL-10 and IL-4 and lower IL-6 production shrank the lung tissue lesions compared to the control groups. Conclusion: The Hev b 13 fraction exhibits an anti-inflammatory tendency, with potential for sepsis treatment.


RESUMO Racional: Sepse se correlaciona com a ruptura do complexo equilíbrio entre os mediadores inflamatórios, que principalmente na fase aguda da doença, produz exacerbadamente citocinas pró-inflamatórias levando a lesão de múltiplos órgãos e morte. A fração Hev b 13 tem demonstrado atividade biológica capaz de induzir a produção de IL-10 e regredir lesões de doenças inflamatórias. Objetivo: Investigar os efeitos imunomoduladores da fração Hev b 13 em ratos com sepse. Métodos: Foi injetado Acinetobacter baumannii na cavidade peritoneal dos animais após lesão no pâncreas e estômago como porta de entrada. Após 10 h de infecção, foi realizada eutanásia para coleta de sangue e pulmões, em seguida, contagem total e diferencial de leucócitos, dosagem de citocinas e histopatologia para análise. Resultados: A administração de dose única da fração Hev b 13, 2 h após a indução de sepse, diminuiu significativamente a contagem total de leucócitos. Associado a maior produção de IL-10 e IL-4, e menor de IL-6, atenuou as lesões nos tecidos pulmonares em comparação com os grupos controles. Conclusão: A fração Hev b 13 apresenta tendência anti-inflamatória, com potencialidades no tratamento da sepse.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Plant Proteins/therapeutic use , Sepsis/therapy , Antigens, Plant/therapeutic use , Immunomodulation , Phytotherapy , Rats, Wistar , Sepsis/immunology
3.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-24758

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: In protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) there is a significant impairment of immunity, both cell-mediated and humoral, which may be reversed with nutritional rehabilitation. With the use of probiotics like curd (dahi) and micronutrient-rich leaf protein concentrate (LPC), this immune recovery may be hastened. This study was conducted to assess the impact of supplementation of curd and LPC on nutritional status, and immunity as assessed by anthropometry, haemoglobin, ferritin levels, T- cell subpopulation and C-reactive protein (CRP), in children suffering from PEM. METHODS: Eighty moderate to severely malnourished children (1-5 yr) were randomized to receive either curd or LPC in addition to WHO recommended two-step diet over 15 days. Nutritional, immunological and haematological parameters were measured before and after supplementation and compared within the groups. RESULTS: The change in weight, haemoglobin level and CD4:CD8 T-cell subpopulation was significant in both the groups after supplementation. Response of CRP was blunted in PEM. Serum ferritin decreased significantly after supplementation in both groups. INTERPRETATION & CONCLUSION: Curd and LPC when added to diet of malnourished children, may have therapeutic value by accelerating immune recovery. More studies need to be done on a larger sample to confirm these findings.


Subject(s)
Anthropometry , C-Reactive Protein/metabolism , Child, Preschool , Ferritins/blood , Hemoglobins/analysis , Humans , Infant , Pilot Projects , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Plant Proteins/therapeutic use , Protein-Energy Malnutrition/diet therapy , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Yogurt
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