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1.
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 17(3): 398-406, Jul-Sep/2015. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-752552

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O desenvolvimento de projetos que contemplem o cultivo e beneficiamento de plantas medicinais, com qualidade, é urgente e necessário, especialmente quando se considera a expansão da oferta desses produtos para o Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Nesta pesquisa, foi avaliada a existência de iniciativas que produzem e disponibilizam plantas medicinais de interesse do SUS, em municípios que compõem a Bacia Hidrográfica do Rio das Velhas (BHRV), em Minas Gerais. Foram visitados 45 municípios da Bacia buscando informações sobre atividades já existentes de produção e uso coletivo de plantas medicinais. Os dados sobre plantas medicinais já existentes foram posteriormente confrontados com informações epidemiológicas, como as principais causas de internações hospitalares e cobertura de equipes da Estratégia da Saúde da Família (ESF). A pesquisa evidenciou a existência de atividades filantrópicas e comerciais, relativas à utilização coletiva de plantas medicinais, apenas em Belo Horizonte, Capim Branco, Curvelo, Lassance, Nova Lima e Sete Lagoas. Vinte e sete espécies, nativas e exóticas, presentes na RDC 10/2010 da Anvisa são produzidas nessas iniciativas, e elas ocorrem tanto de forma espontânea como por meio de cultivo. A correlação das principais causas de internação hospitalar com as espécies vegetais disponíveis revelou potenciais locais de aproveitamento das plantas, inclusive pela ESF. O desenvolvimento da cadeia produtiva, trabalhando desde o cultivo até a dispensação aos usuários do SUS, pode representar uma oportunidade de integração de diferentes atores e instituições da região, além de incrementar o desenvolvimento econômico-social e a preservação da biodiversidade local.


ABSTRACT The development of projects that include the cultivation and processing of medicinal plants with quality is urgent and necessary, especially when considering the offer increase of these products to the Unified Health System (SUS). In this study, we evaluated the potential of the Rio das Velhas" watershed region (BHRV) in producing and using medicinal plants. We visited 45 cities of the watershed, seeking information about existing production and collective use of medicinal plants. Afterwards, the data obtained in the fieldwork were confronted with epidemiological information, such as hospitalization rates and coverage of the Family Health Strategy. The research showed the existence of commercial and philanthropic activities in Belo Horizonte, Capim Branco, Curvelo, Lassance, Nova Lima and Sete Lagoas. Twenty-seven species, native and exotic ones, included in the 10/2010 Resolution edited by the Brazilian Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa), are produced in these initiatives, and they occur both spontaneously and through cultivation. The correlation of the leading causes for hospitalization and the available plant species showed potential use of local plants, including by the Family Health Strategy. The development of the production chain, from the plants" cultivation to the medicines" dispensation for the SUS users, may represent an opportunity of integration of different actors and institutions in the region, besides increasing the economic and social development and contributing to the preservation of local biodiversity.


Subject(s)
Plants, Medicinal/growth & development , Unified Health System/statistics & numerical data , Evaluation Studies as Topic/analysis
2.
Rojasiana ; 14(2): 27-31, 2015.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, MTYCI, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-963610

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Cecropia pachystachya (Urticaceae), "amba'y" es una especie que habita lugares abiertos, en zonas silvestres, como márgenes de arroyos, bordes de senderos y capueras, tiene tendencia a proliferar en sitios abiertos debido a la incrementación de la desforestación. Presentamos con imágenes fotográficas captadas en la ciudad de Asunción y Gran Asunción, como esta especie se adapta fácilmente en los entornos urbanos, creciendo en los lugares más insólitos, desde una canaleta, el tejado de una casa o incluso sobre otra especie vegetal. Es posible que los murciélagos frugívoros tengan participación en la dispersión de las semillas de la especie C. pachystachya. Finalmente se observó el desarrollo de individuos de la especie C. pachystachya en sitios considerados poco favorables para el desarrollo especies vegetales, en el entorno urbano. Palabras claves: Cecropia pachystachya, entorno urbano, adaptación.


Subject(s)
Plants, Medicinal/growth & development , Urban Area , Cecropia Plant/growth & development
3.
Rev. biol. trop ; 62(4): 1295-1308, oct.-dic. 2014. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-753691

ABSTRACT

The present study was aimed to investigate the endophytic and epiphytic bacteria associated with selected ethnomedicinal plants from the pristine subtropical forests of Meghalaya and analyse them for plant growth promotion and antagonistic ability. This study is an attempt to explore plant associated bacteria which are beneficial to host plants, and thus aid in the conservation of ethnomedicinal plants of the studied subtropical forests, which are dwindling due to exploitation. The plant growth promotion parameters like indole acetic acid (IAA) production, mineral phosphate solubilisation, acid phosphatase activity, presence of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid deaminase (ACC) gene, nitrogen fixation, cellulose digestion, chitin and pectin degradation were screened among the isolates. The study revealed significant differences in bacterial population not only between the epiphytic and endophytic microhabitats, but also amongst the host plants. Out of the 70 isolated plant associated bacteria, Bacillus sp., Serratia sp., Pseudomonas sp., Pantoea sp., and Lysinibacillus sp. showed potent plant growth promotion properties. Bacillus siamensis C53 and B. subtilis cenB showed significant antagonistic activity against the tested pathogens. This study indicated the isolates inhabiting the plants prevalent in the subtropical sacred forests could be explored for use as plant growth promoters while practising the cultivation and conservation of ethnomedicinal plants. Rev. Biol. Trop. 62 (4): 1295-1308. Epub 2014 December 01.


El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar las bacterias endófitas y epífitas asociadas con plantas medicinales seleccionadas de los bosques subtropicales prístinos de Meghalaya, para estimular el crecimiento de plantas y la capacidad antagónica. Este estudio es un intento de explorar las plantas asociadas a bacterias que benefician a la planta hospedera, y así ayudar en la conservación de plantas medicinales de los bosques subtropicales estudiados, los cuales son cada vez más escasos debido a la explotación. Los parámetros de promoción de crecimiento de las plantas, tales como: índice de producción de ácido acético (IAA), solubilización de fosfato mineral, actividad de la fosfatasa ácida, presencia del gen 1-aminociclopropano-1-ácido carboxílico desaminasa (ACC), fijación de nitrógeno, digestión de celulosa, quitina y pectina fueron seleccionados entre los aislamientos. El estudio reveló diferencias significativas en la población bacteriana, no sólo entre los microhábitats epífitos y endófitos, sino también entre las plantas hospederas. De las 70 bacterias aisladas de plantas asociadas, Bacillus sp., Serratia sp., Pseudomonas sp., Pantoea sp. y Lysinibacillus sp. mostraron potentes propiedades estimulantes del crecimiento vegetal. Bacillus C53 siamensis y B. subtilis cenB mostraron actividad antagónica significativa contra los patógenos probados. Este estudio indicó que los aislamientos que habitan en las plantas predominantes en los bosques sagrados subtropicales podrían explorarse para su uso como promotores del crecimiento vegetal, mientras se practica el cultivo y conservación de plantas medicinales.


Subject(s)
Bacteria/isolation & purification , Forests , Plants, Medicinal/microbiology , Bacteria/classification , Bacteria/genetics , India , Plants, Medicinal/growth & development , Tropical Climate
4.
European J Med Plants ; 2014 Dec; 4(12): 1447-1461
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-164210

ABSTRACT

Secondary somatic embryogenesis leads to the formation of abnormal somatic embryos and produces abnormal seedlings. Normal plants are difficult to obtain from these embryos, due to the asynchronous maturation of the embryogenic tissues and low germination and conversion rates. The effects of some media additives and different strengths of MS medium on germination and plantlet formation of in vitro derived somatic embryos of Ferula Assa-foetida were studied. The highest number of normal embryos was observed in MS medium containing 30g/l sucrose with 0.5% or 1% AC and in MS medium supplemented with PEG and 0.5% or 1% AC. The treatments of MS medium with 30g/l sucrose and 0.5% AC × MS medium containing sorbitol and MS medium containing PEG and 1% AC × ½ MS had maximum number of normal germinated embryos without secondary somatic embryogenesis (SSE). In some of the treatments the embryos were converted better than the others, such as; the interaction effect of MS medium with 30g/l sucrose and 0.5% AC× MS, MS medium with 30g/l sucrose × MS medium with glutamine. Using different strength of MS medium and presence of some media additives is effective on germination and conversion of somatic embryos into normal plantlet. Presence of Activated Charcoal in the culture medium can reduce secondary somatic embryogenesis.


Subject(s)
Ferula/classification , Ferula/growth & development , Germination/drug effects , Germination/physiology , Plant Somatic Embryogenesis Techniques , Plants, Medicinal/growth & development , Polyethylene Glycols , Seeds/chemistry , Seeds/growth & development , Seeds/physiology
5.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2014 Nov; 52(11): 1122-1127
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-153802

ABSTRACT

The medicinal plant Plumbago contains a very potent secondary metabolite, plumbagin having many therapeutic properties. Callus culture was induced using explants, leaf, stem and shoot apex, from P. auriculata. Murashige and Skoog media fortified with various growth hormones like NAA, IAA, IBA and 2, 4-D individually and in various combinations were checked for callus induction. Among the growth hormones used, 1 mg/L 2, 4-D showed best callusing. The hormonal combinations of 1 mg/L IAA and 1.5 mg/L NAA in the media exhibited best callus induction using stem internode as an explant. Plumbagin content from root, stem, leaf and callus was analyzed by using thin layer chromatographic technique. The callus derived from stem showed comparable plumbagin content to the in vivo plant parts. Quantitative spectrophotometric analysis of plumbagin from plant samples and callus indicated that plumbagin content was maximum in roots which was followed by callus, stem and leaf samples respectively. Generation of in vitro sources for plumbagin, for therapeutic applications will serve as a continuous supply and will contribute to preserve the natural plant recourses.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Thin Layer , Colorimetry , Cytokinins/pharmacology , Indoleacetic Acids/pharmacology , Naphthoquinones/analysis , Naphthoquinones/metabolism , Organ Specificity , Organoids/drug effects , Plant Cells/drug effects , Plant Leaves/metabolism , Plant Roots/metabolism , Plant Shoots/metabolism , Plant Stems/metabolism , Plants, Medicinal/growth & development , Plants, Medicinal/metabolism , Plumbaginaceae/growth & development , Plumbaginaceae/metabolism , Tissue Culture Techniques
6.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2014 Nov; 52(11): 1112-1121
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-153800

ABSTRACT

Various parameters including explant-type, medium compositions, use of phytohormones and additives were optimized for direct and indirect regeneration of E. ochreata, a medicinal orchid under threat. Protocorm-like-bodies (PLBs) proved to be the best explants for shoot initiation, proliferation and callus induction. Murashige and Skoog’s (MS) medium containing 2.5 mg L-1 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP), 1.0 mg L-1 kinetin (Kin) and additives (adenine sulfate, arginine, citric acid, 30 mg L-1 each and 50 mg L-1 ascorbic acid) was optimal for shoot multiplication (12.1 shoots and 7.1 PLBs per explant with synchronized growth), which also produced callus. Shoot number was further increased with three successive subcultures on same media and ~40 shoots per explant were achieved after 3 cycles of 30 days each. Additives and casein hydrolysate (CH) showed advantageous effects on indirect shoot regeneration via protocorm-derived callus. Optimum indirect regeneration was achieved on MS containing additives, 500 mg L-1 CH, 2.5 mg L-1 BAP and 1.0 mg L-1 Kin with 30 PLBs and 6 shoots per callus mass (~5 mm size). The shoots were rooted (70% frequency) on one by fourth-MS medium containing 2.0 mg L-1 indole-3-butyric acid, 200 mg L-1 activated charcoal and additives. The rooted plantlets were hardened and transferred to greenhouse with 63% survival rate. Flow-cytometry based DNA content analysis revealed that the ploidy levels were maintained in in vitro regenerated plants. This is the first report for in vitro plant regeneration in E. ochreata.


Subject(s)
Ascorbic Acid/pharmacology , /pharmacology , Chromosomes, Plant , Citric Acid/pharmacology , Culture Media/pharmacology , Cytokinins/pharmacology , /pharmacology , Orchidaceae/genetics , Orchidaceae/growth & development , Orchidaceae/physiology , Organoids/drug effects , Organoids/physiology , Plant Cells/drug effects , Plant Cells/physiology , Plant Leaves/drug effects , Plant Leaves/growth & development , Plant Shoots/drug effects , Plant Shoots/growth & development , Plants, Medicinal/genetics , Plants, Medicinal/growth & development , Plants, Medicinal/physiology , Ploidies , Regeneration , Rhizome/drug effects , Rhizome/growth & development
7.
Rev. cuba. plantas med ; 19(1): 4-13, ene.-mar. 2014. Ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: lil-711035

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: cultivar especies medicinales en recipientes, además de ser útil, se logra el aprovechamiento de los pequeños espacios en casa como balcones, azoteas, terrazas, u otros sitios que se desee embellecer con un poco de jardín. OBJETIVOS: desarrollar un taller en el municipio Habana Vieja (Farmacia Habanera) para capacitar, ante la creciente demanda por las plantas medicinales como forma de preservar la salud, a jardineros y amas de casa de esa comunidad, demostrándoles la serie de ventajas de esta forma de cultivo. MÉTODOS: se brindaron conocimientos generales sobre la siembra de diferentes especies sobre la base de sus características y demandas, el empleo de diversos recipientes en función del área disponible, el sustrato a utilizar, el mejor aprovechamiento de la luz, las necesidades de riego y abonado y los problemas que se pueden presentar con el cultivo bajo estas condiciones y además, cómo solucionarlos. RESULTADOS: en el análisis sobre algunas plantas seleccionadas, se demostró que esta actividad puede facilitar cambiar estilos de vida, porque algunas especies medicinales son plantas multipropósitos que aportan tener a mano no solo medicamentos, sino por ejemplo también condimentos, porque muchas gustan frescas o secas para saborizar los alimentos y además resultan apropiadas para sembrarlas con propósito ornamental. CONCLUSIONES: mejorar la economía familiar porque se consume lo que se produce de condimentos, plantas hortícolas u otras, además de plantas medicinales que proporcionan el mejoramiento de la salud al tener una farmacia en el hogar que le suministra fitofármacos fundamentalmente para el tratamiento de enfermedades comunes.


INTRODUCTION: growing medicinal species in containers is a beneficial practice permitting the profitable utilization of small household areas, such as balconies, roofs and terraces, which will look better if a touch of gardening is added. OBJECTIVES: in view of the growing demand for medicinal plants, a workshop was conducted in the municipality of Old Havana (Havana Pharmacy Museum) to be attended by gardeners and housewives from the community, to discuss the advantages of this form of plant cultivation. METHODS: the topics dealt with included general knowledge about the cultivation of various species based on their characteristics and demand, the use of a variety of containers depending on the area available, the substratum to be used, the best use of light, watering and fertilization requirements, and the problems that may arise and how to solve them. RESULTS: analysis of some selected plants showed that this activity may facilitate lifestyle change by providing easy access to a variety of species serving many different purposes, not only medicinal, but also as spices to be used either fresh or dry to flavor food, and for ornamental purposes.her freces which could be erent purposes, not. CONCLUSIONS: household economy may be improved with the consumption of spices, vegetables, medicinal plants and other crops grown in small containers. These contribute to the preservation of health by constituting a home pharmacy providing phytomedicines for the treatment of common diseases.


Subject(s)
Plants, Medicinal/growth & development , Culture Techniques , Urban Agriculture
8.
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 16(3,supl.1): 737-743, 2014. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-727202

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se no trabalho avaliar a ação antibacteriana do óleo essencial de Lippia origanoides frente à isolados de Staphylococcus sp. de alimentos de origem animal. Para tanto, realizou-se análise química da composição do óleo, teste de sensibilidade das bactérias frente a dez antibióticos de uso terapêutico e ao óleo essencial de Lippia origanoides, além da determinação da concentração inibitória mínima (CIM) e da concentração bactericida mínima (CBM). A análise cromatográfica do óleo apresentou o timol como composto majoritário (48,70%), além de pequena quantidade de carvacrol (1,14%). No teste de sensibilidade frente aos antibióticos, 75% dos isolados apresentaram resistência a, no mínimo, três antibióticos. Em relação ao óleo essencial, os isolados de Staphylococcus sp oriundos de leite bovino mostraram-se mais resistentes e os isolados de carne ovina apresentaram-se mais sensíveis. A CIM foi maior para os Staphylococcus sp. isolados de leite bovino e leite ovino (60µL/mL). Enquanto que para os isolados de carcaça de ovinos e queijo, a CIM foi de 15µL/mL e 30µL/mL respectivamente. A CBM, consequentemente, foi maior para os isolados de leite bovino e leite ovino, sendo de 240µL/mL e 120µL/mL respectivamente. O óleo essencial de Lippia origanoides apresenta atividade antimicrobiana sobre Staphylococcus sp. isolados de alimentos.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial activity of the essential oil of Lippia origanoides in relation to Staphylococcus sp. isolated from food of animal origin. For this purpose, we performed the chemical analysis to determine the oil composition, evaluated the bacteria sensibility to ten antibiotics of therapeutic use and determined the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC). The chromatographic analysis showed that tymol was the main compound (48.70%) and that carvacrol was present in a small amount (1.14%). In the test of antibiotic susceptibility, 75% of the microorganism isolates were resistant to at least three of the ten antibiotics tested. The Staphylococcus sp isolated from bovine milk was more resistant to the essential oil of Lippia origanoides, and the microorganism isolated from sheep meat was more susceptible to this oil. The Staphylococcus sp. isolated from bovine or sheep milk showed a MIC of 60µL/mL and for those isolated from sheep carcass and cheese the MIC was 15µL/mL and 30µL/mL, respectively. Consequently, the MBC was higher for isolates from cow's (240µL/mL) and sheep's milk (120µL/mL) when compared with other food sources. These results suggest that the essential oil of Lippia origanoides has antimicrobial activity against staphylococcus sp. isolated from food.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/analysis , Foods of Animal Origin , Lippia/classification , Oils, Volatile/chemistry , Evaluation Studies as Topic/statistics & numerical data , Plants, Medicinal/growth & development , Staphylococcus/isolation & purification
9.
Hamdard Medicus. 2014; 56 (4): 53-80
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-167795

ABSTRACT

One third of the earth's surface [47 billion hectares] is classed as arid zones. Plant wealth from this arid zones area is known for its medicinal and nutritional attributes and therapeutic potential. Research on vast majority of such medicinal plants has revealed interesting results. To mention some examples, Acacias - resolvents, Aloes - cathartic, antihepatitis, Euphorbiaes - anthelmintics, Lamiaes - rubefacients, Solanaceae - anticholinergics, Apiaceae - aromatic and carminatives, Zygophyllaceae - anti-cancers etc. Three decades of research brought into light such amazing results so as to prove drugs like above mentioned as effective for contemporary disease situations including malaria, G.I. disorders, STDs and liver inflammations leading to AIDS. Proper utilization in the light of their traditional importance or alternative uses in medicine is already underway round the globe, under different systems of medicine which proves the efficacy of traditional approach in practise. But it is believed that natural resources' extensive utilization and uncontrolled exploitation may lead to the current wave of herbal therapeutics which may follow their scarcity in years to come. Therefore large scale, conservation strategies and controlled organized cultivation is necessary to keep requisite raw material supply to the herbal pharmaceutical industry. Hence conservation methodologies are intensely required to preserve the genetic makeup of the significant spp. of the arid zones


Subject(s)
Plants, Medicinal/growth & development , Phytotherapy
10.
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 15(4,supl.1): 774-779, 2013. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-700017

ABSTRACT

No final da década de 90, a comunidade de Rio Natal, no município de São Bento do Sul, SC, passou a fazer parte de uma Área de Preservação Ambiental e desde então, muitas áreas de cultivo, paulatinamente, estão retomando o processo de formação florestal. Neste cenário, foi sugerido pela comunidade, a possibilidade de cultivo de plantas medicinais adaptadas às condições de sombreamento. Em atendimento a essa demanda foi realizada uma pesquisa participativa na comunidade, de 2005 a 2008, onde foram avaliadas 14 espécies de plantas medicinais com potencial de mercado, cultivadas em áreas sombreadas, em três propriedades familiares. Foram avaliados: taxa de sobrevivência das espécies, incidência de doenças e pragas, teor de massa seca e altura das plantas. Apresentaram persistência ao cultivo em áreas sombreadas as espécies: Curcuma longa L. (açafrão-da-índia); Arctium lappa L. (bardana); Pfaffia glomerata (Spreng) Pedersen (fáfia ou ginseng-brasileiro); Mikania glomerata Sprengel (guaco); Alternanthera brasiliana L. Kuntze (penicilina); Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth (patchuli) e Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. Ex Reissek (espinheira-santa).


In the end of the 1990s, the Rio Natal community, located in the city of São Bento do Sul, in the Brazilian State of Santa Catarina, started to be part of an Environmental Protection Area. Since then, many cultivation areas have been increasingly having their forest restored. In this scenario, the community proposed to cultivate medicinal plants that were adapted to shaded conditions. To attend this demand, we carried out a participatory research in the community between 2005 and 2008. Fourteen species of medicinal plants having market potential were evaluated, and were cultivated in shaded areas, in three family properties. The survival of the species, the incidence of illnesses and pests, the dry matter value and the height of the plants were evaluated. The species that presented persistence to be cultivated in shaded areas were: Curcuma longa L.; Arctium lappa L.; Pfaffia glomerata (Spreng) Pedersen.; Mikania glomerata Sprengel.; Alternanthera sp.; Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth. e Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. Ex Reissek.


Subject(s)
Plants, Medicinal/growth & development , Sustainable Agriculture/methods , Community-Based Participatory Research/statistics & numerical data , Rural Areas
11.
Rev. cuba. plantas med ; 17(4): 446-451, oct.-dic. 2012.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-656399

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el establecimiento de proyectos de patios ecológicos con plantas medicinales dentro del Programa de Desarrollo Sostenible Promoción del Desarrollo Humano. Objetivos: contribuir a la transformación y remodelación de los pequeños espacios en las viviendas: patios, balcones, azoteas, jardines, como forma de obtener estilos de vida sustentables y el mejoramiento de la calidad de vida. Métodos: se desarrollaron estos proyectos en algunos territorios urbanos y rurales como Guanabacoa, Luyanó, San Antonio de los Baños, Alquizar, Guanajay; se utilizó la metodología de diagnóstico participativo donde mediante recorridos por las localidades, el diálogo y la discusión con cada propietario se realizó un diagnóstico preliminar que generó información valiosa y sensibilización sobre lo que se debía abordar: análisis de sus problemas/necesidades, posibles intereses y soluciones, condiciones actuales, recomendar lo que se desea cambiar, mantener, incorporar o suprimir; también posibilitó conocer las necesidades de capacitación y asesoramiento. Resultados: se logró hacer estos espacios más productivos al obtener además de plantas medicinales, condimentos, vegetales, frutas, plantas ornamentales, cría ecológica de conejos, gallinas y peces con recursos propios; su intercambio entre patios; la propagación de plantas para su venta en bolsas; el montaje de un secador solar que facilitó el secado de algunas plantas con utilidad como medicinales y de condimentos, su distribución y venta en la comunidad; el reciclaje de los residuos generados en la colectividad y su empleo como abono orgánico, así como la reutilización de vasijas desechables. Todo esto les ha brindado el mejoramiento de la salud y de la calidad alimentaria, algún recurso económico, concretar experiencias prácticas en agricultura ecológica para conservar los recursos(


Introduction: the setting up of projects for the creation of ecological backyards with medicinal plants within the sustainable development program called Promotion of Human Development. Objectives: to contribute to the transformation and remodeling of small spaces found in houses such as backyards, balconies, roofs, gardens, etc., so that they could contribute to sustainable lifestyles and to the improvement of the quality of life. Methods: some of these projects were carried on in some urban and rural territories like Guanabacoa, Luyanó, San Antonio de los Baños, Alquízar y Guanajay. The participatory diagnosis methodology allowed reaching, after tours of the various localities, dialogue and discussion with every owner of an unused place, a preliminary diagnosis with useful information and the level of awareness about what should be addressed: analysis of their problems and needs; possible interests and solutions, present conditions, recommendations on the things that the owner desired to change, keep, incorporate or eliminate. It was also possible to learn about the training and advisory requirements in these settings. Results: more productive spaces since the owners obtain medicinal plants, seasonings, vegetables, fruits, ornamental plants, ecological raising of rabbits, chicken and fish, based on individual resources; the exchange of productions among the backyards, the sale of plants in bags, the mounting of a sun dryer facilitating the drying of some plants for medical use and of some seasonings, their distribution and community-wide sale; the recycling of residues from the community setting and their use as organic fertilizer as well as the reuse of disposable containers. All this has provided the community with better health and food quality, obtaining of some additional financial resources, the materialization of experiences in developing ecological agriculture to preserve the natural resources and the local culture, thus contributing to the


Subject(s)
Crops, Agricultural , Phytotherapy , Plants, Medicinal/growth & development , Sustainable Agriculture
12.
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 14(3): 458-463, 2012. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-658125

ABSTRACT

Visando promover a proliferação de brotações em segmentos apicais e nodais de Ocimum selloi em diferentes concentrações de BAP, plantas jovens de 60 dias serviram de doadoras de segmentos apicais e nodais. Os segmentos foram inoculados em meio MS preparado com a metade da concentração dos sais, e acrescido de 1,5% de sacarose e diferentes concentrações de BAP. O experimento foi conduzido no delineamento fatorial, 3 x 4, sendo 3 as posições dos segmentos de O. selloi (segmento apical, primeiro e segundo segmentos nodais) e 4 concentrações de BAP (0 - controle; 2; 4 e 6 mg L-1). Aos 30 dias, foram avaliados o número, comprimento e biomassa fresca e seca de brotos e raízes. Os primeiros e segundos segmentos apresentaram melhores resultados na indução de brotos de O. selloi, 7 e 8 brotos/explante, nas diferentes concentrações de BAP; porém, não houve formação de raízes na presença da citocinina. Nas condições testadas, recomenda-se o uso do primeiro e segundo segmento nodal suplementando o meio de cultivo com BAP para a proliferação in vitro de brotações de O. selloi.


The present study was undertaken to develop the proliferation of sprouts in apical and nodal segments of Ocimum selloi with different BAP levels. Young plants aged 60 days were used as donors of nodal and apical segments. The segments were inoculated in MS medium at half the concentration of salts supplemented with 1.5% of sucrose and different BAP levels. The experiment was in 3 x 4 factorial arrangement, 3 positions of O. selloi segments (apical segment; first and second nodal segment) and 3 BAP levels (0 - control; 2; 4 and 6 mg L-1). After 30 days, the number, the length, and the fresh and dry biomass of sprouts and roots were evaluated. The first and the second segments showed better results in inducing O. selloi sprouts, 7 and 8 sprouts/explant, at the different BAP levels, but there was not root formation in the presence of the cytokinin. Under the tested conditions, use of the first and the second nodal segments is recommended in addition to supplementing the culture medium with BAP for in vitro proliferation of O. selloi sprouts.


Subject(s)
Ocimum/classification , Ocimum/growth & development , Plant Shoots/growth & development , Plants, Medicinal/growth & development
13.
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 14(3): 470-475, 2012. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-658127

ABSTRACT

A Ipomoea cairica (L.) Sweet é uma trepadeira herbácea nativa, amplamente utilizada na medicina popular brasileira e inexistem informações sobre a propagação vegetativa. Em vista disso, objetivou-se avaliar a presença de folhas nas estacas, o substrato e a dose de reguladores vegetais mais adequados para a propagação por estaquia. Foram conduzidos dois experimentos, no primeiro, foram avaliados dois tipos de estacas (com e sem folhas) e quatro substratos (areia, casca de arroz carbonizada, latossolo vermelho distrófico + matéria orgânica - 1:1, latossolo vermelho distrófico + matéria orgânica + areia - 1:1:2), enquanto no segundo foram testadas cinco concentrações diferentes de AIB (0, 250, 500, 750 e 1000 mg L-1). Após 20 dias, obteve-se 86,2% de estacas enraizadas no substrato areia e, no segundo experimento, observou-se que o AIB não influenciou a porcentagem de enraizamento (94% em média). Conclui-se que a presença de folhas melhora a qualidade do enraizamento, que os substratos indicados para a propagação são areia e casca de arroz carbonizada devido ao maior enraizamento, fácil disponibilidade e baixo custo, e que a utilização de AIB na concentração 250 mg L-1 é a mais adequada para propagação por estaquia de I. cairica.


Ipomoea cairica (L.) Sweet is an herbaceous climbing plant widely used in Brazilian folk medicine and there is no information regarding its vegetative propagation. In view of this, the aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of leaves on stem cuttings and the most adequate substrate and level of plant growth regulators for propagation by stem cuttings of this morning glory. Two experiments were conducted, in the first, two types of stem cuttings (with and without leaves) and four substrates (sand; carbonized rice hull; Haplortox + organic matter - 1:1; Haplortox + organic matter + sand - 1:1:2) were evaluated, and in the second experiment five different concentrations of IBA (0, 250, 500, 750 and 1000 mg L-1) were tested. After 20 days, we obtained 86.2% of cuttings rooted in sand substrate and in the second experiment IBA did not affect the rooting percentage (94% on average). We can conclude that the presence of leaves improved the quality of rooting, the substrates indicated for propagation are sand and carbonized rice hull due to greater rooting, easy availability and low cost, and the use of IBA at 250 mg L-1 is more appropriate to propagation by stem cuttings of I. cairica.


Subject(s)
Convolvulaceae/classification , Ipomoea/growth & development , Plant Growth Regulators , Plant Leaves/adverse effects , Plants, Medicinal/growth & development
14.
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 14(4): 598-610, 2012. graf, mapas, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-664010

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho teve como objetivo realizar levantamento das espécies vegetais de uso medicinal cultivadas em quintais urbanos da cidade de Rio Branco. Foram realizadas entrevistas presenciais com aplicação de questionário especifico registrando as espécies vegetais de uso medicinal e dados sócio-econômicos dos moradores em 132 quintais urbanos de Rio Branco entre 2009 e 2010. Os bairros selecionados para o estudo foram: Aeroporto Velho, Placas, e Novo Horizonte, todos situados na periferia do município. Foram detectadas 83 espécies vegetais de uso medicinal pertencente a 50 famílias botânicas com destaque para Lamiaceae (12,0%) e Asteraceae (6,0%), sendo 66,2% exóticas, e 28,9% e 16,8%, associadas ao uso alimentar e ornamental, respectivamente. A decocção das folhas visando à obtenção do chá foi o principal modo de preparo das plantas. A análise de regressão logística entre a riqueza de espécies e diversos fatores socioeconômicos dos entrevistados mostrou que a probabilidade de ocorrência de espécies é três vezes maior em quintais manejados por moradores com idade superior a 50 anos de idade. A análise de correlação não paramétrica de fatores quantitativos mostrou que a variável tempo de moradia está mais correlacionada com a riqueza de plantas medicinais do que a variável idade. O cultivo das plantas medicinais em quintais urbanos de Rio Branco auxilia no combate a doenças e promove a conservação ex situ da agrobiodiversidade agroflorestal, bem estar aos moradores pela melhoria da paisagem, ambiência microclimática e espaço de lazer.


This study aimed to survey the medicinal plant species grown in urban backyards in the city of Rio Branco. Personal interviews were conducted by applying a specific questionnaire recording the plant species of medicinal use and the socioeconomic data of residents in 132 urban backyards in Rio Branco between 2009 and 2010. The districts selected for the study were "Aeroporto Velho", "Placas" and "Novo Horizonte", all situated on the outskirts of the city. We detected 83 medicinal plant species belonging to 50 botanical families, especially Lamiaceae (12.0%) and Asteraceae (6.0%), of which 66.2% are exotic, and 28.9% and 16.8% are associated with food and ornamental use, respectively. Decoction of the leaves in order to obtain tea was the main mode of preparation of these plants. Logistic regression analysis between species richness and various socioeconomic factors of the interviewees showed that the probability of occurrence of species is threefold higher in backyards managed by residents older than 50 years. Nonparametric correlation analysis of quantitative factors showed that the variable time of residence is more correlated to the richness of medicinal plants than to the variable age. Cultivation of medicinal plants in urban backyards in Rio Branco helps prevent diseases and promote ex situ conservation of agroforest agrobiodiversity, welfare to the residents by improving the landscape, microclimate ambiance and entertainment space.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Plants, Medicinal/growth & development , Urban Agriculture/analysis , Phytotherapy/statistics & numerical data , Plant Dispersal
15.
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 14(4): 680-685, 2012. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-664021

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito de espaçamentos entre plantas e o uso ou não de cama-de-frango semidecomposta incorporada ao solo na produção de biomassa das plantas e nos teores de fenóis, flavonóides e atividade antioxidante do extrato dos frutos da Campomanesia adamantium. O experimento foi desenvolvido no Horto de Plantas Medicinais - HPM, da Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados/UFGD, em Dourados-MS. Foi estudada a C. adamantium com cinco espaçamentos entre plantas, na linha (0,30; 0,35; 0,40; 0,45 e 0,50 m) e sem, ou com, cama-de-frango semidecomposta incorporada ao solo na dose de 10 t ha-1. Os tratamentos foram arranjados como fatorial 5 x 2, no delineamento experimental de blocos casualizados, com quatro repetições. Aos 390 dias após o transplante as plantas possuíam 54,89 cm de altura, 10,01 mm de diâmetro de caule e 178,27 folhas por planta. Os diâmetros, longitudinal (17,34 mm) e transversal (18,07 mm), dos frutos não variaram com os espaçamentos e nem com o uso da cama-de-frango. O maior número de frutos (28,56 frutos planta-1) e a maior massa fresca dos frutos (83,65 g planta-1) foram das plantas cultivadas sob os espaçamentos de 0,32 m e 0,35 m entre plantas, respectivamente, independente do uso ou não da cama-de-frango. A cama-de-frango induziu aumento significativo no teor de fenóis e reduziu o teor de flavonóides e a atividade antioxidante da polpa dos frutos. A cama-de-frango não influenciou a produtividade da C. adamantium nem a composição química dos frutos. Recomenda-se o uso do espaçamento 0,35 m entre plantas e 1,50 m entre fileiras, com o objetivo de produção de frutos.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of five spacing between plants and the use or not of semi-decomposed chicken manure incorporated into the soil on the biomass production of plants and on the levels of phenols, flavonoids and antioxidant activity of the extract of C. adamantium fruits. The experiment was carried out in the Medicinal Plant Garden - HPM, of Federal University of Grande Dourados/UFGD, in Dourados-Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil. C. adamantium was studied under five spacing between plants in a row (0.30; 0.35; 0.40; 0.45 and 0.50 m) and with and without semi-decomposed chicken manure incorporated in the soil, at a dose of 10 t ha-1. Treatments were arranged as 5 x 2 factorial, in randomized block design, with four replicates. At 390 days after transplanting, the plants had 54.89 cm height, 10.01 mm stem diameter and 178.27 leaves per plant. The longitudinal (17.34 mm) and transverse (18.07 mm) diameters of the fruits did not vary with the spacing or with the use of chicken manure. The largest number (28.56 fruits plant-1) and greatest fresh weight (83.65 g plant-1) of fruits were obtained for plants cultivated under spacing of 0.32 and 0.35 m between plants, respectively, independent of the use of chicken manure. The chicken manure induced a significant increase in phenol content and reduced flavonoid content and the antioxidant activity of the fruit pulp. The chicken manure did not influence the productivity of C. adamantium or the chemical composition of fruits. The use of spacing of 0.35 m between plants and 1.50 m between rows is recommended, with the aim of producing fruits.


Subject(s)
Biomass , Myrtaceae/chemistry , Manure/analysis , Plants, Medicinal/growth & development
16.
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 14(2): 261-266, 2012. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-650664

ABSTRACT

Com a utilização de plantas medicinais em infusões, xaropes, tinturas, ungüentos, dentre outras formas, pressupõe-se que fungos endofíticos, presentes no interior das plantas, mas sem causar doença, possam tornar-se um componente destes produtos, principalmente quando utilizados in natura. Além disso, os fungos endofíticos podem também produzir substâncias tóxicas aos usuários ou mesmo alterar o metabolismo vegetal, modificando a composição e as propriedades medicinais, assim como, a qualidade do produto armazenado e comercializado. Neste sentido, objetivou-se isolar e identificar a flora fúngica endofítica de onze espécies medicinais escolhidas ao acaso. Obtiveram-se culturas-puras dos fungos Phomopsis, Colletotrichum, Pestalotia, Trichoderma, Fusarium, Nigrospora e Glomerella ocorrendo endofiticamente em Plectranthus barbatus, Vernonia condensata, Pfaffia paniculata, Foeniculum vulgare, Cymbopogon citratus, Cymbopogon nardus, Cordia curassavica, Maytenus ilicifolia, Punica granatum, Morus nigra e Bauhinia forficata. As espécies vegetais em que se identificaram o maior número de fungos endofíticos foram Vernonia condensata, Punica granatum e Morus nigra. Todos os fungos recuperados neste trabalho apresentaram características estritamente endofíticas, não manifestando patogenicidade nas espécies hospedeiras. Dentre os fungos detectados, especial atenção deve ser dada ao gênero Fusarium, uma vez que inúmeras espécies deste gênero são conhecidas produtoras de micotoxinas e constituem-se em importantes patógenos pós-colheita.


With the use of medicinal plants in infusions, syrups, dyes, unguents, among other forms, it is expected that endophytic fungi, present inside the plants but not causing diseases, become components of these products, especially when used in natura. In addition, endophytic fungi can produce toxic substances to the users or even modify the plant metabolism, altering the medicinal composition and properties, as well as the quality of the stored and commercialized product. Therefore, the aim of this study was to isolate and identify the endophytic flora from eleven randomly chosen medicinal species. Pure cultures were obtained from the fungi Phomopsis, Colletotrichum, Pestalotia, Trichoderma, Fusarium, Nigrospora and Glomerella endophytically occurring in Plectranthus barbatus, Vernonia condensata, Pfaffia paniculata, Foeniculum vulgare, Cymbopogon citratus, Cymbopogon nardus, Cordia curassavica, Maytenus ilicifolia, Punica granatum, Morus nigra and Bauhinia forficata. The plant species that presented the highest number of endophytic fungi were Vernonia condensata, Punica granatum and Morus nigra. All fungi recovered in this study showed strictly endophytic features, not manifesting pathogenicity in their host species. Among the detected fungi, special attention must be given to the genus Fusarium, since a wide range of species of this genus are known to produce mycotoxins and constitute important post-harvest pathogens.


Subject(s)
Fungi/isolation & purification , Plants, Medicinal/growth & development , Fusarium/isolation & purification , Mycotoxins
17.
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 14(2): 267-275, 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-650665

ABSTRACT

O trabalho teve como objetivos avaliar a morfometria dos frutos e sementes de carobinha (Jacaranda decurrens subsp. symmetrifoliolata) e o efeito de temperaturas na germinação de sementes armazenadas em ambiente sem controle de temperatura e umidade relativa. O estudo foi realizado no Laboratório de Sementes da UFGD, Dourados, MS. Em amostra de 120 frutos e de 550 sementes foi determinado: o comprimento, a largura, a espessura, o número de sementes por fruto, e a massa dos frutos. A germinação foi estudada após três períodos de armazenamento das sementes (120, 480 e 720 dias) a temperatura ambiente e sob quatro temperaturas de germinação: três constantes (18, 25 e 30ºC) com luz contínua e sob condição de tempera alternada, 20-30ºC, com fotoperíodo de 12 horas. O delineamento experimental foi inteiramente ao acaso, em arranjo fatorial 3 x 4, com quatro repetições. As variações nas medidas de frutos e sementes representam indício da alta variabilidade genética populacional. As sementes armazenadas por 120 dias e submetidas à germinação na temperatura de 25ºC resultaram em 69,4% de germinação e índice de velocidade de germinação - IVG, de 0,983. Sob temperaturas de germinação de 30ºC, constante, e de 20-30ºC, alternada, obtiveram-se 63,9% e 63,8% de germinação e 0,486 e 0,413 de IVG, respectivamente. Sob temperatura de 18ºC a germinação foi lenta e menor, 27,7% e IVG de 0,119. As sementes armazenadas por 480 e 720 dias não germinaram. Com base no comportamento fisiológico das sementes é possível classificar Jacaranda decurrens subsp. symmetrifoliolata como espécie intermediária (entre ortodoxa e recaucitrante).


This study aimed to evaluate the morphometry of fruits and seeds of Jacaranda decurrens subsp. symmetrifoliolata ("carobinha") and the effect of temperature on the germination of seeds that were stored in environment without controlled temperature and relative humidity. The study was carried out at Seed Laboratory of Federal University of Grande Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. For a sample of 120 fruits and 550 seeds, the following variables were determined: length, width and thickness, besides the number of seeds per fruit and fruit biomass. Germination was studied after three seed storage periods (120, 480 and 720 days) at environment temperature and four germination temperatures: three constant temperatures (18, 25 and 30ºC) with continuous light, and one alternating temperature, 20-30ºC, with 12-hour photoperiod. Experimental design was completely randomized, in 3 x 4 factorial schemes, with four replicates. The variations in the measures of fruits and seeds evidence a high genetic variability in the population. The seeds stored for 120 days and subjected to germination test at 25ºC resulted in 69.4% germination and germination velocity index - GVI of 0.983. At 30ºC, constant temperature, and 20-30ºC, alternating temperature, germination was 63.9% and 63.8% while GVI was 0.486 and 0.413, respectively. At 18ºC, germination was slow and lower, 27.7%, and GVI was 0.119. Seeds stored for 480 and 720 days did not germinate. Based on the physiological behavior of seeds, it is possible to classify Jacaranda decurrens subsp. symmetrifoliolata as an intermediate species (between orthodox and recalcitrant).


Subject(s)
Fruit/growth & development , Jacaranda caroba/analysis , Seeds/growth & development , Biometry , Germination , Good Distribution Practices , Grassland , Plants, Medicinal/growth & development
18.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 10(6): 507-524, ene. 2011. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-618847

ABSTRACT

The aim of this work was to identify an effective method to improve the rate and percentage of germination and the rooting of seeds and cuttings of Lepechinia chamaedryoides (Balb.) Epling. Morphological changes experienced by the seed during the germination process also were followed by microscopy. This research was conducted during 2009 and 2010 in the Faculty of Agronomy of the University of Concepción. Four germination tests were assayed: a) sulfuric acid scarification and further stratification, b) leaching of inhibitors with different water temperatures plus different concentrations of gibberellic acid, c) thermal scarification plus stratification and d) gibberellic acid application at different concentrations. The highest percentage of germination was obtained with thermal scarification and stratification. Vegetative propagation test consisted of different concentrations of indole butyric acid (IBA) applied to the stem base. Significant differences between treatments were not found. The morphological changes of the seed during the germination process were observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM). These findings allowed identifying characteristics of highly lignified pericarp.


Con el propósito de identificar un método efectivo para obtener un alto porcentaje de germinación y enraizamiento en semillas y estacas de Lepechinia chamaedryoides (Balb.) Epling y observar los cambios morfológicos que experimenta la semilla durante el proceso de germinación, se realizó esta investigación durante el año 2009 y 2010 en la Facultad de Agronomía de la Universidad de Concepción. Se efectuaron cuatro ensayos de germinación: a) escarificación con ácido sulfúrico y estratificación, b) lixiviación de inhibidores con agua a diferentes temperaturas más concentraciones de ácido giberélico, c) escarificación térmica más estratificación y d) aplicación de ácido giberélico, en diferentes concentraciones. El mayor porcentaje de germinación se obtuvo con el tratamiento de escarificación térmica y estratificación. Con respecto a la propagación vegetativa, se realizaron ensayos con diferentes concentraciones de ácido indolbutírico (IBA) aplicado a la base de las estacas, no observándose diferencias significativas entre tratamientos. Los cambios morfológicos de la semilla durante el proceso de germinación se observaron mediante Microscopio Electrónico de Barrido (MEB) lo que permitió identificar características anatómicas y estructurales de un pericarpio altamente lignificado.


Subject(s)
Plants, Medicinal/growth & development , Salvia/growth & development , Seeds/growth & development , Germination , Lamiaceae , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Percolation , Salvia/ultrastructure , Seeds/ultrastructure , Temperature , Thermal Stratification , Time Factors
19.
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 13(1): 30-34, 2011. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-582759

ABSTRACT

Mentha x gracilis Sole é um híbrido que produz óleos essenciais ricos em monoterpenos. Tendo em vista a propagação clonal desta planta, segmentos nodais provenientes de plantas assépticas, foram cultivados em meio de Murashige e Skoog (MS) suplementado com 0; 0,5; 1,0 e 2,0 µM de cinetina, benzilaminopurina (BAP) ou thidiazuron (TDZ). Após 30 dias, as plantas foram transferidas para meio MS não suplementado com citocinina. Os melhores resultados foram obtidos em meio suplementado com 2 µM de TDZ, mostrando ser método viável para a produção rápida de grande número de mudas. Após a transferência das plantas para a casa de vegetação, as plantas propagadas com TDZ apresentam maior número de tricomas glandulares.


Mentha x gracilis Sole is a hybrid that produces essential oils rich in monoterpenes. Aimed at the clonal propagation of this plant, nodal segments from aseptic plants were cultured in Murashige and Skoog (MSO) medium supplemented with 0; 0.5; 1.0 and 2.0 µM kinetin, benzyl adenine (BAP) or thidiazuron (TDZ). After 30 days, plants were transferred to MOS medium without cytokinin supplementation. The best results were obtained in medium supplemented with 2 µM TDZ, which proved to be a viable method for the rapid production of a large number of seedlings. After transference to the greenhouse, plants propagated with TDZ had a larger number of glandular trichomes.


Subject(s)
Plant Shoots/growth & development , Cytokines/analysis , Cytokines/chemistry , Mentha/growth & development , Agricultural Cultivation , Lamiaceae/growth & development , Plants, Medicinal/growth & development , Root Nodules, Plant
20.
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 13(1): 52-57, 2011. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-582762

ABSTRACT

As informações a respeito da propagação de Cuphea calophylla subsp. mesostemon (Koehne) Lourteig (Lythraceae) são escassas. As técnicas de propagação podem subsidiar o manejo, fornecendo alternativa para produtores de plantas medicinais e evitando a coleta indiscriminada. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo verificar o efeito de diferentes tipos de estaca, tamanhos e área foliar no enraizamento de estacas semilenhosas. As estacas foram obtidas a partir de plantas espontâneas coletadas na Estação Experimental do Canguiri da Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR), localizada em Pinhais - PR. Os experimentos com estaquia foram conduzidos em casa-de-vegetação. O delineamento foi inteiramente casualizado com cinco repetições e 24 estacas por parcela, para todos os experimentos. As estacas obtidas de ramos vegetativos apresentaram maior porcentagem de brotação e massa seca de raízes por estaca em relação àquelas obtidas de ramos reprodutivos, especialmente, as estacas obtidas da parte basal dos ramos vegetativos. As estacas preparadas com 10 e 15 cm de comprimento apresentaram maior número de brotos e maior massa seca de raízes por estaca, em relação às preparadas com 5 cm. As estacas com 3 e 4 pares de folhas apresentaram maior altura, incremento de altura, massa seca de raízes e de brotos por estaca, em relação aos tratamentos com 1 e 2 pares de folhas. Os resultados de propagação vegetativa apontam a estaquia como uma técnica viável para a multiplicação da espécie.


Information about the propagation of Cuphea calophylla subsp. mesostemon (Koehne) Lourteig (Lythraceae) is scarce. Propagation techniques may support its management, providing an alternative for medicinal plant producers and avoiding indiscriminate harvests. This study aimed to investigate the effect of different types, sizes and leaf areas of semi-woody cuttings on their rooting. Cuttings were obtained from weeds harvested at the Canguiri Experimental Station of the Paraná Federal University (UFPR), Pinhais Municipality, Paraná State, Brazil. Experiments were carried out in a greenhouse. Experimental design was completely randomized, with five replicates and 24 cuttings per plot. Cuttings obtained from vegetative branches had higher sprouting percentage and root dry matter per cutting relative to those obtained from reproductive branches, especially cuttings obtained from the basal region of vegetative branches. Cuttings prepared with 10 and 15 cm length had larger number of sprouts and higher root dry matter per cutting relative to those prepared with 5 cm. Cuttings presenting 3 and 4 leaf pairs had greater height, increase in height, and root and sprout dry matter per cutting relative to those presenting 1 and 2 leaf pairs. The results regarding vegetative propagation indicate cutting as a viable technique for the multiplication of this species.


Subject(s)
Plant Shoots/growth & development , Cuphea/growth & development , Plants, Medicinal/growth & development , Plant Roots/growth & development
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