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1.
Med. infant ; 30(2): 172-180, Junio 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1443724

ABSTRACT

Los intervalos de referencia (IR) dependen de la población y de las características metrológicas del procedimiento de medida utilizado. A pesar de las recomendaciones internacionales, son pocos los laboratorios que establecen sus propios IR para cada magnitud por la dificultad para conseguir voluntarios de referencia y el elevado costo económico asociado. La International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC) acepta la adopción de IR bibliográficos o su cálculo por métodos indirectos dado su bajo costo y fácil obtención. Existen varias fuentes confiables de IR bibliográficos para el hemograma. No obstante, para el recuento plaquetario, es una práctica común de los laboratorios emplear el rango de valores de 150-450.109 /L independiente de la metodología utilizada y grupo etario. El objetivo de este trabajo fue revisar los IR bibliográficos disponibles para el recuento plaquetario y estimarlo empleando el método indirecto de Hoffmann a partir de nuestra población. Los métodos indirectos se basan en aplicar criterios de exclusión y cálculos matemáticos sobre los resultados de una base de datos de laboratorio. Nuestros IR para el recuento plaquetario se comparan con los bibliográficos, que han sido establecidos por técnicas de muestreo directo. Por este motivo y dado que no existen estudios poblacionales que lo avalen, sería apropiado reemplazar el rango de 150-450.109 / L. Estos límites podrían seguir empleándose como puntos de corte o niveles de decisión médica para definir, según la clínica y otros resultados de laboratorio, los pacientes que ameritan un seguimiento posterior (AU)


Reference ranges (RR) depend on the population and the metrological characteristics of the measurement procedure used. Despite international recommendations, few laboratories establish their own RRs for each magnitude because of the difficulty in obtaining reference volunteers and the associated high economic cost. The International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC) accepts the use of literaturebased RRs or RRs calculated by indirect methods because of their low cost and easy collection. There are several reliable sources of literature-based RRs for the Cell Blood Count. However, for platelet count, it is common laboratory practice to use the range of 150-450,109 /L regardless of the methodology used and age group. The aim of this study was to review the available literature regarding RRs for platelet count and to establish it using the indirect Hoffmann method in our population. Indirect methods are based on applying exclusion criteria and mathematical calculations on the results of a laboratory database. Our RRs for platelet counts are compared with those in the literature, which have been established by direct sampling techniques. Therefore, and given that there are no population studies to support these findings, it would be appropriate to replace the 150-450,109 /L range. These limits may continue to be used as cut-off points or medical decision levels to define, according to clinical manifestations and other laboratory results, patients who warrant further follow-up (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Platelet Count/methods , Reference Standards , Reference Values , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/methods , Laboratories, Hospital
2.
Medicina (Ribeirao Preto, Online) ; 55(3)set. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1401758

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The pre-analytical phase directly influences the laboratory result, such as the method of collection, transport, and storage of biological samples. Therefore, the stability of the biological sample is a crucial and determinant aspect of the quality of results in a clinical laboratory. Studies show that some platelet parameters may suffer alterations in the presence of altered blood/anticoagulant ratio, with increased storage time and/or variations in storage temperature, possibly leading to unrepresentative results. This study aimed to investigate the reliability of platelet parameters regarding the effect of the anticoagulant/blood ratio and storage temperature in samples stored for up to 24 hours after collection using the Cell Dyn Ruby® equipment.Methodology: A total of 351 blood samples were evaluated under different analysis periods: 2, 5, 12, and 24 hours and storage methods: at room temperature (25 °C) and 4 °C, in addition to the analysis of anticoagulant/blood ratio. The Platelet parameters selected were: PLT (total platelet count), MPV (mean platelet volume), PDW (Platelet Distribution Width) and PCT (plateletcrit). The imprecision of the results was evaluated by the CVa (%) within the maximum allowed analytical variation, as well as by the mean difference of the results concerning the baseline sample (2 hours). Results: The total platelet count was the only parameter evaluated that showed reproducibility of results in all conditions analyzed. Regarding the other platelet parameters, it could be observed an imprecision of results emitted by Cell Dyn Ruby® after five hours of storage, both at room and refrigerated temperature. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that pre-analytical factors, such as storage temperature and storage time, can affect the variability of platelet parameters, which may produce erroneous results. Thus, the correct blood/anticoagulant ratio must be respected to avoid the late processing of the sample (AU)


Introdução: O resultado laboratorial é diretamente influenciado por etapas da fase pré-analítica, como método de coleta, transporte e armazenamento das amostras biológicas. Desta forma, a estabilidade da amostra biológica é um aspecto crucial e determinante para a qualidade dos resultados de um laboratório clínico. Estudos demonstram que alguns parâmetros plaquetários podem sofrer modificações na presença da relação sangue/anticoagulante alterada, com aumento do tempo de estocagem e/ou alterações na temperatura de armazenamento, podendo levar a resultados não representativos. Portanto, o objetivo desse estudo foi investigar a confiabilidade dos parâmetros plaquetários com relação ao efeito da relação anticoagulante/sangue e da temperatura de armazenamento, em amostras estocadas por até 24 horas após a coleta, utilizando o equipamento Cell Dyn Ruby®. Métodos: Foram avaliados 351 hemogramas, em diferentes tempos de análise: 2, 5, 12 e 24 horas e formas de estocagem: à temperatura ambiente (25°C) e à 4°C, além da relação anticoagulante/sangue. Foram selecionados os seguintes parâmetros plaquetários: PLT (contagem total de plaquetas), VPM (volume plaquetário médio), PDW (amplitude de variação do tamanho das plaquetas) e PCT (plaquetócrito). A confiabilidade dos resultados foi avaliada pelo CVa (%), dentro da variação analítica máxima permitida, assim como pela diferença de média dos resultados em relação à amostra de base (2 horas). Resultados: A contagem total de plaquetas foi o único parâmetro avaliado que apresentou reprodutibilidade de resultados em todas as condições analisadas. Em relação aos demais parâmetros plaquetários, foi observado imprecisão dos resultados emitidos pelo Cell Dyn Ruby®, a partir de 5 horas de estocagem, tanto em temperatura ambiente quanto refrigerada. Conclusão: Este estudo demonstra que fatores pré-analíticos, como a temperatura de armazenamento e o tempo de estocagem, podem afetar a variabilidade dos parâmetros plaquetários, podendo produzir resultados equivocados. Deste modo, deve-se respeitar a correta relação sangue/anticoagulante e evitar o processamento tardio da amostra (AU)


Subject(s)
Platelet Count , Blood Platelets , Laboratories, Clinical , Anticoagulants , Reproducibility of Results
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 323-326, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928714

ABSTRACT

Tubulin affects platelets count through the control of mitosis and the formation of pro-platelets during the maturation of megakaryoblast to platelets. Tubulin is involved in maintaining the integrity of platelet skeleton, and also participates in the change of platelet morphology during platelet activation. Some new anti-tumor drugs targeting cell mitosis are trying to reduce the effect on tubulin in order to reduce the side effect of drugs on platelet formation. In some patients with thrombocytopenia, the variation and polymorphism of the tubulin gene affect the structure of microtubule multimers, which leads to the decrease of platelet formation. This review summarized the latest progresses of tubulin in the regulation of megakaryopoiesis and thrombopoiesis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Platelets , Megakaryocytes , Platelet Count , Thrombopoiesis , Tubulin
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 237-243, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928700

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of relationship between the expression of miRNA181a-5p and imbalance of Treg/Th17 in the pathogenesis of primary immune thrombocytopenia(ITP), which contributes to clarify the mechanism of T cell immune imbalance in ITP patients.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood was collected from 37 ITP patients, concluding 21 untreated patients and 16 effectively treated patients, and 19 healthy controls; Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were isolated and the expression of miRNA181a-5p and Notch1 was analyzed by RT-PCR. The proportion of Th17 subsets and Treg cells in the peripheral circulation was detected by flow cytometer (FCM). Clinical data of ITP group was collected, including age, platelet count and disease course.@*RESULTS@#The expression of miR-181a-5p was significantly decreased in ITP group than that of healthy control group (P<0.01). After effective treatment, the expression of miR-181a-5p was significantly higher than that of ITP group (P<0.05), but still significantly lower than that of healthy control group (P<0.01); The expression of Notch1 was significantly increased in ITP group and effectively treated group than that of healthy control group (P<0.01). There was no significant difference in proportion of Treg cells in ITP group, effectively treated group and healthy control group (P>0.05). The proportion of Th17 subsets in ITP group was significantly increased than that of healthy control group (P<0.05), while the ratio of Treg/Th17 was significantly decreased (P<0.05). There was a positive correlation between the expression of miR-181a-5p and ratio of Treg/Th17 in ITP group (r=0.555).@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of miR-181a-5p is significantly decreased in ITP patients, which is closely related to the imbalance of Treg/Th17 cells. After effective treatment, the expression of miR-181a-5p can be significantly corrected, but still failed to reach the level of healthy people. While the expression of Notch1 is significantly increased in ITP patients, and could not reach the level of healthy people after effective treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Platelet Count , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Th17 Cells
5.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 60-64, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928567

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy on peripheral venous blood cell count in preterm infants with a gestational age of 28-34 weeks.@*METHODS@#A total of 227 preterm infants with a gestational age of 28-34 weeks who were admitted to the Department of Pediatrics, the First Hospital Affiliated to Kunming Medical University, from January to December 2020, and whose mothers had hypertensive disorders of pregnancy were enrolled as the study group. A total of 227 preterm infants with a gestational age of 28-34 weeks who were admitted during the same period and whose mothers did not have hypertensive disorders of pregnancy were enrolled as the control group. According to maternal blood pressure during pregnancy, the study group was divided into three subgroups: gestational hypertension (n=75), mild preeclampsia (n=81), and severe preeclampsia (n=71). According to the birth weight of the preterm infants, the study group was divided into two subgroups: small for gestational age (SGA) (n=113) and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) (n=114). Peripheral blood cell count on day 1 after birth was compared between the study and control groups, as well as between the subgroups of the study group.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the study group had significantly lower white blood cell count, absolute neutrophil count, and blood platelet count (P<0.05) and significantly higher incidence rates of leucopenia and neutropenia (P<0.05). The subgroup analysis showed that the mild preeclampsia and severe preeclampsia subgroups had significantly lower white blood cell count, absolute neutrophil count, and blood platelet count than the gestational hypertension subgroup (P<0.05), and that the SGA subgroup had significantly lower white blood cell count, absolute neutrophil count, and blood platelet count than the AGA subgroup (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy can affect the peripheral venous blood cell count of preterm infants, which is more significant in infants with maternal preeclampsia and SGA infants.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Gestational Age , Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced , Infant, Premature , Infant, Small for Gestational Age , Platelet Count
6.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e20510, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420469

ABSTRACT

Abstract We investigated whether coconut milk protein (CMP) contributes to the beneficial effects of coconut milk consumption on cardiovascular health markers previously found in middle-aged rats. CMP was isolated and precipitated from dried fresh coconut milk, then gavaged (1 g/kg) to middle-aged male rats for six weeks; control rats received distilled water. Compared to controls, CMP caused decreased body fat and lipid accumulation in liver cells and the platelet count. CMP did not affect basal blood pressure or heart rate in anesthetized rats. Vascular responsiveness to phenylephrine, DL-propargylglycine (PAG), acetylcholine or sodium nitroprusside was unaffected, but vasorelaxation to glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) increased. Effects of ODQ on vasorelaxation to GTN were similar in both groups. Expression of blood vessel eNOS, CSE and sGC was normal. The cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) level of CMP-treated rats was normal but addition of GTN increased cGMP and NO concentration more in CMP-treated rats than in controls, an effect unaltered by addition of diadzin. Taken together, CMP appears partially responsible for the improvement in cardiovascular health markers caused by coconut milk in middle-aged male rats


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Body Fat Distribution/classification , Foods Containing Coconut , Platelet Count/instrumentation , Blood Vessels/abnormalities , Acetylcholine/analogs & derivatives , Nitroglycerin/agonists
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 851-855, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939699

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Compared with the method of optical microscopy, to evaluate the accuracy of fragmented red cells(FRC) detection by Sysmex XN-3000.@*METHODS@#A total of 111 samples were collected from patients diagnosed as thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, autoimmune disease, hematological disease, malignant tumor and health examination in our hospital from June 2019 to February 2021, including 74 cases in the case group and 37 cases in the healthy control group. All samples were detected by optical microscope and Sysmex XN-3000, respectively. ROC was used to evaluate the detection ability of Sysmex XN-3000 for schistocyte. Bland-Altman method was used to evaluate the consistency of the results of the two methods for detection of schistocyte, and Pearson correlation analysis was conducted for the difference of the results.@*RESULTS@#The area under the ROC curve was 0.890(95% CI: 0.828-0.952, P<0.01). Sysmex XN-3000 count did not quantitatively agree with schistocyte counts by microscopy in the case group(mean of difference:-1.53, 95% limits of agreement: -8.78~5.72). There was a weak positive correlation between platelet count and the difference of analyzer and microscopic results (r=0.32,P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Sysmex XN-3000 can be used as a reference for qualitative determination of schistocyte. However, the sensitivity of Sysmex XN-3000 should be improved. It is still necessary to combine with manual microscopy. The quantitative results are not reliable now and cannot be used as a reference for monitoring the results of schistocyte in clinical patients after treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoplasms , Platelet Count , Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic , ROC Curve , Reproducibility of Results
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 832-835, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939696

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of recombinant human thrombopoietin (rhTPO) combined with glucocorticoid in treatment of newly diagnosed adult primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP).@*METHODS@#Eleven male and 23 female patients with the diagnosis of primary ITP in our hospital from November 2018 to October 2019 were enrolled and randomly divided into test group (17 cases) and control group (17 cases), the median age was 52 years old (range: 20-76 years old). The patients in test group were treated with rhTPO 300 IU/(kg·d) combined with glucocorticoid , while the patients in control group were treated with rhTPO (15 000 IU/d) combined with glucocorticoid. Platelet count, platelet increase, as well as the overall response rate were compared. At the same time, the drug tolerance and any adverse drug reactions were observed.@*RESULTS@#The platelet counts and platelet increase of the patients in the test group were significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in platelet counts and platelet increase between the patients in the test group and control group at day 3, 7 after treatment. There was no significant difference in overall response rates and complete response rates at day 7, 14 between the two groups either. In test group, there were 13 cases received platelet transfusion, while 12 cases in control group. The muscle aches occurred in one patient, and mild aminotransferase increased in another patient in test group which was self-recovery without treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#RhTPO 300 U/(kg·d) combined with glucocorticoid could rapidly increase the platelet count with a low incidence of tolerable adverse events compared with conventional dose rhTPO with glucocorticoid.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Platelet Count , Platelet Transfusion , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/drug therapy , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Thrombopoietin/therapeutic use
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 711-717, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939679

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze and compare the efficacy of recombinant human thrombopoietin (rhTPO) and recombinant human interleukin-11 (rhIL-11) in the treatment of thrombocytopenia after chemotherapy in acute leukemia patients.@*METHODS@#180 patients with acute leukemia complicated with thrombocytopenia after chemotherapy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University were analyzed retrospectively. Among them, 50 patients who treated with rhTPO and did not receive platelet transfusion were set as group A, 50 patients treated with rhTPO and receive platelet transfusion were set as group B, Forty patients treated with rhIL-11 without platelet transfusion were set as group C, Forty patients who treated with rhIL-11 and received platelet transfusion were set as group D. The duration of PLT below 20×109/L, the days it takes for PLT to recover to more than 100×109/L, and the incidence of different bleeding degrees were compared among several groups.@*RESULTS@#The duration of PLT<20×109/L in group A(3.72±1.14 d) was significantly shorter than that in group C(4.93±1.33 d) (P<0.001), and there was no significant difference from group B (P>0.05). The duration of PLT<20×109/L in group B(3.06±0.91 d) was significantly shorter than that in group D(4.65±0.98 d) (P<0.001), while the difference in duration of days between group C and D was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The times for PLT to recover to 100×109/L in group A(13.46±1.67 d) were significantly shorter than that in group C(16.85±2.13 d) (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference from group B (P>0.05). The time required for PLT to recover to 100×109/L in group B(13.36±1.49 d) were significantly shorter than that in group D(16.18±1.78 d) (P<0.05), while the difference in the days required for group C and group D was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The incidence of high bleeding risk in group B was significantly lower than that in group A (22% vs 44%, P<0.05), the incidence of high bleeding risk in group D was significantly lower than that in group C (32% vs 65%, P<0.05), and the incidence of high bleeding risk in group A was significantly lower than that in group C (44% vs 65%, P<0.05). The incidence of high bleeding risk in group B(22%) was lower than that in group D(32.5%), and the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#In the treatment of acute leukemia patients with thrombocytopenia after chemotherapy, compared with rhIL-11, rhTPO can significantly shorten the duration for patients in a status with extremely low levels of PLT and the recovery time of PLT to normal range. In addition, PLT transfusion cannot speed up the time for patients to raise platelets to a safe range, nor can it shorten the duration of low PLT levels, but it can reduce the incidence of high bleeding risk events.


Subject(s)
Humans , Interleukin-11 , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Platelet Count , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Thrombocytopenia , Thrombopoietin/therapeutic use
10.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 687-692, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939649

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To examine the expression of serum thyroglobulin antibody (TGAb) and thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) in children with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP).@*METHODS@#A total of 120 children with ITP who were admitted from October 2019 to October 2021 were enrolled as the ITP group. A total of 60 children without ITP were enrolled as the non-ITP group. According to the clinical classification of ITP, the children in the ITP group were further divided into a newly diagnosed ITP group, a persistent ITP group, and a chronic ITP group. The clinical data were compared between the ITP group and the non-ITP group and between the children with different clinical classifications of ITP. The expression levels of serum TGAb and TPOAb in children with ITP were measured and their association with the clinical classification of ITP was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the non-ITP group, the ITP group had significantly lower levels of CD3+, CD4+, and platelet count (PLT) and significantly higher levels of CD8+, TGAb, and TPOAb (P<0.05). The children with chronic ITP had significantly lower levels of CD3+, CD4+, and PLT and significantly higher levels of CD8+, TGAb, and TPOAb than those with newly diagnosed ITP or persistent ITP (P<0.05). The logistic regression analysis showed that CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, TGAb, and TPOAb were the influencing factors for chronic ITP (P<0.05). A decision curve was plotted, and the results showed that TGAb combined with TPOAb within the high-risk threshold range of 0.0-1.0 had a net benefit rate of >0 in evaluating the clinical classification of ITP in children.@*CONCLUSIONS@#TGAb and TPOAb are abnormally expressed in children with ITP and are associated with the clinical classification of ITP in children.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Autoantibodies , Iodide Peroxidase , Platelet Count , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Thrombocytopenia , Thyroglobulin
11.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(3): e729, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1351989

ABSTRACT

La trombocitemia esencial forma parte del grupo de neoplasias mieloproliferativas. Se caracteriza por síntomas microvasculares y vasomotores, recuento plaquetario superior a 450 x 109/l, proliferación megacariocítica con morfología grande y madura, ausencia de proliferación eritroide y granulocítica, demostración de JAK2V617F u otro marcador clonal y ausencia de evidencia de trombocitosis reactiva. Se reporta el manejo anestésico en una paciente donde las principales consideraciones están relacionadas con la prevención de eventos hemorrágicos y trombóticos. La suspensión de la aspirina, el mantenimiento del tratamiento con hidroxiurea, la preparación con ácido tranexámico, el uso pre y posoperatorio de fraxiparina, hidratación adecuada, uso de medias elásticas en miembros inferiores, deambulación precoz, buena hemostasia quirúrgica y disponibilidad de concentrados de plaquetas son los elementos fundamentales en la conducción anestésica de esta paciente(AU)


Essential thrombocythemia is part of the group of myeloproliferative neoplasms. It is characterized by microvascular and vasomotor symptoms, platelet count over 450x109/L, megakaryocytic proliferation with large and mature morphology, absence of erythroid and granulocytic proliferation, demonstration of JAK2V617F or other clonal marker, and absence of evidence of reactive thrombocytosis. Anesthetic management is reported in a patient, whose case's main considerations are related to the prevention of hemorrhagic and thrombotic events. Aspirin suspension, maintenance of hydroxyurea treatment, preparation with tranexamic acid, pre- and post-operative use of fraxiparin, adequate hydration, use of elastic stockings in lower limbs, early ambulation, good surgical hemostasis, as well as availability of platelet concentrates are the fundamental elements in the anesthetic management of this patient(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Platelet Count , Thrombocythemia, Essential/complications , Hemostasis, Surgical , Tranexamic Acid/therapeutic use , Stockings, Compression , Anesthetics/therapeutic use
12.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(7): 1021-1025, July 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346962

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase-platelet ratio, system inflammation response index, and systemic immune inflammation index are three systemic immune and inflammation indexes that were investigated for their diagnostic and prognostic proficiencies in cardiovascular diseases and cancers. However, their predictive values for invasive aspergillosis have not yet been studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase-platelet ratio, system inflammation response index, and systemic immune inflammation index levels and their diagnostic values in invasive aspergillosis. METHODS: A total of 23 patients with invasive aspergillosis and 23 sex- and age-matched healthy participants were included in this study. Complete blood count parameters and liver function tests were studied. Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase-platelet ratio, system inflammation response index, and systemic immune inflammation index were calculated. RESULTS: Leukocyte, neutrophil, lymphocyte, and monocyte levels were statistically significantly higher in IA group (p=0.031, p=0.027, p=0.033, and p=0.001, respectively). In invasive aspergillosis group, platelets were numerically lower; Aspartate transaminase, alanine aminotransferase, and lactic dehydrogenase levels were numerically higher than those in control group but differences between levels were not statistically significant (p>0.05). The γ-glutamyl transpeptidase levels of patients were statistically significantly higher (p=0.007), and in addition, statistically significant differences were found between groups in terms of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase-platelet ratio, system inflammation response index, and systemic immune inflammation index (p<0.001, p=0.037, p=0.001, respectively). Receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed, and areas under the curves were evaluated. gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase-platelet ratio had the higher area under the curve than systemic immune inflammation index and system inflammation response index (AUC 0.849, 0.798, 0.693, respectively). The results from receiver operating characteristic analysis of the data suggested that the use of a cutoff value of 0.15 for gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase-platelet ratio would be optimum for clinical use to confirm independent predictors of patients with invasive aspergillosis. CONCLUSIONS: Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase-platelet ratio is an independent, a useful predictor, and is superior to other evaluated markers in the diagnosis of inflammation in invasive aspergillosis. Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase-platelet ratio may also be a helpful biomarker for clinicians to follow-up the inflammatory process of these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aspergillosis/pathology , gamma-Glutamyltransferase , Platelet Count , Blood Platelets , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Inflammation/pathology , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology
13.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(2): 137-145, 15/06/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362201

ABSTRACT

Background Today, there is a need for new and independent additional advanced markers that can predict the prognosis of meningioma patients, postoperatively. The present study aimed to find out postoperative short-term prognostic markers in patients with meningioma using their demographic data and routine blood biochemistry findings evaluated preoperatively. Methods The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), and Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) scores of the patients were recorded. Additionally, preoperatively obtained serum glucose, Creactive protein (CRP), sodium, potassium, creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase, and hemoglobin level values, platelet, leukocyte, neutrophil, lymphocyte, eosinophil, basophil, andmonocyte count results, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, plateletlymphocyte ratio (PLR) and lymphocyte-monocyte ratio (LMR) values were evaluated. Results In the present study, 23 operated patients with meningioma World Health Organization (WHO) grade 1 (17 females, 6 males) were included. Correlation test results revealed that the GCS score, platelet count, and serum potassium level values could directly predict the short-term prognosis of these patients. Additionally, these test results suggested that the lymphocyte, monocyte, and eosinophil count values, PLR, LMR, ESR, serum glucose, CRP, and AST level values could be indirect markers in predicting the short-term prognosis. However, likelihood ratio test results revealed that only monocyte count value, LMR value, and serum CRP level value could be the markers for prediction of the short-term prognosis. Conclusion At the end of the present study, it was concluded that the monocyte count value, LMR value, and serum CRP level value could be the best markers in predicting the short-term prognosis of the operated meningioma patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Blood Chemical Analysis/methods , Biomarkers , Meningioma/therapy , Platelet Count , Potassium/blood , Prognosis , C-Reactive Protein/chemistry , Monocytes/chemistry , Retrospective Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Statistics, Nonparametric , Correlation of Data
14.
J. bras. nefrol ; 43(1): 61-67, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154653

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Inflammation promotes the progression of chronic renal failure, and the start of dialysis worsens inflammation. The enlargement of the spleen is associated with inflammation, and patients on hemodialysis may show a large spleen. The aim of the present study was to compare the spleen size of patients undergoing hemodialysis versus controls to update this thread. Methods: Controls and patients were eligible to participate in the study provided they were negative for serological markers of hepatitis B and C viruses and HIV, if they had no lymphoproliferative disorder, and if they were at least 18 years of age. Age, sex, and the duration of dialysis were recorded. Laboratory variables (hemoglobin, hematological cell count, serum creatinine) and the underlying cause of end-stage renal disease were analyzed. The spleen sizes of the patients were divided into tertiles. Results: The 75 controls and 168 patients selected were sex-matched. The patients were older, had larger spleens and lower platelet counts than controls. The relationship between spleen size and age in the controls and patients was quite similar. The patients in the first tertile of spleen size compared with those in the third were older and had a higher platelet counts. The underlying disease and dialysis vintage had no effect on spleen size. Discussion: The patients had larger spleens and a greater range of spleen sizes than the controls. In patients, the association between larger and smaller spleen with lower and higher platelet counts, respectively, sparked the speculation of occurrence of hypersplenism and hyposplenism.


Resumo Introdução: A inflamação promove a progressão da insuficiência renal crônica, e o início da diálise agrava a inflamação. O aumento do baço está associado à inflamação e os pacientes em hemodiálise podem apresentar um baço grande. O objetivo do presente estudo foi comparar o tamanho do baço de pacientes em hemodiálise versus aquele de controles, para atualizar este tópico. Métodos: Controles e pacientes foram elegíveis para participar do estudo desde que fossem negativos para marcadores sorológicos dos vírus da hepatite B, C e HIV, se não apresentassem distúrbio linfoproliferativo e tivessem pelo menos 18 anos de idade. Registramos idade, sexo e duração da diálise. Avaliamos as variáveis laboratoriais (hemoglobina, contagem de células hematológicas, creatinina sérica) e a causa básica da doença renal terminal. O tamanho dos baços dos pacientes foram divididos em tercis. Resultados: Os 75 controles e 168 pacientes selecionados foram pareados por sexo. Os pacientes eram mais velhos, tinham baços maiores e menor contagem de plaquetas do que os controles. A relação entre o tamanho do baço e a idade dos controles e pacientes foi bastante semelhante. Os pacientes do primeiro tercil de tamanho do baço, em comparação com os do terceiro, eram mais velhos e apresentavam contagens de plaquetas mais altas. A doença subjacente e o período de diálise não tiveram efeito no tamanho do baço. Discussão: Os pacientes tinham baços maiores e uma maior variedade de tamanhos de baço do que os controles. Entre os pacientes, a associação entre baço maior e menor com contagens de plaquetas mais baixas e mais altas, respectivamente, gerou a especulação da ocorrência de hiperesplenismo e hiposplenismo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spleen , Kidney Failure, Chronic/complications , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Platelet Count , Renal Dialysis , Creatinine
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1231-1235, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888543

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the diagnostic value of peripheral blood cell parameters for early recognition of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical and laboratory data of 86 patients with MDS and 72 patients with non-malignant clonal anemia treated in first diagnosed in the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2017 was retrospectively analyzed. The peripheral blood cell parameters of the patients in two groups were analyzed, generated the receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) from the statistically significant parameters, the binary logistic model was build to calculate and compare the area under the ROC curve (AUC) combined with multiple indicators and individual indicators, sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratio, and diagnostic accuracy, the diagnostic efficacy of the patients was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with patients in the non-malignant clonal anemia group ,white blood cell count (WBC), neutrophil percentage (NE%), eosinophil percentage (E%), eosinophil absolute value (E#), platelet count (PLT), platelet specific volume (PCT%) in the MDS patients were significantly reduced; while percentage of lymphocytes (LY%), basophilic percentage (B%), and the width of platelet distribution (PDW) significantly increased. The several ROC curves with the above indicators were established, which showed that AUC@*CONCLUSION@#PDW, B% and LY% in peripheral blood cell parameters have certain diagnostic value for early recognition of MDS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukocyte Count , Lymphocytes , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/diagnosis , Platelet Count , Retrospective Studies
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1911-1916, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922223

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical efficacy of calcitriol combined with sirolimus in the treatment of chronic primary immune thrombocytopenia (cITP) patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 146 adult cITP patients reated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Hebei North University from March 2017 to March 2020 were randomly divided into observation group (73 cases) and control group (73 cases) according to random number table. The control group was treated with oral sirolimus capsule, the observation group was treated with oral calcitriol capsule combined with sirolimus capsule, and the curative effect of the 2 groups was evaluated after continuous treatment for 6 weeks. The changes of World Health Organization (WHO) bleeding grade, laboratory related index, including peripheral blood regulatory T cell (Treg), serum 1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D@*RESULTS@#The total effective rate of the observation group was 79.5% (58/73), which was significantly higher than 64.4% (47/73) of the control group (P<0.05). The revised WHO bleeding grades after treatment were significantly better than those before treatment in the 2 groups (P<0.05), but the observation group was improved more significantly than the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, platelet count (PLT), peripheral blood Treg cell ratio, and serum 1,25(OH)@*CONCLUSION@#The overall efficacy of calcitriol combined with sirolimus in the treatment of cITP in adults is satisfactory, which can effectively alleviate patient's condition, improve the quality of life, further increase the platelet level and decrease the expression of VDR in peripheral blood lymphocyte, the mechanism may be related to increasing the level of serum 1,25(OH)


Subject(s)
Humans , Calcitriol , Platelet Count , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Sirolimus
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 983-987, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880179

ABSTRACT

Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a blood system disease mediated by autoimmune mechanism. Currently, the goal of treatment for primary ITP is to keep patients' peripheral platelet count at a safe level to prevent severe bleeding. Recently, avatrombopag and fostamatinib have been approved by the FDA for the treatment of primary ITP in adults, while new drugs such as rozanolixizumab, efgartigimod, PRTX-100, decitabine and atorvastatin have shown efficacy in early clinical trials. This review summarizes the current accepted therapies for the clinical treatment of primary ITP in adults, and briefly discuss the progress of new therapies.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Hemorrhage , Platelet Count , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/drug therapy , Splenectomy
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 819-826, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880153

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of complement C3 on the prognosis of patients with multiple myeloma (MM), and to establish a predictive model to evaluate the overall survival.@*METHODS@#Eighty newly diagnosed MM patients were enrolled, and clinical characteristics, such as sex, age, platelet count, white blood cell count, ISS stage, FISH, levels of kappa and lammda chain, complement C3 and C4 were retrospectively analyzed. Cox regression model was used for univariate and multivariate analysis about risk factors that affecting the prognosis of the MM patients. A nomogram based on C3 level was established for predicting the prognosis of MM patients.@*RESULTS@#The average age of the MM patients was 63.15±10.41, including 36 males and 44 females. The median overall survival (OS) was 36.3 months, and the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 35.2 months, the 3-year OS rate and PFS rate of the MM patients were 67.5% and 52.5%, respectively. The variants selected by univariate analysis were put into multivariate regression model, the result showed that C3 level ≥0.7 U/L and PLT count <100×10@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with C3 level≥0.7 U/L or PLT count <100×10


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Complement C3 , Multiple Myeloma , Platelet Count , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 791-796, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880149

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the relationship between coagulation indexes and prognosis of patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#A total of 99 newly diagnosed MM patients treated in Gansu Provincial Hospital from October 2017 to October 2019 were enrolled. Plasma thromboplastin time (TT), prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), fibrinogen (FIB), D-dimer (D-D), platelet (PLT), and other laboratory indexes were detected. The relationship between coagulation indexes and clinical characteristics of MM patients was analyzed. The differences in survival rates among MM patients with different levels of coagulation indexes were compared, and the effect of each clinical index on the prognosis of MM patients was analyzed by univariate and multivariate.@*RESULTS@#Each coagulation index was correlated to sex, disease classification and stage, and β@*CONCLUSION@#Coagulation function is correlated with multiple clinical indicators of patients with MM and plays an important role in their prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Coagulation Tests , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products , Multiple Myeloma , Partial Thromboplastin Time , Platelet Count , Prognosis , Prothrombin Time
20.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 647-652, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942230

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the prognostic value of preoperative platelet parameters in locally advanced renal cell carcinoma for the risk stratification of such patients.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of patients with locally advanced renal cell carcinoma in the Third Hospital of Peking University from January 2015 to December 2017 were collected. The patients were divided into progression group and progression-free group according to follow-up data, and preoperative platelet parameters and clinical data between the two groups were compared. The optimal cut-off value of platelet parameters was determined by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) and analyzed by Kaplan-Meier survival curve. Cox proportional hazards model was used to analyze the independent risk factors of PFS. Time dependent ROC curve, net reclassification index (NRI), and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) were used to evaluate the improvement of SSIGN model by incorporating platelet parameters.@*RESULTS@#Of the 215 patients, 192 (89.3%) were followed up for a median of 36 months. Sixty-four patients (29.8%) had disease progression during the follow-up, and the median PFS was 46 months. In progression group, the platelet count (PLT) was higher [(250.72 ± 88.59)×109/L vs. (227.27 ± 66.94)×109/L, P=0.042] and the platelet distribution width (PDW) was lower [(12.01 ± 2.27)% vs. (13.31 ± 2.74)%, P = 0.001] than that of progression-free groups. 285×109 /L and 12.65% as the best cut-off values of PLT and PDW, the median PFS of PLT≤285×109 /L group was significantly longer than that of PLT>285×109 /L group (53 months vs. 41 months, P=0.033), and the median PFS of PDW>12.65% group was also significantly longer than that of PDW≤12.65% group (56 months vs. 41 months, P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that preoperative PDW (HR=0.735, P < 0.001), nuclear grade Ⅲ to Ⅳ (HR=2.425, P=0.001) and sarcomatoid differentiation (HR=3.101, P=0.008) were independent risk factors for PFS. The area under the curve of PDW combined with SSIGN model was larger than that with the original SSIGN model [0.748 (95%CI: 0.662-0.833) vs. 0.678 (95%CI: 0.583-0.773), P=0.193], NRI was 0.262 (P=0.04), and IDI was 0.085 (P=0.01), indicating that the predictive ability of PDW combined with SSIGN model was improved.@*CONCLUSION@#Preoperative high PLT and low PDW are associated with adverse prognosis of locally advanced renal cell carcinoma, and PDW is an independent risk factor. Therefore, preoperative PDW could serve as biomarker for risk stratification of locally advanced renal cell carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Platelet Count , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies
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