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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880179

ABSTRACT

Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a blood system disease mediated by autoimmune mechanism. Currently, the goal of treatment for primary ITP is to keep patients' peripheral platelet count at a safe level to prevent severe bleeding. Recently, avatrombopag and fostamatinib have been approved by the FDA for the treatment of primary ITP in adults, while new drugs such as rozanolixizumab, efgartigimod, PRTX-100, decitabine and atorvastatin have shown efficacy in early clinical trials. This review summarizes the current accepted therapies for the clinical treatment of primary ITP in adults, and briefly discuss the progress of new therapies.


Subject(s)
Adult , Hemorrhage , Humans , Platelet Count , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/drug therapy , Splenectomy
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880153

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of complement C3 on the prognosis of patients with multiple myeloma (MM), and to establish a predictive model to evaluate the overall survival.@*METHODS@#Eighty newly diagnosed MM patients were enrolled, and clinical characteristics, such as sex, age, platelet count, white blood cell count, ISS stage, FISH, levels of kappa and lammda chain, complement C3 and C4 were retrospectively analyzed. Cox regression model was used for univariate and multivariate analysis about risk factors that affecting the prognosis of the MM patients. A nomogram based on C3 level was established for predicting the prognosis of MM patients.@*RESULTS@#The average age of the MM patients was 63.15±10.41, including 36 males and 44 females. The median overall survival (OS) was 36.3 months, and the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 35.2 months, the 3-year OS rate and PFS rate of the MM patients were 67.5% and 52.5%, respectively. The variants selected by univariate analysis were put into multivariate regression model, the result showed that C3 level ≥0.7 U/L and PLT count <100×10@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with C3 level≥0.7 U/L or PLT count <100×10


Subject(s)
Complement C3 , Female , Humans , Male , Multiple Myeloma , Platelet Count , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880149

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the relationship between coagulation indexes and prognosis of patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#A total of 99 newly diagnosed MM patients treated in Gansu Provincial Hospital from October 2017 to October 2019 were enrolled. Plasma thromboplastin time (TT), prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), fibrinogen (FIB), D-dimer (D-D), platelet (PLT), and other laboratory indexes were detected. The relationship between coagulation indexes and clinical characteristics of MM patients was analyzed. The differences in survival rates among MM patients with different levels of coagulation indexes were compared, and the effect of each clinical index on the prognosis of MM patients was analyzed by univariate and multivariate.@*RESULTS@#Each coagulation index was correlated to sex, disease classification and stage, and β@*CONCLUSION@#Coagulation function is correlated with multiple clinical indicators of patients with MM and plays an important role in their prognosis.


Subject(s)
Blood Coagulation Tests , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Partial Thromboplastin Time , Platelet Count , Prognosis , Prothrombin Time
5.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(8): 1122-1127, Aug. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136341

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY BACKGROUND Easily accessible, inexpensive, and widely used laboratory tests that demonstrate the severity of COVID-19 are important. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between mortality in COVID-19 and platelet count, Mean Platelet Volume (MPV), and platelet distribution width. METHODS In total, 215 COVID-19 patients were included in this study. The patients were divided into two groups. Patients with room air oxygen saturation < 90% were considered as severe COVID-19, and patients with ≥90% were considered moderate COVID-19. Patient medical records and the electronic patient data monitoring system were examined retrospectively. Analyses were performed using the SPSS statistical software. A p-value <0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS The patients' mean age was 64,32 ± 16,07 years. According to oxygen saturation, 81 patients had moderate and 134 had severe COVID-19. Our findings revealed that oxygen saturation at admission and the MPV difference between the first and third days of hospitalization were significant parameters in COVID-19 patients for predicting mortality. While mortality was 8.4 times higher in patients who had oxygen saturation under 90 % at hospital admission, 1 unit increase in MPV increased mortality 1.76 times. CONCLUSION In addition to the lung capacity of patients, the mean platelet volume may be used as an auxiliary test in predicting the mortality in COVID-19 patients.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Testes laboratoriais de fácil acesso, baixo custo e amplamente utilizados capazes de demonstrar a gravidade da COVID-19 são importantes. Portanto, neste estudo, o nosso objetivo foi investigar a relação entre a mortalidade na COVID-19 e a contagem de plaquetas, volume plaquetário médio (VMP) e largura de distribuição de plaquetas. MÉTODOS No total, 215 pacientes com COVID-19 foram incluídos no estudo. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos. Pacientes com saturação de oxigênio < 90% em ar ambiente foram considerados casos graves de COVID-19 e pacientes com valores ≥90% foram considerados casos moderados. Os registros médicos dos pacientes e o sistema eletrônico de monitoramento de dados de pacientes foram analisados retrospectivamente. As análises foram realizadas utilizando o software estatístico SPSS. Um valor de p <0,05 foi considerado significativo. RESULTADOS A média de idade dos pacientes foi de 64,32 ± 16,07 anos. Com base na saturação de oxigênio, 81 pacientes eram casos moderados e 134 tinham COVID-19 grave. Nosso estudo revelou que a saturação de oxigênio no momento da internação e a diferença nos valores de VPM entre o primeiro e terceiro dia de internação foram parâmetros significativos para predizer mortalidade de pacientes com COVID-19. A mortalidade foi 8,4 vezes maior nos pacientes com saturação abaixo de 90% no momento da internação, mas um aumento de apenas 1 unidade no valor de VPM aumentou a mortalidade 1,76 vezes. CONCLUSÃO Além da capacidade pulmonar dos pacientes, o volume plaquetário médio pode ser utilizado como um teste auxiliar para prever a mortalidade de pacientes com COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pneumonia, Viral , Coronavirus Infections , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus , Platelet Count , Retrospective Studies , Mean Platelet Volume , Middle Aged
6.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 36(2): e992, abr.-jun. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1149895

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las alteraciones cuantitativas de plaquetas son producidas por el incremento o disminución de los conteos globales de plaquetas. El incremento o trombocitosis se produce por redistribución o aumento de la producción medular; la disminución puede ser el resultado de una reducción de la producción, redistribución o acortamiento de la sobrevida de las plaquetas en circulación. Objetivo: Describir los hallazgos citomorfológicos más importantes en las alteraciones cuantitativas de plaquetas. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión de la literatura, en inglés y español, en la base de datos PubMed y el motor de búsqueda Google Académico de artículos publicados en los últimos 10 años. Se hizo un análisis y resumen de la bibliografía revisada. Análisis y síntesis de la información: Las alteraciones cuantitativas de plaquetas se caracterizan por variaciones en el número y morfología de estas células. Estas se asocian a causas congénitas o adquiridas, en la que la detallada anamnesis de los pacientes es un elemento importante en el diagnóstico. En la trombocitosis se debe diferenciar una trombocitosis reactiva de una enfermedad medular primaria; mientras que en la trombocitopenia se debe considerar el origen étnico de los pacientes y la morfología de los leucocitos. Son numerosas las causas hereditarias de trombocitopenia con anomalías morfológicas de plaquetas y granulocitos. Conclusiones: Las alteraciones cuantitativas de plaquetas son un amplio número de entidades con semejanzas y diferencias en cuanto a presentación y manifestaciones clínicas. Los exámenes de laboratorio constituyen una herramienta importante en el diagnóstico, pronóstico y el seguimiento de los pacientes afectados(AU)


Introduction: Quantitative platelet alterations are produced by the increase or decrease in global platelet counts. Platelet count increase or thrombocytosis is produced by redistribution or increased marrow production. Platelet decrease may result from production, redistribution, or shortened survival of circulating platelets. Objective: To describe the most significant cytomorphological findings in quantitative platelet alterations. Methods: A literature review was carried out, in English and in Spanish, in the database PubMed and with the search engine of Google Scholar, of articles published in the last ten years. An analysis and summary of the revised bibliography was made. Information analysis and synthesis: Quantitative platelet alterations are characterized by variations in the number and morphology of these cells. These are associated with congenital or acquired causes, in which detailed anamnesis of patients is an important element in the diagnosis. In thrombocytosis, reactive thrombocytosis must be differentiated from primary marrow disease; while in thrombocytopenia, the ethnic origin of the patients and the morphology of the leukocytes must be considered. Hereditary causes of thrombocytopenia with morphological abnormalities of platelets and granulocytes are numerous. Conclusions: Quantitative platelet alterations are a large number of entities with similarities and differences in terms of presentation and clinical manifestations. Laboratory tests are an important tool for diagnosis, prognosis, and follow-up of affected patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Platelet Count/methods , Thrombocytopenia/diagnosis , Thrombocytosis/diagnosis , Cells/cytology , Blood Platelets/pathology
7.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(2): 121-125, Apr.-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131647

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Portal hypertension is one of the complications of cirrhosis and is associated with numerous systemic manifestations, including renal, brain, pulmonary, cardiac and vascular changes. In routine ophthalmological examinations performed at our service, we observed that some children diagnosed with portal hypertension had increased retinal vascular tortuosity. OBJECTIVE: 1. To evaluate the presence of retinal vascular abnormalities (vascular tortuosity) in children diagnosed with portal hypertension; 2. To investigate the association between retinal vascular tortuosity and the presence of gastroesophageal varices in these children; 3. To evaluate the use of clinical and laboratory parameters to predict the presence of gastroesophageal varices in children with portal hypertension. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional and observational study that included patients aged <18 years with a diagnosis of portal hypertension. The participants included were submitted to dilated fundus examination and fundus photography with Visucam (Carl Zeiss Meditec AG) device. Besides, clinical and laboratorial data were collected from the patients' medical records. RESULTS: A total of 72 patients were included in this study, and 36% of them had an increase in retinal vascular tortuosity. Platelet count (P=0.001), bilirubin dosage (P=0.013) and aspartate transaminase dosage (AST) (P=0.042) were associated with the presence of gastroesophageal varices in digestive endoscopy. There was no association between retinal vascular tortuosity and the presence of gastroesophageal varices (P=0.498). CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that platelet count, bilirubin dosage, and aspartate transaminase dosage were associated with the presence of gastroesophageal varices in digestive endoscopy. Regarding the retinal findings, we found that there was an increase in retinal vascular tortuosity in 36% of pediatric patients, but no association was found with the presence of gastroesophageal varices.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A hipertensão portal é uma das complicações da cirrose e está associada a inúmeras manifestações sistêmicas, incluindo alterações renais, cerebrais, pulmonares, cardíacas e vasculares. Nos exames oftalmológicos de rotina realizados em nosso serviço, observamos que algumas crianças diagnosticadas com hipertensão portal apresentaram aumento da tortuosidade vascular da retina. OBJETIVO: 1. Avaliar a presença de anormalidades vasculares da retina (tortuosidade vascular) em crianças diagnosticadas com hipertensão portal; 2. Investigar a associação entre tortuosidade vascular da retina e presença de varizes gastroesofágicas nessas crianças; 3. Avaliar o uso de parâmetros clínicos e laboratoriais para prever a presença de varizes gastroesofágicas em crianças com hipertensão portal. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal e observacional, que incluiu pacientes com idade <18 anos com diagnóstico de hipertensão portal. Os participantes incluídos foram submetidos ao exame de fundo de olho dilatado e fotografia de fundo com dispositivo Visucam (Carl Zeiss Meditec AG). Além disso, foram coletados dados clínicos e laboratoriais dos prontuários dos pacientes. RESULTADOS: Um total de 72 pacientes foi incluído neste estudo e 36% deles apresentaram aumento da tortuosidade vascular da retina. Contagem de plaquetas (P=0,001), dosagem de bilirrubina (P=0,013) e dosagem de aspartato transaminase (AST) (P=0,042) foram associados à presença de varizes gastroesofágicas na endoscopia digestiva. Não houve associação entre tortuosidade vascular da retina e presença de varizes gastroesofágicas (P=0,498). CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados deste estudo sugerem que a contagem de plaquetas, a dosagem de bilirrubina e a aspartato transaminase foram associadas à presença de varizes gastroesofágicas na endoscopia digestiva. Em relação aos achados da retina, descobrimos que houve um aumento na tortuosidade vascular da retina em 36% dos pacientes pediátricos, mas nenhuma associação foi encontrada com a presença de varizes gastroesofágicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Esophageal and Gastric Varices , Hypertension, Portal , Platelet Count , Cross-Sectional Studies , Liver Cirrhosis
8.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(1): 105-110, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089368

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Recently it has been reported that a high preoperative neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio and platelet-lymphocyte ratio may be related to increased recurrence risk, tumor aggressiveness, and worsened prognosis in various malignancies. Objective The objective of this research is to explore whether neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio and platelet-lymphocyte ratio in parotid tumors may or may not be used as a cancer marker. Methods This retrospective research has been conducted on a total of 228 patients consisting of 83 healthy persons and 145 patients with a mass in the parotid gland, who applied to a tertiary referral center and underwent surgery. Patients have been divided into two groups by their histopathological findings as malignant or benign parotid tumor. A third group consisting of healthy people has been defined as the control group. Also the malignant parotid tumor group has been divided into two subgroups as early stage and advanced stage. The groups have been compared in terms of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-lymphocyte ratio and other laboratory data. Results The average neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio values of malignant parotid tumor, benign parotid tumor, healthy control groups were 2.51, 2.01, 1.79 respectively and the difference was statistically significant (p < 0.001). There was no significant difference between advanced stage and early stage parotid tumor groups in terms of average neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio value (p = 0.782). In dual comparisons, the platelet-lymphocyte ratio value of patients in the malignant group was found out to be statistically significantly higher than that of benign and control groups (p < 0.001 and p = 0.001 respectively). Conclusion To the best of our knowledge our research is the first in the medical literature comparing neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio and platelet-lymphocyte ratio in patients with parotid tumor. neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio and platelet-lymphocyte ratio can serve as cost-effective, repeatable, easily accessible, and helpful inflammatory markers in order to distinguish patients with malignant parotid tumor from healthy people.


Resumo Introdução Recentemente, tem sido relatado que as relações neutrófilo-linfócito e plaqueta-linfócito aumentadas no pré-operatório podem estar relacionadas ao aumento do risco de recorrência e agressividade do tumor e pior prognóstico em várias neoplasias malignas. Objetivo Investigar se as relações neutrófilo-linfócito e plaqueta-linfócito em tumores da parótida podem ou não serem utilizadas como marcadores de câncer. Método Esta pesquisa retrospectiva foi conduzida com 228 indivíduos, 83 saudáveis e 145 com tumor de parótida, os quais foram encaminhados a um centro de referência terciária e operados. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos de acordo com os achados histopatológicos de malignidade e benignidade. O terceiro grupo foi composto por indivíduos saudáveis, foi definido como o grupo controle. Além disso, o grupo com tumores malignos da parótida foi dividido em dois subgrupos, um com pacientes em estágio inicial da doença e o outro com pacientes em estágio avançado. Os grupos foram comparados em termos das relações neutrófilo-linfócito e plaqueta-linfócito e outros dados laboratoriais. Resultados Os valores médios da relação neutrófilo-linfócito do tumor maligno de parótida, do tumor benigno de parótida e do grupo controle foram de 2,51, 2,01 e 1,79, respectivamente, com uma diferença estatisticamente significante (p < 0,001). Não houve diferença estatística entre os grupos em estágio avançado e em estágio inicial em termos de valor médio da relação neutrófilo-linfócito (p = 0,782). Em comparações duplas, o valor da relação plaqueta-linfócito dos pacientes do grupo do grupo com tumor maligno foi estatisticamente maior do que nos grupos com tumor benigno e controle (p < 0,001 e p = 0,001, respectivamente). Conclusão Que seja de nosso conhecimento, nosso estudo é o primeiro na literatura médica a comparar a relação neutrófilo-linfócito e a relação plaqueta-linfócito em pacientes com tumor de parótida. As relações neutrófilo-linfócito e plaqueta-linfócito podem servir como marcadores inflamatórios de baixo custo, reproduzíveis, de fácil acesso e úteis, a fim de distinguir os pacientes com tumor maligno de parótida de pessoas saudáveis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Parotid Neoplasms/pathology , Lymphocytes/cytology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/pathology , Neutrophils/cytology , Platelet Count , Prognosis , Preoperative Care , Parotid Neoplasms/surgery , Parotid Neoplasms/blood , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/blood , Retrospective Studies , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/surgery , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/blood , Lymphocyte Count , Environmental Biomarkers , Neoplasm Staging
9.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(1): 61-66, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1091900

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE To relate disease-free survival and overall survival with type I and type II ovarian cancer and preoperative laboratory parameters biomarkers. METHODS A retrospective study was carried out based on the collection of data from medical records of patients with ovarian tumors. Kaplan-Mayer curves were drawn based on the statistical analysis of the data and were compared using the Log-rank test. RESULTS Disease-free survival in type I ovarian cancer was significantly higher than in type II (p=0.0013), as well as in those with normal levels of CA-125 (p=0.0243) and with a platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) lower than 200 (p=0.0038). The overall survival of patients with type I ovarian cancer was significantly higher than in patients with type II, as well as in patients with normal CA-125 serum levels (p=0.0039) and those with a preoperative fasting glucose of less than 100 mg/dL. CONCLUSION CA-125 levels may predict greater overall and disease-free survival. PLR < 200 may suggest greater disease-free survival, whereas normal fasting glucose may suggest greater overall survival.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Relacionar a sobrevida livre de doença e sobrevida global com câncer de ovário tipos I e II, assim como com parâmetros laboratoriais pré-operatórios biomarcadores. MÉTODOS Estudo retrospectivo realizado com base na coleta de dados de prontuários de pacientes com tumor ovariano. As curvas de Kaplan-Mayer foram realizadas em relação à análise estatística dos dados, sendo comparadas pelo teste de Log-rank. RESULTADOS A sobrevida livre de doença nas pacientes com câncer de ovário tipo I foi significativamente maior do que nas pacientes com câncer de ovário tipo II (p = 0,0013), bem como maior naquelas com níveis normais de CA-125 (p = 0,0243) e com relação plaquetas-linfócitos (RPL) inferior a 200 (p = 0,0038). A sobrevida global de pacientes com câncer de ovário tipo I foi significativamente maior do que em pacientes com tipo II, maior em pacientes com níveis séricos normais de CA-125 (p = 0,0039) e naquelas com glicemia de jejum pré-operatória menor que 100 mg / dL. CONCLUSÃO Os níveis de CA-125 podem predizer uma sobrevida global e livre de doença. A RPL < 200 pode sugerir uma maior sobrevida livre de doença, enquanto uma glicemia normal de jejum, uma maior sobrevida global.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Ovarian Neoplasms/mortality , Ovarian Neoplasms/blood , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Platelet Count , Reference Values , Biomarkers, Tumor/blood , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Lymphocyte Count , Disease-Free Survival , CA-125 Antigen/blood , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Preoperative Period , Middle Aged , Neutrophils
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785435

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The risk of posthepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) after right hepatectomy remains substantial. Additional parameters such as computed tomography volumetry, liver stiffness measurement by FibroScan, indocyanine green retention rate at 15 minutes, and platelet count used to properly assess future liver remnant volume quality and quantity are of the utmost importance. Thus, we compared the usefulness of these modalities for predicting PHLF among patients with hepatocellular carcinoma after right hepatectomy.METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent right hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma between 2007 and 2013. PHLF was determined according to International Study Group of Liver Surgery consensus definition and severity grading. Grades B and C were defined as clinically relevant posthepatectomy liver failure (CRPHLF). The results were internally validated using a cohort of 97 patients.RESULTS: Among the 90 included patients, 15 (16.7%) had CRPHLF. Multivariate analysis confirmed that platelet count < 140 (109/L) (hazard ratio [HR], 24.231; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.623–161.693; P = 0.001) and remnant liver volume-to-body weight (RVL/BW) ratio < 0.55 (HR, 25.600; 95% CI, 4.185–156.590; P < 0.001) were independent predictors of CRPHLF. Among the 12 patients with a platelet count < 140 (109/L) and RLV/BW ratio < 0.55, 9 (75%) had CRPHLF. Likewise, 5 of 38 (13.2%) with only one risk factor developed CRPHL versus 1 of 40 (2.5%) with no risk factors. These findings were confirmed by the validation cohort.CONCLUSION: RLV/BW ratio and platelet count are more important than the conventional RLV/TFLV, indocyanine green retention rate at 15 minutes, and liver stiffness measurement in the preoperative risk assessment for CRPHLF.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Cohort Studies , Consensus , Hepatectomy , Humans , Indocyanine Green , Liver Failure , Liver , Multivariate Analysis , Platelet Count , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors
11.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20190356, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136803

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate and compare with healthy control subjects the levels of indirect inflammatory markers such as mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in adults and children with brucellosis. METHODS: White blood cell, neutrophil, lymphocyte, and platelet counts, and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were retrospectively recorded for all participants. RESULTS: NLR and neutrophil counts were significantly higher in adult patients compared to those in pediatric patients. CONCLUSIONS: Indirect inflammatory markers such as NLR, PLR, MPV, red distribution width, and CRP levels may be helpful for follow-up of brucellosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adult , Young Adult , Brucellosis , Mean Platelet Volume , Platelet Count , Biomarkers , Retrospective Studies , Middle Aged
12.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(7): 954-959, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136313

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Inflammation-related markers provide diagnostic and prognostic information for coronary artery disease and acute coronary syndrome. We aimed to compare neutrophil count and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in acute coronary syndrome patients with coronary collateral development in our study. METHODS A total of 426 patients (102 unstable angina pectoris (USAP), 223 non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (non-STEMI), 103 ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) were compared regarding hemoglobin, platelet, lymphocyte, neutrophil count, and NLR. RESULTS Neutrophil count and NLR were significantly lower in USAP patients and higher in STEMI patients; 5.14± 1.79 vs. 7.21± 3.05 vs. 9.93±4.67 and 2.92±2.39 vs. 5.19±4.80 vs. 7.93±6.38, p <0.001. Other parameters, i.e., hemoglobin, platelet, and lymphocyte count, were not significantly different between the groups. CONCLUSIONS In our study, it was concluded that there may be a statistically significant difference in the number of neutrophil counts and NLR among the types of acute coronary syndromes with coronary collateral development.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Marcadores relacionados a inflamação fornecem informações de diagnóstico e prognóstico para doença arterial coronariana e síndrome coronariana aguda. Nosso objetivo foi comparar o número de neutrófilos e razão neutrófilos/linfócitos (RNL) em pacientes com síndrome coronariana aguda com desenvolvimento de circulação colateral. MÉTODOS Um total de 426 pacientes [102 com angina de peito instável (APIN), 223 com infarto do miocárdio sem supradesnível de ST (IMSS), 103 com infarto do miocárdio com supradesnível de ST (IMCS)] foram comparados em relação a hemoglobina, plaquetas, linfócitos, neutrófilos e RNL. RESULTADOS O número de neutrófilos e RNL estavam significativamente mais baixos em pacientes com APIN e mais altos nos pacientes com IMCS; 5,14± 1,79 vs. 7,21± 3,05 vs. 9,93±4,67 and 2,92±2,39 vs. 5,19±4,80 vs. 7,93±6,38, p <0,001. Os outros parâmetros (hemoglobina, contagem de linfócitos e plaquetas) não foram significativamente diferentes entre os grupos. CONCLUSÃO No nosso estudo, concluiu-se que pode haver uma diferença significativa no número de neutrófilos e RNL entre os tipos de síndromes coronarianas agudas com desenvolvimento de circulação colateral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Coronary Syndrome/immunology , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/immunology , Platelet Count , Hemoglobins , Lymphocytes , Lymphocyte Count , Neutrophils
13.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(Suppl 2): 65-70, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136391

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY INTRODUCTION This study aims to evaluate changes in hematological parameters after the follow-up of patients who received treatment with favipiravir due to COVID-19 infections. METHODS Sixty-two cases receiving favipiravir treatment for at least five days due to COVID-19 infection were evaluated retrospectively. Parameters including age, gender, nasopharyngeal swab positivity, and chronic diseases were analyzed. Hematologic parameters were analyzed before and after the treatment. RESULTS The mean age of the patients receiving treatment with favipiravir was 63.7±12.3 years. Nasopharyngeal swab positivity was detected in 67.7%. The most common comorbid conditions detected in patients were hypertension in 25 cases (40.3%) and diabetes in 16 cases (25.8%). In the statistical analysis of the hematological parameters before and after treatment with favipiravir, WBC, PT-PTT-INR levels were found to be unaffected; the mean RBC was found to have decreased from 4.33 ± 0.58 M/uL to 4.16 ± 0.54 M/uL (p:0.003); the median hemoglobin level was found to have decreased from 12.3 g/dl to 11.9 g/dl (p:0.041); the hematocrit level decreased from 38.1% ± 4.8 to 36.9% ± 4.2 (p:0.026); the median neutrophil count decreased from 4.57 K/uL to 3.85 K/uL (p:0.001); the mean lymphocyte count increased from 1.22 ± 0.53 K/uL to 1.84 ± 1.19 K/uL (p:0.000); and the mean platelet count increased from 244.1 ± 85.1 K/uL to 281.9 ± 103.3 K/uL (p:0.005). CONCLUSION We concluded that the pathological effect of treatment with favipiravir on the hematologic system was the suppression in the erythrocyte series, and there were no adverse effects in other hematologic parameters.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO Este estudo tem como objetivo avaliar as alterações nos parâmetros hematológicos após o acompanhamento de pacientes que receberam tratamento com favipiravir devido à infecção por Covid-19. MÉTODOS Sessenta e dois casos em tratamento com favipiravir por pelo menos cinco dias devido à infecção por Covid-19 foram avaliados retrospectivamente. Parâmetros como idade, sexo, positividade do swab nasofaríngeo e doenças crônicas foram analisados. Os parâmetros hematológicos foram analisados antes e após o tratamento. RESULTADOS A idade média dos pacientes que receberam tratamento com favipiravir foi de 63,7±12,3 anos. A positividade do swab nasofaríngeo foi detectada em 67,7%. As condições comórbidas mais comuns detectadas nos pacientes foram hipertensão em 25 casos (40,3%) e diabetes em 16 casos (25,8%). Na análise estatística dos parâmetros hematológicos antes e após o tratamento com favipiravir, os níveis de leucócitos, PT-PTT-INR não foram afetados. Verificou-se que o RBC médio diminuiu de 4,33±0,58 M/uL para 4,16±0,54 M/uL (p=0,003); o nível médio de hemoglobina foi reduzido de 12,3 g/dl para 11,9 g/dl (p=0,041); o nível de hematócrito diminuiu de 38,1%±4,8 para 36,9%±4,2 (p=0,026); a contagem mediana de neutrófilos diminuiu de 4,57 K/uL para 3,85 K/uL (p=0,001); a contagem média de linfócitos aumentou de 1,22±0,53 K/uL para 1,84±1,19 K/uL (p=0,000); a contagem média de plaquetas aumentou de 244,1±85,1 K/uL para 281,9±103,3 K/uL (p=0,005). CONCLUSÃO Concluiu-se que o efeito patológico do tratamento com favipiravir no sistema hematológico foi a supressão na série eritrocitária e que não houve efeitos adversos em outros parâmetros hematológicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Pyrazines/therapeutic use , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus , Amides/therapeutic use , Platelet Count , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Hemoglobins/analysis , Retrospective Studies , Coronavirus Infections , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , CD4 Lymphocyte Count , Leukocyte Count , Middle Aged
14.
Clinics ; 75: e1619, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133488

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the association between platelet (PLT) count and the risk and progression of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD). METHODS: In total, 122 HFMD patients and 40 healthy controls were enrolled in the study. The differences between variables among the different subgroups were compared. Logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the relationship between various parameters and HFMD risk/progression. Sensitivity analysis was conducted by detecting the trend of the association between PLT count quartiles and HFMD risk/progression. A generalized additive model was used to identify the nonlinear relationship between PLT count and HFMD risk/progression. The relationship between gender and PLT count as well as the risk/progression of HFMD was detected using a stratified logistic regression model. RESULTS: Significant differences were observed in terms of age, male/female ratio, white blood cell (WBC) count, and PLT count between patients with stage I-II, III-IV HFMD and healthy controls. Moreover, the alanine aminotransferase and magnesium levels between patients with stage I-II and III-IV HFMD significantly differed. Moreover, a significant difference was noted in the male/female ratio among the different PLT groups. The group with a low PLT count had a lower risk of HFMD progression than the group with a high PLT count (Q4) (p=0.039). Lower age, male gender, and WBC count were found to be associated with HFMD risk. Meanwhile, PLT count was correlated to HFMD progression. The sensitivity analysis yielded a similar result using the minimally adjusted model (p for trend=0.037), and minimal changes were observed using the crude and fully adjusted model (p for trend=0.054; 0.090). A significant nonlinear relationship was observed between PLT count and HFMD progression after adjusting for age, gender, and WBC (p=0.039). CONCLUSIONS: PLT was independently associated with HFMD progression in a nonlinear manner.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Platelet Count , Logistic Models , China , Disease Progression , Leukocyte Count
15.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(2): 175-180, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101480

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Ascending thoracic aortic aneurysm (ATAA), seen in adults, is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the levels of mean platelet volume (MPV), mean platelet volume-to-platelet count ratio (MPVPCR), mean platelet volume-to-lymphocyte ratio (MPVLR), and red cell distribution width platelet count ratio (RDWPCR) in patients with thoracic aortic aneurysm. Methods: 105 patients admitted to the emergency department were diagnosed with thoracic aortic aneurysm between January and December 2014, and 100 healthy individuals were involved in this retrospective study. MPV, MPVLR, MPVPCR and RDWPCRs were calculated at the time of admission. Results: Platelet and lymphocyte levels were found to be significantly lower in the patient group when compared to the healthy group (P<0.001, P<0.001, respectively), while MPV, MPVPCR, MPVLR and RDWPCR were found to be significantly higher (P<0.001, P<0.001, P<0.001, and P=0.013, respectively). In the patient group, the high-sensitivity C-reactive protein was significantly higher (P<0.001), and the neutrophil (P=0.062) was also higher. In ROC analysis, MPVPCR had the highest sensitivity (80%) and RDWPCR had the highest specificity (72%). Conclusion: The results for MPV, MPVPCR, MPVLR and RDWPCR can be evaluated as useful parameters in the emergency clinical approach in the evaluation of inflammatory activity in ATAA patients. More extensive studies are required to address the role of these parameters in determining the severity of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic , Mean Platelet Volume , Platelet Count , Lymphocytes , Biomarkers , Retrospective Studies , Erythrocyte Indices , Erythrocytes , Inflammation
16.
Adv Rheumatol ; 60: 04, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088643

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is a granulomatous necrotizing vasculitis with high morbidity and mortality. Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody is a valuable diagnostic marker, however its titer lacks predictive value for the severity of organ involvement. Platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and mean platelet volume (MPV) has been regarded as a potential marker in assessing systemic inflammation. We aimed to explore the value of PLR and MPV in the assessment of disease activity and manifestations of disease in GPA. Methods: 56 newly diagnosed GPA patients and 53 age-sex matched healthy controls were included in this retrospective and cross-sectional study with comparative group. Complete blood count was performed with Backman Coulter automatic analyzer, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) with Westergen method and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels with nephelometry. The PLR was calculated as the ratio of platelet and lymphocyte counts. Result: Compared to control group, ESR, CRP and PLR were significantly higher and MPV significantly lower in GPA patients. In patients group, PLR was positively correlated with ESR and CRP (r = 0.39, p = 0.005 and r = 0.51, p < 0.001, respectively). MPV was negatively correlated with ESR and CRP (r = - 0.31, p = 0.028 and r = - 0.34 p = 0.014, respectively). Patients with renal involvement had significantly higher PLR than patients without renal involvement (median:265.98, IQR:208.79 vs median:180.34 IQR:129.37, p = 0.02). PLR was negatively correlated with glomerular filtration rate (r = - 0.27, p = 0.009). A cut-off level of 204 for PLR had 65.6% sensitivity and 62.5 specificity to predict renal involvement. Conclusion: PLR exhibit favorable diagnostic performance in predicting renal involvement in patients with GPA.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphocytes/chemistry , Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis/physiopathology , Mean Platelet Volume/methods , Platelet Count/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Lymphocyte Count/methods
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826288

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Petrol is the non-specific term for petroleum which is used for inside combustion of engines. Petrol filling workers are highly vulnerable to occupational exposure to these harmful substances which lead to hemato-toxicity and blood disorders such as leukemia, aplastic anemia, and dysplastic bone marrow. Thus, this study was aimed to assess hematological parameters of petrol filling workers in Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia.@*METHODS@#A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted from January to March 2019 in Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia. A total of 110 study participants comprising 55 study groups and 55 controls group were recruited by a convenient sampling technique. Socio-demographic data were collected using a structured questionnaire, and 3 ml of venous blood was collected for the determination of hematological parameters. The data were entered into Epi info 7.2.0.1 and analyzed by SPSS version of 20. Mean, standard deviation, median, and interquartile ranges were used to present the data. Independent t test and Mann-Whitney U test were used to compare the mean or median difference between parametric and non-parametric hematological parameters, respectively. Moreover, Pearson product-moment and Spearman's rank-order bivariable correlations analyses were used to describe the correlation between hematological parameters and duration of exposure to petrol. A P value of ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant.@*RESULTS@#The study revealed that mean red blood cell count and hemoglobin level as well as the median hematocrit, mean cell hemoglobin concentration, platelet count, absolute lymphocytes count, and red cell distribution width values of petrol filling workers showed a significant increment compared with the control group. On the other hand, the mean cell hemoglobin value of petrol filling workers showed a significant decrement compared with healthy controls. Moreover, the duration of exposure to petrol showed a significant positive correlation with red blood cell count and mean cell hemoglobin concentration; however, a significant negative correlation was observed with mean cell volume.@*CONCLUSION@#This study showed that the majority of hematological parameters of petrol filling workers showed an increment compared with healthy controls which might be associated with exposure to petrol chemicals. However, further longitudinal study with a larger sample size should be conducted to explore the impact of petrol exposure on hematopoiesis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Erythrocyte Count , Erythrocyte Indices , Ethiopia , Female , Hematocrit , Humans , Lymphocyte Count , Male , Middle Aged , Occupational Exposure , Oil and Gas Industry , Platelet Count , Time Factors , Young Adult
18.
Blood Research ; : 35-43, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820805

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Fetal bovine serum (FBS) has been used to support the growth and proliferation of mammalian cells for decades. Owing to several risk factors associated with FBS, several trials have been conducted to evaluate substitutes to FBS with the same efficiency and the lower risk issues.METHODS: In this study, human platelet lysate (HPL) derived from activated human platelets was evaluated as an alternative to FBS due to the associated risk factors. To evaluate the efficiency of the preparation process, platelet count was performed before and after activation. The concentrations of several growth factors and proteins were measured to investigate HPL efficiency. HPL stability was studied at regular intervals, and optimal heparin concentration required to prevent gel formation in various media was determined. The biological activity of HPL and FBS was compared by evaluating the growth performance of Vero and Hep-2 cell lines.RESULTS: Result of platelet count assay revealed the efficiency of HPL preparation process. Growth factor concentrations in HPL were significantly higher than those in FBS, while the protein content of HPL was lower than that of FBS. Stability study data showed that the prepared HPL was stable for up to 15 months at −20℃. Ideal heparin concentration to be used in different media was dependent on calcium concentration. Results of cell viability assay showed that HPL was superior to FBS in supporting the growth and proliferation of Vero and Hep-2 cells.CONCLUSION: The HPL prepared by the mechanical activation of platelets may serve as an efficient alternative to FBS in cell culture process.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Calcium , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Line , Cell Survival , Heparin , Humans , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Platelet Count , Risk Factors
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828631

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the value of cleaved lymphocytes in peripheral blood smear in assisting the early diagnosis of pertussis.@*METHODS@#Nasopharyngeal swabs and peripheral blood samples were collected from 107 children with pertussis-like disease. PCR-flow fluorescent hybridization was used to detect the nucleic acids of Bordetella pertussis. Based on the detection results, the children were divided into two groups: pertussis (n=52) and non-pertussis (n=55). According to age, the pertussis group was divided into two subgroups: 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The detection of cleaved lymphocytes combined with peripheral blood cell counts provides a new option for the early diagnosis of pertussis in children.


Subject(s)
Bordetella pertussis , Humans , Infant , Leukocyte Count , Lymphocytes , Platelet Count , Whooping Cough
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828122

ABSTRACT

Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a common bloody disease with a high incidence in children, but its diagnostic method is exclusive diagnosis, and the existing detection techniques are mostly invasive, which may cause secondary injury to patients and also may increase the risk of disease. In order to make up for the lack of the detection method, this study made a preliminary exploration on the diagnosis of children's ITP from the perspective of infrared thermography. In this study, a total of 11 healthy children and 22 ITP children's frontal infrared thermal images were collected, and the pattern characteristic (PFD), average temperature (Troi) and maximum temperature (MAX) characteristics of 7 target areas were extracted. The weighted PFD parameters were correlated with the platelet count commonly used in clinical diagnosis, and the sensitivity and specificity of the weighted PFD parameters for children's ITP were calculated through the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). The final results showed that the difference of the weighted PFD parameters between healthy children and ITP children was statistically significant, and the parameters negatively correlated with platelet count. Under the ROC curve, the area under the curve (AUC) of this parameter is as high as 92.1%. Based on the research results of this paper, infrared thermography can clearly show the difference between ITP children and healthy children. It is hoped that the methods proposed in this paper can non-invasively and objectively describe the characteristics of ITP infrared thermal imaging of children, and provide a new ideas for ITP diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Area Under Curve , Child , Humans , Platelet Count , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Thermography
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