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1.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(3): 613-621, May-June 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | ID: biblio-1278361

ABSTRACT

The objective in this study was to evaluate the clinic effect of applying allogenic platelet-rich plasma (PRP) heated or not, for treating cornea ulcers, including the dosage of PDGF-BB in the cornea. The ulcers were induced, standardizing the left eye from 81 rats (Ratus norvegicus, albinus variety), assigned randomly into three groups (N=27): control group (CG) which did not receive any topic treatment; heated PRP group (GA) and PRP group (GP), which received topical treatment every eight hours for five days. Each group underwent evaluation at 24 hours (M1), three days (M3) and five days (M5). The clinical exam evaluated the opacity, vascularization and corneal repair. The corneal PDGF-BB was dosed through the ELISA method. The corneal opacity was decreased in PRP-treated animals (GA and GP) and corneal repair time reduced when compared to CG at M1 and M5. Furthermore, GP showed greater vascularization at M3 compared to M1. Applied allogenic PRP eye drops, heated or not, speed up corneal healing, and reduce corneal repair time. However, the corneal PDGF concentration was not altered in any of the treatments.(AU)


Objetivou-se avaliar o efeito clínico da aplicação de plasma rico em plaquetas alogênico (PRP) aquecido ou não, no tratamento de úlceras de córnea, como a dosagem de PDGF-BB na córnea. As úlceras foram induzidas, padronizando-se o olho esquerdo de 81 ratos (Rattus norvegicus, variedade albinus), aleatoriamente, nos três grupos (N = 27): grupo controle (CG), que não recebeu nenhum tratamento tópico; grupo PRP aquecido (GA) e grupo PRP (GP), que receberam tratamento tópico a cada oito horas, durante cinco dias. Cada grupo foi subdividido em 24 horas (M1), três dias (M3) e cinco dias (M5). O exame clínico avaliou a opacidade, a vascularização e o reparo corneano. O PDGF-BB corneano foi dosado pelo método Elisa. Houve diminuição da opacidade da córnea nos animais tratados com PRP (GA e GP) e diminuição do tempo de reparo da córnea em comparação com CG, M1 e M5. Além disso, foi observada maior vascularização no GP no momento M3 em relação ao M1. A aplicação de colírios de PRP alogênico, aquecidos ou não, acelera a cicatrização da córnea, além de reduzir o tempo de reparo da córnea. No entanto, a concentração de PDGF na córnea não se alterou em nenhum dos tratamentos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Ophthalmic Solutions/therapeutic use , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/analysis , Corneal Ulcer/chemically induced , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/veterinary , Animals, Laboratory
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827530

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the association between two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), namely, rs4691383 and rs7667857, in the platelet-derived growth factor-C (PDGF-C) gene, the genotypes, environmental exposure factors, and nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P) in Western Chinese population.@*METHODS@#A total of 268 case-parent trios were selected, and two SNPs (rs4691383 andrs7667857) were genotyped by using polymerase chain reaction and restriction enzyme fragment length polymorphic method and direct sequencing method. Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, linkage disequilibrium test, transmission disequilibrium test, and haplotype analysis were conducted to analyze the data. Meanwhile, the questionnaires on the epidemiology of cleft lip and palate filled by the included samples were collected, and the interaction between the genotypes of the two SNPs and environmental exposure factors was assessed by conditional logistic regression.@*RESULTS@#The A allele at rs4691383 and the G allele at rs7667857 of PDGF-C gene were over-transmitted for NSCL/P (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The rs4691383 and rs7667857 at PDGF-C gene are closely related to the occurrence of NSCL/P in Western Chinese population. However, the interaction between environmental exposure factors and PDGF-C genotypes is not obvious in the occurrence of NSCL/P.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Cleft Lip , Cleft Palate , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Humans , Lymphokines , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
4.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(2): 1-10, 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1095370

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Reviewing information available about platelet-rich plasma (PRP) applied to dental treatments, introducing the general concept of PRP, as well as analyzing actual data about, and challenges faced by, the dental field. Data & sources: The current study analyzed the most informative publications about PRP application available in this field and gathered the maximum information about it as possible. Conclusions: PRP use, either alone or in association with other biomaterials, can significantly favor different fields such as tissue engineering, since it is an innovative technique that attracts the interest of clinicians and basic scientists. However, it is necessary conducting better designed and controlled experiments to enable successful tissue healing based on PRP use. Clinical significance: The current review can be used by clinicians as source of information about the actual rules and protocols adopted in the herein addressed field, besides providing specific examples of such applications. (AU)


Objetivos: Revisar as informações disponíveis sobre o plasma-rico em plaquetas (PRP) aplicado a tratamentos odontológicos, introduzir o conceito geral de PRP e analisar dados reais sobre os desafios enfrentados pelo campo odontológico. Dados e fontes: O presente estudo analisou as publicações mais informativas sobre a aplicação do PRP disponíveis neste campo e reuniu o máximo de informações possível. Conclusões: O uso do PRP, isoladamente ou em associação com outros biomateriais, pode favorecer significativamente diferentes campos, como a engenharia de tecidos, uma vez que é uma técnica inovadora que atrai o interesse de clínicos e cientistas básicos. No entanto, é necessário realizar experimentos mais bem projetados e controlados para permitir a cura bem-sucedida dos tecidos com base no uso do PRP. Significado clínico: A revisão atual pode ser usada pelos médicos como fonte de informações sobre as regras e protocolos atuais adotados no campo aqui tratado, além de fornecer exemplos específicos de tais aplicações.(AU)


Subject(s)
Surgery, Oral , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Guided Tissue Regeneration, Periodontal , Nanotechnology , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment
5.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190215, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056582

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: This study evaluated the angiogenesis-enhancing potential of a tricalcium silicate-based mineral trioxide aggregate (ProRoot MTA), Biodentine, and a novel bioceramic root canal sealer (Well-Root ST) in human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs), human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPLSCs), and human tooth germ stem cells (hTGSCs). Methodology: Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium was conditioned for 24 h by exposure to ProRoot MTA, Biodentine, or Well-Root ST specimens (prepared according to the manufacturers' instructions). The cells were cultured in these conditioned media and their viability was assessed with 3-(4,5-dimethyl-thiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxy-methoxy-phenyl)-2-(4-sulfo-phenyl)-2H tetrazolium (MTS) on days 1, 3, 7, 10, and 14. Angiogenic growth factors [platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)] were assayed by sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) on days 1, 7, and 14. Human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) migration assays were used to evaluate the vascular effects of the tested materials at 6-8 h. Statistical analyses included Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney U, and Friedman and Wilcoxon signed rank tests. Results: None of tricalcium silicate-based materials were cytotoxic and all induced a similar release of angiogenic growth factors (PDGF, FGF-2, and VEGF) (p>0.05). The best cell viability was observed for hDPSCs (p<0.05) with all tricalcium silicate-based materials at day 14. Tube formation by HUVECs showed a significant increase with all tested materials (p<0.05). Conclusion: The tricalcium silicate-based materials showed potential for angiogenic stimulation of all stem cell types and significantly enhanced tube formation by HUVECs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials/pharmacology , Stem Cells/drug effects , Ceramics/pharmacology , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/pharmacology , Periodontal Ligament/cytology , Periodontal Ligament/drug effects , Tooth Germ/cytology , Tooth Germ/drug effects , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Materials Testing , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/analysis , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/drug effects , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Cell Survival/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/analysis , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/drug effects , Statistics, Nonparametric , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/drug effects , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Flow Cytometry
6.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(4): 275-282, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019420

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To compare the intravitreal concentrations of cellular mediators involved in neurodegeneration, inflammation, and angiogenesis in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy and other vitreoretinal diseases. Methods: A multiplex bead immunoassay was used to measure vitreous levels of pigment epithelium-derived factor, serum amyloid P, C-reactive protein, complement C4, alpha-1 antitrypsin, vascular endothelial growth factor, platelet-derived growth factor-AA, platelet-derived growth factor-BB, interleukin-6, interleukin-8, interleukin-10, tumor necrosis factor alpha and beta in patients undergoing 23-gauge vitrectomy for proliferative diabetic retinopathy and other diagnoses (control group). Results: We evaluated 55 patients, of whom 24 had proliferative diabetic retinopathy and 31 had other diagnoses including vitreous hemorrhage, retinal detachment, macular hole, and epiretinal membrane. Patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy demonstrated increased levels of serum amyloid P (85.49 vs. 31.38 ng/mL); C-reactive protein (59.89 vs. 41.75 ng/mL), vascular endothelial growth factor (2,330.11 vs. 554.25 pg/mL; p<0.001), platelet-derived growth factor A (127.32 vs. 39.11 pg/mL), platelet-derived growth factor B (29.37 vs. 7.12 pg/mL), interleukin-6 (69.37 vs. 33.58 pg/mL), interleukin-8 (175.25 vs. 59.71 pg/mL), and interleukin-10 (3.70 vs. 1.88 pg/mL); all p<0.004 when compared with the control group. Levels of pigment epithelium-derived factor (30.06 vs. 27.48 ng/mL; p=0.295), complement C4 (570.78 vs. 366.24 ng/mL; p=0.069), and alpha-1-antitrypsin (359.27 vs. 522.44 ng/mL; p=0.264) were not significantly different between the groups. Intravitreal levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and tumor necrosis factor-beta were undetectable. Serum Amyloid P, C-reactive protein, platelet-derived growth factor A, platelet-derived growth factor B, interleukin-6, and interleukin-8 were correlated positively with vascular endothelial growth factor. Conclusions: Cellular mediators involved in neurodegeneration and inflammation demonstrated increased levels in the vitreous humor of patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy and may be part of the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy.


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar as concentrações intravítreas de mediadores celulares envolvidos na neurodegeneração, inflamação e angiogênese em pacientes com retinopatia diabética proliferativa e outras doenças vítreo-retinianas. Métodos: Um ensaio imunomagnético foi utilizado para medir os níveis vítreos do fator derivado do epitélio pigmentar, amilóide P sérico, proteína-C-reativa, complemento C4, e alfa-1-antitripsina, fator de crescimento do endotélio vascular, fator de crescimento derivado das plaquetas AA, fator de crescimento derivado das plaquetas BB, interleucina-6, interleucina-8, interleucina-10, fator de necrose tumoral alfa e beta em pacientes submetidos à vitrectomia 23-gauge para retinopatia diabética proliferativa ou outros diagnósticos (grupo controle). Resultados: Foram avaliados 55 pacientes, dos quais 24 tinham retinopatia diabética proliferativa e 31 tinham outros diagnósticos, incluindo hemorragia vítrea, descolamento de retina, buraco macular e membrana epirretiniana. Pacientes com retinopatia diabética proliferativa demonstraram níveis aumentados de amilóide P sérico (85,49 vs 31,38 ng/mL), proteína-C-reativa (59,89 vs 41,75 ng/mL), fator de crescimento do endotélio vascular (2.330,11 vs 554,25 pg/mL, p<0.001), fator de crescimento derivado das plaquetas-A: (127,32 vs 39,11 pg/mL), fator de crescimento derivado das plaquetas-B (29,37 vs 7,12 pg/mL), interleucina-6 (69,37 vs 33,58 pg/mL), interleucina-8 (175,25 vs 59,71 pg/mL) e interleucina-10 (3,70 vs 1,88 pg/mL), todos com p<0,004 quando comparados ao grupo controle. Níveis de fator derivado do epitélio pigmentar (30,06 vs 27,48 ng/mL; p=0,295), complemento C4 (570,78 vs 366,24 ng/mL; p=0,069), alfa-1 antitripsina (359,27 vs 522,44 ng/mL; p=0,264) não foram significativamente diferente entre os grupos. Níveis intravítreos de fator de necrose tumoral alfa e fator de necrose tumoral beta foram indetectáveis. O amilóide P sérico, a proteína C-reativa, o fator de crescimento derivado das plaquetas A e B, a interleucina-6 e a interleucina-8 correlacionaram-se positivamente com o fator de crescimento do endotélio vascular. Conclusões: Os medidores celulares envolvidos na neurodegeneração e inflamação demonstraram níveis aumentados no humor vítreo de pacientes com retinopatia diabética proliferativa e podem ser parte da patogênese da retinopatia diabética.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Retinal Degeneration/pathology , Vitreous Body/pathology , Inflammation Mediators/analysis , Diabetic Retinopathy/pathology , Reference Values , Vitrectomy , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/analysis , Serum Amyloid P-Component/analysis , Serpins/analysis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Interleukins/analysis , Statistics, Nonparametric , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Diabetic Retinopathy/surgery , Eye Proteins/analysis , Nerve Growth Factors/analysis
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761912

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Human adipose tissue is routinely discarded as medical waste. However, this tissue may have valuable clinical applications since methods have been devised to effectively isolate adipose-derived extracellular matrix (ECM), growth factors (GFs), and stem cells. In this review, we analyze the literature that devised these methods and then suggest an optimal method based on their characterization results. METHODS: Methods that we analyze in this article include: extraction of adipose tissue, decellularization, confirmation of decellularization, identification of residual active ingredients (ECM, GFs, and cells), removal of immunogens, and comparing structural/physiological/biochemical characteristics of active ingredients. RESULTS: Human adipose ECMs are composed of collagen type I–VII, laminin, fibronectin, elastin, and glycosaminoglycan (GAG). GFs immobilized in GAG include basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), transforming growth factor beta 1(TGF-b1), insulin like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), BMP4 (bone morphogenetic protein 4), nerve growth factor (NGF), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), and epithermal growth factor (EGF). Stem cells in the stromal-vascular fraction display mesenchymal markers, self-renewal gene expression, and multi-differentiation potential. CONCLUSION: Depending on the preparation method, the volume, biological activity, and physical properties of ECM, GFs, and adipose tissue-derived cells can vary. Thus, the optimal preparation method is dependent on the intended application of the adipose tissue-derived products.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Collagen , Elastin , Extracellular Matrix , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Fibronectins , Gene Expression , Hepatocyte Growth Factor , Humans , Insulin , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Laminin , Medical Waste , Methods , Nerve Growth Factor , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Stem Cells , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772648

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) on nerve regeneration in peri-implant tissues.@*METHODS@#SD rats with implants in their femurs were injected with PDGF solution. The effects of PDGF on nerve regeneration in peri-implant tissues were analyzed by immunohistochemical staining.@*RESULTS@#PDGF increased the number of nerve fibers in peri-implant tissues at early stage. PDGF had no significant effect on the number of nerve fibers in peri-implant tissues at late stage. Moreover, these nerves had a typical structure of peripheral nerve fibers.@*CONCLUSIONS@#PDGF can promote nerve regeneration in peri-implant tissues at early stage. This study provided a certain experimental basis for the clinical application of PDGF to promote nerve regeneration and further improve the sensory function of the implant.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dental Implants , Nerve Fibers , Nerve Regeneration , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765965

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Interstitial cells play important roles in gastrointestinal (GI) neuro-smooth muscle transmission. The underlying mechanisms of colonic dysmotility have not been well illustrated. We established a partial colon obstruction (PCO) mouse model to investigate the changes of interstitial cells and the correlation with colonic motility. METHODS: Western blot technique was employed to observe the protein expressions of Kit, platelet-derived growth factor receptor-α (Pdgfra), Ca²⁺-activated Cl⁻ (Ano1) channels, and small conductance Ca²⁺- activated K⁺ (SK) channels. Colonic migrating motor complexes (CMMCs) and isometric force measurements were employed in control mice and PCO mice. RESULTS: PCO mice showed distended abdomen and feces excretion was significantly reduced. Anatomically, the colon above the obstructive silicone ring was obviously dilated. Kit and Ano1 proteins in the colonic smooth muscle layer of the PCO colons were significantly decreased, while the expression of Pdgfra and SK3 proteins were significantly increased. The effects of a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor (L-NAME) and an Ano1 channel inhibitor (NPPB) on CMMC and colonic spontaneous contractions were decreased in the proximal and distal colons of PCO mice. The SK agonist, CyPPA and antagonist, apamin in PCO mice showed more effect to the CMMCs and colonic smooth muscle contractions. CONCLUSIONS: Colonic transit disorder may be due to the downregulation of the Kit and Ano1 channels and the upregulation of SK3 channels in platelet-derived growth factor receptor-α positive (PDGFRα⁺) cells. The imbalance between interstitial cells of Cajal-Ano1 and PDGFRα-SK3 distribution might be a potential reason for the colonic dysmotility.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Animals , Apamin , Blotting, Western , Chloride Channels , Colon , Down-Regulation , Feces , Interstitial Cells of Cajal , Mice , Muscle, Smooth , Myoelectric Complex, Migrating , Nitric Oxide Synthase , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Silicon , Silicones , Small-Conductance Calcium-Activated Potassium Channels , Up-Regulation
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-728014

ABSTRACT

Despite increased evidence of bio-activity following far-infrared (FIR) radiation, susceptibility of cell signaling to FIR radiation-induced homeostasis is poorly understood. To observe the effects of FIR radiation, FIR-radiated materials-coated fabric was put on experimental rats or applied to L6 cells, and microarray analysis, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, and wound healing assays were performed. Microarray analysis revealed that messenger RNA expressions of rat muscle were stimulated by FIR radiation in a dose-dependent manner in amount of 10% and 30% materials-coated. In 30% group, 1,473 differentially expressed genes were identified (fold change [FC] > 1.5), and 218 genes were significantly regulated (FC > 1.5 and p < 0.05). Microarray analysis showed that extracellular matrix (ECM)-receptor interaction, focal adhesion, and cell migration-related pathways were significantly stimulated in rat muscle. ECM and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-mediated cell migration-related genes were increased. And, results showed that the relative gene expression of actin beta was increased. FIR radiation also stimulated actin subunit and actin-related genes. We observed that wound healing was certainly promoted by FIR radiation over 48 h in L6 cells. Therefore, we suggest that FIR radiation can penetrate the body and stimulate PDGF-mediated cell migration through ECM-integrin signaling in rats.


Subject(s)
Actins , Animals , Cell Movement , Extracellular Matrix , Focal Adhesions , Gene Expression , Homeostasis , Infrared Rays , Integrins , Microarray Analysis , Muscle, Skeletal , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Rats , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , Wound Healing
11.
Rev. ADM ; 75(3): 153-158, mayo-jun. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-908849

ABSTRACT

Una comunicación oroantral es el espacio creado entre el seno maxilar y la cavidad oral, si ésta no es tratada a tiempo puede desencadenar una fístula e inclusive la presencia de sinusitis crónica. La comunicación oroantral es una de las complicaciones con mayor prevalencia que puede presentarse durante los procedimientos quirúrgicos cercanos a la zona donde se vea involucrado el seno maxilar. Con mayor incidencia encontramos los primeros molares, seguidos de los segundos molares y por último los terceros molares. El manejo convencional de una comunicación oroantral va desde su cierre espontáneo hasta el manejo quirúrgico; esto dependerá del tamaño de la lesión y el tiempo transcurrido de ésta. El caso clínico se trata de un paciente de 42 años de edad con antecedente de extracción del O.D. 16 por facultativo particular, desarrollando posteriormente un cuadro de sinusitis, por lo que acude al Servicio de Urgencias del Hospital Regional 1o de Octubre, I.S.S.S.T.E. en la CDMX, siendo valorado por nuestro servicio, donde se observa una comunicación franca entre la cavidad bucal y el seno maxilar, realizándose cierre de la misma con una membrana de plasma rico en factores de crecimiento plaquetario (AU)


Oroantral communication is the space created between the maxillary sinus and the oral cavity, if the communication is not treated on time, it would progress to oroantral fi stula or chronic sinus disease. An oroantral communication is the most common complication during surgical procedures closer to the maxillary sinus. With greater incidence we found sites of upper fi rst molar, followed by the second molar and fi nally third molars. The conventional handling of an oroantral communication goes between spontaneously closure or surgical closure management, it will depend in the size of the lesion and the time elapsed. The present article shows a clinical case, is a male patient of 42 years old with a previous extraction of tooth 16, by a private doctor, later developing a picture of sinusitis. Then he goes to the emergency department of the Hospital 1o of October, ISSSTE in the CDMX, being evaluated by our service, where there is a frank communication between the oral cavity and the maxillary sinus, closing it with a plasma membrane rich in growth factors (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Maxillary Sinus , Membranes, Artificial , Oroantral Fistula , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Dental Service, Hospital , Mexico , Oral Surgical Procedures , Postoperative Care , Surgical Flaps , Tooth Extraction
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713805

ABSTRACT

Urine-derived stem cells (USCs) are considered as a promising cell source capable of neuronal differentiation. In addition, specific growth factors and extracellular matrix are essential for enhancing their neuronal differentiation efficiency. In this study, we investigated the possibility of neuronal differentiation of USCs and the role of laminin and platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB) as promoting factors. USCs were isolated from fresh urine of healthy donors. Cultured USCs were adherent to the plate and their morphology was similar to the cobblestone. In addition, they showed chromosome stability, rapid proliferation rate, colony forming capacity, and mesenchymal stem cell characteristics. For inducing the neuronal differentiation, USCs were cultured for 14 days in neuronal differentiation media supplemented with/without laminin and/or PDGF-BB. To identify the expression of neuronal markers, RT-PCR, flow cytometry analysis and immunocytochemistry were used. After neuronal induction, the cells showed neuron-like morphological change and high expression level of neuronal markers. In addition, laminin and PDGF-BB respectively promoted the neuronal differentiation of USCs and the combination of laminin and PDGF-BB showed a synergistic effect for the neuronal differentiation of USCs. In conclusion, USCs are noteworthy cell source in the field of neuronal regeneration and laminin and PDGF-BB promote their neuronal differentiation efficiency.


Subject(s)
Chromosomal Instability , Extracellular Matrix , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Laminin , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Neurons , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Regeneration , Stem Cells , Tissue Donors
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715556

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Leukocyte-poor platelet-rich plasma (LP-PRP) from peripheral blood is currently used as a concentrated source of growth factors to stimulate repair at sites of soft tissue injury. Fibroblasts are primary mediators of wound healing. Thus, we aimed to assess the positive effect of LP-PRP on human fibroblast proliferation in vitro. METHODS: LP-PRP was prepared from 49 donors. The fibroblasts were seeded, and at 24 hours after seeding, 1 × 107/10 µL LP-PRP was added once to each well. The cells were harvested 10 times during study period at our planned points, and we examined cell proliferation using the water-soluble tetrazolium salt-1 assay. We collected the supernatants and measured the amount of growth factors such as platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-AB/BB, insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), which are known to be involved in wound healing processes, by multiplex assay. RESULTS: Human fibroblasts treated with LP-PRP showed a significant increase in proliferation when compared to untreated controls (p < 0.001 at days 4, 6, and 8). Multiplex cytokine assays revealed various secretion patterns. PDGF-AB/BB appeared at early time points and peaked before fibroblast proliferation. IGF-1 and TGF-β1 secretion gradually increased and peaked on days 4 and 6 post-treatment. The early VEGF concentration was lower than the concentration of other growth factors but increased along with cell proliferation. CONCLUSIONS: Platelets in LP-PRP release growth factors such as PDGF, IGF-1, TGF-β1 and VEGF, and these growth factors have a promoting effect for human fibroblast proliferation, one of the important mediators of wound healing. These results suggest that growth factors derived from LP-PRP enhance the proliferation of human fibroblast.


Subject(s)
Cell Proliferation , Fibroblasts , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Soft Tissue Injuries , Tissue Donors , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Wound Healing
14.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e48, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952159

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim was to investigate the angiogenic effects of concentrated growth factors on human dental pulp cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Cells were treated with concentrated growth factor extracts. The CCK-8 assay and cell cycle assay were conducted to evaluate cell growth. Cell migration was evaluated by the Transwell migration assay. Angiogenesis-associated mRNA and protein expression levels were determined using quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting, respectively. A tube formation assay was conducted to evaluate the angiogenic capacity in vitro. The data showed that compared with the control, concentrated growth factor extracts significantly promoted dental pulp cell proliferation and differentiation and endothelial cell proliferation and migration in a dose-dependent manner (p < 0.05). Concentrated growth factor extracts also promoted the tube-like structure formation of endothelial cells in vitro. The RT-PCR and Western blot results showed that concentrated growth factor extracts upregulated the expression of angiogenesis-related genes - chemokine receptor-4, platelet-derived growth factor, and vascular endothelial growth factor - in dental pulp cells. In conclusion, concentrated growth factors showed proangiogenic effects on dental pulp cells and endothelial cells and have good application potential for dental pulp revascularization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Neovascularization, Physiologic/physiology , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/physiology , Dental Pulp/cytology , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/physiology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/analysis , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/physiology , Cell Cycle/physiology , Cells, Cultured , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Receptors, CXCR4/analysis , Receptors, CXCR4/physiology , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/analysis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/physiology , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Cell Migration Assays , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
15.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 76(6): 319-324, nov.-dez. 2017.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042371

ABSTRACT

Resumo Esta revisão tem por objetivo elencar as condições oftalmológicas em que tem sido utilizado o concentrado de plaquetas (CP), assim como as suas propriedades bioquímicas e fisiológicas. O CP possui tanto o potencial anticatabólico, presente no soro autólogo, quanto substâncias com propriedades anabólicas, que em conjunto são responsáveis pelos seus benefícios no tratamento de doenças da superfície ocular. Atualmente há um lapso de ensaios clínicos neste tema, tanto na oftalmologia como em outras áreas médicas, existindo mais estudos e relatos sobre o uso de soro autólogo. Em oftalmologia, o CP tem sido usado no tratamento do olho seco sintomático, úlceras corneanas, queimaduras oculares dentre outras aplicações, sendo uma alternativa eficaz em diversas patologias oculares; portanto, é evidente a importância de mais estudos nesse tema, para comprovar a efetividade do produto.


Abstract The aim of this review is to list the ophthalmological conditions in which platelet concentrate (CP) has been used, as well as its biochemical and physiological properties. The CP has both anticatabolic potential, present in autologous serum, and substances with anabolic properties, which together are responsible for its benefits in the treatment of ocular surface diseases. There is currently a shortage of clinical trials in this area, both in ophthalmology and other medical areas, with more studies and reports on the use of autologous serum. In ophthalmology, CP has been used in the treatment of symptomatic dry eye, corneal ulcers and ocular burns, among other applications, being an effective alternative in several ocular pathologies; therefore, it's evident the importance of more studies in this topic to prove the efficiency of this product.


Subject(s)
Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/therapeutic use , Dry Eye Syndromes/drug therapy , Corneal Ulcer/drug therapy , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Eye Diseases/drug therapy , Lubricant Eye Drops/therapeutic use
16.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 50(1): 113-116, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041392

ABSTRACT

Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFB1) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) are the main cytokines related to hepatic fibrogenesis. METHODS: RNA isolated from the platelets and hepatic tissue of 43 HCV carriers was used for quantitative polymerase chain reaction to determine TGFB1, PDGFA, and PDGFB RNA expression. RESULTS: The mRNA expression of PDGFA in platelets was significantly lower in the group with advanced fibrosis than in the group with early-stage fibrosis. TGFB1 was more frequently expressed in platelets than in hepatic tissue, which was different from PDGFB. CONCLUSIONS: A pathway mediated by overexpression of TGFB1 via PDGFA in megakaryocytes could be involved in the development of fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/analysis , Hepatitis C, Chronic/blood , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-sis/blood , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/blood , Liver Cirrhosis/blood , Severity of Illness Index , Blood Platelets/chemistry , RNA, Messenger/analysis , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Hepatitis C, Chronic/complications , Liver Cirrhosis/virology , Middle Aged
17.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 6(1): 16-18, Jan. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-907700

ABSTRACT

Objective: to compare the platelet concentration obtained after application of the protocol of plasma rich in growth factors - universal 1 (PRGF-U1) and the protocol of Anitua and Andia (PRP-A) for obtaining platelet rich plasma. Material and Method: A descriptive, cross-sectional and comparative study was carried out with a simple random probabilistic sample consisting of 16 patients who attended the Periodontics service of the Unit of Second Specialization in Stomatology of the National University of Trujillo. Five blood samples were obtained from each patient, after applying a health questionnaire to rule out any disease or drug consumption, in order to obtain the baseline platelet concentration and that obtained after PRGF-U1 and PRP-A. To compare the platelet concentrations of the two protocols, Student’s t-test was used considering a significance level of p<0.05. RESULTS: The baseline platelet concentration was 371,250 +/- 68,203 platelets/ μL, for PRGF-U1 it was 747,875 +/- 121,645 platelets/μL and for PRP-A it was 595,000 +/- 129,202 platelets/ML. A statistically significant difference (p<0.001) was found between both protocols. Conclusion: The PRGF-U1 protocol yielded a higher platelet concentration compared to the Anitua and Andia protocol.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Platelet Count , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Regenerative Medicine , Cross-Sectional Studies , Protocols
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 347-356, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303149

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>15-Deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2), one of the major metabolites from prostaglandin D2 in arachidonic acid metabolic pathway, has potential anti-inflammatory properties. The objective of this study was to explore the effects of 15d-PGJ2-loaded poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) nanocapsules (15d-PGJ2-NC) on inflammatory responses and bone regeneration in local bone defect.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The study was conducted on 96 Wistar rats from June 2014 to March 2016. Saline, unloaded nanoparticles, free 15d-PGJ2or 15d-PGJ2-NC, were delivered through a collagen vehicle inside surgically created transcortical defects in rat femurs. Interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) levels in the surrounding soft tissue were analyzed by Western blot and in the defect by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction over 14 days. Simultaneously, bone morphogenetic protein-6 (BMP-6) and platelet-derived growth factor-B (PDGF-B) messenger RNA (mRNA) in the defect were examined. New bone formation and EphrinB2 and osteoprotegerin (OPG) protein expression in the cortical defect were observed by Masson's Trichrome staining and immunohistochemistry over 28 days. Data were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance. Least-significant difference and Dunnett's T3 methods were used with a bilateral P< 0.05.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Application of l5d-PGJ2-NC (100 μg/ml) in the local bone defect significantly decreased IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α mRNA and protein, compared with saline-treated controls (P < 0.05). l5d-PGJ2-NC upregulated BMP-6 and PDGF-B mRNA (P < 0.05). New bone formation was observed in the cortical defect in l5d-PGJ2-NC-treated animals from 7th day onward (P < 0.001). Expression of EphrinB2 and OPG presented early on day 3 and persisted through day 28 in 15d-PGJ2-NC group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Stable l5d-PGJ2-NC complexes were prepared that could attenuate IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α expression, while increasing new bone formation and growth factors related to bone regeneration.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 6 , Metabolism , Bone Regeneration , Inflammation , Drug Therapy , Interleukin-1beta , Metabolism , Interleukin-6 , Metabolism , Male , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Metabolism , Prostaglandin D2 , Therapeutic Uses , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-153376

ABSTRACT

Remyelination via the transplantation of oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) has been considered as a strategy to improve the locomotor deficits caused by traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). To date, enormous efforts have been made to derive OPCs from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs), and significant progress in the transplantation of such cells in SCI animal models has been reported. The current methods generally require a long period of time (>2 months) to obtain transplantable OPCs, which hampers their clinical utility for patients with SCI. Here we demonstrate a rapid and efficient method to differentiate hPSCs into neural progenitors that retain the features of OPCs (referred to as OPC-like cells). We used cell sorting to select A2B5-positive cells from hPSC-derived neural rosettes and cultured the selected cells in the presence of signaling cues, including sonic hedgehog, PDGF and insulin-like growth factor-1. This method robustly generated neural cells positive for platelet-derived growth factor receptor-α (PDGFRα) and NG2 (~90%) after 4 weeks of differentiation. Behavioral tests revealed that the transplantation of the OPC-like cells into the spinal cords of rats with contusive SCI at the thoracic level significantly improved hindlimb locomotor function. Electrophysiological assessment revealed enhanced neural conduction through the injury site. Histological examination showed increased numbers of axon with myelination at the injury site and graft-derived myelin formation with no evidence of tumor formation. Our method provides a cell source from hPSCs that has the potential to recover motor function following SCI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Axons , Behavior Rating Scale , Cues , Hedgehogs , Hindlimb , Humans , Methods , Models, Animal , Myelin Sheath , Neural Conduction , Oligodendroglia , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Pluripotent Stem Cells , Rats , Spinal Cord Injuries , Spinal Cord
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-43213

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The pericytes in the blood vessel wall have recently been identified to be important in regulating vascular formation, stabilization, remodeling, and function. We isolated and identified pericyte-like platelet-derived growth factor receptor beta-positive (PDGFRβ+) cells from the stromal vascular fraction (SVF) of adipose tissue from critical limb ischemia (CLI) patients and investigated their potential as a reliable source of stem cells for cell-based therapy. METHODS: De-identified subcutaneous fat tissues were harvested after amputation in CLI patients. Freshly isolated SVF cells and culture-expanded adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) were quantified using flow cytometry. A matrigel tube formation assay and multi-lineage differentiation were performed to assess pericytic and mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-like characteristics of PDGFRβ+ ADSCs. RESULTS: PDGFRβ+ cells were located in the pericytic area of various sizes of blood vessels and coexpressed mesenchymal stem cell markers. PDGFRβ+ cells in freshly isolated SVF cells expressed a higher level of stem cell markers (CD34 and CXCR4) and mesenchymal markers (CD13, CD44, CD54, and CD90) than PDGFRβ– cells. In vitro expansion of PDGFRβ+ cells resulted in enrichment of the perivascular mesenchymal stem-like (PDGFRβ+/CD90+/CD45–/CD31–) cell fractions. The Matrigel tube formation assay revealed that PDGFRβ+ cells were located in the peritubular area. CONCLUSIONS: PDGFRβ+ ADSCs cells demonstrated a good multilineage differentiation potential. Pericyte-like PDGFRβ+ cells from the SVF of adipose tissue from CLI patients had MSC-like characteristics and could be amplified by in vitro culture with preservation of their cell characteristics. We believe PDGFRβ+ cells in the SVF of adipose tissue can be used as a reliable source of stem cells even in CLI patients.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Adipose Tissue, White , Adult Stem Cells , Amputation , Blood Vessels , Extremities , Flow Cytometry , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Ischemia , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Pericytes , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Receptors, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Stem Cells , Subcutaneous Fat
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