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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 402-408, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388020

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aimed to compare the effects of intraarticular infiltration of platelet-rich plasma with those of hyaluronic acid infiltration in the treatment of patients with primary knee osteoarthritis. Methods A randomized clinical trial was conducted with 29 patients who received an intraarticular infiltration with hyaluronic acid (control group) or platelet-rich plasma. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the visual analog scale for pain and the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) questionnaire before and after the intervention. In addition, the posttreatment adverse effects were recorded. Categorical variables were analyzed using the chi-square and Fisher exact tests, whereas continuous variables were analyzed using the Student t test, analysis of variance, and the Wilcoxon test; all calculations were performed with the Stats package of the R software. Results An independent analysis of each group revealed a statistical difference within the first months, with improvement in the pain and function scores, but worsening on the 6th month after the procedure. There was no difference in the outcomes between the groups receiving hyaluronic acid or platelet-rich plasma. There was no serious adverse effect or allergic reaction during the entire follow-up period. Conclusion Intraarticular infiltration with hyaluronic acid or platelet-rich plasma in patients with primary knee gonarthrosis resulted in temporary improvement of functional symptoms and pain. There was no difference between interventions.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar o efeito da infiltração intraarticular do plasma rico em plaqueta com a do ácido hialurônico no tratamento de pacientes com osteoartrose primária de joelho. Métodos Realizou-se um ensaio clínico randomizado com 29 pacientes, sendo um grupo submetido à infiltração com ácido hialurônico (controle) e o outro com plasma rico em plaquetas. Os desfechos clínicos avaliados foram a escala visual analógica da dor; o questionário Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC), antes e depois da intervenção; e os efeitos adversos após as aplicações. Utilizou-se os testes do qui-quadrado e exato de Fisher para as variáveis categóricas, e o teste t de Student, análise de variância, e Wilcoxon para as variáveis contínuas, através do software R. Resultados A análise independente de cada grupo revelou uma diferença estatística nos meses iniciais, com melhora dos escores de dor e função; porém, com piora no 6° mês após o procedimento. Não houve diferença dos desfechos avaliados entre os grupos que foram submetidos à infiltração com ácido hialurônico ou com plasma rico em plaquetas. Não houve efeito adverso grave ou reação alérgica durante todo o seguimento. Conclusão A infiltração intraarticular com ácido hialurônico ou plasma rico em plaquetas nos joelhos dos pacientes com gonartrose primária apresentou melhora temporária dos sintomas de função e dor. Não houve diferença entre as duas intervenções.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoarthritis/therapy , Benchmarking , Platelet-Rich Plasma/drug effects , Hyaluronic Acid/therapeutic use , Anesthesia, Local , Knee/pathology
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 839-850, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385657

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Several studies have shown beneficial effects of platelet-rich plasma. However, there are very few studies investigating the effectiveness of PRP in the neck region. We aimed to assess the efficacy of PRP injection for neck rejuvenation in females aged 40-55. Fifty-two female consecutive participants had PRP injected and roller applied in three sessions at 3-week intervals. Evaluations were blindly performed by comparing the improvements from the pre- to post-application assessments of anatomical measurements of the neck area based on before and after photography of the participants by two anatomists and three medical aesthetic doctors. The Fitzpatrick Skin Scale, Fitzpatrick Goldman Scale, Wrinkle Assessment Scale (Dedo classification system) and patient satisfaction scale were used for assessment. Additionally, skin stiffness and elasticity, cervicomental angle and jawline angle measurements were performed to analyze anatomical changes in the neck area. The study enrolled 52 volunteers with a mean age of 48.60±5.35 years, mean body weight of 63.21±8.43 kg and mean height of 163.25±4.56 cm. Significant differences were found in the elasticity, jawline angle, cervicomental angle, wrinkling, elasticity G and patient satisfaction scores before and after the treatment. When the results of anatomical parameters and scales are compared, it was revealed that PRP is effective in neck rejuvenation.


RESUMEN: Varios investigaciones han demostrado los efectos beneficiosos del plasma rico en plaquetas. Sin embargo, existen muy pocos estudios que investiguen la efectividad del PRP en la región del cuello. Nuestro objetivo fue evaluar la eficacia de la inyección de PRP para el rejuvenecimiento del cuello en mujeres de 40 a 55 años. A cincuenta y dos mujeres participantes consecutivas se les inyectó PRP y se les aplicó rodillo en tres sesiones a intervalos de 3 semanas. Las evaluaciones se realizaron a ciegas comparando las mejoras de las evaluaciones previas y posteriores a la aplicación de las medidas anatómicas del área del cuello basadas en fotografías de antes y después de los participantes realizadas por dos anatomistas y tres médicos especialistas en cirugía estética. Para la evaluación se utilizaron la escala de piel de Fitzpatrick, la escala de Fitzpatrick Goldman, la escala de evaluación de arrugas (sistema de clasificación Dedo) y la escala de satisfacción del paciente. Además, se realizaron mediciones de rigidez y elasticidad de la piel, ángulo cervicomentoniano y ángulo de la línea de la mandíbula, para analizar los cambios anatómicos en el área del cuello. El estudio inscribió a 52 voluntarios con una edad media de 48,60±5,35 años, un peso corporal medio de 63,21±8,43 kg y una altura media de 163,25±4,56 cm. Se encontraron diferencias significativas en las puntuaciones de elasticidad, ángulo mandibular, ángulo cervicomentoniano, arrugas, elasticidad G y satisfacción del paciente antes y después del tratamiento. Cuando se compararon los resultados de los parámetros anatómicos y las escalas, se reveló que el PRP es eficaz en el rejuvenecimiento del cuello.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Rejuvenation , Elasticity , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Neck , Skin Aging
4.
Estima (Online) ; 20(1): e0622, Jan-Dec. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1391519

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Avaliar a evolução da reparação tecidual de úlcera venosa (UV) tratada com plasma rico em plaquetas (PRP). Métodos: Trata-se de relato de caso com aplicação de PRP para tratamento de UV em uma clínica especializada de uma cidade do sul de Minas Gerais. A cada sessão foram coletados 20 mL de sangue distribuídos em quatro tubos com citrato de sódio. O sangue passou por centrifugação para a extração do PRP. O plasma foi aplicado na ferida após a limpeza com água destilada e solução de polihexametileno biguanida. Posteriormente, a lesão foi coberta com gazes impregnada com petrolato e gazes estéreis como cobertura secundária, associado à terapia compressiva elástica. Resultados: Anteriormente à terapia, a úlcera apresentava 1,18 cm² de área. Após quatro semanas de tratamento com PRP, ocorreu a completa cicatrização. Conclusão: O tratamento mostrou-se eficaz e houve 100% de redução de área.


Objective:To evaluate the evolution of tissue repair in venous ulcers treated with platelet-rich plasma. Methods: This is a case report with the application of platelet-rich plasma for the treatment of venous ulcers in a specialized clinic in a city in the south of Minas Gerais. At each session, 20 mL of blood was collected and distributed into four tubes with sodium citrate. The blood was centrifuged to extract platelet-rich plasma. Plasma was applied to the wound after cleaning with distilled water and polyhexamethylene biguanide solution. Subsequently, the lesion was covered with gauze impregnated with petrolatum and sterile gauze as a secondary coverage, associated with elastic compression therapy. Results: Prior to therapy, the ulcer had an area of 1.18 cm². After five weeks of treatment with platelet-rich plasma, complete healing has occurred. Conclusion: Tissue repair occurred after five weeks of treatment without any complications.


Objetivo:Evaluar la evolución de la reparación tisular en úlceras venosas tratadas con plasma rico en plaquetas. Métodos: Este es un reporte de caso con la aplicación de plasma rico en plaquetas para el tratamiento de úlceras venosas en una clínica especializada en una ciudad del sur de Minas Gerais. En cada sesión se recogieron 20 ml de sangre y se distribuyeron en cuatro tubos con citrato de sodio. La sangre se centrifugó para extraer plasma rico en plaquetas. Se aplicó plasma a la herida después de limpiarla con agua destilada y solución de polihexametileno biguanida. Posteriormente se cubrió la lesión con gasa impregnada de vaselina y gasa estéril como cobertura secundaria, asociada a terapia compresiva elástica. Resultados: Inicialmente la terapia, la úlcera tenía un área de 1,18 cm². Después de cinco semanas de tratamiento con plasma rico en plaquetas, se produjo una curación completa. Conclusión: La reparación del tejido ocurrió después de cinco semanas de tratamiento sin ninguna complicación.


Subject(s)
Varicose Ulcer , Wound Healing , Nursing , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Enterostomal Therapy
5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(2): 289-294, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387991

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To present an innovative device that applies the double centrifugation method to obtain platelet-rich plasma (PRP), assessing whether there was an effective increase in the concentration of platelets. Method Ten volunteers underwent blood collection. The samples were separated in 20 ml syringes, sealed and subjected to the double centrifugation protocol at 1,100 revolutions per minute (rpm) for 15 minutes, resulting in the separation of red blood cells, plasma with platelets, and leukocytes. Then, 10 ml syringes were added to remove 9 ml, respecting the "buffy coat" parameter, collecting 8 ml above and 1 ml below for the second centrifugation and transferring again to the 20 ml syringe. The plasma was again centrifuged at 1,550 rpm for 10 minutes; as a result, it was divided into two parts: at the top, consisting of low platelet plasma (LPP), and at the bottom, by the platelet button. Part of the LPP was discarded, leaving only 3 ml with the platelet button. The cells were then counted. Results This innovative device was able to increase the concentration of platelets by almost three times compared with the baseline. In addition, the preparation time for the PRP was adequate, lasting only 35 to 40 minutes. Conclusions Platelet-rich plasma was successfully obtained by the double centrifuge protocol, allowing its clinical use. In addition, obtaining through the presented device promotes greater applicability in the preparation of PRP in specific centers, furthermore, being a quick and economical way to obtain PRP.


Resumo Objetivo Apresentar um dispositivo inovador que aplique o método de centrifugação dupla para obter plasma rico em plaquetas (PRP), avaliando se houve um aumento efetivo na concentração de plaquetas. Método Dez voluntários foram submetidos a coleta de sangue. As amostras foram separadas em seringas de 20 mL, seladas e submetidas ao protocolo de centrifugação dupla a 1.100 revoluções por minuto (rpm) por 15 minutos, resultando na separação de hemácias, plasma com plaquetas e leucócitos. Em seguida, foram adicionadas seringas de 10 mL para remover 9 mL, tendo como parâmetro a "buffy coat", coletando 8 mL acima e 1 mL abaixo para a segunda centrifugação e transferindo novamente para a seringa de 20 mL. O plasma foi novamente centrifugado a 1.550 rpm por 10 minutos; como resultado, foi dividido em duas partes: na parte superior, consistindo em plasma pobre em plaquetas (PPP), e na parte inferior, pelo botão plaquetário. Parte do PPP foi descartada, restando apenas 3 mL com o botão de plaquetas. As células foram então contadas. Resultados Este dispositivo inovador foi capaz de aumentar a concentração de plaquetas em quase 3 vezes relação a linha de base. Além disso, o tempo de preparo do PRP foi adequado, com duração de apenas 35 a 40 minutos. Conclusões O PRP foi obtido com sucesso pelo protocolo de centrifugação dupla, permitindo seu uso clínico. Além disso, a obtenção através do dispositivo apresentado promove maior aplicabilidade no preparo do PRP em centros específicos, além de ser, uma forma rápida e econômica de obter PRP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Profile , Blood Platelets , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Blood Buffy Coat , Equipment and Supplies
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939703

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#A dynamic gel loaded with lyophilized platelet-rich plasma-chitosan/difunctionalized polyethylene glycol (LPRP-CP) was prepared to investigate its hemostatic antibacterial and promoting wound healing of scald wounds through in vitro and in vivo experiments.@*METHODS@#In this study, normal gauze/blank tablet (Ctrl), LPRP-CP, Chitosan HUCHUANG Powder(Chito P)and ChitoGauze XP PRO group (Chito G group) were set. The hemostatic effect and promoting healing effect of the four groups of materials were evaluated by establishing rabbit ear artery hemorrhage model and superficial Ⅱ° scalded model of skin on the back. The hemostatic time and bleeding amount were calculated and the gross and histological results of scald healing were observed. The antibacterial effect of the four groups of materials was evaluated by antibacterial test in vitro.@*RESULTS@#In the rabbit ear arterial hemorrhage model, the hemostasis of all materials was successful. The hemostatic time of Ctrl, Chito P, LPRP-CP and Chito G groups was 213.33±38.30, 118.33±24.01, 115.00±8.37 and 111.67±11.69 s, respectively. The blood loss was 1233.83±992.27, 346.67±176.00, 193.33±121.47 and 147.50±80.66 mg, respectively. Compared with Ctrl, the hemostasis time of LPRP-CP, Chito P and Chito G group was significantly shorter (P<0.001), and the amount of blood loss of LPRP-CP and Chito G group was decreased (P<0.05). Compared with LPRP-CP, there were no significant differences in hemostatic time and blood loss between Chito P and Chito G group (P>0.05). In the model of superficial Ⅱ° scalded on the back of rabbit, the wound healing rate of LPRP-CP was faster than that of the other three groups at the same time, and the healing effect was perfect. In the antibacterial test in vitro, only LPRP-CP had better anti-S. aureus effect, and all groups had no anti-E. coli effect.@*CONCLUSION@#LPRP-CP is an excellent hemostatic material for superficial wounds, and has certain antibacterial and wound healing effects, which has a wide academic value and research prospects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Chitosan/pharmacology , Hemorrhage , Hemostasis , Hemostatics , Humans , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Rabbits
7.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 369-372, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936020

ABSTRACT

On December 22, 2017, a 35-year-old male hemophilia A patient with a secondary chronic refractory wound after left knee joint surgery was transferred from the Department of Hematology of Maoming People's Hospital to the Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery in the same hospital. The physical examination revealed that the patient's left knee joint was swollen, with a full-thickness skin defect wound of 4 cm×4 cm on the lateral side of the joint and a large number of dark red blood clots at the bottom of the wound. The wound bleeding was controlled by intravenous infusion of plasma, cryoprecipitate, and human coagulation factor Ⅷ. After con- ventional debridement and dressing changes until the wound infection was controlled and necrotic tissue was removed, a subcutaneous cavity wound of 2 cm×2 cm in area and 3 cm in depth remained in the left knee joint and was difficult to heal. Nineteen days after transfer, the patient received autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) treatment, and 32 days after PRP treatment, the wound in left knee joint was healed with epithelialization. This case suggests that autologous PRP therapy would be a good option for hemophilia complicated chronic refractory wounds when they could not be repaired by surgery.


Subject(s)
Adult , Hemophilia A/therapy , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Wound Healing
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928261

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of arthroscopic debridement combined with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection for Kellgren-Lawrence(K-L) gradeⅠ-Ⅲ knee osteoarthritis (KOA) .@*METHODS@#Totally 117 patients with KOA who underwent arthroscopic debridement combined with injection from November 2015 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to different injection drugs, the patients were divided into sodium hyaluronate group(group A) and PRP group(group B). In group A, there were 60 patients, including 27 males and 33 females, aged from 49 to 67 years old with an average age of (54.1±4.8) years old;12 patients with gradeⅠ, 23 patients with gradeⅡand 25 patients with grade Ⅲ according to K-L clssification, 2 ml(20 g) sodium hyaluronate was injected into knee joint after intraoperative, 1, 2, 3 weeks after operation for 4 times. In group B, there were 57 patients, including 25 males and 32 females, aged from 47 to 70 years old with an average of (55.8±5.0) years old, 10 patients with gradeⅠ, 20 patients with gradeⅡand 27 patients with grade Ⅲ according to K-L classification, injected 5 ml PRP at the same time. Postoperative complications was recorded between two groups. Postoperative visual analogue scale(VAS) and Lysholm score at 3, 6, 12 months were used to evaluate improvement of knee pain and joint function.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 19 months with an average of (14.1±1.6) months. There was no significant difference in postopertaive complications between group A and group B (P>0.05). Postoperative VAS score in group A at 3, 6, 12 months were 3.0±0.8, 2.0±0.8, 2.6±0.9 respectively, and 2.9±0.8, 1.9±0.7, 2.2±0.8 in group B respectively; and no differnece at 3 and 6 months after operation between two groups (P<0.05), while VAS score in group B was higher than group A at 12 months after operation(P<0.05). Postoperative Lysholm score in group A at 1, 6, 12 months (86.6±1.8, 93.1±2.0, 86.7±1.7) were lower than group B(88.9±1.9, 95.0±2.0, 89.0±1.9)(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic debridement combined with sodium hyaluronate or PRP injection for K-L gradeⅠ-Ⅲ KOA could effectively relieve pain and improve joint function with higher safety in short term, but the medium-long-term effect of PRP injection is stable.


Subject(s)
Aged , Debridement , Female , Humans , Injections, Intra-Articular , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
9.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18860, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364415

ABSTRACT

Abstract There is no biodistribution or imaging data on 99mtechnetium (Tc)-hexamethyl propylamine oxime (HMPAO)-labeled platelets in the literature. The current study aimed to present updated information about the clinical procedures for preparation and use of labeled platelets. Following two-step centrifugation at 1500 and 2500 rpm, the platelets were extracted from whole blood into platelet-rich plasma (PRP) above the buffy coat and then from PRP into a platelet pellet at the bottom of the tube. The 99mTc-HMPAO-labeled platelets were inspected for purity, viability, release of 99mTc from platelets, and sterility. Also, microscopic examination and thin layer chromatography (TLC) were performed. Biodistribution was assessed following necropsy in BALB/c mice and through imaging of New Zealand rabbits. The separation ratio was estimated at 98%, and radiochemical purity was measured to be 80%. The labeling efficiency was above 30% in more than half of the assays (range: 17-43%). The release of 99mTc from platelets was 9% per hour at 37ºC. After 24 hours, stability was estimated at 54% in the human serum. The target organs of mice included the spleen and liver. In rabbits, the imaging results indicated liver as the target organ. Thyroid uptake was negligible up to 90 minutes. Based on the findings, extraction of platelets and labeling them with 99mTc-HMPAO is a feasible and safe approach in routine practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Mice , Quality Control , Blood Platelets/classification , Technetium Tc 99m Exametazime , Methods , Spleen , Chromatography, Thin Layer/methods , Efficiency/classification , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Liver
10.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 37(3): e37302, set. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY | ID: biblio-1341550

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Las úlceras de pie diabético (UPD) generan un alto costo para el paciente y el sistema de salud. Una deficiente vascularización, la inhibición de la generación de factores de crecimiento y la migración celular, entre otros factores, influyen en su cronicidad. Los factores de crecimiento derivados de las plaquetas (PDGF) estimulan la quimiotaxis, la neovascularización y la regeneración tisular. Objetivo: evaluar la efectividad de una formulación de plasma rico en plaquetas autólogo (PRP) como una modalidad complementaria para el tratamiento de UPD, valorando su seguridad y efectos adversos. Materiales: estudio observacional. Se aplicó PRP a seis pacientes con UPD crónicas, Wagner II, III, con una media en el retraso de la cicatrización de 94 semanas. Se administró mediante punción y como gel sobre la lesión una vez por semana hasta el cierre de la úlcera o durante12 semanas. Las UPD se analizaron con respecto al área y su progresión mediante Mobile Wound Analyzer (MOWA), software de análisis de imágenes de úlceras. El porcentaje de reducción del área se calculó entre la medición inicial y la semana 12. Como criterio de mejoría se eligió una reducción >70% de la lesión. Resultados: predominó el sexo masculino con una media de edad de 53 años ± 7,3. Luego de 12 semanas de tratamiento, se reportó una reducción media del tamaño de la úlcera de 78%, con dos cicatrizaciones completas y dos en 99%. Un paciente recibió una amputación luego de presentar infección no controlada. Conclusión: la aplicación del PRP mejoró la regeneración de tejidos, acortando la duración de la úlcera, promoviendo su curación sin efectos adversos, al tiempo que eliminó la necesidad de procedimientos de manejo en una úlcera crónica.


Summary: Diabetic foot ulcers imply high expenditure for both patients and the health system. Vascular impairment, growth factor inhibition and cell migration, among other factors, affect the chronicity of the condition. Platelet-derived growth factors (PDGFs) stimulate chemotaxis, neovascularization and tissue regeneration. Objective: to evaluate effectiveness of a formulation of autologous platelet-rich plasma to complement the treatment of diabetic foot ulcer, assessing safety and adverse effects. Material: observational study. Platelet rich plasma was applied to six patients with chronic diabetic foot ulcer Wagner II, III, with an average delayed healing of 94 weeks. PRP gel was administered by puncture technique on the lesion, once a week until the ulcer healed or for 12 weeks. Diabetic foot ulcers were analysed in regards to surface area and progression through the Mobile Wound Analyzer (MOWA) software to analyse ulcer images. The area reduction percentage was calculated comparing the initial measurement and that of week 12. The improvement criteria was defined in a reduction that is >70% of the lesion. Results: men prevailed with an average age of 53 years ± 7.3. After 12 weeks of treatment an average reduction of 78% of the size of the ulcer was reported, two complete healings and two 99% healed. One patient required amputation because of uncontrolled infection. Conclusion: the application of PRP improved tissue regeneration and shortened the duration of the ulcer, promoting healing with no adverse effects, and it likewise eliminated the need for procedures to handle chronic ulcers.


Resumo: As úlceras do pé diabético (UPD) geram alto custo para o paciente e para o sistema de saúde. A vascularização deficiente, a inibição da geração de fatores de crescimento e migração celular, entre outros fatores, influenciam sua cronicidade. Os fatores de crescimento derivados de plaquetas (PDGF) estimulam a quimiotaxia, a neovascularização e a regeneração de tecidos. Objetivo: avaliar a eficácia de uma formulação autóloga de plasma rico em plaquetas (PRP) como modalidade complementar para o tratamento da UPD, avaliando sua segurança e efeitos adversos. Materiais: estudo observacional. O PRP foi aplicado a 6 pacientes com UPD crônica, Wagner II, III, com um atraso médio na cicatrização de 94 semanas. Foi administrado por punção e como gel sobre a lesão uma vez por semana até o fechamento da úlcera ou por 12 semanas. As UPD foram analisadas em relação à área e sua progressão, utilizando o software de análise de imagem de úlcera Mobile Wound Analyzer (MOWA). A redução percentual da área foi calculada entre a medição inicial e a semana 12. Como critério de melhora, optou-se pela redução > 70% da lesão. Resultados: predominou o sexo masculino com média de idade de 53 ± 7,3 anos. Após 12 semanas de tratamento, foi relatada uma redução média no tamanho da úlcera de 78%, sendo 2 com cicatrização completa e 2 em 99%. Um paciente foi amputado após desenvolver infecção descontrolada. Conclusão: a aplicação do PRP melhorou a regeneração tecidual, encurtando o tempo de duração da úlcera, promovendo sua cicatrização sem efeitos adversos, ao mesmo tempo que eliminava a necessidade de procedimentos de manejo na úlcera crônica.


Subject(s)
Diabetic Foot/therapy , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Foot Ulcer/therapy
11.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(3): e925, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1352031

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad de la superficie ocular incluye a un grupo de patologías con diversas etiologías, síntomas y hallazgos clínicos que comparten la producción de reacción inflamatoria y daño de esta superficie. El uso de derivados hemáticos para el tratamiento de patologías de la superficie ocular se ha incrementado en el área de la oftalmología, ya que su composición es análoga a la de la lágrima natural. Con el objetivo de mostrar la terapia celular como una nueva disciplina científica a aplicar en nuestro medio, se realizó una búsqueda automatizada sobre el tema, teniendo en cuenta las publicaciones de los últimos 5 años. Se utilizó la plataforma Infomed, cuya información fue resumida para la elaboración del informe final, donde se expone que los colirios de hemoderivados proveen estrategias de tratamiento eficaces y seguras para pacientes con afecciones oftálmicas. El colirio de plasma rico en plaquetas ofrece una opción exitosa de tratamiento en numerosas afecciones de la superficie ocular. Sin embargo, estudios adicionales son necesarios para establecer la seguridad y la eficacia de este tipo de terapias(AU)


Ocular surface diseases are a group of conditions of different etiologies, symptoms and clinical findings with the common features of developing an inflammatory reaction and damaging the ocular surface. Use of blood-derived products for the treatment of ocular surface disorders has increased in ophthalmic care, since their composition is similar to that of natural tears. With the purpose of presenting cell therapy as a new scientific discipline that could be used in our environment, an automated search was conducted about the topic which included publications from the last five years. The search was performed on the Infomed platform, and the information obtained was summarized into a final report stating that blood-derived eye drops provide effective and safe treatment strategies for patients with ophthalmic conditions. Platelet-rich plasma eye drops are a potentially successful treatment option for many ocular surface disorders. However, further studies are required to establish the safety and effectiveness of this type of therapy(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Ophthalmic Solutions/adverse effects , Blood-Derivative Drugs , Platelet-Rich Plasma/drug effects , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic , Research Report
12.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(2): 297-300, June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287285

ABSTRACT

Abstract Contact electrical burns are more severe than other forms of contact burn injury. Moreover, treatment of hand burns is an important therapeutic challenge. We present a 17 year-old female of low voltage electric hand injury, admitted 5 days after injury. The patient was treated with autologous platelet rich plasma, porcine dermis heterograft and partial autologous skin graft, all of them with hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) at 1.45 ATA ≈100% O2 like adjuvant therapy. Good evolution and acceptable aesthetic results were reported. Although more studies are required, we suggest that multi-therapeutic approach could be effective in treatment for electric burns in hands.


Resumen Las quemaduras eléctricas por contacto son más graves que otras formas de quemaduras. Además, el tratamiento de las mismas en las manos es un importante desafío terapéutico. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 17 años de edad con lesión en la mano por quemadura por electricidad de baja tensión. Fue ingresada 5 días después de la lesión y tratada con plasma rico en plaquetas autólogo, heteroinjerto de dermis porcina e injerto de piel autólogo parcial, todo con oxigenoterapia hiperbárica (TOHB) a 1.45 ATA ≈100% O2 como terapia adyuvante. Tuvo buena evolución y resultados estéticos aceptables. Aunque se requieren más estudios, sugerimos que el enfoque multi-terapéutico podría ser eficaz en el tratamiento de las quemaduras eléctricas en las manos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Adolescent , Burns/therapy , Burns, Electric/therapy , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Swine , Skin Transplantation
13.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(2): 185-189, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285312

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment of recurrent anal fistulas can lead to numerous complications, including fecal incontinence. Therefore, sphincter preserving techniques are gaining more popularity. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy in the patients with recurrent cryptoglandular anal fistulas. METHODS: A cohort of 18 patients with anal fistulas was enrolled into a preliminary and prospective trial. They were divided into two groups consisting of eight and ten patients respectively. PRP was injected locally in all patients, however in the group II it was applied after 7 days drainage of fistulas with polyurethane foam or negative pressure wound therapy. On average, three doses of PRP were administered, but with the opportunity to double the number of applications if it was clinically justified. The patients were evaluated in an out-patient department after fortnight and then in 1, 6, and 12 months following the last PRP application. RESULTS: Anal fistulas were closed in 4 (50%) patients from the group I and in 7 (70%) patients form the group II. Although, the difference between both groups was not statistically significant, PRP therapy should be preceded with fistulous tract drainage in all patients. Summarizing, that successful result was achieved in 11 (60%) patients from the entire group of 18 participants. CONCLUSION: The rate of recurrent cryptoglandular anal fistulas closure reaching 60%, after topical treatment with PRP, exceeds the results of other sphincter-saving methods of treatment. Therefore, it might become a novel method of anal fistulas therapy.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: O tratamento cirúrgico de fístulas anais recorrentes pode levar a inúmeras complicações, incluindo incontinência fecal. Portanto, as técnicas de preservação do esfíncter estão ganhando mais popularidade. OBJETIVO: O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a eficácia da terapia de plasma rico em plaquetas (PRP) nos pacientes com fístulas anais criptoglandulares recorrentes. MÉTODOS: Uma coorte de 18 pacientes com fístulas anais foi inscrita em ensaio preliminar e prospectivo. Eles foram divididos em dois grupos compostos por 8 e 10 pacientes, respectivamente. PRP foi injetado localmente em todos os pacientes, porém no grupo II foi aplicado espuma de poliuretano ou terapia de feridas por pressão negativa após 7 dias de drenagem de fístulas. Em média, foram administradas três doses de PRP, mas com a oportunidade de dobrar o número de aplicações se fosse clinicamente justificado. Os pacientes foram avaliados em ambulatório após quinze dias e depois em 1, 6 e 12 meses após a última aplicação do PRP. RESULTADOS: As fístulas anais foram fechadas em 4 (50%) pacientes do grupo I e em 7 (70%) pacientes do grupo II. Embora a diferença entre ambos os grupos não tenha sido estatisticamente significante, a terapia PRP deve ser precedida de drenagem do trato fístulo em todos os pacientes. Resumindo, esse resultado bem-sucedido foi alcançado em 11 (60%) pacientes de todo o grupo de 18 participantes. CONCLUSÃO: A taxa de fechamento recorrente de fístulas anais criptoglandulares chegando a 60%, após tratamento tópico com PRP, excede os resultados de outros métodos de tratamento que preservam o esfíncter. Portanto, pode se tornar um novo método de terapia das fístulas anais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rectal Fistula , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Fecal Incontinence , Anal Canal , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
14.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(3): 605-612, May-June 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278352

ABSTRACT

The high prevalence of exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage (EIPH) in athletic horses constitutes to be a challenge to the racing industry and a source of major concern to animal welfare. Both experimental and clinical evidence indicate that the use of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a promising effector of repair in a variety of pulmonary conditions. The present study evaluated the effect of intrabronchial instillation of PRP on EIPH endoscopic scores from 37 Thoroughbred racehorses. Inclusion criteria were for animals to be EIPH-positive in, at least, two consecutive post-exercise endoscopic exams and to receive 250mg of furosemide IV four hours before racing. Animals were randomly assigned into 3 groups: placebo, control, and PRP instillation. All 37 Thoroughbred racehorses included had EIPH endoscopic scores pre- and post- treatment compared by statistical analysis. The bleeding score from the group receiving PRP was significantly lower than in the control and placebo groups. No adverse effects were observed in any animal during or after the experiment. It was possible to conclude that the intrabronchial instillation of autologous PRP was effective in reducing EIPH scores in racehorses receiving furosemide and that this bioproduct can be considered as a promising coadjuvant in controlling EIPH in athletic horses.(AU)


A alta prevalência de hemorragia pulmonar induzida por exercício (HPIE) em cavalos atletas é um desafio de longa data para a indústria de corridas, além de figurar como grande preocupação sobre o bem-estar animal. As evidências experimentais e clínicas indicam que o uso do plasma rico em plaquetas (PRP) de fonte autógena é promissor na terapêutica de diversas lesões pulmonares. O presente estudo objetivou avaliar as mudanças após corrida no escore endoscópico de HPIE de 37 cavalos Puro-Sangue Inglês que receberam instilação intrabronquial de PRP autólogo. Os animais selecionados eram HPIE-positivos em, ao menos, dois exames endoscópicos consecutivos e recebiam 250mg de furosemida IV administrado quatro horas antes de cada corrida. Na comparação dos escores endoscópicos pré e pós-tratamento, verificou-se que o escore de HPIE do grupo tratado com PRP foi significantemente menor que o dos grupos controle e placebo. Nenhum efeito adverso foi observado nos animais durante ou após o experimento. Concluiu-se que a instilação intrabronquial de PRP autólogo foi efetiva na redução do escore de HPIE de cavalos de corrida usuários de furosemida e que este bioproduto pode ser considerado uma alternativa promissora no controle de HPIE em cavalos atletas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Physical Conditioning, Animal/adverse effects , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Acute Lung Injury/veterinary , Horses/physiology , Instillation, Drug , Furosemide/analysis , Hemorrhage/veterinary
15.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(3): 613-621, May-June 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278361

ABSTRACT

The objective in this study was to evaluate the clinic effect of applying allogenic platelet-rich plasma (PRP) heated or not, for treating cornea ulcers, including the dosage of PDGF-BB in the cornea. The ulcers were induced, standardizing the left eye from 81 rats (Ratus norvegicus, albinus variety), assigned randomly into three groups (N=27): control group (CG) which did not receive any topic treatment; heated PRP group (GA) and PRP group (GP), which received topical treatment every eight hours for five days. Each group underwent evaluation at 24 hours (M1), three days (M3) and five days (M5). The clinical exam evaluated the opacity, vascularization and corneal repair. The corneal PDGF-BB was dosed through the ELISA method. The corneal opacity was decreased in PRP-treated animals (GA and GP) and corneal repair time reduced when compared to CG at M1 and M5. Furthermore, GP showed greater vascularization at M3 compared to M1. Applied allogenic PRP eye drops, heated or not, speed up corneal healing, and reduce corneal repair time. However, the corneal PDGF concentration was not altered in any of the treatments.(AU)


Objetivou-se avaliar o efeito clínico da aplicação de plasma rico em plaquetas alogênico (PRP) aquecido ou não, no tratamento de úlceras de córnea, como a dosagem de PDGF-BB na córnea. As úlceras foram induzidas, padronizando-se o olho esquerdo de 81 ratos (Rattus norvegicus, variedade albinus), aleatoriamente, nos três grupos (N = 27): grupo controle (CG), que não recebeu nenhum tratamento tópico; grupo PRP aquecido (GA) e grupo PRP (GP), que receberam tratamento tópico a cada oito horas, durante cinco dias. Cada grupo foi subdividido em 24 horas (M1), três dias (M3) e cinco dias (M5). O exame clínico avaliou a opacidade, a vascularização e o reparo corneano. O PDGF-BB corneano foi dosado pelo método Elisa. Houve diminuição da opacidade da córnea nos animais tratados com PRP (GA e GP) e diminuição do tempo de reparo da córnea em comparação com CG, M1 e M5. Além disso, foi observada maior vascularização no GP no momento M3 em relação ao M1. A aplicação de colírios de PRP alogênico, aquecidos ou não, acelera a cicatrização da córnea, além de reduzir o tempo de reparo da córnea. No entanto, a concentração de PDGF na córnea não se alterou em nenhum dos tratamentos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Ophthalmic Solutions/therapeutic use , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/analysis , Corneal Ulcer/chemically induced , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/veterinary , Animals, Laboratory
16.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(1): 101-111, maio 5, 2021. fig, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354993

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o plasma rico em plaquetas é definido como um concentrado de plaquetas autólogas, obtido por centrifugação de sangue total. Trata-se de uma técnica inovadora, simples e de baixo custo, que apresenta muitos benefícios, podendo ser aplicada em diferentes áreas da saúde. Objetivo: a presente pesquisa buscou desenvolver um protocolo operacional padrão para obtenção e aplicação do plasma sanguíneo rico em plaquetas para o tratamento de alterações estéticas faciais. Metodologia: o estudo tratou de uma pesquisa de campo experimental, de caráter qualitativo e quantitativo. Um processo seletivo foi realizado para recrutar pacientes voluntários para o estudo, que foram selecionados de acordo com os critérios de inclusão e exclusão. Através de testes foi possível chegar ao tempo de centrifugação e velocidade ideais para a produção do plasma rico em plaquetas e testá-lo no tratamento de alterações estéticas faciais. Resultados e discussão: as principais mudanças que foram notadas pelos pacientes durante e após o tratamento foram a redução das cicatrizes de acne e aumento da hidratação e viscosidade da pele. A melhora das alterações estéticas tratadas foi notada por 100% dos pacientes, não havendo piora em nenhum paciente. Conclusão: com base nos testes e resultados obtidos, foi possível padronizar um protocolo operacional padrão ideal para a obtenção e aplicação do plasma rico em plaquetas, comprovando sua eficácia no tratamento de alterações estéticas faciais como rugas, flacidez, linhas de expressões acentuadas, acne, cicatrizes de acne, além de ter-se observado uma melhora significativa na hidratação da pele e redução de poros dilatados.


Introduction: platelet-rich plasma is defined as a concentrate of autologous platelets, obtained by centrifuging whole blood. It is an innovative, simple and low-cost technique that has many benefits, and can be applied in different areas of health. Objective: the present research sought to develop a standard operating protocol for obtaining and applying platelet-rich blood plasma for the treatment of facial aesthetic changes. Metodology: the study was a qualitative and quantitative field research. A selection process was carried out to recruit volunteer patients for the study, who were selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Through tests it was possible to reach the ideal centrifugation time and speed for the production of platelet-rich plasma and to test it in the treatment of facial aesthetic changes. Results and discussion: the main changes that were noted by patients during and after treatment were the reduction of acne scars and increased hydration and skin viscosity. The improvement of the aesthetic changes treated was noticed by 100% of the patients, with no worsening in any patient. Conclusion: based on the tests and results obtained, it was possible to standardize an ideal standard operating protocol for obtaining and applying platelet-rich plasma, proving its effectiveness in the treatment of facial aesthetic changes such as wrinkles, sagging, accentuated expression lines, acne, scars from acne, in addition to a significant improvement in skin hydration and reduction of enlarged pores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Therapeutics , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Esthetics , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Intervention Studies , Cicatrix , Acne Vulgaris , Evaluation Studies as Topic
17.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(2): 146-150, Mar.-Apr. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280111

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT We propose a novel surgical technique in cases of aggressive recurrent pterygium non-subsidiary of treatment with conjunctival autografts or antimetabolites. Two presented cases were treated with surgical excision and a sutured plasma rich in growth factors membrane (mPRGF) followed by rich in growth factors (PRGF) eye drops treatment. After surgery, dexamethasone, tobramycin and PRGF eye drops were prescribed for 6 weeks. After a 12-month and 3-year post-surgical follow-up respectively, treated eyes with mPRGF did not present relapse, and visual acuity improved in both cases. No ocular complications, pain, eye discomfort nor other symptoms were observed. The combined use of PRGF eye drops and mPRGF seems an effective and safe therapy for recurrent pterygium.


RESUMO Nós propomos uma nova técnica cirúrgica em casos de pterígio agressivo recorrente não subsidiário de tratamento com autoenxertos conjuntivais ou antimetabólitos. Dois casos foram tratados com excisão cirúrgica e um plasma suturado rico em membrana de fatores de crescimento (mPRGF), seguido de tratamento com colírios ricos em fatores de crescimento (PRGF). Após a cirurgia, foram prescritos colírios de dexametasona, tobramicina e PRGF por 6 semanas. Após 12 meses e 3 anos de acompanhamento pós-cirúrgico respectivamente, os olhos tratados com mPRGF não apresentaram recidiva e a acuidade visual melhorou nos dois casos. Não foram observadas complicações oculares, dor, desconforto ocular ou outros sintomas. O uso combinado de colírios de PRGF e mPRGF parece uma terapia eficaz e segura para o pterígio recorrente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Pterygium/surgery , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Platelet-Rich Fibrin , Ophthalmic Solutions , Recurrence , Reoperation , Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Biological Dressings , Fibrin/therapeutic use , Platelet Activation , Tissue Transplantation/methods , Tissue Engineering
18.
Medisan ; 25(2)mar.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1250340

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El uso de plasma rico en plaquetas para la regeneración de defectos óseos periodontales constituye una terapéutica eficaz. Objetivo: Identificar la evolución de pacientes con lesiones endoperiodontales tratados con plasma rico en plaquetas. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y longitudinal de 11 adultos con enfermedad endoperiodontal y tratamiento endodóntico finalizado, atendidos en la consulta de Periodoncia y Medicina Regenerativa del Hospital General Docente Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso de Santiago de Cuba, desde febrero del 2018 hasta diciembre del 2019, quienes requerían intervención quirúrgica periodontal y cumplían los criterios para recibir plasma rico en plaquetas. A tal efecto, se analizaron variables sociodemográficas, clínicas, radiográficas y de respuesta terapéutica, las que fueron expresadas estadísticamente por medio de frecuencias absolutas y relativas y de la media aritmética. Resultados: En la serie resultaron más frecuentes, antes de la terapia, el sangrado al sondaje (81,8 %), las características alteradas de las encías (72,7 %), la movilidad dentaria (72,7 %) y las bolsas periodontales de 7 a 9 milímetros, con pérdida ósea en el tercio apical (63,6 %); todo lo cual se revirtió a menores porcentajes luego de 6 meses de tratamiento. Conclusiones: La evolución de los pacientes afectados por lesiones periodontales fue satisfactoria con el empleo del plasma rico en plaquetas, lo que se evidenció clínica y radiográficamente.


Introduction: The use of platelets rich-plasm for the regeneration of periodontal bony defects constitutes an effective therapy. Objective: To identify the clinical course of patients with endoperiodontal lesions treated with platelets rich-plasm. Methods: An observational, descriptive and longitudinal study of 11 adults with endoperiodontal disease and concluded endodontics treatment was carried out. They were assisted in the Periodontics and Regenerative Medicine Service of Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso Teaching General Hospital in Santiago de Cuba, from February, 2018 to December, 2019; who required periodontal surgical intervention and fulfilled the approaches to receive platelets rich-plasm. To such an effect, sociodemographic, clinical, radiographic and of therapeutic response variables were analyzed, which were statistically expressed by means of absolute and relative frequencies and of mean arithmetic. Results: In the series, bleeding on probing (81.8 %), altered characteristics of the gums (72.7 %), dental mobility (72.7 %) and 7 to 9 millimeters periodontal bags, with bony loss in the third apical (63.6 %) were more frequent before therapy; all of which was reverted to lower percentages after 6 months of treatment. Conclusions: The clinical course of the patients affected by periodontal lesions was satisfactory with the use of platelets rich-plasm, which was clinical and radiographically evidenced.


Subject(s)
Periodontal Diseases/therapy , Bone Regeneration , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Periodontics , Adult , Endodontics , Prolotherapy
19.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(1): e683, ene.-abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156368

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad degenerativa discal es una entidad frecuente y uno de los principales motivos de consulta. Genera altas tasas de discapacidad, años útiles perdidos, así como altos costos económicos por asistencia médica y grandes pérdidas monetarias. Su tratamiento es generalmente conservador, aunque en la actualidad se incluyen terapias biológicas novedosas. Objetivo: Describir las principales propiedades biológicas que hacen del plasma rico en plaquetas una terapéutica efectiva para la enfermedad degenerativa discal. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión no sistemática de la bibliografía basada en artículos que se publicaron en bases de datos indexadas en Infomed como Hinari, Ebsco, Scielo, Pubmed, Cubmed, Cocrhane, Scopus, LILACS; en idioma español, inglés y portugués, durante los últimos diez años. Desarrollo: Se expusieron características clínico epidemiológicas de la enfermedad degenerativa discal, así como las propiedades biológicas que le permiten al plasma rico en plaqueta tener una función activa en la regeneración del disco intervertebral o el retraso de la cascada de degradación de este. Se resaltan los principales estudios de acuerdo a la vía de administración del plasma rico en plaquetas y sus resultados. Conclusiones: De acuerdo con lo publicado por los autores, el plasma rico en plaquetas es una alternativa efectiva en el tratamiento de la enfermedad degenerativa discal por la producción de factores derivados de las plaquetas, que intervienen en la degeneración del disco intervertebral, siendo la vía intradiscal la que más se emplea(AU)


Introduction: Degenerative disc disease is a frequent condition and one of the main reasons to attend the consultation. It generates high rates of disability, useful years lost, as well as high economic costs for medical assistance and large monetary losses. Its treatment is generally conservative, although novel biological therapies are currently included. Objective: To describe the main biological properties that make platelet-rich plasma an effective therapy against degenerative disc disease. Methods: A nonsystematic review of the bibliography was carried out based on articles published, during the last ten years, in databases indexed in Infomed, such as Hinari, Ebsco, Scielo, Pubmed, Cubmed, Cocrhane, Scopus, and LILACS, in Spanish, English and Portuguese. Development: Clinical-epidemiological characteristics of degenerative disc disease were presented, as well as the biological properties that allow platelet-rich plasma to have an active function in the regeneration of the intervertebral disc or the delay of its degradation cascade. The main studies are highlighted, according to the route of administration of platelet-rich plasma and their results. Conclusions: According to what has been published by authors, platelet-rich plasma is an effective alternative in the treatment of degenerative disc disease, due to the production of factors derived from platelets, which intervene in the degeneration of the intervertebral disc, being the intradiscal pathway the most used(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Platelet-Rich Plasma/physiology , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/therapy , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/epidemiology , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery
20.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(2): 287-294, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154463

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Despite high success rates in the treatment of urinary incontinence, complications related to the use of polypropylene (PP) meshes are still a concern, especially in vaginal prolapses surgeries. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) coating on the integration of PP meshes implanted in the vaginal submucosa of rabbits. Materials and Methods: Thirty adult New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into two groups (n=15): PP, implanted with conventional PP meshes; and PRP, implanted with autologous PRP coated PP meshes. Animals in both groups (n=5) were euthanized at 7, 30 and 90 days postoperatively, the vaginas extracted and sent to immunohistochemical analysis for the assessment of the pro-inflammatory agent TNF-α, anti-inflammatory agents TGF-β and IL-13, collagen metabolism marker MMP-2, and angiogenesis marker CD-31. AxioVision™ image analysis was used for the calculation of the immunoreactive area and density. Statistical analysis was performed with ANOVA followed by Tukey test (p <0.05). Results: Animals in the PRP group showed significantly increased expression of the angiogenesis agent CD-31 at all experimental times when compared to the PP group (p <0.0001). However, no differences concerning the expression of the other markers were observed between the groups. Conclusion: The addition of autologous PRP gel to PP meshes can be simply and safely achieved and seems to have a positive effect on implantation site angiogenesis. Further investigations are required to ascertain PPR coated meshes clinical efficacy in prolapses and stress urinary incontinence surgeries.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Polypropylenes , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Rabbits , Surgical Mesh , Vagina/surgery , Collagen
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