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Int. j. morphol ; 41(2): 660-667, abr. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440325


SUMMARY: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the histological effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJ-OA) in animal models. A systematic search was performed using PubMed, WoS, EMBASE, Science Direct and SCOPUS databases. The inclusion criteria were experimental studies in animal models that evaluated the use of PRP as a treatment for TMJ-OA with or without arthrocentesis/arthroscopy. Comparison was made to a healthy control group or to other treatment. The variables evaluated were the histological effects of the treatments, characteristics of the primary articles, characteristics of the sample studied and the risk of bias. The systematic search identified 120 studies. Eventually 5 studies were included in the analysis. Four of the studies showed a statistically significant repair in joint tissues and improvement of cartilage thickness in animals treated with PRP. The global risk of bias was unclear. The results of this systematic review suggest that PRP treatment in TMJ-OA has benefits at the histological level in cartilage, articular disc and articular bone tissue in animal models. However, due to the low number of studies and the risk of bias, further research is needed to recommend its use.

El objetivo de esta revisión sistemática fue evaluar los efectos histológicos del plasma rico en plaquetas (PRP) en la osteoartritis de la articulación temporomandibular (ATM-OA) en modelos animales. Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática en las bases de datos PubMed, WoS, EMBASE, Science Direct y SCOPUS. Los criterios de inclusión fueron estudios experimentales en modelos animales que evaluaran el uso de PRP como tratamiento para la ATM-OA con o sin artrocentesis/ artroscopia. La comparación se realizó con un grupo de control sano o con otro tratamiento. Las variables evaluadas fueron los efectos histológicos de los tratamientos, las características de los artículos primarios, las características de la muestra estudiada y el riesgo de sesgo. La búsqueda sistemática identificó 120 estudios. Finalmente se incluyeron 5 estudios en el análisis. Cuatro de los estudios mostraron una reparación estadísticamente significativa en los tejidos articulares y una mejora del grosor del cartílago en los animales tratados con PRP. El riesgo global de sesgo fue incierto. Los resultados de esta revisión sistemática sugieren que el tratamiento con PRP en la ATM-OA tiene beneficios a nivel histológico en el cartílago, el disco articular y el tejido óseo articular en modelos animales. Sin embargo, debido al escaso número de estudios y al riesgo de sesgo, se necesitan investigaciones adicionales para recomendar su uso.

Animals , Osteoarthritis/therapy , Temporomandibular Joint/anatomy & histology , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/therapy , Platelet-Rich Plasma/physiology , Disease Models, Animal
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 36(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1521996


En los últimos años, múltiples investigaciones han mostrado la participación de los factores de crecimiento en la regeneración de diferentes tejidos, lo que ha llevado a la utilización de los derivados hemáticos. Se considera este tratamiento una herramienta viable y efectiva para favorecer la epitelización en enfermedades de la superficie ocular. Es necesario encontrar una terapia eficaz en las alteraciones de la superficie ocular rebeldes a tratamientos convencionales. El objetivo del estudio es demostrar que la terapia celular es una novedosa disciplina científica a aplicar en nuestro medio. Se presentan tres casos atendidos en el servicio de córnea del Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer" con enfermedades de la superficie ocular. Caso clínico 1, paciente con úlcera corneal bacteriana grave que evolucionó a adelgazamiento en los 360°. Caso clínico 2, paciente con diagnóstico de melting corneal post de displasia conjuntival. Caso clínico 3, paciente con defecto epitelial post úlcera corneal. En los tres casos, se indicó plasma rico en plaquetas como único tratamiento, con una duración variable según respuesta al tratamiento. En todos los casos se logró regeneración epitelial en menor tiempo y rápida mejoría de las manifestaciones clínicas. No presentaron complicaciones, los pacientes mejoraron la agudeza visual tras lograr la cicatrización corneal. Es una terapia eficaz y de fácil obtención. Tiene impacto en la calidad de vida del paciente, con rápida reincorporación laboral y social, por lo que reduce los gastos sociales y económicos por tiempo de enfermedad y recuperación(AU)

In recent years, multiple investigations have shown the participation of growth factors in the regeneration of different tissues, which has led to the use of hematic derivatives. This treatment is considered a viable and effective tool to promote epithelialization in diseases of the ocular surface. It is necessary to find an effective therapy in alterations of the ocular surface that are resistant to conventional treatments, the objective of the study being to show cell therapy as a novel scientific discipline to be applied in our environment. Three cases treated in the cornea service of the Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology "Ramón Pando Ferrer" with diseases of the ocular surface are presented. Clinical case 1, patient with severe bacterial corneal ulcer that progressed to 360° thinning. Clinical case 2, patient diagnosed with corneal melting after conjunctival dysplasia and clinical case 3, patient with epithelial defect post corneal ulcer. In all three cases, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) was indicated as the only treatment, with a variable duration depending on the response to treatment. In all cases, the following was achieved: epithelial regeneration in less time and rapid improvement of clinical manifestations, no complications, patients improved visual acuity at the end of achieving corneal healing. Is an effective and easily obtained therapy. It has an impact on the patient's quality of life, with rapid work and social reintegration, thus reducing social and economic expenses due to illness and recovery time(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Platelet-Rich Plasma
Journal of Medicine University of Santo Tomas ; (2): 1259-1270, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998857


Background@#Avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head results from intraosseous pathology causing functional impairment. Early diagnosis allows conservative treatment like core decompression, delaying total hip arthroplasty.@*Objective@#This meta-analysis aims to summarize platelet-rich plasma's (PRP) impact as an adjunct to core decompression (CD) on treatment outcomes and femoral head preservation in hip AVN. @*Methods@#The study conducted a comprehensive literature search using PubMed, Cochrane Library, Science Direct, Google Scholar and Med Line, including randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and previous meta-analyses from various databases. Using a random effects model, it compared PRP+CD with bone grafting to CD with bone grafting alone in AVN patients, evaluating function, pain scores, disease progression and the need for hip surgery.@*Results@#The meta-analysis examined 1041 records and included three studies. The primary outcomes were function and pain scores using Harris Hip Scoring (HHS) and Visual Analog Scale (VAS). Postoperative HHS scores at final follow-up favored the PRP+CD group significantly over CD alone. Postoperative VAS scores showed a trend towards higher scores in the CD alone group. The PRP+CD group demonstrated higher survival from disease progression compared to CD alone. Overall, the study suggests that PRP+CD led to better functional outcomes and disease progression outcomes than CD alone in AVN of the hip.@*Conclusion@#The PRP+CD treatment group showed significant benefits in AVN patients compared to CD alone, including higher HHS scores, improved disease progression survival and reduced need for hip surgery. Although PRP+CD resulted in decreased VAS scores, the difference was not statistically significant.

Osteonecrosis , Femur Head , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Randomized Controlled Trial
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 138-144, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970197


Objective: To quantitatively evaluate the clinical effect of platelet-rich plasma(PRP) intra-articular injection for early and middle stage knee osteoarthritis(KOA) treatment by 3.0T MRI T2 mapping sequence. Methods: Clinical data of 26 patients with early or middle stage KOA who received treatment from April to December 2021 at Department of Orthopaedic Surgery,the Second Affiliated Hospital,Zhengzhou University were retrospectively analyzed. In total, 8 patients were male and 18 were female,with age of (66.4±12.0)years(range:51 to 94 years). Four patients were bilateral KOA and 22 patients were unilateral KOA.All patients received PRP intra-articular injection. Patients underwent 3.0T MRI T2 mapping sequence scanning pre-treatment,3-month-after and 6-month-after treatment respectively. Those were used to measure and compare T2 values of medial and lateral femoral articular surface and patellofemoral articular surface. Visual analogue scale(VAS) and Western Ontario and McMaster Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) score were recorded and evaluated. The results were analyzed using repeated measure ANOVA followed by Bonferroni multiple comparison test.The correlation between WOMAC scores and T2 values at pre-treatment and 6 months post-treatment was analyzed using Pearson correlation test. Results: After treatment, the patients' International Cartilage Regeneration&Joint Preservation Society(ICRS) classification were partly improved(one case improved from grade Ⅲ to grade Ⅱ, one case improved from grade Ⅱ to grade Ⅰ),and all patients generally improved after treatment in clinical symptoms. Compared with pre-treatment,VAS and WOMAC scores of grade Ⅰ,Ⅱ,and Ⅲ of 6-month after treatment were declined significantly(all P<0.05).The T2 values of articular cartilage declined to varying degrees(the decrease in T2 values was about 2.06 ms in grade Ⅰ, 2.66 ms in grade Ⅱ, and 3.72 ms in grade Ⅲ).Three-month (VAS:4.8±1.3,WOMAC:21.5±4.0) and 6-month (VAS:4.2±1.4,WOMAC:17.2±2.9) after treatment, the VAS and WOMAC score were significantly higher than those before treatment (VAS:6.0±1.2, WOMAC:29.0±2.3) (F=48.846, F=346.746;both P<0.01). Multiple comparisons showed a statistically significant difference between pre-treatment and post-treatment VAS (P<0.01) and it also was significantly different between 3-month and 6-month post-treatment (P<0.01).At 3- and 6-month after treatment,WOMAC scores were significantly different from before treatment.And it also was significantly different between 3-month and 6-month post-treatment (P<0.01).There was a statistically significant improvement in T2 values of patellofemoral articular surface, medial and lateral femoral articular surface at pre-treatment((44.64±4.02)ms,(44.17±3.64)ms and(43.53±3.91)ms) and 3-month ((43.19±3.91)ms,(43.24±3.34)ms and (42.47±3.80)ms), 6-month ((41.49±3.64)ms,(41.83±3.15)ms and (41.10±3.42)ms) after treatment(F=148.845,F=73.657,F=86.268;all P<0.01).The results of the multiple comparisons showed a statistically significant difference in the T2 values of medial and lateral femoral articular surface and patellofemoral articular surface at each time point(all P<0.01).The Pearson correlation analysis suggested that the WOMAC score at pre-treatment was positively correlated with the medial condyle (r=0.856,P<0.01) and the patellofemoral joint surface T2 values (r=0.840,P<0.01);The WOMAC score at 6-month post-treatment was positively correlated with the medial condyle (r=0.731,P<0.01) and the patellofemoral joint surface T2 values (r=0.691,P<0.01). Conclusions: In the treatment of early and mid-stage KOA,MRI T2 mapping sequences are able to indicate the integrity of cartilage morphology and quantitatively evaluate cartilage repair. PRP has a good therapeutic effect on cartilage repair and reconstruction.

Humans , Female , Male , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Orthopedic Procedures , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Journal of Medicine University of Santo Tomas ; (2): 1153-1160, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-974058


Background@#The role of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been widely studied, but only recently did trials emerge that probed into its potential role in ankle sprains. With the limited available literature, most of the trials results showed that it might have a role in faster healing and pain reduction. @*Objectives@#The purpose of this review is to summarize available studies on ankle sprains in order to identify if there is good initial evidence of its role on return to play (RTP) among active individuals as well as pain reduction. It is also to identify if results were consistent among studies. @*Methodology@#A systematic search of available literature in online databases was done to compare results about outcome measures on pain score and RTP. Included studies are those with a population of 18 years and above treated with PRP with or without post-procedural immobilization. Outcome scorings that assessed pain as a parameter was also included. @*Results@#Three randomized controlled trials and two prospective studies were identified. Results showed an average of 8 weeks to RTP (p-value - 0.006) with decreased pain in ankle sprains treated with PRP and functional therapy. @*Limitation@#Only one randomized controlled trial (RCT) compared PRP with a placebo and a small population of all studies made available. More comparable RCTs are needed to strengthen results of the studies. @*Conclusion@#The use of PRP on ankle sprains may have a potential role in shorter time to RTP and pain reduction.

Ankle Injuries , Platelet-Rich Plasma
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 351-356, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981696


OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical efficacy of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and extracorporeal shock wave in treating chronic insertional Achilles tendinopathy.@*METHODS@#From February 2019 to August 2021, 42 patients with chronic insertional Achilles tendinopathy were selected and divided into PRP group(20 patients, 28 feet) and shock wave group (22 patients, 29 feet). In PRP group, there were 12 males and 8 females, aged 47.00(28.00, 50.75) years old, and the courses of disease ranged 7.00(6.00, 7.00) months;PRP injection was performed in the Achilles tendon stop area of the affected side. In shock wave group, there were 16 males and 6 females, aged 42.00(35.75, 47.25) years old;and the courses of disease was 7.00(6.00, 8.00) months;shock wave was performed in Achilles tendon stop area of the affected side and triceps surae area. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment-Achilles (VISA-A) were applied to evaluate clnical effect before treatment, 1, 3 and 6 months after treatment, and satisfaction of patients was investigated.@*RESULTS@#VAS and VISA-A score in both groups were significantly improved at 1, 3 and 6 months after treatment than before treatment (P<0.05), VAS and VISA-A score in PRP group at 6 months after treatment were significantly higher than those at 1 and 3 months after treatment, and VAS and VISA-A score in shock wave group were lower than those at 1 and 3 months after treatment (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS and VISA-A score between two groups before treatment, 1 and 3 months after treatment(P>0.05), while VAS and VISA-A score in PRP group were better than those in shock wave group at 6 months after treatment(P<0.05), and the satisfaction survey in PRP group was better than that in shock wave group(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#PRP injection has a good clinical effect on chronic insertional Achilles tendinopathy with high patient satisfaction, and medium-and long-term effect of PRP injection for the treatment of chronic insertional Achilles tendinopathy is better than that of extracorporeal divergent shock wave.

Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Achilles Tendon , Tendinopathy/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Exercise Therapy , Platelet-Rich Plasma
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 500-505, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981297


Tissue regeneration is an important engineering method for the treatment of oral soft and hard tissue defects.Growth factors,as one of the three elements of tissue regeneration,are a necessary condition for tissue regeneration.Concentrated growth factor(CGF)is a new generation of blood extract prepared by changing the centrifugal speed on the basis of the preparation of platelet-rich plasma(PRP)and platelet-rich fibrin(PRF).It contains abundant growth factors and a fibrin matrix with a three-dimensional network structure,being capable of activating angiogenesis and promoting tissue regeneration and healing.CGF has been widely used in the repair and regeneration of oral soft and hard tissues.This paper introduces the preparation and composition of CGF and reviews the application of CGF in oral implantation and the regeneration of oral bone tissue,periodontal tissue,and dental pulp tissue.

Platelet-Rich Plasma/metabolism , Platelet-Rich Fibrin , Cell Proliferation , Bone and Bones , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/metabolism , Bone Regeneration
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 374-381, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981248


Objective To investigate the effect of human platelet-rich plasma-derived exosomes(PRP-exos)on the proliferation of Schwann cell(SC)cultured in vitro. Methods PRP-exos were extracted by polymerization-precipitation combined with ultracentrifugation.The morphology of PRP-exos was observed by transmission electron microscopy,and the concentration and particle size distribution of PRP-exos were determined by nanoparticle tracking analysis.Western blotting was employed to determine the expression of the marker proteins CD63,CD81,and CD9 on exosome surface and the platelet membrane glycoprotein CD41.The SCs of rats were isolated and cultured,and the expression of the SC marker S100β was detected by immunofluorescence staining.The fluorescently labeled PRP-exos were co-cultured with SCs in vitro for observation of their interaction.EdU assay was employed to detect the effect of PRP-exos on SC proliferation,and CCK-8 assay to detect the effects of PRP-exos at different concentrations(0,10,20,40,80,and 160 μg/ml)on SC proliferation. Results The extracted PRP-exos appeared as uniform saucer-shaped vesicles with the average particle size of(122.8±38.7)nm and the concentration of 3.5×1012 particles/ml.CD63,CD81,CD9,and CD41 were highly expressed on PRP-exos surface(P<0.001,P=0.025,P=0.004,and P=0.032).The isolated SCs expressed S100β,and PRP-exos could be taken up by SCs.PRP-exos of 40,80,and 160 μg/ml promoted the proliferation of SCs,and that of 40 μg/ml showed the best performance(all P<0.01). Conclusions High concentrations of PRP-exos can be extracted from PRP.PRP-exos can be taken up by SCs and promote the proliferation of SCs cultured in vitro.

Humans , Rats , Animals , Exosomes/metabolism , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Schwann Cells , Coculture Techniques , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1521941


Introducción: El envejecimiento poblacional en Cuba ha incrementado los casos de osteoartrosis de rodilla. Como alternativa terapéutica se utiliza el plasma rico en plaquetas autólogo, en aras de potenciar el bienestar físico y psicológico de los pacientes. Objetivo: Caracterizar la relación entre el bienestar psicológico y la ansiedad de los adultos mayores con osteoartrosis de rodilla tratados con plasma rico en plaquetas autólogo. Métodos: Se utilizó un enfoque cuantitativo, con un alcance descriptivo-correlacional, y un diseño expost-facto retrospectivo simple. El muestreo fue intencional, no probabilístico, y quedó conformado por 300 pacientes. Se aplicó la Adaptación de la Escala de Bienestar Psicológico de Ryff y el Inventario de Ansiedad Rasgo-Estado. Para el análisis de los datos se realizaron tres cortes: antes del tratamiento regenerativo y a los tres y seis meses de evolución. Resultados: Hubo cambios de niveles medio-bajo a niveles altos de bienestar psicológico. Disminuyeron los niveles de ansiedad estado, pero no los de ansiedad rasgo. El bienestar psicológico no se correlacionó con la ansiedad rasgo y la relación estadística positiva fue muy débil con la ansiedad estado. Conclusiones: Se identificaron cambios favorables del bienestar psicológico y de la ansiedad estado, con persistencia de niveles altos de ansiedad rasgo(AU)

Introduction: The population aging in Cuba has caused the increase of osteoarthrosis of the knee in the elderly. As a therapeutic alternative, it was used the clinical use of autologous platelet-rich plasma, in order to promote well-being, not only physical, but also psychological. Objective: To characterize the relationship between psychological well-being and anxiety state and feature of elderly adults with osteoarthrosis of the knee, who are subjected to regenerative treatment with autologous platelet-rich plasma. Methods: A quantitative research approach was used, with a descriptive-correlational scope, and a simple retrospective expost-fact design. Sampling was intentional, non-probabilistic and consisted of 300 older adults. The Adaptation of the Ryff Psychological Well-Being Scale and the Trait-State Anxiety Inventory were applied. For the analysis of the data, three cuts were made: before the regenerative treatment, and after three and six months of evolution. Results: There were changes from medium-low levels to high levels of psychological well-being. Levels of state anxiety decreased, but trait anxiety did not. Psychological well-being did not correlate with trait anxiety and there was a weak positive statistical relationship with state anxiety. Conclusions: Changes were identified that favor psychological well-being and trait anxiety, with persistent high levels of trait anxiety(AU)

Humans , Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/drug therapy , Psychological Well-Being/psychology , Anxiety/psychology , Platelet-Rich Plasma
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(2): 1-7, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1435147


Objective: inflammation may play a role in bone loss by altering the boné remodelling process, favouring bone resorption by osteoclasts over bone synthesis by osteoblasts. Matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP-13) has the ability to activate osteoclasts, leading to bone resorption. Regenerative treatments have been widely used in periodontology. When combined with Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), xenografts will give better results in bone regeneration. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of xenograft combined with PRF on MMP-13 expression in a bone defect using an experimentally created bone defect. Material and Methods: eighteen New Zealand rabbits were assigned to three groups. Each group consisted of six New Zealand rabbits. A critical bone defect with a diameter size of 5 mm was created in the right tibia of each rabbit in group 1 (application: xenograft), group 2 (application: PRF), and group 3 (application: xenograft and PRF). The PRF was produced from 5 ml of blood taken from each rabbit's ears. After 30 days, the rabbits were euthanized. The tissue samples were evaluated by immunohistochemical staining. Results: group 3 showed the lowest mean expression of MMP-13 (4.50) compared to group 1 (20.50) and group 2 (11.70). Group 3 showed a significant difference in the MMP-13 expression compared to group 1 and group 2 (P = 0.000) (P < 0.05). Conclusion: this research showed that the combination of xenograft and PRF had the lowest expression of MMP-13. The application of a xenograft and PRF has better osteogenesis ability in bone regeneration.(AU)

Objetivo: inflamação pode interferir na perda óssea através de alterações no processo de remodelação, favorecendo a reabsorção óssea pelos osteoclastos ao invés da síntese pelos osteoblastos. A metaloproteinases de matriz 13 (MMP-13) ativa osteoclastos causando reabsorção óssea. Tratamentos regenerativos têm sido amplamente usados na periodontia. Quando combinamos Plasma rico em plaquetas (PRP) e xenoenxerto levam a melhores resultados de regeneração óssea. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os efeitos de xenoenxerto combinado com PRP na expressão de MMP-13 em defeitos ósseos experimentais. Material e Métodos: dezoitos coelhos Nova Zelândia foram distribuídos em 3 grupos de 6 coelhos cada. Um defeito ósseo de 5 mm de diâmetro foi feito na tíbia direita dos animais do grupo 1 (xenoenxerto), grupo 2 (PRP) e grupo 3 (Xenoenxerto+PRP). O PRP foi obtido pela coleta de 5mL de sangue das orelhas dos coelhos. Após 30 dias, os coelhos foram eutanasiados. As amostras foram submetidas a coloração imuno-histoquímica. Resultados: o grupo 3 apresentou a menor expressão de MMP-13 (4.50) quando comparado ao grupo 1 (20.50) e ao grupo 2 (11.70). O grupo 3 mostrou diferença estatística significante em relação a expressão de MMP-13 quando comparado aos grupos 1 e 2 (p=0.000) (p< 0.05). Conclusão: esta pesquisa mostra que a combinação de xenoenxerto e PRP teve a menor expressão de MMP-13. A combinação de xenoenxerto e PRP têm maior habilidade de osteogênese na regeneração óssea (AU)

Animals , Rabbits , Bone Regeneration , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Matrix Metalloproteinase 13 , Heterografts , Inflammation
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 26(3): 790-800, jul.-set. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405671


RESUMEN Los quistes óseos aneurismáticos son frecuentes en la edad pediátrica. Para su determinación se cuenta con diversos estudios imagenológicos como la radiografía y la tomografía axial computarizada que pueden colaborar al diagnóstico diferencial con otras lesiones. Existen disímiles opciones terapéuticas, el uso de factores de crecimiento autólogos se ha considerado como alternativa eficaz. Se presentan dos pacientes consultados en el servicio de Ortopedia del Hospital Provincial Pediátrico Universitario «José Luis Miranda¼, de Villa Clara, con diagnóstico clínico e imagenológico de quiste óseo aneurismático que recibieron tratamiento mediante terapia celular con células mononucleares con buena evolución clínica y radiográfica. Esta técnica es aplicable en nuestro medio ya que no requiere de estimables recursos materiales lo que constituye una fortaleza para su implementación. Las radiografías permiten reconocer la evolución posterior al tratamiento.

ABSTRACT Aneurysmal bone cysts are common in children. For its determination, various imaging studies are available, such as radiography and computerized axial tomography, which can collaborate in the differential diagnosis with other lesions. There are dissimilar therapeutic options, the use of autologous growth factors has been considered as an effective alternative. We present two patients seen in the Orthopedics service at "José Luis Miranda" University Pediatric Hospital in Villa Clara, with a clinical and imaging diagnosis of aneurysmal bone cyst who received treatment with mononuclear cell therapy having a good clinical and radiographic evolution. This technique is applicable in our environment since it does not require considerable material resources, which constitutes a strength for its implementation. X-rays allow us to recognize the evolution after treatment.

Bone Cysts, Aneurysmal/therapy , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Platelet-Rich Plasma
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 402-408, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388020


Abstract Objective The present study aimed to compare the effects of intraarticular infiltration of platelet-rich plasma with those of hyaluronic acid infiltration in the treatment of patients with primary knee osteoarthritis. Methods A randomized clinical trial was conducted with 29 patients who received an intraarticular infiltration with hyaluronic acid (control group) or platelet-rich plasma. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the visual analog scale for pain and the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) questionnaire before and after the intervention. In addition, the posttreatment adverse effects were recorded. Categorical variables were analyzed using the chi-square and Fisher exact tests, whereas continuous variables were analyzed using the Student t test, analysis of variance, and the Wilcoxon test; all calculations were performed with the Stats package of the R software. Results An independent analysis of each group revealed a statistical difference within the first months, with improvement in the pain and function scores, but worsening on the 6th month after the procedure. There was no difference in the outcomes between the groups receiving hyaluronic acid or platelet-rich plasma. There was no serious adverse effect or allergic reaction during the entire follow-up period. Conclusion Intraarticular infiltration with hyaluronic acid or platelet-rich plasma in patients with primary knee gonarthrosis resulted in temporary improvement of functional symptoms and pain. There was no difference between interventions.

Resumo Objetivo Comparar o efeito da infiltração intraarticular do plasma rico em plaqueta com a do ácido hialurônico no tratamento de pacientes com osteoartrose primária de joelho. Métodos Realizou-se um ensaio clínico randomizado com 29 pacientes, sendo um grupo submetido à infiltração com ácido hialurônico (controle) e o outro com plasma rico em plaquetas. Os desfechos clínicos avaliados foram a escala visual analógica da dor; o questionário Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC), antes e depois da intervenção; e os efeitos adversos após as aplicações. Utilizou-se os testes do qui-quadrado e exato de Fisher para as variáveis categóricas, e o teste t de Student, análise de variância, e Wilcoxon para as variáveis contínuas, através do software R. Resultados A análise independente de cada grupo revelou uma diferença estatística nos meses iniciais, com melhora dos escores de dor e função; porém, com piora no 6° mês após o procedimento. Não houve diferença dos desfechos avaliados entre os grupos que foram submetidos à infiltração com ácido hialurônico ou com plasma rico em plaquetas. Não houve efeito adverso grave ou reação alérgica durante todo o seguimento. Conclusão A infiltração intraarticular com ácido hialurônico ou plasma rico em plaquetas nos joelhos dos pacientes com gonartrose primária apresentou melhora temporária dos sintomas de função e dor. Não houve diferença entre as duas intervenções.

Humans , Osteoarthritis/therapy , Benchmarking , Platelet-Rich Plasma/drug effects , Hyaluronic Acid/therapeutic use , Anesthesia, Local , Knee/pathology
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 839-850, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385657


SUMMARY: Several studies have shown beneficial effects of platelet-rich plasma. However, there are very few studies investigating the effectiveness of PRP in the neck region. We aimed to assess the efficacy of PRP injection for neck rejuvenation in females aged 40-55. Fifty-two female consecutive participants had PRP injected and roller applied in three sessions at 3-week intervals. Evaluations were blindly performed by comparing the improvements from the pre- to post-application assessments of anatomical measurements of the neck area based on before and after photography of the participants by two anatomists and three medical aesthetic doctors. The Fitzpatrick Skin Scale, Fitzpatrick Goldman Scale, Wrinkle Assessment Scale (Dedo classification system) and patient satisfaction scale were used for assessment. Additionally, skin stiffness and elasticity, cervicomental angle and jawline angle measurements were performed to analyze anatomical changes in the neck area. The study enrolled 52 volunteers with a mean age of 48.60±5.35 years, mean body weight of 63.21±8.43 kg and mean height of 163.25±4.56 cm. Significant differences were found in the elasticity, jawline angle, cervicomental angle, wrinkling, elasticity G and patient satisfaction scores before and after the treatment. When the results of anatomical parameters and scales are compared, it was revealed that PRP is effective in neck rejuvenation.

RESUMEN: Varios investigaciones han demostrado los efectos beneficiosos del plasma rico en plaquetas. Sin embargo, existen muy pocos estudios que investiguen la efectividad del PRP en la región del cuello. Nuestro objetivo fue evaluar la eficacia de la inyección de PRP para el rejuvenecimiento del cuello en mujeres de 40 a 55 años. A cincuenta y dos mujeres participantes consecutivas se les inyectó PRP y se les aplicó rodillo en tres sesiones a intervalos de 3 semanas. Las evaluaciones se realizaron a ciegas comparando las mejoras de las evaluaciones previas y posteriores a la aplicación de las medidas anatómicas del área del cuello basadas en fotografías de antes y después de los participantes realizadas por dos anatomistas y tres médicos especialistas en cirugía estética. Para la evaluación se utilizaron la escala de piel de Fitzpatrick, la escala de Fitzpatrick Goldman, la escala de evaluación de arrugas (sistema de clasificación Dedo) y la escala de satisfacción del paciente. Además, se realizaron mediciones de rigidez y elasticidad de la piel, ángulo cervicomentoniano y ángulo de la línea de la mandíbula, para analizar los cambios anatómicos en el área del cuello. El estudio inscribió a 52 voluntarios con una edad media de 48,60±5,35 años, un peso corporal medio de 63,21±8,43 kg y una altura media de 163,25±4,56 cm. Se encontraron diferencias significativas en las puntuaciones de elasticidad, ángulo mandibular, ángulo cervicomentoniano, arrugas, elasticidad G y satisfacción del paciente antes y después del tratamiento. Cuando se compararon los resultados de los parámetros anatómicos y las escalas, se reveló que el PRP es eficaz en el rejuvenecimiento del cuello.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Rejuvenation , Elasticity , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Neck , Skin Aging
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(2): 289-294, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387991


Abstract Objective To present an innovative device that applies the double centrifugation method to obtain platelet-rich plasma (PRP), assessing whether there was an effective increase in the concentration of platelets. Method Ten volunteers underwent blood collection. The samples were separated in 20 ml syringes, sealed and subjected to the double centrifugation protocol at 1,100 revolutions per minute (rpm) for 15 minutes, resulting in the separation of red blood cells, plasma with platelets, and leukocytes. Then, 10 ml syringes were added to remove 9 ml, respecting the "buffy coat" parameter, collecting 8 ml above and 1 ml below for the second centrifugation and transferring again to the 20 ml syringe. The plasma was again centrifuged at 1,550 rpm for 10 minutes; as a result, it was divided into two parts: at the top, consisting of low platelet plasma (LPP), and at the bottom, by the platelet button. Part of the LPP was discarded, leaving only 3 ml with the platelet button. The cells were then counted. Results This innovative device was able to increase the concentration of platelets by almost three times compared with the baseline. In addition, the preparation time for the PRP was adequate, lasting only 35 to 40 minutes. Conclusions Platelet-rich plasma was successfully obtained by the double centrifuge protocol, allowing its clinical use. In addition, obtaining through the presented device promotes greater applicability in the preparation of PRP in specific centers, furthermore, being a quick and economical way to obtain PRP.

Resumo Objetivo Apresentar um dispositivo inovador que aplique o método de centrifugação dupla para obter plasma rico em plaquetas (PRP), avaliando se houve um aumento efetivo na concentração de plaquetas. Método Dez voluntários foram submetidos a coleta de sangue. As amostras foram separadas em seringas de 20 mL, seladas e submetidas ao protocolo de centrifugação dupla a 1.100 revoluções por minuto (rpm) por 15 minutos, resultando na separação de hemácias, plasma com plaquetas e leucócitos. Em seguida, foram adicionadas seringas de 10 mL para remover 9 mL, tendo como parâmetro a "buffy coat", coletando 8 mL acima e 1 mL abaixo para a segunda centrifugação e transferindo novamente para a seringa de 20 mL. O plasma foi novamente centrifugado a 1.550 rpm por 10 minutos; como resultado, foi dividido em duas partes: na parte superior, consistindo em plasma pobre em plaquetas (PPP), e na parte inferior, pelo botão plaquetário. Parte do PPP foi descartada, restando apenas 3 mL com o botão de plaquetas. As células foram então contadas. Resultados Este dispositivo inovador foi capaz de aumentar a concentração de plaquetas em quase 3 vezes relação a linha de base. Além disso, o tempo de preparo do PRP foi adequado, com duração de apenas 35 a 40 minutos. Conclusões O PRP foi obtido com sucesso pelo protocolo de centrifugação dupla, permitindo seu uso clínico. Além disso, a obtenção através do dispositivo apresentado promove maior aplicabilidade no preparo do PRP em centros específicos, além de ser, uma forma rápida e econômica de obter PRP.

Humans , Health Profile , Blood Platelets , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Blood Buffy Coat , Equipment and Supplies
Estima (Online) ; 20(1): e0622, Jan-Dec. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1391519


Objetivo:Avaliar a evolução da reparação tecidual de úlcera venosa (UV) tratada com plasma rico em plaquetas (PRP). Métodos: Trata-se de relato de caso com aplicação de PRP para tratamento de UV em uma clínica especializada de uma cidade do sul de Minas Gerais. A cada sessão foram coletados 20 mL de sangue distribuídos em quatro tubos com citrato de sódio. O sangue passou por centrifugação para a extração do PRP. O plasma foi aplicado na ferida após a limpeza com água destilada e solução de polihexametileno biguanida. Posteriormente, a lesão foi coberta com gazes impregnada com petrolato e gazes estéreis como cobertura secundária, associado à terapia compressiva elástica. Resultados: Anteriormente à terapia, a úlcera apresentava 1,18 cm² de área. Após quatro semanas de tratamento com PRP, ocorreu a completa cicatrização. Conclusão: O tratamento mostrou-se eficaz e houve 100% de redução de área.

Objective:To evaluate the evolution of tissue repair in venous ulcers treated with platelet-rich plasma. Methods: This is a case report with the application of platelet-rich plasma for the treatment of venous ulcers in a specialized clinic in a city in the south of Minas Gerais. At each session, 20 mL of blood was collected and distributed into four tubes with sodium citrate. The blood was centrifuged to extract platelet-rich plasma. Plasma was applied to the wound after cleaning with distilled water and polyhexamethylene biguanide solution. Subsequently, the lesion was covered with gauze impregnated with petrolatum and sterile gauze as a secondary coverage, associated with elastic compression therapy. Results: Prior to therapy, the ulcer had an area of 1.18 cm². After five weeks of treatment with platelet-rich plasma, complete healing has occurred. Conclusion: Tissue repair occurred after five weeks of treatment without any complications.

Objetivo:Evaluar la evolución de la reparación tisular en úlceras venosas tratadas con plasma rico en plaquetas. Métodos: Este es un reporte de caso con la aplicación de plasma rico en plaquetas para el tratamiento de úlceras venosas en una clínica especializada en una ciudad del sur de Minas Gerais. En cada sesión se recogieron 20 ml de sangre y se distribuyeron en cuatro tubos con citrato de sodio. La sangre se centrifugó para extraer plasma rico en plaquetas. Se aplicó plasma a la herida después de limpiarla con agua destilada y solución de polihexametileno biguanida. Posteriormente se cubrió la lesión con gasa impregnada de vaselina y gasa estéril como cobertura secundaria, asociada a terapia compresiva elástica. Resultados: Inicialmente la terapia, la úlcera tenía un área de 1,18 cm². Después de cinco semanas de tratamiento con plasma rico en plaquetas, se produjo una curación completa. Conclusión: La reparación del tejido ocurrió después de cinco semanas de tratamiento sin ninguna complicación.

Varicose Ulcer , Wound Healing , Nursing , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Enterostomal Therapy
Journal of the Philippine Medical Association ; : 79-83, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988686


Introduction@#Psoriasis and some of its treatments such as methotrexate have been linked to the development of non-melanoma skin cancers including cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Chronic maque psoriasis, Koebnerization, and prolonged methotrexate therapy are some of the concerns that may impact wound healing and graft uptake when treating these patients. @*Case Report@#We report a case of a 64-year-old male with a 32-year history of moderate to severe psoriasis continuously self-medicating with methotrexate for 30 years who presented with a solitary indurated tumor with ulceration on the right anterior leg. Histopathology result revealed acantholytic cSCC. The patient concomitantly has generalized psoriatic plaques that complicated the selection of donor site for the skin graft, and raised concerns on wound healing and graft uptake. He underwent wide excision surgery with gastrocnemius (medial head) flap and split thickness skin graft. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections were utilized post-operatively to increase graft survival and donor site regeneration. @*Discussion@#The main risk factors for the development of cSCC for this patient are the history of chronic plaque psoriasis and chronic methotrexate therapy. These two can also complicate the success of grafting and wound healing for this patient. PRP was utilized to for better graft survival, faster wound healing, and prevention of Koebnerization.

Platelet-Rich Plasma , Neoplasms, Squamous Cell , Psoriasis , Methotrexate
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 870-876, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939703


OBJECTIVE@#A dynamic gel loaded with lyophilized platelet-rich plasma-chitosan/difunctionalized polyethylene glycol (LPRP-CP) was prepared to investigate its hemostatic antibacterial and promoting wound healing of scald wounds through in vitro and in vivo experiments.@*METHODS@#In this study, normal gauze/blank tablet (Ctrl), LPRP-CP, Chitosan HUCHUANG Powder(Chito P)and ChitoGauze XP PRO group (Chito G group) were set. The hemostatic effect and promoting healing effect of the four groups of materials were evaluated by establishing rabbit ear artery hemorrhage model and superficial Ⅱ° scalded model of skin on the back. The hemostatic time and bleeding amount were calculated and the gross and histological results of scald healing were observed. The antibacterial effect of the four groups of materials was evaluated by antibacterial test in vitro.@*RESULTS@#In the rabbit ear arterial hemorrhage model, the hemostasis of all materials was successful. The hemostatic time of Ctrl, Chito P, LPRP-CP and Chito G groups was 213.33±38.30, 118.33±24.01, 115.00±8.37 and 111.67±11.69 s, respectively. The blood loss was 1233.83±992.27, 346.67±176.00, 193.33±121.47 and 147.50±80.66 mg, respectively. Compared with Ctrl, the hemostasis time of LPRP-CP, Chito P and Chito G group was significantly shorter (P<0.001), and the amount of blood loss of LPRP-CP and Chito G group was decreased (P<0.05). Compared with LPRP-CP, there were no significant differences in hemostatic time and blood loss between Chito P and Chito G group (P>0.05). In the model of superficial Ⅱ° scalded on the back of rabbit, the wound healing rate of LPRP-CP was faster than that of the other three groups at the same time, and the healing effect was perfect. In the antibacterial test in vitro, only LPRP-CP had better anti-S. aureus effect, and all groups had no anti-E. coli effect.@*CONCLUSION@#LPRP-CP is an excellent hemostatic material for superficial wounds, and has certain antibacterial and wound healing effects, which has a wide academic value and research prospects.

Animals , Humans , Rabbits , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Chitosan/pharmacology , Hemorrhage , Hemostasis , Hemostatics , Platelet-Rich Plasma
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 369-372, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936020


On December 22, 2017, a 35-year-old male hemophilia A patient with a secondary chronic refractory wound after left knee joint surgery was transferred from the Department of Hematology of Maoming People's Hospital to the Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery in the same hospital. The physical examination revealed that the patient's left knee joint was swollen, with a full-thickness skin defect wound of 4 cm×4 cm on the lateral side of the joint and a large number of dark red blood clots at the bottom of the wound. The wound bleeding was controlled by intravenous infusion of plasma, cryoprecipitate, and human coagulation factor Ⅷ. After con- ventional debridement and dressing changes until the wound infection was controlled and necrotic tissue was removed, a subcutaneous cavity wound of 2 cm×2 cm in area and 3 cm in depth remained in the left knee joint and was difficult to heal. Nineteen days after transfer, the patient received autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) treatment, and 32 days after PRP treatment, the wound in left knee joint was healed with epithelialization. This case suggests that autologous PRP therapy would be a good option for hemophilia complicated chronic refractory wounds when they could not be repaired by surgery.

Adult , Humans , Male , Hemophilia A/therapy , Knee Joint/surgery , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Wound Healing