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1.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(supl.1): 47-51, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251546

ABSTRACT

Resumen La neumatosis quística intestinal se refiere a la presencia de gas dentro de la pared del intestino delgado o grueso, puede ser asintomática y potencialmente mortal cuando se presentan complicaciones. Las causas de esta entidad incluyen enfermedades pulmonares, sistémicas, intestinales, medicamentosas, causas iatrogénicas y traumáticas. Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 35 años de edad sin antecedentes de importancia que consultó por dolor en el hemiabdomen inferior, con un diagnóstico imagenológico de neumatosis quística intestinal, neumoperitoneo y peritonitis, complicación secundaria a esta patología, por lo que se realizó el manejo quirúrgico, laparotomía y resección de segmento colónico, que se analizó histopatológicamente y se confirmó el diagnostico; finalmente, fue dado de alta después de finalizar el tratamiento antibiótico.


Abstract Cystic intestinal pneumatosis refers to the presence of gas within the wall of the small or large intestine. It can be asymptomatic and life-threatening when complications occur. The causes of this entity include pulmonary, systemic, intestinal, drug, iatrogenic and traumatic factors. The following is the case of a 35-year-old man who presented with pain in his lower hemiabdomen and had no previous medical history. Imaging scans showed intestinal cystic pneumatosis and secondary pneumoperitoneum and peritonitis. The patient was taken to laparotomy, and a colonic segment was resected and sent to pathology. The diagnosis was confirmed by a biopsy. The patient was discharged after completing antibiotic treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Peritonitis , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis , Gases , Intestine, Large , Intestine, Small
2.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021273, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249008

ABSTRACT

First described by Rokitansky in 1842, and further characterized by Virchow in 1854, amyloidosis is a disorder caused by amyloid deposition, a fibrillary insoluble protein. The clinical spectrum of amyloidosis is broad, as the amyloid deposition may virtually occur in all tissues. Herein, we report the case of a 66-year-old man with a long-lasting emaciating disease, diagnosed, at autopsy, with primary systemic amyloidosis. Amyloid protein deposition was found in many tissues and organs. The involvement of the vessels' wall rendered ischemic injury most prominent in the intestinal loops causing mesenteric ischemia. Despite the thorough organic involvement, the immediate cause of death was aspiration bronchopneumonia. Massive amyloid deposition was found in virtually all major organs, such as the heart, liver, kidneys, spleen, pancreas, adrenals, prostate, skin, and thyroid: the latter, a complication of the amyloidosis known as amyloid goiter. Post-mortem review of the deceased's laboratory workup showed a slightly abnormal kappa:lambda ratio in the blood; however, no clonal lymphoplasmacytic disorder was confirmed in the bone marrow and other lymphoreticular system organs either by the microscopic examination and immunohistochemical staining. Laser-capture microdissection and tandem mass spectrometry of the splenic tissue detected a peptide profile consistent with an immunoglobulin Kappa light chain. The presence of amyloid purpura favors the diagnosis of primary systemic amyloidosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Amyloidosis/pathology , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis , Autopsy , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Multiple Organ Failure
3.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(1): 94-97, Jan.-Mar. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090834

ABSTRACT

Abstract Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis is an uncommon disease with unknown etiology characterized by the presence of multiple gas-filled cysts within the submucosa or subserosa of the intestinal wall. Pneumoperitoneum and/or intestinal perforation are complications that may be associated with pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis. The patients are often prone to misdiagnosis or mistreatment.We are presenting a case of pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis in a 42 year-old woman affected by peritoneal free air and numerous, diffuse, bubble-like intramural gas collections into the jejunum and ileum, showed in CT-enterography images. The woman had a carcinoid tumor located in jejunum two years ago, treated with enterectomy. Recent complaints of nonspecific symptoms of abdominal discomfort and diarrhea motivated the realization of CT scan, serum chromogranin and urine 5-hidroxindolacetic acid for hypothesis of tumor carcinoid recurrence withdraw. The only change found was the presence of pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis in CT-enterography images without intestinal necrosis, bleeding or evident obstruction. For that reason no surgical procedure was realized and the patient stayed on surveillance. Actually, the patient complaints are sporadic abdominal discomfort, without pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis clinical evidence. Conclusion: The treatment plan of patient with PCI depends on underlying cause and clinical condition severity. When conservative treatment is adopted the clinical evolution of pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis is unpredictable and can even disappear in an indeterminate number of patients.


Resumo A pneumatose cistoide intestinal é uma doença incomum, de etiologia desconhecida, caracterizada pela presença de múltiplos cistos preenchidos com gás na submucosa ou subserosa da parede intestinal. O pneumoperitoneu e/ou a perfuração intestinal são complicações que podem estar associadas à pneumatose cistoide intestinal. Os pacientes geralmente estão sujeitos a erros de diagnóstico ou de tratamento.Apresentamos um caso de pneumatose cistoide intestinal em paciente do sexo feminino, 42 anos de idade, com ar livre peritoneal e numerosas coleções gasosas intramurais, difusas e semelhantes a bolhas no jejuno e íleo, visualizados em imagens de enterografia por tomografia computadorizada (TC). Há dois anos, a paciente teve um tumor carcinoide localizado no jejuno que foi tratado com enterectomia. As queixas recentes de sintomas inespecíficos, desconforto abdominal e diarreia motivaram a realização da TC e exame de cromogranina sérica e ácido 5-hidroxindolacético na urina para excluir a hipótese de recorrência do tumor carcinoide. A única alteração encontrada foi a presença de pneumatose cistoide intestinal em imagens de enterografia por TC sem necrose intestinal, sangramento ou obstrução evidente. Por esse motivo, nenhum procedimento cirúrgico foi realizado, e a paciente permaneceu em observação. Atualmente, a queixa da paciente é de desconforto abdominal esporádico, sem evidência clínica de pneumatose cistoide intestinal. Conclusão: O plano de tratamento de pacientes com PCI depende da causa subjacente e da gravidade da condição clínica. Quando o tratamento conservador é adotado, a evolução clínica da pneumatose cistoide intestinal é imprevisível e pode até desaparecer em alguns pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis/diagnosis , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis/therapy
4.
Rev. colomb. radiol ; 31(1): 5277-5282, mar, 2020. ilus, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1292765

ABSTRACT

La neumatosis intestinal es una condición que tradicionalmente se ha asociado a mal estado general, pobre pronóstico y manejo quirúrgico. No obstante, existe una forma de presentación benigna que no conlleva estas implicaciones y se denomina neumatosis cistoides. Esta entidad se caracteriza por la presencia de quistes llenos de gas en la pared intestinal, que pueden generar neumoperitoneo sin evidencia de signos de irritación peritoneal y que resuelven sin necesidad de manejo quirúrgico. El objetivo de este trabajo es realizar una revisión de la literatura acerca de la neumatosis intestinal, enfocado en el establecimiento de sus diversas etiologías y hallazgos en las diferentes modalidades diagnósticas. Debido a que las imágenes diagnósticas juegan un papel clave en el momento de definir el manejo y la necesidad de intervención quirúrgica de estos pacientes, es importante que el radiólogo conozca y pueda diferenciar los diferentes orígenes de la neumatosis intestinal en las imágenes, así como sus posibles implicaciones. Esto, asociado a una adecuada comunicación con el servicio tratante, puede ayudar a determinar la mejor forma de manejo para el paciente.


Pneumatosis intestinalis is a condition that has traditionally been associated with poor general condition, poor prognosis and surgical management. However, there is a benign form of presentation that does not carry these implications and is called Pneumatosis Cystoides. This entity, characterized by the presence of gas-filled cysts inside the intestinal wall can generate pneumoperitoneum without evidence of signs of peritoneal irritation and resolve without surgical management need. The aim of this paper is to review the literature about pneumatosis intestinalis, focused on establishing its various etiologies and findings in different diagnostic modalities. Because diagnostic images have a key role in defining the management and need for surgical intervention of these patients, it is important that the radiologist knows and differentiate the different origins of pneumatosis intestinalis in images, as well as their possible implications. Proper communication with the treating service, can help determine the best form of management for the patient


Subject(s)
Pneumoperitoneum , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis , Multidetector Computed Tomography
5.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 35(1): 93-99, 2020. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1095478

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La neumatosis intestinal es una condición rara que se caracteriza por la infiltración submucosa o subserosa de gas en el tubo digestivo. Se encuentra más frecuentemente en el intestino delgado y, pocas veces, en localización extraintestinal. Su prevalencia estimada es de 0,03 %.Métodos. Se hizo una búsqueda bibliográfica en las bases de datos biomédicas Medline Pubmed, Science Direct, Tripdatabase y Uptodate, usando como palabras clave 'neumoperitoneo' y 'neumatosis cistoide intestinal' Para la presentación del caso clínico, se tomaron datos de la historia clínica y, además, imágenes de radiografía, tomografías y material fotográfico del procedimiento quirúrgico.Presentación del caso. Se trata de una mujer de 63 años de edad con antecedentes de colagenopatía, que consultó por dolor y distensión abdominal. Aunque no tenía signos de irritación peritoneal, las imágenes diagnósticas revelaron neumoperitoneo y líquido libre en la cavidad peritoneal, por lo que se sospechó una perforación intestinal y se practicó una laparotomía exploratoria, en la cual se encontró neumatosis quística intestinal y peritoneal.Conclusiones. No todos los casos de neumoperitoneo requieren cirugía. Existen casos espontáneos y sin irritación peritoneal, secundarios a neumatosis quística intestinal. En los casos de neumoperitoneo en pacientes estables con un diagnostico etiológico no muy claro, y en quienes se desee descartar perforación intestinal o isquemia mediante exploración quirúrgica, la laparoscopia diagnóstica es una buena opción y menos agresiva que la laparotomía


Introduction: Intestinal pneumatosis is a rare condition that is characterized by submucosal or subserosal gas infiltration in the digestive tract. It is found more frequently in the small intestine, and rarely in an extraintestinal location. Its estimated prevalence is 0.03%.Methods: A literature search was performed in the Medline Pubmed, Sciencedirect, Trip database and Up to date databases, using as keywords Pneumoperitoneum and Intestinal Cystoid Neumatosis. For the presentation of the clinical case, medical history data were collected, in addition to radiography images, tomography and photographic material of the surgical procedure.Clinical case: This is a 63-year-old woman with a history of collagenopathy, who consulted for abdominal pain and distension. Although she had no signs of peritoneal irritation, diagnostic images revealed pneumoperitoneum and free fluid in the peritoneal cavity. Intestinal perforation was suspected, and an exploratory laparotomy was performed, in which intestinal and peritoneal cystic pneumatosis in was found.Conclusions: Not all cases of pneumoperitoneum require surgery. There are spontaneous cases without peritoneal irritation, secondary to intestinal cystic pneumatosis. In cases of pneumoperitoneum in stable patients, with a not very clear etiological diagnosis, and in those who wish to rule out intestinal perforation or ischemia by surgical exploration, diagnostic laparoscopy is a good option and less aggressive than laparotomy


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis , Pneumoperitoneum , Gastrointestinal Tract , Conservative Treatment
6.
Rev. argent. cir ; 111(4): 302-304, dic. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057375

ABSTRACT

La neumatosis intestinal es una entidad poco frecuente. Se caracteriza por la presencia de gas en la subserosa o submucosa, o en ambas, a través del tracto gastrointestinal. Presentamos dos casos en los cuales el motivo de consulta fue dolor abdominal generalizado asociado a reacción peritoneal. Se realizó tomografía computarizada (TC) en ambos casos, donde se evidenciaron distensión intestinal, neumatosis intestinal y neumatosis portal. Posteriormente se llevó acabo laparotomía de urgencia y se encontró necrosis intestinal con isquemia mesentérica, hallazgo compatible con imágenes tomográficas. Ambos pacientes fallecieron (uno durante el acto quirúrgico y el otro en el posquirúrgico inmediato).


Pneumatosis intestinalis is a rare condition characterized by the presence of gas in the submucosa or subserosa of the intestinal wall. We report two cases associated with generalized abdominal pain and rebound tenderness. The computed tomography (CT) scans in both cases showed bowel distention, pneumatosis intestinalis and portal venous gas. Both patients underwent emergency surgery which demonstrated bowel necrosis with mesenteric ischemia, consistent with the CT images. Both patients died (one during surgery and the other in the immediate postoperative period).


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdominal Pain , Abdomen, Acute , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis , General Surgery , Gastrointestinal Tract , Gases
7.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(6): 543-548, June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-956478

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic performance of CT findings in differentiating causes of pneumatosis intestinalis (PI), including benign and life-threatening causes. METHODS: All CT reports containing the word "pneumatosis" were queried from June 1st, 2006 to May 31st, 2015. A total of 42 patients with PI were enrolled (mean age, 63.4 years; 23 males and 19 females) and divided into two groups on based on electronic medical records: a benign group (n=24) and a life-threatening group (n=18). Two radiologists reviewed CT images and evaluated CT findings including bowel distension, the pattern of bowel wall enhancement, bowel wall defect, portal venous gas (PVG), mesenteric venous gas (MVG), extraluminal free air, and ascites. RESULTS: CT findings including bowel distension, decreased bowel wall enhancement, PVG, and ascites were more commonly identified in the life-threatening group (all p<0.05). All cases with PVG were included in the life-threatening group (8/18 patients, 44.4%). Bowel wall defect, extraluminal free air, and mesenteric venous gas showed no statistical significance between both groups. CONCLUSION: PI and concurrent PVG, bowel distension, decreased bowel wall enhancement, or ascites were significantly associated with life-threatening causes and unfavorable prognosis. Thus, evaluating ancillary CT features when we encountered PI would help us characterize the causes of PI and determine the appropriate treatment option.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Avaliar o desempenho diagnóstico dos achados CT em causas diferenciadoras da pneumatose intestinal (PI), incluindo causas benignas e que ameaçam a vida. MÉTODOS: Todos os relatórios CT contendo a palavra "pneumatose" foram questionados de 10 de junho de 2006 a 31 de maio de 2015. Um total de 42 pacientes com PI foi matriculado (idade média 63,4 anos, 23 do sexo masculino e 19 do sexo feminino) e divididos em dois grupos na base de registros médicos elétricos: grupo benigno, n = 24 e grupo com risco de vida, n = 18. Dois radiologistas analisaram as imagens da CT e avaliaram seus achados, incluindo distensão intestinal, padrão de realce da parede intestinal, defeito da parede intestinal, gás venoso portal (PVG), gás venoso mesentérico (MVG), ar extraluminal e ascite. RESULTADOS: Achados CT, incluindo distensão intestinal, diminuição do realce da parede intestinal. PVG e ascite foram mais comumente identificados em grupo com risco de vida (todos p < 0,05, respectivamente). Todos os casos com PVG foram incluídos em grupo com risco de vida (8/18 pacientes, 44,4%). Defeito da parede do intestino, ar livre extraluminal e gás venoso mesentérico não mostraram significância estatística entre dois grupos. CONCLUSÃO: PI e PVG concorrente, distensão intestinal, diminuição do aumento da parede do intestino ou ascites foram significativamente associados com causas que ameaçaram a vida e prognóstico desfavorável. Portanto, avaliar os recursos de CT auxiliares quando encontramos PI nos ajudaria a caracterizar as causas de PI e determinar a opção de tratamento apropriada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis/diagnostic imaging , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis/etiology , Portal System/diagnostic imaging , Prognosis , Ascites/diagnostic imaging , Severity of Illness Index , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Retrospective Studies , Diagnosis, Differential , Middle Aged
8.
Rev. chil. radiol ; 24(1): 40-43, mar. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959572

ABSTRACT

Portograma aéreo o portograma de aire (PA), se define como la presencia de aire en el sistema venoso portomesentérico. Neumatosis intestinal (NI) se define como la presencia de aire en la pared intestinal, independiente de su causa o localización. La principal etiología de estas alteraciones es la isquemia intestinal aguda y en general, se consideran predictores de perforación intestinal y de mal pronóstico. Un pequeño grupo de pacientes con PA y/o NI pueden evolucionar sin complicaciones e incluso cursan sin manifestaciones clínicas. Presentamos el caso de una paciente con antecedente quirúrgico inmediato de gastrectomía total y reconstrucción en Y de Roux, que evidenció en tomografía computarizada (TC) de abdomen de control PA y NI, sin alteraciones clínicas significativas asociadas.


Hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) is defined as the presence of air in the portal venous system. Pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) is defined as the presence of air within the bowel wall, regardless of its cause or location. Its main etiology is the intestinal ischemia and are generally considered predictors of intestinal perforation and wrong prognosis. A small group of patients with HPVG and PI may have a different clinical course, without complications and clinical manifestations. We report the case of a patient with immediate surgical history of total gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y reconstruction, which showed in computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen HPVG and PI, without associated clinically significant changes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis/diagnostic imaging , Portal Vein/diagnostic imaging , Embolism, Air/diagnostic imaging , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis/etiology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Incidental Findings , Embolism, Air/etiology , Gastrectomy/adverse effects
10.
GED gastroenterol. endosc. dig ; 36(1): 34-38, jan.-mar. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-833546

ABSTRACT

Pneumatose intestinal (PI) consiste em um achado de imagem correspondente à presença de ar na parede intestinal. É um sinal infrequente, mais comum em idosos e sem predileção por sexo. Existem várias causas relatadas na literatura, sendo alguns casos reportados como idiopáticos. A modalidade diagnóstica de maior sensibilidade é a tomografia computadorizada de abdome. A maioria dos casos é assintomática, porém, uma pequena parcela pode evoluir com complicações graves, necessitando de intervenções imediatas. A inexistência de um consenso a respeito do manejo dos pacientes com PI, somada ao pouco conhecimento dos médicos acerca dessa enfermidade, resulta em um cenário clínico delicado. O objetivo deste artigo é relatar o caso de um paciente com PI, destacando o manejo terapêutico adotado.


Pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) consists in an image finding corresponding to the presence of air in the intestinal wall. It is an infrequent sign, more common in the elderly and without gender predilection. There are numerous causes described in the literature, and some cases are referred as idiopathic. The diagnostic modality with the highest sensibility is the computed tomography of the abdomen. The majority of cases are asymptomatic, but a small portion can evolve with severe complications, needing immediate interventions. The lack of a consensus regarding PI patients' management, along with the low knowledge level of physicians about the existence of this disorder, results in a delicate clinical scenario. The objective of this article is to report the case of a patient with PI, highlighting the adopted therapeutic management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis/diagnostic imaging , Gastrointestinal Tract
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-61398

ABSTRACT

Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis and portomesenteric venous gas are uncommon radiological findings, but are found commonly in cases of bowel ischemia, or as a result of various non-ischemic conditions. A 72-year-old man visited an emergency center with altered mental status 2 hours after ingestion of an unknown pesticide. On physical examination, he showed the characteristic hydrocarbon or garlic-like odor, miotic pupils with no response to light, rhinorrhea, shallow respiration, bronchorrhea, and sweating over his face, chest and abdomen. Laboratory results revealed decreased serum cholinesterase, as well as elevated amylase and lipase level. We made the clinical diagnosis of organophosphate poisoning in this patient based on the clinical features, duration of symptoms and signs, and level of serum cholinesterase. Activated charcoal, fluid, and antidotes were administered after gastric lavage. A computerized tomography scan of the abdomen with intravenous contrast showed acute pancreatitis, poor enhancement of the small bowel, pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis, portomesenteric venous gas and ascites. Emergent laparotomy could not be performed because of his poor physical condition and refusal of treatment by his family. The possible mechanisms were believed to be direct intestinal mucosal damage by pancreatic enzymes and secondary mucosal disruption due to bowel ischemia caused by shock and the use of inotropics. Physicians should be warned about the possibility of pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis and portomesenteric venous gas as a complication of pancreatitis following anticholinesterase poisoning.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Aged , Amylases , Antidotes , Ascites , Charcoal , Cholinesterases , Diagnosis , Eating , Emergencies , Gastric Lavage , Humans , Ischemia , Laparotomy , Lipase , Odorants , Organophosphate Poisoning , Pancreatitis , Physical Examination , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis , Poisoning , Pupil , Respiration , Shock , Sweat , Sweating , Thorax , Treatment Refusal
12.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 14(3): 420-422, July-Sept. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-796978

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT A 69-year-old male patient, smoker, was diagnosed with small cell lung cancer metastatic to lung, liver and central nervous system. He received chemotherapy with carboplatin AUC 5 on day 1 and etoposide 100mg/m2 on days 1, 2 and 3. During the first cycle, the patient presented with febrile neutropenia and abdominal distension. Chest, abdomen and pelvis computed tomography scan was performed and detected gas dissecting the wall of sigmoid colon extending to the mesosigmoid. Patient had no abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and on physical examination he had no peritoneal irritation, tachycardia or hemodynamic instability compatible with perforation or acute abdomen. Therefore, the radiological finding was interpreted as pneumatosis intestinalis caused by chemotherapy with etoposide. Pneumatosis resolved after continuous oxygen therapy. The second cycle was administered after a complete resolution of the clinical condition and etoposide dose was reduced by 30%. The patient experienced a remarkable evolution.


RESUMO Paciente do gênero masculino, 69 anos, fumante, diagnosticado com câncer de pulmão de pequenas células, metastático para pulmão, fígado e sistema nervoso central. Foi administrada quimioterapia com carboplatina AUC 5 no dia 1 e etoposídeo 100mg/m2 nos dias 1, 2 e 3. Durante o primeiro ciclo, o paciente apresentou neutropenia febril e distensão abdominal. Tomografias de tórax, abdome e pelve detectaram gás dissecando a parede do cólon sigmoide, com extensão para o mesossigmoide. O paciente não apresentava dor abdominal, náusea, vômito e não tinha sinais de irritação peritoneal, taquicardia ou instabilidade hemodinâmica compatíveis com perfuração ou abdome agudo. O achado radiológico foi interpretado como pneumatose intestinal causada por etoposídeo. A resolução do quadro ocorreu após suplementação de oxigênio. O segundo ciclo foi administrado após resolução completa do quadro, com redução da dose do quimioterápico em 30%. O paciente evoluiu de forma bastante satisfatória.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis/chemically induced , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Etoposide/adverse effects , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/adverse effects , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis/therapy , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/secondary , Etoposide/therapeutic use , Lung Neoplasms/secondary , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/therapeutic use
13.
Rev. chil. cir ; 68(1): 72-75, feb. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-780537

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis (PCI) is a rare entity characterized by the presence of air in the intestinal wall. In most cases, it is secondary to a number of mainly intra-abdominal processesthat mostly require urgent surgery but, in a small percentage of cases, it is idiopathic and usually has a morebenign course, caused by, among other things, a series of mechanical factors causing mucosal damage andtherefore predisposing to the formation of cysts. Case report: Here we describe a case of a patient undergoingright hemicolectomy for colon cancer and subsequently treated with chemotherapy that developed PCI twoyears after treatment ended. At all times, the patient was asymptomatic, despite the evolution of PCI and thedevelopment of associated pneumoperitoneum.


Resumen Introducción: La neumatosis quística intestinal (NQI) es una entidad poco frecuente que se caracteriza por la presencia de aire en la pared intestinal. En la mayoría de las ocasiones es secundaria a una serie de procesos fundamentalmente intrabdominales y que en su mayoría requieren cirugía urgente, pero en un pequeño porcentaje de casos es idiopática y suele tener un curso más benigno, causada entre otras cosas por una serie de factores mecánicos que ocasionan el daño de la mucosa y por lo tanto predisponen a la formación de quistes. Caso clínico: Presentamos el caso de un paciente sometido a una hemicolectomía derecha por cáncer de colon y tratado posteriormente con quimioterapia que desarrolla una NQI a los dos años de finalizado el tratamiento. En todo momento el paciente se ha encontrado asintomático a pesar de la evolución de la NQI yel desarrollo de neumoperitoneo asociado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis/etiology , Pneumoperitoneum/etiology , Postoperative Complications , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis/diagnostic imaging , Pneumoperitoneum/diagnostic imaging , Asymptomatic Diseases
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-125496

ABSTRACT

Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis (PCI) is an uncommon condition that is characterized by the presence of gas within the bowel wall. We experienced a case of PCI after erlotinib-containing chemotherapy for advanced pancreatic cancer. A 66-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital with intermittent epigastric pain, and she diagnosed with advanced pancreatic cancer accompanied by hepatic metastasis. Combination chemotherapy of gemcitabine and erlotinib was started. PCI occurred about 14 months after start of the chemotherapy but she did not complain of abdominal pain and physical examination showed no evidence of peritoneal irritation sign. Laboratory findings showed no abnormalities. Following conservative treatment for 3 days, no specific symptoms were observed, and abdominal X-ray examination showed reduced abnormal air deposition. Erlotinib-containing chemotherapy was continued and PCI had not recurred.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Aged , Drug Therapy , Drug Therapy, Combination , Erlotinib Hydrochloride , Female , Humans , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Physical Examination , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-81475

ABSTRACT

Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis (PCI) is a rare condition characterized by multiple gas-filled cysts of varying size in the wall of gastrointestinal tract. PCI may idiopathic or secondary to various disorders. The etiology and pathogenesis of PCI are unclear. Treatment is usually conservative, and includes oxygen and antibiotics therapy. Surgery is reserved for cases of suspected inconvertible intestinal obstruction or perforation. Eleven patients who were diagnosed with PI between 2005 and 2015 were reviewed. We report three cases of PCI and describe causes and complications. The most important point in the treatment of PCI is to determine whether the patient needs surgery. Conservative care should be considered first if the patient is stable. If any complication is observed, such as ischemia in the intestine, surgery is needed. It is important to choose the best treatment based on prognostic factors and CT findings.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Gastrointestinal Tract , Humans , Intestinal Obstruction , Intestines , Ischemia , Oxygen , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis , Prognosis
16.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 13(2)jun. 2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-749187

ABSTRACT

Pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) is a rare condition, especially when associated with volvulus; it is often misdiagnosed and inappropriately treated. We present the case of a 27 year-old woman suffering from an acute abdomen. An abdominal tomography was performed revealing Pneumatosis intestinalis. Once in the operating theatre sigmoid volvulus was diagnosed and Hartmann surgery performed. Histology showed intestinal ischemia. During the hospital stay, evolution was favourable. The authors present this case and a brief theoretical review, due to its rarity and clinical interest.


A pneumatose intestinal (PI) é uma condição pouco frequente, sendo ainda mais rara em associação com volvo; sendo muitas vezes mal diagnosticada e tratada inapropriadamente. Apresentamos o caso de uma mulher de 27 anos com um quadro de abdómen agudo. Realizou TAC abdominal que demonstrou pneumatose intestinal. Intra-operatoriamente foi diagnosticado volvo da sigmoideia e optado por cirurgia de Hartmann. O resultado anatomo-patológico da peça foi compatível com isquémia intestinal. Durante o internamento hospital, a doente evoluiu favoravelmente. Os autores apresentam este caso e uma breve revisão teórica, pela sua raridade e interesse clínico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Abdomen, Acute/complications , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis/diagnosis , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis/etiology , Intestinal Volvulus/surgery , Intestinal Volvulus/diagnosis , Piperacillin/therapeutic use
18.
Rev. chil. reumatol ; 31(3): 186-189, 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-776865

ABSTRACT

Intestinal pneumatosis is a rare complication that can occur in systemic sclerosis (ES), its pathogenesis is not entirely specified and is characterized by the presence of gas in the submucosa wall and / or bowel subserosa. For a 37 year old woman presented with a diagnosis of diffuse variety EN who consults repeatedly by pain, bloating and intermittent episodes of chronic diarrhea associated with weight loss. The imaging study revealed an intestinal pneumatosis and pneumoperitoneum as the source of the picture...


La neumatosis intestinal es una complicación rara que puede presentarse en la Esclerosis Sistémica (ES), su etiopatogenia no está del todo precisada y se caracteriza por presencia de gas en la pared submucosa y/o subserosa del intestino. Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 37 años, con diagnóstico de ES variedad difusa quien consulta en repetidas ocasiones por dolor, distensión abdominal y episodios de diarrea crónica intermitente asociado a disminución de peso. El estudio con imágenes reveló una neumatosis intestinal y neumoperitoneo como origen del cuadro...


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Female , Scleroderma, Systemic/complications , Scleroderma, Systemic/therapy , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis/etiology , Pneumoperitoneum/etiology
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-181486

ABSTRACT

Hepatic portal venous gas is a very rare radiologic sign which is characterized by gas accumulation in the portal venous circulation. Pneumatosis intestinalis is also very rare and is characterized by multiple air cysts in the serosal or submucosal layers of the gastrointestinal tract walls. These two findings are caused by various pathological conditions and can develop individually or simultaneously. The latter is clinically more significant because it is frequently related to bowel ischemia or necrosis, and represents a poor prognosis. However, prognosis is more influenced by the severity of underlying disease rather than hepatic portal venous gas or pneumatosis intestinalis itself. If bowel ischemia or necrosis is the primary cause, emergency operation is very important to improve patient's prognosis. Herein, we report a case of necrotizing colitis presenting as hepatic portal venous gas and pneumatosis intestinalis which was successfully managed by early surgery.


Subject(s)
Colitis/complications , Humans , Intestinal Perforation , Male , Middle Aged , Necrosis , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis/complications , Portal Vein , Radiography, Abdominal , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
20.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 480-485, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-194213

ABSTRACT

Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis (PCI) is a rare disease with intramural gas formation in the gastrointestinal tract. The causes of PCI are various, and are commonly associated with collagen vascular disease. We present a case of a 48-year-old female with dermatomyositis (DM) who also developed PCI. Her risk of PCI may have been increased by multiple factors such as gender, DM itself, and medications including corticosteroids, methotrexate, and azathioprine. While the cause of, and risk factors for PCI in DM patients are not well known on a global scale, outcomes range from benign to life threatening. Therefore, we present a case study and review the literature to identify candidate risk factors for PCI.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Azathioprine , Collagen , Dermatomyositis , Female , Gastrointestinal Tract , Humans , Methotrexate , Middle Aged , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis , Rare Diseases , Risk Factors , Vascular Diseases
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