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Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(2)jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408242


Introducción: La tasa de mortalidad de los tumores malignos de tráquea, bronquios y pulmón ocupa el segundo lugar en hombres y el primero en las mujeres. Según el anuario estadístico, hubo 5580 muertes por esta causa en 2020, con una tasa de mortalidad general en los hombres de 61,6 y de 38,1 en la mujer por 100 000 habitantes. Para el tratamiento del cáncer pulmonar en estadios tempranos la cirugía torácica videoasistida ha demostrado su seguridad y efectividad, con una baja morbilidad y una menor estancia posoperatoria. Objetivo: Mostrar los resultados de la lobectomía por cirugía torácica videoasistida en el Centro Nacional de Cirugía de Mínimo Acceso. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo en una serie consecutiva de 29 pacientes operados con el diagnóstico de nódulo pulmonar. Para la obtención de la información se confeccionó una planilla de recolección para este fin y en todo momento se contó con el consentimiento informado de los pacientes. Se evaluaron las variables durante el pre, intra y posoperatorio. Resultados: Del total de 57 casos portadores de nódulos pulmonares, se realizó lobectomía por cirugía torácica videoasistida en 29, para un 50,9 por ciento; el 80 por ciento estaban en etapas I y II según el pTNM. Hubo un 31 por ciento de complicaciones y el índice de conversión fue del 20,7 por ciento. Conclusiones: La lobectomía por cirugía torácica video asistida es una técnica segura y de eficacia demostrada, factible de generalizar en nuestro medio(AU)

Introduction: The mortality rate of malignant tumors of the trachea, bronchi and lung ranks second in men and first in women. According to the Health Statistics Yearbook, there were 5,580 deaths from this cause in 2020, with a general mortality rate for men of 61.6 and 38.1 for women per 100,000 inhabitants. For the treatment of lung cancer in early stages, video-assisted thoracic surgery has demonstrated its safety and effectiveness, with low morbidity and a shorter postoperative stay. Objective: To show the results of video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy at the National Center for Minimal Invasive Surgery. Methods: A prospective study was carried out in a consecutive series of 29 patients operated on with a diagnosis of pulmonary nodule. A collection form was prepared to obtain the information and the informed consent of the patients was obtained at all times. The variables were evaluated during the pre, intra and postoperative period. Results: Fifty seven (57) cases with pulmonary nodules formed the total of this study. Twenty nine of them (29) underwent lobectomy by video-assisted thoracic surgery (50.9 percent). 80 percent were in stages I and II according to pTNM. There were 31 percent complications and the conversion rate was 20.7 percent. Conclusions: Video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy is a safe and proven technique, which is feasible to generalize in our setting(AU)

Humans , Pneumonectomy/methods , Health Statistics , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Informed Consent , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Data Collection/methods , Prospective Studies
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 396-400, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939723


BACKGROUND@#Patients with pulmonary nodules are treated by minimally invasive surgery, and postoperative symptoms have become the main factors affecting patients' emotion and quality of life. This study aimed to analyze the changes of postoperative symptoms in lung cancer patients with pulmonary nodules.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of eighty-eight lung cancer patients admitted to the same medical group of Department of Thoracic Surgery, West China Hospital of Sichuan University from June 2021 to September 2021 were prospectively collected and analyzed. The types and severity of clinical symptoms before operation, on discharge day, 30-day and 90-day after operation were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of postoperative symptoms in lung cancer patients was 79.5%, and most patients suffered from mild (54.3%) and moderate (32.9%) symptoms. The main postoperative symptoms of lung cancer patients were pain (55.7%) and cough (37.2%). The incidence of pain at discharge (55.7%) was significantly higher than that at 30-day (23.7%, P=0.01) and 90-day (12.0%, P=0.01) after discharge. The incidence of cough was significantly higher at 30-day (66.1%) and 90-day (66.0%) than that at discharge (37.2%) (P=0.01, P=0.04).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The main postoperative symptoms of lung cancer patients with pulmonary nodules are pain and cough. The incidence and severity of pain decreases with time, and the incidence of cough increases but the severity decreased gradually.

Humans , Cough/etiology , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Pain/etiology , Pneumonectomy/adverse effects , Quality of Life , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted/adverse effects
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928915


Lung volume reduction loop uses bronchoscopic lung volume reduction(BLVR) technology to compress and collapse the necrotic emphysema tissue and exhaust the internal gas to achieve the purpose of lung volume reduction to treat emphysema. After the lung volume reduction loop is implanted into the human body, the compressed part of the lung tissue tends to expand with breathing, which makes the lung volume reduction loop expand into a linear trend periodically. Fatigue resistance is one of the most important performance indexes of the lung volume reduction loop. In the paper, Z-direction vibration fatigue machine was used to simulate the changes of human respiratory cycle movement to test the fatigue performance of lung volume reduction loop, which can provide some reference for the test method of in vitro fatigue performance of lung volume reduction related products in the future.

Humans , Bronchoscopy/methods , Emphysema/surgery , Lung , Pneumonectomy/methods , Pulmonary Emphysema/surgery , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928782


BACKGROUND@#Immunoneoadjuvant therapy opens a new prospect for local advanced lung cancer. The aim of our study was to explore the safety and feasibility of robotic-assisted bronchial sleeve resection in patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy.@*METHODS@#Data of 13 patients with locally advanced NSCLC that underwent bronchial sleeve resection after neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy during August 2020 and February 2021 were retrospectively included. According to the surgical methods, patients were divided into thoracotomy bronchial sleeve resection (TBSR) group and robot-assisted bronchial sleeve resection (RABSR) group. Oncology, intraoperative, and postoperative data in the two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#The two groups of patients operated smoothly, the postoperative pathology confirmed that all the tumor lesions achieved R0 resection, and RABSR group no patient was transferred to thoracotomy during surgery. Partial remission (PR) rate and major pathological remissions (MPR) rate of patients in the TBSR group were 71.43% and 42.86%, respectively. Complete pathological response (pCR) was 28.57%. They were 66.67%, 50.00% and 33.33% in RABSR group, respectively. There were no significant differences in operative duration, number of lymph nodes dissected, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage time and postoperative hospital stay between the two groups, but the bronchial anastomosis time of RABSR group was relatively short. Both groups of patients had a good prognosis. Successfully discharged from the hospital and post-operative 90-d mortality rate was 0.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In patients with locally advanced central NSCLC after neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy can achieve the tumor reduction, tumor stage decline and increase the R0 resection rate, bronchial sleeve resection is safe and feasible. Under the premise of following the two principles of surgical safety and realizing the tumor R0 resection, robot-assisted bronchial sleeve resection can be preferred.

Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Pneumonectomy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Robotics , Thoracotomy , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928775


BACKGROUND@#To investigate the correlation between the reduction of lung volume and the degree of lung function damage after lobectomy.@*METHODS@#A total of 131 patients (72 males and 59 females) who underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Suzhou University from January 2019 to July 2020 (including thoracoscopic resection of left upper lobe, left lower lobe, right upper lobe, right middle lobe and right lower lobe). In order to compare the difference between postoperative pulmonary function and preoperative pulmonary function, the pulmonary function measurements were recorded at 7 days before operation, and 3 months, 6 months and 1 year after operation. Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) was used as the main evaluation parameter of pulmonary function. The original lung volume and the remaining lung volume at each stage were calculated by Mimics Research 19.0 software. The correlation between lung volume and lung function was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#FEV1 in postoperative patients was lower than that before operation, and the degree of decline was positively correlated with the resection volume of lung lobes (the maximum value was shown in the left lower lobe group). Significantly, there was no significant difference in the degree of pulmonary function reduction between 3 months, 6 months and 1 year after operation.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The decrease of lung tissue volume after lobectomy is the main reason for the decrease of lung function, especially in the left lower lobe. And 3 months after lobectomy can be selected as the evaluation node of residual lung function.

Female , Humans , Male , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/surgery , Forced Expiratory Volume , Lung/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Pneumonectomy/adverse effects , Respiratory Function Tests
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(4)dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408211


Introducción: La cirugía es el tratamiento de elección que ofrece la curación a un grupo de pacientes afectados de cáncer pulmonar, aun así, la supervivencia global para todos los estadios a 5 años se mantiene baja. Objetivo: Caracterizar los pacientes operados de cáncer pulmonar en el período comprendido desde el 1ro de marzo del 2015 hasta el 1ro de agosto del 2020. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio, observacional, retrospectivo de corte transversal, para describir el comportamiento de la morbimortalidad quirúrgica de los pacientes portadores de cáncer pulmonar en el Hospital Provincial Universitario "Manuel Ascunce Domenech" de la ciudad de Camagüey, desde marzo del 2015 y agosto del 2020. El universo de estudio se conformó por 211 pacientes operados con diagnóstico de cáncer pulmonar. Resultados: La edad que predominó fue entre 61 a 70 años y el sexo masculino. El adenocarcinoma y el carcinoma epidermoide fueron los diagnósticos histológicos más frecuentes. La lobectomía superior derecha fue la resección que con más frecuencia se realizó, así como algún tipo de linfadenectomía mediastinal fue realizada en más de la mitad de los casos. Las complicaciones más frecuentes fueron las relacionadas con la fuga de aire. El índice de fallecidos fue bajo encontrándose las complicaciones cardiovasculares y el tromboembolismo pulmonar, las causas de mayor frecuencia. Conclusiones: La cirugía en el cáncer pulmonar es el tratamiento de elección en etapas tempranas con una baja morbilidad y mortalidad en pacientes que reúnan las condiciones de operabilidad(AU)

Introduction: Surgery is the treatment of choice that offers cure to a group of patients affected by pulmonary cancer; yet five-year overall survival for all stages remains low. Objective: To characterize the patients operated on for pulmonary cancer in the period from March 1, 2015 to August 1, 2020. Methods: An observational, retrospective and cross-sectional study was carried out to describe the behavior of surgical morbidity and mortality since March 2015 and August 2020 in patients with pulmonary cancer at Manuel Ascunce Domenech University Provincial Hospital in Camagüey City. The study universe was made up of 211 patients operated on with a diagnosis of pulmonary cancer. Results: There was a predominance of the age 61-70 years and the male sex. Adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma were the most frequent histological diagnoses. Right upper lobectomy was the most frequently performed resection, as well as some type of mediastinal lymphadenectomy, performed in more than half of the cases. The most frequent complications were those related to air leakage. The death rate was low, with cardiovascular complications and pulmonary thromboembolism being the most frequent causes. Conclusions: Surgery is the treatment of choice for pulmonary cancer in early stages, with low morbidity and mortality in patients who meet operability conditions(AU)

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Pneumonectomy/methods , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/complications , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Adenocarcinoma , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(3): e1070, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347395


Introducción: El secuestro pulmonar está representado por masas de tejido pulmonar displásico, no funcionante, sin comunicación con el árbol bronquial. Objetivo: Presentar tres casos de secuestro pulmonar intralobar tratados por el autor. Caso clínico: Se presentan tres pacientes tratados entre 2013 y 2018 con diagnóstico de secuestro pulmonar. Dos fueron del sexo masculino (44 y 60 años de edad) y una del femenino (20 años de edad). Los síntomas fueron dolor torácico (1) y cuadro de infección pulmonar grave (2). En dos enfermos el secuestro se localizó en el lóbulo inferior derecho y en uno en el inferior izquierdo. Las operaciones fueron lobectomías inferiores derecha (1) e izquierda (1) y bilobectomía inferior y media derechas por afectación del lóbulo medio. Dos tuvieron una evolución satisfactoria y uno presentó un empiema pleural que resolvió con tratamiento antibiótico. Conclusiones: Los secuestros pulmonares son raros y los síntomas suelen asociarse con infección pulmonar. En la mayoría de los casos es necesario realizar una lobectomía. La evolución postoperatoria suele ser buena(AU)

Introduction: Pulmonary sequestration is characterized by masses of dysplastic, nonfunctioning lung tissue, without any communication with the bronchial tree. Objective: To present three cases of intralobar pulmonary sequestration treated by the author. Clinical case: The respective cases are presented of three patients with a diagnosis of pulmonary sequestration treated between 2013 and 2018. Two were male (44 and 60 years old, respectively) and one was female (20 years old). Their symptoms were chest pain (1) and severe lung infection (2). In two patients, the sequestration was located in the lower right lobe, while, in one, it was in the lower left lobe. The operations were right (1) and left (1) lower lobectomies and right lower and middle bilobectomy due to middle lobe involvement. Two had a satisfactory evolution, while one presented a pleural empyema healed with antibiotic treatment. Conclusions: Pulmonary sequestration is rare and their symptoms are usually associated with pulmonary infection. In most cases, a lobectomy is necessary. The postoperative evolution is usually good(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Pneumonectomy/methods , Chest Pain/etiology , Thoracotomy/methods , Bronchopulmonary Sequestration/diagnosis , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
Sâo Paulo med. j ; 139(3): 293-300, May-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252238


ABSTRACT Lung cancer is a type of neoplasia with one of the highest incidences worldwide and is the largest cause of mortality due to cancer in the world today. It is classified according to its histological and biological characteristics, which will determine its treatment and prognosis. Non-small cell lung cancer accounts for 85% of the cases, and these are the cases that surgeons mostly deal with. Small cell lung cancer accounts for the remaining 15%. Surgery is the main method for treating early stage lung cancer, and lobectomy is the preferred procedure for treating primary lung cancer, while sublobar resection is an alternative for patients with poor reserve or with very small tumors. Surgeons need to be trained to use the resources and techniques available for lung resection, including less invasive approaches such as video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and robotic-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (RATS), and need to be familiar with new oncological approaches, including curative, adjuvant or palliative treatments for patients with lung cancer.

Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/surgery , Surgeons , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Pneumonectomy , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(2): 275-282, 20210000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223978


Introducción. El avance de la cirugía torácica abierta a cirugía torácica asistida por vídeo por tres puertos, y sus posteriores efectos en la recuperación de los pacientes, conllevó al desarrollo de la técnica por un solo puerto, que ha mostrado beneficios en el postoperatorio.El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar los resultados postquirúrgicos de los pacientes sometidos a pleurectomía parietal y decorticación pulmonar toracoscópica asistida por video monopuerto y los obtenidos por toracotomía convencional, en una clínica de cuarto nivel, entre 2016 y 2019. Métodos. Estudio descriptivo, en el que se incluyeron 79 pacientes llevados a pleurectomía parietal y decorticación pulmonar por toracoscopia asistida por vídeo monopuerto y 25 pacientes operados por toracotomía convencional. Se evaluaron variables sociodemográficas, clínicas y postoperatorias. Se utilizaron las pruebas de Chi2 o de Fisher y las pruebas t de Student y Mann Whitney. Resultados. La mediana de edad fue menor en el grupo de pacientes operados por toracotomía convencional (28 años, RIC: 26­48, p=0,0005). No hubo diferencia en los tiempos quirúrgicos. Se encontró menor intensidad del dolor y disminución en los días con tubo de tórax, uso de antibióticos, días de UCI y días de estancia hospitalaria en el grupo de pacientes operados por toracoscopia asistida por vídeo monopuerto (p<0,05). Discusión. Este estudio refuerza la tendencia de mejores resultados postquirúrgicos, menos días de uso del tubo de tórax, uso de antibióticos, necesidad de UCI y días de estancia hospitalaria general con la técnica asistida por vídeo monopuerto comparado con la toracotomía abierta convencional

Introduction. The advancement from open to video-assisted thoracic surgery through three ports, and its sub-sequent effects on the recovery of patients, led to the development of the single port technique, which has shown benefits in the postoperative period. The objective of this study was to compare the postsurgical results of patients undergoing parietal pleurectomy and video-assisted single-port thoracoscopic pulmonary decortication to those obtained by conventional thoracotomy, in a fourth level clinic, between 2016 and 2019.Methods. Descriptive study, in which 79 patients underwent parietal pleurectomy and pulmonary decortication by single-port video-assisted thoracoscopy and 25 patients operated by conventional thoracotomy were included. Sociodemographic, clinical and postoperative variables were evaluated. The Chi-square or Fisher tests, and the t Student and Mann Whitney t tests were used.Results. The median age was lower in the conventional thoracotomy group (28 years; IQR: 26-48; p= 0.0005). There were no differences in surgical times. Lower pain level, and a decreased in days with chest tube, antibiotic use, need for ICU and of hospital stay were reported in the single-port video-assisted thoracoscopy group compared to conventional thoracotomy technique (p < 0.05). Discussion. This study reinforces the trend of better postsurgical results, fewer days of chest tube use, use of antibiotics, need for ICU and days of general hospital stay with the single-port video-assisted technique compared to conventional open thoracotomy

Humans , Thoracic Surgery , Evaluation of Results of Therapeutic Interventions , Pneumonectomy , Thoracotomy , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
Rev. guatemalteca cir ; 27(1): 87-90, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1373035


En las dos últimas décadas la evolución de la cirugía mínimamente invasiva del tórax ha transmutado de un abordaje de tres puertos, siguiendo dos puertos hasta llegar a puerto único, conocido también como VATS Uniportal, procurando un confort mucho mejor para el paciente y resultados quirúrgicos similares. Objetivos. Presentar la técnica quirúrgica de VATS Uniportal en un hospital nacional, efectuadas por un experto internacional en este campo. Pacientes y Métodos. Se presentan dos casos clínicos quirúrgicos: El de una paciente con Miastenia Gravis a quien se le realizó timectomía por abordaje sub-xifoideo y otra paciente, a quien se le completó una lobectomía inferior derecha por hallazgos de patología posterior a la resección de un nódulo pulmonar solitario, reportado como cáncer primario de pulmón. Conclusiones. La técnica de cirugía mínimamente invasiva, VATS Uniportal, ofrece grandes beneficios para el paciente, tanto estéticos como funcionales y su aprendizaje es posible con la transmisión de conocimientos y experiencias directa con la presencia del experto o indirectas a través de la información publicada. (AU)

In the last two decades, the evolution of minimally invasive chest surgery has transmuted from a three-port approach, following two ports until reaching a single port, also known as VATS Uniportal, seeking much better comfort for the patient and similar surgical results. Objective. Present the VATS Uniportal surgical technique in a national hospital, performed by an international expert in this field. Patients and Methods. Two surgical clinical cases are presented: that of a patient with Myasthenia Gravis who underwent thymectomy through the sub-xiphoid approach and another patient, who underwent a right lower lobectomy due to findings of pathology after the resection of a pulmonary nodule. solitary, reported as primary lung cancer. Conclusions. The minimally invasive surgery technique, VATS Uniportal, offers great benefits for the patient, both aesthetic and functional and its learning is possible with the transmission of knowledge and experiences directly with the presence of the expert or indirectly through published information. (AU)

Humans , Female , Adult , Aged , Thymectomy/methods , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted/methods , Pneumonectomy/methods , Thoracoscopy/instrumentation , Myasthenia Gravis/complications
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 16(1): 41-47, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284223


Congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAM) are rare and occur due to a failure in lung embryological development. They are classified according to their pathological characteristics and their anatomical origin. They can occur from the antenatal period to adulthood, can be associated with hydrops fetalis, respiratory distress, recurrent infections, or in an otherwise asymptomatic patient. In this article we carry out a scope review of the literature to answer frequent questions of the clinical teams in charge of patients with CPAM, such as the antenatal approach, the different types of surgeries and the management of asymptomatic patients. Although the indication for surgery is clear in symptomatic patients, little is known about its natural history of this condition, including the possibility of spontaneous resolution and the development of complications or neoplasm. So, the treatment of asymptomatic patients continues to be controversial. Therapeutic decisions must be made by multidisciplinary teams with the informed participation of parents and patients. In our opinion, considering the excellent results of minimally invasive surgery, its low incidence of complications, and practically zero mortality when performed by experienced groups, it seems reasonable to consider elective resection of a MCVAP in asymptomatic patients.

Las malformaciones congénitas de la vía aérea pulmonar (MCVAP) son infrecuentes y ocurren debido a una falla en el desarrollo embriológico pulmonar. Se clasifican de acuerdo con sus características patológicas y a su origen anatómico. Se pueden presentar desde el periodo antenatal hasta la adultez, asociarse a cuadros de hidrops fetal, distrés respiratorio, infecciones recurrentes, o como un hallazgo en pacientes asintomáticos. En este artículo realizamos una revisión bibliográfica exploratoria para responder dudas frecuentes de los equipos clínicos a cargo de pacientes con MCVAP, como el enfrentamiento antenatal, los distintos tipos de cirugía y su abordaje, y el manejo de pacientes asintomáticos. Si bien la indicación de cirugía es clara en pacientes sintomáticos, poco se conoce acerca de su historia natural, incluyendo la posibilidad de resolverse de forma espontánea, de complicarse o de evolucionar hacia el desarrollo de una neoplasia, por lo que el tratamiento de pacientes asintomáticos continúa siendo controversial. Las decisiones terapéuticas deben ser tomadas por equipos multidisciplinarios con la participación informada de los padres y de los pacientes. En nuestra opinión, considerando los excelentes resultados de la cirugía mínimamente invasiva, su baja incidencia de complicaciones y prácticamente nula mortalidad, al ser realizada por grupos con experiencia, nos parece razonable plantear la resección electiva de una MCVAP en un paciente asintomático.

Humans , Child , Respiratory System Abnormalities/surgery , Pneumonectomy , Prenatal Care , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Thoracotomy , Radiography, Thoracic , Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation of Lung, Congenital/surgery , Respiratory System Abnormalities/classification , Respiratory System Abnormalities/embryology , Respiratory System Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging , Risk , Lung/abnormalities
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202872, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250708


ABSTRACT Objective: in Latin America, especially Brazil, the use of a robotic platform for thoracic surgery is gradually increasing in recent years. However, despite tuberculosis and inflammatory pulmonary diseases are endemic in our country, there is a lack of studies describing the results of robotic surgical treatment of bronchiectasis. This study aims to evaluate the surgical outcomes of robotic surgery for inflammatory and infective diseases by determining the extent of resection, postoperative complications, operative time, and length of hospital stay. Methods: retrospective study from a database involving patients diagnosed with bronchiectasis and undergoing robotic thoracic surgery at three hospitals in Brazil between January of 2017 and January of 2020. Results: a total of 7 patients were included. The mean age was 47 + 18.3 years (range, 18-70 years). Most patients had non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (n=5), followed by tuberculosis bronchiectasis (n=1) and lung abscess (n=1). The performed surgeries were lobectomy (n=3), anatomic segmentectomy (n=3), and bilobectomy (n=1). The median console time was 147 minutes (range 61-288 min.) and there was no need for conversion to open thoracotomy. There were no major complications. Postoperative complications occurred in one patient and it was a case of constipation with the need for an intestinal lavage. The median for chest tube time and hospital stay, in days, was 1 (range, 1-6 days) and 5 (range, 2-14 days) respectively. Conclusions: robotic thoracic surgery for inflammatory and infective diseases is a feasible and safe procedure, with a low risk of complications and morbidity.

RESUMO Objetivo: na América Latina, especialmente no Brasil, a adoção da plataforma robótica para cirurgia torácica está aumentando gradativamente nos últimos anos. No entanto, apesar da tuberculose e doenças pulmonares inflamatórias serem endêmicas em nosso país, faltam estudos que descrevam os resultados do tratamento cirúrgico robótico das bronquiectasias. Este estudo tem como objetivo avaliar os resultados cirúrgicos da cirurgia robótica para doenças inflamatórias e infecciosas, determinando a extensão da ressecção, complicações pós-operatórias, tempo operatório e tempo de internação hospitalar. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo a partir de um banco de dados envolvendo pacientes com diagnóstico de bronquiectasia e submetidos à cirurgia torácica robótica em três hospitais brasileiros entre janeiro de 2017 e janeiro de 2020. Resultados: foram incluídos 7 pacientes. A média de idade foi 47 + 18,3 anos (variação, 18-70 anos). A maioria dos pacientes apresentou bronquiectasia não fibrose cística (n=5), seguida de bronquiectasia tuberculosa (n=1) e abscesso pulmonar (n=1). As cirurgias realizadas foram lobectomia (n=3), segmentectomia anatômica (n=3) e bilobectomia (n=1). O tempo médio do console foi de 147 minutos (variação de 61-288 min.) e não houve necessidade de conversão para toracotomia. Complicação pós-operatória ocorreu em um paciente, tratando-se de obstipação com necessidade de lavagem intestinal. A mediana do tempo de drenagem torácica e internação hospitalar, em dias, foi de 1 (variação, 1-6 dias) e 5 (variação, 2-14 dias), respectivamente. Conclusões: a cirurgia torácica robótica para doenças inflamatórias e infecciosas é um procedimento viável e seguro, com baixo risco de complicações e morbidade.

Humans , Adult , Aged , Thoracic Surgery , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Pneumonectomy , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 838-846, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922152


BACKGROUND@#Postoperative complications are an important cause of death after lung resection. At present, the adoption of video assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for lung cancer in China is increasing every year, but the prediction model of postoperative complications of VATS for lung cancer is still lack of evidence based on large sample database. In this study, Thoracic Mortality and Morbidity (TM&M) classification system was used to comprehensively describe the postoperative complications of VATS major lung resection in our center, and the prediction model of complications was established and verified. The model can provide basis for the prevention and intervention of postoperative complications in such patients, and accelerate the recovery of patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of patients underwent VATS major lung resection in our center from January 2007 to December 2018 were collected retrospectively. Only patients with stage I-III lung cancer were included. The postoperative complications were registered strictly by TM&M classification system. The patients were divided into two groups according to the operation period: the early phase group (From 2007 to 2012) and the late phase group (From 2013 to 2018). The baseline data of the two groups were matched by propensity score matching. After matching, binary logistic regression analysis was used to establish the prediction model of complications, and bootstrap internal sampling was used for internal verification.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2,881 patients with lung cancer were included in the study, with an average age of (61.0±10.1) years, including 180 major complications (6.2%). Binary Logistic regression analysis of 1,268 matched patients showed: age (OR=1.04, 95%CI: 1.02-1.06, P<0.001), other period (OR=0.62, 95%CI: 0.49-0.79, P<0.001), pathological type (OR=1.73, 95%CI: 1.24-2.41, P=0.001), blood loss (OR=1.001, 95%CI: 1.000-1.003, P=0.03), dissected lymph nodes (OR=1.022, 95%CI: 1.00-1.04, P=0.005) were independent risk factors for postoperative complications. The ROC curve indicates that the model has good discrimination (C-index=0.699), and the C-index is 0.680 verified by bootstrap internal sampling for 1,000 times. The calibration curve shows a good calibration of the prediction model.@*CONCLUSIONS@#TM&M system can comprehensively and accurately report the postoperative complications of thoracoscopic lung cancer surgery. Age, operative period, pathological type, intraoperative bleeding and dissected lymph nodes were independent risk factors for postoperative complications of VATS major lung resection for lung cancer. The established complication prediction model has good discrimination and calibration.

Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Lung , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Morbidity , Nomograms , Pneumonectomy , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 756-763, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922143


BACKGROUND@#Segmentectomy has gradually become one of the standard surgical methods for small pulmonary nodules with early lung cancer on imaging. This study aimed to investigate the perioperative outcomes of patients who underwent uniport video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) segmentectomy for identifying the intersegmental boundary line (IBL) by the near-infrared fluorescence imaging with intravenous indocyanine green (ICG) method or the modified inflation-deflation (MID) method and assess the feasibility and effectiveness of the ICG fluorescence (ICGF)-based method.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the perioperative data in total 198 consecutive patients who underwent uniport VATS segmentectomy between February 2018 and August 2020. With the guidance of preoperative intelligent/interactive qualitative and quantitative analysis-three dimensional (IQQA-3D), the targeted segment structures could be precisely identified and dissected, and then the IBL was confirmed by ICGF-based method or MID method. Clinical effectiveness and postoperative complications of the two methods were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#An IBL was visible in 98% of patients by the ICGF-based group, even with the low-doses of ICG. The ICGF-based group was significantly associated with the shorter IBL clear presentation time [(23.59±4.47) s vs (1,026.80±318.34) s] (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The ICGF-based method could highly accurately identify the IBL and make anatomical segmentectomy easier and faster, and therefore has the potential to be a feasible and effective technique to facilitate the quality of uniport VATS segmentectomy.

Humans , Feasibility Studies , Indocyanine Green , Ion Transport , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Pneumonectomy , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921073


INTRODUCTION@#Surgical resection of the primary and metastatic tumour is increasingly recommended in suitable patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). While the role of metastasectomy is well studied and established in colorectal liver metastasis, evidence remains limited in pulmonary metastases. This systematic review was conducted to examine the current evidence on the role of lung metastasectomy (LUM) in CRC.@*METHODS@#Three databases were systematically searched, to identify studies that compared survival outcomes of LUM, and factors that affected decision for LUM.@*RESULTS@#From a total of 5,477 records, 6 studies were eventually identified. Two papers reported findings from one randomised controlled trial and 4 were retrospective reviews. There was no clear survival benefit in patients who underwent LUM compared to those who did not. When compared against patients who underwent liver metastasectomy, there was also no clear survival benefit. Patients who underwent LUM were also more likely to have a single pulmonary tumour, and metachronous disease.@*CONCLUSION@#The evidence suggests a role for LUM, but is limited by inherent selection bias in retrospective reviews, and the single randomised clinical trial performed was not completed. More prospective studies are required to understand the true effect of LUM on outcomes in metastatic CRC.

Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Metastasectomy , Pneumonectomy , Prognosis , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
Rev. méd. (La Paz) ; 26(2): 44-48, Julio - Diciembre, 2020. Ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152055


El desarrollo de la cirugia video asistida aplicada a la cavidad torácica, ha revolucionado drásticamente el enfoque de la cirugia de torax en los últimos 30 años. Inicialmente la operación se llevaba a cabo con éxito utilizando tres o más incisiones, posteriormente se evoluciono utilizando dos y en la actualidad, en diversos lgares del mundo, se ha logrado eliminar la segunda incisión para optar por un solo puerto, incluso para parocedimientos de alta complejidad con buenos resultados. Describimos el reporte deun caso de un hombre de 30 años operado por abordaje de puerto único para una lobectomia VATS de lóbulo inferior derecho.

Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(5): 841-843, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137322


Abstract Cardiac rhythm disorders are common in many patients with cancer. The management of synchronous long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation and pulmonary lesions remains a serious surgical dilemma due to the lack of clinical data and surgical guidelines. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first described case of simultaneous thoracoscopic pulmonary segmentectomy and left atrial posterior wall and pulmonary vein isolation combined with left atrial appendage resection in a patient with early-stage primary lung cancer and long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation.

Humans , Female , Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Catheter Ablation/methods , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/surgery , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/complications , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/diagnostic imaging , Pneumonectomy/methods , Pulmonary Veins/surgery , Thoracoscopy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Atrial Appendage/surgery , Heart Atria/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/complications , Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
Rev. cuba. med ; 59(2): e890, abr.-jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139052


El secuestro pulmonar es una malformación congénita del tracto respiratorio inferior, rara e importante. En niños y adultos suele presentarse con infecciones pulmonares a repetición o crónicas severas. Se describió un caso de una paciente de 19 años de edad que tuvo un cuadro de sepsis respiratoria bajas a repetición. En los estudios de imágenes de tórax se evidenció opacidad homogénea en hemitórax derecho. Fue intervenida quirúrgicamente; se le realizó una lobectomía inferior derecha la cual fue diagnóstica para secuestro pulmonar, con evolución satisfactoria(AU)

Pulmonary sequestration is a rare and important congenital malformation of the lower respiratory tract. In children and adults, it usually presents with severe chronic or repeated lung infections. A case of a female 19-year-old patient who had recurrent lower respiratory sepsis is reported. Homogeneous opacity was evident in the chest imaging studies in the right hemithorax. She underwent surgery. A lower right lobectomy was performed, which was diagnostic for pulmonary sequestration, with satisfactory evolution(AU)

Humans , Female , Adult , Pneumonectomy/methods , Respiratory Tract Infections/congenital , Congenital Abnormalities , Bronchopulmonary Sequestration/surgery
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(3): 256-261, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137172


Abstract Objective: To observe the effects of preoperative right stellate ganglion block on perioperative atrial fibrillation in patients undergoing lung lobectomy. Methods: Two hundred patients who underwent a scheduled lobectomy were randomly divided into the S and C groups. The S group was injected with 4 mL of 0.2% ropivacaine under ultrasound guidance, and the C group did not receive stellate ganglion block. The patients underwent continuous ECG monitoring, and the incidences of atrial fibrillation and other types of arrhythmias were recorded from the start of surgery to 24 hours after surgery. Results: The respective incidences of atrial fibrillation in the S group and the C group were 3% and 10% (p = 0.045); other atrial arrhythmias were 20% and 38% (p = 0.005); and ventricular arrhythmia were 28% and 39% (p = 0.09). Conclusions: The results of the study indicated that preoperative right stellate ganglion block can effectively reduce the incidence of intraoperative and postoperative atrial fibrillation.

Resumo Objetivo: Observar os efeitos do bloqueio do gânglio estrelado na fibrilação atrial no período perioperatório em pacientes submetidos a lobectomia pulmonar. Método: Duzentos pacientes programados para lobectomia foram divididos aleatoriamente nos grupos S e C. O grupo S recebeu infusão de 4 mL de ropivacaína a 0,2% orientada por ultrassom e o grupo C não foi submetido a bloqueio do gânglio estrelado. Os pacientes foram submetidos à monitoração contínua de ECG, e as incidências de fibrilação atrial e outros tipos de arritmias foram registradas do início da cirurgia até 24 horas depois da cirurgia. Resultados: As incidências de fibrilação atrial no grupo S e no grupo C foram 3% e 10%, respectivamente (p = 0,045); as de outras arritmias atriais foram 20% e 38% (p = 0,005); e de arritmias ventriculares, 28% e 39% (p = 0,09). Conclusões: Os resultados do estudo indicaram que o bloqueio do gânglio estrelado no pré-operatório pode ser efetivo na redução da incidência de fibrilação atrial nos períodos intra- e pós-operatório.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Pneumonectomy , Atrial Fibrillation/epidemiology , Autonomic Nerve Block/methods , Stellate Ganglion , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnosis , Incidence , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Electrocardiography , Intraoperative Complications/diagnosis , Middle Aged