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1.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(3): e1070, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347395

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El secuestro pulmonar está representado por masas de tejido pulmonar displásico, no funcionante, sin comunicación con el árbol bronquial. Objetivo: Presentar tres casos de secuestro pulmonar intralobar tratados por el autor. Caso clínico: Se presentan tres pacientes tratados entre 2013 y 2018 con diagnóstico de secuestro pulmonar. Dos fueron del sexo masculino (44 y 60 años de edad) y una del femenino (20 años de edad). Los síntomas fueron dolor torácico (1) y cuadro de infección pulmonar grave (2). En dos enfermos el secuestro se localizó en el lóbulo inferior derecho y en uno en el inferior izquierdo. Las operaciones fueron lobectomías inferiores derecha (1) e izquierda (1) y bilobectomía inferior y media derechas por afectación del lóbulo medio. Dos tuvieron una evolución satisfactoria y uno presentó un empiema pleural que resolvió con tratamiento antibiótico. Conclusiones: Los secuestros pulmonares son raros y los síntomas suelen asociarse con infección pulmonar. En la mayoría de los casos es necesario realizar una lobectomía. La evolución postoperatoria suele ser buena(AU)


Introduction: Pulmonary sequestration is characterized by masses of dysplastic, nonfunctioning lung tissue, without any communication with the bronchial tree. Objective: To present three cases of intralobar pulmonary sequestration treated by the author. Clinical case: The respective cases are presented of three patients with a diagnosis of pulmonary sequestration treated between 2013 and 2018. Two were male (44 and 60 years old, respectively) and one was female (20 years old). Their symptoms were chest pain (1) and severe lung infection (2). In two patients, the sequestration was located in the lower right lobe, while, in one, it was in the lower left lobe. The operations were right (1) and left (1) lower lobectomies and right lower and middle bilobectomy due to middle lobe involvement. Two had a satisfactory evolution, while one presented a pleural empyema healed with antibiotic treatment. Conclusions: Pulmonary sequestration is rare and their symptoms are usually associated with pulmonary infection. In most cases, a lobectomy is necessary. The postoperative evolution is usually good(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Pneumonectomy/methods , Chest Pain/etiology , Thoracotomy/methods , Bronchopulmonary Sequestration/diagnosis , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
2.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(3): 293-300, May-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252238

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Lung cancer is a type of neoplasia with one of the highest incidences worldwide and is the largest cause of mortality due to cancer in the world today. It is classified according to its histological and biological characteristics, which will determine its treatment and prognosis. Non-small cell lung cancer accounts for 85% of the cases, and these are the cases that surgeons mostly deal with. Small cell lung cancer accounts for the remaining 15%. Surgery is the main method for treating early stage lung cancer, and lobectomy is the preferred procedure for treating primary lung cancer, while sublobar resection is an alternative for patients with poor reserve or with very small tumors. Surgeons need to be trained to use the resources and techniques available for lung resection, including less invasive approaches such as video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and robotic-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (RATS), and need to be familiar with new oncological approaches, including curative, adjuvant or palliative treatments for patients with lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/surgery , Surgeons , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Pneumonectomy , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
3.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(2): 275-282, 20210000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223978

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El avance de la cirugía torácica abierta a cirugía torácica asistida por vídeo por tres puertos, y sus posteriores efectos en la recuperación de los pacientes, conllevó al desarrollo de la técnica por un solo puerto, que ha mostrado beneficios en el postoperatorio.El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar los resultados postquirúrgicos de los pacientes sometidos a pleurectomía parietal y decorticación pulmonar toracoscópica asistida por video monopuerto y los obtenidos por toracotomía convencional, en una clínica de cuarto nivel, entre 2016 y 2019. Métodos. Estudio descriptivo, en el que se incluyeron 79 pacientes llevados a pleurectomía parietal y decorticación pulmonar por toracoscopia asistida por vídeo monopuerto y 25 pacientes operados por toracotomía convencional. Se evaluaron variables sociodemográficas, clínicas y postoperatorias. Se utilizaron las pruebas de Chi2 o de Fisher y las pruebas t de Student y Mann Whitney. Resultados. La mediana de edad fue menor en el grupo de pacientes operados por toracotomía convencional (28 años, RIC: 26­48, p=0,0005). No hubo diferencia en los tiempos quirúrgicos. Se encontró menor intensidad del dolor y disminución en los días con tubo de tórax, uso de antibióticos, días de UCI y días de estancia hospitalaria en el grupo de pacientes operados por toracoscopia asistida por vídeo monopuerto (p<0,05). Discusión. Este estudio refuerza la tendencia de mejores resultados postquirúrgicos, menos días de uso del tubo de tórax, uso de antibióticos, necesidad de UCI y días de estancia hospitalaria general con la técnica asistida por vídeo monopuerto comparado con la toracotomía abierta convencional


Introduction. The advancement from open to video-assisted thoracic surgery through three ports, and its sub-sequent effects on the recovery of patients, led to the development of the single port technique, which has shown benefits in the postoperative period. The objective of this study was to compare the postsurgical results of patients undergoing parietal pleurectomy and video-assisted single-port thoracoscopic pulmonary decortication to those obtained by conventional thoracotomy, in a fourth level clinic, between 2016 and 2019.Methods. Descriptive study, in which 79 patients underwent parietal pleurectomy and pulmonary decortication by single-port video-assisted thoracoscopy and 25 patients operated by conventional thoracotomy were included. Sociodemographic, clinical and postoperative variables were evaluated. The Chi-square or Fisher tests, and the t Student and Mann Whitney t tests were used.Results. The median age was lower in the conventional thoracotomy group (28 years; IQR: 26-48; p= 0.0005). There were no differences in surgical times. Lower pain level, and a decreased in days with chest tube, antibiotic use, need for ICU and of hospital stay were reported in the single-port video-assisted thoracoscopy group compared to conventional thoracotomy technique (p < 0.05). Discussion. This study reinforces the trend of better postsurgical results, fewer days of chest tube use, use of antibiotics, need for ICU and days of general hospital stay with the single-port video-assisted technique compared to conventional open thoracotomy


Subject(s)
Humans , Thoracic Surgery , Evaluation of Results of Therapeutic Interventions , Pneumonectomy , Thoracotomy , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
4.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 16(1): 41-47, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284223

ABSTRACT

Congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAM) are rare and occur due to a failure in lung embryological development. They are classified according to their pathological characteristics and their anatomical origin. They can occur from the antenatal period to adulthood, can be associated with hydrops fetalis, respiratory distress, recurrent infections, or in an otherwise asymptomatic patient. In this article we carry out a scope review of the literature to answer frequent questions of the clinical teams in charge of patients with CPAM, such as the antenatal approach, the different types of surgeries and the management of asymptomatic patients. Although the indication for surgery is clear in symptomatic patients, little is known about its natural history of this condition, including the possibility of spontaneous resolution and the development of complications or neoplasm. So, the treatment of asymptomatic patients continues to be controversial. Therapeutic decisions must be made by multidisciplinary teams with the informed participation of parents and patients. In our opinion, considering the excellent results of minimally invasive surgery, its low incidence of complications, and practically zero mortality when performed by experienced groups, it seems reasonable to consider elective resection of a MCVAP in asymptomatic patients.


Las malformaciones congénitas de la vía aérea pulmonar (MCVAP) son infrecuentes y ocurren debido a una falla en el desarrollo embriológico pulmonar. Se clasifican de acuerdo con sus características patológicas y a su origen anatómico. Se pueden presentar desde el periodo antenatal hasta la adultez, asociarse a cuadros de hidrops fetal, distrés respiratorio, infecciones recurrentes, o como un hallazgo en pacientes asintomáticos. En este artículo realizamos una revisión bibliográfica exploratoria para responder dudas frecuentes de los equipos clínicos a cargo de pacientes con MCVAP, como el enfrentamiento antenatal, los distintos tipos de cirugía y su abordaje, y el manejo de pacientes asintomáticos. Si bien la indicación de cirugía es clara en pacientes sintomáticos, poco se conoce acerca de su historia natural, incluyendo la posibilidad de resolverse de forma espontánea, de complicarse o de evolucionar hacia el desarrollo de una neoplasia, por lo que el tratamiento de pacientes asintomáticos continúa siendo controversial. Las decisiones terapéuticas deben ser tomadas por equipos multidisciplinarios con la participación informada de los padres y de los pacientes. En nuestra opinión, considerando los excelentes resultados de la cirugía mínimamente invasiva, su baja incidencia de complicaciones y prácticamente nula mortalidad, al ser realizada por grupos con experiencia, nos parece razonable plantear la resección electiva de una MCVAP en un paciente asintomático.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Respiratory System Abnormalities/surgery , Pneumonectomy , Prenatal Care , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Thoracotomy , Radiography, Thoracic , Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation of Lung, Congenital/surgery , Respiratory System Abnormalities/classification , Respiratory System Abnormalities/embryology , Respiratory System Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging , Risk , Lung/abnormalities
6.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202872, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250708

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: in Latin America, especially Brazil, the use of a robotic platform for thoracic surgery is gradually increasing in recent years. However, despite tuberculosis and inflammatory pulmonary diseases are endemic in our country, there is a lack of studies describing the results of robotic surgical treatment of bronchiectasis. This study aims to evaluate the surgical outcomes of robotic surgery for inflammatory and infective diseases by determining the extent of resection, postoperative complications, operative time, and length of hospital stay. Methods: retrospective study from a database involving patients diagnosed with bronchiectasis and undergoing robotic thoracic surgery at three hospitals in Brazil between January of 2017 and January of 2020. Results: a total of 7 patients were included. The mean age was 47 + 18.3 years (range, 18-70 years). Most patients had non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (n=5), followed by tuberculosis bronchiectasis (n=1) and lung abscess (n=1). The performed surgeries were lobectomy (n=3), anatomic segmentectomy (n=3), and bilobectomy (n=1). The median console time was 147 minutes (range 61-288 min.) and there was no need for conversion to open thoracotomy. There were no major complications. Postoperative complications occurred in one patient and it was a case of constipation with the need for an intestinal lavage. The median for chest tube time and hospital stay, in days, was 1 (range, 1-6 days) and 5 (range, 2-14 days) respectively. Conclusions: robotic thoracic surgery for inflammatory and infective diseases is a feasible and safe procedure, with a low risk of complications and morbidity.


RESUMO Objetivo: na América Latina, especialmente no Brasil, a adoção da plataforma robótica para cirurgia torácica está aumentando gradativamente nos últimos anos. No entanto, apesar da tuberculose e doenças pulmonares inflamatórias serem endêmicas em nosso país, faltam estudos que descrevam os resultados do tratamento cirúrgico robótico das bronquiectasias. Este estudo tem como objetivo avaliar os resultados cirúrgicos da cirurgia robótica para doenças inflamatórias e infecciosas, determinando a extensão da ressecção, complicações pós-operatórias, tempo operatório e tempo de internação hospitalar. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo a partir de um banco de dados envolvendo pacientes com diagnóstico de bronquiectasia e submetidos à cirurgia torácica robótica em três hospitais brasileiros entre janeiro de 2017 e janeiro de 2020. Resultados: foram incluídos 7 pacientes. A média de idade foi 47 + 18,3 anos (variação, 18-70 anos). A maioria dos pacientes apresentou bronquiectasia não fibrose cística (n=5), seguida de bronquiectasia tuberculosa (n=1) e abscesso pulmonar (n=1). As cirurgias realizadas foram lobectomia (n=3), segmentectomia anatômica (n=3) e bilobectomia (n=1). O tempo médio do console foi de 147 minutos (variação de 61-288 min.) e não houve necessidade de conversão para toracotomia. Complicação pós-operatória ocorreu em um paciente, tratando-se de obstipação com necessidade de lavagem intestinal. A mediana do tempo de drenagem torácica e internação hospitalar, em dias, foi de 1 (variação, 1-6 dias) e 5 (variação, 2-14 dias), respectivamente. Conclusões: a cirurgia torácica robótica para doenças inflamatórias e infecciosas é um procedimento viável e seguro, com baixo risco de complicações e morbidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Aged , Thoracic Surgery , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Pneumonectomy , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
7.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 838-846, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922152

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Postoperative complications are an important cause of death after lung resection. At present, the adoption of video assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for lung cancer in China is increasing every year, but the prediction model of postoperative complications of VATS for lung cancer is still lack of evidence based on large sample database. In this study, Thoracic Mortality and Morbidity (TM&M) classification system was used to comprehensively describe the postoperative complications of VATS major lung resection in our center, and the prediction model of complications was established and verified. The model can provide basis for the prevention and intervention of postoperative complications in such patients, and accelerate the recovery of patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of patients underwent VATS major lung resection in our center from January 2007 to December 2018 were collected retrospectively. Only patients with stage I-III lung cancer were included. The postoperative complications were registered strictly by TM&M classification system. The patients were divided into two groups according to the operation period: the early phase group (From 2007 to 2012) and the late phase group (From 2013 to 2018). The baseline data of the two groups were matched by propensity score matching. After matching, binary logistic regression analysis was used to establish the prediction model of complications, and bootstrap internal sampling was used for internal verification.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2,881 patients with lung cancer were included in the study, with an average age of (61.0±10.1) years, including 180 major complications (6.2%). Binary Logistic regression analysis of 1,268 matched patients showed: age (OR=1.04, 95%CI: 1.02-1.06, P<0.001), other period (OR=0.62, 95%CI: 0.49-0.79, P<0.001), pathological type (OR=1.73, 95%CI: 1.24-2.41, P=0.001), blood loss (OR=1.001, 95%CI: 1.000-1.003, P=0.03), dissected lymph nodes (OR=1.022, 95%CI: 1.00-1.04, P=0.005) were independent risk factors for postoperative complications. The ROC curve indicates that the model has good discrimination (C-index=0.699), and the C-index is 0.680 verified by bootstrap internal sampling for 1,000 times. The calibration curve shows a good calibration of the prediction model.@*CONCLUSIONS@#TM&M system can comprehensively and accurately report the postoperative complications of thoracoscopic lung cancer surgery. Age, operative period, pathological type, intraoperative bleeding and dissected lymph nodes were independent risk factors for postoperative complications of VATS major lung resection for lung cancer. The established complication prediction model has good discrimination and calibration.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Lung , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Middle Aged , Morbidity , Nomograms , Pneumonectomy , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
8.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 756-763, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922143

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Segmentectomy has gradually become one of the standard surgical methods for small pulmonary nodules with early lung cancer on imaging. This study aimed to investigate the perioperative outcomes of patients who underwent uniport video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) segmentectomy for identifying the intersegmental boundary line (IBL) by the near-infrared fluorescence imaging with intravenous indocyanine green (ICG) method or the modified inflation-deflation (MID) method and assess the feasibility and effectiveness of the ICG fluorescence (ICGF)-based method.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the perioperative data in total 198 consecutive patients who underwent uniport VATS segmentectomy between February 2018 and August 2020. With the guidance of preoperative intelligent/interactive qualitative and quantitative analysis-three dimensional (IQQA-3D), the targeted segment structures could be precisely identified and dissected, and then the IBL was confirmed by ICGF-based method or MID method. Clinical effectiveness and postoperative complications of the two methods were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#An IBL was visible in 98% of patients by the ICGF-based group, even with the low-doses of ICG. The ICGF-based group was significantly associated with the shorter IBL clear presentation time [(23.59±4.47) s vs (1,026.80±318.34) s] (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The ICGF-based method could highly accurately identify the IBL and make anatomical segmentectomy easier and faster, and therefore has the potential to be a feasible and effective technique to facilitate the quality of uniport VATS segmentectomy.


Subject(s)
Feasibility Studies , Humans , Indocyanine Green , Ion Transport , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Pneumonectomy , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921073

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Surgical resection of the primary and metastatic tumour is increasingly recommended in suitable patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). While the role of metastasectomy is well studied and established in colorectal liver metastasis, evidence remains limited in pulmonary metastases. This systematic review was conducted to examine the current evidence on the role of lung metastasectomy (LUM) in CRC.@*METHODS@#Three databases were systematically searched, to identify studies that compared survival outcomes of LUM, and factors that affected decision for LUM.@*RESULTS@#From a total of 5,477 records, 6 studies were eventually identified. Two papers reported findings from one randomised controlled trial and 4 were retrospective reviews. There was no clear survival benefit in patients who underwent LUM compared to those who did not. When compared against patients who underwent liver metastasectomy, there was also no clear survival benefit. Patients who underwent LUM were also more likely to have a single pulmonary tumour, and metachronous disease.@*CONCLUSION@#The evidence suggests a role for LUM, but is limited by inherent selection bias in retrospective reviews, and the single randomised clinical trial performed was not completed. More prospective studies are required to understand the true effect of LUM on outcomes in metastatic CRC.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Metastasectomy , Pneumonectomy , Prognosis , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
10.
Rev. méd. (La Paz) ; 26(2): 44-48, Julio - Diciembre, 2020. Ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152055

ABSTRACT

El desarrollo de la cirugia video asistida aplicada a la cavidad torácica, ha revolucionado drásticamente el enfoque de la cirugia de torax en los últimos 30 años. Inicialmente la operación se llevaba a cabo con éxito utilizando tres o más incisiones, posteriormente se evoluciono utilizando dos y en la actualidad, en diversos lgares del mundo, se ha logrado eliminar la segunda incisión para optar por un solo puerto, incluso para parocedimientos de alta complejidad con buenos resultados. Describimos el reporte deun caso de un hombre de 30 años operado por abordaje de puerto único para una lobectomia VATS de lóbulo inferior derecho.


Subject(s)
Pneumonectomy
11.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(5): 841-843, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137322

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cardiac rhythm disorders are common in many patients with cancer. The management of synchronous long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation and pulmonary lesions remains a serious surgical dilemma due to the lack of clinical data and surgical guidelines. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first described case of simultaneous thoracoscopic pulmonary segmentectomy and left atrial posterior wall and pulmonary vein isolation combined with left atrial appendage resection in a patient with early-stage primary lung cancer and long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Catheter Ablation/methods , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/surgery , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/complications , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/diagnostic imaging , Pneumonectomy/methods , Pulmonary Veins/surgery , Thoracoscopy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Atrial Appendage/surgery , Heart Atria/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/complications , Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
12.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(3): 256-261, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137172

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To observe the effects of preoperative right stellate ganglion block on perioperative atrial fibrillation in patients undergoing lung lobectomy. Methods: Two hundred patients who underwent a scheduled lobectomy were randomly divided into the S and C groups. The S group was injected with 4 mL of 0.2% ropivacaine under ultrasound guidance, and the C group did not receive stellate ganglion block. The patients underwent continuous ECG monitoring, and the incidences of atrial fibrillation and other types of arrhythmias were recorded from the start of surgery to 24 hours after surgery. Results: The respective incidences of atrial fibrillation in the S group and the C group were 3% and 10% (p = 0.045); other atrial arrhythmias were 20% and 38% (p = 0.005); and ventricular arrhythmia were 28% and 39% (p = 0.09). Conclusions: The results of the study indicated that preoperative right stellate ganglion block can effectively reduce the incidence of intraoperative and postoperative atrial fibrillation.


Resumo Objetivo: Observar os efeitos do bloqueio do gânglio estrelado na fibrilação atrial no período perioperatório em pacientes submetidos a lobectomia pulmonar. Método: Duzentos pacientes programados para lobectomia foram divididos aleatoriamente nos grupos S e C. O grupo S recebeu infusão de 4 mL de ropivacaína a 0,2% orientada por ultrassom e o grupo C não foi submetido a bloqueio do gânglio estrelado. Os pacientes foram submetidos à monitoração contínua de ECG, e as incidências de fibrilação atrial e outros tipos de arritmias foram registradas do início da cirurgia até 24 horas depois da cirurgia. Resultados: As incidências de fibrilação atrial no grupo S e no grupo C foram 3% e 10%, respectivamente (p = 0,045); as de outras arritmias atriais foram 20% e 38% (p = 0,005); e de arritmias ventriculares, 28% e 39% (p = 0,09). Conclusões: Os resultados do estudo indicaram que o bloqueio do gânglio estrelado no pré-operatório pode ser efetivo na redução da incidência de fibrilação atrial nos períodos intra- e pós-operatório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Pneumonectomy , Atrial Fibrillation/epidemiology , Autonomic Nerve Block/methods , Stellate Ganglion , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnosis , Incidence , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Electrocardiography , Intraoperative Complications/diagnosis , Middle Aged
13.
Rev. cuba. med ; 59(2): e890, abr.-jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139052

ABSTRACT

El secuestro pulmonar es una malformación congénita del tracto respiratorio inferior, rara e importante. En niños y adultos suele presentarse con infecciones pulmonares a repetición o crónicas severas. Se describió un caso de una paciente de 19 años de edad que tuvo un cuadro de sepsis respiratoria bajas a repetición. En los estudios de imágenes de tórax se evidenció opacidad homogénea en hemitórax derecho. Fue intervenida quirúrgicamente; se le realizó una lobectomía inferior derecha la cual fue diagnóstica para secuestro pulmonar, con evolución satisfactoria(AU)


Pulmonary sequestration is a rare and important congenital malformation of the lower respiratory tract. In children and adults, it usually presents with severe chronic or repeated lung infections. A case of a female 19-year-old patient who had recurrent lower respiratory sepsis is reported. Homogeneous opacity was evident in the chest imaging studies in the right hemithorax. She underwent surgery. A lower right lobectomy was performed, which was diagnostic for pulmonary sequestration, with satisfactory evolution(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pneumonectomy/methods , Respiratory Tract Infections/congenital , Congenital Abnormalities , Bronchopulmonary Sequestration/surgery
14.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(2): e962, abr.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126416

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El tumor de pulmón de células no pequeñas es un problema de salud pública, y la primera causa de muerte por cáncer a nivel mundial. Objetivo: Describir las características epidemiológicas, clínicas e histológicas en la población de enfermos aquejados de cáncer de pulmón de células no pequeñas, así como de las técnicas de resección pulmonar y de linfadenectomías utilizadas. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal en el Servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital Provincial "Saturnino Lora" de Santiago de Cuba, desde enero de 2009 hasta enero de 2019. La muestra aleatoria fue de 55 pacientes diagnosticados de cáncer de pulmón de células no pequeñas a los que se les realizó resección pulmonar más linfadenectomía mediastinal. Se utilizaron como medidas de resumen para caracterizar las variables, el número absoluto, el porcentaje y la media, así como la prueba de significación Ji al cuadrado de independencia para identificar su posible asociación. Resultados: Predominó el sexo femenino y el grupo etario de 55 a 64 años. El adenocarcinoma fue el tipo histológico más frecuente. El lóbulo superior izquierdo resultó el más afectado. La lobectomía pulmonar con disección ganglionar por muestreo fue la técnica quirúrgica más utilizada. Predominaron los pacientes en estadios IB y IIA de la enfermedad. Conclusión: La linfadenectomía sistemática del mediastino, permite una certera estadificación, lo que determina una mejor evaluación del tratamiento y del pronóstico en estos enfermos(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Non-small cell lung tumor is a public health problem, and the leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Objective: To describe the epidemiological, clinical and histological characteristics in the population of patients suffering from non-small cell lung cancer, as well as the techniques of lung resection and lymphadenectomies used. Methods: A descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out in the General Surgery Service of the Provincial Hospital "Saturnino Lora" in Santiago de Cuba, from January 2009 to January 2019. The random sample consisted of 55 patients diagnosed with cell lung cancer non-small patients who underwent lung resection plus mediastinal lymphadenectomy. The absolute number, the percentage and the mean were used as summary measures to characterize the variables, as well as the Chi-squared significance test of independence to identify their possible association. Results: The female sex and the age group 55 to 64 years predominated. Adenocarcinoma was the most frequent histological type. The left upper lobe was the most affected. Pulmonary lobectomy with sampling lymph node dissection was the most widely used surgical technique. Patients in stages IB and IIA of the disease predominated. Conclusion: Systematic lymphadenectomy of the mediastinum allows an accurate staging, which determines a better evaluation of treatment and prognosis in these patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Pneumonectomy/methods , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/diagnosis , Lung Neoplasms/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Neoplasm Staging
15.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202435, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136608

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Since its first report, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lung lobectomy was carried out with the use of conventional surgical instruments, used in laparoscopy and open thoracotomy. These instruments are expensive, not standardized and there are a variety of models and manufacturers. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of the use of these instruments on the experimental pulmonary lobectomy. Methods: We used a modified surgical simulator that uses a porcine heart-lung block filled with tomato sauce, and tested specific (Group 1) and regular (Group 2) instruments. Each group includes 15 experiments. Results: The median total time, excluding the time spent to correct the lesions, was 45.08 and 45.81 minutes, respectively in Group 1 and Group 2. There was no statistical difference between the total times (p=0.58). The only statistically different was seen for partial times regarding the elapsed time to cut and suture of lung fissures (p=0.03 and 0.04, respectively). There were more direct lesions and indirect leaks in Group 2, but without statistical significance (p=1.000 and p=0.203, respectively). The mean time spent for the diagnosis and correction of these events was 1.77 minutes with a standard deviation of 1.18 for Group 1 and 2.72 ± 1.11 minutes for Group 2 (p=0.044). Conclusion: The use of minimally invasive instruments is not associated with time improvement spent with experimental video-assisted lung lobectomy and does not lead to a faster or safer surgery. The use of VATS instruments makes correction of adverse events faster when they occur.


RESUMO Objetivo: desde os primeiros registros, a lobectomia pulmonar por cirurgia torácica videoassistida (CTVA) foi feita usando instrumentos convencionais e de laparoscopia. Recentemente instrumentais específicos para CTVA surgiram. Esses instrumentais têm custo elevado, não são padronizados existindo uma variedade de modelos e fabricantes. Buscou-se determinar o impacto do uso desses instrumentais na realização da lobectomia pulmonar superior esquerda experimental. Métodos: foi usado simulador modificado com bloco de coração-pulmões preenchidos com molho de tomate para testar o uso de instrumental dedicado de CTVA e de cirurgia convencional (Grupo 1 e Grupo 2, respectivamente). Cada grupo inclui 15 experimentos. Resultados: a mediana do tempo total, excluído o tempo para corrigir vazamentos, foi de 45,8 e 45,81 minutos, respectivamente para o Grupo 1 e Grupo 2. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os tempos totais (p=0,58). Os únicos tempos parciais estatisticamente diferentes foram os para cortar e suturar a fissura pulmonar (p=0,03 e 0,04, respectivamente). Ocorreram mais lesões diretas e vazamentos indiretos no Grupo 2, mas sem significância estatística (p=1,000 e 0,203, respectivamente). A média de tempo gasto para diagnosticar e corrigir os eventos de lesão e vazamento foi de 1,77 minutos com desvio padrão de 1,18 para o Grupo 1 e 2,72±1,11 minutos para o Grupo 2 (p=0,044). Conclusão: o uso de instrumentos para CTVA não torna a cirurgia mais rápida, nem mais segura. O uso de instrumentos de CTVA permitiu uma correção mais rápida dos eventos adversos ocorridos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonectomy/instrumentation , Surgical Instruments , Thoracotomy/instrumentation , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted/instrumentation , Pneumonectomy/methods , Thoracotomy/methods , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted/methods , Simulation Training/methods
16.
J. bras. pneumol ; 46(4): e20190145, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134888

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Surgical resection is the primary treatment option for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer, lobectomy being considered the standard of care. In elderly patients, physiological characteristics can limit the suitability for surgery and the extent of resection. Sublobar resection (SLR) can be offered as an alternative. The aim of this real-world analysis was to compare lobectomy and SLR in terms of recurrence and survival rates in patients over 70 years of age.


RESUMO A ressecção cirúrgica é a principal opção de tratamento para o câncer de pulmão não pequenas células em estágio inicial, sendo a lobectomia considerada o tratamento padrão. Em pacientes idosos, as características fisiológicas podem limitar a adequabilidade da cirurgia e a extensão da ressecção. A ressecção sublobar (RSL) pode ser oferecida como alternativa. O objetivo deste estudo de mundo real foi comparar a lobectomia e a RSL em termos de taxas de recidiva e de sobrevida em pacientes acima de 70 anos de idade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/surgery , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Pneumonectomy , Treatment Outcome , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasm Staging
17.
Rev. Fac. Cienc. Méd. Univ. Cuenca ; 37(3): 63-68, dic. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100438

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el secuestro pulmonar es una patología poco frecuente en la edad adulta, su mayor incidencia es en etapas tempranas de la vida. Se acompaña de infecciones pulmonares a repetición o crónicas severas, y puede asociarse a malformaciones congénitas. El diagnóstico se fundamenta en la detección de la irrigación anómala a través de un vaso de la circulación sistémica. Este caso nos permite plantear un diagnóstico diferencial en pacientes de edad adulta, aún cuando se trate de patología con mayor incidencia en niños y jóvenes, y poder orientar el manejo de acuerdo a esta posibilidad diagnóstica. Caso clínico: paciente femenino, de 19 años, con antecedente de asma e infecciones respiratorias a repetición de un mes de evolución. Ingresa con dificultad respiratoria, fiebre y tos productiva. Se realiza tomografía y Radiografía de tórax, en la que se evidencia imágenes compatibles con colección en campo pulmonar izquierdo y derrame pleural. Se realiza BAAR en esputo con resultado negativo para tuberculosis. Se realiza toracotomía posterolateral izquierda, resección de lóbulo inferior izquierdo, y se coloca dren pleural. Se identifica absceso pulmonar en lóbulo inferior izquierdo, y hallazgos anatómicos de secuestro pulmonar. Paciente presenta evolución favorable; el control clínico y radiográfico en el postoperatorio inmediato y mediato fue satisfactorio. Conclusión: presentamos el caso de edad adulta, donde un diagnóstico adecuado y un manejo multidisciplinario permiten una evolución satisfactoria de los pacientes.(AU)


Introduction: pulmonary sequestration is a rare disease in adulthood; its highest incidence is in early stages of life. It is accompanied by repeated or severe chronic lung infections, and may be associated with congenital malformations. The diagnosis is based on the detection of anomalous irrigation through a vessel of the systemic circulation.This case allows us to propose a differential diagnosis in patients of adulthood, even when it is pathology with higher incidence in children and young people, and guide the management according to this diagnostic possibility.Clinical case: female patient, 19 years old, with a history of asthma and respiratory infections after a month of evolution. The patient was admitted with respiratory distress, fever and productive cough.A tomography and chest X-ray are performed; that show images compatible with collection in the left pulmonary field and pleural effusion. BAAR is performed in sputum with a negative result for tuberculosis.Posterolateral left thoracotomy is performed, left lower lobe resection, and pleural drain is placed. Pulmonary abscess is identified in the left lower lobe, and findings of anatomical pulmonary sequestration. Patient presents positive evolution; The clinical and radiographic control in the immediate and intermediate postoperative period was satisfactory.Conclusion: we present the case of adulthood, where an adequate diagnosis and multidisciplinary management allows a satisfactory evolution of the patient.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Bronchopulmonary Sequestration/complications , Bronchopulmonary Sequestration/diagnostic imaging , Pneumonectomy/adverse effects
18.
CorSalud ; 11(3): 219-224, jul.-set. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089740

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las toracotomías axilares están entre las más descritas y modificadas en la historia de la cirugía. A pesar del sostenido desarrollo de la cirugía torácica video-asistida, es ineludible el protagonismo de las toracotomías clásicas en la práctica quirúrgica actual, en especial cuando no están disponibles las opciones mínimamente invasivas. La toracotomía axilar vertical posterior extendida, surgió hace casi 30 años a partir de la introducción de innovadoras modificaciones a incisiones torácicas axilares previamente descritas. Una extensa revisión bibliográfica permite afirmar que nunca antes ha sido informada una toracotomía axilar que contenga al unísono todas las características distintivas que la que ahora se presenta. Se discuten sus principales ventajas en relación con la disminución del tiempo operatorio y de las complicaciones durante y después de la cirugía.


ABSTRACT Axillary thoracotomies are among the most described and modified in the history of surgery. Despite the sustained development of video-assisted thoracic surgery, the role of classic thoracotomies in current surgical practice is unavoidable, especially when minimally invasive options are not available. Extended posterior vertical axillary thoracotomy emerged almost 30 years ago from the introduction of innovative modifications to axillary thoracic incisions previously described. An extensive literature review makes it possible to affirm that an axillary thoracotomy, which contains all the distinctive features that the one presented herein, has never been reported before. Its main advantages are discussed in relation to the decrease in the operating time and complications during and after surgery.


Subject(s)
Thoracotomy , Pneumonectomy , Thoracic Surgery , Abscess , Lung
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762270

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Stroke volume variation (SVV) is based on cyclic changes of intrathoracic pressure during respiratory cycle. Thoracotomy and one-lung ventilation (OLV) can lead to changes in airway and intrathoracic pressure. The aim of this study was to determine whether thoracotomy and converting from two lung ventilation to OLV could affect SVV values. METHODS: Thirty patients who were scheduled for pulmonary lobectomy or pneumonectomy requiring OLV were enrolled. Induction and maintenance of anesthesia were performed with propofol and remifentanil via total intravenous anesthesia. Hemodynamic variables including mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), cardiac index (CI), and SVV were measured at intervals of 1 min for 10 min after thoracotomy and OLV, respectively. RESULTS: MAP and HR increased from baseline at intervals between 3 and 10 min and between 4 and 10 min after thoracotomy, respectively (P < 0.001). CI increased between 4 and 10 min (P < 0.001). SVV did not change for 10 min after thoracotomy. After OLV, MAP decreased between 4 and 10 min (P = 0.112). SVV was the highest at 1 min after OLV. It returned to the baseline value at 7 min (P < 0.001). CI decreased between 8 and 10 min after OLV (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: SVV can increase after OLV temporarily. Transient increase of SVV may be considered when fluid responsiveness is predicted by SVV during early period after OLV.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia , Anesthesia, Intravenous , Arterial Pressure , Heart Rate , Hemodynamics , Humans , Lung , One-Lung Ventilation , Pneumonectomy , Propofol , Stroke Volume , Stroke , Thoracotomy , Ventilation
20.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 101-109, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761001

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the multimodality treatment with neoadjuvant intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for resectable clinical T1-3N0-1M0 malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of eleven patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy between March 2016 and June 2018 were reviewed. Patients received 25 Gy in 5 fractions to entire ipsilateral hemithorax with helical tomotherapy. RESULTS: All of patients were men with a median age of 56 years. Epithelioid subtype was found in 10 patients. All patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy with pemetrexed-cisplatin regimen. Ten patients (90.9%) completed 25 Gy/5 fractions and one (9.0%) completed 20 Gy/4 fractions of radiotherapy. IMRT was well tolerated with only one acute grade 3 radiation pneumonitis. Surgery was performed 1 week (median, 8 days; range, 1 to 15 days) after completing IMRT. Extrapleural pneumonectomy was performed in 4 patients (36.3%), extended pleurectomy/decortication in 2 (18.2%) and pleurectomy/decortications in 5 (63.6%). There was no grade 3+ surgical complication except two deaths after EPP in 1 month. Based on operative findings and pathologic staging, adjuvant chemotherapy was delivered in 7 patients (63.6%), and 2 (18.2%) were decided to add adjuvant radiotherapy. After a median follow-up of 14.6 months (range, 2.8 to 30 months), there were 3 local recurrence (33.3%) and 1 distant metastasis (11.1%). CONCLUSION: Neoadjuvant entire pleural IMRT can be delivered with a favorable radiation complication. An optimal strategy has to be made in resectable MPM patients who would benefit from neoadjuvant radiation and surgery. Further studies are needed to look at long-term outcomes.


Subject(s)
Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Combined Modality Therapy , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Mesothelioma , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pneumonectomy , Radiation Pneumonitis , Radiotherapy , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Recurrence
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