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1.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e244244, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448957

ABSTRACT

Com os avanços tecnológicos e o aprimoramento da prática médica via ultrassonografia, já é possível detectar possíveis problemas no feto desde a gestação. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a prática do psicólogo no contexto de gestações que envolvem riscos fetais. Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo sob formato de relato de experiência como psicólogo residente no Serviço de Medicina Fetal da Maternidade Escola da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Os registros, feitos por observação participante e diário de campo, foram analisados em dois eixos temáticos: 1) intervenções psicológicas no trabalho em equipe em consulta de pré-natal, exame de ultrassonografia e procedimento de amniocentese; e 2) intervenções psicológicas em casos de bebês incompatíveis com a vida. Os resultados indicaram que o psicólogo nesse serviço é essencial para atuar de forma multiprofissional na assistência pré-natal para gravidezes de alto risco fetal. Ademais, a preceptoria do residente é relevante para sua formação e treinamento para atuação profissional no campo da psicologia perinatal.(AU)


Face to the technological advances and the improvement of medical practice via ultrasound, it is already possible to detect possible problems in the fetus since pregnancy. The objective of this study was to analyze the psychologist's practice in the context of pregnancies which involve fetal risks. It is a qualitative study based on an experience report as a psychologist trainee at the Fetal Medicine Service of the Maternity School of UFRJ. The records, based on the participant observation and field diary, were analyzed in two thematic axes: 1) psychological interventions in the teamwork in the prenatal attendance, ultrasound examination and amniocentesis procedure; and 2) psychological interventions in cases of babies incompatible to the life. The results indicated that the psychologist in this service is essential to work in a multidisciplinary way at the prenatal care for high fetal risk pregnancies. Furthermore, the resident's preceptorship is relevant to their education and training for professional performance in the field of Perinatal Psychology.(AU)


Con los avances tecnológicos y la mejora de la práctica médica a través de la ecografía, ya se puede detectar posibles problemas en el feto desde el embarazo. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la práctica del psicólogo en el contexto de embarazos de riesgos fetal. Es un estudio cualitativo basado en un relato de experiencia como residente de psicología en el Servicio de Medicina Fetal de la Escuela de Maternidad de la Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Los registros, realizados en la observación participante y el diario de campo, se analizaron en dos ejes temáticos: 1) intervenciones psicológicas en el trabajo en equipo, en la consulta prenatal, ecografía y los procedimientos de amniocentesis; y 2) intervenciones psicológicas en casos de bebés incompatibles con la vida. Los resultados señalaron como fundamental la presencia del psicólogo en este servicio trabajando de forma multidisciplinar en la atención prenatal en el contexto de embarazos de alto riesgo fetal. Además, la tutela del residente es relevante para su educación y formación para el desempeño profesional en el campo de la Psicología Perinatal.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Prenatal Care , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Psychosocial Intervention , Heart Defects, Congenital , Anxiety , Orientation , Pain , Parent-Child Relations , Parents , Paternity , Patient Care Team , Patients , Pediatrics , Placenta , Placentation , Pregnancy Complications , Pregnancy Maintenance , Prognosis , Psychoanalytic Theory , Psychology , Puerperal Disorders , Quality of Life , Radiation , Religion , Reproduction , Reproductive and Urinary Physiological Phenomena , General Surgery , Syndrome , Congenital Abnormalities , Temperance , Therapeutics , Urogenital System , Bioethics , Physicians' Offices , Infant, Premature , Labor, Obstetric , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, Animal , Pregnancy Outcome , Adaptation, Psychological , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Echocardiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Family , Abortion, Spontaneous , Child Rearing , Child Welfare , Mental Health , Family Health , Survival Rate , Life Expectancy , Cause of Death , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Chromosome Mapping , Parental Leave , Mental Competency , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive , Down Syndrome , Perinatal Care , Comprehensive Health Care , Chemical Compounds , Depression, Postpartum , Neurobehavioral Manifestations , Disabled Children , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Gravidity , Crisis Intervention , Affect , Cytogenetic Analysis , Spirituality , Complicity , Value of Life , Humanizing Delivery , Death , Decision Making , Defense Mechanisms , Abortion, Threatened , Delivery of Health Care , Dementia , Uncertainty , Organogenesis , Qualitative Research , Pregnant Women , Early Diagnosis , Premature Birth , Nuchal Translucency Measurement , Child Mortality , Depression , Depressive Disorder , Postpartum Period , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Techniques, Obstetrical and Gynecological , Ethanol , Ego , Emotions , Empathy , Environment , Humanization of Assistance , User Embracement , Ethics, Professional , Cell Nucleus Shape , Prenatal Nutrition , Cervical Length Measurement , Family Conflict , Family Therapy , Resilience, Psychological , Reproductive Physiological Phenomena , Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications , Gestational Sac , Brief, Resolved, Unexplained Event , Fetal Death , Embryonic and Fetal Development , Multimodal Imaging , Mortality, Premature , Clinical Decision-Making , Pediatric Emergency Medicine , Child, Foster , Freedom , Burnout, Psychological , Birth Setting , Frustration , Sadness , Respect , Psychological Distress , Genetics , Psychological Well-Being , Obstetricians , Guilt , Happiness , Health Occupations , Hospitalization , Hospitals, Maternity , Hospitals, University , Human Development , Human Rights , Imagination , Infections , Infertility , Anencephaly , Jurisprudence , Obstetric Labor Complications , Licensure , Life Change Events , Life Support Care , Loneliness , Love , Medical Staff, Hospital , Intellectual Disability , Morals , Mothers , Narcissism , Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities , Neonatology , Nervous System Malformations , Object Attachment
2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 205-208, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928390

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a fetus featuring infantile polycystic kidney disease (IPKD).@*METHODS@#Following elective abortion, fetal tissue and peripheral blood samples of its parents were collected for the extraction of genomic DNA. Whole exome sequencing was carried out to detect potential variants correlated with the phenotype.@*RESULTS@#The fetus was found to harbor a heterozygous c.1370C>T (p.P457L) variant of the HNF1B gene, which was unreported previously. The same variant was not detected in either parent.@*CONCLUSION@#The heterozygous c.1370C>T (p.P457L) variant of the HNF1B gene probably underlay the IPKD in this fetus. Above finding has enabled genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for the family.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Fetus , Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-beta/genetics , Mutation , Phenotype , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive , Prenatal Diagnosis , Exome Sequencing
3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 880-883, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921961

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology of a fetus with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD).@*METHODS@#Prenatal ultrasonography has revealed oligohydramnios and abnormal structure of fetal kidneys. After careful counseling, the couple opted induced abortion. With informed consent, genomic DNA was extracted from the muscle sample of the abortus and peripheral blood samples of the couple. High throughput whole exome sequencing was carried out to detect potential variants in relation with the disease. Suspected variants were verified by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Prenatal ultrasound revealed increased size of fetal kidneys, with multiple hyperechos from the right kidney, and multiple hyperechos with anechoic masses within the left kidney. DNA sequencing revealed that the fetus has carried heterozygous variants of the PKHD1 gene, including c.7994T>C inherited from its father, and two heterozygous variants of the PKHD1 gene c.5681G>A from its mother.@*CONCLUSION@#The compound heterozygous c.7994T>C and c.5681G>A variants of the PKHD1 gene probably underlay the pathogenesis of ARPKD in this fetus. Above results can provide guidance for subsequent pregnancies of the couple.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Fetus , Genetic Testing , Mutation , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive/genetics , Receptors, Cell Surface/genetics
4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 585-588, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879632

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a fetus with renal abnormalities through whole exome sequencing and imaging examination.@*METHODS@#Clinical data and result of medical imaging of the fetus was collected. Amniotic fluid sample was collected for the extraction of fetal DNA. Whole exome sequencing was carried out. Candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Prenatal ultrasonography showed that the fetus had bilateral enlargement of the kidneys with hyperechogenicity and diffuse renal cysts. Whole exome sequencing revealed that the fetus carried compound heterozygous variants of the PKHD1 gene, namely c.5137G>T and c.2335_2336delCA, which were derived from its mother and father, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The fetus was diagnosed with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease through combined prenatal ultrasonography and whole exome sequencing. The compound heterozygous variants of the PKHD1 gene probably underlay the pathogenesis in the fetus. The results have enabled prenatal diagnosis and genetic counseling for its parents.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Genetic Testing , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive/genetics , Prenatal Diagnosis , Receptors, Cell Surface/genetics , Exome Sequencing
5.
Rev. cuba. obstet. ginecol ; 45(3): e484, jul.-set. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093659

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las malformaciones congénitas, como defectos estructurales primarios de un órgano, parte de él o de zonas más extensas del organismo, resultan de una alteración inherente en el desarrollo, que se hace evidente al examen físico del feto y del recién nacido, antes o posterior al nacimiento, cuando se hace patente el defecto funcional de un órgano interno afectado anatómicamente. Objetivo: Caracterizar las malformaciones congénitas renales fetales diagnosticadas por ultrasonografía bidimensional, atendidas durante 2015 y 2016. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, longitudinal y prospectivo en el Centro Provincial de Genética Médica de Santiago de Cuba. Se seleccionó la muestra por el método aleatorio simple para un total de 59 gestantes (34 de 2015 y 25 de 2016), a las que se les diagnosticó algún tipo de malformación congénita renal embriofetal. Resultados: La malformación congénita renal que predominó fue la hidronefrosis, seguida de riñón poliquístico. En los hallazgos morfológicos por ecosonografía predominaron las afecciones del parénquima renal. El sexo fetal de mayor incidencia fue el masculino. La edad gestacional donde incidieron las afecciones renales en gestantes fue de 25 y más semanas, con edad materna entre 20 y 35 años, sin reportar factores genéticos. Los factores de riesgo externos de origen materno que más incidieron fueron la hipertensión arterial, el hábito de fumar y la diabetes. Conclusiones: Se mostraron los principales hallazgos morfológicos ultrasonográficos de los diferentes tipos de malformaciones congénitas renales encontradas, así como se identificaron los diferentes factores de riesgo presentes en las embarazadas. Se observó un predominio de las gestantes a temprana edad con hidronefrosis como el tipo de malformación congénita más frecuente(AU)


Introduction: Congenital malformations, as primary structural defects of an organ, part of it or larger areas of the organism, result from an inherent alteration in development, which is evident from the physical examination of the fetus and the newborn, before or after birth, when the functional defect of an anatomically affected internal organ becomes apparent. Objective: To characterize fetal renal congenital malformations diagnosed by two-dimensional ultrasonography during 2015 and 2016. Methods: A descriptive, longitudinal and prospective study was conducted at the Provincial Center of Medical Genetics in Santiago de Cuba. The sample was selected by simple random method for a total of 59 pregnant women (34 from 2015 and 25 from 2016). They were diagnosed with some type of embryo-fetal renal congenital malformation. Results: The congenital renal malformation that predominated was hydronephrosis, followed by polycystic kidney. In the morphological findings by echocardiography, renal parenchymal conditions predominated. Male fetal sex had the highest incidence. The gestational age where renal conditions affected pregnant women was 25 weeks and more, with maternal age ranging 20 and 35 years, without reporting genetic factors. Smoking and diabetes were the external risk factors of maternal origin that most affected high blood pressure. Conclusions: The main ultrasonographic morphological findings of the different types of congenital renal malformations found were shown, as well as the different risk factors present in pregnant women. A predominance of pregnant women at early age with hydronephrosis was observed as the most common type of congenital malformation(AU)


Subject(s)
Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive/epidemiology , Hydronephrosis/epidemiology , Kidney/abnormalities , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex/methods
6.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(2): 300-303, Apr.-June 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012547

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT A 16-year-old female patient previously diagnosed with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) presented with acute bilateral pneumonia, upper gastrointestinal bleeding caused by ruptured esophageal varices, ascites, and lower limb edema. She required intensive care and an endoscopic procedure to treat the gastrointestinal bleeding. The analysis of the differential diagnosis for chronic liver disease indicated she had a spontaneous splenorenal shunt. Ultrasound-guided biopsy revealed the patient had cirrhosis, as characteristically seen in individuals with ARPKD. She had no symptoms at discharge and was referred for review for a combined transplant.


RESUMO Relato de caso de uma paciente adolescente de 16 anos de idade com diagnóstico prévio de doença renal policística autossômica recessiva (DRPAR), que apresentou quadro agudo de pneumonia bilateral e hemorragia digestiva alta por ruptura de varizes esofágicas, bem como ascite e edema de membros inferiores. Necessitou de estabilização clínica intensiva e tratamento endoscópico do sangramento digestivo. Após investigação dos diagnósticos diferenciais da hepatopatia crônica, diagnosticou-se shunt esplenorrenal espontâneo, e realizou-se biópsia hepática guiada por ecografia com diagnóstico de cirrose, espectro típico da DRPAR. Recebeu alta hospitalar assintomática e foi encaminhada para avaliação de transplante duplo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Arteriovenous Anastomosis/pathology , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive/complications , Caroli Disease/complications , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Arteriovenous Anastomosis/diagnostic imaging , Referral and Consultation , Renal Veins/diagnostic imaging , Biopsy , Brazil , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Treatment Outcome , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive/drug therapy , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive/diagnostic imaging , Caroli Disease/pathology , Caroli Disease/drug therapy , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Adrenergic beta-Agonists/therapeutic use , Diuretics, Potassium Sparing/therapeutic use , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , Liver Cirrhosis/drug therapy
7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1153-1157, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781328

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The phenotype and genetics of three patients with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) at childhood, teenage and advanced age were analyzed.@*METHODS@#Next generation sequencing (NGS) was applied to all the probands. PCR and Sanger sequencing were used to verify the suspicious gene variants screened by NGS in the probands and their family members, and one of the family got prenatal diagnosis.@*RESULTS@#Through NGS, PCR and Sanger sequencing, the 5-yr proband in pedigree 1 was shown to carry compound heterozygous variants of c.5935G>A(p.G1979R) and c.5428G>T(p.E1810X) of PKHD1, originated from his parents; In pedigree 2, the 17-ys proband was detected with c.5512T>C(p.Y1838H) and c.5935G>A(p.G1979R) variants of PKHD1 orginated from her parents, and her mother also got prenatal diagnosis during the second trimester; In pedigree 3, the 70-ys female proband was found with variants c.11314C>T (p.R3772X) and c.3860T>G (p.V1287G) of PKHD1.@*CONCLUSION@#The three pedigrees were diagnosed as ARPKD caused by PKHD1 variants. Five types of variants were detected, c.5935G>A and c.11314C>T were the known pathogenic variants, while c.5512T>C, c.5428G>T and c.3860T>G were not reported previously. Considering the complexity of the genetics and phenotypes of the cystic renal diseases, genetic diagnosis is crucial to give accurate etiological diagnosis, which may benefit the clinic management.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Aged , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Mutation , Phenotype , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive , Genetics , Receptors, Cell Surface , Genetics
8.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 335-339, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691504

ABSTRACT

This case report is about one genetically specified diagnosed infant case of Caroli syndrome with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) in China. The patient in this case report was an eight-month infant boy with an atypical onset and the main clinical manifestation was non-symptomatic enlargement of the liver and kidneys. The imaging study demonstrated a diffused cystic dilatation of intrahepatic bile ducts as well as polycystic changes in bilateral kidneys. The basic blood biochemical tests indicated a normal hepatorenal function. Four serum biomarkers of hepatic fibrosis were all elevated and the urine test for an early detection of the renal injury was positive. The genetic sequencing proved two heterozygous missense mutations of polycystic kidney and hepatic disease 1 (PKHD1) gene, c.9292G>A and c.2507T>C, inherited from each of his parents respectively. The former was a novel mutation that had been verified as disease causing through the predicting software while the latter had been reported from one recent case study on Chinese twins, which was possibly unique among Chinese population. The relations between the gene type and the clinical phenotype were not clarified yet. Up till a follow-up eleven months later after the discharge, the patient had a normal hepatorenal function without occurrence of any severe complication yet. The clinical symptoms of Caroli syndrome with ARPKD at infant stage were atypical and the enlargement of liver and kidney was usually the sole symptom. From the above systematic retrospective clinical analysis, as well as the relevant literature review, it's been concluded that the features of the hepatorenal images in patients with Caroli syndrome and ARPKD were distinctive. Genetic testing combined with the imaging study benefits a definite diagnosis as well as a differentiation from other hepatorenal fibrocystic diseases. Specific to the long-term management of this kind of patients, it's necessary to schedule a regular follow-up to monitor the hepatorenal function and the occurrence of various complications for an appropriate intervention, meantime to devote efforts to the genetic counseling work for the patients' family.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Male , Asian People , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic , Caroli Disease/genetics , China , Genetic Testing , Heterozygote , Kidney , Liver Cirrhosis , Mutation, Missense , Phenotype , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive/genetics , Receptors, Cell Surface/genetics , Retrospective Studies
9.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 758-766, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238440

ABSTRACT

PKHD1 gene mutations are found responsible for autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD). However, it is inconvenient to detect the mutations by common polymerase chain reaction (PCR) because the open reading frame of PKHD1 is very long. Recently, long-range (LR) PCR is demonstrated to be a more sensitive mutation screening method for PKHD1 by directly sequencing. In this study, the entire PKHD1 coding region was amplified by 29 reactions to avoid the specific PCR amplification of individual exons, which generated the size of 1 to 7 kb products by LR PCR. This method was compared to the screening method with standard direct sequencing of each individual exon of the gene by a reference laboratory in 15 patients with ARPKD. The results showed that a total of 37 genetic changes were detected with LR PCR sequencing, which included 33 variations identified by the reference laboratory with standard direct sequencing. LR PCR sequencing had 100% sensitivity, 96% specificity, and 97.0% accuracy, which were higher than those with standard direct sequencing method. In conclusion, LR PCR sequencing is a reliable method with high sensitivity, specificity and accuracy for detecting genetic variations. It also has more intronic coverage and lower cost, and is an applicable clinical method for complex genetic analyses.


Subject(s)
Humans , DNA Mutational Analysis , Exons , Genetics , Genetic Testing , Genotype , Introns , Genetics , Mutation , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive , Diagnosis , Genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptors, Cell Surface , Genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA
10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 662-665, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345386

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze PKHD1 gene mutation in a family affected with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral and cord blood samples obtained from the parents and the fetus. Potential mutations were identified using targeted exome sequencing and confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Pathogenicity of the mutation was analyzed using PolyPhen-2 and SIFT software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compound heterozygous mutations of c.11314C>T (p.Arg3772*) and a novel missense c.889T>A (p.Cys297Ser) of the PKHD1 gene were identified in the fetus. The mother was found to have carried the c.11314C>T mutation, while the father was found to have carried the c.889T>A mutation. PolyPhen-2 and SIFT predicted that the c.889T>A mutation is probably damaging.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A novel mutation in PKHD1 gene was detected in our ARPKD family. Compound heterozygous PKHD1 mutations were elucidated to be the molecular basis for the fetus affected with ARPKD, which has facilitated genetic counseling and implement of prenatal diagnosis for the family.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Abortion, Eugenic , Amino Acid Sequence , Base Sequence , DNA Mutational Analysis , Family Health , Fatal Outcome , Fetal Diseases , Diagnostic Imaging , Genetics , Fetus , Congenital Abnormalities , Metabolism , Mutation , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive , Diagnostic Imaging , Embryology , Genetics , Receptors, Cell Surface , Genetics , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Methods
11.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 30(2): 139-145, abr.-jun. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-753586

ABSTRACT

Nowadays liver and biliary tract surgery are the most commonly performed procedures worldwide; refinement in surgical techniques, anesthetic care and liver transplantation have revolutionized the treatment of liver diseases that were previously incurable. The autosomal dominant polycystic liver disease is a rare condition that may be associated with polycystic kidney disease or can present alone; the symptoms of this condition occur in the advanced stages of the disease. Despite the multiple modalities of treatment available, surgery with hepatectomy and fenestration has shown better results in patients with early satiety and massive hepatomegaly. A literature review was carried out and a number of cases dealt with this disease at the Metropolitan Hospital in Quito, Ecuador, are presented.


Nowadays liver and biliary tract surgery are the most commonly performed procedures worldwide; refinement in surgical techniques, anesthetic care and liver transplantation have revolutionized the treatment of liver diseases that were previously incurable. The autosomal dominant polycystic liver disease is a rare condition that may be associated with polycystic kidney disease or can present alone; the symptoms of this condition occur in the advanced stages of the disease. Despite the multiple modalities of treatment available, surgery with hepatectomy and fenestration has shown better results in patients with early satiety and massive hepatomegaly.

Subject(s)
Liver , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive , Hepatectomy , Polycystic Kidney Diseases
12.
Neonatal Medicine ; : 217-222, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-72965

ABSTRACT

Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease is among the most common inherited ciliopathies and is caused by mutations in the polycystic kidney and hepatic disease 1 (PKHD1) gene. Despite its great phenotypic variability, this condition is usually diagnosed during the neonatal and early infantile periods. We report a 37+3 -gestational-week neonate presenting with fatal autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease who died at 28 hours of life from severe respiratory failure. The familial history is significant because a previous sibling died in utero at 24+2 weeks of gestational age and was diagnosed with polycystic kidney disease based on prenatal ultrasonography and autopsy. Our patient's autopsy revealed findings compatible with polycystic kidney disease. In addition, a PKHD1 gene study of peripheral blood leukocytes identified the compound heterozygote mutation c.274C>T(p.Arg92Trp), as well as the novel heterozygous nonsense mutation c.2770C>T(p.Gln924*).


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Autopsy , Codon, Nonsense , Gestational Age , Heterozygote , Leukocytes , Polycystic Kidney Diseases , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive , Respiratory Insufficiency , Siblings , Ultrasonography, Prenatal
13.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 21(4): 156-159, out.-dez.2014. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1017229

ABSTRACT

This report describes a case of polycystic kidney disease in a male, mixed breed bovine aged one year. On clinical examination revealed a poor nutritional status, pallid mucous membranes, moderated dehydration (8 to 10%), ulcers on the ventral portion of the tongue, multifocal areas of hypotrichosis covered with scabs throughout the entire body and permanent sternolateral decubitus. The blood exam revealed aregenerative anemia and leukocytosis (neutrophilia) with deviation to the left. The necropsy revealed enlarged, pallid kidneys with a finely irregular natural surface. The histological analysis revealed the nearly complete replacement of the renal cortex by numerous small cysts, distension of the Bowman space, tubular regeneration, fibrosis, edema and mild interstitial lymphoplasmacytic inflammatory infiltrate. Keywords: diseases of cattle, kidney disease, lesions uremia, nephropathy


Subject(s)
Cattle , Uremia , Cattle Diseases , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive , Kidney Diseases
14.
Neonatal Medicine ; : 64-68, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-43776

ABSTRACT

Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) is a severe form of polycystic kidney disease that is characterized by enlarged kidneys and congenital hepatic fibrosis. The clinical spectrum of this condition shows wide variation. Approximately 30-50% of affected individuals die in the neonatal period, while others survive into adulthood. ARPKD is caused by mutations in the polycystic kidney and hepatic disease 1 (PKHD1) gene on chromosome 6p12, which consists of 86 exons variably assembled into many alternatively spliced transcripts. We report a case of a pathogenic PKHD1 frameshift mutation, c.889_931del43, which was identified using direct full sequencing, associated with enlarged cystic kidneys and dilatation of intrahepatic bile duct, as observed on imaging studies.


Subject(s)
Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic , Dilatation , Exons , Fibrosis , Frameshift Mutation , Kidney , Kidney Diseases, Cystic , Polycystic Kidney Diseases , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive
15.
Rev. ANACEM (Impresa) ; 7(3): 138-141, dic.2013. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-779301

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad renal poliquística es una enfermedad genética que se caracteriza por dilataciones quísticas progresivas de los túbulos renales, presentándose de forma autosómica dominante o recesiva, con una incidencia de 1 en 1.000 y 1 en 20.000 nacidos vivos, respectivamente según series internacionales. La variedad autosómica recesiva puede ser letal en el período neonatal debido a insuficiencia respiratoria secundaria a hipoplasia pulmonar, y puede manifestarse durante la infancia con hipertensión arterial, talla baja y complicaciones secundarias a hipertensión portal. PRESENTACIÓN DEL CASO: paciente preescolar de 3 años 11 meses, con antecedente de restricción del crecimiento fetal y oligohidroamnios en período prenatal, presenta cuadro de decaimiento, palidez y dificultad alimentaria progresiva con vómitos posprandiales, destacando al examen físico un soplo cardíaco, hipertensión arterial, esplenomegalia, circulación colateral, además de talla baja. En exámenes destaca un hemograma con pancitopenia periférica, ecografía abdominal con hepatoesplenomegalia, hallazgos compatibles con enfermedad renal poliquística autosómica recesiva y fibrosis periportal, cintigrama renal con hipofunción renal bilateral, test de sangre oculta en deposiciones positivo, endoscopía digestiva alta convárices esofágicas pequeñas, radiografía de carpo con edad ósea retrasada y ecocardiografía con cardiomegalia. DISCUSIÓN: se requiere un alto índice de sospecha ante esta enfermedad poco frecuente, que cursa con hipertensión portal, siendo el recuento de plaquetas el mejor predictor de severidad. Dado que carece de tratamiento curativo y su historia natural es progresar haciala insuficiencia renal terminal, su tratamiento se enfoca en las complicaciones secundarias al daño hepático y renal...


Polycystic Kidney Disease is a genetic disorder characterized by progressive cystic dilations of the renal ducts, presenting as autosomal dominant or recessive forms with an incidence of 1 in 1.000 and 1 in 20.000 births, respectively, according to international series. The autosomal recessive variety can be lethal in the neonatal period due to respiratory failure secondary to pulmonary hypoplasia and can manifest during childhood with hypertension, short stature and complications of portal hypertension. CASE REPORT: 3 years and 11 months old preschoolar with antecedent of fetal growth restriction and oligohydramnios during prenatal period, and a historyof asthenia, pallor and progressive feeding difficulty with postprandial vomiting. Physical examination shows cardiac bruit, hypertension, splenomegaly, caput medusae and short stature. Laboratory tests with peripheral pancytopenia; abdominal ultrasonography showed hepatosplenomegaly, findings consistent with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease and periportalfibrosis; renal scintigraphy with bilateral kidney failure; a positive fecal occult blood test; an upper endoscopy that shows small esophageal varices; a hand radiography that shows bone age delayed and an echocardiography with cardiomegaly. DISCUSSION: This infrequent disease requires a high degree of suspicion by the clinician and presents with portal hypertension, with platelet count being the best predictor of severity. This condition has no cure and will progress to end-stage renal disease in any moment, so the aim is to minimize and treat renal and hepatic complications...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive/complications , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive/diagnosis , Splenomegaly/etiology , Hepatomegaly/etiology , Failure to Thrive/etiology , Pancytopenia/etiology
16.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 684-687, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275642

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical and genetic characteristics of autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Targeted sequencing was used on a children who was accurately diagnosed as autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease in Peking Union Medical College Hospital to analyze the major clinical manifestations of the disease. An analysis of the PKHD1 genes was made on the patient, and then verified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). And the related literature was reviewed also.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The patient was a boy, 2 years and 3 months old, and had abdominal distention for about one year. The abdominal ultrasound suggested diffuse liver lesions, mild intrahepatic bile duct dilatation, structure disturbance of both kidneys, appearance of multiple strong echo. The child was clinically highly suspected of polycystic kidney disease. Targeted sequencing showed two mutations in exon 32 and exon 50 of PKHD1 gene, respectively, c.4274T > G, leading to p.Leu1425Arg, c.7973T > A, leading to p.Leu2658Ter. Verified by PCR, the father has one mutation of c.4274T > G.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The clinical manifestations of autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease are multiple renal cyst, cyst of liver and liver fibrosis, intrahepatic bile duct dilatation. Two mutations (c.4274T > G, c.7973T > A) in PKHD1 gene may be pathogenic.</p>


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Humans , Male , DNA Mutational Analysis , Exons , Genetics , Kidney , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Liver , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Liver Cirrhosis , Pathology , Mutation , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive , Diagnosis , Genetics , Pathology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptors, Cell Surface , Genetics , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Ultrasonography
17.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 377-381, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-359734

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, treatments and outcomes of perinatal autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of one case with infantile polycystic kidney disease diagnosed in perinatal stage and the reports of 11 cases seen in the past 15 years searched in Pubmed, OVID and Elsevier and CNKI, Wanfang database by using the polycystic kidney disease, infant, perinatal, autosomal recessive and case report as keyword were reviewed and analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The infant was characterized by huge kidneys, severe respiratory and renal compromise. The kidneys were symmetrically enlarged and highly echogenic by ultrasonographic examination and showed high-signal intensity on T2-weighted images by MRI. Histologic analysis showed pulmonary hypoplasia, numerous dilated and elongated tubular structures in the kidney and dilated intrahepatic biliary ducts. Among the 12 cases, 8 cases' presumptive diagnosis was made by prenatal ultrasound revealed enlarged kidneys and oligohydramnios. All cases suffered respiratory distress after birth, and 5 cases complicated pneumothorax. 6 cases died in neonatal stage because of respiratory failure.1 case died 2 m after birth because of renal failure. Five cases are alive and underwent dialysis, nephrectomy or renal transplant.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Newborn infants with perinatal autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease often have poor outcome and died from respiratory and renal failure. Aggressive respiratory support and renal replacement therapy (including nephrectomy, dialysis and transplantation) may give these infants a favorable outcome.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , Pathology , Fatal Outcome , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Diagnosis , Genetics , Pathology , Kidney , Pathology , Perinatology , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive , Diagnosis , Genetics , Pathology , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency , Pathology , Respiratory Insufficiency , Pathology , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2482-2486, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283736

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) is a rare inherited disease, which is a disorder with multiple organ involvement, mainly the kidney and liver. It is caused by mutations in the PKHD1 gene. Here, we reported the clinical characteristics of a case with ARPKD and analyze the genetic features of this patient as well as of his father using targeted exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood leukocytes obtained from a patient with ARPKD. The mutations were identified using exome sequencing and confirmed by Sanger sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The patient was diagnosed as ARPKD based on ultrasonography and abdominal computed tomography which showed polycystic changes, multiple calcinosis of both kidneys, and multiple dilated bile ducts of the liver. Compound heterozygous PKHD1 gene mutations A979G and G5935A, which lead to substitution of an asparagine for an aspartate at amino acid 327 (N327D) and a glycine for an arginine at amino acid 1979 (G1979R) respectively, were identified using targeted exome sequencing and confirmed by Sanger sequencing for the patient. In addition, the father of the patient was identified to be a carrier of heterozygous A979G mutation of this gene.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>We identified that the compound heterozygous PKHD1 gene mutations are the molecular basis of the patient with ARPKD. Targeted exome sequencing is suitable for genetic diagnosis of single-gene inherited diseases like ARPKD in which the pathogenic gene is a large.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Male , Exome , Genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Mutation , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive , Genetics , Receptors, Cell Surface , Genetics
19.
Mediciego ; 17(1)mar. 2011. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-616706

ABSTRACT

La presencia de carcinoma de células renales durante la evolución de una enfermedad poliquística renal autosómica dominante es muy rara y poco reportada en la literatura internacional. El carcinoma renal suele manifestarse clínicamente de forma tardía, por lo que aproximadamente un tercio de los pacientes presentan metástasis a distancia en el momento del diagnóstico. Se reporta un caso de enfermedad poliquística renal asociado con carcinoma de células renales operado hace 3 años con tratamiento clínico conservador, además de diagnosticado con una enfermedad renal crónica avanzada el cual ha mantenido una evolución estable.


The presence of renal cell carcinoma during the evolution of an autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is very rare and little reported in international literature. Clinical manifestations of renal cell carcinoma are often late, so that approximately one-third of patients have metastatic disease at the time of diagnosis. It is reported a case of polycystic renal disease associated with renal cell carcinoma operated three years ago with conservative clinical treatment, besides he had been diagnosticated with an advanced chronic kidney disease who had mantained an stable evolution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/complications , Kidney Neoplasms/complications , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive/complications
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