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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887715


Objective@#To investigate the changes in the cytokine profiles of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients undergoing antiviral treatment.@*Methods@#Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive patients were treated with Pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) and entecavir (ETV). Clinical biochemistry and cytokines were detected at baseline and every 3 months.@*Results@#In all, 200 patients completed 48 weeks of treatment, 100 in the PEG-IFN group and 100 in the ETV group. During 3-6 months of treatment, compared with baseline, the PEG-IFN group showed a significant decrease in interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), interleukin-17A (IL-17A), interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-10(IL-10), and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) ( @*Conclusion@#During antiviral therapy, a change in the cytokine profile occurred; in the aspect of immune control and functional cure, PEG-IFN was significantly better than ETV.

Adult , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Cytokines/blood , Female , Guanine/therapeutic use , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Male , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 22(5): 418-423, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974233


ABSTRACT The Brazilian Public Health Service provides freely αPEG-IFN to treat patients infected with HCV. The primary goal of HCV therapy is the long-term elimination of HCV from the blood to reduce the risk of HCV associated complications and death. Patient viremia affects the treatment duration and response, thus influencing clinical decisions. We developed a high-throughput method to perform the quantification of RNA hepatitis C virus (HCV) virus load in plasma samples to monitor patients under treatment. The method is based on a duplex detection, in a one-step real-time RT-PCR assay and it has been validated according to the rules established by the official Brazilian regulatory agency (ANVISA). This new method was compared to a commercial kit (Cobas/Taqman HCV Test v2.0 - Roche), showing virus load results with significant correlation between them (p= 0,012) using commercial and clinical panels. In addition, 611 samples from patients treated with peguilated alfa-interferon (αPEG-IFN) from different regions of Brazil were analyzed. Our one-step real-time RT-PCR assay demonstrated good performance in viral load measurement and in treatment course monitoring, with acceptable sensitivity and specificity values.

Humans , RNA, Viral/isolation & purification , Hepatitis C/virology , Hepacivirus/isolation & purification , Viral Load/methods , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Time Factors , Viremia , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Brazil , RNA, Viral/genetics , RNA, Viral/blood , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Hepatitis C/drug therapy , Hepatitis C/blood , Hepacivirus/genetics , Genotyping Techniques , Genotype
Säo Paulo med. j ; 136(4): 376-381, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-962729


ABSTRACT CONTEXT: Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is the most common laryngeal tumor. During childhood, it may present in extremely severe forms defined by the need for frequent surgical procedures to relieve respiratory distress and/or involvement of extralaryngeal sites such as lung involvement. Adjuvant therapies are indicated in these cases and interferon is one of the options. Pegylated interferon is more effective than conventional alpha interferon and, given its reported results in relation to treating hepatitis C over the past decade, we hypothesized that this might be more effective than conventional interferon also for treating respiratory papillomatosis. Use of a treatment strategy that eliminates the need for general anesthesia is particularly appealing, yet obtaining approval for use of medications that are not currently used for this purpose is challenging. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a child with severe RRP that had been followed for the preceding six years, who was treated with pegylated interferon after failure of other adjuvant therapies. There was noticeable improvement in the frequency of surgical procedures, which was regarded very receptively, considering the child's history and previous response to other therapies. CONCLUSION: Pegylated interferon may be a good option for diminishing the need for surgical intervention in severe cases of recurrent respiratory papillomatosis.

Humans , Male , Infant , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Respiratory Tract Infections/drug therapy , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Papillomavirus Infections/drug therapy , Interferon alpha-2/therapeutic use , Severity of Illness Index , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
Arq. gastroenterol ; 55(2): 184-187, Apr.-June 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950515


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The interaction between serum lipids and C virus infection is well known, as are serum lipid levels in the Peg-IFN / RBV-based treatment. However, with direct action antivirals (DAAs) this behavior is still unclear. OBJECTIVE: To compare serum lipids levels between patients treated with Peg-IFN/RBV and DAAs and to evaluate lipids in sustained virological response (SVR) with DAAs. METHODS: Retro prospective study comparing the behavior of total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and triglycerides (TG) serum levels during treatment with DAAs (G-DAAs) and a control historic group Peg-IFN/RBV (G-PR). Coorte, prospective study, to study the behavior of lipids in the SVR with DAAs. Data were collected at the beginning of treatment (baseline: t-base) and at week 12 of treatment (t-12) for G-DAAs and at week 24 (t-24) for G-PR, groups. In the cohort evaluation, the samples at t-base and at week 12 after the end of treatment (t-SVR). Delta lipids: difference between lipids in t-12 / t-24 minus t-base for comparison between G-PR and G-AADs groups and t-SVR minus t-base for lipid analysis in SVR. Analysis with Kruskal Wallis and Wilcoxon tests to compare the delta lipids of the groups. The P value was 0.05. RESULTS: In the assessment between G-PR and G-DAAs groups, we included 63 and 121 patients, respectively. The groups did not differ one from the other (BMI, sex, genotype, fibrosis, total cholesterol, LDL, and TG) except by age (50.38±10.44 vs 56±9.69, P=0.0006). We observed a decrease in levels of TC and LDL and an increase in TG, in G-PR, and in G-DAAs the opposite (Δ TC -13.9±34.5 vs 4.12±34.3 P=0.0005, Δ LDL -7.16±32 vs 10.13±29.92, P=0.003, Δ TG 4.51±53.7 vs -8.24±49.93, P=0.0025). In the coorte analysis, we included 102 patients, 70% men and 56% F4, 95 of them reached SVR. We observed an increase of TC and LDL and a decrease of TG in both groups (SVR and non SVR), with no statistical difference (Δ TC P=0.68; Δ LDL P=0.69; Δ TG P=0.43). We did not find significant difference in delta evaluation by genotype 1 and 3 (Δ TC +29.7±40.2 vs +13.4±30.3, P=0.06; Δ LDL +21.4±28.6 vs +16.6±31.3, P=0.41; Δ TG -3.6±60.6 vs -0.7±40, P=0.91). CONCLUSION: Serum lipids level differed during treatment with Peg-IFN and DAAs. Treatment with DAAs was associated with an increase of TC and LDL and a decrease of TG, independently of SVR.

RESUMO CONTEXTO: A interação entre lípides séricos e infecção pelo vírus C já é bem conhecida, assim como o comportamento dos níveis séricos daqueles durante o tratamento com Peg-IFN/RBV. No entanto, com antivirais de ação direta (AADs) este comportamento ainda não está claro. OBJETIVO: Comparar os níveis séricos de lípides entre pacientes tratados com Peg-IFN/RBV e AADs e avaliar os lípides na resposta virológica sustentada (RVS) com AADs. MÉTODOS: Estudo retro prospectivo comparando o comportamento dos níveis séricos de colesterol total (CT), lipoproteínas de baixa densidade (LDL) e triglicérides (TG) durante o tratamento com AADs (G-AADs) e um grupo histórico de controle Peg-IFN/RBV (G-PR). Coorte, estudo prospectivo, para estudar o comportamento dos lípides na RVS com AADs. Os dados foram coletados no início do tratamento (baseline: t-base) e na décima segunda semana de tratamento (t-12) para G-AADs e na vigésima quarta semana de tratamento (t-24) para G-PR para a análise comparativa entre os dois grupos. Na avaliação de coorte, as amostras foram coletadas no t-base e na décima segunda semana após o término do tratamento (t-RVS). Delta lípides: diferença entre lípides em t-12/t-24 menos t-base para comparação entre os grupos G-PR e G-AADs e t-RVS menos t-base para análise de lípides na RVS. A análise estatística descritiva, os testes não paramétricos de Kruskal Wallis e Wilcoxon foram utilizados para comparar o delta lípides dos grupos. O valor de P considerado foi de 0,05. RESULTADOS: Na avaliação entre os grupos G-PR e G-AADs, incluímos 63 e 121 pacientes, respectivamente. Os grupos não diferiram um do outro (IMC, sexo, genótipo, fibrose, colesterol total, LDL e TG), exceto por idade (50,38±10,44 vs 56±9,69, P=0,0006). Observamos uma diminuição nos níveis de CT e LDL e um aumento de TG no G-PR, no G-AADs ocorreu o oposto (Δ CT -13,9±34,5 vs 4,12±34,3 P=0,0005, Δ LDL -7,16±32 vs 10,13±29,92, P=0,003, Δ TG 4,51±53,7 vs -8,24±49,93, P=0,0025). Na análise de coorte, foram incluídos 102 pacientes, 70% homens e 56% F4. Noventa e cinco deles atingiram a RVS. Observamos um aumento de CT e LDL e uma diminuição de TG em ambos os grupos (RVS e não RVS), sem diferença estatística (Δ CT P=0,68; Δ LDL P=0,69; Δ TG P=0,43). Não encontramos diferença significativa na avaliação dos deltas pelos genótipos 1 e 3 (Δ CT +29,7±40,2 vs +13,4±30,3, P=0,06; Δ LDL + 21,4±28,6 vs +16,6±31,3, P=0,41; Δ TG -3,6±60,6 vs -0,7±40, P=0,91). CONCLUSÃO: O nível de lípides séricos diferiu durante o tratamento com Peg-IFN/RBV e AADs. O tratamento com AADs foi associado a um aumento de CT e LDL e uma diminuição de TG, independentemente da RVS.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Hepatitis C/drug therapy , Hepacivirus/genetics , Sustained Virologic Response , Lipids/blood , Antiviral Agents/pharmacology , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Triglycerides/blood , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Hepatitis C/virology , Hepacivirus/drug effects , Drug Therapy, Combination , Genotype , Cholesterol, LDL/blood , Middle Aged
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 44(3): 308-313, mai.-jun. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-896583


RESUMO A termoablação endovascular das veias safenas insuficientes com laser é descrita como uma técnica menos invasiva, com resultados semelhantes à cirurgia convencional, porém, com efeitos adversos menos frequentes. A técnica de escleroterapia com espuma de polidocanol ecoguiada vem sendo empregada com a mesma finalidade. A combinação de técnicas pode representar uma alternativa para pacientes mais graves, como os portadores de úlcera varicosa. Um equipamento de laser (denominado VELAS) foi desenvolvido no Centro de Pesquisas em Ótica e Fotônica da USP-São Carlos em convênio com a FMB-UNESP para termoablação endoluminal da veia safena insuficiente. Neste estudo apresentamos os resultados preliminares do uso do aparelho de laser VELAS (diodo MMO 980nm) na termoablação endovascular de veias safenas insuficientes, em portadores de úlcera venosa crônica, associado à complementação com espuma de polidocanol para o tratamento de varicosidades, após uma semana. Os desfechos analisados foram o tempo de cicatrização da úlcera venosa, oclusão das veias tratadas e eventos adversos relacionados aos tratamentos. Foram incluídos 12 pacientes portadores de insuficiência de veia safena e úlcera venosa crônica que aceitaram participar do projeto. Todos foram tratados em regime ambulatorial, com anestesia local e termoablação da veia safena insuficiente (VELAS). Após uma semana da cirurgia, as varicosidades foram esclerosadas com polidocanol espuma (técnica de Tessari). O equipamento laser VELAS nacional apresentou fácil manuseio, oclusão venosa total em 83,3% dos pacientes (em sete dias) e a associação das técnicas foi responsável por uma taxa de cicatrização de feridas de 83,3%, sem ocorrência de eventos adversos.

ABSTRACT The endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) of the insufficient saphenous vein has similar results to open conventional surgery, but less morbidity. The echo-guided polidocanol foam sclerotherapy technique has been used for the same purpose. The combined techniques may play a role for more severe diseases, such as those with varicose ulcers. An EVLA device (called VELAS) has been developed in the Optics and Photonics Research Center of USP-São Carlos in agreement with FMB-UNESP. In this study, we present the preliminary results of the VELAS device (MMO 980nm diode) in patients with chronic venous ulcer, associated with echo-guided polidocanol foam sclerotherapy for the treatment of varicosities. Primary outcomes were healing time of the venous ulcer, occlusion of the treated veins and treatment-related adverse events. We included 12 patients with insufficient saphenous vein and chronic venous ulcer. Initially, we treated all of them with thermoablation of the insufficient saphenous vein (VELAS), on an outpatient basis, with local anesthesia. After one week of the procedure, we sclerosed the varicosities with polidocanol foam (Tessari technique). The national VELAS device was easily handled. Total venous occlusion occurred in 83.3% of the patients (in seven days) and the association of the techniques was responsible for a wound healing rate of 83.3%, with no adverse events.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Saphenous Vein , Sclerosing Solutions/therapeutic use , Venous Insufficiency/therapy , Sclerotherapy , Laser Therapy , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil , Treatment Outcome , Combined Modality Therapy , Polidocanol , Middle Aged
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e22, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839506


Abstract Resin cements are often used for single crown cementation due to their physical properties. Self-adhesive resin cements gained widespread due to their simplified technique compared to regular resin cement. However, there is lacking clinical evidence about the long-term behavior of this material. The aim of this prospective clinical trial was to assess the survival rates of metal-ceramic crowns cemented with self-adhesive resin cement up to six years. One hundred and twenty-nine subjects received 152 metal-ceramic crowns. The cementation procedures were standardized and performed by previously trained operators. The crowns were assessed as to primary outcome (debonding) and FDI criteria. Statistical analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier statistics and descriptive analysis. Three failures occurred (debonding), resulting in a 97.6% survival rate. FDI criteria assessment resulted in scores 1 and 2 (acceptable clinical evaluation) for all surviving crowns. The use of self-adhesive resin cement is a feasible alternative for metal-ceramic crowns cementation, achieving high and adequate survival rates.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/therapeutic use , Ceramics/therapeutic use , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Polymethacrylic Acids/therapeutic use , Resin Cements/therapeutic use , Self-Curing of Dental Resins/methods , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/chemistry , Ceramics/chemistry , Crowns , Dental Restoration Failure , Follow-Up Studies , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Polyethylene Glycols/chemistry , Polymethacrylic Acids/chemistry , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Resin Cements/chemistry , Statistics, Nonparametric , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
Arq. gastroenterol ; 53(1): 20-24, Jan.-Mar. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777119


ABSTRACT Background The effectiveness of antiviral therapy with pegylated interferon and ribavirin for chronic hepatitis C is far from ideal and presents several adverse events. Among such events, there is the depressive episode that can even lead to treatment discontinuity Objective Analyze the incidence of depressive episodes in patients with chronic hepatitis C treated with pegylated interferon (IFN-PEG) and ribavirin, as well as the possible factors associated with its occurrence and its impact on patients' sustained virological response. Methods People with chronic hepatitis C undergoing antiviral therapy were interviewed at the baseline, at the 4th, 12th, 24th and 48th treatment weeks and 4 weeks after the end of it, using the HADS scale for tracking the depressive episode. Patients with HADS ≥9 were subjected to Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) to grade the episode. Clinical, sociodemographic, laboratorial and histological variables were obtained to identify factors related to the onset of depression. The sustained virological response rate (negative HCV-RNA 6 months after end of therapy) was compared among patients with and without depressive symptoms. Results The study comprised 32 patients, most men (59%) with mean age of 54±11.13 years old. Genotype non-1 was prevalent (56%) and 81% of the patients were non-cirrhotic. The depressive episode was diagnosed in 25% of the patients and the peak incidence was found in the 12th treatment week. The depressive episode was moderate in 87% of the patients and only one patient abandoned the treatment. None of the analyzed factors was associated with depressive episode onset. A trend was observed in female patients ( P=0.08). The sustained virological response rate was of 75% and 67% in patients with and without depressive episode, respectively (P =0.66). Conclusion The incidence of depressive episodes in patients with chronic hepatitis C undergoing antiviral therapy was of 25% and the 12th treatment week was the most critical one. The presence of depressive episode did not affect the sustained virological response rate.

RESUMO Contexto A terapia antiviral para a hepatite C crônica com interferon peguilado e ribavirina tem eficácia longe do ideal e é repleta de eventos adversos. Entre estes, destaca-se o transtorno depressivo que pode inclusive levar a interrupção do tratamento. Objetivos Em pacientes com hepatite C crônica tratados com interferon peguilado (IFN-PEG) e ribavirina, verificar a incidência de episódio depressivo, os possíveis fatores associados ao seu surgimento e o impacto deste sobre a resposta virológica sustentada. Métodos Portadores de hepatite C crônica submetidos à terapia antiviral foram entrevistados no Baseline, nas semanas 4, 12, 24, 48 de tratamento e quatro semanas após o término do mesmo utilizando a escala HADS para rastreamento do episódio depressivo e naqueles com HADS ≥9 o Inventário de Depressão de Beck (BDI-II) para graduação do episódio. Variáveis clínicas, sociodemográficas, laboratoriais e histológicas foram obtidas com o objetivo de identificar os fatores relacionados ao surgimento da depressão. A taxa de resposta virológica sustentada (HCV-RNA negativo seis meses após a interrupção da terapia) foi comparada entre os pacientes com e sem sintomas depressivos. Resultados Foram incluídos 32 pacientes, a maioria do sexo masculino (59%) e com média de idade de 54±11,13 anos. Prevaleceu o genótipo não 1 (56%) e 81% dos pacientes foram não cirróticos. Episódio depressivo foi diagnosticado em 25% dos pacientes sendo o pico de incidência observado na semana 12 de tratamento. O episódio depressivo foi moderado em 87% dos pacientes e motivou a interrupção em somente 1 deles. Nenhum dos fatores analisados foi associado ao surgimento de episódio depressivo observando-se uma tendência com relação ao sexo feminino ( P =0,08). A taxa de resposta virológica sustentada foi 75% e 67% nos pacientes com e sem episódio depressivo, respectivamente ( P =0,66). Conclusão A incidência de episódio depressivo em pacientes com hepatite C crônica submetidos à terapia antiviral foi de 25% e a semana 12 é a mais crítica. A presença de episódio depressivo não interferiu na taxa de resposta virológica sustentada.

Humans , Male , Female , Antiviral Agents/adverse effects , Polyethylene Glycols/adverse effects , Ribavirin/adverse effects , Interferon-alpha/adverse effects , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Depression/chemically induced , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Recombinant Proteins/adverse effects , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Hepatitis C, Chronic/psychology , Depression/psychology , Drug Therapy, Combination , Sociological Factors , Interferon alpha-2 , Middle Aged
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 14(1): 99-103, Jan.-Mar. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-778486


ABSTRACT The use of nanocarriers as drug delivery systems for therapeutic or imaging agents can improve the pharmacological properties of commonly used compounds in cancer diagnosis and treatment. Advances in the surface engineering of nanoparticles to accommodate targeting ligands turned nanocarriers attractive candidates for future work involving targeted drug delivery. Although not targeted, several nanocarriers have been approved for clinical use and they are currently used to treat and/or diagnosis various types of cancers. Furthermore, there are several formulations, which are now in various stages of clinical trials. This review examined some approved formulations and discussed the advantages of using nanocarriers in cancer therapy.

RESUMO A utilização de nanocarreadores como sistemas de entrega de drogas para agentes terapêuticos ou de imagem pode aumentar as propriedades farmacológicas dos compostos normalmente utilizados no tratamento e diagnóstico de câncer. Avanços em engenharia de superfície de nanopartículas para a acomodação de ligantes alvo têm feito dos nanocarreadores candidatos atrativos para um futuro trabalho envolvendo entrega de droga direcionada. Embora não direcionados, muitos nanocarreadores terapêuticos foram aprovados para uso clínico no tratamento e/ou diagnóstico de vários tipos de câncer. Além disso, há várias outras formulações que se encontram agora em estágio de testes clínicos. Este artigo de revisão examinou algumas formulações aprovadas e discutiu as vantagens da utilização de nanocarreadores na terapia de câncer.

Humans , Drug Carriers/therapeutic use , Nanoparticles/therapeutic use , Neoplasms/diagnosis , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/analogs & derivatives , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-188160


Some recent studies have found regression of liver cirrhosis after antiviral therapy in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related liver cirrhosis, but there have been no reports of complete regression of esophageal varices after interferon/peg-interferon and ribavirin combination therapy. We describe two cases of complete regression of esophageal varices and splenomegaly after interferon-alpha and ribavirin combination therapy in patients with HCV-related liver cirrhosis. Esophageal varices and splenomegaly regressed after 3 and 8 years of sustained virologic responses in cases 1 and 2, respectively. To our knowledge, this is the first study demonstrating that complications of liver cirrhosis, such as esophageal varices and splenomegaly, can regress after antiviral therapy in patients with HCV-related liver cirrhosis.

Abdomen/diagnostic imaging , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Drug Therapy, Combination , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/complications , Female , Hepatitis C/complications , Humans , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Liver Cirrhosis/etiology , Male , Middle Aged , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Splenomegaly/complications , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ultrasonography
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 57(6): 519-522, Nov.-Dec. 2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-770122


Chronic infection by hepatitis C virus (HCV) is one of the main risk factors for the development of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the emergence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in non-cirrhotic HCV patients, especially after sustained virological response (SVR) is an unusual event. Recently, it has been suggested that HCV genotype 3 may have a particular oncogenic mechanism, but the factors involved in these cases as well as the profile of these patients are still not fully understood. Thus, we present the case of a non-cirrhotic fifty-year-old male with HCV infection, genotype 3a, who developed HCC two years after treatment with pegylated-interferon and ribavirin, with SVR, in Brazil.

A infecção crônica pelo vírus da hepatite C é um dos principais fatores de risco para o desenvolvimento de cirrose hepática e carcinoma hepatocelular. Entretanto, o surgimento do carcinoma hepatocelular em pacientes portadores de hepatite C na ausência de cirrose, especialmente após o tratamento e a obtenção de resposta virológica sustentada, é um evento incomum. Recentemente tem sido sugerido que o genótipo 3 do vírus da hepatite C possa ter um mecanismo oncogênico particular, mas todos os fatores envolvidos nestes casos, assim como o perfil destes pacientes, ainda não estão totalmente esclarecidos. Deste modo, apresentamos o caso de um paciente masculino de 50 anos de idade, com infecção pelo vírus da hepatite C genótipo 3a, não cirrótico, que desenvolveu carcinoma hepatocelular dois anos após ter atingido resposta virológica sustentada com o tratamento com interferon peguilado e ribavirina.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/etiology , Hepatitis C/drug therapy , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Liver Neoplasms/etiology , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Drug Therapy, Combination , Hepacivirus/genetics , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Ribavirin/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
Säo Paulo med. j ; 133(6): 525-530, Nov.-Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-770149


CONTEXT: Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is the treatment of choice for end-stage liver disease. Cirrhosis due to hepatitis C infection is the leading indication for liver transplantation worldwide. However, patients who are given transplants because of viral liver diseases often present clinical coinfections, including hepatitis B together with hepatitis D. Currently, different strategies exist for patient management before and after liver transplantation, and these are based on different protocols developed by the specialized transplantation centers. CASE REPORT: We present a rare case of a 58-year-old man with chronic hepatitis B, C and D coinfection. The patient developed cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. His treatment comprised antiviral therapy for the three viruses and OLT. The patient's outcome was satisfactory. CONCLUSION: OLT, in association with antiviral therapy using entecavir, which was administered before and after transplantation, was effective for sustained clearance of the hepatitis B and D viruses. A recurrence of hepatitis C infection after transplantation responded successfully to standard treatment comprising peginterferon alfa-2A and ribavirin.

CONTEXTO: O transplante ortotópico de fígado (TOF) é o tratamento de escolha em pacientes com doença hepática terminal. A cirrose por hepatite C é a principal indicação de transplante hepático no mundo. No entanto, pacientes transplantados por hepatopatias virais frequentemente apresentam coinfecções, como hepatite B associada a hepatite D. Atualmente, existem diferentes estratégias de manejo em pacientes pré e pós-transplantados conforme diferentes protocolos de conduta de serviços especializados em transplante. RELATO DE CASO: Apresentamos o raro caso de um homem de 58 anos diagnosticado com as hepatites crônicas B, C e D. O paciente evoluiu com cirrose e carcinoma hepatocelular. O tratamento consistiu de terapia antiviral para os três vírus e de transplante ortotópico de fígado. O desfecho do paciente foi satisfatório. CONCLUSÃO: O transplante ortotópico de fígado, associado à terapia antiviral com entecavir antes e após o procedimento, foi eficaz na depuração sustentada dos vírus B e D. A recidiva do vírus C após o transplante respondeu com sucesso ao tratamento padrão com alfapeginterferon 2A e ribavirina.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/surgery , Hepatitis, Viral, Human/drug therapy , Hepatitis, Viral, Human/surgery , Liver Cirrhosis/surgery , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Liver Transplantation/methods , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Coinfection/drug therapy , Coinfection/surgery , Hepatitis B/drug therapy , Hepatitis B/surgery , Hepatitis C/drug therapy , Hepatitis C/surgery , Hepatitis D/drug therapy , Hepatitis D/surgery , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Liver Cirrhosis/virology , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Recurrence , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 19(4): 390-398, July-Aug. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-759273


Response-guided therapy is of limited use in developing countries because hepatitis C virus RNA detection by sensitive molecular methods is time- and labor-consuming and expen- sive. We evaluated early predictive efficacy of serum hepatitis C virus core antigen kinetics on sustained virologic response in patients with genotype 1 hepatitis C virus during pegylated interferon plus ribavirin treatment. For 478 patients recruited, hepatitis C virus RNAs were detected at baseline, and at weeks 4, 12, 24, 48, and 72 using Cobas TaqMan. Architect hepatitis C virus core antigen was performed at baseline, and weeks 4 and 12. Predictive values of hepatitis C virus core antigen on sustained virologic response were compared to hepatitis C virus RNA. In the first 12 weeks after treatment initiation the dynamic patterns of serum hepatitis C virus core antigen and hepatitis C virus RNA levels were similar in sustained virologic response, relapse, and null response patients groups. Although areas under the receiver operating characteristics curves of hepatitis C virus core antigen were lower than those of hepatitis C virus RNA at the same time points, modeling analysis showed that undetectable hepatitis C virus core antigen (rapid virological response based on hepatitis C virus core antigen) had similar positive predictive value on sustained virologic response to hepatitis C virus RNA at week 4 (90.4% vs 93.3%), and hepatitis C virus core antigen decrease greater than 1 log10 IU/mL (early virological response based on hepatitis C virus core antigen) had similar negative predictive value to hepatitis C virus RNA at week 12 (94.1% vs 95.Z%). Analysis on the validation group demonstrated a positive predictivevalue of 97.5% in rapid virological response based on hepatitis C virus core antigen and a negative predictive value of 100% in early virological response based on hepatitis C virus core antigen. In conclusion, hepatitis C virus core antigen is comparable to hepatitis C virus RNA in predicting sustained virologic response of chronic genotype 1 hepatitis C virus infected patients, and can be used to guide anti-hepatitis C virus treatment, especially in resource-limited areas.

Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Hepacivirus/immunology , Hepatitis C Antigens/immunology , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Genotype , Hepatitis C, Chronic/immunology , Hepatitis C, Chronic/virology , Predictive Value of Tests , ROC Curve , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Time Factors , Viral Core Proteins/immunology
Acta ortop. mex ; 29(3): 172-175,
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-773379


Antecedentes: La necrosis avascular de la cabeza femoral es una patología frecuente en pacientes con antecedentes de trauma, encontrándose como causas patologías vasculares, oncológicas, estados hipercoagulantes, tratamientos esteroideos prolongados, asociándose en algunos casos en pacientes con antecedente de hepatitis C con manejo con interferón pegilado + ribavirin. Seef, Foster y Poynard encontraron al estudiar el comportamiento del virus de la hepatitis, un estado de hipercoagulabilidad, que crea interrupción del flujo vascular retinacular en la cabeza femoral, sin incrementar la incidencia de osteonecrosis en este grupo de pacientes. Lauer expone que dichas infecciones virales llevan un proceso autoinmune, las cuales podrían producir vasculitis transitorias. Giampaolo en 2005 reporta la relación entre el uso de interferón en mieloma múltiple y otros padecimientos oncológicos relacionándose con necrosis avascular femoral. Material y métodos: Se valoraron los casos de diagnóstico de osteonecrosis bilateral de la cabeza femoral bilateral. Resultados: Se revisaron 5 pacientes, 4 mujeres y 1 hombre, con el diagnóstico de osteonecrosis bilateral de la cabeza femoral bilateral. Todos con antecedentes de hepatitis C con manejo con interferón pegilado, corroborándose diagnóstico definitivo por patología posterior a artroplastías, realizándose revisión bibliográfica de la relación de esta patología con el uso de interferón en pacientes con hepatitis C. Conclusiones: Al conocer la relación que existe en enfermedades virales como la hepatitis B y C con la presencia de estados de hipercoagulabilidad, procesos autoinmunes que conllevan a vasculitis transitorias y el uso de interferón pegilado 2B, relacionándose a necrosis avascular de las cabezas femorales, conoceremos nuevas causas asociadas no traumáticas a este padecimiento.

Background: Avascular necrosis of the femoral head is a frequent condition in patients with a history of trauma. The major pathologic causes include vascular diseases, malignancies, hypercoagulability states, long-term steroid treatment, and some patients have a history of hepatitis C infection treated with pegylated interferon and ribavirin. Upon studying the behavior of the hepatitis C virus, Seef, Foster and Poynard found a hypercoagulability state that causes interruption of retinacular blood flow to the femoral head, without an increased incidence of osteonecrosis in this patient group. Lauer states that such viral infections involve an autoimmune process and may result in transient vasculitides. Giampaolo, in 2005, reported the relationship between interferon use for multiple myeloma and other cancers and femoral avascular necrosis. Material and methods: Cases with a diagnosis of bilateral osteonecrosis of the femoral head were assessed. Results: Five patients were included, 4 females and one male, with a diagnosis of bilateral osteonecrosis of the femoral head. All of them had history of hepatitis C infection treated with pegylated interferon. The final diagnosis was proven by pathology after arthroplasty. A literature review was made of articles on the relationship between this condition and interferon use in patients with hepatitis C infection. Conclusions: Finding out the relationship between viral diseases such as hepatitis B and C infection and hypercoagulability states, autoimmune processes leading to transient vasculitides and the use of pegylated interferon 2B, will help us discover new nontraumatic causes associated with this condition.

Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , Femur Head Necrosis/etiology , Hepatitis C/drug therapy , Interferon-alpha/administration & dosage , Polyethylene Glycols/administration & dosage , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Femur Head Necrosis/pathology , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Recombinant Proteins/administration & dosage , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use
Gastroenterol. latinoam ; 26(4): 204-208, 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-982677


Crohn’s disease (CD) is a type of inflammatory bowel disease that may involve every segment of the entire gastrointestinal tract and is characterized by transmural inflammation and formation of granulomas. Its classic presentation is evidenced by fever, abdominal pain and signs of intestinal obstruction, however these signs could vary among patients. Fistulizing CD (FCD) is a less frequent presentation. The clinical signs and symptoms of this form are not characteristic and usually have a more complicated outcome due to the development of sepsis. Certolizumab pegol is a recombinant humanized antibody, targeting the tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), which has been effective in patients with fistulizing CD. In this article, we report a patient with complicated FCD who required 21 month hospitalization due to the presence of multiple fistulae and malnutrition, but who had a successful management with certolizumab pegol.

La enfermedad de Crohn (EC) es un tipo de enfermedad intestinal inflamatoria, que puede comprometer cualquier segmento del tracto gastrointestinal caracterizado por inflamación transmural y formación de granulomas. Su presentación clínica clásica se caracteriza por fiebre, dolor abdominal y signos de obstrucción intestinal, aunque estos signos pueden variar entre cada paciente. La EC fistulizante (ECF) es un tipo de presentación menos frecuente. Los síntomas y signos clínicos no son fácilmente definidos y usualmente se asocian con el desarrollo de sepsis. El certolizumab pegol es un anticuerpo monoclonal recombinante contra el factor de necrosis tumoral alfa. En este artículo se describe la evolución clínica de un paciente con ECF con múltiples complicaciones y quien requirió una hospitalización prolongada durante 21 meses debido a la presencia de múltiples fístulas y desnutrición, quien respondió satisfactoriamente al tratamiento con certolizumab pegol.

Male , Humans , Adolescent , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/therapeutic use , Crohn Disease/drug therapy , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-47867


BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hepatitis C genotypes 1 and 2 are widely distributed globally. In contrast, genotype 6 is found mainly in Southeast Asia, while genotype 6 is rare in Korea. This study aims to investigate the prevalence, risk factors and clinical characteristics of patients with genotype 6 chronic hepatitis C. METHODS: We retrospectively identified 133 HCV-infected patients who underwent HCV genotype analysis between January 2012 and December 2012, and analyzed the prevalence, risk factors and clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed with genotype 6 chronic hepatitis C. RESULTS: Among 133 patients, 53 patients (39.8%) were infected with genotype 1, 62 patients (46.6%) with genotype 2, 2 patients (1.5%) with genotype 3, 14 patients (10.5%) with genotype 6, and 2 patients (1.5%) with mixed genotypes (genotype 1 and 6). The risk factors associated with genotype 6 were acupuncture (n=4, 28.6%), intravenous drug use (n=3, 21.4%), tattoo (n=2, 14.3%), and transfusion (n=2, 14.3%). Of the 14 patients with genotype 6, 6 patients were treated with pegylated interferon and ribavirin. Five patients had reached the end of treatment. All patients reaching end of treatment for genotype 6 showed early virological response and sustained virological response. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of genotype 6 is 10.5% and mixed infections of genotype 1 and 6 are 1.5% in patients with chronic hepatitis C. A major potential risk factor is intravenous drug use and the treatment response rate to pegylated interferon plus ribavirin is high in patients with genotype 6 chronic hepatitis C. Large scale multicenter studies are needed.

Acupuncture Therapy , Adult , Aged , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Blood Transfusion , Drug Therapy, Combination , Female , Genotype , Hepacivirus/genetics , Hepatitis C, Chronic/diagnosis , Humans , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Male , Middle Aged , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Prevalence , RNA, Viral/genetics , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Republic of Korea , Retrospective Studies , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Risk Factors , Tattooing
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-208448


BACKGROUND/AIMS: Performance of polyethylene glycol solution (PEG) is often unsatisfactory as bowel preparation agent for colonoscopy. In order to provide equivalent efficacy with better patient tolerance, sodium phosphate tablet (SPT) has been developed. This study was carried out to compare the efficacy and compliance of two bowel preparation methods: PEG with ascorbic acid (PEGA) vs. SPT preparation. METHODS: A multicenter, randomized controlled trial was performed. Primary efficacy variable was overall quality of colon cleansing assessed by Boston bowel preparation scale (BBPS) during colonoscopy. Patient's satisfaction and adverse events were evaluated by means of symptom questionnaire completed by each patient immediately before colonoscopy. RESULTS: A total of 189 patients were randomly assigned to undergo pre-colonoscopic bowel preparation with either SPT (n=96) or PEGA (n=93). Overall BBPS score was 8.3+/-1.12 in the SPT group and 8.4+/-0.96 in the PEGA group (p=0.441). Among the 189 patients, 90 had polyps (47.6%) and 50 had adenomas (26.5%). The polyp/adenoma detection rate was 54.2% (n=52)/27.1% (n=26) for SPT group and 40.9% (n=38)/25.8% (n=24) for PEGA group (p=0.079 and 0.790, respectively). More number of patients were unable to take the prescribed dose of PEGA compared with the SPT regimen (8.6% vs. 2.0%, p=0.045). Overall satisfaction score was 7.9+/-1.63 in the SPT group and 7.4+/-1.53 in the PEGA group (p=0.022). CONCLUSIONS: Degree of colon preparation, polyp/adenoma detection rate and adverse effect were similar between SPT group and PEGA group. Patient compliance and satisfaction were greater in the SPT group.

Abdominal Pain/etiology , Adenoma/pathology , Adult , Ascorbic Acid/therapeutic use , Cathartics/adverse effects , Colonic Polyps/pathology , Colonoscopy , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nausea/etiology , Patient Satisfaction , Phosphates/therapeutic use , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Surveys and Questionnaires