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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e247529, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339345

ABSTRACT

Abstract Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays targeting 16S rRNA genes followed by DNA sequencing are still important tools to characterize microbial communities present in environmental samples. However, despite the crescent number of deposited archaeal DNA sequences in databases, until now we do not have a clear picture of the effectiveness and specificity of the universal primers widely used to describe archaeal communities from different natural habitats. Therefore, in this study, we compared the phylogenetic profile obtained when Cerrado lake sediment DNA samples were submitted to 16S rDNA PCR employing three Archaea-specific primer sets commonly used. Our findings reveal that specificity of primers differed depending on the source of the analyzed DNA. Furthermore, archaeal communities revealed by each primer pair varied greatly, indicating that 16S rRNA gene primer choice affects the community profile obtained, with differences in both taxon detection and operational taxonomic unit (OTU) estimates.


Resumo A amplificação de genes que codificam o rRNA 16S por reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR) e o seu subsequente sequenciamento consistem em uma ferramenta importante na caracterização de comunidades microbianas presentes em amostras ambientais. No entanto, apesar do crescente número de sequências de DNA de Archaea depositadas em bancos de dados, a especificidade e efetividade dos iniciadores de PCR descritos como universais e amplamente utilizados na descrição desse grupo ainda não está clara. Neste estudo foram comparados os perfis filogenéticos de comunidades de arqueias obtidos a partir amostras de DNA de sedimentos lacustres do Cerrado submetidas a ensaios de PCR empregando três pares de iniciadores específicos para Archaea, comumente utilizados neste tipo de estudo. Nossos resultados indicam que as comunidades de arqueias detectadas com cada par de iniciadores apresentaram grande variação filogenética, sugerindo que a escolha de iniciadores dirigidos ao gene de rRNA 16S tem efeito significativo no perfil da comunidade descrita, com diferenças tanto em relação aos táxons detectados, como nas estimativas de unidades taxonômicas operacionais (OTU).


Subject(s)
Archaea/genetics , Phylogeny , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Analysis, DNA , DNA Primers/genetics , Genes, rRNA
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(4): 689-696, Jul.-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394867

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) for 16S rDNA gene screening using sonicated fluid from orthopedic implants. Methods A retrospective study was conducted on 73 sonicated fluids obtained from patients with infection associated with orthopedic implants. The samples were subjected to conventional culture and molecular testing using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and qPCR for 16S rDNA. The cycle threshold values were used to define a cut-off of the qPCR of the 16S rDNA for negative and positive cultures. Results No statistical differences were observed between the positive and negative culture groups based on the time from the first surgery to infection (p= 0.958), age (p =0.269), or general comorbidities. Nevertheless, a statistical difference was found between the mean duration of antibiotic use before device removal (3.41 versus 0.94; p =0.016). Bacterial DNA was identified in every sample from the sonicated fluids. The median cycle thresholds of the positive and negative cultures were of 25.6 and 27.3 respectively (p< 0.001). As a diagnostic tool, a cycle threshold cut-off of 26.89 demonstrated an area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristic of 0.877 (p≤ 0.001). Conclusion The presence of antimicrobial agents for more than 72 hours decreased culture positivity, but did not influence the qPCR results. Despite this, amplification of the 16S rDNA may overestimate infection diagnosis.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a sensibilidade e a especificidade da reação em cadeia de polimerase em tempo real quantitativa (quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, qPCR, em inglês) para a triagem do gene rDNA 16S, com a utilização do fluido sonicado de implantes ortopédicos. Métodos Um estudo retrospectivo foi realizado em 73 fluidos sonicados obtidos de pacientes com infecção associada aos implantes ortopédicos. As amostras foram submetidas a cultura convencional e a teste molecular utilizando ionização e dessorção a laser assistida por matriz com espectrometria de massa por tempo de voo (matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry, MALDI-TOF MS, em inglês) e qPCR para o gene rDNA 16S. Os valores limiares do ciclo foram usados para definir um ponto de corte para a qPCR do gene rDNA 16S para culturas negativas e positivas. Resultados Não foram observadas diferenças estatísticas entre os grupos de cultura positiva e negativa com base no tempo desde a primeira cirurgia até a infecção (p= 0,958), na idade (p= 0,269), ou nas comorbidades em geral. No entanto, uma diferença estatística foi encontrada entre a duração média do uso de antibióticos antes da remoção do dispositivo (3,41 versus 0,94; p= 0,016). O DNA bacteriano foi identificado em todas as amostras dos fluidos sonicados. Os limiares do ciclo médio de culturas positivas e negativas foram de 25,6 e 27,3, respectivamente (p< 0,001). Como uma ferramenta de diagnóstico, um corte do limite do ciclo de 26,89 demonstrou uma área sob a curva da característica de operação do receptor de 0,877 (p ≤ 0,001). Conclusão A presença de agentes antimicrobianos por mais de 72 horas diminuiu a positividade da cultura, mas não influenciou os resultados da qPCR. Apesar disso, a amplificação do rDNA 16S pode sobrestimar o diagnóstico de infecção.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prostheses and Implants/microbiology , Sonication , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Retrospective Studies , Infection Control , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization , Anti-Infective Agents
3.
Bol. malariol. salud ambient ; 62(1): 72-82, jun, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1381297

ABSTRACT

La hipersensibilidad de la dentina surge ante la exposición de esta y en respuesta a estímulos de diverso tipo, fundamentalmente de origen térmico, evaporativo, táctil, osmótico o químico. Se realizó una investigación abocada a caracterizar la hipersensibilidad dental de pacientes atendidos en consulta de odontología y la respuesta a determinado dentífrico utilizado. En el análisis de estimulación dental se tomaron 308 mediciones de la sensibilidad dental para todos los participantes (n=22), con 7 factores de tiempo (T0 antes del uso del producto, T3 días, T5 días, T8 días, T22 días y T29 días después del uso del dentífrico). Se realizó la prueba paramétrica regresión lineal simple para identificar la tendencia y el ajuste de los datos, al considerar dichas variables como una serie temporal. Se utilizaron 22 tratamientos. Casi el 91,0% expreso que el dentífrico había cumplido sus expectativas, fundamentalmente por la reducción de la hipersensibilidad a corto plazo, mientras que aproximadamente 91,0% de los casos afirmó que compraría el dentífrico (20 casos, IC 95%: 72,2% y 97,5%), respectivamente(AU)


Dentin hypersensitivity arises when exposed to it and in response to various types of stimuli, mainly of thermal, tactile evaporative, osmotic or chemical origin. An investigation was carried out aimed at characterizing the dental hypersensitivity of patients seen in the dental office and the response to a certain toothpaste used. In the dental stimulation analysis, 308 measurements of tooth sensitivity were taken for all participants (n = 22), with 7 time factors (T0 before use of the product, T3 days, T5 days, T8 days, T22 days and T29 days after using the toothpaste). The simple linear regression parametric test was performed to identify the trend and the fit of the data, considering these variables as a time series. 22 treatments were used. Almost 91.0% believed that the toothpaste had met their expectations, mainly due to the reduction in hypersensitivity in the short term, while approximately 91.0% of the cases stated that they would buy the toothpaste (20 cases, 95% CI: 72 , 2% and 97.5%), respectively(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Toothpastes , Dentifrices , Dentin Sensitivity/diagnosis , Chronic Periodontitis/diagnosis , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Mouthwashes
4.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(2): 107-112, maio-ago. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372953

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo é apresentar uma revisão atualizada sobre o papel dos polimorfismos genéticos na etiologia da endometriose. Trata-se de uma pesquisa bibliográfica feita no PubMed utilizando os descritores "polymorphism and endometriosis". Foram identificados 36 artigos e após aplicação dos critérios de inclusão foram selecionados 17 artigos para a amostra final. Os principais resultados foram: 1) cerca de 60% dos artigos foram publicados em 2019; 2) em 35,3% dos estudos o número de casos e controles investigados foi menor que 100; 3) a maioria dos trabalhos investigou de um a dois polimorfismos por gene; 4) a produção científica sobre endometriose é maior em países orientais; 5) houve heterogeneidade quanto aos periódicos onde os trabalhos foram publicados; 6) as principais técnicas para detecção de polimorfismos foi a PCR-RFLP e o PCR em tempo real, com frequências semelhantes. Em suma, os polimorfismos genéticos podem estar implicados na etiologia da endometriose.


The aim of this study is to present an updated review on the role of genetic polymorphisms in the etiology of endometriosis. This is a literature review made on PubMed using the descriptors "polymorphism and endometriosis". A total 36 articles were identified and, after applying the inclusion criteria, 17 articles were selected for the final sample. The main results were: 1) approximately 60% of the articles were published in 2019; 2) 35.3% of the studies investigated less than 100 cases and controls; 3) most studies investigated one to two polymorphisms per gene; 4) scientific production on endometriosis is higher in Eastern countries; 5) heterogeneity was observed regarding the journals where works were published; 6) the main techniques for detecting polymorphisms were PCR-RFLP and real-time PCR, with similar frequencies. In summary, it can be concluded that genetic polymorphisms may be implicated in the etiology of endometriosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Polymorphism, Genetic , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Biomarkers , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Infertility, Female/diagnosis
5.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 87(2): 97-103, abr. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388725

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Analizar la implementación de la prueba rápida de reacción en cadena de la polimerasa cuantitativa y fluorescente (QF-PCR) para la detección de aneuploidías. MÉTODO: Se incluyeron todas las pacientes que se realizaron una QF-PCR entre septiembre de 2017 y mayo de 2021. En todos los casos se consignaron los datos clínicos, ecográficos y de laboratorio, y se efectuó un seguimiento de quienes se realizaron además cariograma y su resultado fue normal. RESULTADOS: Se realizaron 213 procedimientos invasivos genéticos prenatales, siendo 72 para detección rápida de aneuploidía mediante QF-PCR. El promedio de edad de las madres con QF-PCR fue de 37 años y 48 pacientes (67%) tenían menos de 15 semanas de gestación. La QF-PCR demostró aneuploidía de los cromosomas 18, 13 y de triploidía en 21 de 49 casos informados como anormales. De los 22 casos sin sugerencia de alteración, 17 accedieron a proseguir el estudio con cariotipo, que resultó anormal en 6 casos. Hubo 4 casos de discordancia entre la QF-PCR y el cariotipo, que pudo afectar el manejo clínico de la gestación. En 25/72 casos (34,7%) la aneuploidía era letal. CONCLUSIONES: Considerando la necesidad de tener un diagnóstico rápido, pero también completo y que permita un consejo genético apropiado, debería integrarse la QF-PCR a un protocolo de diagnóstico que considere variables clínicas y ecográficas.


OBJECTIVE: To analyze the performance of QF-PCR test for the detection of aneuploidies. METHOD: All patients who underwent QF-PCR from September 2017 to May 2021, were included. Clinical, ultrasound and laboratory data were recorded in all cases, as well as follow-up of the cases, including those performing karyotype and the result was normal. RESULTS: 213 prenatal genetic invasive procedures were performed in the study period, 72 for rapid detection of aneuploidy by QF-PCR. 48 patients (67%) were less than 15 weeks at the time of ultrasound diagnosis. The QF-PCR test demonstrated aneuploidy of chromosomes 18, 13, and triploidy in 21/49 cases reported as abnormal. Of the cases without suggestion of alteration (22), 17 agreed to continue the study with a karyotype, which was abnormal in 6 cases. There were 4 cases of discrepancy between QF-PCR and karyotype, which could affect the clinical management of pregnancy. 25/72 cases (34. 7%) corresponded to lethal aneuploidy. CONCLUSIONS: Our results justify the use of QF-PCR. Considering the need to have a rapid diagnosis, but also complete and that allows appropriate genetic counseling, it is that QF-PCR should be integrated into a protocol that considers clinical and ultrasound variables.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Prenatal Diagnosis/methods , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Aneuploidy , Chromosome Aberrations , Cytogenetic Analysis , Genetic Counseling
6.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 42(1): 136-146, ene.-mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374513

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Toxoplasma gondii es un parásito con gran potencial zoonótico que puede infectar un amplio rango de huéspedes de sangre caliente, incluidos los animales del sector pecuario, lo que causa pérdidas a la industria. En el humano, es patógeno en personas inmunosuprimidas y afecta el desarrollo del feto en infecciones congénitas. Además, se asocia con diversos trastornos del comportamiento en personas sanas. El humano puede adquirir T. gondii al consumir carnes contaminadas mal cocidas. Objetivo. Determinar la positividad de T. gondii en carnes de consumo humano (res, pollo y cerdo) en Ibagué, Colombia. Materiales y métodos. Se utilizó la PCR convencional anidada y la secuencia del gen B1 de T. gondii como blanco de amplificación. Se tomaron 186 muestras de carne comercializada en la zona urbana de Ibagué (62 de res, 62 de pollo y 62 de cerdo) y se obtuvo el porcentaje de positividad en cada tipo de carne evaluada. Resultados. Se encontró un porcentaje de positividad de 18,8 % en las muestras, siendo la carne de cerdo la del mayor porcentaje (22,5 %; 14/62), seguida por las muestras de carne de res (19,3 %; 12/62) y de pollo (14,5 %; 9/62). Los mejores productos amplificados fueron secuenciados en Macrogen, y alineados con las secuencias del gen B1 depositadas en el GenBank, con lo que se confirmó su identidad. Conclusiones. Este es el primer estudio sobre prevalencia de T. gondii en carnes para consumo humano en Ibagué y el departamento del Tolima. Se demostró que los tres tipos de carne representan un riesgo para la infección en humanos a nivel local.


Introduction: Toxoplasma gondii is a parasite with great zoonotic potential. It can infect a broad range of warm-blooded hosts (including livestock) and causes significant losses in the industry. In humans, it has been described as a pathogen in immunosuppressed people, it affects the fetus development in congenital infections, and is associated with various behavioral disorders in healthy people. Humans can acquire T. gondii by consuming undercooked, contaminated meat. Objective: To determine T. gondii positivity (currently unknown) in meat for human consumption (i.e., beef, chicken, and pork) in the city of Ibague, Colombia. Materials and methods: We used conventional nested PCR and the T. gondii B1 gene sequence as amplification target. We collected samples of meat (N=186) sold in the urban area of Ibagué (62 beef, 62 chicken, and 62 pork samples) and determined the T. gondii positivity percentage for each type of meat. Results: The study found an average of 18.8% positivity for all meat samples, pork having the highest percentage (22.5%; 14/62), followed by beef (19.3%; 12/62) and chicken (14.5%; 9/62). The best-amplified products were sequenced by macrogen and aligned with the B1 gene sequences in GenBank, thereby confirming their identity. Conclusions: This is the first study of T. gondii prevalence in meat for human consumption carried out in the city of Ibagué and the department of Tolima. All three types of meat sampled represent a risk for local human infection.


Subject(s)
Toxoplasma , Toxoplasmosis , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prevalence , Meat
7.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e181776, fev. 2022. mapas, ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1363185

ABSTRACT

Fibropapillomatosis (FP) is an infectious disease caused by Chelonid alphaherpesvirus 5 (ChHV5). Nevertheless, its clinical manifestations are considered multifactorial. Due to its relevance, FP is currently monitored in sea turtle populations in the United States, Australia, Caribbean, and Brazil. Between 2000 and 2020, the TAMAR Project/ TAMAR Project Foundation analyzed the prevalence of FP in nine states and oceanic islands along the Brazilian coast, including Fernando de Noronha Archipelago (FNA), a historically FP-free area. A total of 4,435 green sea turtles (Chelonia mydas) were monitored from 2010 to 2016. Additionally, in 2012 and 2014, 43 FP-free skin samples were analyzed for ChHV5 using a qualitative PCR for the UL30 polymerase (pol) sequence. In 2015, a bilateral ocular nodule characterized as an FP tumor was reported in one of the monitored individuals undergoing rehabilitation. Tissue samples were collected following surgical removal of the tumor. Characterization of a 454 bp UL30 polymerase gene revealed a ChHV5 sequence previously reported in other areas of the Atlantic Brazilian coast. In the years following this finding from January 2017 to March 2020, a total of 360 C. mydas were monitored in the same area and no FP tumors were detected. This is the first report of FP and the first detection of ChHV5 in FNA, a finding of great concern considering this site's historical absence of FP occurrence. This study highlights the importance of monitoring this disease in historically FP-free areas of the Brazilian Atlantic coast.(AU)


A fibropapilomatose (FP) é uma doença infecciosa causada pelo Chelonid alphaherpesvirus 5 (ChHV5). No entanto, as manifestações clínicas da doença são consideradas multifatoriais. Esta doença é monitorada atualmente em populações de tartarugas marinhas nos EUA, Austrália, Caribe e Brasil. Desde 2000, o Projeto TAMAR/Fundação Projeto TAMAR analisa a presença de FP em nove estados da costa brasileira e ilhas oceânicas, incluindo o arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha, uma área historicamente livre de FP. Um total de 4.435 indivíduos de Chelonia mydas foram monitorados de 2010 a 2016 e 43 amostras de pele foram analisadas para detectar ChHV5 em 2012 e 2014 com o objetivo de avaliar a presença do vírus em tecidos sem FP, usando uma PCR qualitativa para detecção de sequências do gene da UL30 polimerase. Em 2015, uma tartaruga verde (C. mydas) foi relatada com um nódulo ocular bilateral caracterizado como FP. Amostras de tecido foram coletadas durante sua reabilitação e procedimento cirúrgico para remover o tumor. A caracterização parcial de uma sequência de 454 bp do gene UL30 polimerase detectou ChHV5 anteriormente relatado em outras áreas da costa atlântica brasileira. Após estes achados, de janeiro de 2017 a março de 2020, um total de 360 indivíduos de C. mydas foram monitorados e nenhum caso de FP foi registrado. Este é o primeiro relato de FP e a primeira caracterização de ChHV5 no arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha, uma questão preocupante e que ressalta a importância do monitoramento desta doença em áreas historicamente livres de FP na costa atlântica brasileira.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Papilloma/veterinary , Skin Neoplasms/veterinary , Tumor Virus Infections/veterinary , Turtles , Herpesviridae Infections/veterinary , Herpesviridae , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods
8.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e186005, fev. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1363195

ABSTRACT

Pythiosis is caused by an aquatic fungus-like organism (Pythium insidiosum). It is considered an important public health issue as it can affect both animals and humans. This paper reports a case of gastrointestinal pythiosis in a dog. The patient was hospitalized for four days, during which the animal received supportive and symptomatic treatment. But the applied treatment was unsuccessful and the dog's clinical condition worsened, culminating in death. Complementary imaging tests such as radiography and ultrasonography, as well as hematological tests, were performed during the hospitalization period. The definitive diagnosis was reached in the postmortem as macroscopic and microscopic characteristics suggested the presence of intestinal granuloma and accentuated multifocal suppurative necrotic enteritis. Additionally, the histological evaluation revealed morphological structures compatible with P. insidiosum. Also, the results of nested PCR performed showed partial amplification (105 bp) of the ITS1 region of the ribosomal gene of P. insidiosum.(AU)


A pitiose é causada por um organismo aquático semelhante a um fungo (Pythium insidiosum) e considerada um importante problema de saúde pública, pois pode afetar animais e humanos. Este artigo relata um caso de pitiose gastrointestinal em um cão. O paciente ficou internado por quatro dias, período em que o animal recebeu tratamento de suporte e sintomático. No entanto, o tratamento aplicado não teve sucesso e o quadro clínico do cão piorou, culminando com a morte. Exames de imagem complementares, como radiografia e ultrassonografia, bem como exames hematológicos, foram realizados durante o período de internação. O diagnóstico definitivo foi feito na autópsia, pois as características macroscópicas e microscópicas sugeriam a presença de granuloma intestinal e acentuada enterite necrótica multifocal supurativa. Além disso, a avaliação histológica revelou estruturas morfológicas compatíveis com P. insidiosum. Além disso, a nested PCR foi realizada e mostrou amplificação parcial (105 pb) da região ITS1 do gene ribossomal de P. insidiosum.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Dogs , Pythiosis/diagnosis , Granuloma/diagnosis , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis , Pythium/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Granuloma/parasitology , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/parasitology
9.
Rev. argent. salud pública ; 14 (Suplemento COVID-19), 2022;14: 1-9, 02 Febrero 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, ARGMSAL | ID: biblio-1392755

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Uno de los desafíos más relevantes al comienzo de la pandemia consistió en implementar estrategias dirigidas a prevenir la transmisión del virus SARS-CoV-2 y mitigar el impacto de la COVID-19. El propósito de este estudio fue contribuir a reducir la transmisión comunitaria a través de una iniciativa interinstitucional, cuyos objetivos fueron validar un método de detección de ARN del SARS-CoV-2 e implementar y evaluar la vigilancia en trabajadores de salud asintomáticos de instituciones de salud pública de Bahía Blanca. MÉTODOS: Se validó una prueba de detección del gen E del coronavirus mediante RT-PCR a partir de ARN aislado de hisopados nasofaríngeos. Para aumentar la capacidad de testeo se validó la detección del ARN viral en muestras agrupadas (pooles). Se realizó un estudio de cohorte prospectiva entre el 15/09/20 y el 15/09/21. RESULTADOS: La sensibilidad y especificidad de la prueba en muestras individuales fue del 95% (IC 95%: 85%-100%). La sensibilidad de la detección en pooles fue del 73% (IC 95%: 46%-99%) y la especificidad, del 100%. A lo largo de la vigilancia se incluyeron 855 trabajadores y 1764 hisopados, con una incidencia acumulada anual de 2,3% (IC 95%: 1,2%-3,4%). Se detectaron 20 casos asintomáticos positivos. DISCUSIÓN: El tamizaje de trabajadores de salud asintomáticos en la pandemia contribuyó a reducir el riesgo de brotes hospitalarios. Asimismo, se generó un marco de trabajo interdisciplinario aplicable a otros problemas de salud.


Subject(s)
Mass Screening , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Health Personnel , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 29(1): 9-12, jan./mar. 2022. il.
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1393186

ABSTRACT

Mannheimia varigena was identified as the etiologic agent of lameness and coronary band lesion in 30% of cattle in a farm located in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Swab samples from the lesions were cultured in McConkey Agar and Blood Agar for microbiological identification. Culture growth was submitted to Gram staining and Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) identification. Antimicrobial susceptibility test based on disc diffusion was performed for three antibiotics: ceftiofur, gentamicin and florfenicol. Furthermore, molecular characterization of 16S rDNA gene sequencing was performed and the data was used in a phylogenetic analysis. For that purpose, total DNA was extracted by thermo extraction directly from the bacterial colonies and the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed. Gram-negative Mannheimia varigena strain LBV010/22 was identified as the causative of the lesions. The strain was susceptible to all antibiotics tested. The phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that the analyzed strain is closely related to M. varigena strains from pyelonephritis and respiratory tract. Overall, this is the first report of M. varigena as the causative agent of coronary band injury in bovine. Therefore, our findings show the importance of an accurate microbiological identification of infectious agent in lameness cases in order to prevent the occurrence and perform an appropriate treatment in the future.


Mannheimia varigena foi identificada como agente etiológico de claudicação e lesão de banda coronária em 30% dos bovinos de uma fazenda localizada no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Amostras de swab das lesões foram cultivadas em Ágar McConkey e Ágar Sangue para identificação microbiológica. O crescimento da cultura foi submetido à coloração de Gram e identificação por Espectrometria de Massa de Ionização por Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz (MALDI-TOF MS). O teste de suscetibilidade antimicrobiana baseado na difusão em disco foi realizado para três antibióticos: ceftiofur, gentamicina e florfenicol. Além disso, foi realizada a caracterização molecular do sequenciamento do gene 16S rDNA e o resultado utilizado para análise filogenética. Para tanto, o DNA total foi extraído por termoextração diretamente das colônias bacterianas e uma reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR) foi realizada. Foi identificada como causadora das lesões a cepa gram-negativa de Mannheimia varigenaLBV010/22. Ela foi suscetível a todos os antibióticos testados. A análise filogenética demonstrou que a cepa analisada está intimamente relacionada às M. varigena presentes em pielonefrite e no trato respiratório. No geral, este é o primeiro relato de M. varigenacomo agente causador de lesão de banda coronária em bovinos. Portanto, nossos achados mostram a importância de uma identificação microbiológica precisa do agente infeccioso nos casos de claudicação, a fim de prevenir a ocorrência e realizar um tratamento adequado no futuro.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Bacterial Infections/veterinary , Cattle Diseases/diagnosis , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization , Mannheimia/pathogenicity , Hoof and Claw/injuries , Intermittent Claudication/veterinary
11.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 29(1): 36-40, jan./mar. 2022. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1393208

ABSTRACT

Hemoparasitoses vêm se tornando cada vez mais importantes na clínica médica de pequenos animais. Dentre os agentes causadores encontramos Ehrlichiacanis, Anaplasmaplatys., e Mycoplasma spp., torna-se de grande importância conhecer a epidemiologia nos gatos domésticos. Objetivou-se com esta pesquisa fazer um levantamento retrospectivo de fichas de gatos advindos de consultas no Hospital Veterinário Mário Dias Teixeira (HOVET) que realizaram exame de Reação de Cadeia da polimerase (PCR) no laboratório de biologia molecular, na Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia, no ano de 2018 e 2019. No total foram 72 amostras de gatos domésticos processadas, sendo 33 machos e 39 fêmeas, 70 animais SRD e 2 Siameses, todos com trombocitopenia, além de outros sinais clínicos que os levaram a precisar de atendimento veterinário, foram categorizados os meses de entrada e processamento das amostras, bairros dos animais e grupos etários. De todos os animais testados, 34,7% obtiveram diagnóstico positivo para uma das enfermidades, sendo o gênero Mycoplasma spp. o que mais prevaleceu em amostras positivas, com maior frequência em fêmeas adultas, bem como foi descrita ocorrência de E. canis apenas nesse sexo, já A. platysfoi descrito com maior frequência em machos, além de achados de infecções concomitantes observado entre os agentes Anaplasmae Mycoplasma. Concluímos que os gatos atendidos no HOVET possuíam parasitismo por diferentes agentes infecciosos.


Hemoparasitosis have become increasingly important in the small animals' internal medicine. Among the causal agents, there are Ehrlichiacanis, Anaplasmaplatys. and Mycoplasma spp., which give the understanding of the epidemiology in domestic cats a great significance. This research aimed to make a retrospective survey of records from cats that came from appointments at the Veterinary Hospital Mário Dias Teixeira (HOVET) and underwent the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) test at the molecular biology laboratory, at the Amazônia Federal Rural University (UFRA), in the years of 2018 and 2019. In total, 72 samples of domestic cats were processed, from which 33 were males and 39 females, 70 of them were mongrel cats and 2 siamese, all of them showed thrombocytopenia amongst other clinical signs that led them to need a veterinary appointment, the months of admission, processing of the samples, districts the animals came from and age group were categorized. 34,7% of all the animals tested showed positive results for one of the diseases, with the genus Mycoplasma spp. being the most prevalent in positive samples, showing a higher rate in adult females, as the occurrence of E. canis was reported only in females, while A. platys was reported with a higher rate in males, as well as concomitant infections following the observation of the agents Anaplasma and Mycoplasma. In conclusion, the cats admitted at HOVET showed parasitism by different infectious agents.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Parasitic Diseases/blood , Blood/parasitology , Epidemiologic Studies , Cats/parasitology , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Ehrlichia canis , Parasite Load/veterinary , Anaplasma , Mycoplasma Infections/veterinary
12.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 29(1): 46-49, jan./mar. 2022. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1393360

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste trabalho foi detectar a presença de DNA do Vírus da Imunodeficiência Felina (FIV) em gatos domesticos (Feliz catus) assintomáticos. Foi realizada a tecnica de reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR) em 50 animais. Para tal, foram coletadas amostras de sangue, por venopunção da jugular, de forma asséptica para armazenamento de 1-2 mL de sangue total. Os animais que participaram do estudo fizeram parte do projeto de castração "Vida digna" da Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia. E a escolha dos animais foi realizada de maneira aleatória, sem distinção por sexo ou idade, resultando em 29 foram fêmeas e 21 machos. Para o diagnóstico, foi realizada a extração do DNA, em seguida as amostras foram testadas em duas reações de PCR utilizando- se dois conjuntos de primers do Gene gag de FIV. Achou-se uma prevalência de 2% (1/50), confirmando assim a presença do vírus na cidade de Belém. Assim, evidenciando a importância de testar os felinos mesmo sendo assintomáticos. Desta forma, faz-se necessário a realização de trabalhos futuros que amplie o número amostral dos animais testados para assim elucidar o perfil epidemiológico da doença na região de Belém do Pará, considerando a relevância clínica desta infecção e a correta conduta médica veterinária para evitar novas infecções.


The objective of this work was to detect the presence of Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) proviral DNA in asymptomatic domestic cats (Feliz catus). The polymerase chain reaction technique was performed from 50 animals. For this, blood samples were collected by jugular venipuncture, aseptically for storage of 1-2 mL of whole blood. The animals that participated in the study were part of the castration project "Vida digna" at the Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia. And the choice of animals was performed randomly, without distinction by sex or age, resulting in 29 females and 21 males. For diagnosis, DNA extraction was performed, then the samples were tested in two PCR reactions using two sets of FIV gag gene primers. A prevalence of 2% (1/50) was observed, thus confirming the presence of the virus in the city of Belém. Thus, highlighting the importance of testing the felines even if they are asymptomatic. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out future work that expands the sample number of animals tested in order to elucidate the epidemiological profile of the disease in the region of Belém do Pará, considering the clinical relevance of this infection and the correct veterinary medical conduct to avoid new infections.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Carrier State/veterinary , Epidemiologic Studies , Cats/immunology , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Immunodeficiency Virus, Feline/immunology , Prevalence
13.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 29(1): 54-58, jan./mar. 2022. il.
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1395252

ABSTRACT

The objective was to report an outbreak of tick-borne disease (TBD) on riverside property in the Western Amazon. The death of 25 Nellore cattle was reported on a rural property on the banks of the Purus River, state of Acre. The producer observed animals with staggering walking, drop in productivity, weight loss and evolution to death in approximately 30 days. Fifteen animals from the same batch were selected for clinical evaluation and the ear tip was punctured for hemoparasite research, in addition to blood collection for hematological, biochemical and molecular evaluation. The main laboratory findings were leukocytosis, thrombocytopenia, hypoproteinemia, elevated creatine kinase and reduced urea, creatinine and albumin, as well as visualization of forms suggestive of Anaplasma spp. in 13.33% of the samples. Through PCR, 20% positivity was observed for Anaplasmamarginale and 53.33% for Babesia sp. Hematological and biochemical changes, although highly suggestive, may suffer changes from other factors not related to TBD. Therefore, the presumptive identification of the etiological agent in the blood or confirmatory by molecular methods is essential in the diagnosis. Depending on the stage of the disease, low parasitemia occurs, making it difficult to see hemoparasites in blood smears. The Babesia sp. was the main agent of the outbreak of TBD in the population evaluated, which, when associated with early clinical and laboratory diagnosis, results in adequate therapeutic direction and prophylactic measures, promoting a balance between host, agent and vector.


Objetivou-se relatar um surto de tristeza parasitária bovina (TPB) em propriedade ribeirinha na Amazônia Ocidental. Foi notificado o óbito de 25 bovinos da raça Nelore, em uma propriedade rural às margens do rio Purus, estado do Acre. O produtor observou animais com andar cambaleante, queda na produtividade, perda de peso e evolução ao óbito em aproximadamente 30 dias. Quinze animais do mesmo lote foram selecionados para avaliação clínica e foi procedida a punção a ponta de orelha para pesquisa de hemoparasitos, além da coleta de sangue para avaliação hematológica, bioquímica e molecular. Os principais achados laboratoriais foram anemia, leucocitose, trombocitopenia, hipoproteinemia, elevação da creatina quinase e redução de ureia, creatinina e albumina, além da visualização de formas sugestivas de Anaplasma spp. em 13,33% das amostras. Por meio da PCR, foi observado 20% de positividade para Anaplasma marginale e 53,33% para Babesia sp. As alterações hematológicas e bioquímicas, embora bastante sugestivas, podem sofrer alterações de outros fatores não relacionados à TPB. Por isso, a identificação presuntiva do agente etiológico no sangue ou confirmatória por métodos moleculares é essencial no diagnóstico. A depender da fase da doença, ocorre baixa parasitemia, dificultando a visualização de hemoparasitos em esfregaços sanguíneos. A Babesia sp. foi o principal agente do surto de TPB na população avaliada, que, quando associado ao diagnóstico clínico e laboratorial precoce, resulta no direcionamento terapêutico adequado e medidas profiláticas, promovendo uma relação de equilíbrio entre hospedeiro, agente e vetor.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Parasitic Diseases, Animal , Babesiosis/diagnosis , Cattle/parasitology , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Tick-Borne Diseases/veterinary , Anaplasmosis/diagnosis
14.
Rev. anesth.-réanim. med. urgence ; 14(1): 7-11, 2022. figures, tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1371598

ABSTRACT

Introduction : La CoViD-19 est une maladie à « plusieurs visages ¼ qui peut affecter tous les systèmes. La survenue d'hémorragies digestives fait partie des manifestations de cette maladie. L'objectif de cette étude est de présenter les cas d'hémorragies digestives chez des patients infectés par le SARS-CoV-2. Matériels et Méthodes : Une étude rétrospective couvrant la période correspondant aux deux vagues de CoViD-19 à Antananarivo (Madagascar) a été réalisée, plus particulièrement au service de Réanimation Chirurgicale du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Joseph Ravoahangy Andrianavalona. Résultats : Huit sur 101 patients de 51 à 81 ans, hospitalisés pour CoViD-19, ont présenté une hémorragie digestive dont les manifestations allaient de l'hématémèse au méléna ou une association de ces deux manifestations hémorragiques. Ces patients ont été traités par, entre autres une anticoagulation et une corticothérapie, comme défini dans le protocole national de prise en charge de la CoViD-19, avant l'épisode hémorragique. Aucun patient n'a présenté d'état de choc, l'indice de choc allait de 0,5 à 0,9. Deux patients ont pu bénéficier d'une fibroscopie digestive haute. Le score de Glasgow Blatchford variait de 6 à 13. Parmi ces huit patients, quatre sont décédés. Conclusion : Lors de la prise en charge de la CoViD-19, au vu des manifestations thrombotiques surtout, il faut procéder à une protection au niveau digestif lorsqu'une anticoagulation à titre curatif doit être réalisée. Également cette protection digestive doit être effectuée au-devant de la corticothérapie, laquelle entre dans le cadre du traitement de la CoViD-19. Tout cela pour minimiser le risque de survenue de saignement gastro-intestinal .


Background: CoViD-19 is a "many-faced" disease that can affect all the body organism. The occurrence of gastrointestinal bleeding is one of the manifestations of this disease. The aim of this study was to present cases of gastrointestinal bleeding in patients infected with SARS-CoV-2. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study covering the period corresponding to the two waves of CoViD-19 in Antananarivo (Madagascar) was carried out, more particularly in the Surgical Intensive Care Unit of the University Hospital Joseph Ravoahangy Andrianavalona. Results: Eight out of 101 patients aged 51 to 81, hospitalized for CoViD-19, presented gastrointestinal bleeding, with hematemesis or melena or a combination of these two bleeding manifestations. These patients were treated, among other coagulation and corticosteroid therapy as defined in the national protocol for the management of CoViD-19 before the bleeding episode. None of the patients presented with a shock; the shock index ranged from 0.5 to 0.9. Two patients were able to benefit from an upper digestive fibroscopy. The Glasgow Blatchford score ranged from 6 to 13. Of these eight patients, four died. Conclusion: During the management of CoViD-19, the thrombotic manifestations are treated with curative anticoagulation must be performed, which can cause digestive bleeding. Also, in front of the corticosteroid therapy which is part of the treatment of CoViD-19, also digestive protection must be carried out to minimize the risk of occurrence of gastrointestinal bleeding.


Subject(s)
Polymerase Chain Reaction , Disease Management , COVID-19 , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
15.
Afr. j. lab. med. (Print) ; 11(1): 1-6, 2022. figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1378851

ABSTRACT

Background: Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue archives in hospitals, biobanks, and others offer a vast collection of extensive, readily available specimens for molecular testing. Unfortunately, the use of tissue samples for molecular diagnostic applications is challenging; thus, the forensic pathology FFPE tissue archives in Africa have been a largely unexploited genetic resource, with the usability of DNA obtainable from these samples being unknown.Intervention: The study, conducted from January 2015 to August 2016, determined the usefulness of FFPE tissue as a reliable source of genetic material for successful post-mortem molecular applications and diagnostics. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples were collected and archived from autopsies conducted over 13 years in the forensic medicine department of the University of Pretoria (Pretoria, South Africa). Deoxyribonucleic acid from FFPE tissue samples and control blood samples was amplified by high-resolution melt real-time polymerase chain reaction before sequencing. The procurement parameters and fixation times were compared with the quantity and quality of the extracted DNA and the efficiency of its subsequent molecular applications.Lessons learnt: This study has shown that FFPE samples are still usable in molecular forensics, despite inadequate sample preparation, and offer immense value to forensic molecular diagnostics.Recommendations: FFPE samples fixed in formalin for more than 24 h should still be used in molecular diagnostics or research, as long as the primer design targets amplicons not exceeding 300 base pairs.


Subject(s)
DNA , Resolutions , Paraffin , Archives , Autopsy , Tissues , Pain Measurement , Genetic Testing , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Pathology, Molecular , Molecular Docking Simulation
16.
Afr. j. lab. med. (Print) ; 11(1): 1-7, 2022. tables, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1378853

ABSTRACT

Background: Early diagnosis and confirmation of HIV infection in newborns is crucial for expedited initiation of antiretroviral therapy. Confirmatory testing must be done for all children with a reactive HIV PCR result. There is no comprehensive data on confirmatory testing and HIV PCR test request rejections at National Health Laboratory Service laboratories in South Africa.Objective: This study assessed the metrics of routine infant HIV PCR testing at the Tygerberg Hospital Virology Laboratory, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa, including the proportion of rejected test requests, turn-around time (TAT), and rate of confirmatory testing.Methods: We retrospectively reviewed laboratory-based data on all HIV PCR tests performed on children ≤ 24 months old (n = 43346) and data on rejected HIV PCR requests (n = 1479) at the Tygerberg virology laboratory over two years (2017­2019). Data from sample collection to release of results were analysed to assess the TAT and follow-up patterns.Results: The proportion of rejected HIV PCR requests was 3.3%; 83.9% of these were rejected for various pre-analytical reasons. Most of the test results (89.2%) met the required 96-h TAT. Of the reactive initial test results, 53.5% had a follow-up sample tested, of which 93.1% were positive. Of the initial indeterminate results, 74.7% were negative on follow-up testing.Conclusion: A high proportion of HIV PCR requests were rejected for pre-analytical reasons. The high number of initial reactive tests without evidence of follow-up suggests that a shorter TAT is required to allow confirmatory testing before children are discharged.


Subject(s)
Early Diagnosis , Infant , Polymerase Chain Reaction , HIV , Aftercare , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active
17.
Sudan j. med. sci ; 17(3): 387-397, 2022. tales, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1398379

ABSTRACT

Background: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a hepatotropic pathogen that causes significant morbidity and mortality in humans. It is an important causative agent of viral hepatitis outbreaks. This study investigates the serological and molecular prevalence of HEV in blood donors attending the Central Blood Bank in Wad Medani City in Gezira State, Sudan. Methods: The study adopted a cross-sectional descriptive design. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data concerning demographic information and risk factors associated with HEV transmission. All enrolled participants (N = 300) were screened for HEV IgG antibodies using commercial ELISA kits, then strong positive samples (N = 84) were selected and rescreened for HEV IgM and HEV RNA by RT PCR. SPSS version 24.0 was used for analysis. Results: Out of 300 male participants, 36.3% (109/300) were positive for HEV IgG. However, only one participant was IgM positive, while the HEV RNA was negative. The highest prevalence rates of the virus were 42 (44.6%) among the age group of 31­40 years, 20 (48.8%) in those who consumed food from outside, 13 (50%) in three to four multiple blood donations, and 5 (62.5%) in those who consumed water from the river source. A significant association of HEV IgG prevalence concerning the occupation of the participants being students or farmers was detected using univariate and multivariate analysis (P-value = 0.007).


Subject(s)
Blood , Blood Donors , Immunoglobulin M , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Risk Factors
18.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 42: e06968, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1356557

ABSTRACT

Coccidiosis is a disease of great importance in industrial poultry. The correct diagnosis directs the poultry industry to its best treatment and control. Thus, a survey of Eimeria spp. was carried out in intestines of 64 broiler flocks, with an average age of 29 days. Eight broilers from each flock were randomly removed from the slaughter line, in a total of 512 samples. Macroscopic and histopathological lesions in the intestine were classified into Scores 0 to 4. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to research the oocysts from the seven species of Eimeria spp. in the intestinal content. The macroscopic evaluations showed that 59.4% (38/64) of the flocks were positive for E. acervulina, 32.8% (21/64) for E. maxima, 29.7% (19/64) for E. tenella, and 34.4% (22/64) for E. brunetti. The histopathological evaluation showed that 87.5% (56/64) of the flocks had at least one broiler with parasitic structures compatible with Eimeria spp. in the duodenum, 70.3% (45/64) in the jejunum, 18.8% (12/64) in the ileum, 46.9% (30/64) in the cecum, and 4.7% (3/64) in the colon. In PCR, 21.9% (14/64) of the flocks were positive for E. acervulina, 12.5% (8/64) for E. maxima, 3.1% (2/64) for E. mitis, and 32.8% (21/64) for E. tenella. The Kappa Cohen test between macroscopy, histopathology, and PCR demonstrated concordance ranging from weak to moderate with the exception of histopathology and PCR of the cecum, which was strong. In the comparison between macroscopy and histopathology, there were significative differences between Scores 0 and 1 (apart from the cecum). For Score 3, there were significative differences in duodenum, jejunum and cecum (p<0.05). In conclusion, the macroscopic diagnosis and PCR can generate false-negative results, and the histopathological exam proved to be effective, making it essential to associate different techniques for the correct diagnosis of Eimeria spp. in broiler chickens.(AU)


A coccidiose é uma doença de grande importância na avicultura industrial. O diagnóstico correto direciona a indústria avícola ao seu melhor tratamento e controle. Desta forma, realizou-se a pesquisa de Eimeria spp. em intestinos de 64 lotes de frangos de corte, com idade média de 29 dias. Em cada lote foram retirados aleatoriamente oito frangos da linha de abate, totalizando 512. Os intestinos foram classificados na macroscopia e na histopatologia em Grau de 0 a 4. No conteúdo intestinal pesquisou-se por reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR) oocistos das sete espécies de Eimeria. As avaliações macroscópicas demonstraram que 59,4% (38/64) dos lotes foram positivos para E. acervulina, 32,8% (21/64) para E. maxima, 29,7% (19/64) para E. tenella e 34,4% (22/64) para E. brunetti. Na avaliação histopatológica, 87,5% (56/64) dos lotes apresentaram pelo menos um frango com estruturas parasitárias compatíveis com Eimeria spp. no duodeno, 70,3% (45/64) no jejuno, 18,8% (12/64) no íleo, 46,9% (30/64) no ceco e 4,7% (3/64) no cólon. Na PCR 21,9% (14/64) dos lotes foram positivos para E. acervulina, 12,5% (8/64) para E. maxima, 3,1% (2/64) para E. mitis e 32,8% (21/64) para E. tenella. O teste de concordância de Kappa Cohen entre macroscopia, histopatologia e PCR demonstrou concordância variando de fraca a moderada com exceção da histopatologia e PCR do ceco que foi forte. Na comparação dos graus de macroscopia e histopatologia, foram encontradas diferenças significativas entre o Grau 0 e 1 (exceto no ceco) e no Grau 3 houve diferença para duodeno, jejuno e cecos (p<0,05). Conclui-se que o diagnóstico macroscópico e a PCR podem gerar resultados falsos negativos e que o exame histopatológico se demostrou eficaz, tornando fundamental a associação de diferentes técnicas para o correto diagnóstico de Eimeria spp. em frangos de corte.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Poultry Diseases/parasitology , Chickens/parasitology , Coccidiosis/diagnosis , Coccidiosis/pathology , Eimeria , Polymerase Chain Reaction
19.
Vet. zootec ; 29: 1-9, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1380743

ABSTRACT

As doenças transmitidas por carrapatos são afecções de grande importância na clínica médica de pequenos animais, devido à alta casuística e ampla distribuição vetorial no território brasileiro. Os principais agentes responsáveis pelas infecções em cães são Babesia sp., Ehrlichia canis e Hepatozoon canis. Os animais infectados são assintomáticos ou apresentam sinais clínicos inespecíficos, sendo necessário a utilização de testes diagnósticos para definição do agente etiológico, e diagnóstico seguro. O objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar a ocorrência desses micro-organismos em cães naturalmente infectados, domiciliados nos municípios de Vila Velha e Anchieta, Espírito Santo, utilizando diferentes testes de detecção: Reação em cadeia polimerase (PCR), sorologia para detecção de anticorpos anti Ehrlichia canis e pesquisa de hematozoários em esfregaço sanguíneo. Foram analisadas 65 amostras de sangue obtidas por venopunção de veia cefálica de cães. No teste de PCR, 4,62% dos animais foram positivos para Babesia vogeli e 1,54% para Ehrlichia canis sendo os resultados para Hepatozoon canis negativos. No teste sorológico para E. canis 90,77% dos animais foram positivos para a presença de anticorpos, e na pesquisa em lâminas de esfregaço sanguíneo 3,02% apresentavam outros hemoparasitas. Os resultados indicam a dispersão desses hemoparasitas na população canina da região de estudo, entretanto com baixa ocorrência. O teste de PCR demonstrou-se como o mais sensível no qual Babesia vogeli foi o agente mais observado.(AU)


Tick-borne diseases are diseases of great importance in the medical practice of small animals, due to the high casuistry and wide vectorial distribution in the Brazilian territory. The main agents responsible for infections in dogs are Babesia sp., Ehrlichia canis and Hepatozoon canis. Infected animals are asymptomatic or present nonspecific clinical signs, requiring the use of diagnostic tests to define the etiologic agent, and safe diagnosis. The objective of the present study was to determine the occurrence of these microorganisms in naturally infected dogs domiciled in the municipalities of Vila Velha and Anchieta, Espírito Santo, using different detection tests: polymerase chain reaction (PCR), serology to detect antibodies against Ehrlichia canis and research of hematozoa in blood smears. Sixty-five blood samples obtained by venipuncture of the cephalic vein of dogs were analyzed. In the PCR test, 4.62% of the animals were positive for Babesia vogeli and 1.54% for Ehrlichia canis, and the results for Hepatozoon canis were negative. In the serological test for E. canis, 90.77% of the animals were positive for the presence of antibodies, and in the research in blood smear slides, 3.02% presented other hemoparasites. The results indicate the dispersion of these hemoparasites in the canine population of the study region, however with low occurrence. The PCR test proved to be the most sensitive, in which Babesia vogeli was the most observed agent.(AU)


Las enfermedades transmitidas por garrapatas son enfermedades de gran importancia en la práctica médica de los pequeños animales, debido a la alta casuística y amplia distribución vectorial en el territorio brasileño. Los principales agentes responsables de las infecciones en los perros son Babesia sp., Ehrlichia canis y Hepatozoon canis. Los animales infectados son asintomáticos o presentan signos clínicos inespecíficos, siendo necesario el uso de pruebas diagnósticas para la definición del agente etiológico, y el diagnóstico seguro. El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar la ocurrencia de estos microorganismos en perros infectados naturalmente, domiciliados en los municipios de Vila Velha y Anchieta, Espírito Santo, utilizando diferentes pruebas de detección: reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR), serología para detectar anticuerpos anti Ehrlichia canis e investigación de hematozoos en frotis de sangre. Se analizaron sesenta y cinco muestras de sangre obtenidas por venopunción de la vena cefálica de los perros. En la prueba PCR, el 4,62% de los animales fueron positivos para Babesia vogeli y el 1,54% para Ehrlichia canis, y los resultados para Hepatozoon canis fueron negativos. En la prueba serológica para E. canis, el 90,77% de los animales fueron positivos a la presencia de anticuerpos, y en la investigación en láminas de frotis de sangre el 3,02% presentaron otros hemoparásitos. Los resultados indican la dispersión de estos hemoparásitos en la población canina de la región de estudio, aunque con una baja presencia. La prueba PCR resultó ser la más sensible, en la que Babesia vogeli fue el agente más observado.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Babesiosis/diagnosis , Eucoccidiida , Ehrlichiosis/diagnosis , Tick-Borne Diseases/epidemiology , Coccidiosis/diagnosis , Dogs/parasitology , Babesia , Serologic Tests/instrumentation , Polymerase Chain Reaction/instrumentation , Ehrlichia canis
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939816

ABSTRACT

With the improvement of sanitation, the infection rate of hookworm is greatly reduced and the severe infected case is rarely reported. Combined morphological and molecular biological examinations, a severe hookworm infection patient was diagnosed in Department of Laboratorial Examination, Quanzhou First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University. The morphological methods such as direct fecal smear microscopy, saturated brine flotation and hookworm larvae culture methods were used to identify the eggs and larvae from stool samples of the patient. There were a large number of hookworm eggs in patient's stool samples, and the average count was 60 840 per gram by modified Kato method, which belonged to severe hookworm infection. Meanwhile, to distinguish the hookworm species, the semi-nested RT-PCR assay was employed to detect hookworm internal transcribed spacer series from eggs in patient's stool samples, and the result showed that the hookworm species was confirmed to be Necator americanus.


Subject(s)
Ancylostomatoidea/genetics , Animals , Feces , Hookworm Infections/diagnosis , Humans , Necator americanus/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction
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