Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 445
Filter
1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226262, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354997

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the impact of a dual-cured adhesive system on the in situ degree of conversion (DC), bond strength (BS) and failure mode (FM) of adhesive interfaces in dentin cavities restored with a bulk-fill resin composite. Methods: 4-mm-deep dentin cavities with a 3.1 C-factor were created in 68 bovine incisors (n = 17 per group). The lightcured (Scotchbond™ Universal) or the dual-cured (Adper™ Scotchbond™ Multi-purpose Plus) adhesive system was applied to the cavities, which were then restored with a bulkfill resin composite (Filtek™ Bulk Fill). In situ DC analysis was performed by means of micro Raman spectroscopy at the top and bottom interfaces. Push-out BS was measured in a universal testing machine after 24-h or 6-month water storage. FM was determined with a stereomicroscope. Data of in situ DC and BS were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey test (p<0.05), while the FM was analyzed descriptively. Results: The groups that received the dual-cured adhesive system showed statistically higher in situ DC and BS than those that received the light-cured adhesive system. Cohesive failure mode was the most frequent in all conditions. Conclusion: In situ DC and BS were influenced by the curing strategies of the adhesive systems with better performance of the dual-cured material


Subject(s)
Aging , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Composite Resins , Physical Properties , Polymerization
2.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-8, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361498

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the influence of the incorporation of a polymerization catalyst to a light-cured pulp capping material on mechanical behavior and physicochemical characteristics. Material and Methods: Different percentages (2 wt%, and 4 wt%) of diphenyliodonium hexafluorophosphate (DPI) were incorporated into the Ultra-Blend Plus, a resin-modified calcium-based cement. The material without incorporation of DPI (0 wt%) served as control. Degree of Conversion (DC), Flexural Strength (FS), Elastic Modulus (EM), Water Sorption (WSp), Solubility (Sl), and pH of eluate at 24-h, 72-h, and 7-day storage times were measured. One-way ANOVA/Tukey posthoc tests were used to analyze the data (p <0.05). Results: For DC, FS, and EM, materials with different % of DPI showed statistically significant differences, so that 0% provided the lowest values and 2% the highest values. Materials with 0% and 2% of DPI provided statistically the lowest WSp, whilst material with 0% of DPI showed statistically the highest Sl. Conclusion: All materials provided statistically similar pH to eluates regardless of storage time, although only materials with DPI at 2% and 4% maintained pH of eluates statistically similar from 72 h to 7 days storage times.(AU)


Objetivo: avaliar a influência nas propriedades mecânicas e físico-químicas da incorporação de um catalisador de polimerização a um protetor pulpar fotoativável. Material e Métodos: foram adicionadas diferentes porcentagens em massa (2% e 4%) de hexafluorofosfato de difeniliodônio (DPI) ao Ultra-Blend Plus, um cimento à base de hidróxido de cálcio modificado por resina. O material sem a adição do DPI (0%) serviu como controle. Foram avaliados: Grau de Conversão (DC), Resistência Flexural (FS), Módulo de Elasticidade (EM), Sorção (WSp), Solubilidade (SI) e o pH do eluato nos tempos de 24h, 72h e 7 dias de armazenamento. ANOVA 1-way com pós-teste de Tukey (p <0.05). Foi utilizado para avaliar os resultados estatisticamente. Resultados: Os materiais com diferentes % de DPI apresentaram diferenças significativas para os testes de DC, FS e EM. A porcentagem em massa de 0% de DPI mostrou valores inferiores a todos os testados e os materiais com adição 2% apresentaram a melhor performance. Materiais com 0% e 2% de DPI apresentaram valores inferiores de WSp; a porcentagem de 0% proporcionou valores estatisticamente maiores para SI. Conclusão: Todos os materiais testados apresentaram pH semelhante nos eluatos independente do tempo de armazenamento, contudo, apenas os materiais com 2% e 4% mantiveram o pH dos eluatos estatisticamente similares nos tempos de estocagem de 72h a 7 dias.(AU)


Subject(s)
Dental Pulp Capping , Elastic Modulus , Polymerization , Solubility
3.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-9, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1368562

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the effect of the restorative technique, material's opacity and the selected light sources on the curing potential (CP) in deep cavities. Material and Methods: The radiant exitance (mW/cm2) of two light curing units (Bluephase G2 and Radii-Cal) was determined at 0 and 8 mm distance from a power meter sensor (Ophir). Two bulk-fill composites of regular consistency (Opus, FGM; and Filtek One, 3M) and a conventional one (Sirius-Z, DFL) were considered and the level of their opacity were determined by a sphere-based spectrophotometer (SP60, X-Rite). The degree of C=C conversion (DC) was determined by spectroscopy (FTIR-ATR) at 0.05 and 8 mm depths and the CP considered the ratio between them. The "incremental technique" considered 4 increments of 2mm thickness each, whereas the "bulk-fill technique considered 2 increments of 4mm-thickness. Data were submitted to analysis of variance and Tukey's test (95%). Pearson's correlation tests were performed to calculate the possible relation between curing potential and materials' opacity. Results: With the incremental technique it was possible to achieve high CP regardless of the light source. The CP of bulk-fill composites was dependent on the light source, whereas Radii-Cal compromised the DC at 8 mm for both materials. The correlation between opacity and CP was dependent on the light source (r = 0.891707246 for Radii-Cal; r = 0.515703768 for Bluephase G2). Conclusion: The bulk-fill technique was dependent on the light source while the incremental was not. The influence of materials' opacity was dependent on the light curing unit.(AU)


Objetivo: Determinar o efeito da técnica restauradora, a opacidade do material e as fontes de luz selecionadas sobre o potencial de cura (PC) em cavidades profundas. Materiais e métodos: A saída radiante (mW/cm2) de duas unidades de cura por luz (Bluephase G2 e Radii-Cal) foi determinada a 0 e 8 mm de distância de um sensor de potência (Ophir). Dois compósistos bulkfill de consistência regular (Opus, FGM; e Filtek One, 3M) e um convencional (Sirius-Z, DFL) foram considerados e o nível de sua opacidade foi determinado por um espectrofotômetro (SP60, X-Rite). O grau de conversão C=C (DC) foi determinado por espectroscopia (FTIR-ATR) a 0,05 e 8 mm de profundidade e o PC considerou a relação entre eles. A técnica incremental considerou 4 incrementos de 2 mm de espessura cada, enquanto que a técnica bulkfill considerou 2 incrementos de 4 mm de espessura. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância e ao teste de Tukey (95%). Os testes de correlação de Pearson foram realizados para calcular a possível relação entre o potencial de cura e a opacidade dos materiais. Resultados: Com a técnica incremental foi possível obter um PC elevado, independentemente da fonte de luz. O PC de compósitos bulkfill foi dependente da fonte de luz, enquanto que Radii-Cal comprometeu o DC em 8 mm para ambos os materiais. A correlação entre opacidade e PC foi dependente da fonte de luz (r = 0,891707246 para Radii-Cal; r = 0,515703768 para Bluephase G2). Conclusão: O potencial de polimerização para a técnica bulkfill foi dependente da fonte de luz, enquanto para a técnica incremental não. A influência da opacidade dos materiais sobre a capacidade de polimerização foi dependente da unidade de fotoativação. (AU)


Subject(s)
Spectrophotometers , Composite Resins , Dental Materials , Curing Lights, Dental , Polymerization
4.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36(Jun): e082, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS, BNUY, BNUY-Odon | ID: biblio-1372593

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of irradiance and radiant exposure on the chemical-mechanical properties of a resin composite. A micro-hybrid resin composite (Clearfil AP-X, Kuraray) was investigated under two different irradiances: low (300 mW/cm2) and high (800 mW/cm2) and radiant exposures: 8 and 16 J/cm2. Four groups, named Low 8 J/cm2, High 8 J/cm2, Low 16 J/cm2, and High 16 J/cm2 were tested, and their flexural strengths, elastic moduli, depths of cure, and degrees of conversion were evaluated. Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test. A multiple linear regression model was used to correlate the irradiance and radiant exposure with dependent variables (α = 0.05). Irradiance and radiant exposure were found statistically significant for all dependent variables. The interaction between the factors was statistically significant only for the degree of conversion and elastic modulus. Group Low 16 J/cm2 exhibited a significantly superior performance in all the evaluated properties. Barring the degree of conversion, no significant differences were observed among the properties evaluated between the Low 8 J/cm2 and High 8 J/cm2 groups. The adjusted R2 values were high for the depth of cure and degree of conversion (0.58 and 0.96, respectively). Both irradiance and radiant exposure parameters play an important role in establishing the final properties of a micro-hybrid resin composite. Irradiance has a greater influence under higher radiant exposures.


Subject(s)
Materials Testing , Composite Resins , Dental Materials , Curing Lights, Dental , Polymerization , Flexural Strength , Surface Properties
5.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 92-104, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345500

ABSTRACT

Abstract This in vitro study evaluated the effect of the beam homogeneity of a multiple-peak light-curing unit on the surface microhardness and the effect of toothbrushing wear on the microhardness, surface roughness, roughness profile, volume loss, and gloss retention of incremental and bulk-fill resin-based composites (RBCs). A LED light-curing unit (VALO) with four LEDs at the tip end (405, 445, 465A, and 465B nm emission peak) was used according to each manufacturer-recommended time to obtain disks (n=10) of six RBCs: Estelite Sigma Quick, Charisma Classic, Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill, Filtek Z250, Filtek Supreme Ultra, and Filtek Bulk Fill. Microhardness values were obtained according to each LED positioning of the light-curing unit on the top surface of the RBCs and were analyzed before and after toothbrushing regarding microhardness, surface roughness, roughness profile, volume loss, and gloss retention. Microhardness was considered homogeneous on the top surface regardless of the type of RBC or wavelength tested (p>0.05). Overall, toothbrushing did not reduce the microhardness of the RBCs but influenced the gloss values for most RBCs (p<0.001). Charisma Classic presented the greatest surface roughness and roughness profile after toothbrushing (p<0.05). Volume loss did not differ among RBCs (p>0.05). In conclusion, different wavelengths of the LED did not affect the top surface microhardness, regardless of the RBCs tested; and bulk-fill composites presented similar surface changes (microhardness, surface roughness, roughness profile, volume loss, and gloss retention) when compared to conventional composites after toothbrushing.


Resumo Este estudo in vitro avaliou a homogeneidade do feixe de um fotopolimerizador de múltiplos picos na microdureza superficial e o efeito da escovação na microdureza, rugosidade superficial, perfil de rugosidade, perda de volume e retenção do brilho de compósitos a base de resina (RBCs) incrementais ou bulk-fill. Um fotopolimerizador LED (VALO) com quatro LEDs na ponteira (405, 445, 465A e 465B nm de pico de emissão) foi usado de acordo com o tempo recomendado por cada fabricante para obtenção de discos (n=10) de seis RBCs: Estelite Sigma Quick, Charisma Classic, Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill, Filtek Z250, Filtek Supreme Ultra e Filtek Bulk Fill. Os valores de microdureza foram obtidos seguindo o posicionamento de cada LED na superfície superior das amostras e foram analisados antes e após a escovação quanto a microdureza, rugosidade superficial, perfil de rugosidade, perda de volume e retenção do brilho. A microdureza foi considerada homogênea no topo da superfície, independentemente do tipo de RBCs ou comprimento de onda testados (p>0.05). No geral, a escovação não reduziu a microdureza das RBCs, mas influenciou o brilho para a maioria das RBCs (p<0.001). Charisma Classic apresentou os maiores valores de rugosidade superficial e perfil de rugosidade após a escovação (p<0.05). A perda de volume não diferiu entre as RBCs (p>0.05). Em conclusão, os diferentes comprimentos de onda do LED não alteraram a microdureza do topo da superfície, independentemente das RBCs testadas; e as resinas bulk-fill apresentaram alterações superficiais similares (microdureza, rugosidade superficial, perfil de rugosidade, perda de volume e manutenção do brilho) quando comparadas às resinas convencionais após a escovação.


Subject(s)
Composite Resins , Dental Materials , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Polymerization
6.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(2): 47-60, maio 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1282724

ABSTRACT

Introdução:As atuaisresinas Bulk-Fill apresentamcomovantagens e propriedades: menor tempo clínico, baixa contração de polimerização, maior translucidez, entre outros. Objetivo:Avaliar a topografia superficial de restaurações com diferentes tipos de resina composta antes e após submetê-las a diferentes sistemas de acabamento e polimento. Metodologia:Confecção de100 corpos de prova, sendo 50 de cada composto resinoso, apresentando cinco grupos (n=10) sorteados de forma aleatória, de acordo com o sistema de acabamento e polimento empregado. Foram utilizadas as resinas Filtek Z350 XT e a Bulk Fill Filtek One Bulk Fill e os sistemas de acabamento e polimento: Discos de Lixa Sof-Lex Pop On Kit;Discos Diamantado Espiral Sof-Lex; Ponta Enhance e Broca Carbide Multilaminada nº 0283F, que foram comparados com superfície deixada pela Tira de Poliester (Controle Negativo). Após 7 dias de armazenamento em água destilada, os corpos de provaforam submetidos aoMicroscópio Eletrônico de Varredura.Resultados:Os corpos de provada resina Bulk Fill tiveram como melhor resultado o sistema de acabamento e polimentocom broca carbidee resultado não satisfatório com discodiamantado espiral Sof-lex, enquanto a ponta Enhance e lixa Sof-lex Pop Ontiveram resultados semelhantes. Os corpos de prova da resina Filtek Z350 XT tiveram melhor aspecto visual de lisura no grupo controle negativoe pior resultado no grupo com disco diamantado espiral Sof-lex. Conclusões:Dessa forma, o sistema que apresentou melhor resultado foi a broca Carbidena resina Bulk Fill, enquanto a Filtek Z350 XT apresentou-se melhor no grupo controle. Porém, ainda são necessáriosestudos para se chegar em um protocolo de acabamento e polimento mais eficiente (AU).


Introduction:The current Bulk-Fill resins have the following advantages and properties: less clinical time, low polymerization shrinkage, greater translucency, among others.Objective:Toevaluate the topography of restorations with different types of composite resin before and after submitting them to different finishing and polishing systems.Methodology:Manufacture of 100 specimens, 50 of each resin compound, presenting five groups (n = 10) drawn at random, according to the finishing and polishing system employed. Filtek Z350 XT resins and Bulk Fill Filtek One Bulk Fill andfinishing and polishing systems were used: Sof-Lex Pop On Kit Sanding Discs; Diamond Spiral Sof-Lex Discs; Tip Enhance and Multilaminated Carbide Drill nº 0283F, which were compared with the surface left by the Polyester Strip (Negative Control). After 7 days of storage in distilled water, the specimens were submitted to a Scanning Electron Microscope.Results:The Bulk Fill resin specimens had the best result of the finishing and polishing system with carbide drill and unsatisfactory result with Sof-lex spiral diamond disc, while the Enhance tip and Sof-lex Pop On sandpaper had similar results. The Filtek Z350 XT resin specimens had a better visual aspect of smoothness in the negative control group and a worse result in the group with Sof-lex spiral diamond wheel.Conclusions:Thus, the system that showed the best result was the Carbide drill in Bulk Fill resin, while Filtek Z350 XT was better in the control group. However, studies are still needed to arrive at a more efficient finishing and polishing protocol (AU).


Introducción:Las actuales resinas Bulk-Fill tienen las siguientes ventajas y propiedades: menor tiempo clínico, baja contracción de polimerización, mayor translucidez, entre otras.Objetivo: Evaluar la topografía de restauraciones con diferentes tipos de resina compuesta antes y después de someterlas a diferentes sistemas de acabado y pulido.Metodología: Fabricación de 100 probetas, 50 de cada resina compuesta, presentando cinco grupos (n = 10) extraídos al azar, según el sistema de acabado y pulido empleado. Se utilizaron resinas Filtek Z350 XT y Bulk Fill Filtek One Bulk Fill y sistemas de acabado y pulido: Discos de lijado Sof-Lex Pop On Kit; Discos Sof-Lex en espiral de diamante; Broca Realce de Punta y Carburo Multilaminado nº 0283F, que fueron comparadas con la superficie dejada por la Tira de Poliéster (Control Negativo). Después de 7 días de almacenamiento en agua destilada, lasmuestras se sometieron a un Las muestras de resina Bulk Fill tuvieron el mejor resultado del sistema de acabado y pulido con broca de carburo y un resultado insatisfactorio con el disco de diamante en espiral Sof-lex, mientras que la punta Enhance y el papel de lija Sof-lex Pop On tuvieron resultados similares. Las muestras de resina Filtek Z350 XT tuvieron un mejor aspecto visual de suavidad en el grupo de control negativo y un peor resultado en el grupo con disco de diamante en espiral Sof-lex.Conclusiones: Así, el sistema que mejor resultado mostró fue la broca Carbide en resina Bulk Fill, mientras que Filtek Z350 XT fue mejor en el grupo control. Sin embargo, aún se necesitan estudios para llegar a un protocolo de acabado y pulido más eficiente (AU).


Subject(s)
Surface Properties , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/instrumentation , Composite Resins , Dental Polishing/instrumentation , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Brazil , Protocols , Polymerization
7.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(2): 64-71, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1339323

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the dental displacement in dentures included in different flasks and processed by the Australian cycle modified or by microwave. Metal pins were placed on the teeth as reference for measurements: a) Incisal edge of maxillary and mandibular central incisors, buccal cusp of maxillary and mandibular vestibular first premolars, and mesiobuccal maxillary and mandibular cusps of second molars; b) Incisor to incisor, premolar to premolar and molar to molar; c) Left incisor to left molar and right incisor to right molar, and d) Vertical. Dentures were divided according to flasks (n=10): G1- Metal; G2- HH bimaxillary metal; G3-Microwaves; G4- HH bimaxillary microwaves. For G1 and G2, polymerization at 65ºC/30 min, flame quenched for 30 min, heating at 65ºC/30 min, boiling water for 1 h. For G3 and G4, microwave (20 min/140 W and 5 min/560 W). Comparator microscope with digital camera and analytical unit assessed the measurements before and after denture polymerization. The final distance was made subtracting the distance before the denture processing from the distance of the dental displacement after processing. The value of the difference was submitted to 2-way ANOVA, considering the flask type and denture type. Maxillary denture showed greater displacement when compared to mandibular denture. Flask types and interaction with denture types showed similar difference between before and after polymerization. In conclusion, displacement promoted by flask types in dentures cured by polymerization cycles promoted similar effect on the distance between teeth. Greater value for distance between teeth occurred for maxillary denture.


Resumo O objetivo neste estudo foi avaliar o deslocamento dental em próteses totais incluídas em diferentes tipos de muflas e polimerizadas pelo ciclo australiano ou por micro ondas. Pinos metálicos foram colocados nos dentes como pontos de referência para as medidas: a) Borda incisal dos incisivos centrais maxilares e mandibulares, cúspide vestibular dos primeiros pré molares maxilares e mandibulares e cúspides mésiovestibulares dos segundos molares maxilares e mandibulares; b) Distâncias látero-laterais incisivo a incisivo, pré-molar a pré-molar e molar a molar; c) Distâncias horizontais anteroposterior incisivo esquerdo a molar esquerdo e incisivo direito a molar direito, e d) Vertical. As próteses foram separadas de acordo com o tipo de mufla (n=20): G1- Metálica; G2-HH bi-maxilar metálica; G3- Micro-ondas; G4- HH bi-maxilar micro ondas. Ciclo de polimerização para G1 e G2, água a 65ºC por 30 minutos, aquecimento interrompido por 30 minutos, reaquecimento a 65ºC por 30 minutos, seguido de água fervente por 1 hora. Para G3 e G4, micro ondas (20 minutos a 140 W e 5 minutos a 560 W). As medidas foram avaliadas com microscópio comparador linear. A distância final entre os dentes foi obtida subtraindo o valor da distância antes do processamento da prótese do valor da distância resultante do deslocamento dentário após o processamento. A diferença obtida entre essas distâncias foi submetida à ANOVA de 2 fatores, considerando como variáveis tipo de mufla e tipo de prótese. A prótese maxilar apresentou maior deslocamento dental quando comparada à mandibular. Os tipos de muflas e a interação com os tipos de próteses mostraram movimentos dentais similares antes e depois da polimerização. Em conclusão, o deslocamento dental promovido por diferentes tipos de frascos em próteses curadas por diferentes ciclos de polimerização promoveu efeito semelhante na alteração da distância entre os dentes. Maior valor para a mudança de distância entre os dentes ocorreu na prótese maxilar.


Subject(s)
Denture, Complete , Australia , Polymerization
8.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(1): 78-84, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180726

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the exposure reciprocity law of a multi-wave light-emitting diode (LED) on the light transmittance (LT), depth of cure (DOC) and degree of conversion in-depth (DC) of a bulk fill composite. A bulk fill composite (EvoCeram® bulk fill, Ivoclar Vivadent) was photoactivated using the multi-wave LED (VALO™ Cordless, Ultradent). The LED was previously characterized using a spectrophotometer to standardize the time of exposure when using the Standard or Xtra-Power modes with the same radiant exposure of 20J/cm2. LT was evaluated through samples of the bulk fill composite every millimeter till 4 mm in-depth. DOC was evaluated according to the ISO 4049. DC of the central longitudinal cross-section from each sample of the DOC test was mapped using FT-NIR microscopy. Data were statistically analyzed according to the experimental design (α=0.05; ß=0.2). The radiant exposure in the violet wavelength range for Standard and Xtra-Power was 4.5 and 5.0 J/cm2, respectively; for the blue wavelength range the radiant exposure for Standard and Xtra-Power was 15.5 and 15.0 J/cm2, respectively. There was no statistical difference in the DOC using Standard or Xtra-Power light-curing modes, but the DOC was lower than the claimed by the manufacturer (4 mm). The DC was not significantly affected by the light-curing mode up to 4 mm in depth (p>0.05). According to exposure reciprocity law, the reduction in exposure time using the same radiant exposure did not affect the depth of cure of the bulk fill composite.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito da lei de reciprocidade de um diodo emissor de luz (LED) multi-wave na transmitância de luz (LT), profundidade de cura (DOC) e grau de conversão em profundidade (DC) de um compósito bulk fill. Material e Métodos: Um compósito bulk fill (EvoCeram®, Ivoclar Vivadent) foi fotoativado utilizando um LED multi-wave (VALO ™ Cordless, Ultradent). O LED foi previamente caracterizado usando um espectrofotômetro para padronizar o tempo de exposição utilizando os modos Standard ou Xtra-Power com a mesma dose de energia de 20 J/cm 2. A LT foi avaliada através de amostras do compósito bulk fill a cada milímetro até 4 mm de profundidade. O DOC foi avaliado de acordo com a ISO 4049. O DC foi realizado em forma de mapeamento da seção transversal longitudinal central de cada amostra do teste de DOC utilizando microscopia FT-NIR. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente de acordo com o delineamento experimental (α=0,05; ß=0,2). A exposição radiante na faixa de comprimento de onda violeta para os modos Standard e Xtra-Power foi de 4,5 e 5,0 J/cm2, respectivamente; e para a faixa de comprimento de onda azul, a exposição radiante para os modos Standard e Xtra-Power foi de 15,5 e 15,0 J/cm2, respectivamente. Não houve diferença estatística no DOC utilizando os modos de fotopolimerização Standard ou Xtra-Power, mas o DOC foi menor do que o reivindicado pelo fabricante (4 mm). O DC não foi afetado significativamente pelo modo de fotopolimerização até 4 mm de profundidade (p>0,05). De acordo com a lei de reciprocidade da exposição, a redução no tempo de exposição utilizando a mesma exposição radiante não afetou a profundidade de cura do compósito bulk fill.


Subject(s)
Composite Resins , Curing Lights, Dental , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Color , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives , Polymerization , Hardness
9.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1143393

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the amount of residual monomers released after polymerization by the compomers in different colors and viscosities over time. Material and Methods: The compomer samples of different colors and viscosities (flowable compomers; blue-pink and packable compomers; A2-blue-pink-gold) were prepared in molds with an inner diameter of 5 mm and a height of 2 mm. In polymerization of samples, a LED unit was used. The amount of monomers released from the samples kept in 75% ethanol/water solution was measured by a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) instrument in the 10th minute, in the 1st hour, and in the 1st, 7th, and 14th days. For statistical analyses, the paired sample t-test, independent sample t-test, and one-way ANOVA with Tukey's post hoc test were used. Results: The amount of residual monomers released from all materials increased over time. At the end of the 14th day, the most released monomer from all compomer samples was BisGMA. The total amounts of released monomers from the packable compomers were Gold>A2>blue>pink. The amount of residual monomers released from flowable compomers was higher in blue than in pink. Conclusion: The color and the viscosity are the factors affecting the residual monomer release in compomers.


Subject(s)
Chromatography/instrumentation , Compomers , Dental Materials , Polymerization , Turkey/epidemiology , Viscosity , Analysis of Variance , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/instrumentation , Statistics, Nonparametric
10.
Cienc. tecnol. salud ; 8(1)2021. il 27 c
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA, DIGIUSAC | ID: biblio-1352956

ABSTRACT

Polymeric membrane technologies demand the synthesis of new polymers to enhance their equilibrium, thermal, and transport properties. Therefore, the focus of this investigation was the evaluation of the equilibrium and thermal properties of a sulfonated fluoroblock copolymer blend membrane composed of sulfonated poly(styre-ne-isobutylene-styrene) (SIBS SO3H) and a novel sulfonated fluoroblock copolymer composed of poly(4-fluo-rostyrene) (P4FS), poly(styrene) (PS) and poly(isobutylene) (PIB). The fluoroblock copolymer was synthesized using Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization (ATRP) and cationic polymerization. First, the molecular weight and the thermal stability of the block copolymer were determined using Gel Permeation Chromatography (GPC) and Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA). Second, the chemical composition was monitored utilizing Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The molecular weight of P4FS-b-PS was Mn ~ 36,100; this value increased 8% after the cationic polymerization. The equilibrium properties of the membrane were evaluated using the water uptake and Ion-Exchange Capacity. The degradation behavior and the thermal transitions were determined using TGA and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), respectively. This newly membrane exhibited water uptake higher than 608% related to the improvement of 36% in the ion-exchange capacity and the increment of 25.31% and 25.24% in the energy required to produce the thermal transitions induced by the addition of the sulfonated fluoroblock copolymer.


La tecnología de membranas poliméricas requiere de la síntesis de nuevos polímeros que mejoren sus propiedades de equilibrio, térmicas y de transporte. Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo determinar las pro-piedades de equilibrio y térmicas de una membrana compuesta de poli(estireno-isobutileno-estireno) sulfonado (SIBS SO3H) y un fluoropolímero en bloque sulfonado compuesto de poli(4-fluorostireno) (P4FS), poli(estireno) (PS) y poli(isobutileno) (PIB). El fluoropolímero en bloque se sintetizó utilizando la técnica de polimerización radical por transferencia atómica (ATRP por sus siglas en inglés) y polimerización catiónica. El peso molecular y la estabilidad térmica del fluoropolímero en bloque fueron determinadas por medio de Cromatografía de Permeación en Gel (GPC) y un análisis termogravimétrico (TGA). La composición química se monitorizó utilizando espectroscopía infrarroja por transformada de Fourier (FTIR) y espectroscopía de Resonancia Magnética Nuclear (RMN). El peso molecular de P4FS-b-PS fue Mn ~ 36,100; este valor aumentó un 8% después de la polimerización catiónica. Las propiedades de equilibrio de la membrana fueron evaluadas por medio de la absorción de agua y la capacidad de intercambio iónico. El comportamiento de degradación y las transiciones térmicas se determinaron utilizando TGA y Calorimetría Diferencial de Barrido (DSC). Esta nueva membrana exhibió una absorción de agua mayor del 608% relacionada con la mejora del 36% en la capacidad de intercambio iónico y el incremento en 25.31% y 25.24% en la energía requerida para producir las transiciones termales inducidas por la adición del fluoropolímero sulfonado en bloque.


Subject(s)
Polymers/analysis , Membranes, Artificial , Polystyrenes/analysis , Absorption , Polymerization , Ion Exchange , Molecular Weight
11.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(1): e2119150, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1154070

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Third generation of LED light curing units might be used in short exposure periods for orthodontic brackets bonding. Objective: This study evaluated the effect of the different radiant exposure (RE) values: Manufacturers' instructions (MI), ½ MI, 1/4 MI and Turbo mode. Two third-generation LED curing units were used: VALO® and Bluephase 20i® . The degree of conversion (DC) and Vickers hardness (VHN) of an orthodontic composite (OC) (Transbond XT) under metallic (MB) or ceramic brackets (CB) were measured. Methods: OC was applied to the bracket base, which was then placed over an attenuated total reflectance (ATR) table coupled to an infrared light spectroscope, or to a glass surface for the VHN analysis. The specimens were light-cured and DC values were calculated. The VHN was obtained in a microhardness tester. The data were analyzed with 2-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's post-hoc test (pre-set α=0.05). Linear regression analysis evaluated the relationship between RE values and dependent variables. Results: CB allowed higher DC and VHN values than MB (p< 0.001). No significant difference was noted among groups when CB were used. For MB, MI groups showed the highest DC and VHN values. A significant, but weak relationship was found between delivered RE values and dependent variables. Conclusions: The decrease in RE values from third generation LED CU did not jeopardize the DC values when CB were used, but can compromise DC and VHN values when MB are used.


RESUMO Introdução: A terceira geração de LEDs fotopolimerizadores pode ser utilizada em curtos períodos de exposição para a colagem de braquetes ortodônticos. Objetivo: O presente estudo avaliou o efeito dos diferentes valores de irradiância (IR): instruções do fabricante (IF), ½ IF, » IF e modo Turbo. Dois fotopolimerizadores LED de terceira geração (VALO® e Bluephase20i®) foram utilizados. Foram mensurados o grau de conversão (GC) e a dureza Vickers (VHN) de um compósito ortodôntico (CO) (Transbond XT) sob braquetes metálicos (BM) ou cerâmicos (BC). Métodos: O compósito ortodôntico foi aplicado na base do braquete e foi posicionado sobre uma mesa de refletância total atenuada (ATR) acoplada a um espectroscópio de infravermelho ou a uma superfície de vidro para análise de VHN. As amostras foram fotopolimerizadas e os valores de GC foram calculados. O VHN foi obtido em um microdurômetro. Os dados foram analisados com ANOVA de 2 fatores seguida do teste post-hoc de Tukey (predefinido α = 0,05). A análise de regressão linear avaliou a relação entre os valores de IR e as variáveis dependentes. Resultados: BC permitiu valores maiores de GC e VHN do que BM (p<0,001). Nenhuma diferença significativa foi observada entre os grupos quando BC foi utilizado. Para BM, os grupos de IF mostraram os maiores valores de GC e VHN. Uma relação significativa, mas fraca, entre os valores de IR entregue e as variáveis dependentes foi encontrada. Conclusões: A diminuição dos valores de IR dos fotopolimerizadores LED de terceira geração não prejudicou os valores de GC quando BC foram utilizados, mas pode comprometer os valores de GC e VHN quando BM são utilizados.


Subject(s)
Ceramics , Orthodontic Brackets , Composite Resins , Curing Lights, Dental , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Resin Cements , Polymerization , Hardness
12.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(1): 1-8, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1145557

ABSTRACT

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the knowledge among dental students at King Khalid University, Jazan University, and Najran University in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia about when to repair or replace defective direct composite restoration. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire-based survey was formulated, pursuing the information about management (repair/replacement) of defective composite restorations and distributed among 200 dental students of three universities in the southern region of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The data were collected with the help of an online questionnaire. Data entry and the analysis were done using the statistical software package SPSS version 20.0. It was presented using descriptive statistics in the form of frequencies and percentages for qualitative variables, and range means and standard deviations for age, quantitative variable. Analytic statistics were done using Chi-Square tests (χ2) to test the significant difference between categorical variables. The level of significance, the p-value was 0.01(p<0.01). Results: The decision to choose between composite repair or replacement was influenced by whether this topic was taught to them at various undergraduate levels during Bachelor of Dental Surgery. The reason associated with the decision to repair defective composite restorations, 76% reported as cost-effective followed by Increased longevity (71%), the permanent filling (70%), patient's preference for repair (65%), and least time consuming (50%). 67% participants preferred significantly (p<0.001) repair due to secondary caries in the previously restored tooth with composite, followed by the small surface defect in a composite restoration (65%), risk of pulpal damage significantly (p<0.001) in a defective composite restoration (62.5%) and more invasive and destructive treatment option (35%). More than half of respondents 123 (61.5%) reported that they were not taught about composite repair during the Bachelor of Dental Surgery. Conclusion: It is suggested with the help of our study that didactic and clinical training components regarding composite repair should be seriously included in the teaching curriculum of dental institutions as it is in the best interest of the patient. Dental students should be provided with clinical training on this topic so that they can follow proper decision-making protocols available during repair or replacement of defective resin composite restorations. Other researches in the future can be carried out for refining the guidelines and techniques utilized for composite repair. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o conhecimento entre estudantes de odontologia da King Khalid University, Jazan University e Najran University, no reino da Arábia Saudita, sobre quando reparar ou substituir restaurações de resina composta direta defeituosas. Material e Métodos: Foi formulada uma pesquisa baseada em questionário, buscando informações sobre o manejo (reparo / substituição) de restaurações de resina composta e distribuída entre 200 estudantes de odontologia de três universidades da região sul do reino da Arábia Saudita. Os dados foram coletados com o auxílio de um questionário online. A entrada e análise dos dados foram feitas com o software estatístico SPSS versão 20.0. Foi apresentado por meio de estatística descritiva na forma de frequências e percentuais para as variáveis qualitativas, e amplitude de médias e desvios-padrão para a idade, variável quantitativa. A estatística analítica foi feita usando testes de qui-quadrado (χ2) para testar a diferença significativa entre as variáveis categóricas. Ao nível de significância, o valor de p foi de 0,01 (p <0,01). Resultados: A decisão de escolher entre o reparo ou substituição do compósito foi influenciada pelo fato de este tópico ter sido ensinado a eles em vários níveis de graduação durante o Bacharelado em Odontologia. O motivo associado à decisão de reparar restaurações de resina composta defeituosas, 76% relataram como custo-benefício seguido por maior longevidade (71%), restauração definitva (70%), preferência do paciente para reparo (65%) e menos demorado ( 50%). Sessenta e sete por cento dos participantes preferiram o reparo significativamente (p <0,001) devido a cárie secundária no dente previamente restaurado com resina composta, seguido pelo pequeno defeito de superfície em uma restauração composta (65%), risco de dano pulpar significativamente (p <0,001) em um restauração de resina composta com defeito (62,5%) e opção de tratamento mais invasiva e destrutiva (35%). Mais da metade dos entrevistados, 123 (61,5%) relataram que não foram ensinados sobre reparo de resina composta durante o Bacharelado em Odonotlogia. Conclusão: É sugerido com a ajuda de nosso estudo que os componentes do treinamento didático e clínico sobre reparo de resina composta devem ser seriamente incluídos no currículo de ensino de instituições odontológicas, pois é do interesse do paciente. Os estudantes de odontologia devem receber treinamento clínico sobre este tópico para que possam seguir os protocolos de tomada de decisão adequados disponíveis durante o reparo ou substituição de restaurações de resina composta com defeito. Outras pesquisas no futuro podem ser realizadas para refinar as diretrizes e técnicas utilizadas para reparo de resina (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Composite Resins , Dental Caries , Polymerization
13.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 64(1): 77-82, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252984

ABSTRACT

A pesar de los avances e innovaciones de los materiales dentales, la microfiltración marginal y la contracción durante la polimerización continúan siendo una de las causas principales del fracaso de los tratamientos en odontología restauradora. Un sellado marginal correcto será posible cuando las fuerzas de adhesión superen las fuerzas generadas por la contracción de polimerización y las fuerzas generadas por los cambios dimensionales térmicos posteriores a la polimerización, por lo que investigaciones previas demostraron que estas limitaciones pueden ser superadas con el uso de resinas Bulk Fill como material de relleno de cavidades extensas y profundas de dientes posteriores. Estas resinas. de relleno masivo, están recibiendo atención, principalmente porque se pueden colocar, a diferencia de las resinas convencionales, en incrementos de 4 mm sin afectar la contracción de la polimerización, la adaptación de la cavidad o el grado de conversión. El objetivo de la presente revisión bibliográfica es describir la contracción de polimerización y la consecuente filtración marginal que sufren las resinas compuestas para el sector posterior Bulk Fill con base de datos de la literatura (AU)


Despite advances and innovations in dental materials, marginal microfiltration and shrinkage during polymerization continue to be one of the main causes of treatment failure in Restorative Dentistry. A correct marginal seal will be possible when the adhesion forces exceed the forces generated by polymerization contraction and the forces generated by post-polymerization thermal dimensional changes, for which previous research has shown that these limitations can be overcome with the use of Bulk Fill resins as filling material for large and deep posterior tooth cavities, these massive filling resins are receiving attention mainly because they can be placed, unlike conventional resins, in 4 mm increments without affecting polymerization shrinkage. , cavity adaptation or degree of conversion. The objective of the present bibliographic review is to describe the polymerization contraction and consequent marginal filtration suffered by Composite Resins for the Bulk Fill posterior sector with a literature database (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Composite Resins , Dental Leakage , Polymerization , Materials Testing , Physical and Chemical Properties , Dental Cavity Preparation , Dental Restoration, Permanent/instrumentation
14.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(5): 523-531, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132329

ABSTRACT

Abstract Thiourethane additives have been shown to improve properties in several dental polymer applications. The aim of this study was to verify the effect of the addition of thiourethane oligomers and acrylamide or isobornyl-based plasticizers on the physical properties of the denture base acrylic resin polymerized with microwaves. Thiourethane oligomer (TU) was synthetized and added to microwaved acrylic resin in proportions varying between 3 and 14 wt%. Separate experimental groups included the addition of dimethyl acrylamide (DMAM) and isobornyl methacrylate as plasticizers, at concentrations varying from 5 to 20 wt%. Samples were polymerized using microwave energy at 500 Watts for 3 min, deflasked at room temperature, stored in water at 37 °C for 24 h, and evaluated for: linear dimensional change, gloss, Knoop hardness, surface roughness, impact strength, yield strength, elastic modulus, toughness, yield strength, viscosity, glass transition temperature and network heterogeneity, and water sorption/solubility. Data were analyzed with ANOVA/Tukey's post-hoc test (a=5%). The addition of TU led to properties that were similar or worse than the materials to which it was not added, except for dimensional stability. The impact on properties was statistically significant for all materials above 20% addition of TU. The addition of DMAM at 5 wt% or isobornyl methacrylate at 10 wt% improved yield strength and modulus, but increased water sorption and solubility. Except for dimensional stability, the addition of thiourethane oligomers to acrylic denture base materials compromised most tested properties. The use of DMAM and isobornyl methacrylate improved properties for selected compositions.


Resumo Aditivos de tiouretano demonstraram melhorar propriedades de polímeros em diversas aplicações. O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar o efeito da adição de oligômeros de tiouretano, monômeros de acrilamida ou baseados em funcionalidade isobornil na propriedades físicas de bases de dentadura de acrílico polimerizadas em micro-ondas. O oligômero de tiouretano (TU) foi sintetizado e adicionado à resina acrílica em proporções variando de 3 a 14% em peso. Dimetil acrilamida (DMAM) e isobornil metacrilato (IBMA) foram adicionados em formulações separadas como plastificantes em concentrações variando de 5 a 20% em peso. As amostras foram polimerizadas usando energia de micro-ondas (500 Watts oor 3 min), desincluídas da mufla a temperature ambiente, armazenadas em água a 37°C por 24 h, e submetidas aos testes de: alteração dimensional linear, brilho, dureza Knoop, rugosidade superficial, resistência ao impacto, tensão normal de escoamento, módulo de elasticidade, tenacidade, viscosidade, temperatura de transição vítrea e heterogeneidade da rede polimérica, além de sorção de água e solubilidade. Os dados foram analisados com ANOVA e teste de Tukey (a=5%). A adição de TU não afetou ou diminuiu todas as propriedades, exceto pela estabilidade dimensional. O impacto nas propriedades foi estatisticamente significante para todos os materiais em concentrações acima de 20% de TU. Isso pode ser explicado por um encurtamento das cadeias e diminuição do empacotamento das cadeias lineares do PMMA. A adição de 5% de DMAM ou 10% de isobornil metacrilato melhoraram a tensão de escoamento e o módulo, mas aumentaram a sorção de água e solubilidade. Exceto pela estabilidade dimensional, a adição de oligômeros de tiouretano à bases de dentatura compostas por resina acrílica prejudicou todas a propriedades testadas. O uso de DMAM e isobornil metacrilato melhorou as propriedades para composições selecionadas.


Subject(s)
Denture Bases , Microwaves , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Dental Materials , Polymerization
15.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 41(2): 34-39, maio-ago.2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1102682

ABSTRACT

As resinas Bulk fill surgiram com o intuito de facilitar a restauração de cavidades profundas. A fotoativação adequada é extremamente importante para que a resina bulk fill ofereça propriedades mecânicas satisfatórias e, longevidade na restauração. Este estudo avaliou a influência da espessura do incremento na microdureza Knoop (KHN) de três resinas bulk fill (n = 5). Cinquenta amostras foram divididas de acordo com o material (Filtek Z250, Filtek One Bulk Fill e Filtek Bulk Fill Flow), espessura (2mm e 4 mm) e tempo de fotoativação (20 e 40s) - Z2502mm20s, Z2502mm40s, One2mm20s, One2mm40s, One4mm20s, One4mm40s, Flow2mm20s, Flow2mm40s, Flow4mm20s e Flow4mm40s. As análises KHN foram realizadas no topo e na base de cada amostra. Os dados foram submetidos à ANOVA a 1 critério e ao Teste de Tukey (p< 0,05). A média e desvio padrão (+/-) dos seguintes grupos foram (Z2502mm20s) 0,85 (+/- 0,01); (Z2502mm40s) 0,92 (+/- 0,01); (One2mm20s) 1,05 (+/- 0,08); (One2mm40s) 0,95 (+/- 0,04); (One4mm20s) 0,93 (+/- 0,04); (One4mm40s) 0,97 (+/ - 0,04); (Flow2mm20s) 0,92 (+/- 0,05); (Flow2mm40s) 0,89 (+/- 0,04); (Flow4mm20s) 0,79 (+/- 0,04) e (Flow4mm40s) 0,90 (+/- 0,03). Os grupos da Filtek One Bulk apresentaram um valor significativamente maior, demonstrando uma polimerização suficiente mesmo na base de incrementos com 4 mm. Concluiu-se que o aumento na espessura do incremento de resinas bulk fill não afetou negativamente a fotoativação(AU)


Bulk fill composites emerged, allowing the restoration of deep cavities easily. Appropriate lightcuring is crucial to bulk fill composite presents satisfactory mechanical properties and restoration longevity. This study evaluated the influence of thickness increment on Knoop microhardness (KHN) of three dental bulk fill composites (n=5). Fifty samples were divided according to composite (Filtek Z250, Filtek One Bulk Fill and Filtek Bulk Fill Flow), thickness (2mm and 4 mm) and time lightcuring (20 and 40 s) - Z2502mm20s, Z2502mm40s, One2mm20s, One2mm40s, One4mm20s, One4mm40s, Flow2mm20s, Flow2mm40s, Flow4mm20s e Flow4mm40s. KHN analysis were performed on the top and the base of each specimen. Data were subjected to one-way ANOVA and Tukey test (p< 0,05). The mean and standard deviation (+/-) of following groups were (Z2502mm20s) 0,85(+/-0,01); (Z2502mm40s) 0,92(+/- 0,01); (One2mm20s) 1,05(+/-0,08); (One2mm40s) 0,95(+/-0,04); (One4mm20s) 0,93 (+/-0,04); (One4mm40s) 0,97(+/-0,04); (Flow2mm20s) 0,92(+/- 0,05); (Flow2mm40s) 0,89(+/-0,04); (Flow4mm20s) 0,79(+/-0,04) e (Flow4mm40s) 0,90(+/-0,03) Filtek One Bulk groups present significantly higher value, demonstrating sufficient polymerization even on the base of 4 mm increments. It was concluded that the increase in the thickness increment of Bulk fill composites did not negatively affect the lightcure(AU)


Subject(s)
Composite Resins , Hardness Tests , Dental Materials , Polymerization
16.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(1): 60-66, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056502

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to evaluate marginal adaptation of Class II mesial-occlusal-distal (MOD) restorations before and after thermo-mechanical loading and volumetric shrinkage of the bulk-fill vs conventional composite resin. For marginal adaptation assessment, 24 Class II MOD cavities with cervical margins extending 1.0 mm below (distal) and 1.0 mm beyond (mesial) the cement-enamel junction were prepared in extracted human molars. The teeth were filled as follows: Group A - bulk-fill with SureFil SDR flow (first increment, 4 mm; second increment, 2 mm); Group B - bulk-fill with SureFil SDR flow as a base (first increment, 4 mm) and covered with the conventional nanohybrid composite Esthet-X HD (second increment, 2 mm); and Group C - incrementally filled with Esthet-X HD. Marginal adaptation was evaluated by scanning electron microscopy before and after thermomechanical loading (240,000 loading cycles and simultaneous 600 thermal cycles). To evaluate volumetric polymerization shrinkage, a semi-spherical mold was filled with the tested composites and placed in an AccuVol device after light curing. Both before and after loading, marginal adaptation in cervical dentin was superior (p < 0.05) for Groups A and B compared with Group C. In cervical enamel, Group B showed better marginal adaptation than Group C, and Group A presented intermediary results, between Groups B and C. Furthermore, bulk-fill flow resulted in greater shrinkage than Esthet-X HD. A significant improvement of marginal adaptation was observed when bulkfill flow was used instead of conventional composite resin both before and after thermomechanical loading. However, the bulk-fill flow presented higher volumetric polymerization shrinkage than the conventional composite.


RESUMEN: El objetivo de este trabajo consistió en evaluar la adaptación marginal de las restauraciones mesiales-oclusales-distales (MOD) de Clase II antes y después de la carga termo-mecánica y la contracción volumétrica de la carga compuesta de resina "bulk-fill" en comparación con resina convencional. Para la evaluación de adaptación, se prepararon 24 cavidades MOD de Clase II en molares humanos extraídos, los que se restauraron de la siguiente manera: Grupo A: restaurado con resina fluida Bulk-Fill SureFilSDR (primer incremento, 4 mm; segundo incremento, 2 mm); Grupo B: restaurado con resina fluida Bulk-Fill SureFil SDR (primer incremento, 4 mm) y cubierto con resina compuesta nanohíbrida Esthet-X HD (segundo incremento, 2 mm); y Grupo C - rellenado incrementalmente con Esthet-X HD. La adaptación marginal se evaluó mediante microscopía electrónica de barrido antes y después de la carga termomecánica (240.000 ciclos de carga y 600 ciclos térmicos simultáneos). Para evaluar la contracción volumétrica de la polimerización, se llenó un molde semiesférico con los compuestos probados y se colocó en un dispositivo AccuVol después del fotopolimerización. Tanto antes como después de la carga, la adaptación marginal en la dentina cervical fue superior (p <0,05) para los grupos A y B en comparación con el grupo C. En el esmalte cervical, el grupo B mostró una mejor adaptación marginal que el grupo C, y el grupo A presentó resultados intermedios, entre Grupos B y C. Se observó una mejora significativa de la adaptación marginal al utilizar la resina fluida Bulk-Fill en lugar de resina compuesta convencional tanto antes como después de la carga termomecánica. Sin embargo, la resina fluida 'Bulk-Fill' presentó una mayor contracción volumétrica de polimerización que el compuesto convencional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Composite Resins , Dental Cavity Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Malocclusion, Angle Class II , Stress, Mechanical , Statistical Analysis , Ethics Committees , Dental Restoration Wear , Dental Cavity Preparation/standards , Polymerization
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811423

ABSTRACT

The restorative procedure in posterior teeth involves clinical steps related to professional skill, especially when using the incremental technique, which may fail in the long term. A recent alternative is bulk-fill resins, which can reduce polymerization shrinkage, decreasing clinical problems such as marginal leakage, secondary caries, and fracture. This scientific study aims to report a clinical case using bulk-fill resin with an occlusal matrix. As determined in the treatment plan, an acrylic resin matrix was produced to establish an improved oral and aesthetic rehabilitation of the right mandibular first molar, which presented a carious lesion with dentin involvement. The occlusal matrix is a simple technique that maintains the original dental anatomy, showing satisfactory results regarding function and aesthetic rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Composite Resins , Dental Caries , Dentin , Esthetics , Molar , Polymerization , Polymers , Rehabilitation , Tooth
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827553

ABSTRACT

Bulk-fill composite resin are simple to operate, and they reduce polymerization shrinkage and microleakage compare to traditional resin-based composites. However, their clinical application could be affected by numerous factors, such as the material itself, light curing, placement techniques, storage condition, and preheating. This review aimed to summarize the definitions, classifications, indications, clinical properties, and influencing factors of the clinical application of bulk-fill resin-based composites and discuss the ways to improve their clinical effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Composite Resins , Dental Materials , Materials Testing , Polymerization , Surface Properties
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786593

ABSTRACT

In patients with fully edentulous jaw, treatment of complete dentures should be carried out in many stages when following the conventional methods. Therefore there were disadvantages such as multiple visits to dental clinic is inevitable. In addition, errors caused by polymerization shrinkage, which happens during the fabrication of denture, and difficulties in reproduction of damaged or lost denture were considered as disadvantages. But nowadays, computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) system is widely used in dentistry and it has begun to expand its spectrum in manufacturing complete dentures. Using CAD/CAM system to fabricate complete dentures can reduce the number of patient's visit and clinical chair time, since taking impression, recording jaw relation, and selection of artificial teeth are performed at the same time during the first visit, and delivering of dentures during the second visit is possible. In addition, because 3D-Printing technology is used, errors by polymerization shrinkage can be reduced. Among the companies that fabricate complete dentures using CAD/CAM system, DENTCA CAD/CAM denture (DENTCA Inc., Los Angeles, CA, USA) is the most commercialized company. In this case, we treated patients of complete dentures using conventional complete denture method and DENTCA CAD/CAM denture system in the same patient. We would like to report this case because we have achieved good results not only in functional aspects of pronunciation, chewing, and swallowing but also in aesthetic aspects.


Subject(s)
Computer-Aided Design , Deglutition , Dental Clinics , Dentistry , Denture, Complete , Dentures , Humans , Jaw , Jaw, Edentulous , Mastication , Methods , Polymerization , Polymers , Reproduction , Tooth, Artificial
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816642

ABSTRACT

The 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreaks that emerged in Wuhan city, Hubei province, have led to a formidable number of confirmed cases that resulted in >5,700 deaths globally, including 143 countries in all 6 continents. The World Health Organization declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern with a very high level of global risk assessment. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), the agent of COVID-19, has >79% nucleotide sequence homology to SARS-CoV; therefore, both belong to the genus betacoronavirus and subgenus sarbecovirus. The S1 domains of the two appeared to share the cellular receptor ACE2, but revealed a much higher S1-ACE2 binding affinity. As seen in many other human coronaviruses, SARS-CoV-2 also shows respiratory infection, but the basic reproductive number (R₀) in transmission and the clinical latency are quite dissimilar from those of SARS- or MERS-CoVs. Many scientists infer that the time point of cross-barrier transfer from bats to mediate animals or to humans should be a rather recent event based on the full-length genome analyses obtained from the very first patients. Copy-choice polymerization, which often leads to a significant genome recombination rate in most coronaviruses, predicts the continued emergence of novel coronaviruses.


Subject(s)
Animals , Base Sequence , Chiroptera , Coronavirus , Disease Outbreaks , Emergencies , Genome , Humans , Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus , Molecular Biology , Polymerization , Polymers , Public Health , Recombination, Genetic , Risk Assessment , SARS Virus , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , World Health Organization
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL