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Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e210147, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1431045


Abstract Objective: To determine the effect of ozonated water on the color stability of denture tooth and denture bases. Material and Methods: Thirty denture base discs consisting of 15 Acropars and 15 ProBase Hot specimens with the dimensions of 40 × 5 mm were prepared. Fifteen denture teeth in shade A1 (Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein) were mounted in a specific acrylic jig. All specimens were immersed in three solutions (1% sodium hypochlorite, ozonated water, and distilled water) for four months (one year of clinical use). Color measurements were done with a spectrophotometer and assessed using the CIE L*a*b* colorimetric system (0, 4, 8, 12, and 16 weeks). Data were analyzed using the three-way ANOVA and Tukey test (α=0.05). Results: Tukey's post hoc test revealed a significant change in color in the Acropars denture base for the distilled water group compared to the ozonated water and 1% hypochlorite (p<0.05). Regarding the ProBase Hot denture base, significantly less color change was observed in the 1% hypochlorite group compared to the ozonated water and distilled water (p≤0.001). For the denture teeth, significantly less color change was seen in the distilled water group than in the ozonated water (p=0.015) and 1% hypochlorite (p<0.05) groups. Conclusion: The color change of denture bases and denture tooth in ozonated water are acceptable. Ozonated water can be considered a good disinfectant for cleaning dentures.

Ozone/therapeutic use , Color , Dental Polishing , Denture, Complete , Acrylic Resins , Distilled Water , Analysis of Variance , Denture Cleansers/adverse effects , Polymerization
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e231336, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1442820


Aim: To investigate and compare the effects of different thicknesses of medium-translucency monolithic zirconia and light curing times on the polymerization of two types of dual-cured resin cement. Methods: A total of 200 cement specimens were prepared from TheraCem and RelyX U200 cement. The specimens were divided into 5 groups: Group I, without interposing zirconia; Group II, 0.50 mm thickness; Group III, 1.00 mm; Group IV, 1.50 mm; and Group V, 2.00 mm thickness. Each group was subdivided into (1) RelyX U200 and (2) TheraCem. Each subgroup was subdivided according to the light-curing time into (a) 20 s and (b) 40 s (n =5). The polymerization was tested using Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and a Vickers microhardness tester. The data were statistically analyzed using ANOVA, an independent sample t-test, and Tukey's test at a significance level of 0.05. Results: The control group had the highest values of DC and VMH, followed by 0.50, 1.00, and 1.50 mm, respectively, while the 2.00 mm group showed the lowest values. The specimens irradiated for 40 s had greater DC and VMH than those irradiated for 20 s. RelyX U200 revealed higher values for both parameters compared to TheraCem cement. Conclusion: The polymerization of selfadhesive cement depends on the thickness of the monolithic zirconia, the light curing time, and the composition of the cement. The cement should be irradiated for a longer period than recommended to overcome the light attenuation of zirconia. TEGDMA-based self-adhesive cement showed a higher DC and VMH than BISGMA-based cement

Zirconium , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Resin Cements , Polymerization
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(2): 1-11, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1425563


Objective: The present study aims to evaluate the color stability and degree of conversion of amine-free dual cured resin cement compared to light cured and amine-containing dual cured resin cements used with two different translucencies of thin esthetic restorations. Material and Methods: A total of 120 specimens were prepared for color stability testing (n=60). The specimens were divided into three main groups according to the resin cement type. Group 1: amine-free dual cured, Group 2: light cured, Group 3: amine-containing dual cured. Each group was further subdivided according to the ceramic translucency into two subgroups: high and low translucency. Color stability was assessed by a spectrophotometer before and after thermal aging. For the degree of conversion assessment (n=60), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used at three different time intervals. Statistical analysis was performed using multi-factorial ANOVA, followed by one-way ANOVA with Bonferroni correction. Results: Amine-containing resin cement showed significantly higher ΔEab and ΔE00in both translucencies (4.5±0.3, 3.5±0.3 respectively for high translucency ceramic and 3.8±0.4, 3.0±0.3 respectively for low translucency) than the other tested cements (p<0.001). The highest degree of conversion (DC) was shown after 2 weeks by the amine-free dual cured resin cement (86.27±0.74). Conclusion: Amine-free dual cured resin cement can be an alternative to light cured one for cementation of thin veneers since it showed comparable color stability and high degree of conversion (AU)

Objetivo: O presente estudo tem como objetivo avaliar a estabilidade de cor e o grau de conversão do cimento resinoso dual sem amina em comparação com cimentos resinosos fotopolimerizáveis contendo amina usados com duas translucidezes diferentes em restaurações estéticas definitivas. Material e Métodos: Um total de 120 espécimes foram preparados para teste de estabilidade de cor (n=60). Os espécimes foram divididos em três grupos principais de acordo com o tipo de cimento resinoso. Grupo 1: polimerização dupla sem amina, Grupo 2: fotopolimerização, Grupo 3: polimerização dupla contendo amina. Cada grupo foi ainda subdividido de acordo com a translucidez da cerâmica em dois subgrupos: alta e baixa translucidez. A estabilidade da cor foi avaliada por um espectrofotômetro antes e após o envelhecimento térmico. Para a avaliação do grau de conversão (n=60), a espectroscopia de infravermelho com transformada de Fourier foi usada em três intervalos de tempo diferentes. A análise estatística foi realizada usando ANOVA multifatorial, seguida de ANOVA um faot com correção de Bonferroni. Resultados: O cimento resinoso contendo amina apresentou ΔEab e ΔE00 significativamente maiores em ambas as translucidezes (4,5±0,3, 3,5±0,3 respectivamente para cerâmica de alta translucidez e 3,8±0,4, 3,0±0,3 respectivamente para baixa translucidez) do que os outros cimentos testados (p< 0,001). O maior grau de conversão (DC) foi mostrado após 2 semanas pelo cimento resinoso dual sem amina (86,27±0,74). Conclusão: O cimento resinoso dual sem amina pode ser uma alternativa ao cimento polimerizável na restauração de facetas finas, uma vez que apresentou estabilidade de cor comparável e alto grau de conversão. (AU).

Color , Resin Cements , Polymerization , Lithium
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 39: e39018, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1415912


The study analyzed the influence of temperature on the depth of cure of bulk-fill composite resins. Three discs (ISO 4049/2000) from each group were made, and four restorative materials were investigated: Opus Bulk-Fill Flow, Opus Bulk-Fill APS, Filtek™ One Bulk-Fill, and Filtek™ Bulk-Fill Flow. They were light-cured (Gnatus ± 1,200 mW/cm2) for 20 seconds, varying the temperature (23°C and 5°C) and simulating the use of the product both at room temperature and under refrigeration. The materials were inserted in aluminum matrices with 10 mm in depth and 4 mm in diameter. A clear film strip and a glass microscope slide were positioned at the top and bottom surfaces. The material was condensed and light-cured with the tip of the light source in close contact, for 20 seconds on the top surface. Immediately after irradiation, the samples were removed from the mold, and the uncured part was removed with a plastic spatula. The measurement was performed with a micrometer ± 0.1 mm, and the value was divided by 2. The data were analyzed with two-way ANOVA at a significance of 0.05. There was a statistical difference in the temperature between the results obtained in Opus Bulk-Fill APS (p <0.001) and Filtek™ Bulk-Fill Flow (p = 0.018) resins. For the temperature of 5°C, Filtek™ Bulk-Fill Flow showed a statistical difference compared to the other resins, while Opus Bulk-Fill Flow and Opus Bulk-Fill APS did not. For the temperature of 23°C, Filtek™ Bulk-Fill Flow maintained the statistical difference from the others, but Filtek™ One Bulk-Fill and Opus Bulk-Fill APS did not present statistical differences. Storing the Filtek™ Bulk-Fill Flow composite resin in the refrigerator caused a greater depth of cure than the other resins, and the depth of cure decreased at room temperature. As for Opus Bulk-Fill APS, the depth of cure decreased proportionally to the temperature decrease. The temperature may affect the depth of cure of some composite resins.

Temperature , Cold Temperature , Composite Resins , Polymerization
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226262, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354997


Aim: To evaluate the impact of a dual-cured adhesive system on the in situ degree of conversion (DC), bond strength (BS) and failure mode (FM) of adhesive interfaces in dentin cavities restored with a bulk-fill resin composite. Methods: 4-mm-deep dentin cavities with a 3.1 C-factor were created in 68 bovine incisors (n = 17 per group). The lightcured (Scotchbond™ Universal) or the dual-cured (Adper™ Scotchbond™ Multi-purpose Plus) adhesive system was applied to the cavities, which were then restored with a bulkfill resin composite (Filtek™ Bulk Fill). In situ DC analysis was performed by means of micro Raman spectroscopy at the top and bottom interfaces. Push-out BS was measured in a universal testing machine after 24-h or 6-month water storage. FM was determined with a stereomicroscope. Data of in situ DC and BS were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey test (p<0.05), while the FM was analyzed descriptively. Results: The groups that received the dual-cured adhesive system showed statistically higher in situ DC and BS than those that received the light-cured adhesive system. Cohesive failure mode was the most frequent in all conditions. Conclusion: In situ DC and BS were influenced by the curing strategies of the adhesive systems with better performance of the dual-cured material

Aging , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Composite Resins , Polymerization
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226202, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1393187


Aim: Resin modified glass ionomer (RMGI) is class of material that can be used as sealant for preventing and arresting the progression of caries in pits and fissures. As these are hybrid materials, their properties can be affected by factors related to the polymerization process. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the influence of different generations of LED curing units (Elipar DeepCure-L and VALO Grand) on Knoop microhardness values (KHN) of RMGI sealants (Clinpro XT and Vitremer). Methods: Forty cylindrical specimens (6mm ø x 1 mm high) were prepared according to the manufacturer's instructions and divided into four groups (n=10) according to the type of RMGI and LED used. The KHN of the top surface of each sample was calculated 7 days after light-curing. Data were submitted to two-way ANOVA (α = 0.05). Results: Vitremer had higher KHN values than Clinpro XT after using both LEDs (p<0.0001), but especially when light-cured with the use of VALO Grand (p<0.0001). Whereas the KHN value of Clinpro was not influenced by the LED device (p>0.05). Conclusions: Top surface microhardness values of RGMI sealants were affected by both material composition and generations of LED curing units used. Third generation LED curing units seemed to be more efficient for the polymerization of RMGI-based sealants

Pit and Fissure Sealants , Curing Lights, Dental , Polymerization , Hardness
Natal; s.n; 14 nov. 2022. 53 p. tab, ilus, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1532258


A escassez de dados científicos que validem os benefícios da diatomita para as propriedades físicas da resina composta Zirconfill® torna imperioso a realização de novos estudos, principalmente no tocante a utilização dessa resina contendo diatomita em restaurações semidiretas. Objetivo: Avaliar in vitro a polimerização e resistência de união entre uma resina composta contendo diatomita e de uma resina composta bulk-fill após 24 horas e após 06 meses de envelhecimento em água. Materiais e métodos: Foram utilizados 28 incisivos bovinos para produzir cavidades dentinárias cônicas (4,8 mm de diâmetro maior x 2,8 mm de diâmetro menor x 4 mm de espessura) e fator C de magnitude 3,1. Esses preparos cavitários (n=28) foram restaurados com as resinas compostas Filtek™ One Bulk-fill (BF) (3M ESPE) ou Zirconfill ® (ZF) (BM4), através da técnica semidireta, utilizando o sistema adesivo Single Bond Universal (3M ESPE) e o cimento resino dual Relyx™ Ultimate (3M ESPE). A análise da polimerização foi realizada através da razão base/topo (B/T) de dureza Vickers. E a resistência de união RU foi realizada através do teste de extrusão push-out em máquina de ensaio universal. As amostras foram armazenadas em água destilada a 37 ºC por 24 horas ou 06 meses, mas apenas a RU avaliou as amostras após 06 meses de envelhecimento. Os dados da B/T e da RU foram submetidos à análise de variância (ANOVA) a um e a dois critérios, respectivamente, com pós-teste de Tukey (p <0.05). Resultados: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre as resinas compostas na B/T. Para a RU, a resina composta ZF mostrou valores maiores do que a resina BF em ambos os tempos avaliados. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa de nenhuma resina na avaliação ao longo do tempo. Conclusão: A resina composta contendo diatomita mostrou-se promissora quando utilizada em restaurações semidiretas, visto que obteve resultados similar e até superior a resina composta bulk-fill (AU).

The scarcity of data validating scientific diatomite benefits for physical properties of Zirconfill® resin composite makes essential to develop new studies, especially regarding the use of this resin composite containing diatomite in semi-direct restorations. Aim: To evaluate in vitro the cure and bond strength between a resin composite containing diatomite and a bulk-fill resin composite after 24 hours and after 06 months of water storage. Materials and methods: Twenty-eight bovine incisors (n=28) were used to produce conical dentinal cavities (4,8 mm of larger diameter x 2,8 mm of smaller diameter x 4 mm of thickness) and C-factor of magnitude 3.1. These cavities were restored with Filtek™ One Bulk-Fill (BF) (3M ESPE) or Zirconfill® (ZF) (BM4) resin composites, through the semi-direct technique, using Scotchbond™ Universal (3M ESPE) adhesive system and Relyx™ Ultimate (3M ESPE) dual resin cement. The cure analysis was performed through bottom-to-top (B/T) ratio of vickers hardness, while bond strength (RU) was performed through the push-out test in a universal testing machine. The specimens were stored in distilled water at 37 ºC for 24 hours or 06 months, but only RU analyzed the specimens after 06 months aging. B/T and RU data were, respectively, submitted to one-way and two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with Tukey's post-test (p <0.05). Results: There was no statistically significant difference between the composite resins in B/T. For RU, the ZF composite resin showed higher values than the BF resin at both evaluated times. However, there was no statistically significant difference in resin composites over time. Conclusion: The resin composite containing diatomite showed promise when used in semi-direct restorations since it obtained similar or even superior results to bulk-fill resin composite (AU).

Animals , Zirconium , Polymerization , Diatomaceous Earth , Time Factors , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Analysis of Variance , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Hardness Tests
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 59(2): e3767, abr.-jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408383


Introducción: La lámpara de fotocurado, que utiliza diodos emisores de luz (LED), se emplea en odontología para la conversión polimérica de los materiales de restauración dental. Se ha comunicado que una intensidad lumínica inadecuada de la lámpara no aseguraría la correcta polimerización del material de restauración. Objetivo: Determinar la intensidad lumínica de las lámparas de fotocurado LED en consultorios odontológicos de la ciudad de Piura, Perú, 2020. Métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo. Se midió la intensidad lumínica en 70 lámparas de fotocurado LED, usando un radiómetro con una longitud de onda de 400-500 nm, con capacidad de medida de la intensidad lumínica de hasta 3500 mw/cm2. Por debajo de los 400 mw/cm2 indica intensidad baja, de 400 a 800 mw/cm2 intensidad media, de 800 a 1200 mw/cm2 intensidad alta y por encima de los 1200 mw/cm2 indica intensidad muy alta. Resultados: El 48,5 por ciento de las lámparas analizadas presentaban intensidad media, el 22,86 por ciento intensidad alta, mientras que el 15,71 por ciento intensidad baja y finalmente el 12,86 por ciento de las lámparas presentaban intensidad muy alta. Se reportó menor frecuencia de lámparas con mayor uso clínico. Conclusiones: Las lámparas de fotocurado LED, utilizadas en los consultorios dentales de la provincia de Piura durante el 2020, emiten una intensidad lumínica promedio de 778,14 mW/cm2, equivalente a la intensidad media(AU)

Introduction: Light curing lamps that use light-emitting diodes (LED) are used in dentistry for the polymeric conversion of dental restorative materials. It has been reported that inadequate light intensity in the lamp would not ensure the appropriate polymerization of restorative materials. Objective: Determine the output intensity of LED light curing units used in dental offices of the city of Piura, Peru, in the year 2020. Methods: An observational descriptive study was conducted. Measurements were taken of the light output of 70 LED light curing lamps using a radiometer with a wavelength of 400-500 nm and a light intensity measurement capacity of up to 3 500 mw/cm2. Intensity below 400 mw/cm2 was recorded as low, from 400 to 800 mw/cm2 as medium, from 800 a 1 200 mw/cm2 as high and above 1 200 mw/cm2 as very high. Results: Intensity was medium in 48.5 percent of the lamps analyzed, high in 22.86 percent, low in 15.71 percent and very high in 12.86 percent. A lower frequency of lamps with greater clinical use was reported. Conclusions: The LED light curing lamps used in dental offices of the province of Piura during the year 2020 emit an average output intensity of 778.14 mW/cm2, which corresponds to medium intensity(AU)

Humans , Dental Offices/methods , Polymerization , Light , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Dental Materials/therapeutic use , Observational Studies as Topic
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 56(1): 3-9, ene. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1402941


Resumen El método de referencia para el estudio bioquímico de la esclerosis múltiple (EM) es el isoelectroenfoque (IEE) y la evaluación de las cadenas livianas libres (CLL) podría brindar una información adicional de relevancia. Por lo tanto, se propone evaluar la presencia de las CLL y la aplicabilidad de los estados de polimerización en el estudio de la EM. Se puso a punto un método compuesto por una separación electroforética en gel de poliacrilamida al 12,5% con posterior electrotransferencia (PAGE-WB) y se realizó la evaluación de 121 pacientes con sospecha de EM en simultáneo al IEE. Los patrones de PAGE-WB relacionados con la EM fueron el aumento de la concentración de monómeros Kappa o dímeros Lambda en líquido cefalorraquídeo (LCR) en comparación con el suero. Este método tuvo una muy alta significación de asociación con el IEE (p<0,0001) con sensibilidad del 95%, especificidad del 90%, VPP 83% y VPN 97%. La síntesis intratecal de CLL quedó evidenciada por el aumento de intensidad del monómero Kappa y/o el dímero Lambda observado en LCR. La técnica de PAGE-WB para CLL demostró ser un método alternativo para detectar la síntesis intratecal en pacientes con sospecha de EM.

Abstract The reference method for the biochemical study of multiple sclerosis (MS) is isoelectric focusing (IEF) and the evaluation of free light chains (FLC) could provide additional information of relevance. Therefore, it is proposed here to evaluate the presence of FLC and the applicability of the polymerisation states in the study of MS. A method consisting of a 12.5% polyacrylamide gel electrophoretic separation with a subsequent electrotransfer (PAGE-WB) was developed and the evaluation of 121 patients with suspected MS was carried out simultaneously with the IEF. MS-related PAGE-WB patterns were the increase in the concentration of Kappa monomers or Lambda dimers in CSF compared to serum. This method had a very high significance of association with the IEF (p<0.0001) with 95% sensitivity, 90% specificity, 83% PPV and 97% NPV. Intrathecal synthesis of FLC was evidenced by the increased intensity of the Kappa monomers and/or Lambda dimers observed in CSF. The PAGE-WB technique for FLC proved to be an alternative method to detect intrathecal synthesis in patients with suspected MS.

Resumo O método de referência para o estudo bioquímico da esclerose múltipla (EM) é a focalização isoelétrica (IEE) e a avaliação de cadeias leves livres (CLL) poderiam fornecer informações adicionais de relevância. Assim, propõe-se avaliar a presença das CLL e a aplicabilidade dos estados de polimerização no estudo de EM. Foi desenvolvido um método que consiste na separação eletroforética em gel de poliacrilamida a 12,5% com posterior eletrotranferência (PAGE-WB) e a avaliação de 121 pacientes com suspeita de EM foi realizada paralelamente à IEE. Os padrões de PAGE-WB relacionados com a EM foram o aumento na concentração de monômeros Kappa ou dímeros Lambda em líquido cefalorraquidiano (LCR) em comparação com o soro. Este método teve uma associação de significância muito alta com o IEE (p<0,0001) com sensibilidade de 95%, especificidade de 90%, VPP 83% e VPN 97%. A síntese intratecal de CLL foi evidenciada pelo aumento de intensidade do monômero Kappa e/ou dímero Lambda observado em LCR. A técnica PAGE-WB para CLL mostrou-se um método alternativo para detectar a síntese intratecal em pacientes com suspeita de EM.

Oligoclonal Bands , Multiple Sclerosis , Reference Standards , Referral and Consultation , Association , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Sensitivity and Specificity , Serum , Polymerization , Isoelectric Focusing
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 37(87): 35-46, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1537969


La adhesión a dentina con sistemas adhesivos polimé-ricos representa un desafío que surge de la necesi-dad de vincular un sustrato dentario heterogéneo y variable con materiales que presentan todavía cier-tos aspectos a atender para poder conseguir el máxi-mo desempeño. El propósito del presente artículo es evaluar algunas de las estrategias propuestas para mejorar la adhesión a dentina, y sugerir un protocolo de trabajo con los diferentes tipos de sistemas adhesivos (AU)

Dentin bonding with polymeric adhesive systems represents a challenge that arises from the need to link a heterogeneous and variable dental substrate with materials that still have certain aspects to be addressed in order to achieve maximum performance. The aim of this article is to evaluate some of the proposed strategies to improve dentin bonding and to suggest a protocol for each different type of bonding systems (AU)

Clinical Protocols , Dentin-Bonding Agents/therapeutic use , Dentin/drug effects , Phosphoric Acids/chemistry , Acid Etching, Dental/methods , Smear Layer , Composite Resins/chemistry , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Polymerization
Ann. afr. méd. (En ligne) ; 16(1): 4882-4898, 2022. tales, figures
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1410485


Contexte et objectif. Le défi le plus important dans la drépanocytose consiste à améliorer l'état de santé des patients dans les pays en développement. L'une des meilleures solutions est donc le développement de la phytomédecine basée sur la connaissance de la pharmacopée traditionnelle. L'objectif de la présente étude était d'évaluer les activités anti-drépanocytaires des flavonoïdes totaux extraits du phytomédicament Drépanoalpha® d'une part et déterminer leur profilage chimique par chromatographie sur couche mince haute performance d'autre part. Méthodes. Les flavonoïdes totaux ont été obtenus par fractionnement de l'extrait méthanolique par chromatographie flash (PURIFLASH COLUMN 30 SILICA HP - 12,0 g) et purifies à l'aide d'une cartouche (Polymeric Reversed Phase) puis caractérisés et dosés par chromatographie sur couche mince haute performance (CCMHP). L'activité anti-drépanocytaire a été mise en évidence grâce aux tests d'Emmel, de polymérisation, de rapport Fe2+/Fe3+, d'hémolyse et de la fragilité osmotique membranaire. Résultats. La poudre du Drépanoalpha® contenait une quantité de flavonoïdes totaux de 8,14 mg équivalent de quercétine/g d'extrait. Les flavonoïdes totaux extraits du Drépanoalpha® possèdent une activité antifalcémiante (avec le taux maximal de normalisation d'environ 90 % et une concentration minimale de normalisations de 11,4 µg/mL), un taux d'augmentation du rapport Fe2+/Fe3+ de 97,0 %, une activité anti-hémolytique avec une fragilité corpusculaire membranaire des érythrocytes (FCM) de 0,73 et un taux d'inhibition de la polymérisation de 77,5%. Conclusion. La pertinence des résultats de cette étude permet de confirmer les flavonoids comme phytomarqueur pour le contrôle de qualité et de standardisation de cet alicament.

Humans , Hemoglobin, Sickle , Anemia, Sickle Cell , Flavonoids , Methemoglobin , Chromatography , Polymerization
Araçatuba; s.n; 2022. 54 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1435699


O objetivo desse trabalho foi avaliar a influência de diferentes graus de opacidade e espessuras do dissilicato de lítio no grau de conversão de dois cimentos resinosos e na resistência de união dos mesmos à cerâmica. Duzentos e quarenta amostras cerâmicas de dissilicato de lítio (6x6 mm) foram obtidos a partir de blocos de IPS E-max CAD (Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtensten), nas opacidades HT (alta translucidez), LT (baixa translucidez) e MO (média opacidade), nas espessuras de 0,3 mm, 0,7 mm, 1,2mm, 1,7 mm, 2,0 mm. Para as análises do grau de conversão (n=9) e resistência de união (n=8) foram utilizados um cimento de ativação física (Variolink Esthetic LC) e um cimento dual (Multilink N). Para análise do grau de conversão, as amostras de cimento foram fotoativadas sob as amostras de cerâmica e levadas a um espectrômetro Raman confocal. Para o teste de resistência de união foram confeccionados cilindros de cimento resinoso sobre as amostras cerâmicas e submetidos ao ensaio de microcisalhamento. Os resultados mostraram que o aumento das espessuras causou diminuição no grau de conversão dos dois cimentos em todas as condições estudadas, porém só influenciou negativamente a resistência de união do cimento Variolink Esthetic LC quando unido à cerâmica na opacidade MO. Na comparação entre as opacidades, de maneira geral, a cerâmica de maior translucidez HT apresentou maiores valores de grau de conversão em comparação às outras opacidades. Já para resistência de união, em algumas espessuras as cerâmicas LT e MO apresentaram os maiores valores. O cimento dual Multilink N apresentou os maiores valores nas duas análises comparado ao cimento fotoativado Variolink Esthetic LC. Portanto, o aumento da espessura e da opacidade do material cerâmico podem promover uma diminuição no grau de conversão do cimento. A resistência de união também sofre uma diminuição com o aumento da espessura de cerâmicas mais opacas. No entanto, a maior translucidez do material não garante valores mais altos dessa mesma propriedade(AU)

This research aims to evaluate the influence of different degrees of opacity and thicknesses of lithium disilicate on the degree of conversion of two resin cements and on their bond strength to the ceramic. Two hundred and forty lithium disilicate ceramic samples (6x6 mm) were obtained from IPS E-max CAD (Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtensten), in HT, LT and MO opacities, with thicknesses of 0.3 mm, 0.7 mm, 1.2 mm, 1.7 mm, 2.0 mm. For degree of conversion (n=9) and bond strength analysis (n=8) a light cured (Variolink Esthetic LC) and a dual cured resin cement (Multilink N) were used. To analyze the degree of conversion, the cement samples were light cured under the ceramic samples and taken to a confocal Raman spectrometer. For the bond strength test, resin cement cylinders were made on the ceramic samples that were later subjected to a microshear. The results showed that the increase in thickness caused a decrease on degree of conversion of both cements in all the conditions studied, but it only had an influence on bond strength of Variolink LC cement for MO ceramic. Comparing the opacities, for the degree of conversion, the most translucent ceramics had higher conversion values compared to the less translucent ones in some thicknesses. As for bond strength, in some thicknesses the LT and MO ceramics showed the highest values. The dual cement Multilink showed the highest values of conversion degree and bond strength compared to Variolink Esthetic LC light-cured cement. The Multilink dual cement showed the highest values in both analyzes compared to the Variolink LC light-cured cement. Therefore, increasing the thickness and opacity of the ceramic material can promote a decrease in the degree of cement conversion. The bond strength also suffers a decrease with increasing thickness of more opaque ceramics and the greater translucency of the material does not guarantee higher values of this same property(AU)

Resin Cements , Dental Porcelain , Ceramics , Dental Materials , Polymerization
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e201875, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403725


Abstract Two polyurethane foam-based sorbents (PUF) were synthesized by imprinting and grafting techniques and examined for selective separation and preconcentration of caffeine (CAF) in some pharmaceutical products and in black tea. Molecularly imprinted PUF was synthesized based on hydrogen-bonding interactions between CAF and alizarin yellow G (AYG) and subsequent polymerization into PUF. The static experiments indicated optimum sorption conditions at pH=6.5 and 5.5 for imprinted PUF (AY-IPUF) and grafted PUF (AY-GPUF), respectively. In the online experiments, the suitable preconcentration time was found to be 40 and 20s for (AY-IPUF) and (AY-GPUF), respectively, at a flow rate of 1.75 mL.min-1. Desorption of CAF has been affected by passing 500 µL of 0.05, 0.01 mol.L−1 HCl eluent onto (AY-IPUF) and (AY-GPUF), respectively. The online methods have provided satisfactory enrichment factors of 8.4 and 10.5 for (AY-IPUF) and (AY-GPUF), respectively. The time consumed for preconcentartion, elution and determination steps was 1.48 and 1.05 min, thus, the throughput was 42 and 57 h-1, for (AY-IPUF) and (AY-GPUF), respectively. The developed sorbents were studied for the determination of CAF in pharmaceutical samples which will be helpful to minimize caffeinism. Finally, in silico bioactivity, ADMET and drug-likeness predictive computational studies of caffeine were also carried out

Polyurethanes/adverse effects , Caffeine/adverse effects , Polymerization , Tea , Pharmacokinetics , Pharmaceutical Preparations/analysis , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36(Jun): e082, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS, BNUY-Odon, BNUY | ID: biblio-1372593


Abstract The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of irradiance and radiant exposure on the chemical-mechanical properties of a resin composite. A micro-hybrid resin composite (Clearfil AP-X, Kuraray) was investigated under two different irradiances: low (300 mW/cm2) and high (800 mW/cm2) and radiant exposures: 8 and 16 J/cm2. Four groups, named Low 8 J/cm2, High 8 J/cm2, Low 16 J/cm2, and High 16 J/cm2 were tested, and their flexural strengths, elastic moduli, depths of cure, and degrees of conversion were evaluated. Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test. A multiple linear regression model was used to correlate the irradiance and radiant exposure with dependent variables (α = 0.05). Irradiance and radiant exposure were found statistically significant for all dependent variables. The interaction between the factors was statistically significant only for the degree of conversion and elastic modulus. Group Low 16 J/cm2 exhibited a significantly superior performance in all the evaluated properties. Barring the degree of conversion, no significant differences were observed among the properties evaluated between the Low 8 J/cm2 and High 8 J/cm2 groups. The adjusted R2 values were high for the depth of cure and degree of conversion (0.58 and 0.96, respectively). Both irradiance and radiant exposure parameters play an important role in establishing the final properties of a micro-hybrid resin composite. Irradiance has a greater influence under higher radiant exposures.

Materials Testing , Composite Resins , Dental Materials , Curing Lights, Dental , Polymerization , Flexural Strength , Surface Properties
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-8, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361498


Objective: To evaluate the influence of the incorporation of a polymerization catalyst to a light-cured pulp capping material on mechanical behavior and physicochemical characteristics. Material and Methods: Different percentages (2 wt%, and 4 wt%) of diphenyliodonium hexafluorophosphate (DPI) were incorporated into the Ultra-Blend Plus, a resin-modified calcium-based cement. The material without incorporation of DPI (0 wt%) served as control. Degree of Conversion (DC), Flexural Strength (FS), Elastic Modulus (EM), Water Sorption (WSp), Solubility (Sl), and pH of eluate at 24-h, 72-h, and 7-day storage times were measured. One-way ANOVA/Tukey posthoc tests were used to analyze the data (p <0.05). Results: For DC, FS, and EM, materials with different % of DPI showed statistically significant differences, so that 0% provided the lowest values and 2% the highest values. Materials with 0% and 2% of DPI provided statistically the lowest WSp, whilst material with 0% of DPI showed statistically the highest Sl. Conclusion: All materials provided statistically similar pH to eluates regardless of storage time, although only materials with DPI at 2% and 4% maintained pH of eluates statistically similar from 72 h to 7 days storage times.(AU)

Objetivo: avaliar a influência nas propriedades mecânicas e físico-químicas da incorporação de um catalisador de polimerização a um protetor pulpar fotoativável. Material e Métodos: foram adicionadas diferentes porcentagens em massa (2% e 4%) de hexafluorofosfato de difeniliodônio (DPI) ao Ultra-Blend Plus, um cimento à base de hidróxido de cálcio modificado por resina. O material sem a adição do DPI (0%) serviu como controle. Foram avaliados: Grau de Conversão (DC), Resistência Flexural (FS), Módulo de Elasticidade (EM), Sorção (WSp), Solubilidade (SI) e o pH do eluato nos tempos de 24h, 72h e 7 dias de armazenamento. ANOVA 1-way com pós-teste de Tukey (p <0.05). Foi utilizado para avaliar os resultados estatisticamente. Resultados: Os materiais com diferentes % de DPI apresentaram diferenças significativas para os testes de DC, FS e EM. A porcentagem em massa de 0% de DPI mostrou valores inferiores a todos os testados e os materiais com adição 2% apresentaram a melhor performance. Materiais com 0% e 2% de DPI apresentaram valores inferiores de WSp; a porcentagem de 0% proporcionou valores estatisticamente maiores para SI. Conclusão: Todos os materiais testados apresentaram pH semelhante nos eluatos independente do tempo de armazenamento, contudo, apenas os materiais com 2% e 4% mantiveram o pH dos eluatos estatisticamente similares nos tempos de estocagem de 72h a 7 dias.(AU)

Dental Pulp Capping , Elastic Modulus , Polymerization , Solubility
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-9, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1368562


Objective: To determine the effect of the restorative technique, material's opacity and the selected light sources on the curing potential (CP) in deep cavities. Material and Methods: The radiant exitance (mW/cm2) of two light curing units (Bluephase G2 and Radii-Cal) was determined at 0 and 8 mm distance from a power meter sensor (Ophir). Two bulk-fill composites of regular consistency (Opus, FGM; and Filtek One, 3M) and a conventional one (Sirius-Z, DFL) were considered and the level of their opacity were determined by a sphere-based spectrophotometer (SP60, X-Rite). The degree of C=C conversion (DC) was determined by spectroscopy (FTIR-ATR) at 0.05 and 8 mm depths and the CP considered the ratio between them. The "incremental technique" considered 4 increments of 2mm thickness each, whereas the "bulk-fill technique considered 2 increments of 4mm-thickness. Data were submitted to analysis of variance and Tukey's test (95%). Pearson's correlation tests were performed to calculate the possible relation between curing potential and materials' opacity. Results: With the incremental technique it was possible to achieve high CP regardless of the light source. The CP of bulk-fill composites was dependent on the light source, whereas Radii-Cal compromised the DC at 8 mm for both materials. The correlation between opacity and CP was dependent on the light source (r = 0.891707246 for Radii-Cal; r = 0.515703768 for Bluephase G2). Conclusion: The bulk-fill technique was dependent on the light source while the incremental was not. The influence of materials' opacity was dependent on the light curing unit.(AU)

Objetivo: Determinar o efeito da técnica restauradora, a opacidade do material e as fontes de luz selecionadas sobre o potencial de cura (PC) em cavidades profundas. Materiais e métodos: A saída radiante (mW/cm2) de duas unidades de cura por luz (Bluephase G2 e Radii-Cal) foi determinada a 0 e 8 mm de distância de um sensor de potência (Ophir). Dois compósistos bulkfill de consistência regular (Opus, FGM; e Filtek One, 3M) e um convencional (Sirius-Z, DFL) foram considerados e o nível de sua opacidade foi determinado por um espectrofotômetro (SP60, X-Rite). O grau de conversão C=C (DC) foi determinado por espectroscopia (FTIR-ATR) a 0,05 e 8 mm de profundidade e o PC considerou a relação entre eles. A técnica incremental considerou 4 incrementos de 2 mm de espessura cada, enquanto que a técnica bulkfill considerou 2 incrementos de 4 mm de espessura. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância e ao teste de Tukey (95%). Os testes de correlação de Pearson foram realizados para calcular a possível relação entre o potencial de cura e a opacidade dos materiais. Resultados: Com a técnica incremental foi possível obter um PC elevado, independentemente da fonte de luz. O PC de compósitos bulkfill foi dependente da fonte de luz, enquanto que Radii-Cal comprometeu o DC em 8 mm para ambos os materiais. A correlação entre opacidade e PC foi dependente da fonte de luz (r = 0,891707246 para Radii-Cal; r = 0,515703768 para Bluephase G2). Conclusão: O potencial de polimerização para a técnica bulkfill foi dependente da fonte de luz, enquanto para a técnica incremental não. A influência da opacidade dos materiais sobre a capacidade de polimerização foi dependente da unidade de fotoativação. (AU)

Spectrophotometers , Composite Resins , Dental Materials , Curing Lights, Dental , Polymerization
RFO UPF ; 26(2): 299-312, 20210808. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1452536


Objetivo: Várias fontes de luz têm sido utilizadas desde que os materiais fotoativados foram introduzidos na odontologia. Diodos emissores de luz (LEDs) se popularizaram como a principal opção para a polimerização dos materiais restauradores. O objetivo nessa revisão da literatura foi avaliar a influência das fontes de luz emitidas por diodo (LEDs) de segunda e terceira geração sobre a dureza de compósitos restauradores. Revisão de literatura: Nas bases de dados PubMed e Google Scholar foram pré-selecionados 239 artigos na língua inglesa entre os anos de 2010 e 2020, utilizando os termos: lightcuring, LED light sources, and dental LEDs. Dos 239 artigos inicialmente selecionados, 37 artigos foram avaliados devido aos critérios de inclusão/exclusão no estudo. Considerações finais: Vários estudos apontaram diferenças importantes na dureza dos compósitos restauradores testados, tanto na superfície de topo quanto na base. No entanto, essas diferenças estavam mais associadas a características como: estado de conservação do LED, irradiância, tempo de ativação, espectro de emissão dos aparelhos e sua compatibilidade ao fotoiniciador presente no compósito. Assim, podemos considerar que o monitoramento das condições do aparelho, e a escolha correta da fonte de luz de acordo com o compósito a ser utilizado são essenciais para maximizar a dureza dos compósitos restauradores, pois embora os aparelhos de terceira geração sejam preferencialmente indicados para compósitos com fotoiniciadores alternativos, os aparelhos que emitem luz azul apresentam vantagens quando o compósito é ativado apenas pela Canforoquinona.(AU)

Objective: Several light sources have been used since the light-curing materials were introduced in dentistry. Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) have become popular as the main option for the polymerization of restorative materials. This literature review aimed to evaluate the influence of second and third generation Light-emitting Diode (LEDs) sources on the hardness of restorative composites. Literature Review: In the PubMed and Google Scholar databases, 239 scientific papers in English were pre-selected between 2010 and 2020 using light-curing, LED light sources, and dental LEDs. After reading, 37 articles were selected to compose the review. Several studies have pointed out significant differences in the hardness of the tested restorative composites, both on the top and base surfaces. However, these differences were more associated with characteristics such as: LED conservation conditions, irradiance, curing time, the emission spectrum of the devices and their compatibility with the photoinitiator used in the composite. Final Considerations: Thus, it can be considered that monitoring the condition of the device and the correct choice of light sources according to the composite to be used is essential to maximize the hardness of the restorative composites, because although third-generation devices are preferably indicated for composites with alternative photoinitiators, devices that emit blue light have advantages when the composite is activated only by Camphorquinone.(AU)

Humans , Composite Resins/chemistry , Curing Lights, Dental , Hardness , Dental Materials/chemistry , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives/methods , Polymerization
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 92-104, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345500


Abstract This in vitro study evaluated the effect of the beam homogeneity of a multiple-peak light-curing unit on the surface microhardness and the effect of toothbrushing wear on the microhardness, surface roughness, roughness profile, volume loss, and gloss retention of incremental and bulk-fill resin-based composites (RBCs). A LED light-curing unit (VALO) with four LEDs at the tip end (405, 445, 465A, and 465B nm emission peak) was used according to each manufacturer-recommended time to obtain disks (n=10) of six RBCs: Estelite Sigma Quick, Charisma Classic, Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill, Filtek Z250, Filtek Supreme Ultra, and Filtek Bulk Fill. Microhardness values were obtained according to each LED positioning of the light-curing unit on the top surface of the RBCs and were analyzed before and after toothbrushing regarding microhardness, surface roughness, roughness profile, volume loss, and gloss retention. Microhardness was considered homogeneous on the top surface regardless of the type of RBC or wavelength tested (p>0.05). Overall, toothbrushing did not reduce the microhardness of the RBCs but influenced the gloss values for most RBCs (p<0.001). Charisma Classic presented the greatest surface roughness and roughness profile after toothbrushing (p<0.05). Volume loss did not differ among RBCs (p>0.05). In conclusion, different wavelengths of the LED did not affect the top surface microhardness, regardless of the RBCs tested; and bulk-fill composites presented similar surface changes (microhardness, surface roughness, roughness profile, volume loss, and gloss retention) when compared to conventional composites after toothbrushing.

Resumo Este estudo in vitro avaliou a homogeneidade do feixe de um fotopolimerizador de múltiplos picos na microdureza superficial e o efeito da escovação na microdureza, rugosidade superficial, perfil de rugosidade, perda de volume e retenção do brilho de compósitos a base de resina (RBCs) incrementais ou bulk-fill. Um fotopolimerizador LED (VALO) com quatro LEDs na ponteira (405, 445, 465A e 465B nm de pico de emissão) foi usado de acordo com o tempo recomendado por cada fabricante para obtenção de discos (n=10) de seis RBCs: Estelite Sigma Quick, Charisma Classic, Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill, Filtek Z250, Filtek Supreme Ultra e Filtek Bulk Fill. Os valores de microdureza foram obtidos seguindo o posicionamento de cada LED na superfície superior das amostras e foram analisados antes e após a escovação quanto a microdureza, rugosidade superficial, perfil de rugosidade, perda de volume e retenção do brilho. A microdureza foi considerada homogênea no topo da superfície, independentemente do tipo de RBCs ou comprimento de onda testados (p>0.05). No geral, a escovação não reduziu a microdureza das RBCs, mas influenciou o brilho para a maioria das RBCs (p<0.001). Charisma Classic apresentou os maiores valores de rugosidade superficial e perfil de rugosidade após a escovação (p<0.05). A perda de volume não diferiu entre as RBCs (p>0.05). Em conclusão, os diferentes comprimentos de onda do LED não alteraram a microdureza do topo da superfície, independentemente das RBCs testadas; e as resinas bulk-fill apresentaram alterações superficiais similares (microdureza, rugosidade superficial, perfil de rugosidade, perda de volume e manutenção do brilho) quando comparadas às resinas convencionais após a escovação.

Composite Resins , Dental Materials , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Polymerization
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(2): 47-60, maio 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1282724


Introdução:As atuaisresinas Bulk-Fill apresentamcomovantagens e propriedades: menor tempo clínico, baixa contração de polimerização, maior translucidez, entre outros. Objetivo:Avaliar a topografia superficial de restaurações com diferentes tipos de resina composta antes e após submetê-las a diferentes sistemas de acabamento e polimento. Metodologia:Confecção de100 corpos de prova, sendo 50 de cada composto resinoso, apresentando cinco grupos (n=10) sorteados de forma aleatória, de acordo com o sistema de acabamento e polimento empregado. Foram utilizadas as resinas Filtek Z350 XT e a Bulk Fill Filtek One Bulk Fill e os sistemas de acabamento e polimento: Discos de Lixa Sof-Lex Pop On Kit;Discos Diamantado Espiral Sof-Lex; Ponta Enhance e Broca Carbide Multilaminada nº 0283F, que foram comparados com superfície deixada pela Tira de Poliester (Controle Negativo). Após 7 dias de armazenamento em água destilada, os corpos de provaforam submetidos aoMicroscópio Eletrônico de Varredura.Resultados:Os corpos de provada resina Bulk Fill tiveram como melhor resultado o sistema de acabamento e polimentocom broca carbidee resultado não satisfatório com discodiamantado espiral Sof-lex, enquanto a ponta Enhance e lixa Sof-lex Pop Ontiveram resultados semelhantes. Os corpos de prova da resina Filtek Z350 XT tiveram melhor aspecto visual de lisura no grupo controle negativoe pior resultado no grupo com disco diamantado espiral Sof-lex. Conclusões:Dessa forma, o sistema que apresentou melhor resultado foi a broca Carbidena resina Bulk Fill, enquanto a Filtek Z350 XT apresentou-se melhor no grupo controle. Porém, ainda são necessáriosestudos para se chegar em um protocolo de acabamento e polimento mais eficiente (AU).

Introduction:The current Bulk-Fill resins have the following advantages and properties: less clinical time, low polymerization shrinkage, greater translucency, among others.Objective:Toevaluate the topography of restorations with different types of composite resin before and after submitting them to different finishing and polishing systems.Methodology:Manufacture of 100 specimens, 50 of each resin compound, presenting five groups (n = 10) drawn at random, according to the finishing and polishing system employed. Filtek Z350 XT resins and Bulk Fill Filtek One Bulk Fill andfinishing and polishing systems were used: Sof-Lex Pop On Kit Sanding Discs; Diamond Spiral Sof-Lex Discs; Tip Enhance and Multilaminated Carbide Drill nº 0283F, which were compared with the surface left by the Polyester Strip (Negative Control). After 7 days of storage in distilled water, the specimens were submitted to a Scanning Electron Microscope.Results:The Bulk Fill resin specimens had the best result of the finishing and polishing system with carbide drill and unsatisfactory result with Sof-lex spiral diamond disc, while the Enhance tip and Sof-lex Pop On sandpaper had similar results. The Filtek Z350 XT resin specimens had a better visual aspect of smoothness in the negative control group and a worse result in the group with Sof-lex spiral diamond wheel.Conclusions:Thus, the system that showed the best result was the Carbide drill in Bulk Fill resin, while Filtek Z350 XT was better in the control group. However, studies are still needed to arrive at a more efficient finishing and polishing protocol (AU).

Introducción:Las actuales resinas Bulk-Fill tienen las siguientes ventajas y propiedades: menor tiempo clínico, baja contracción de polimerización, mayor translucidez, entre otras.Objetivo: Evaluar la topografía de restauraciones con diferentes tipos de resina compuesta antes y después de someterlas a diferentes sistemas de acabado y pulido.Metodología: Fabricación de 100 probetas, 50 de cada resina compuesta, presentando cinco grupos (n = 10) extraídos al azar, según el sistema de acabado y pulido empleado. Se utilizaron resinas Filtek Z350 XT y Bulk Fill Filtek One Bulk Fill y sistemas de acabado y pulido: Discos de lijado Sof-Lex Pop On Kit; Discos Sof-Lex en espiral de diamante; Broca Realce de Punta y Carburo Multilaminado nº 0283F, que fueron comparadas con la superficie dejada por la Tira de Poliéster (Control Negativo). Después de 7 días de almacenamiento en agua destilada, lasmuestras se sometieron a un Las muestras de resina Bulk Fill tuvieron el mejor resultado del sistema de acabado y pulido con broca de carburo y un resultado insatisfactorio con el disco de diamante en espiral Sof-lex, mientras que la punta Enhance y el papel de lija Sof-lex Pop On tuvieron resultados similares. Las muestras de resina Filtek Z350 XT tuvieron un mejor aspecto visual de suavidad en el grupo de control negativo y un peor resultado en el grupo con disco de diamante en espiral Sof-lex.Conclusiones: Así, el sistema que mejor resultado mostró fue la broca Carbide en resina Bulk Fill, mientras que Filtek Z350 XT fue mejor en el grupo control. Sin embargo, aún se necesitan estudios para llegar a un protocolo de acabado y pulido más eficiente (AU).

Surface Properties , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/instrumentation , Composite Resins , Dental Polishing/instrumentation , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Brazil , Polymerization
Braz. dent. j ; 32(2): 64-71, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1339323


Abstract This study evaluated the dental displacement in dentures included in different flasks and processed by the Australian cycle modified or by microwave. Metal pins were placed on the teeth as reference for measurements: a) Incisal edge of maxillary and mandibular central incisors, buccal cusp of maxillary and mandibular vestibular first premolars, and mesiobuccal maxillary and mandibular cusps of second molars; b) Incisor to incisor, premolar to premolar and molar to molar; c) Left incisor to left molar and right incisor to right molar, and d) Vertical. Dentures were divided according to flasks (n=10): G1- Metal; G2- HH bimaxillary metal; G3-Microwaves; G4- HH bimaxillary microwaves. For G1 and G2, polymerization at 65ºC/30 min, flame quenched for 30 min, heating at 65ºC/30 min, boiling water for 1 h. For G3 and G4, microwave (20 min/140 W and 5 min/560 W). Comparator microscope with digital camera and analytical unit assessed the measurements before and after denture polymerization. The final distance was made subtracting the distance before the denture processing from the distance of the dental displacement after processing. The value of the difference was submitted to 2-way ANOVA, considering the flask type and denture type. Maxillary denture showed greater displacement when compared to mandibular denture. Flask types and interaction with denture types showed similar difference between before and after polymerization. In conclusion, displacement promoted by flask types in dentures cured by polymerization cycles promoted similar effect on the distance between teeth. Greater value for distance between teeth occurred for maxillary denture.

Resumo O objetivo neste estudo foi avaliar o deslocamento dental em próteses totais incluídas em diferentes tipos de muflas e polimerizadas pelo ciclo australiano ou por micro ondas. Pinos metálicos foram colocados nos dentes como pontos de referência para as medidas: a) Borda incisal dos incisivos centrais maxilares e mandibulares, cúspide vestibular dos primeiros pré molares maxilares e mandibulares e cúspides mésiovestibulares dos segundos molares maxilares e mandibulares; b) Distâncias látero-laterais incisivo a incisivo, pré-molar a pré-molar e molar a molar; c) Distâncias horizontais anteroposterior incisivo esquerdo a molar esquerdo e incisivo direito a molar direito, e d) Vertical. As próteses foram separadas de acordo com o tipo de mufla (n=20): G1- Metálica; G2-HH bi-maxilar metálica; G3- Micro-ondas; G4- HH bi-maxilar micro ondas. Ciclo de polimerização para G1 e G2, água a 65ºC por 30 minutos, aquecimento interrompido por 30 minutos, reaquecimento a 65ºC por 30 minutos, seguido de água fervente por 1 hora. Para G3 e G4, micro ondas (20 minutos a 140 W e 5 minutos a 560 W). As medidas foram avaliadas com microscópio comparador linear. A distância final entre os dentes foi obtida subtraindo o valor da distância antes do processamento da prótese do valor da distância resultante do deslocamento dentário após o processamento. A diferença obtida entre essas distâncias foi submetida à ANOVA de 2 fatores, considerando como variáveis tipo de mufla e tipo de prótese. A prótese maxilar apresentou maior deslocamento dental quando comparada à mandibular. Os tipos de muflas e a interação com os tipos de próteses mostraram movimentos dentais similares antes e depois da polimerização. Em conclusão, o deslocamento dental promovido por diferentes tipos de frascos em próteses curadas por diferentes ciclos de polimerização promoveu efeito semelhante na alteração da distância entre os dentes. Maior valor para a mudança de distância entre os dentes ocorreu na prótese maxilar.

Denture, Complete , Australia , Polymerization