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1.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-10, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1363612

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical performance of two inlay-retained bridge designs (proximal shaped and inlay shaped) in single missing posterior teeth cases. Material and Methods: A total of 70 cases with missing single posterior teeth were included in this study and divided into two groups with a 1:1 allocation ratio (n = 35 for each group). Group 1 (the control group): this group received an inlay retained bridge with inlay design on both abutments. Group 2 (the intervention group): this group received an inlay retained bridge with a proximal box on both abutments. PMMA resin (YAMAHACHI PMMA) was used for the try-in stage and monolithic zirconia (Katana, Kuraray) was used for the final restorations. The restoration surfaces were treated using sandblasting and Z-prime S (Bisco) and the cementation was done by using self-adhesive resin cement (Bisco). Fracture, marginal adaptation, postoperative sensitivity, caries, and gingivitis were assessed using the modified United States Public Health Service for restoration clinical assessments (MUSPHS standards) over 12 months of follow-up. Results: The results show there was no significant difference between the two groups. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was constructed to calculate the mean survival estimates of the two groups and we found that the two groups were clinically successful during a one-year follow-up. Conclusion: Both designs of inlay retained fixed dental prostheses revealed successful clinical performance in terms of Fracture, marginal adaptation, postoperative sensitivity, caries, and gingivitis (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o desempenho clínico de dois modelos de ponte fixa por inlay (formato proximal e formato inlay) em casos de dentes posteriores perdidos. Material e Métodos: Um total de 70 casos com perda de um único dente posterior foi incluído neste estudo e dividido em dois grupos com uma razão de alocação de 1: 1 (n = 35 para cada grupo). Grupo 1 (grupo controle): Este grupo recebeu uma ponte fixa por inlay com deseho de inlay em ambos os pilares. Grupo 2 (grupo intervenção): Este grupo recebeu uma ponte fixa inlay com uma caixa proximal em ambos os pilares. Resina de PMMA (YAMAHACHI PMMA) foi usada para a etapa de try-in e a zircônia monolítica (Katana, Kuraray) foi utilizada para as restaurações finais. As superfícies das restaurações foram jateadas com Z-prime S (Bisco) e a cimentação realizada com cimento resinoso autoadesivo (Bisco). Fratura, adaptação marginal, sensibilidade pós-operatória, cárie e gengivite foram avaliadas usando o Serviço de Saúde Pública dos Estados Unidos modificado para avaliações clínicas de restauração (padrões MUSPHS) ao longo de 12 meses de acompanhamento. Resultados: Os resultados mostraram que não houve diferença significativa entre os dois grupos. A curva de sobrevida de Kaplan-Meier foi construída para calcular as estimativas de sobrevida média dos dois grupos e foi concluído que os dois grupos foram clinicamente bem-sucedidos durante um acompanhamento de um ano. Conclusão: Ambos os modelos de próteses dentárias fixas de inlay revelaram desempenho clínico bem-sucedido em termos de fratura, adaptação marginal, sensibilidade pós-operatória, cárie e gengivite(AU)


Subject(s)
Resin Cements , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Denture, Partial, Fixed , Fractures, Bone
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(6): 772-776, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357139

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the better potential and functional results in pain control in the treatment of pathological fractures and prophylactic fixation with an intramedullary nail associated with polymethylmethacrylate, compared with the utilization of an intramedullary nail in long bone tumor lesions. Methods From January 2012 to September 2017, 38 patients with 42 pathological lesions (fractures or impending fractures according to the Mirels criteria) were treated surgically. Sixteen patients allocated to the control group underwent a locked intramedullary nail fixation, and 22 patients with pathological lesions were allocated to treatment with an intramedullary nail associated with polymethylmethacrylate. Postoperatively, the patients were submitted to the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) rating scale, radiographic assessment, and to the assessment of events and complications related to the treatment. Results The evaluation using the MSTS questionnaire showed better functional results in the group associated with polymethylmethacrylate, in comparison with the control group, which obtained an average score of 16.375 out of a maximum of 30 points (54.6%). The group studied with association with polymethylmethacrylate obtained a mean of 22.36 points (74.5%). The procedure proved to be safe, with similar complication and severity rates, and with no statistical difference in comparison with the standard treatment. Conclusion Stabilization of tumor lesions with an internal fixation associated with the polymethylmethacrylate demonstrated early rehabilitation and improved the quality of life, allowing rapid functional recovery. The use of polymethylmethacrylate has advantages such as reduced bleeding, tumor necrosis and higher mechanical stability.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o potencial melhor resultado funcional e controle álgico no tratamento de fraturas patológicas e fixações profiláticas tratadas com haste intramedular associada ao polimetilmetacrilato (PMMA) em comparação com o uso de haste intramedular em lesões tumorais em ossos longos. Métodos De janeiro de 2012 a setembro de 2017, 38 pacientes com 42 lesões patológicas (fraturas ou iminência segundo os critérios de Mirels) foram tratados cirurgicamente. Dezesseis pacientes submetidos a fixação com haste intramedular bloqueada foram alocados ao grupo controle e 22 pacientes com lesões patológicas foram alocados para tratamento com haste intramedular associada ao PMMA. No pósoperatório, foi realizada a submissão dos pacientes ao escore da Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS, na sigla em inglês) e à avaliação radiográfica do tratamento realizado, assim como à avaliação de intercorrências e complicações relacionadas ao tratamento. Resultados A avaliação através do questionário MSTS demonstrou melhor resultado funcional do grupo associado com PMMA quando comparado com o grupo controle, o qual obteve uma pontuação média de 16,375 em um máximo de 30 pontos (54,6%), enquanto o grupo em estudo com associação do PMMA obteve uma média de 22,36 pontos (74,5%). O procedimento mostrou-se seguro, taxas de complicações e gravidade semelhantes e sem diferença estatística quando comparado com o tratamento padrão. Conclusão A estabilização de lesões tumorais com fixação associada ao PMMA demonstrou reabilitação precoce e melhora na qualidade de vida, permitindo rápida recuperação funcional. A utilização do PMMA apresenta vantagens como diminuição do sangramento e da necrose tumoral e maior estabilidade mecânica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Bone Cements , Bone Neoplasms , Surveys and Questionnaires , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fractures, Spontaneous
3.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(2): 52-55, maio-ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1283891

ABSTRACT

Pacientes com históricos de defeitos ósseos provocados por infecções, malformação congênita, neoplasias, deformação por iatrogenia, radioterapia e trauma buscam contornos faciais mais harmônicos através da reabilitação cirúrgica. Para facilitar a reconstrução maxilofacial dois grupos de materiais podem ser utilizados, os enxertos ósseos e os materiais aloplásticos. O objetivo é relatar um caso incomum de infecção e exposição de material utilizado para enxertia a base de polimetilmetacrilato, bem como a sua posterior reabordagem cirúrgica. Embora o Polimetilmetacrilato aparente ser seguro, ele exibe complicações diversas em função da imunologia do hospedeiro, que poderá reagir de diferentes formas. Desse modo, faz-se necessário ressaltar a importância da prevenção e proservação de cada caso de forma individualizada(AU)


Patients with a history of bone defects caused by infections, congenital malformation, neoplasms, iatrogenic deformation, radiotherapy and trauma seek more harmonious facial contours through surgical rehabilitation. To facilitate maxillofacial reconstruction, two groups of materials can be used, bone grafts and alloplastic materials. The objective is to report an unusual case of infection and exposure of material used for grafting with polymethylmethacrylate, as well as its subsequent surgical approach. Although Polymethylmethacrylate appears to be safe, it exhibits different complications depending on the host's immunology, which may react in different ways. Thus, it is necessary to emphasize the importance of preventing and preserving each case individually(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Bone Transplantation , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Maxillofacial Injuries , Orbit , Surgery, Oral , Zygoma , Biocompatible Materials , Iatrogenic Disease , Maxilla
5.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(3): 1-7, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1281904

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of the study was to fabricate and morphologically characterize ultrafine Polyetherimide fibers (PEI) associated with Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) ­ PP (group formed by the association of PEI with PMMA), produced by the electrospinning process. Material and Methods: A solution of PEI (0.562 g) + PMMA (0.377 g) dissolved in 2.5 mL of chloroform, 0.85 mL of Dimethylformamide (DMF) and 0.85 mL of 1.1.2.2 Tetrachloroethane (TCE) was prepared. For the electrospinning process, different continuous voltages (10 to 18 kV) and two different distances (8 and 12 cm) between the needle tip and the collecting apparatus were used, giving rise to 6 distinct groups of ultrafine fibers (PP 1 to 6) that were observed in Scanning Electron Microscopy to check for defects and calculate the average diameter of the fibers. Results: The best parameter, the parameter that was most effective for the production of fibers, observed was subjected to Energy Dispersion X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Contact Angle Analysis tests. The data were analyzed using the ANOVA and Tukey test (p <0.05). From the comparative analysis of the pre-established parameters, the pattern of PP4 ultrafine fibers was shown to be more effective. Conclusion: The PP4 standard (13 kV ­ 12 cm) had an average diameter of 0.37 µm. An adequate parameter to electrospinning was able to produce ultrafine fibers of PMMA/PEI (AU)


Introdução: O objetivo do estudo foi sintetizar e caracterizar morfologicamente fibras ultrafinas de Polieterimida (PEI) associadas ao Polimetilmetacrilato (PMMA) - PP (grupo formado pela associação de PEI com PMMA), produzidas pelo processo de eletrofiação. Material e Métodos: Foi preparada uma solução de PEI (0,562 g) + PMMA (0,377 g) dissolvido em 2,5 mL de clorofórmio, 0,85 mL de Dimetilformamida (DMF) e 0,85 mL de 1.1.2.2 Tetracloroetano (TCE). Para o processo de eletrofiação, foram utilizadas diferentes tensões contínuas (10 a 18 kV) e duas distâncias diferentes (8 e 12 cm) entre a ponta da agulha e o aparelho coletor, dando origem a 6 grupos distintos de fibras ultrafinas (PP 1 a 6) que foram observados em Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura para verificar defeitos e calcular o diâmetro médio das fibras. Resultados: O melhor parâmetro, o parâmetro mais eficaz para a produção de fibras, observado foi submetido aos testes de Espectroscopia de Dispersão de Energia (EDS), Difração de Raios X (DRX) e Análise do Ângulo de Contato. Os dados foram analisados pela ANOVA e teste de Tukey (p <0,05). A partir da análise comparativa dos parâmetros pré-estabelecidos, o padrão das fibras ultrafinas PP4 mostrou-se mais eficaz. Conclusão: O padrão PP4 (13 kV - 12 cm) apresentou diâmetro médio de 0,37 µm. Um parâmetro adequado para eletrofiação foi capaz de produzir fibras ultrafinas de PMMA / PEI. (AU)


Subject(s)
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Spectroscopy, Electron Energy-Loss
6.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200448, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154618

ABSTRACT

Abstract Denture adhesives need complete removal due to their frequent replacement. Objective Our study investigates the removal of denture adhesives from denture base materials, using different methods. Methodology PMMA and Polyamide denture base materials were used to fabricate 120 samples (15×15×1.5mm). One side of the samples was left as processed and the other polished with a usual procedure, hydrated for 24 h, dried, and weighted. They received 0.2 g of three adhesive creams on their unpolished surface (Corega, Olivafix, Fittydent), pressed on polysulfide material, stored under 37°C and 95% rel. humidity for 1 h and 60 of them, following their separation from polysulfide base, brushed under running water, whereas the rest inserted in a cleanser bath (Fittydent Super) for 5 min. The samples were dried and inserted in the oven (37°C) for additional 10 min and weighted again. Roughness tests of denture materials and light microscopy of adhesives creams were also used to evaluate the materials. Time lapse images of spayed with water adhesives on PMMA base were also taken to evaluate the volumetric changes of adhesives. Weight data before and after adhesive removal, indicating the amount of remaining adhesive, were statistically analyzed using Welch's ANOVA and Games-Howell multiple comparisons tests at α=0.05 level of significance. Results Roughness of Polyamide was higher than PMMA and Fittydent showed greater volumetric changes than the others. Significant differences (p<0.05), were found between PMMA and Polyamide bases, between Olivafix and Fittydent adhesives, and between brushing and cleansing methods but only for PMMA-Olivafix combination. Conclusions Adhesives showed a stronger adherence to PMMA surface, and Fittydent was the most difficult to be removed. Removal methods were not effective for all adhesives or denture base materials. These indicate that removal methods, adhesive type and denture base material are all playing a significant role in the removal of adhesives from denture surfaces.


Subject(s)
Denture Bases , Nylons , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Adhesives , Polymethyl Methacrylate
7.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 236-243, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1348373

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Avaliar in vitro a atividade de Staphylococcus aureus e Candida albicans em bases de próteses convencionais à base de polimetilmetacrilato de metila com nanopartículas de prata incorporadas a sua composição. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo experimental laboratorial com resinas acrílicas autopolimerizáveis comercialmente disponíveis, Vipi Flash/VIPI e JET/Clássico. Foram confeccionados 80 corpos de prova, divididos em 16 grupos (n = 5), referentes ao tipo de resina, tratamento (incorporação e imersão na solução de nanopartículas de prata) e microrganismo inoculado. As nanopartículas foram sintetizadas com ácido polimetacrílico, nitrato de prata e irradiadas com luz ultravioleta de baixa potência (~8W) por 6 horas, e as suas concentrações idealizadas pelo método de microdiluição em placas para determinação da concentração mínima inibitória frente aos microrganismos selecionados. Verificou-se ação bactericida e fungicida com concentração inicial de 25% e após fator de diluição 12,5%. Resultados: Houve dificuldade de incorporação das nanopartículas na resina acrílica, que pode decorrer da alteração da proporção 3:1 recomendada pelo fabricante ou pela redução ou inativação da ação da nanopartícula de prata pela interação com o polimetilmetacrilato. VIPI com inclusão de nanopartícula obteve menor aderência de biofilme de Candida albicans. Conclusão:A nanopartícula de prata mostrou-se eficaz na sua ação de controle de Candida albicans e Staphylococcus aureus no método de imersão, entretanto, a sua ação antimicrobiana foi comprometida após inclusão nas resinas acrílicas.


Aim:To perform an in vitro evaluation of the activity of Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicansin conventional prosthesis bases, based on methyl polymethylmethacrylate with silver nanoparticles incorporated into the composition. Methods: An experimental laboratory study was carried out using commercially available self-curing acrylic resins, Vipi Flash/VIPI and JET/Clássico. Eighty specimens were manufactured and divided into 16 groups (n = 5), referent to the resin brand, treatment (incorporation and immersion in the silver nanoparticle solution), and inoculated microorganism. The nanoparticles were synthesized with polymethacrylic acid and silver nitrate, and were irradiated with a low power (~ 8W) ultraviolet light for 6 hours. Their concentrations were idealized by the method of microplate dilution to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration when compared to the selected microorganisms. Bactericidal and fungicidal activities were identified with an initial concentration of 25% and a subsequent dilution factor of 12.5%. Results:It was difficult to incorporate the AgNPs into the acrylic resin, which may well have resulted from the change from the 3:1 proportion recommended by the manufacturer or by reducing or inactivating the action of the silver nanoparticle by interaction with polymethylmethacrylate. VIPI with the inclusion of nanoparticles obtained a lesser Candida albicans biofilm adherence. Conclusion: Silver nanoparticles were effective in controlling Candida albicans and Staphylococcus aureus in the immersion method; however, the antimicrobial activity was compromised after inclusion in acrylic resins.


Subject(s)
Silver Nitrate/chemistry , Dental Prosthesis , Polymethyl Methacrylate/chemistry , Nanotechnology/methods , Nanoparticles/chemistry , Biological Control Agents , Staphylococcus aureus , Candida albicans , Dental Plaque
8.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(5): 523-531, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132329

ABSTRACT

Abstract Thiourethane additives have been shown to improve properties in several dental polymer applications. The aim of this study was to verify the effect of the addition of thiourethane oligomers and acrylamide or isobornyl-based plasticizers on the physical properties of the denture base acrylic resin polymerized with microwaves. Thiourethane oligomer (TU) was synthetized and added to microwaved acrylic resin in proportions varying between 3 and 14 wt%. Separate experimental groups included the addition of dimethyl acrylamide (DMAM) and isobornyl methacrylate as plasticizers, at concentrations varying from 5 to 20 wt%. Samples were polymerized using microwave energy at 500 Watts for 3 min, deflasked at room temperature, stored in water at 37 °C for 24 h, and evaluated for: linear dimensional change, gloss, Knoop hardness, surface roughness, impact strength, yield strength, elastic modulus, toughness, yield strength, viscosity, glass transition temperature and network heterogeneity, and water sorption/solubility. Data were analyzed with ANOVA/Tukey's post-hoc test (a=5%). The addition of TU led to properties that were similar or worse than the materials to which it was not added, except for dimensional stability. The impact on properties was statistically significant for all materials above 20% addition of TU. The addition of DMAM at 5 wt% or isobornyl methacrylate at 10 wt% improved yield strength and modulus, but increased water sorption and solubility. Except for dimensional stability, the addition of thiourethane oligomers to acrylic denture base materials compromised most tested properties. The use of DMAM and isobornyl methacrylate improved properties for selected compositions.


Resumo Aditivos de tiouretano demonstraram melhorar propriedades de polímeros em diversas aplicações. O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar o efeito da adição de oligômeros de tiouretano, monômeros de acrilamida ou baseados em funcionalidade isobornil na propriedades físicas de bases de dentadura de acrílico polimerizadas em micro-ondas. O oligômero de tiouretano (TU) foi sintetizado e adicionado à resina acrílica em proporções variando de 3 a 14% em peso. Dimetil acrilamida (DMAM) e isobornil metacrilato (IBMA) foram adicionados em formulações separadas como plastificantes em concentrações variando de 5 a 20% em peso. As amostras foram polimerizadas usando energia de micro-ondas (500 Watts oor 3 min), desincluídas da mufla a temperature ambiente, armazenadas em água a 37°C por 24 h, e submetidas aos testes de: alteração dimensional linear, brilho, dureza Knoop, rugosidade superficial, resistência ao impacto, tensão normal de escoamento, módulo de elasticidade, tenacidade, viscosidade, temperatura de transição vítrea e heterogeneidade da rede polimérica, além de sorção de água e solubilidade. Os dados foram analisados com ANOVA e teste de Tukey (a=5%). A adição de TU não afetou ou diminuiu todas as propriedades, exceto pela estabilidade dimensional. O impacto nas propriedades foi estatisticamente significante para todos os materiais em concentrações acima de 20% de TU. Isso pode ser explicado por um encurtamento das cadeias e diminuição do empacotamento das cadeias lineares do PMMA. A adição de 5% de DMAM ou 10% de isobornil metacrilato melhoraram a tensão de escoamento e o módulo, mas aumentaram a sorção de água e solubilidade. Exceto pela estabilidade dimensional, a adição de oligômeros de tiouretano à bases de dentatura compostas por resina acrílica prejudicou todas a propriedades testadas. O uso de DMAM e isobornil metacrilato melhorou as propriedades para composições selecionadas.


Subject(s)
Denture Bases , Microwaves , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Dental Materials , Polymerization
9.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 25(3): 31-38, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1133665

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Orthodontic treatment for adults is currently increasing, and therefore the need to bond brackets to restorations and temporary crowns. The use of CAD/CAM PMMA provisional restorations for orthodontic purposes have not yet been described, and there is currently insufficient information regarding the strength of bracket adhesion. Objective: This study aimed at evaluating the effects of thermocycling (TC) and surface treatment on shear bond strength (SBS) of brackets to different provisional materials. Methods: Forty specimens were made from each material [PMMA (Telio Lab), bis-acryl (Telio CS C&B), and PMMA CAD/CAM (Telio CAD)], sandpapered, and divided according to surface treatment (pumiced or sandblasted) and TC (half of the samples = 1,000 cycles, 5°C/55°C water baths) (n = 10/group). Stainless-steel brackets were bonded to the specimens (using Transbond XT), and SBS testing was performed. Data were analyzed by three-way ANOVA and LSD post-hoc tests (α = 0.05). Failure types were classified with adhesive remnant index (ARI) scores. Results: SBS values ranged from 1.5 to 14.9 MPa. Sandblasted bis-acryl and sandblasted auto-curing PMMA groups presented similar values (p> 0.05), higher than the CAD/CAM material (p< 0.05), with or without TC. When thermocycled, pumiced bis-acryl showed higher SBS than pumiced acrylic (p= 0.005) and CAD/CAM materials (p= 0.000), with statistical difference (p= 0.009). TC showed negative effect (p< 0.05) for sandblasted bis-acryl and pumiced acrylic groups. ARI predominant score was mostly zero (0) for CAD/CAM, 1 and 2 for bis-acryl, and 1 for acrylic groups. Conclusion: In general, bis-acryl material showed the highest SBS values, followed by acrylic and CAD/CAM materials, which showed SBS values lower than an optimum strength for bonding brackets.


RESUMO Introdução: Atualmente, a demanda por tratamento ortodôntico em adultos tem aumentado. Consequentemente, também tem aumentado a necessidade de se colar braquetes em restaurações e coroas provisórias. O uso de restaurações provisórias de PMMA CAD/CAM com finalidade ortodôntica ainda não foi descrito e, até a presente data, não há informação suficiente sobre a resistência da colagem dos braquetes a esse tipo de material. Objetivo: O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar os efeitos da termociclagem (TC) e do tratamento de superfície sobre a resistência da colagem ao cisalhamento (RC) de braquetes colados em diferentes materiais provisórios. Métodos: Quarenta espécimes foram confeccionados de cada material: resina acrílica PMMA (Telio Lab), resina bisacrílica (Telio CS C&B), e PMMA CAD/CAM (Telio CAD). Em seguida, foram lixados e divididos de acordo com o tratamento de superfície (polidos ou jateados) e TC (metade da amostra - 1.000 ciclos de imersão em água a 5°C e 55°C) (n = 10/grupo). Braquetes de aço inoxidável foram colados aos espécimes (utilizando Transbond XT) e realizou-se o teste de RC. As informações foram analisadas por meio dos testes ANOVA de três vias e post-hoc LSD (α?#8197;= 0,05). Os tipos de falha foram classificados de acordo com os escores do índice de adesivo remanescente (ARI). Resultados: Os valores de RC variaram de 1,5 a 14,9 MPa. Os grupos de resina bisacrílica jateada e de PMMA autopolimerizável jateado apresentaram valores semelhantes (p> 0,05), superiores ao do material CAD/CAM (p< 0,05) com ou sem TC. Quando submetido à TC, o grupo de resina bisacrílica polida apresentou resistência ao cisalhamento maior do que os grupos de resina acrílica polida (p= 0,005) e do material CAD/CAM (p= 0,000), com diferença estatística (p= 0,009). A TC apresentou efeito negativo (p< 0,05) para os grupos de resina bisacrílica jateada e de resina acrílica polida. O escore ARI = 0 foi predominante para o grupo CAD/CAM; os escores 1 e 2, para o grupo resina bisacrílica; e o escore 1, para o grupo resina acrílica. Conclusão: De forma geral, a resina bisacrílica apresentou os maiores valores de RC, seguida da resina acrílica e do material CAD/CAM, que apresentaram valores de RC inferiores à força recomendada para colagem de braquetes.


Subject(s)
Dental Bonding , Orthodontic Brackets , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Resin Cements , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Shear Strength , Dental Stress Analysis
10.
Mem. Inst. Invest. Cienc. Salud (Impr.) ; 18(1)abr. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1291898

ABSTRACT

Las resinas a base de polimetilmetacrilato (PMM) son una solución para la reposición de estructuras dentarias. Este material ha sido muy utilizado debido a su buena estética, pero las rugosidades, grietas y defectos de este material son propicios para la proliferación de microrganismos que podrían constituir un riesgo para la salud de los pacientes. Estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal, donde se tomaron muestras de provisorios de PMM de 20 pacientes de la cátedra de Clínica Integrada de Odontología de la Universidad Autónoma de Asunción. Los datos sobre el crecimiento de los microorganismos fueron anotados en planillas Excel para análisis estadísticos. De los 20 pacientes que participaron en esta investigación, 50% fueron de sexo femenino y 50% masculino, el promedio de edad fue de 32,35 años (DE±11,94). Se analizaron un total de 7 pónticos (6 pónticos de 3 piezas y 1 de 6 piezas) y 19 coronas unitarias, el tiempo de permanencia en boca fue de entre 4 a 20 semanas con una media de 8,6 semanas. El 65% de las muestras dio positivo al cultivo microbiológico. En algunas muestras se aislaron más de un género de microorganismos. Se aislaron 5 especies de bacterias Gram-negativas, la más frecuente fue K. pneumoniae con un 40%. Se aisló C. albicans en un 10% de las muestras. En el proceso de elección de los materiales para rehabilitación es fundamental considerar la situación global de cada paciente, pues exponerlos a un material con grandes capacidades retentivas de microrganismos conlleva un peligro


Polymethylmethacrylate (PMM) based resins are a solution for the replacement of dental structures. This material has been widely used due to its good aesthetics, but the roughness, cracks and defects of this material are propitious for the proliferation of microorganisms that could constitute a risk to the health of patients. This was a descriptive cross-sectional observational study, where samples of PMM provisionals were taken from 20 patients of the Department of Integrated Dental Clinic of the Autonomous University of Asunción. Data on the growth of microorganisms were recorded in Excel spreadsheets for statistical analysis. Of the 20 patients who participated in this research, 50% was female and 50% male, and the average age was 32.35 years (SD±11.94). Seven pontics (6 pontics of 3 pieces and 1 of 6 pieces) and 19 unit crowns were analyzed, the time spent in the mouth was between 4 to 20 weeks with an average of 8.6 weeks. Sixty-five percent of the samples tested positive in the microbiological culture. In some samples, more than one genus of microorganisms was isolated. Five species of Gram-negative bacteria were isolated, the most frequent was Klebsiella pneumoniae with 40%. Candida albicans was isolated in 10% of the samples. In the process of choosing materials for rehabilitation, it is essential to consider the overall situation of each patient, since exposing them to a material with high retention capacities of microorganisms carries a danger


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Candida albicans
11.
Acta odontol. Colomb. (En linea) ; 10(2)2020. ilus, ilus, ilus, ilus, ilus, ilus, ilus, ilus, ilus, ilus, ilus, ilus, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1123484

ABSTRACT

Introducción: los defectos del cráneo y las anomalías del hueso craneofacial que requie-ren reconstrucción son comunes en una variedad de procedimientos neuroquirúrgicos. Después de una craniectomía o de fracturas craneofaciales posteriores a traumatismos cráneoencefálicos, los pacientes pueden desarrollar defectos cosméticos importantes. Algunos de estos son la depresión de la piel y un defecto de hundimiento que lleva a una apariencia asimétrica de la cabeza, sin dejar de lado las repercusiones físicas, neu-rológicas y psicológicas que estas lesiones conllevan. La reconstrucción craneofacial y la craneoplastía tienen una larga historia, pero las nuevas técnicas quirúrgicas y una multitud de opciones de materiales han impulsado recientemente el avance en esta área. Los implantes de polimetilmetacrilato (PMMA) han demostrado ser estables, bio-compatibles, no conductores, radiotransparentes y de bajo costo. Es así que se pueden colocar y modificar fácilmente, con lo que se elimina la morbilidad del sitio donante. Presentación del caso: en este artículo presentamos un caso de craneoplastía de defec-to frontal, posterior a traumatismo, cuya reconstrucción fue realizada mediante una prótesis de polimetilmetacrilato (PMMA) en el Hospital General Xoco de la Cuidad de México. Conclusión: se reporta la reducción del tiempo quirúrgico, además de un costo de la prótesis accesible para el paciente; de esta manera, se obtuvieron resultados sa-tisfactorios y mejoras en el contorno estético facial, en tanto se permitió cobertura y protección para el tejido encefálico.


Introduction: Skull defects and craniofacial bone abnormalities that require reconstruction are common in a variety of neurosurgical procedures. After craniectomy or craniofacial fractures following cranioencephalic trauma, patients can develop important cosmetic defects, such as depression of the skin and a sunken flap that can lead to an asymmetrical appearance of the head, without neglecting the physical and psychological repercussions. neurological that these injuries carry. Craniofacial reconstruction and cranioplasty have a long history, but new surgical techniques and a multitude of material options have recently fueled progress in this area. Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) implants have proven to be stable, biocompatible, non-conductive, radiolucent, and inexpensive. They can be easily placed and modified and the morbidity of the donor site is eliminated. Clinical case: In this article, we present a case of frontal defect cranioplasty after trauma performed using a polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) prosthesis at the General Hospital Xoco in Mexico City. Conslusion: The surgical time could be reduced, in addition to the cost of the prosthesis. It was accessible to the patient and obtained satisfactory results such as improvements in the facial aesthetic contour and obtained coverage and protection for the brain tissue.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Brain Injuries, Traumatic , Prostheses and Implants , Skull Fracture, Depressed
12.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(3): 1-12, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1116334

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a resistência ao desgaste de dentes em acrílico para próteses contendo nanopartículas de dióxido de silício (nano-SiO2 ) e dióxido de alumínio (nanoAl2 O3 ). Material e Métodos: O material em polimetilmetacrilato (PMMA) foi utilizado para fabricar 84 amostras (n=10) contendo nano-SiO2 e nano-Al2 O3 nas concentrações 0,1% em peso, 0,3% em peso e 0,5% em peso de pó acrílico. Uma máquina de teste de desgaste de dois corpos e um microscópio digital foram usados para medir as mudanças na perda de peso e rugosidade da superfície, respectivamente. Testes de ANOVA a um fator e testes de comparações múltiplas de Tukey foram utilizados para análise dos dados (α = 0,05). Resultados: O material modificado com nano-SiO2 demonstrou um aumento significativo na perda de peso em comparação com o material acrílico artificial convencional (p ˂ 0,05) enquanto o material modificado com nano-Al2 O3 demonstrou aumento não significativo na perda de peso, exceto no subgrupo 0,5% (p < 0,05). Não há diferenças significativas em relação à alteração da rugosidade após a simulação de desgaste entre todos os grupos testados (p > 0,05). Conclusão: As nanopartículas de nano-Al2 O3 exibem menos efeito negativo que o nanoSiO2 , podendo ser usado com cautela, se necessário. (AU)


Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the wear resistance of acrylic denture teeth containing silicon dioxide (nano-SiO2 ) and aluminum dioxide (nano-Al2 O3 ) nanoparticles. Material and Methods: Poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA) denture tooth material was used to denture tooth material was used to fabricate 84 specimens (n=10) containing nano-SiO2 and nano-Al2 O3 in concentrations 0.1wt%, 0.3wt%, and 0.5wt% of acrylic powder. A two-body wear testing machine and digital microscope were used to measure the changes in weight loss and surface roughness respectively. One-way ANOVA and pair-wise Tukey's post-hoc tests were used for data analysis (α = 0.05). Results: Nano-SiO2 modified teeth material demonstrated a significant increase in weight loss in comparison conventional artificial acrylic teeth material (p ˂ 0.05) while nanoAl2 O3 modified teeth material demonstrated non-significant increase in weight loss except for 0.5% subgroup (p ˂ 0.05). There is no significant differences regarding roughness change after wear simulation among all tested groups (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Nano-Al2 O3 nanoparticles exhibit less negative effect than nano-SiO2 so; it could be used with caution if necessary. (AU)


Subject(s)
Dental Prosthesis , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Metal Nanoparticles , Tooth Wear
13.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20190704, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132229

ABSTRACT

Abstract To the moment, there is no ideal substance for home-based denture disinfection. This study assessed in vitro the antimicrobial effect of the hydroalcoholic extract of Eugenia uniflora and the effect on the physical properties of denture polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA). Candida albicans, Staphylococcus aureus, and Klebsiella oxytoca were isolated from samples of saliva collected from denture wearers. The extracts were produced in three concentrations, according to the Brazilian Pharmacopeia. One hundred eighty-eight disc-shaped specimens of thermopolymerizable PMMA were prepared and randomly allocated to five treatment groups: sterile saline solution (0.85%; control); chlorhexidine digluconate (0.2%); and hydroalcoholic extract of E. uniflora (0.2%, 0.8%, and 1.16%). The specimens were disinfected for 8 hours/day for 30 days. Adherence of microorganisms to the surface, PMMA surface roughness, and color stability were assessed. Inferential statistics were performed with one- and two-way ANOVA/Tukey test, and Kruskal Wallis, Mann-Whitney U, and paired t-tests, at α=0.05. The extract of E. uniflora at 0.2% and 1.16% reduced the microbial load of K. oxytoca, while chlorhexidine digluconate significantly reduced microbial load of all microrganisms. Microbial adherence at day 10 was reduced by all experimental substances (p<0.001). Surface roughness was not affected by the disinfecting substances (p>0.05). Nevertheless, all experimental groups produced unacceptable color change at the end of the disinfection protocol (p<0.001). The non-adherent potential against microorganisms isolated from the oral cavity confirm the potential of use of the hydroalcoholic extract of E. uniflora as a denture disinfectant. Yet, unacceptable color changes may occur, regardless of extract concentration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Staphylococcus aureus/drug effects , Candida albicans/drug effects , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Dentures , Klebsiella oxytoca/drug effects , Eugenia/chemistry , Mouthwashes/pharmacology , Polymethyl Methacrylate
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2486-2494, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877851

ABSTRACT

Bone cement, consisting of polymethyl methacrylate, is a bioinert material used for prothesis fixation in joint arthroplasty. To treat orthopedic infections, such as periprosthetic joint infection, antibiotic-loaded bone cement (ALBC) was introduced into clinical practice. Recent studies have revealed the limitations of the antibacterial effect of ALBC. Moreover, with the increase in high infection risk patients and highly resistant microbes, more researches and modification of ALBC are required. This paper reviewed latest findings about ALBC for most popular and destructive pathogens, summarized the influence of antibiotic kind, drug dosage, application method, and environment towards characteristic of ALBC. Subsequently, new cement additives and clinical applications of ALBC in joint arthroplasty were also discussed.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Bone Cements , Humans , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Prosthesis-Related Infections/drug therapy
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827248

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#From the perspective of clinical application to analyze the effectiveness and reliability of CPC/PMMA bone cement in percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for the treatment of elderly patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar fractures.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 62 patients with osteoporotic compression fracture of single-vertebral thoracic or lumbar segment who underwent PKP surgery and had a bone density less than or equal to -3.0 SD from February 2016 to December 2016. Among them, 23 patients were in CPC/PMMA group, with an average age of (77.6±2.2) years old, 39 patients in PMMA group, with an average age of (77.1±1.1) years old. The indexes between two groups were compared, including the visual analogue scale (VAS), height ratio of anterior vertebra (AVHR), local Cobb angle, cement leakage, new adjacent vertebral fracture(NAVF).@*RESULTS@#There were no significant difference in gender, age, follow-up time and preoperative VAS, AVHR, local Cobb angle between two groups (>0.05), at the 1 day after operation, VAS, AVHR, local Cobb angle in all patients got obvious improvement (0.05). At the same time, there was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of new adjacent vertebral fracture and cement leakage (>0.05). The pain in both groups continued to improve at follow up after operation (<0.05), the local Cobb angle increased (<0.05) and AVHR decreased slightly (<0.05). However, the images of conventional methods (X-ray or CT) could not find signs about CPC degeneration and new bone ingrowth.@*CONCLUSION@#CPC/PMMA composite bone cement is safe and reliablein PKP for treatment of elderly patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar fractures, which can effectively relieve pain and maintain vertebral body stability. It has the same curative effect as PMMA bone cement. It was worthy to research more in future, although no direct evidences support the CPC/PMMA composite bone cement can reduce the incidence of adjacent vertebral fracture, CPC degeneration or new bone ingrowth.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Cements , Dinucleoside Phosphates , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Osteoporotic Fractures , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
16.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190039, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1090769

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the physical properties and antifungal activities of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) acrylic resins after the incorporation of chlorhexidine diacetate salt (CDA). Methodology: First, acrylic resin specimens were fabricated with Vipi Cor® and DuraLay® resins with and without the incorporation of 0.5%, 1.0% or 2.0% CDA. The residual monomer and CDA release were measured at intervals ranging from 2 hours to 28 days using ultraviolet spectrometry combined with high-performance liquid chromatography. The antifungal activity against C. albicans was evaluated with the agar diffusion method. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used to analyze the degree of resin conversion. Finally, the water sorption values of the resins were also measured. Results: The incorporated CDA concentration significantly changed the rate of CDA release (p<0.0001); however, the brand of the material appeared to have no significant influence on drug release. Subsequently, the inhibition zones were compared between the tested groups and within the same brand, and only the comparisons between the CDA 2% and CDA 1% groups and between the CDA 1% and CDA 0.5% groups failed to yield significant differences. Regarding the degrees of conversion, the differences were not significant and were lower only in the CDA 2% groups. Water sorption was significantly increased at the 1.0% and 2.0% concentrations. Conclusions: We concluded that the incorporation of CDA into PMMA-based resins enabled the inhibition of C. albicans growth rate, did not alter the degrees of conversion of the tested resins and did not change the release of residual monomers.


Subject(s)
Chlorhexidine/analogs & derivatives , Polymethyl Methacrylate/chemistry , Antifungal Agents/chemistry , Reference Values , Time Factors , Acrylic Resins/chemistry , Materials Testing , Candida albicans/drug effects , Water/chemistry , Chlorhexidine/pharmacology , Reproducibility of Results , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Polymethyl Methacrylate/pharmacology , Antifungal Agents/pharmacology
17.
Odontol. vital ; (31): 11-18, jul.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1091422

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: En la actualidad existen diversos tipos de materiales para la confección de placas bases, como procedimiento para la confección de prótesis dentales. La opción de la lámina de termoformado actualmente es de poco uso, el acrílico de autopolimerización es un material de uso diario en consulta. Objetivo: Comparar las técnicas de confección de placas bases, para determinar cuál de las dos brinda cualidades como menor tiempo de elaboración y menor deformidad. Materiales y métodos: Se seleccionaron por conveniencia 20 modelos de yeso totalmente edéntulos, a los cuales se registra tiempo de elaboración y se les aplican las mismas pruebas de laboratorio. Resultados: Las placas bases termoformadas presentan un tiempo medio de 7 minutos, mientras que las placas bases de acrílico de autopolimerización muestran un tiempo medio de 29 minutos, con base en los análisis de laboratorio la menor deformación se presenta en la placa base de acrílico de autopolimerización. Conclusión: El tiempo de elaboración de la placa base termoformable es menor, mientras que la deformación es mayor en comparación con la de la placa base de autopolimerización, y esta última a su vez, presenta mayor tiempo de elaboración que el de la placa base termoformable.


Abstract Introduction: Currently there are different types of materials for the preparation of base plates, as a procedure for the preparation of dental prostheses. The option of the thermoforming sheet, which is currently of little use, as well as, of self-curing acrylic, a material of daily use in consultation. Objective: To compare the techniques for making base plates, to determine which of the two provide qualities such as shorter processing time and less deformity. Materials and methods: 20 models of gypsum totally edentulous were selected for convenience, to which processing time is recorded and the same laboratory tests are applied. Results: The thermoformed base plates have an average time of 7 minutes, while the self-polymerized acrylic base plates have an average time of 29 minutes, based on the laboratory analysis the least deformation occurs in the acrylic base plate of autopolimerization. Conclusion: The time of preparation of the thermoformable base plate is less, while the deformation is greater compared to the base plate of self-polymerizatíon, the latter in turn, has a longer processing time than the thermoformable base plate.


Subject(s)
Acrylic Resins/therapeutic use , Dental Prosthesis/instrumentation , Polymethyl Methacrylate/therapeutic use
18.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(supl.1): 7-10, ago. 9, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1141327

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Compare tensile and transverse strength of new copolymers for denture base. Materials and methods: The specimens were prepared from heat cured acrylic resin with three types of additives: Acryester B, Ethoxycarbonylethylene, and Propenoic acid at a percentage of 5% and 10%. The tensile and transverse strains were tested, recorded and compared. Results: The analysis of variance display statistically significant difference. The p-value was 0.001 for each of tensile and transverse strain tests. Conclusions: The tensile strength of the novel copolymers increased. The transverse strength of some of the novel copolymers increased.


Subject(s)
Humans , Resins, Synthetic/chemistry , Tensile Strength , Denture Bases , Polymethyl Methacrylate
19.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 54(4): 416-421, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042417

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study aims to evaluate, through biomechanical tests, the resistance and energy required for proximal femoral fracture in synthetic bones after removing cannulated screws shaped as an inverted triangle, comparing the obtained results to those of a reinforcement technique with polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) as bone cement. Methods Twenty synthetic bones were used: 10 units for the control group (CG), 5 units for the test group without reinforcement (TGW/O), and 5 units for the test group using a reinforcement technique with PMMA (TGW). The biomechanical analysis simulated a fall on the large trochanter using a servo-hydraulic machine. Results All TGW/O and CG specimens had a basicervical fracture. Three TGW specimens presented a basicervical fracture, and two suffered a fracture near the fixation point of the device (femoral diaphyseal region), with one of thembeing associated with a femoral neck fracture. A mean PMMA volume of 8.2 mL was used to fill the 3 screw holes in the TGWgroup. According to the one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the Tukey multiple comparisons tests at a 5% level, the TGW presented a statistically significant difference when compared with the other groups in all parameters: maximal load (p = 0.001) and energy until fracture (p = 0.0001). Conclusion The simple removal of the cannulated screws did not reduce significantly the maximum load and energy for fracture occurrence, but the proximal femoral reinforcement with PMMA significantly increased these parameters, modifying the fracture pattern.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar, pormeio de ensaio biomecânico, a resistência e a energia necessária para ocorrência de fratura do fêmur proximal em osso sintético após retirada de parafusos canulados em forma de triângulo invertido e comparar os resultados obtidos com técnica de reforço utilizando polimetilmetacrilato (PMMA). Métodos Foramutilizados 20 ossos sintéticos: 10 unidades para o grupo controle; 5 o grupo teste sem reforço, sem preenchimento após a retirada dos parafusos canulados, e 5 o para grupo teste com reforço com PMMA. A análise biomecânica foi realizada simulando queda sobre o grande trocânter utilizando máquina servo-hidráulica. Resultados Todos os corpos de prova dos grupos controle e sem cimento apresentaram fratura baso-cervical. No grupo teste com preechimento, três corpos de prova apresentaram fratura baso-cervical, enquanto que dois deles apresentaram fratura na parte próxima ao ponto de fixação no dispositivo (região diafisária do fêmur), sendo um deles associado a fratura do colo femoral. Foi utilizada uma média de 8.2 ml de polimetilmetacrilato no preenchimento dos três pertuitos do grupo com preenchimento. Segundo a análise de variância (ANOVA, na sigla em inglês) para um fator e o teste de comparações múltiplas de Tukey, ao nível de 5%, o grupo com cimento apresentou diferença significativa em relação aos outros grupos em todos os parâmetros. Conclusão A simples retirada dos parafusos canulados não apresentou redução significativa da carga máxima e da energia necessárias para a ocorrência de fratura; porém, o reforço do fêmur proximal com polimetilmetacrilato aumentou significativamente esses parâmetros, causando mudanças no padrão fraturário.


Subject(s)
Osteoporosis , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Femoral Fractures , Hip Fractures
20.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(1): 156-162, jan.-mar. 2019. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-994624

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Os preenchedores permanentes, apesar de resultados duradouros, são verdadeiros problemas quando causam complicações. No Brasil, o PMMA é um produto aprovado pela Anvisa, mas seu uso extrapola suas indicações, levando a complicações graves. Há mais de uma década, existem recomendações sobre sua restrição, mas casos com consequências graves do seu uso irresponsável são atuais. Objetivo: Relatar complicação grave do uso irregular do PMMA e discutir a realidade brasileira atual baseado em determinações das entidades médicas, assim como dos órgãos reguladores. Métodos: É relatado um caso de necrose extensa da região glútea após a injeção de PMMA por profissional não qualificado e discutida a situação brasileira atual do produto com base nas entidades médicas e revisão da literatura do Brasil. Discussão: Apesar do esforço das entidades médicas, são inúmeros os casos de complicações agudas e crônicas relatados na literatura brasileira. No ano de 2016, foram registradas mais de 17 mil complicações relacionadas ao PMMA, mesmo assim, é difícil estabelecer dados epidemiológicos confiáveis, pois não há controle do número de aplicações, da qualidade do produto utilizado e da capacitação dos profissionais que o utilizam. Conclusão: No Brasil, há um número expressivo de procedimentos reparadores para correção de complicações decorrentes do uso do PMMA. A gravidade do caso relatado traz à tona a necessidade de combate à má prática por profissionais não capacitados, assim como um controle mais rigoroso da comercialização do produto por entidades reguladoras.(AU)


Introduction: Use of permanent fillers can lead to significant complications. In Brazil, polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) is a product approved by the Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (ANVISA), but its use exceeds its indications, leading to serious complications. Recommendations for restricted use have been in place for more than a decade, but cases with serious consequences due to inappropriate use are still seen. Objective: To report a serious complication due to inappropriate use of PMMA and discuss the current status of PMMA use in Brazil based on recommendations of medical societies and regulatory agencies. Methods: This report describes a case of extensive necrosis of the gluteal region after injection of PMMA by a non-qualified practitioner; the report also reviews the literature on the current status of PMMA use in Brazil. Discussion: Despite the efforts of medical societies, acute and chronic complications are still reported in the Brazilian literature. In 2016, more than 17,000 PMMArelated complications were reported; nevertheless, reliable epidemiological data remain unavailable because the number of treatments, the quality of the product, and the training of practitioners remain unregulated. Conclusion: A significant number of repair procedures are performed in Brazil to correct complications resulting from the use of PMMA. The severity of the reported case highlights the need to combat bad practice by untrained professionals, as well as the need for greater control of PMMA marketing by regulatory agencies.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Polymethyl Methacrylate/analysis , Polymethyl Methacrylate/adverse effects , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Necrosis/diagnosis
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