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1.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(4): 574-580, ago. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346509

ABSTRACT

Abstract The growth hormone receptor (GHR) mediates the effect of growth hormone (GH) on linear growth and metabolism. In humans, it exists as two isoforms differing by the retention or exclusion of exon 3; a full-length GHR isoform (GHRfl) and the exon 3-deleted isoform (GHRd3). The genotypic frequency of this polymorphism was analyzed in several studies and in different human populations. However scarce information in Argentinean population is available. Associations between GHRd3 and growth have been reported previously. Some studies have shown that the presence of GHRd3 polymorphism might be a potential variant that improves growth response to recombinant human GH (rhGH) therapy in patients born small for gestational age (SGA), among others. However, over the years the results have been controversial and inconclusive. Based on this, it would be proposed that variants at the genomic level are not completely reflected at the mRNA level. Our aim was to evaluate the genotypic frequencies (%) of the GHR gene polymorphism (GHRfl/GHRfl; GHRfl/GHRd3; GHRd3/GHRd3) in normal Argentinean population (n = 94) and SGA patients (n = 65), and the expression of these polymorphisms at mRNA level in the fetal side of placenta tissues was analyzed. In addition, their asso ciation with spontaneous postnatal catch-up growth in SGA patients was also evaluated. In this study, we show a significant increment of compensatory growth in small for gestational age children (SGA) associated to the presence of the GHRd3 allele polymorphism. In addition, the expression of GHR in healthy placentas revealed that no alternative splicing mechanism occurs.


Resumen El receptor de la hormona de creci miento (GHR) media la acción de la hormona de crecimiento (GH) en el crecimiento lineal y el metabolismo. En los seres humanos, existen dos isoformas que difieren en la retención (GHRfl) o exclusión del exón 3 (GHRd3). La frecuencia genotípica de este polimorfismo fue analizada en varios estudios y en diferentes poblaciones. Sin embargo, la información disponible en la población argentina es escasa. Se ha reportado anteriormente asociación entre el polimorfismo GHRd3 y el crecimiento. Varios estudios ha n demostrado que la presencia del polimorfismo GHRd3 podría mejorar, en pacientes nacidos pequeños para la edad gestacional, entre otros, la respuesta a la terapia con GH humana recombinante (rhGH). Sin embargo, a lo largo de los años los resultados han sido con trovertidos y no concluyentes. En base a esto, se propondría que las variantes a nivel genómico no se reflejan completamente a nivel del ARNm. Nuestro objetivo fue evaluar la frecuencia genotípica de los polimorfismos del gen del GHR (GHRfl/GHRfl; GHRfl/GHRd3; GHRd3/GHRd3) en la población argentina normal (n = 94) y en niños pequeños para la edad gestacional (n = 65), y se analizó la expresión de estos polimorfismos a nivel de ARNm en la porción fetal de placentas sanas. Además, se evaluó la asociación de este polimorfismo con el cre cimiento postnatal espontáneo en pacientes pequeños para la edad gestacional. En este estudio, mostramos un incremento significativo del crecimiento compensatorio en niños pequeños para la edad gestacional asociado a la presencia del polimorfismo del alelo GHRd3. Además, los ensayos de expresión de GHR en placentas sanas revelaron que no se produciría ningún mecanismo de splicing alternativo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Child , Receptors, Somatotropin/genetics , Human Growth Hormone , Polymorphism, Genetic , Carrier Proteins , Exons , Gestational Age
2.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(2): 188-192, June 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286991

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aimed to evaluate the relationship between UGT1A1*28 gene polymorphism and the prevalence of neutropenia in patients with colorectal cancer treated with irinotecan. Method Thirteen studies were included. These papers were selected from the Virtual Health Library, Scientific Electronic Library Online, International Health Sciences Literature and PubMed, and their data were collected and evaluated using the BioEstat 5.3 software (BioEstat, Belém, PA, Brazil). Results Three genotypes were analyzed, namely 6/6 (wild type), 6/7, and 7/7. In total, 2,146 patients were included in the present study; of these, 55.6% (n=1,193) had 6/6 genotype, 37.3% (n=801) were heterozygous (6/7), and 7.1% (n=152) had the 7/7 genotype. A total of 1,672 (77.9%) patients displayed mild neutropenia, whereas 474 (22.1%) had severe neutropenia. When contrasting the 6/7 and 7/7 genotypes with the 6/6 genotype using statistical tests for meta-analysis, patients with the 7 allele, either Conclusion The analysis of the UGT1A1*28 gene polymorphism can aid the choice of treatment for patients with colorectal cancer in personalized medicine, increasing the chances of therapeutic success.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a relação do polimorfismo do gene UGT1A1*28 com a prevalência de neutropenia em pacientes com câncer colorretal submetidos a tratamento com o irinotecano. Método Foram incluídos 13 estudos sobre o tema proposto, selecionados nas bases de dados da Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde, Scientific Electronic Library Online, International Health Sciences Literature e PubMed.Os dados foramcoletados dos artigos científicos selecionados e avaliados com o auxílio do software BioEstat 5.3 (BioEstat, Belém, PA, Brasil). Resultados Osgenótipos analisados foram6/6 (tipo selvagem), 6/7 e 7/7. Foramincluídos 2.146 pacientes. Destes, 55,6% (n=1.193) apresentaram genótipo 6/6, 37,3% (n=801) eramheterozigotos (6/7) e 7,1%(n=152) tinhamo genótipo 7/7.Umtotal de 1.672 (77,9%) pacientes apresentou neutropenia leve e 474 (22,1%) neutropenia severa. Ao contrastar os genótipos 6/7 e 7/7 como 6/6, percebeu-se, coma execução dos testes estatísticos demetaanálise, que os pacientes como alelo 7, emhomozigose ou heterozigose, tinhammaior risco de desenvolver neutropenia severa que pacientes com o genótipo 6/6 (razão de chances =1,559; intervalo de confiança de 95%=1,163-2,090; p=0,003). Conclusão A análise do polimorfismo do gene UGT1A1*28 pode auxiliar na escolha do tratamento do paciente comcâncer colorretal, no contexto da medicina personalizada, ampliando, assim, as chances de sucesso terapêutico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Neutropenia/epidemiology , Prevalence , Irinotecan/adverse effects , Irinotecan/therapeutic use
3.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(3): 249-257, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248973

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Paraoxonase-1 activity is associated with age-related macular degeneration. Two polymorphisms (L55M and Q192R) were shown to increase paraoxonase-1 activity and have been implicated in the development of age-related macular degeneration. The results of studies that have examined these polymorphisms are conflicting, showing no effect, as well as increased or decreased risk. Therefore, this meta-analysis was conducted to determine the effect of these polymorphisms on age-related macular degeneration. Methods: PubMed, EBSCO, LILACS, and Scopus databases, as well as and the retrieved bibliographies of publications were searched for case-control studies that examined for paraoxonase-1 polymorphisms and age-related macular degeneration. Data were analyzed using the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis Version 2.2 and the NCSS Statistical Version 2020 software. Genotype distributions were extracted and, depending on the level of heterogeneity, fixed effects or random effects models were used to calculate pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for the heterozygous, homozygous, dominant, recessive, and allelic genetic models. Results: Overall, for the L55M polymorphism, none of the genetic models demonstrated a significant association. However, for non-Asian populations, a significant association was determined for the heterozygous and dominant genetic models (ORrange=1.24-1.27, p<0.05). For the Asian population, the heterozygous, dominant, and allelic genetic models demonstrated a benefit/protective factor (ORrange=0.29-0.35, p<0.05). For the Q192R polymorphism, none of the genetic models demonstrated a significant association. However, when the cohort was grouped by ethnicity, a significant association was determined in the Asian population for the recessive and allelic genetic models (ORrange=1.63-2.08, p<0.05). However, for the non-Asian population, there was no association observed. Also, there was no identifiable risk when the cohort was stratified into exudative and non-exudative cases. Conclusions: The paraoxonase-1L55M polymorphism increases the risk of developing age-related macular degeneration in non-Asian populations, whereas in Asian populations, the polymorphism exerts a protective effect. However, for the paraoxonase-1 Q192R polymorphism, only the Asian population demonstrated a risk of developing age-related macular degeneration.(AU)


RESUMO Objetivo: A atividade da paraoxonase1 está associada à degeneração macular relacionada à idade. Dois polimorfismos (L55M e Q192R) mostraram aumentar a atividade da paraoxonase1 e foram implicados no desenvolvimento da degeneração macular relacionada à idade. Os estudos que examinaram esses polimorfismos apresentaram resultados conflitantes: nenhum efeito, risco aumentado ou diminuído. Assim, esta meta-análise foi realizada para determinar o efeito desses polimorfismos na degeneração macular relacionada à idade. Métodos: Foi feita uma busca nos bancos de dados PubMed, EBSCO, LILACS e SCOPUS, bem como nas bibliografias compiladas das publicações, buscando-se estudos caso-controle que tivessem analisado os polimorfismos da paraoxonase1 e a degeneração macular relacionada à idade. Os dados foram analisados com software Comprehensive Meta-Analysis, versão 2.2, e NCSS Statistical, versão 2020. As distribuições de genótipos foram extraídas e, dependendo do nível de heterogeneidade, modelos de efeitos fixos ou aleatórios foram utilizados para calcular razões de probabilidade (RPs) combinadas, com intervalos de confiança de 95% (IC 95%) para os modelos genéticos heterozigoto, homozigoto, dominante, recessivo e alélico. Resultados: Em geral, nenhum dos modelos genéticos demonstrou associação significativa para o polimorfismo L55M. Entretanto, em populações não asiáticas, foi determinada uma associação significativa para os modelos genéticos heterozigoto e dominante (RPfaixa=1,24-1,27, p<0,05). Para a população asiática, os modelos heterozigoto, dominante e alélico mostraram um fator benéfico ou protetor (RPfaixa=0,29-0,35, p<0,05). Para o polimorfismo Q192R, nenhum dos modelos genéticos demonstrou qualquer associação significativa. Porém, quando a coorte foi agrupada por etnia, determinou-se uma associação significativa na população asiática para os modelos genéticos recessivo e alélico (RPfaixa=1,63-2,08, p<0,05). Contudo, nenhuma associação foi observada para a população não asiática. Não houve risco identificável quando a coorte foi estratificada em exsudativa e não exsudativa. Conclusões: Determinamos que o polimorfismo L55M da paraoxonase1 de fato aumenta o risco de desenvolvimento de degeneração macular relacionada à idade em populações não asiáticas, enquanto que em populações asiáticas, esse polimorfismo tem um efeito protetor. Porém, para o polimorfismo Q192R da paraoxonase1, apenas a população asiática demonstrou risco de desenvolver degeneração macular relacionada à idade.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic , Aryldialkylphosphatase , Macular Degeneration/etiology , Ethnic Groups
4.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(3): 241-248, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248966

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: This study aimed to determine the role of vitamin D receptor in the pathogenesis of pterygium. The vitamin D receptor eexpression levels in pterygium tissue, blood vitamin D levels, and frequency of selected vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms (BsmI, FokI, and TaqI) were compared between patients with pterygium and healthy participants. Methods: The study included patients with pterygiumeee (n=50) and healthy volunteers (n=50). The serum vitamin D levels were measured for both groups. Immunohistochemical staining for vitamin D receptor ewas performed on sections obtained from the pterygium and adjacent healthy conjunctival tissues of the same individuals. The genomic existence of vitamin D receptor epolymorphisms (BsmI, FokI, and TaqI) were analyzed in DNA obtained from venous blood of participants using polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism methods. Results: There was no difference found between the serum vitamin D levels of patients with pterygium and healthy controls. However, tissue expression of vitamin D receptor was higher in the pterygium endothelial cells of micro-vessels (p=0.002), subepithelial stromal (p=0.04), and intravascular inflammatory cells (p=0.0001), in comparison with the adjacent healthy conjunctival tissue. Moreover, while the BBtt haplotype was 2-fold higher, the bbTt haplotype was 2.5-fold lower, and the BbTT haplotype was 2.25-fold lower in the control group than in the pterygium group (p<0.001). Conclusions: Vitamin D serum levels did not differ between the healthy and pterygium groups. Vitamin D receptor expression was increased in the pterygium tissue versus the adjacent healthy tissue. However, vitamin D receptor polymorphism analysis in patients with pterygium did not reveal any significant difference in BsmI, FokI, or TaqI polymorphisms in comparison with the healthy volunteers.(AU)


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar o papel do receptor da vitamina D na patogênese do pterígio. Os níveis de expressão do receptor da vitamina D no tecido do pterígio, os níveis sanguíneos de vitamina D e a frequência de alguns polimorfismos do gene do receptor da vitamina D (BsmI, FokI e TaqI) foram comparados entre pacientes com pterígio e participantes saudáveis. Métodos: Foram incluídos pacientes com pterígio (n=50) e voluntários saudáveis (n=50). Os níveis séricos de vitamina D foram medidos em ambos os grupos. Foi feita uma coloração imuno-histoquímica para o receptor da vitamina D em cortes obtidos do pterígio e dos tecidos conjuntivais saudáveis adjacentes dos mesmos indivíduos. A existência de polimorfismos do receptor da vitamina D (BsmI, FokI e TaqI) no genoma foi analisada em DNA obtido do sangue venoso dos participantes, usando métodos de Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) e RFLP. Resultados: Não foi observada nenhuma diferença entre os níveis séricos de vitamina D dos pacientes com pterígio e os dos controles saudáveis. Entretanto, a expressão tissular do receptor da vitamina D foi maior nas células endoteliais dos microvasos do pterígio (p=0,002), nas células estromais sub-epiteliais (p=0,04) e nas células inflamatórias intravasculares (p=0,0001), quando comparada à expressão no tecido conjuntival saudável adjacente. Além disso, embora o haplótipo BBtt tenha sido duas vezes mais frequente, o haplótipo bbTt foi 2,5 vezes menos frequente e o haplótipo BbTT foi 2,25 vezes menos frequente no grupo de controle do que no grupo com pterígio (p<0,001). Conclusões: Os níveis séricos de vitamina D não apresentaram diferenças entre o grupo de pessoas saudáveis e o com pterígio. A expressão do receptor da vitamina D mostrou-se maior no grupo com pterígio do que no tecido saudável adjacente. Entretanto, a análise dos polimorfismos do receptor da vitamina D nos pacientes com pterígio não revelou qualquer diferença significativa nos polimorfismos BsmI, FokI ou TaqI em comparação com os voluntários saudáveis.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic/drug effects , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Pterygium/physiopathology , Immunohistochemistry/instrumentation , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation
5.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(2): 14-26, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1339330

ABSTRACT

Abstract The study investigated the relationship between genetic polymorphisms and the development of oral mucositis in pediatric patients undergoing chemotherapy involving methotrexate. A longitudinal study was conducted with 64 patients, and oral mucositis was evaluated by the modified Oral Assessment Guide, which aims to diagnose and classify oral mucositis. Epithelial cells were obtained by mouthwash and DNA was extracted. The polymorphisms MTHFR (rs1801133), DNMT3B (rs2424913), ABCC2 (rs717620), ABCG2 (rs2231137) and ABCG2 (rs2231142) were analyzed by PCR-RFLP method. Demographic, hematological and biochemical data were collected from medical records. Statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS software adopting a p-value of 0.05. Male sex predominated (56.2%), and the mean age was 10.8 years (± 4.9). Oral mucositis affected 65.6% of the patients, of which 61.9% developed the severe form of the disease. For the ABCG2 gene (rs2231142), the rare A allele and CA genotype were more frequent in individuals with mucositis (p= 0.02; RR = 0.60; CI = 0.387 - 0.813). The severity of the disease was mainly observed in younger patients (median = 9 years; p=0.02). Patients with severe oral mucositis presented lower leukocytes count (median = 2.150 mm3) compared to patients with the mild/moderate form (median = 4.200 mm3; p=0.03). Female patients and each 10,000-platelet increase were protective factors against the onset of oral mucositis (p=0.02). It is concluded that rs2231142 polymorphism increases the likelihood of oral mucositis and younger patients and patients with low leukocytes counts are more likely to develop severe form.


Resumo O presente estudo investigou a relação entre cinco polimorfismos genéticos e o desenvolvimento de mucosite oral em pacientes pediátricos recebendo quimioterapia com metrotexato. O estudo longitudinal foi conduzido com 64 pacientes e a mucosite oral avaliada pelo Oral Assessment Guide modificado, que tem como objetivo diagnosticar e classificar a mucosite oral. Células epiteliais bucais foram obtidas por bochecho e o DNA foi extraído. Os polimorfismos MTHFR (rs1801133), DNMT3B (rs2424913), ABCC2 (rs717620), ABCG2 (rs2231137) e ABCG2 (rs2231142), foram analisados pela técnica de PCR-RFLP. Dados demográficos, hematológicos e bioquímicos foram coletados a partir de registros médicos. Análise estatística foi realizada utilizando o software SPSS adotando um valor de p=0,05. Observou-se que, o sexo masculino foi predominante (56,2%), e a idade média foi de 10,8 anos (± 4.9). A mucosite oral acometeu 65,6% dos pacientes, dos quais, 61,9% desenvolveram a forma grave da doença. Para o gene ABCG2 (rs2231142), o alelo raro A e o genótipo CA foram mais frequentes em indivíduos com mucosite (p= 0.02; RR = 0.60; CI = 0.387 - 0.813). A gravidade da doença foi observada principalmente em pacientes mais jovens (mediana = 9 anos; p=0.02). Além disso, os pacientes com mucosite oral grave apresentaram menor contagem de leucócitos (mediana = 2150 mm3) em comparação aos pacientes com a forma leve/moderada (mediana = 4200 mm3; p=0.03). Pacientes do sexo feminino e aumento a cada 10.000 plaquetas foram fatores de proteção contra o aparecimento de mucosite oral (p=0.02). Concluiu-se que a presença do polimorfismo rs2231142 aumenta o risco de o paciente desenvolver a mucosite oral, bem como pacientes mais jovens e menor contagem de leucócitos contribui com a severidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Stomatitis/genetics , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily G, Member 2/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Longitudinal Studies , Leukocyte Count , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics
6.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e01452020, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143891

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the association between genetic polymorphisms in exon 1 (A/O alleles) and promoter regions at positions -550 (H/L variant, rs11003125) and -221 (X/Y variant, rs7096206) MBL2 and periportal fibrosis regression. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study involving 114 Brazilians infected with Schistosoma mansoni, who were subjected to follow-up for three years after specific treatment for schistosomiasis to estimate the probability of periportal fibrosis regression. RESULTS: A risk association was observed between polymorphism at the exon 1 MBL2 and periportal fibrosis regression. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that the polymorphism of exon 1 MBL2 may potentially be used to predict periportal fibrosis regression in this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Schistosomiasis/genetics , Mannose-Binding Lectin/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Brazil , Exons/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genotype , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics
7.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e10098, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142576

ABSTRACT

We aimed to present an overview of the literature regarding the interaction between physical exercise and APOE gene polymorphism on cognitive function, particularly in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Firstly, this review focused on the effect of the physical exercise on cognitive function, regardless of APOE gene polymorphism. Some studies have shown that a high level of cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with less neuronal damage with an improvement in memory score tests whereas other studies failed to detect any association between physical exercise and cognitive improvement either in healthy individuals or patients with AD. Taken together, standardized protocols and more longitudinal studies are required to provide a better insight into the effects of physical exercise on cognitive function. Although there is no agreement in the literature regarding the effects of physical exercise on cognitive function, it is well established that it improves social interaction and the feeling of well-being, thereby positively contributing to the quality of life of the elderly. Regarding the influence of physical exercise on cognitive function in APOE ε4 allele carriers, the data trend shows that the carriers of allele ε4 for APOE gene were more responsive to the beneficial effects of physical exercise on cognitive function compared with non-carriers. Nevertheless, studies with larger sample sizes will provide more accuracy about this relationship.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Apolipoproteins E/genetics , Exercise , Cognition , Polymorphism, Genetic , Quality of Life , Alleles , Alzheimer Disease/genetics , Genotype
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879633

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the distribution of KIR3DL2 alleles among ethnic Han Chinese from Zhejiang.@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA was extracted by using a magnetic bead method. The full sequence of the KIR3DL2 gene was amplified with four pairs by PCR primers. The coding regions of 208 unrelated ethnic Han Chinese blood donors were analyzed using a BigDye Terminator v3.1 Sequencing Kit. The genotypes were assigned based on the nucleotide polymorphism of the KIR3DL2 gene.@*RESULTS@#Among the 208 samples, 133 were KIR3DL2 heterozygotes and 75 were homozygotes. Forty six KIR3DL2 genotypes were detected. Respectively, 70, 33 and 23 individuals were found to have a KIR3DL2*00201/KIR3DL2*00201, KIR3DL2*00201/KIR3DL2*00701, and KIR3DL2*00201/KIR3DL2*01001 genotype. Twenty-two KIR3DL2 alleles were discovered, and the frequencies of KIR3DL2*00201, KIR3DL2*00701 and KIR3DL2*01001 were 57.45%, 13.46% and 9.13%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The distribution of KIR3DL2 alleles among ethnic Han Chinese in Zhejiang has been determined and fits the criteria for genetic polymorphism.


Subject(s)
Alleles , China , Ethnic Groups , Gene Frequency , Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic , Receptors, KIR3DL2
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879614

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the genetic polymorphisms of 21 non-combined DNA index system short tandem repeat (STR) loci in Hainan Li population.@*METHODS@#DNA samples from 339 unrelated healthy individuals of Li population from Hainan Province were extracted and amplified with fluorescence labeled multiplex PCR system. PCR products were electrophoresed on an ABI3130 Genetic Analyzer following the manufacturer's instructions. Allele designation was performed with a GeneMapper ID-X by comparison with the allele ladder provided by the corresponding kit.@*RESULTS@#A total of 173 alleles and 489 genotypes were observed for the 21 STR loci, respectively. The frequencies of alleles and genotypes were 0.0010-0.5434 and 0.0020-0.3274, respectively. The heterozygosity varied from 0.639 to 0.833. Discrimination power (DP) was 0.803-0.948, power of exclusion for trio-paternity was 0.416-0.584, power of exclusion for duo-paternity was 0.140-0.238, the polymorphism information content(PIC) was 0.57-0.81, respectively. The total discrimination power (TDP), cumulative probability of exclusion for trio-paternity testing(CPE-trio) and cumulative probability of exclusion for duo-paternity testing (CPE-duo) were 0.999 999 999 999 99, 0.999 999 883 211 752, and 0.987 266, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The 21 STR loci are highly polymorphic and informative in the studied population and can be employed as supplementary loci in duo-paternity testing or cases with variant circumstances.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics , China , DNA , Gene Frequency , Genetics, Population , Humans , Microsatellite Repeats/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879530

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the association of CYP2C19 and CYP3A5 gene polymorphisms with the risk of myocardial infarction.@*METHODS@#Five hundred patients with myocardial infarction and 500 healthy controls were randomly selected. Fluorescent PCR and Sanger sequencing were used to detect the CYP2C19 and CYP3A5 gene polymorphisms. Logistic regression was used to analyze the correlation between the polymorphisms and myocardial infarction. Quanto software was used to evaluate the statistical power.@*RESULTS@#The two groups had significant difference in the frequency of AG, GG genotypes and A allele of the CYP2C19 gene rs4986893 locus and the AA, AG, GG genotypes and G allele of the CYP3A5 gene rs776746 locus ( P<0.05), but not in the frequency of genotypes and alleles of CYP2C19 gene rs4244285 and rs12248560 loci, and the AA genotype of the rs4986893 locus. After correction for age, gender, and body mass index, Logistic regression indicated that the AG genotype and A allele of the CYP2C19 gene rs4986893 locus, and the GG genotype and G allele of CYP3A5 gene rs776746 locus are associated with susceptibility of myocardial infarction, while rs4986893 GG genotype and AA and AG genotypes of rs776746 may confer a protective effect. Based on the sample size and allele frequency, analysis with Quanto software suggested that the result of this study has a statistical power of 99%.@*CONCLUSION@#CYP2C19 and CYP3A5 gene polymorphisms may increase the risk for myocardial infarction.


Subject(s)
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19/genetics , Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A/genetics , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Humans , Myocardial Infarction/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880674

ABSTRACT

The human leukocyte antigen (HLA) molecules encoded within the human major histocompatibility complex are a group of highly conserved cell surface proteins, which are related to antigen recognition. HLA genes display a high degree of genetic polymorphism, which is the basis of individual differences in immunity. Specific HLA genotypes have been highly associated with typical adverse drug reactions. HLA-A*31:01 and HLA-B*15:02 are associated with carbamazepine-induced severe cutaneous adverse reactions, HLA-B*57:01 is related to abacavir-induced drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome and flucloxacillin/pazopanib-induced drug-induced liver injury, while HLA-B*35:01 is a potential biomarker for predicting polygonum multiflorum-induced liver injury. It is not clear how small drug molecules to interact with HLA molecules and T cell receptors (TCR). There are four mechanistic hypotheses, including the hapten/prohapten theory, the pharmacological interaction concept, the altered peptide repertoire model, and the altered TCR repertoire model.


Subject(s)
Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions/genetics , Genotype , HLA Antigens/genetics , Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880666

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Due to the genetic feature of high diversity than other DNA markers, short tandem repeat (STR) plays key roles in forensic, anthropology, and population genetics. Newly introduced multiple STR kit is more valuable because of the greatly improved discriminatory power with the increase in the number of STR loci. The genetic polymorphic data are essential for the application and research in specific population. This study aims to investigate the genetic polymorphism of Han population residing in Yuncheng district, Shanxi Province, to evaluate the application of 23 STR loci in forensic personal identification and paternity test, and to explore the genetic relationship of Han population between Yuncheng and other populations.@*METHODS@#A total of 23 STR loci were amplified from 525 healthy unrelated individuals from the Han nationality in Yuncheng, Shanxi Province using the AGCU EX25 amplification kit. The products were detected and separated by ABI 3500 Genetic Analyzer. Alleles were genotyped by GeneMapper ID (Version 3.2) software, and corresponding frequencies and forensic parameters were calculated. We calculated the genetic distance and plotted the neighboring-joining tree with other 13 population.@*RESULTS@#The allele frequency of the 23 STRs ranged from 0.0010 to 0.5090. No deviation from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (@*CONCLUSIONS@#These 23 STRs are highly genetic polymorphic and informative in the Han population of Yuncheng, Shanxi Province, which can provide basic data for forensic personal identification, paternity testing, and population genetic research.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics , China , Ethnic Groups/genetics , Gene Frequency , Genetic Loci , Genetics, Population , Humans , Microsatellite Repeats/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880169

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the distribution characteristics of main antigen gene frequencies of Duffy,Diego,Kidd,Dombrock,MNS,Lutheran,Kell,Colton,Scianna,Yt,Knops and Indian in red blood cell blood group system of Li nationality in Hainan Province.@*METHODS@#Antigens in twelve rare blood group systems of 214 Li people in Hainan Province were genotyped and analyzed by polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primers (PCR-SSP).@*RESULTS@#The gene frequency of antigens in twelve rare blood group systems of 214 Li people in Hainan Province including: the gene frequency of Duffy blood group system: fy@*CONCLUSION@#The genetic distribution and genetic status in twelve rare blood group systems of Li nationality in Hainan Province are relatively stable. The gene distribution of Duffy, Diego, Kidd, Drombrock, MNS and Lutheran blood group systems are polymorphic and show unique distribution characteristics compared with other regions and different nationalities. The gene frequency distribution of Kell、Colton、Scianna、Yt、Knops、Indian blood group systems are monomorphic.


Subject(s)
Blood Group Antigens/genetics , Ethnic Groups , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Humans , Kidd Blood-Group System , Polymorphism, Genetic
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880144

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between the polymorphism of miR-155 and its target gene MyD88 and clinicopathological features of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#135 cases of DLBCL patients in our hospital from March 2015 to August 2017 were selected, and 90 cases of reactive hyperplasia of lymph nodes were selected as the control group. The relative expression of miR-155 and MyD88 gene polymorphism were detected in the two groups, and the relationship between miR-155 and MyD88 gene polymorphism and clinicopathological characteristics of DLBCL was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The relative expression of miR-155 in DLBCL patients was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). The mutation rate of MyD88 L265P in DLBCL group was significantly higher than that in control group (P<0.05). The relative expression of miR-155 in patients with MyD88 L265P mutation was significantly higher than that in patients with wild-type DLBCL (P<0.05). The relative expression of miR-155 and the polymorphism of MyD88 L265P were associated with lesion location, stage, BCL-2 protein expression and MyD88 protein expression in DLBCL patients (t=7.461、8.804、6.487、10.812; χ@*CONCLUSION@#The abnormal expression of miR-155 and the mutation rate of MyD88 gene in DLBCL patients are increased, and the expression of miR-155 and the mutation of MyD88 gene affect the disease progression and prognosis of patients, which may be potential biological indicators for the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of DLBCL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Mutation , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Prognosis
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880060

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the polymorphism of the HPA1-5,15 system of the donors in Zhangjiakou area.@*METHODS@#DNA was extracted from the blood samples of the donors, PCR- SSP method was used to divide HPA1-6, 15 genotype. The gene frequency and genotype frequency were calculated, compared with the difference and regiahal specificity of the populations in our country and foregiens was compared other populations.@*RESULTS@#The gene expression in the HPA-1, HPA-2 and HPA-4 systems were all homozygous aa, and the donors who expressed homozygous bb was not exessed. Among them, one heterozygous ab expression was found in both HPA-1 and HPA-4 systems (1%), and 14 cases of heterozygous ab expression were found in HPA-2 system (14%). The gene expression in the HPA-5 system was mainly homozygous aa (98%), and a very few expressed homozygous bb (2%) was found. The degree of heterozygosity of gene expression in the HPA-3 and HPA-15 systems was relatively high. The proprotion of the expression of aa, ab and bb in the HPA-3 system was respectively 46%, 40% and 14%, the proprotion of the expression of aa, ab and bb in the HPA-15 system was respectively 21%, 64% and 15%.@*CONCLUSION@#The gene frequency of platelet-specific antigen HPA1-5,15 system in zhangjiakou region shows local characteristics. The heterozygosity degree of gene expression in the HPA-3 and HPA-15 systems are both high, suggesting that they are more likely to result in alloimmunization and ineffective platelet transfusion, which should be pays attention to.


Subject(s)
Antigens, Human Platelet/genetics , Blood Donors , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880023

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation of receptor gene (P2X7, VDR and SLC19A1) polymorphisms with risk suffering from acute leukemia (AL) in Fujian area.@*METHODS@#Ninety-three cases of newly diagnosed AL as AL group and 90 persons not suffered from hematologic and other tumors as control group were selected and used for comparative analysis of receptor gene polymorphisms and risk suffering from AL between case and control groups. The bone marrow and peripheral blood were collected, from which the DNA was extracted. The PCR-RFLP was used to detect 8 SNP sites (P2X7: rs208294, rs2230911, rs3751143; VDR: rs2228570, rs7975232; SLC194A1: rs1051266, rs1131596, rs3788200) of receptor genes related with the environment response, and the genotypes analysis was used to the correlation of receptor gene polymorphisms with risk suffering from adult AL.@*RESULTS@#The unvariate logistic analysis showed that as compared with control group, P2X7 rs208294 T>C mutation and rs3751143 A>C mutation in codominant model, dominant model and over-dominant model were higher in case group, moreover the differences were statistically significant (PA mutation could increase the risk suffering from AL (PC mutation is one of protective factors against adult acute leukemia.


Subject(s)
Adult , Case-Control Studies , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Homozygote , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Polymorphism, Genetic , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Receptors, Purinergic P2X7
17.
Clin. biomed. res ; 41(2): 141-147, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1337663

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A diabetes tipo 2 (DM2) é uma desordem metabólica ocasionada pela disfunção das células beta pancreáticas que interferem na produção de insulina e/ou pela resistência dos órgãos alvos a esse hormônio. Níveis elevados de radicais livres em conjunto com o declínio das defesas antioxidantes presente na DM2 podem ocasionar danos a organelas celulares, promovendo complicações da doença. As glutationas S- transferases (GST) são as principais enzimas antioxidantes que participam da defesa celular contra o estresse oxidativo. Os polimorfismos nos genes que codificam essas enzimas podem acarretar o surgimento de complicações oftalmológicas em diabéticos. Este trabalho avaliou a influência dos polimorfismos nos genes GST no desenvolvimento de doenças como a catarata e o glaucoma em pacientes com DM2 na Grande Vitória (ES). Metodologia: Os polimorfismos dos genes GSTM1 e GSTT1 foram investigados através da técnica de PCR multiplex. Para o gene GSTP1 utilizou-se a técnica PCR- RFLP. A análise estatística foi realizada através do teste exato de Fisher ou do teste do qui-quadrado com P-valor < 0.05. Resultados: Não foi encontrada relação entre os polimorfismos nos genes GSTM1, GSTT1 e GSTP1 e o surgimento de doenças como glaucoma e catarata em pacientes com DM2. Conclusão: Nossos dados sugerem que os polimorfismos nulos nos genes GSTM1 e GSTT1 e o polimorfismo Ile105Val no gene GSTP1 não estão associados com a suscetibilidade individual para o desenvolvimento de complicações oftalmológicas em pacientes com DM2. (AU)


Introduction: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a metabolic disorder caused by beta cell dysfunction that interferes with insulin production and/or by the resistance of target organs to this hormone. An increase in free radicals together with a decline in antioxidant defenses, present in T2DM, can damage cellular organelles and promote the occurrence of disease complications. Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are the main antioxidant enzymes involved in cellular defense against oxidative stress, and polymorphisms in genes encoding GSTs can lead to ophthalmic complications in persons with diabetes. In this study, we evaluated the influence of GST polymorphisms on the development of diseases such as cataract and glaucoma in patients with T2DM in Grande Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil. Methods: GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms were investigated using a multiplex PCR technique. PCR-RFLP was used for the GSTP1 gene. Statistical analysis was performed with Fisher's exact test or the chi-square test, with P-value <0.05. Results: There was no relationship between GSTM1, GSTT1, or GSTP1 polymorphisms and the occurrence of diseases such as glaucoma and cataract in patients with T2DM. Conclusion: Our data suggest that the GSTM1 and GSTT1 null polymorphisms and the ile105Val polymorphism in the GSTP1 gene are not associated with individual susceptibility to the development of ophthalmic complications in persons with T2DM. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Cataract/etiology , Glaucoma/etiology , Oxidative Stress
18.
Ciencia Tecnología y Salud ; 8(2): 220-231, 2021. il 27 c
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, LIGCSA, DIGIUSAC | ID: biblio-1353228

ABSTRACT

El uso de inhibidores de calcineurina, en particular de tacrolimus como terapia inmunosupresora se ha generalizado a nivel mundial, permitiendo mejorar la tasa de sobrevida del injerto y la calidad de vida del paciente trasplantado. Con el acceso a los estudios de farmacogenética, los grupos de trasplante a nivel mundial se han visto motivados a realizar estudios genéticos que permitan interpretar la influencia de polimorfismos de genes como mTOR, PPP3CA, FK BP1A, FKBP2, y FOXP3, sin embargo, los más estudiados en la población trasplantada para optimizar la dosis de tacrolimus y ciclosporina son los polimorfismos del citocromo p450, CYP3A4 y CYP3A5.El objetivo de la presente revisión narrativa es examinar publicaciones recientes que estudien la relación entre el polimorfismo de CYP3A4/5 y el metabolismo de tacrolimus en pacientes trasplantados renales.Se revisó literatura reciente extraída de los sitios NCBI PubMed y PharmGKB.org en la que se hubiera investigado la influencia de los polimorfismos de CYP3A4/5 en el metabolismo de tacrolimus en trasplantados renales. Se identificó variaciones genéticas de CYP3A4/5 en pacientes trasplantados tratados con tacrolimus que permitirán a los médicos trasplantólogos dosificar de manera precisa el inmunosupresor. El uso de análisis farmacogenéticos permite determinar las variables genéticas del CYP3A4/5, y por lo tanto la toma de decisiones personalizadas en la dosis de inicio y de mantenimiento del inmunosupresor tacrolimus para alcanzar los niveles óptimos y con ello disminuir el riesgo de rechazo, de infecciones asociadas a inmunosupresión, y de toxicidad por el medicamento.


The use of the calcineurin inhibitor tacrolimus as immunosuppressive therapy, has become widespread world-wide, improving the graft's survival rate and the quality of life of the transplanted patient. With access to pharmacogenetic studies, transplant groups worldwide have been motivated to conduct genetic studies to inter-pret the influence of polymorphisms of genes such asmTOR, PPP3CA, FK BP1A, FKBP2, and FOXP3, however the most studied in the transplanted population to optimize the dose of tacrolimus and cyclosporine are those of cytochrome p450,CYP3A4 and CYP3A5. The objective of this narrative review is to examine recent publications studying the relationship betweenCYP3A4/5polymorphism, and tacrolimus metabolism in renal transplant patients. Literature extracted from the NCBI PubMed site and PharmGKB.org, from the past five years, which investigated the influence ofCYP3A4/5polymorphism on tacrolimus metabolism in renal transplants had been reviewed. Genetic variations ofCYP3A4/5 were identified in transplant patients treated with tacrolimus that will allow transplant physicians to dose the immunosuppressant accurately. The use of pharmacogenetic analyses makes it possible to determine the genetic polymorphisms ofCYP3A4/5, and therefore the decision-making cus-tomized at the starting and maintenance dose of the tacrolimus immunosuppressant to achieve optimal levels and thereby reduce the risk of rejection, immunosuppression-associated infections, and drug toxicity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pharmacogenetics , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Kidney Transplantation , Tacrolimus , Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A/drug effects , Immunosuppression/adverse effects , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System/genetics , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Prescription Drugs/toxicity , Calcineurin Inhibitors
19.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1293117

ABSTRACT

Objectives: In 2018, malaria claimed an estimated 380,000 lives in African region, with Nigeria accounting for 24.0% (91,368) of malaria deaths from the region. Mutations in Plasmodium falciparum chloroquine resistance transporter (Pfcrt) and P. falciparum multidrug resistance 1 (Pfmdr-1) genes had reduced the effective use of artemisinin combination therapy through the development of resistance to these antimalarial agents. Our study set out to determine the antimalarial drug resistance polymorphisms in Pfcrt and Pfmdr-1 genes of P. falciparum isolates among patients in Kano State, Nigeria. Material and Methods: Malaria positive samples were collected across the three senatorial districts of Kano State. The samples were amplified using nested polymerase chain reaction to detect the Pfcrt and Pfmdr-1 genes. The amplicons were sequenced and bioinformatic analysis was done using CLC Sequence viewer 8.0 and BioEdit sequence alignment editor to detect the single-nucleotide polymorphisms. Results: In the Pfcrt gene, CVIET haplotype was seen in 26.2% of the samples while only two samples showed the 86Y mutation in the Pfmdr-1 gene. All the 86Y mutations and majority of the CVIET haplotypes were detected in the patients from rural settings where some of them noted that they consumed modern and traditional (herbs) antimalarial agents. One sample was observed to have the CVIET haplotype and N86Y mutation while the other five CVIET haplotypes were seen in five separate samples. A new mutation V62A was found in the Pfmdr-1 gene as observed in one of the sample. Conclusion: It is imperative to ensure the rational use of the right antimalarial agents and employ continuous resistance surveillance/mapping to ensure synergy in malaria containment and elimination strategies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plasmodium falciparum , Polymorphism, Genetic , Malaria, Falciparum , Antimalarials , Nigeria
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878958

ABSTRACT

Based on the characteristics and ISSR molecular marker technology, the study is aimed to compare and perform genetic diversity analysis on Sparganium stoloniferum from 7 regions. Molecular identification method was established for S. stoloniferum from Hunan province. Differences among Sparganii Rhizoma samples from seven habitats were analyzed via measuring weight, length, width and thickness of them. Genetic diversity of S. stoloniferum from 7 regions was analyzed by screening out primers amplifying clear band and showing rich polymorphism, then a cultivars dendrogram was built. The target primer was screened out, and the specific band was sequenced. Nine ISSR primers were selected to amplified clear band, rich polymorphism. A total of 73 bands were amplified by nine ISSR primers selected from 27 ISSR primers. On average, each primer produced 8.0 bands. A total of 38 bands were polymorphic, which occupied 52.8% of all bands. The cultivars dendrogram showed the genetic similarity was 0.54-0.94. Genetic similarity coefficient of S. stoloniferum from Jiangsu province, Anhui province and Jiangxi province was big, indicating the differences among them were slight on genetic level. S. stoloniferum from Hunan province is quite different from samples from the other six habitats on appea-rance and genetic level. A specific band(327 bp) in S. stoloniferum from Hunan province was obtained via ISSR-857 primer, and was sequenced. According BLASTn database, there were few sequences similar to the gene fragment and had little correlation with the growth process of plant. ISSR molecular marker technology provides a new idea for the identification of S. stoloniferum. This result confirmed the particularity of S. stoloniferum from ancient Jingzhou.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Genetic Markers/genetics , Genetic Variation , Microsatellite Repeats , Phylogeny , Polymorphism, Genetic
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