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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(5): 1564-1569, oct. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521036

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The purpose of this study was to reveal the differences between ACTN3 genotype (RR, RX, XX) and aerobic performance [Yo-Yo IRT1 (m), VO2 max (ml/kg/min)] in professional and regional amateur league soccer players and to reveal which of these parameters was a distinctive factor in these athletes.71 professional soccer players (age: 23.66 ± 4.11 years; body height: 1.79 ± 6.99 m; body weight: 76.02 ± 6.76 kg; body fat: 11.59±3.11 %) and 62 regional amateur soccer players (age: 23.63 ±3.77 years; body height: 1.81 ± 5.77 m; body weight: 76.36 ± 7.53 kg; body fat: 15.60±4.65 %) volunteered for the study. After DNA extraction from buccal epithelial cells via a commercial kit was performed for the genetic background of the athletes, Real-Time PCR was carried out for genotyping. Furthermore, Yo-Yo IRT1 test was performed to determine the aerobic performance of the soccer players. SPSS 23 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) package program was used for the statistical analysis of the data obtained in the tests. Shapiro-Wilk test for normality and Levene's test for homogeneity of variance were performed. Chi-Square, Independent Sample T Test and One Way ANOVA test were used in the analysis of the parameters. Statistical significance was set as p0.05); however, there was a statistical significance in favor of professional soccer players in terms of aerobic parameters (p<0.05). Consequently, it can be said that aerobic performance is the distinguishing factor, not the ACTN3 gene, in soccer players.


El objetivo de este estudio fue revelar las diferencias entre el genotipo ACTN3 (RR, RX, XX) y el rendimiento aeróbico [Yo-Yo IRT1 (m), VO2 max (ml/kg/min)] en jugadores de fútbol de ligas profesionales y amateurs regionales y determinar cuál de estos parámetros es un factor distintivo en estos deportistas. 71 futbolistas profesionales (edad: 23,66 ±4,11 años; altura corporal: 1,79 ± 6,99 m; peso corporal: 76,02 ± 6,76 kg; grasa corporal: 11,59±3,11 %) y 62 jugadores de fútbol amateur regionales (edad: 23,63 ± 3,77 años; altura corporal: 1,81 ± 5,77 m; peso corporal: 76,36 ± 7,53 kg; grasa corporal: 15,60 ± 4,65 %) se ofrecieron como voluntarios para el estudio. Después de realizar la extracción de ADN de las células epiteliales orales mediante un kit comercial para obtener los antecedentes genéticos de los atletas, se llevó a cabo una PCR en tiempo real para el genotipado. Además, se realizó la prueba Yo-Yo IRT1 para determinar el rendimiento aeróbico de los futbolistas. Para el análisis estadístico de los datos obtenidos en las pruebas se utilizó el programa SPSS 23 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, EE. UU.). Se realizó la prueba de normalidad de Shapiro- Wilk y la prueba de homogeneidad de la varianza de Levene. En el análisis de los parámetros se utilizaron Chi-cuadrado, prueba T para muestra independiente y prueba ANOVA unidireccional. La significancia estadística se estableció en p0,05); sin embargo, hubo significación estadística a favor de los futbolistas profesionales en cuanto a los parámetros aeróbicos (p<0,05). En consecuencia, se puede decir que el rendimiento aeróbico es el factor distintivo, no el gen ACTN3, en los jugadores de fútbol.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Physical Endurance/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Soccer , Actinin/genetics , Oxygen Consumption
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(3): 478-486, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449824

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the influence of polymorphisms on genes encoding type I collagen and the genetic susceptibility of tendinopathy. Methodology Case-control study involving 242 Brazilian athletes from different sports modalities (55 cases of tendinopathy and 187 controls). The polymorphisms COLIAI (rs1107946) and COLIA2 (rs412777, rs42524, and rs2621215) were analyzed by theTaqMansystem. Odds ratio(OR)withtheir 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using a nonconditional logistic regression model. Results The mean age was 24.0 ± 5.6 years old and 65.3% were men. Of the 55 cases of tendinopathy, 25.4% had > 1 affected tendon, the most frequent being patellar (56.3%), rotator cuff (30.9%) and elbow or hand flexors (30.9%). Age and amount of time of sports practice were associated with a higher chance of presenting tendinopathy (5 and 8 times, respectively). The frequency of variant alleles in control and case patients, respectively, was: COLIAI rs1107946 24.0 and 29.6%; COLIA2 rs412777 36.1 and 27.8%; rs42524 17.5 and 25.9%; and rs2621215 21.3 and 27.8%. After adjusting for confounding factors (age and years of sports practice), COLIA2 rs42524and rs2621215 polymorphisms were associated with increased risk of tendinopathy (OR = 5.5; 95% CI = 1.2-24.6 and OR = 3.9; IC95% = 1.1-13.5, respectively). The haplotype COLIA2 CGT was associated with low risk for disease development (OR = 0.5; 95%CI = 0.3-0.9). Conclusion Age (≥ 25 years old), time of sports practice (≥ 6years) and polymorphisms in the COLIA2 gene increased the risk of developing tendinopathy.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a influência de polimorfismos nos genes que codificam o colágeno tipo I e a suscetibilidade genética da tendinopatia. Metodologia Estudo caso-controle envolvendo 242 atletas brasileiros de diferentes modalidades esportivas (55 casos de tendinopatia e 187 controles). Os polimorfismos COL1A1 (rs1107946) e COL1A2 (rs412777, rs42524 e rs2621215) foram analisados pelo sistema TaqMan. As razões de chance (OR) com seus intervalos de confiança (IC) de 95% foram calculadas usando um modelo de regressão logística não-condicional. Resultados A média de idade foi de 24,0 ± 5,6 anos e 65,3% eram homens. Dos 55 casos de tendinopatia, 25,4% apresentaram mais de um tendão acometido, sendo os maisfrequentesopatelar(56,3%),omanguitorotador(30,9%)eodocotoveloou flexores das mãos (30,9%). A idade e o tempo de prática esportiva foram associados a uma maior chance de apresentar tendinopatia (5 e 8 vezes, respectivamente). A frequência dos alelos variantes nos controles e casos, respectivamente, foi: COL1A1 rs1107946 24,0 e 29,6%; COL1A2 rs412777 36,1 e 27,8%; rs42524 17,5 e 25,9%; e rs2621215 21,3 e 27,8%. Após ajuste pelos fatores de confundimento (idade e anos de práticas esportiva), os polimorfismos COL1A2 rs42524 e rs2621215 foram associados a um risco aumentado de tendinopatia (OR = 5,5; IC95% = 1,2-24,6 e OR = 3,9; IC95% = 1,1-13,5, respectivamente). O haplótipo COL1A2 CGT foi associado a um baixo risco para desenvolvimento da doença (OR = 0,5; IC95% = 0,3-0,9). Conclusão Aidade (> 25 anos), o tempo de prática esportiva (> 6 anos) e polimorfismos no gene COL1A2 aumentaram o risco de desenvolvimento da tendino-patia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Polymorphism, Genetic , Collagen Type I , Tendinopathy , Athletes
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(2): 675-685, abr. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440334

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Pulmonary ventilation is a mechanical process in which the respiratory muscles act in coordination to maintain the oxygenation of the organism. Any alteration in the performance of these muscles may reduce the effectiveness of the process. The respiratory muscles differ from the other skeletal muscles in the vital support that they provide through rhythmiccontractions. The structure and energy system of the muscles are specially adapted to perform this function. The composition of the respiratory muscles is exceptional; they are small, and present an abundant capillary network, endowing them with a high aerobic level and resistance to fatigue. Coordinated regulation of the local renin-angiotensin system provides proper blood flow and energy supply in the myofibrils of the skeletal muscle tissue. Specifically, this performance will depend to a large extent on blood flow and glucose consumption, regulated by the renin-angiotensin system. The angiotensin converting enzyme is responsible for degrading kinins, which finally regulate muscle bioenergy and glucose between the blood vessel and the skeletal muscle. The objective of this review is to describe the structure of the respiratory muscles and their association with the angiotensin converting enzyme gene.


La ventilación pulmonar es un proceso mecánico en el que los músculos respiratorios actúan coordinadamente para mantener la oxigenación en el organismo. Así, cualquier alteración en el desempeño de estos músculos puede reducir la efectividad del proceso. Los músculos respiratorios se diferencian de otros músculos esqueléticos, debido al apoyo vital que brindan a través de sus contracciones rítmicas. La estructura y el sistema energético de estos músculos están especialmente adaptados para realizar esta función. La composición de los músculos respiratorios es especial; son pequeñas y presentan una abundante red capilar, lo que les otorga un alto nivel aeróbico y resistencia a la fatiga. La regulación coordinada del sistema renina-angiotensina local, proporciona un adecuado flujo sanguíneo y suministro de energía a las miofibrillas del músculo esquelético. En concreto, este rendimiento dependerá en gran medida del flujo sanguíneo y del consumo de glucosa, regulado por el sistema renina-angiotensina. Aquí, la enzima convertidora de angiotensina es responsable de degradar las kininas, que finalmente regulan la bioenergía muscular y la glucosa entre el vaso sanguíneo y el músculo esquelético. El objetivo de esta breve comunicación es describir la estructura de los músculos respiratorios y su asociación con el gen de la enzima convertidora de angiotensina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiratory Muscles/anatomy & histology , Respiratory Muscles/enzymology , Respiratory Muscles/physiology , Polymorphism, Genetic , Renin-Angiotensin System , Respiratory Muscles/embryology , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/genetics
4.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 45(1): 58-65, Jan.-Mar. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421566

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Phagocytosis of autoantibody-sensitized coated platelets through Fc gamma receptors on phagocytic cells is an important mechanism of thrombocytopenia in primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). Objective We aimed to investigate the contribution of the FcγRIIa and FcγRIIIa genes polymorphism to the risk of ITP and their association with disease characteristics in Egyptian children. Methods A case control study was conducted on eighty children with primary ITP and eighty age and sex healthy matched subjects as a control group. The FcγRIIa and FcγRIIIa genes polymorphism was detected using the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Results We found that the FcγRIIa‐131H and ‐131R allele frequencies were 51.3 % and 48.7%, respectively, in children with ITP, versus 75% and 25%, respectively, in controls (p= 0.002). The compound heterozygous HR genotype was significantly higher in ITP patients (p < 0.05). The FcγRIIIa-158F and ‐158V allele frequencies were 46.3% and 53.7%, respectively, in children with ITP, versus 70% and 30%, respectively, in controls (p= 0.002). The compound heterozygous VF genotype was significantly higher in ITP patients (p < 0.05). The combined HR/FV genotype was 47.5% in ITP patients, versus 10% in controls (p < 0.001). No significant difference was found between children with newly diagnosed ITP and those who developed chronic ITP, regarding the frequency distribution of the FcγRIIa and FcγRIIIa alleles and genotypes (p > 0.05). Conclusion There is a possible association of the FcγRIIa and FcγRIIIa genes polymorphism with the risk for, and genetic susceptibility to ITP in Egyptian children, but large-scale studies are still needed to support our findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Thrombocytopenia , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Phagocytes , Polymorphism, Genetic , Receptors, IgG
5.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 636-642, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985539

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish and optimize PCR methods for the gene encoding of Clostridium perfringens β2 toxin (cpb2) and atypical-cpb2 (aty-cpb2), analyze the epidemiological characteristics and genetic polymorphism of the cpb2 of Clostridium perfringens in 9 Chinese areas from 2016 to 2021. Methods: The cpb2 of 188 Clostridium perfringens strains were examined by PCR; the cpb2 sequences were acquired by whole-genome sequencing to analyze the genetic polymorphism. Using Mega 11 and the Makeblastdb tool, a phylogenetic tree, and cpb2-library based on 110 strains carrying the cpb2 were produced. Using the Blastn technique, a comparison was made to discover sequence similarity between consensus-cpb2 (con-cpb2) and aty-cpb2. Results: The specificity of PCR assay for the cpb2 and aty-cpb2 was verified. The PCR results for cpb2 amplification were highly consistent with the whole-genome sequencing approach (Kappa=0.946, P<0.001). A total of 107 strains from nine regions in China carried cpb2, 94 types A strains carried aty-cpb2, 6 types A strains carried con-cpb2, and 7 types F strains carried aty-cpb2. The nucleotide sequence similarity between the two coding genes was 68.97%-70.97%, and the similarity between the same coding genes was 98.00%-100.00%. Conclusions: In this study, a specific PCR method for cpb2 toxin was developed, and the previous PCR method for detecting aty-cpb2 was improved. aty-cpb2 is the primary gene encoding of β2 toxin. There is a significant nucleotide sequence variance between the various cpb2 genotypes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clostridium perfringens/genetics , Clostridium Infections , Bacterial Toxins/genetics , Phylogeny , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Genetic
6.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 863-867, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985488

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association of circulating sPD-1 level and PD-1 gene polymorphisms with HBV infection and HBV infection-associated hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: A case-control study was conducted. A total of 237 chronic HBV infection cases and 138 HBV infection-associated hepatocellular carcinoma in the Department of Infectious Diseases of the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from 2018 to 2021 were selected as the case group. About 250 individuals who visited a hospital physical examination center for routine physical examination during the same period were selected as the control group. Plasma sPD-1 levels were measured by using an ELISA kit and genotyping was performed by using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) technique. The association of sPD-1 levels and PD-1 polymorphisms with HBV infection as well as HBV infection-associated hepatocellular carcinoma was analyzed by using logistic regression models after adjusting for age, sex, alcohol consumption, smoking, ALT and AST levels. The sPD-1 level and PD-1 polymorphisms were independent variables, and HBV infection was the dependent variable. Results: The age of 237 chronic HBV infections, 138 HBV infection-related liver cancer case subjects and 250 control subjects in the study was (49.1±10.8), (51.9±12.7) and (50.7±11.9) years, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression model analysis showed that with a 1 pg/ml increase in sPD-1 level, the OR (95%CI) values for the risk of incident HBV infection cases and HBV hepatocellular carcinoma cases were 1.92 (1.68-2.19) and 2.02 (1.69-2.40). For rs2227981, compared with the CC genotype, the TT genotype had a lower risk of HBV infection and liver cancer associated with HBV infection, with OR (95%CI) values of 0.45 (0.22-0.91) and 0.35 (0.14-0.91). For rs2227982, compared with the CC genotype, the CT and TT genotypes also had a lower risk of HBV infection [OR (95%CI) values of 0.72 (0.53-0.97) and 0.57 (0.35-0.93)] and HBV infection-related liver cancer [OR (95%CI) values of 0.64 (0.45-0.92) and 0.52 (0.29-0.93)]. Conclusions: Plasma sPD-1 levels and PD-1 gene polymorphisms are associated with HBV infection and HBV infection-associated hepatocellular carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/genetics
7.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 78-88, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971470

ABSTRACT

Melatonin receptor 1B (MT2, encoded by the MTNR1B gene), a high-affinity receptor for melatonin, is associated with glucose homeostasis including glucose uptake and transport. The rs10830963 variant in the MTNR1B gene is linked to glucose metabolism disorders including gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM); however, the relationship between MT2-mediated melatonin signaling and a high birth weight of GDM infants from maternal glucose abnormality remains poorly understood. This article aims to investigate the relationship between rs10830963 variants and GDM development, as well as the effects of MT2 receptor on glucose uptake and transport in trophoblasts. TaqMan-MGB (minor groove binder) probe quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assays were used for rs10930963 genotyping. MT2 expression in the placenta of GDM and normal pregnant women was detected by immunofluorescence, western blot, and qPCR. The relationship between MT2 and glucose transporters (GLUTs) or peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) was established by western blot, and glucose consumption of trophoblasts was measured by a glucose assay kit. The results showed that the genotype and allele frequencies of rs10830963 were significantly different between GDM and normal pregnant women (P<0.05). The fasting, 1-h and 2-h plasma glucose levels of G-allele carriers were significantly higher than those of C-allele carriers (P<0.05). Besides, the protein and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of MT2 in the placenta of GDM was significantly higher than that of normal pregnant women (P<0.05). Melatonin could stimulate glucose uptake and GLUT4 and PPARγ protein expression in trophoblasts, which could be attenuated by MT2 receptor knockdown. In conclusion, the rs10830963 variant was associated with an increased risk of GDM. The MT2 receptor is essential for melatonin to raise glucose uptake and transport, which may be mediated by PPARγ.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Diabetes, Gestational/metabolism , Glucose/metabolism , Melatonin/metabolism , Polymorphism, Genetic , PPAR gamma , Receptor, Melatonin, MT2/genetics
8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2839-2860, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981236

ABSTRACT

The present study aims to explore the genetic diversity of germplasm resources of Chrysanthemum×morifolium (hereinafter, C.×morifolium) at the molecular level and to establish a fingerprint database of C.×morifolium varieties. We employed 12 pairs of primers with high levels of polymorphism, clear bands, and high degrees of reproducibility to analyze the SSR molecular markers and genetic diversity of 91 C.×morifolium materials and 14 chrysanthemum- related materials. With regard to constructing the fingerprints of the tested materials, we chose 9 pairs of core primers. The findings revealed that 12 primer pairs detected 104 alleles in 105 samples, ranging from 2 to 26. The average number of observed alleles (Na) per site was 9.25. The average number of effective alleles (Ne) per site was 2.745 6, with its range being 1.276 0 to 4.742 5. Shannon genetic diversity index (I) values ranged between 0.513 3 and 2.239 9 (M=1.209 0). Nei's gene diversity index (H) ranged between 0.216 3 and 0.789 1 (M=0.578 0). The observed heterozygosity (Ho) ranged between 0.223 3 and 0.895 2 (M=0.557 5). The expected heterozygosity (He) ranged between 0.217 4 and 0.793 3 (M=0.580 8). The polymorphism information content (PIC) ranged between 0.211 5 and 0.774 0 (M=0.532 9). The genetic similarity (GS) ranged between 0.228 5 and 1.000 0 (M=0.608 3). Cluster analysis revealed that when the genetic distance (GD) equals to 0.30, the tested materials can be classified into 2 groups. When the GD equals to 0.27, the first group can be divided into 6 subgroups; accordingly, 105 tested materials can be divided into 7 subgroups. The cophenetic correlation test was carried out based on the cluster analysis, and the corresponding results showed that the cluster map correlated with the genetic similarity coefficient (r=0.952 73). According to the results of Structure population analysis, we obtained the optimal population number, with the true number of populations (K) being 3 and the population being divided concerning Q≥0.5. Three subgroups, i.e., Q1, Q2 and Q3, included 34, 33 and 28 germplasms, respectively, and the remaining 10 germplasms were identified as the mixed population. During the experiment, 9 pairs of core primers were screened among the total of 12 for a complete differentiation regarding 105 tested materials, and the fingerprints of 91 C.×morifolium materials and 14 chrysanthemum-related materials were further constructed. Overall, there were significant genetic differences and rich genetic diversity among C.×morifolium materials, which would shed light on the garden application and variety selection fields of C.×morifolium. The fingerprint database of 105 C.×morifolium varieties and chrysanthemum-related species may provide technical support for future research regarding the identification and screening system of C.×morifolium varieties.


Subject(s)
Genetic Variation , Chrysanthemum/genetics , Reproducibility of Results , Microsatellite Repeats/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Biomarkers , Phylogeny
9.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 436-441, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986873

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the association between rs2587552 polymorphism (has a strong lin-kage disequilibrium with rs1800497 which had been found in many studies to be related to obesity, r2=0.85) of DRD2 gene and the effect of a childhood obesity intervention in Chinese population, and provide a scientific basis for future personalized childhood obesity intervention based on genetic background.@*METHODS@#From a multi-center cluster randomized controlled trial studying the effect of a childhood obesity intervention, we enrolled 382 children from 8 primary schools (192 and 190 children from intervention and control groups, respectively) in Beijing as study subjects. Saliva was collected and DNA was extracted to detect the rs2587552 polymorphism of DRD2 gene, and the interactions between the gene and study arms on childhood obesity indicators [including body weight, body mass index (BMI), BMI Z-score, waist circumference, hip circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, waist-to-height ratio, and body fat percentage] were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#No association was found between rs2587552 polymorphism and the changes in hip circumference or body fat percentage in the intervention group (P>0.05). However, in the control group, children carrying the A allele at DRD2 rs2587552 locus showed a greater increase in hip circumference and body fat percentage compared with those not carrying A allele (P < 0.001). There were interactions between rs2587552 polymorphism of DRD2 gene and study arms on the changes in hip circumference and body fat percentage (P=0.007 and 0.015, respectively). Compared with the control group, children in the intervention group carrying the A allele at DRD2 rs2587552 locus showed decrease in hip circumference by (-1.30 cm, 95%CI: -2.25 to -0.35, P=0.007) and decrease in body fat percentage by (-1.34%, 95%CI: -2.42 to -0.27, P=0.015) compared with those not carrying A allele. The results were consistent between the dominant model and the additive model (hip circumfe-rence: -0.66 cm, 95%CI: -1.28 to -0.03, P=0.041; body fat percentage: -0.69%, 95%CI: -1.40 to 0.02, P=0.056). No interaction was found between rs2587552 polymorphism and study arms on the changes in other childhood obesity-related indicators (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Children carrying the A allele at rs2587552 polymorphism of DRD2 gene are more sensitive to intervention and showed more improvement in hip circumference and body fat percentage after the intervention, suggesting that future personalized childhood obesity lifestyle intervention can be carried out based on the rs2587552 polymorphism of DRD2 gene.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Pediatric Obesity/therapy , Prospective Studies , Polymorphism, Genetic , Body Mass Index , Waist Circumference , Receptors, Dopamine D2/genetics
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 104-108, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971109

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the gene polymorphisms of patients with lymphoma-associated hemophagocytic syndrome in Longyan area, Fujian province.@*METHODS@#A total of 125 patients with lymphoma-associated hemophagocytic syndrome in Longyan, Fujian province, admitted to Longyan First Hospital from May 2017 to November 2020 were selected. Peripheral venous blood was collected from all the patients, and the genotypes of perforin 1 (PRF1) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) gene loci were detected by PCR-fluorescence probe method, and the correlation between PRF1 and IL-10 gene polymorphisms and lymphoma-associated hemophagocytic syndrome was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The mutation frequencies of PRF1 gene loci rs885821 (C>T), rs885822 (C>T), rs1889490 (G>A) in patients with lymphoma-associated hemophagocytic syndrome were 10.40%, 78.8% and 64.4%, respectively. The mutation frequencies of rs1800872 (A>C), rs1800871 (C>T) and rs1800896 (G>A) of IL-10 loci were 56.0%, 45.2% and 77.6%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#PRF1 and IL-10 gene loci were polymorphic in patients with lymphoma-associated hemophagocytic syndrome in Longyan area, Fujian province. Alleles C and G of PRF1 and IL-10 were risk factors, and alleles T and A were protective factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Genotype , Interleukin-10/genetics , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/genetics , Lymphoma/genetics , Perforin/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic
11.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 328-332, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971081

ABSTRACT

Biogenetics plays an important role in the pathogenesis of depressive disorder in adolescents. Various genetic polymorphism studies have updated the understanding of adolescent depressive disorder. However, due to the influence of gene-environment interaction and age of puberty, the influence of gene polymorphisms on adolescent depressive disorder is complicated to clarify. Investigating and clarifying the relationship between gene polymorphisms and adolescent depressive disorder will promote the research on the pathogenesis of this disorder and provide a reference for the prevention and treatment of this disorder. This article reviews the genetic polymorphisms related to adolescent depressive disorder.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Depressive Disorder, Major/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Gene-Environment Interaction , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genetic Predisposition to Disease
12.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 404-409, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981951

ABSTRACT

Male infertility caused by idiopathic oligoasthenospermia (OAT) is known as idiopathic male infertility. Glutathione S-transferase (GST) and fluoride may play important roles in idiopathic male infertility, but their effects are still unknown. Our study examined the relationship between GST polymorphisms and fluoride-induced toxicity in idiopathic male infertility and determined the underlying mechanism. Sperm, blood, and urine samples were collected from 560 males. Fluoride levels were measured by a highly selective electrode method, and GST genotypes were identified using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Semen parameters, DNA fragmentation index (DFI), mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), and oxidative stress (OS) biomarkers were statistically assessed at the P < 0.05 level. Compared with healthy fertile group, semen parameters, fluoride levels, OS biomarkers, sex hormone levels, and MMP and DFI levels were lower in the idiopathic male infertility group. For glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1[-]) and glutathione S-transferase T1 (GSTT1[-]) or glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) mutant genotypes, levels of semen fluoride, OS, MMP, and DFI were considerably higher, and the mean levels of sperm parameters and testosterone were statistically significant in GSTM1(+), GSTT1(+), and GSTP1 wild-type genotypes. Both semen and blood fluoride levels were associated with oxidative stress in idiopathic male infertility patients. Elevated fluoride in semen with the genotypes listed above was linked to reproductive quality in idiopathic male infertility patients. In conclusion, GST polymorphisms and fluorine may have an indicative relationship between reproductive quality and sex hormone levels, and OS participates in the development of idiopathic male infertility.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Fluorides/adverse effects , Semen , Polymorphism, Genetic , Glutathione Transferase/genetics , Glutathione S-Transferase pi/genetics , Infertility, Male/genetics , Genotype , Biomarkers , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Case-Control Studies
13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 881-886, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981841

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop a polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primer (PCR-SSP) method for simultaneous amplification and identification of the KIR genes among Chinese population.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples from 132 healthy donors who had given blood at Shenzhen Blood Center from January 2015 to November 2015 were selected as the study subjects. Based on the polymorphism and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) information of high-resolution KIR alleles in the Chinese population and the IPD-KIR database, specific primers were designed to amplify all the 16 KIR genes and the 2DS4-Normal and 2DS4-Deleted subtypes. The specificity of each pair of PCR primers was verified by using samples with known KIR genotypes. During PCR amplification of the KIR gene, co-amplification the fragment of human growth hormone (HGH) gene by multiplex PCR was used as the internal control to prevent false negative results. A total of 132 samples with known KIR genotypes were randomly selected for blind inspection to verify the reliability of the developed method.@*RESULTS@#The designed primers can specifically amplify the corresponding KIR genes, with clear and bright bands for the internal control and KIR genes. The results of detection are fully consistent with the known results.@*CONCLUSION@#The KIR PCR-SSP method established in this study can yield accurate results for the identification of the presence of KIR genes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Receptors, KIR/genetics , Reproducibility of Results , Polymorphism, Genetic , Genotype , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction
14.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 69(2): e-133674, abr.-jun. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1509408

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women and incidence and mortality rates are increasing among young women worldwide, including Brazil. TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism (rs1042522) has been associated with breast cancer, due to its important role in cell cycle that impacts the development of cancer. Objective: To determine the magnitude of the association between TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism and breast cancer development in young Brazilian women. Method: Hospital-based case-control study conducted in Rio de Janeiro with 268 confirmed breast cancer cases and 277 controls with women enrolled among hospitalized patients without neoplastic diseases or their companions at three public hospitals. Results: The genotype frequency was 46.57% for Arg/Pro, 35.74% for Arg/Arg, and 17.69% for Pro/Pro among healthy controls and 41.04% for Arg/Pro, 46.64% for Arg/Arg, and 12.31% for Pro/Pro among breast cancer cases. The genotypes Pro/Pro (OR=0.46; 95% CI=0.27-0.80, in comparison with Arg/Arg genotype) and Pro allele in dominant model (OR=0.65; 95% CI=0.45-0.92, in comparison with Arg/Arg genotype) were statistically associated with a protective effect for breast cancer among young Brazilian women. Also, family history of breast or ovary cancer (OR=2.18; 95% CI=1.37-3.46) and tobacco use (OR=1.74; 95% CI=1.14-2.68) were statistically associated with breast cancer. Conclusion: Further studies are necessary to confirm that Arg72Pro polymorphism can be a protective factor for breast cancer development among young women, since ethnicity can influence genotypes frequencies and the risk of developing breast cancer


Introdução: O câncer de mama é o mais comum em mulheres e as taxas de incidência e mortalidade estão aumentando entre mulheres jovens em todo o mundo, inclusive no Brasil. O polimorfismo TP53 Arg72Pro (rs1042522) tem sido associado ao câncer de mama em razão do seu importante papel no ciclo celular que pode impactar o desenvolvimento do câncer. Objetivo: Determinar a magnitude da associação entre o polimorfismo TP53 Arg72Pro e o desenvolvimento de câncer de mama em mulheres jovens brasileiras. Método: Estudo caso-controle de base hospitalar realizado no Rio de Janeiro com 268 casos confirmados de câncer de mama e 277 controles com mulheres cadastradas entre pacientes internados sem doenças neoplásicas ou seus acompanhantes em três hospitais públicos. Resultados: A frequência genotípica foi de 46,57% para Arg/Pro, 35,74% para Arg/Arg e 17,69% para Pro/Pro entre controles saudáveis e 41,04% para Arg/Pro, 46,64% para Arg/ Arg e 12,31% para Pro /Pro entre os casos de câncer de mama. Os genótipos Pro/Pro (OR=0,46; IC 95%=0,27-0,80, em comparação ao genótipo Arg/ Arg) e o alelo Pro no modelo dominante (OR=0,65; IC 95%=0,45-0,92, em comparação com o genótipo Arg/Arg) foram estatisticamente associados a um efeito protetor para o câncer de mama em mulheres jovens brasileiras. Além disso, história familiar de câncer de mama ou ovário (OR=2,18; IC 95%=1,37-3,46) e tabagismo (OR=1,74; IC 95%=1,14-2,68) foi estatisticamente associada ao câncer de mama. Conclusão: Novos estudos são necessários para confirmar que o polimorfismo Arg72Pro pode ser um fator de proteção para o desenvolvimento de câncer de mama em mulheres jovens, uma vez que a etnia pode influenciar tanto as frequências desses genótipos quanto o risco de desenvolver câncer de mama


Introducción: El cáncer de mama es el cáncer más común en la mujer y las tasas de incidencia y mortalidad están aumentando entre las mujeres jóvenes en todo el mundo, incluido Brasil. El polimorfismo TP53 Arg72Pro (rs1042522) se ha asociado con el cáncer de mama, debido a su importante papel en el ciclo celular que puede afectar el desarrollo del cáncer. Objetivo: Determinar la magnitud de la asociación entre el polimorfismo TP53 Arg72Pro y el desarrollo de cáncer de mama en mujeres jóvenes brasileñas. Método: Estudio de casos y controles de base hospitalaria realizado en Río de Janeiro con 268 casos confirmados de cáncer de mama y 277 controles con mujeres inscritas entre pacientes hospitalizadas sin enfermedades neoplásicas o sus acompañantes en tres hospitales públicos. Resultados: La frecuencia de genotipos fue del 46,57% para Arg/Pro, 35,74% para Arg/Arg y 17,69% para Pro/Pro entre controles sanos y 41,04% para Arg/Pro, 46,64% para Arg/Arg y 12,31% para Pro/Pro entre los casos de cáncer de mama. El genotipo Pro/Pro (OR=0,46; IC 95%=0,27-0,80, en comparación con el genotipo Arg/Arg) y el alelo Pro en el modelo dominante (OR=0,65; IC del 95 %=0,45-0,92, en comparación con el genotipo Arg/Arg) se asociaron estadísticamente con un efecto protector frente el cáncer de mama entre mujeres jóvenes brasileñas. Además, los antecedentes familiares de cáncer de mama o de ovario (OR=2,18; IC 95%=1,37-3,46) y el hábito del tabaquismo (OR=1,74; IC 95%=1,14-2,68) se asociaron estadísticamente con el cáncer de mama. Conclusión: Son necesarios nuevos estudios para confirmar que el polimorfismo Arg72Pro puede ser un factor de protección para el desarrollo del cáncer de mama en mujeres jóvenes, ya que la etnia puede influir r tanto en las frecuencias de estos genotipos como en el riesgo de desarrollar cáncer de mama


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Polymorphism, Genetic , Breast Neoplasms , Genes, p53 , Young Adult
15.
Cad. saúde colet., (Rio J.) ; 31(1): e31010250, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430143

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Smoking dependence is a chronic disease and a public health problem. The neurobiology of nicotine addiction can explain smoking behavior. This system has genetic variability that has been associated with vulnerability to dependence. Genetic variability in the neurobiology of smoking can help to understand why individuals exposed to drugs may or may not become addicted. Objective This study aims to address genetic variability in the neurobiology of smoking addiction with a focus on polymorphic genes related to the nicotinic response and the dopaminergic reward pathway. Method This work involved a search of the main scientific research on genetic variability in the neurobiology of smoking and its effects on smoking behavior. One hundred and five studies were selected, most of which highlighted polymorphisms in the genes of nicotinic receptors, dopamine receptors, and nicotine metabolism. Results The majority of studies have focused on genes related to the activation of the dopaminergic reward system by nicotine. Combinations between different polymorphisms were also highlighted, showing that interactions can determine a genetic profile of predisposition to smoking addiction. Additionally, gender and ethnicity were identified as relevant factors. Conclusion Knowledge of the genetic bases involved in the individual response to smoking can enable a better understanding of inter-individual differences in smoking behavior, and contribute to improving the treatment of addiction.


Resumo Introdução A dependência nicotínica é uma doença crônica e um problema de saúde pública. O comportamento tabágico pode ser explicado pela neurobiologia da adição, cujas variações genéticas têm sido associadas à dependência. A variabilidade genética na neurobiologia do tabagismo pode ajudar a entender por que indivíduos expostos a drogas podem ou não se tornar viciados. Objetivo Este estudo tem como objetivo abordar a variabilidade genética na neurobiologia do tabagismo com foco em genes polimórficos relacionados à resposta nicotínica e à via de recompensa dopaminérgica. Método Uma pesquisa foi realizada nas principais bases de dados científicos sobre a variabilidade genética na neurobiologia do tabagismo e seus efeitos no comportamento do tabagismo. 105 estudos foram selecionados, em sua maioria destacando polimorfismos nos genes de receptores nicotínicos, receptores de dopamina e de metabolismo da nicotina. Resultados A maioria dos estudos concentrou-se em genes relacionados à ativação do sistema de recompensa dopaminérgico pela nicotina. Determinadas combinações entre genótipos de diferentes polimorfismos também se destacaram, mostrando que interações gênicas podem determinar um perfil genético de predisposição ao tabagismo. Além disso, gênero e etnia foram identificados como fatores relevantes. Conclusão O conhecimento das bases genéticas envolvidas na resposta individual ao tabagismo pode permitir uma melhor compreensão das diferenças interindividuais no comportamento tabágico e contribuir para melhoria dos tratamentos disponíveis para a dependência.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tobacco Use Disorder , Genetic Variation , Behavior , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Nicotine , Polymorphism, Genetic , Receptors, Dopamine , Receptors, Nicotinic , Gender Identity
16.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 45(2): 147-153, Apr.-June 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1448346

ABSTRACT

Abstract Nucleotide excision repair pathway (NER) is an essential mechanism for single-strand breaks (SSB) repair while xeroderma pigmentosum family (XPA to XPG) is the most important system to NER. Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a heterogeneous hematological cancer characterized by cytopenias and risk of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) transformation. MDS pathogenesis has been associated with problems of DNA repair system. This report aimed to evaluate NER polymorphisms (XPA rs1800975, XPC rs2228000, XPD rs1799793 and XPF rs1800067) in 269 MDS patients of different populations in Latin America (173 Brazilian and 96 Argentinean). Genotypes were identified in DNA samples by RT-qPCR using TaqMan SNP Genotyping Assay. Regarding rs1799793 polymorphism of XPD for Brazilian population, the heterozygous genotype AG presented a high odds ratio (OR) to have a normal karyotype (p= 0.012, OR=3.000) and the mutant homozygous genotype AA was associated to a high OR of AML transformation (p= 0.034, OR=7.4). In Argentine population, the homozygous mutant AA genotype of rs1800975 polymorphism of XPA was associated with an increased odd to have hemoglobin levels below 8g/dL (p= 0.013, OR=10.000) while for the rs1799793 polymorphism of XPD, the heterozygous AG genotype decreased OR to be classified as good (p< 0.001, OR=9.05 × 10−10), and intermediate (p< 0.001, OR=3.08 × 10−10), according to Revised-International Prognostic Scoring System. Regarding the rs1800067 polymorphisms of XPF, the homozygous mutant AA genotype showed a decreased OR to be classified as good (p< 0.001, OR=4.03 × 10−13) and intermediate (p< 0.001, OR=2.54 × 10−13). Our report reinforces the heterogeneity of MDS and demonstrates the importance of ethnic differences and regional influences in pathogenesis and prognosis of MDS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Polymorphism, Genetic , DNA Damage , DNA Repair
17.
REVISA (Online) ; 12(4): 827-835, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1530702

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Elucidar o quadro clínico do transtorno depressivo maior (TDM) e verificar a associação dessa condição com polimorfismos do gene IL6. Método:Tratou-se de uma revisão sistemática com a busca de artigos originais nas bases de dados Scopus, Web of Science, PubMed e BVS, os quais trouxeram informações sobre variantes genéticas que tinham relação com polimorfismos do gene IL6. Estudos que não apresentaram dados completos, inclusive dados estatísticos, revisões, meta-análises e resumos, foram excluídos. Resultados:Foram encontrados 54 artigos nas bases de dados. Utilizou-se a plataforma Rayyan para retirar as duplicatas e ler os resumos para seleçãoinicial. Restaram 12 artigos, onde os que eram de acesso livre foram encaminhados para leitura completa, totalizando 5 artigos para essa revisão. Conclusão:Evidências sugerem uma condição sistêmica no TDM e dados demonstram alterações inflamatórias. Dadoque na maior parte dos estudos pacientes com TDM tiveram estados inflamatórios mais elevados, parece haver relação entre a IL-6 e o transtorno. A IL-6 induz alterações no cérebro, ativação de microglia e controla a saúde dos neurônios, podendo tornar tangível uma relação dos polimorfismos com a doença, mas ainda não existem muitos estudos na área


Objective:To elucidate the clinical picture of major depressive disorder (MDD) and to verify the association of this condition with polymorphisms of the IL6 gene. Method:This was a systematic review with the search of original articles in the databases Scopus, Web of Science, PubMed and VHL, which brought information about genetic variants that were related to polymorphisms of the IL6 gene. Studies that did not present complete data, including statistical data, reviews, meta-analyses and abstracts, were excluded. Results:A total of 54 articles were found in the databases. The Rayyan platform was used to remove the duplicates and read the abstracts for initial selection. There were 12 articles, where those that were freely accessible were sent for full reading, totaling 5 articles for this review. Conclusion:Evidence suggests a systemic condition in MDD and data demonstrate inflammatory changes. Given that in most studies patients with MDD had higher inflammatory states, there seems to be a relationship between IL-6 and the disorder. IL-6 induces changes in the brain, activation of microglia and controls the health of neurons, and may make tangible a relationship between polymorphisms and the disease, but there are not many studies in the area.


Objetivo: Dilucidar el cuadro clínico del trastorno depresivo mayor (TDM) y verificar la asociación de esta condición con polimorfismos del gen IL6. Método: Se trata de una revisión sistemática con búsqueda de artículos originales en las bases de datos Scopus, Web of Science, PubMed y BVS, que aportaron información sobre variantes genéticas relacionadas con polimorfismos del gen IL6. Se excluyeron los estudios que no presentaron datos completos, incluidos datos estadísticos, revisiones, metanálisis y resúmenes. Resultados:Se encontraron un total de 54 artículos en las bases de datos. La plataforma Rayyan se utilizó para eliminar los duplicados y leer los resúmenes para la selección inicial. Hubo 12 artículos, donde aquellos que eran de libre acceso fueron enviados para lectura completa, totalizando 5 artículos para esta revisión. Conclusión:La evidencia sugiere una condición sistémica en el TDM y los datos demuestran cambios inflamatorios. Dado que en la mayoría de los estudios los pacientes con TDM tenían estados inflamatorios más altos, parece haber una relación entre la IL-6 y el trastorno. La IL-6 induce cambios en el cerebro, la activación de la microglía y controla la salud de las neuronas, y puede hacer tangible una relación entre los polimorfismos y la enfermedad, pero no hay muchos estudios en el área.


Subject(s)
Polymorphism, Genetic , Receptors, Interleukin-6 , Depressive Disorder, Major
18.
Cienc. Salud (St. Domingo) ; 7(1): [65-74], 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1444357

ABSTRACT

Introducción: los cambios en el ácido desoxirribonucleico se conocen como mutaciones, estas dan lugar a los polimorfismos, los cuales generan variación alélica entre individuos y diversidad de la misma especie. Se ha sugerido que los polimorfismos genéticos en los mediadores inmunitarios desempeñan un papel fundamental en la patogénesis de muchos trastornos autoinmunes, como en la púrpura trombocitopénica inmune, siendo esta el tipo más común de púrpura trombocitopénica y, a menudo, se diagnostica como un tipo de trastorno autoinmune, debido a la destrucción de las plaquetas mediadas por el sistema inmunitario. Objetivo: realizar una revisión bibliográfica sobre el papel de los polimorfismos genéticos y su influencia en el desarrollo de la púrpura trombocitopénica inmune. Métodos: se realizó revisión literaria en inglés y español en PubMed y Elsevier, desde marzo hasta mayo del 2021, con el uso de combinación de palabras clave y términos MeSH, como púrpura trombocitopénica y polimorfismos genéticos. Se realizó análisis y resumen de la literatura encontrada. Conclusión: la púrpura trombocitopénica inmune es considerada como una patología multifactorial, causada por factores ambientales y genéticos, dentro de los cuales se encuentran los polimorfismos para los mediadores inmunitarios que pueden llevar a una exacerbación de la enfermedad o no intervenir en la misma.


Introduction: Changes in deoxyribonucleic acid are known as mutations, these give place to polymorphisms, which generate allelic variation between individuals and provide diversity among same species. Genetic polymorphisms in immune mediators have been suggested to play a key role in the pathogenesis of many autoimmune disorders, such as immune thrombocytopenic purpura, this being the most common type of thrombocytopenic purpura and is often diagnosed as a type of autoimmune disorder, due to the destruction of platelets mediated by the immune system. Objective: To execute a bibliographic review on the role of genetic polymorphisms and their influence on the development of immune thrombocytopenic purpura. Methods: A literary review in English and Spanish was performed in PubMed and Elsevier from March to May 2021, with the use of a combination of keywords and MeSH terms such as Thrombocytopenic Purpura and genetic polymorphisms. Analysis and summary of the literature found was executed. Conclusion: Immune thrombocytopenic purpura is considered a multifactorial pathology, caused by environmental and genetic factors, among which are polymorphisms for immune mediators that can lead to an exacerbation of the disease or not intervene in the same.


Subject(s)
Polymorphism, Genetic , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic , Blood Platelets , Risk Factors , Hematologic Diseases
19.
REVISA (Online) ; 12(4): 786-799, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1530654

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Revisar e discorrer sobre os estudos científicos que buscam a associação do polimorfismo do gene MAOA, do tipo uVNTR, com distúrbios mentais em adultos. Método:Foi realizada uma revisão integrativa de acordo com o modelo PRISMA. A pesquisa seguiu as etapas de formulação da questão de pesquisa, seleção das bases de dados de busca de referências, definição da estratégia de busca, avaliação da elegibilidade dos estudos, triagem e seleção dos artigos, extração de dados e compilação dos resultados. Resultados:Foram selecionados 12 artigos originais que relataram o polimorfismo do tipo u-VNTR e seus alelos de 2, 3, 3,5, 4 e 5 repetições no gene MAOA, e sua associação com distúrbios psíquicos. Conclusão:O polimorfismo do gene MAOA do tipo uVNTR está relacionado com a funcionalidade da enzima MAOA, aumentando ou diminuindo sua atividade, elevando ou diminuindo os níveis de dopamina, serotonina ou noradrenalina, e essas alterações estão relacionados à diversos distúrbios mentais, como esquizofrenia, depressão, comportamentos agressivos antissociais, ansiedade, transtorno de déficit de atenção e hiperatividade (TDAH), transtorno do espectro autista e outros distúrbios relacionados à expressão desses neurotransmissores.


Objective: To review and discuss scientific studies that seek the association of the polymorphism of the MAOA gene, of the uVNTR type, with mental disorders in adults. Method: An integrative review was performed according to the PRISMA model. The research followed the stages of formulation of the research question, selection of reference search databases, definition of the search strategy, evaluation of the eligibility of studies, screening and selection of articles, data extraction and compilation of results. Results:We selected 12 original articles that reported the u-VNTR polymorphism and its alleles of 2, 3, 3.5, 4 and 5 repeats in the MAOA gene, and its association with psychic disorders. Conclusion: The polymorphism of the MAOA gene of the uVNTR type is related to the functionality of the MAOA enzyme, increasing or decreasing its activity, raising or decreasing the levels of dopamine, serotonin or noradrenaline, and these changes are related to several mental disorders, such as schizophrenia, depression, aggressive antisocial behaviors, anxiety, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder and other disorders related to the expression of these neurotransmitters.


Objetivo: Revisar y discutir estudios científicos que busquen la asociación del polimorfismo del gen MAOA, del tipo uVNTR, con trastornos mentales en adultos. Método:Se realizó una revisión integradora según el modelo PRISMA. La investigación siguió las etapas de formulación de la pregunta de investigación, selección de bases de datos de búsqueda de referencias, definición de la estrategia de búsqueda, evaluación de la elegibilidad de los estudios, selección y selección de artículos, extracción de datos y compilación de resultados. Resultados:Se seleccionaron 12 artículos originales que reportaron el polimorfismo u-VNTR y sus alelos de 2, 3, 3.5, 4 y 5 repeticiones en el gen MAOA, y su asociación con trastornos psíquicos. Conclusión:El polimorfismo del gen MAOA del tipo uVNTR está relacionado con la funcionalidad de la enzima MAOA, aumentando o disminuyendo su actividad, elevando o disminuyendo los niveles de dopamina, serotonina o noradrenalina, y estos cambios están relacionados con varios trastornos mentales, como esquizofrenia, depresión, conductas antisociales agresivas, ansiedad, trastorno por déficit de atención con hiperactividad (TDAH), trastorno del espectro autista y otros trastornos relacionados con la expresión de estos neurotransmisores.


Subject(s)
Polymorphism, Genetic , Central Nervous System Diseases
20.
Rev. ADM ; 79(6): 304-311, nov.-dic. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1433744

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la agenesia dental no sindrómica (ADNS) genera efec- tos negativos en la salud oral y psicosocial de los seres humanos. El determinante genético desempeña un papel importante en su desarrollo. Objetivo: determinar la frecuencia de los polimorfismos rs104893850 de MSX1 y rs28933373 de PAX9 en pacientes de seis a 18 años con ADNS. Material y métodos: estudio transversal prolectivo en el cual se revisaron individuos de seis a 18 años sin defectos congénitos y originarios del estado de Durango. Después de haber obtenido su con- sentimiento para formar parte del estudio, se estableció el diagnóstico de ADNS a través de una inspección clínica odontológica y un examen radiográfico. Se tomó una muestra de sangre capilar para la genotipi- ficación de los polimorfismos a través de la técnica de qPCR-HRM. Resultados: de un total de 124 individuos, 77 (62%) mujeres y 47 (38%) hombres; sólo 39 presentaron ADNS. En el análisis polimórfico de rs104893850 de MSX1 y rs28933373 de PAX9 se obtuvo 94.9% y 84.6% respectivamente de homocigotos mutados. Conclusiones: se obtuvo una alta frecuencia de hipodoncia, el diente que mostró más agenesia fue el órgano dentario 18. Las mutaciones polimórficas están presentes en una alta proporción de agenesia dental (AU)


Introduction: non-syndromic dental agenesis (NSDA) generates negative oral health and psychosocial effects in humans. The genetic determinant plays an important role in its development. Objective: to determine the frequency of MSX1 rs104893850 and PAX9 rs28933373 polymorphisms in patients aged 6 to 18 years with NSDA. Material and methods: prolective cross-sectional study, in which individuals aged 6 to 18 years without congenital defects and from the city of Durango were reviewed. After obtaining their consent to be part of the study, the diagnosis of NSDA was established through a clinical dental inspection, a radiographic examination and a capillary blood sample was taken for the genotyping of the polymorphisms through the qPCR-HRM technique. Results: out of a total of 124 individuals, 77 (62%) females and 47 (38%) males; only 39 presented ADNS. In the polymorphic analysis of rs104893850 of MSX1 and rs28933373 of PAX9 we obtained 94.9% and 84.6% respectively of mutated homozygotes. Conclusions: a high frequency of hypodontia was obtained, and the tooth that presented the most agenesis was dental organ 18. Polymorphic mutations are present in a high proportion for dental agenesis (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Polymorphism, Genetic , Tooth Abnormalities/genetics , Anodontia/genetics , Odontogenesis/genetics , Schools, Dental , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Anodontia/diagnostic imaging , Mexico
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