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1.
Vaccimonitor (La Habana, Print) ; 30(3)2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341782

ABSTRACT

Toxoplasmosis is caused by infection with the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii, that has the capacity to infect all warm-blooded animals worldwide. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the distribution of genotypes and alleles in miscarriages woman as a result of Toxoplasma gondii infection associated with interleukin-1β and interleukin-6 polymorphisms. A total of 125 miscarriage women suspected of toxoplasma infection and 50 healthy pregnant without previous miscarriage as control were enrolled in this study. The cases were screened for anti-toxoplasma IgM and IgG by ELISA test. Among the 125 miscarriage women, only 50 were positive to anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgG and IgM antibodies. The present study focused on assay the genotypes at IL-6 -174 G/C and IL-1β +3954 G>A to establish the associations between genetic polymorphisms and infection with Toxoplasma gondii. Results showed that the altered IL-1β GA, AA genotypes were high significant elevated in miscarriage women with toxoplasmosis (P=0.03), OR = 10 and 95 percent confidence intervals (1.32-81.48); (P=0.0007), OR = 0.07 and 95 percent confidence interval (0.01-0.32). The genotype GC at IL-6 (G/C) appears to be highly correlated with infection (P=0.01); OR = 3.18 and 95 percent confidence interval, (1.22- 8.30). In terms of allelic heterogeneity, C alleles were significantly more common in infected than uninfected cases for IL-6, while A allele is common in IL-1β single nucleotide polymorphisms (P =0.050). Furthermore, this study demonstrates that there is a strong and highly significant association between two forms of single nucleotide polymorphisms and the increased risk for toxoplasmosis. Genotypes of these polymorphism should be considered when evaluating genetic effects on toxoplasmosis incidence. However, to improve the prediction of this disease predisposition, a further study based on a larger cohort of patients is warranted(AU)


La toxoplasmosis es causada por la infección con el parásito protozoario Toxoplasma gondii, que tiene la capacidad de infectar a todos los animales de sangre caliente en todo el mundo. El propósito de esta investigación fue determinar la distribución de genotipos y alelos en mujeres con abortos espontáneos como resultado de la infección por Toxoplasma gondii asociada con polimorfismos de interleucina 1β e interleucina 6. Se inscribieron en este estudio un total de 125 mujeres con aborto espontáneo sospechosas de infección por toxoplasma y 50 embarazadas sanas, sin aborto espontáneo previo, como control. Los casos se examinaron para detectar IgM e IgG anti-toxoplasma mediante la prueba ELISA. Entre las 125 mujeres que sufrieron un aborto espontáneo, solo 50 fueron positivas a anticuerpos IgG e IgM anti-Toxoplasma gondii. El presente estudio se centró en analizar los genotipos de IL-6-174 G/C e IL-1β +3954 G>A para establecer las asociaciones entre polimorfismos genéticos e infección por Toxoplasma gondii. Los resultados mostraron que los genotipos alterados de IL-1β GA, AA fueron significativamente elevados en mujeres con aborto espontáneo con toxoplasmosis (P = 0,03), OR = 10 e intervalos de confianza del 95 por ciento (1,32-81,48); (P = 0,0007), OR = 0,07 e intervalo de confianza del 95 por ciento (0,01-0,32). El genotipo GC de IL-6 (G/C) parece estar altamente correlacionado con la infección (P = 0.01); OR = 3,18 e intervalo de confianza del 95%, (1,22- 8,30). En términos de heterogeneidad alélica, los alelos C fueron significativamente más comunes en los casos infectados que en los no infectados para la IL-6, mientras que el alelo A es común en los polimorfismos de nucleótido simple de IL-1β (P = 0.050). Además, este estudio demuestra que existe una asociación fuerte y altamente significativa entre dos formas de polimorfismos nucleótido simple y el mayor riesgo de toxoplasmosis. Se deben considerar los genotipos de estos polimorfismos al evaluar los efectos genéticos sobre la incidencia de la toxoplasmosis. Sin embargo, para mejorar la predicción de esta predisposición a la enfermedad, se justifica un estudio adicional basado en una cohorte más grande de pacientes(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Toxoplasmosis/epidemiology , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Genotype
2.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(2): 534-538, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1248928

ABSTRACT

As raças taurinas de origem ibérica Limonero e Carora (Bos primigenius taurus) possuem o fenótipo de pelo curto, liso e com baixa densidade folicular, o que confere a esses animais maior tolerância térmica e melhor produtividade em regiões quentes. Diferentes mutações associadas a esse fenótipo foram descritas no gene do receptor de prolactina PRLR, localizado no cromossomo bovino BTA20. Uma mutação recentemente encontrada é a substituição do nucleotídeo C por T, SNP 39136666 (p. R497*), no exon 11, que gera um códon de parada e, consequentemente, uma menor isoforma desse receptor. Neste trabalho, desenvolveu-se um protocolo rápido e de baixo custo para detecção desse SNP, utilizando-se a técnica de tetra-primer ARMS-PCR. Assim, foi possível detectar essa mutação nas raças brasileiras de origem ibérica localmente adaptadas: Caracu, Crioulo Lageano, Mocho Nacional e Pantaneiro. O alelo T foi mais frequente na raça Caracu (80%), enquanto o alelo C foi mais frequente na raça Crioulo Lageano (84%). Essa simples metodologia pode ser usada para genotipar esse SNP e ajudar na aplicação dessas informações moleculares em programas de melhoramento focados na tolerância térmica em bovinos taurinos e seus mestiços.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Receptors, Prolactin/genetics , DNA Primers/analysis , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Genotyping Techniques/methods , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary
3.
Electron J Biotechnol ; 49: 72-81, Jan. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291929

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.) is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Diospyros. In this study, genetic diversity and variations in persimmon genotypes were investigated using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers identified by genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) analysis. RESULTS: Ninety-five persimmon accessions grown in the Pear Research Institute, National Institute Horticultural and Herbal Science, were sequenced using the Illumina Hiseq2500 platform and polymorphic SNPs were detected to develop molecular markers. These reliable SNPs were analyzed using the Kompetitive Allele Specific PCR (KASP) assay to discriminate among persimmon genotypes. GBS generated a total of 447,495,724 trimmed reads, of which 89.7% were raw reads. After demultiplexing and sequence quality trimming, 108,876,644 clean reads were mapped to the reference transcriptome. An average of 1,146,070 genotype reads were mapped. Filtering of raw SNPs in each sample led to selection of a total of 1,725,401 high-quality SNPs. The number of homozygous and heterozygous SNPs ranged from 1,933 to 6,834 and from 846 to 5,927, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Of the 49 SNPs selected for development of an identification system for persimmons, 15 SNPs were used in the KASP assay to analyze 32 persimmon accessions. These KASP markers discriminated among all accessions.


Subject(s)
Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Diospyros/genetics , Genetic Variation , Genetic Markers , Chromosome Mapping , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Alleles , Genotyping Techniques , Homozygote
4.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 49: Pub. 1827, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1363756

ABSTRACT

Mammary tumors (MTs) in bitches are similar to breast cancers in women. Thus, they can be used as a model for human breast cancer and findings can be extrapolated for use in human medicine. BRCA1 is a tumor suppressor gene. When the gene has a mutation, it cannot repair damaged DNA, which causes genetic instability and tumorigenesis. Therefore, we aimed to study the frequency of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the BRCA1 gene that are associated with distinct histological types of malignant MT in bitches. The study population consisted of 91 bitches, including a control group of 6 animals with healthy mammary glands and 85 animals with MTs. All animals underwent a presurgery evaluation consisting of a questionnaire administered to the person responsible for the animal, a physical examination, collection of peripheral blood for hematological and serum biochemistry evaluations, an electrocardiogram, and a preanesthesia evaluation. In addition, distant metastasis was studied via chest radiography and abdominal ultrasound. After evaluations were complete, the animals that could undergo surgery were administered general anesthesia and underwent a mastectomy or mammary gland sample collection. Histopathological examination and molecular analysis were performed to identify mutations in the BRCA1 gene. Histopathological examinations found 10 different types of malignant tumors in 36 sick animals. Tumor samples plus samples from the 6 control animals were subjected to DNA extraction, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis, and genetic sequencing. The tumor with the highest incidence (33.33%) was a complex carcinoma, followed by carcinoma in mixed tumor (13.88), tubular carcinoma (13.88) and carcinosarcoma (13.88). Molecular analysis revealed 3 different SNP points in 5 samples (4006G>A, 3619A>G, and 3761C>T). The allelic variant 4006G>A (1/36) resulted in the alteration of the amino acid valine by isoleucine (V1336 I). The mutation 3619A>G (2/36) inserted the amino acid alanine instead of threonine (T1207 A). The mutation 3761C>T (2/36) led to the alteration of the amino acid serine by phenylalanine (S1254 F), a mutation for which there are no published reports. The histological types that showed BRCA1 mutations were complex carcinoma (1/5), carcinoma in mixed tumor (1/5), papillary carcinoma (1/5) and tubular carcinoma (2/5). Software analysis identified the new SNP (nucleotide 3761) in BRCA1 and 2 point mutations in nucleotides 4006 and 3619 and responsible for genetic instability. The development of breast cancer is caused by many endogenous and exogenous factors. The results of our study show that these factors have a greater presence in female, mixed breed, uncastrated, and older dogs, confirming the data in the veterinary literature. In the present study, we found different histological types of malignant breast tumors with mutations in the BRCA1 gene, as other authors have reported. However, we also found the mutation 3761C>T, which, to the best of our knowledge, has not been reported in the literature. This shows the need for studies in veterinary medicine that assess mutations in the BRCA1 gene and the most common histological types. In conclusion, SNPs in the BRCA1 gene cause genetic instability, resulting in additional mutations that lead to the development of breast tumors. They are point mutations that affect transcription, resulting in truncated proteins. These proteins may have a loss of function, leading to carcinogenesis.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/genetics , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/diagnostic imaging , Genes, BRCA1 , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Dog Diseases/genetics , Dogs
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1138-1145, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878167

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)-associated genes and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) can contribute to human disease. To comprehensively investigate the contribution of lncRNAs to breast cancer, we performed the first genome-wide lncRNA association study on Han Chinese women.@*METHODS@#We designed an lncRNA array containing >800,000 SNPs, which was incorporated into a 96-array plate by Affymetrix (CapitalBio Technology, China). Subsequently, we performed a two-stage genome-wide lncRNA association study on Han Chinese women covering 11,942 individuals (5634 breast cancer patients and 6308 healthy controls). Additionally, in vitro gain or loss of function strategies were performed to clarify the function of a novel SNP-associated gene.@*RESULTS@#We identified a novel breast cancer-associated susceptibility SNP, rs11066150 (Pmeta = 2.34 × 10-8), and a previously reported SNP, rs9397435 (Pmeta = 4.32 × 10-38), in Han Chinese women. rs11066150 is located in NONHSAT164009.1 (lncHSAT164), which is highly expressed in breast cancer tissues and cell lines. lncHSAT164 overexpression promoted colony formation, whereas lncHSAT164 knockdown promoted cell apoptosis and reduced colony formation by regulating the cell cycle.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Based on our lncRNA array, we identified a novel breast cancer-associated lncRNA and found that lncHSAT164 may contribute to breast cancer by regulating the cell cycle. These findings suggest a potential therapeutic target in breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Case-Control Studies , China , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Genome-Wide Association Study , Humans , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
6.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(1): e10465, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153508

ABSTRACT

Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is related to a higher risk of neonatal mortality, minor cognitive deficit, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular disease in adulthood. In previous studies, genetic variants in the FTO (fat mass and obesity-associated) and PPARγ (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma) genes have been associated with metabolic disease, body mass index, and obesity among other outcomes. We studied the association of selected FTO (rs1421085, rs55682395, rs17817449, rs8043757, rs9926289, and rs9939609) and PPARγ (rs10865710, rs17036263, rs35206526, rs1801282, rs28763894, rs41516544, rs62243567, rs3856806, and rs1805151) single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with IUGR, through a case-control study in a cohort of live births that occurred from June 1978 to May 1979 in a Brazilian city. We selected 280 IUGR cases and 256 controls for analysis. Logistic regression was used to jointly analyze the SNPs as well as factors such as maternal smoking, age, and schooling. We found that the PPARγ rs41516544 increased the risk of IUGR for male offspring (OR 27.83, 95%CI 3.65-212.32) as well as for female offspring (OR=8.94, 95%CI: 1.96-40.88). The FTO rs9939609 TA genotype resulted in a reduced susceptibility to IUGR for male offspring only (OR=0.47, 95%CI: 0.26-0.86). In conclusion, we demonstrated that PPARγ SNP had a positive effect and FTO SNP had a negative effect on IUGR occurrence, and these effects were gender-specific.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , PPAR gamma/genetics , Alpha-Ketoglutarate-Dependent Dioxygenase FTO/genetics , Brazil/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Fetal Growth Retardation/genetics , Genotype
7.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(3): 370-375, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132588

ABSTRACT

Abstract Instruction: Noise-induced hearing loss is a leading occupational disease caused by gene-environment interaction. The Grainy Like 2, GRHL2, is a candidate gene. In this regard, many studies have evaluated the association between GRHL2 and noise-induced hearing loss, although the results are ambiguous and conflicting. Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify a precise estimation of the association between rs3735715 polymorphism in GRHL2 gene and susceptibility of noise-induced hearing loss. Methods: A comprehensive search was performed to collect data up to July 8, 2018. Finally, 4 eligible articles were included in this meta-analysis comprising 2410 subjects. The pooled odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were used to evaluate the strength of the association. Results: Significant association was found in the overall population in the dominant model (GA/AA vs. GG, odds ratio = 0.707, 95% confidence interval = 0.594-0.841) and allele model (G allele vs. A allele, odds ratio = 1.189, 95% confidence interval = 1.062-1.333). When stratified by source of the subjects, we also found association between rs3735715 and noise-induced hearing loss risk in the dominant model (GA/AA vs. GG, odds ratio = 0.634, 95% confidence interval = 0.514-0.783) and allele model (G allele vs. A allele, odds ratio = 1.206, 95% confidence interval = 1.054-1.379). Conclusion: Rs3735715 polymorphism in GRHL2 gene may influence the susceptibility of noise-induced hearing loss. Additional large, well-designed and functional studies are needed to confirm this association in different populations.


Resumo Introdução: Perda auditiva induzida por ruído é uma das principais doenças ocupacionais causadas pela interação gene-ambiente. O Grainy Like 2, ou GRHL2 é um gene que tem sido considerado como candidato. Nesse sentido, muitos estudos avaliaram a associação entre o GRHL2 e perda auditiva induzida por ruído, embora os resultados sejam ambíguos e conflitantes. Objetivo: Identificar uma estimativa precisa da associação entre o polimorfismo rs3735715 no gene GRHL2 e a suscetibilidade à perda auditiva induzida por ruído. Método: Uma pesquisa abrangente foi feita para coletar dados até 8 de julho de 2018. No fim, quatro artigos elegíveis foram incluídos nesta metanálise, abrangeram 2.410 indivíduos. As odds ratios agrupadas com intervalos de confiança de 95% foram usadas para avaliar a força da associação. Resultados: Uma associação significante foi encontrada na população geral no modelo de dominância (GA/AA vs. GG, odds ratio = 0,707, intervalo de confiança 95% = 0,594-0,841) e modelo de alelo (alelo G vs. alelo A; odds ratio = 1,189, intervalo de confiança 95% = 1,062 a 1,333). Quando estratificados pelo local de trabalho dos indivíduos, também encontramos associação entre rs3735715 e risco de perda auditiva induzida por ruído no modelo de dominância (GA/AA vs. GG, odds ratio = 0,634, intervalo de confiança 95% = 0,514 ± 0,783) e modelo de alelo (alelo G vs. alelo A; odds ratio = 1,206, intervalo de confiança 95% = 1,054- 1,379). Conclusão: O polimorfismo Rs3735715 no gene GRHL2 pode influenciar a suscetibilidade à perda auditiva induzida por ruído. Estudos adicionais, amplos, bem desenhados e funcionais são necessários para confirmar essa associação em diferentes populações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Transcription Factors/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced/genetics , Genotype , Noise, Occupational/adverse effects , Occupational Diseases/genetics
8.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(1): 91-99, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098050

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The role of -251A>T polymorphism in the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-8 (IL-8) gene in gastric cancer was intensively evaluated, but the results of these studies were inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to provide a comprehensive data on the association of IL-8 -251T>A polymorphism with gastric cancer. METHODS: All eligible studies were identified in PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Wanfang and CNKI databases before September 01, 2019. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were derived from a fixed effect or random effect model. RESULTS: A total of 33 case-control studies with 6,192 cases and 9,567 controls were selected. Overall, pooled data showed that IL-8 -251T>A polymorphism was significantly associated with an increased risk of gastric cancer under all five genetic models, i.e., allele (A vs T: OR=1.189, 95% CI 1.027-1.378, P=0.021), homozygote (AA vs TT: OR=1.307, 95% CI 1.111-1.536, P=0.001), heterozygote (AT vs TT: OR=1.188, 95% CI 1.061-1.330, P=0.003), dominant (AA+AT vs TT: OR=1.337, 95% CI 1.115-1.602, P=0.002) and recessive (AA vs AT+TT: OR=1.241, 95% CI 1.045-1.474, P=0.014). The stratified analysis by ethnicity revealed an increased risk of gastric cancer in Asians and mixed populations, but not in Caucasians. Moreover, stratified by country found a significant association in Chinese, Korean and Brazilian, but not among Japanese. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis suggests that the IL-8 -251T>A polymorphism is associated with an increased risk of gastric cancer, especially by ethnicity (Asian and mixed populations) and country (Chinese, Korean and Brazilian).


RESUMO CONTEXTO: O papel do polimorfismo -251A>T no gene anti-inflamatório citocina interleucina-8 (IL-8) no câncer gástrico foi intensamente avaliado, mas os resultados desses estudos foram inconsistentes. OBJETIVO: Portanto, realizamos uma meta-análise para fornecer dados abrangentes sobre a associação de IL-8 -251T>A polimorfismo com câncer gástrico. MÉTODOS: Todos os estudos elegíveis foram identificados nos bancos de dados PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Wanfang e CNKI antes de 01 de setembro de 2019. As relações de probabilidades agrupadas (ORs) com intervalos de confiança de 95% (IC) foram derivadas de um modelo de efeito fixo ou efeito aleatório. RESULTADOS: Foram selecionados 33 estudos de controle de caso com 6.192 casos e 9.567 controles. No geral, dados agrupados mostraram que o polimorfismo IL-8 -251T>A foi significativamente associado a um risco aumentado de câncer gástrico em todos os cinco modelos genéticos, isto é, alelo (A vs T: OR=1,189; 95% CI 1,027-1,378; P=0,021), homozigoto (AA vs TT: OR=1,307; 95% CI 1,111-1,536; P=0,001), heterozigoto (AT vs TT: OR=1,188; 95% CI 1,061-1,330; P=0,003), dominante (AA+AT vs TT: OR=1,337; 95% CI 1,115-1,602; P=0,002) e recessivo (AA vs AT+TT: OR=1,241; 95% CI 1,045-1,474; P=0,014). A análise estratificada por etnia revelou um risco aumentado de câncer gástrico em asiáticos e populações mistas, mas não em caucasianos. Além disso, estratificado por país. Encontrou-se uma associação significativa em chineses, coreanos e brasileiros, mas não entre os japoneses. CONCLUSÃO: Esta meta-análise sugere que o polimorfismo IL-8 -251T>A está associado a um risco aumentado de câncer gástrico, especialmente por etnia (populações asiáticas e mistas) e por país (chinês, coreano e brasileiro).


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Interleukin-8/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Risk Factors
9.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(6): e9113, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132518

ABSTRACT

Chemerin is an adipokine that has been associated with components of metabolic syndrome. It has been described to affect adipocyte metabolism and inflammatory responses in adipose tissue, as well as the systemic metabolism of lipids and glucose. Few epidemiological studies have evaluated classical and genetics cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) in the mixed adult rural population in Brazil. Therefore, the present study explored possible associations between CVRFs and chemerin. This cross-sectional study included 508 adults from the rural localities of Lavras Novas, Chapada, and Santo Antônio do Salto in Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Southeast Brazil. Demographic, behavioral, clinical, biochemical, anthropometric variables, and 12 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) linked with metabolic syndrome phenotypes were evaluated for associations with chemerin level. There was a significant association of high triglyceride levels [odds ratio (OR)=1.91, 95%CI: 1.23−2.98], insulin resistance (OR=1.82, 95%CI: 1.03−3.22), age (OR=1.64, 95%CI: 1.08−2.49), and sex (OR=1.99, 95%CI: 1.35−2.95) with high levels of chemerin. High chemerin levels were significantly associated with the genetic polymorphisms rs693 in the APOB gene (OR=1.50, 95%CI: 1.03−2.19) and rs1799983 in the NOS3 gene (OR=1.46, 95%CI: 1.01−2.12) for the AA and GT+TT genotypes, respectively. In the concomitant presence of genotypes AA of rs693 and GT+TT of rs1799983, the chance of presenting high levels of chemerin showed a 2.21-fold increase (95%CI: 1.25−3.88) compared to the reference genotype. The development of classical CVRFs in this population may be influenced by chemerin and by two risk genotypes characteristic of variants in well-studied genes for hypertension and dyslipidemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Apolipoproteins B/genetics , Cardiovascular Diseases/genetics , Chemokines/blood , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/genetics , Rural Population , Brazil , Cardiovascular Diseases/metabolism , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Chemokines/genetics , Genotype
10.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20200026, 2020. tab
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136800

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: The human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) has a single-stranded RNA genome and expresses specific proteins that have oncogenic potential. Approximately 15 to 20 million people worldwide have been infected by this virus. Changes in protein or gene expression are the effects of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) gene. The function and efficacy of signal transduction also lead to modified immune responses. The present study aimed to investigate the association of SNPs within TLR3 (rs3775291 and rs3775296) with susceptibility to HTLV-1 infection in Iranian asymptomatic blood donors. METHODS: This study was performed on 100 HTLV-1-infected asymptomatic blood donors and 118 healthy blood donors. Genomic DNA from all participants was purified and then amplified using specific PCR primers. SNPs within TLR3 were evaluated using the restriction fragmentation length polymorphism technique, and the results were analyzed using SPSS software (version 22). RESULTS: The frequencies of the TLR3 (rs3775296) CC, CA, AA genotypes were 70%, 24%, and 6% in the patient group, and 50.8%, 44.9%, and 4.2% in the control group, respectively. There was a significant difference in the frequency distribution of TLR3 (rs3775296) genotypes and alleles, but not in the frequency distribution of TLR3 (rs3775291) genotypes between the patient and control groups. CONCLUSIONS: The TLR3 SNP rs3775296 was significantly associated with HTLV-1 infection and may be a protective factor against this viral infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Blood Donors/statistics & numerical data , Human T-lymphotropic virus 1/genetics , HTLV-I Infections/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Toll-Like Receptor 3/genetics , HTLV-I Infections/diagnosis , Case-Control Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Iran , Middle Aged
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879496

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen for Vel- rare blood type donors and determine the frequency of SMIM1 c.64_80del allele in Yili Prefecture of Xinjiang, China.@*METHODS@#DNA pooling and PCR-sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSP) was conducted to screen individuals carrying the SMIM1 c.64_80del variant, and Sanger sequencing of SMIM1 exon 3 was carried out to verify the genotype of those with the variation. SMIM1 intron 2 was also sequenced to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that may affect the expression of Vel antigen.@*RESULTS@#Among 3328 blood donors, 14 were identified as heterozygotes for the SMIM1 c.64_80del allele, its allele frequency was 0.21%; no homozygous SMIM1 c.64_80 deletions was found. For SNP rs1175550, all of the 14 individuals had an AA genotype, among whom 5 carried heterozygous 7111ins GCA variant in intron 2.@*CONCLUSION@#The allelic frequency of SMIM1 c.64_80del in Yili area is approximately 0.21%, which is reported for the first time.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Blood Group Antigens/genetics , China , Gene Frequency , Genetic Variation/genetics , Genotype , Humans , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics
12.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 42(8): 460-467, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137867

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective We examined the interaction of polymorphisms in the genes heme oxygenase- 1 (HMOX1) and nitric oxide synthase (NOS3) in patients with preeclampsia (PE) as well as the responsiveness to methyldopa and to total antihypertensive therapy. Methods The genes HMOX1 (rs2071746, A/T) and NOS3 (rs1799983, G/T) were genotyped using TaqMan allele discrimination assays (Applied Biosystems, Foster City, CA, USA ), and the levels of enzyme heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results We found interactions between genotypes of the HMOX-1 and NOS3 genes and responsiveness tomethyldopa and that PE genotyped as AT presents lower levels of protein HO-1 compared with AA. Conclusion We found interactions between the HMOX-1 and NOS3 genes and responsiveness to methyldopa and that the HMOX1 polymorphism affects the levels of enzyme HO-1 in responsiveness to methyldopa and to total antihypertensive therapy. These data suggest impact of the combination of these two polymorphisms on antihypertensive responsiveness in PE.


Resumo Objetivo Examinamos a interação dos polimorfismos nos genes heme oxigenase-1 (HMOX1) eóxido nítrico sintase (NOS3) empacientes compré-eclâmpsia (PE)bem como as capacidades de resposta à metildopa e à terapia anti-hipertensiva. Métodos Os polimorfismos nos genes HMOX1 (rs2071746, A/T) e NOS3 (rs1799983, G/T) foram genotipados usando TaqMan allele discrimination assays (Applied Biosystems, Foster City, CA, EUA), e os níveis da enzima heme oxigenase-1 (HO-1) foram medidos por enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Resultados Foram encontradas interações entre os genótipos da HMOX-1 e NOS3 e responsividade à metildopa, e que pacientes genotipados como AT apresentam níveis mais baixos de proteína HO-1 em comparação com o genótipo AA. Conclusão Foram encontradas interações entre os genes HMOX-1 e NOS3 e responsividade à metildopa e que o polimorfismo localizado no gene HMOX1 afeta os níveis de enzima HO-1 na resposta à metildopa e à terapia anti-hipertensiva. Esses dados sugerem o impacto da combinação desses dois polimorfismos na resposta antihipertensiva na PE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pre-Eclampsia/genetics , Pre-Eclampsia/drug therapy , Pre-Eclampsia/epidemiology , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/genetics , Heme Oxygenase-1/genetics , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics
13.
Biol. Res ; 53: 15, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100921

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Current South American populations trace their origins mainly to three continental ancestries, i.e. European, Amerindian and African. Individual variation in relative proportions of each of these ancestries may be confounded with socio-economic factors due to population stratification. Therefore, ancestry is a potential confounder variable that should be considered in epidemiologic studies and in public health plans. However, there are few studies that have assessed the ancestry of the current admixed Chilean population. This is partly due to the high cost of genome-scale technologies commonly used to estimate ancestry. In this study we have designed a small panel of SNPs to accurately assess ancestry in the largest sampling to date of the Chilean mestizo population (n = 3349) from eight cities. Our panel is also able to distinguish between the two main Amerindian components of Chileans: Aymara from the north and Mapuche from the south. RESULTS: A panel of 150 ancestry-informative markers (AIMs) of SNP type was selected to maximize ancestry informativeness and genome coverage. Of these, 147 were successfully genotyped by KASPar assays in 2843 samples, with an average missing rate of 0.012, and a 0.95 concordance with microarray data. The ancestries estimated with the panel of AIMs had relative high correlations (0.88 for European, 0.91 for Amerindian, 0.70 for Aymara, and 0.68 for Mapuche components) with those obtained with AXIOM LAT1 array. The country's average ancestry was 0.53 ± 0.14 European, 0.04 ± 0.04 African, and 0.42 ± 0.14 Amerindian, disaggregated into 0.18 ± 0.15 Aymara and 0.25 ± 0.13 Mapuche. However, Mapuche ancestry was highest in the south (40.03%) and Aymara in the north (35.61%) as expected from the historical location of these ethnic groups. We make our results available through an online app and demonstrate how it can be used to adjust for ancestry when testing association between incidence of a disease and nongenetic risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: We have conducted the most extensive sampling, across many different cities, of current Chilean population. Ancestry varied significantly by latitude and human development. The panel of AIMs is available to the community for estimating ancestry at low cost in Chileans and other populations with similar ancestry.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Ethnic Groups/genetics , Indians, South American/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Population Groups/genetics , Genetics, Population/organization & administration , Saliva , Genetic Markers/genetics , Chile , Phylogeography , Genotyping Techniques , Gene Frequency/genetics , Genotype
14.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20190388, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057271

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Leptin (LEP) is a peptide hormone that acts via leptin receptor (LEPR) binding. Genetic evidence from different human populations has implicated LEP/LEPR in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD), and suggests that certain LEP/LEPR gene polymorphisms may increase the risk of CAD. The aim of this study was to assess two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in LEP genes (rs2167270 and rs7799039) and two in LEPR genes (rs6588147, rs1137100) for association with CAD. METHODS: We enrolled 271 North Chinese Han CAD patients, and 113 healthy age- and sex-matched controls. Genomic DNA was extracted from whole blood, and the four SNPs were assessed using a MassArray system. RESULTS: The G allele frequency at rs2167270 was significantly higher among CAD cases than among controls. The AG genotype at rs7799039 was associated with a significantly decreased risk of CAD unlike the AA genotype used as the reference. The A allele was significantly associated with the CAD patient group. Interestingly, statistically significant differences in genotype and allele frequency at LEP rs2167270 and rs7799039 existed among females but not among males. CONCLUSIONS: The current study detected a significant association between genetic variations at LEP rs7799039 and rs2167270 and the risk of CAD in a north Chinese population, and revealed that LEP rs2167270 and rs7799039 gene polymorphisms might act as predisposing factors for CAD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/genetics , Leptin/genetics , Receptors, Leptin/genetics , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Risk Factors , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Middle Aged
15.
Cienc. tecnol. salud ; 7(2): 218-235, 2020. il 27 c
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA, DIGIUSAC | ID: biblio-1348155

ABSTRACT

El complejo mancha de asfalto (CMA) en maíz (ZeamaysL.), causado por los hongos Phyllachora maydis Maubl. Y Monographella maydis Müller & Samuels, es una enfermedad de importancia económica en Guatemala, que ha causado pérdida en el rendimiento entre 30 a 50%, inclusive del 100% si las condiciones son favorables. El objetivo de esta investigación fue identificar marcadores de un solo nucleótido o SNP (Single Nucleotide Polymorphism, por sus siglas en inglés) y genes candidatos asociados a la tolerancia genética al CMA. Para ello se analizaron 463 poblaciones nativas y 329,692 SNP, y se compararon dos modelos genómicos, single markery BayesB, para la identificación de regiones asociadas a la tolerancia genética al CMA. Se identificaron 40 marcadores SNP asociados significativamente a la tolerancia genética al CMA con ambos modelos. La proporción de variación fenotípica total explicada (PVE) por los 40 SNPs fue de 56%, atribuida a efectos genéticos aditivos. Múltiples genes de resistencia a enfermedades fueron identificados en las regiones señaladas por los marcadores SNP. Sus funciones principales son receptores y transductores de señal, factores de transcripción que regulan positivamente la expresión de genes de tolerancia y genes de la familia kinasa, por lo que potencialmente están involucrados en el mecanismo de defensa al CMA.


The tar spot complex (TSC) diseasein maize (ZeamaysL.), caused by the fungi Phyllachora maydis Maubl. And Monographella maydis Müller & Samuels, is an economic important disease in Guatemala, producing yield losses between 30 to 50%, inclusive of 100% if the conditionsare favorable. The objective of this researchwasto identify single nucleoti depolymorphism markers (SNP) and candidate genes associated withgenetictoleranceto TSC. Asetof 463 native populations and 329,692 SNP were analyzed with two genomic models, single marker and BayesB, for the identification of regions associated with genetic tolerance to TSC. Forty SNP markers were significantly associated with the genetic tolerance to TSC with both models. The proportion of total phenotypic variation explained (PVE) by the 40 SNPs was 56%, attributed to additive genetice ffects. Multiple candidate genes for disease resistance were identified in the región sindicated by the SNP markers. Their main functionsare signal transducersand receptors, transcription factors that positively regulatethe expression of tolerance genes and family kinase genes, there fore, they are potentially involved in the defense mechanism to TSC.


Subject(s)
Genes, Plant/genetics , Zea mays/genetics , Disease Resistance/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Chromosomes, Plant
16.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(6): 499-504, dic. 28, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224477

ABSTRACT

Background: Growth hormone plays a significant role in determining craniofacial morphology. Mutations of its receptor gene might be associated with mandibular prognathism (MP). Purpose: The aim of the current study was to evaluate growth hormone receptor (GHR) gene polymorphisms in relation to facial dimensions. Material and Method: The study enrolled 65 participants with class III profile in MP group and 60 orthognathic control participants. Genomic DNA was extracted from a blood sample from the patients and the P561T and C422F polymorphisms of GHR gene were screened by PCR-RFLP method followed by Sanger sequencing of randomly selected samples to validate the genotyping results. Chi square was used to compare distribution of polymorphism in MP and control groups (p<0.05). Results: Heterozygous P561T mutation was found in 10.77% and 8.33% of MP and control groups, respectively (p=0.644) while none of the subjects had the C422F mutation. Sanger sequencing confirmed the genotyping results from the PCR-RFLP method. P561T polymorphism was significantly associated with ramus and lower facial height in MP patients and with ramus height in orthognathic patients (p<0.05). Conclusion: The results indicate that the P561T polymorphism of the GHR gene is associated with the vertical dimension of the mandible in an Iranian population.


Antecedentes: La hormona del crecimiento desempeña un papel importante en la determinación de la morfología craneofacial. Las mutaciones de su gen receptor podrían estar asociadas con el prognatismo mandibular (PM). Propósito: El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar dos polimorfismos del gen del receptor de la hormona del crecimiento (RHC) en relación con las dimensiones faciales. Materiales y Métodos: El estudio incluyó a 65 participantes con perfil de clase III en el grupo MP y 60 participantes de control ortognático. El ADN genómico se extrajo de una muestra de sangre de los pacientes y los polimorfismos P561T y C422F del gen RHC se seleccionaron mediante el método PCR-RFLP seguido de la secuenciación por Sanger de muestras seleccionadas al azar para validar los resultados del genotipo por RFLP. El test chi cuadrado se utilizó para comparar la distribución del polimorfismo en el grupo MP y grupo control (p<0.05). Resultados: Se encontró mutación heterocigota P561T en 10.77% y 8.33% de los grupos PM y control, respectivamente (p=0.644) mientras que ninguno de los sujetos tenía la mutación C422F. La secuenciación de Sanger confirmó los resultados de genotipado por el método PCR-RFLP. El polimorfismo P561T se asoció significativamente con la rama y la altura facial más baja en pacientes con PM y con la altura de la rama en pacientes ortognáticos (p<0.05). Conclusión: Los resultados indican que el polimorfismo P561T del gen RHC está asociado con la dimensión vertical de la mandíbula en una población iraní.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cephalometry/methods , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Mandible/anatomy & histology , Prognathism , Growth Hormone , Chi-Square Distribution , Prevalence , Skull Base/anatomy & histology , Genotype , Iran/ethnology , Malocclusion , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/genetics
17.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 23(6): 388-394, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089306

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Host immunogenetic setting is involved in the regulation of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and development of condyloma acuminatum (CA). We investigated the correlation of two common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (−607C/A and −137G/C) of IL-18 with the susceptibility of CA in a large Chinese cohort. Out of 408 CA patients analyzed, 300 had HPV infection transmitted through sexual contact (SC) and 108 through non-sexual contact (NSC). In addition, 360 healthy volunteers were enrolled as controls. SNPs at positions −607C/A and −137G/C in IL-18 promoter were analyzed. Comparing CA patients to healthy controls, no dominant relevance was found between the IL-18 promoter −607 C/A or −137G/C polymorphisms and the CA disease either identified genotypically (p > 0.05) or by allelically (p > 0.05). However, the IL-18 promoter −137G/C polymorphism genotype and allele frequencies in the NSC CA group, but not between in the SC group, were significantly higher than in the controls. There was no dominant relevance between IL-18-607C/A polymorphism genotype and allele frequencies among SC, NSC CA patients, and controls. Our study demonstrates that polymorphism −137G/C in IL-18 promoter is significantly correlated with risk of CA in NSC patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Condylomata Acuminata/genetics , Interleukin-18/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections/complications , Polymorphism, Genetic , Condylomata Acuminata/virology , China , Cohort Studies , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Papillomavirus Infections/transmission , Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics , Alleles , Genotype
18.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(6): 501-506, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038690

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To investigate the potential associations between keratoconus and catalase rs1001179, superoxide dismutase 2 rs4880, and glutathione peroxidase 1 rs1050450 gene polymorphisms in a Turkish population. Methods: The study group included 121 unrelated keratoconus patients and 94 unrelated healthy controls. Blood samples (200 ml) were collected from all patients and controls to isolate genomic DNA. Genotyping was performed to identify rs1001179, rs4880, and rs1050450 using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Genotype and allele frequencies were calculated; their associations with keratoconus risk were assayed, and the association with keratoconus risk and demographic factors was examined. Results: Glutathione peroxidase 1 rs1050450 polymorphism was present in 41% cases compared with 29% controls (OR=1.66; 95% CI=1.11-2.50; p=0.014). No association was observed between catalase rs1001179 and SOD2 rs4880 polymorphisms and keratoconus (for all, p>0.05). Conclusions: This study evaluated possible relationships between rs1050450, rs1001179, and rs4880 polymorphisms and keratoconus susceptibility. We found a possible association between glutathione peroxidase 1 rs1050450 polymorphism and an increased risk of keratoconus. However, the genotype and allele frequencies were identical in the catalase rs1001179 and superoxide dismutase 2 rs4880 polymorphisms. Further studies are needed to analyze the effect of such variations in identifying keratoconus susceptibility.


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar as possíveis associações entre o ceratocone e os polimorfismos rs1001179 da catalase, rs4880 da superóxido-dismutase 2 e rs1050450 da glutationa-peroxidase 1 rs1050450 em uma população turca. Métodos: O grupo de estudo incluiu 121 pacientes com ceratocone não relacionados e 94 controles saudáveis também sem pa rentesco. Amostra de sangue (200 mL) foram coletadas de todos os pacientes e controle para isolar o DNA genômico. A genotipagem foi realizada para identificar rs1001179, rs4880 e rs1050450 utilizando a reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR) em tempo real. As frequências de genótipos e alelos foram calculadas, suas associações com o risco de ceratocone foram avaliadas, e a associação com risco de ceratocone e fatores demográficos foi examinada. Resultados: O polimorfismo da glutationa-peroxidase 1 rs1050450 estava presente em 41% dos casos, comparado com 29% dos controles (OR=1,66, IC 95%=1,11-2,50; p=0,014). Não foi observada associação entre o ceratocone e os polimorfismos rs1001179 e SOD2 rs4880 da catalase (para todos, p>0,05). Conclusões: Este estudo avaliou possíveis relações entre os polimorfismos rs1001179, rs4880 e suscetibilidade a cerato cone. Encontramos uma possível associação entre po limorfis mo da glutationa-peroxidase 1 rs1050450 e um risco aumentado de ceratocone. No entanto, o genótipo e as frequências alélicas foram idênticas nos polimorfismos rs1001179 da catalase e superóxido-dismutase 2 rs4880. Mais estudos são necessários para esclarecer o efeito dessas va riações na detecção da sus cetibilidade ao ceratocone.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Glutathione Peroxidase/genetics , Keratoconus/genetics , Reference Values , Superoxide Dismutase/genetics , Turkey , Catalase/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Risk Factors , Genetic Association Studies , Genotyping Techniques , Gene Frequency
19.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(4): 367-371, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055179

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is the fourth most common cause of worldwide cancer. Also in contrast to the huge advances in curing, the chance of living is very low even in surgery cases. Having a genetic predisposition plays an important role in cancer development. The association between Metallothionein-2A gene polymorphisms and the risk of adenocarcinoma has been widely studied, yet there is only one study on stomach diseases. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to investigate the association between 2 (MT-2A) polymorphisms and adenocarcinoma. METHODS: This cross-sectional case control study was performed between Mach 2014 and January 2015 at the Tuba Hospital of Sari, Iran. Peripheral blood samples were collected in EDTA tube. DNA extraction was performed using the spin column procedure. The MT-2A polymorphisms MT-2A (rs1610216), (rs28366003) were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis in 95 a topic adenocarcinoma patients and 90 healthy individuals from Iranian population. RESULTS: The MT-2A rs1610216 polymorphism increased the risk of adeno carcinoma in our Iranian population [OR: 3.8533; 95%CI, 1.3155-11.2869; P=0.0139] and rs28366003 [OR: 4.0978; 95%CI, 1.2521-13.4108; P=0.0197]. CONCLUSION: The MT-2A gene polymorphism was associated with the risk of adenocarcinoma in the Iranian population.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: O câncer gástrico é a quarta causa mais comum de câncer em todo o mundo. Também em contraste com os enormes avanços na cura, a chance de viver é muito baixa, mesmo em casos de cirurgia. Ter uma predisposição genética desempenha um papel importante no desenvolvimento do câncer. A associação entre polimorfismos do gene metalotioneína-2A e o risco de adenocarcinoma tem sido amplamente estudada, mas há apenas um estudo sobre doenças estomacais. OBJETIVO: Neste estudo, objetivou-se investigar a associação entre 2 (MT-2A) polimorfismos e adenocarcinoma. MÉTODOS: Um estudo de controle de caso transversal foi realizado entre março de 2014 e janeiro de 2015 no hospital Tuba, Sari, Irã. Amostras de sangue periférico foram coletadas em tubo EDTA. A extração do ADN foi executada usando o procedimento da coluna da rotação. Os polimorfismos MT-2a MT-2A (rs1610216), (rs28366003) foram determinados pela análise do polimorfismo do comprimento do fragmento da reação-limitação de cadeia da polimerase em 95 pacientes com adenocarcinoma tópico e em 90 indivíduos saudáveis da população iraniana. RESULTADOS: O polimorfismo MT-2A rs1610216 aumentou o risco de adenocarcinoma de em nossa população iraniana. [OR: 3,8533; 95%CI, 1,3155-11,2869; P=0,0139] e rs28366003 [OR: 4,0978; 95%CI, 1,2521-13,4108; P=0,0197]. CONCLUSÃO: O polimorfismo do gene MT-2A foi associado ao risco de adenocarcinoma na população iraniana.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Adenocarcinoma/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Metallothionein/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Case-Control Studies , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Cross-Sectional Studies , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Genotype , Middle Aged
20.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(5): 560-564, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039283

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Sensorineural hearing loss is a common challenge all over the world, including a section of the young population. While there have been many published reports associating glutamate metabotropic receptor 7 with sensorineural hearing loss, there is no report, till date, about the association of glutamate metabotropic receptor 7 polymorphisms with sensorineural hearing loss at different ages. Objective: To test the association between the single nucleotide polymorphisms rs11928865 and rs11920109 of the glutamate metabotropic receptor 7 with sensorineural hearing loss in adults of different age groups. Methods: A total of 1661 subjects were studied. The individuals aged between 30 and 50, and between 51 and 70 years with sensorineural hearing loss comprised group A and group B, respectively. Individuals aged between 30 and 50; and between 51 and 70 years without hearing loss comprised control groups C and D, respectively. The MassARRAY method was used to analyze the genotypes. Results: The difference in genotypes for the glutamate metabotropic receptor 7 rs11928865 single nucleotide polymorphism between patients in the groups B and D was statistically significant (p = 0.018). The distribution frequencies of genotypes in patients that were aged between 30 and 50 years were not significantly different. The difference in genotypes for the rs11920109 single nucleotide polymorphism between the sensorineural hearing loss groups and control groups showed no statistical significance. Conclusion: The rs11928865 single nucleotide polymorphism was associated with the susceptibility to hearing loss in patients in group B but not with those in group A.


Resumo Introdução: A perda auditiva neurossensorial é um desafio comum no mundo todo, inclui uma parte da população jovem. Embora haja muitos relatos que associem o gene do receptor metabotrópico de glutamato 7 com perda auditiva neurossensorial, não há relato, até a presente data, sobre a associação de polimorfismos do receptor metabotrópico de glutamato 7 com perda auditiva neurossensorial em diferentes faixas etárias. Objetivo: Testar a associação entre os polimorfismos de nucleotídeo único, rs11928865 e rs11920109 do receptor metabotrópico de glutamato 7 e perda auditiva neurossensorial em adultos de diferentes faixas etárias. Método: Um total de 1661 indivíduos foram estudados. Os indivíduos com idade entre 30 e 50 anos e entre 51 e 70 anos com perda auditiva neurossensorial constituíram o grupo A e o grupo B, respectivamente. Indivíduos com idade entre 30 e 50 anos; e entre 51 e 70 anos sem perda auditiva foram os grupos controle C e D, respectivamente. O método MassARRAY foi utilizado para analisar os genótipos. Resultados: A diferença nos genótipos para o polimorfismo de nucleotídeo único rs11928865 do gene receptor metabotrópico de glutamato 7 entre os pacientes dos Grupos B e D foi estatisticamente significante (p = 0,018). As frequências de distribuição dos genótipos nos pacientes entre 30 e 50 anos não foram significantemente diferentes. A diferença nos genótipos para o polimorfismo de nucleotídeo único rs11920109 entre os grupos com perda auditiva neurossensorial e os grupos controle não mostrou significância estatística. Conclusão: O polimorfismo de nucleotídeo único rs11928865 foi associado à suscetibilidade para perda auditiva em pacientes do grupo B, mas não àqueles do grupo A.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Receptors, Metabotropic Glutamate/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Age Factors , Age Distribution , Gene Frequency , Genotype
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