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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(6): 1837-1845, dic. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528786

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The potential anti-inflammatory and antifibrotic activity of polyphenolic extracts of blueberry and grape was evaluated in a mouse model of lung damage induced by subcutaneous administration of bleomycin. The results of testing the polyphenolic extracts on two different systemic administration variants of bleomycin (intraperitoneal and subcutaneous) were compared. It was found that regardless of the method of bleomycin administration, indirect cross-acute and subacute damage to the pulmonary system was observed. Both patterns exhibited the same prevalence and severity. The administration of polyphenolic extracts of blueberry and grape to mice resulted in a significant decrease in theseverity of acute and subacute patterns of lung damage, suggesting their protective properties for the microcirculatory bed and a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect.


La potencial actividad antiinflamatoria y antifibrótica de los extractos polifenólicos de arándano y uva se evaluó en un modelo de daño pulmonar en ratón inducido por la administración subcutánea de bleomicina. Se compararon los resultados de las pruebas de los extractos polifenólicos en dos variantes diferentes de administración sistémica de bleomicina (intraperitoneal y subcutánea). Se encontró que, independientemente del método de administración de bleomicina, se observaba daño indirecto cruzado, agudo y subagudo al sistema pulmonar. Ambos patrones exhibieron la misma prevalencia y gravedad. La administración de extractos polifenólicos de arándano y uva a ratones dio como resultado una disminución significativa en la gravedad de los patrones agudos y subagudos de daño pulmonar, lo que sugiere sus propiedades protectoras del lecho micro- circulatorio y un efecto antiinflamatorio pronunciado.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Bleomycin/toxicity , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Lung Injury/chemically induced , Lung Injury/drug therapy , Polyphenols/administration & dosage , Blueberry Plants/chemistry , Vitis/chemistry , Disease Models, Animal , Lung Injury/pathology , Lung/drug effects , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(1): 51-58, feb. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430524

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: An experimental morphological and morphometric study of the antifibrotic function of blueberry and grape extracts was carried out on a model of lung injury in mice induced by intraperitoneal administration of bleomycin. During intraperitoneal administration of bleomycin to mice, acute and subacute damage to the pulmonary system was noted. Both patterns had the same prevalence and severity. The administration of polyphenolic extracts of blueberry and grape to mice showed a significant reduction in the severity of the acute and subacute pattern of lung injury. Blueberry and grape extracts reduce the acute phase of damage to the microvasculature, enhance phagocytic function, have an anti-inflammatory effect, reducing the degree of lymphohistiocytic infiltration and locoregional foci of residual inflammatory effects.


Se realizó un estudio experimental morfológico y morfométrico de la función antifibrótica de extractos de arándano y uva en un modelo de lesión pulmonar en ratones inducida por la administración intraperitoneal de bleomicina. Durante la administración intraperitoneal de bleomicina a ratones, se observaron daños agudos y subagudos en el sistema pulmonar. Ambos patrones tuvieron la misma prevalencia y severidad. La administración de extractos polifenólicos de arándano y uva a ratones mostró una reducción significativa en la severidad del patrón agudo y subagudo de lesión pulmonar. Los extractos de arándano y uva reducen la fase aguda del daño a la microvasculatura, mejoran la función fagocítica, tienen un efecto antiinflamatorio, reducen el grado de infiltración linfohistiocítica y los focos locorregionales de efectos inflamatorios residuales.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Pulmonary Fibrosis/drug therapy , Bleomycin/toxicity , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Blueberry Plants/chemistry , Polyphenols/administration & dosage , Antifibrotic Agents/administration & dosage , Pulmonary Fibrosis/chemically induced , Disease Models, Animal , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/toxicity
3.
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(4): 1-12, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1516483

ABSTRACT

Objective: to investigate the effect of two natural cross-linkers on microtensile bond strength (µTBS) and evaluate their influence on the durability of the resin dentin bonds. Material and Methods: the Moringa oleifera and Centella asiatica plant extracts were qualitatively tested with high-performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) for the presence of phenols. The phenolic content ranged from 27 to 30 gallic acid equivalents (GAE), µg/mg of dry weight. After etching, two concentrations (5% and 1%) of these two extracts were prepared and used as pretreatment liners on dentin. They were applied for a min. After restoration with resin composite, dentin resin beams were prepared. The study groups were 5% Moringa, 1% Moringa 5% Centella 1% Centella, and control (without cross-linker application). For each group, half of the samples underwent µTBS testing after 24 hours, while the remaining half were immersed in artificial saliva to assess the bond's longevity after 6 months of ageing. Statistical analysis was performed using one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's post hoc test. Results: both 5% and 1% Moringa showed a significant difference (p<0.05) compared to the other groups at both intervals. However, after ageing, the specimens in the control and 1% Centella groups resulted in a significant decrease in µTBS. Conclusion: overall, both concentrations of Moringa (5% and 1%) were effective in stabilising the bond during both intervals.(AU)


Objetivo: investigar o efeito de dois reticuladores naturais na resistência de união (µTBS) à microtração e avaliar sua influência na durabilidade da adesão da resina à dentina. Material e Métodos: extratos das plantas Moringa oleifera e Centella asiatica foram qualitativamente testados através de cromatografia em camada fina de alta performance (HPTLC) para a presença de fenóis. O conteúdo fenólico alcançou entre 27 a 30 equivalentes de ácido gálico (GAE), µg/mg de peso seco. Após o condicionamento, duas concentrações (5% e 1%) dos extratos foram preparadas e utilizadas como forros de pré-tratamento em dentina. Eles foram aplicados por um minuto. Após a restauração com resina composta, palitos de dentina e resina foram preparados. Os grupos foram 5% Moringa, 1% Moringa, 5% Centella, 1% Centella e controle (sem aplicação de reticulador). Para cada grupo, metade das amostras foram submetidas ao teste µTBS após 24 horas, enquanto a outra metade foi imersa em saliva artificial para avaliar a longevidade adesiva após 6 meses de envelhecimento. Foi realizada análise estatística através de ANOVA 1-fator, seguido do teste post hoc de Tukey. Resultados: ambas as concentrações de 5% e 1% de Moringa demonstraram diferença significativa (p<0.05) comparadas aos outros grupos em ambos os intervalos. No entanto, após o envelhecimento, os espécimes dos geupos controle e 1% de Centella resultaram em uma redução significativa de µTBS. Conclusão: no geral, ambas as concentrações de Moringa (5% e 1%) foram efetivas em estabelecer a adesão em ambos os intervalos (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentin-Bonding Agents/analysis , Composite Resins/analysis , Cross-Linking Reagents/analysis , Centella/chemistry , Moringa oleifera/chemistry , Flavonoids/chemistry , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Tooth Injuries , Fibrillar Collagens/metabolism , Polyphenols/chemistry
4.
São Paulo; s.n; 2023. 212 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551503

ABSTRACT

Os polifenóis presentes nos alimentos podem contribuir para promoção e proteção da saúde mental, com a redução dos sintomas depressivos, modulação da inflamação e neuroplasticidade. A saúde mental é um importante problema de saúde pública, pelo seu impacto na qualidade de vida, comprometimento biopsicossocial, funcional e econômico. O guaraná, um produto brasileiro rico em polifenóis, com propriedades estimulantes devido ao elevado conteúdo de cafeína, catequina, epicatequina e proantocianidinas possui potencial de promoção de melhoria em sintomas relacionados a saúde mental e seus biomarcadores. Objetivo: Investigar a relação do consumo de alimentos e sintomas depressivos, bem como avaliar o efeito do guaraná em pó na modulação do fator neurotrófico derivado do cérebro e citocinas relacionadas a inflamação e nos sintomas depressivos em adultos jovens. Métodos: Realizou-se uma pesquisa online com 1.004 brasileiros, em 2020, avaliando a mudança no consumo de alimentos e sintomas de estresse, ansiedade e depressão autorrelatados. Posteriormente, foi desenvolvida uma intervenção, aleatorizada, triplo-cego, placebo-controlada com jovens adultos saudáveis, divididos nos grupos guaraná (n=13) e placebo (n=14), com ingestão de 3g diárias de guaraná em pó ou farinha de amido, durante 8 semanas. Foram aplicados questionários socioeconômicos e de estilo de vida, de sintomas depressivos e realizadas coleta de sangue no início no experimento, após 4 semanas e 8 semanas de intervenção, posteriormente foram analisados no plasma, os biomarcadores inflamatórios e o fator neurotrófico derivado do cérebro. Resultados: Os dados foram apresentados na produção de quatro artigos. No primeiro artigo, apresentou-se a relação entre mecanismos na produção de neurotransmissores e fatores neurotróficos e aumento de citocinas pró-inflamatórias e síntese de monoaminas e neurotrofina. Este discute que os polifenóis têm demonstrado um papel importante, principalmente catequinas, em atenuar a inflamação, e podem auxiliar na modulação das vias envolvidas nos sintomas depressivos. No segundo artigo foi observado que a diminuição no consumo de vegetais, legumes e frutas foram associados a sintomas de estresse, ansiedade ou depressão. No terceiro artigo fez-se um panorama geral da população da intervenção, observando-se que 55% dos voluntários eram do sexo biológico feminino, com idade média de 28 anos, peso corporal médio de 79kg, apresentavam excesso de peso, e índice de massa corporal de cerca de 28,12 kg/m². Foi observada uma taxa de retenção de 71,4% e 76,9% para os grupos controle e intervenção, respectivamente. Por conseguinte, no quarto artigo, observou-se uma diferença significativa de aumento do fator neurotrófico derivado do cérebro após quatro e oito semanas de intervenção entre os grupos guaraná e placebo, bem como a atenuação dos marcadores inflamatórios TNF-alfa e interleucina-6. Conclusão: O consumo de alimentos de origem vegetal, em especial frutas nativas ricas em compostos fenólicos, foi associado a menor intensidade de sintomas depressivos em adultos. Em paralelo, o aumento plasmático do fator neurotrófico derivado do cérebro e atenuação da inflamação foram associados ao consumo do guaraná em pó por jovens adultos.


The polyphenols present in foods can contribute to the promotion and protection of mental health, with the reduction of depressive symptoms, modulation of inflammation and neuroplasticity. Mental health is an important public health problem, due to its impact on quality of life, biopsychosocial, functional and economic impairment. Guarana, a Brazilian product rich in polyphenols, with stimulating properties due to its high content of caffeine, catechin, epicatechin and proanthocyanidins, has the potential to promote improvement in symptoms related to mental health and its biomarkers. Aim: To investigate the relationship between food consumption and depressive symptoms, as well as to evaluate the effect of guarana powder on the modulation of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and cytokines related to inflammation and depressive symptoms in young adults. Methods: An online survey was carried out with 1,004 Brazilians, in 2020, assessing the change in food consumption and self-reported symptoms of stress, anxiety and depression. Subsequently, a randomized, triple-blind, placebo-controlled intervention was developed with young healthy adults, divided into guarana (n=13) and placebo (n=14) groups, with a daily intake of 3g of guarana powder or flour. starch for 8 weeks. Socioeconomic and lifestyle questionnaires, depressive symptoms were applied and blood samples were collected at the beginning of the experiment, after 4 weeks and 8 weeks of intervention. Subsequently, plasma, inflammatory biomarkers and brain-derived neurotrophic factor were analyzed. Results: The data was presented in the production of four articles. In the first article presented the relationship between mechanisms in the production of neurotransmitters and neurotrophic factors and the increase in pro-inflammatory cytokines and synthesis of monoamines and neurotrophins. This discusses that polyphenols have demonstrated an important role, mainly catechins, in attenuating inflammation, and may help modulate pathways involved in depressive symptoms. In the second article, it was observed that the decrease in the consumption of vegetables, legumes and fruits were associated with symptoms of stress, anxiety or depression. In the third article, an overview of the intervention population was made, noting that 55% of the volunteers were female biological sex, with an average age of 28 years, average body weight of 79kg, were overweight, and mass index body weight of around 28.12 kg/m². A retention rate of 71.4% and 76.9% was observed for the control and intervention groups, respectively. Therefore, in the fourth article, a significant difference in the increase of brain-derived neurotrophic factor was observed after four and eight weeks of intervention between the guarana and placebo groups, as well as the attenuation of the inflammatory markers TNF-alpha and interleukin-6. Conclusion: Consumption of plant-based foods, especially native fruits rich in phenolic compounds, was associated with lower intensity of depressive symptoms in adults. In parallel, an increase in plasma brain-derived neurotrophic factor and attenuation of inflammation were associated with the consumption of guarana powder by young adults.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Catechin , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Paullinia/drug effects , Depression , Polyphenols , Phytochemicals , Inflammation , Mental Health , Young Adult
5.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e21570, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1429960

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study investigated the changes in the ingredients in Fallopia multiflora Thunb. Haraldson (FMT) root after processing it with different methods such as soaking, stewing, and steaming or combined methods. The total polyphenol, 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilben-2-O-ß-D-glucoside (THSG), and physcion contents in FMT products after processing were determined using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and ultraviolet-visible (UV-VIS) methods. The results demonstrated that the processing method and time significantly affected the contents of polyphenol, THSG, and physcion. The physcion and total polyphenol content increased or decreased during processing depending upon the processing time, while the THSG content gradually decreased with an increase in the processing time. The content of physcion (a substance that can cause liver toxicity) was analysed, and the suitable conditions for processing of the FMT products were determined as initial soaking in rice swill for 24 h and subsequent stewing with black beans and water for 12 h


Subject(s)
Fallopia multiflora/genetics , Methods , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Polyphenols/agonists , Liver/abnormalities
6.
Journal of Medicine University of Santo Tomas ; (2): 1310-1316, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998862

ABSTRACT

@#Higher dietary intake of polyphenols is associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events and mortality. However, these phytochemicals are predominantly present in fruits and vegetables, which are inadequately consumed by some populations, including Filipinos. This narrative mini-review explores the potential role of polyphenol-containing pigmented rice consumption in modulating risk through a range of mechanisms identified in animal studies. Further, human studies have demonstrated promising but inconsistent effects on risk factors associated with the development of CVD, such as dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia, overweight and obesity. Therefore, this review identifies the need for more clinical trials to examine the effect of pigmented rice on CVD risk factors.


Subject(s)
Cholesterol , Glucose , Polyphenols
7.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: 1-11, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1468831

ABSTRACT

Species of the genus Cordia have shown biological activities, such as anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antioxidant, antiviral, and antifungal activities. The species Cordia glabrata (MART) A.DC. Has no information concerning its phytochemical profile and possible biological activities. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate this profile in ethanolic extracts of young, adult and senescent leaves, as well as their antioxidant, photoprotective, antimicrobial, and virucidal potentials. Phytochemical analysis was performed by TLC (thin-layer chromatography) and showed the presence of flavonoids, tannins, and terpenes. The evaluation by UPLC-MS/MS (Ultra performance liquid chromatography - tandem mass spectrometer) evidenced the presence of caffeic (3.89 mgL-¹), p-cumaric (6.13 mgL-¹), and ferulic (0.58 mgL-¹) acids, whilst, in GC/MS (Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry) analysis there was a greater amount of palmitic (51.17%), stearic (20.34%), linoleic (9.62%), and miristic (8.16%) fatty acids. The DPPH (2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) and ABTS+ (2′-Azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)) radicals were used to verify the potential antioxidant activity, observing a better activity for the leaf extract in the adult phenological stage: 54.63 ± 1.06 µgmL-¹ (DPPH) and 44.21 ± 1.69 mM (ABTS). The potential photoprotective activity of the extracts was determined by spectrophotometry and the in vitro values of SPF (Sun Protection Factor) in young and adult leaves (5.47 and 5.41, respectively) showed values close to the minimum SPF of 6.0 required by ANVISA (Brazilian Health Regulatory Agency). It was not observed an antimicrobial activity for Staphylococcus aureus with a minimum inhibitory concentration of 2000 µgmL-¹, however the anti-herpetic assay against the Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) showed a potent virucidal activity at the tested concentrations with CV50 value <0.195 µgmL-¹ and a Selectivity Index (SI = CC50 / CV50) greater than 448. The results [...].


Espécies do gênero Cordia apresentam atividades biológicas, como anti-inflamatória, analgésica, antioxidante, antiviral e antifúngica. Para a espécie Cordia glabrata (MART) A.DC., ainda não existem informações sobre seu perfil fitoquímico e possíveis atividades biológicas, deste modo, o presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar este perfil em extratos etanólicos de folhas jovens, adultas e senescentes, bem como o potencial antioxidante, fotoprotetor, antimicrobiano e virucida. A análise fitoquímica foi realizada por CCD (Cromatografia em Camada Delgada), mostrando a presença de flavonóides, taninos e terpenos. Na avaliação por CLAE EM/EM (Cromatografia Líquida de Ultra Eficiência acoplada a Espectrometria de Massas) foi evidenciado a presença dos ácidos caféico (3,89 mgL-¹), p-cumárico (6,13 mgL-¹) e ferúlico (0,58 mgL-¹), paralelamente, na CG/EM (Cromatografia Gasosa acoplada a Espectrometria de Massas) verificou-se maior quantidade dos ácidos graxos palmítico (51,17%), esteárico (20,34%), linoléico (9,62%) e mirístico (8,16%). Os radicais DPPH (2,2-Difenil-1-picrilhidrazil) e ABTS+ (2′-Azino-bis (ácido 3-etilbenzotiazolina-6-sulfônico)) foram utilizados para verificar o potencial antioxidante, observando se uma atividade superior para o extrato da folha em sua fase fenológica adulta: 54,63 ± 1,06 µgmL-¹ (DPPH) e 44,21 ± 1,69 mM (ABTS+). A potencial atividade fotoprotetora dos extratos foi determinada espectrofotometricamente e os valores in vitro de FPS (Fator de Proteção Solar) em folhas jovens e adultas (5,47 e 5,41 respectivamente) apresentaram valores próximos ao FPS mínimo de 6,0 exigido pela ANVISA (Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária). Não foi observada atividade antimicrobiana para Staphylococcus aureus sendo a concentração inibitória mínima de 2000 µgmL-¹, no entanto o ensaio anti-herpético contra o vírus Herpes simplex tipo 2 (HSV-2) mostrou uma potente atividade virucida nas concentrações testadas [...].


Subject(s)
Anti-Infective Agents/analysis , Antioxidants/analysis , Phytochemicals/analysis , Phytochemicals/biosynthesis , Cordia/chemistry , Chromatography/methods , Polyphenols/analysis , In Vitro Techniques
8.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(3): 1-12, jun. 30, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1427927

ABSTRACT

Objetive: To evaluate the correlation between salivary biomarkers (the salivary antioxidant ability, salivary level of polyphenols, and other antioxidants) with plaque-induced gingivitis exacerbated by pregnancy in pregnant and nonpregnant women. Material and Methods: For this observational study, medical records, dental examinations, and analyses of saliva samples were carried out in pregnant and nonpregnant women. A p-value of <0.05 was considered significant. Results: The pregnant women (n =17) exhibited a lower antioxidant capacity (p-value=0.0041), higher levels of polyphenols, gingival index, bleeding on probing, and subjects consuming mineral-enriched products (p-value from <0.0001 to 0.0466), and unchanged levels of phosphotungstic acid reactive substances, proteins, oral hygienic habits, plaque index and probing depth (p-value from 0.0683 to 0.8358), in comparison with the nonpregnant women (n=9). Also, a positive correlation between the gingival index and salivary polyphenol content was observed (r-value = 0.4087, p-value = 0.0202). Conclusion: The salivary polyphenols correlate with plaque-induced gingivitis exacerbated by pregnancy, suggesting a deficiency of salivary antioxidant protection.


Objetivo: Evaluar la correlación entre los biomarcadores salivales (la capacidad antioxidante salival, el nivel salival de polifenoles y otros antioxidantes) con la gingivitis inducida por placa exacerbada por el embarazo en mujeres embarazadas y no embarazadas. Material y Métodos: Para este estudio observacional, se realizaron registros médicos, exámenes dentales y análisis de muestras de saliva en mujeres embarazadas y no embarazadas. Se consideró significativo un valor de p<0,05. Resultados: Las gestantes (n=17) presentaron menor capacidad antioxidante (p=0,0041), mayores niveles de polifenoles, índice gingival, sangrado al sondaje y los sujetos que consumían productos enriquecidos con minerales (p<0,0001 a p<0,0466), y no hubo diferencias en los niveles de sustancias reactivas al ácido fosfotúngstico, proteínas, hábitos de higiene bucal, índice de placa y profundidad de sondaje (p=0,0683 a 0,8358), en comparación con las mujeres no embarazadas (n=19). Además, se observó una correlación positiva entre el índice gingival y elcontenido de polifenoles salivales (r = 0,4087, p= 0,0202). Conclusión: Los polifenoles salivales se correlacionan con la gingivitis inducida por placa y exacerbada por el embarazo, lo que sugiere una deficiencia de protección antioxidante salival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Saliva/immunology , Biomarkers/analysis , Gingivitis/immunology , Polyphenols , Antioxidants
9.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 38: e38009, Jan.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361654

ABSTRACT

Gaharu leaf extract produces yield extraction, phenol compound, and antibacterial activity in diverse quantities. The purpose of this research was to investigate the influence of the extraction method and type of solvent on the extractability of the polyphenol component and the antibacterial activity of gaharu leaves. Extraction was done through maceration and Soxhlet methods by using solvents of hexane, ethyl acetate, and ethanol. The extraction result showed that the highest yield value of 18.4% was found on the treatment of a combination of ethanol solvent and Soxhlet method. The total content of phenol and tannin of gaharu leaf extract was in the range of 11.2 to 18.62mg. mL-1 and 12.82 to 13.41%, respectively. Antibacterial activity of gaharu leaf extract on the Gram-positive test of Staphylococcus aureus was higher than that of the Gram-negative test of Escherichia coli having a value of zone of inhibition in the range of 5.33 to 6.33 mm and 4.00 to 5.00 mm, respectively.


Subject(s)
Thymelaeaceae , Polyphenols , Anti-Bacterial Agents
10.
Rev. Investig. Salud. Univ. Boyacá ; 9(2): 194-213, 20220000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1445041

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los polifenoles son compuestos que se encuentran naturalmente en alimentos como frutas, verduras, té, vino y chocolates, a los que se les atribuyen beneficios a la salud humana por su capacidad antioxidante. El cáncer de las vías digestivas se encuentra entre la tercera y quinta causas de muerte para la población, por lo que se ha incrementado el interés por realizar los estudios dirigidos a encontrar compuestos polifenólicos que ayuden en su prevención o tratamiento. Objetivo: Identificar las estrategias disponibles para la evaluación de polifenoles en células de cáncer de vías digestivas. Metodología: Búsqueda de literatura en bases de datos como Ovid, Pubmed, Science Direct y Elsevier Journal. Se seleccionaron artículos en los cuales se reporta el efecto biológico de los polifenoles sobre líneas celulares de cáncer de vías digestivas publicados entre 2012 y 2022. Resultados: Varios estudios han reportado el uso de un buen número de líneas celulares como modelos in vitropara estudios de polifenoles en cáncer y han resaltado las líneas AGS y HT-29, además de técnicas para la caracterización de los polifenoles, como el ensayo 2,2-Difenil-I-Picril Hidrazilo (DPPH). Sin embargo, para evaluar el efecto biológico se identifican diversas pruebas que deben analizarse antes de su implementación. Conclusiones: En la literatura se identifica que existen varias alternativas y estrategias para la evaluación de extrac-tos vegetales en cultivos in vitro de cáncer de vías digestivas; no obstante, antes de pasar al diseño experimental, deben tenerse en cuenta una serie de consideraciones para garantizar la utilidad de los resultados.


Introduction: Polyphenols are compounds naturally found in foods such as fruits, vegetables, tea, wine and chocolates, and it was attributed with benefits to human health due to their antioxidant capacity. Cancer of the digestive tract is between the third and fifth cause of death for the population, increasing the interest in carrying out studies aimed at finding polyphenolic compounds that help in their prevention or treatment. Objective: Identify the available strategies for the evaluation of polyphenols in digestive tract cancer cells. Method: A literature search was performed in databases such Ovid, Pubmed, Science Direct and Elsevier Journal and selected articles reporting the biological effect of polyphenols on digestive tract cancer cell lines, published between 2012 and 2022. Results: Currently studies report the use of a good number of cell lines as in vitro models for poly-phenol studies in cancer highlighting the AGS and HT-29 lines, in addition to techniques for the characterization of polyphenols such as the α, α-diphenyl-ß-picrylhydrazyl DPPH assay, however, to evaluate the biological effect various tests are identified that should be analyzed before implemen-tation. Conclusions: The literature identifies that there are many alternatives and strategies for the evaluation of plant extracts in in vitro cultures of digestive tract cancer, however, before moving on to the experimental design, a number of considerations should be taken into account to ensure the usability of the results


Introdução: Os polifenóis são compostos encontrados naturalmente em alimentos como frutas, legumes, chá, vinho e chocolates, aos quais são atribuídos benefícios para a saúde humana devido à sua capacidade antioxidante. O câncer do sistema digestivo está entre a terceira e a quinta principais causas de morte na população, o que levou a um interesse crescente em estudos destinados a encon-trar compostos polifenólicos que ajudem a prevenir ou tratar esse tipo de câncer. Objetivo: Identificar as estratégias disponíveis para a avaliação dos polifenóis nas células cancerosas do sistema digestivo. Metodologia: Pesquisa bibliográfica em bases de dados como Ovid, Pubmed, Science Direct e Elsevier Journal. Foram selecionados artigos que relatam o efeito biológico dos polifenóis em linhas celulares de câncer do sistema digestivo, publicados entre 2012 e 2022. Resultados: Vários estudos relataram a utilização de várias linhas celulares como modelos in vitro para estudos de polifenóis no câncer destacando as linhas AGS e HT-29, bem como técnicas para a ca-racterização de polifenóis, como o ensaio 2,2-Difenil-I-Picril Hidrazil (DPPH). No entanto, para avaliar o efeito biológico, são identificados vários testes que devem ser analisados antes da sua aplicação. Conclusões: A literatura identifica que existem várias alternativas e estratégias para a avaliação de extratos de plantas em culturas in vitro de câncer do sistema digestivo; no entanto, antes de passar à concepção experimental, é necessário ter em conta uma série de considerações para garantir a uti-lidade dos resultados


Subject(s)
Neoplasms , In Vitro Techniques , Plant Extracts , Gastrointestinal Tract , Polyphenols , Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity
11.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 512-520, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928996

ABSTRACT

Areca catechu L. medicinal materials and their preparations are widely used in clinical practice. Betelnut polyphenol is one of the main chemical components with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial effects. With continuous increase of high altitude activities, tissue oxidative damage caused by high altitude hypoxia seriously affects the ability to work, and the studies on anti-hypoxia drugs are particularly important. Recent studies have shown that betelnut polyphenols have protective effects on oxidative stress injury caused by hypoxia via improving blood gas index of hypoxic organism, increasing superoxide dismutase glutathione catalase activity, and scavenging excessive free radicals. The effects of betelnut polyphenols against hypoxia and oxidative damage protection suggest that betelnut polyphenols can be used as potential anti-hypoxia drugs and posses clinical prospects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Areca/chemistry , Hypoxia , Oxidative Stress , Polyphenols/pharmacology , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism
12.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: 1-8, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1468430

ABSTRACT

Resveratrol, a natural polyphenol found in tempeh, has not been investigated especially in vitro as a neuroprotective agent against 2-methoxyethanol (2-ME)-induced beta-amyloid cytotoxicity. Beta amyloid peptides (Aβ) could initiate neurotoxic events and neuron-inflammatory response via microglial activation. However, it remains unknown whether the neurotoxic effect of beta-amyloid and/or associated with the potential of 2-ME to induce neurotoxic effects on primary culture of nerve cells induced by 2-ME. This study investigated potential neuroprotective of trans-resveratrol a promising agent tempeh and soybean seed coats-derived against beta amyloid cytotoxicity on primary culture of nerve cells induced by 2-methoxyethanol. Biotium and MTT assays were used to analyze neurons, which were isolated from the cerebral cortex of fetal mice at gestation day 19 (GD-19). A standard solution of 2-methoxyethanol was dosed at 10 μL. The cultured cells were randomly divided into the following groups: (1) 2-ME group + resveratrol standard, (2) 2-ME group + resveratrol isolated from tempeh, (3) 2-ME group + resveratrol isolated from soybean seed coats, and (4) the control group, without the addition of either 2-ME or resveratrol. Exposure of the primary cortical neuron cells to beta-amyloid monoclonal antibody pre-incubated for 24 h with 10 µL of 4.2 µg/mL resveratrol and 7.5 mmol/l 2-methoxy-ethanol additions. Here, we report that the addition of 2-ME and resveratrol (standard and isolated from tempeh) of cell culture at concentrations of 1.4, 2.8 and 4.2 µg/mL showed that the majority of neurons grew well. In contrast, after exposure to 2-ME and Beta-amyloid, showed that glial activated. These findings demonstrate a role for resveratrol in neuroprotective-neurorescuing action.


O resveratrol, um polifenol natural encontrado em tempê, não foi investigado apenas in vitro como agente neuroprotetor contra a citotoxicidade beta-amiloide induzida por 2-metoxietanol (2-ME). Os peptídeos beta amiloides (Aβ) podem iniciar eventos neurotóxicos e resposta inflamatória dos neurônios via ativação microglial. No entanto, permanece desconhecido se o efeito neurotóxico do peptídeo beta-amiloide associado ao potencial do 2-ME causa efeitos neurotóxicos na cultura primária de células nervosas induzidas pelo 2-ME. Este estudo investigou o potencial neuroprotetor do agente trans-resveratrol em cascas de sementes de soja e tempê derivadas da citotoxicidade beta-amiloide na cultura primária de células nervosas induzidas pelo 2-metoxietanol. Ensaios de biotium e MTT foram utilizados para analisar os neurônios isolados do córtex cerebral de camundongos fetais no dia da gestação 19 (GD-19). As células cultivadas foram divididas aleatoriamente nos seguintes grupos: (1) grupo 2-ME + padrão de resveratrol; (2) grupo 2-ME + resveratrol isolado de tempê; (3) grupo 2-ME + resveratrol isolado de cascas de sementes de soja; e (4) grupo controle, sem a adição de 2-ME ou resveratrol. Houve exposição das células primárias dos neurônios corticais ao anticorpo monoclonal beta-amiloide pré-incubado por 24 horas, com 10 µL de 4,2 µg/mL de resveratrol, e adições de 7,5 mmol/l de 2-metoxietanol. A adição de 2-ME e resveratrol (padrão e isolado do tempê) da cultura de células nas concentrações de 1,4, 2,8 e 4,2 µg/mL mostrou que a maioria dos neurônios cresceu bem. Por outro lado, após a exposição ao 2-ME e beta-amiloide, a glia foi ativada. Esses achados demonstram um papel do resveratrol na ação neuroprotetora e de neurorresgate.


Subject(s)
Neuroprotective Agents/analysis , Polyphenols/adverse effects , Polyphenols/toxicity , Resveratrol/adverse effects , Resveratrol/therapeutic use , Seeds , Soybeans
13.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: 1-6, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1468523

ABSTRACT

Plants possess a renewable source of metabolites with enormous chemical structural diversity, which may have potential therapeutic relevance. Furthermore, this chemical diversity favors the possibility of finding new and different chemical constituents with antimicrobial, antioxidant and anti-tumor activities. This work analyzed preliminary phytochemical profiles and evaluated the antimicrobial, antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of hexane extracts of leaves of ten species of the family Melastomataceae. Phytochemical screening was performed using staining methods while total phenols and flavonoids were quantified by spectrophotometry. Antimicrobial activity was evaluated using the disk diffusion method. Antioxidant activity was determined by the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazil (DPPH) method. Toxicity was recorded using the lethality test with Artemia salina Leach (1819). Cytotoxic activity of the extracts was assessed in vitro with acute monocytic leukemia cells (THP-1). Phytochemical analysis detected the presence of tannins, terpenes, steroids, polyphenols and flavonoids and the absence of alkaloids. Clidemia capitellata (Bonpl.) D. Don had the greatest amount of polyphenols (205.95 mg/g ± 4.14) while Clidemia hirta (L.) D. Don had the highest content of total flavonoids (143.99 mg/g ± 4.18). The hexane extracts did not show antimicrobial activity nor toxicity against Artemia salina. The extract of Tibouchina francavillana Cogn. was the most active in sequestering the DPPH radical. The extracts showed cytotoxicity in THP-1 cells with the appearance of apoptotic bodies and cell death. The extracts of Miconia amoena, Clidemia sericea and Clidemia capitellata are non-toxic against Artemia salina and induce the formation of apoptotic bodies and cell death of the THP-1 lineage.


Os vegetais apresentam uma fonte renovável de metabólitos com enorme diversidade química estrutural, os quais podem apresentar potencial relevante na terapêutica, aumentando as possibilidades de encontrar novos e diferentes constituintes químicos com atividades antimicrobiana, antioxidante e antitumoral. Este trabalho analisou o perfil fitoquímico preliminar e as atividades antimicrobiana, antioxidante, citotóxica dos extratos em hexano das folhas de dez espécies da família Melastomataceae. A triagem fitoquímica foi executada utilizando métodos de coloração e quantificação de fenóis e flavonoides totais por espectrofotometria. A atividade antimicrobiana foi realizada pelo método de difusão em disco. A atividade antioxidante foi determinada pelo método 2,2-difenil1-picrilhidrazila (DPPH). A toxicidade foi registrada utilizando o ensaio de letalidade com Artemia salina Leach (1819). A atividade citotóxica dos extratos foi realizada in vitro com células leucêmicas monocítica aguda (THP-1). A análise fitoquímica detectou a presença de taninos, terpenos, esteroides, polifenóis, flavonoides e ausência de alcaloides. A maior quantificação de polifenóis foi da Clidemia capitellata (Bonpl.) D. Don (205,95 mg/g ± 4,14) e o extrato de Clidemia hirta (L.) D. Don apresentou maior teor de flavonoides totais (143,99 mg/g ± 4,18). Os extratos hexânicos não demostraram atividade antimicrobiana e nem toxicidade frente à Artemia salina. O extrato de Tibouchina francavillana Cogn. foi o mais ativo no sequestro do radical DPPH. Os extratos apresentaram citotoxicidade em células THP-1, com visualização de corpos apoptóticos e morte celular. Os extratos de Miconia amoena, Clidemia sericea e Clidemia capitellata são atóxicos contra Artemia salina e induzem a formação de corpos apoptóticos e morte celular da linhagem THP-1.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants/analysis , Phytotherapy , Melastomataceae/chemistry , Melastomataceae/toxicity , Polyphenols/analysis
14.
São Paulo med. j ; 139(6): 615-623, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352286

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Rheumatic diseases (RDs) are a group of pathological conditions characterized by inflammation and functional disability. There is evidence suggesting that regular consumption of polyphenols has therapeutic effects capable of relieving RD symptoms. OBJECTIVE: To synthesize data from randomized controlled trials on administration of polyphenols and their effects on RD activity. DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic review conducted at Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brazil. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in the databases PubMed (Medline), LILACS (BVS), IBECS (BVS), CUMED (BVS), BINACIS (BVS), EMBASE, Web of Science and Cochrane Library and in the grey literature. The present study followed a PRISMA-P checklist. RESULTS: In total, 646 articles were considered potentially eligible, of which 33 were then subjected to complete reading. Out of these, 17 randomized controlled trials articles were selected to form the final sample. Among these 17 articles, 64.71% assessed osteoarthritis (n = 11), 23.53% rheumatoid arthritis (n = 4), 5.88% rheumatoid arthritis and fibromyalgia (n = 1) and 5.88% osteoarthritis and rheumatoid (n = 1). Intake of polyphenol showed positive effects in most of the studies assessed (94.12%): it improved pain (64.70%) and inflammation (58.82%). CONCLUSION: Polyphenols are potential allies for treating RD activity. However, the range of polyphenol sources administered was a limitation of this review, as also was the lack of information about the methodological characteristics of the studies evaluated. Thus, further primary studies are needed in order to evaluate the effects of polyphenol consumption for reducing RD activity. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTER: PROSPERO - CRD42020145349.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rheumatic Diseases/drug therapy , Polyphenols/therapeutic use , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Inflammation
15.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(6): 1649-1659, dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1409680

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El café y su impacto en la salud es un tema en el que resulta válido profundizar. Históricamente, el consumo de café se ha asociado con efectos adversos, como problemas cardiovasculares y varios tipos de cáncer. Pero en gran cantidad de fuentes bibliográficas contemporáneas se enfatiza en los efectos beneficiosos de su consumo, sin mencionar los daños que puede ocasionar a la salud. Se hace esta revisión bibliográfica con el objetivo de profundizar en lo más actualizado sobre los beneficios y perjuicios del consumo del café y su relación con la aparición del cáncer. En la revisión se consultaron artículos de las bases de datos PubMed, SciELO, ClinicalKey y LILACS. Se constató que el consumo de café no se asocia con la aparición de diferentes tipos de cánceres, y que el consumo moderado aporta propiedades protectoras para la salud. Teniendo en cuenta el carácter multifactorial del cáncer, los autores consideran que suponer que el consumo de esta bebida puede impedir carcinogénesis, es una tesis que debe ser interpretada con cautela (AU).


ABSTRACT Coffee and its impact on health is a topic on which it is valid to deepen. Historically, coffee consumption has been associated with side effects, such as cardiovascular problems and several types of cancer. But many contemporary bibliographic sources emphasize the beneficial effects of its consumption, without mentioning the damage it can cause to health. This bibliographic review is done with the aim of deepening into the most updated knowledge about the benefits and harms of coffee consumption and its relationship with the appearance of cancer. Articles from PubMed, SciELO, ClinicalKey and LILACS databases were reviewed. It was found that coffee consumption is not associated with the appearance of different types of cancers, and that moderate consumption provides protective properties for health. In view of the multifactorial character of cancer, the authors consider that assuming that the consumption of this drink can prevent carcinogenesis is a thesis that should be taken with caution (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Coffee/toxicity , Neoplasms/prevention & control , Caffeine , Risk Factors , Coffee/adverse effects , Polyphenols , Antioxidants/administration & dosage
16.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 20(4): 427-442, jul. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369497

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to evaluate biological and phytochemical properties of the aqueous extract from the leaves of Miconia chamissois Naudin (AEMC). Phytochemical properties were assessed by analyzing the chromatographic profile and the polyphenol content of AEMC. Biological properties evaluation was conducted based on cytotoxicity assay and by evaluating the antioxidant, antimicrobial, and enzymatic inhibition activities. Results indicated the presence of phytochemicals in AEMC such as flavonoids and polyphenols, including rutin, isoquercitrin and vitexin derivatives. AEMC showed antioxidant activity, which may be attributed to the high polyphenolic content. Moreover, AEMC demonstrated in vitro enzyme inhibition activity against tyrosinase and alpha-amylase, as well as showed low cytotoxicity. On the other hand, AEMC exhibited weak antimicrobial activity against S. aureusand C. albicans. Thus, AEMC is a promising alternative in search of potential drugs for the treatment of diseases induced by oxidative stress and inflammation, conditions due to hyperpigmentation processes, such as melisma, as well as for diabetes.


El objetivo de este estudio fue detectar las propiedades biológicas y fitoquímicos del extracto acuoso de las hojas de Miconia chamissois Naudin (AEMC). Las propiedades fitoquímicas se evaluaron analizando el perfil cromatográfico y el contenido de polifenoles de AEMC. La evaluación de las propiedades biológicas se realizó en base al ensayo de citotoxicidad y evaluando las actividades de inhibición antioxidante, antimicrobiana y enzimática. Los resultados indicaron la presencia de fitoquímicos en AEMC, como flavonoides y polifenoles, que incluyen derivados de rutina, isoquercitrina y vitexina. AEMC mostró una actividad antioxidante considerable, que puede atribuirse al alto contenido polifenólico. Además, AEMC exhibió actividad de inhibición enzimática in vitro contra tirosinasa y alfa-amilasa, así como mostró baja citotoxicidad. Por otro lado, AEMC demostró actividad antimicrobiana débil contra S. aureusy C. albicans. Por lo tanto, AEMC es una alternativa prometedora en busca de posibles drogas para el tratamiento de enfermedades inducidas por el estrés oxidativo y la inflamación, afecciones debidas a procesos de hiperpigmentación, como el melasma, así como para la diabetes.


Subject(s)
Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Melastomataceae/chemistry , Flavonoids/analysis , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Thin Layer , Monophenol Monooxygenase/antagonists & inhibitors , alpha-Amylases/antagonists & inhibitors , Polyphenols/analysis , Anti-Infective Agents/pharmacology , Antioxidants/pharmacology
17.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 52: 13-20, July. 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283173

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In fish farming, the plant extracts containing antioxidant compounds have been added to the diet for enhancing pathogen resistance. In vitro studies evaluating the antioxidant effect of herbal extracts on fish cell models have focused on ROS production and the respiratory burst mechanism. However, the effects on enzymatic antioxidant defense on salmon leukocytes have not been evaluated. This study aims to evaluate the enzymatic antioxidant defense and ROS-induced cell damage in Salmon Head Kidney-1 (SHK-1) cell line exposed to polyphenol-enriched extract from Sambucus nigra flowers. RESULTS: Firstly, the Total Reactive Antioxidant Power (TRAP) assay of elderflower polyphenol (EP) was evaluated, showing 459 and 489 times more active than gallic acid and butyl hydroxy toluene (BHT), respectively. The toxic effect of EP on salmon cells was not significant at concentrations below 120 mg/ mL and no hemolysis activity was observed between 20 and 400 mg/mL. The treatment of SHK-1 cell line with EP decreased both the lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation induced by H2O2, which could be associated with decreasing oxidative stress in the SHK-1 cells since the GSH/GSSG ratio increased when only EP was added. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that plant extracts enriched with polyphenols could improve the enzymatic antioxidant defense of salmon leukocytes and protect the cells against ROS-induced cell damage


Subject(s)
Salmon , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Sambucus nigra/chemistry , Polyphenols/pharmacology , Lipid Peroxidation , Free Radical Scavengers , Reactive Oxygen Species , Aquaculture , Oxidative Stress , Salmo salar , Disease Resistance , Leukocytes , Antioxidants
18.
An. Facultad Med. (Univ. Repúb. Urug., En línea) ; 8(1): e203, jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1248717

ABSTRACT

El vino tinto variedad Vitis vinifera L. cv Tannat en los últimos años ha tomado relevancia por su alta concentración de polifenoles, esto le podría significar un rol protector sobre el genoma disminuyendo la formación de lesiones oxidativas. Los efectos a nivel celular de las radiaciones ionizantes en blancos como el ADN, componentes de cascadas de transducción de señales, resultan en lesiones letales, mutagénicas y recombinogénicas y en retardos en el ciclo celular. Se utilizó como modelo eucariota poblaciones de Saccharomyces cerevisiae en fase exponencial expuestas a radiación gamma (200 Gy) en presencia, o ausencia, de vino Tannat (10 % v/v) o de ácido tánico (60 µg/mL). Se estimaron las probabilidades de sobrevida y frecuencia mutagénica en distintas condiciones. Las muestras celulares expuestas a radiación ionizante presentaron una fracción de sobrevida de 0.21 ± 0.02 mientras que en las muestras irradiadas en presencia de vino Tannat o de ácido tánico la fracción de sobrevida fue de 0.33 ± 0.03 y 0.30 ± 0.03 respectivamente. Se observó en las poblaciones irradiadas un aumento significativo de la probabilidad de mutagénesis. En el caso de los tratamientos combinados se observó que la frecuencia mutagénica fue significativamente menor (gamma Tannat: 33%, gamma ácido tánico: 45% ). Estos resultados preliminares podrían indicar radioprotección moderada por parte de los compuestos estudiados, efecto que podría explicarse por las interacciones redox del ácido tánico y polifenoles contenidos en el vino con los radicales libres formados por las radiaciones ionizantes, además de la activación de vías de reparación genómica.


The red wine variety Vitis vinifera L. cv Tannat in recent years has gained relevance due to its high concentration of polyphenols, this could mean a protective role on the genome, reducing the formation of oxidative lesions. The effects at the cellular level of ionizing radiation on targets such as DNA, components of signal transduction cascades, result in lethal, mutagenic and recombinogenic lesions and delays in the cell cycle. Exponential phase populations of Saccharomyces cerevisiae exposed to gamma radiation (200 Gy) in the presence or absence of Tannat wine (10% v / v) or tannic acid (60 µg / ml) were used as a eukaryotic model. The probabilities of survival and mutagenic frequency in different conditions were estimated. Cellular samples exposed to ionizing radiation presented a survival fraction of 0.21 ± 0.02, while in samples irradiated in the presence of Tannat wine or tannic acid, the survival fraction was 0.33 ± 0.03 and 0.30 ± 0.03 respectively. A significant increase in the probability of mutagenesis was observed in irradiated populations. In the case of the combined treatments, it was observed that the mutagenic frequency was significantly lower (Tannat gamma: 33%, Tannic acid gamma: 45%). These preliminary results could indicate moderate radioprotection by the compounds studied, an effect that could be explained by the redox interactions of tannic acid and polyphenols contained in wine with the free radicals formed by ionizing radiation, in addition to the activation of genomic repair pathways.


A variedade de vinho tinto Vitis vinifera L. cv Tannat nos últimos anos tem ganhado relevância devido à sua alta concentração de polifenóis, o que pode significar um papel protetor do genoma, reduzindo a formação de lesões oxidativas. Os efeitos no nível celular da radiação ionizante em alvos como o DNA, componentes de cascatas de transdução de sinal, resultam em lesões letais, mutagênicas e recombinogênicas e atrasos no ciclo celular. Populações de fase exponencial de Saccharomyces cerevisiae expostas à radiação gama (200 Gy) na presença ou ausência de vinho Tannat (10% v / v) ou ácido tânico (60 µg / ml) foram utilizadas como modelo eucariótico. Foram estimadas as probabilidades de sobrevivência e frequência mutagênica em diferentes condições. As amostras celulares expostas à radiação ionizante apresentaram uma fração de sobrevivência de 0,21 ± 0,02, enquanto nas amostras irradiadas na presença de vinho Tannat ou ácido tânico, a fração de sobrevivência foi de 0,33 ± 0,03 e 0,30 ± 0,03, respectivamente. Um aumento significativo na probabilidade de mutagênese foi observado nas populações irradiadas. No caso dos tratamentos combinados, observou-se que a frequência mutagênica foi significativamente menor (Tannat gama: 33%, ácido tânico gama: 45%). Esses resultados preliminares podem indicar radioproteção moderada pelos compostos estudados, efeito que pode ser explicado pelas interações redox do ácido tânico e polifenóis contidos no vinho com os radicais livres formados pela radiação ionizante, além da ativação de vias de reparo genômico.


Subject(s)
Animals , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/drug effects , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genetics , Tannins/pharmacology , Mutagenesis/drug effects , Polyphenols/pharmacology , Gamma Rays/adverse effects , Radiation-Protective Agents/pharmacology , Survival Rate , Drug Therapy, Combination , Mutation Rate
19.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 10(1): 280, abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LIVECS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1147585

ABSTRACT

Se evaluó la composición proximal, el contenido de polifenoles totales y la capacidad antioxidante de un chocolate oscuro formulado a partir de granos de cacao orgánico, seco, y no sometido al proceso fermentativo. Este producto fue elaborado con insumos y procesos desarrollados en la Granja Experimental El Cairo, ubicada en la Universidad Nacional de Colombia (GEL-UN), departamento de Arauca, Colombia. El contenido de grasa se encontró entre los rangos conocidos (>50%), siendo una característica ligada al origen genético, y a las condiciones climáticas. El alto contenido de proteínas (16,21%), evidencia que se trata de granos de cacao secos no fermentados. Tal contenido juega un papel importante en la formación de los precursores del sabor y aroma, en chocolates finos y exquisitos. El pH determinado es un indicativo de un chocolate amargo, con bajo índice de fermentación y de baja acidez acética o láctica. El contenido de polifenoles totales se relaciona de manera directa con la alta actividad antioxidante de este chocolate. Se concluye que el tipo de material genético usado como insumo, así como los procesos implementados para la obtención del chocolate, en GEL-UN, contribuyeron para la obtención de un producto tipo comercial, con propiedades funcionales, entre ellas las relacionadas con la capacidad antioxidante(AU)


Thee proximal chemical composition, the content of total polyphenols, and the antioxidant capacity of a dark chocolate formulated from organic, dry cocoa beans and not subjected to the fermentation process were evaluated. This product was made with inputs and processes developed at the El Cairo Experimental Farm, located at the Universidad Nacional de Colombia (CEF-UN), Arauca, Colombia. The fat content was found between the known ranges (> 50%), being a characteristic linked to the genetic origin, and to the climatic conditions. The high protein content (16.21%) evidenced that it´s unfermented dry cocoa beans. Such content plays an important role in the formation of precursors of flavor and aroma, in fine and exquisite chocolates. The determined pH is indicative of a dark chocolate, with a low fermentation index and low acetic or lactic acidity. The content of total polyphenols is directly related to the high antioxidant activity of this chocolate. It is concluded that the type of genetic material used as input, as well as the processes implemented to obtain chocolate, in CEF-UN, contributed to obtaining a commercial type product, with functional properties, including those related to antioxidant capacity(AU)


Subject(s)
Cacao/chemistry , Polyphenols/analysis , Chocolate/analysis , Antioxidants/analysis , Fermentation , Food, Organic , Food Handling
20.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64: e21200163, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153296

ABSTRACT

HIGHLIGHTS Isolate, fractionate and characterize extracts obtained from soursop leaves. Use of emerging green technologies such as microwave-ultrasound hybridization. The extracts contain kaempferol, procyanidins, catechin, and quercetin. The total ethanolic extract demonstrates cytotoxic effect on HeLa cells.


Abstract Cervical cancer is classified as the fourth most common malignancy in women. Natural compounds are a therapeutic alternative in cancer therapy. The aim of the study is to isolate, fractionate, and characterize extracts obtained from soursop leaves (Annona muricata L.) and determine their cytotoxic effect against HeLa cervical cancer cells and non-carcinogenic fibroblast 3T3 cells. The phytochemicals of soursop leaves were extracted through emerging green technologies such as the novel use of microwave-ultrasound hybridization and the use of environmentally friendly solvents (water and ethanol), in addition to the purification of extracts enriched in polyphenols by liquid chromatography with Amberlite XAD-16. Total aqueous and ethanolic extract were purified, as well as the fraction one of each extract. The extracts recovered from soursop leaves contained kaempferol and its isomers, procyanidins, catechin, and quercetin. The viability of the cells was determined with the MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay. HeLa and 3T3 cells were exposed to concentrations of 25, 50, 75, 100, 150, 200, and 250 ppm of a solution of soursop leaf extract powder. The MTT assay showed that soursop leaf extracts were toxic to both cell lines in general, however, the ethanolic extract at 25 and 50 ppm demonstrated inhibition in cell viability against the HeLa cancer line and low cytotoxicity for 3T3 fibroblast cells. In conclusion, the novel microwave-ultrasound hybridization technology allows the extraction of polyphenols that may have a potential cytotoxic effect on cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , HeLa Cells , Annona/chemistry , Polyphenols/isolation & purification , Phytochemicals/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/isolation & purification , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Catechin/chemistry , Chromatography, Liquid/methods , Ethanol , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology
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