Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 275
Filter
1.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 52: 13-20, July. 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283173

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In fish farming, the plant extracts containing antioxidant compounds have been added to the diet for enhancing pathogen resistance. In vitro studies evaluating the antioxidant effect of herbal extracts on fish cell models have focused on ROS production and the respiratory burst mechanism. However, the effects on enzymatic antioxidant defense on salmon leukocytes have not been evaluated. This study aims to evaluate the enzymatic antioxidant defense and ROS-induced cell damage in Salmon Head Kidney-1 (SHK-1) cell line exposed to polyphenol-enriched extract from Sambucus nigra flowers. RESULTS: Firstly, the Total Reactive Antioxidant Power (TRAP) assay of elderflower polyphenol (EP) was evaluated, showing 459 and 489 times more active than gallic acid and butyl hydroxy toluene (BHT), respectively. The toxic effect of EP on salmon cells was not significant at concentrations below 120 mg/ mL and no hemolysis activity was observed between 20 and 400 mg/mL. The treatment of SHK-1 cell line with EP decreased both the lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation induced by H2O2, which could be associated with decreasing oxidative stress in the SHK-1 cells since the GSH/GSSG ratio increased when only EP was added. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that plant extracts enriched with polyphenols could improve the enzymatic antioxidant defense of salmon leukocytes and protect the cells against ROS-induced cell damage


Subject(s)
Salmon , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Sambucus nigra/chemistry , Polyphenols/pharmacology , Lipid Peroxidation , Free Radical Scavengers , Reactive Oxygen Species , Aquaculture , Oxidative Stress , Salmo salar , Disease Resistance , Leukocytes , Antioxidants
2.
An. Facultad Med. (Univ. Repúb. Urug., En línea) ; 8(1): e203, jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1248717

ABSTRACT

El vino tinto variedad Vitis vinifera L. cv Tannat en los últimos años ha tomado relevancia por su alta concentración de polifenoles, esto le podría significar un rol protector sobre el genoma disminuyendo la formación de lesiones oxidativas. Los efectos a nivel celular de las radiaciones ionizantes en blancos como el ADN, componentes de cascadas de transducción de señales, resultan en lesiones letales, mutagénicas y recombinogénicas y en retardos en el ciclo celular. Se utilizó como modelo eucariota poblaciones de Saccharomyces cerevisiae en fase exponencial expuestas a radiación gamma (200 Gy) en presencia, o ausencia, de vino Tannat (10 % v/v) o de ácido tánico (60 µg/mL). Se estimaron las probabilidades de sobrevida y frecuencia mutagénica en distintas condiciones. Las muestras celulares expuestas a radiación ionizante presentaron una fracción de sobrevida de 0.21 ± 0.02 mientras que en las muestras irradiadas en presencia de vino Tannat o de ácido tánico la fracción de sobrevida fue de 0.33 ± 0.03 y 0.30 ± 0.03 respectivamente. Se observó en las poblaciones irradiadas un aumento significativo de la probabilidad de mutagénesis. En el caso de los tratamientos combinados se observó que la frecuencia mutagénica fue significativamente menor (gamma Tannat: 33%, gamma ácido tánico: 45% ). Estos resultados preliminares podrían indicar radioprotección moderada por parte de los compuestos estudiados, efecto que podría explicarse por las interacciones redox del ácido tánico y polifenoles contenidos en el vino con los radicales libres formados por las radiaciones ionizantes, además de la activación de vías de reparación genómica.


The red wine variety Vitis vinifera L. cv Tannat in recent years has gained relevance due to its high concentration of polyphenols, this could mean a protective role on the genome, reducing the formation of oxidative lesions. The effects at the cellular level of ionizing radiation on targets such as DNA, components of signal transduction cascades, result in lethal, mutagenic and recombinogenic lesions and delays in the cell cycle. Exponential phase populations of Saccharomyces cerevisiae exposed to gamma radiation (200 Gy) in the presence or absence of Tannat wine (10% v / v) or tannic acid (60 µg / ml) were used as a eukaryotic model. The probabilities of survival and mutagenic frequency in different conditions were estimated. Cellular samples exposed to ionizing radiation presented a survival fraction of 0.21 ± 0.02, while in samples irradiated in the presence of Tannat wine or tannic acid, the survival fraction was 0.33 ± 0.03 and 0.30 ± 0.03 respectively. A significant increase in the probability of mutagenesis was observed in irradiated populations. In the case of the combined treatments, it was observed that the mutagenic frequency was significantly lower (Tannat gamma: 33%, Tannic acid gamma: 45%). These preliminary results could indicate moderate radioprotection by the compounds studied, an effect that could be explained by the redox interactions of tannic acid and polyphenols contained in wine with the free radicals formed by ionizing radiation, in addition to the activation of genomic repair pathways.


A variedade de vinho tinto Vitis vinifera L. cv Tannat nos últimos anos tem ganhado relevância devido à sua alta concentração de polifenóis, o que pode significar um papel protetor do genoma, reduzindo a formação de lesões oxidativas. Os efeitos no nível celular da radiação ionizante em alvos como o DNA, componentes de cascatas de transdução de sinal, resultam em lesões letais, mutagênicas e recombinogênicas e atrasos no ciclo celular. Populações de fase exponencial de Saccharomyces cerevisiae expostas à radiação gama (200 Gy) na presença ou ausência de vinho Tannat (10% v / v) ou ácido tânico (60 µg / ml) foram utilizadas como modelo eucariótico. Foram estimadas as probabilidades de sobrevivência e frequência mutagênica em diferentes condições. As amostras celulares expostas à radiação ionizante apresentaram uma fração de sobrevivência de 0,21 ± 0,02, enquanto nas amostras irradiadas na presença de vinho Tannat ou ácido tânico, a fração de sobrevivência foi de 0,33 ± 0,03 e 0,30 ± 0,03, respectivamente. Um aumento significativo na probabilidade de mutagênese foi observado nas populações irradiadas. No caso dos tratamentos combinados, observou-se que a frequência mutagênica foi significativamente menor (Tannat gama: 33%, ácido tânico gama: 45%). Esses resultados preliminares podem indicar radioproteção moderada pelos compostos estudados, efeito que pode ser explicado pelas interações redox do ácido tânico e polifenóis contidos no vinho com os radicais livres formados pela radiação ionizante, além da ativação de vias de reparo genômico.


Subject(s)
Animals , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/drug effects , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genetics , Tannins/pharmacology , Mutagenesis/drug effects , Polyphenols/pharmacology , Gamma Rays/adverse effects , Radiation-Protective Agents/pharmacology , Survival Rate , Drug Therapy, Combination , Mutation Rate
3.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 10(1): 280, abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1147585

ABSTRACT

Se evaluó la composición proximal, el contenido de polifenoles totales y la capacidad antioxidante de un chocolate oscuro formulado a partir de granos de cacao orgánico, seco, y no sometido al proceso fermentativo. Este producto fue elaborado con insumos y procesos desarrollados en la Granja Experimental El Cairo, ubicada en la Universidad Nacional de Colombia (GEL-UN), departamento de Arauca, Colombia. El contenido de grasa se encontró entre los rangos conocidos (>50%), siendo una característica ligada al origen genético, y a las condiciones climáticas. El alto contenido de proteínas (16,21%), evidencia que se trata de granos de cacao secos no fermentados. Tal contenido juega un papel importante en la formación de los precursores del sabor y aroma, en chocolates finos y exquisitos. El pH determinado es un indicativo de un chocolate amargo, con bajo índice de fermentación y de baja acidez acética o láctica. El contenido de polifenoles totales se relaciona de manera directa con la alta actividad antioxidante de este chocolate. Se concluye que el tipo de material genético usado como insumo, así como los procesos implementados para la obtención del chocolate, en GEL-UN, contribuyeron para la obtención de un producto tipo comercial, con propiedades funcionales, entre ellas las relacionadas con la capacidad antioxidante(AU)


Thee proximal chemical composition, the content of total polyphenols, and the antioxidant capacity of a dark chocolate formulated from organic, dry cocoa beans and not subjected to the fermentation process were evaluated. This product was made with inputs and processes developed at the El Cairo Experimental Farm, located at the Universidad Nacional de Colombia (CEF-UN), Arauca, Colombia. The fat content was found between the known ranges (> 50%), being a characteristic linked to the genetic origin, and to the climatic conditions. The high protein content (16.21%) evidenced that it´s unfermented dry cocoa beans. Such content plays an important role in the formation of precursors of flavor and aroma, in fine and exquisite chocolates. The determined pH is indicative of a dark chocolate, with a low fermentation index and low acetic or lactic acidity. The content of total polyphenols is directly related to the high antioxidant activity of this chocolate. It is concluded that the type of genetic material used as input, as well as the processes implemented to obtain chocolate, in CEF-UN, contributed to obtaining a commercial type product, with functional properties, including those related to antioxidant capacity(AU)


Subject(s)
Cacao/chemistry , Polyphenols/analysis , Chocolate/analysis , Antioxidants/analysis , Fermentation , Food, Organic , Food Handling
4.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64: e21200163, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153296

ABSTRACT

HIGHLIGHTS Isolate, fractionate and characterize extracts obtained from soursop leaves. Use of emerging green technologies such as microwave-ultrasound hybridization. The extracts contain kaempferol, procyanidins, catechin, and quercetin. The total ethanolic extract demonstrates cytotoxic effect on HeLa cells.


Abstract Cervical cancer is classified as the fourth most common malignancy in women. Natural compounds are a therapeutic alternative in cancer therapy. The aim of the study is to isolate, fractionate, and characterize extracts obtained from soursop leaves (Annona muricata L.) and determine their cytotoxic effect against HeLa cervical cancer cells and non-carcinogenic fibroblast 3T3 cells. The phytochemicals of soursop leaves were extracted through emerging green technologies such as the novel use of microwave-ultrasound hybridization and the use of environmentally friendly solvents (water and ethanol), in addition to the purification of extracts enriched in polyphenols by liquid chromatography with Amberlite XAD-16. Total aqueous and ethanolic extract were purified, as well as the fraction one of each extract. The extracts recovered from soursop leaves contained kaempferol and its isomers, procyanidins, catechin, and quercetin. The viability of the cells was determined with the MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay. HeLa and 3T3 cells were exposed to concentrations of 25, 50, 75, 100, 150, 200, and 250 ppm of a solution of soursop leaf extract powder. The MTT assay showed that soursop leaf extracts were toxic to both cell lines in general, however, the ethanolic extract at 25 and 50 ppm demonstrated inhibition in cell viability against the HeLa cancer line and low cytotoxicity for 3T3 fibroblast cells. In conclusion, the novel microwave-ultrasound hybridization technology allows the extraction of polyphenols that may have a potential cytotoxic effect on cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , HeLa Cells , Annona/chemistry , Polyphenols/isolation & purification , Phytochemicals/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/isolation & purification , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Catechin/chemistry , Chromatography, Liquid/methods , Ethanol , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology
5.
São Paulo; s.n; 2021. 128 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352769

ABSTRACT

Introdução - O risco de doenças cardiovasculares, dentre elas a aterosclerose, está associado com a hipercolesterolemia, resultado de fatores de risco comportamentais, metabólicos e genéticos. Intervenções dietéticas como o uso do guaraná (Paullinia cupana), podem ser úteis, uma vez que é um alimento rico em compostos bioativos como as catequinas, que possuem elevada atividade antioxidante, inibem a oxidação da lipoproteína de densidade baixa (LDL) e a peroxidação lipídica, sendo capazes de reduzir a concentração plasmática de colesterol, por mecanismos ainda não totalmente elucidados. Objetivo - Investigar os efeitos do extrato aquoso de guaraná (Paullinia cupana) em pó sobre mecanismos envolvidos com a absorção de colesterol em modelos in vitro e em células Caco-2. Métodos - O extrato aquoso do guaraná em pó foi submetido à digestão in vitro, os fenólicos totais foram quantificados pelo método de Folin-Ciocalteu e a determinação do perfil de fenólicos foi realizada por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência (HPLC), com detector UV/VIS a 210 nm. A atividade antioxidante foi determinada pela capacidade de absorbância de radical oxigênio (Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity - ORAC) e foram avaliadas a capacidade de inibição da lipase pancreática, de ligação com ácidos biliares, de interação com a fosfatidilcolina micelar e de inibição da solubilização micelar do colesterol de forma in vitro. Foi realizado ensaio de permeação do colesterol por um período de 2 h em células Caco-2 semeadas e diferenciadas em placas transwell de 24 poços com uma solução de micelas de colesterol e extrato de guaraná em diferentes concentrações. O teor de colesterol permeado foi determinado por HPLC/UV a 206 nm. Foi realizado o ensaio de Western blotting para determinar o conteúdo proteico dos transportadores de colesterol (NPC1L1, ABCG5, ABCG8) e LXR-alfa em células intestinais Caco-2 após a incubação com diferentes concentrações do extrato em 2 e 16 horas. Resultados: O conteúdo total de fenólicos do extrato de guaraná foi 104,36 (± 3,62) mg EAG/g de guaraná em pó. Após o processo de digestão, este valor foi de 48,62 (± 3,97) mg EAG/g de guaraná em pó, demonstrando a bioacessibilidade dos polifenóis. Foram identificados os compostos procianidina B1 (1,56 ± 0,04 mg/g) e B2 (2,34 ± 0,06 mg/g), catequina (24,26 ± 0,63 mg/g), epicatequina (20,39 ± 1,20 mg/g) e cafeína (34,93 ± 0,75 mg/g) no extrato não digerido. Após digestão in vitro, somente a catequina, epicatequina e cafeína foram bioacessíveis com 181,16 %, 136,78 % e 213,51 % de bioacessibilidade, respectivamente. A atividade antioxidante do extrato aquoso não digerido foi menor que do digerido, sendo os valores finais de ORAC de 2512 (± 399) e 4321 (± 778) µmol Eq Trolox/g de guaraná em pó, respectivamente. O extrato exibiu uma atividade inibitória da enzima lipase pancreática de forma dose-dependente, com IC50 de 1033 µg/mL. O extrato também demonstrou uma capacidade de ligação ao taurocolato de sódio de 45,63 (± 8,50) % e de 44,30 (± 8,88) % com concentrações de 1,0 mg/mL e 0,5 mg/mL, respectivamente, correspondendo a 71,78 (± 13,36) % e 93,11 (± 18,65) % da capacidade de ligação da colestiramina quando utilizada nas mesmas concentrações. Observou-se uma redução de 20,47 (± 10,24) % e 17,06 (± 12,88) % na concentração da fosfatidilcolina micelar quando o guaraná foi utilizado nas concentrações de 1,0 e 0,50 mg/mL, respectivamente, em comparação com a micela padrão sem amostra e uma inibição da solubilização micelar do colesterol de 10,14 % pelo guaraná a 1,0 mg/mL. Após o experimento de permeação, as concentrações de colesterol no compartimento basolateral foram de 197,89 (± 3,95), 151,76 (± 1,39) e 94,51 (± 9,49) µg/mL, quando 0,025, 0,050 ou 0,075 mg/mL de guaraná foram utilizados, respectivamente, demonstrando redução de 23,31 % e 52,24 % à medida que a concentração de guaraná utilizada aumentou. Observou-se uma redução do conteúdo proteico do NPC1L1 após 16 horas de incubação com guaraná nas concentrações de 0,050 e 0,075 mg/mL. Em relação ao ABCG5, observou-se um aumento do conteúdo nas concentrações de 0,025 e 0,075 mg/mL de guaraná após 02 horas. Não foram observadas diferenças importantes nos conteúdos de ABCG8 e do LXR-alfa. Conclusões: O extrato aquoso de guaraná em pó demonstrou uma redução da absorção de colesterol em células Caco-2. O extrato também demonstrou uma atividade inibitória da lipase pancreática dose-dependente, uma boa capacidade de ligação aos ácidos biliares e de interação com a fosfatidilcolina micelar, além de uma capacidade de inibição da solubilização micelar do colesterol de forma in vitro. O extrato também foi capaz de modular negativamente o conteúdo proteico do NPC1L1 e positivamente o conteúdo do ABCG5. A sua ingestão pode ser considerada uma importante fonte alimentar com potencial efeito hipocolesterolêmico, capaz de reduzir a absorção de lipídios no intestino, podendo ser utilizado como adjuvante na regulação da hipercolesterolemia, provavelmente devido à presença de polifenóis.


Introduction - The risk of cardiovascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis, is associated with hypercholesterolemia, a result of behavioral and metabolic risk factors. Dietary interventions with the use of guarana (Paullinia cupana) may be useful, since it is a food rich in bioactive compounds such as catechins, which have high antioxidant activity, inhibit oxidation of LDLc and lipid peroxidation, being able to lower blood cholesterol levels, by mechanisms not yet fully elucidated. Objective - To investigate the effects of guarana (Paullinia cupana) powder aqueous extract on mechanisms involved with the absorption of cholesterol in vitro and in Caco-2 cells. Methods - The guarana powder aqueous extract was subjected to in vitro digestion, the total phenolics content were quantified by the Folin-Ciocalteu method and the determination of the phenolic profile was performed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) UV/VIS at 210 nm. The antioxidant activity was determined by Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) and the ability to inhibit pancreatic lipase, to binding with bile acids, the interaction with micellar phosphatidylcholine and the inhibition of micellar solubilization of cholesterol in vitro were evaluated. Cholesterol permeation assay was performed for a period of 2 hours in Caco-2 cells seeded and differentiated in 24- transwell plates with a solution of cholesterol micelles and guarana extract at different concentrations. The permeated cholesterol content was determined by HPLC/UV at 206 nm. The Western blotting assay was performed to determine the protein content of cholesterol transporters (NPC1L1, ABCG5, ABCG8) and LXR-alpha in Caco-2 cells after incubation with different concentrations of the extract in 2 and 16 hours. Results: The total phenolic content of the guarana extract was 104.36 (± 3.62) mg EAG/g of guarana powder. After the digestion process, this value was 48.62 (± 3.97) mg EAG/g of guarana powder, demonstrating the bioaccessibility of the polyphenols. Procyanidin B1 (1.56 ± 0.04 mg/g) and B2 (2.34 ± 0.06 mg/g), catechin (24.26 ± 0.63 mg/g), epicatechin (20.39 ± 1.20 mg/g) and caffeine (34.93 ± 0.75 mg/g) were identified in the undigested extract. After in vitro digestion, only catechin, epicatechin and caffeine were bioaccessible with 181.16 %, 136.78 % and 213.51 % of bioaccessibility, respectively. The antioxidant activity of the undigested aqueous extract was lower than that digested, with the final ORAC values of 2512 (± 399) and 4321 (± 778) µmol Eq Trolox/g of guarana powder. The extract exhibited an inhibitory activity of the pancreatic lipase enzyme in a dose-dependent manner, with an IC50 of 1033 µg/mL. The extract also demonstrated a sodium taurocholate binding capacity of 45.63 (± 8.50) % and 44.30 (± 8.88) % with concentrations of 1.0 mg/mL and 0.5 mg/mL, respectively, corresponding to 71.78 (± 13.36)% and 93.11 (± 18.65)% of the cholestyramine binding capacity when used at the same concentrations. A reduction of 20.47 (± 10.24) % and 17.06 (± 12.88) % was observed in the concentration of micellar phosphatidylcholine when guarana was used at concentrations of 1.0 and 0.50 mg/mL, respectively, compared to the standard micelle without sample and an inhibition of 10.14 % micellar cholesterol solubilization by guarana at 1.0 mg/mL. After the permeation experiment, the cholesterol concentrations in the basolateral compartment were 197.89 (± 3.95), 151.76 (± 1.39) and 94.51 (± 9.49) µg/mL, when 0.025, 0.050 or 0.075 mg/mL of guarana were used, respectively, showing a reduction of 23.31 % and 52.24 % as the concentration of guarana used increased. A reduction in the protein content of NPC1L1 was observed after 16 hours of incubation with guarana at concentrations of 0.050 and 0.075 mg/mL. After 02 hours, an increase in the content of ABCG5 at concentrations of 0.025 and 0.075 mg/mL of guarana was observed. No significant differences were observed in the contents of ABCG8 and LXR-α. Conclusions: The aqueous extract of guarana powder showed a reduction in the absorption of cholesterol in Caco-2 cells. The extract also demonstrated a dose-dependent pancreatic lipase inhibitory activity, a good ability to bind bile acids and to interact with micellar phosphatidylcholine, in addition to an ability to inhibit micellar solubilization of cholesterol in vitro. The extract was also able to negatively modulate the protein content of NPC1L1 and positively the content of ABCG5. Its intake can be considered an important dietary source with a potential hypocholesterolemic effect, capable of reducing the absorption of lipids in the intestine, and can be used as an adjunct in the control of hypercholesterolemia, probably due to the presence of polyphenols.


Subject(s)
Cholesterol , Caco-2 Cells , Paullinia , Polyphenols , Cardiovascular Diseases , Hypercholesterolemia
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879035

ABSTRACT

Sea buckthorn(Hippophae rhamnoides) is widely distributed, with abundant resources, a long history of application, and rich nutrition and high medicinal value. Therefore, it has attracted extensive attention from researchers at home and abroad. The focus of attention is mainly on sea buckthorn fruit, but with weak research and development of sea buckthorn leaves. In order to develop and utilize abundant resources of sea buckthorn leaves, this paper systematically reviewed domestic and foreign literatures and summarized the current application, harvesting and processing, chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of sea buckthorn leaves. Sea buckthorn leaves have a wide development and utilization value in food raw materials(like a substituting-for-tea plant), pharmaceutical raw materials and animal feed. Modern studies have shown that the leaves of sea buckthorn are rich in polysaccharides, flavonoids, polyphenols, triterpenes and steroids, as well as vitamins(especially vitamin C), proteins, amino acids and mineral elements. It has various pharmacological effects, such as anti-obesity, hypoglycemia, anti-oxidation, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and anti-cardiovascular diseases. Domestic and foreign studies have showed that sea buckthorn leaves have important development and utilization prospects, and are worth further study and development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Flavonoids , Fruit , Hippophae , Plant Leaves , Polyphenols
7.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 70(4): 263-268, dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1247666

ABSTRACT

Mango is the second most commercialized tropical fruit in the world, and Mexico is the major exporter. In terms of mango production, Manila´s variety represents a quarter of the total mangoes production in Mexico. However, the changes that occur on the phenolic compounds during the Manila mango ripening process are unknown. Quantitative analysis of the major phenolic compounds was conducted at different maturity stages, using several spectrophotometric measurements and by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). At the late ripening stage was observed the biggest content in pulp and peel of total phenols (577 and 10547 mg EAG /100 g), flavonoids (95.33 and 537 mg EQ/100 g), and antioxidant capacity by DPPH (25 and 347 mmol TE/100 g). Some bioactive compounds achieve their highest values at optimal consumption ripening. Although they diminish when the fruit reaches a senescence appearance. This is the first study to prove that mangiferin by itself shows a higher correlation in antioxidant capacity compared to other phenolic compounds in mango peel, and this suggest that phenolic compounds may have an important role in the postharvest antioxidant metabolism in Manila mango fruit. On the other hand, the results show that the peel compared to the pulp contains higher amounts of total phenols, flavonoids, gallic acid, mangiferin and antioxidant capacity, so its use as an ingredient in the preparation of functional food products is recommended. More studies are needed to go in-depth in the changes of the content of phytochemicals during the ripening process in the peel and pulp mango, which ones could be caused by the hormones responsible for ripening in the fruit, such as ethylene, and bioavailability of these compounds at different stages of maturation(AU)


El mango es la segunda fruta tropical más comercializada del mundo y México es el principal exportador. En términos de producción de mango, la variedad Manila representa una cuarta parte de la producción total de mangos en México. Sin embargo, se desconocen los cambios que ocurren en los compuestos fenólicos durante el proceso de maduración del mango Manila. El análisis cuantitativo de los principales compuestos fenólicos se realizó en diferentes etapas de madurez, utilizando varias medidas espectrofotométricas y mediante cromatografía líquida de alta resolución (HPLC). En la etapa de madurez tardía se observó el mayor contenido en pulpa y cáscara de fenoles totales (577 y 10547 mg EAG / 100 g), flavonoides (95.33 y 537 mg EQ / 100 g) y capacidad antioxidante por DPPH (25 y 347 mmol TE / 100 g). Algunos compuestos bioactivos alcanzan sus valores más altos en el punto de madurez óptima. Aunque disminuyen cuando el fruto adquiere una apariencia de senescencia. Este es el primer estudio que demuestra que la mangiferina por sí misma presenta una alta correlación con la capacidad antioxidante en comparación con otros compuestos fenólicos de la cáscara de mango, y esto sugiere que los compuestos fenólicos pueden tener un papel importante en el metabolismo antioxidante postcosecha en el mango Manila. Por otro lado, los resultados muestran que la cáscara comparada con la pulpa contiene mayores cantidades de fenoles totales, flavonoides, ácido gálico, mangiferin y capacidad antioxidante por DPPH, por lo que se recomienda su uso como ingrediente en la elaboración de productos alimenticios fucionales. Se necesitan más estudios para profundizar en los cambios del contenido de fitoquímicos durante el proceso de maduración en la cáscara y pulpa del mango, los cuáles podrían ser provocados por las hormonas responsables de la maduración en el fruto, como el etileno, y la biodisponibilidad de estos compuestos en diferentes etapas de maduración(AU)


Subject(s)
Mangifera , Polyphenols/analysis , Antioxidants , Measurements, Methods and Theories , Phytochemicals , Fruit
8.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 48: 62-71, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254807

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: A key challenge for manufacturers of pro-health food containing active probiotic microorganisms is to develop a product with attractive sensory features along with maintenance of declared number of microorganisms during storage and transfer by alimentary tract. RESULTS: The highest concentration of polyphenols was observed in snacks without an additive of probiotics as well as those with an additive of L. rhamnosus and B. animalis bacteria and concentration of these compounds increased by 9.5% during six months of storage. None of the products distinguished itself in the sensorial assessment although each was assessed positively. The number of microorganisms was stable and comparatively high during six months of storage at a room temperature and in cooling conditions (108 cfu/g). In the digestion model, an influence of aggressive digestion conditions was examined in the alimentary tract on the number of microorganisms, which allowed to arrange strains from the most resistant (S. boulardii) to the most sensitive (B. breve). It must be noted that currently on the market there is no available snack containing probiotic yeast as well as there is no literature data on works on such formulation of food. CONCLUSIONS: In the newly developed snack made of chocolate, in which sugar has been replaced with maltitol, a raw material was added in the form of raspberry, prebiotic in the form of inulin and a strain of probiotic bacteria, including the unprecedented so far S. boulardii, which stands a high chance to occupy a good place on the market of functional food.


Subject(s)
Probiotics , Functional Food , Chocolate/microbiology , Sugar Alcohols , Temperature , Whole Foods , Digestion , Food Storage , Prebiotics , Synbiotics , Polyphenols , Snacks , Rubus , Maltose/analogs & derivatives
9.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 47(2): 317-327, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115503

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La microbiota intestinal (MI) es considerada como un nuevo blanco para la prevención y manejo nutricional de las alteraciones inflamatorias y metabólicas asociadas a las enfermedades crónicas no-transmisibles. Los prebióticos son principalmente fibras solubles cuyo consumo favorece el crecimiento de poblaciones bacterianas beneficiosas de la MI e impacta favorablemente la salud del consumidor. Esta revisión presenta a los fitoquímicos dietarios, que incluyen a más de 8.000 compuestos, como una nueva clase de prebióticos debido a su capacidad de estimular poblaciones de Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, Akkermansia y de bacterias productoras de butirato en el colon, a expensa de bacterias potencialmente dañinas como C. histolyticum. Además, los fitoquímicos son transformados por la MI en múltiples metabolitos que ejercen actividades biológicas a veces más potentes que la molécula inicial de la cual provienen. Individuos con distintos metabotipos han sido descritos de acuerdo a su capacidad de responder al consumo de isoflavonas, lignanos o elagitaninos, dependiendo de la presencia en su MI de bacterias capaces de transformar dichos polifenoles en equol, enterolactona/enterodiol y urolitinas, respectivamente, los cuales exhiben actividades biológicas. Valerolactonas y ácidos aromáticos también son producidos por la MI a través del metabolismo de las proantocianidinas. El efecto prebiótico de los fitoquímicos contribuiría a explicar los efectos saludables del consumo de frutas y verduras ricos en fitoquímicos.


ABSTRACT Intestinal microbiota (IM) is considered as a new target for the prevention and nutritional management of inflammatory and metabolic alterations associated with non-transmissible chronic diseases. Prebiotics are mainly soluble fibers whose consumption favors the growth of beneficial bacterial populations of the IM and positively impacts health. This review discusses dietary phytochemicals, which include more than 8,000 compounds, as a new class of prebiotics due to its ability to stimulate populations of Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, Akkermansia and butyrate producing bacteria in the colon at the expense of potentially harmful bacteria, such as C. histolyticum. In addition, phytochemicals are transformed by IM into a great array of metabolites exerting biological activities and are sometimes more potent than the initial molecule from which they are derived. Individuals with different metabotypes have been described according to their ability to respond to the consumption of isoflavones, lignans or ellagitannins, depending on the presence in their IM of bacteria capable of transforming these polyphenols into equol, enterolactone/enterodiol and urolithins, respectively, which exhibit biological activities. Valerolactones and aromatic acids are also produced by the IM through proanthocyanidin metabolism. The prebiotic effect of phytochemicals would help to explain the healthy effects associated with the consumption of fruits and vegetables rich in phytochemicals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prebiotics , Phytochemicals/metabolism , Phytochemicals/chemistry , Biological Products , Diet , Polyphenols/classification , Polyphenols/metabolism , Polyphenols/chemistry , Dysbiosis , Gastrointestinal Microbiome
10.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(1): 135-139, Feb. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056411

ABSTRACT

La angiogénesis es el proceso por el cual se forman nuevos vasos sanguíneos a partir de otros ya existentes. Para que esto se lleve a cabo de forma correcta debe existir un balance entre los factores proangiogénicos y los factores antiangiogénicos dentro del microambiente tisular. Por otra parte, la existencia de productos químicos naturales como los polifenoles, que son capaces de adquirirse en la dieta, inducen a estos factores a intervenir en el proceso de angiogénesis. Se administraron los polifenoles en filtros de metilcelulosa sobre la membrana alantocoriónica de huevos White Leghorn, manteniendo el posterior desarrollo normal del feto. Se utilizaron 15 fetos de pollo fijados en formalina tamponada, a los cuales se extrajo el corazón. El procesamiento de las muestras de corazón se realizó a través de técnicas histológicas, histoquímicas e inmunohistoquímica. Finalmente se evaluó la presencia del VEGF y la capacidad de formar vasos sanguíneos bajo el tratamiento con los polifenoles. La inmunorreactividad fue cuantificada mediante Image J®. Los resultados indican que Ácido cafeico y Pinocembrina disminuyen la densidad microvascular y la expresión de VEGF en corazones de fetos de pollo tratados con estos polifenoles. Tanto el Ácido Cafeico como la Pinocembrina cumplen un rol inhibitorio en el proceso de angiogénesis fisiológica en corazón de pollo, pudiendo modular las vías de señalización mediadas por los VEGFR o modulando la disponibilidad de VEGF. Estos polifenoles podrían utilizarse para el estudio de otros tejidos asociados a angiogénesis patológica.


Angiogenesis is the process by which new blood vessels are formed from other existing ones. A balance between proangiogenic factors and anti-angiogenic factors within the microenvironment must exist for the process to be carried out correctly. Similarly, the existence of natural chemicals such as polyphenols, which are capable of being acquired in the diet, induce these factors in the angiogenic process. Polyphenols were administered in the methylcellulose filters on the of chorioallantoic membrane of White Leghorn eggs, maintaining the normal posterior development of the fetus. 15 chicken fetuses were fixed in buffered formalin, obtaining the hearts to histological processing, performing histological, histochemical and immunohistochemical techniques. VEGF levels and the ability of the blood vessels growing under the stimulation of the polyphenols were evaluated. Immunoreactivity was quantified by Image J. The results indicate that caffeic acid and pinocembrin decreased microvascular density and VEGF expression in hearts stimulated with these polyphenols. Both the caffeic and pinocembrin acids play an inhibitory role in the physiological angiogenesis process in the chicken heart, which decrease the microvascular density and could act by modulating the signaling pathways mediated by the VEGFR or by modulating the availability of VEGF. The use of these polyphenols could be useful in studies of other tissues associated with pathological angiogenesis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Caffeic Acids/pharmacology , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Chick Embryo , Polyphenols/pharmacology
11.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 43: 1-7, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087465

ABSTRACT

Background: Biotechnological processes are part of modern industry as well as stricter environmental requirements. The need to reduce production costs and pollution demands for alternatives that involve the integral use of agro-industrial waste to produce bioactive compounds. The citrus industry generates large amounts of wastes due to the destruction of the fruits by microorganisms and insects together with the large amounts of orange waste generated during the production of juice and for sale fresh. The aim of this study was used orange wastes rich in polyphenolic compounds can be used as source carbon of Aspergillus fumigatus MUM 1603 to generate high added value compounds, for example, ellagic acid and other molecules of polyphenolic origin through submerged fermentation system. Results: The orange peel waste had a high concentration of polyphenols, 28% being condensed, 27% ellagitannins, 25% flavonoids and 20% gallotannins. The major polyphenolic compounds were catechin, EA and quercetin. The conditions, using an experimental design of central compounds, that allow the production of the maximum concentration of EA (18.68 mg/g) were found to be: temperature 30°C, inoculum 2 × 107 (spores/g) and orange peel polyphenols 6.2 (g/L). Conclusion: The submerged fermentation process is an effective methodology for the biotransformation of molecules present in orange waste to obtain high value-added as ellagic acid that can be used as powerful antioxidants, antibacterial and other applications.


Subject(s)
Waste Management , Citrus sinensis/chemistry , Ellagic Acid , Aspergillus fumigatus , Waste Products/analysis , Flavonoids/analysis , Biotechnology/methods , Hydrolyzable Tannins/analysis , Fermentation , Polyphenols/analysis , Phytochemicals
12.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 56: e18456, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249172

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was evaluate the in vitro antifungal activity of crude extracts from Eugenia uniflora, Libidibia ferrea and Psidium guajava. The extracts were obtained by turbo-extraction using water (AQ) or acetone-water (AC-W) (7:3, v/v) as solvents and lyophilized to obtain the crude extracts (CE). The CE were characterized by UV-Vis, TLC and HPLC. The activity of CEs was investigated against clinical isolates of Candida spp. and the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC), MIC50 and MIC90 were determinated. The analysis by TLC showed that all CEs presented polyphenols (flavonoids and tannins). The CEs from E. uniflora showed higher amount of polyphenols (30.35 ± 2.15%, AC-W) and the HPLC analysis revealed the tannins in all extracts. The CEs of E. uniflora showed MIC range from 1.9 to 500.0 µg/mL, and lower values of MIC50 and MIC90 against non-albicans Candida isolates. Regarding L. ferrea and P. guajava, the results showing MIC from 3.9 to 1000.0 µg/mL (CE-AQ) against C. albicans. The results demonstrate antifungal performance from CE against various species of Candida spp., suggesting that the herbal species may be use as new potential antifungal agents. Additionally, the polyphenol content can play a pivotal role in the antifungal properties of CE.


Subject(s)
In Vitro Techniques/methods , Plant Extracts/adverse effects , Polyphenols/analysis , Phytochemicals , Antifungal Agents/administration & dosage , Flavonoids/pharmacokinetics , Microbial Sensitivity Tests/methods , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods
13.
Vitae (Medellín) ; 26(3): 135-147, 2020. Ilustraciones
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1103784

ABSTRACT

Background:Vaccinium meridionale produces fruits with a high content of anthocyanins and polyphenols with great antioxidant capacity. Objective: produce vinegar from V. meridionale alcoholic beverages and to determine the content of bioactive antioxidant compounds, antioxidant capacity, and cytotoxic activity on colorectal cancer cells. Methods: Wine and vinegar samples were obtained by fermentation of V. meridionale berries juice, using three extractive processes: mechanical maceration (MAC), preheating to 80°C (CAL) and a combination of both (MIX). During acetic fermentation, titratable acidity and acetic acid content were evaluated. Fermentation progress was recorded and compared by measuring the antioxidant potential by DPPH, FRAP, and ORAC. Polyphenols, anthocyanins and hydroxycinnamic acids were quantified. Finally, the antiproliferative activity of vinegar was evaluated in SW480 colon cancer cells. Results: In acetic fermentation, yield and productivity were independent of extraction, indicating that they do not affect the biotransformation of alcohol into vinegar. The alcoholic beverages showed the highest antioxidant activity; after acetic fermentation, a decrease in antioxidant potential was observed in all three extractive processes evaluated. The different vinegar obtained by CAL and MIX, showed the highest values of antioxidant activity, polyphenols, and anthocyanins. The inhibition of the antiproliferative activity of vinegar was dose-dependent and showed an IC50 of 536 µg/mL. Conclusions: The vinegar prepared from V. meridionale berries presented an outstanding antioxidant and antiproliferative activity. The reason is the contents of bioactive compounds and their antioxidant power, which may contribute to chemoprevention in secondary cancer prevention.


Antecedentes: Vaccinium meridionale produce frutos con alto contenido en antocianinas y polifenoles con elevada capacidad antioxidante. Objetivo: Producir vinagre a partir de bebidas alcohólicas de V. meridionale y determinar el contenido de compuestos bioactivos antioxidantes, capacidad antioxidante y actividad citotóxica sobre células de cáncer colorrectal. Métodos: Muestras de Vino y vinagre fueron obtenidas mediante fermentación del jugo de V. meridionale, usando tres procesos extractivos: maceración mecánica (MAC), precalentamiento a 80 °C (CAL) y una combinación de ambos (MIX). En la fermentación acética fueron evaluadas la acidez titulable y el contenido de ácido acético. Se registró y comparó la evolución de la fermentación midiendo el potencial antioxidante por DPPH, FRAP y ORAC. Se cuantificaron los polifenoles, antocianinas y ácidos hidroxicinámicos. Finalmente, la actividad antiproliferativa del vinagre fue evaluada en células de cáncer de colon SW480. Resultados: En la fermentación acética, el rendimiento y la productividad fueron independientes de la extracción indicando que no afectan la biotransformación del alcohol en vinagre. Las bebidas alcohólicas mostraron la mayor actividad antioxidante, después de la fermentación acética se observó una disminución del potencial antioxidante en los tres procesos extractivos evaluados. Los vinagres obtenidos por CAL y MIX, presentaron los mayores valores de actividad antioxidante, polifenoles y antocianinas. La inhibición de la actividad antiproliferativa del vinagre fue dosis dependiente y mostró un IC50 de 536 µg/mL. Conclusiones: El vinagre preparado a partir de bayas de V. meridionale presentó una excelente actividad antioxidante y antiproliferativa debido al contenido de compuestos bioactivos y poder antioxidante que puede contribuir a la quimioprevención en la prevención secundaria del cáncer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acetic Acid , Fruit , Vaccinium , Polyphenols , Anthocyanins
14.
Vitae (Medellín) ; 27(1): 1-8, 2020. Ilustraciones
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1117156

ABSTRACT

Background: The determination of polyphenols in cocoa beans allows the establishing of antioxidant properties of great benefit to this product. Objectives: Optimization of the ultrasound-assisted extraction method to determine the content of polyphenols in cocoa beans. Methods: Two experiments design stages were carried out to optimize the ultrasound-assisted extraction process of polyphenols from the cocoa bean. In the first experiment design stage, the adequate extraction solvent was determined; for this purpose, five types of solvents were evaluated through a completely random design unrestricted (CRD). In the second experiment stage, a central composite design 22 + star point (with two central points) was used, which was evaluated using the response surface methodology to determine the influence of the temperature, time, and solute / solvent ratio. Results: The experiment found that acetone: water: acetic acid (70: 29.5: 0.5) mixturee, leads to a greater amount of total extracted phenols measured for the Folin-Ciocalteu method. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) found that six significant effects that influence the response variable (total phenols extracted). The main effects were of the three factors and three of their interactions. Conclusions: After the optimizing said factors, an optimal point was found: 39.3 ° C of temperature, 74.5 minutes, and 22.8 mL of solvent per gram of cocoa sample.


Antecedentes: La determinación de polifenoles en granos de Cacao permite establecer propiedades antioxidantes de gran valor agregado a este producto. Objetivo: Optimización del método de extracción asistida con ultrasonido para determinar el contenido de polifenoles en granos de Cacao. Métodos: Se realizaron dos etapas del diseño experimental para la optimización del proceso de extracción de polifenoles del grano de cacao por ultrasonido. En la primera etapa se determinó el solvente de extracción más adecuado evaluando cinco tipos de solventes, mediante un diseño completamente al azar sin restricciones (DCA). En la segunda etapa experimental, se usó un diseño central compuesto 22 + estrella (con dos puntos centrales), que se evaluó mediante la metodología de superficie de respuesta para determinar la influencia de los factores Temperatura, tiempo y relación soluto/solvente. Resultados: Se determinó que la mezcla acetona: agua: ácido acético (70:29.5:0.5) extrae la mayor cantidad de fenoles totales cuantificados por el método de Folin-Ciocalteu. Mediante la aplicación de un análisis ANOVA, se encontró que seis efectos significativos influyen sobre la variable de respuesta (fenoles totales), estos incluyen los efectos principales de los tres factores y tres de sus interacciones. Conclusiones: Después de la optimización de dichos factores se encontró un punto óptimo que corresponde a 39.3 °C de temperatura, 74.5 minutos y 22.8 mL de solvente por gramo de muestra de cacao.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cacao , Polyphenols , Ultrasonics , Process Optimization
15.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20190302, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132249

ABSTRACT

Abstract In a climate change context, the buildup of CO2 will affect plant communities worldwide. This study evaluated the effects of CO2 enrichment on the development and defense of two Cerrado native species Baccharis dracunculifolia and B. platypoda and their associated endophytic fungi richness. The study took place in Open-Top Chambers, two with ambient CO2 concentration (~400 ppm) and two in an enriched environment (~800 ppm). Baccharis platypoda developed 20% more leaves under enriched CO2 conditions, whereas B. dracunculifolia was 30% taller and showed 27% more leaves than those under ambient conditions. In both species, leaf polyphenol concentration did not differ between treatments. Nevertheless, polyphenol content had a positive correlation with plant height on both species' individuals grown under CO2 enriched conditions. Endophytic fungi richness and colonization rate on both plant species did not differ between ambient and enriched conditions. Our results show the positive effect of CO2 fertilizer in at least one of the measured growth parameters. An important new finding was a synergistic increase in growth and chemical defense in both studied species under enriched CO2 conditions, suggesting higher carbon assimilation and accumulation. This study suggests that the effects on primary productivity and secondary metabolites of Baccharis species will potentially reflect on the diversity and distribution of Cerrado plants and their associated animal communities.


Subject(s)
Carbon Dioxide/pharmacology , Baccharis/growth & development , Fertilizers , Endophytes/growth & development , Polyphenols/biosynthesis , Baccharis/microbiology , Baccharis/chemistry
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787137

ABSTRACT

Aging is one of the risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases. During the progression of cellular senescence, cells enter a state of irreversible growth arrest and display resistance to apoptosis. As a flavonoid, quercetin induces apoptosis in various cells. Accordingly, we investigated the relationship between quercetin-induced apoptosis and the inhibition of cellular senescence, and determined the mechanism of oxidative stress-induced vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) senescence. In cultured VSMCs, hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂) dose-dependently induced senescence, which was associated with increased numbers of senescence-associated β-galactosidase-positive cells, decreased expression of SMP30, and activation of p53-p21 and p16 pathways. Along with senescence, expression of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 was observed to increase and the levels of proteins related to the apoptosis pathway were observed to decrease. Quercetin induced apoptosis through the activation of AMP-activated protein kinase. This action led to the alleviation of oxidative stress-induced VSMC senescence. Furthermore, the inhibition of AMPK activation with compound C and siRNA inhibited apoptosis and aggravated VSMC senescence by reversing p53-p21 and p16 pathways. These results suggest that senescent VSMCs are resistant to apoptosis and quercetin-induced apoptosis attenuated the oxidative stress-induced senescence through activation of AMPK. Therefore, induction of apoptosis by polyphenols such as quercetin may be worthy of attention for its anti-aging effects.


Subject(s)
Aging , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases , Apoptosis , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cellular Senescence , Hydrogen Peroxide , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Polyphenols , Quercetin , Risk Factors , RNA, Small Interfering
17.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 37: 1-10, Jan. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048922

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Chia seeds are gaining increasing interest among food producers and consumers because of their prohealth properties. RESULTS: The aim of this work was to evaluate the potential of chia seeds to act as acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) inhibitors. The highest inhibitory activity against AChE and BChE was observed for colored seed ethanol extracts. A positive correlation was found between the presence of quercetin and isoquercetin as well as protocatechuic, hydroxybenzoic, and coumaric acids and the activity of extracts as AChE and BChE inhibitors. It has also been shown that grain fragmentation affects the increase in the activity of seeds against cholinesterases (ChE). Furthermore, seeds have been shown to be a source of substances that inhibit microbial growth. CONCLUSIONS: It was found that the chia seed extracts are rich in polyphenols and inhibit the activity of ChEs; therefore, their use can be considered in further research in the field of treatment and prevention of neurodegenerative diseases.


Subject(s)
Seeds/chemistry , Butyrylcholinesterase , Cholinesterase Inhibitors , Salvia/chemistry , Anti-Infective Agents/metabolism , In Vitro Techniques , Flavonols/analysis , Phenolic Compounds/analysis , Polyphenols/analysis , Food Additives
18.
Dement. neuropsychol ; 13(3): 305-311, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039648

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Depression is characterized by physical or psychological distress and in many cases can lead to suicide. Objective: to assess the prevalence of depression and its possible relationship with dietary total antioxidant capacity (DTAC) and nutritional parameters in climacteric women participating in an extension university program in a Southern Brazilian city. Methods: data were obtained through questionnaires and anthropometric measurements. Diet was assessed using a 24-hour dietary recall. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was used to assess the intensity of symptoms of depression. Results: DTAC of the population ranged from 435.60 to 4502.62 mg VCE/day. Among the most consumed antioxidant food/beverages, coffee ranked highest. Polyphenols were found to be directly linked to the antioxidant capacity of fresh foods (r=0.905; p=0.0001). Prevalence of depression in the population was 44%, and depressed women had lower intake levels of polyphenols (p=0.022; Cohen's d=0.80), and vitamin B6 (p=0.038; Cohen's d=0.65), vitamin A (p=0.044; Cohen's d =0.63), and vitamin C (p=0.050; Cohen's d =0.61). There was a significant negative correlation between BDI scores and polyphenol intake (r=-0.700; p=0.002). Conclusion: these results may contribute to a better understanding of the recommended dietary antioxidant intake as an adjuvant for preventing depression in women.


RESUMO Depressão é caracterizada por causar sofrimento físico ou psicológico e em muitos casos pode levar ao suicídio. Objetivo: avaliar a prevalência de depressão e sua possível relação com a capacidade antioxidante total da dieta (DTAC) e parâmetros nutricionais em mulheres climatéricas participantes de um programa universitário de extensão em uma cidade do sul do Brasil. Métodos: os dados foram obtidos por meio de questionários e medidas antropométricas. A dieta foi avaliada através de um recordatório alimentar de 24 horas. O Inventário de Depressão de Beck (BDI) foi usado para avaliar a intensidade dos sintomas de depressão. Resultados: a DTAC da população variou de 435,60 a 4502,62 mg VCE/dia. Entre os alimentos/bebidas antioxidantes mais ingeridos, o café destacou-se em primeiro. Os polifenóis mostraram estar diretamente ligados à capacidade antioxidante dos alimentos in natura (r=0,905; p=0,0001). A prevalência de depressão na população foi de 44%, e as mulheres depressivas apresentaram menores níveis de ingestão de polifenóis (p=0,022; Cohen's d=0,80) e vitaminas B6 (p=0,038; Cohen's d=0,65), A (p=0,044; Cohen's d=0,63) e C (p=0,050; Cohen's d=0,61). Houve uma correlação negativa significativa entre os escores do BDI e a ingestão de polifenóis (r=-0,700; p=0,002). Conclusão: estes resultados podem contribuir para uma melhor compreensão da ingestão dietética recomendada de antioxidantes como adjuvante na prevenção da depressão feminina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oxidative Stress , Mood Disorders , Depression , Polyphenols , Antioxidants
19.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 40: 71-77, July. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053491

ABSTRACT

Background: Burdock (Arctium lappa L.) is a fructan-rich plant with prebiotic potential. The aim of this study was to develop an efficient enzymatic route to prepare fructooligosaccharides (FOS)-rich and highly antioxidative syrup using burdock root as a raw material. Results: Endo-inulinase significantly improved the yield of FOS 2.4-fold while tannase pretreatment further increased the yield of FOS 2.8-fold. Other enzymes, including endo-polygalacturonase, endo-glucanase and endo-xylanase, were able to increase the yield of total soluble sugar by 11.1% (w/w). By this process, a new enzymatic process for burdock syrup was developed and the yield of burdock syrup increased by 25% (w/w), whereas with FOS, total soluble sugars, total soluble protein and total soluble polyphenols were enhanced to 28.8%, 53.3%, 8.9% and 3.3% (w/w), respectively. Additionally, the scavenging abilities of DPPH and hydroxyl radicals, and total antioxidant capacity of the syrup were increased by 23.7%, 51.8% and 35.4%, respectively. Conclusions: Our results could be applied to the development of efficient extraction of valuable products from agricultural materials using enzyme-mediated methods.


Subject(s)
Oligosaccharides/chemistry , Plant Roots/chemistry , Fructose/chemistry , Glycoside Hydrolases/metabolism , Antioxidants/chemistry , Oligosaccharides/metabolism , Polygalacturonase/metabolism , Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases/metabolism , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Hydroxyl Radical , Arctium , Functional Food , Polyphenols , Fructose/metabolism , Antioxidants/metabolism
20.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(3): 238-246, May-June 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002226

ABSTRACT

Grapes and its derivatives (wines and juices) are rich in polyphenols that have high antioxidant and vasodilator capacity. These biological activities may vary in the juices marketed and produced in different regions of Brazil. Objectives: To determine the antioxidant and vasorelaxant effects of grape juice samples produced in different regions of Brazil. Methods: The content of phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity were evaluated by the methods of Folin-Ciocalteau, DPPH, ABTS and a new electroanalytical approach (differential pulse voltammetry - DPV). Vasodilator effects were analyzed in isolated aorta from rats in an organ bath. Results: The samples from RJ and SP presented respectively the higher and lower phenolic content and also antioxidant capacity by the methods used (ABTS and DPPH). The results of the electrochemical index corroborate to the other tests, with the best results to RJ (21.69 ± 3.15 µA/V) and worse to the SP sample (11.30 ± 0.52 µA/V). In the vascular reactivity studies, the relaxation induced by each sample presented more distinct differences, following the order: RJ (87.9 ± 4.8%) > RS1 (71.6 ± 8.6%) > GO (56.2 ± 7.2%) > SP (39.9 ± 7.8%) > PR (39.4 ± 9.5%) > RS2 (19.5 ± 6.2%). Inhibition of endothelial NO practically abolished (p < 0.001) the relaxation for all samples, except one. Conclusion: The phenolic content and antioxidant capacity vary greatly among samples. The results obtained for the order of antioxidant activity were: RJ > RS1 > GO > RS2 > PR > SP. The juices were able to induce vascular relaxation at quite varied levels, and the RJ sample the most effective. The L-NAME practically blocked all samples except one (RS2)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Vasodilation , Vasodilator Agents/analysis , Brazil/epidemiology , Vitis , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Analysis of Variance , Rats, Wistar , Models, Animal , Endothelial Cells , Electrochemical Techniques , Polyphenols , Fruit and Vegetable Juices/analysis , Hypertension , Neoplasms/prevention & control
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL