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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887944

ABSTRACT

Drynariae Rhizoma is warm in nature and bitter in taste, mainly acting on liver and kidney systems. It is a common Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of fracture and bone injury. The chemical compositions of Drynariae Rhizoma mainly include flavonoids, triterpenoids, phenylpropanoids and lignans. At present, modern pharmacological and clinical studies have shown that Drynariae Rhizoma has the effects of anti osteoporosis, promoting fracture healing, kidney protection, anti-inflammatory, promoting tooth growth, preventing and treating aminoglycoside ototoxicity and lowering blood lipid. In addition, the toxicity evaluation experiment of Drynariae Rhizoma has also shown that it has no obvious toxic and side effects. Naringin is a kind of dihydroflavone in Drynariae Rhizoma. Many studies have shown that naringin and other total flavonoids play an important role in anti-osteoporosis, promoting fracture healing, anti-inflammation, promoting tooth growth and lowering blood lipid. In this study, the research progresses on chemical consti-tuents and pharmacological activities of Drynariae Rhizoma in recent years were reviewed, and some mechanisms of action were summarized, to provide references for the further research and development of Drynariae Rhizoma.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Flavonoids , Humans , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Polypodiaceae , Rhizome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921714

ABSTRACT

This study intended to explore the effect and mechanism of total flavonoids of Drynariae Rhizoma in improving scopola-mine-induced learning and memory impairments in model mice. Ninety four-month-old Kunming(KM) mice were randomly divided into six groups. The ones in the model group and blank group were treated with intragastric administration of normal saline, while those in the medication groups separately received the total flavonoids of Drynariae Rhizoma, Kangnaoshuai Capsules, donepezil, as well as total flavonoids of Rhizoma Drynariae plus estrogen receptor(ER) blocker by gavage. The mouse model of learning and memory impairments was established via intraperitoneal injection of scopolamine. Following the measurement of mouse learning and memory abilities in Morris water maze test, the hippocampal ERβ expression was detected by immunohistochemistry, and the expression levels of ERβ and phosphorylated p38(p-p38) in the hippocampus and B-cell lymphoma 2(Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated death promoter(Bad), and cysteinyl aspartate-specific protease-3(caspase-3) in the apoptotic system were assayed by Western blot. The contents of malondia-ldehyde(MDA), superoxide dismutase(SOD), and nitric oxide(NO) in the hippocampus were then determined using corresponding kits. Compared with the control group, the model group exhibited significantly prolonged incubation period, reduced frequency of cros-sing the platform, shortened residence time in the target quadrant, lowered ERβ, Bcl-2 and SOD activity in the hippocampus, and increased p-p38/p38, Bad, caspase-3, MDA, and NO. Compared with the model group, the total flavonoids of Rhizoma Drynariae increased the expression of ERβ and SOD in the hippocampus, down-regulated the expression of neuronal pro-apoptotic proteins, up-re-gulated the expression of anti-apoptotic proteins, and reduced p-p38/p38, MDA, and NO. The effects of total flavonoids of Drynariae Rhizoma on the above indexes were reversed by ER blocker. It has been proved that the total flavonoids of Drynariae Rhizoma obviously alleviate scopolamine-induced learning and memory impairments in mice, which may be achieved by regulating the neuronal apoptotic system and oxidative stress via the ER-p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase(ER-p38 MAPK) signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Flavonoids , Hippocampus , Maze Learning , Mice , Polypodiaceae , Receptors, Estrogen , Scopolamine/toxicity , Signal Transduction , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/genetics
3.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 41(2): 203-216, jun./dez. 2020. Ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224373

ABSTRACT

Os epífitos desempenham importantes funções ecológicas, e em particular as samambaias, mostram uma diversidade significativa em ambientes florestais, ocupando microambientes específicos e diversos. A diversidade de samambaias epifíticas no estado do Paraná ainda é relativamente pouco conhecida. A região de Paula Freitas, em particular, não apresenta estudos específicos para este grupo de plantas. Neste sentido, o presente estudo teve por finalidade avaliar a riqueza de espécies de samambaias epífitas em regiões de trilhas no Parque Municipal Guairacá em Paula Freitas, Paraná. Foram registradas 10 espécies distribuídas em oito gêneros e quatro famílias. A família Polypodiaceae foi a mais rica na área avaliada (oito espécies), reflexo das características morfoanatômicas comuns às espécies da família. Os resultados encontrados contribuem com o reconhecimento das características florísticas e ecológicas de samambaias epífitas ocorrentes no estado do Paraná.(AU)


Epiphytes play important ecological role, and the ferns shows a significant diversity in the forest environments, due to the numerous specific and diverse microenvironments. The diversity of epiphytic ferns in Paraná state is still relatively unknown. The Paula Freitas region, in particular, does not present specific studies for this group of plants. In this sense, the present study aimed to evaluate the diversity of epiphytic ferns in regions of trails in the Guairacá Municipal Park in Paula Freitas, Paraná. Ten species in eight genera and four families were recorded. The family Polypodiaceae (eight species) was the richest in the evaluated area, reflecting the morphoanatomic characteristics common to the family species. The results contribute to the recognition of the floristic and ecological characteristics of epiphytic ferns occurring in the state of Paraná.(AU)


Subject(s)
Plants , Polypodiaceae , Reflex , Forests
4.
Rev. biol. trop ; 66(3): 1078-1089, jul.-sep. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-977368

ABSTRACT

Resumen Pleopeltis macrocarpa y Microgramma mortoniana son dos helechos epífitos de la familia Polypodiaceae hallados con baja frecuencia en la Reserva Natural Punta Lara (Buenos Aires, Argentina). El objetivo de este trabajo fue estudiar la morfogénesis de gametófitos epífitos para fortalecer poblaciones vulnerables y contribuir a su conservación. Se recolectaron hojas fértiles. Las esporas se sembraron en placas de Petri con medio de cultivo Dyer. Las esporas se caracterizaron por ser monoletes, elipsoidales, amarillentas y con ornamentación verrucosa. La germinación fue del tipo Vittaria y el desarrollo del gametofito es del tipo Drynaria. El esporofito de P. macrocarpa surgió a los 500 días y el de M. mortoniana a los 120. El patrón de germinación, el desarrollo del gametofito, el glóbulo lipídico en la célula protálica y los pelos unicelulares capitados en el margen podrían considerarse en la sistemática del grupo. La demora en la formación de esporofitos a través de la reproducción sexual, permite inferir que el éxito de su propagación estaría sujeto a la reproducción vegetativa.


Abstract The Punta Lara Natural Reserve is located on the riverside of the La Plata River in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina. It is the Southernmost relict in the world of subtropical riparian forest. The epiphytic ferns studied in this work belong to the Polypodiaceae family: Microgramma mortoniana and Pleopeltis macrocarpa. Plant communities are subject to high levels of anthropization and introduction of exotic species. The goals of this work are to provide information on the morphogenesis of epiphytic gametophytes and to extend knowledge of their life cycles, contributing to their conservation. Sowing was carried out in Dyer medium. In both species the spores are monolete, ellipsoidal, yellowish and with verrucate sculpture. The equatorial diameter is 60-61 μm, the polar diameter is 39-42 μm. The germination is the Vittaria type; in M. mortoniana occurs at 20 days, while in P. macrocarpa occurs at six days. The filaments are uniseriate of 3-6 cells in length. The gametophyte development is Drynaria type. The cordated form is given after 40 days. In M. mortoniana, buds originated after 40 days. In P. macrocarpa, after 120 days, clathrate trichomes scale-like appear mainly on the margins of the gametophyte. The gametangia are typical of leptosporangiate ferns. The sporophyte of M. mortoniana emerged after 120 days and that of P. macrocarpa arose after 500 days, its blades are simple, spatulate and unicellular and multicellular branching hairs were observed. The germination pattern, gametophyte development, the presence of a lipid globule in the prothalic cell and the formation of unicellular capitated hairs are relevant characters that could be considered for systematic group. The delay in the formation of sporophytes through sexual reproduction, allows us to infer that the success of their establishment in situ would be given by the vegetative reproduction through creeping rhizomes and buds of gametophytes. Rev. Biol. Trop. 66(3): 1078-1089. Epub 2018 September 01.


Subject(s)
Argentina , Ferns/growth & development , Polypodiaceae/anatomy & histology , Germ Cells, Plant/growth & development
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775368

ABSTRACT

Drynariae Rhizoma has great significance in the clinical practice of osteoporosis treatment. Based on the perspective of integrative pharmacology, the study explored the mechanism of action of Drynariae Rhizoma in the treatment of osteoporosis. Six active components in Drynariae Rhizoma were obtained, mainly including glycosides and sterols. Taking the median of 2 times of "node connectivity" as the card value, the core node of the Chinese medicine target disease gene interaction network was selected. Based on this, three topological structural eigenvalues, such as "node connectivity" "node tightness" and "node connectivity" were calculated, thereby screening out four core targets of Drynariae Rhizoma treatment for osteoporosis, including thyroid parathyroid hormone 1 receptor (PTH1R), parathyroid hormone 2 receptor (PTH2R), calcitonin receptor gene (CALCR), and SPTBN1 gene (SPTBN1). Based on the gene ontology database GO and KEGG pathway database, the molecular function, intracellular localization, and biological reactions and pathways of proteins encoded by drug target genes were determined. Combined with enrichment calculation, it is predicted that osteoporosis may play a role in biosynthetic processes, such as circulatory system, nervous system, energy metabolism, prolactin signal pathway, GnRH signaling pathway, neurotrophic factor signaling pathway and other pathway. The conclusion of this study is certain with the existing research results, and the new target and new pathway could also be used as a theoretical basis for the further verification of osteoporosis.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Humans , Osteoporosis , Drug Therapy , Polypodiaceae , Chemistry , Receptor, Parathyroid Hormone, Type 1 , Metabolism , Receptor, Parathyroid Hormone, Type 2 , Metabolism , Receptors, Calcitonin , Metabolism , Rhizome , Chemistry , Spectrin , Metabolism
6.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 31(2): 623-633, mar./abr. 2015.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-964119

ABSTRACT

This study was performed in a remnant of Seasonal Semideciduous Forest at Fazenda Fortaleza de Sant'Anna, in the municipality of Chácara, Minas Gerais, Brazil (22.0129S, 43.8628W), in an area of ca. 1 ha, via monthly expeditions throughout the year 2012. We found 91 species of vascular epiphytes, distributed in 44 genera and 12 families. The richest families were Orchidaceae (35 spp.), Bromeliaceae (18 spp.), Polypodiaceae (10 spp.), Piperaceae (nine spp.) and Araceae (seven spp.). Two species were recorded for the first time in Minas Gerais: Rodriguezia sticta and Stelis oligantha (Orchidaceae). Rhipsalis oblonga (Cactaceae) was recollected in the state after about 100 years without records. Four species are cited in the list of endangered plants in Minas Gerais: Nematanthus crassifolius (Gesneriaceae) and Cattleya bicolor (Orchidaceae) are in the category "Vulnerable" (VU), Nidularium azureum (Bromeliaceae) and Pleurothallis pectinata (Orchidaceae) are "Critically Endangered" (CR). Nidularium azureum is also cited as CR in the Red Book of Brazilian Flora. Most species were classified as characteristic holoepiphytes and anemochory was the most frequent dispersion syndrome.


O estudo foi realizado em um remanescente de Floresta Estacional Semidecidual, na Fazenda Fortaleza de Sant'Anna, município de Chácara, Minas Gerais, Brasil (22,0129S, 43,8628W), em uma área aproximada de 1 ha, através de expedições mensais durante o ano de 2012. Foram encontradas 91 espécies de epífitas vasculares, distribuídas em 44 gêneros e 12 famílias. As famílias mais ricas foram Orchidaceae (35 spp.), Bromeliaceae (18 spp.), Polypodiaceae (10 spp.), Piperaceae (nove spp.) e Araceae (sete spp.). Duas espécies foram registradas pela primeira vez para Minas Gerais: Rodriguezia sticta e Stelis oligantha (Orchidaceae). Rhipsalis oblonga (Cactaceae) foi recoletada no estado depois de cerca de 100 anos sem registros. Quatro espécies estão presentes na lista de plantas ameaçadas de extinção em Minas Gerais: Nematanthus crassifolius (Gesneriaceae) e Cattleya bicolor (Orchidaceae) na categoria "Vulnerável" (VU), Nidularium azureum (Bromeliaceae) e Pleurothallis pectinata (Orchidaceae) como "Criticamente em Perigo" (CR). Nidularium azureum também é citado como CR no Livro Vermelho da Flora do Brasil. A maioria das espécies foi classificada como holoepífita característica e a síndrome de dispersão mais frequente foi a anemocoria.


Subject(s)
Forests , Biodiversity , Araceae , Orchidaceae , Piperaceae , Polypodiaceae , Bromeliaceae
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345245

ABSTRACT

Flavonoid naringin is widely distributed in various types of plants and is an important component of herbal Drynaria. In previous studies, Drynaria has been demonstrated to have inhibitory effects on inflammatory responses and bone destruction and exert anabolic effects on bone, has been widely used in the clinical treatment. Naringin, was in the stage of experimental yet. The experimental results have confirmed that naringin suppressed inflammation including arthritis by lowering the expression of inflammatory cytokines, and the mechanism can be explained as reducing the expression of NF-κB. Naringin has been shown to increase osteoblast proliferation by increasing the expression of BMP-2, inhibit osteoclast activity by reducing the expression of RANKL. In animal experimental, naringin was useful for osteoporosis, and the mechanisms are in-depth studies. Research in the field of traditional Chinese medicine and orthopedics, naringin as a explicit material structure in the components of Drynaria, has been concerned about the experimental studies, it is not only prosperity the development of traditional Chinese medicine research,but also ready for clinical studies anti-inflammatory and bone effects of naringin in the future.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Pharmacology , Bone and Bones , Flavanones , Pharmacology , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Osteoblasts , Osteoclasts , Osteoporosis , Drug Therapy , Polypodiaceae , Chemistry
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312995

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of naringin of Drynaria Rhizome, a Chinese medical component of Zhuanggu Jianxi Recipe (ZJR) containing serum on caveolin-p38MAPK signal factors (such as caveolin-1, p-p38, p-ATF-2, IL-1β, and TNF-α) in IL-1β induced rabbit degenerated chondrocytes, and further to explore its mechanism for protecting articular cartilages.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Naringin of Drynaria Rhizome was obtained and analyzed by HPLC-TOF/MS. Four weeks old New Zealand rabbits were killed and their bilateral knee joints were isolated aseptically. CDs were isolated and then cultured in vitro. The second generation of CDs were used for later experiment. The effect of naringin on CDs proliferation was detected by MTT assay. The effect of naringin on the expression of IL-1β-induced collagen II in CDs was detected by immunohistochemical method. The effect of naringin on caveolin-1, p-p38, and p-ATF-2 protein in IL-1β-induced CDs was detected by Western blot. The effect of naringin on mRNA expression of IL-1β and TNF-α in IL-1β-induced CDs was detected by RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The appearance time of naringin in flow graphs of naringin standard solution and ZJR containing serum was 23.5 min, and the molecular weight ranged between 581.0 and 581.5 m/z. Naringin could promote the proliferation of CDs, and inhibit the effect of IL-1β on collagen II in CDs. Compared with the model group, naringin could reduce the expression of caveolin-1, p-p38, p-ATF-2, IL-1β, and TNF-α in IL-1β induced CDs (P < 0.05), which was approximate to the level of the normal group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Naringin could not only promote the proliferation of CDs, but also protect IL-1β-induced CDs. Its mechanism might be associated with decreasing the expression of caveolin-1, p-p38, and p-ATF-2 proteins, inhibiting caveolin-p38MAPK signal pathway, and further reducing mRNA expression of IL-1β and TNF-α in the downstream of caveolin-p38MAPK signal pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Blotting, Western , Cartilage, Articular , Caveolins , Chondrocytes , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Flavanones , Pharmacology , Interleukin-1beta , Metabolism , Polypodiaceae , Rabbits , Rhizome , Signal Transduction , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism
9.
Biol. Res ; 47: 1-6, 2014. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950747

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) is a harmful pest of stored grain and flour-based products in tropical and subtropical region. In the present study, rhizome of Drynaria quercifolia (J. Smith) was evaluated for pesticidal and pest repellency activities against T. castaneum, using surface film method and filter paper disc method, respectively. In addition, activity of the isolated compound 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid was evaluated against the pest. RESULTS: Chloroform soluble fraction of ethanol extract of rhizome of D. quercifolia showed significant pesticidal activity at doses 0.88 to 1.77 mg/cm² and significant pest repellency activity at doses 0.94 to 0.23 mg/cm². No pesticidal and pest repellency activity was found for petroleum ether, ethyl acetate and methanol soluble fractions of ethanol extract as well as for 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid. CONCLUSION: Considering our findings it can be concluded that chloroform soluble fraction of rhizome of D. quercifoliais useful in controlling T. castaneum of stored grain and flour-based products.


Subject(s)
Animals , Pesticides , Tribolium/drug effects , Pest Control/methods , Polypodiaceae/chemistry , Rhizome/chemistry , Hydroxybenzoates/pharmacology , Insect Repellents/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/isolation & purification , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Chloroform , Ethanol , Methanol , Alkanes , Hydroxybenzoates/isolation & purification , Lethal Dose 50 , Acetates
10.
Rev. biol. trop ; 61(1): 291-299, Mar. 2013. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-674081

ABSTRACT

The epiphytic fern Microgramma squamulosa occurs in the Neotropics and shows dimorphic sterile and fertile leaves. The present study aimed to describe and compare qualitatively and quantitatively macroscopic and microscopic structural characteristics of the dimorphic leaves of M. squamulosa, to point more precisely those characteristics which may contribute to epiphytic adaptations. In June 2009, six isolated host trees covered by M. squamulosa were selected close to the edge of a semi-deciduous seasonal forest fragment in the municipality of Novo Hamburgo, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Macroscopic and microscopic analyzes were performed from 192 samples for each leaf type, and permanent and semi-permanent slides were prepared. Sections were observed under light microscopy using image capture software to produce illustrations and scales, as well as to perform quantitative analyses. Fertile and sterile leaves had no qualitative structural differences, being hypostomatous and presenting uniseriate epidermis, homogeneous chlorenchyma, amphicribal vascular bundle, and hypodermis. The presence of hypodermal tissue and the occurrence of stomata at the abaxial face are typical characteristics of xeromorphic leaves. Sterile leaves showed significantly larger areas (14.80cm²), higher sclerophylly index (0.13g/cm²) and higher stomatal density (27.75stomata/mm²) than fertile leaves. The higher sclerophylly index and the higher stomatal density observed in sterile leaves are features that make these leaves more xeromorphic, enhancing their efficiency to deal with limited water availability in the epiphytic environment, compared to fertile leaves.


El helecho epífito Microgramma squamulosa se encuentra en el Neotrópico y tiene hojas estériles y fértiles dimorfas. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir y comparar cuantitativa y cualitativamente la organización estructural de las hojas de la M. squamulosa, investigando las características morfológicas y anatómicas, y señalando los factores que contribuyen a la adaptación al ambiente epífito. Los análisis macroscópicos y microscópicos se realizaron a partir de 192 muestras de hojas de cada tipo. Láminas permanentes y semi-permanentes fueron preparadas y las secciones fueron observadas en el microscopio de luz. Hojas fértiles y estériles no mostraron diferencias estructurales cualitativas, son hipostomáticas, presentan epidermis uniseriada, haz vascular anficrival e hipodermis. La presencia de hipodermis y aparatos estomáticos en la nsuperficie abaxial de la epidermis son típicas de hojas xeromórficas. Hojas estériles presentaran áreas significativamente mayores, tasa más alta de esclerofilia y mayor densidad de estomas que hojas fértiles. La mayor tasa de esclerofilia y mayor densidad de estomas son características que hacen las hojas estériles más xeromórficas, aumentando su eficiencia para hacer frente a la disponibilidad de agua limitada en el ambiente epífito, en comparación con las hojas fértiles.


Subject(s)
Adaptation, Physiological/physiology , Plant Leaves/physiology , Polypodiaceae/physiology , Plant Leaves/anatomy & histology , Plant Leaves/cytology , Polypodiaceae/anatomy & histology , Polypodiaceae/cytology
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353021

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Through establishing the rat model of CIA to evaluate the effect and mechanism of Rhizoma Drynariae Flavone on bone destruction of CIA rat.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Subcutaneous injection of bovine type II collagen was used to induce Wistar rats to fall ill, and then established the rat model of CIA. The rats whose inflammation scores reached to two points or above were randomly divided into four groups, and were treated accordingly. The effect of Rhizoma Drynariae Flavone on bone destruction was evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At 12 weeks after treatment, bone trabecular area percentage and bone trabecular number in Rhizoma Drynariae Flavone group, Rhizoma Drynariae Flavone-1/2 Etanercept group, Etanercept group was obviously higher than that of sterilization water group (P < 0.05); and the trabecular resolving power of these groups was obviously less than that of sterilization water group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Rhizoma Drynariae Flavone can obviously inhibit inflammation of joint bone destruction of CIA rats,the effect may be related with bone trabecular number reduction and trabecular resolving power increasing.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Arthritis, Experimental , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Bone and Bones , Pathology , Female , Flavones , Therapeutic Uses , Polypodiaceae , Chemistry , Rats , Rats, Wistar
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318635

ABSTRACT

By repeated column chromatography, including silica gel, macroporous resin, and preparative HPLC, a new compound (1) was isolated and purified. On the basis of spectroscopic methods, the structure of 1 was elucidated as ( - ) -epiafzelechin-3, 5-di-O-beta-D-apiofuranoside (1). In the bioassay screening experiments, glucose consumption assays in IR HepG2 cells and colorimetric assay of surface GLUT4myc translocation were used to assess the effects on glucose metabolism of compound 1. Both compound 1 and its derivatives--naringin could improve glucose consumption in IR HepG2 cells and enhance GLUT4 translocation in skeletal muscle cell L6myc in a dose-dependent manner, indicating that these two compouds showed potential anti-diabetic activities in vitro.


Subject(s)
Catechin , Pharmacology , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Glucose , Metabolism , Glucose Transporter Type 4 , Metabolism , Glycosides , Pharmacology , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents , Pharmacology , Polypodiaceae , Chemistry , Protein Transport
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313835

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate influence of assemble flavone of rhizome drynaria (AFDR) on the value of the blood serum alkalinity phosphatase (ALP), calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), creatinine (Cr) and glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (GPT) in rats model with skull defects.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty SD male rats with age of 6-month were feeded for a week and then were randomly divided into control group and AFDR group, with 30 rats in each group. Left and right skull of rats were perforated with electromotive drill and the model of skull defects was made. Injectable bone regeneration vomposite (IBRC) was implanted right skull defects. The rats of control group and AFDR group were respectively lavaged with AFDR and deionized water at the first day after operation. The rats were respectively killed at the 2nd,4th and 8th week and the blood serum ALP, Ca, P, Cr, GPT were detected and analyzed by statistics.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At the 2nd week after operation, blood serum ALP in AFDR group was higher than that of control group. At the 4th week after operation, blood serum Ca, P, and calcium-phosphorus product in AFDR group was higher than that of control group; there was no significant difference in GPT between two groups. At the 8th week after operation, blood serum Cr in AFDR group was lower than that of control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>When AFDR is used in the repairing of bone defect for 2-4 weeks, it may affect the level of ALP, Ca, P, and without toxicity to liver and kindey.</p>


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , Blood , Animals , Calcium , Blood , Flavones , Pharmacology , Male , Phosphorus , Blood , Polypodiaceae , Chemistry , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Skull , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356058

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To provide practical method for microscopic authentication of traditional Chinese medicine Gusuibu and its adulterants.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>By means of light microscope, scanning electron microscopy and tissue section techniques, the morphology, the size of the rhizome scales and their bearing position in the original plants of Gusuibu and its adulterants, i. e. Drynaria roosii, D. delavayi, D. quercifolia and Pseudodrynaria coronans were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>There were significant differences between scales length of D. roosii, D. delavayi and P. coronans, while there was no significant difference between that of D. roosii and D. quercifolia. The scale teeth of D. delavayi were usually curved, bifid and uneven distributed at the scale fringe, which was different from that of the other three species. The base of the scales sinks in epidermis in D. roosii, D. quercifolia, and P. coronans, while it bore at the raised part of epidermis in D. delavayi.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>[corrected] Morphology, size and bearing position of the rhizome scales have significant differences in the several species. Therefore, these characteristics can be applied to the identification of Gusuibu and its adulterants.</p>


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Microscopy , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Polypodiaceae , Classification , Rhizome , Classification
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288730

ABSTRACT

This paper was designed to study metabonomic characters of the osteoporosis induced by high dose of hydrocortisone and the protective effects of Drynariae Rhizoma, which can replenish the kidney and strengthen the bones. A urinary metabonomics method based on ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) was developed. Clear separation of healthy control group, model group and treatment group was achieved by using the principal components analysis (PCA) and 9 significantly changed metabolites were identified as potential biomarkers of osteoporosis. Compared with the health control group, the model group rats showed lower levels of creatinine, citric acid, azelaic acid, hippurate, tryptophan and indoxyl sulfate together with higher levels of phenylalanine, cresol sulfate and phenaceturic acid. These changes in urinary metabolites suggest that the disorders of amino acid metabolism, energy metabolism, gut microflora and anti-oxidative damage are related to osteoporosis induced by high dose of hydrocortisone and the potential effect of Drynariae Rhizoma on all the four metabolic pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Male , Metabolomics , Osteoporosis , Urine , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Polypodiaceae , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-293324

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effect of covariates on the pharmacokinetic profiles of naringin in the total flavonoids of Drynaria fortunei (Kunze) J. Sm. in the Qianggu Capsule () by evaluating Chinese women with primary osteoporosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 98 female patients from the communities of Jingshan, Beixinqiao, Jiaodaokou, Chaoyangmen, and Donghuamen in Beijing, China, aged 40 to 80 years, were included in this study. Blood samples were collected before and 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, and 24 h after a single oral dose of Qianggu Capsule. The concentration in blood samples from 32 patients before and 0.5, 1, 2, 3, and 4 h after drug administration were determined by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method, and full set of pharmacokinetic data was analyzed with nonlinear mixed-effect modeling (NONMEM) software. The mean of population parameters clearance (C1), central distribution volume (V), absorption rate constant (Ka1), inter-compartmental clearance (C2), peripheral distribution volume (V2) were set as parameters and estimated through base model, covariate model, and final model. Age, height, weight, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine (Scr), alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), hyperlipidemia, Liver (Gan) Kidney (Shen) yin insufficiency (GSYI), Kidney (Shen) yang insufficiency (SYI) were set as covariates.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The relationships between these parameters and covariates were analyzed. The results showed that C1 was the main parameter influenced by the selected covariates among the population parameters, and the relationships between the covariates and C1 were analyzed, among the selected covariates hyperlipidemia was identified as significant covariate of C1.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The pharmacokinetic behaviors of naringin are altered with hyperlipidemia in Chinese women with primary osteoporosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Female , Flavanones , Pharmacokinetics , Flavonoids , Chemistry , Humans , Middle Aged , Osteoporosis , Metabolism , Polypodiaceae , Chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
17.
Neotrop. entomol ; 40(5): 548-552, Sept.-Oct. 2011. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-604481

ABSTRACT

A communal dormitory of male orchid bees, Euglossa melanotricha Moure, was monitored over a one-year period, when they passed the night in the fronds of a Serpocaulon triseriale (Polypodiaceae) fern. The bees used the same fronds continuously, moving to neighboring fronds as senescence set in. As many as 49 males were observed together on any one night, clinging to the midribs on the abaxial surface of up to five fern blades with their mandibles. A number of males returned to the same site to pass the night continuously over a number of months, and were observed making physical contact with one another without provoking agonistic behavior. Males of E. melanotricha appeared to prefer sleeping at sites close to nests and potential sources of odoriferous essences, such as orchids (Orchidaceae).


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Bees , Homing Behavior , Polypodiaceae , Brazil , Plant Leaves , Time Factors
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328462

ABSTRACT

Osteoporosis, the sixth most common disease in the world, is bringing increasingly serious harm to people's health. Cathepsin K, which plays an important role in bone resorption, is a potential target in the treatment of osteoporosis. Total flavonoids, the active ingredients in Rhizoma Drynariae, have shown obvious, therapeutic effect on osteoporosis. In previous studies, it was presumed that the mechanism for the therapeutic effect was through inhibiting the expression of Cathepsin K. However, there are still no detailed reports on some key issues such as the specific inhibitory results of total flavonoids on Cathepsin K and the pathway of inhibition and so on. Based on previous studies on total flavonoids from Rhizoma Drynariae, the pathway for the effect of, total flavonoids inhibiting Cathepsin K and their interventional value on Cathepsin K were analyzed in this paper, so as to explore the interventional feasibility and value of total flavonoids in Rhizoma Drynariae on Cathepsin K.


Subject(s)
Cathepsin K , Metabolism , Flavonoids , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Molecular Targeted Therapy , Osteoporosis , Drug Therapy , Polypodiaceae , Chemistry , Rhizome , Chemistry
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 874-878, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354561

ABSTRACT

To study the chemical constituents of Drynariae Rhizoma, nine phenolic acids were isolated from a 70% ethanol extract by using a combination of various chromatographic techniques including column chromatography over silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20, and semi-preparative HPLC. By spectroscopic techniques including 1H NMR, 13C NMR, 2D NMR, and HR-ESI-MS, these compounds were identified as 4, 4'-dihydroxy-3, 3'-imino-di-benzoic acid (1), protocatechuic acid (2), gallic acid (3), p-hydroxybenzoic acid (4), (E)-caffeic acid (5), ethyl trans-3, 4-dihydroxycinnamate (6), caffeic acid 4-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (7), p-coumaric acid 4-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (8), and 23(S)-12-O-caffeoyl-12-hydroxyllauric acid glycerol ester (9), separately. Among them, 1 and 9 are new compounds, and 3, 4, and 6 were isolated from Drynaria species for the first time.


Subject(s)
Benzoates , Chemistry , Caffeic Acids , Chemistry , Cinnamates , Chemistry , Gallic Acid , Chemistry , Glycerol , Chemistry , Hydroxybenzoates , Chemistry , Imines , Chemistry , Lauric Acids , Chemistry , Molecular Conformation , Molecular Structure , Parabens , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Polypodiaceae , Chemistry , Rhizome , Chemistry
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279357

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of assemble flavone of Drynariae Rhizome on the activity and osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow stem cells of rabbit in vitro.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Density gradient centrifugation was used to isolate bone marrow stem cells from SD rats. The MSCs were also undergone osteogenic induction. Cytochemical and immunocytochemical tainting were performed to verify their multipotential.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>High purity of bone marrow stem cells was successfully obtained. Both ALP activity and mineralization nodes tainting were positive in MSCs after osteogenic differentiation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The MSCs sustained their osteogenic differentiation potential in vitro by assemble flavone of rhizome drynaria.</p>


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , Metabolism , Animals , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Calcium , Metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Female , Flavones , Pharmacology , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Polypodiaceae , Chemistry , Rabbits
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