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Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 122-124, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928468


Surgical stabilization of the flail chest is challenging and has no established guidelines. Chest wall integrity and stability are the main factors that ensure the protection of intrathoracic organs and an adequate respiratory function. Here, we report a novel chest wall reconstruction technique in a 45-year-old man with a traumatic left flail chest and open pneumothorax diagnosed both clinically and radiographically. Rib approximation and chest wall reconstruction was done using intercostal figure-of-eight suture and polypropylene mesh with vascularized musculofascial flap. The patient improved gradually and was discharged after three weeks of total hospital stay. He returned to regular working after a month with no evidence of respiratory distress or paradoxical chest movement. Follow-up visit at one year revealed no lung hernia or paradoxical chest movement. This is a novel, feasible and cost-effective modification of chest wall reconstruction that can be adopted for thoracic wall repair in case of open flail chest, which needs emergency surgical interventions even in resource constraint settings.

Flail Chest/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Polypropylenes , Surgical Mesh , Sutures , Thoracic Wall/surgery
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(2): 287-294, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154463


ABSTRACT Purpose: Despite high success rates in the treatment of urinary incontinence, complications related to the use of polypropylene (PP) meshes are still a concern, especially in vaginal prolapses surgeries. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) coating on the integration of PP meshes implanted in the vaginal submucosa of rabbits. Materials and Methods: Thirty adult New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into two groups (n=15): PP, implanted with conventional PP meshes; and PRP, implanted with autologous PRP coated PP meshes. Animals in both groups (n=5) were euthanized at 7, 30 and 90 days postoperatively, the vaginas extracted and sent to immunohistochemical analysis for the assessment of the pro-inflammatory agent TNF-α, anti-inflammatory agents TGF-β and IL-13, collagen metabolism marker MMP-2, and angiogenesis marker CD-31. AxioVision™ image analysis was used for the calculation of the immunoreactive area and density. Statistical analysis was performed with ANOVA followed by Tukey test (p <0.05). Results: Animals in the PRP group showed significantly increased expression of the angiogenesis agent CD-31 at all experimental times when compared to the PP group (p <0.0001). However, no differences concerning the expression of the other markers were observed between the groups. Conclusion: The addition of autologous PRP gel to PP meshes can be simply and safely achieved and seems to have a positive effect on implantation site angiogenesis. Further investigations are required to ascertain PPR coated meshes clinical efficacy in prolapses and stress urinary incontinence surgeries.

Animals , Female , Polypropylenes , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Rabbits , Surgical Mesh , Vagina/surgery , Collagen
Ciencia Tecnología y Salud ; 8(2): 260-268, 2021. il 27 c
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA, DIGIUSAC | ID: biblio-1353264


La contaminación por microplásticos (MPs) de tamaño menor a 5 mm ha tomado relevancia en los últimos años debido a su impacto en los ecosistemas. En Guatemala, se carece de información relacionada con MPs, por lo que este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar la abundancia y características de MPs en cuatro playas del Pacífico de Guatemala, Ocós, Tulate, Sipacate y Las Lisas. Se colectaron muestras de arena en mayo y octubre de 2019. Los MPs se aislaron y se clasificaron por forma, y el tipo de polímero se identificó a través de un equipo de espectroscopia infrarroja con transformada de Fourier (ATR-FTIR). La abundancia expresada en MPs/m2 en mayo fue de 25.6, 5.6, 0.8 y 0 MPs/m2 para Tulate, Las Lisas, Ocós y Sipacate; mientras que en octubre fue de 59.6, 23.2, 17.6 y 17.6 MPs/m2 en Tulate, Ocós, Las Lisas y Sipacate. Fragmentos, foam, pellets y láminas fueron las formas predominantes de MPs que se encontraron en las playas. El análisis por ATR-FTIR muestra que los principales polímeros identificados en las playas son polietileno, poliestireno y polipropileno. Los resultados de este estudio indican que las playas del Pacífico de Guatemala están contaminadas por MPs de diferentes tipos de polímeros. Además, estos resultados ofrecen información importante a los responsables de la toma de decisiones sobre la eliminación y el manejo de la basura plástica marina.

Microplastics < 5 mm (MPs) pollution has gained relevance in the last years because of its impact on the ecosystems. In Guatemala, information related to MPS as an environmental stressor is lacking, that is why this study aimed to assess the abundance and characteristics of MPS in four beaches to the Pacific Ocean of Guatemala, Ocós, Tulate, Sipacate, and Las Lisas. Sand samples were collected in May and October 2019. MPs were isolated and classified by shape and the type of polymer was identified by using Attenuated Total Reflec-tion-Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR). The abundance expressed in MPs/m2 in May was 25.6, 5.6, 0.8 and 0 MPs/m2 in Tulate, Las Lisas, Ocós, and Sipacate; whereas in October was 59.6, 23.2, 17.6, and 17.6 M Ps /m2 in Tulate, Las Lisas, Ocós and Sipacate. Fragments, foam, pellets, and film were the predominant shapes found on the beaches. The ATR-FTIR analysis indicates that the main polymers identified in the beaches are polyethylene, polystyrene, and polypropylene. The results of this study indicate that the Pacific Beaches of Guatemala are contaminated by MPs of different types of polymers. These results offer important information to decision makers about disposal and management of marine plastic litter.

Bathing Beaches , Environmental Pollution/analysis , Microplastics/analysis , Polypropylenes/analysis , Polystyrenes/analysis , Pacific Ocean , Polyethylene/analysis , Microplastics/adverse effects , Guatemala
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 57: e19094, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345458


Bisphenol A (BPA), an endocrine disrupter, can migrate from packaging material into food stuff. This research was designed to measure BPA levels in makdous, a traditional Syrian food. Forty three samples of makdous stored in different plastic containers (polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), and unspecified plastic containers) were analyzed every 3 months for one year beginning July 2017. Quantification of BPA was carried out by an RP-HPLC system equipped with fluorescence detector after solid phase extraction. Migration was found in PE and PP plastic containers with slight differences. Statistically significant differences in BPA levels were observed between samples assayed after two weeks of preparation and samples assayed after 12 months (mean 16.32 vs. 38.26 µg/kg, p value=0.003). According to these amounts, BPA levels were all under the specific migration limit of 0.05 mg/kg as newly referred in Regulation (EU) No 2018/213. These levels of exposure would only contribute to 2.15% and 2.75% of the EFSA t-TDI in both men and women respectively based on mean dietary exposure estimates derived from a 24-h dietary information study from 875 participants. Hence there are no concerns about potential health risks from makdous consumption

Humans , Male , Female , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Endocrine Disruptors/classification , Solid Phase Extraction/instrumentation , Food/classification , Plastics/adverse effects , Polypropylenes , Weights and Measures , Product Packaging/classification , Health Risk , Dietary Exposure/adverse effects
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(3): e1527, 2021. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355502


ABSTRACT Background: The use of polypropylene meshes for surgical repair of the abdominal wall contributes to a reduction of the of recurrence rates of hernias or defects. However, its intra-abdominal use comes along with the formation of adhesions and several complications. The study and the search for alternative materials, including bovine pericardium, have been regarded as an option for the correction and treatment of resulting hernias with better adaptations and effectiveness. Aim: Evaluating the inflammatory process of the bovine pericardium in comparison with the inflammatory process of synthetic polypropylene mesh. Method: Bovine pericardium mesh and polypropylene mesh were placed, both on the same animal. The first group had the mesh removed for analysis on day 20, and the second group on day 40. The variables congestion, granulation, giant cells, necrosis, acute inflammation, chronic inflammation and collagen were analyzed. Results: All variables were found in greater numbers as a response to the polypropylene mesh, except for the collagen, which, on day 40, was greater in response to the bovine pericardium mesh. Conclusion: The data in this study suggest that there is less inflammatory reaction in response to bovine pericardium mesh when compared to polypropylene mesh.

RESUMO Racional: O uso de telas de polipropileno para a correção cirúrgica da parede abdominal contribui para redução dos índices de recidiva das hérnias ou defeitos. No entanto, o seu uso intra-abdominal cursa com a formação de aderências e diversas complicações. O estudo e a busca por materiais alternativos, como pericárdio bovino, têm se mostrado uma opção na correção e tratamento de hérnias que resultem com melhores adaptações e efetividades. Objetivo: Avaliar o processo inflamatório do pericárdio bovino em comparação ao processo inflamatório da tela sintética de polipropileno. Método: Foi realizada a colocação de tela de pericárdio bovino e polipropileno, ambas no mesmo animal. O primeiro grupo as teve retiradas para análise no dia 20, e o segundo grupo no dia 40. Foram analisadas as variáveis congestão, granulação, células gigantes, necrose, inflamação aguda, inflamação crônica e colágeno. Resultados: Todas as variáveis foram encontradas em maior número como resposta a tela de polipropileno, exceto a variável colágeno, que no dia 40 apresentou-se em maior quantidade em resposta à tela de pericárdio bovino. Conclusão: Há menor reação inflamatória em resposta a tela de pericárdio bovino, quando comparada com a de polipropileno.

Animals , Cattle , Polypropylenes , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Pericardium , Surgical Mesh , Tissue Adhesions
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(1): e1577, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284906


ABSTRACT Background: In the definition of the mesh to be used to correct hernias, porosity, amount of absorbable material and polypropylene should be considered in the different stages of healing process. Aim: To evaluate the inflammatory reaction in the use of macro and microporous meshes of high and low weight in the repair of defects in the abdominal wall of rats. Methods: Ninety Wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus albinus) were used. The animals were submitted to similar surgical procedures, with lesion of the ventral abdominal wall, maintaining the integrity of the parietal peritoneum and correction using the studied meshes (Prolene®, Ultrapro® and Bard Soft®). Euthanasia was performed at 30, 60 and 120 days after surgery. The abdominal wall segments were submitted to histological analysis using H&E, Masson's trichrome, immunohistochemistry, picrosirius red and tensiometric evaluation. Results: On the 120th day, the tensiometric analysis was superior with Ultrapro® macroporous mesh. The inflammatory process score showed a significant prevalence of subacute process at the beginning and at the end of the study. Microporous meshes showed block encapsulation and in macroporous predominance of filamentous encapsulation. Conclusion: The Ultrapro® mesh showed better performance than the others in healing process of the abdominal wall.

RESUMO Racional: Na definição da tela a ser utilizada na correção das hérnias deve-se considerar a porosidade, quantidade de material absorvível e polipropileno ou inabsorvível nas diversas fases da cicatrização. Objetivo: Avaliar a reação inflamatória das telas macro e microporosas de alta e baixa gramatura no reparo de defeito da parede abdominal de ratos. Método: Foram utilizados 90 ratos da raça Wistar (Rattus norvegicus albinus). Os animais foram submetidos a procedimentos cirúrgicos semelhantes, com lesão da parede abdominal ventral, mantendo a integridade do peritônio parietal e correção utilizando as telas Prolene®, Ultrapro® e Bard Soft®. Realizou-se a eutanásia aos 30, 60 e 120 dias de pós-operatório. Os segmentos da parede abdominal foram submetidos à análise histológica com H&E, tricômio de Masson, imunoistoquímica, picrosirius red e análise tensiométrica. Resultado: No 120º dia a análise tensiométrica mostrou superioridade da tela macroporosa Ultrapro®. O escore do processo inflamatório demonstrou prevalência significativa de processo subagudo no início e no final do estudo. As telas microporosas mostraram encapsulamento em bloco e as macroporosas encapsulamento predominantemente filamentar. Conclusão: A tela Ultrapro® mostrou melhor desempenho em relação às demais na cicatrização da parede abdominal.

Animals , Rats , Polypropylenes , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Peritoneum , Surgical Mesh , Rats, Wistar
Acta cir. bras ; 36(7): e360706, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339001


ABSTRACT Purpose To compare tissue inflammatory response, foreign body reaction, fibroplasia, and proportion of type I/III collagen between closure of abdominal wall aponeurosis using polyglactin suture and intraperitoneal implant of polypropylene, polypropylene/polyglecaprone, and polyester/porcine collagen meshes to repair defects in the abdominal wall of rats. Methods Forty Wistar rats were placed in four groups, ten animals each, for the intraperitoneal implant of polypropylene, polypropylene/polyglecaprone, and polyester/porcine collagen meshes or suture with polyglactin (sham) after creation of defect in the abdominal wall. Twenty-one days later, histological analysis was performed after staining with hematoxylin-eosin and picrosirius red. Results The groups with meshes had a higher inflammation score (p < 0.05) and higher number of gigantocytes (p < 0.05) than the sham group, which had a better fibroplasia with a higher proportion of type I/III collagen than the tissue separating meshes (p < 0.05). There were no statistically significant differences between the three groups with meshes. Conclusions The intraperitoneal implant of polypropylene/polyglecaprone and polyester/porcine collagen meshes determined a more intense tissue inflammatory response with exuberant foreign body reaction, immature fibroplasia and low tissue proportion of type I/III collagen compared to suture with polyglactin of abdominal aponeurosis. However, there were no significant differences in relation to the polypropylene mesh group.

Animals , Rats , Polypropylenes/adverse effects , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Polyglactin 910/adverse effects , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Sutures , Swine , Materials Testing , Foreign-Body Reaction/etiology , Collagen , Rats, Wistar , Aponeurosis
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 27(4): 168-174, out./dez. 2020. il.
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1369237


Tissue engineering replaces injured tissues by manipulating cells, making scaffolds, and using molecules that stimulate the tissue. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are good candidates for tissue engineering, as this is one of the cell types which are recruited to repair injured tissues. Scaffolds are structural devices that allow cell fixation and migration, with polypropylene meshes being an example. This study aims to evaluate the culture of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs), isolated from C57Bl/6 GFP + mice, in two types of polypropylene meshes (macroporous and microporous) in conventional culture plates and plates coated with methacrylate, over a period of fifteen days. The objective was to obtain the best interaction protocol between the mesh and the cells. The choice of the best method was based on adherence, maintenance of adherence and viability during culture. The amount of ADSCs adhering was checked daily by counting in a Neubauer Chamber and by using a growth curve performed with the MTT assay. The ADSCs adhering to the meshes were visualized with DAPI, panotic, hematoxylin and eosin, immunohistochemistry (integrin), and immunofluorescence (actin). ADSCs adhere to all forms of culture and to the two types of polypropylene mesh. ADSCs adhered more to the microporous mesh, within the seven day period of culture and in the plates without methacrylate. Thus, polypropylene meshes offer a good scaffold for ADSCs to adhere to.

A engenharia de tecidos substitui tecidos danificados com a manipulação de células, confecção de arcabouços e a utilização de moléculas que estimulem o tecido. As células-tronco mesenquimais (MSCs) são boas candidatas para engenharia de tecido, pois são um dos tipos celulares recrutadas para a reparação de tecidos lesionados. O arcabouço deve ser um dispositivo estrutural que forneça uma estrutura para o crescimento e a diferenciação celular no sítio, sendo a tela de polipropileno um exemplo. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o cultivo de células-tronco mesenquimais de tecido de adiposo (ADSCs), isoladas de camundongos C57Bl/6 GFP+, em dois tipos de telas de polipropileno (macroporosa e microporosa) em placas de cultura convencionais e revestidas com metacrilato, durante quinze dias, para obter o melhor protocolo de interação entre a tela e as células. A escolha do melhor método foi baseada na adesão, manutenção da adesão e viabilidade durante cultivo. A quantidade de ADSCs aderidas foi verificada diariamente em contagem em Câmara de Neubauer e através de uma curva de crescimento realizada através de ensaio de MTT. As ADSCs aderidas nas telas foram visualizadas com a marcação de DAPI, panótico, hematoxilina e eosina, imumo-histoquímica (integrina) e imunofluorescência (actina). Nas duas formas de cultivo e nos dois tipos de telas de polipropileno houve aderência das ADSCs. Houve maior aderência na tela microporosa, no período de sete dias de cultivo e em placas sem metacrilato. Conclui-se que a tela de polipropileno oferece um bom arcabouço para as ADSCs se aderirem.

Animals , Mice , Polypropylenes/analysis , Tissue Embedding/methods , Tissue Engineering/methods , Tissue Scaffolds , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Mice
Acta cir. bras ; 35(12): e351205, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152680


Abstract Purpose: In laparoscopic incisional hernia repair, meshes with a tissue-separating barrier are positioned intraperitoneally. Despite this property, the close contact between mesh and viscera involves a risk of adhesion formation. Some natural products, such as red propolis (RP), could reduce these adhesions owing to their anti-inflammatory properties. This study aimed to compare two different intraperitoneal meshes with respect to their characteristics of adhesion formation, histological findings and evaluate the role of RP in the development of these adhesions. Methods: 40 Wistar rats received placement of two different meshes (Symbotex and Dynamesh IPOM) on peritoneum. The animals were divided into two groups: control group (mesh) and treatment group (mesh and RP). After 7 and 14 days, 20 animals of each group underwent midline laparotomy to determine the adhesions and histological characteristics. Results: Out of the 40 animals, there were two deaths in the test group and two in the control group. All animals in both groups developed adherence to the mesh. At postoperative day (POD) 7, two Symbotex meshes presented firm adhesions and at POD 14, two Dynamesh meshes had firm adhesions as well. The comparison between the meshes under the effect of RP in relation to the control group showed no statistical difference. Conclusions: Both meshes showed intraperitoneal adhesions in all evaluated samples with similar results on the characteristics of adhesions. RP showed no effect on the incidence or gradation of intraperitoneal adhesions with the mesh.

Animals , Rats , Biological Products , Hernia, Ventral , Polypropylenes , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Tissue Adhesions/prevention & control , Rats, Wistar , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology
Acta cir. bras ; 35(10): e202001001, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130617


Abstract Purpose: Incisional hernia (IH) is a frequent complication of median laparotomy. The use of prophylactic mesh to reduce IH incidence has gained increasing attention. We hypothesized that in an animal model, linea alba prophylactic reinforcement with a three-dimensional T-shaped polypropylene mesh results in greater abdominal wall resistance. Methods: Study was performed in 27 rabbits. After abdominal midline incision, animals were divided into three groups according to the laparotomy closure method used: (1)3D T-shaped coated mesh; (2)3D T-shaped uncoated mesh; and (3) closure without mesh. After 4 months, each animal's abdominal wall was resected and tensiometric tests were applied. Results included IH occurrence, adhesions to the mesh, and wound complications. Results: There was no significant difference between the groups in maximum tensile strength (p=0.250) or abdominal wall elongation under maximum stress (p=0.839). One rabbit from the control group developed IH (p=1.00). Small intestine and colon adhesions occurred only in the uncoated mesh group (p<0.001) and the degree of adhesions was higher in this group compared to the coated mesh group (p<0.05). Conclusion: Use of the current 3D T-shaped prophylactic mesh model did not result in a significant difference in tensiometric measurements when compared with simple abdominal wall closure in rabbits.

Animals , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Incisional Hernia , Hernia, Ventral/surgery , Polypropylenes , Rabbits , Surgical Mesh , Tissue Adhesions/prevention & control
Acta cir. bras ; 35(2): e202000201, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100884


Abstract Purpose To evaluate the effect of a PP mesh on duct deferens morphology, testicular size and testosterone levels. Methods Forty adult male rats were distributed into groups: 1) no surgery; 2) inguinotomy; 3) mesh placed on the duct deferens; and 4) mesh placed on the spermatic funiculus. After 90 postoperative days, the inguinal region was resected, and blood samples were collected for the measurement of serum testosterone (pg/dl). The ducts deferens were sectioned in three axial sections according to the relationship with the mesh — cranial, medial and caudal. The wall thickness and duct deferens lumen area were measured. Results The morphology of the duct deferens was preserved in all groups. The mesh placement did not alter this morphology in any of the analyzed segments. Surgery, with or without mesh placement, did not alter the morphology, wall thickness or lumen area (p>0.05). In all operated groups, serum testosterone levels were similar (p>0.05) but there was a decrease in testicle size (p<0.05). Conclusion Surgery, with or without mesh placement, did not alter the morphology of the duct deferens and, although this treatment resulted in testicular size reduction, it did not affect serum testosterone levels.

Animals , Male , Surgical Mesh , Vas Deferens/pathology , Foreign-Body Reaction/pathology , Inguinal Canal/surgery , Organ Size , Polypropylenes , Postoperative Period , Spermatic Cord/surgery , Testis/anatomy & histology , Testosterone/blood , Vas Deferens/surgery , Foreign-Body Reaction/blood , Rats, Wistar , Models, Animal
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878803


In the current study, schisandrin B(SchB)-loaded F127 modified lipid-polymer hybrid nanoparticles(SchB-F-LPNs) were developed to improve the inhibition of breast cancer lung metastasis. Modified nanoprecipitation method was used to prepare SchB-F-LPNs. The nanoparticles were spherical in shape with shell-core structure by TEM observation. SchB-F-LPNs showed a mean particle size of(234.60±6.11) nm with zeta potential of(-5.88±0.49) mV. XRD results indicated that SchB existed in the nanoparticles in an amorphous state. The apparent permeability coefficient through porcine mucus of F-LPNs was 1.43-fold of that of LPNs as shown in the in vitro mucus penetration study. The pharmacokinetics study showed that the C_(max) of SchB was(369.06±146.94) μg·L~(-1),(1 121.34±91.65) μg·L~(-1) and(2 951.91±360.53) μg·L~(-1) respectively in SchB suspensions group, SchB-LPNs group and SchB-F-LPNs group after oral administration in rats. With SchB suspensions as the reference formulation, the relative bioavailability of SchB-F-LPNs was 568.60%. SchB-F-LPNs inhibited the morphological change during transforming growth factor-β1(TGF-β1)-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition. In addition, SchB-F-LPNs significantly decreased the number of metastatic pulmonary nodules in 4 T1 tumor-bearing mice, suggesting that SchB-F-LPNs may inhibit the metastasis of breast cancer. These results reveal the promising potential of SchB-F-LPNs in treatment of breast cancer lung metastasis.

Animals , Cyclooctanes , Lignans , Lipids , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Mice , Nanoparticles , Polycyclic Compounds , Polyethylenes , Polymers , Polypropylenes , Rats , Swine
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 39(3): 242-248, June-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040322


ABSTRACT Rationale: Fistulotomy followed by primary sphincteroplasty is one of the therapeutic options in transsphincteric fistulae; however, it was not known which suture would present a better result. Objective: To compare polypropylene and polyglactin sutures in primary sphincteroplasty in rats subjected to fistulotomy. Method: Thirty Wistar rats were subjected to peritoneal anesthesia with ketamine and xylazine, followed by transfixation of the anal sphincter with steel thread, which remained for 30 days to develop the anal fistula. After this period, the steel thread was removed and four groups were formed: A - Control (n = 5), without treatment; B - Fistulotomy (n = 5), performed fistulotomy only; C - Polypropylene (n = 10), in which fistulotomy was performed followed by primary sphincteroplasty with polypropylene suture; D - Polyglactin (n = 10), in which fistulotomy was performed followed by primary sphincteroplasty with polyglactin suture; after 30 days the animals were anesthetized again and submitted to euthanasia by deepening the anesthetic plane to remove the specimens, analyzing fistula closure, muscle fiber distance, and inflammatory process. Results: The fistula persisted in all animals of the control group and in none of the other groups; the distances between the muscle fibers were 1620 µm, 4665 µm, and 2520 µm, respectively in Groups B, C, and D (p = 0.067); in relation to fibrosis, the means were 2.4, 2.8, and 3.6, respectively in Groups B, C, and D, showing greater fibrosis in the latter group (p = 0.041). Conclusion: There was no persistence of the fistula in any of the treated animals; there was no difference in the distance between the muscle fibers between the groups subjected to primary sphincteroplasty with polypropylene or polyglactin, or between these groups and the one treated only by fistulotomy. There was greater fibrosis in animals treated with primary sphincteroplasty with polyglactin.

RESUMO Racional: A fistulotomia seguida de esfincteroplastia primária é uma das opções terapêuticas nas fístulas transesfincterianas, porém, não se sabe ao certo qual fio poderia apresentar melhor resultado. Objetivo: Comparar os fios de polipropileno e poliglactina na esfincteroplastia primária em ratos submetidos a fistulotomia. Método: Utilizou-se 30 ratos Wistar, confeccionada fístula por transfixação do esfíncter anal com fio de aço, que permaneceu por 30 dias. Após, o fio de aço foi removido e foram formados quatro grupos: A - Controle (n = 5), sem tratamento; B - Fistulotomia (n = 5), realizada fistulotomia apenas; C - Polipropileno (n = 10), em que foi realizada fistulotomia seguida por esfincteroplastia primário com fio de polipropileno; D - Poliglactina (n = 10), mesmo procedimento com fio de poliglactina; após 30 dias analisou-se o fechamento da fístula, afastamento dos cabos musculares e processo inflamatório. Resultados: A fístula persistiu em todos animais do grupo controle e em nenhum dos demais grupos; dos grupos tratados a área de afstamento dos cabos musculares foi 1620 µm, 4665 µm e 2520 µm, respectivamente nos Grupos B, C e D (p = 0,067); em relação à fibrose as médias foram 2,4; 2,8 e 3,6; respectivamente nos Grupos B, C e D, demonstrando maior fibrose neste último grupo (p = 0,041). Conclusão: Não houve persistência da fístula em nenhum dos animais tratados, não houve diferença no afastamento dos cabos musculares entre os grupos submetidos a esfincteroplastia primária com polipropileno ou poliglactina, e nem destes com o grupo tratado apenas por fistulotomia. Houve maior fibrose nos animais tratados por esfincteroplastia primária com poliglactina.

Animals , Rats , Polyglactin 910 , Polypropylenes , Sutures , Rectal Fistula/surgery , Sphincterotomy
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(4): 1198-1206, jul.-ago. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1038616


The aim of this study was to characterize the tissue reactions triggered by the polypropylene mesh coated with chitosan and polyethylene glycol film, and if it's able to prevent the formation of peritoneal adhesions. Defects in the abdominal wall of rats were induced and polypropylene meshes coated with chitosan/polyethylene glycol (CPEG group, n= 12) and uncoated (PP control group, n= 12) were implanted. On the fourth and forty-fifth postoperative day the formation of adhesion and the tissue reaction to the biomaterial was evaluated through histological and histochemical analysis. The area (P= 0.01) and severity (P= 0.002) of the adhesion was significatively less in the CPEG group. On the fourth day the foreign body reaction was less intense in CPEG group (P= 0.018) and the production of collagen fibers was more intense in this group (P= 0.041). The tissue reactions caused by the biomaterials were similar on the 45th day, with the exception of the high organization of collagen fibers in the CPEG group. The CPEG meshes did not fully prevent the formation of adhesions, but minimized the severity of the process. The foreign body reaction promoted by polypropylene meshes coated with CPEG is less intense than that triggered by uncoated polypropylene meshes.(AU)

O objetivo deste estudo foi caracterizar as reações tissulares desencadeadas pela tela de polipropileno revestida com o filme de quitosana e polietilenoglicol e verificar se ela é capaz de prevenir a formação de aderências peritoneais. Um defeito na parede abdominal dos ratos foi realizado, e as telas de polipropileno revestidas com quitosana/polietilenoglicol (grupo CPEG, n= 12) e sem revestimento (grupo controle PP, n= 12) foram implantadas. No quarto e no 45º dia pós-operatório, avaliou-se a formação de aderências e a reação tecidual ao biomaterial por análise histológica e histoquímica. A área (P= 0,01) e a severidade (P= 0,002) da aderência peritoneal foram significativamente menores no grupo CPEG no 45º dia. No quarto dia, observou-se que a reação do corpo estranho foi menor no grupo CPEG (P= 0,018), e a produção de fibras de colágeno mais intensa (P= 0,041). As reações tissulares causadas pelos biomateriais implantados foram semelhantes no 45º dia, com exceção da melhor organização das fibras colágenas no grupo CPEG. As telas CPEG não impediram completamente a formação de aderências, porém minimizaram a gravidade do processo. A reação de corpo estranho promovida por telas de polipropileno revestidas com CPEG é menos intensa do que a desencadeada por telas de polipropileno não revestidas.(AU)

Animals , Rats , Polyethylene Glycols , Polypropylenes , Surgical Mesh/veterinary , Foreign-Body Reaction/veterinary , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Chitosan , Tissue Adhesions/veterinary
Rev. medica electron ; 41(3): 748-755, mayo.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1094082


RESUMEN La hernia de Spiegel es un defecto raro de la pared abdominal. Su diagnóstico se hace muy difícil por lo infrecuente y por la dificultad para diferenciarla de la hernia inguinal supravesical. Precisamente, por lo poco común, los médicos muchas veces no valoran seriamente la presencia de esta variedad de hernia. Constituye una patología en la que el diagnóstico al igual que el resto de las hernias de la pared abdominal, es esencialmente clínico. El objetivo de este trabajo es informar un caso con un tipo de hernia poco común. Paciente de 50 años de edad, de color de piel blanca, obesa, multípara de procedencia urbana, con antecedentes personales patológico de relativa buena salud. Acudió a consulta por presentar dolor en la región inferior derecha, en la unión del flanco derecho con el mesogastrio, desde hacía varios meses. Fue diagnosticada con una hernia de Spiegel. Se le realizaron los estudios correspondientes fue intervenida quirúrgicamente realizándose hernioplastia.

ABSTRACT Spiegelian hernia is a rare defect of the abdominal wall. Its diagnosis is very difficult because of its infrequency and the difficult of differentiating it from the supravesical inguinal hernia. Precisely due to its infrequence the doctors usually do not seriously evaluate the presence of this kind of hernia. It is a pathology in which, like in the rest of the abdominal wall hernias, the diagnosis is essentially clinical. The aim of this work is to report a case of a patient with an uncommon kind of hernia: a female, obese, multiparous, white patient, aged 50 years, from urban precedence, with personal pathological antecedents of relatively good health, assisted the consultation presenting pain in the right inferior region, in the place where the right flank meets the mesogastrium for several months. She was diagnosed a Spiegel's hernia. The correspondent studies were carried out and she underwent a hernioplasty.

Humans , Female , Adult , Surgical Mesh , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Cefazolin/therapeutic use , Hernia, Abdominal/surgery , Hernia, Abdominal/diagnosis , Hernia, Abdominal/etiology , Hernia, Abdominal/blood , Hernia, Abdominal/epidemiology , Hernia, Abdominal/diagnostic imaging , Herniorrhaphy , Pain/diagnosis , Polypropylenes , Hemostasis
Acta cir. bras ; 34(6): e201900603, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019263


Abstract Purpose To Compare the extent and intensity of adhesions formed between the intra-abdominal organs and the intraperitoneal implants of polypropylene mesh versus polypropylene/polyglecaprone versus polyester/porcine collagen used for correction of abdominal wall defect in rats. Methods After the defect in the abdominal wall, thirty Wistar rats were placed in three groups (ten animals each) for intraperitoneal mesh implant: polypropylene group, polypropylene/polyglecaprone group, and polyester/porcine collagen group. The macroscopic evaluation of the extent and intensity of adhesions was performed 21 days after the implant. Results The polypropylene group had a higher statistically significant impairment due to visceral adhesions (p value = 0.002) and a higher degree of intense adherence in relation to polypropylene/polyglecaprone and polyester/porcine collagen groups (p value<0.001). The polyester/porcine collagen group showed more intense adhesions than the polypropylene/polyglecaprone group (p value=0.035). Conclusions The intraperitoneal implantation of polypropylene meshes to correct defects of the abdominal wall caused the appearance of extensive and firm adhesions to intra-abdominal structures. The use of polypropylene/polyglecaprone or polyester/porcine collagen tissue-separating meshes reduces the number and degree of adhesions formed.

Animals , Male , Rats , Peritoneal Diseases/etiology , Polyesters/administration & dosage , Polypropylenes/administration & dosage , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Tissue Adhesions/etiology , Collagen/administration & dosage , Dioxanes/administration & dosage , Polyesters/adverse effects , Polypropylenes/adverse effects , Materials Testing , Collagen/adverse effects , Rats, Wistar , Abdominal Wall/pathology , Dioxanes/adverse effects
Acta cir. bras ; 34(7): e201900703, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038114


Abstract Purpose: To compare four types of mesh regarding visceral adhesions, inflammatory response and incorporation. Methods: Sixty Wistar rats were divided into four groups, with different meshes implanted intraperitoneally: polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE group); polypropylene with polydioxanone and oxidized cellulose (PCD); polypropylene (PM) and polypropylene with silicone (PMS). The variables analyzed were: area covered by adhesions, incorporation of the mesh and inflammatory reaction (evaluated histologically and by COX2 immunochemistry). Results: The PMS group had the lowest adhesion area (63.1%) and grade 1 adhesions. The ePTFE and PM groups presented almost the total area of their surface covered by adherences (99.8% and 97.7% respectively) The group ePTFE had the highest percentage of area without incorporation (42%; p <0.001) with no difference between the other meshes. The PMS group had the best incorporation rate. And the histological analysis revealed that the inflammation scores were significantly different. Conclusions: The PM mesh had higher density of adherences, larger area of adherences, adherences to organs and percentage of incorporation. ePTFE had the higher area of adherences and lower incorporation. The PMS mesh performed best in the inflammation score, had a higher incorporation and lower area of adherences, and it was considered the best type of mesh.

Animals , Male , Rats , Prostheses and Implants/adverse effects , Surgical Mesh/standards , Tissue Adhesions/pathology , Incisional Hernia/surgery , Inflammation/pathology , Polypropylenes/adverse effects , Polytetrafluoroethylene/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Silicones/adverse effects , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Materials Testing , Viscera/physiology , Cellulose, Oxidized/adverse effects , Tissue Adhesions/prevention & control , Rats, Wistar , Statistics, Nonparametric , Abdominal Wall
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738460


Tibialis anterior muscle herniation is the most common type of skeletal muscle herniation of the lower legs. The treatment of muscle herniation relies on the patient's symptoms. For patients with chronic large fascial defects, fascial grafting with synthetic mesh can be considered. In this case of a patient who was exposed to excessive strain on his lower legs during a military training program, the use of a secure repair technique with synthetic mesh was required. This paper presents a case of tibialis anterior muscle herniation that was treated successfully with a monofilament knitted polypropylene mesh covered by the tibialis anterior fascia. The advantages of this technique include early rehabilitation and an early return to work. No significant difference in the clinical results compared to other methods were observed and there were no complications. The military training program appeared to have aggravated the patient's symptoms of tibialis anterior muscle herniation. On the other hand, larger scale study will be needed to determine if this program actually affects the clinical outcomes.

Education , Fascia , Hand , Humans , Leg , Military Personnel , Muscle, Skeletal , Polypropylenes , Rehabilitation , Return to Work , Transplants
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764110


PURPOSE: Transvaginal mesh (TVM) results in a greater anatomic cure but more complications. We aimed to compare laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC) plus colporrhaphy with the small intestine submucosa (SIS) graft versus TVM for advanced pelvic organ prolapse (POP).

Cohort Studies , Humans , Intestine, Small , Pelvic Floor , Pelvic Organ Prolapse , Polypropylenes , Prolapse , Retrospective Studies , Transplants