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1.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 23(2): 8-16, abr./jun 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1537341

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The intentionally exposed polypropylene (PP) membrane has been proposed for guided bone regeneration (GBR) of the alveo lar bone after extraction; however, there are biological limitations to this proposal. This study aimed to describe the effects of the PP membrane on neo-osteogenesis after tooth extraction, comparing to intentionally ex posed and primary soft tissue coverage techniques. Methodology: This clinical trial followed the TIDieR checklist and guide. Clinical and histo logical parameters of alveolar repair were compared between groups: 1 (control group), without regenerative procedure; 2, GBR; and 3, inten tionally exposed membrane. Results: Group 3 showed slight effect on the quality of new bone, compared to the control group. Although the GBR was underestimated by the early exposure of the membrane, alveo lar repair and newly formed bone were superior to the other groups. Poly propylene membrane intentionally exposed compromised the volume density of the immature and mineralized bone matrix, the osteoblast and osteocyte count, and stimulated the granulation tissue formation and local inflammatory infiltrate. Conclusions: Despite the exposure of the PP membrane in GBR, this technique improved the quality of new bone and alveolar repair compared to the surgical technique of intentional exposure and alveolus only sutured.


RESUMEN Introducción: La membrana de polipropileno (PP) intencionalmente expuesta ha sido propuesta para la regeneración ósea guiada (GBR) del hueso alveolar después de la extracción; sin embargo, existen limitaciones biológicas a esta propuesta. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo describir los efectos de la membrana de PP en la neo-osteogénesis después de la extracción del diente, en comparación con las técnicas de cobertura de tejido blando primarias y expuestas intencionalmente. Metodología: Este ensayo clínico siguió la lista de verificación y la guía TIDieR. Se compararon los parámetros clínicos e histológicos de la reparación alveolar entre los grupos: 1 (grupo control), sin procedimiento regenerativo; 2, GBR; y 3, membrana expuesta intencionalmente. Resultados: el grupo 3 mostró un ligero efecto sobre la calidad del hueso nuevo, en comparación con el grupo de control. Aunque la GBR fue subestimada por la exposición temprana de la membrana, la reparación alveolar y el hueso neoformado fueron superiores a los otros grupos. La membrana de polipropileno expuesta intencionalmente comprometió la densidad de volumen de la matriz ósea inmadura y mineralizada, el recuento de osteoblastos y osteocitos, y estimuló la formación de tejido de granulación y el infiltrado inflamatorio local. Conclusiones: A pesar de la exposición de la membrana de PP en GBR, esta técnica mejoró la calidad del hueso nuevo y la reparación alveolar en comparación con la técnica quirúrgica de exposición intencional y alvéolo solo suturado.


Introdução: A membrana de polipropileno (PP) intencionalmente exposta tem sido proposta para regeneração óssea guiada (ROG) do osso alveolar após exodontia; no entanto, existem limitações biológicas a esta proposta. Este estudo teve como objetivo descrever os efeitos da membrana de PP na neo-osteogênese após a extração dentária, comparando com as técnicas de exposição intencional e cobertura primária de tecidos moles. Metodologia: Este ensaio clínico seguiu a lista de verificação e o guia TIDieR. Parâmetros clínicos e histológicos do reparo alveolar foram comparados entre os grupos: 1 (grupo controle), sem procedimento regenerativo; 2, GBR; e 3, membrana intencionalmente exposta. Resultados: O Grupo 3 apresentou leve efeito na qualidade do novo osso, em comparação com o grupo controle. Embora o GBR tenha sido subestimado pela exposição precoce da membrana, o reparo alveolar e o osso neoformado foram superiores aos outros grupos. A exposição intencional da membrana de polipropileno comprometeu a densidade volumétrica da matriz óssea imatura e mineralizada, a contagem de osteoblastos e osteócitos e estimulou a formação de tecido de granulação e infiltrado inflamatório local. Conclusões: Apesar da exposição da membrana PP na ROG, esta técnica melhorou a qualidade do novo osso e da reparação alveolar em comparação com a técnica cirúrgica de exposição intencional e alvéolo apenas suturado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polypropylenes , Bone Regeneration , Tooth Socket , Guided Tissue Regeneration , Alveolar Ridge Augmentation
2.
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(3): 1-6, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1509829

ABSTRACT

Objective: Teeth play a crucial role in masticatory efficiency and esthetic harmony making rehabilitation of partially edentulous patients a challenge because of the limitations of conventional removable partial dentures. As a therapeutic alternative, thermoplastic polymers are used in current dental practice either for practical processing purposes or aesthetics. However, it is recognized that the bond between acrylic resin artificial teeth and thermoplastic polymers has no chemical interaction, and depends on retentive features added to the teeth. This study analyzed the efficacy of two retentive forms of features through compressive strength test and as a secondary outcome, fracture and displacement resistance test. Material and Methods: Three groups of samples each with 14 sets of acrylic teeth were compared when two retentive features, single hole and groove retention, and a control group with teeth without any specific form. The experimental unit consisted of six maxillary anterior teeth, positioned in a linear pattern into a polypropylene block, where each tooth was submitted to a static load until its removal, on a universal testing machine. Results: Those specimens with a groove retention presented larger resistance to displacement when compared to the other groups (p <0.05). This was emphasized by the fracture of the tooth tested, with part of the cervical portion remaining embed in the base, and not its displacement as with (or without) the retentive feature. Conclusion: In this study, the type of retention influenced significantly to a better retention considering teeth and thermoplastic polymer base. The data in this study indicates that a groove placed on the artificial tooth offers significantly better retention efficacy to the point where the displacement was only possible after its fracture (AU)


Objetivo: Os dentes são um fator essencial na eficiência mastigatória. A harmonia estética e a reabilitação dos indivíduos parcialmente dentados tornam-se um desafio, frente às limitações das próteses parciais removíveis convencionais. Como uma alternativa terapêutica, os polímeros termoplásticos são utilizados na odontologia contemporânea, tanto para o seu processamento prático como seu apelo estético. Entretanto, pouco se sabe a respeito da união entre a resina acrílica de dentes artificiais e resinas termoplásticas, assim como a influência dos mecanismos de retenção, uma vez que não há interação química entre eles. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar duas formas de retenção de dentes de resina acrílica a bases de prótese de material termoplástico, por força compressiva e como desfecho secundário, teste de resistência a fratura e deslocamento dos dentes artificiais. Material e Métodos: O presente estudo analisou dois tipos diferentes de retenções: uma cavidade com único ponto e uma canaleta de mesial a distal; e como grupo controle, dentes colocados sem qualquer recurso específico. A unidade experimental consistiu de seis dentes superiores anteriores, posicionados em linha em um bloco de polipropileno. Em cada dente artificial foi aplicada força até a sua remoção, em uma máquina universal de ensaios. Resultados: Os resultados mostraram que a retenção com canaleta apresentou maior força de deslocamento, quando comparado com os outros grupos (p <0,05). Tal fato foi evidenciado pelo teste de fratura e deslocamento, no qual parte da porção cervical do dente artificial permaneceu unida à base, não ocorrendo o deslocamento com (ou sem) a retenção. Conclusão: Neste estudo, o tipo de retenção influenciou de forma significante a retenção de dentes artificiais de resina acrílica a bases de prótese termoplásticas. Os dados deste estudo indicam que a confecção da retenção em canaleta nos dentes artificiais oferece significante aumento na eficiência da retenção, ao ponto em que o deslocamento do dente ocorreu somente após sua fratura (AU).


Subject(s)
Polypropylenes , Tooth, Artificial , Acrylic Resins , Dentures
3.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 29(3): 109-114, jul./set. 2022. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1411213

ABSTRACT

O trauma é frequentemente relatado na rotina clínica de pequenos animais, podendo gerar fraturas de componentes ósseos e lesões de tecidos moles adjacentes. No presente trabalho, objetivou-se relatar o caso de um canino, macho, sem raça definida, de sete meses de idade, vítima de trauma craniomaxilofacial decorrente de mordedura, diagnosticado com fratura e deslocamento de osso zigomático, além de importante laceração de pele. O tratamento estabelecido baseou-se no debridamento da ferida, estabilização cirúrgica de arco zigomático com fios de Nylon e na sutura dos ferimentos de pele causados. Em um segundo tempo cirúrgico, foi realizada enucleação e recobrimento do defeito na órbita com malha cirúrgica de polipropileno, além de remoção de tecido exuberante e confecção de retalho subdérmico de avanço facial lateral para recobrimento do defeito cutâneo. A complicação evidenciada na primeira intervenção cirúrgica foi a deiscência das suturas de pele, enquanto no segundo tempo cirúrgico, não houve sinais de complicações. No pós-operatório, o paciente apresentou evolução clínica satisfatória, recebendo alta médica 21 dias após o segundo procedimento cirúrgico realizado. Tendo em vista a adequada evolução clínica, bem como os reduzidos efeitos colaterais, sugere-se que a conduta clínica e técnicas cirúrgicas adotadas para tratamento do paciente em questão foram efetivas.


Trauma is frequently reported in the small animal clinics, and can lead to fractures of cranial bone components and injuries to the adjacent soft tissues. In the present study, the objective was to report the case of a seven-month-old male mongrel dog, that had a craniomaxillofacial trauma resulting from a bite, characterized by zygomatic bone fracture and displacement, in addition to a major skin laceration. The stablished treatment was based on wound debridement, surgical stabilization of the zygomatic arch with nylon threads and in the suturing of skin wounds. In a second surgical procedure, enucleation was performed and a surgical polypropylene mesh was applied to cover the orbital defect, exuberant tissue was removed and a subdermal advancement flap was used to cover the skin defect. The complication observed in the first surgical intervention was dehiscence of the skin sutures, while in the second surgical procedure, there were no signs of complications. Postoperatively, the patient had a satisfactory clinical recovery, being discharged 21 days after the second surgical procedure. Considering the adequate clinical evolution and the reduced complications, it issuggestedthat the clinical conduct and surgical techniques adopted for the treatment of the patient in question were effective.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Polypropylenes , Surgical Flaps/veterinary , Surgical Mesh/veterinary , Wounds and Injuries/veterinary , Zygoma/surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures/veterinary , Dogs/surgery , Face/surgery
4.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 29(1): 13-18, jan./mar. 2022. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1393188

ABSTRACT

As fístulas oronosais adquiridas são defeitos que permitem a comunicação anormal entre as cavidades oral e nasal. Inúmeras causas podem ser atribuídas à etiologia de tal defeito. O presente trabalho visa relatar o caso de um cão com fístula oronasal adquirida que foi submetido à reconstrução cirúrgica do palato com o uso de malha de polipropileno e prótese acrílica. Após estabilização do quadro clínico e remoção manual das larvas, o paciente foi encaminhado para o desbridamento cirúrgico das lesões orais e correção do defeito no palato. A palatoplastia foi realizada com o uso da malha e resina de polimetilmetacrilato autopolimerizável. A malha foi suturada sobre o defeito palatino com pontos simples separados e fio náilon 3-0 nas extremidades da ferida. Em seguida, a resina foi preparada e, ao atingir consistência adequada, foi aplicada e modelada sobre o a malha de polipropileno com o auxílio de um descolador de Molt, sendo também suturada nas bordas da fístula com pontos simples separados e fio náilon 3-0. No mesmo tempo cirúrgico foi inserida uma sonda esofágica para alimentação enteral. Devido complicações cirúrgicas no pós operatório, o paciente foi submetido a mais duas intervenções cirúrgicas para desfecho satisfatório do tratamento. Conclui-se que associação entre a tela de polipropileno e a prótese acrílica foi uma alternativa exequível para a palatoplastia em cão.


Acquired oronosal fistulae are abnormal communication between the oral and nasal cavities. A oronasal fistula can be the result of different causes, like oral myiasis. The objetctive of these paper is to report the case of a dog with acquired oronasal fistula that underwent surgical reconstruction of the palate using polypropylene mesh and acrylic prosthesis. After stabilization of the patient ́s clinical condition and mecanic removal of the larvae, the dog was referred for surgical debridement of the oral lesions and correction of the defect in the palate. Palatoplasty was performed using a mesh and polymethylmethacrylate resin. The mesh was sutured over the palatal defect with separate simple suture and 3-0 naylon thread at the ends of the wound. Then, the resin was prepared and, upon reaching adequate consistency, it was applied and shaped over the polypropylene mesh with Molt peeler. It was also sutured on the edges of the fistula with separate simple suture and 3-0 nylon suture. At the same surgical time, an esophageal tube was inserted for enteral feeding. Due to complications, the dog underwent two more surgical interventions for a satisfactory treatment outcome. It is concluded that the association between the polypropylene mesh and the acrylic prosthesis was a practical alternative for palatoplasty in dogs after oral myiasis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Palatal Obturators/veterinary , Palate/surgery , Polypropylenes , Prostheses and Implants/veterinary , Oral Fistula/veterinary , Plastic Surgery Procedures/veterinary , Dogs/surgery , Myiasis/veterinary
5.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 122-124, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928468

ABSTRACT

Surgical stabilization of the flail chest is challenging and has no established guidelines. Chest wall integrity and stability are the main factors that ensure the protection of intrathoracic organs and an adequate respiratory function. Here, we report a novel chest wall reconstruction technique in a 45-year-old man with a traumatic left flail chest and open pneumothorax diagnosed both clinically and radiographically. Rib approximation and chest wall reconstruction was done using intercostal figure-of-eight suture and polypropylene mesh with vascularized musculofascial flap. The patient improved gradually and was discharged after three weeks of total hospital stay. He returned to regular working after a month with no evidence of respiratory distress or paradoxical chest movement. Follow-up visit at one year revealed no lung hernia or paradoxical chest movement. This is a novel, feasible and cost-effective modification of chest wall reconstruction that can be adopted for thoracic wall repair in case of open flail chest, which needs emergency surgical interventions even in resource constraint settings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Flail Chest/surgery , Polypropylenes , Surgical Mesh , Sutures , Thoracic Wall/surgery
6.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(2): 287-294, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154463

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Despite high success rates in the treatment of urinary incontinence, complications related to the use of polypropylene (PP) meshes are still a concern, especially in vaginal prolapses surgeries. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) coating on the integration of PP meshes implanted in the vaginal submucosa of rabbits. Materials and Methods: Thirty adult New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into two groups (n=15): PP, implanted with conventional PP meshes; and PRP, implanted with autologous PRP coated PP meshes. Animals in both groups (n=5) were euthanized at 7, 30 and 90 days postoperatively, the vaginas extracted and sent to immunohistochemical analysis for the assessment of the pro-inflammatory agent TNF-α, anti-inflammatory agents TGF-β and IL-13, collagen metabolism marker MMP-2, and angiogenesis marker CD-31. AxioVision™ image analysis was used for the calculation of the immunoreactive area and density. Statistical analysis was performed with ANOVA followed by Tukey test (p <0.05). Results: Animals in the PRP group showed significantly increased expression of the angiogenesis agent CD-31 at all experimental times when compared to the PP group (p <0.0001). However, no differences concerning the expression of the other markers were observed between the groups. Conclusion: The addition of autologous PRP gel to PP meshes can be simply and safely achieved and seems to have a positive effect on implantation site angiogenesis. Further investigations are required to ascertain PPR coated meshes clinical efficacy in prolapses and stress urinary incontinence surgeries.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Polypropylenes , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Rabbits , Surgical Mesh , Vagina/surgery , Collagen
7.
Acta cir. bras ; 36(7): e360706, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339001

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To compare tissue inflammatory response, foreign body reaction, fibroplasia, and proportion of type I/III collagen between closure of abdominal wall aponeurosis using polyglactin suture and intraperitoneal implant of polypropylene, polypropylene/polyglecaprone, and polyester/porcine collagen meshes to repair defects in the abdominal wall of rats. Methods Forty Wistar rats were placed in four groups, ten animals each, for the intraperitoneal implant of polypropylene, polypropylene/polyglecaprone, and polyester/porcine collagen meshes or suture with polyglactin (sham) after creation of defect in the abdominal wall. Twenty-one days later, histological analysis was performed after staining with hematoxylin-eosin and picrosirius red. Results The groups with meshes had a higher inflammation score (p < 0.05) and higher number of gigantocytes (p < 0.05) than the sham group, which had a better fibroplasia with a higher proportion of type I/III collagen than the tissue separating meshes (p < 0.05). There were no statistically significant differences between the three groups with meshes. Conclusions The intraperitoneal implant of polypropylene/polyglecaprone and polyester/porcine collagen meshes determined a more intense tissue inflammatory response with exuberant foreign body reaction, immature fibroplasia and low tissue proportion of type I/III collagen compared to suture with polyglactin of abdominal aponeurosis. However, there were no significant differences in relation to the polypropylene mesh group.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Polypropylenes/adverse effects , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Polyglactin 910/adverse effects , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Sutures , Swine , Materials Testing , Foreign-Body Reaction/etiology , Collagen , Rats, Wistar , Aponeurosis
8.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 57: e19094, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345458

ABSTRACT

Bisphenol A (BPA), an endocrine disrupter, can migrate from packaging material into food stuff. This research was designed to measure BPA levels in makdous, a traditional Syrian food. Forty three samples of makdous stored in different plastic containers (polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), and unspecified plastic containers) were analyzed every 3 months for one year beginning July 2017. Quantification of BPA was carried out by an RP-HPLC system equipped with fluorescence detector after solid phase extraction. Migration was found in PE and PP plastic containers with slight differences. Statistically significant differences in BPA levels were observed between samples assayed after two weeks of preparation and samples assayed after 12 months (mean 16.32 vs. 38.26 µg/kg, p value=0.003). According to these amounts, BPA levels were all under the specific migration limit of 0.05 mg/kg as newly referred in Regulation (EU) No 2018/213. These levels of exposure would only contribute to 2.15% and 2.75% of the EFSA t-TDI in both men and women respectively based on mean dietary exposure estimates derived from a 24-h dietary information study from 875 participants. Hence there are no concerns about potential health risks from makdous consumption


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Endocrine Disruptors/classification , Solid Phase Extraction/instrumentation , Food/classification , Plastics/adverse effects , Polypropylenes , Weights and Measures , Product Packaging/classification , Health Risk , Dietary Exposure/adverse effects
9.
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 34(3): e1527, 2021. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355502

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The use of polypropylene meshes for surgical repair of the abdominal wall contributes to a reduction of the of recurrence rates of hernias or defects. However, its intra-abdominal use comes along with the formation of adhesions and several complications. The study and the search for alternative materials, including bovine pericardium, have been regarded as an option for the correction and treatment of resulting hernias with better adaptations and effectiveness. Aim: Evaluating the inflammatory process of the bovine pericardium in comparison with the inflammatory process of synthetic polypropylene mesh. Method: Bovine pericardium mesh and polypropylene mesh were placed, both on the same animal. The first group had the mesh removed for analysis on day 20, and the second group on day 40. The variables congestion, granulation, giant cells, necrosis, acute inflammation, chronic inflammation and collagen were analyzed. Results: All variables were found in greater numbers as a response to the polypropylene mesh, except for the collagen, which, on day 40, was greater in response to the bovine pericardium mesh. Conclusion: The data in this study suggest that there is less inflammatory reaction in response to bovine pericardium mesh when compared to polypropylene mesh.


RESUMO Racional: O uso de telas de polipropileno para a correção cirúrgica da parede abdominal contribui para redução dos índices de recidiva das hérnias ou defeitos. No entanto, o seu uso intra-abdominal cursa com a formação de aderências e diversas complicações. O estudo e a busca por materiais alternativos, como pericárdio bovino, têm se mostrado uma opção na correção e tratamento de hérnias que resultem com melhores adaptações e efetividades. Objetivo: Avaliar o processo inflamatório do pericárdio bovino em comparação ao processo inflamatório da tela sintética de polipropileno. Método: Foi realizada a colocação de tela de pericárdio bovino e polipropileno, ambas no mesmo animal. O primeiro grupo as teve retiradas para análise no dia 20, e o segundo grupo no dia 40. Foram analisadas as variáveis congestão, granulação, células gigantes, necrose, inflamação aguda, inflamação crônica e colágeno. Resultados: Todas as variáveis foram encontradas em maior número como resposta a tela de polipropileno, exceto a variável colágeno, que no dia 40 apresentou-se em maior quantidade em resposta à tela de pericárdio bovino. Conclusão: Há menor reação inflamatória em resposta a tela de pericárdio bovino, quando comparada com a de polipropileno.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Polypropylenes , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Pericardium , Surgical Mesh , Tissue Adhesions
10.
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 34(1): e1577, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284906

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: In the definition of the mesh to be used to correct hernias, porosity, amount of absorbable material and polypropylene should be considered in the different stages of healing process. Aim: To evaluate the inflammatory reaction in the use of macro and microporous meshes of high and low weight in the repair of defects in the abdominal wall of rats. Methods: Ninety Wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus albinus) were used. The animals were submitted to similar surgical procedures, with lesion of the ventral abdominal wall, maintaining the integrity of the parietal peritoneum and correction using the studied meshes (Prolene®, Ultrapro® and Bard Soft®). Euthanasia was performed at 30, 60 and 120 days after surgery. The abdominal wall segments were submitted to histological analysis using H&E, Masson's trichrome, immunohistochemistry, picrosirius red and tensiometric evaluation. Results: On the 120th day, the tensiometric analysis was superior with Ultrapro® macroporous mesh. The inflammatory process score showed a significant prevalence of subacute process at the beginning and at the end of the study. Microporous meshes showed block encapsulation and in macroporous predominance of filamentous encapsulation. Conclusion: The Ultrapro® mesh showed better performance than the others in healing process of the abdominal wall.


RESUMO Racional: Na definição da tela a ser utilizada na correção das hérnias deve-se considerar a porosidade, quantidade de material absorvível e polipropileno ou inabsorvível nas diversas fases da cicatrização. Objetivo: Avaliar a reação inflamatória das telas macro e microporosas de alta e baixa gramatura no reparo de defeito da parede abdominal de ratos. Método: Foram utilizados 90 ratos da raça Wistar (Rattus norvegicus albinus). Os animais foram submetidos a procedimentos cirúrgicos semelhantes, com lesão da parede abdominal ventral, mantendo a integridade do peritônio parietal e correção utilizando as telas Prolene®, Ultrapro® e Bard Soft®. Realizou-se a eutanásia aos 30, 60 e 120 dias de pós-operatório. Os segmentos da parede abdominal foram submetidos à análise histológica com H&E, tricômio de Masson, imunoistoquímica, picrosirius red e análise tensiométrica. Resultado: No 120º dia a análise tensiométrica mostrou superioridade da tela macroporosa Ultrapro®. O escore do processo inflamatório demonstrou prevalência significativa de processo subagudo no início e no final do estudo. As telas microporosas mostraram encapsulamento em bloco e as macroporosas encapsulamento predominantemente filamentar. Conclusão: A tela Ultrapro® mostrou melhor desempenho em relação às demais na cicatrização da parede abdominal.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Polypropylenes , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Peritoneum , Surgical Mesh , Rats, Wistar
11.
Ciencia Tecnología y Salud ; 8(2): 260-268, 2021. il 27 c
Article in Spanish | LILACS, DIGIUSAC, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1353264

ABSTRACT

La contaminación por microplásticos (MPs) de tamaño menor a 5 mm ha tomado relevancia en los últimos años debido a su impacto en los ecosistemas. En Guatemala, se carece de información relacionada con MPs, por lo que este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar la abundancia y características de MPs en cuatro playas del Pacífico de Guatemala, Ocós, Tulate, Sipacate y Las Lisas. Se colectaron muestras de arena en mayo y octubre de 2019. Los MPs se aislaron y se clasificaron por forma, y el tipo de polímero se identificó a través de un equipo de espectroscopia infrarroja con transformada de Fourier (ATR-FTIR). La abundancia expresada en MPs/m2 en mayo fue de 25.6, 5.6, 0.8 y 0 MPs/m2 para Tulate, Las Lisas, Ocós y Sipacate; mientras que en octubre fue de 59.6, 23.2, 17.6 y 17.6 MPs/m2 en Tulate, Ocós, Las Lisas y Sipacate. Fragmentos, foam, pellets y láminas fueron las formas predominantes de MPs que se encontraron en las playas. El análisis por ATR-FTIR muestra que los principales polímeros identificados en las playas son polietileno, poliestireno y polipropileno. Los resultados de este estudio indican que las playas del Pacífico de Guatemala están contaminadas por MPs de diferentes tipos de polímeros. Además, estos resultados ofrecen información importante a los responsables de la toma de decisiones sobre la eliminación y el manejo de la basura plástica marina.


Microplastics < 5 mm (MPs) pollution has gained relevance in the last years because of its impact on the ecosystems. In Guatemala, information related to MPS as an environmental stressor is lacking, that is why this study aimed to assess the abundance and characteristics of MPS in four beaches to the Pacific Ocean of Guatemala, Ocós, Tulate, Sipacate, and Las Lisas. Sand samples were collected in May and October 2019. MPs were isolated and classified by shape and the type of polymer was identified by using Attenuated Total Reflec-tion-Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR). The abundance expressed in MPs/m2 in May was 25.6, 5.6, 0.8 and 0 MPs/m2 in Tulate, Las Lisas, Ocós, and Sipacate; whereas in October was 59.6, 23.2, 17.6, and 17.6 M Ps /m2 in Tulate, Las Lisas, Ocós and Sipacate. Fragments, foam, pellets, and film were the predominant shapes found on the beaches. The ATR-FTIR analysis indicates that the main polymers identified in the beaches are polyethylene, polystyrene, and polypropylene. The results of this study indicate that the Pacific Beaches of Guatemala are contaminated by MPs of different types of polymers. These results offer important information to decision makers about disposal and management of marine plastic litter.


Subject(s)
Bathing Beaches , Environmental Pollution/analysis , Microplastics/analysis , Polypropylenes/analysis , Polystyrenes/analysis , Pacific Ocean , Polyethylene/analysis , Microplastics/adverse effects , Guatemala
12.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 27(4): 168-174, out./dez. 2020. il.
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1369237

ABSTRACT

Tissue engineering replaces injured tissues by manipulating cells, making scaffolds, and using molecules that stimulate the tissue. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are good candidates for tissue engineering, as this is one of the cell types which are recruited to repair injured tissues. Scaffolds are structural devices that allow cell fixation and migration, with polypropylene meshes being an example. This study aims to evaluate the culture of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs), isolated from C57Bl/6 GFP + mice, in two types of polypropylene meshes (macroporous and microporous) in conventional culture plates and plates coated with methacrylate, over a period of fifteen days. The objective was to obtain the best interaction protocol between the mesh and the cells. The choice of the best method was based on adherence, maintenance of adherence and viability during culture. The amount of ADSCs adhering was checked daily by counting in a Neubauer Chamber and by using a growth curve performed with the MTT assay. The ADSCs adhering to the meshes were visualized with DAPI, panotic, hematoxylin and eosin, immunohistochemistry (integrin), and immunofluorescence (actin). ADSCs adhere to all forms of culture and to the two types of polypropylene mesh. ADSCs adhered more to the microporous mesh, within the seven day period of culture and in the plates without methacrylate. Thus, polypropylene meshes offer a good scaffold for ADSCs to adhere to.


A engenharia de tecidos substitui tecidos danificados com a manipulação de células, confecção de arcabouços e a utilização de moléculas que estimulem o tecido. As células-tronco mesenquimais (MSCs) são boas candidatas para engenharia de tecido, pois são um dos tipos celulares recrutadas para a reparação de tecidos lesionados. O arcabouço deve ser um dispositivo estrutural que forneça uma estrutura para o crescimento e a diferenciação celular no sítio, sendo a tela de polipropileno um exemplo. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o cultivo de células-tronco mesenquimais de tecido de adiposo (ADSCs), isoladas de camundongos C57Bl/6 GFP+, em dois tipos de telas de polipropileno (macroporosa e microporosa) em placas de cultura convencionais e revestidas com metacrilato, durante quinze dias, para obter o melhor protocolo de interação entre a tela e as células. A escolha do melhor método foi baseada na adesão, manutenção da adesão e viabilidade durante cultivo. A quantidade de ADSCs aderidas foi verificada diariamente em contagem em Câmara de Neubauer e através de uma curva de crescimento realizada através de ensaio de MTT. As ADSCs aderidas nas telas foram visualizadas com a marcação de DAPI, panótico, hematoxilina e eosina, imumo-histoquímica (integrina) e imunofluorescência (actina). Nas duas formas de cultivo e nos dois tipos de telas de polipropileno houve aderência das ADSCs. Houve maior aderência na tela microporosa, no período de sete dias de cultivo e em placas sem metacrilato. Conclui-se que a tela de polipropileno oferece um bom arcabouço para as ADSCs se aderirem.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Polypropylenes/analysis , Tissue Embedding/methods , Tissue Engineering/methods , Tissue Scaffolds , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Mice
13.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 27(4): 168-174, out./dez. 2020. ilus, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1491686

ABSTRACT

A engenharia de tecidos tem como objetivo substituir tecidos danificados, manipulando células, confecção de arcabouços e a utilização de moléculas que estimulem o tecido. A proposta deste estudo foi avaliar duas técnicas de cultivo de células-tronco mesenquimais (MSC) em diferentes placas de cultura, utilizando dois tipos de telas de polipropileno (macroporoso e microporoso), para obter as melhores condições de interação entre a tela e as células, e definir uma proposta de protético para engenharia de tecidos. As telas de polipropileno foram cultivadas com células-tronco mesenquimais de tecido adiposo (ADSCs) isoladas de camundongos C57B1/6 GFP+ durante quinze dias em placas revestidas com metacrilato ou não revestidas com metacrilato. A quantidade de ADSCs aderidas foram verificadas diariamente em Câmara de Neubauer e através de uma curva de crescimento realizada pelo ensaio MTT. As ADSCs aderidas às malhas foram visualizadas com marcação de DAPI, panóticas, hematoxilina e eosina imuno-histoquímica e imunofluorescência. O melhor protocolo foi na tela microporosa, no o período de sete dias de cultivo e em placas sem metacrilato. Conclui-se que a tela de polipropileno fornece um bom suporte para as ADSCs se aderirem podendo ser utilizada na engenharia de tecidos.


Tissue engineering replaces injured tissues by manipulating cells, making scaffolds, and using molecules that stimulate the tissue. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are good candidates for tissue engineering, as this is one of the cell types which are recruited to repair injured tissues. Scaffolds are structural devices that allow cell fixation and migration, with polypropylene meshes being an example. This study aims to evaluate the culture of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs), isolated from C57Bl/6 GFP + mice, in two types of polypropylene meshes (macroporous and microporous) in conventional culture plates and plates coated with methacrylate, over a period of fifteen days. The objective was to obtain the best interaction protocol between the mesh and the cells. The choice of the best method was based on adherence, maintenance of adherence and viability during culture. The amount of ADSCs adhering was checked daily by counting in a Neubauer Chamber and by using a growth curve performed with the MTT assay. The ADSCs adhering to the meshes were visualized with DAPI, panotic, hematoxylin and eosin, immunohistochemistry (integrin), and immunofluorescence (actin). ADSCs adhere to all forms of culture and to the two types of polypropylene mesh. ADSCs adhered more to the microporous mesh, within the seven day period of culture and in the plates without methacrylate. Thus, polypropylene meshes offer a good scaffold for ADSCs to adhere to.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Mice/physiology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/chemistry , Polypropylenes/analysis , Polypropylenes/chemistry
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5177-5183, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878803

ABSTRACT

In the current study, schisandrin B(SchB)-loaded F127 modified lipid-polymer hybrid nanoparticles(SchB-F-LPNs) were developed to improve the inhibition of breast cancer lung metastasis. Modified nanoprecipitation method was used to prepare SchB-F-LPNs. The nanoparticles were spherical in shape with shell-core structure by TEM observation. SchB-F-LPNs showed a mean particle size of(234.60±6.11) nm with zeta potential of(-5.88±0.49) mV. XRD results indicated that SchB existed in the nanoparticles in an amorphous state. The apparent permeability coefficient through porcine mucus of F-LPNs was 1.43-fold of that of LPNs as shown in the in vitro mucus penetration study. The pharmacokinetics study showed that the C_(max) of SchB was(369.06±146.94) μg·L~(-1),(1 121.34±91.65) μg·L~(-1) and(2 951.91±360.53) μg·L~(-1) respectively in SchB suspensions group, SchB-LPNs group and SchB-F-LPNs group after oral administration in rats. With SchB suspensions as the reference formulation, the relative bioavailability of SchB-F-LPNs was 568.60%. SchB-F-LPNs inhibited the morphological change during transforming growth factor-β1(TGF-β1)-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition. In addition, SchB-F-LPNs significantly decreased the number of metastatic pulmonary nodules in 4 T1 tumor-bearing mice, suggesting that SchB-F-LPNs may inhibit the metastasis of breast cancer. These results reveal the promising potential of SchB-F-LPNs in treatment of breast cancer lung metastasis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Rats , Cyclooctanes , Lignans , Lipids , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Nanoparticles , Polycyclic Compounds , Polyethylenes , Polymers , Polypropylenes , Swine
16.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(12): e351205, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152680

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: In laparoscopic incisional hernia repair, meshes with a tissue-separating barrier are positioned intraperitoneally. Despite this property, the close contact between mesh and viscera involves a risk of adhesion formation. Some natural products, such as red propolis (RP), could reduce these adhesions owing to their anti-inflammatory properties. This study aimed to compare two different intraperitoneal meshes with respect to their characteristics of adhesion formation, histological findings and evaluate the role of RP in the development of these adhesions. Methods: 40 Wistar rats received placement of two different meshes (Symbotex and Dynamesh IPOM) on peritoneum. The animals were divided into two groups: control group (mesh) and treatment group (mesh and RP). After 7 and 14 days, 20 animals of each group underwent midline laparotomy to determine the adhesions and histological characteristics. Results: Out of the 40 animals, there were two deaths in the test group and two in the control group. All animals in both groups developed adherence to the mesh. At postoperative day (POD) 7, two Symbotex meshes presented firm adhesions and at POD 14, two Dynamesh meshes had firm adhesions as well. The comparison between the meshes under the effect of RP in relation to the control group showed no statistical difference. Conclusions: Both meshes showed intraperitoneal adhesions in all evaluated samples with similar results on the characteristics of adhesions. RP showed no effect on the incidence or gradation of intraperitoneal adhesions with the mesh.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Biological Products , Hernia, Ventral , Polypropylenes , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Tissue Adhesions/prevention & control , Rats, Wistar , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(2): e202000201, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100884

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To evaluate the effect of a PP mesh on duct deferens morphology, testicular size and testosterone levels. Methods Forty adult male rats were distributed into groups: 1) no surgery; 2) inguinotomy; 3) mesh placed on the duct deferens; and 4) mesh placed on the spermatic funiculus. After 90 postoperative days, the inguinal region was resected, and blood samples were collected for the measurement of serum testosterone (pg/dl). The ducts deferens were sectioned in three axial sections according to the relationship with the mesh — cranial, medial and caudal. The wall thickness and duct deferens lumen area were measured. Results The morphology of the duct deferens was preserved in all groups. The mesh placement did not alter this morphology in any of the analyzed segments. Surgery, with or without mesh placement, did not alter the morphology, wall thickness or lumen area (p>0.05). In all operated groups, serum testosterone levels were similar (p>0.05) but there was a decrease in testicle size (p<0.05). Conclusion Surgery, with or without mesh placement, did not alter the morphology of the duct deferens and, although this treatment resulted in testicular size reduction, it did not affect serum testosterone levels.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Surgical Mesh , Vas Deferens/pathology , Foreign-Body Reaction/pathology , Inguinal Canal/surgery , Organ Size , Polypropylenes , Postoperative Period , Spermatic Cord/surgery , Testis/anatomy & histology , Testosterone/blood , Vas Deferens/surgery , Foreign-Body Reaction/blood , Rats, Wistar , Models, Animal
18.
Araçatuba; s.n; 2020. 44 p. graf, tab, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1399421

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi mensurar as alterações lineares no alvéolo, por meio de imagens de tomografia computadorizada cone beam, imediatamente após exodontia e após 120 dias usando ou não a membrana de polipropileno. A população deste estudo consistiu de 19 pacientes da Faculdade de Odontologia de Araçatuba ­ UNESP, com dentes com indicação de extração anteriores ou posteriores. Foi confeccionado um guia tomográfico de acrílico, que apresentava três pontos de gutta percha, localizados no centro da região do alvéolo, a fim de localização dos cortes tomográficos. Os 30 alvéolos foram divididos em dois grupos: grupo controle (C), em que foi feita a extração dentária e sutura e grupo membrana (B), em que foi feita a extração dentária, instalação da membrana e sutura. As tomografias foram analisadas em três tempos: pré-operatório, pósimediato (T1) e após 120 dias (T2), por meio da visualização dos cortes coronais na região dos alvéolos. A reabsorção após exodontia foi avaliada no sentido vertical e horizontal. A média da reabsorção vertical após 120 dias de pós operatório foi de 0,652 mm no grupo C e de 0,5145 mm no grupo M. A média da reabsorção horizontal foi de 0,76 mm no grupo C e de 0,45 mm no grupo M, foi aplicado o teste estatístico T de Student, o qual mostrou haver diferença estatisticamente significante p=0,021. O uso da membrana de polipropileno sobre os alvéolos, imediatamente após a exodontia contribui positivamente para a manutenção da reabsorção do rebordo alveolar(AU)


The aim of this study was to measure the linear changes in the alveolus, using cone beam computed tomography images, immediately after extraction and after 120 days using or not the polypropylene membrane. The population of this study consisted of 19 patients from the Faculty of Dentistry of Araçatuba - UNESP, with teeth with indication of anterior or posterior extraction. An acrylic tomographic guide was made, which had three points of gutta percha, located in the center of the alveolus region, in order to locate the tomographic sections. The 30 alveoli were divided into two groups: control group (C), in which tooth and suture extraction was performed and membrane group (B), in which tooth extraction, membrane installation and suture were performed. The CT scans were analyzed in three stages: preoperative, post-immediate (T1) and after 120 days (T2), through the visualization of the coronal sections in the region of the alveoli. Resorption after extraction was evaluated in the vertical and horizontal directions. The average of vertical resorption after 120 days after surgery was 0.652 mm in group C and 0.5145 mm in group M. The average of horizontal resorption was 0.76 mm in group C and 0.45 mm in group M, Student's T test was applied, which showed a statistically significant difference p = 0.021. The use of the polypropylene membrane over the alveoli, immediately after extraction, contributes positively to the maintenance of the resorption of the alveolar ridge(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Polypropylenes , Tooth Extraction , Bone Regeneration , Surgery, Oral , Dental Implants , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Gutta-Percha
19.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(10): e202001001, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130617

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: Incisional hernia (IH) is a frequent complication of median laparotomy. The use of prophylactic mesh to reduce IH incidence has gained increasing attention. We hypothesized that in an animal model, linea alba prophylactic reinforcement with a three-dimensional T-shaped polypropylene mesh results in greater abdominal wall resistance. Methods: Study was performed in 27 rabbits. After abdominal midline incision, animals were divided into three groups according to the laparotomy closure method used: (1)3D T-shaped coated mesh; (2)3D T-shaped uncoated mesh; and (3) closure without mesh. After 4 months, each animal's abdominal wall was resected and tensiometric tests were applied. Results included IH occurrence, adhesions to the mesh, and wound complications. Results: There was no significant difference between the groups in maximum tensile strength (p=0.250) or abdominal wall elongation under maximum stress (p=0.839). One rabbit from the control group developed IH (p=1.00). Small intestine and colon adhesions occurred only in the uncoated mesh group (p<0.001) and the degree of adhesions was higher in this group compared to the coated mesh group (p<0.05). Conclusion: Use of the current 3D T-shaped prophylactic mesh model did not result in a significant difference in tensiometric measurements when compared with simple abdominal wall closure in rabbits.


Subject(s)
Animals , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Incisional Hernia , Hernia, Ventral/surgery , Polypropylenes , Rabbits , Surgical Mesh , Tissue Adhesions/prevention & control
20.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 38(3): 236-238, 15/09/2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362581

ABSTRACT

Introduction Reoperations are a common scenario among glioma patients. There is crescent evidence of its benefit in low- and high-grade gliomas. Here we discuss our experience with inert expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) dura substitute in glioma surgeries. Technical note We generally put the ePTFE dura substitute below the dura of the patient, even if it is intact. This membrane should be sutured in place using a tensionfree technique, with 4-0 polypropylene. Expanded polytetrafluoroethylene minimizes tissue attachment and fibrosis when performing reoperation in glioma patients. Discussion Since the literature has shown benefits in survival with reoperation in glioma patients, the use of ePTFE dura substitute can improve surgical time and minimize complications in a second surgery.


Subject(s)
Polypropylenes/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications , Reoperation/rehabilitation , Glioma/surgery , Dura Mater , Dura Mater/surgery
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