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1.
Braz. j. pharm. sci ; 52(4): 735-740, Oct.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951887

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Polymeric stabilizers have received attention in the preparation of nanostructured systems due to their ability to enhance formulation stability. Considering this, the objective of this work was to prepare poly(ε-caprolactone) nanocapsules using the pullulan as a polymeric stabilizer. The nanocapsules were prepared using the interfacial deposition method of preformed polymers and they were characterized in terms of pH, average diameter, polydispersity index, zeta potential, beclomethasone dipropionate content, encapsulation efficiency, photostability and drug release profiles. The formulations showed physicochemical characteristics consistent with nanocarriers for drug delivery such as: average diameter lower than 270 nm, polydispersity indexes lower than 0.2, negative zeta potential (-22.7 to -26.3 mV) and encapsulation efficiencies close to 100%. In addition, the nanocapsules were able to delay the beclomethasone dipropionate photodegradation under UVC radiation and by the dialysis bag diffusion technique, the nanocapsules were able to prolong the drug release. Thus, pullulan could be considered an interesting excipient to formulate polymeric nanocapsules.


Subject(s)
Polysaccharides/classification , Biological Products/classification , Excipients , Nanocapsules/statistics & numerical data , Drug Delivery Systems , Diffusion
2.
Braz. j. pharm. sci ; 51(1): 27-33, Jan-Mar/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-751352

ABSTRACT

This work reports the preparation of tablets by direct compression of sodium alendronate-loaded microparticles, using pullulan as filler. The tableting properties of pullulan were compared with those of microcrystalline cellulose and lactose. Pullulan tablets showed low variations in average weight, thickness and drug content. Moreover, these tablets exhibited a higher hardness compared to the other excipients. In vitro release studies showed that only pullulan was capable to maintain gastroresistance and release properties of microparticles, due to its ability to protect particles against damage caused by compression force. Thus, pullulan was considered an advantageous excipient to prepare tableted microparticles.


Neste trabalho relata-se a preparação de comprimidos pela compressão direta de micropartículas contendo alendronato de sódio, utilizando o pullulan como diluente. As propriedades dos comprimidos de pullulan foram comparadas com as de comprimidos de celulose microcristalina e de lactose. Os comprimidos de pullulan mostraram baixa variação no peso médio, espessura e teor. Por outro lado, estes apresentaram altos valores de dureza comparados aos preparados com os outros excipientes. Através dos estudos de liberação in vitro pode-se observar que apenas o pullulan foi capaz de manter a gastrorresistência e as propriedades de liberação das micropartículas, o que se deve à sua capacidade de proteger as partículas do dano causado pela força de compressão. Dessa forma, o pullulan foi considerado um excipiente vantajoso para a preparação de comprimidos microparticulados.


Subject(s)
Alendronate/pharmacokinetics , Excipients/classification , Polysaccharides/classification , Tablets/pharmacokinetics , Solid Waste Grinding
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