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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(1): e202310117, feb. 2024.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1525015

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de apneas obstructivas del sueño (SAOS) en pediatría constituye un trastorno asociado a múltiples consecuencias en el espectro cognitivo y comportamental. El principal factor de riesgo asociado es la hipertrofia amigdalina y las vegetaciones adenoideas. La adenoamigdalectomía es el tratamiento de primera línea. La incidencia del SAOS persistente varía entre un 15 % y un 75 % según las comorbilidades. Este se presenta como un desafío a la hora de tratarlo; requiere un abordaje integral para su diagnóstico y tratamiento adecuado. El objetivo de esta revisión bibliográfica es proponer un abordaje diagnóstico y terapéutico para el SAOS persistente.


In pediatrics, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a disorder associated with multiple consequences at the cognitive and behavioral level. The main associated risk factor is the presence of tonsillar hypertrophy and adenoids. An adenotonsillectomy is the first-line treatment. The incidence of persistent OSAS varies from 15% to 75%, depending on comorbidities. This is a challenge in terms of management; it requires a comprehensive approach for an adequate diagnosis and treatment. The objective of this bibliographic review is to propose a diagnostic and therapeutic approach for persistent OSAS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Tonsillectomy , Adenoids , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/surgery , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy , Adenoidectomy , Polysomnography/adverse effects
2.
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cuello (En línea) ; 51(2): 129-135, 20230000. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1442472

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la apnea obstructiva del sueño (AOS) conlleva un alto riesgo cardiovascular, metabólico y neurológico. Los dispositivos de presión positiva continua (CPAP) o dispositivos de avance mandibular (DAM) pueden ferulizar la vía aérea superior (VAS) y mejorar la obstrucción; sin embargo, la adherencia es muy baja. Se ha demostrado que los procedimientos quirúrgicos de la VAS pueden llevar a una reducción significativa en la frecuencia de apneas e hipopneas. El objetivo del estudio fue describir las características clínicas y demográficas y los cambios en la somnolencia diurna excesiva, en el índice de apnea e hipopnea (IAH) y en la saturación de oxígeno (SpO2 ) de los pacientes con AOS manejados quirúrgicamente en el Servicio de Otorrinolaringología entre los años 2016 a 2020. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo tipo serie de casos. Resultados: se incluyeron nueve pacientes que cumplían los criterios de inclusión, el 77,8 % presentaban sobrepeso u obesidad. Se disminuyó la puntuación de la Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) en el 100 % de los pacientes pre y posquirúrgicos. Adicionalmente, la polisomnografía (PSG) pre y posoperatoria mostró un aumento en la eficiencia de sueño con la mejoría de parámetros de oxigenación. Se encontró una disminución en el IAH en el 88,8 % de los pacientes. Conclusión: los hallazgos en este estudio sugieren que la cirugía de VAS es segura para realizar en pacientes con AOS. No todos los pacientes son candidatos a manejo quirúrgico y es importante una selección adecuada para disminuir las complicaciones.


Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a pathology that leads to a high risk of developing cardiovascular, metabolic, and neurological diseases. Positive airway pressure (CPAP) or mandibular advancement devices (MAD) can open superior airway (SAW) improve the obstruction, however, adherence is too low. It has already been shown that surgical SAW procedures, compared with medical management, can lead to a significant reduction in the frequency of apneas and hypopneas. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical and demographic characteristics, changes in excessive daytime sleepiness using Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), apnea-hipopnea index (AHI) and SpO2 in patients with OSA managed surgically. Methods: A descriptive observational case series type study was carried out. Results: Nine patients were included, 77.8% were overweight or obese. A decrease in the ESS was found in 100% of the patients when pre- and post-operative scores were compared. Additionally, pre and postoperative polysomnography (PSG) showed an increase in sleep efficiency with improvement in oxygenation parameters such as mean saturation and minimum saturation. Regarding respiratory events, we found a decrease in AHI in 88.8% of patients. Conclusion: The findings in this study suggest that SAW surgery is safe to perform in patients with OSA. However, it is necessary to keep in mind that not all patients are candidates for surgical management and that adequate patient selection is important to reduce procedural complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Polysomnography , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Sleep , General Surgery
3.
Acta neurol. colomb ; 39(2)jun. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533486

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El compromiso respiratorio en la enfermedad de Pompe es una de sus manifestaciones más frecuentes, tiene un impacto negativo en la calidad de vida y facilita la aparición de múltiples complicaciones. Se puede presentar como parte evolutiva de la enfermedad o incluso ser el síntoma inicial de la patología. Contenidos: La presentación clínica del compromiso respiratorio en la enfermedad de Pompe se caracteriza por disnea, ortopnea, cefalea y tos, y sus cambios paraclínicos incluyen hipercapnia, policitemia, elevación del índice de apnea/hipopnea, así como disminución de la capacidad vital y de las presiones inspiratoria y espiratorias máximas. El compromiso respiratorio es causado principalmente por disfunción muscular (especialmente el diafragma) y alteración de la regulación del sistema nervioso central. Conclusiones: Es fundamental la valoración acuciosa inicial de los patrones respiratorios y por supuesto su seguimiento, el cual dependerá del tipo de progresión de la disfunción respiratoria (rápida o lenta) o del requerimiento específico para cada paciente (ventilación no invasiva o invasiva).


Introduction: Respiratory compromise in Pompe disease is one of the most frequent manifestations, which has a negative impact on quality of life and leads to multiple complications. This can occur as an evolutionary part of the disease, or even be the initial symptom of the pathology. Contents: Its clinical presentation is characterized by dyspnea, orthopnea, headache, and cough, and its paraclinical changes include hypercapnia, polycythemia, elevated apnea/hypopnea index, decreased vital capacity, and decreased maximum inspiratory and expiratory pressures. Respiratory compromise is caused mainly by muscular dysfunction (especially the diaphragm) and alteration of regulation of the central nervous system. Conclusions: An initial careful assessment of respiratory patterns is essential, and of course their follow-up, that will depend of the type of progression of respiratory dysfunction (rapid or slow) or the specific requirement for each patient (non-invasive or invasive ventilation).


Subject(s)
Spirometry , Glycogen Storage Disease Type II , Vital Capacity , Noninvasive Ventilation , Apnea , Polysomnography , Dyspnea
4.
The Philippine Journal of Psychiatry ; : 54-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006499

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The aim of this study was to determine the comorbid sleep disorders on Polysomnography (PSG) of patients complaining of insomnia symptoms.@*Methodology@#This is a retrospective study among patients who underwent diagnostic and split-night polysomnography from April 2014 to February 2019. Those who had at least one of the following insomnia symptoms of difficulty initiating sleep, difficulty maintaining sleep and early morning awakening with or without a history of sleep aide use were identified as patients with insomnia. Polysomnography sleep parameters and outcome were tabulated and statistical analysis was done using SPSS v 20.0.@*Results@#Out of the 302 patients who were included in the study, 34.4% of subjects had a family history of sleep disorder and 70.4% had a history of sleep aide use. Among the medical comorbidities, 47.7% of the subjects were diagnosed with hypertension while 10.65% were diagnosed with psychiatric disorder. Most of the patients complained of both difficulty initiating sleep and early morning awakening. PSG sleep parameters showed that patients did not experience excessive daytime sleepiness or delayed sleep latency. On the other hand, poor sleep efficiency could be due to increased arousal index. Half of the patients turned out to have severe obstructive sleep apnea (52%) while 2.3% of the patients had periodic limb movement disorder. Among those diagnosed with severe OSA, 53.3% had a history of sleep aide use.@*Conclusion@#The study showed the importance of screening patients with insomnia for underlying comorbid sleep disorders. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) treatment guidelines for chronic insomnia emphasized the need to have a high index of suspicion for this population in order to recommend diagnostic procedures such as polysomnography. Diagnosing a patient with insomnia to have an underlying sleep apnea and/or periodic limb movement disorder would change the course of management among patients with chronic insomnia and eventually avoid prescribing medications that could actually worsen the patient’s condition.


Subject(s)
Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Sleep Wake Disorders , Polysomnography , Comorbidity
5.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 258-262, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982728

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between sleep status and the disease in children with recurrent vertigo(RVC) by analyzing the objective sleep condition of children with recurrent vertigo. Methods:According to the diagnostic criteria of RVC, 50 children with RVC and 20 normal controls without RVC were selected. According to the vertigo questionnaire score, the RVC group was divided into mild, moderate and severe groups according to severity. Continuous polysomnography(PSG) was performed for all participants, and SPSS 25.0 statistical software was used to analyze the monitoring results. Results:①There were significant differences in sleep time of each period, total sleep time and sleep efficiency between RVC group and control group(P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in sleep latency(P>0.05). The specific manifestations were that the proportion of sleep time in N1 and N2 phases increased, the proportion of sleep time in N3 and REM phases decreased, the total sleep time and sleep efficiency decreased in RVC group. ②The abnormal rate of sleep apnea hypopnea index, that is, the proportion of AHI≥5 times/h and the abnormal rate of lowest blood oxygen saturation in RVC group were higher than those in normal control group. There was significant difference between the two groups(P<0.05). ③There were significant differences in the proportion of AHI≥5 times/h and lowest SpO2 among mild group, moderate group and severe group(P<0.05). ④There was no significant correlation between the degree of vertigo and the abnormal rate of AHI in children with RVC, but there was a negative correlation between the degree of vertigo and the abnormal rate of lowest SpO2 in children with RVC. Conclusion:Children with RVC are often accompanied by sleep disorders, clinicians should pay attention to both the symptoms of vertigo and sleep condition in children. Polysomnography is non-invasive and operable, providing a new idea to the auxiliary examination of RVC in children. It is of certain clinical significance for the comprehensive treatment of children with RVC to actively improve vertigo symptoms and pay attention to improving sleep quality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Polysomnography , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/diagnosis , Sleep , Dizziness , Vertigo/diagnosis
6.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 35-43, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970671

ABSTRACT

Polysomnography (PSG) monitoring is an important method for clinical diagnosis of diseases such as insomnia, apnea and so on. In order to solve the problem of time-consuming and energy-consuming sleep stage staging of sleep disorder patients using manual frame-by-frame visual judgment PSG, this study proposed a deep learning algorithm model combining convolutional neural networks (CNN) and bidirectional gate recurrent neural networks (Bi GRU). A dynamic sparse self-attention mechanism was designed to solve the problem that gated recurrent neural networks (GRU) is difficult to obtain accurate vector representation of long-distance information. This study collected 143 overnight PSG data of patients from Shanghai Mental Health Center with sleep disorders, which were combined with 153 overnight PSG data of patients from the open-source dataset, and selected 9 electrophysiological channel signals including 6 electroencephalogram (EEG) signal channels, 2 electrooculogram (EOG) signal channels and a single mandibular electromyogram (EMG) signal channel. These data were used for model training, testing and evaluation. After cross validation, the accuracy was (84.0±2.0)%, and Cohen's kappa value was 0.77±0.50. It showed better performance than the Cohen's kappa value of physician score of 0.75±0.11. The experimental results show that the algorithm model in this paper has a high staging effect in different populations and is widely applicable. It is of great significance to assist clinicians in rapid and large-scale PSG sleep automatic staging.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polysomnography , China , Sleep Stages , Sleep , Algorithms
7.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(3): 61-67, set.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1381326

ABSTRACT

Atualmente, o tratamento do ronco primário e da Síndrome da Apnéia/Hipopnéia Obstrutiva do Sono (SAHOS)1 através de aparelhos intra-orais (AIO) tem recebido a atenção dos pesquisadores pela comprovada eficácia destes dispositivos. Os aparelhos mais indicados são os reposicionadores de mandíbula que promovem um avanço mandibular, afastando os tecidos da orofaringe superior, o que evita a obstrução parcial ou total da área. Sua indicação é para casos de ronco primário e apnéias leves e moderadas2, no entanto é necessário que os candidatos apresentem número de dentes suficientes com saúde periodontal para a ancoragem do aparelho. Por ser uma doença de consequências sistêmicas graves, o tratamento da SAHOS é em sua essência de responsabilidade do médico especialista na área, porém o cirurgião dentista deve ter conhecimento para diagnosticar e tratar, quando o AIO for a opção terapêutica. A interpretação da polissonografia, exame que diagnostica e conduz para a escolha correta do tratamento, e dos dados cefalométricos são os principais quesitos ao Cirurgião Dentista que se propõe a tratar portadores da SAHOS. Nesse trabalho foi elaborado um questionário e aplicado aos cirurgiões dentistas de três diferentes cidades do Estado de São Paulo para que fosse possível avaliar o conhecimento desses profissionais a respeito do diagnóstico e tratamento da SAHOS. 70 Cirurgiões Dentistas foram entrevistados e os resultados mostraram que 70% destes têm interesse em trabalhar com os AIOs. Esse grupo se relacionou estatisticamente significante com aqueles que afirmaram já terem sido alguma vez questionado por algum paciente a respeito desse tratamento. Quanto à criação de uma especialidade para essa área, os profissionais da área de prótese e implante se mostraram mais interessados. E, do número total de entrevistados, apenas 25% já tiveram contato com esse tipo de aparelho, mas não conhece o protocolo de atendimento para o tratamento desses pacientes(AU)


Currently, the treatment of primary snoring and Obstructive Sleep Apnea/Hypopnea Syndrome (OSAHS)1 through intraoral appliances (OA) has received the attention of researchers due to the proven effectiveness of these devices. The most suitable devices are jaw repositioning devices that promote mandibular advancement, moving the tissues away from the upper oropharynx, which prevents partial or total obstruction of the area. Its indication is for cases of primary snoring and mild to moderate apnea2, however it is necessary that candidates have a sufficient number of teeth with periodontal health to anchor the appliance. As it is a disease with serious systemic consequences, the treatment of OSAHS is, in essence, the responsibility of the specialist in the area, but the dental surgeon must have the knowledge to diagnose and treat, when OA is the therapeutic option. The interpretation of polysomnography, na exam that diagnoses and leads to the correct choice of treatment, and cephalometric data are the main requirements for the Dental Surgeon who proposes to treat patients with OSAHS. In this work, a questionnaire was developed and applied to dentalsurgeons from three different cities in the State of São Paulo so that it was possible to assess the knowledge of these professionals regarding the diagnosis and treatment of OSAHS. 70 Dental Surgeons were interviewed and the results showed that 70% of them are interested in working with AIOs. This group had a statistically significant relationshipwith those who stated that they had already been asked by a patient about this treatment. Regarding the creation of a specialty for this area, professional in the area of ??prosthesis and implant were more interested. And, of the total number of respondents, only 25% have already had contact with this type of device, but do not know the care protocol for the treatment of these patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/diagnostic imaging , Models, Dental , Snoring , Polysomnography , Mandibular Advancement , Dentists
8.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 82(2): 163-171, jun. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389849

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El síndrome de apnea obstructiva del sueño (SAOS) se asocia a aumento de morbimortalidad cardiovascular y metabólica, y a mala calidad de vida. Su diagnóstico y tratamiento eficaz mejora la salud individual y pública. Objetivo: evaluar concordancia entre análisis automático versus manual del dispositivo ApneaLink para diagnosticar y clasificar SAOS en pacientes con sospecha clínica. Material y Método: Evaluación retrospectiva de 301 poligrafías respiratorias del HOSCAR. Se mide correlación, acuerdo general y concordancia entre parámetros obtenidos manual y automáticamente usando coeficiente de Pearson, coeficiente de correlación intraclase y gráfico de Bland y Altman. Resultados: En 11,3% de casos el análisis automático interpreto erróneamente la señal de flujo. No hubo diferencias significativas entre índices de apnea-hipopnea automático (AHIa 18,9 ± 17,5) y manual (AHIm 20,8 ± 19,4) r + 0,97 (95% CI: 0,9571 a 0,9728; p < 0,0001) y tampoco entre la saturación mínima de oxígeno automática (82,1 ± 7,6) y manual (83,1 ± 6,8) r + 0,85 (95% CI: 0,8108 a 0,8766; p < 0,0001). No hubo buena correlación entre análisis automático y manual en clasificación de apneas centrales, r + 0,51 (95% CI: 0,4238 a 0,5942; p < 0,0001). Hubo subestimación de gravedad de SAOS por análisis automático: en 11% de casos. Conclusión: El diagnóstico entregado automáticamente por ApneaLink podría aceptarse sin confirmación manual adicional solamente en casos clasificados como severos. Para AHI menores se requeriría confirmación mediante análisis manual de experto.


Abstract Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with increased cardiovascular and metabolic morbidity and mortality, and poor quality of life. Its effective diagnosis and treatment improve individual and public health. Aim: To evaluate concordance between automatic versus manual analysis of the ApneaLink device to diagnose and classify OSAS in patients with clinical suspicion. Material and Method: Retrospective evaluation of 301 respiratory polygraphs from HOSCAR. Correlation, general agreement and concordance between parameters obtained manually and automatically are measured using Pearson's coefficient, intraclass correlation coefficient, and Bland and Altman graph. Results: In 11.3% of cases, the automatic analysis misinterpreted the flow signal. There were no significant differences between automatic (AHIa 18.9 ± 17.5) and manual (AHIm 20.8 ± 19.4) apnea-hypopnea indices r + 0.97 (95% CI:0.9571 to 0.9728, p < 0.0001) and nor between automatic (82.1 ± 7.6) and manual (83.1 ± 6.8) minimum oxygen saturation r + 0.85 (95% CI: 0.8108 to 0.8766, p < 0.0001). There was no good correlation between automatic and manual analysis in the classification of central apneas, r + 0.51(95% CI:0.4238 to 0.5942, p < 0.0001). There was an underestimation of the severity of OSAS by automatic analysis in 11% of cases. Conclusion: The diagnosis delivered automatically by ApneaLink could be accepted without additional manual confirmation only in cases classified as severe. For minors AHI, confirmation through manual expert analysis would be required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Polysomnography/instrumentation , Diagnostic Equipment/standards , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/diagnosis , Chile , Retrospective Studies , Equipment and Supplies
9.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(2): 228-234, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374717

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea is characterized by a reduced airflow through the upper airways during sleep. Two forms of obstructive sleep apnea are described: the central form and the obstructive form. The obstructive form is related to many factors, such as the craniofacial morphology. Objective: To evaluate the correlation between the morphology of the cranial base, of the mandible and the maxilla, and obstructive sleep apnea severity. Methods: Eighty-four patients, mean age of 50.4 years old; 73 males and 11 females with obstructive sleep apnea were enrolled in the present study. Patients with high body mass index and comorbidities were excluded. Lateral cephalograms and polysomnography were collected for each patient to evaluate the correlation between craniofacial morphology and obstructive sleep apnea severity. A Spearman's rho correlation test between cephalometric measurements and obstructive sleep apnea indexes was computed. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Results: Patients with a severe obstructive sleep apnea presented a reduction of sagittal growth of both effective mandibular length and cranio-basal length. The mandibular length was the only variable with a statistical correlation with apnea-hypopnea index. Vertical dimension showed a weak correlation with the severity of obstructive sleep apnea. No correlation with maxillary sagittal dimension was shown. Conclusion: Obstructive sleep apnea severity may be correlated to mandibular and cranial base growth. Facial vertical dimension had no correlation with obstructive sleep apnea severity.


Resumo Introdução: A apneia obstrutiva do sono é caracterizada por um fluxo de ar reduzido nas vias aéreas superiores durante o sono. Duas formas de apneia são descritas: a forma central e a forma obstrutiva. A forma obstrutiva tem sido relacionada a vários fatores, como a morfologia craniofacial. Objetivo: Avaliar a correlação entre a morfologia da base do crânio, da mandíbula e da maxila e a gravidade da apneia obstrutiva do sono. Método: Foram incluídos no presente estudo 84 pacientes com apneia obstrutiva do sono, com média de 50,4 anos; 73 homens e 11 mulheres. Pacientes com alto índice de massa corpórea e comorbidades foram excluídos. Foram coletados cefalogramas laterais e polissonografia para cada paciente para avaliar a correlação entre a morfologia craniofacial e a gravidade da apneia. Foi computado o coeficiente de correlação de postos de Spearman (rho) entre medidas cefalométricas e índices de apneia obstrutiva do sono. A significância estatística foi estabelecida em p < 0,05. Resultados: Pacientes com apneia obstrutiva do sono grave apresentaram redução do crescimento sagital do comprimento mandibular efetivo e do comprimento crânio-basal. O comprimento mandibular foi a única variável que apresentou correlação estatística com o índice de apneia-hipopneia. A dimensão vertical mostrou uma fraca correlação com a gravidade da apneia. Não foi demonstrada correlação com a dimensão maxilar sagital. Conclusão: A gravidade da apneia obstrutiva do sono pode estar correlacionada ao crescimento da base mandibular e craniana. A dimensão facial vertical não apresentou correlação com a gravidade da apneia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/diagnostic imaging , Cephalometry/methods , Polysomnography , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged
10.
J. bras. pneumol ; 48(3): e20210340, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BIGG | ID: biblio-1375742

ABSTRACT

To evaluate clinical predictors of poor sleep quality in COPD patients with and without obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Methods: Consecutive stable patients with COPD were evaluated for OSA by means of overnight polysomnography; for sleep quality by means of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI); and for disease impact by means of the COPD Assessment Test. COPD severity was graded in accordance with the 2020 GOLD guidelines. Predictors of poor sleep quality were evaluated by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: We studied 51 patients with COPD alone and 51 patients with COPD and OSA. Both groups had similar age (66.2 ± 9.2 years vs. 69.6 ± 10.7, p = 0.09) and airflow limitation (p = 0.37). Poor sleep quality was present in 74.8% of the study participants, with no significant difference between COPD patients with and without OSA regarding PSQI scores (p = 0.73). Polysomnography showed increased stage 1 non-rapid eye movement sleep and arousal index, as well as reduced sleep efficiency and stage 3 non-rapid eye movement sleep, in the group of patients with COPD and OSA (p < 0.05). Independent predictors of poor sleep quality were GOLD grade C/D COPD (OR = 6.4; 95% CI, 1.79-23.3; p < 0.01), a COPD Assessment Test score ≥ 10 (OR = 12.3; 95% CI, 4.1-36.5; p < 0.01), and lowest SaO2 < 80% (p < 0.0001). Conclusions: Poor sleep quality is quite common in patients with COPD and is associated with severe COPD and poor health status, having a negative impact on overall quality of life. Despite changes in polysomnography, OSA appears to have no impact on subjective sleep quality in COPD patients.


Avaliar os preditores clínicos de má qualidade do sono em pacientes com DPOC, com e sem apneia obstrutiva do sono (AOS). Métodos: Pacientes estáveis consecutivos com DPOC foram avaliados quanto à AOS por meio de polissonografia noturna; quanto à qualidade do sono por meio do Índice de Qualidade do Sono de Pittsburgh (IQSP) e quanto ao impacto da doença por meio do Teste de Avaliação da DPOC. A gravidade da DPOC foi classificada conforme as diretrizes de 2020 da GOLD. Os preditores de má qualidade do sono foram avaliados por meio de análise de regressão logística multivariada. Resultados: Foram estudados 51 pacientes com DPOC apenas e 51 pacientes com DPOC e AOS. Ambos os grupos eram semelhantes quanto à idade (66,2 ± 9,2 anos vs. 69,6 ± 10,7, p = 0,09) e limitação do fluxo aéreo (p = 0,37). Sono de má qualidade esteve presente em 74,8% dos participantes, sem diferença significativa entre os pacientes com DPOC, com e sem AOS, quanto à pontuação no IQSP (p = 0,73). A polissonografia mostrou aumento do estágio 1 do sono non-rapid eye movement e do índice de despertares, bem como redução da eficiência do sono e do estágio 3 do sono non-rapid eye movement nos pacientes com DPOC e AOS (p < 0,05). Os preditores independentes de má qualidade do sono foram DPOC grau C/D da GOLD (OR = 6,4; IC95%: 1,79-23,3; p < 0,01), pontuação ≥ 10 no Teste de Avaliação da DPOC (OR = 12,3; IC95%: 4,1-36,5; p < 0,01) e menor SaO2 < 80% (p < 0,0001). Conclusões: O sono de má qualidade é bastante comum em pacientes com DPOC e apresenta relação com DPOC grave e estado de saúde ruim, além de ter impacto negativo na qualidade de vida global. Não obstante as alterações na polissonografia, a AOS aparentemente não tem impacto na qualidade do sono referida por pacientes com DPOC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/complications , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/complications , Sleep Quality , Polysomnography
11.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(supl): 15-17, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1399228

ABSTRACT

Ter um sono de qualidade é imprescindível para a saúde. Cada pessoa sabe a quantidade que a repara melhor. Dessa forma, sono em fora de hora de sesta pode ser problemas em potencial. Um paciente que adormeci em um tratamento dentário pode estar com um déficit de sono que o adormecer durante um tratamento dentário é uma situação inusitada que, pode ser um paciente que precisa de uma a polissonografia e um possível tratamento para o possível presente ronco primário e Síndrome da Apneia e Hipopneia Obstrutiva do Sono (SHAOS). O Cirurgião Dentista deve conhecer os sinais e sintomas mais comuns dos pacientes com problemas de sono para poder indicá-los corretamente a um médico especialista em sono. Dessa forma já se tem como certo que esse é um problema médico, no entanto o Cirurgião Dentista é um profissional importante nas modalidades de tratamento que temos para a síndrome. O simples ato da indicação e acompanhamento do tratamento faz o Cirurgião Dentista, importante nessa cadeia de tratamento(AU)


Getting quality sleep is essential for health. Each person knows the amount that repairs them best. So sleep outside of nap time can be potential problems. A patient who fell asleep in a dental treatment may have a sleep deficit that falling asleep during a dental treatment is an unusual situation that, may be a patient who needs a polysomnography and a possible treatment for the possible present primary snoring and syndrome. Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Hypopnea (SHAOS). The Dental Surgeon must know the most common signs and symptoms of patients with sleep problems in order to correctly refer them to a sleep specialist. Thus, it is already taken for granted that this is a medical problem, however the Dental Surgeon is an important professional in the treatment modalities we have for the syndrome. The simple act of indicating and monitoring the treatment makes the Dental Surgeon important in this treatment chain(AU)


Subject(s)
Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Dentists , Sleep Hygiene , Apnea , Sleep , Snoring , Health , Polysomnography
12.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 42: e243224, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1422362

ABSTRACT

A narcolepsia, distúrbio neurológico crônico caracterizado pela sonolência diurna excessiva, pode ser associada à cataplexia, fragmentação do sono, alucinações relacionadas ao sono e paralisia do sono. Frequentemente, é confundida com outros transtornos, como Transtorno do Déficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade (TDAH), epilepsia e até esquizofrenia, assim, por vezes, é diagnosticada inadequadamente. Objetiva-se relatar o diagnóstico diferencial bem-sucedido da narcolepsia na infância e suas dificuldades, realizado por uma equipe multidisciplinar, enfocando a atuação da psicologia do sono em avaliação e intervenção. Um menino de 10 anos foi recebido no Ambulatório de Narcolepsia e Apneia do Sono Infantil (AMBNAP), alocado no Hospital Universitário Onofre Lopes da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN) com queixas de sonolência diurna excessiva, sono fragmentado e episódios de perda de tônus muscular. Foi submetido a entrevistas psiquiátrica e psicológica pormenorizadas, a exames, aplicação de escalas específicas para rastreio e diagnóstico de transtornos de sono e diário de sono, solicitação de recursos de mídia e de relatório escolar e avaliação neurológica. A partir da investigação multidisciplinar, o diagnóstico foi de Narcolepsia e Síndrome da Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono (SAOS). O paciente foi submetido a técnicas da Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental (TCC) e segue em acompanhamento, apresentando resultados satisfatórios. Este estudo evidencia que uma equipe multidisciplinar especializada na área de sono atuando em conjunto com a Psicologia do Sono oportuniza o diagnóstico e intervenções precoces eficazes para o tratamento do distúrbio do sono na infância.(AU)


Narcolepsy is a chronic neurologic disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness which can be associated with cataplexy, sleep fragmentation, sleep-related hallucinations, and sleep paralysis. This sleep disorder is often confused with other disorders such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), epilepsy, and even schizophrenia, and is, thus, misdiagnosed. This study aims to report the successful differential diagnosis for childhood narcolepsy carried out by a multidisciplinary team and its challenges, with a focus on the role of sleep psychology in assessment and intervention. A 10-year-old child was received at the Child Narcolepsy and Sleep Apnea Clinic (AMBNAP), located at the Onofre Lopes University Hospital of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), with complaints of hypersomnolence, fragmented sleep, and episodes of loss of muscle tone. He underwent detailed psychiatric and psychological interviews, analysis of exams, application of specific scales for screening and diagnosis of sleep disorders and sleep diary, request of media resources and school report, and neurological assessment. From the multidisciplinary investigation, excluding of other neurological diagnoses, the diagnosis was Narcolepsy and Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS). The patient was submitted to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) techniques, such as psychoeducation, scheduled naps, cognitive therapy for dysfunctional beliefs, and sleep hygiene strategies, and continues to be followed up, with satisfactory results since the first two months of intervention. The findings presented in this study show that a multidisciplinary team specialized in the sleep area, acting alongside Sleep Psychology provides early diagnosis and interventions for the sleep disorder treatment in childhood.(AU)


La narcolepsia es un trastorno neurológico crónico caracterizado por somnolencia diurna excesiva que puede asociarse con cataplejía, fragmentación del sueño, alucinaciones relacionadas con el sueño y parálisis del sueño. El trastorno del sueño a menudo se confunde con otros trastornos como el TDAH, la epilepsia e incluso la esquizofrenia, y se diagnostica erróneamente. El objetivo es presentar el diagnóstico diferencial exitoso de la narcolepsia en la infancia y sus dificultades, realizado por un equipo multidisciplinario, con foco en el papel de la psicología del sueño en la evaluación e intervención. El estudiante de 10 años fue recibido en la Clínica de Narcolepsia Infantil y Apnea del Sueño (AMBNAP), ubicada en el Hospital Universitario Onofre Lopes de la Universidad Federal de Rio Grande do Norte, con quejas de hipersomnolencia, sueño fragmentado y episodios de pérdida de tono muscular. Se sometió a entrevistas psiquiátricas y psicológicas detalladas, análisis de exámenes, aplicación de escalas específicas para la detección y diagnóstico de trastornos del sueño y el diario del sueño, solicite recursos de medios y informe escolar y evaluación neurológica. La investigación multidisciplinaria, el diagnóstico fue Narcolepsia y SAOS. El paciente fue sometido a técnicas de terapia cognitivo-conductual (TCC), como psicoeducación, siestas programadas, terapia cognitiva por creencias disfuncionales y estrategias de higiene del sueño, y se le dio seguimiento con resultados satisfactorios. Los resultados demostraron que un equipo multidisciplinario especializado en el campo del sueño, actuando en conjunto con la psicología del sueño, proporciona el diagnóstico y las intervenciones tempranas para el trastorno del sueño de la narcolepsia en la infância.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Psychology , Sleep , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Child , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Narcolepsy , Quality of Life , Therapeutics , Behavior , Cataplexy , Polysomnography , Sleep Paralysis , Early Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Orexins , Sleep Latency , Disorders of Excessive Somnolence , Nervous System Diseases , Neurology
13.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2022. 136 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1435707

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a hiperplasia adenotonsilar (HAT) é uma das causas mais comuns da Síndrome do Respirador Oral (SRO) devido à obstrução de via aérea superior em crianças e adolescentes. Tal afecção pode causar alterações ortodônticas, miofuncionais orofaciais, posturais, cardiopulmonares, antropométricas e polissonográficas. O diagnóstico precoce e indicação de Adenotonsilectomia (A&T) é essencial para reversão dessas consequências deletérias da SRO e restauração do bem estar biopsicossocial da criança.Objetivo: avaliar o estado nutricional, patência nasal, distúrbios do sono e fator de crescimento semelhante à insulina tipo 1 (IGF-1) em crianças de dois a doze anos de idade com SRO devido HAT grave e comparar com a reavaliação após seis meses de pós-cirúrgico das crianças operadas e com as demais que permanecem com obstrução da via aérea e aguardam a cirurgia na fila de espera do Sistema Único de Saúde. Métodos: trinta pacientes com SRO por HAT grave e indicação de A&T foram submetidos à avaliação antropométrica, polissonográfica, dosagem do IGF-1, rinomanométrica, teste alérgico cutâneo, questionário de padrão alimentar e prática de atividade física antes da A&T. Dez pacientes repetiram essa avaliação seis meses após o procedimento cirúrgico (grupo intervenção). Vinte pacientes aguardam a cirurgia na fila de espera do SUS e tiveram seus dados antropométricos e de IGF-1 reavaliados após seis meses com obstrução da via aérea (grupo controle). Resultados: trinta crianças realizaram a fase pré-operatória do estudo. A idade média foi de 5,6 anos (±2,17). Dezessete (56,7%) eram do sexo masculino e treze (43,3%) do sexo feminino. O teste cutâneo foi positivo em dezesseis indivíduos (53,3%) As médias dos escores Z de estatura por idade foi de -0,95 (±1,09); peso por idade de 0,17 (±1,42); índice de massa corporal (IMC) por idade de 0,31 (±1,36). A média do fluxo nasal inspiratório total (FNIT) foi de 444,63 ml/s (±161,02) e da patência nasal de 72,9% (±24,76). A média do índice de Apneia e Hipopneia (IAH) do sono foi de 4,95 ev/h (±4,07); da saturação mínima de oxihemoglobina no sono (Nadir de O2) de 78,93% (±6,00); da percentagem de sono com saturação menor que 90% (T90) de 4,16% (±5,48); da porcentagem do sono com ondas lentas (sono N3) de 37,62% (±9,61). A média do escore Z de IGF-1 foi de 0,72 (±1,30). O grupo intervenção e grupo controle não apresentaram alterações dos dados antropométricos com significância estatística. Houve diminuição do IGF-1 após a cirurgia sendo a média do escore Z de IGF-1 pré-operatório de 1,33 (±1,74) e pós-cirúrgico de -0,07 (±0,85); p=0,03. No grupo controle a variação do IGF-1 não foi significativa. O grupo intervenção não apresentou alteração com significância estatística do FNIT e da patência nasal. Nas dez crianças operadas foi constatada uma melhora da média do IAH de 5,25 ev/h (±4,29) para 1,99 ev/h (±1,16) e do T90 de 6,27% (±7,46) para 0,64% (±0,55) com p<0,05. Já o sono N3 e o Nadir de O2 não apresentaram alterações significativas. Não houve mudança qualitativa no padrão alimentar e na prática de atividade física nos dois períodos avaliados na vigência da pandemia de COVID19. Conclusão: Após A&T houve diminuição do IGF-1; p=0,03, melhora do IAH; p=0,03 e do T90; p=0,04. A cirurgia não modificou o estado nutricional com significância estatística nas dez crianças após 6 meses de pós-operatório. No pós-cirúrgico, não houve diferença estatística do FNIT e da patência nasal, assim como nessa amostra também não ocorreram alterações significativas do sono N3 e do Nadir de O2. O padrão alimentar e a prática de atividade física foram semelhantes qualitativamente no pré e no pós-operatório. Vinte crianças no grupo controle não tiveram alterações significativas dos dados antropométricos e do IGF-1 com seis meses de espera pela cirurgia e permanência da obstrução da via aérea. Não houve diferença estatística dos dados antropométricos e do IGF-1 entre o grupo controle e o grupo intervenção.


Introduction: adenotonsillar hyperplasia (ATH) is one of the most common causes of Mouth Breathing Syndrome (MBS) due to upper airway obstruction in children and adolescents. This condition can cause orthodontic, orofacial myofunctional, postural, cardiopulmonary, anthropometric and polysomnographic changes. Early diagnosis and indication of Adenotonsillectomy (T&A) is essential to revert these deleterious consequences of MBS and restore the child's biopsychosocial well-being. Objective: to evaluate the nutritional status, nasal patency, sleep disorders and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) in children aged two to twelve years old with MBS due to severe ATH and compare with reassessment after six months post-surgical care of operated children and others who remain with airway obstruction and are waiting for surgery on the Unified Health System (UHS) waiting list. Methods: Thirty patients with MBS due to severe ATH and indication for T&A were submitted to anthropometric, polysomnographic, IGF-1 dosage, rhinomanometric, allergic skin test, dietary pattern questionnaire and physical activity practice before T&A. Ten patients repeated this evaluation six months after the surgical procedure (intervention group). Twenty patients were waiting for surgery on the UHS waiting list and had their anthropometric and IGF-1 data reassessed after six months with airway obstruction (control group). Results: Thirty children underwent the preoperative phase of the study. The mean age was 5.6 years (±2.17). Seventeen (56.7%) were male and thirteen (43.3%) were female. The skin test was positive in sixteen individuals (53.3%) The average Z-scores for height for age were -0.95 (±1.09); weight for age 0.17 (±1.42); body mass index (BMI) for age of 0.31 (±1.36). The mean total inspiratory nasal flow (TINF) was 444.63 ml/s (±161.02) and nasal patency was 72.9% (±24.76). The average sleep apnea and hypopnea index (AHI) was 4.95 ev/h (±4.07); minimum oxyhemoglobin saturation during sleep (O2 Nadir) of 78.93% (±6.00); percentage of sleep with saturation lower than 90% (T90) of 4.16% (±5.48); percentage of sleep with slow waves (N3) of 37.62% (±9.61). The mean IGF-1 Z-score was 0.72 (±1.30). The intervention group and control group did not show statistically significant changes in anthropometric data. There was a decrease in IGF-1 after surgery, with a mean preoperative IGF-1 Z-score of 1.33 (±1.74) and postoperative value of -0.07 (±0.85); p=0.03. In the control group, the IGF-1 variation was not significant. The intervention group did not show statistically significant changes in TINF and nasal patency. In the ten operated children, an improvement in the mean AHI from 5.25 ev/h (±4.29) to 1.99 ev/h (±1.16) and T90 of 6.27% (±7. 46) to 0.64% (±0.55) with p<0.05. On the other hand, N3 sleep and O2 Nadir showed no significant changes. There was no qualitative change in dietary patterns and physical activity in the two periods evaluated during the COVID19 pandemic. Conclusion: After T&A there was a decrease in IGF-1; p=0.03, AHI improvement; p=0.03 and T90 too; p=0.04. The surgery did not change the nutritional status with statistical significance in the ten children after 6 months postoperatively. Post-surgery, there was no statistical difference in TINF and nasal patency, as well as in this sample there were no significant changes in N3 sleep and O2 Nadir either. The dietary pattern and the practice of physical activity were qualitatively similar before and after the operation. Twenty children in the control group did not have significant alterations in anthropometric data and IGF-1 after six months of waiting for the surgery and the remaining airway obstruction. There was no statistical difference in anthropometric and IGF-1 data between the control and intervention groups.


Subject(s)
Tonsillectomy , Adenoidectomy , Failure to Thrive , Mouth Breathing , Sleep Wake Disorders , Child , Nutritional Status , Polysomnography , Academic Dissertation , Rhinomanometry
14.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1-9, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928193

ABSTRACT

Sleep apnea causes cardiac arrest, sleep rhythm disorders, nocturnal hypoxia and abnormal blood pressure fluctuations in patients, which eventually lead to nocturnal target organ damage in hypertensive patients. The incidence of obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is extremely high, which seriously affects the physical and mental health of patients. This study attempts to extract features associated with OSAHS from 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure data and identify OSAHS by machine learning models for the differential diagnosis of this disease. The study data were obtained from ambulatory blood pressure examination data of 339 patients collected in outpatient clinics of the Chinese PLA General Hospital from December 2018 to December 2019, including 115 patients with OSAHS diagnosed by polysomnography (PSG) and 224 patients with non-OSAHS. Based on the characteristics of clinical changes of blood pressure in OSAHS patients, feature extraction rules were defined and algorithms were developed to extract features, while logistic regression and lightGBM models were then used to classify and predict the disease. The results showed that the identification accuracy of the lightGBM model trained in this study was 80.0%, precision was 82.9%, recall was 72.5%, and the area under the working characteristic curve (AUC) of the subjects was 0.906. The defined ambulatory blood pressure features could be effectively used for identifying OSAHS. This study provides a new idea and method for OSAHS screening.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Hypertension/complications , Polysomnography , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/diagnosis
15.
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cuello (En línea) ; 50(3): 186-193, 20220000. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1400885

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El método de referencia para diagnosticar el síndrome de apnea-hipopnea obstructiva del sueño (SAHOS) es la polisomnografía, esta no es diagnóstica en otros trastornos respiratorios del sueño, por lo que es necesario la implementación de puntajes predictivos para diferenciar aquellos pacientes que tienen más riesgos de padecer SAHOS y necesiten de una polisomnografía. El objetivo de este estudio fue validar el puntaje NoSAS y la escala de Berlín frente a la polisomnografía tipo 1 en pacientes con sospecha de SAHOS. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de pruebas diagnósticas. A 264 pacientes se les realizó una polisomnografía basal, la aplicación del puntaje NoSAS y la escala de Berlín; luego, se hizo el análisis de las pruebas diagnósticas y se calculó el rendimiento de cada una en relación con el índice de apnea hipopnea (IAH). Resultados: La sensibilidad del puntaje NoSAS para un IAH ≥ 20 fue 88,57% con intervalo de confianza (IC) 95% 80,4-96,74; especificidad 56,70 %; IC 95% 49,47-63,93 y valor predictivo negativo (VPN) de 93,22, IC 95% 91,70- 99,82. Para la escala de Berlín, la sensibilidad fue de 81,43%, IC 95% 71,60-91,25; especificidad de 58,76%, IC 95% 51,58-65,95 y VPN 89,76%, IC 95% 89,08-98,32. Conclusión: Se demostró que el puntaje NoSAS y la escala de Berlín tienen una buena sensibilidad para descartar a las personas con un menor riesgo de SAHOS. Un paciente clasificado de bajo riesgo probablemente está sano o tiene bajo riesgo para SAHOS moderado a severo y no requeriría de una polisomnografía inicial.


Introduction: The gold standard for diagnosing obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is the polysomnography, and it is not a diagnostic tool for another sleep breathing disorders, so that it is necessary to implement predictive scores to differentiate those patients who have more risk of suffering OSAHS, therefore they need a polysomnography. The aim to this study was to validate the NoSAS score and Berlin scale in relation to the polysomnography type 1, in patients who have the clinical suspicion of OSAHS. Material and methods: Diagnostic tests study. 264 patients underwent polysomnography, and the NoSAS score and Berlin scale were applied to them. After that, the diagnostic tests analysis was done and the performance of each one of them was calculated in relation to the apnea- hypopnea index (AHI). Results: The sensitivity of the NoSAS score for an AHI ≥ 20 was 88.57%, confidence interval (CI) 95% (80.4-96.74), specificity 56.70 %, CI 95% (49.47-63.93), and the negative predictive value (NPV) was 93.22, CI 95% (91.70-99.82). For Berlin scale the sensitivity was 81.43%, CI 95% (71.60-91.25), specificity 58.76%, CI 95% (51.58-65.95) and NPV 89.76%, CI 95% (89.08-98.32). Conclusions: It was shown that NoSAS score and Berlin scale have a good sensitivity to rule out people who have less OSAHS risk. A patient classified as low risk, probably is healthy or at low risk for moderate to severe OSAHS and would not require an initial polysomnography.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Surveys and Questionnaires , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/diagnosis , Prevalence , Sensitivity and Specificity , Polysomnography , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/epidemiology , Octogenarians
16.
São Paulo med. j ; 139(6): 643-647, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352294

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is characterized by recurrent pharyngeal wall collapse during sleep caused by anatomical or functional changes associated with obesity or dislocation of maxillofacial structures. OBJECTIVE: To determine the major risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea monitored in the home. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted in a private clinic in Fortaleza (CE), Brazil. METHODS: Between 2015 and 2018, 427 patients were screened for OSA with home-based monitoring, yielding 374 positives. Information was collected on age, sex, body mass index (BMI), hypertension, diabetes (DM), dyslipidemia, coronary artery disease (CAD), arrhythmia, peripheral artery occlusive disease (PAOD), heart failure (HF) and lung disease. The home sleep apnea test result was then compared with the clinical diagnosis. Lastly, parameters identified as significant in the univariate analysis were subjected to multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: Male sex predominated, although not significantly. OSA was associated with hypertension, DM, dyslipidemia, age and BMI. The risk of OSA being associated with these parameters was 2.195 (hypertension), 11.14 (DM), 2.044 (dyslipidemia) and 5.71 (BMI). The association was also significant for BMI categories (normal, overweight or obese). No significant association was observed for CAD, arrhythmia, PAOD, HF or lung disease. After multivariate logistic analysis, only age and BMI (and its categories) remained significant. CONCLUSION: OSA was associated with hypertension, DM, dyslipidemia, age and BMI in univariate analyses, but only with age and BMI (and its categories) in multivariate logistic analysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/complications , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/diagnosis , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Polysomnography , Overweight
17.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369793

ABSTRACT

Catatrenia (gemido nocturno) es una condición rara caracterizada por sonidos irregulares que ocurren durante el sueño. Los comportamientos ocurren intermitentemente durante cualquiera de las dos etapas de sueño, REM o NREM y se caracterizan por gemidos prolongados, a menudo muy fuertes, socialmente perturbadores, durante la expiración. Es poco conocido y espera más definición y estudios terapéuticos. Hay pocos reportes y en su mayoría de pacientes adultos. Se presentan 3 casos en pacientes pediátricos.


Catathrenia (nocturnal groaning) is a rare condition characterized by irregular sounds that occur during sleep. The behaviors occur intermittently during either REM or NREM sleep and are characterized by prolonged, often very loud, socially disruptive groaning sounds during expiration. It is poorly understood and awaits further definition and therapeutic studies. There are few reports mostly adult patients are presented below 3 cases in pediatric patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Adolescent , Parasomnias/diagnosis , Parasomnias/physiopathology , Sleep Apnea Syndromes/diagnosis , Sleep Apnea Syndromes/physiopathology , Respiratory Sounds , Polysomnography , Crying
18.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 25(3): 185-191, set-out. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348203

ABSTRACT

Distúrbios do sono e as alterações do estado de humor, quando não tratados, estão associados à perda de produtividade e acidentes de trabalho, resultando em lesões e fatalidade. Esses distúrbios são subdiagnosticados e subtratados em contextos clínicos, porque podem ser assintomáticos e o exame de polissonografia tem custo elevado. Por isso, questionários são usados para realizar uma triagem e detectar profissionais com alto risco de síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono, de sonolência diurna excessiva e fadiga. Este estudo teve como objetivo aplicar questionários validados para triagem dos distúrbios do sono e do humor em pilotos civis e analisar os resultados obtidos com a aplicação desses instrumentos. Foram coletados dados de 44 pilotos civis por meio de quatro instrumentos: um questionário para a caracterização sociodemográfica e ocupacional da amostra, a Escala de Sonolência de Epworth para avaliar a presença de sonolência diurna excessiva, o Questionário de Berlim para avaliar a Síndrome da Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono e a Escala de Humor de Brunel para avaliar o estado de humor. A Escala de Sonolência de Epworth mostrou que 25% dos pilotos apresentaram pontuação para sonolência diurna excessiva. De acordo com o Questionário de Berlim, 29,5% apresentaram alto risco para a Síndrome da Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono e pela Escala de Humor de Brunel, o domínio vigor, teve a média mais alta (5,09 ±4,06). Portanto, a utilização dos questionários nos exames de admissão e nos periódicos, pode auxiliar na identificação precoce e no monitoramento de distúrbios do sono e dos estados de humor ao longo do tempo em pilotos civis, priorizando aqueles que deverão ser encaminhados para realizarem estudos do sono.


Sleep disorders and mood state changes, when untreated, are associated with loss of productivity and accidents at work, resulting in injuries and fatality. These disorders are underdiagnosed and undertreated in clinical contexts due to them being asymptomatic and the prohibitive cost of polysomnography exams. For this reason, questionnaires are used to screen and detect professionals at high risk for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, excessive daytime sleepiness, and fatigue. This study aimed at applying validated questionnaires for screening sleep and mood disorders in civilian pilots and analyzing the results obtained with the application of these instruments. Data were collected from 44 civilian pilots using four instruments: a questionnaire for sociodemographic and occupational characterization of the sample; the Epworth Sleepiness Scale to assess the presence of excessive daytime sleepiness; the Berlin Questionnaire to assess Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome; and the Brunel Mood Scale to assess the mood state. The Epworth Sleepiness Scale showed that 25% of the pilots presented scores for excessive daytime sleepiness. According to the Berlin Questionnaire, 29.5% were at high risk for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome, and according to the Brunel Mood Scale, the vigor domain presented the highest mean (5.09 ± 4.06). Therefore, the use of questionnaires in admission and periodic exams can assist in the early identification and monitoring of sleep disorders and mood states over time in civilian pilots, prioritizing those who should be referred to sleep studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pilots , Disorders of Excessive Somnolence , Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Sleep Deprivation , Polysomnography , Confusion , Wit and Humor , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Depression , Fatigue , Sleepiness
19.
Rev. Méd. Clín. Condes ; 32(5): 561-569, sept.-oct. 2021. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526060

ABSTRACT

El sueño es fundamental para una serie de funciones corporales, incluyendo el metabolismo de radicales libres, secreción hormonal y fijación de la memoria. Existen evidencias crecientes de que la simple restricción en el número de horas de sueño puede ser perjudicial para el sistema cardiovascular. Por ejemplo, estudios de cohorte sugieren que dormir menos de 5 horas/noche puede aumentar el riesgo de desarrollar hipertensión arterial sistémica (HAS), infarto agudo del miocardio (IAM) y accidente vascular cerebral (AVC). Otro creciente foco de interés en la medicina actual son los trastornos respiratorios del sueño. En este artículo, nos enfocaremos a los trastornos respiratorios del sueño de mayor interés para el cardiólogo, el síndrome apnea obstructiva del sueño (SAOS) y la apnea central asociada a la respiración de Cheyne-Stokes. Además de extremadamente comunes, existen evidencias de que estos trastornos respiratorios del sueño, una vez presentes, pueden contribuir al desarrollo o empeoramiento de las enfermedades cardiovasculares


Sleep is essential for several physiological functions, including free radical metabolism, hormone secretion, and memory. There is growing evidence that restricting the number of hours of sleep can be harmful to the cardiovascular system. For example, cohort studies suggest that sleeping less than 5 hours/night may increase the risk of developing systemic arterial hypertension, acute myocardial infarction and strokes. Another growing focus of interest in current medicine is sleep respiratory disturbances. In this article, we will focus on the respiratory sleep disorders of greatest interest to the cardiologist, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and central Cheyne-Stokes respiration-associated apnea. In addition, there is evidence that breathing sleep disorders are extremely common and once present can contribute to the development or worsening of cardiovascular disease


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/complications , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cheyne-Stokes Respiration , Polysomnography , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/diagnosis , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/physiopathology , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/epidemiology , Metabolic Syndrome/etiology , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Hypertension/etiology
20.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 37(3): 203-210, sept. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388148

ABSTRACT

La apnea obstructiva del sueño (AOS) se ha asociado a deterioro cognitivo. OBJETIVO: Identificar factores asociados a bajo rendimiento cognitivo (BRC) en adultos con sospecha de AOS. MÉTODO: Se realizó evaluación cognitiva empleando la Evaluación Cognitiva de Montreal (MoCA); se consideró BRC un puntaje inferior a 21. El diagnóstico de AOS fue mediante poligrafía respiratoria de 5 canales, según índice de apnea-hipopnea (IAH). Se evaluó también calidad de sueño, síntomas depresivos, entre otros. RESULTADOS: En 91,5% de 320 pacientes consecutivos se confirmó el diagnóstico de AOS. El promedio de MoCA fue 20,6 puntos. El grupo con BRC tenía mayor edad, menor escolaridad; mayor frecuencia de hipertensión arterial y diabetes mellitus, y desaturaciones de la oxihemoglobina de mayor magnitud. No hubo diferencias de gravedad según IAH entre ambos grupos. COMENTARIO: Los pacientes con BRC presentan factores de riesgo asociados a deterioro cognitivo, y mayor magnitud de desaturaciones de la oxihemoglobina.


Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been associated with cognitive decline. OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with low cognitive performance (LCP) in adults with suspected OSA. MATHOD: Cognitive evaluation was performed using Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), and scores lower than 21 were considered LCP. The diagnosis of OSA was made using 5-channel respiratory polygraphy, according to the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). Sleep quality, depressive symptoms, among others, were also evaluated. RESULTS: In 91.5% of 320 consecutive patients the diagnosis of OSA was confirmed. The MoCA average was 20.6 points. The group with LCP was older, less educated, were more likely to have hypertension and diabetes mellitus, and with more severe oxyhemoblobin desaturations. There were no differences in severity according to AHI between both groups. COMMENT: Patients with LCP have risk factors associated with cognitive impairment, besides more severe oxyhemoglobin desaturations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/complications , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/diagnosis , Cognitive Dysfunction/diagnosis , Cognitive Dysfunction/etiology , Oxyhemoglobins/analysis , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Polysomnography , Depression/diagnosis , Mental Status and Dementia Tests , Sleep Quality
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