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1.
Rev. argent. mastología ; 40(145): 13-35, mar. 2021. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1283641

ABSTRACT

El linfoma anaplásico de células grandes asociado a implantes mamarios LACG-AI o BIA-ALCL, abreviatura en inglés de "Breast Implant Associated-Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma", es una nueva entidad reconocida por la OMS desde el 2016, de rara incidencia y que aún plantea muchos interrogantes. Desde su primera mención en 1997 (J. Keech - B. Creech) su incidencia ha ido en aumento. En julio de 2020, 953 casos en el mundo según el Registro de la Sociedad Americana de Cirujanos Plásticos (PROFILE), y las publicaciones se multiplican exponensialmente año a año demostrando el interés que suscita. Se ha descripto una fuerte asociación con las superficies texturizadas de los implantes mamarios y con el tipo de material (mayor textura "grado 4" y cubierta de poliuretano mayor riesgo) llegando a describirse tasas tan altas omo 1/2830 en Australia/Nueva Zelanda. Su presentación clínica en casi el 75% es bajo la forma de un seroma tardío y el tiempo de exposición promedio ronda entre los 7 a 11 años. El diagnóstico histo-patológico integra el examen morfológico con la caracterización molecular, visualizándose grandes célular anaplásicas CD30 (+), ALK (-). El tratamiento quirúrgico, capsulectomía bilateral en estadios tempranos es el gold standard. Su pronóstico es excelente con exérsis completas. Objetivo: actualizar la información sobre esta novel enfermedad y comentar un caso propio que presenta todas las características descriptas en la literatura, siendo el 14° registrado en Argentina


The anaplastic large cell lymphoma associated with breast implants, LACCG-AI o BIA-ALCL abbreviation in English, is an entity recognized by the WHO since 2016 of rare incidence and that still raises many questions. Since its firts mention in 1997 (J. Keech - B. Creech) its incidence has been increasing, In july 2020, 953 cases in the world according to the Registry of the America Society of Plastic Surgeons (PROFILE), and the publications multiply exponentially year after year, demonstrating the interest it arouses, A strong association has been described with the textured surfaces of breast implants and with the type of material (greater texture "grade 4" and higher risk polyurethane cover), reaching rates as high as 1/2830 in Australia / New Zealand. Its clinical presentation in almost 75% is in the form of a late seroma and the average exposure time is between 7 to 11 years. The pathological anatomical diagnosis integrates the morphological examination with the molecular characterization, visualizing large anaplastic CD30 (+), ALK (-) cells. Surgical treatment, bilateral capsulectomy in early stages, is the gold standard. Her prognosis is excellent with complete exeresis. Objetive: to update the information on this novel disease and comment on an own case that presents all the characteristics described in the literature, the 14th being registered in Argentina


Subject(s)
Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Anaplastic , Polyurethanes , Breast Implants
2.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64(spe): e21200613, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278456

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated an intermittently aerated, fixed-bed, single-batch reactor, with mini BioBob© as biofilm media support, as an alternative treatment of craft brewery wastewater. In order to remove chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total nitrogen (TN), seven conditions were performed in a central composite experimental design (CCD) with different aeration times (1, 2 and 3 h in a 4 h cycle) and hydraulic retention times (HRT) (12, 16 and 20 h). The results showed that the removal of COD and TN were positively affected by increased aeration time and HRT. The condition that presented the best quality effluent was Condition No. 1 (20 h HRT and 3 h aeration), with 209 ± 28 mg COD L-1; 3.00 ± 0.15 mg TKN L-1 ; and 0.67 ± 0.11 mg NO3-N L-1. Kinetic assays showed that the highest values for the substrate removal rate constant, kCOD = 0.1774 h-1 were obtained with the longest aeration time (3 h). The most probable number (MPN) test showed a higher concentration of denitrifying bacteria (heterotrophic), 3.3 x 106, than for AOB and NOB bacteria (autotrophic), which were 4.9 x 103 and 2.7 x 103, respectively. Moreover, it was possible to verify that correcting the influent alkalinity with 7.14 mg CaCO3 for each 1 mg of TKN resulted in better process efficiency. It was concluded that COD and TN can be removed from craft brewery wastewater using an intermittently aerated, fixed-bed, single-batch reactor with mini Biobob© as biofilm media support.


Subject(s)
Nitrification , Polyurethanes , Brewery , Multiple Tube Method , Denitrification
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3675-3684, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921456

ABSTRACT

Biodegradation of polyurethane (PUR) pollutants by microorganisms has received widespread attention currently. Identification of microorganisms capable of efficiently degrading PUR plastics is a key point. In this study, a strain P10 capable of degrading PUR was isolated from the plastic wastes, and identified as a bacterium belonging to the genus of Brevibacillus based on colony morphology and 16S rDNA phylogenetic analysis. Brevibacillus sp. P10 was capable of degrading 71.4% of waterborne polyurethane (Impranil DLN) after 6 days growth in MSM medium with DLN as a sole carbon source. In addition, strain P10 can use commercial PUR foam as the sole carbon source for growth. Brevibacillus sp. P10 can degrade 50 mg PUR foam after 6 days growth in MSM medium supplemented with 5% (V/V) LB after optimization of degradation conditions. This indicates that Brevibacillus sp. P10 has potential to be used in biodegradation of PUR waste.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Biodegradation, Environmental , Phylogeny , Polyurethanes
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3520-3534, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921445

ABSTRACT

Along with the increasingly serious environmental pollution, dealing with the "white pollution" issue, which is caused by the worldwide use of not readily-degradable or non-degradable synthetic plastics, has become a great challenge. It is an environmentally friendly strategy to degrade synthetic plastics using microorganisms that exist in nature or evolved under selection pressure. Based on the NSFC-EU International Cooperation and Exchanges Project "Bio Innovation of a Circular Economy for Plastics", this review summarized the screening of bacteria, fungi and microbial consortia capable of degrading synthetic plastics such as polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), polystyrene (PS), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyurethane (PUR), and polyethylene terephthalate (PET). We also analyzed the role of various microorganisms played in the degradation of petroleum-based plastics. Moreover, we discussed the pros and cons of using microorganisms and enzymes for degradation of synthetic plastics.


Subject(s)
Biodegradation, Environmental , Microbial Consortia , Petroleum , Plastics , Polyurethanes
5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2688-2702, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887834

ABSTRACT

Plastics are widely used in daily life. Due to poor management and disposal, about 80% of plastic wastes were buried in landfills and eventually became land and ocean waste, causing serious environmental pollution. Recycling plastics is a desirable approach, but not applicable for most of the plastic waste. Microbial degradation offers an environmentally friendly way to degrade the plastic wastes, and this review summarizes the potential microbes, enzymes, and the underpinning mechanisms for degrading six most commonly used plastics including polyethylene terephthalate, polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, polypropylene, polystyrene and polyurethane. The challenges and future perspectives on microbial degradation of plastics were proposed.


Subject(s)
Biodegradation, Environmental , Plastics , Polyurethanes , Recycling
6.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 19(3): 472-484, dez 5, 2020. fig
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358017

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o aprimoramento do processo de osseointegração faz com que os investimentos em pesquisa e o desenvolvimento de novos materiais e tratamentos de superfície sejam despendidos para promover a relação entre osso e implante. Uma das condições para o sucesso é a ausência de micromovimentos ou estabilidade primária da peça implantada, fato esse que leva alguns cirurgiões a aplicar torques excessivos sobre o implante, podendo resultar em danos ao tratamento aplicado à superfície externa do mesmo. Objetivo: o presente trabalho investigou possíveis níveis de deformação do preparo de superfície conforme diferentes valores de torque foram aplicados à dois sistemas de implantes para avaliar os possíveis danos causados. Metodologia: foram instalados 5 implantes do sistema Dérig e 5 implantes do sistema Straumann em um bloco de poliuretano, para posterior remoção com contra-torque e avaliação da superfície sob o Microscópio Eletrônico de Varredura (MEV). Resultados: nos resultados obtidos, no grupo de implantes Dérig não foi possível constatar evidências que comprovem que a elevação dos valores de torque aplicados aos implantes até 95 Ncm danifiquem ou alterem a estrutura do preparo de superfície externa dos implantes, contudo, no grupo Straumann, verificamos danos e alterações no preparo de superfície com torque progressivo a partir de 50 Ncm. Conclusão: possíveis alterações e danos ao preparo de superfície de implantes que apresentem rugosidade de superfície aumentada por jateamento podem ocorrer em torques acima de 50 Ncm empregados com o objetivo de aumentar sua estabilidade primária.


Introduction: improving the osseointegration process means that investments in research and development of new materials and surface treatments are expended to promote the relationship between bone and implant. One of the conditions for success is the absence of micromovements or primary stability of the implanted part. This fact causes some surgeons to apply excessive torque to the implant, which may result in damage to the treatment applied to the external surface of the implant. Objective: The present work investigated possible surface preparation deformation levels as different torque values were applied to two implant systems to evaluate the possible damage caused. Methodology: ive Dérig system implants and five Straumann system implants were installed in a polyurethane block for subsequent counter-torque removal and surface evaluation under the Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). Results: Iin the obtained results, in the Dérig implant group it was not possible to verify evidences that the increase of the torque values applied to the implants up to 95 Ncm could damage or alter the structure of the external surface preparation of the implants, however, in the Straumann group we verified damage and changes in surface preparation with progressive torque from 50 Ncm. Conclusion: possible alterations and damages to the surface preparation of implants that present increased surface roughness by blasting can occur in torques above 50 Ncm employed in order to increase their primary stability.


Subject(s)
Torque , Dental Implantation , Tooth Wear , Polyurethanes , Bone and Bones
7.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(6): 695-701, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156194

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Compare by mechanical tests the pullout resistance and the insertion torque of rough and smooth pedicle screws. Methods Pedicle screws with rough surface and smooth surface, with diameters of 4.8; 5.5 and 6.5 mm, were inserted in polyurethane blocks with density of 10 PCF (0.16 g/cm3). Insertion torque and pullout strength were assessed. Results The pullout strength of the rough surface and smooth surface screws did not differ, except in the group of 4.8 mm diameter screws. In this group, the rough surface screws showed greater resistance to pullout. Conclusion Pedicle screws with a rough surface did not show increased pullout resistance in the acute phase of their insertion in polyurethane blocks compared to smooth surface screws. The rough surface screws had a higher insertion torque than the smooth surface screws, depending on the diameter of the screw and the preparation of the pilot hole.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar por testes mecânicos a resistência ao arrancamento e o torque de inserção do parafuso pedicularjateado e liso. Métodos Parafusos pediculares de superfície áspera e de superfície lisa com diâmetros de 4,8; 5,5 e 6,5 mm foram inseridos em blocos de poliuretano com densidade de 10 PCF (0,16 g/cm3). O torque de inserção e a força de arrancamento foram avaliados. Resultados A força de arrancamento dos parafusos de superfície áspera e de superfície lisa não diferiu, exceto no grupo de parafusos com 4,8 mm de diâmetro. Nesse grupo, os parafusos de superfície áspera apresentaram maior resistência ao arrancamento. Conclusão Os parafusos pediculares de superfície áspera não apresentaram aumento da resistência ao arrancamento na fase aguda de sua inserção em blocos de poliuretano em relação aos parafusos de superfície lisa. Os parafusos de superfície áspera apresentaram maior torque de inserção que os parafusos de superfície lisa, dependendo do diâmetro do parafuso e da preparação do furo piloto.


Subject(s)
Polyurethanes , Spine , Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Screws , Pedicle Screws , Pilots
8.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(1): 47-51, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989429

ABSTRACT

Abstract The purpose of thisin vitrostudy was to evaluate the influence of a new proposal of implant design and surgical protocol on primary stability in different bone densities. Four groups were tested (n=9): G1 - tapered, cone morse, Ø 4.3 mm x 10 mm in length (Alvim CM); G2 - experimental tapered; G3 - cylindrical, cone morse, Ø 4.0 mm x 11 mm in length (Titamax CM) and G4 - experimental cylindrical. The experimental implants were obtained from a design change in the respective commercial models. The insertion was performed in polyurethane (PU) blocks 0.24 g/cm3(20 pcf) and 0.64 g/cm3(40 pcf), according to different surgical protocols. The primary stability was measured by means of insertion torque (IT) and pullout test. Data were analyzed by ANOVA, Tukey's test (α=0.05) and Pearson's correlation. For IT and pullout, conventional and experimental implants showed no difference between them when inserted in the 20 pcf PU (p>0.05). In the 40 pcf PU, the modified implants exhibited greater IT (p<0.05) and lower pullout (p<0.05) compared to the respective conventional models. The implant design tested associated with the surgical protocol, positively influenced primary stability in higher density bones.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo in vitro foi avaliar a influência de uma nova proposta de design de implante e protocolo cirúrgico na estabilidade primária em diferentes densidades ósseas. Foram testados quatro grupos (n=9): G1 - cônico, cone morse, Ø 4,3 mm x 10 mm de comprimento (Alvim CM); G2 - experimental cônico; G3 - cilíndrico, cone morse, Ø 4,0 mm x 11 mm de comprimento (Titamax CM) e G4 - experimental cilíndrico. Os implantes experimentais foram obtidos a partir de uma mudança no design dos respectivos modelos comerciais. A inserção foi realizada em blocos de poliuretano (PU) 0,24 g/cm3 (20 pcf) e 0,64 g/cm3 (40 pcf), de acordo com diferentes protocolos cirúrgicos. A estabilidade primária foi aferida por meio do torque de inserção (TI) e ensaio de arrancamento. Os dados foram analisados por ANOVA, teste de Tukey (α=0,05) e correlação de Pearson. Para TI e arrancamento, os implantes convencionais e experimentais não mostraram diferença entre si quando inseridos na PU de 20 pcf (p>0,05). Na PU de 40 pcf, os implantes modificados exibiram maior TI (p <0,05) e menor arrancamento (p <0,05) em relação aos respectivos modelos convencionais. O design do implante testado associado ao protocolo cirúrgico, influenciou positivamente a estabilidade primária em ossos de maior densidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prosthesis Design , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Dental Implants , Polyurethanes
9.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180529, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1012507

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: Dental composites release unreacted resin monomers into the oral environment, even after polymerization. Periodontal cells are, therefore, exposed to substances that potentially elicit the immune inflammatory response. The underlying molecular mechanisms associated with the interaction between resin monomers and human immune cells found in the gingival crevicular fluid are not fully understood yet. This study investigated the ability of bisphenol A-glycidyl methacrylate (BISGMA), urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA) and triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) to induce apoptosis and cytokine release by human leukocytes stimulated with a periodontal pathogen. Methodology: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 16 healthy individuals were included in this study. To determine the toxicity, the PBMC were incubated for 20 hours, with monomers, for the analysis of cell viability using MTT assay. To evaluate cell death in the populations of monocytes and lymphocytes, they were exposed to sub-lethal doses of each monomer and of heat-inactivated Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) for 5 hours. Secretions of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α were determined by ELISA after 20 hours. Results: UDMA and TEGDMA induced apoptosis after a short-time exposure. Bacterial challenge induced significant production of IL-1β and TNF-α (p<0.05). TEGDMA reduced the bacterial-induced release of IL-1β and TNF-α, whereas UDMA reduced IL-1β release (p<0.05). These monomers did not affect IL-10 and IL-6 secretion. BISGMA did not significantly interfere in cytokine release. Conclusions: These results show that resin monomers are toxic to PBMC in a dose-dependent manner, and may influence the local immune inflammatory response and tissue damage mechanisms via regulation of bacterial-induced IL-1β and TNF-α secretion by PBMC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polyethylene Glycols/pharmacology , Polymethacrylic Acids/pharmacology , Polyurethanes/pharmacology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Cytokines/metabolism , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/pharmacology , Porphyromonas gingivalis/physiology , Methacrylates/pharmacology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Cell Survival/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Cytokines/analysis , Cytokines/drug effects , Apoptosis/drug effects , Statistics, Nonparametric , Necrosis
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763722

ABSTRACT

The inhalation of naphthalene used as deodorant balls in public toilets could be an important cancer risk factor. The atmospheric concentration of naphthalene in public toilets (C(in)) was estimated both by a polyurethane foam passive air sampler (PUF-PAS) deployed in nine public toilets in Seoul, Korea and by a steady-state indoor air quality model, including emission estimation using Monte-Carlo simulation. Based on the estimated C(in), cancer risk was also assessed for cleaning workers and the general population. The steady-state C(in) estimated using the estimated emission rate, which assumed that air exchange was the only process by which naphthalene was removed, was much greater than the C(in) value measured using PUF-PAS in nine public toilets, implying the importance of other removal processes, such as sorption to walls and the garments of visitors, as well as decreased emission rate owing to wetting of the naphthalene ball surface. The 95 percentile values of cancer risk for workers based on the estimation by PUF-PAS was 1.6×10⁻⁶, whereas those for the general public were lower than 1×10⁻⁶. The results suggested that naphthalene deodorant balls in public toilets may be an important cancer risk factor especially for the cleaning workers.


Subject(s)
Air Pollution, Indoor , Clothing , Deodorants , Inhalation Exposure , Inhalation , Korea , Polyurethanes , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Seoul
11.
Anatomy & Cell Biology ; : 191-195, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762213

ABSTRACT

Polyurethane foam (PU foam) is a new material which is being used in producing both macro-anatomical and micro-anatomical specimens. PU foam is simple to use, without need for special equipment. The present study was carried out to evaluate morphology of coronary sinus and its tributaries. During the study, we encountered few problems in carrying out injections. Coronary sinus and its tributaries were difficult to cannulate since the coronary sinus lacks a vascular stem, around which ligature can be tied before injection so that the cannula can be held in place. In contrast, in majority of the organs it is easy to inject since they possess tubular vascular stem to hold the cannula in place. A new device was developed which could be used to cannulate coronary sinus orifice to inject the casting media. The second problem we faced was saponification of adipose tissue. This made corrosion of the soft tissue difficult. Hence in this study, we describe the device we have developed to place in the coronary sinus orifice, and how saponified adipose tissue was taken care during the actual maceration step.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Catheters , Coronary Sinus , Coronary Vessels , Corrosion , Ligation , Methods , Polyurethanes
12.
Mycobiology ; : 97-104, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760522

ABSTRACT

Mushroom cultivation has gained increased attention in recent years. Currently, only four types of spawn, including sawdust spawn, grain spawn, liquid spawn, and stick spawn, are commonly available for mushroom cultivation. This limited spawn diversity has led to difficulty in selecting suitable inoculum materials in some cultivation. In this study, three small blocks of lignocellulosic agro-wastes and one block of a synthetic matrix were prepared as support for growing Pleurotus ostreatus in liquid medium. Mycelium-adsorbed blocks were then evaluated for their potential as block spawn for fructification. Our results indicated that the edible fungus was adsorbed and abundantly grew internally and externally on loofah sponge and synthetic polyurethane foam (PUF) supports and also has the ability to attach and grow on the surface of sugarcane bagasse and corncob supports. The mycelia of P. ostreatus adhered on corncob exhibited the highest metabolic activity, while those on the PUF showed the least activity. Mycelial extension rates of block spawns made of agro-waste materials were comparable to that of sawdust spawn, but the block spawn of PUF showed a significantly lower rate. No significant differences in cropping time and yield were observed among cultivations between experimental block spawns and sawdust spawns. Moreover, the corncob block spawn maintained its fruiting potential during an examined period of 6-month storage. The developed block spawn could be practically applied in mushroom cultivation.


Subject(s)
Agaricales , Fruit , Fungi , Luffa , Pleurotus , Polyurethanes , Porifera , Saccharum
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785732

ABSTRACT

The inhalation of naphthalene used as deodorant balls in public toilets could be an important cancer risk factor. The atmospheric concentration of naphthalene in public toilets (C(in)) was estimated both by a polyurethane foam passive air sampler (PUF-PAS) deployed in nine public toilets in Seoul, Korea and by a steady-state indoor air quality model, including emission estimation using Monte-Carlo simulation. Based on the estimated C(in), cancer risk was also assessed for cleaning workers and the general population. The steady-state C(in) estimated using the estimated emission rate, which assumed that air exchange was the only process by which naphthalene was removed, was much greater than the C(in) value measured using PUF-PAS in nine public toilets, implying the importance of other removal processes, such as sorption to walls and the garments of visitors, as well as decreased emission rate owing to wetting of the naphthalene ball surface. The 95 percentile values of cancer risk for workers based on the estimation by PUF-PAS was 1.6×10⁻⁶, whereas those for the general public were lower than 1×10⁻⁶. The results suggested that naphthalene deodorant balls in public toilets may be an important cancer risk factor especially for the cleaning workers.


Subject(s)
Air Pollution, Indoor , Clothing , Deodorants , Inhalation Exposure , Inhalation , Korea , Polyurethanes , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Seoul
14.
ImplantNewsPerio ; 3(2): 255-261, mar.-abr. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-883502

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar e comparar a estabilidade primária dos implantes cilíndricos de 3,75 mm x 11 mm Titaoss e Titaoss dupla rosca, do Sistema Intraoss, instalados em blocos de poliuretano com baixa densidade. Material e métodos: foram realizadas 32 cavidades em dois blocos de poliuretano, simulando as densidades de ossos tipo III e IV. As estabilidades dos implantes foram mensuradas por meio do torque de inserção e frequência de ressonância. Resultados: os implantes Titaoss instalados no osso tipo III apresentaram valores de torque de inserção de 43,1 ± 14,87 Ncm, enquanto os valores dos implantes Titaoss dupla rosca foram 46,9 ± 5,3 Ncm. No osso tipo IV, os implantes Titaoss apresentaram valores de 30 ± 0,0 Ncm e os dupla rosca de 29,4 ± 1,77 Ncm. Não houve diferença significante na estabilidade primária entre os grupos dos implantes (p > 0,05) instalados no mesmo tipo de osso. Os implantes Titaoss instalados no osso tipo III apresentaram valores de ISQ de 57,3 ± 4,69, ao passo que os valores para os implantes Titaoss dupla rosca foram 54,9 ± 3,98. No osso tipo IV, os implantes Titaoss apresentaram valores de 48,4 ± 4,07 ISQ e os dupla rosca de 50,8 ± 3,98 ISQ. As estabilidades primárias dos implantes foram maiores no osso tipo III quando comparado ao IV (p < 0,05). Conclusão: os dois desenhos de implantes permitem a obtenção da estabilidade primária para a técnica da carga mediata. No entanto, para submeter esses tipos de implante à carga imediata, indica-se a técnica da subfresagem.


Objectives: this in vitro study aimed to evaluate and compare the primary stability of the cylindrical implants (3.75 mm x 11 mm) Titaoss and Titaoss double thread from Titaoss System placed in cavities made of low-density polyurethane blocks. Material and methods: 32 cavities were made in two types of polyurethane blocks simulating the type III and IV bone densities. The implant stability values were measured using the final insertion torque and resonance frequency analysis. Results: the Titaoss implants placed in type III bone achieved 43.1 ± 14.87 Ncm, while the double-thread values were 46.9 ± 5.3 Ncm. For bone type IV, the Titaoss implants reached 30Ncm and the double thread 29.4± 1.77 Ncm. No statistically significant differences on implant stability were seen for both groups (p > 0.05) for the same bone type. the Titaoss implants in bone type III had 57.3 ± 4.69 and the double thread 54.9 ± 3.98 ISQ values. In type IV bone, Titaoss reached 48.4 ± 4.07 and the double thread 50.8 ± 3.98 ISQ units. The primary stability values were greater at type III than type IV bone (p < 0.05). Conclusion: both implant designs allow for primary stability. However, the use of an underpreparation technique is recommended in cases of immediate loading protocols.


Subject(s)
Humans , Analysis of Variance , Bone Screws , Dental Implants , Osseointegration , Polyurethanes , Torque
15.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e108, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974457

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the effect of adding the hydrophobic monomer 1,12 dodecanediol dimethacrylate (DDDMA) to experimental sealants with and without thermocycling on degree of conversion (DC), water sorption (WS), water solubility (WSB), color stability (ΔE), and micro-shear bond strength (μSBS). Five experimental and one commercially available sealant (Bisco - BIS) were tested. The experimental sealants were formulated by mixing different percentages of DDDMA monomers and urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA). The photoinitiator system was composed by camphorquinone (CQ) and tertiary amine 4-ethyl benzoate dimetilamiono (EDBA). Ethanol was used as a solvent. The experimental groups were named sequentially according to the monomeric content (DDDMA/UDMA): S40/40 (40/40), S50/30 (50/30), S60/20 (60/20), S70/10 (70/10) and S80/0 (80/0). Data were analyzed separately by one-way ANOVA, followed by Tukey's test (p<0.05). The values of DC ranged from 94.59% (S40/40) to 54.02% (S80/10). BIS showed the highest WS value (p<0.05) and S40/40, S50/30, S60/20 and S80/0 showed the lowest WS values of all tested sealants. WSB values ranged from 7.88 µg/mm3 (BIS) to 13.27 µg/mm3 (S70/10). The highest ΔE value was 11.05±2.88 for BIS and the highest μSBS value was found for S60/20. No significant difference was observed in bond strength between sealants and bovine enamel after thermocycling. Adding DDDMA to the composition of surface sealants can improve its performance, once the monomer increased the degree of conversion and the color stability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cattle , Polymethacrylic Acids/chemistry , Polyurethanes/chemistry , Composite Resins/chemistry , Methacrylates/chemistry , Reference Values , Solubility , Surface Properties , Temperature , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Camphor/analogs & derivatives , Camphor/chemistry , Water/chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Dental Bonding/methods , Color , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Dental Enamel/chemistry , Shear Strength , Phase Transition , Ethanol/chemistry , Ethylenediamines/chemistry , Polymerization
16.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20180004, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-954510

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the cavity preparation and ceramic type on the stress distribution, tooth strain, fracture resistance and fracture mode of human molar teeth restored with onlays. Material and Methods Forty-eight molars were divided into four groups (n=12) with assorted combinations of two study factors: BL- conventional onlay preparation with boxes made from leucite ceramic (IPS-Empress CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent); NBL- conservative onlay preparation without boxes made from leucite ceramic; BD- conventional onlay preparation with boxes made from lithium disilicate glass ceramic (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent); NBL- conservative onlay preparation with boxes made from lithium disilicate glass ceramic cuspal deformation (µS) was measured at 100 N and at maximum fracture load using strain gauge. Fracture resistance (N) was measured using a compression test, and the fracture mode was recorded. Finite element analysis was used to evaluate the stress distribution by modified von Mises stress criteria. The tooth strain and fracture resistance data were analyzed using the Tukey test and two-way ANOVA, and the fracture mode was analyzed by the chi-square test (α=0.05). Results The leucite ceramic resulted in higher tooth deformation at 100 N and lower tooth deformation at the maximum fracture load than the lithium disilicate ceramic (P<0.001). The lithium disilicate ceramic exhibited higher fracture resistance than the leucite ceramic (P<0.001). The conservative onlay resulted in higher fracture strength for lithium disilicate ceramic. Finite element analysis results showed the conventional cavity preparation resulted in higher stress concentration in the ceramic restoration and remaining tooth than the conservative onlay preparation. The conservative onlays exhibited increased fracture resistance, reduced stress concentration and more favorable fracture modes. Conclusion Molars restored with lithium disilicate CAD-CAM ceramic onlays exhibited higher fracture resistance than molars restored with leucite CAD-CAM ceramic onlays.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ceramics/chemistry , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Cavity Preparation/methods , Dental Porcelain/chemistry , Aluminum Silicates/chemistry , Inlays/methods , Polyurethanes/chemistry , Reference Values , Tooth Fractures , Acrylic Resins/chemistry , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Composite Resins/chemistry , Dental Restoration Failure , Finite Element Analysis , Dental Stress Analysis , Elastic Modulus , Molar
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739554

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Betafoam in terms of wound healing and safety. METHODS: Fifty-four male adult Sprague-Dawley rats (weight, 200–250 g) were used in the study. Full-thickness skin defects were created on the back of each rats. The rats were assigned to 6 groups according to the type of wound dressing used (n = 9 for each group): Betafoam, Allevyn-Ag, Mepilex-Ag, Medifoam silver, Polymem-Ag, and gauze. The wound size, histological findings, and amount of DNA on the changed dressings for each group were analyzed and compared. RESULTS: All groups showed an effective decrease in wound size. However, the differences between Betafoam and the other dressings were statistically significant on day 14 (P < 0.05). The number of newly generated blood vessels in the Betafoam group was significantly higher than in the gauze, Allevyn-Ag, and Medifoam silver groups (P < 0.001). In the Betafoam group, the proportion of collagen deposition was highest and showed a significantly superior arrangement of collagen fibers compared with the gauze, Allevyn-Ag, Mepilex-Ag, and Medifoam silver groups. The total content of the remaining DNA counts of the exchanged dressings were significantly lower in the Betafoam group than the others. CONCLUSION: Betafoam is effective in wound healing and provides the best performance amongst the various types of dressing materials in terms of re-epithelialization, angiogenesis, collagen deposition, and tissue invasion.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Bandages , Blood Vessels , Collagen , DNA , Humans , Male , Polyurethanes , Povidone-Iodine , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Re-Epithelialization , Silver , Skin , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718723

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Regenerative treatment using stem cells may serve as treatment option for empty nose syndrome (ENS), which is caused by the lack of turbinate tissue and deranged nervous system in the nasal cavity. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of the autologous stromal vascular fraction (SVF) in the treatment of ENS. METHODS: In this prospective observational clinical study, we enrolled 10 ENS patients who volunteered to undergo treatment of ENS through the injection of autologous SVF. Data, including demographic data, pre- and postoperative Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-25 (SNOT-25) scores, overall patient satisfaction, and postoperative complications, were prospectively collected. Nasal secretion was assessed using the polyurethane foam absorption method, and the levels of biological markers were analyzed in both ENS group and control group using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The SVF extracted from abdominal fat was diluted and injected into both inferior turbinates. RESULTS: Among the 10 initial patients, one was excluded from the study. Subjective satisfaction was rated as “much improved” in two and “no change” in seven. Among the improved patients, the mean preinjection SNOT-25 score was 55.0 and the score at 6 months after injection was 19.5. However, the average SNOT-25 score of nine participants at 6 months after injection (mean±standard deviation, 62.4±35.8) did not differ significantly from the baseline SNOT-25 score (70.1±24.7, P>0.05, respectively). Among the various inflammatory markers assessed, the levels of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-8, and calcitonin gene-related peptide were significantly higher in ENS patients. Compared with preinjection secretion level, the nasal secretions from SVF-treated patients showed decreased expressions of IL-1β and IL-8 after injection. CONCLUSION: Although SVF treatment appears to decrease the inflammatory cytokine levels in the nasal mucosa, a single SVF injection was not effective in terms of symptom improvement and patient satisfaction. Further trials are needed to identify a more practical and useful regenerative treatment modality for patients with ENS.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Fat , Absorption , Biomarkers , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide , Clinical Study , Cytokines , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Interleukin-8 , Interleukins , Methods , Nasal Cavity , Nasal Mucosa , Nervous System , Nose , Patient Satisfaction , Polyurethanes , Postoperative Complications , Prospective Studies , Stem Cells , Turbinates
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738488

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We report two cases of corneal edema in patients who presented with bilateral blurry vision due to vaporized amines while working in a polyurethane processing plant. CASE SUMMARY: A 28-year-old male presented with bilateral blurred vision. His work involved solidifying polyurethane liquid and he often found himself exposed to polyurethane heat and gas. On examination, the patient's uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) was 20/40 (right) and 30/50 (left). A slit lamp examination revealed subepithelial microbullae in both eyes. The central corneal thickness (CCT) was also increased in both eyes, measuring 698 µm (right) and 672 µm (left). After prescribing 0.5% moxifloxacin and, 1% fluorometholone eye drops for 3 days in both eyes, the UCVA recovered to 20/40 (right) and 20/20 (left). The CCT decreased to 644 µm (right) and 651 µm (left), and the microbullae improved significantly in the left eye. The second patient was a 34-year-old female who presented with bilateral decreased visual acuity while at work. She worked in a factory that produced car seat filling. Her UCVA was 20/25 (right) and 20/20 (left). The CCT by specular microscopy was 537 µm (right) and 541 µm (left). On slit lamp examination, both eyes demonstrated bilateral central subepithelial edema. The patient did not attend any follow-up outpatient appointments after the initial presentation. CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to vaporized amines such as polyurethane may causereversible corneal toxicityeven without direct contact. Further consideration should be given to ocular safety and protection from amine compounds in the industrial field.


Subject(s)
Adult , Amines , Appointments and Schedules , Corneal Edema , Edema , Female , Fluorometholone , Follow-Up Studies , Hot Temperature , Humans , Male , Microscopy , Ophthalmic Solutions , Outpatients , Plants , Polyurethanes , Slit Lamp , Visual Acuity
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