Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 443
Filter
1.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2022. 107 p. ilus, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361879

ABSTRACT

O estresse agrava a doença periodontal por vários mecanismos, sendo a estimulação do sistema nervoso simpático (SNS) um deles. A literatura mostra que a estimulação de receptores ß-adrenérgicos (ß-AR) aumenta a angiogênese em ossos longos, e a expansão microvascular agrava a periodontite. Ainda, catecolaminas aumentam a virulência de periodontopatógenos e agem na resposta imune. Assim, o objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar: (1) a inervação simpática no periodonto e a influência da ativação do SNS na vascularização periodontal em camundongos e (2) a influência do sistema adrenérgico nos fatores de virulência de Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) e na resposta imunológica a este patógeno in vivo (Galleria mellonella). Na primeira parte, camundongos receberam injeção intraperitoneal de solução salina (PBS) ou isoproterenol (ISO; agonista não seletivo ß adrenérgico) por 1 mês, para detecção in situ de tirosina hidroxilase, neuropeptídeo Y, transportador de norepinefrina (NET) e endomucina em mandíbulas. Expressão de mRNA de Vegf-a, Il-1ß, Il-6, Adrb2 e Rankl foi quantificada 2 h após administração de ISO/PBS em mandíbula e tíbias, que serviram como controle positivo. Diferentemente das tíbias, não houve alteração na expressão dos genes analisados em mandíbula. Por outro lado, NET foi mais expresso no osso alveolar do que na tíbia, sendo detectado nos osteoblastos, osteócitos e células do ligamento. Embora o padrão de inervação e a expressão de Adrb2 sejam semelhantes entre mandíbula e tíbia, o tratamento com ISO não influenciou no número e área de vasos positivos para endomucina. Na segunda parte, investigamos a influência adrenérgica na resposta imune de G. mellonella durante infecção por Pg utilizando norepinefrina (NE; agonista α e ß adrenérgico) e ISO. Pg também foi cultivada na presença de ISO (PgISO) ou NE para avaliação da ação direta dos compostos na bactéria. ISO sistêmico protegeu as larvas da infecção por Pg, aumentando o número de hemócitos e reduzindo a contagem de células de Pg na hemolinfa, exclusivamente pelo ß-AR. Diferentemente, NE aumentou mortalidade, diminuiu o número de hemócitos. Apenas PgISO aumentou a morte das larvas, apesar de ambos, NE e ISO, terem aumentado a expressão de fatores de virulência na bactéria in vitro. ISO circulante, concomitante com PgISO, reduziu parcialmente a mortalidade das larvas. A influência do estresse na doença periodontal envolve diversas vias que alteram os dois pilares da periodontite (microbiota e sistema imune). No entanto, a ação na resposta do hospedeiro parece ser superior, uma vez que a estimulação ß-AR em osso alveolar saudável não alterou a produção de citocinas pró-inflamatórias ou microvascularização e a modulação da resposta imune em G. mellonella por compostos adrenérgicos foi mais importante para o desfecho da infecção que sua ação direta sobre a bactéria.


Stress aggravates periodontitis, and one possible mechanism is the activation of sympathetic nervous system (SNS). The literature shows that stimulation of ß-adrenergic receptors (ß-AR) induces angiogenesis in long bones, and microvasculature amplification was linked to periodontitis severity. Moreover, catecholamines increase the virulence of some periodontopathogenic bacteria in vitro and influences the innate immunity. Thus, the aim of this study was (1) evaluate the presence and influence of the SNS in the stimulation of periodontal vasculature, and (2) the influence of the adrenergic system on Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) virulence and on the immunological response to this pathogen in vivo (Galleria mellonella larvae). For the first part, mice received isoproterenol (ISO, a non-selective ß-AR agonist) or saline (PBS) for 1 month, for in situ analysis of tyrosine hydroxylase, neuropeptide Y, norepinephrine transporter (NET) and endomucin in the mandibles. Vegfa, Il-1ß, Il-6, Adrb2 and Rankl mRNA expression was assessed 2 hours after PBS/ISO treatment for mandibles and tibia, that served as positive control. We observed that, differently from the tibia, the expression of these genes did not alter on the mandible. However, NET expression was detected in osteoblasts, osteocytes, and periodontal ligament fibroblasts, and were higher expressed when compared to the tibias from the same animals. Although the pattern of sympathetic innervation and Adrb2 expression were similar between tissues, ISO treatment did not increase the area or number of endomucin+ vessels. For the second part, we addressed the adrenergic signaling influence on G. mellonella immune system during Pg infection using norepinephrine (NE, α- and ß-AR agonist), ISO and octopamine (insect's endogenous hormone). Pg was also cultivated in the presence of ISO (PgISO) or NE to investigate the direct action of the ligands on bacterial virulence. Systemic administration of ISO protected the larvae from Pg infection by increasing hemocyte density accompanied by reduction of Pg load in hemolymph, in a ß-AR manner. In contrast, NE increased mortality, with decreased hemocyte count and no influence on the other parameters. Only PgISO increased larvae death, despite of ISO and NE increased virulence in vitro. The concomitant injection of systemic ISO partially reversed the toxicity of the PgISO. The influence of stress on periodontitis involves different pathways, that alter the two pillars of disease's pathogenesis (microbiota and immune system). However, the influence on the host's inflammatory response seems to overcome the other players, since ß-AR activation on healthy alveolar bone didn't alter cytokines production or microvasculature. Besides, the modulation of innate immunity by adrenergic signaling in G. mellonella was more important for the disease's outcome than it's direct action on the bacteria.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Periodontitis , Stress, Psychological , Sympathetic Nervous System , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Virulence Factors
2.
Rev. ADM ; 78(6): 309-313, nov.-dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354275

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El SARS-CoV-2 afecta el sistema respiratorio en diferentes grados. La cavidad oral es el lugar más colonizado por bacterias, por lo tanto, al no tener una adecuada higiene pueden presentarse diferentes enfermedades secundarias, lo que ha causado alerta en el gremio odontológico, ya que puede contribuir a complicaciones posteriores en los pacientes. Material y métodos: El estudio fue conformado por 47 pacientes voluntarios recuperados de SARS-CoV-2, residentes de Montemorelos, Nuevo León, México, donde fueron atendidos en Bucalia Dent, consultorio dental. Después del consentimiento informado de cada paciente, se realizó una historia clínica para conocer los síntomas, enfermedades sistémicas, ausencia de dientes y nivel de inflamación gingival de acuerdo al índice de Loe y Silness. A continuación, se tomó una muestra de biofilm microbiano (placa dentobacteriana), la cual se suspendió en una solución buffer de fosfato, posteriormente fue llevada al Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en Ciencias de la Salud (CIDICS), Monterrey, N.L, México. Se extrajo DNA y se purificó, después se realizó PCR para detectar los patógenos orales; la PCR se visualizó en gel de agarosa (1.5%) por tinción de bromuro de etidio. Resultados: Se detectó 80.85% Porphyromona gingivalis y 68.09% Fusobacterium nucleatum en pacientes recuperados de SARS-CoV-2; 23.4% presentaron inflamación leve de acuerdo al índice de Loe y Silness, 54.5% fueron masculinos y 45.5% femeninos. Por otro lado, 36.4% de los pacientes con inflamación leve tenían de cuatro a seis dientes ausentes. En estos pacientes se detectó 18.18% únicamente con Fusobacterium nucleatum y 27.27% sólo con Porphyromona gingivalis; el sexo masculino tuvo predisposición en 66.6% y el femenino en 33.33%. Se observó infección con los dos patógenos presentes en 45.45%; y 60% de estos pacientes fueron masculinos. Conclusiones: Los pacientes recuperados de SARSCoV- 2 analizados en esta investigación mostraron mala higiene oral y alta prevalencia de los patógenos mencionados altamente relacionados a inflamación gingival o enfermedad periodontal, lo que nos indica que es indispensable la intervención del odontólogo al finalizar el periodo de infección de cada paciente (AU)


Introduction: SARS-CoV-2 affects the respiratory system to different degrees. The oral cavity is a colonized place by bacterias, therefore, by not having good hygiene, different secondary diseases can occur; this has caused an alert in the dental industry, since it can contribute to later complications in patients. Material and methods: The study was conducted in 47 SARS-CoV-2 recovered volunteers from the Montemorelos city of the Nuevo León state, Mexico, who were attended at the Bucalia Dent dental clinic. An informed consent was obtained from each of the patients, then their clinical history was documented in order to know the symptoms, previous systemic diseases, absence of teeth and degree of gingival inflammation, as suggested by Loe and Silness. Subsequently, a dental plaque sample was taken from all patients, which was suspended in a phosphate buffered solution and shipped to The Center for Research and Development in Health Sciences (CIDICS), Monterrey, NL, Mexico for storage. DNA extraction and purification was performed and PCR was carried out for the oral pathogens detection. All PCR products were visualized on 1.5% agarose gel by ethidium bromide staining. Results: Porphyromona gingivalis and Fusobacterium nucleatum were detected in 80.85% and 68.09% of SARS-CoV-2 recovered patients, respectively. 23.4% showed mild inflammation based on the Loe and Silness criteria, 54.5% were male and 45.5% female. On the other hand, 36.4% of patients with mild inflammation had between 4 to 6 missing teeth. A single infection by Fusobacterium nucleatum was detected in 18.18% and by Porphyromona gingivalis in 27.27%; the male sex had a predisposition with 66.66% and 33.33% female; coinfection of both pathogens was observed in 45.45% where 60% were male. Conclusions: SARS-CoV-2 recovered patients show poor oral hygiene and a high prevalence of oral pathogens related to the development of inflammatory gingival or periodontal disease, this suggests the need for an odontological clinical intervention at the end of the course of infection or disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Oral Hygiene , Fusobacterium nucleatum , Porphyromonas gingivalis , SARS-CoV-2 , DNA , Oral Hygiene Index , Periodontal Index , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Electrophoresis, Agar Gel , Age and Sex Distribution , Gingivitis/epidemiology , Mexico
3.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(4): e3971, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289617

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El aceite esencial de Minthostachys mollis ha demostrado poseer importantes propiedades antimicrobianas. Objetivo: Caracterizar químicamente las fracciones obtenidas del aceite esencial de Minthostachys mollis y evaluar la actividad antimicrobiana sobre Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Enterococcus faecalis, Porphyromonas gingivalis y Candida albicans. Material y Métodos: Las fracciones de éter de petróleo, diclorometano y metanol del AE de M. mollis fueron caracterizadas químicamente por cromatografía de gases acoplada a espectrometría de masas. Las repeticiones del ensayo antimicrobiano se calcularon con el programa EPIDAT v.4.2. La actividad antimicrobiana se realizó por el método de difusión de disco y se calculó la concentración mínima inhibitoria por el método de microdilución. Los datos fueron analizados empleando la prueba ANOVA (p=0,05). Resultados: Los principales constituyentes de las fracciones de éter de petróleo, diclorometano y metanol fueron cis-Menthone (39,8 por ciento, thymol (31,2 por ciento) y α-Terpineol (43,6 por ciento), respectivamente. Todas las cepas fueron sensibles a las tres fracciones, aunque C. albicans fue la cepa más sensible, registrando halos de inhibición de 14,73±0,57 mm para la fracción de metanol, 20,91±0,55 mm para éter de petróleo y 20,38±0,58 mm para diclorometano, se encontraron diferencias significativas cuando se compararon frente a Clorhexidina al 0,12 por ciento y Nistatina (p<0,05). Las concentraciones mínimas inhibitorias de las fracciones variaron de 0,2 a 3,2 µg/mL. Conclusiones: Los principales constituyentes de las fracciones de éter de petróleo, diclorometano y metanol fueron cis-Menthone, thymol y α-Terpineol. Las fracciones de éter de petróleo y diclorometano fueron altamente efectivas para inhibir el crecimiento de S. mutans, L. acidophilus, E. faecalis, P. gingivalis y C. albicans(AU)


Introduction: The essential oil of Minthostachys mollis has demonstrated to have important antimicrobial properties. Objective: To chemically characterize the fractions obtained from the essential oil of Minthostachys mollis and to evaluate the antimicrobial activity against Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Enterococcus faecalis, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Candida albicans. Material and Methods: The petroleum ether, dichloromethane and methanol fractions of the AE of M. mollis were chemically characterized by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. The repetitions of the antimicrobial test were calculated using the EPIDAT v.4.2 program. The antimicrobial activity was performed by the disk diffusion method and the minimum inhibitory concentration was calculated by the microdilution method. The data were analyzed using the ANOVA test (p=0.05). Results: The main constituents of the petroleum ether, dichloromethane and methanol fractions were cis-Menthone (39,8 percent), thymol (31,2 percent)) and α-Terpineol (43,6 percent)), respectively. All strains were sensitive to the three fractions, although C. albicans was the most sensitive strain, registering inhibition halos of 14,73±0.57 mm for the methanol fraction, 20,91±0.55 mm for petroleum ether and 20.38±0.58 mm for dichloromethane, finding significant differences when compared to 0,12 percent) Chlorhexidine and Nystatin (p<0,05). The minimum inhibitory concentrations of the fractions ranged from 0,2 to 3,2 µg/mL. Conclusions: The main constituents of the petroleum ether, dichloromethane and methanol fractions were cis-Menthone, thymol and α-Terpineol. The petroleum ether and dichloromethane fractions were highly effective in inhibiting the growth of S. mutans, L. acidophilus, E. faecalis, P. gingivalis, and Calbicans(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Oils, Volatile/therapeutic use , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Enterococcus faecalis , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Lactobacillus acidophilus , Analysis of Variance , Chromatography, Gas
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922689

ABSTRACT

Ulcerative Colitis (UC) has been reported to be related to Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis). Porphyromonas gingivalis peptidylarginine deiminase (PPAD), a virulence factor released by P. gingivalis, is known to induce inflammatory responses. To explore the pathological relationships between PPAD and UC, we used homologous recombination technology to construct a P. gingivalis strain in which the PPAD gene was deleted (Δppad) and a Δppad strain in which the PPAD gene was restored (comΔppad). C57BL/6 mice were orally gavaged with saline, P. gingivalis, Δppad, or comΔppad twice a week for the entire 40 days (days 0-40), and then, UC was induced by dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) solution for 10 days (days 31-40). P. gingivalis and comΔppad exacerbated DDS-induced colitis, which was determined by assessing the parameters of colon length, disease activity index, and histological activity index, but Δppad failed to exacerbate DDS-induced colitis. Flow cytometry and ELISA revealed that compared with Δppad, P. gingivalis, and comΔppad increased T helper 17 (Th17) cell numbers and interleukin (IL)-17 production but decreased regulatory T cells (Tregs) numbers and IL-10 production in the spleens of mice with UC. We also cocultured P. gingivalis, Δppad, or comΔppad with T lymphocytes in vitro and found that P. gingivalis and comΔppad significantly increased Th17 cell numbers and decreased Treg cell numbers. Immunofluorescence staining of colon tissue paraffin sections also confirmed these results. The results suggested that P. gingivalis exacerbated the severity of UC in part via PPAD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Colitis, Ulcerative/microbiology , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Porphyromonas gingivalis/pathogenicity , Protein-Arginine Deiminases , Virulence Factors
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922685

ABSTRACT

Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis), a key pathogen in periodontitis, has been shown to accelerate the progression of atherosclerosis (AS). However, the definite mechanisms remain elusive. Emerging evidence supports an association between mitochondrial dysfunction and AS. In our study, the impact of P. gingivalis on mitochondrial dysfunction and the potential mechanism were investigated. The mitochondrial morphology of EA.hy926 cells infected with P. gingivalis was assessed by transmission electron microscopy, mitochondrial staining, and quantitative analysis of the mitochondrial network. Fluorescence staining and flow cytometry analysis were performed to determine mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (mtROS) and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) levels. Cellular ATP production was examined by a luminescence assay kit. The expression of key fusion and fission proteins was evaluated by western blot and immunofluorescence. Mdivi-1, a specific Drp1 inhibitor, was used to elucidate the role of Drp1 in mitochondrial dysfunction. Our findings showed that P. gingivalis infection induced mitochondrial fragmentation, increased the mtROS levels, and decreased the MMP and ATP concentration in vascular endothelial cells. We observed upregulation of Drp1 (Ser616) phosphorylation and translocation of Drp1 to mitochondria. Mdivi-1 blocked the mitochondrial fragmentation and dysfunction induced by P. gingivalis. Collectively, these results revealed that P. gingivalis infection promoted mitochondrial fragmentation and dysfunction, which was dependent on Drp1. Mitochondrial dysfunction may represent the mechanism by which P. gingivalis exacerbates atherosclerotic lesions.


Subject(s)
Endothelial Cells , Mitochondria , Mitochondrial Dynamics , Porphyromonas gingivalis
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878405

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to investigate the effects of microRNA-146a (miR-146a) on the production of cytokines in lymphocytes stimulated by @*METHODS@#Lymphocytes were harvested from mouse spleen and cultured @*RESULTS@#Compared with non-LPS-stimulated group, @*CONCLUSIONS@#MiR-146a can provide a suitable microenvironment for bone formation by preventing the inflammatory effects of


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytokines , Lipopolysaccharides , Lymphocytes , Mice , MicroRNAs , Porphyromonas gingivalis
8.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 40(supl.1): e1450, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289473

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La Minthostachys mollises una planta aromática que crece en América Latina y produce aceites esenciales con acción antimicrobiana. Objetivo: Determinar la actividad del aceite esencial de Minthostachys mollis en diferentes concentraciones, comparado con doxiciclina y fluconazol frente a Porphyromonas gingivalis, Staphylococcus aureus y Candida albicans, a las 24, 48 y 72 horas. Métodos: Se realiza estudio experimental in vitro y longitudinal. Se prepararon 15 pocillos por subgrupo para evaluar el efecto inhibitorio de todas las concentraciones, dando un total de 360 pocillos. Por cromatografía de gases acoplada a espectrometría de masas se identificaron los componentes químicos del aceite esencial. Se analizó el efecto inhibitorio por el método de difusión de Kirby-Bauer en Agar Columbia y Agar Muller Hinton. El análisis estadístico se realizó mediante la prueba ANOVA y Tukey. Resultados: En el análisis químico se identificó principalmente pulegona (30,17 por ciento) y mentona (16,55 por ciento). Los halos de inhibición de Minthostachys mollis al 100 por ciento a las 24, 48 y 72 horas frente a la Porphyromonas gingivalis, midieron: 10,2 mm, 9,8 mm y 9,6 mm, respectivamente; frente al Staphylococcus aureus, midieron: 10,4 mm, 9,7 mm y 9,4 mm, respectivamente; y, por último, frente a Candida albicans midieron: 9,8 mm, 8,9 mm y 8,5 mm, respectivamente. Todas las concentraciones de Minthostachys mollis presentaron un efecto antimicrobiano significativamente menor que el fluconazol y la doxiciclina (p < 0,001). Conclusiones: El aceite esencial de Minthostachys mollis al 100 % presentó su mejor actividad inhibitoria frente al Staphylococcus aureus, la Porphyromonas gingivalis y la Candida albicans a las 24 horas. Sin embargo, este efecto antimicrobiano disminuye a medida que pasa el tiempo(AU)


Introduction: Minthostachys mollis is an aromatic plant species growing in Latin America which produces essential oils with antimicrobial activity. Objective: Determine the activity of essential oil from Minthostachys mollis at various concentrations as compared with doxycycline and fluconazole against Porphyromonas gingivalis, Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans at 24, 48 and 72 hours. Methods: An in vitro experimental longitudinal study was conducted. Fifteen wells were prepared per subgroup to evaluate the inhibitory effect of all concentrations, for a sum total of 360 wells. Chemical components of the essential oil were identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The inhibitory effect was analyzed with the Kirby-Bauer diffusion method in Mueller-Hinton and Columbia agar. Statistical analysis was based on ANOVA and Tukey's test. Results: Chemical analysis mainly found pulegone (30.17 percent) and menthone (16.55 percent). The inhibition halos of 100 percent Minthostachys mollis at 24, 48 and 72 hours against Porphyromonas gingivalis measured 10.2 mm, 9.8 mm and 9.6 mm, respectively, against Staphylococcus aureus they measured 10.4 mm, 9.7 mm and 9.4 mm, respectively, and against Candida albicans they measured 9.8 mm, 8.9 mm and 8.5 mm, respectively. The antimicrobial effect of Minthostachys mollis at all concentrations was significantly lower than that of fluconazole and doxycycline (p < 0.001). Conclusions: The essential oil from 100% Minthostachys mollis displayed its best inhibitory activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Candida albicans at 24 hours. However, such antimicrobial effect decreases with the passing of time(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , In Vitro Techniques , Oils, Volatile , Fluconazole , Analysis of Variance , Chromatography, Gas , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Longitudinal Studies , Chemical Phenomena
9.
Acta odontol. Colomb. (En linea) ; 11(2): 10-24, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1281694

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analizar la relación entre Porphyromonas gingivalis y diabetes mellitus tipo 2, mediante una revisión sistemática exploratoria de la literatura científica publicada entre los años 2000 y 2019. Métodos: se utilizaron los siguientes términos MeSH: Porphyromonas gingivalis, diabetes mellitus type 2, periodontal disease, non insulin dependent diabetes. Se obtuvieron 346 resultados, de los cuales se seleccionaron 41 por título, se excluyeron 11 posterior a la lectura del abstract e introducción y 19 después de la lectura del texto completo. Finalmente, se incluyeron 11 artículos. Resultados: el lipopolisacárido de Porphyromonas gingivalis y su fimbria tipo II se relacionan con una mayor producción de citoquinas proinflamatorias como IL-6 y TNF-α, las cuales afectan las vías de señalización de la glucosa y se relacionan con insulinoresistencia. La dipeptidil peptidasa 4 de Porphyromonas gingivalis puede participar en la degradación de incretinas, lo cual afecta la producción de insulina en el huésped y promueve estados de hiperglicemia. El interactoma de Porphyromonas gingivalis puede superponerse con genes involucrados en resistencia a la insulina y diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Conclusión: según la evidencia científica publicada existen factores de virulencia y mecanismos por los cuales la Porphyromonas gingivalis influye en el desarrollo de insulinorresistencia y diabetes mellitus tipo 2.


Objective: To analyze the relationship between Porphyromonas gingivalis and Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 by reviewing the scientific literature published between 2000 and 2019. Methods: The following MeSH terms were used: Porphyromonas gingivalis, Diabetes Mellitus type 2, periodontal disease, non-insulin dependent diabetes. We obtained 346 results, of which 41 were selected by title, 11 were excluded after reading the abstract and introduction and 19 after reading the full text. Finally, 11 articles were included. Results: Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide and its type II fimbria are associated with increased production of proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-6 and TNF-α, which affect glucose signaling pathways and are related to insulin resistance. Porphyromonas gingivalis dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (PgDPP4) may participate in incretin degradation which affects host insulin production and promotes hyperglycemic states. The Porphyromonas gingivalis interactome may overlap with genes involved in insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Conclusion: According to published scientific evidence, there are virulence factors and mechanisms by which Porphyromonas gingivalis influences the development of insulin resistance and type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Porphyromonas gingivalis/pathogenicity , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Periodontal Diseases , Insulin Resistance , Virulence Factors , Hyperglycemia
10.
Rev. Fundac. Juan Jose Carraro ; 24(44): 40-47, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223492

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades del periodonto tienen una etiopatogenia compleja y puede considerarse multifactorial. El factor etiológico esencial en la patología inflamatoria periodontal es la biopelícula dental y cuando el desequilibrio entre el huésped y los microorganismos cambia la complejidad de la flora. Ciertas bacterias como Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, Prevotella nigrescens, Prevotella loescheii, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Tannerrella forsythia, Campylobacter rectus, Eikenella corrodens y Treponema spp., han sido comúnmente relacionadas con la periodontitis crónica y son consideradas como indicadores de riesgo para la progresión de dicha enfermedad. El objetivo de este trabajo fue establecer la prevalencia de Prevotella spp y Porphyromona spp en los distintos estadios de periodontitis crónicas. Material y métodos: Se estudiaron 48 pacientes sistémicamente saludables con diagnóstico de periodontitis crónica. Se completó el consentimiento informado, se realizó historia clínica y examen periodontal. El estado periodontal se clasificó en distintos grados de severidad: leve, moderada y severa. Se tomaron muestras de dos sitios con mayor profundidad de sondaje con conos de papel absorbente estériles y se transportaron en un medio prerreducido. Para el aislamiento de Prevotella spp se utilizó agar Brucella más sangre ovina al 5%, hemina, vitamina K al que se agregaron vancomicina y kanamicina; Porphyromonas sp se aisló en el mismo medio con el agregado de bacitracina y colistina. Se sembraron 10 µl de muestra entera y las placas fueron incubadas en jarras de anaerobiosis por 5 a 7 días a 37ºC. Resultados: los distintos grados de periodontitis correspondieron a un 17% periodontits leve, 57% moderada y 26% severa. En el total de pacientes se determinó la presencia de Prevotella spp en el 54% de los casos y un 12,5% de Porphyromona spp. Conclusión: De los pacientes estudiados con periodontits crónica, un 52% correspondió al sexo masculino, un 57% de los casos correspondieron a periodontitis moderada. Se aisló Prevotella sp en todos los estadios de periodontitis crónica y Porphyromonas sp sólo en periodontitis severas (AU)


Periodontal diseases have a complex etiopathogenesis and can be considered multifactorial. The essential etiological factor in periodontal inflammatory pathology is the dental biofilm and when the imbalance between the host and the microorganisms changes the complexity of the flora. Certain bacteria such as Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, Prevotella nigrescens, Prevotella loescheii, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Tannerrella forsythia, Campylobacter rectus, Eikenella corrodens and Treponema spp., Have been commonly related to chronic periodontitis and are considered as risk indicators for the progression of said disease. The objective of this work was to establish the prevalence of Prevotella spp and Porphyromonas spp in the different stages of chronic periodontitis. Forty eight systemically healthy patients diagnosed with chronic periodontitis were studied. Informed consent was completed, a medical history and periodontal examination was carried out. The periodontal state was classified into different degrees of severity: mild, moderate and severe. Samples were taken from two sites with greater depth of probing with sterile absorbent paper cones and transported in a prereduced medium. For the isolation of Prevotella spp, Brucella agar plus 5% sheep blood, hemin, vitamin K to which vancomycin and kanamycin were added. For Porphyromonas spp, the same medium was used and bacitracin and colistin were added. 10 µl of the whole sample was seeded and the plates were incubated in anaerobic jars for 5 to 7 days at 37 ° C. Different degrees of periodontitis corresponded to 17% mild periodontitis, 57% moderate and 26% severe. In the total number of patients, the presence of Prevotella spp was determined in 54% of the cases and 12.5% of Porphyromona spp. Of the patients studied with chronic periodontitis, 52% corresponded to the male sex, 57% of the cases corresponded to moderate periodontitis. Prevotella spp was isolated in all stages of chronic periodontitis and Porphyromonas sp only in severe periodontitis (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Porphyromonas gingivalis/isolation & purification , Prevotella intermedia/isolation & purification , Chronic Periodontitis/microbiology , Colony Count, Microbial , Risk Factors , Culture Media , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Age and Sex Distribution
11.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(2): 135-142, Mar.-Apr. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132288

ABSTRACT

Abstract Inflammation of periodontal tissues is the consequence of interaction between periodontal pathogens and immune system. This is associated with increased expression of inflammatory cytokines, which may exert destructive effect to the periodontal tissues when released over long period. The aim of this study was to chronologically track the homeostasis of oral keratinocytes following removal of periodontal pathogens. This was done by investigating expression of selected inflammatory markers and integrity of epithelial monolayers in vitro. Rat oral keratinocytes were stimulated with heat-killed Fusobacterium nucleatum and Porphyromonas gingivalis over 7-days then bacteria were washed away and epithelial cells re-cultured for 3-days. Expression of IL-1β, IL-6, and IL-8 was measured by ELISA while transcription of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) and matrix metalloproteinase -8 (MMP-8) was measured by polymerase chain reaction before and after removal of bacteria. Integrity of epithelial sheet was investigated by using transepithelial electrical resistance. Data showed general downregulation of IL-1b, IL-6, and IL-8 associated with restoring transcription of TIMP-1 and MMP-8 to normal level following removal of bacteria from epithelial cultures. However, expression of IL-8 and MMP-8 remained significantly higher than unstimulated epithelial cells despite withdrawal of F. nucleatum and P. gingivalis respectively from oral keratinocytes cultures. In addition, integrity of epithelial barrier function remained compromised even after removal of P. gingivalis. Results suggest that even after three days following removal of periodontal pathogens, oral keratinocytes sustained persistent upregulation of certain inflammatory markers that could compromise integrity of epithelial barrier function.


Resumo A inflamação dos tecidos periodontais é a consequência da interação entre patógenos periodontais e o sistema imunológico. Isso está associado ao aumento da expressão de citocinas inflamatórias, que podem exercer efeito destrutivo nos tecidos periodontais quando liberadas por um longo período. O objetivo deste estudo foi rastrear cronologicamente a homeostase dos queratinócitos orais após a remoção dos patógenos periodontais. Isto foi feito através da investigação da expressão de marcadores inflamatórios selecionados e da integridade de monocamadas epiteliais in vitro. Os queratinócitos orais de rato foram estimulados com Fusobacterium nucleatum e Porphyromonas gingivalis destruídas pelo calor por 7 dias, depois as bactérias foram lavadas e as células epiteliais foram cultivadas novamente por 3 dias. A expressão de IL-1b, IL-6 e IL-8 foi medida por ELISA, enquanto a transcrição do inibidor tecidual de metaloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) e matriz metalopeptidase-8 (MMP-8) foi medida por reação em cadeia da polimerase antes e após a remoção de bactérias. A integridade da folha epitelial foi investigada usando resistência elétrica transepitelial. Os dados mostraram uma regulação negativa geral de IL-1b, IL-6 e IL-8 associada à restauração da transcrição de TIMP-1 e MMP-8 para o nível normal após a remoção de bactérias de culturas epiteliais. No entanto, a expressão de IL-8 e MMP-8 permaneceu significativamente maior que as células epiteliais não estimuladas, apesar da retirada de F. nucleatum e P. gingivalis, respectivamente, das culturas de queratinócitos orais. Além disso, a integridade da função da barreira epitelial permaneceu comprometida mesmo após a remoção de P. gingivalis. Os resultados sugerem que, mesmo após três dias após a remoção dos patógenos periodontais, os queratinócitos orais sustentaram uma regulação positiva persistente de certos marcadores inflamatórios que poderiam comprometer a integridade da função da barreira epitelial.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1 , Epithelial Cells , Fusobacterium nucleatum , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Homeostasis
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786597

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of MnO₂-diatom microbubbler (DM) on the surface of prosthetic materials as a mouthwash by comparing the biofilm removal effect with those previously used as a mouthwash in dental clinic.MATERIALS AND METHODS: DM was fabricated by doping manganese dioxide nanosheets to the diatom cylinder surface. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to observe the morphology of DM and to analyze the composition of doped MnO₂. Stereomicroscope was used to observe the reaction of DM in 3% hydrogen peroxide. Non-precious metal alloys, zirconia and resin specimens were prepared to evaluate the effect of biofilm removal on the surface of prosthetic materials. And then Streptococcus mutans and Porphyromonas gingivalis biofilms were formed on the specimens. When 3% hydrogen peroxide solution and DM were treated on the biofilms, the decontamination effect was compared with chlorhexidine gluconate and 3% hydrogen peroxide solution by crystal violet staining.RESULTS: Manganese dioxide was found on the surface of the diatom cylinder, and it was found to produce bubble of oxygen gas when added to 3% hydrogen peroxide. For all materials used in the experiments, biofilms of the DM-treated groups got effectively removed compared to the groups used with chlorhexidine gluconate or 3% hydrogen peroxide alone.CONCLUSION: MnO₂-diatom microbubbler can remove bacterial membranes on the surface of prosthetic materials more effectively than conventional mouthwashes.


Subject(s)
Alloys , Biofilms , Chlorhexidine , Decontamination , Dental Clinics , Dental Plaque , Diatoms , Gentian Violet , Hydrogen Peroxide , In Vitro Techniques , Manganese , Membranes , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Mouthwashes , Oral Hygiene , Oxygen , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Streptococcus mutans
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828860

ABSTRACT

Periodontal pathogens are the main pathogenic factor of periodontitis. Periodontal pathogens have a large variety of virulence factors such as lipopolysaccharide, fimbriae and proteases, which enables the pathogens to infect periodontal tissues and stimulate the secretion of inflammatory cytokines, causing chronic systemic inflammation. Periodontal pathogens may invade multiple systems such as the circulatory system, immune system, respiratory system and digestive system to cause systematic diseases. Recent studies have shown that periodontal pathogens may have close relations with systemic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and cancer. Among the periodontal pathogens, can be found in atherosclerotic plaques to impairing the function of the vascular endothelium; may also increase the level of inflammatory factors such as TNF-α to promote insulin resistance and diabetes. Many of the periodontal pathogens such as , and can be detected in the synovial fluid of rheumatoid arthritis patients, suggesting their involvement in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. may cause alterations in the intestinal microbiome in mice and promote the occurrence of intestinal tumors. Herein we review the recent progresses in the relationship between periodontal pathogens and systemic diseases.


Subject(s)
Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans , Animals , Fusobacterium nucleatum , Humans , Insulin Resistance , Periodontitis , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Prevotella intermedia
14.
Acta odontol. Colomb. (En linea) ; 10(2): 13-38, 2020. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1120179

ABSTRACT

Objective: Review the existing scientific literature regarding the pathogenicity of Porphyromonas gingivalis, linked to periodontal disease (PD) (oral dysbiosis), and its association with the activation of pathophysiological mechanisms of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), in order to expose the new mechanisms biomolecular involved. Methods: Systematic search in the MeSH, pubmed, Science Direct, Nature y Google academic database, using the keywords: Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans; rheumatoid arthritis; citrullination; dysbiosis; dentistry; periodontitis; porphyromonas gingivalis; rheumatology. Out of a total of 297 publications, 52 were selected, all from 2018; based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria established by the authors. Results: Pg infection linked to periodontal disease is strongly implicated in the pathogenesis and development of RA. Their relationship is linked to the citrullination process and production of citrullinated antipeptide antibodies. Associations have been identified between the microbial virulence of this agent and the expression of multiple genes related to the activation of the immune response and the onset of the chronic inflammatory process. Conclusions: There is a high association between the pathogenesis of both diseases, where microorganisms linked to PD such as Pg have the ability to increase citrullination, galactosylation, fucosylation, as well as excessive glycosylation of fragments antigen-binding (Fab), and therefore the aggressiveness of RA.


Objetivo: revisar la literatura científica existente con respecto a la patogenicidad de Porphyromonas gingivalis, ligada a enfermedad periodontal (EP) (disbiosis oral), y su asociación con la activación de mecanismos fisiopatológicos en la artritis reumatoide (AR), a fin de exponer los nuevos mecanismos biomoleculares implicados. Métodos: búsqueda sistemática en la base de datos del Medical Subject Headings (MeSH), PubMed, Science Direct, Nature y Google académico usando las palabras clave: Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans; artritis reumatoide; citrulinación; disbiosis; odontología; periodontitis; Porphyromonas gingivalis y reumatología. De un total de 297 publicaciones, se seleccionaron 52, todas a partir del año 2018; la selección fue hecha a partir de los criterios de inclusión y exclusión establecidos por los autores. Resultados: la infección por Porphyromonas gingivalis, ligada a la EP, está fuertemente implicada en la patogénesis y desarrollo de AR. Su relación se vincula con el proceso de citrulinación y producción de anticuerpos antipéptidos citrulinados. Se han identificado asociaciones entre la virulencia microbiana de dicho agente y la expresión de múltiples genes, relacionados con la activación de la respuesta inmune y el inicio del proceso inflamatorio crónico. Conclusiones: existe una alta asociación entre la patogenia de ambas enfermedades, donde microorganismos ligados a la EP, como Porphyromonas gingivalis, tienen la capacidad de aumentar la citrulinación, galactosilación, fucosilación, así como la excesiva glicosilación de Fragmentos de unión al antígeno (Fab), y por lo tanto, la agresividad de la AR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Periodontitis , Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans , Oral Medicine
15.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e090, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132686

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to i) evaluate the prevalence of P. gingivalis and the genotypes fim A I, Ib, II, III, IV, and V in Brazilian patients with periodontitis stage III and IV, grades B and C, ii) compare periodontitis grades B and C with regard to the prevalence of P. gingivalis and fim A genotypes, and iii) correlate the presence of these pathogens with clinical periodontal variables. Two samples of subgingival biofilm were collected from the interproximal sites with the greatest clinical attachment loss (CAL) of each patient (grade B = 38; grade C = 54) and submitted to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the identification of P. gingivalis and fim A genotypes. The collected periodontal clinical parameters included gingival index, plaque index, probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing (BoP) and CAL. P. gingivalis was present in 61.96% of the samples, but more prevalent in patients with grade C periodontitis (p = 0.048) and higher CAL (p < 0.001), PD (p < 0.001), and BoP (p = 0.01) values, and at sites with high CAL values (p = 0.01). The fim A II genotype was more prevalent in patients with greater mean PD (p = 0.04) and a higher proportion of bleeding sites (p = 0.006). Thus, in this sample of Brazilian periodontitis patients, the presence of P. gingivalis was associated with grade C periodontitis and periodontal destruction, while the fim A II genotype was associated with increased PD and BoP, supporting the notion that P. gingivalis fim A II is an important virulence factor in periodontal tissues.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontitis , Porphyromonas gingivalis/genetics , Fimbriae Proteins/genetics , Brazil , Genotype
16.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e093, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132652

ABSTRACT

Abstract Information about bacterial diversity, such as the number of each species in the root canals of primary teeth, contributes to improving our effective management of infections of endodontic origin in primary teeth. This study made a qualitative and quantitative assessment of the bacteria in the root canals of primary teeth with necrotic pulp, using the fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technique. Thirty-one primary teeth with pulp necrosis from 31 children were evaluated using the FISH technique, to detect the presence and density of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Campylobacter rectus, Enterococcus faecalis, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, Prevotella nigrescens, Streptococcus, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sobrinus, Tannerella forsythia and Treponema denticola. Descriptive measures explained the data related to density, and Student's t-test assessed the differences among the densities of each bacterium, according to signs and symptoms. The bacterial density was paired and correlated. All bacteria tested were detected and identified in all the samples. The average number of bacterial individuals from each species ranged from 1.9 x 108 cells/mL (S. mutans) to 3.1 x 108 cells/mL (F. nucleatum) (p > 0.05). The sum of the mean counts of each bacterium represented almost 80% of the entire microbial community. Patients with pain had significantly more T. denticola, and those with edema showed a greater density of Streptococcus and P. nigrescens (p < 0.05). This study revealed that all 12 bacteria evaluated were found in all primary teeth with pulp necrosis. There was no predominance among the species studied; all species had a similar number of individuals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Tooth, Deciduous , Dental Pulp Necrosis , Dental Pulp Cavity , DNA, Bacterial , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Prevotella intermedia
17.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135525

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To determine the in vitro antibacterial effect of different concentrations of the ethanol extract of Plantago major (plantain) on Porphyromonas gingivalis and Fusobacterium nucleatum. Material and Methods: Bacterial susceptibility tests were used in conjunction with the agar diffusion test and the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) test using the broth macrodilution technique. Results: Different concentrations of ethanol extract (25%, 50%, 75% and 100%) dissolved in 70% ethanol were used, with a positive control (0.12% chlorhexidine + 0.05% cetyl-pyridinium chloride) and a negative control (70% alcohol). The extracts at 75% and 100% showed inhibition halos against both strains studied. With 0.12% chlorhexidine + 0.05% cetyl-pyridinium chloride, inhibition halos averaged 14.9 mm, in contrast to 70º alcohol, where no bacterial inhibition was observed. The MIC was 50% for both species. Conclusion: The ethanol extract of Plantago major presents an in vitro antibacterial effect on Porphyromonas gingivalis, they may have potential applications in food and pharmaceutical products.


Subject(s)
Plants, Medicinal/microbiology , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Plantago major , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Gram-Negative Bacteria/immunology , Peru/epidemiology , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Analysis of Variance , Fusobacterium nucleatum , Statistics, Nonparametric , Agar , Microbiology
18.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135491

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To show the cytotoxicity of Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (HUCMSCs) to better understand the characteristics for its application in regenerative procedures under periodontopathogen LPS influence. Material and Methods: Ultrapure Porphyromonas gingivalis LPS was used in this study. This research used a frozen stock HUCMSCs, previously confirmed by flow cytometry. The biological characteristics, such as cell morphology, proliferation, and protein expression, were screened. To check the cytotoxicity, HUCMSCs were cultured and divided into two groups, the control group and LPS group with various concentrations from 25 to 0.39 µg/mL. MTT assay was done and the cells were observed and counted. The significance level was set at 5%. Results: The percentage of living HUCMSCs on LPS group were not significantly different among concentrations (p>0.05) from 25 to 0.39 µg/mL, even though there were slight mean decrease between groups, but they were not significant. The duration of 24 hours of exposure of LPS does not significantly lower HUCMSCs viability. Conclusion: LPS does not affect the viability of HUCMSCs. The lower the concentration of LPS, the higher the viability of HUCMSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Umbilical Cord , Lipopolysaccharides , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Cytotoxicity, Immunologic/immunology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Analysis of Variance , Flow Cytometry , Indonesia/epidemiology
19.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20200501, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1143149

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study aimed to clarify the association between oral human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and periodontitis in Japanese adults. Methodology In total, 190 patients (75 men and 115 women; mean age, 70.2 years) who visited Hiroshima University Hospital between March 2018 and May 2020 were included. Oral rinse samples were taken to examine the presence of HCMV DNA using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). P. gingivalis was detected by semi-quantitative PCR analysis. Results HCMV DNA was present in nine of 190 patients (4.7%). There were significant associations between HCMV presence and the presence of ≥4-mm-deep periodontal pockets with bleeding on probing (BOP) (P<0.01) and ≥6-mm-deep periodontal pockets with BOP (P=0.01). However, no significant relationship was observed between HCMV presence and periodontal epithelial surface area scores. Logistic regression analysis revealed that the presence of ≥4-mm-deep periodontal pockets with BOP was significantly associated with HCMV (odds ratio, 14.4; P=0.01). Propensity score matching was performed between patients presenting ≥4-mm-deep periodontal pockets with BOP (i.e., active periodontitis) and patients without ≥4-mm-deep periodontal pockets with BOP; 62 matched pairs were generated. Patients who had ≥4-mm-deep periodontal pockets with BOP showed a higher rate of HCMV presence (9.7%) than those who lacked ≥4-mm-deep periodontal pockets with BOP (0.0%). There was a significant relationship between HCMV presence and ≥4-mm-deep periodontal pockets with BOP (P=0.03). A significant relationship was found between HCMV/P. gingivalis DNA presence and ≥4-mm-deep periodontal pockets with BOP (P=0.03). Conclusions Coinfection of oral HCMV and P. gingivalis was significantly associated with active periodontitis. Moreover, interactions between oral HCMV and P. gingivalis may be related to the severity of periodontal disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Periodontitis/microbiology , Periodontitis/epidemiology , Periodontitis/virology , Bacteroidaceae Infections/epidemiology , Cytomegalovirus Infections/epidemiology , Periodontal Pocket/microbiology , Periodontal Pocket/virology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Cytomegalovirus , Coinfection , Japan/epidemiology
20.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190694, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1134777

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Obesity is a chronic disease that negatively affects an individual's general and oral health. The present study aimed to compare the clinical and microbiological effects of non-surgical periodontal therapy with the full mouth disinfection (FMD) protocol on obese and non-obese individuals at 9 months post-therapy. Methodology This clinical study was first submitted and approved by the Ethics Committee. Fifty-five obese patients and 39 non-obese patients with periodontitis were evaluated. The full-mouth periodontal clinical parameters, clinical attachment level (CAL), probing depth (PD), gingival index (GI), and plaque index (PI), were monitored at baseline, 3, 6, and 9 months after periodontal treatment with full mouth disinfection (FMD) protocol. The mean count of Tannerella forsythia , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Treponema Denticola , and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans was determined by quantitative polymerase chain reaction on subgingival biofilm samples. Demographic data were assessed by Chi-square test. For clinical and microbiological parameters, two-factor repeated-measures ANOVA was used. Results In both groups, periodontal therapy using the one-stage full-mouth disinfection protocol significantly improved CAL, PD, GI, and PI (p<0.05). Obese and non-obese patients equally responded to non-surgical periodontal therapy (p>0.05). Microbial count found no major differences (p>0.05) between obese and non-obese individuals who had undergone non-surgical periodontal therapy. Conclusions Obesity did not affect the clinical and microbiological outcomes of non-surgical periodontal therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Periodontitis/microbiology , Periodontitis/therapy , Obesity/microbiology , Time Factors , Periodontal Index , Anthropometry , Dental Plaque Index , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance , Longitudinal Studies , Treatment Outcome , Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans/isolation & purification , Porphyromonas gingivalis/isolation & purification , Statistics, Nonparametric , Treponema denticola/isolation & purification , Tannerella forsythia/isolation & purification , Middle Aged , Obesity/physiopathology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL