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1.
Rev. ADM ; 78(3): 135-141, mayo-jun. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254493

ABSTRACT

Se presentan los casos de fracturas verticales sintomáticos que ameritaron la extracción de las órganos dentales afectados en un periodo de cinco meses durante la pandemia por COVID-19 en la ciudad de Chihuahua, México. Material y métodos: Se recolectaron 26 muestras para el estudio, proporcionadas por los cirujanos dentistas integrantes del Grupo de Egresados de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua. Resultados: Los resultados muestran diferencias a lo reportado previamente respecto al tipo de diente involucrado, sexo de los pacientes, restauraciones coronales y tratamientos endodóncicos previos. Conclusiones: Se puede suponer que las modificaciones en el estilo de vida de la población, sumadas a la angustia permanente, pueden ser factores que contribuyen a las fracturas dentales (AU)


There are cases of symptomatic vertical fractures that warranted the extraction of affected teeth are presented, over a period of five months during the COVID-19 pandemic in Chihuahua City, Mexico. Material and methods: 26 samples were collected for the study, provided by the dentist who were members of the Graduate Group of the Faculty of Dentistry of the Autonomous University of Chihuahua. Results: The results show differences from what was previously reported regarding the type of tooth involved, sex of patients, coronal restorations and previous endodontic treatments. Conclusions: It can be assumed that changes in the lifestyle of the population, added to permanent distress, may be factors to preserve dental fractures (AU)


Subject(s)
Tooth Fractures/epidemiology , Tooth Root/injuries , Coronavirus Infections , COVID-19 , Root Canal Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Schools, Dental , Bicuspid , Dental Fissures/epidemiology , Photomicrography , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Post and Core Technique/statistics & numerical data , Tooth Crown/injuries , Dental Restoration, Permanent/statistics & numerical data , Age and Sex Distribution , Mexico/epidemiology , Molar
2.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(82): 35-42, 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291352

ABSTRACT

En los últimos años resulta de elección la utilización de postes de fib ra en la rehabilitación de piezas endodónticamente tratadas. La adhesión entre poste, agente cementante y dentina radicular permitiría lograr una retención de la estructura dentro de las paredes del conducto. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar la resistencia adhesiva en los tercios cervical, medio y apical, entre la dentina del conducto radicular y el cemento adhesivo utilizado en la cementación de postes de fibra. Se utilizaron 30 premolares inferiores uniradiculares humanos, recientemente extraídos, se realizaron los tratamientos endodónticos, se desobturaron y realizaron las preparaciones con la fresa conformadora número 3 para la cementación de postes White Post DC especial número 3 con cemento Paracore utilizando el protocolo adhesivo del mismo sistema. Las muestras fueron incluidas en acrílico cristal, cortadas en forma perpendicular al eje mayor de la pieza con una máquina de corte y por último se procedió a medir los valores de adhesión de los postes a la superficie interna de los conductos en los tres tercios con la prueba push-out mediante una máquina de ensayo universal. Los resultados arrojaron que las resistencias (media +- DE, MPa) en los tercios cervical, medio y apical, fueron 8,74 +- 3,12, 9,38 +- 2,29 y 11,11 +- 2,95, respectivamente. En el tercio apical se registró mayor resistencia. Considerando las limitaciones de esta investigación, se puede concluir que la cementación de postes de fibra con cementos resinosos, presenta mayores valores en el tercio apical y menores en el tercio cervical del conducto radicular con técnica de Push-out (AU)


Subject(s)
Tensile Strength , Post and Core Technique , Flexural Strength , Bicuspid , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Cementation/methods , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Tooth Cervix , Dental Pulp Cavity , Fibric Acids
3.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e012, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132751

ABSTRACT

Abstract The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of the application of different concentrations of EDTA on the adhesion of fiber posts to root dentin using self-adhesive resin cements. After endodontic treatment, 78 single roots were randomly divided into six groups (n = 13) according to the combination of the following factors: surface dentin treatment - control (distilled water), 17% EDTA and 24% EDTA; and self-adhesive resin cement - RelyX U200 (RX); and Multilink Speed (ML). After fiber post cementation, six slices were obtained for each root. Ten roots of each group were used for bond strength (BS) and three for microhardness (MH) evaluations. Data obtained from BS and MH tests for each resin cement were subjected to two-way ANOVA (surface treatment vs. root region) and to a post-hoc Tukey's test (α = 0.05). The lowest BS value was observed in the 24% EDTA group for RX cement, whereas the highest values for ML cement were observed for the control group in the middle and apical regions. In the MH test, the lowest value for RX was observed for 24% EDTA in the cervical region, whereas and the highest value for the ML cement was observed in the control group. Regarding both self-adhesive resin cements tested, the application of 24% EDTA was not able to improve the adhesion of fiber posts to root canal.


Subject(s)
Resin Cements , Materials Testing , Post and Core Technique , Edetic Acid/pharmacology , Dental Pulp Cavity , Dentin , Glass
4.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(83): 7-12, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342061

ABSTRACT

La American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (2020) define a la caries temprana de la infancia (CTI) como una forma severa de caries de etiología multifactorial que compromete la dentición primaria de niños pre-escolares. Afecta principalmente a los incisivos primarios superiores seguidos de los primeros molares primarios, pudiendo promover el desarrollo de hábitos parafuncionales, reducción de la eficacia masticatoria, pérdida de la dimensión vertical, alteraciones en la fonación y defectos estéticos que causan repercusiones emocionales e impacto psicosocial. La insuficiente cantidad y calidad de estructura coronaria remanente, luego de la eliminación del tejido cariado, puede comprometer la adhesión de los materiales de restauración. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar la atención y el seguimiento a dos años de un paciente preescolar que presenta CTI, que concurrió para su atención a la Cátedra de Odontología Integral Niños de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Comprehensive Dental Care , Crowns , Dental Caries/rehabilitation , Esthetics, Dental , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Tooth, Deciduous , Post and Core Technique , Dental Care for Children/methods
5.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(83): 21-26, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342862

ABSTRACT

La pérdida de estructura dentaria por debajo del margen gingival y de la cresta ósea alveolar, ya sea por caries, fracturas traumáticas, desgaste, reabsorción radicular o perforaciones iatrogénicas, dificulta el tratamiento protésico y requiere un abordaje multidisciplinario para conseguir resultados óptimos y estables a largo plazo. Se presenta el caso de una paciente adulta que acude a consulta con la pieza 2.3, que no permite una adecuada restauración protésica sin invadir el espacio biológico. Dentro del abanico de posibilidades terapéuticas se selecciona la extrusión dentaria unitaria guiada, para poder exponer un remanente dentario adecuado supragingival, y conseguir un adecuado efecto ferrule para la posterior rehabilitación protésica. La técnica presentada es eficaz, simple, cómoda, higiénica y útil en pacientes que no desean realizarse tratamiento de ortodoncia en ambas arcadas (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Dental Implants , Orthodontic Brackets , Orthodontic Extrusion/methods , Orthodontic Wires , Patient Care Planning , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Post and Core Technique , Crowns , Dental Caries/therapy
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878419

ABSTRACT

Many patients with large-area tooth defect need cast post-core crown restoration. However, the color defect of the cast post-core will affect the final restorative result, especially that of the anterior teeth. A new technology of color masking by applying CERAMAGE polymeric porcelain to the cast metal post-core surface improves the color of a full-ceramic restoration of anterior teeth and may provide a new alternative for the aesthetic repair of anterior teeth with a large area of defective tooth.


Subject(s)
Ceramics , Crowns , Dental Porcelain , Esthetics, Dental , Humans , Post and Core Technique
7.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(6): 582-588, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132346

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the dimensions of intraradicular posts using a new cone beam CT (CBCT) software, and verified the potential of blooming artifact reduction. Sixty-three single-rooted human teeth were shaped, obturated, prepared for intracanal post placement and distributed into three groups: G1: anatomically customized prefabricated glass fiber posts; G2: low-fusion alloy posts; G3: gold alloy posts. After post fabrication and luting with RelyX U200®, specimens were sectioned axially at 9 mm from the root apex, and markings were made on the root surfaces (X-, Y- and Z-axes). The dimensions of the original posts (control group) were measured using a digital micrometer. CBCT scans of the teeth were obtained using a PreXion 3D Elite® scanner. Posts were measured on CBCT scans using DICOM files and the e-Vol DX software. A specific filter, Blooming Artefact Reduction (BAR), was developed to analyze intracanal posts. Statistical data were evaluated using the Van de Waerden nonparametric analysis of variance and, after that, normalized data were analyzed using the Tukey test. The level of significance was set at α = 5%. The measures of the anatomical prefabricated, low-fusion alloy and gold alloy intracanal posts obtained using the e-Vol DX CBCT software and a micrometer were not significantly different (p>0.05). The use of the BAR filter of the e-Vol DX software application did not induce any dimensional differences on CBCT scans of intracanal posts when compared with measurements made with a micrometer on original posts. The use of the BAR filter eliminated blooming artifacts.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou as dimensões de pinos intrarradiculares usando um novo software de tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC) e um micrômetro digital, e verificou o potencial da redução do artefato de contraste do branco. Sessenta e três dentes humanos unirradiculares foram modelados, obturados, preparados para colocação de pinos e distribuídos em três grupos: G1: pino de fibra de vidro pré-fabricado anatômico; G2: pino metálico de liga de baixa fusão; G3: pino metálico de liga de ouro. Após a confecção e cimentação dos pinos com RelyX U200®, os espécimes foram cortados no sentido axial a 9 mm do ápice radicular, sendo efetuadas marcações em suas superfícies radiculares (eixos X, Y e Z) para orientação das medidas e sincronizações das imagens. Foi utilizado um micrômetro digital para a mensuração das dimensões dos pinos originais (grupo controle) associado ao microscópio operatório. Posteriormente, as imagens em TCFC foram obtidas usando o PreXion 3D Elite®. Para a mensuração dos pinos nas imagens de TCFC utilizou-se o arquivo DICOM e a ferramenta de medida do software e-Vol DX, configurada para medidas milesimais, com o filtro BAR (Blooming Artifact Reduction). Os dados estatísticos foram avaliados com a análise de variância não-paramétrica de Van der Waerden, seguida pelo Teste de Tukey aplicado aos dados normalizados. O nível de significância foi de α = 5%. Os resultados mostraram que as medidas dos diâmetros dos pinos intrarradiculares (fibra de vidro anatômico, metálico liga de baixa fusão, e em liga de ouro) usando o software e-Vol DX e o micrômetro não mostram diferenças significativas entre si. O uso do filtro BAR do software e-Vol DX não induziu diferenças dimensionais nas imagens de TCFC dos pinos quando comparadas às medidas realizadas com o micrômetro sobre os pinos originais. O uso do filtro BAR eliminou artefatos de contraste do branco.


Subject(s)
Humans , Post and Core Technique , Artifacts , Tooth Root , Software , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
8.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(5): 405-413, oct. 31, 2020. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179032

ABSTRACT

Introduction: This study evaluated the influence of sonic vibration and thermocycling on the bond strength of fiberglass posts using conventional dual-cured and self-adhesive resin cements. Material and Methods: Ninety-six single-rooted endodontically treated teeth were divided randomly into eight groups according to the cement used (dual-cured or self-adhesive resin cement), use of sonic vibration during post accommodation, and aging conditions (24h in distilled water or 5,000 thermal cycles). The fiberglass posts (White Post DC1, FGM) were cleaned with alcohol, treated with silane and cemented with dual-cured (Allcem Core, FGM) or with self-adhesive resin cement (seT, SDI). For groups in which sonic vibration was used, the posts were accommodated, and sonic vibration was applied for 10 s using a special tip placed on top of the post (Sonic Smart Device, FGM). Pull-out tests were performed after storage in distilled water for 24h at 37°C or after thermocycling (5000 cycles, at 5°C and 55°C). The results were evaluated using three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05). Results: Significant differences were not observed between the bond strengths of dual-cured (87.93±41.81 N) and self-adhesive cement (82.53±41.43 N). Bond strength for the sonic vibration groups (100.36±42.35 N) was significantly higher than for groups without sonic vibration (70.13±34.90 N). There were significant differences between specimens subjected to thermocycling (98.33±39.42 N) and those stored for 24h in distilled water (72.16±39.67 N). Conclusion: It can be concluded that both sonic vibration and thermocycling significantly improved bond strength of fiberglass posts with the two evaluated resin cements.


Introducción: Este estudio evaluó la influencia de la vibración sónica y el termociclado en la fuerza de unión de los postes de fibra de vidrio utilizando cementos de resina autoadhesivos y de curado dual convencionales Material y Métodos: Se dividieron aleatoriamente noventa y seis dientes tratados endodónticamente de raíz única en ocho grupos según el cemento utilizado (cemento de resina de curado dual o autoadhesivo), el uso de vibración sónica durante la acomodación posterior y las condiciones de envejecimiento (24 horas agua destilada o 5.000 ciclos térmicos). Los postes de fibra de vidrio (White Post DC1, FGM) se limpiaron con alcohol, se trataron con silano y se cementaron con cemento de curado dual (Allcem Core, FGM) o con cemento de resina autoadhesivo (seT, SDI). Para los grupos en los que se utilizó vibración sónica, se acomodaron los postes y se aplicó la vibración sónica durante 10 s utilizando una punta especial colocada en la parte superior del poste (Sonic Smart Device, FGM). Las pruebas de extracción se realizaron después del almacenamiento en agua destilada durante 24 horas a 37ºC o después del termociclado (5000 ciclos, a 5ºC y 55ºC). Los resultados se evaluaron mediante ANOVA de tres vías y la prueba de Tukey (α = 0.05). Resultados: No se observaron diferencias significativas entre las resistencias de adhesión del cemento de curado dual (87,93 ± 41,81 N) y el cemento autoadhesivo (82,53 ± 41,43 N). La fuerza de unión para los grupos de vibración sónica (100,36 ± 42,35 N) fue significativamente mayor que para los grupos sin vibración sónica (70,13 ± 34,90 N). Hubo diferencias significativas entre los especímenes sometidos a termociclado (98,33 ± 39,42 N) y los almacenados durante 24 h en agua destilada (72,16 ± 39,67 N). Conclusión: Se puede concluir que tanto la vibración sónica como el termociclado mejoraron significativamente la fuerza de unión de los postes de fibra de vidrio con los dos cementos de resina evaluados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vibration , Post and Core Technique/instrumentation , Resin Cements/chemistry , Flexural Strength , Glass , Sonication/methods , Tooth Root , Dental Bonding , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Dentin/chemistry , Ultrasonic Waves
9.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(4): 417-422, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132312

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC) on bond strength of fiberglass posts in root canals obturated with different endodontic sealers. Seventy-eight mandibular premolars were obturated with three sealers (n=26): Endofill (END), AH Plus (AHP), and Endosequence BC Sealer (EBS). After preparation of the post space, two subgroups were formed according to the cementation of the posts (n=13): with EDC (EDC), and without EDC (control - CON). The specimens were submitted to a pull-out test, failure mode classification, and root canal surface evaluation by scanning electron microscopy after post displacement. Regarding the bond strength, a significant difference between the EDC and CON subgroups occurred only in the END (p=0.001). No difference was detected among the CON subgroups (p=0.339). However, among the EDC subgroups, AHP presented significantly higher values (END versus AHP: p=0.001; AHP versus EBS: p=0.016). Upon classification of failure modes, score 1 (≥ 50% of cement) was the most commonly observed, except for the END + EDC. Remains of endodontic sealers and resin cements were found in the cervical third, but without statistical difference (p=0.269), while in the middle third, difference occurred (p=0.004). In conclusion, EDC decreases bond strength when associated with END sealer, without changing the failure mode between the resin cement and fiberglass post. The best performance was observed when EDC was combined with AHP sealer.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito da 1-etil-3- (3-dimetilaminopropil) carbodiimida (EDC) na resistência de união de pinos de fibra de vidro em canais radiculares obturados com diferentes cimentos endodônticos. Setenta e oito pré-molares inferiores foram obturados com três cimentos endodônticos (n=26): Endofill (END), AH Plus (AHP) e Endosequence BC Sealer (EBS). Após o preparo do espaço para pino, dois subgrupos formaram-se conforme a cimentação dos pinos (n=13): com EDC e sem EDC (controle - CON). Os espécimes foram submetidos ao teste pull-out, classificação do modo de falha e avaliação da superfície do canal radicular por microscopia eletrônica de varredura após o deslocamento. Quanto à força de resistência de união, uma diferença estatisticamente significativa ocorreu entre os subgrupos EDC e CON apenas no END (p=0,001). Não foi detectada diferença entre os subgrupos CON (p=0,339). Contudo, no subgrupo EDC, o AHP apresentou maiores valores (END versus AHP: p=0,001; AHP versus EBS: p=0,016). Acerca da classificação dos modos de falha, o escore 1 (≥50% de cimento) foi o mais comumente observado, exceto para END + EDC. Restos de cimentos endodônticos e cimentos resinosos foram encontrados no terço cervical, mas sem diferença estatística (p=0,269), enquanto no terço médio, houve diferença (p=0,004). Em conclusão, o EDC diminui a resistência de união quando associado ao cimento END, sem alterar o modo de falha entre o cimento resinoso e o pino de fibra de vidro. O melhor desempenho foi observado quanto o EDC foi usado com o cimento AHP.


Subject(s)
Post and Core Technique , Dental Bonding , Carbodiimides , Cementation , Resin Cements
10.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(4): 409-416, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132311

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study was conducted to evaluate whether antibacterial pretreatment irrigation with silver nanoparticles (SNPs) and silver diamine fluoride (SDF) has any effect on bond strength of fiber posts cemented with three types of resin cements in root canal space. Fifty-four endodontically treated maxillary central incisor roots were prepared for fiber post (FRC Postec Plus NO.3, Ivoclar Vivadent) cementation and divided into nine groups in terms of three cement types and two pretreatments with silver antibacterial agents. The cements were as follows: an etch-and-rinse cement (ER, Excite DSC/Variolink N), a self-etch cement (SE, ED Primer/Panavia F2.0), and a self-adhesive cement (SA, Panavia SA Luting Plus). For each cement, the control group was with no treatment and two experimental groups were with SNPs and SDF treatments that were used after acid-etching for ER cement and after EDTA treatment for SE and SA cements. After fiber post cementation, each bonded root was horizontally sectioned into 1-mm thickness microslices to create two slices for each root region (apical, middle and coronal) and underwent push-out bond strength (PBS) test. Data in MPa were analyzed with two-way ANOVA and Tukey test (p=0.05). The interaction of the pretreatment type and cement type was significant (p<0.001). SNPs and SDF significantly increased PBS with ER cement (p≤0.04). This positive effect was also marginally significant for SDF with SE cement (p=0.049). For SA cement, SNPs showed a significant positive effect, but SDF had a significant adverse effect on PBS (p<0.001). The effect of pretreatment with silver antibacterial agents prior to adhesive cementation of fiber posts depends on the resin cement used. Contrary to SNPs with beneficial or no significant effect on bonding for all cements, SDF exhibited a deleterious effect with self-adhesive cement.


Resumo Este estudo foi conduzido para avaliar se a irrigação de pré-tratamento antibacteriano com nanopartículas de prata (SNPs) e fluoreto de diamina de prata (SDF) tem algum efeito na resistência de união de pinos de fibra cimentados com três tipos de cimentos resinosos no espaço do canal radicular. Cinquenta e quatro raízes de incisivos centrais superiores tratadas endodonticamente foram preparadas para cimentação de pino de fibra (FRC Postec Plus NO.3, Ivoclar Vivadent) e divididas em nove grupos em termos de três tipos de cimento e dois pré-tratamentos com agentes antibacterianos de prata. Os cimentos foram os seguintes: um cimento etch-and-rinse (ER, Excite DSC / Variolink N), um cimento autocondicionante (SE, ED Primer / Panavia F2.0) e um cimento autoadesivo (SA, Panavia SA Luting Plus). Para cada cimento, o grupo controle foi sem tratamento e dois grupos experimentais foram com SNPs e SDF tratamentos que foram usados após o condicionamento ácido para o cimento ER e após o tratamento com EDTA para os cimentos SE e SA. Após a cimentação do pilar de fibra, cada raiz ligada foi seccionada horizontalmente em microclimas de 1 mm de espessura para criar duas fatias para cada região da raiz (apical, média e coronal) e submetida ao teste de resistência de união por push-out (PBS). Os dados em MPa foram analisados ​​com ANOVA de dois fatores e teste de Tukey (p = 0,05). A interação do tipo de pré-tratamento e tipo de cimento foi significativa (p<0,001). SNPs e SDF aumentaram significativamente o PBS com cimento ER (p≤0,04). Este efeito positivo também foi marginalmente significativo para SDF com cimento SE (p = 0,049). Para o cimento SA, os SNPs mostraram um efeito positivo significativo, mas o SDF teve um efeito adverso significativo no PBS (p <0,001). O efeito do pré-tratamento com agentes antibacterianos de prata antes da cimentação adesiva dos pinos de fibra depende do cimento resinoso utilizado. Ao contrário dos SNPs com efeito benéfico ou nenhum efeito significativo na adesão para todos os cimentos, o SDF exibiu um efeito deletério com o cimento autoadesivo.


Subject(s)
Post and Core Technique , Dental Bonding , Metal Nanoparticles , Silver , Dentin , Anti-Bacterial Agents
11.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(1): 109-116, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056509

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Paredes sin instrumentar y con material obturador endodóntico residual pueden elevar la posibilidad de la falla adhesiva de postes de fibroresina. Las fresas de desobturación y conformación del espacio protésico poseen una sección circular, lo que dificulta una adecuada preparación y limpieza de las paredes de los conductos ovales. El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar la capacidad de limpieza ultrasónica del espacio protésico y cómo ésta influyó en la resistencia a la tracción de postes de fibroresina en conductos ovales. Se utilizaron 30 premolares con conducto ovalado divididos aleatoriamente en 3 grupos de estudio (n=10), siendo: grupo A: preparación rotatoria con complemento ultrasónico, grupo B: preparación rotatoria y grupo C: grupo control. Postes de fibra de vidrio fueron cementados y luego de 7 días se realizaron cortes de un milímetro de grosor del tercio cervical y medio de cada muestra y se evaluó microscópicamente el área de gutapercha remanente y área efectiva de adhesión. Estos fueron sometidos a una prueba de push out evaluando la resistencia adhesiva de los postes. Finalmente fueron observados microscópicamente para analizar tipo de falla. Los resultados se analizaron mediante el test de ANOVA, Bonferroni, Kruskal-Wallis y Mann Whitney (p < 0.05), registrando diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la resistencia a tracción, área de gutapercha remanente y área disponible para la adhesión; además de una relación directa entre gutapercha remanente y menor resistencia a la tracción. Conclusiones: La preparación ultrasónica del espacio protésico aumenta la resistencia a la tracción de postes de fibroresinas cementados en conductos ovalados.


ABSTRACT: Untouched canal walls with residual filling materials can increase the probability of adhesive failure of fiber posts. The drills used for desobturation and conformation of the prosthetic space, has a circular cross section, which does not allow a proper preparation and cleaning of oval-shaped canal walls. The objective of the study was to evaluate the ultrasonic cleaning of the prosthetic space and how this influences the adhesive strength of fiber posts in oval-shaped canals. Thirty (30) oval-shaped canal premolars were randomly divided into 3 groups (n = 10): Group A: rotary desobturation with ultrasonic complement, group B: rotary desobturation without ultrasonic complement and group C: control group. Fiberglass posts were cemented; after 7 days, one-millimeter slices were performed, one of the cervical and another from the middle third of the root. The slices were analyzed under an optical microscope to evaluate remaining gutta percha and effective adhesion area. Samples were subjected to a push-out test to evaluate bond strength of the fiber resin posts. Finally, samples were evaluated microscopically to analyze the type of failure. The results were analyzed using ANOVA, Bonferroni, KruskalWallis and Mann Whitney test (p < 0.05), recording statistically significant differences in bond strength, remaining gutta-percha area and clean walls for adhesion; In addition, to a direct relationship between remaining gutta percha and lower adhesive strength, the ultrasonic preparation of the prosthetic space increases bond strength of fiber posts in oval canals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteotomy/methods , Ultrasonics , Post and Core Technique , Dental Bonding , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Specimen Handling , In Vitro Techniques , Epidemiology, Experimental , Analysis of Variance , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Root Canal Preparation/methods
12.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e020, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089398

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This in vitro study aimed to assess the effects of different pretreatments used to adapt glass-fiber posts cemented to root canals with different resin cements, regarding porosity percentage and bond strength. Twelve bovine incisor roots were prepared with Largo drills. After post space preparation, the specimens were randomized into two types of pretreatment groups (n = 3): water-wet bonding and ethanol-wet bonding. After the post were cemented, the roots were stored in 100% humidity at room temperature for 7 days. The samples were scanned by microcomputed tomography (micro-CT). Images were reconstructed by NRecon software, and CTAn software was used to analyze the porosity percentage (%) at the luting interface. Evaluation of the push-out bond strength was performed by serially cutting the roots, and submitting the slices to testing. Additionally, the resin cement post-gel shrinkage values (%) were measured using the strain-gauge method (n = 10). Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA, Tukey's test and Student's t test (a = 0.05). The roots prepared with ethanol-wet bonding using RelyX™ U200 had significantly lower porosity in the coronal and apical thirds (p < 0.05). The group prepared with ethanol-wet bonding using RelyX™ ARC presented better bond strength results in the coronal and apical thirds (p < 0.05). RelyX™ ARC (0.97%) produced a higher post-gel shrinkage value than RelyX™ U200 (0.77%). Canals pretreated with ethanol-wet bonding presented better outcomes in regard to porosity percentage and push-out bond strength.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Tooth Root/drug effects , Post and Core Technique , Dentin-Bonding Agents/pharmacology , Resin Cements/chemistry , Ethanol/pharmacology , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Materials Testing , Cattle , Porosity , Dental Bonding , Dental Materials/chemistry , Dental Pulp Cavity , X-Ray Microtomography , Glass
13.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2020. 142 p. il., graf., tab..
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1223554

ABSTRACT

Este estudo envolve um estudo in sílico, um ensaio clínico randomizado e duas revisões sistemáticas com o objetivo de compreender a influência dos pinos de fibra (PF) na resistência à fratura de dentes tratados endodonticamente e restaurados e também, avaliar o efeito de tratamentos químicos dentinários na resistência de união da cimentação do PF na dentina intrarradicular. Estudo in silico: seis modelos tridimensionais de incisivos centrais superiores foram projetados em um software de desenho e se diferenciaram de acordo com a presença ou ausência de PF de vidro e espessura das facetas diretas de resina composta (0,5, 0,7 e 1 mm). Foram transferidos para o software ANSYS 17.2, no qual movimentos funcionais foram simulados com carga de 100 N a 45º nas faces linguais. Os modelos com PF apresentaram melhor distribuição de tensões e menores valores de tensão máxima na região da dentina e faceta. Ensaio clínico randomizado: selecionou-se 50 pacientes com necessidade de faceta em um incisivo central ou lateral superior tratado endodonticamente. Foram divididos em dois grupos (n=25) de acordo com o uso ou não de PF de vidro. Após 6 e 12 meses do tratamento, avaliações clínicas e radiográficas em relação à presença e tipo de fratura, apontaram taxas de sucesso de 96% para o grupo sem PF e 100% para o grupo com PF, sem diferenças estatisticamente significativas. Revisão sistemática e metanálise: as bases de dados PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, BBO, Cochrane Library e Embase foram acessadas com a estratégia de busca definida de acordo com a pergunta: ' O uso de PF influencia na resistência à fratura de dentes anteriores tratados endodonticamente e restaurados, quando comparados com o não uso de PF? ' Foram incluídos 32 estudos in vitro. Após a metanálise, pode-se concluir que o uso de PF favoreceu a resistência à fratura dos dentes, principalmente para dentes com preparo para faceta e cavidades cervicais e os PF de vidro mostraram resultados mais satisfatórios. Revisão sistemática e metanálise em rede: as bases PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, BBO e Cochrane Library foram acessadas com a estratégia de busca definida de acordo com a pergunta: ' Tratamentos químicos da dentina intrarradicular afetam a força de união de PF em dentes tratados endodonticamente? ' Foram incluídos 61 estudos in vitro. Foi realizada a avaliação do risco de viés para estudos in vitro. Após a metanálise em rede e análise de SUCRA para cada estratégia de cimentação (adesivo autocondicionante, adesivo de condicionamento total e cimento autoadesivo), concluiu-se que os tratamentos químicos da dentina intrarradicular que melhoram a força de união da cimentação de PF são o acetato de etila para adesivos autocondicionantes, NaOCl em baixa concentração para adesivos de condicionamento total e extrato de semente de uva para cimentos autoadesivos(AU)


This study involves an in silico study, a randomized clinical trial, and two systematic reviews to understand the influence of fiber posts (FP) on fracture strength of endodontically treated and restored teeth and also to evaluate the effect of dentin chemical treatments on bond strength of FP cementation in intraradicular dentin. In silico study: six three-dimensional models of maxillary central incisors were designed in a CAD software and differed according to the presence or absence of glass FP and thickness of composite resin direct veneer (0.5, 0.7 and 1 mm). They were transferred to the ANSYS 17.2 software, in which functional movements were simulated with a load of 100N at 45º on the lingual surfaces. The models with glass FP showed better stress distribution and lower maximum stress values in the dentin and veneer region. Randomized clinical trial: 50 patients who needed veneer treatment of an endodontically treated central or lateral maxillary incisor were selected. They were divided into two groups (n=25) according to the use or not of glass FP. Direct composite resin veneers were performed for two groups. In the FP group, they were cemented with self-adhesive resin cement. Descriptive data of the population and restored teeth were collected. After 6 and 12 months of treatment, clinical and radiographic evaluations regarding the presence and type of fracture indicated success rates of 96% for the group without FP and 100% for the group with FP, with no statistically significant differences. Systematic review and meta-analysis: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, BBO, Cochrane Library and Embase databases were accessed with the search strategy defined according to the question: "Does the use of FP influence on fracture strength of endodontically treated and restored anterior teeth when compared to non-use of fiber posts?" Thirty-two in vitro studies were included. Bias risk assessment was based on existing systematic reviews of in vitro studies. After the meta-analysis, it can be concluded that the use of FP favored the fracture resistance of teeth, especially for teeth with veneer preparation and cervical cavities and the glass FP showed more satisfactory results. Systematic review and network meta-analysis: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, BBO and Cochrane Library databases were accessed with the search strategy defined according to the question: 'Do intraradicular dentin chemical pretreatments affect the bond strength of fiber posts for endodontically treated teeth?' Sixty-one in vitro studies were included. Bias risk assessment for in vitro studies was performed. After network meta-analysis and SUCRA analysis for each cementation strategy (self-etching adhesive, total etching adhesive and self-adhesive cement), it was concluded that the intraradicular dentin chemical treatments that improve the bond strength of FP cementation are ethyl acetate for self-etching adhesive, low concentration NaOCl for total etching adhesives and grape seed extract for selfadhesive cements(AU)


Subject(s)
Dental Veneers/trends , Post and Core Technique , Randomized Controlled Trial , Flexural Strength/drug effects , Systematic Review
14.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 461-465, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827012

ABSTRACT

Fiber-reinforced resin composite posts (fiber posts) are used extensively for the restoration of root-treated teeth with excessive loss of coronal structure. However, the longevity of a fiber post restoration still needs to be improved because of the various confounding factors that affect bonding procedures. Operational specification for clinical use of dental intraradicular fiber post was established based on the in-depth discussions by a panel of experts from Society of Prosthodontics, Chinese Stomatological Association. This specification should be helpful in standardizing the clinical technique of fiber post placement and improving the clinical longevity of a fiber post restoration.


Subject(s)
Cementation , Composite Resins , Dental Bonding , Dental Stress Analysis , Glass , Materials Testing , Post and Core Technique , Resin Cements , Tooth Root
15.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(5): 491-497, Sept.-Oct. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039144

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of magnification during post space preparation on root cleanness and on fiber post bond strength. Methods: Thirty human central upper incisors with similar root canal in size and shape were selected, decoronated to 15 mm and endodontically filled. The teeth were assigned into 3 groups (n=10), according to the method of magnification during post space preparation inspection: Control, using naked eye; loupe, using a dental surgical 3x magnifying glass; surgical microscope, using a 6x surgical microscope. The roots were scanned by using micro-CT before and after post space preparation for residue remnants evaluation. Fiber posts were cemented using self-adhesive resin cement (Rely X U200, 3M-ESPE). Two 1-mm-thick slices from the cervical, medium and apical thirds were submitted to a push-out test (PBS). Failures modes were classified. PBS data were analyzed by using two-way ANOVA with repeated measurement and the Tukey test. The significance level was set at 5%. The method of visualization had no effect on PBS (p=0.556). The cervical region had higher values than apical region irrespective of the inspection method (p=0.012). Adhesive failure between the resin cement and dentin was the prevalent failure mode for all groups. Micro-CT analysis showed no difference on root cleanness into the root canal after post space preparation. The use of magnification devices as loupe and microscope while performing post space do not improve the PBS and did not affect sealer remain of decoronated anterior teeth.


Resumo Avaliar o efeito do método de visualização durante o preparo do espaço do pino sobre o remanescente de material obturador endodôntico e sobre a resistência adesiva do pino de fibra de vidro. Trinta incisivos centrais superiores humanos com canal radicular circular foram selecionados, foram desobstruídos a 15 mm e obturados. Os dentes foram divididos em 3 grupos (n=10), de acordo com o método de ampliação utilizado para inspeção do preparo: Controle, usando olho nu; lupa, usando uma lupa cirúrgica 3x cirúrgica; microscópio cirúrgico, usando um microscópio cirúrgico 6x. As raízes foram digitalizadas usando micro-CT antes e após a preparação do espaço para avaliação de resíduos remanescentes. Os pinos de fibra foram cimentados com cimento resinoso autoadesivo (RelyX U200, 3M-ESPE). Duas fatias de 1 mm de espessura dos terços cervical, médio e apical foram submetidas ao teste push-out (PBS). Os padrões de falhas foram classificados. Os dados de PBS foram analisados ​​usando análise de variância em dois fatores com medição repetida e o teste de Tukey. O nível de significância foi estabelecido em 5%. Resultados: O método de visualização não teve efeito no PBS (p=0,556). A região cervical apresentou valores maiores que a região apical, independentemente do método de inspeção (p=0,012). A falha adesiva entre o cimento resinoso e a dentina foi o modo de falha prevalente para todos os grupos. A análise de micro-CT não mostrou diferença na limpeza da raiz no canal radicular após a preparação do espaço do pino. Conclusão: O uso de dispositivos de ampliação como lupas e microscópios durante a realização de preparo não melhora o PBS e não afetou a permanência do material obturador remanescente de dentes anteriores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Post and Core Technique , Dental Bonding , Materials Testing , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Resin Cements , Dental Pulp Cavity , Dentin
16.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(4): 350-355, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011562

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different glass fiber posts (GFPs) diameters on the push-out bond strength to dentin. Forty unirradicular human teeth were endodontically treated and used for cementation of GFPs (White Post DC, FGM) with different diameters (n=10): P1 - ø 1.6 mm coronal x 0.85 mm apical; P2 - ø 1.8 mm coronal x 1.05 mm apical; P5 - ø 1.4 mm coronal x 0.65 mm apical; and PC - customized post number 0.5 with composite resin (Tetric Ceram A2, Ivoclair Vivadent). All GFPs were cemented into the root canal using a dual-curing luting composite (Variolink II, Ivoclar Vivadent). One slice (1.7 mm) of each root third of cemented GFP (cervical, middle, and apical) was submitted to push-out testing. Failure modes of all specimens were classified as: adhesive failure between resin cement and post; adhesive failure between dentin and resin cement; cohesive failure within resin cement, post or dentin; and mixed failure. The data were analyzed with two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (a=0.05). The highest bond strength values were presented for the P2 and PC groups. There was no statistically significant difference between the GFP thirds in each group. The groups P2, P5, and PC showed predominantly adhesive failure. For P1, the most prevalent type of failure was adhesive between resin cement and post. It may be concluded that a glass fiber post that is well adapted to the root canal presents higher bond strength values, regardless of GFP third.


Resumo O objetivo neste estudo foi avaliar o impacto de diferentes diâmetros de pinos de fibra de vidro (PFVs) na resistência de união à dentina. Quarenta dentes humanos unirradiculares foram tratados endodonticamente e utilizados para cimentação de PFVs (White Post DC, FGM) com diferentes diâmetros (n=10): P1 - ø 1,6 mm coronal x 0,85 mm apical; P2 - ø 1,8 mm coronal x 1,05 mm apical; P5 - ø 1,4 mm coronal x 0,65 mm apical; e PC - pino número 0,5 individualizado com resina composta (Tetric Ceram A2, Ivoclair Vivadent). Todos os PFVs foram cimentados no canal radicular usando cimento resinoso dual (Variolink II, Ivoclar Vivadent). As raízes foram seccionadas em três secções (cervical, média e apical) e submetidas ao teste push-out. Os modos de falha de todos os espécimes foram classificados em falha adesiva entre o cimento resinoso e pino, falha adesiva entre dentina e cimento resinoso, falha coesiva no cimento resinoso, pino ou dentina e falha mista. Os dados foram analisados ​​com ANOVA two-way e teste de Tukey (a=0,05). Os maiores valores de resistência da união foram apresentados para os grupos P2 e PC. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os terços dos PFVs cimentados na raiz para cada grupo. Os grupos P2, P5 e PC apresentaram predominantemente falha adesiva entre a dentina e o cimento resinoso. Para o grupo P1, o tipo de falha mais prevalente foi a adesiva entre cimento resinoso e pino. Pode-se concluir que o pino de fibra de vidro bem adaptado ao canal radicular apresentou os maiores valores de resistência da união, independentemente do terço dos PFVs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Post and Core Technique , Dental Bonding , Materials Testing , Resin Cements , Dental Pulp Cavity , Dentin , Glass
17.
Rev. ADM ; 76(3): 146-155, mayo-jun. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1021703

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El uso de postes de fibra de vidrio es el método actual más utilizado para la reconstrucción postendodóncica. Sin embargo, su adhesión sigue siendo impredecible debido al control limitado de su técnica de cementación. Las resinas bulk-fill revelan valores de fuerza flexural similares a la dentina y su empleo en la reconstrucción postendodóncica podría ser una alternativa viable y conservadora. Objetivo: Comparar tres técnicas de reconstrucción postendodóncica al medir su resistencia a fuerzas de desalojo, clasificar el tipo de fractura y falla adhesiva, evaluar su costo y tiempo de trabajo. Material y métodos: Se realizan 18 muestras divididas en tres grupos: grupo 1: poste más cemento de un paso, grupo 2: poste más cemento de tres pasos y grupo 3: reconstrucción postendodóncica con resina bulk-fill. Resultados: En la evaluación de la fuerza al desalojo no se encontró diferencia estadísticamente significativa en los tres grupos. Respecto al comportamiento y falla adhesiva, se encontró una diferencia significativa p < 0.001, favoreciendo a los grupos 2 y 3, por su adhesión en la porción radicular. El tipo de fractura fue restaurable para los tres grupos. Respecto al tiempo y costo, fueron significativamente menores para el grupo 3. Conclusión: En nuestro estudio no existió diferencia significativa en la fuerza al desalojo en los tres grupos; sin embargo, la hubo en el comportamiento, falla adhesiva, costo y tiempo, favoreciendo mayormente al grupo 3. La técnica de reconstrucción con resina puede ser una técnica predecible, suficientemente resistente, conservadora, rápida y de menor costo


Introduction: The use of fiberglass posts is the current method most used for post-endodontic reconstruction. However, its adhesion remains unpredictable due to the limited control of its cementing technique. Bulkfill resins reveal values of flexural strength similar to dentin and their use in post-endodontic reconstruction could be a viable and conservative alternative. Objective: Compare three post-endodontic reconstruction techniques by measuring their resistance to eviction forces, classifying the type of fracture and adhesive failure, evaluating their cost and time of work. Material and methods: 18 samples are divided into 3 groups: group 1: post plus cement of 1 step, group 2: post plus cement of 3 steps and group 3: post-endodontic reconstruction with bulk-fill resin. Results: In the evaluation of the force to the eviction, no statistically significant difference was found in the 3 groups. Regarding the behavior and adhesive failure, a significant difference was found p < 0.001, favoring groups 2 and 3, due to its adhesion in the root portion. The type of fracture was restorable for the 3 groups. Regarding time and cost, they were significantly lower for group 3. Conclusion: In our study there was no significant difference in the force to the eviction in the three groups, however there was in the behavior, adhesive failure, cost and time, favoring mainly the group 3. The technique of reconstruction with resin can be a predictable technique, Sufficiently resistant, conservative, fast and of lower cost (AU)


Subject(s)
Post and Core Technique , Composite Resins , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Dental Bonding , Glass , Mexico
18.
Dent. press endod ; 9(1): 26-30, jan.-mar. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1000064

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: o objetivo do presente estudo foi comparar a resistência à fratura de quatro tipos de pinos intrarradiculares pré-fabricados: fibra de vidro, fibra de vidro customizado com resina composta, fibra de carbono e fibra de carbono customizado com resina, em dentes bovinos. Métodos: foram utilizados 60 dentes bovinos unirradiculares, que receberam tratamento endodôntico e foram divididos nos seguintes grupos: FV = pino de fibra de vidro; FVP = pino de fibra de vidro customizado; FC = pino de fibra de carbono; FCP = pino de fibra de carbono customizado; e Controle = restauração coronária com resina composta. Os dentes foram inseridos em blocos de resina acrílica, a 2 mm da junção amelocementária, simulando a interface dente-osso. Os espécimes foram submetidos ao teste de resistência à fratura em máquina de ensaio universal, sob uma carga de 0,5mm/min, até a fratura do corpo de prova. Os valores obtidos foram submetidos ao teste ANOVA, com pós-teste de Tukey. Foi realizada, também, uma análise dos padrões de fratura, por meio do teste Kruskal- -Wallis. Resultados: o grupo FCP mostrou os maiores valores de resistência à fratura, seguido pelos grupos FV, FVP e FC. O grupo controle mostrou menor resistência do que os demais, que receberam pinos intrarradiculares. Os pinos de FVP apresentaram o maior número de fraturas reparáveis, em contraste ao controle, no qual houve o maior número de fraturas desfavoráveis. Conclusão: o uso de pinos customizados reduziu a incidência de fraturas catastróficas. A ausência de pino intrarradicular ocasionou a maior incidência de fraturas irreparáveis. (AU)


Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the fracture resistance of four types of prefabricated intraradicular posts - glass fiber, glass fiber customized by composite resin, carbon fiber, and customized carbon fiber - on bovine teeth. Methods: Sixty bovine teeth were submitted to endodontic treatment and divided into the following groups: GF - glass fiber post; CGF - customized glass fiber post; CF - carbon fiber post; CCF - customized carbon fiber post; control - composite resin restoration. The teeth were embedded in acrylic resin blocks at 2 mm from the cement-enamel junction, simulating the teeth-bone interface. The specimens were submitted to a fracture resistance test in a universal test machine under a 0.5 mm/min load until the fracture of the specimen. The values obtained were submitted to ANOVA and Tukey tests. The analysis of the fracture patterns was performed by the Kruskal-Wallis test. Results: The CCF group presented the highest values of fracture resistance, followed by GF, CGF, and CF posts. The control group offered less resistance than the other groups that received intraradicular posts. The CGF presented the highest number of favorable fractures, in contrast to the control group, which presented the highest number of unfavorable fractures. Conclusion: The use of customized posts reduced the incidence of catastrophic fractures. The lack of intracanal posts led to a higher incidence of irreparable fractures (AU).


Subject(s)
Tooth Fractures , Dental Pins , Endodontics , Post and Core Technique , Dental Restoration, Permanent
19.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(2): 108-115, abr. 30, 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145301

ABSTRACT

Statement of problem : fracture of endodontically treated teeth is reduced by the use of a post with ferrule, but the effect of different ferrule configurations and dowel materials is not clear. Purpose: to evaluate the effect of ferrules with different configurations and heights on the stress of endodontically treated teeth restored with three different post and dowel materials. Materials and Methods: fifteen models of maxillary central incisors restored with porcelain fused to metal crowns were obtained using pro engineer software. the models were divided into three groups, each consisting of five models with ferrule heights of 0mm, 2mm, 4mm, 2mm with oblique fracture, 4mm with oblique fracture, the models under group GFR were restored with fiberglass reinforced post (GFR) and composite core build-up, group NiCr with a custom cast post metal alloy (NiCr), and group Zr with zirconia post (Zr) and composite core build-up. an oblique load of 100N and 150N at an angle of 135 degrees was applied to the palatal surface of the tooth, a vertical load of 100N and 150N at an angle of 90 degrees was applied to the incisal tip of the tooth. The maximum principal stress and the von mises stress was calculated for the remaining tooth structure and post apex using the finite element analysis (FEA) software. Results: the maximum von misses stress was observed in the apex of the post (p<0.05). Group Zr showed the highest mean stress (6.39Mpa) followed by group NiCr (5.65Mpa). There was a significant difference between post and between NiCr and Zr post for 2mm and 4mm ferrule height, while for 0mm ferrule there was a significant difference between the GFR and NiCr groups (p<0.05). Under oblique load, the maximum mean stress was observed in remaining tooth structures while for vertical load, it was observed at the apex of the post. Regarding ferrule heights, there were significant differences between 0mm-2mm, and 0mm-4mm uniform ferrule in post apex in the case of NiCr posts (p<0.05). Absence of ferrule resulted in higher stress for the NiCr group. Conclusion: higher loads that led to fracture were observed only at the apex of the post. Zirconia posts (group Zr) had higher fracture loads, whereas absence of ferrule resulted in higher fracture load with custom cast posts (group NiCr). Fracture thresholds were high on the remaining tooth structure for all the dowel systems especially for composite core build up irrespective of ferrule height and configuration. Clinical implications: appropriate selection of post and dowel materials in different configurations of ferrule heights ensures clinical success.


Indicación del problema: la fractura de los dientes tratados endodónticamente se reduce mediante el uso de un poste con férula, pero el efecto de diferentes configuraciones de férula y materiales de clavija no está claro. Propósito: evaluar el efecto de los casquillos con diferentes configuraciones y alturas sobre el estrés de los dientes tratados endodónticamente restaurados con tres materiales diferentes de postes y tacos. materiales y métodos: quince modelos de incisivos centrales superiores restaurados con porcelana fundida a coronas de metal se obtuvieron con el software Pro Engineer. Los modelos se dividieron en tres grupos, cada uno de los cuales consta de cinco modelos con alturas de casquillo de 0mm, 2mm, 4mm, 2mm con fractura oblicua, 4mm con fractura oblicua. los modelos del grupo GFR fueron restaurados con poste reforzado con fibra de vidrio (GFR) y acumulación de núcleo compuesto, grupo nicr con una aleación de metal de poste fundido personalizado (NiCr) y grupo Zr con poste de zirconia (Zr) y acumulación de núcleo compuesto. se aplicó una carga oblicua de 100N y 150N en un ángulo de 135º a la superficie palatina del diente. se aplicó una carga vertical de 100N y 150N en un ángulo de 90º a la punta incisal del diente. la tensión principal máxima y la tensión de von mises se calcularon para la estructura dental restante y después del vértice utilizando el software de análisis de elementos finitos (FEA). Resultados: el estrés máximo de von falta se observó en el vértice de la publicación (p<0.05). El grupo Zr mostró el mayor estrés medio (6.39Mpa) seguido del grupo NiCr (5.65Mpa). Hubo una diferencia significativa entre la publicación NiCr y Zr para la altura de la férula de 2mm y 4mm, mientras que para la férula de 0mm hubo una diferencia significativa entre los grupos GFR y NiCr (p<0,05), bajo la carga oblicua, la tensión media máxima en las estructuras dentales restantes, mientras que para la carga vertical, se observó en el vértice del poste. En cuanto a las alturas de la férula, hubo diferencias significativas entre la férula uniforme de 0mm-2mm y de 0mm-4mm en el post-apex en el caso de los postes de NiCr (p<0.05), la ausencia de férula dio como resultado un mayor estrés para el grupo NiCr. Conclusión: las cargas más altas que llevaron a la fractura se observaron solo en el vértice del poste; Los postes de zirconia (grupo Zr) tuvieron mayores cargas de fractura, mientras que la ausencia de férula dio como resultado una mayor carga de fractura con postes moldeados personalizados (NiCr de grupo). Los umbrales de fractura fueron altos en la estructura dental restante para todos los sistemas de clavijas, especialmente para la acumulación de núcleos compuestos independientemente de la altura y configuración de la férula. Implicaciones clínicas: la selección adecuada de materiales de postes y tacos en diferentes configuraciones de alturas de férulas asegura el éxito clínico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Post and Core Technique/instrumentation , Dental Stress Analysis/methods , Incisor/physiology , Models, Biological , Stress, Mechanical , Tooth Fractures , Computer Simulation , Dental Prosthesis Design , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Materials/chemistry , Maxilla/physiology
20.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(2): 106-116, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001439

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the push-out bond strength and interface permeability of glass-fiber posts in different regions of post space (cervical, middle, and apical) submitted to different irrigation solutions. Ninety single-rooted human teeth were submitted to endodontic treatment and divided into five groups, according to irrigation solutions: distilled water, 5.25% NaOCl, 25% polyacrylic acid, 2% chlorhexidine, and 23 ppm Ag NP dispersion. Each group was divided in 3 subgroups (n=6) according to cementation: SBU: Adper Scotchbond Universal + RelyX ARC; U200: RelyX U200; MCE: MaxCem Elite. Bond strength and sealing ability were measured in different areas of post space. The data was subjected to ANOVA and Fisher's test (a=0,05). The silver nanoparticle solution showed highest bond strength values and lowest interface permeability in all thirds analyzed for SBU group. In the U200 group, the highest bond strength values were found for sodium hypochlorite solution, with significant difference between this solution and polyacrylic acid. A decrease in bond strength values in cervical to apical direction was found for MCE group and the same behavior were found for others groups. Regarding interface permeability, use of silver nanoparticle solution resulted in lower values in cervical and apical thirds. There was a decrease in bond strength in cervical to apical direction. Different irrigation solutions and intraradicular depth influenced the bond strength and interface permeability of adhesive material to dentin substrate. Silver nanoparticle solution can effectively be used as an irrigation agent in post space prior to fiber post cementation process.


Resumo O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a resistência de união e permeabilidade da interface de pinos de fibra de vidro nos diferentes terços da dentina intrarradicular (cervical, médio e apical) submetidos a diferentes agentes irrigantes. Noventa dentes unirradiculares humanos foram submetidos ao tratamento endodôntico e foram divididos em cinco grupos de acordo com os agentes irrigantes: água destilada, hipoclorito de sódio 5,25%, ácido poliacrílico 25%, clorexidina 2% e dispersão de nanopartícula de prata à 23 ppm. Os grupos foram divididos em 3 subgrupos (n=6) de acordo com a técnica adotada para cimentação adesiva dos pinos de fibra de vidro: Grupo SBU: sistema adesivo ScotchbondTM Universal + cimento resinoso RelyX ARC; Grupo U200: cimento resinoso autoadesivo RelyX U200; Grupo MCE: cimento resinoso autoadesivo Maxcem Elite. A resistência de união e a permeabilidade da interface foram mensurados em diferentes áreas da dentina intrarradicular. Os dados foram submetidos a ANOVA e teste de Fisher (a=0,05). Amostras representativas foram levadas à microscopia eletrônica de varredura. A solução de nanopartícula de prata apresentou os maiores valores de resistência de união em todos os terços analisados para o grupo SBU. No grupo U200, os maiores valores foram encontrados para a solução de hipoclorito de sódio, com diferença para o ácido poliacrílico. Observou-se uma diminuição nos valores de resistência de união na direção cérvico-apical para o grupo MCE e o mesmo comportamento foram encontrados para os demais grupos. Com relação a permeabilidade da interface, o uso da solução de nanopartícula de prata resultou em menores valores nos terços cervical e apical. Houve diminuição dos valores de resistência de união no sentido cérvico-apical. As diferentes soluções irrigantes, bem como a profundidade intrarradicular influenciaram a resistência de união e permeabilidade da interface dos materiais adesivos ao substrato dentinário. A nanopartícula de prata pode ser utilizada como agente irrigador do conduto radicular previamente à cimentação de pinos de fibra de vidro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Post and Core Technique , Dental Bonding , Metal Nanoparticles , Silver , Materials Testing , Resin Cements , Dentin , Glass
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