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1.
Ann. Health Res. (Onabanjo Univ. Teach. Hosp.) ; 8(1): 40-48, 2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1362986

ABSTRACT

Background: The cessation of ovarian functions at menopause and the accompanying decline in the production of ovarian steroid hormones creates a unique set of health concerns for women. Reductions in sex steroid levels, particularly oestrogen, have been associated with various diseases and conditions, including bleeding disorders, coronary heart disease (CHD), osteoporosis, cognitive dysfunction, urinary incontinence, hot flushes, and mood changes, among others. Objective: To determine changes in haemorheological and clotting profile in post-menopausal women. Methods: Two hundred participants comprising one hundred and fifty post-menopausal women and fifty healthy pre-menopausal control subjects were studied. The investigations carried out include whole blood viscosity, plasma viscosity, fibrinogen concentration, Prothrombin time (PT), Activated partial thromboplastin time with kaolin (APTTK) levels and complete blood count using standard methods. Results: The mean age (p=0.01), platelet count (p= 0.013), neutrophil (p= 0.03), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (p= 0.045) and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (p=0.044) in postmenopausal women were significantly higher while lymphocyte count (p= 0.004) was significantly lower in postmenopausal compared to premenopausal women. Similarly, plasma oestradiol (p= 0.001), plasma viscosity (p= 0.03), relative blood viscosity (p= 0.03), whole blood viscosity (p= 0.03) and PTTK(p= 0.04) were significantly lower among postmenopausal women compared to premenopausal control subjects. Conclusion: Relative plasma viscosity correlated positively with age. There were significantly lower levels of haemorheological and clotting profile in post-menopausal women. These changes may be due to age or a decline in circulating oestrogen levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Blood Coagulation , Blood Viscosity , Menopause , Postmenopause
2.
Espaç. saúde (Online) ; 22: 1-11, 14/12/2021. tab.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353713

ABSTRACT

Este estudo avaliou a autoestima, autoimagem, qualidade de vida e de saúde de mulheres no período de pós-menopausa. Trata-se de uma pesquisa quantitativa, transversal e descritiva, com amostra de conveniência de cinquenta mulheres. Como instrumentos, foram utilizados um questionário socioeconômico, a escala de qualidade de vida (WHOQOL-Bref), questionário de saúde mental da mulher (QSM), questionário de autoestima e autoimagem e escala de avaliação da menopausa (MRS). Observou-se que as mulheres estavam insatisfeitas com sua autoimagem e autoestima, na avaliação da menopausa foram encontrados sintomas moderados, no questionário de saúde mental o escore foi considerado médio e nos domínios de qualidade de vida teve maior satisfação no físico e menor no meio ambiente. Concluiu-se que as avaliadas apresentaram sintomas considerados moderados da menopausa e não estavam muito satisfeitas com sua autoestima e autoimagem e com o domínio meio ambiente de qualidade de vida.


This study evaluated the self-esteem, self-image, quality of life and health of postmenopausal women. This is a quantitative, cross-sectional, and descriptive study, with a convenience sample of fifty women. The instruments used were a socioeconomic questionnaire, the quality of life scale (WHOQOL-Bref), a women's mental health questionnaire (WMHQ), a self-esteem and self-image questionnaire, and a menopause assessment scale (MRS). It was observed that women were dissatisfied with their self-image and self-esteem; in the menopause assessment, moderate symptoms were found, in the mental health questionnaire the score was considered medium, and in the quality of life domains they had greater satisfaction in the physical domain and lower in the environment one. It was concluded that the evaluated women presented moderate symptoms of menopause and were not very satisfied with their self-esteem and self-image and with the environment domain of quality of life.


Este estudio evaluó la autoestima, la autoimagen, la calidad de vida y la salud de mujeres posmenopáusicas. Se trata de una investigación cuantitativa, transversal y descriptiva con cincuenta mujeres. Se aplicó un cuestionario socioeconómico, escala de calidad de vida (WHOQOL-Bref), cuestionario de salud mental de la mujer (QSM), cuestionario de autoestima y autoimagen y escala de evaluación de la menopausia (MRS). Se observó que las mujeres estaban descontentas con su autoimagen y autoestima, en la evaluación de la menopausia se encontraron síntomas moderados, en el cuestionario de salud mental se consideró puntaje medio y en los dominios de calidad de vida tuvieron mayor satisfacción en la parte física y más bajo en el medio ambiente. Se concluyó que las evaluadas presentaban síntomas moderados de menopausia y no estaban muy satisfechas con su autoestima e imagen de sí mismas y con el dominio ambiental de la calidad de vida.


Subject(s)
Female , Quality of Life , Self Concept , Women , Postmenopause
4.
Revagog ; 3(3): 76-77, Jul-Sept. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1343785

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: A nivel mundial, la tasa de letalidad es mayor en hombres que en mujeres. Algunos estudios lo han sugerido. Se plantea la hipótesis de que la hormona estrogénica, puede disminuir la susceptibilidad al síndrome respiratorio agudo severo coronavirus 2. Objetivo: El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar las diferencias de género en los resultados del SARS CoV-2 y analizar si existen diferencias en los resultados en mujeres premenopáusicas en comparación con posmenopáusicas. Materiales y métodos: Se incluyeron en el estudio 720 pacientes que dieron positivo (+) para SARS CoV-2 a través de la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR) con transcripción inversa en tiempo real, mediante el ensayo Thermo Fischer Taqpath, aprobado por el Consejo Indio de Investigación Médica. Los datos obtenidos fueron analizados por las características epidemiológicas, clínicas y de laboratorio de sus historias clínicas. Resultados: La tasa de mortalidad en las mujeres fue del 12,6%, mientras que la mortalidad en los hombres fue del 19,4%. En el análisis entre grupos, el 8,6% (16/185) de las mujeres murieron en el grupo de edad premenopáusica frente al 12,8% (27/211) en el grupo posmenopáusico. La proporción de mujeres que fallecieron debido a COVID difiere significativamente según la edad y el estado posmenopáusico X2 (1, n = 293) = 7,2, el valor de p es 0,007. La diferencia es estadísticamente significativa a P<0,05. Las mujeres posmenopáusicas tenían más probabilidades de fallecer debido a la infección por COVID-19 en comparación con las mujeres premenopáusicas


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Postmenopause , Estrogens/therapeutic use , COVID-19/mortality , Sex Characteristics , Perimenopause , COVID-19/complications
6.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(7): 522-529, July 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347244

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To assess the sexual function and associated factors in postmenopausal women. Methods This a descriptive, cross-sectional study with 380 women aged 40 to 65 years, users of public health services in 2019. Questionnaires were applied on demographic characteristics, on climacteric symptoms (menopause rating scale) and on sexual function (sexual quotient, female version). Bivariate andmultiple analyses by logistic regression were performed, with adjusted odds ratios (ORad) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs). Results More than half (243/64%) of the participating women were at risk of sexual dysfunction, with lower scores in the domains of sexual desire and interest, comfort, orgasm, and satisfaction. Women with a partner (ORad 2.07; 95%CI 1.03-4.17) and those who reported sleep problems (ORad 2.72; 95%CI 1.77-4.19), depressed mood (ORad 2.03; 95%CI 1.32-3.10), sexual complaints (ORad 8.16; 95%CI 5.06-13.15), and vaginal dryness (ORad 3.44; 95%CI 2.22-5.32) showed greater chance of sexual dysfunction. Conclusion There was a high prevalence of sexual dysfunction, with the influence of conjugality and climacteric symptoms on sexual function.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a função sexual e fatores associados em mulheres na pósmenopausa. Métodos Este é umestudo descritivo, transversal, com380 mulheres de 40 a 65 anos, usuárias de serviços de saúde públicos em 2019. Foram aplicados questionários sobre características demográficas, sobre sintomas climatéricos (menopause rating scale) e sobre a função sexual (Quociente Sexual, versão feminina). Análises bivariada e múltipla por regressão logística foram realizadas, com cálculo de odds ratio ajustado (ORaj) e intervalos de confiança de 95% (ICs95%). Resultados Mais da metade (243/64%) das mulheres participantes no estudo apresentou risco de disfunção sexual, com escores mais baixos dos domínios desejo e interesse sexual, conforto, orgasmo e satisfação. Mulheres com companheiro (ORaj 2,07; IC95% 1,03-4,17) e aquelas que relataram problemas de sono (ORaj 2,72; IC95% 1,77-4,19), ânimo depressivo (ORaj 2,03; IC95% 1,32-3,10), queixas sexuais (ORaj 8,16; IC95% 5,06-13,15) e ressecamento vaginal (ORaj 3,44; IC95% 2,22-5,32) apresentaram maior chance de disfunção sexual. Conclusão Houve prevalência elevada de disfunção sexual, com influência da conjugalidade e dos sintomas climatéricos sobre a função sexual.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/etiology , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/epidemiology , Postmenopause , Orgasm , Sexual Behavior , Menopause , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
7.
Revagog (Impresa) ; 3(2): ´54-59, Abr-Jun. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1344615

ABSTRACT

Con el objetivo de realizar la caracterización epidemiológica del cáncer de mama de las pacientes que asisten a la consulta externa de ginecología oncológica en el Instituto Guatemalteco de Seguridad Social (IGSS) de enero a marzo de 2,018, se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal en 155 pacientes que acudieron a la clínica de mama del Hospital de Gineco Obstetricia del IGSS, con una media de edad de 62 años, el adenocarcinoma ductal infiltrante es el tipo histológico más frecuente en nuestra población tanto en edad reproductiva como en menopausia. Como factor protector el 69% dio lactancia materna. La etapa clínica más comúnmente diagnosticada es IIA. El Luminal A, el más frecuentemente diagnosticado por inmunohistoquímica, seguido del Luminal B y HER2neu. Se diagnostican pacientes mayormente en etapas clínicas tempranas (I y II).


In order to carry out the epidemiological characterization of breast cancer in patients attending the outpatient gynecology oncology consultation at the Guatemalan Social Security Institute (IGSS) from January to March 2018, a descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in 155 patients who attended the breast clinic of the IGSS Obstetrics Gynecology Hospital, with a mean age of 62 years, infiltrating ductal adenocarcinoma is the most frequent histological type in our population both in reproductive age and in menopause. As a protective factor, 69% breastfed. The most diagnosed clinical stage is IIA. Luminal A, the most frequently diagnosed by immunohistochemistry, followed by Luminal B and HER2neu. Patients are diagnosed mostly in early clinical stages (I and II).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , BRCA1 Protein/analysis , BRCA2 Protein/analysis , Breast Feeding , Breast Neoplasms/prevention & control , Epidemiologic Studies , Risk Factors , Postmenopause/physiology
8.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(5): 357-361, May 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288562

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To study a sample of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients for their gynecological/obstetric history and compare them to controls to determine their influences on number of pregnancies, menarche, menopause and reproductive years following RA onset. Methods This is a cross-sectional study of 122 RA patients and 126 controls. Patients and controls were questioned about age of menarche, age of menopause, number of pregnancies and abortions. Reproductive years were calculated as the difference between age at menopause and age at menarche. For comparison, we used the Mann-Whitney, unpaired t, chi-squared, and Spearman tests. The adopted significance was 5%. Results In the RA patients with disease beginning in the postmenopausal years, the period of reproductive years (age at menopause - age of menarche) showed a positive correlation with age at disease onset (rho=0.46; 95% confidence interval [CI]=0.20- 0.55 with p=0.0008). The number of pregnancies was higher in patients with postmenopausal disease onset when compared with those with premenopausal disease onset (median of 3 with interquartile range [IQR]=2-4 versus median of 2 with IQR=1-3; p=0.009), and RA patients had more pregnancies than controls (p=0.0002). Conclusion The present study shows that, in our population, the duration of reproductive years and the number of pregnancies are linked to the onset of RA.


Resumo Objetivo Estudar uma amostra de pacientes com artrite reumatoide (AR), com investigação da história ginecológica e obstétrica, comparando-a com controles, visando conhecer suas influências no número de gestações, menarcas, menopausa e anos reprodutivos no início da AR. Métodos Trata-se de um estudo transversal de 122 pacientes com AR e 126 controles. Pacientes e controles foram questionados sobre idade da menarca, idade da menopausa, número de gestações e abortos. Os anos reprodutivos foram calculados com a diferença entre a idade da menopausa e a idade da menarca. Para comparação, foram utilizados Mann Whitney, Teste t não pareados, Teste qui-quadrado e teste de Spearman. A significância adotada foi de 5%. Resultados Nas pacientes comAR e início da doença na pós-menopausa, o período de anos reprodutivos (idade da menopausa - idade da menarca) apresentou correlação positiva com a idade de início da doença (rho=0,46; intervalo de confiança de 95% [IC95%]=0,20-0,55 com p=0,0008). O número de gestações foi maior nas pacientes cominício da doença no período pós-menopausa quando comparadas às pacientes em pré-menopausa (mediana de 3 comintervalo interquartil [IIQ]=2-4 versusmediana de 2 com IIQ=1-3; p=0,009). Nas pacientes com AR, foi observado ummaior número de gestações do que no grupo controle (p=0,0002). Conclusão O presente estudo mostra que, em nossa população, a diminuição dos anos reprodutivos e o alto número de gestações estão relacionados ao surgimento da AR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/etiology , Parity , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/immunology , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/epidemiology , Brazil , Menarche , Menopause , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Postmenopause , Age of Onset , Middle Aged
9.
Vive (El Alto) ; 4(10): 35-43, abr. 2021. tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292656

ABSTRACT

La menopausia es un proceso natural en la vida de toda mujer que consiste en el cese definitivo de los ciclos menstruales, aproximadamente entre los 45 y 55 años de edad. OBJETIVO: determinar la calidad de vida en mujeres posmenopáusicas entre la edad de 45 a 60 años de la parroquia Guapan Cantón Azogues. MATERIALES Y MÉTODO: estudio descriptivo y correlacional, se realizó a mujeres en la etapa de posmenopausia con una muestra de 74. Se aplicó el Cuestionario de calidad de vida relacionado a la Salud SF-36 y la Escala MRS de la menopausia. RESULTADOS: se analizaron en el Programa SPSS versión 25, relacionando las frecuencias de las variables mediante una correlación bivariada entre las dimensiones mediante la asociación Rho de Spearman. Los resultados de la encuesta SF-36 calificó cuatro dimensiones: Percepción de la salud; Física; Emocional y Rol social. Mediante la correlación de la Escala Menopause Rating Scale) se calificó tres dimensiones Somático; Psicológico y Urogenital donde se tomó como referencia al valor p<0,05. CONCLUSIONES: se concluye que existe correlación significativa entre la dimensión física con los antecedentes personales, en la dimensión emocional con la educación evidenciado un valor de p= ,003. De la misma manera el rol social se relacionó con la instrucción un valor de p menor a 0,05, el estado físico también mostró una relación significativa dando un valor de p de 000.(AU)


Menopause is a natural process in the life of every woman that consists of the definitive cessation of menstrual cycles, approximately between 45 and 55 years of age. OBJECTIVE: to determine the quality of life in postmenopausal women between the ages of 45 and 60 years of the Guapan Cantón Azogues parish. MATERIALS AND METHOD: descriptive and correlational study was carried out on women in the postmenopausal stage with a sample of 74. The SF-36 Health-related Quality of Life Questionnaire and the MRS Menopause Scale were applied. RESULTS: they were analyzed in the SPSS version 25 Program, relating the frequencies of the variables through a bivariate correlation between the dimensions using the Spearman Rho association. The results of the SF-36 survey rated four dimensions: Perception of health; Physical; Emotional and social role. Through the correlation of the Menopause Rating Scale), three dimensions were rated Somatic; Psychological and Urogenital where the value p <0.05 was taken as reference. CONCLUSIONS: it is concluded that there is a significant correlation between the physical dimension with personal history, in the emotional dimension with the education evidenced and a p value of .003. In the same way, the social role was related to instruction giving a p value less than 0.05, the physical state also showed a significant relationship giving a p value of 000 (AU)


A menopausa é um processo natural na vida de toda mulher que consiste na cessação definitiva dos ciclos menstruais, aproximadamente entre os 45 e 55 anos de idade. OBJETIVO: determinar a qualidade de vida de mulheres pósmenopáusicas entre 45 e 60 anos da paróquia Guapan Cantón Azogues. MATERIAIS E MÉTODO: foi realizado estudo descritivo e correlacional em mulheres na pósmenopausa com uma amostra de 74 pessoas. Foram aplicados o Questionário de Qualidade de Vida SF-36 e a Escala de Menopausa MRS. RESULTADOS: foram analisadas no Programa SPSS versão 25, relacionando as frequências das variáveis por meio de uma correlação bivariada entre as dimensões por meio da associação Spearman Rho. Os resultados da pesquisa SF-36 avaliaram quatro dimensões: Percepção de saúde; Fisica; Papel emocional e social. Por meio da correlação da Menopause Rating Scale), três dimensões foram classificadas como somáticas; psicológico e Urogenital onde o valor p <0,05 foi tomado como referência. CONCLUSÕES: conclui-se que existe uma correlação significativa entre a dimensão física com a história pessoal, na dimensão emocional com a escolaridade, evidenciado um valor de p = 0,003. Da mesma forma, o papel social foi relacionado à instrução um valor de p menor que 0,05, o estado físico também apresentou uma relação significativa dando um valor de p de 000.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Postmenopause , Surveys and Questionnaires , Object Attachment
10.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(1): 47-53, mar. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287240

ABSTRACT

Abstract Recently, a new consensus of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWSOP2) recommended new cut-off points for the diagnosis of sarcopenia. The aim of the present manuscript was to assess the prevalence of sarcopenia in postmenopausal women and its relationship with bone mineral density, falls and fragility fractures according to EWGSOP2. In this cross-sectional study, 250 ambulatory postmenopausal women over 60 years of age were included. Lumbar spine and hip bone mineral density (BMD) and whole-body composition were assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Muscle strength was evaluated by handgrip dynamometry and physical performance by a 4-m walk gait speed and five-repetition sit-to-stand test. Sarcopenia was defined according to EWGSOP2 as low muscle strength (handgrip) and low muscle mass (appendicular skeletal muscle mass index by DXA). A sarcopenia prevalence of 4% was found in the whole group increasing with age being 12.5% in ≥ 80year-old. A higher percentage of falls, prevalence of osteoporosis and vertebral fractures were found in the sarcopenic group. Sarcopenia increased 6.0-fold the likelihood of having a fragility fracture. Women with sarcopenia had significantly lower femoral neck BMD and higher frequency of falls and vertebral fractures. According to our results, identifying patients with sarcopenia might be a useful tool to detect adults at higher risk of falls and fractures.


Resumen Recientemente el grupo de trabajo europeo sobre sarcopenia en adultos mayores (EWGSOP2) recomendó nuevos criterios y valores de referencia para el diagnóstico de sarcopenia. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue evaluar la prevalencia de sarcopenia en mujeres postmenopáusicas en nuestro medio y su relación con densidad mineral ósea, caídas y fracturas por fragilidad. Este es un estudio de diseño transversal en el cual se incluyeron un total de 250 mujeres ambulatorias mayores de 60 años. La densidad mineral ósea (DMO) de columna lumbar y cadera y la composición corporal fueron evaluados por absorciometría dual de rayos X (DXA). La fuerza fue evaluada por dinamometría de puño; para el rendimiento físico se utilizó caminata de 4 m y la prueba de levantarse y sentarse de una silla (5 repeticiones). La sarcopenia se definió de acuerdo a EWGSOP2 como baja fuerza muscular (dinamometría) y baja masa muscular (índice de masa muscular esquelética por DXA). El 4% de las mujeres cumplía con los criterios de sarcopenia siendo aún mayor en aquellas ≥ 80 años. Las mujeres con sarcopenia presentaron significativamente mayor frecuencia de caídas, osteoporosis y fracturas vertebrales. El riesgo de fracturas por fragilidad se vio incrementado 6 veces en las mujeres con sarcopenia. El diagnóstico de sarcopenia podría considerarse una herramienta útil para identificar a aquellos adultos con riesgo incrementado de caídas y fracturas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Sarcopenia/epidemiology , Sarcopenia/diagnostic imaging , Accidental Falls , Absorptiometry, Photon , Bone Density , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Postmenopause , Hand Strength
11.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(2): 126-130, Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156095

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aimed to assess the effect of Melissa Officinalis L. (a combination of lemon balm with fennel fruit extract) compared with citalopram and placebo on the quality of life of postmenopausal women with sleep disturbance. Methods The present study is a randomized, double-blind, placebo clinical trial among 60 postmenopausal women with sleep disturbance who were referred to a university hospital from 2017 to 2019. The participants were randomized to receive M. Officinalis L. (500 mg daily), citalopram (30 mg) or placebo once daily for 8 weeks. The Menopause-Specific Quality of Life (MENQOL) questionnaire was self-completed by each participant at baseline and after 8 weeks of the intervention and was compared between groups. Results The mean for all MENQOL domain scores were significantly improved in the M. Officinalis L. group compared with citalopram and placebo (p < 0.001). The mean ± standard deviation (SD) after 8 weeks in the M. Officinalis L., citalopram and placebo groups was 2.2 ± 0.84 versus 0.56 ± 0.58 versus 0.36 ± 0.55 in the vasomotor (p < 0.001), 1.02 ± 0.6 versus 0.28 ± 0.2 versus 0.17 ± 0.1 in the psychomotor-social (p < 0.001), 0.76 ± 0.4 versus 0.25 ± 0.1 versus 0.11 ± 0.1 in the physical and 2.3 ± 1.0 versus 0.35 ± 0.5 versus 0.41 ± 0.5 in the sexual domain, respectively. Conclusions The results revealed that M. Officinalis L. may be recommended for improving the quality of life of menopausal women with sleep disturbance. Trial registration The present study was registered by the name "Comparison of the efficacy of citalopram and compound of Asperugo procumbens and foeniculum vulgare in treatment of menopausal disorders" with the code IRCT2013072714174N1 in the Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials (IRCT).


Subject(s)
Sleep Wake Disorders/drug therapy , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Citalopram/therapeutic use , Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Melissa , Quality of Life , Sleep Wake Disorders/psychology , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Citalopram/administration & dosage , Double-Blind Method , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome , Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Postmenopause , Iran , Phytotherapy , Middle Aged
12.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1361838

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La obesidad es un problema de salud pública a nivel mundial, que compromete a población de altos y bajos recursos por igual y presenta un efecto deletéreo de alto impacto en la fisiopatogenia de la enfermedad cardiovascular. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad en nuestra población. Materiales y métodos: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, de corte transversal, incluyó 1024 mujeres de 25 a 65 años residentes de CABA y GBA, que concurrieron a la "Campaña de Prevención del cáncer cervicouterino y detección temprana del cáncer de mama" realizada entre el 9 y 13 de Marzo de 2020 a cargo del Servicio de Ginecología del Hospital de Clínicas "José de San Martín". Se registraron talla y peso. Se calculó el índice de masa corporal (IMC) a través de una fórmula predeterminada. Se excluyeron las pacientes con insuficiencia ovárica prematura y menopausia temprana. Resultados: Se dividió a las pacientes en premenopáusicas y postmenopáusicas. Del grupo de mujeres premenopáusicas (70,61% n=723), el IMC promedio fue de 28,18 kg/m2 (DS 5,86); 0,42% presentó bajo peso (IMC promedio 17,65 kg/m2 DS 0,05), 32,37% normopeso (IMC promedio 22,32 kg/m2 DS 1,68), 32,09% sobrepeso (IMC promedio 27,26 kg/m2 DS 0,22) y 35,13% presentó obesidad (IMC promedio 34,53 kg/m2 DS 4,38). Del grupo de mujeres postmenopáusicas (29,39% n=301) el IMC promedio fue de 29,47 kg/m2 (DS 5,76); ninguna presentó bajo peso, 20,27% presentó normopeso (IMC promedio 22,71 kg/m2 DS 1,6), 40,53% sobrepeso (IMC promedio 27,47 kg/m2 DS 1,43) y 39,2% fueron obesas (IMC promedio 35,04 kg/m2 DS 4,72). Conclusiones: Se observó un aumento en la prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad en la postmenopausia que podría explicarse no sólo por el aumento de la edad sino también por los cambios hormonales que acompañan a la postmenopausia. Destaca la importancia del médico ginecólogo en prevención (AU)


Introduction: Obesity is a global public health challenge that affects both high- and low-income populations equally and has a high-impact deleterious effect on the physiopathological origin of cardiovascular disease. Objective: To determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in our population.Material and methods: This descriptive, retrospective, cross-sectional study included 1024 women of 25 to 65 years old who were living in the Buenos Aires Metropolitan Area (AMBA) and were screened at the "Cervical Cancer Prevention and Breast Cancer Early Detection Campaign" conducted from March 9 to 13, 2020 in the Gynecology Department of Hospital de Clínicas "José de San Martín". Height and weight measurements were performed. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated using a predetermined formula. Patients with premature ovarian failure and early menopause were excluded from the study. Results: Patients were divided into premenopausal and postmenopausal. In the group of premenopausal women (70.61% n=723), the average BMI was 28.18 kg/m2 (SD 5.86); 0.42% were underweight (average BMI 17.65 kg/m2 SD 0.05); 32.37% had normal weight (average BMI 22.32 kg/m2 SD 1.68); 32.09% were overweight (average BMI 27.26 kg/m2 SD 0.22) and 35.13% had obesity (average BMI 34.53 kg/m2 SD 4.38). In the group of postmenopausal women (29.39% n=301) the average BMI was 29.47 kg/m2 (SD 5.76); none was underweight, 20.27% had normal weight (average BMI 22.71 kg/m2 SD 1.6), 40.53% were overweight (average BMI 27.47 kg/m2 SD 1.43) and 39.2% were obese (average BMI 35.04 kg/m2 SD 4.72). Conclusions: An increased prevalence of overweight and obesity has been observed in postmenopause, which could be explained not only by aging but also by the hormonal changes associated with postmenopause. Gynecologists play and important role in prevention (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Postmenopause , Obesity/epidemiology , Argentina , Body Mass Index , Prevalence , Premenopause , Overweight
13.
Actual. osteol ; 17(1): 8-17, 2021. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1291888

ABSTRACT

Objective: The main purpose of this study was to evaluate serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels and its association with in"ammatory markers in patients with rheumatologic diseases (RD). Methods: A cross-sectional study in 154 women with RD (rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthritis and other connective tissue diseases) and 112 healthy individuals as a control group (CG) was carried out. Results: No differences in serum and urine calcium, serum phosphate, and urinary deoxypyridinoline were found. RD group had lower 25OHD and higher PTH compared to CG. RD group had higher C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) compared to CG. The overall mean level of 25OHD (ng/ml) was 26.3±12.0 in the CG and 19.4±6.8 in the RD group (p<0.0001). Moreover, CG had lower percentage of individuals with 25OHD de!ciency compared to RD (29.9% vs 53.2%). The femoral neck BMD was signi!cantly lower in postmenopausal RD women compared to CG. 25OHD levels signi!cantly correlated with ESR and CRP as in"ammatory markers. Age, BMI, presence of RD, and CRP were signi!cantly and negatively associated with 25OHD levels through linear regression analysis. According to univariate logistic regression analysis for 25OHD deficiency (<20 ng/ml), a significant and negative association with BMI, presence of RD, ESR and CRP were found. Conclusion: Patients with RD had lower 25OHD levels than controls and the presence of a RD increases by 2.66 the risk of vitamin D de!ciency. In addition, 25OHD has a negative correlation with ESR and CRP as in"ammatory markers. (AU)


Objetivo El objetivo principal de este estudio fue evaluar los niveles séricos de 25-hidroxivitamina D (25OHD) y su asociación con marcadores inflamatorios en enfermedades reumatológicas. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal en 154 mujeres con enfermedades reumatológicas (artritis reumatoide, espondiloartritis y otras enfermedades del tejido conectivo) y 112 individuos sanos como grupo control (GC). Resultados: No se encontraron diferencias en el calcio sérico y urinario, el fosfato sérico y la desoxipiridinolina urinaria entre el GC y los sujetos con enfermedades reumatológicas. El grupo de pacientes con enfermedades reumatológicas tenía 25OHD más bajo y PTH más alto en comparación con el GC. Asimismo, el grupo de individuos con enfermedades reumatológicas tenía proteína C reactiva (PCR) y velocidad de eritrosedimentación (VES) más altas en comparación con el GC. El nivel de 25OHD (ng/ml) fue 26,3±12,0 en el GC y 19,4±6,8 en el grupo con enfermedades reumatológicas (p<0,0001). Además, el GC presentó un porcentaje menor de deficiencia de 25OHD en comparación con el grupo con enfermedades reumatológicas (29,9% vs 53,2%). La DMO del cuello femoral fue significativamente menor en las mujeres posmenopáusicas con enfermedades reumatológicas en comparación con el GC. La 25OHD correlacionó significativamente con la VES y la PCR como marcadores inflamatorios. El análisis de regresión lineal mostró que la edad, el IMC, la presencia de una enfermedad reumatológica y la PCR se asociaron significativa y negativamente con los niveles de 25OHD. Mientras que el análisis de regresión logística univariada mostró que la deficiencia de 25OHD (<20 ng/ml), se asoció significativa y negativamente con el IMC, la presencia de una enfermedad reumatológica, la VES y los niveles de PCR. Conclusiones: Los pacientes con enfermedades reumatológicas tenían niveles de 25OHD más bajos que los controles y la presencia de una enfermedad reumatológica aumenta en 2.66 el riesgo de deficiencia de vitamina D. Además, la 25OHD mostró correlación negativa con la VES y la PCR como marcadores inflamatorios. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Vitamin D/analogs & derivatives , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/etiology , Biomarkers , Rheumatic Diseases/complications , Inflammation/blood , Phosphates/blood , Blood Sedimentation , C-Reactive Protein , Body Mass Index , Bone Density , Logistic Models , Calcium/urine , Calcium/blood , Rheumatic Diseases/blood , Risk , Cross-Sectional Studies , Postmenopause , Amino Acids/urine
15.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 71(3): 237-246, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144386

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar la exactitud diagnóstica del sistema de puntaje histeroscópico de cáncer endometrial. Materiales y métodos: estudio de exactitud diagnóstica ensamblado en estudio transversal, que incluyó pacientes con sangrado posmenopáusico y engrosamiento endometrial mayor o igual a 5 mm, a quienes se practicó histeroscopia, cuyo resultado se comparó con la biopsia endometrial como patrón de oro diagnóstico, en dos hospitales de alta complejidad. Se midieron variables sociodemográficas, clínicas, puntaje de evaluación histeroscópica y resultado histopatológico de tejido endometrial. En el análisis se estimó sensibilidad, especificidad, razones de probabilidades y área bajo la curva con sus respectivos intervalos de confianza. Resultados: con una prevalencia del cáncer endometrial del 9 %, el sistema de evaluación por histeroscopia mostró una sensibilidad de 75 % (IC 95 %: 30,1-95,43), especificidad de 95,1 % (IC 95 %: 83,9- 98,7), una razón de probabilidades positiva de 15,38 (IC 95 %: 3,55-66,56), una razón de probabilidades negativa de 0,26 y un área bajo la curva del 85 %. Conclusión: el sistema de evaluación endometrial histeroscópico estandarizado mostró una sensibilidad aceptable para hacer la tamización en pacientes con sangrado posmenopáusico y engrosamiento endometrial (≥ 5 mm). Se requiere la realización de estudios con un mayor tamaño muestral que permitan hacer una estimación más precisa de las características operativas de este sistema de evaluación histeroscópico para la detección de cáncer endometrial.


ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of hysteroscopic scores in endometrial cancer. Materials and methods: Diagnostic accuracy study assembled within a cross-sectional study that included patients with postmenopausal bleeding and endometrial thickening greater than 5 mm in whom hysteroscopy was performed and then compared with endometrial biopsy as the diagnostic gold standard, in two high complexity hospitals. Clinical, sociodemographic variables, as well as hysteroscopic scores and the results of endometrial tissue histopathology were measured. Sensitivity and specificity, likelihood ratios and area under the curve with their respective confidence intervals were estimated in the analysis. Results: With a 9 % prevalence of endometrial cancer, the hysteroscopic assessment system was shown to have 75 % sensitivity (95 % CI; 30.1- 95.43), 95,1 % specificity (95 % CI; 83.9-98.7), a positive likelihood ratio of 15.38 (95 %; CI 3.55- 66.56), a negative likelihood ratio of 0.26 and area under the curve of 85 %. Conclusion: The standardized hysteroscopic assessment system was found to have an acceptable sensitivity for screening in patients with postmenopausal bleeding and endometrial thickening (≥ 5 mm). Further studies with larger sample sizes are required in order to arrive at a more precise estimation of the operational characteristics of the hysteroscopic assessment system for the detection of endometrial cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Endometrial Neoplasms , Uterine Hemorrhage , Hysteroscopy , Postmenopause
16.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(4): 366-370, ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138633

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La tuberculosis (TBC) genital es una infección relativamente poco frecuente en la mujer. Afecta principalmente a mujeres menores de 40 años, y el motivo de consulta más usual es la esterilidad, de ahí la importancia de su diagnóstico precoz. CASO CLÍNICO clínico: Se presenta el caso de una paciente con dolor pélvico crónico que acude a nuestras consultas para valoración. Durante el estudio se toma biopsia dirigida de la cavidad endometrial diagnosticándose la presencia de granulomas no necrotizantes. Posteriormente se realiza un cultivo microbiológico que resulta positivo para micobacterias y se determina el DNA, mediante reacción en cadena de la polimerasa, de mycobacterium tuberculosis, como causante del cuadro. DISCUSIÓN: El diagnóstico definitivo de TBC requiere el aislamiento en cultivo del bacilo de Koch, aunque en los casos de TBC genital, al ser una entidad paucibacilar, puede no resultar positivo. En éste caso, sería suficiente el diagnóstico de presunción basado en la sospecha clínica y el hallazgo histológico de granulomas. CONCLUSIÓN: La tuberculosis genital es una entidad poco frecuente en nuestro medio, aunque es una causa importante de infertilidad femenina y su predominio generalmente se subestima debido a la naturaleza paucisintomática de la misma. El diagnóstico temprano y el tratamiento multidisciplinar son fundamentales.


INTRODUCTION: Genital tuberculosis (TB) is a relatively rare afection in women. It mainly affects women younger than 40 years, and the most frequent reason for consultation is sterility, therefore early diagnosis is important. CLINICAL CASE: We presented the case of a patient with chronic pelvic pain who comes to our consultations. During the study, we take an endometrial biopsy diagnosing the presence of non-necrotizing granulomas. Finally, we determined the mycobacterium tuberculosis DNA through the polymerase chain reaction and positive microbiological culture, as the cause of pathology. DISCUSSION: The definitive diagnosis of TB requires the isolation in culture of the Koch bacillus, although in genital TB cases, as it is a paucibacillary entity, it may not be positive. In this case, the presumptive diagnosis based on clinical suspicion and the histological granulomas would be enough. CONCLUSIONS: Genital tuberculosis is a rare entity in our environment, although it is an important cause of female infertility and its prevalence is generally underestimated due to its paucisymptomatic nature. Early diagnosis and multidisciplinary treatment are essential.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Tuberculosis, Female Genital/complications , Tuberculosis, Female Genital/diagnosis , Endometritis/etiology , Tuberculosis, Female Genital/microbiology , Tuberculosis, Female Genital/pathology , Tuberculosis, Female Genital/drug therapy , Postmenopause , Pelvic Pain/etiology , Granuloma/etiology , Infertility, Female , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/isolation & purification , Antitubercular Agents/therapeutic use
17.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 9(2): 227, ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1103383

ABSTRACT

Evaluar los efectos de la terapia hormonal (TH) con Drospírenona (DRSP)/17 ß -estradiol (E2), sobre los parámetros del Síndrome Metabólico (SM) en pacientes postmenopáusicas. Métodos: Investigación comparativa y aplicada, con diseño cuasi experimental, de casos y controles a simple ciego, prospectivo y de campo; realizada en la Consulta de Ginecología. Hospital "Dr. Manuel Noriega Trigo". San Francisco, Estado Zulia. Venezuela. Participaron 120 mujeres separadas al azar para recibir la combinación DRSP/E2 (Grupo A) o un placebo (Grupo B). Se evaluaron los componentes del SM antes y posterior a 6 meses de haber recibido la TH. Resultados: Se encontró una alta prevalencia de SM en ambos grupos antes de recibir el tratamiento (53,3% y 48%; grupo A y B respectivamente). Posterior al tratamiento, DRSP/E2 al compararse con un placebo, redujo significativamente tanto la prevalencia del SM como el riesgo de padecerlo (21,7% versus 48,3%, OR [IC95%]= 0,29 [0,13-0,65]; p < 0.001), con reducción significativa (p< 0.001) de la hipertensión arterial, glicemia basal alterada, hipertrigliceridemia y obesidad central; además de una reducción significativa de los síntomas vasomotores, síntomas psicológicos e incontinencia urinaria (p< 0.001). En el grupo B la prevalencia del SM se mantuvo sin cambios, salvo para la glicemia basal alterada y los síntomas vasomotores y psicológicos que mostraron una reducción significativa (p< 0.001). Conclusión: DRSP/E2 (2mg/1 mg) demostró ser eficaz luego de 6 meses de tratamiento tanto para el control de los parámetros que definen al SM; con pocos y leves efectos indeseados(AU)


To assess the effects of hormone therapy (HT) with drospirenone (DRSP)/17 ß -estradiol (E2) on the parameters of the metabolic syndrome (MS) in postmenopausal patients. Methods: We performed a comparative and applied research, with quasiexperimental, case-control, single-blind, prospective and field design. The study was realized in the Gynecology consultation. Hospital "Dr. Manuel Noriega Trigo". San Francisco, Estado Zulia. Venezuela. 120 women were included, they were separated to receive either the combination DRSP/E2 (Group A) or placebo (Group B). We assess MS components before and ather 6 months of receiving HT. Results: We found a high prevalence in both groups before receiving treatment (53.3% and 48%, group A and B respectively). A ther treatment, DRSP/E2 when compared to placebo, significantly reduced both the prevalence of MS as the risk of setting it (21.7% versus 48.3%, OR [95%] = 0.29 [0.13-0.65] p <0.001), with a significant reduction (p <0.001) of hypertension, impaired fasting glucose, hypertriglyceridemia, central obesity; and a significant reduction in vasomotor symptoms, psychological symptoms and urinary incontinence (p <0.001). In group B the prevalence of MS was unchanged, except for impaired fasting glycemia and vasomotor and psychological symptoms showed a significant reduction (p <0.001). Conclusion: DRSP/E2 (2mg /1mg), proved to be effective a ther 6 months of treatment both for the control of the parameters that define the SM, with few and mild side effects(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Progestins/therapeutic use , Hormone Replacement Therapy , Metabolic Syndrome/physiopathology , Estradiol/therapeutic use , Postmenopause , Endocrinology , Gynecology
18.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 31(2): e228, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138895

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La diabetes mellitus tipo 2 es considerada una situación de alto riesgo cardiovascular. En la mujer con diabetes se añade el riesgo que representa el déficit estrogénico posmenopáusico. Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia de enfermedad cardiovascular en las etapas del climaterio. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal y descriptivo con 611 mujeres con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 en edad mediana (40-59 años), que ingresaron consecutivamente en el Centro de Atención al Diabético de Bayamo, Granma, desde el año 2010 al 2017. Se excluyeron los casos con menopausia artificial. Se empleó la prueba de chi cuadrado para comprobar la relación que pudiera existir entre las variables cualitativas, mientras que para comparar los valores promedio de las variables cuantitativas entre los grupos se utilizó t de Student. Resultados: La frecuencia de hipertensión arterial, hipercolesterolemia y síndrome metabólico fue claramente superior en las mujeres posmenopáusicas que en las premenopáusicas (p = 0,0257; p = 0,0391 y p = 0,0591, respectivamente). Las enfermedades cardiovasculares aumentaron significativamente con la menopausia y con el tiempo de ocurrencia de este evento (p = 0,0014). La relación fue más notoria en el caso de la cardiopatía isquémica y la enfermedad arterial periférica (p = 0,0521 y p = 0,0011, respectivamente). Conclusiones: En las mujeres con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 la enfermedad cardiovascular aumenta significativamente con el avance de la peri a la posmenopausia tardía, fundamentalmente la cardiopatía isquémica y la enfermedad arterial periférica(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is considered a situation of high cardiovascular risk. Among diabetic women, the risk for postmenopausal estrogen deficiency is added. Objective: To determine the frequency of cardiovascular disease in climacteric stages. Methods: A cross-sectional and descriptive study was carried out with 611 middle-aged (40-59 years old) women with type 2 diabetes mellitus and who were admitted consecutively to the Diabetic Care Center in Bayamo city, Granma, from 2010 to 2017. The cases with artificial menopause were not included in the study. The chi-square test was used to verify the relationship that might exist between qualitative variables, while Student's t test was used to compare the average values of the quantitative variables between the groups. Results: The frequency of arterial hypertension, hypercholesterolemia and metabolic syndrome was clearly higher among postmenopausal women than among premenopausal women (p = 0.0257, p = 0.0391, and p = 0.0591, respectively). Cardiovascular disease increased significantly with menopause and with the time of occurrence of this event (p = 0.0014). The relationship was more noticeable in the case of ischemic heart disease and peripheral arterial disease (p = 0.0521 and p = 0.0011, respectively). Conclusions: In women with type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease increases significantly with the progression from the perimenopausal stage to the late postmenopausal stage, mainly ischemic heart disease and peripheral arterial disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Climacteric , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Myocardial Ischemia/etiology , Postmenopause , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Metabolic Syndrome/etiology
19.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(7): 427-435, July 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137856

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective We performed a systematic review to assess the effectiveness and safety of Tribulus terrestris to treat female sexual dysfunction (FSD). Data sources We performed unrestricted electronic searches in the MEDLINE, CENTRAL, EMBASE, LILACS, CINAHL, PsycINFO,WHO-ICTR, Clinicaltrials.gov and OpenGrey databases. Selection of studies We included any randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared T. terrestris versus inactive/active interventions. After the selection process, conducted by two reviewers, 5 RCTs (n = 279 participants) were included. Data collection Data extraction was performed by two reviewers with a preestablished data collection formulary. Data synthesis Due to lack of data and clinical heterogeneity, we could not perform meta-analyses. The risk of bias was assessed by the Cochrane Risk of Bias (RoB) tool, and the certainty of evidence was assessed with Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations (GRADE). Results After 1 to 3 months of treatment, premenopausal and postmenopausal women randomized to T. terrestris had a significant increase in sexual function scores. Three months of treatment with T. terrestris showed a significant increase in the serum testosterone levels of premenopausal women. There was no report of serious adverse events, and none of the studies assessed health-related quality of life. The certainty of the evidence was very low, whichmeans that we have very little confidence in the effect estimates, and future studies are likely to change these estimates. Conclusion MoreRCTs are needed to supportor refute the use of T. terrestris. The decision to use this intervention should be shared with the patients, and the uncertainties around its effects should be discussed in the clinical decision-making process. Number of Protocol registration in PROSPERO database: CRD42019121130


Resumo Objetivo Nós realizamos uma revisão sistemática para avaliar a efetividade e a segurança do Tribulus terrestris no tratamento da disfunção sexual feminina (DSF). Fontes de dados Nós realizados uma busca eletrônica irrestrita nas seguintes bases de dados: MEDLINE, CENTRAL, EMBASE, LILACS, CINAHL, PsycINFO, WHO-ICTR, Clinicaltrials.gov, e OpenGrey. Seleção dos estudos Nós incluímos todos os ensaios clínico randomizados (ECR) que comparou T. terrestris com controles ativos/inativos. Após o processo de seleção, conduzido por 2 revisores, 5 ECRs (n = 279 participantes) foram incluídos. Extração de dados O processo de extração de dados foi realizado por dois revisores, utilizando-se um formulário de extração de dados pré-estabelecido. Síntese de dados Devido à falta de dados disponíveis e à heterogeneidade clínica entre os estudos incluídos, nós não realizamos meta-análises. O risco de viés foi avaliado pela tabela de risco de viés da Cochrane e, a certeza do corpo da evidência foi avaliada pelo Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations (GRADE). Resultados Após 1 a três 3 meses de tratamento, mulheres na pré e pós-menopausa randomizadas ao T. terrestris tiveram um aumento significante nos escores de função sexual. O grupo com 3 meses de tratamento com T. terrestris exibiu um aumento significante dos níveis séricos de testosterona emmulheres pré-menopausa. Não houve relato de eventos adversos graves, e nenhum estudo avaliou qualidade de vida das participantes. A certeza da evidência foi considerada muito baixa, o que significa que existe pouca certeza na estimativa dos efeitos e que é provável que futuros estudos mudem estas estimativas. Conclusão Mais ECRs são importantes para apoiar ou refutar o uso do T. terrestris. A decisão de usar essa intervenção deve ser compartilhada com pacientes, e as incertezas sobre seus efeitos devem ser discutidas durante o processo de decisão clínica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Tribulus/chemistry , Saponins/adverse effects , Saponins/therapeutic use , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/blood , Testosterone/blood , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Plant Extracts/adverse effects , Premenopause , Postmenopause , Diosgenin/analogs & derivatives , Diosgenin/adverse effects , Diosgenin/therapeutic use
20.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(2): 188-192, Apr.-June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131656

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Intestinal constipation is characterized by problems related to evacuation, and presents high prevalence in the female gender. This condition has demonstrated negative effects on the development of daily activities, causing damage to the physical and emotional well-being of individuals who are diagnosed with it. Studies that investigate what health impairments intestinal constipation can cause are scarce in the literature. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to verify the prevalence and factors associated with intestinal constipation in premenopausal women living in Northeastern Brazil. METHODS: It is a cross-sectional study. This was carried out in the northeast of Brazil. Participated 195 women, adult and middle age. Social conditions, habits and lifestyle, clinical aspects and obstetric history were investigated. Constipation was diagnosed using the Rome III Criteria. Multivariate analysis was conducted using Poisson Regression with robust variance to analyze the relationship between intestinal constipation and independent variables. A statistical significance level of P<0.05 was considered. RESULTS: Most of the women were between 25 and 39 years old (49.2%) and had an income of up to one minimum wage (79.5%). The intestinal constipation prevalence was 35.4%. In the final multivariate regression model, hemorrhoid clinical aspects (P=0.01), pain (P=0.001) and a burning sensation (P=0.01) on bowel movement, and sexual dysfunction (P=0.03) remained associated with constipation. CONCLUSION: The present study found a significant prevalence of constipation among premenopausal women and clinical factors such as hemorrhoids, pain and a burning sensation, and sexual dysfunction were associated with intestinal constipation.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A constipação intestinal é caracterizada por problemas relacionados à evacuação, e apresenta alta prevalência no gênero feminino. Essa condição tem demonstrado efeitos negativos no desenvolvimento das atividades diárias, causando prejuízos no bem-estar físico e emocional dos indivíduos que são diagnosticados com ela. Estudos que investiguem quais prejuízos à saúde a constipação intestinal pode ocasionar são escassos na literatura. OBJETIVO: Este estudo teve como objetivo verificar a prevalência e os fatores associados à constipação intestinal em mulheres na pré-menopausa residentes no nordeste do Brasil. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal realizado no Nordeste do Brasil. Participaram 195 mulheres adultas e de meia idade. Condições sociais, hábitos e estilo de vida, aspectos clínicos e história obstétrica foram investigados. A constipação foi diagnosticada através dos Critérios de Roma III. A análise multivariada foi conduzida através da Regressão de Poisson com variância robusta, para analisar a relação entre constipação intestinal e variáveis independentes. Considerou-se o nível de significância estatística de P≤0,05. RESULTADOS: A maioria das mulheres estava na faixa etária de 25 a 39 anos (49,2%) e possuía renda de até um salário mínimo (79,5%). A prevalência da constipação intestinal foi de 35,4%. No modelo final da regressão multivariada, os aspectos clínicos hemorroidas (P<0,01), dor (P<0,001) e ardor (P<0,01) ao evacuar e disfunção sexual (P<0,03) permaneceram associados à constipação. CONCLUSÃO: O presente estudo encontrou uma prevalência significativa de constipação entre mulheres na pré-menopausa e fatores clínicos como hemorroidas, dor e ardor na evacuação, e disfunção sexual se associaram a constipação intestinal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Postmenopause , Constipation/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Defecation , Middle Aged
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