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1.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 34(5): 499-505, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340057

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The indiscriminate use of blood transfusion in surgery has been associated with increased risk of infection and increased length of hospital stay. Objective: To identify the average amount of bleeding and rates of transfusion of blood products in the postoperative period of patients undergoing cardiac surgery in a cardiology center. Methods: Medical records of patients who underwent myocardial revascularization surgery and/or heart valve replacement with use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) were analyzed. Perioperative data such as CPB time, hematocrit and hemoglobin values were collected after surgery. The amount of bleeding (mL), blood transfusion (IU), clinical complications and time of hospitalization were also recorded. The correlation between bleeding in the postoperative period and blood transfusion was performed using the Spearman correlation. A p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: A total of 423 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (51.5%) or heart valve replacement (33.6%) were included. During the first 24 hours, the average bleeding volume was 353.3 ± 268.3 mL. Transfusion of blood products was required in 40.1% of cases, most frequently (70.6%) in the immediate postoperative period. Red blood cell concentrate was the most frequently used product (22.9% and 60%). Conclusion: The occurrence of bleeding in the cases was low, and when transfusion of blood components was indicated, red blood cell concentrates were the most widely used component. (Int J Cardiovasc Sci. 2021; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Postoperative Care/methods , Blood Transfusion/methods , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/methods , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Retrospective Studies , Extracorporeal Circulation , Transfusion Reaction/complications , Hemorrhage , Length of Stay
3.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 37(1): e3914, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341385

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las personas con tratamiento quirúrgico presentan ansiedad, lo cual impide llegar al periodo operatorio en óptimas condiciones. El cuidado espiritual puede resultar efectivo en momentos como este. Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto del cuidado espiritual en el nivel de ansiedad situacional en pacientes quirúrgicos. Métodos: Investigación cuantitativa, preexperimental con pretest postest, en el Hospital Regional de Ayacucho, Perú, durante marzo a mayo de 2016. Población constituida por 123 pacientes quirúrgicos, entre los que se seleccionaron 30 entre 24 y 57 años, con ansiedad y dispuestos a participar en la investigación. La ansiedad se midió con el Test de Zung, las necesidades espirituales con un cuestionario validado por expertos y pilotaje con alfa de Cronbach > 0,75. Para los ejes temáticos y metodológicos de la intervención (cuidados espirituales) se revisó bibliografía sobre el tema, tuvieron en cuenta las necesidades de cuidados y niveles de ansiedad identificada. Se procesó la información con frecuencias absolutas, porcentajes, media, desviación típica, valor mínimo y máximo. Para contrastar hipótesis se utilizó la Prueba no paramétrica de rangos con signo de Wilcoxon. Para la relación entre necesidad de cuidado espiritual y evolución del nivel de ansiedad se utilizó Chi-cuadrada de Pearson (X2), con probabilidad de error del 5 por ciento. Resultados: El nivel de ansiedad situacional previo a la aplicación del cuidado espiritual fue de marcada a severa en 86,66 por ciento, aplicado el cuidado espiritual estuvo ausente en el 96,66 por ciento. Conclusión: La intervención con cuidados espirituales aplicada resultó efectiva en la disminución del nivel de ansiedad situacional en pacientes quirúrgicos estudiados(AU)


Introduction: People who should undergo surgical treatment present anxiety, which keeps them from reaching the operative period in optimal conditions. Spiritual care can be effective at times like this. Objective: To assess the effect of spiritual care on the level of situational anxiety in surgical patients. Methods: Quantitative pre-experimental research with pre- and post-test carried out in the Regional Hospital of Ayacucho, Peru, during March to May 2016. The population was made up of 123 surgical patients, of which 30 aged 24-57, with anxiety and willing to participate in the study were chosen. Anxiety was measured with the Zung test; spiritual needs, with a questionnaire validated by experts; and piloting, with Cronbach's alpha > 0.75. For the thematic and methodological axes of the intervention (spiritual care), a bibliography on the subject was reviewed, taking into account the care needs and levels of anxiety identified. The information was processed with absolute frequencies, percentages, mean, standard deviation, minimum and maximum values. The Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to test hypotheses. Pearson's chi-square (X2) was used for the relationship between need for spiritual care and evolution of anxiety level, with a probability of error of 5 percent. Results: The level of situational anxiety prior to the application of spiritual care was remarkable to severe in 86.66%; applied spiritual care was absent in 96.66 percent.. Conclusion: The intervention with spiritual care applied was effective in reducing the level of situational anxiety in the surgical patients studied.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Anxiety Disorders/etiology , Nursing Care , Postoperative Care/methods , Spiritual Therapies/methods
4.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(3): 391-397, jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126177

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: En pacientes con Síndrome de Hipoplasia de Ventrículo Izquierdo (SHVI) la primera etapa hacia una fisiología univentricular de Fontan es la operación de Norwood, cuya mortalidad es 10-30%. En estos pacientes la extubación fallida se presenta en un 18% y se ha asociado a aumento de la mortali dad. Objetivo: Describir la frecuencia de extubación fallida y sus factores de riesgo en pacientes con SHVI operados (Norwood). Pacientes y Método: Estudio de casos y controles que incluyó a todos los pacientes con SHVI manejados con cirugía de Norwood en el Hospital Clínico de la Pontificia Universidad Católica (enero-2000 a febrero-2018). Se define como casos a pacientes con falla en la extubación y como controles a los pacientes sin esta complicación. Se registraron variables demográficas, quirúrgicas, y post-quirúrgicas, y se realizó análisis univariado y multivariado (regresión logística) para determinar los factores de riesgo asociados a la falla en la extubación. Resultados: De un total de 107 pacientes, 26 pacientes tuvieron extubación fallida (24,3%). En el análisis univariado los factores asociados a extubación fallida fueron: mayor tiempo de ventilación mecánica postquirúrgico, desarrollar atelectasias, derrame pleural, quilotórax, tener otras comorbilidades respiratorias (apnea y traqueítis), y mayor tiempo de uso de morfina y midazolam. En el análisis multivariado, la presencia de quilotórax, otras comorbilidades respiratorias, y mayor tiempo de uso de midazolam fueron variables asociadas a extubación fallida (p<0,03). La extubación fallida no se asoció a mayor mortalidad. Conclusiones: La presencia de quilotórax, complicaciones respiratorias y uso de mida zolam prolongado deben considerarse para definir el momento de la extubación, con el objetivo de evitar su fracaso.


Abstract: Introduction: Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is the main cause of mortality due to congenital heart disea se. The Norwood surgery is the first procedure of the surgical staging process towards a single ventri cle physiology or Fontan-type operation and has a mortality rate of 10% to 30%. Extubation failure during the postoperative period occurs in up to 18% of these patients and is associated with increased mortality. Objective: To describe extubation failure rates and risk factors in pediatric patients with HLHS who underwent Norwood procedure. Patients and Method: Case-control study that included all the patients with HLHS managed with Norwood surgery at the Hospital Clínico de la Pontificia Universidad Catolica between January 2000 and February 2018. Cases and controls were defined as patients with extubation failure and as patients without this complication, respectively. The following variables were recorded demographic, surgical, and post-surgical ones, and univariate and multivariate analyses (logistic regression) were performed to determine risk factors associated with extubation failure. Results: Out of 107 patients, 26 of them presented extubation failure (24.3%). In the univariate analysis, longer mechanical ventilation time during the postsurgical period, atelectasis, pleural effusion, chylothorax, other respiratory morbidities (i.e. apneas and tracheitis), and longer infusion times of morphine and midazolam, all were associated with a higher extubation failure rate in this population. In the multivariable analysis, chylothorax, other respiratory comorbidities, and longer infusion time of midazolam remained associated with this complication, however, it was not associated with higher mortality. Conclusions: Chylothorax, respiratory comorbidities, and longer use of Midazolam should be addressed before planning airway extubation in order to avoid failure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Postoperative Care/statistics & numerical data , Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome/surgery , Norwood Procedures , Airway Extubation/statistics & numerical data , Postoperative Care/methods , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/therapy , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Case-Control Studies , Logistic Models , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Failure
5.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202356, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136561

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: investigar em uma série de casos de pacientes submetidos a operações de médio porte em cirurgia geral, o uso da conduta de realimentação pós-operatória "ultra precoce"(dieta oral líquida oferecida na recuperação pós-anestésica), avaliando-se o volume de fluidos endovenosos recebidos no pós-operatório por estes pacientes, assim como a ocorrência de complicações e o tempo de internação hospitalar. Métodos: estudo prospectivo, observacional. Avaliou-se a aderência à rotina de realimentação "ultra precoce", abreviação do jejum pré-operatório, volume de hidratação venosa perioperatório, tempo de internação e morbidade operatória. Resultados: um total de 154 pacientes com média da idade de 46±15 anos, foram acompanhados. Realimentação "ultra precoce" foi realizada em 144 casos (93,5%). Pacientes que não receberam realimentação "ultra precoce" receberam volume significativamente maior de fluidos endovenosos no pós-operatório do que pacientes realimentados de maneira "ultra precoce" (500ml versus 200ml, p=0,018). O tempo de internação foi de 2,4±2,79 dias (realimentação convencional) versus 1,45±1,83 dias (realimentação "ultra precoce"), sem diferença estatística (p=0,133).Não houve diferença no percentual de complicações gerais (p=0,291), vômitos (p=0,696) ou infecção do sítio cirúrgico (p=0,534). Conclusão: a realimentação "ultra precoce" apresentou-se como uma conduta de elevada aderência em operações de médio porte em Cirurgia Geral nesta série de casos e, esteve relacionada a infusão de volume significativamente menor de fluidos endovenosos no pós-operatório, com índices baixos de complicações e sem impacto no tempo de internação.


ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the use of "ultra-early" postoperative feeding (oral liquid diet offered in the post-anesthetic recovery room) in patients undergoing common general surgical procedures and to assess the volume of intravenous fluids, as well as the rate of complications and the length of hospital stay. Methods: Prospective, observational study, which assessed the compliance with the "ultra-early" feeding, the reduction of preoperative fasting time, the perioperative venous hydration volume, the length of stay and the operative morbidity. Results: 154 patients with a mean age of 46 ± 15 years were followed. "Ultra-early" feeding was performed in 144 cases (93.5%). Patients who did not receive the "ultra-early" feeding received a significantly greater volume of postoperative intravenous fluids (500mL versus 200mL, p = 0.018). The length of stay was 2.4 ± 2.79 days (conventional feeding) versus 1.45 ± 1.83 days ("ultra-early" feeding), with no statistical difference (p = 0.133). There was no difference in the percentage of general complications (p = 0.291), vomiting (p = 0.696) or surgical infection (p = 0.534). Conclusion: "Ultra-early" feeding had a high adherence by patients undergoing common general surgical procedures, and it was related to decreased infusion of postoperative fluids. Complication rates and the length of stay were similar between groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Postoperative Care/methods , Elective Surgical Procedures , Drinking , Eating , Postoperative Period , Time Factors , Prospective Studies , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
6.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202548, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136532

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: compare an accelerated physiotherapeutic protocol to a conventional physiotherapeutic protocol in total hip arthroplasty patients. Methods: a randomized double blinded clinical trial performed from August 2013 to November 2014. Forty-eight patients diagnosed with hip osteoarthritis submitted to a total hip arthroplasty surgery. An accelerated rehabilitation physiotherapy applied three times a day and start gait training on the first day or standard physiotherapy applied once a day and start gait training on the second or third day of hospitalization. The Merle dAubigné and Postel score (mobility, pain and gait), muscle strength force, range of motion, in hospital stay and time to start of gait training, were the outcomes. Results: the mean age was 64.46 years (10.37 years standard deviation). No differences were observed in age in different genders, and the two randomization groups were homogeneous. In hospital stay was lower in the intervention group compared to the control group, 3 (3-4) days [median (interquartile range)] versus 4 (4-5) days. Time to the start of gait training was early in the intervention group compared to the control group, 1 (1-1) days versus 2 (2-2) days. Higher muscle strength values were observed in the postoperative results in the intervention group compared to the control group for internal rotation, external rotation and abduction. Conclusions: an accelerated physiotherapeutic protocol should be encouraged, because it shows favourable results in gait, muscle strength and length of hospital stay, even upon hospital discharge.


RESUMO Objetivos: comparar um protocolo fisioterapêutico acelerado com um protocolo fisioterapêutico convencional em pacientes submetidos a artroplastia total do quadril. Métodos: ensaio clínico randomizado, duplo-cego, realizado de agosto/2013 a novembro/2014. Quarenta e oito pacientes diagnosticados com coxartrose submetidos a cirurgia de artroplastia total do quadril. Fisioterapia de reabilitação acelerada aplicada três vezes ao dia com início de marcha no primeiro dia ou fisioterapia convencional aplicada uma vez ao dia e início de marcha no segundo ou terceiro dia de hospitalização. Os escores de Merle dAubigné e Postel (mobilidade, dor e marcha), força muscular, amplitude de movimento, internação hospitalar e tempo para o início de marcha foram os desfechos. Resultados: a idade média foi 64,46 anos (desvio padrão 10,37 anos). Não foram observadas diferenças na idade nos diferentes sexos, e os grupos de randomização foram homogêneos. O tempo de internação hospitalar foi menor no grupo intervenção em comparação ao grupo controle, 3 (3-4) dias [mediana (intervalo interquartil)] versus 4 (4-5) dias. O tempo para início da marcha foi precoce no grupo de intervenção em comparação ao grupo controle, 1 (1-1) dias versus 2 (2-2) dias. Maiores valores de força muscular foram observados nos resultados pós-operatórios no grupo intervenção em comparação ao grupo controle para rotação interna, rotação externa e abdução. Conclusões: um protocolo fisioterapêutico acelerado deve ser incentivado, pois apresenta resultados favoráveis na marcha, força muscular e tempo de internação, mesmo após a alta hospitalar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Postoperative Care/methods , Osteoarthritis, Hip/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/rehabilitation , Gait , Double-Blind Method , Range of Motion, Articular , Physical Therapy Modalities , Treatment Outcome , Recovery of Function , Muscle Strength , Middle Aged
7.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(6): 537-544, dic. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058315

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La hiperhidrosis palmar primaria es un problema médico frecuente. Minimizar la invasión, simplificar y estandarizar la técnica supone mejores resultados. Objetivo: Evaluar eficacia y seguridad con la aplicación de nuestra técnica simplificada y estandarizada, a través de su impacto en los resultados trans y postoperatorio para la hiperhidrosis palmar primaria (HPP). Materiales y Método: Se realiza estudio observacional que evalúa los resultados obtenidos con la aplicación de nuestra técnica estandarizada para el tratamiento de HPP. El universo está constituido por 359 pacientes intervenidos entre 2007 y 2011. El control hasta los 5 años fue posible en 298, los que constituyeron la muestra definitiva. Resultados: Se analizaron 298 pacientes (596 procedimientos). En el transoperatorio solo 3 pacientes (1%) presentaron alguna complicación. El manejo del dolor torácico fue la mayor dificultad inmediata a la cirugía, con 61,7% de dolor moderado y 15,2% severo. Último control a 5 años con curación en el 99,7% y una recidiva. Los índices de satisfacción se muestran en rango excelente según encuestas validadas. Manejo ambulatorio en 99%. Discusión: Aplicar intubación endotraqueal simple permite extrapolar ventajas ya conocidas de esta técnica y menos complicaciones respiratorias, suspensiones, uso de recursos costosos o personal muy calificado. La combinación de simplificar aspectos quirúrgicos y anestésicos permitieron estandarizar y simplificar nuestra técnica y con ello: no necesitar drenajes pleurales, menos dolor, recuperación casi inmediata de la fisiología respiratoria y alta precoz. Conclusión: Combinar el empleo de tubo endotraqueal simple y oxigenación apneíca con minimizar la invasión quirúrgica: puerto único, sin drenaje pleural y manejo ambulatorio constituyen una práctica segura para la simpatectomía torácica endoscópica, con mejores resultados postoperatorios, una vez logrado en entrenamiento necesario.


Introduction: Primary palmar hyperhidrosis is a frequent medical problem. Minimizing invasion, simplifying and standardizing technique means better results. Aim: To evaluate efficacy and safety with the application of our simplified and standardized technique, through its impact on trans and post-operative outcomes for primary palmar hyperhidrosis (PPH). Minimizing approach, simplifying and standardizing the technique should lead to better outcomes. Materials and Method: An observational study is carried out to evaluate the outcomes obtained with the application of our standardized technique for the treatment of PPH. The universe constituted by 359 patients treated between 2007 and 2011. Control up to 5 years was possible in 298, which constituted the definitive sample. Results: 298 patients (596 procedures) were analyzed. In the transoperative only 3 patients (1%) report minor complication. Thoracic pain management was the greatest difficulty immediate to surgery, with 61.7% moderate pain and 15.2% severe. Satisfaction indexes in excellent range according to validated surveys. Outpatient management in 99%. Discussion: Simple intubation avoids respiratory complications, suspensions, use of expensive resources or highly qualified personnel. Early pain relief, non-uses of pleural tubes or antibiotics allows rapid recovery and early discharge due to simplification and standardization of the technique. Conclusion: The use of simple endotraqueal tube and oxygenation in apnea, single port, without pleural drainage or antibiotics and ambulatory is a safe practice for endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy, once achieved in necessary training.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Care/methods , Reference Standards , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Hand/surgery , Hyperhidrosis/surgery , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Surgical Procedures, Operative/adverse effects , Hyperhidrosis/therapy
8.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(6): 685-689, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055501

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: After post-septoplasty nasal packing removal, a certain proportion of nasal secretion occurs, leading to local and sometimes systemic infections. Objective: The aim was to determine if standardized dry ivy leaf extract application after nasal packing removal influences the reduction of nasal secretion and diminish the occurrence of local infections. Methods: The study included 70 post-septoplasty patients (divided into two equal groups) whose nasal packing was removed on the third day after the procedure. Group I was treated with standardized dry ivy leaf extract syrup along with regular nasal irrigation for the five days after the nasal packing removal whereas the Group II had only nasal lavage. On the sixth day after nasal packing removal, the quantity of nasal secretion was determined using a visual analog scale and nasal endoscopic examination. Results: The group treated with standardized dry ivy leaf extract syrup had significantly lesser nasal secretion both by subjective patients' assessment (p < 0.001) and by nasal endoscopic examination (p = 0.003). The post-surgical follow up examination on the sixth day after nasal packing removal showed no development of local infection in the Group I, while in the Group II a local infection was evident in five patients (14.29%) and antibiotic therapy was required. Conclusion: The use of the standardized dry ivy leaf extract after nasal packing removal significantly lowers the proportion of nasal secretion.


Resumo Introdução: Após a remoção do tampão nasal pós-septoplastia, ocorre produção de secreção nasal, predispondo infecções locais e, por vezes, sistêmicas. Objetivo: O objetivo foi determinar se a aplicação do extrato padronizado de folhas de hera seca após a remoção do tampão nasal influencia a redução da secreção nasal e diminui a ocorrência de infecções locais. Método: O estudo incluiu 70 pacientes pós-septoplastia (divididos em dois grupos iguais) cujo tampão nasal foi retirado no terceiro dia após o procedimento. O grupo I foi tratado com xarope padronizado de extrato de folha seca de hera juntamente com irrigação nasal regular por cinco dias após a remoção do tamponamento nasal, enquanto ao grupo II foi recomendado apenas lavagem nasal. No sexto dia após a remoção do tampão nasal, a quantidade de secreção nasal foi determinada pela escala EVA (escala visual analógica) e pelo exame endoscópico nasal. Resultados: O grupo tratado com xarope de extrato seco de folhas de hera apresentou secreção nasal significativamente menor tanto pela avaliação subjetiva dos pacientes (p < 0,001) quanto pelo exame endoscópico nasal (p = 0,003). O exame de acompanhamento pós-cirúrgico no sexto dia após a remoção do tampão nasal não mostrou desenvolvimento de infecção local nos pacientes do grupo I, enquanto que no grupo II, cinco apresentaram sinais de infecção local (14,29%) com necessidade de antibioticoterapia. Conclusão: O uso do extrato padronizado de folhas secas de hera após a remoção do tampão nasal reduz significativamente a produção de secreção nasal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Postoperative Care/methods , Rhinoplasty/methods , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Hedera/chemistry , Nasal Septum/surgery , Epistaxis/prevention & control , Nose/microbiology , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Postoperative Hemorrhage/prevention & control , Phytotherapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
9.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 31(4): 561-570, out.-dez. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058048

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O programa de transplante de fígado teve início em nosso centro em 1992, e pacientes em pós-operatório de transplante hepático ainda são admitidos à unidade de terapia intensiva. Uma curva de aprendizado do médico intensivista teve então início, com aquisição de habilidades e estabelecimento de uma prática específica. Contudo, muitos dos conceitos se modificaram com o tempo, o que conduziu a uma melhora nos cuidados proporcionados a esses pacientes. A abordagem prática varia entre diferentes centros de transplante de fígado, segundo especificidades locais. Assim, ensejamos apresentar nossa prática para estimular o debate entre diferentes equipes dedicadas, o que tem potencial de permitir a introdução de novas ideias e, possivelmente, melhorar o padrão de cuidados em cada instituição.


ABSTRACT The liver transplant program in our center started in 1992, and post-liver transplant patients are still admitted to the intensive care unit. For the intensive care physician, a learning curve started then, skills were acquired, and a specific practice was established. Throughout this time, several concepts changed, improving the care of these patients. The practical approach varies between liver transplant centers, according to local specificities. Hence, we wanted to present our routine practice to stimulate the debate between dedicated teams, which can allow the introduction of new ideas and potentially improve each local standard of care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Care/methods , Liver Transplantation/methods , Critical Care/methods , Postoperative Care/standards , Postoperative Period , Clinical Competence , Critical Care/standards , Standard of Care , Intensive Care Units
10.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 18(2): e551, mayo.-ago. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093107

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las unidades de atención al paciente gravemente enfermo informan numerosos casos con desnutrición. Para poder estimarlo es necesario utilizar indicadores dietéticos, antropométricos, bioquímicos e inmunológicos. Objetivo: Caracterizar el estado nutricional de los pacientes posoperados ingresados en una unidad de cuidados intensivos. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, prospectivo de corte transversal. Los valores se obtuvieron de los indicadores antropométricos (circunferencia media del brazo y circunferencia de la pantorrilla), bioquímicos (albúmina, colesterol, triglicéridos y creatinina) e inmunológicos (conteo total de linfocitos) de 98 pacientes ingresados en dicha unidad. El estado nutricional fue evaluado mediante variables independientes. Resultados: Predominaron los pacientes con estadía entre 1-7 días (71,4 por ciento), la ventilación mecánica se utilizó en 33,6 por ciento, fallecieron 19,3 por ciento de los pacientes, y predominó el grupo de afecciones intraabdominales 38,8 por ciento. La linfopenia (68,3 por ciento) y la hipoalbuminemia (62,2 por ciento) fueron más significativas, seguida de la circunferencia media del brazo (CMB) en rango de desnutrición (47,9 por ciento). No se demostró asociación de las variables nutricionales con la estadía, ni la necesidad de ventilación mecánica. Todas las variables se asociaron con el estado al egreso. Conclusiones: Predominó la estadía alrededor de una semana, la tercera parte de la muestra requirió apoyo ventilatorio, y la mortalidad fue baja. De las variables nutricionales estudiadas no se encontró asociación de estas con la estadía ni el uso de ventilación mecánica pero sí con el estado al egreso(AU)


Introduction: Critically ill care units report numerous cases of malnutrition. In order to estimate such statistics, it is necessary to use dietary, anthropometric, biochemical and immunological indicators. Objective: To characterize the nutritional status of postoperative patients admitted to an intensive care unit. Methods: A descriptive, prospective, cross-sectional study was carried out. The values ;were obtained from the indicators of the type anthropometric (average arm and calf circumference), biochemical (albumin, cholesterol, triglycerides and creatinine) and immunological (total lymphocyte count) of 98 patients admitted to the unit. The nutritional status was evaluated by independent variables. Results: Patients with 1-7 days of stay predominated (71.4 percent), mechanical ventilation was used in 33.6 percent, 19.3 percent of patients died, and the group of intra-abdominal conditions predominated (38.8 percent). Lymphopenia (68.3 percent) and hypoalbuminemia (62.2 percent) were more significant, followed by average arm circumference (AAC) in the malnutrition range (47.9 percent). There was no association of nutritional variables with the stay, nor the need for mechanical ventilation. All the variables were associated with the state at the time of discharge. Conclusions: A stay of about one week predominated, one third of the sample required ventilatory support, and mortality was low. Among all the nutritional variables studied, no association was found with the stay or the use of mechanical ventilation, but instead with the state at discharge(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Care/methods , Nutritional Status , Critical Illness , Intensive Care Units/standards , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
12.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(2): 122-130, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003398

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Hypothermia occurs in up to 20% of perioperative patients. Systematic postoperative temperature monitoring is not a standard of care in Brazil and there are few publications about temperature recovery in the postoperative care unit. Design and setting: Multicenter, observational, cross-sectional study, at Hospital de Base do Distrito Federal and Hospital Materno Infantil de Brasília. Methods: At admission and discharge from postoperative care unit, patients undergoing elective or urgent surgical procedures were evaluated according to tympanic temperature, vital signs, perioperative adverse events, and length of stay in postoperative care unit and length of hospital stay. Results: 78 patients, from 18 to 85 years old, were assessed. The incidence of temperatures <36 ºC at postoperative care unit admission was 69.2%. Spinal anesthesia (p < 0.0001), cesarean section (p = 0.03), and patients who received morphine (p = 0.005) and sufentanil (p = 0.003) had significantly lower temperatures through time. During postoperative care unit stay, the elderly presented a greater tendency to hypothermia and lower recovery ability from this condition when compared to young patients (p < 0.001). Combined anesthesia was also associated to higher rates of hypothermia, followed by regional and general anesthesia alone (p < 0.001). Conclusion: In conclusion, this pilot study showed that perioperative hypothermia is still a prevalent problem in our anesthetic practice. More than half of the analyzed patients presented hypothermia through postoperative care unit admission. We have demonstrated the feasibility of a large, multicenter, cross-sectional study of postoperative hypothermia in the post-anesthetic care unit.


Resumo Justificativa: A hipotermia ocorre em até 20% dos pacientes no perioperatório. A monitoração sistemática pós-operatória da temperatura não é um padrão de atendimento no Brasil e há poucas publicações sobre recuperação da temperatura na sala de recuperação pós-anestésica. Desenho e cenário: Estudo multicêntrico, observacional, transversal, conduzido no Hospital de Base do Distrito Federal e no Hospital Materno Infantil de Brasília. Métodos: Na admissão e alta da sala de recuperação pós-anestesia, os pacientes submetidos a procedimentos cirúrgicos eletivos ou de urgência foram avaliados de acordo com a temperatura timpânica, sinais vitais, eventos adversos perioperatórios, tempo de permanência na sala de recuperação pós-anestesia e tempo de internação hospitalar. Resultados: Setenta e oito pacientes com idades entre 18 e 85 anos foram avaliados. A incidência de temperatura <36 ºC na admissão à sala de recuperação pós-anestesia foi de 69,2%. Raquianestesia (p < 0,0001), cesariana (p = 0,03) e os pacientes que receberam morfina (p = 0,005) e sufentanil (p = 0,003) apresentaram temperaturas significativamente menores ao longo do tempo. Durante a permanência na sala de recuperação pós-anestesia, os pacientes idosos apresentaram uma tendência maior a apresentarem hipotermia e menor capacidade de recuperação dessa condição, em comparação com os pacientes jovens (p < 0,001). Anestesia combinada também foi associada a taxas mais altas de hipotermia, seguida pelas anestesias regional e geral isoladas (p < 0,001). Conclusão: Em conclusão, este estudo piloto mostrou que a hipotermia perioperatória ainda é um problema prevalente em nossa prática anestésica. Mais de metade dos pacientes analisados apresentaram hipotermia durante a admissão à sala de recuperação pós-anestésica. Demonstramos a viabilidade de um grande estudo multicêntrico, transversal, de hipotermia pós-operatória em sala de recuperação pós-anestésica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Postoperative Care/methods , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Hypothermia/epidemiology , Anesthesia/methods , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Prognosis , Brazil , Pilot Projects , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Hypothermia/etiology , Anesthesia/adverse effects , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
13.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(1): 28-34, jan.-fev. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-981527

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is an important treatment option for obstructive coronary artery disease, but it represents a high expense for paying sources.The complications of CABG impose an additional expense to the procedure that is not yet clearly established. Objective: To determine the economic impact of postoperative complications of CABG during hospitalization in a hospital of the unified health system (SUS). Methods: This is an observational study involving 240 patients undergoing isolated CABG in a reference hospital in cardiology in 2013. Patients aged over 30 years with proven coronary artery disease and indication to perform CRVM were included. Patients who performed CRVM associated with other procedures were excluded. Results: The average cost of hospitalization was R$ 22,647.24 (SD = R$ 28,105.66). In 97 patients who presented some complication the average cost was R$ 35,400.28 (SD = R$ 40,509.47), and in the 143 patients without complications the average cost was R$ 13,996.57 (SD = R$ 5,800.61) (p < 0.001). Expenditures ranged from R$ 17,344.37 in patients with one complication up to R$ 104,596.52 in patients with five complications (p < 0.001). Conclusions: The occurrence of complications during hospitalization for CABG dignificantly increases the costs of the procedure, but the magnitude of this increase depends on the type of complication developed, and higher expenses related to cardiovascular complications, infections and bleeding. With this information, managers can improve the allocation of resources to health


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Hospitalization/economics , Myocardial Revascularization/economics , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/complications , Postoperative Care/methods , Unified Health System , Coronary Artery Disease , Cardiovascular Diseases/economics , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Cross Infection , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Retrospective Studies , Analysis of Variance
14.
Rev. pesqui. cuid. fundam. (Online) ; 10(4): 945-950, out.-dez. 2018. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-915550

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever o perfil e os fatores que influenciam a qualidade de vida dos enfermeiros de um hospital de grande porte de Cabo Verde/África. Método: Pesquisa descritiva simples com uma abordagem quantitativa. Participaram 40 enfermeiros. Os dados foram coletados em junho e julho de 2015, analisados com o programa Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS), versão 20.0. Resultados: 72,5% são do sexo feminino e 27,5% do sexo masculino, 40% estão em uma faixa etária entre 36 a 45 anos, 52,5% são solteiros(as). Dos fatores que influenciam a qualidade de vida, 19,4% referiram a baixa remuneração, 15,7% condições de trabalho e motivação, 13,1% carga horária e estresse. Conclusão: A partir dos fatores que influenciam a qualidade de vida dos enfermeiros foi possível identificar a necessidade de mudanças com o intuito de fornecer melhores condições de trabalho e renda para os enfermeiros cabo-verdianos


Objective: To describe the profile and factors that influence the quality of life of nurses at a large hospital in Cape Verde-Africa. Method: Simple descriptive research with a quantitative approach. 40 nurses participated. Data were collected in June and July 2015, analyzed with the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 20.0. Results: 72.5% are female and 27.5% are male, 40% are between 36 and 45 years of age, 52.5% are single. Of the factors that influence quality of life, 19.4% referred to low remuneration, 15.7% working conditions and motivation, 13.1% workload and stress. Conclusion: Based on the factors that influence nurses' quality of life, it was possible to identify the need for changes in order to provide better working conditions and income for the Cape Verdean nurses


Objetivo: Describir el perfil y los factores que influyen en la calidad de vida del personal de enfermería en un hospital grande Verde-África del Cabo. Método: Investigación descriptiva simple con un enfoque cuantitativo. Con la asistencia de 40 enfermeras. Los datos fueron recogidos en junio y julio de 2015, se analizaron con el paquete estadístico para las Ciencias Sociales (SPSS) versión 20.0. Resultados: El 72,5% son mujeres y el 27,5% hombres, 40% están en el grupo de edad entre 36 a 45 años, el 52,5% son solteros (as). Los factores que influyen en la calidad de vida, el 19,4% informó de un salario bajo, 15,7% las condiciones de trabajo y la motivación, el 13,1% de carga de trabajo y el estrés. Conclusión: A partir de los factores que influyen en la calidad de vida de las enfermeras fue posible identificar la necesidad de cambio con el fin de ofrecer mejores condiciones de trabajo e ingresos para los caboverdianos enfermeras


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Play Therapy/methods , Postoperative Care/methods , Postoperative Care/nursing , Postoperative Care/trends , Health Education/methods , Health Promotion/methods
15.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 68(5): 455-461, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-958344

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objective The use of transversus abdominis plane block with different local anesthetics is considered as a part of multimodal analgesia regimen in laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients. However no studies have been published comparing bupivacaine and levobupivacaine for transversus abdominis plane block. We aimed to compare bupivacaine and levobupivacaine in ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane block in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods Fifty patients (ASA I/II), undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly allocated into two groups. Following anesthesia induction, ultrasound-guided bilateral transversus abdominis plane block was performed with 30 mL of bupivacaine 0.25% in Group B (n = 25) and 30 mL of levobupivacaine 0.25% in Group L (n = 25) for each side. The level of pain was evaluated using 10 cm visual analog scale (VAS) at rest and during coughing 1, 5, 15, 30 min and 1, 2, 4, 6, 12 and 24 h after the operation. When visual analogue scale > 3, the patients received IV tenoxicam 20 mg. If visual analogue scale remained >3, they received IV. tramadol 1 mg.kg−1. In case of inadequate analgesia, a rescue analgesic was given. The analgesic requirement, time to first analgesic requirement was recorded. Results Visual analogue scale levels showed no difference except first and fifth minutes postoperatively where VAS was higher in Group L (p < 0.05). Analgesic requirement was similar in both groups. Time to first analgesic requirement was shorter in Group L (4.35 ± 6.92 min vs. 34.91 ± 86.26 min, p = 0.013). Conclusions Bupivacaine and levobupivacaine showed similar efficacy at TAP block in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivo O uso do bloqueio do plano transverso abdominal com diferentes anestésicos locais é considerado como parte do regime de analgesia multimodal em pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia laparoscópica. No entanto, nenhum estudo comparando bupivacaína e levobupivacaína para bloqueio do plano transverso abdominal foi publicado. Nosso objetivo foi comparar bupivacaína e levobupivacaína em bloqueio do plano transverso abdominal guiado por ultrassom em pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia laparoscópica. Métodos Cinquenta pacientes (ASA I/II), submetidos à colecistectomia laparoscópica foram alocados aleatoriamente em dois grupos. Após a indução da anestesia, o bloqueio do plano transverso abdominal bilateral guiado por ultrassom foi realizado com 30 mL de bupivacaína a 0,25% no Grupo B (n = 25) e 30 mL de levobupivacaína a 0,25% no Grupo L (n = 25) para cada lado. O nível de dor foi avaliado usando a escala visual analógica de 10 cm em repouso e durante a tosse em 1, 5, 15, 30 minutos e em 1, 2, 4, 6, 12 e 24 horas após a operação. Quando a escala visual analógica > 3, os pacientes receberam 10 mg de tenoxicam por via intravenosa (IV). Se a escala visual analógica permanecesse > 3, os pacientes recebiam tramadol IV (1 mg.kg−1). Em caso de analgesia inadequada, um analgésico de resgate foi administrado. A necessidade de analgésico e o tempo até a primeira solicitação de analgésico foram registrados. Resultados Os escores da escala visual analógica não mostraram diferença, exceto no primeiro e quinto minutos de pós-operatório, onde a escala visual analógica foi maior no Grupo L (p < 0,05). A necessidade de analgésico foi semelhante em ambos os grupos. O tempo até a primeira solicitação de analgésico foi menor no Grupo L (4,35 ± 6,92 min vs. 34,91 ± 86,26 min, p = 0,013). Conclusões Bupivacaína e levobupivacaína apresentaram eficácia similar no bloqueio TAP em pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia laparoscópica.


Subject(s)
Postoperative Care/methods , Bupivacaine/administration & dosage , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/instrumentation , Levobupivacaine/administration & dosage , Anesthesia, General/methods
16.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 10(4): 936-940, out.-dez. 2018.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-916065

ABSTRACT

Objective: The study's goal has been to understand the impact of playful educational actions performed by nurses in the immediate postoperative period, aiming to restore health promotion and maintenance strategies. Methods: It is an action-based research that was carried out in a municipal hospital in the Central region of Rio Grande do Sul State. The participants were hospitalized patients scheduled to undergo cholecystectomy procedure. This research was performed in three stages, as follows: the first one used a semi-structured questionnaire; the second, was the socialization of the recreational strategy developed by the researcher; and the third, sought to evaluate the effectiveness of the recreational activity. Data analysis was done by the content analysis under the thematic modality. Results: "Playfulness allied to therapeutic communication determining the confrontation of the perioperative process" and "Playfulness in the nursing consultation as a strategy toward the health education and self-care stimuli". Conclusion: The playful educational activities toward clients hospitalized for surgical procedure impact as a care methodology with innovative, active, and dialogic characteristics, then providing moments of demystification and understanding of the context that will be experienced in a creative and light way


Objetivo: Compreender o impacto de ações educativas lúdicas realizadas pelo enfermeiro no pós-operatório imediato, visando reconstruir estratégias de promoção e manutenção da saúde. Métodos: Trata-se de uma pesquisa-ação, realizada em um hospital municipal na região central, Rio Grande do Sul. Os participantes foram pacientes internados para realização de colecistectomia. Feita em três momentos, primeiro utilizou um questionário semiestruturado; segundo, a socialização da estratégia lúdica desenvolvida pelo pesquisador; terceiro, buscou avaliar a efetividade da ação educativa lúdica. Submetidos à análise de conteúdo, na modalidade temática. Resultados: "Ludicidade aliada à comunicação terapêutica determinando o enfrentamento do processo perioperatório" e "Ludicidade na consulta de Enfermagem como estratégia de educar para a saúde e estimular o autocuidado". Conclusão: As ações educativas lúdicas a clientes internados para a realização de procedimento cirúrgico impactam como uma metodologia de cuidado inovadora, ativa e dialógica, proporcionando momentos de desmistificação e compreensão do contexto que será vivenciado, de forma criativa e leve. Descritores: Educação em Saúde, Promoção da Saúde, Enfermagem, Ludicidade


Objetivo: Comprender el impacto de las actividades educativas recreativas llevadas a cabo por personal de enfermería en el postoperatorio inmediato, con el objetivo de reconstruir las estrategias de promoción y mantenimiento de la salud. Métodos: Se trata de una investigación en la acción llevada a cabo en un hospital municipal en la región central, RS. Los participantes fueron pacientes hospitalizados para la colecistectomía. Que tuvo lugar en tres etapas, que se utiliza por primera vez un cuestionario semi-estructurado, de acuerdo con la socialización de la estrategia de juego desarrollado por el investigador, en tercer lugar, tuvo como objetivo evaluar la eficacia de las actividades lúdicas educativas. Sometido a análisis de contenido, modalidad temática. Resultados: "Lo lúdico combinan con la comunicación terapéutica determinar la cara del proceso perioperatorio" y "Lo lúdico en consulta de Enfermería como una estrategia para educar a la salud y estimular el autocuidado." Conclusión: Las actividades lúdicas educativas a los clientes hospitalizados para llevar a cabo la cirugía de impacto como una metodología innovadora de atención, activa, y de diálogo, proporcionando momentos de desmitificación y la comprensión del contexto que se experimentará, forma creativa y la luz


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Care/education , Postoperative Care/nursing , Postoperative Care/methods , Play and Playthings , Health Education , Health Promotion
17.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 68(4): 351-357, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-958324

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives Surgical patients frequently require admission in high-dependency units or intensive care units. Resources are scarce and there are no universally accepted admission criteria, so patients' allocation must be optimized. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between postoperative destination of patients submitted to colorectal surgery and the scores ColoRectal Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and Morbidity (CR-POSSUM) and Surgical Apgar Score (SAS) and, secondarily find cut-offs to aid this allocation. Methods A cross-sectional prospective observational study, including all adult patients undergoing colorectal surgery during a 2 years period. Data collected from the electronic clinical process and anesthesia records. Results A total of 358 patients were included. Median score for SAS was 8 and CR-POSSUM had a median mortality probability of 4.5%. Immediate admission on high-dependency units/intensive care units occurred in 51 patients and late admission in 18. Scores from ward and high-dependency units/intensive care units patients were statistically different (SAS: 8 vs. 7, p < 0.001; CR-POSSUM: 4.4% vs. 15.9%, p < 0.001). Both scores were found to be predictors of immediate postoperative destination (p < 0.001). Concerning immediate high-dependency units/intensive care units admission, CR-POSSUM showed a strong association (AUC 0.78, p = 0.034) with a ≥9.16 cut-off point (sensitivity: 62.5%; specificity: 75.2%), outperforming SAS (AUC 0.67, p = 0.048), with a ≤7 cut-off point (sensitivity: 67.3%; specificity: 56.1%). Conclusions Both CR-POSSUM and SAS were associated with the clinical decision to admit a patient to the high-dependency units/intensive care units immediately after surgery. CR-POSSUM alone showed a better discriminative capacity.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos Os pacientes cirúrgicos com frequência precisam de internação em unidade de alta dependência ou unidade de terapia intensiva. Os recursos são escassos e não há critérios de admissão universalmente aceitos; portanto, a alocação dos pacientes precisa ser aprimorada. O objetivo primário deste estudo foi investigar a relação entre o destino dos pacientes após cirurgia colorretal e o Índice de Apgar Cirúrgico (IAC) e o escore CR-POSSUM - do inglês ColoRectal Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and Morbidity - e, secundariamente, descobrir pontos de corte para auxiliar essa alocação. Métodos Estudo prospectivo de observação transversal, incluiu todos os pacientes adultos submetidos à cirurgia colorretal durante um período de dois anos. Os dados foram coletados do prontuário clínico eletrônico e dos registros de anestesia. Resultados Foram incluídos 358 pacientes. A mediana para o IAC foi 8 e para a probabilidade de mortalidade no CR-POSSUM, 4,5%. A admissão imediata em unidade de alta dependência/unidade de terapia intensiva ocorreu em 51 pacientes e a admissão tardia em 18. Os escores dos pacientes na enfermaria e na unidade de alta dependência/unidade de terapia intensiva foram estatisticamente diferentes (tempo de internação: 8 vs. 7, p < 0,001; CR-POSSUM: 4,4% vs. 15,9%, p < 0,001). Os dois escores foram preditivos do destino imediato pós-cirurgia (p < 0,001). Em relação à admissão imediata em UAD/UTI, CR-POSSUM mostrou uma forte associação (ASC 0,78; p = 0,034) com um ponto de corte ≥ 9,16 (sensibilidade: 62,5%; especificidade: 75,2%), superou o IAC (ASC 0,67, p = 0,048), com ponto de corte ≤ 7 (sensibilidade: 67,3%; especificidade: 56,1%). Conclusões Tanto o CR-POSSUM quanto o IAC foram associados à decisão clínica de admitir um paciente em unidade de alta dependência/unidade de terapia intensiva imediatamente após a cirurgia. CR-POSSUM isolado mostrou uma capacidade discriminativa melhor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Care/methods , Triage , Colorectal Surgery , Critical Care/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies
18.
Rev. pesqui. cuid. fundam. (Online) ; 10(3): 711-719, jul.-set. 2018.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-906396

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever as percepções de profissionais de enfermagem acerca de um instrumento para avaliação e alta da Sala de Recuperação Pós-anestésica. Método: pesquisa exploratório-descritiva, de abordagem qualitativa realizada em uma instituição hospitalar do Sul do Brasil. Os participantes foram oito técnicos de enfermagem e uma enfermeira. A coleta de dados ocorreu nos meses de fevereiro e março de 2016 por meio de entrevista semiestruturada e os dados foram submetidos à análise temática. Resultados: os resultados foram agrupados em três categorias: "O cotidiano de trabalho na Sala de Recuperação Pós-anestésica", "Critérios de avaliação e alta do paciente na Sala de Recuperação Pós-anestésica" e "Atuação do enfermeiro na Sala de Recuperação Pós-anestésica". Conclusões: os profissionais percebem a necessidade de estabelecer critérios de avaliação para a alta da Sala de Recuperação Pós-anestésica de forma documentada, destacando a importância do enfermeiro durante todo período de funcionamento da unidade a fim de prevenir possíveis complicações que envolvem o período pós-operatório imediato


Objetivo: Describir las percepciones de los profesionales de enfermería sobre un instrumento para evaluación y alta de la Sala de Recuperación Postanestésica. Método: la Investigación es exploratoria y descriptiva, de abordaje cualitativo realizada en una institución hospitalaria del Sul de Brasil. Los participantes fueron ocho técnicos de enfermería y una enfermera. La recolección de datos ocurrió en los meses de febrero y marzo de 2016 por medio de entrevista semiestructurada y los datos fueron sometidos al análisis temático. Resultados: los resultados fueron agrupados en tres categorías: "en el cotidiano del trabajo en la Sala de Recuperación Postanestésica", "Criterios de evaluación y alta del paciente en la Sala de Recuperación Postanestésica" y "Actuación del enfermero en la Sala de Recuperación Postanestésica". Conclusión: los profesionales perciben la necesidad de establecer criterios de evaluación para el alta de la Sala de Recuperación Postanestésica de forma documentada, destacando la importancia del enfermero durante todo el período de funcionamiento de la unidad con el fin de prevenir posibles complicaciones que envuelven el período postoperatorio inmediato


Objective: Herein, we have aimed to describe the nursing professionals' perceptions about an instrument for the evaluation and discharge of patients from Post-Anesthesia Care Units. Methods: This qualitative and exploratory-descriptive research was carried out in a hospital located in the South Region of Brazil. The participants were eight nursing technicians and one nurse. Data were collected by semi-structured interviews from February to March 2016 and then analyzed using Content Analysis. Results: Three categories appeared: "Daily work in post-anesthesia care units", "Evaluation Criteria and the patient's discharge from post-anesthesia care units", and "Nurses' performance in post-anesthesia care units". Conclusion: The professionals perceived the necessity of documented evaluation criteria for discharging patients from post-anesthesia care units to prevent complications


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Evaluation of Research Programs and Tools , Patient Safety , Postanesthesia Nursing , Nursing, Team , Postoperative Care/methods , Postoperative Care/nursing
19.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 88(2): 100-106, abr.-jun. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055000

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The postoperative care of patients subjected to cardiac surgery frequently require a complete recovery with intravenous fluids, but crystalloid solutions like normal saline may increase the interstitial oedema, and it is also well known that fluid overload increases mortality. Objective: To compare the effect of 7.5% hypertonic saline (HS) with 0.9% normal saline (NS) on lactate clearance, as well as the haemodynamic response of patients during the first day after cardiovascular bypass surgery. Methods: The study included patients 18 years of age and older with coronary artery disease and/or heart valve disease, and who underwent bypass surgery and/or cardiac valve replacement and were randomly assigned to receive 4 mL/kg of HS or NS intravenously for 30 min once they were admitted to the ICU. Lactate, arterial blood gases, heart rate, central venous pressure, and pulmonary wedge pressure were measured at 0, 6, 12, and 24 h after being admitted to the ICU. The analyses were carried out with an intention-to-treat principle. Results: Out of a total of 494 patients evaluated, 102 were included and assigned to the HS groups (51 patients) or NS (51 patients). The mean age of the participants was 59 ± 14 years, and 59.8% were male. No statistically significant differences were observed between two groups in the lactate clearance, or in any of the secondary outcomes. Conclusions: Our study failed to show a better lactate clearance in the group on hypertonic saline, and with no evidence of a higher incidence of adverse effects in that group. © 2017 Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez. Published by Masson Doyma México S.A. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).


Resumen Introducción: El cuidado postoperatorio de pacientes sometidos a cirugía cardíaca requiere frecuentemente una reanimación completa con líquidos intravenosos, pero las soluciones cristaloides pueden incrementar el edema intersticial y la sobrecarga de líquidos incrementa la mortalidad. Objetivo: Comparar el efecto del salino hipertónico (SH) al 7.5% con respecto al salino normal (SN) del 0.9% en la depuración de lactato y la respuesta hemodinámica durante el primer día postoperatorio de pacientes con cirugía cardiovascular con circulación extracorpórea. Métodos: Pacientes mayores de 18 años con cirugía de arterias coronarias o de enfermedad valvular cardíaca fueron aleatorizados a recibir 4 ml/kg de SH o SN intravenosos en los primeros 30min de admisión a UCI. Se midieron los valores de lactato, estado ácido-base, frecuencia cardíaca, presión venosa central y presión en cuña pulmonar a las horas 0, 6, 12 y 24 después del ingreso a UCI. Se hizo un análisis con el principio de intención de tratar para un modelo de datos longitudinales. Resultados: Se evaluaron 494 pacientes y se aleatorizaron 102 a los grupos de SH (n = 51) o SN (n = 51). El promedio de edad fue 59 ± 14 años y el 59.8% fueron hombres. No se observó ninguna diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre los 2 grupos en la depuración de lactato o en cualquiera de los desenlaces secundarios. Conclusiones: Nuestro estudio no mostró mejor depuración de lactato con el uso de una dosis de SH ni mayor frecuencia de efectos adversos en ese grupo. © 2017 Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez. Publicado por Masson Doyma México S.A. Este es un artículo Open Access bajo la licencia CC BY-NC-ND (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Postoperative Care/methods , Saline Solution, Hypertonic/administration & dosage , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Lactic Acid/metabolism , Saline Solution/administration & dosage , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Double-Blind Method , Hemodynamics/drug effects
20.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 89(1): 79-85, feb. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-900072

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: La evaluación ecocardiográfica de pacientes post-trasplante cardiaco pediátrico es una herramienta útil. Sin embargo, aún es necesario definir un protocolo óptimo de seguimiento. Obje tivo: Caracterizar los resultados de la aplicación de un protocolo de evaluación ecocardiográfica fun cional en pacientes en control post-trasplante cardiaco pediátrico ortotópico. Pacientes y Método: Posterior al trasplante cardiaco pediátrico se realizó una ecocardiografía con un protocolo funcional que incluyó strain longitudinal global. Se evaluaron además los datos de la biopsia endomiocárdica y del estudio hemodinámico contemporáneos. Resultados: De un total de 9 pacientes sólo 1 presentó disfunción sistólica de ventrículo izquierdo según parámetros clásicos, pero casi la totalidad presentó un strain longitudinal global alterado. No se observaron episodios de rechazo moderado o severo en estos pacientes. Todos los pacientes presentaban disfunción sistólica ventricular derecha. No se ob servó correlación entre estos parámetros y la presión de arteria pulmonar. Conclusiones: Se observó disfunción sistólica biventricular subclínica en la mayoría de los pacientes de esta serie. No hubo aso ciación con episodios de rechazo o con hipertensión pulmonar, lo que podría estar en relación con la ausencia de episodios de rechazo moderado o severo en la biopsia contemporánea y con el reducido tamaño muestral. Sólo el seguimiento a largo plazo de estos pacientes permitirá definir la relevancia clínica de los hallazgos descritos.


Abstract: Introduction: The echocardiographic evaluation of patients after heart transplantation is a useful tool. However, it is still necessary to define an optimal follow-up protocol. Objective: To describe the results of the application of a functional echocardiographic protocol in patients being followed after pediatric heart transplantation. Patients and Method: Alls patients being followed at our institution after pediatric heart transplantation underwent an echocardiographic examination with a functional protocol that included global longitudinal strain. Contemporaneous endomyocardial biopsy results and hemodynamic data were recorded. Results: 9 patients were evaluated with our echocardiographic functional protocol. Of these patients, only 1 showed systolic left ventricular dysfunction according to classic parameters. However, almost all patients had an abnormal global longitudinal strain. Right ventricular systolic dysfunction was observed in all patients. No epidodes of moderate to severe rejectiom were recorded. No correlation was observed between these parameters and pulmonary artery pressure. Conclusions: Subclinical biventricular systolic dysfunction was observed in the majority of the patients in this study. No association with rejection episodes or pulmonary hypertension was observed, which may be related to the absence of moderate or severe rejection episodes during the study period, and to the small sample size. Long term follow-up of these patients may better define the clinical relevance of our findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Postoperative Care/methods , Postoperative Complications/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Heart Transplantation , Aftercare/methods , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/diagnostic imaging , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/diagnostic imaging , Postoperative Care/standards , Echocardiography, Doppler/standards , Pilot Projects , Clinical Protocols , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Aftercare/standards , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/etiology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/etiology
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