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1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 29: e56924, jan.-dez. 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224444

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever a incidência de complicações em feridas operatórias de mastectomia e identificar fatores associados. Método: estudo retrospectivo desenvolvido em uma coorte hospitalar de 545 mulheres mastectomizadas por câncer de mama no ano 2018 em um centro de assistência de alta complexidade em oncologia da cidade do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, após aprovação por Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa. Os dados foram coletados a partir dos prontuários, permitindo cálculos da taxa de incidência e da razão da taxa de incidência para cada complicação. Resultados: a complicação que apresentou maior taxa de incidência foi o sangramento (57,14/100 mastectomias-dia), tendo como fatores associados a raça/cor da pele não branca (Razão da Taxa de Incidência: 3,11) e a diabetes mellitus (Razão da Taxa de Incidência: 0,48). Conclusão: os fatores associados ao sangramento da ferida operatória apontam para a necessidade de novas práticas no cuidado ao pós-operatório de mulheres mastectomizadas.


Objective: to describe the incidence of complications in mastectomy surgical wounds and to identify associated factors. Method: this retrospective study was conducted in a hospital cohort of 545 women mastectomized for breast cancer in 2018 at a high-complexity cancer care center Rio de Janeiro City, Brazil, after approval by the research ethics committee. Data were collected from medical records, allowing incidence rate and incidence rate ratio to be calculated for each complication. Results: the complication with the highest incidence rate was bleeding (57.14/100 mastectomies-day), associated factors being non-white race/skin color (incidence rate ratio 3.11) and diabetes mellitus (incidence rate ratio 0.48). Conclusion: the factors associated with bleeding from the surgical wound point to the need for new practices in post-operative care for women with mastectomies.


Objetivo: describir la incidencia de complicaciones en heridas quirúrgicas de mastectomía e identificar factores asociados. Método: estudio retrospectivo desarrollado en una cohorte hospitalaria de 545 mujeres mastectomizadas por cáncer de mama en 2018 en un centro de atención de alta complejidad en oncología de la ciudad de Río de Janeiro, Brasil, previa aprobación del Comité de Ética en Investigación. Los datos se obtuvieron de las historias clínicas, lo que permitió calcular la tasa de incidencia y el cociente de la tasa de incidencia para cada complicación. Resultados: la complicación que presentó mayor tasa de incidencia fue el sangrado (57,14 / 100 mastectomías-día), con factores asociados a la raza / color de piel no blanca (índice de tasa de incidencia: 3,11) y diabetes mellitus (índice de tasa de incidencia: 0,48). Conclusión: los factores asociados al sangrado de la herida quirúrgica apuntan a la necesidad de nuevas prácticas en el cuidado al postoperatorio de las mujeres con mastectomía.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Surgical Wound/complications , Mastectomy/adverse effects , Brazil/epidemiology , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Postoperative Hemorrhage/epidemiology
2.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(5): 1006-1019, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286808

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To characterize the contribution of the extirpative and reconstructive portions of radical cystectomy (RC) to complications rates, and assess differences between urinary diversion (UD) types. Materials and Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study comparing patients undergoing UD alone or RC+UD for bladder cancer from 2006 to 2017 using ACS National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database. The primary outcome was major complications, while secondary outcomes included minor complications and prolonged length of stay. Propensity score matching (PSM) was utilized to assess the association between surgical procedure (UD alone or RC+UD) and outcomes, stratified by diversion type. Lastly, we examined differences in complication rates between ileal conduit (IC) vs. continent UD (CUD). Results: When comparing RC + IC and IC alone, PSM yielded 424 pairs. IC alone had a lower risk of any complication (HR 0.63, 95% CI 0.52-0.75), venous thromboembolism (HR 0.45, 95% CI 0.22-0.91) and bleeding needing transfusion (HR 0.41, 95% CI 0.32-0.52). This trend was also noted when comparing RC + CUD to CUD alone. CUD had higher risk of complications than IC, both with (56.6% vs 52.3%, p = 0.031) and without RC (47.8% vs 35.1%, p=0.062), and a higher risk of infectious complications, both with (30.5% vs 22.7%, p<0.001) and without RC (34.0% vs 22.0%, p=0.032). Conclusions: RC+UD, as compared to UD alone, is associated with an increased risk of major complications, including bleeding needing transfusion and venous thromboembolism. Additionally, CUD had a higher risk of post-operative complication than IC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Urinary Diversion/adverse effects , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/surgery , Surgeons , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , United States , Cystectomy/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Quality Improvement
3.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(10): 1485-1490, Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351447

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Appendicitis in elderly patients is more challenging due to delayed presentation and higher comorbidities, which are associated with increased postoperative morbidity. The aim of this study was to evaluate factors that predict 30-day complications in elderly patients undergoing appendectomy. METHODS: The records of elderly patients who underwent appendectomy were reviewed. The primary outcome was 30-day postoperative complications. Independent variables examined included demographic data, comorbidities, preoperative laboratory values, pathological findings, and surgical features. Both univariate and multivariate regression analyses were performed to identify factors associated with postoperative complications. RESULTS: Evaluation was performed on 80 patients, comprising 63.8% females with a mean age of 71.3 years. Notably, 19 (23.8%) patients had one or more complications within 30 days after surgery. No significant difference was found between patients with and without complications in respect of age, gender, or laboratory features. The rates of American Society of Anesthesiologists scores 3-4 (p=0.006), hypertension (p=0.016), cardiovascular disease (p=0.049), and obesity (p=0.040) were significantly higher for patients with complications than for those without. On multivariate analysis, obesity (OR 9.41), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (OR 9.72), and open appendectomy (OR 14.87) were independently associated with 30-day postoperative complications. CONCLUSIONS: Older patients undergoing appendectomy tend to have poorer outcomes than younger patients. Therefore, it is critical to identify factors that could reduce the possibility of adverse outcomes in this frail population. The results of this study suggest that obesity, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and an open approach are independent factors for complications in elderly patients undergoing appendectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Appendicitis/surgery , Laparoscopy , Appendectomy/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Length of Stay
5.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(9): 690-698, Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351773

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Infection and exposure of the implant are some of the most common and concerning complications after implant-based breast reconstruction. Currently, there is no consensus on the management of these complications. The aim of the present study was to review our cases and to present a clinical protocol. Methods We conducted a retrospective review of consecutive patients submitted to implant-based breast reconstruction between 2014 and 2016. All patients were managed according to a specific and structured protocol. Results Implant exposure occurred in 33 out of 277 (11.9%) implant-based reconstructions. Among these, two patients had history of radiotherapy and had their implant removed; Delayed reconstruction with a myocutaneous flap was performed in both cases. Signs of severe local infection were observed in 12 patients, and another 5 presented with extensive tissue necrosis, and they were all submitted to implant removal; of them, 8 underwent reconstruction with a tissue expander, and 2, with a myocutaneous flap. The remaining 14 patients had no signs of severe infection, previous irradiation or extensive tissue necrosis, and were submitted to primary suture as an attempt to salvage the implant. Of these, 8 cases (57.1%) managed to keep the Conclusion Our clinical protocol is based on three key points: history of radiotherapy, severe infection, and extensive tissue necrosis. It is a practical and potentially-reproducible method of managing one of the most common complications of implant-based breast reconstruction.


Resumo Objectivo Infecção e exposição da prótese são algumas das complicações mais comuns e preocupantes após reconstrução da mama com implantes. Atualmente, ainda não há consenso quanto ao manejo destas complicações. O objetivo deste estudo foi o de revisar os casos da nossa instituição e apresentar um protocolo clínico. Métodos Realizou-se uma revisão retrospectiva de todos os casos consecutivos submetidos a reconstrução mamária imediata com prótese entre 2014 e 2016. Todos os casos foram conduzidos de acordo com um protocolo específico e estruturado. Resultados A exposição do implante ocorreu em 33 de 227 reconstruções (11,9%). Dentre estas, duas pacientes tinham histórico de radioterapia, e foram submetidas a remoção da prótese e posterior reconstrução com retalho miocutâneo. Sinais de infecção local grave foram observados em 12 pacientes, e, em 5, necrose extensa de tecido, e todas foram submetidas a remoção dos implantes; destas, 8 foram recons truídas com expansor, e 2, com retalho miocutâneo. As 14 pacientes remanecentes não haviam sido submetidas previamente à radioterapia, não tinham sinais de infecção, nem necrose extensa; portanto, foram submetidas a sutura primária em uma tentativa de salvar a prótese. Dessas, 8 pacientes (57,1%) conseguiram manter os implantes originais. Conclusão Nosso protocolo clínico é baseado em três pontos principais: histórico de radioterapia, infecção grave, e necrose extensa de tecido. Ele constitui um método prático e potencialmente reprodutível de manejo de uma das complicações mais comuns da reconstrução mamária com implantes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mammaplasty/adverse effects , Breast Implants/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Tissue Expansion Devices/adverse effects , Clinical Protocols , Retrospective Studies
6.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(2): 168-175, June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286984

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the morbidity and mortality related to the surgical procedure of loop ileostomy closure, in a reference service in coloproctology, as well as possible variables that may be related to a higher frequency of complications. Methods: A retrospective study evaluated 66 procedures of loop ileostomy closure, performed between December 2005 and December 2017, at the coloproctology service of Barão de Lucena Hospital, in Recife, Brazil. Results: There were complications in 20 (30.3%) patients, 11 of whom were classified as grade I (Clavien-Dindo), and 9 of whom were classified as grade II to V. In 7.6% of the cases, one or more surgical reassessments were required. Mortality was 1.5%. There was no statistical relevance in the correlation of the studied variables with the occurrence of complications. Conclusion: Loop ileostomy closure presents an important morbidity, reaching more than 30%, although mortality is low. The analyzed variables did not show significant statistics for a higher occurrence of complications. (AU)


Objetivo: Avaliar a morbimortalidade relacionada ao procedimento cirúrgico de fechamento ileostomia em alça, em um serviço de referência em coloproctologia, bem como possíveis variáveis que possam se relacionar com uma maior frequência de complicações. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo, com análise de prontuários de 66 procedimentos de fechamento de ileostomia em alça, realizados entre dezembro de 2005 e dezembro de 2017, no serviço de coloproctologia do Hospital Barão de Lucena, em Recife, PE. Resultados: Houve complicações em 20 (30,3%) pacientes, sendo 11 delas classificadas como grau I (Clavien-Dindo) e 9 classificadas de grau II a V. Em 7,6% dos casos, houve necessidade de uma oumais reabordagens cirúrgicas. Amortalidade foi de 1,5%. Não houve relevância estatística na correlação das variáveis estudadas com a ocorrência de complicações. Conclusão: O procedimento cirúrgico de fechamento de ileostomia apresenta morbidade importante, podendo chegar a mais de 30%, embora a mortalidade seja baixa. As variáveis analisadas não demonstraram significância estatística para maior ocorrência de complicações. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Ileostomy/adverse effects , Ileum/surgery , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Treatment Outcome
7.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(2): 188-193, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279100

ABSTRACT

Resumen Antecedentes: La cirugía robótica se utiliza en múltiples especialidades quirúrgicas a nivel mundial. Objetivo: Documentar la experiencia inicial del programa de cirugía robótica en un hospital de práctica privada. Material y método: Se incluyen las primeras 500 cirugías robóticas realizadas en el Centro Médico ABC, abarcando un periodo de tres años. Se documentan especialidades involucradas así como datos transoperatorios principales. Resultados: De 500 pacientes, 367 (73.4%) fueron de sexo masculino y 133 (26.4%) de sexo femenino. Las tres cirugías más realizada fueron prostatectomía radical (269), seguido de histerectomía (64) y plastia inguinal (33). Un total de 40 médicos certificados de cinco especialidades realizaron la totalidad de los procedimientos. Conclusiones: El iniciar un programa en un centro médico privado tiene diversas implicaciones. La creación de un comité de cirugía robótica integrado por médicos especialistas certificados en cirugía robótica de cada especialidad y autoridades del hospital para la acreditación de lineamientos tanto para la certificación como la recertificación de sus médicos puede beneficiar a programas como el nuestro por crear un centro de excelencia de cirugía robótica, disminuyendo complicaciones y mejorando resultados.


Abstract Background: Robotic surgery is used in different surgical specialties worldwide. Objective: To documents the initial experience in a private hospital in the use robotic surgery in different surgical areas. Material and Methods: We included the first 500 robotic surgeries in our hospital in a 3 year period, documenting specialty and operative information. Results: Of the 500 patients, 367 (73.4%) were male and 133 (26.4%) female. The three most frequent surgeries performed were Radical Prostatectomy (269), Hysterectomy (64) an inguinal repair (33). A total of 40 certified surgeons ranging from 5 specialties performed the total number of surgeries. Conclusions: There are several implications in starting a robotic program in a private hospital setting. The creation of a robotic committee, formed by robotic certified physicians and hospital authorities, has helped in the certification process of its staff, lowering the complication rate and obtaining better surgical results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Robotic Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Prostatectomy/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors , Hospitals, Private/statistics & numerical data , Age Distribution , Operative Time , Robotic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Surgeons/statistics & numerical data , Hysterectomy/statistics & numerical data , Inguinal Canal/surgery , Mexico
8.
Rev. argent. urol. (1990) ; 86(1): 12-18, 20210000. ^etab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1140724

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVOS: analizar y presentar nuestros resultados en el tratamiento de la litiasis renal mediante Nefrolitotricia Percutánea (NLP) ambulatoria en un mismo centro. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: entre agosto de 2013 y mayo de 2017 se realizó una recolección prospectiva de datos de los pacientes sometidos a NLP ambulatoria tubeless con catéter doble J o totally tubeless por litiasis renal. Se excluyeron aquellos pacientes con score de ASA >3. Se analizaron los datos preoperatorios, intra- y posoperatorios. Se clasificaron las complicaciones de acuerdo con el sistema de Clavien modificado. Se compararon los valores de hematocrito, hemoglobina, creatininemia y uremia pre- y posoperatoria a las 48 horas. RESULTADOS: en total, se operaron 156 pacientes, a los cuales se les dio el alta el mismo día de la cirugía. La suma de los diámetros máximos de las litiasis, en promedio, fue de 26,6 mm, 32 casos de litiasis coraliforme. La posición más utilizada fue la ventral, con un tiempo promedio de cirugía de 50 minutos. Se realizó NLP tubeless en 125 pacientes y totally tubeless en 29 casos. A 40 pacientes se les colocó un tapón de Surgicel en el tracto de acceso percutáneo. La tasa libre de cálculos fue del 84%, y en pacientes con litiasis coraliforme fue del 53%. No hubo complicaciones intraoperatorias y el 80% de los pacientes no presentó complicaciones. La tasa de reinternación fue del 3%. Si bien se hallaron diferencias significativas entre los valores pre- y posoperatorios de hematocrito y hemoglobina (40% y 13,3 g/dl vs. 39% y 12,8 g/dl; p=0,0001 y 0,0001, respectivamente), estas no fueron clínicamente significativas y solamente un paciente requirió de transfusión de sangre (0,6%). CONCLUSIONES: en nuestra experiencia, la NLP ambulatoria fue segura, con tasas libres de cálculos y complicaciones similares a las realizadas con internación.


OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and feasibility of ambulatory percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) at a single institution. METHODS: Data collected prospectively of patients submit for ambulatory PCNL tubeless or totally tubeless between August 2013 and May 2017 were review. Exclusion criteria were patients with ASA score >3. Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative data were collected. Complications were classified using the Clavien sistem modified for PCNL. Properative and 48hs postoperative value of hematocrit, hemoglobin, creatininemia and uremia were compare. RESULTS: One hundred and fifty five patients underwent ambulatory PCNL. All patients were discharge the same day of surgery. The median of the sum of the maximum stone diameter was 26,6mm, 32 patients had staghorn calculus. We performed the majority of the surgerys in ventral position with a median time of 50 minutes. One hundred and twenty five patients underwent tubeless PCNL and totally tubeless 29 patients. In 40 cases we used Surgicel for sealing the percutaneous tract. Overall stone-free rate was 84% and 53% in staghorn cases. There were no intraoperative complications and 80% of the patients did not have any complications. Readmission rate was 3%. There was a significant decrease in the postoperative hematocrit and hemoglobin level (40% y 13,3 g/dl vs. 39% y 12,8 g/dl; p=0,0001 y 0,0001), this was not clinically significant. Only one patient required blood transfusion (0,6%). CONCLUSION: Ambulatory PCNL is safe with a stone-free rate, readmisions and complications similar to standard PCNL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Nephrolithiasis/surgery , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures/methods , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous/methods , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies
9.
Rev. argent. urol. (1990) ; 86(1): 30-34, 20210000. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1141498

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN/OBJETIVO: La estrechez uretral puede causar síntomas miccionales, dolor, disfunción vesical y eyaculatoria. La tasa de complicaciones en uretroplastía anterior es baja. El principal objetivo es evaluar complicaciones del posoperatorio (pop) inmediato (dentro de los 30 días pop). El objetivo secundario es valorar la relación entre complicaciones y la tasa de recaída. MATERIALES Y MÉTODO: Se realizó una revisión retrospectiva de las uretroplastías anteriores realizadas entre octubre del 2012 y junio del 2017. Se valoró: reinternación, reingreso a cirugía, infarto agudo de miocardio, tromboembolismo de pulmón, trombosis venosa profunda, óbito, infecciones, dehiscencia de herida, hematomas, sangrados, etc. Se definió recaída a la necesidad de realizar cualquier instrumentación uretral secundaria a la uretroplastía. Las variables se analizaron estadísticamente con Chi square y Mann-Whitney U test. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 92 pacientes, con un seguimiento mínimo de 12 meses. Las edades fueron de 18 a 88 años (mediana, 61,5 años). En 58 pacientes, se utilizaron transferencia de tejidos (27 injertos y 31 colgajos). La longitud de la estrechez fue desde 1-15 cm (media, 3,25 cm). La iatrogénica (56%) fue la etiología más frecuente. 56 pacientes (63%) tenían tratamientos previos. La tasa de complicaciones pop inmediato fue del 32%, las infecciones fueron las más frecuentes. Según Clavien, se clasificaron: I: 40%; II: 47%; III: 10%; IV: 3%. Hubo 17 recaídas (18%), 13 dentro de los primeros 6 meses del pop. De los pacientes que presentaron complicaciones, recayó el 23%; solo 16% de los que no las presentaron (p: 0,4). Aquellos pacientes con complicaciones graves presentaron mayor tasa de recaída (p: 0,2). CONCLUSIÓN: La tasa de complicaciones pop inmediata de uretroplastía anterior fue de 32%; las infecciones fueron las más frecuentes. La mayoría fue Clavien I y II. La recaída fue mayor en aquellos pacientes que sufrieron complicaciones en pop inmediato.


INTRODUCCION/OBJECTIVE: Urethral stenosis can cause mictional symptoms, pain, bladder dysfunction and ejaculatory problems. Complications rate in anterior urethroplasty is low. Main objetive is to evaluate early post operatory complications Secondary objetive is to assess the relationship between complications and recurrence rate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a restrospective review of our anterior urethroplasty database between October 2012 and June 2017. We recorded: patients readmission, return to operating room, acute myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, deep venous thrombosis, death, infections, wound dehiscense, hematomas, bleedings, etc. We defined recurrence as any urethral instrumentation after urethroplasty. Variables were analyzed using Chi Square and Mann Whitney U test. RESULTS: 92 patients were included in the study with at least 12 months follow up. Age range was between 18-88 years. (median 61,5 years) Substitution urethroplasty were performed in 58 patients (grafts 27 and flaps 31) Urethral stenosis lenght range was between 1 and 15 cm (mean 3,25cm) Most frequent cause of urethral stenosis was iatrogenic (56%) 56 patients underwent previous treatment (63%) Complication rate in early post operative period was 32%, most of them infections. Clavien clasiffication: I: 40%; II: 47%; III: 10%; IV: 3%. There were 17 recurrences (18%), 13 during the first 6 months after surgery. 23 % of patients with complications had recurrence and only 16% of patients without, had recurrence (p:0,4) Patients with serious complications had greater recurrence rate (p: 0,2) CONCLUSION: Recurrence rate in early complications of anterior urethroplasty was 32%, most of them infections. Clavien I and II are the most frequent. Recurrence was greater in patients who suffered early complications


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Recurrence , Urologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Urologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
10.
Clinics ; 76: e2741, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249588

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To determine the rate of and main risk factors for postoperative infection in cancer patients who underwent spine surgery in the last 5 years in order to determine whether there is an association between postoperative infection and increased mortality during hospitalization. METHODS: All cancer patients who underwent surgical procedures between January 2015 and December 2019 at a single hospital specializing in spine cancer surgery were analyzed. The primary outcome of interest was postoperative infection. Bivariate logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratio and 95% confidence interval for each variable in relation to the occurrence of infection. RESULTS: We evaluated 324 patients, including 176 men (54.3%) and 148 women (45.7%) with a mean age of 56 years. The incidence of postoperative infection was 20.37%. Of the 324 patients, 39 died during hospitalization (12%). CONCLUSIONS: Surgical time greater than 4 hours, surgical instrumented levels greater than 6, and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group of 3 or 4 were associated with an increased risk of postoperative infection, but these factors did not lead to an increase in mortality during hospitalization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Spine/surgery , Neoplasms/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
11.
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 49(1): 36-42, 2021. tab, ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1151893

ABSTRACT

Introducción: en Cartagena, desde hace aproximadamente una década, se está realizando una nueva técnica de injerto dorsal denominada cartílago en puente (CEP), realizada en rinoplastias cerradas por un solo otorrinolaringólogo. No obstante, no existen estudios que caractericen las complicaciones de esta técnica. Objetivo del estudio: caracterizar las complicaciones posquirúrgicas del manejo del dorso nasal con CEP en pacientes sometidos a una rinoplastia. Metodología: estudio observacional descriptivo, de corte transversal y de carácter retrospectivo, que abarca los registros clínicos de pacientes sometidos a una rinoplastia cerrada con la técnica CEP entre 2013 y 2016. Se midieron variables sociodemográficas, características del procedimiento y se registraron las complicaciones detectadas durante el seguimiento posoperatorio: aparición de infección, extrusión, desplazamiento y reabsorción del injerto Resultados: se identificaron 882 historias clínicas. La mediana de edad fue de 28 años, siendo el 81 % del género femenino. La rinoplastia fue primaria en 80,6 %, el material del injerto dorsal fue solo cartílago en 80,6 %, Gore-Tex® en 1,7 % y una combinación de cartílago y Gore-Tex® en 17,7 %. La mediana de duración de las rinoplastias fue de 78 minutos (rango intercuartílico [RIC]: 72-85), siendo el principal procedimiento adicional la septoplastia en 82,2 %. El 18,2 % de los pacientes presentaron complicaciones. El desplazamiento fue la principal complicación reportada (14,7%), seguida de la reabsorción (4,0 %) e infección (0,1 %). Conclusiones: la técnica CEP mostró como principales complicaciones el desplazamiento y la reabsorción del injerto, con una frecuencia similar a la descrita en otros estudios.


Introduction: In Cartagena, a new dorsal graft technique called Cartilage in Bridge (CEP) has been carried out for approximately a decade, performed in rhinoplasties closed by a single otorhinolaryngologist. However, there are no studies that characterize the complications of this technique. Objective: To characterize postoperative complications of the management of the nasal dorsum with bridge cartilage in patients undergoing rhinoplasty. Methodology: Retrospective, descriptive, observational cross-sectional study, covering clinical records of patients who underwent closed rhinoplasty with the bridge cartilage technique between 2013 and 2016. Sociodemographic variables, characteristics of the procedure, and complications detected during follow-up were recorded postoperative: appearance of infection, extrusion, displacement, and reabsorption of the graft Results: 882 medical records were identified. The median age was 28 years, being 81 % female. Rhinoplasty was primary in 80.6 %, the dorsal graft material was only cartilage in 80.6 %, Gore-Tex® in 1.7 % and combination of cartilage and Gore-Tex® in 17.7 %. The median duration of the rhinoplasties was 78 minutes (ICR: 72-85), with the main additional procedure being septoplasty in 82.2 %. 18.2 % of the patients presented complications. Displacement (14.7 %) was the main complication reported, followed by reabsorption (4.0 %) and infection (0.1 %). Conclusions: The cartilage bridge technique showed graft displacement and reabsorption as main complications, with a frequency similar to that described in other studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Rhinoplasty/adverse effects , Nasal Cartilages/surgery , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies
12.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(3): e1598, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355503

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Gastro-omentopexy promotes the reconnection of the stomach to the gastroesplenic and gastrocolic ligaments and constitutes an alternative for the prevention of complications in laparoscopic vertical gastrectomy. Aim: To demonstrate the benefits of the gastro-omentopexy technique in patients undergoing sleeve gastrectomy, with possible reduction in postoperative complications. Methods: Prospective, non-randomized, case series type study, consisting of a clinical population of 179 patients who underwent the technique in 2018, with follow-up between 6-12 months in the postoperative period. Results: From the participants 71.5% were women, aged between 30-40 years (36.3%). As for the prevalence of complications in the postoperative period, the low prevalence was evident, with emphasis on readmission (1.1%); reoperation (1.1%); wound infection (1.1%); bleeding hemorrhage (0.5%); and stricture (1.1%). However, temporary symptoms were present such as nausea/vomiting, food intolerance, epigastric pain and feeling of fullness, right after surgery. Conclusion: The technique promoted a significant improvement in quality of life and control of comorbidities. In addition, it was associated with a low prevalence of stenosis, and with no fistula, making the method safer.


RESUMO Racional: A gastro-omentopexia promove a reconexão do estômago aos ligamentos gastroesplênico e gastrocólico e pode constituir alternativa para prevenção de complicações na gastrectomia vertical laparoscópica. Objetivo: Demonstrar os benefícios da gastro-omentopexia em pacientes submetidos à gastrectomia vertical laparoscópica com redução de complicações. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo, não randomizado, do tipo série de casos, constituído por população de 179 pacientes que realizaram a técnica, com acompanhamento entre 6-12 meses no pós-operatório. Resultados: Dos participantes 71,5% eram mulheres, com faixa etária entre 30-40 anos (36,3%). Quanto às complicações no pós-operatório evidenciou-se baixa prevalência delas com destaque para reinternação (1,1%); reoperação (1,1%); infecção de ferida (1,1%); sangramento/hemorragia (0,5%); e estenose gástrica (1,1%). Entretanto, surgiram sintomas temporários como náusea/vômito, intolerância alimentar, dor epigástrica e sensação de plenitude, logo após a operação. Houve melhora nas variáveis de qualidade de vida analisadas. Conclusão: A técnica promoveu melhora na qualidade de vida e no controle das comorbidades. Além disso, esteve associada à baixa prevalência de estenose, e sem ocorrência de fístula, tornando o método mais seguro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Laparoscopy , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Stomach , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Gastrectomy
13.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(3): e1622, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355516

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The incidence of abdominal hernia in cirrhotic patients is as higher as 20%; in cases of major ascites the incidence may increase up to 40%. One of the main and most serious complications in cirrhotic postoperative period (PO) is acute kidney injury (AKI). Aim: To analyze the renal function of cirrhotic patients undergoing to hernia surgery and evaluate the factors related to AKI. Methods: Follow-up of 174 cirrhotic patients who underwent hernia surgery. Laboratory tests including the renal function were collected in the PO.AKI was defined based on the consensus of the ascite´s club. They were divided into two groups: with (AKI PO) and without AKI . Results: All 174 patients were enrolled and AKI occurred in 58 (34.9%). In the AKI PO group, 74.1% had emergency surgery, whereas in the group without AKI PO it was only 34.6%.In the group with AKI PO, 90.4% presented complications, whereas in the group without AKI PO they occurred only in 29.9%. Variables age, baseline MELD, baseline creatinine, creatinine in immediate postoperative (POI), AKI and the presence of ascites were statistically significant for survival. Conclusions: There is association between AKI PO and emergency surgery and, also, between AKI PO and complications after surgery. The factors related to higher occurrence were initial MELD, basal Cr, Cr POI. The patients with postoperative AKI had a higher rate of complications and higher mortality.


RESUMO Racional: A incidência de hérnia abdominal em pacientes cirróticos é elevada, em torno de 20%. Em casos de ascite volumosa, a incidência atinge valores até 40%. Uma das principais e mais graves complicações no pós-operatório de correção de hérnias de pacientes cirróticos é a insuficiência renal aguda (IRA). Objetivo: Analisar a função renal de pacientes cirróticos submetidos a herniorrafias, comparando aqueles que apresentavam IRA pós-operatório com os demais, para determinar os fatores relacionados à sua ocorrência. Método: Seguimento de pacientes cirróticos submetidos à cirurgia de hérnia entre 2001 e 2014 no Serviço de Transplante de Fígado. Foram coletados exames laboratoriais para avaliar a função renal no pós-operatório rotineiramente. A IRA foi definida com base no consenso do clube da ascite em 2015. Resultados: Dos 174 pacientes incluídos, ocorreu IRA em 58 pacientes (34,9%). Houve diferença entre grupos para as seguintes variáveis: MELD inicial, creatinina basal e creatinina, o grupo com IRA apresentou medias superiores ao grupo que não apresentou IRA. No grupo IRA PO, 74,1% das cirurgias, foram realizadas em caráter de emergência, enquanto que no grupo sem IRA no pós-operatório, 34,6%. No grupo IRA, 90,4% dos indivíduos apresentaram complicações no pós-operatório, enquanto no grupo sem IRA, 29,9%. As variáveis idade, MELD inicial, creatinina basal e creatinina no pós-operatório inicial foram estatisticamente significantes na análise de sobrevida. Conclusões: Existe uma associação entre IRA pós-operatória e cirurgia de emergência e IRA pós-operatóri e complicações pós-operatórias. Os fatores relacionados à maior ocorrência de IRA em pacientes cirróticos submetidos à cirurgia de hérnia são o MELD inicial, creatinina basal, creatinina pós-operatória inicial. O preparo de pacientes cirróticos com hérnia abdominal antes de procedimentos cirúrgicos deve ocorrer sistematicamente, pois apresentam alta incidência de IRA pós-operatória.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hernia, Abdominal , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Acute Kidney Injury/epidemiology , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Abdomen , Liver Cirrhosis/complications
14.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(3): e1614, 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355515

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) has been the choice of bariatric procedure for patients with symptomatic reflux - and is known to be effective in reducing the need for anti-reflux medication postoperatively. However, a small number of RYGB patients can still develop severe reflux symptoms that require a surgical intervention. Aim: To examine and describe the patient population that requires an anti-reflux procedure after RYGB evaluating demographics, characteristics, symptoms and diagnosis Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed on 32 patients who underwent a hiatal hernia repair and/or Nissen fundoplication after RYGB Jul 1st, 2014 and Dec 31st, 2019. Patients were identified using the MBSAQIP database and their electronic medical records were reviewed. Results: Most patients were female (n=29, 90.6%). The mean age was 52.8 years and the mean body mass index (BMI) was 34.1 kg/m2 at the time of anti-reflux procedure. Patients underwent the anti-reflux procedure at a mean of 7.9 years after the RYGB procedure. The mean percentage of excess BMI loss during the time between RYGB and anti-reflux procedure was 63.4%. Conclusions: Female patients with a significant weight loss may develop a severe reflux symptoms years after RYGB. Complaints of reflux after RYGB should not be overlooked. Careful follow-up and appropriate treatment (including surgical intervention) is needed for this population.


RESUMO Racional: O bypass gástrico em Y-de-Roux (RYGB) tem sido o procedimento bariátrico de escolha para pacientes com refluxo sintomático - e é conhecido por ser eficaz na redução da necessidade de medicação anti-refluxo no pós-operatório. No entanto, um pequeno número de pacientes com RYGB ainda pode desenvolver sintomas de refluxo graves que requerem uma intervenção cirúrgica. Objetivo: Examinar e descrever a população de pacientes que requer procedimento anti-refluxo após RYGB avaliando dados demográficos, características, sintomas e diagnóstico. Métodos: Revisão retrospectiva de prontuários foi realizada em 32 pacientes submetidos a hérnia hiatal e / ou fundoplicatura Nissen após RYGB em 1º de julho de 2014 a 31 de dezembro de 2019. Os pacientes foram identificados por meio do banco de dados MBSAQIP e seus prontuários eletrônicos foram revisados. Resultados: A maioria dos pacientes era do sexo feminino (n = 29 - 90,6%). A média de idade foi de 52,8 anos e o índice de massa corporea (IMC) médio de 34,1 kg / m2 na época do procedimento anti-refluxo. Os pacientes foram submetidos ao procedimento anti-refluxo em média 7,9 anos após o procedimento do BGYR. A porcentagem média de perda do excesso de IMC durante o tempo entre o BGYR e o procedimento anti-refluxo foi de 63,4%. Conclusões: Pacientes do sexo feminino com perda de peso significativa podem desenvolver sintomas graves de refluxo anos após o BGYR. Sintomas de refluxo após RYGB não devem ser negligenciadas. Acompanhamento cuidadoso e tratamento adequado (incluindo intervenção cirúrgica) são necessários para essa população.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Gastric Bypass , Gastroesophageal Reflux/surgery , Gastroesophageal Reflux/etiology , Laparoscopy , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged
15.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(2): e1602, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345018

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Morbid obesity surgery and related complications have increased with time. Aim: To evaluate the relationship between perioperative complications before discharge and preoperative body mass index and obesity surgery mortality score in laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. Method: 1617 patients who met the inclusion criteria were evaluated retrospectively. The patients were examined in terms of demographic data, presence of comorbidities, whether there were complications or not, type of complications and obesity surgery mortality score. Results: Complications were seen in 40 patients (2.5%) and mortality wasn't seen in the early postoperative period before discharge. The mean age of patients with complications was 36.3±10.02 years (19-57) and without complications 34.12±9.54 (15-64) years. The preoperative mean BMI values of patients with and without complications were 45.05±3.93 (40-57) kg/m2 and 44.8±3.49 (35-67) kg/m2 respectively. According to BMI groups 40-45 kg/m2, 45-50 kg/m2 and 50 and over, there was not any statistical significance seen in three groups in terms of complication positivity and major-minor complication rates. There was not any statistical significance seen between the patients with and without major-minor complications and obesity surgery mortality score. Conclusion: There was not any relation between perioperative laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy complication rates before discharge and BMI and obesity surgery mortality scores.


RESUMO Racional: A cirurgia da obesidade mórbida e complicações relacionadas aumentaram com o tempo. Objetivo: Avaliar a relação entre as complicações perioperatórias antes da alta e o índice de massa corporal pré-operatório e o escore de mortalidade da cirurgia de obesidade na gastrectomia vertical laparoscópica. Método: 1.617 pacientes que atenderam aos critérios de inclusão foram avaliados retrospectivamente. Os pacientes foram examinados quanto aos dados demográficos, presença de comorbidades, ocorrência ou não de complicações, tipo de complicações e escore de mortalidade cirúrgico da obesidade. Resultados: Complicações foram observadas em 40 pacientes (2,5%) e mortalidade não foi observada no período pós-operatório imediato antes da alta. A média de idade dos pacientes com complicações foi de 36,3±10,02 anos (19-57) e sem complicações de 34,12±9,54 (15-64) anos. Os valores médios de IMC pré-operatórios dos pacientes com e sem complicações foram 45,05±3,93 (40-57) kg/m2 e 44,8±3,49 (35-67) kg/m2, respectivamente. De acordo com os grupos de IMC 40-45 kg/m2, 45-50 kg/m2 e 50 e mais, não houve qualquer significância estatística observada em três grupos em termos de positividade de complicações e taxas de complicações maiores-menores. Não houve significância estatística entre os pacientes com e sem complicações maiores e menores e o escore de mortalidade da cirurgia de obesidade. Conclusão: Não houve qualquer relação entre as taxas de complicações da gastrectomia vertical laparoscópica perioperatória antes da alta e os escores de mortalidade da cirurgia de obesidade e IMC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Young Adult , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Laparoscopy , Patient Discharge , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Weight Loss , Body Mass Index , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Gastrectomy/adverse effects , Middle Aged
16.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(2): e1600, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345017

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Repair of inguinal hernia concomitant with cholecystectomy was rarely performed until more recently when laparoscopic herniorrhaphy gained more adepts. Although it is generally an attractive option for patients, simultaneous performance of both procedures has been questioned by the potential risk of complications related to mesh, mainly infection. Aim: To evaluate a series of patients who underwent simultaneous laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair and cholecystectomy, with emphasis on the risk of complications related to the mesh, especially infection. Methods: Fifty patients underwent simultaneous inguinal repair and cholecystectomy, both by laparoscopy, of which 46 met the inclusion criteria of this study. Results: In all, hernia repair was the first procedure performed. Forty-five (97,9%) were discharged within 24 h after surgery. Total mean cost of the two procedures performed separately ($2,562.45) was 43% higher than the mean cost of both operations done simultaneously ($1,785.11). Up to 30-day postoperative follow-up, seven (15.2%) presented minor complications. No patient required hospital re-admission, percutaneous drainage, antibiotic therapy or presented any other signs of mesh infection after three months. In long-term follow-up, mean of 47,1 months, 38 patients (82,6%) were revaluated. Three (7,8%) reported complications: hernia recurrence; chronic discomfort; reoperation due a non-reabsorbed seroma, one in each. However, none showed any mesh-related complication. Satisfaction questionnaire revealed that 36 (94,7%) were satisfied with the results of surgery. All of them stated that they would opt for simultaneous surgery again if necessary. Conclusion: Combined laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair and cholecystectomy is a safe procedure, with no increase in mesh infection. In addition, it has important advantage of reducing hospital costs and increase patient' satisfaction.


RESUMO Racional: Reparo da hérnia inguinal concomitante à colecistectomia era raramente realizado até mais recentemente, quando a herniorrafia laparoscópica ganhou mais adeptos. Embora geralmente seja opção atraente para pacientes, a realização simultânea tem sido questionada pelo risco potencial de complicações relacionadas à tela, principalmente infecção. Objetivo: Avaliar uma série de pacientes submetidos a colecistectomia e herniorrafia inguinal laparoscópica simultâneas, com ênfase no risco de complicações relacionadas a tela, em especial infecção. Métodos: Cinquenta pacientes foram submetidos a herniorrafia e colecistectomia simultâneas por videolaparoscopia, dos quais 46 atenderam aos critérios de inclusão. Resultados: Em todos, a herniorrafia foi realizada inicialmente. Quarenta e cinco (97,9%) tiveram alta em 24 h. O custo médio total dos dois procedimentos realizados separadamente ($2.562,45) foi 43% maior do que o custo médio das duas operações feitas simultaneamente ($1.785,11). Após 30 dias de acompanhamento pós-operatório, sete (15,2%) apresentaram complicações menores. Após três meses, nenhum necessitou de readmissão hospitalar, drenagem, antibioticoterapia ou sinal de infecção de tela. No seguimento em longo prazo, média de 47,1 meses, 38 (82,6%) foram reavaliados. Três (7,8%) relataram complicações: recorrência de hérnia; desconforto crônico; reoperação por seroma não reabsorvido. No entanto, nenhum apresentou qualquer complicação relacionada à tela. Questionário de satisfação revelou que 36 (94,7%) ficaram satisfeitos com o resultado da operação. Todos afirmaram que optariam pela ela simultânea novamente se necessário. Conclusão: O reparo da hérnia inguinal concomitante com colecistectomia por laparoscopia é procedimento seguro, sem aumento de infecção da tela. Além disso, tem a vantagem importante de reduzir custos hospitalares e aumentar a satisfação do paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Laparoscopy , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Recurrence , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Cholecystectomy , Treatment Outcome , Herniorrhaphy/adverse effects
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880623

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To compare the short-, mid-, and long-term outcomes in patients with esophageal cancer between minimally invasive esophagectomy via Sweet approach in combination with cervical mediastinoscopy (MIE-SM) and minimally invasive esophagectomy via McKeown approach (MIE-MC), and to evaluate the value of MIE-SM in the surgical treatment of esophageal cancer.@*METHODS@#A prospective, nonrandomized study was adopted. A total of 65 esophageal cancer patients after MIE-SM and MIE-MC from June 2014 to May 2016 were included. Among them, 33 patients underwent MIE-SM and 32 patients underwent MIE-MC. Short-term outcomes (including the duration of surgery, intraoperative blood loss volume, ICU stay time, postoperative complications, postoperative hospital stay, reoperation, open surgery, number of dissected lymph nodes, and 30-day mortality), mid-term outcomes, [including Quality of Life Core Questionnaire (QLQ-C30) and the esophageal site-specific module (QLQ-OES18)], long-term outcomes [including overall survival and disease-free survival] were compared between the 2 groups.@*RESULTS@#Radical resection (R0) were achieved in all patients. There were no significant differences in the duration of surgery, intraoperative blood loss volume, ICU stay time, postoperative complications, and postoperative hospital stay between the 2 groups (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#MIE-SM appears to be a safe surgical approach, which may get better quality of life, suffer less pain, and can achieve the same therapeutic effect as MIE-MC. Therefore, MIE-SM should be considered as a valuable approach for the treatment of middle and lower esophageal cancer.


Subject(s)
Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagectomy , Humans , Laparoscopy , Mediastinoscopy , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922608

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Perioperative neurocognitive disorders (PND) is one of the important factors affecting the recovery of the elderly after surgery, and sleep disorders are also one of the common diseases of the elderly. Previous studies have shown that the quality of postoperative sleep may be factor affecting postoperative cognitive function, but there are few studies on the relationship between preoperative sleep disorders and postoperative cognitive dysfunction. This study aims to explore the relationship between preoperative sleep disorders and postoperative delayed neurocognitive recovery in elderly patients, and provide references for improving the prognosis and quality of life of patients.@*METHODS@#This study was porformed as a prospective cohort study. Elderly patients (age≥65 years old) underwent elective non-cardiac surgery at Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from October 2019 to January 2020 were selected and interviewed 1 day before the operation. The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA) were used to assess the patient's baseline cognitive status. Patients with preoperative MMSE scores of less than 24 points were excluded. For patients meeting the criteria of inclusion, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scale was used to evaluate the patients, and the patients were divided into a sleep disorder group and a non-sleep disorder group according to the score. General data of patients were collected and intraoperative data were recorded, such as duration of surgery, anesthetic time, surgical site, intraoperative fluid input, intraoperative blood product input, intraoperative blood loss and drug use. On consecutive 5 days after surgery, Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) was used to evaluate the sleep of the previous night and the pain of the day, which were recorded as sleep NRS score and pain NRS score; Confusion Assessment Method for ICU (CAM-ICU) scale and Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) scale were used to assess the occurrence of delirium. On the 7th day after the operation, the MMSE and MoCA scales were used to evaluate cognitive function of patients. We compared the incidence of postoperative complications, the number of deaths, the number of unplanned ICU patients, the number of unplanned secondary operations, etc between the 2 groups. The baseline and prognosis of the 2 groups of patients were analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistics to analyze their correlation.@*RESULTS@#A total of 105 patients were collected in this study, including 32 patients in the sleep disorder group and 73 patients in the non-sleep disorder group. The general information of the 2 groups, such as age, gender, body mass index, and surgery site, were not statistically significant (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#Preoperative sleep disorders can increase the risk of delayed neurocognitive function recovery in elderly patients. Active treatment of preoperative sleep disorders may improve perioperative neurocognitive function in elderly patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Mental Status and Dementia Tests , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Sleep Wake Disorders/etiology
19.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202872, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250708

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: in Latin America, especially Brazil, the use of a robotic platform for thoracic surgery is gradually increasing in recent years. However, despite tuberculosis and inflammatory pulmonary diseases are endemic in our country, there is a lack of studies describing the results of robotic surgical treatment of bronchiectasis. This study aims to evaluate the surgical outcomes of robotic surgery for inflammatory and infective diseases by determining the extent of resection, postoperative complications, operative time, and length of hospital stay. Methods: retrospective study from a database involving patients diagnosed with bronchiectasis and undergoing robotic thoracic surgery at three hospitals in Brazil between January of 2017 and January of 2020. Results: a total of 7 patients were included. The mean age was 47 + 18.3 years (range, 18-70 years). Most patients had non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (n=5), followed by tuberculosis bronchiectasis (n=1) and lung abscess (n=1). The performed surgeries were lobectomy (n=3), anatomic segmentectomy (n=3), and bilobectomy (n=1). The median console time was 147 minutes (range 61-288 min.) and there was no need for conversion to open thoracotomy. There were no major complications. Postoperative complications occurred in one patient and it was a case of constipation with the need for an intestinal lavage. The median for chest tube time and hospital stay, in days, was 1 (range, 1-6 days) and 5 (range, 2-14 days) respectively. Conclusions: robotic thoracic surgery for inflammatory and infective diseases is a feasible and safe procedure, with a low risk of complications and morbidity.


RESUMO Objetivo: na América Latina, especialmente no Brasil, a adoção da plataforma robótica para cirurgia torácica está aumentando gradativamente nos últimos anos. No entanto, apesar da tuberculose e doenças pulmonares inflamatórias serem endêmicas em nosso país, faltam estudos que descrevam os resultados do tratamento cirúrgico robótico das bronquiectasias. Este estudo tem como objetivo avaliar os resultados cirúrgicos da cirurgia robótica para doenças inflamatórias e infecciosas, determinando a extensão da ressecção, complicações pós-operatórias, tempo operatório e tempo de internação hospitalar. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo a partir de um banco de dados envolvendo pacientes com diagnóstico de bronquiectasia e submetidos à cirurgia torácica robótica em três hospitais brasileiros entre janeiro de 2017 e janeiro de 2020. Resultados: foram incluídos 7 pacientes. A média de idade foi 47 + 18,3 anos (variação, 18-70 anos). A maioria dos pacientes apresentou bronquiectasia não fibrose cística (n=5), seguida de bronquiectasia tuberculosa (n=1) e abscesso pulmonar (n=1). As cirurgias realizadas foram lobectomia (n=3), segmentectomia anatômica (n=3) e bilobectomia (n=1). O tempo médio do console foi de 147 minutos (variação de 61-288 min.) e não houve necessidade de conversão para toracotomia. Complicação pós-operatória ocorreu em um paciente, tratando-se de obstipação com necessidade de lavagem intestinal. A mediana do tempo de drenagem torácica e internação hospitalar, em dias, foi de 1 (variação, 1-6 dias) e 5 (variação, 2-14 dias), respectivamente. Conclusões: a cirurgia torácica robótica para doenças inflamatórias e infecciosas é um procedimento viável e seguro, com baixo risco de complicações e morbidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Aged , Thoracic Surgery , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Pneumonectomy , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
20.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3496, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1347623

ABSTRACT

Objective: to analyze the evidence available in the literature about postoperative complications in adult patients undergoing surgical procedures with confirmed infection by SARS-CoV-2. Method: an integrative literature review conducted in the CINAHL, EMBASE, LILACS, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science databases, as well as in the gray literature. The references identified were exported to the EndNote manager and, subsequently, to the Rayyan web application for study selection. The stages of sampling, categorization of studies, evaluation of the studies included, interpretation of the results and knowledge synthesis were performed by two reviewers independently and in a masked manner. The data were analyzed descriptively. Results: of the 247 articles identified, 15 were selected to comprise this review. The prevalent postoperative complications in patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 were the following: cough, dyspnea and hypoxia, need for invasive mechanical ventilation or not, admission to the intensive care unit and death. Conclusion: the most reported postoperative complications in the studies evaluated were respiratory-related, followed by cardiovascular complications. The importance of preoperative screening for COVID-19 is highlighted, as well as of the monitoring and tracking of confirmed cases in the postoperative period, as these actions exert an impact on reducing the occurrence of complications related to SARS-CoV-2.


Objetivo: analizar la evidencia disponible en la literatura sobre las complicaciones postoperatorias en pacientes adultos sometidos a procedimientos quirúrgicos con infección confirmada por SARS-CoV-2. Método: revisión integradora de la literatura realizada en las bases de datos CINAHL, EMBASE, LILACS, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science y literatura gris. Las referencias identificadas se exportaron al administrador EndNote y luego a la aplicación web Rayyan para la selección de estudios. Las etapas de muestreo, categorización de los estudios, evaluación de los estudios incluidos, interpretación de los resultados y síntesis del conocimiento fueron realizadas por dos revisores de forma independiente y enmascarada. Los datos se analizaron de forma descriptiva. Resultados: de los 247 artículos identificados, se seleccionaron 15 para componer esta revisión. Las complicaciones postoperatorias prevalentes en pacientes infectados por SARS-CoV-2 fueron: tos, disnea e hipoxia, necesidad de ventilación mecánica invasiva o no, ingreso en la unidad de terapia intensiva y muerte. Conclusión: las complicaciones postoperatorias más reportadas en los estudios evaluados fueron las respiratorias seguidas de las cardiovasculares. Se destaca la importancia del cribado preoperatorio de COVID-19, así como también del monitoreo y seguimiento de los casos confirmados en el postoperatorio, ya que son acciones que reducen la aparición de complicaciones relacionadas con el SARS-CoV-2.


Objetivo: analisar as evidências disponíveis na literatura sobre as complicações pós-operatórias em pacientes adultos submetidos a procedimentos cirúrgicos com infecção confirmada por SARS-CoV-2. Método: revisão integrativa da literatura realizada nas bases de dados CINAHL, EMBASE, LILACS, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science e na literatura cinzenta. As referências identificadas foram exportadas para o gerenciador EndNote e, em seguida, para o aplicativo web Rayyan para a seleção dos estudos. As etapas de amostragem, categorização dos estudos, avaliação dos estudos incluídos, interpretação dos resultados e síntese do conhecimento foram realizadas por dois revisores de forma independente e mascarada. Os dados foram analisados de forma descritiva. Resultados: dos 247 artigos identificados, 15 foram selecionados para compor a presente revisão. As complicações pós-operatórias prevalentes em pacientes infectados com SARS-CoV-2 foram: tosse, dispneia e hipóxia, necessidade de ventilação mecânica invasiva ou não, internação em unidade de terapia intensiva e óbito. Conclusão: destacaram-se, como complicações pós-operatórias mais relatadas nos estudos avaliados, as respiratórias seguidas das cardiovasculares. Ressalta-se a importância da triagem pré-operatória para COVID-19, bem como de acompanhamento e rastreamento de casos confirmados no pós-operatório, por serem ações que impactam na redução da ocorrência de complicações relacionadas ao SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Respiration, Artificial , Perioperative Nursing , Coronavirus Infections , SARS-CoV-2
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