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2.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0005, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360915

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the upper and lower blepharoplasty technique associated with canthopexy with double pre septal orbicularis muscle elevation with a single suture in order to evaluate the efficacy of the technique. Methods: This is a retrospective study in which the medical records of 5,882 patients who underwent this technique between January 1999 and July 2015 were evaluated. The frequency and main causes of clinical complications and surgical reoperation were analyzed. Results: The incidence of complications found was 12.7% (n=750), being 0.8% (n=47) due to persistent chemosis, 3% (n=176) due to poor lower eyelid positioning, 4.17% (n=245) due to mild eyelid retraction and 4.8% (n=282) because of mild to moderate chemosis. Conclusion: The technique appears to be effective as it is simple and practical, and capable of resulting in positive functional and aesthetic outcomes with low rates of complications.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever a técnica de blefaroplastia superior e inferior associada à cantopexia associada à dupla elevação do músculo orbicular pré-septal em uma única sutura e avaliar sua eficácia. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo retrospectivo, no qual foram avaliados 5.882 prontuários de pacientes submetidos à blefaroplastia superior e inferior com a utilização da cantopexia, entre janeiro de 1999 e julho de 2015. Taxas e principais causas de complicações clínicas e reintervenção cirúrgica foram analisadas. Resultados: A incidência de complicações encontradas foi de 12,7% (n=750), sendo 0,8% (n=47) de caso de quemose persistente, 3% (n=176) de mau posicionamento palpebral inferior (ectrópio), 4,17% (n=245) de leve retração pálpebra e 4,8% (n=282) de quemose leve a moderada. Conclusão: A técnica mostra-se eficaz por ser simples e prática, podendo ter resultados funcionais e estéticos positivos e com baixo índice de complicações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Suture Techniques , Blepharoplasty/adverse effects , Blepharoplasty/methods , Eyelid Diseases/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Skin Aging , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Conjunctival Diseases/etiology , Edema/etiology , Eyelids/surgery , Facial Muscles/surgery
3.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0013, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365727

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT To report a series of three cases (four eyes) of scleral necrosis after pterygium excision, in which the tarsoconjunctival flap technique was used as treatment. Three patients who progressed to scleral necrosis after surgical pterygium excision were selected. The first patient underwent excision using the bare sclera technique and developed scleral thinning in the immediate postoperative period. The second and third patients received beta irradiation and had late onset scleral necrosis. The tarsoconjunctival flap technique was performed by the same surgeon. Recovery was satisfactory from both anatomical and functional perspectives in all cases, and the technique was considered effective and safe. Although there are only few reports about this technique in the literature, it can be considered as a good alternative to treat scleral necrosis.


RESUMO O objetivo deste estudo foi relatar uma série de três casos (quatro olhos) de necrose escleral pós-exérese de pterígio, em que se utilizou como tratamento a técnica de retalho tarsoconjuntival. Foram selecionados três pacientes que evoluíram para necrose escleral após tratamento cirúrgico de exérese de pterígio: o primeiro caso após técnica de esclera nua, com evolução para afinamento escleral no pós-operatório imediato; o segundo e o terceiro fizeram uso de betaterapia e apresentaram necrose escleral tardiamente. A técnica de recobrimento tarsoconjuntival foi executada pelo mesmo cirurgião. A recuperação foi satisfatória em todos os casos, do ponto de vista anatômico e funcional, sendo eficiente e segura. Apesar das escassas menções na literatura, essa técnica pode ser considerada uma boa alternativa para tratamento da necrose escleral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Surgical Flaps , Pterygium/surgery , Scleral Diseases/surgery , Necrosis , Sclera/surgery , Scleral Diseases/etiology , Conjunctiva/transplantation
4.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(3): 544-553, Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339198

ABSTRACT

Resumo Aproximadamente 300 milhões de cirurgias não cardíacas são realizadas anualmente no mundo, e eventos cardiovasculares adversos são as principais causas de morbimortalidade no período perioperatório e pós-operatório. A lesão miocárdica após cirurgia não cardíaca (MINS, do inglês myocardial injury after non-cardiac surgery) é uma nova entidade clínica associada com desfechos cardiovasculares adversos. MINS é definida como uma lesão miocárdica que pode resultar em necrose secundária à isquemia, com elevação dos biomarcadores. A lesão tem importância prognóstica e ocorre em até 30 dias após a cirurgia não cardíaca. Os critérios diagnósticos para MINS são: níveis elevados de troponina durante ou em até 30 dias após a cirurgia não cardíaca, sem evidência de etiologia não isquêmica, sem que haja necessariamente sintomas isquêmicos ou achados eletrocardiográficos de isquemia. Recentemente, pacientes com maior risco para MINS têm sido identificados por variáveis clínicas e biomarcadores, bem como por protocolos de vigilância quanto ao monitoramento eletrocardiográfico e dosagem de troponina cardíaca. Pacientes idosos com doença aterosclerótica prévia necessitam medir troponina diariamente no período pós-operatório. O objetivo deste trabalho é descrever este novo problema de saúde pública, seu impacto clínico e a abordagem terapêutica contemporânea.


Abstract Approximately 300 million non-cardiac surgeries are performed annually worldwide and adverse cardiovascular events are the main cause of morbidity and mortality in the peri- and postoperative period. Myocardial injury after non-cardiac surgery (MINS) is a new clinical entity associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes. MINS is defined as myocardial injury that can result in necrosis due to ischemia, marked by increase in biomarker levels. It has prognostic relevance and occurs within up to 30 days after non-cardiac surgery. The diagnostic criteria for MINS are an elevated postoperative measure of troponin judged as secondary to myocardial ischemia, i.e., with no evidence of a non-ischemic etiology, during or within 30 days after non-cardiac surgery, and without the requirement of an ischemic symptom or electrocardiographic finding of ischemia. Recently, patients at higher risk for MINS have been recognized using clinical variables and biomarkers and established protocols for greater surveillance in relation to electrocardiographic monitoring and cardiac troponin dosage. Elderly patients with previous atherosclerotic disease need to measure troponin daily in the postoperative period. The aim of the present work is to describe this new public health problem, its clinical impact and contemporary therapeutic approach.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Myocardial Ischemia/etiology , Heart Injuries , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Period , Troponin
5.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(9): 690-698, Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351773

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Infection and exposure of the implant are some of the most common and concerning complications after implant-based breast reconstruction. Currently, there is no consensus on the management of these complications. The aim of the present study was to review our cases and to present a clinical protocol. Methods We conducted a retrospective review of consecutive patients submitted to implant-based breast reconstruction between 2014 and 2016. All patients were managed according to a specific and structured protocol. Results Implant exposure occurred in 33 out of 277 (11.9%) implant-based reconstructions. Among these, two patients had history of radiotherapy and had their implant removed; Delayed reconstruction with a myocutaneous flap was performed in both cases. Signs of severe local infection were observed in 12 patients, and another 5 presented with extensive tissue necrosis, and they were all submitted to implant removal; of them, 8 underwent reconstruction with a tissue expander, and 2, with a myocutaneous flap. The remaining 14 patients had no signs of severe infection, previous irradiation or extensive tissue necrosis, and were submitted to primary suture as an attempt to salvage the implant. Of these, 8 cases (57.1%) managed to keep the Conclusion Our clinical protocol is based on three key points: history of radiotherapy, severe infection, and extensive tissue necrosis. It is a practical and potentially-reproducible method of managing one of the most common complications of implant-based breast reconstruction.


Resumo Objectivo Infecção e exposição da prótese são algumas das complicações mais comuns e preocupantes após reconstrução da mama com implantes. Atualmente, ainda não há consenso quanto ao manejo destas complicações. O objetivo deste estudo foi o de revisar os casos da nossa instituição e apresentar um protocolo clínico. Métodos Realizou-se uma revisão retrospectiva de todos os casos consecutivos submetidos a reconstrução mamária imediata com prótese entre 2014 e 2016. Todos os casos foram conduzidos de acordo com um protocolo específico e estruturado. Resultados A exposição do implante ocorreu em 33 de 227 reconstruções (11,9%). Dentre estas, duas pacientes tinham histórico de radioterapia, e foram submetidas a remoção da prótese e posterior reconstrução com retalho miocutâneo. Sinais de infecção local grave foram observados em 12 pacientes, e, em 5, necrose extensa de tecido, e todas foram submetidas a remoção dos implantes; destas, 8 foram recons truídas com expansor, e 2, com retalho miocutâneo. As 14 pacientes remanecentes não haviam sido submetidas previamente à radioterapia, não tinham sinais de infecção, nem necrose extensa; portanto, foram submetidas a sutura primária em uma tentativa de salvar a prótese. Dessas, 8 pacientes (57,1%) conseguiram manter os implantes originais. Conclusão Nosso protocolo clínico é baseado em três pontos principais: histórico de radioterapia, infecção grave, e necrose extensa de tecido. Ele constitui um método prático e potencialmente reprodutível de manejo de uma das complicações mais comuns da reconstrução mamária com implantes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mammaplasty/adverse effects , Breast Implants/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Tissue Expansion Devices/adverse effects , Clinical Protocols , Retrospective Studies
7.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(3): e1166, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347388

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La pérdida de funcionalidad es una condición común en adultos mayores con cáncer y la decisión de intervenir quirúrgicamente depende de las comorbilidades y estado funcional. Objetivo: Determinar la asociación entre el estado funcional y complicaciones quirúrgicas en adultos mayores varones con cáncer en el Centro Médico Naval. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de tipo cohorte retrospectiva, análisis secundario de una base de datos de adultos mayores varones con cáncer, seguidos por dos años y atendidos en el Centro Médico Naval del Perú. Las variables fueron: complicaciones quirúrgicas, estado funcional, comorbilidades, síndromes geriátricos y tipo de cáncer. Resultados: Se evaluó a 385 participantes, edad promedio de 79,69 años (desviación estándar = 4,55). El 39,74 por ciento (n =153) presentó complicaciones quirúrgicas, con una asociación a la presencia de comorbilidades, presencia de dos o más síndromes geriátricos 69,93 por ciento (n =107), dependencia funcional para actividades básicas 51,63 por ciento (n =79) y dependencia funcional para actividades instrumentales 35,95 por ciento (n = 55). De acuerdo con la frecuencia de complicaciones según el tipo de neoplasia se encontró más frecuente para cáncer colorrectal en un 46,41 por ciento (n = 71). Conclusiones: Existe una asociación significativa entre la dependencia funcional y complicaciones quirúrgicas, por lo que es importante no solamente para el tratamiento quirúrgico sino también farmacológico, considerar el estado funcional del paciente para un tratamiento favorable y por lo tanto un mejor pronóstico(AU)


Introduction: Loss of functionality is a common condition in older adults with cancer, while any decision to intervene surgically depends on comorbidities and functional status. Objective: To determine the association between functional status and surgical complications in male older adults with cancer at Centro Médico Naval. Methods: A retrospective cohort-type study was carried out, with secondary analysis of a database of male older adults with cancer followed up for two years and treated at Centro Médico Naval of Peru. The variables were surgical complications, functional status, comorbidities, geriatric syndromes and type of cancer. Results: A number of 385 participants were assessed. Their mean age was 79.69 years (standard deviation: 4.55). 39.74 percent (n=153) presented surgical complications, with an association to the presence of comorbidities, the presence of two or more geriatric syndromes in 69.93 percent (n=107), functional dependence for basic activities in 51.63 percent (n=79), and functional dependence for instrumental activities in 35.95 percent (n=55). Regarding the frequency of complications according to type of neoplasm, the most frequent occurrence was that of colorectal cancer, accounting for 46.41 percent (n=71). Conclusions: There is a significant association between functional dependence and surgical complications, a reason why it is important, not only in surgical but also in pharmacological treatment, to consider the functional status of the patient in view of a favorable treatment and, therefore, a better prognosis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/complications , Geriatric Assessment/methods , Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies
8.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(4): 649-651, ago. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346520

ABSTRACT

Resumen La apendicitis del muñón es una complicación poco frecuente de la apendicectomía. Puede aparecer desde unas semanas a varios años luego del procedimiento quirúrgico. Para arribar a su diagnóstico es necesario un alto índice de sospecha. El objetivo de esta publicación es hacer una reseña de dos casos de esta entidad ocurridos en nuestra institución y mencionar sus hallazgos imagenológicos más frecuentes. La tomografía computarizada es un excelente método para valorar esta entidad, no solo para su diagnóstico sino también para descartar otras patologías que presentan un cuadro clínico similar.


Abstract Stump appendicitis is a rare complication of appendectomy. It may develop from a few weeks to several years after the surgical procedure. To achieve its diagnosis a high index of suspicion is necessary. The objective of this publication is to make a re view of two cases of this entity that occurred in our institution and to mention its most frequent imaging findings. Computed tomography is an excellent method to assess this entity, not only for its diagnosis but also to rule out other pathologies that present similar clinical features.


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendicitis/surgery , Appendicitis/etiology , Appendicitis/diagnostic imaging , Appendectomy , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Diagnosis, Differential
9.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(1): 52-57, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286964

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare the fecal incontinence status of patients submitted to theAltemeier procedure with or without posterior levatorplasty. Materials and Methods Medical records of the patients who underwent the Altemeier procedure at Shahid Faghihi Hospital (in Shiraz, Iran) from 2014 to 2018 were retrospectively studied. Patients older than 17 years of age who underwent the Altemeier procedure due to complete rectal prolapse were considered. In some cases, the operation was performed with posterior levatorplasty. Rectal prolapse due to collagen or connective tissue disorders, anal/sacral anomalies, immunodeficiency, history of rectal surgery, and pelvic radiotherapy were the exclusion criteria of the present study. In addition to the demographics (including age, gender, and body mass index), the fecal incontinence status of each case was determined through theWexner scale preoperatively and 12 months after the surgery. The incontinence scores were then compared against the baseline values of the two groups of patients: those with and those without posterior levatorplasty. The statistical analysis was performed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS, IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, US), software, version 21. Results In total, 53 patients (17 men and 36 women) with a mean age of 55.23 ± 18.24 years were analyzed. The comparison of the pre- and postoperative scores on theWexner scale between the two groups revealed no statistically significant difference (p >0.05). Conclusion Posterior levatorplasty during the Altemeier procedure did not result in significant improvement of the fecal incontinence outcome of the patients.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar o status de incontinência fecal de pacientes após o procedimento de Altemeier com e sem levatorplastia posterior. Materiais e métodos Os prontuários médicos dos pacientes submetidos ao procedimento de Altemeier no Shahid Faghihi Hospital (em Shiraz, Irã) entre 2014 e 2018 foram avaliados retrospectivamente. Pacientes com idade superior a 17 anos submetidos ao procedimento de Altemeier devido a prolapso retal completo foram considerados. Em alguns casos, a operação foi realizada com levatorplastia posterior. Prolapso retal devido a distúrbios de colágeno ou do tecido conjuntivo, anomalias anais/sacrais, imunodeficiência, histórico de cirurgia retal, e radioterapia pélvica foram os critérios de exclusão deste estudo. Além dos dados demográficos (incluindo idade, sexo, e índice de massa corporal), o status da incontinência fecal de cada caso foi determinado por meio da escala de Wexner antes e doze meses após a cirurgia. Então, as pontuações de incontinência foram comparadas aos valores de referência dos dois grupos de pacientes: com e sem levatorplastia posterior. A análise estatística foi feita usandose o programa Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS, IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, EUA), versão 21. Resultados No total, 53 pacientes (17 homens e 36 mulheres) com idade média de 55.23 ± 18.24 anos foramavaliados. A comparação entre os grupos das pontuações na escala de Werner no pré e pós-operatório não revelou diferença estatisticamente significativa (p>0.05). Conclusão Levatorplastia superior durante o procedimento de Altemeier não resultou em melhora significativa do desfecho da incontinência fecal dos pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Rectum/surgery , Rectal Prolapse/complications , Fecal Incontinence/etiology
10.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(1): 1-9, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155799

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Postoperative acute kidney injury contributes to longer hospital stays and increased costs related to cardiac surgery in the elderly. We analyse the influence of the patient's age on risk factors for acute kidney injury after cardiac valve surgery. Methods: We evaluated the prevalence and risk factors for acute kidney injury in 939 consecutive patients undergoing valve surgery, between 2013 and 2018. Results: The prevalence of acute kidney injury was 19.5%. Hypertension (P=0.017); RR (95% CI): 1.74 (1.10-3.48), age ≥70 years (P=0.006); RR (95% CI): 1.79 (1.17-2.72), preoperative haematocrit <33% (P=0.009); RR (95% CI): 2.04 (1.19-3.48), glomerular filtration rate <60 ml/min/1.73 m2 (P<0.0001); RR (95%) CI: 2.36 (1.54-3.62) and cardiac catheterization <8 days before surgery (P=0.021); RR (95% CI): 2.15 (1.12-4.11) were identified as independent risk factors. In patients older than 70 years, with no kidney disease diagnosed preoperatively, glomerular filtration rate <70 ml/min/1.73 m2, male gender, cardiopulmonary bypass time, preoperative haematocrit <36% and preoperative therapy with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors were risk factors for acute kidney injury after valve surgery. Conclusions: In elderly patients, postoperative acute kidney injury develops with higher values of preoperative glomerular filtration rate than those observed in a younger population. Preoperative correction of anaemia, discontinuation of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and surgical techniques reducing cardiopulmonary bypass time would be considered to reduce the prevalence of renal failure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Acute Kidney Injury/epidemiology , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Heart Valves
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880626

ABSTRACT

With the advancement of disease treatments, the number of patients undergoing surgery worldwide is increasing. However, many patients still experience severe perioperative complications. Perioperative hypotension is one of the common side effects during surgery. Physiologically, perioperative hypotension can lead to insufficient perfusion of important organs and result in acute and chronic irreversible organ injury, which cause serious consequences for the patient's postoperative hospitalization and even the long-term outcome. Therefore, in order to optimize perioperative circulation management and improve the quality of life for patients after surgery, it is of great importance to investigate the relationship between perioperative hypotension and postoperative myocardial injury, ischemic stroke, postoperative delirium, acute kidney injury, and postoperative mortality. Individualized circulation management and reasonable application of vasoactive drugs may be the key point to early prevention and correct treatment of perioperative hypotension, which is of great significance for reducing perioperative related morbidity and mortality and improving the prognosis for the surgical patients.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Humans , Hypotension/etiology , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Quality of Life
12.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 838-846, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922152

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Postoperative complications are an important cause of death after lung resection. At present, the adoption of video assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for lung cancer in China is increasing every year, but the prediction model of postoperative complications of VATS for lung cancer is still lack of evidence based on large sample database. In this study, Thoracic Mortality and Morbidity (TM&M) classification system was used to comprehensively describe the postoperative complications of VATS major lung resection in our center, and the prediction model of complications was established and verified. The model can provide basis for the prevention and intervention of postoperative complications in such patients, and accelerate the recovery of patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of patients underwent VATS major lung resection in our center from January 2007 to December 2018 were collected retrospectively. Only patients with stage I-III lung cancer were included. The postoperative complications were registered strictly by TM&M classification system. The patients were divided into two groups according to the operation period: the early phase group (From 2007 to 2012) and the late phase group (From 2013 to 2018). The baseline data of the two groups were matched by propensity score matching. After matching, binary logistic regression analysis was used to establish the prediction model of complications, and bootstrap internal sampling was used for internal verification.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2,881 patients with lung cancer were included in the study, with an average age of (61.0±10.1) years, including 180 major complications (6.2%). Binary Logistic regression analysis of 1,268 matched patients showed: age (OR=1.04, 95%CI: 1.02-1.06, P<0.001), other period (OR=0.62, 95%CI: 0.49-0.79, P<0.001), pathological type (OR=1.73, 95%CI: 1.24-2.41, P=0.001), blood loss (OR=1.001, 95%CI: 1.000-1.003, P=0.03), dissected lymph nodes (OR=1.022, 95%CI: 1.00-1.04, P=0.005) were independent risk factors for postoperative complications. The ROC curve indicates that the model has good discrimination (C-index=0.699), and the C-index is 0.680 verified by bootstrap internal sampling for 1,000 times. The calibration curve shows a good calibration of the prediction model.@*CONCLUSIONS@#TM&M system can comprehensively and accurately report the postoperative complications of thoracoscopic lung cancer surgery. Age, operative period, pathological type, intraoperative bleeding and dissected lymph nodes were independent risk factors for postoperative complications of VATS major lung resection for lung cancer. The established complication prediction model has good discrimination and calibration.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Lung , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Middle Aged , Morbidity , Nomograms , Pneumonectomy , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888474

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the experience in the application of muscle relaxants in the perioperative period in neonates with congenital esophageal atresia-tracheoesophageal fistula (EA-TEF).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 58 previously untreated neonates with EA-TEF who were treated in the Neonatal Center of Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University from 2017 to 2019. The incidence rate of anastomotic leak was compared between the neonates receiving muscle relaxants for different durations after surgery (≤ 5 days and > 5 days). The correlation between the duration of postoperative use of muscle relaxants and the duration of mechanical ventilation was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Among the 58 neonates with EA-TEF, 44 underwent surgery, among whom 35 with type III EA-TEF underwent thoracoscopic surgery. Among these 35 neonates, 30 (86%) received muscle relaxants after surgery, with a median duration of 4.75 days, and 6 (18%) experienced anastomotic leak. There was no significant difference in the incidence rate of anastomosis leak between the ≤ 5 days and > 5 days groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Prolonged use of muscle relaxants after surgery cannot significantly reduce the incidence of anastomotic leak, but can prolong the duration of invasive mechanical ventilation in neonates with EA-TEF. Therefore, prolonged use of muscle relaxants is not recommended after surgery.


Subject(s)
Child , Esophageal Atresia/surgery , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Muscles , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Tracheoesophageal Fistula/surgery , Treatment Outcome
14.
Clinics ; 76: e2741, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249588

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To determine the rate of and main risk factors for postoperative infection in cancer patients who underwent spine surgery in the last 5 years in order to determine whether there is an association between postoperative infection and increased mortality during hospitalization. METHODS: All cancer patients who underwent surgical procedures between January 2015 and December 2019 at a single hospital specializing in spine cancer surgery were analyzed. The primary outcome of interest was postoperative infection. Bivariate logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratio and 95% confidence interval for each variable in relation to the occurrence of infection. RESULTS: We evaluated 324 patients, including 176 men (54.3%) and 148 women (45.7%) with a mean age of 56 years. The incidence of postoperative infection was 20.37%. Of the 324 patients, 39 died during hospitalization (12%). CONCLUSIONS: Surgical time greater than 4 hours, surgical instrumented levels greater than 6, and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group of 3 or 4 were associated with an increased risk of postoperative infection, but these factors did not lead to an increase in mortality during hospitalization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Spine/surgery , Neoplasms/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
15.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(3): e1622, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355516

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The incidence of abdominal hernia in cirrhotic patients is as higher as 20%; in cases of major ascites the incidence may increase up to 40%. One of the main and most serious complications in cirrhotic postoperative period (PO) is acute kidney injury (AKI). Aim: To analyze the renal function of cirrhotic patients undergoing to hernia surgery and evaluate the factors related to AKI. Methods: Follow-up of 174 cirrhotic patients who underwent hernia surgery. Laboratory tests including the renal function were collected in the PO.AKI was defined based on the consensus of the ascite´s club. They were divided into two groups: with (AKI PO) and without AKI . Results: All 174 patients were enrolled and AKI occurred in 58 (34.9%). In the AKI PO group, 74.1% had emergency surgery, whereas in the group without AKI PO it was only 34.6%.In the group with AKI PO, 90.4% presented complications, whereas in the group without AKI PO they occurred only in 29.9%. Variables age, baseline MELD, baseline creatinine, creatinine in immediate postoperative (POI), AKI and the presence of ascites were statistically significant for survival. Conclusions: There is association between AKI PO and emergency surgery and, also, between AKI PO and complications after surgery. The factors related to higher occurrence were initial MELD, basal Cr, Cr POI. The patients with postoperative AKI had a higher rate of complications and higher mortality.


RESUMO Racional: A incidência de hérnia abdominal em pacientes cirróticos é elevada, em torno de 20%. Em casos de ascite volumosa, a incidência atinge valores até 40%. Uma das principais e mais graves complicações no pós-operatório de correção de hérnias de pacientes cirróticos é a insuficiência renal aguda (IRA). Objetivo: Analisar a função renal de pacientes cirróticos submetidos a herniorrafias, comparando aqueles que apresentavam IRA pós-operatório com os demais, para determinar os fatores relacionados à sua ocorrência. Método: Seguimento de pacientes cirróticos submetidos à cirurgia de hérnia entre 2001 e 2014 no Serviço de Transplante de Fígado. Foram coletados exames laboratoriais para avaliar a função renal no pós-operatório rotineiramente. A IRA foi definida com base no consenso do clube da ascite em 2015. Resultados: Dos 174 pacientes incluídos, ocorreu IRA em 58 pacientes (34,9%). Houve diferença entre grupos para as seguintes variáveis: MELD inicial, creatinina basal e creatinina, o grupo com IRA apresentou medias superiores ao grupo que não apresentou IRA. No grupo IRA PO, 74,1% das cirurgias, foram realizadas em caráter de emergência, enquanto que no grupo sem IRA no pós-operatório, 34,6%. No grupo IRA, 90,4% dos indivíduos apresentaram complicações no pós-operatório, enquanto no grupo sem IRA, 29,9%. As variáveis idade, MELD inicial, creatinina basal e creatinina no pós-operatório inicial foram estatisticamente significantes na análise de sobrevida. Conclusões: Existe uma associação entre IRA pós-operatória e cirurgia de emergência e IRA pós-operatóri e complicações pós-operatórias. Os fatores relacionados à maior ocorrência de IRA em pacientes cirróticos submetidos à cirurgia de hérnia são o MELD inicial, creatinina basal, creatinina pós-operatória inicial. O preparo de pacientes cirróticos com hérnia abdominal antes de procedimentos cirúrgicos deve ocorrer sistematicamente, pois apresentam alta incidência de IRA pós-operatória.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hernia, Abdominal , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Acute Kidney Injury/epidemiology , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Abdomen , Liver Cirrhosis/complications
16.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(2): e1592, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345019

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The delay in gastric emptying is the second most frequent complication after duodenopancreatectomy with pyloric preservation, that increases hospitalization time and hospital costs. Aim: To identify factors that contribute to the appearance the delay in this surgical procedure. Method: Ninety-five patients were submitted to duodenopancreatectomy with pyloric preservation. After retrospective analysis of the medical records, it was observed that 60 had prolonged hospitalization due to complications. Thus, univariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to analyze predictors of delayed gastric emptying. Results: Delay was present in 65% (n=39) and pancreatic fistula in 38.3% (n=23). Univariate analysis revealed that the presence of pancreatic complications (pancreatic fistula, p=0.01), other intracavitary complications with the appearance of abdominal collections (p=0.03) and hypoalbuminemia (p=0.06) were responsible, also confirmed by the multivariate analysis. In those who presented delay without a determined cause, it was observed that high levels of total bilirubin (p=0.01) and direct bilirubin (p=0.01) could be related to it. Conclusion: The delay in gastric emptying in patients undergoing duodenopancreatectomy with pyloric preservation is due to intracavitary complications.


RESUMO Racional: O retardo do esvaziamento gástrico é a segunda complicação mais frequente após a realização da duodenopancreatectomia com preservação pilórica, aumentando o tempo de internação e custos hospitalares. Objetivo: Identificar fatores que contribuem para o aparecimento desse retardo nesse procedimento cirúrgico. Método: Noventa e cinco doentes foram submetidos à duodenopancreatectomia com preservação pilórica. Após análise retrospectiva dos prontuários observou-se que 60 apresentaram internação prolongada por complicações. Assim, utilizou-se a regressão logística uni e multivariada para análise de fatores preditores do retardo. Resultados: O retardo esteve presente em 65% (n=39) e a fístula pancreática em 38,3% (n=23). A análise univariada revelou que a presença de complicações pancreáticas (fístula pancreática, p=0,01), outras complicações intracavitárias com aparecimento de coleções abdominais (p=0,03) e hipoalbuminemia (p=0,06) foram os responsáveis, resultados estes também confirmados pela análise mutilvariada. Naqueles que apresentaram retardo sem causa determinada, observou-se que níveis elevados de bilirrubina total (p=0,01) e bilirrubina direta (p=0,01) poderiam estar relacionados a ele. Conclusão: O retardo do esvaziamento gástrico nos pacientes submetidos à duodenopancreatectomia com preservação pilórica é decorrente de complicações intracavitárias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/adverse effects , Gastroparesis/etiology , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Pancreatic Fistula , Gastric Emptying
17.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(2): e1600, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345017

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Repair of inguinal hernia concomitant with cholecystectomy was rarely performed until more recently when laparoscopic herniorrhaphy gained more adepts. Although it is generally an attractive option for patients, simultaneous performance of both procedures has been questioned by the potential risk of complications related to mesh, mainly infection. Aim: To evaluate a series of patients who underwent simultaneous laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair and cholecystectomy, with emphasis on the risk of complications related to the mesh, especially infection. Methods: Fifty patients underwent simultaneous inguinal repair and cholecystectomy, both by laparoscopy, of which 46 met the inclusion criteria of this study. Results: In all, hernia repair was the first procedure performed. Forty-five (97,9%) were discharged within 24 h after surgery. Total mean cost of the two procedures performed separately ($2,562.45) was 43% higher than the mean cost of both operations done simultaneously ($1,785.11). Up to 30-day postoperative follow-up, seven (15.2%) presented minor complications. No patient required hospital re-admission, percutaneous drainage, antibiotic therapy or presented any other signs of mesh infection after three months. In long-term follow-up, mean of 47,1 months, 38 patients (82,6%) were revaluated. Three (7,8%) reported complications: hernia recurrence; chronic discomfort; reoperation due a non-reabsorbed seroma, one in each. However, none showed any mesh-related complication. Satisfaction questionnaire revealed that 36 (94,7%) were satisfied with the results of surgery. All of them stated that they would opt for simultaneous surgery again if necessary. Conclusion: Combined laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair and cholecystectomy is a safe procedure, with no increase in mesh infection. In addition, it has important advantage of reducing hospital costs and increase patient' satisfaction.


RESUMO Racional: Reparo da hérnia inguinal concomitante à colecistectomia era raramente realizado até mais recentemente, quando a herniorrafia laparoscópica ganhou mais adeptos. Embora geralmente seja opção atraente para pacientes, a realização simultânea tem sido questionada pelo risco potencial de complicações relacionadas à tela, principalmente infecção. Objetivo: Avaliar uma série de pacientes submetidos a colecistectomia e herniorrafia inguinal laparoscópica simultâneas, com ênfase no risco de complicações relacionadas a tela, em especial infecção. Métodos: Cinquenta pacientes foram submetidos a herniorrafia e colecistectomia simultâneas por videolaparoscopia, dos quais 46 atenderam aos critérios de inclusão. Resultados: Em todos, a herniorrafia foi realizada inicialmente. Quarenta e cinco (97,9%) tiveram alta em 24 h. O custo médio total dos dois procedimentos realizados separadamente ($2.562,45) foi 43% maior do que o custo médio das duas operações feitas simultaneamente ($1.785,11). Após 30 dias de acompanhamento pós-operatório, sete (15,2%) apresentaram complicações menores. Após três meses, nenhum necessitou de readmissão hospitalar, drenagem, antibioticoterapia ou sinal de infecção de tela. No seguimento em longo prazo, média de 47,1 meses, 38 (82,6%) foram reavaliados. Três (7,8%) relataram complicações: recorrência de hérnia; desconforto crônico; reoperação por seroma não reabsorvido. No entanto, nenhum apresentou qualquer complicação relacionada à tela. Questionário de satisfação revelou que 36 (94,7%) ficaram satisfeitos com o resultado da operação. Todos afirmaram que optariam pela ela simultânea novamente se necessário. Conclusão: O reparo da hérnia inguinal concomitante com colecistectomia por laparoscopia é procedimento seguro, sem aumento de infecção da tela. Além disso, tem a vantagem importante de reduzir custos hospitalares e aumentar a satisfação do paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Laparoscopy , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Recurrence , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Cholecystectomy , Treatment Outcome , Herniorrhaphy/adverse effects
18.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202666, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155359

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: bariatric surgery is currently the only treatment that leads to long-term and sustained weight loss and decreased morbidity and mortality in morbidly obese individuals. Roux-en-Y bypass causes weight loss by restricting food intake associated with reduced intestinal absorption, in addition to multiple endocrine and satiogenic effects. Biliopancreatic diversion promotes weight loss mainly due to poor absorption of the nutrients ingested. Both procedures exclude parts of the gastrointestinal tract. Objective: to describe four cases of revisional surgery after primary bariatric surgery, due to serious nutritional complications, and to review the literature regarding this subject. Methods: a retrospective analysis of patients of Unicamps bariatric center database and review of the literatures were performed. Results: four patients were identified, 2 women and 2 men, with a mean age of 48 years. The mean body mass index before revisional surgery was 23.7 kg/m2. Three patients underwent Scopinaro biliopancreatic diversion, and onde patient underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The revisional surgeries were revision, conversion, and reversion. One patient died. For the review of the literature 12 articles remained (11 case reports and 1 case series). Another five important original articles were included. Conclusion: fortunately, revision surgery is rarely necessary, but when indicated it has increased morbidity, It can be revision, reverion or conversion according to the severity of the patient and the primary surgery performed.


RESUMO Introdução: atualmente, a cirurgia bariátrica é o único tratamento que leva à perda de peso prolongada e sustentada e diminuição da morbimortalidade em indivíduos obesos mórbidos. O bypass em Y-de-Roux causa perda de peso restringindo a ingestão de alimentos associada à redução da absorção intestinal, além de múltiplos efeitos endócrinos e sacietógenos. O desvio biliopancreático promove a perda de peso principalmente devido à diminuição da absorção dos nutrientes ingeridos. Ambos os procedimentos excluem partes do trato gastrointestinal. Objetivo: descrever 4 casos de cirurgia revisional após cirurgia bariátrica primária, devido a graves complicações nutricionais, bem como realizar uma revisão da literatura sobre esse assunto. Métodos: foi realizada uma análise retrospectiva dos pacientes do banco de dados do serviço de cirurgia bariátrica da Unicamp e revisão da literatura. Resultados: foram identificados 4 pacientes, 2 mulheres e 2 homens, com média de idade de 48 anos, o IMC antes da cirurgia revisional eram em média 23,7. Os pacientes haviam sido submetidos em 3 casos a cirurgia de Scopinaro e 1 caso ao bypass gástrico em Y-de-Roux. As cirurgias revisionais foram de revisão, conversão e reversão. Um paciente evoluiu a óbito. Em relação a revisão da literatura, foram selecionados 12 artigos (11 relatos de casos e 1 série de casos). Outros cinco artigos originais importantes foram incluídos. Conclusão: felizmente, a cirurgia revisional raramente é necessária, mas, quando indicada, apresenta alta morbidade. São cirurgias de revisão, reversão ou conversão, de acordo com a gravidade do paciente e a cirurgia primária realizada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Reoperation , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Malnutrition/etiology , Bariatric Surgery/adverse effects , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Gastric Bypass , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Laparoscopy , Middle Aged
19.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202638, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287892

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: bariatric surgery is the main treatment for cases of severe obesity and body contour surgery to correct body dysmorphia resulting from weight loss. However, these procedures are associated with a significant number of postoperative complications. Objective: this study aims to analyze complications in post-bariatric patients undergoing body contour surgeries and correlating them with the age and BMI of these patients. Methods: the current study is a retrospective study evaluating 180 consecutive patients undergoing body contour surgery after bariatric surgery within a period of three years (2014-2016). Data such as age, gender, Body Mass Index before bariatric and plastic surgeries, type of surgery performed and complications were collected, and correlated the age as well as the BMI of the patients in the pre-bariatric (PB) and pre-plastic (PP) periods with the complications presented. Results: of the 180 patients evaluated, 91.7% were females (n = 165), and the mean age was 46.3 ± 1.7 years. The most performed surgery was abdominoplasty (48.9%), followed by mammaplasty (21.1%). Some complications occurred in 26.1% of the patients with partial dehiscence (40.4%) and seroma (14.9%) being the most frequent. Patients who presented complications had a higher mean age (50.8 years) than those who presented with no complications, and major complications accounted for 2.7% of the sample. Conclusions: a statistically significant number of surgeries progressed without complications and, when they occurred, there were minor complications in most of the sample. Complications were more frequent in older patients with some of them having a BMI over 30 Kg/m2.


RESUMO Introdução: a cirurgia bariátrica é o principal tratamento para os casos de obesidade grave e a cirurgia de contorno corporal trata a dismorfia corporal resultante desta perda de peso. No entanto, estes procedimentos estão associados a um número significativo de complicações pós-operatórias. Objetivo: analisar as complicações maiores e menores que ocorreram nos pacientes pós-bariátricos submetidos a cirurgias reparadoras do contorno corporal e correlacioná-las com idade e IMC destes pacientes. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo que avaliou 180 pacientes consecutivos submetidos a cirurgia de contorno corporal, após cirurgia bariátrica, no período de 3 anos (2014-2016). Foram coletados dados como idade, gênero, IMC pré-bariátrica e pré-plástica, tipo de cirurgia realizada e complicações, correlacionando a idade e o IMC dos pacientes nos períodos pré-bariátrica (PB) e pré-plástica (PP) com as complicações apresentadas. Resultados: dos 180 pacientes avaliados, 91,7% eram do gênero feminino (n=165) e a idade média foi de 46,3 ± 1,7 anos. A cirurgia mais realizada foi abdominoplastia (48,9%), seguida da mamoplastia (21,1%). Complicações ocorreram em 26,1% dos pacientes, sendo deiscência parcial a principal (40,4%) seguida de seroma (14,9%). Pacientes com complicações apresentaram média etária maior (50,8 anos) que os sem complicações, sendo que as complicações maiores ocorreram em 2,7% da amostra. Conclusões: a maioria estatisticamente significante das cirurgias cursou sem complicações e, quando ocorreram, foram complicações menores na maior parte da amostra. As complicações foram mais frequentes nos pacientes de idade mais avançada, dos quais alguns com IMC maior que 30kg/m2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Aged , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Bariatric Surgery , Abdominoplasty , Body Contouring , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Middle Aged
20.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3496, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1347623

ABSTRACT

Objective: to analyze the evidence available in the literature about postoperative complications in adult patients undergoing surgical procedures with confirmed infection by SARS-CoV-2. Method: an integrative literature review conducted in the CINAHL, EMBASE, LILACS, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science databases, as well as in the gray literature. The references identified were exported to the EndNote manager and, subsequently, to the Rayyan web application for study selection. The stages of sampling, categorization of studies, evaluation of the studies included, interpretation of the results and knowledge synthesis were performed by two reviewers independently and in a masked manner. The data were analyzed descriptively. Results: of the 247 articles identified, 15 were selected to comprise this review. The prevalent postoperative complications in patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 were the following: cough, dyspnea and hypoxia, need for invasive mechanical ventilation or not, admission to the intensive care unit and death. Conclusion: the most reported postoperative complications in the studies evaluated were respiratory-related, followed by cardiovascular complications. The importance of preoperative screening for COVID-19 is highlighted, as well as of the monitoring and tracking of confirmed cases in the postoperative period, as these actions exert an impact on reducing the occurrence of complications related to SARS-CoV-2.


Objetivo: analizar la evidencia disponible en la literatura sobre las complicaciones postoperatorias en pacientes adultos sometidos a procedimientos quirúrgicos con infección confirmada por SARS-CoV-2. Método: revisión integradora de la literatura realizada en las bases de datos CINAHL, EMBASE, LILACS, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science y literatura gris. Las referencias identificadas se exportaron al administrador EndNote y luego a la aplicación web Rayyan para la selección de estudios. Las etapas de muestreo, categorización de los estudios, evaluación de los estudios incluidos, interpretación de los resultados y síntesis del conocimiento fueron realizadas por dos revisores de forma independiente y enmascarada. Los datos se analizaron de forma descriptiva. Resultados: de los 247 artículos identificados, se seleccionaron 15 para componer esta revisión. Las complicaciones postoperatorias prevalentes en pacientes infectados por SARS-CoV-2 fueron: tos, disnea e hipoxia, necesidad de ventilación mecánica invasiva o no, ingreso en la unidad de terapia intensiva y muerte. Conclusión: las complicaciones postoperatorias más reportadas en los estudios evaluados fueron las respiratorias seguidas de las cardiovasculares. Se destaca la importancia del cribado preoperatorio de COVID-19, así como también del monitoreo y seguimiento de los casos confirmados en el postoperatorio, ya que son acciones que reducen la aparición de complicaciones relacionadas con el SARS-CoV-2.


Objetivo: analisar as evidências disponíveis na literatura sobre as complicações pós-operatórias em pacientes adultos submetidos a procedimentos cirúrgicos com infecção confirmada por SARS-CoV-2. Método: revisão integrativa da literatura realizada nas bases de dados CINAHL, EMBASE, LILACS, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science e na literatura cinzenta. As referências identificadas foram exportadas para o gerenciador EndNote e, em seguida, para o aplicativo web Rayyan para a seleção dos estudos. As etapas de amostragem, categorização dos estudos, avaliação dos estudos incluídos, interpretação dos resultados e síntese do conhecimento foram realizadas por dois revisores de forma independente e mascarada. Os dados foram analisados de forma descritiva. Resultados: dos 247 artigos identificados, 15 foram selecionados para compor a presente revisão. As complicações pós-operatórias prevalentes em pacientes infectados com SARS-CoV-2 foram: tosse, dispneia e hipóxia, necessidade de ventilação mecânica invasiva ou não, internação em unidade de terapia intensiva e óbito. Conclusão: destacaram-se, como complicações pós-operatórias mais relatadas nos estudos avaliados, as respiratórias seguidas das cardiovasculares. Ressalta-se a importância da triagem pré-operatória para COVID-19, bem como de acompanhamento e rastreamento de casos confirmados no pós-operatório, por serem ações que impactam na redução da ocorrência de complicações relacionadas ao SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Respiration, Artificial , Perioperative Nursing , Coronavirus Infections , SARS-CoV-2
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